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Grandma's Place A Natural Learning Center

www.m.granmaplcpknesa.com

Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center

Is The Best Place for Learning

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1st continuation of summer classes

Posted on August 11, 2014 at 11:43 AM Comments comments (23)
Dear folks;
Grandma is in Mexico. We heard my husbands father was not waking up and trying to go as soon as could. Many things move us forward and we left home to grandson to care. Hopped on bus with new laptop. Took some work to make connections from the villages of Mexico. We have our own home here by my husbands mother. The whole five homes and 20 acres were given to my husband as a boy. He fed 11 and his mama ten years with it as his brother followed with the corn. He gave it to his papa upon return and now shares with sister and two brothers. Wonderful people!
Learned a special saint, Saint Cristo, brought the Christianity herseae to the villages along with Jose. It is famous history, even before the revolution. They had lots of firecracker's, dinners, and markets.
Grandma left off with the luau celebration of the Hawaiian king's birthday on June 11. The rest of June 11th birthday's are as follows:

1864 of Richard Strauss, German composer

1880 Jeannette Rankin, American legislator and the first woman
elected to the U.S. Congress

1910 Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French oceanographer
As a teenager
Book (1) says in "Undersea Adventures-As a teenager, Jacques-Yves Cousteau injured his arm in a car accident. To aid his recovery, Cousteau saw used to swim in the Mediterranean Sea. When he got a pair of goggles, Cousteau was able to see the beautiful world beneath the surface of the water and thus began his lifelong pursuit of undersea adventures.Invite your (children) to imagine the world Cousteau saw for the first time. Then have them construct a semantic web around the word sea and  illustrate what they "see.""

This leads us into the undersea study of Book (57). It starts with "Underwater World by Dee Leone--
Where can you find a creature that has been around for so many years its blood is based on copper rather than iron? What place boasts an animal that looks like a carpet, complete with "fringe"? In what kind of habitat might you see a strange animal with a surprising and somewhat gruesome resemblance to human fingers? These and other unique creaqtures can be found in the fascenating and mysterious underwater world. Learn about many of the animals of the sea as you complete the activities in this unit.
(use books with pictures of undersea creature to enhance the children's interest.)

Horseshoe Crab: Circle the nouns.
Horseshoe crabs have been around for many years. These living fossils are not really crabs. They are surviving members of a group of animals that lived during the Jurassic period. One of the horseshoe crab's outstanding physical features is a spike at the end of its tail which it uses to help right itself when it has been turned upside down by a wave.

Carpet Shark: Circle the verbs.
The carpet shark, or wobbegog, looks like a lumpy piece of carpet lying on the ocean floor in shallow water. Hanging from the mouth area are fringe-like pieces that resemble weeds. With disguise and its blotchy skin, the carpet shark is well-camouflaged as it lies in wait for its prey.
Dead Man's Fingers: Underline the plural words.
A sea anemone called "dead man's fingers" has finger-like branches that are pale in color. Dead man's fingers grow on rocks and stones lying on the sea floor. The sea anemones feed upon tiny organisms that they capture by using stinging tentacles."

(This leads us to the following videos on Youtube of connections Sea1, Sea2, and Sea3. There is many more on youtube to watch.)

Back to Book (57):

"Fish "Tails" and Other Tales of the Sea
Read about some of the creatures of the sea. Then use your creativity and imagination to create your own tales of the sea.

Mermaid Tales
When a manatee raises its head and shoulders out of the water and cradles its young to nurse, the pose it assumes can appear somewhat humanlike from a distance. Long ago, sailors may have observed the manatee like this. Then they may have caught a glimpse of the manatee's tail as it dove beneath the surface. From these sightings and sightings of dugongs(close relatives of the manatee), tales of mermaids probably arose. "Mermaids' purses: can sometimes be found along the shore. These sac-like objects with tendrils attached are really the empty egg cases of a shark called the dogfish, but they probably helped to further the legend of the mythical mermaid.
Write a tale about a mermaid. Describe the mermaid's appearance, sleeping patterns, eating habits, social life, travels, diversions, use of sea "tools," and relationships with other sea creatures.
(You may want to check out Mermaids because of some recent studies.)

Whale of a Tale
Besides humans, right whales and humpback whales are the only mammals that sing true songs. All the whales within a group sing the same song, though they graduallly change and add parts to it each year. What tales the humpback whales tell each other with these songs is uncertain. Since they do not sing during the time spent in the polar feeding areas, but do sing during their migration to warmer waters, the songs may have something to do with traveling or breeding.
Write about an underwater "whale of a performance" in which a humpback whale stars as the lead singer. What other creatures take part in the concert? Guitarfish? Striped drum? Fiddler crab? Trumpet fish? What is the name of the group and what are its hit songs? What kind of equipment is used--instruments powered by electric eels from the Amazon? What are the special effects? Bioluminescent strobe lights? Puffs os "smoke" created by squid and octopus stagehands? For what type of audience does the music hold appeal? Coral sea fans? Is your humpback hero successful enough to have his or her name written on a starfish near Manta's Chinese Theater or to have his or her picture appear on a sand dollar? These are just a few questions to get you started. Let your imagination swim!"

Another section of Book (57) is a section on "Whales by Florence Rives;
Whales have been the subject of newspaper articles, films, filmstrips, TV programs, and environmental protectionists' speeches and conversations recently; especially since many of the "mammoths" have been beached, found sick, and have lost their way in the oceans. Many have been hunted down and killed for their meat and oil. They are in danger of becoming extinct. Perhaps this will be a good time for students to study a unit about whales.

___A little message to apalologize again for all the problems of trying to get this to you this summer. Being here in Mexico left me with a lot of problems of trying to get this typed to you. ___


Whales
Children have long been fascinated by the study of dinosaurs--huge creatures on Earth during the age of reptiles. The sizes of these animals have had much to do with this fascination. A study of whales can be equally fascinating--giant mammals that live today in the Earth's large bodies of water.
The primary objective of this study is to gain information, facts, and knowledge concerning whales. Few of us know much about these animals. Many children think that whales are fish because they live in water. They do not think of whales as mammals.
  1. There are two main categories or divisions of whales: baleen whales, which are often referred to as "whalebone" whales, and toothed whales. Research to discover how they differ                       Baleen Whales: These whales do not have teeth. They have a horny substance--like the substance that hair and fingernails are made from--in a series of thin plates, like bristles, that strain out the tiny plankton that these whales eat.                                    
          Toothed Whales: These whales have teeth suited for grasping fish, squid, and sometimes other 
          food. For example, the "killer" whale might eat seals, porpoises, and small baleen whales.
      2.  List some of the whales in each division. Find out  how big they grow to be and where they may
           be found. Read descriptions of each. Find pictures and make sketches of them. Make notes of
           your findings.
            Baleen Whales:
            Bowhead--80 feet; Artic Ocean
            Right Whale--55 feet; North and South
            Blue whale (California Gray whale--45 feet; North Pacific,
            Sulfer Bottom)--111 feet; all oceans except Arctic
            California Gray whale--45 feet; North Pacific, coasts of Asia & America
            Humpback--55 feet:all oceans
            Fin whale--75 feet; all oceans except in Artic ice
            There are others. Read about them. Research in depth either the blue whale or the humpback.
            Prepare a paper about the one you choose to research. Share it with your (family and friends)
       3.  Some scientists(cetologists)think that whales might have been land animals and perhaps
            walked on four legs millions of years ago. What evidence do they cite? Read several
            references.
  •  Small bones that appear to be the remains of hind limbs still exist, buried within the whale's body.
  • .The  flipper contains bones similar to those in human arms and hands.
  •  The relic of a pelvis may be found in a small bone in the muscle tissue on either side of the genital area.
  • Whales breathe through an opening at or near the top of the head.
  • Embryosof whales have two nostrils at the tip of the snout, like land animals.
  • They have the usuaal liver of a land animal.
  • Whales are warms-blooded mammals.
  • Their stomachs are compartmented much like the cow's.
  • Blood tests indicate that the nearest living relatives of both the baleen and toothed whales are ungulate, orhoofed mammals, such as camels, sheep, cattle rhinoceros, and hippopotamus.
      4. What do some scientists believe is one reason why whales are able to grow to be so big? 
  • Being water-borne, weight does not hamper them. They are supported and buoyed by the water.   Land animals are limited in size by the ability of their legs to carry them. (Think about
          thedinosaurs.)
      5. List the general characteristics of whales.
  • Largest mammals that give birth and provide milk for their young.
  • Have lungs and breathe air.
  • Warm-blooded, water-borne. Their great size and streamlined shape are great defenses against
          cold.
  • Blubber, or fat, holds in heat and acts as insulation. A ninety-foot blue whale may have twenty tons of blubber.
  • Whales cannot pant or sweat to cool off. However, cetologists believe that their fins may vibrate away excess heat because their fins don't contain blubber and have a rich blood supply.
      6. How do whales swim?
They move their fludkes up and down. Whales use their flippers to balance and help steer, not for swimming.
      7. Find out about whale spouts.

  • A whale's location is mainly discovered by it's spout. When a whale's location is mainly discovered by it. When  a whale rises to the surface to breathe, it gives off a whitish spray through its one or two blowholes. Some think that this spray is caused  by the condensation of water vapor in the cold air. Others think that when the air, whichhas been compressed in the whale's thorax, reaches the open air, it cases the condensation of the waer vapor. Each species of whale gives out a single geyser that rises eighteen to thirty feet. The right whale has a double spout.

      8  How are whale oil and whale meat used?

  • Margarine, lubricants, soap, paint, wax, shoe polish, lighting purposes, dog food, glycerine for explosives, cattle feed, chicken feed, fertilizer, mink feed.                   

      9. Point out on a world map the spots where whales have been observed carefully by cetologists,
         adventurers, and whalers seeking blubber and meat.
     10. Why do whales migrate? Where do they go?? Track their migration path on a map or globe.
  • To seek food; to seek refuge from enemies like the killer whale.
  • To molt, loat, play, and perhaps rid themselves of parasites.
  • To seek warmer waters where they mate and give birth.
     11.Find out and discuss measures that have been taken to protect whales.

                                                            

Summer Introduction

Posted on July 13, 2014 at 1:17 AM Comments comments (42)
Dear Folks:
     Here are the beginning of the summer lessons I promised you. I am sorry it has taken me so long to get them started. I am having my share of problems this summer. Grandma is at the point she felt you better be told straight that she feels the public schools would have been better to have left the classes running later into June and start after Labor Day. She feels these kinds of things are easier on the children. That it does not make sense and makes things stressful. She also feels it is easier on the parents. Therefore, she is going to be giving her lessons in that pattern. We will run these summer classes till the 1st of September and she will make sure her winter or fall classes start that way or do.
She will also still be giving you her books and finish Patricia Gallagher's helpful hints. I will also have an additional topic of etiquette to cover this summer also. I want to give more ideas on real estate and decorating also. I will also give the rest of the calendar history and famous people (7 to 8 days at a time). I hope you have started to review or started before July the American History, at least the revolution by starting the time line again, for the 4th of July. Else you may want to start it now.
I will be on vacation in August so you may not be able to reach Grandma during that time. I am sorry.
Grandma is also trying to get into more products. As I mentioned before I am always open for suggestions. I hope to get some more things going.
Learning for the summer should evolve around the Earth elements of Water, Air, and Land. Be sure to involve words, letters(for younger children), math with objects, crosswords, mazes, etc.Involve reading and researching, writing, art, and physical activity. Explain the elements of the Earth to the children and what can be in each. Then learn about each as the Air: What it is made of and what is effecting it right now as pollutants or bad chemicals. Learn how it effects our land and ourselves. Cover the same with the Land. Learn how it all effects the Land. Work into the plants and animals of the land including the insects and plants. Talk about what is in it. Talk about what is happening to our insects. Research about Monsanto, GMO;s pollutants, and organic planting. Flowers and other plants, forests, etc. Then learn about the water, animals and plants in it also. Learn about safety in the water, in our homes, and out and about.
Review the history through the time line and collect the rest Grandma will be providing. Decorate a room and learn measurements. Cooking teaches a lot.
Learn how to start sewing by first learning the tools used, materials, and parts of the machine. Practice by sewing two strips of material together.
Learn how to do rag rugs, sew pot holders together, aprons, curtains, pillow cases, quilts, doll clothes, covers for tables, and bibs.
Plant plants if you do not have a garden already. Plant seeds in pots. Beans and cantaloupe grow fast and work well for starters.
Have fun and enjoy what there is for summer. Grandma will try to give all she can. Must go for tonight. I will give more tomorrow night.

Day 167

Posted on May 22, 2014 at 1:05 AM Comments comments (11)
Hello Folks! Grandma has two last books on South America to cover with you. The second one has Arpilleras to make and I obtained a film about them. So link to Arpilleras Information and make one yourself if you wish.
 
The first book to read is called LLama and the Great Flood: A Folktale From Peru by Ellen Alexander,New York: Thomas Y Crowell, 1989 about the country Peru.
"Summary:
The llama warns his master of a forthcoming flood and saves the family by taking them to a high peak in the Andes Mountains.
 
Activities
  1. Find out more about the llama. List at least five ways this animal is useful to the Indians who live in the Andes Mountains.
  2. The Inca Indians, as pictured in the book, produced beautiful crafts. Most of these crafts were used in their day-to-day life. Make an example of an Inca craft and tell how the Incas would have used it.(Cardboard looms can be used for weaving.)
  3. The Andes Mountains are the longest chain of mountains above sea level in the world. They include many land forms, natural resources, and animals. Travel through the mountains is often difficult. Research one of the following topics as it relates to the Andes and write a short paragraph. Make a ... booklet about the Andes Mountains.
                               a. glaciers
                               b. lakes
                               c. rivers
                               d. natural resources
                               e. types of transportation
                               f. alpaca
                               g. chinchilla
                               h. condor
                               i. huemul
                               j. llama
 4.   The Incas tied colorful yarn containing special herbs to the ears of the llama. They believed that
       this would keep the animal healthy and protect its owner. Although there is no written record of
       this, perhaps the ties were also used for identification. List animals on which we place markings of
       identification. Describe the methods used to mark the animals.
  5.   Read more Indians of Peru. Compare them to their ancestors.
 
 
The next story is about Arpilleras which I have given you a link up above, but Book (6) that this story came out of showed a simple Arpillera with a quilted felt tree and stump with leaves and a puffed flower are made for it. You can do this simple Arpilleras if you wish or you can do any of the ones the film shows.The book is called Tonight is Carnaval by Arthur Dorros (Dutton Children's Books, 1991, 24 pp.)
 
This upbeat book, about a Peruvian child anxiously awaiting Carnaval, is warmly illustrated with a series of folk-art quilts known as arpilleras. The story line introduces young readers to a slice of life in the Andes Mountains. An overview of a typically difficult work day is softened by the optimism of the colorful arpilleras--and by the promise of the Carnaval celebration to come!
 
Before Reading Tonight is Carnaval
  • Locate Peru on a topographical map. Help the children notice that much of Peru is located in the Andes Mountains. Use an encyclopedia to share pictures of Peru and the Andes with the class. Tell the (children) that they are going to hear a story that tells of a typical day for the Peruvians who live in the mountains-and of a special celebration that the people are looking forward to.
 
After Reading Tonight is Carnaval
  • Ask the children to describe, in their own words, what life in the Andes must be like. Explain that Carnaval is one of the few celebrations that these hard-working people take part in. Ask the children if any of them would trade their lives for the way of life described in the story. Do the (children)believe that the people of Peru would want to change places with them? Why or why not? (Remind (the children) that, despite the amount of work he is expected to do, the young narrator of the book does not sound unhappy about his life.)
 
Follow-up Activities
Appreciate Arpilleras
The quilts known as arpilleras, which are used to illustrate Carnaval, help readers understand the Peruvian way of life by offering a look at a popular regional folk-art form. Have children look at the photographs of the arpillera-makers quilting the wall-hangings together. Have them notice the modest workroom where the quilters are working, as well as the photograph of the woman working with her baby slung on her back. Read the photo captions to the class. Then, take a second look at each of the arpilleras used to illustrate the book. List all of the elements in each of the illustrations that tell us a bit about life in Peru (e.g., type of animals, work, instruments, terrain, vehicles, plants, etc.). Remind the children that any art form draws from the experience of the artists. Since arpilleras are popular decorating items, it may be possible to locate a real arpillera to share with the (children). (Try borrowing one from a parent, a colleague, or a local shop).
 
Explore Folk Instruments
The narrator of the book looks forward to playing his quena (a reed flute) in the Carnaval band. ...(See if you can obtain a visit somewhere to see such instruments as a reed instrument, a wind instrument and a percussion instrument). Why do the children believe the folk instruments of Peru are made of different materials than the instruments we are most familiar with? Your local record store may be able to help you select recordings of traditional Peruvian music you can (listen to).
 
Till tomorrow-Grandma is going to bed.

Day 166

Posted on May 21, 2014 at 10:57 PM Comments comments (25)
Another lessons!  For this day Grandma is going to give you something on South America and an extra treat with the Video to end the season. Link to South America plus more.
From Grandma's book (2) it says, "South America is the fourth-largest continent. It is surrounded mostly by water. Only a narrow strip of land connects the continents of South America and North America. The Caribbean Sea is located to the north of the continent. The Atlantic Ocean lies on the east, the Pacific Ocean lies on the west, and the Drake Passage separates South America from Antarctica on the south. The landscape of this continent, which consists of 12 independent nations, includes the snow-peaked mountains of the Andes, and one of the world's driest deserts, the Atacama. Most of the people live near the coastlines. The fishing industry is very important along the coasts of Chile and Peru. Spanish is the official language of South America; however, Portuguese is spoken in Brazil. The countries of Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, and Venezuela have the most highly developed economies. Three main land regions cover the continent.
The Andes Mountains, the longest visible mountain range in the world, cover the west coast of South America from Venezuela, a petroleum-rich country, to the southern tip of the continent. Mineral deposits of copper, gold, tin, and zinc are found in the mountains. The country of Bolivia leads the world in tin mining, while Colombia produces 90% of the world's emeralds. The fertile land of the mountain slopes is also used to grow crops such as coffee beans. The region is also used to graze sheep, cattle, and llama in the countries of Peru and Chili.
The Central Plains cover almost half of the continent. They project eastward from the Andes Mountains. Grasslands called llanos cover the land in Venezuela and Colombia. Some of the largest farms in the world are located in this area. The selva, or tropical rain forest, is also located in the Central Plains. The Amazon River basin countries of Brazil, Peru, and Bolivia are located in this area. The natural environment of this area is endangered because so many of the trees are being cut down for forest products. Forest resources such as rubber trees, rosewood, mahogany, and balsa wood are also found in the Gran Chaco area. Vast grassland areas called the pampas are found in the southern regions of Argentina. This area is good for sheep and cattle. ranching. The hottest point in South America is located in this region.
The Eastern Highlands include the mountain areas to the north and south of the Amazon River. Tropical rain forests and grasslands are found in the highlands north of the Amazon. Rolling hills and flat land are located to the south. This is rich farmland. Much of the coffee grown in Brazil, "the world's coffeepot," comes from this area.
Unusual animals found in South America include the manatee, the capybara, the toucan, the flamingo, the vicuna, and the llama.
 
South America Countries
 
Independent
 
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Guyana
Paraguay
Peru
Suriname
Uruguay
Venezuela
 
Dependent
 
Falkland Islands
French Guiana
 
                                                   More Topics to Research
Monkey Puzzle tree                  Easter Island                            Manatee
Bullfighting                                Cape Horn                               Tapir
Gaucho                                     Cinchona tree                          Forest products of
Pan American                            Cocoa tree                                   Brazil
    Highway                                 Vicuña                                    Brazilwood
Pelé                                           Coffee bean                             Andes Mountains
Llama                                             processing                          Sugar Loaf Mountain
Rubber production                       Strait of Magellan                     Tierra del Fuego
Amazon River                              Inca Indians                     
Angel Falls                                  Lake Titicaca
 
School Days
The educational requirements of young people are different in other countries. Select one of the countries in South America, and read about the education of its children Using two gelatin boxes, make a puppet dressed in the traditional clothing of that country. Prepare a monologue for your puppet about the education in the country, and present your findings... .
 
How to Make the Puppet:
 
  1. Take 2 small gelatin boxes, and cut off the flaps of one end of each box.
  2. Apply glue to the box. Using a strip of paper 2 3/4" wide by 7 3/4 long, wrap the box from the top edge of the open end, over the box, and continuing to the bottom of the open end. Leave the open end uncovered.
  3. Use a strip of paper 3 1/4" wide by 6 1/2 long to cover the remaining sides of the box (wrapping it the other direction.
  4. Repeat steps #2 and #3 on the second box.
  5. Hinge the two boxes together using tape on the open edges.
  6. Decorate the (boxes as the) head.
  7. Finally, design a body dressed in traditional clothing, and tape it under the head.
 
Fact-Finding Festival
 
Long ago the people of South America made beautiful masks from thin sheets of gold. The masks were worn during ceremonies and festivals. Compile a "shape" booklet of facts about one of the countries of South America. Cut the pages (at least eight of them) in the shape of (a) mask ... . Staple the pages together, Using the encyclopedia, locate an article about the country. List facts about each of the topics listed below. Use one page of the booklet for each topic. Cut out the cover from the" (shape of the pages). "Decorate the cover... using pieces of colored paper, feathers, or other materials... .
 
   I. Brief facts
      A. The capital city
      B. The population
      C. The chief products
      D. The basic unit of money
  II. The people
 III. The land (include weather information)
 IV.The government
 V. Occupations
 
Having a Great Time...Wish You Were Here"
 
Design a post card for a friend by coloring a scene on one side with colored pencils and writing a note on the left side of the opposite side of the post card and addressing it to them. Design a stamp with an animal of the country.
 
"Fun In The Sun
 
People in most countries enjoy having fun during their leisure time. Some people prefer to participate in various types of outdoor activities, while others choose to be spectators of different events.
Select a South American country. Read about its recreational activities, sports, and ways of life. Sometimes the climate and land regions are clues to the different outdoor events that take place in the country.
Using a small box lid for your display, design a billboard to advertise a form of recreation in the South American country that you chose." Display it if you wish somewhere.
 
"Products of South America"
 
Trace a map of South America, color it, and glue it on colored paper. Find pictures of or draw and color at least five different products of South America that can be cut out and glued on to the page or the map. You can include a pictorial legend to identify the products on the side or bottom of the page.
 
"Animals, Animals, Everywhere
 
Although there are many types of animals, most require specific conditions in order to survive. Climate and geography are two factors that play a key role in forming an animal's habitat.
Select a book about any animal. After reading the book, read about the same animal in the encyclopedia. List three facts that you learned about the animal from the encyclopedia article that Were Not in the book.
 
Name of book:____________________________________________________________________
 
Author:__________________________________________________________________________
 
Type of animal:____________________________________________________________________
 
This animal would most likely be found on the continent of _________________________________
 
_________________________________________________________________________________
 
Additional facts learned about this animal from the Encyclopedia
 
   1._____________________________________________________________________________
 
      _____________________________________________________________________________
 
   2._____________________________________________________________________________
 
      ______________________________________________________________________________
 
   3.______________________________________________________________________________
 
      ______________________________________________________________________________
 

Day 165

Posted on May 21, 2014 at 11:51 AM Comments comments (10)
Good Morning Folks! Grandma will now give you things to do with Stone Fox out of her book (4) about exploring mountain ranges and some experiments on Sound.
 
Stone Fox by John Reynolds Gardiner, illustrated by Marcia Sewall (HarperCollins 1980)
 
"Summary:
Little Willy lives with his Grandfather on a potato farm near Jackson, Wyoming. When Grandfather falls into a deep depression over his inability to pay the land taxes, Willy decides to help out by entering his dog Searchlight in the National Dog sled Race, where the first prize is $500. Willy's major opponent is the Native American, Stone Fox, who races his team of Malamutes each year and inevitably wins, using the prize money to buy back land he feels the white settlers have stolen from his people. The plucky Searchlight, neck and neck with Stone Fox's team, dies of exhaustion just before he reaches the finish line. Stone Fox stops his own team and the others as well so that Willy can carry the body of his gallant dog across the finish line and win.
 
Preparation:
Point out the city of Jackson, Wyoming, and the Teton Mountains on a topographical map. Invite (the children) to indicate on the map the mountain range of which the Tetons are a part (the Rocky Mountains) and to discuss what they know about the mountain terrain and climate. Show the book cover and preview some of the illustrations so that students can check and verify their ideas. (Videos of topographical maps have been provided that are connected by a link to Youtube in Day 164 blog.)
 
As you Read
Discuss the many decisions Willy has to make and invite (the children) to tell why he chose certain actions and rejected others. For example, why did Willy choose to take care of his Grandfather himself rather than let Mrs. Peacock care for him? Why did Willy decide to work to keep the farm instead of selling it? How did Willy decide to harvest the potatoes when he could not rent horses to pull the plow? Invite students to tell how Willy and his grandfather feel about the land and how each of Willy's decisions is based on his ultimate goal: to keep the land so that his grandfather will take heart and get well.
At the conclusion, (the children) can respond via a Discussion Web (with the title at the top of "Discussion:"The Race" in Stone Fox and the word "Reasons" below it and the question "Did Willy deserve to win the race?" in the middle along with space marked No and why on one side; space for and Yes marked on the others side.) to the problems raised when Willy wins the race at the expense of Searchlight's life. ...
 
Extending Geography Skills:
Mapping the Mountains
(The children) can first research the six chief ranges of the Rockies, then contribute their findings to a  (list) which describes the ranges in pictures and captions.
  1. Introduce the activity by explaining that the Rockies are the largest mountain system in North America. The chain is more than 3000 miles long, and about 350 miles wide in some places. (You may wish to point out that in the United States the Rockies form the Continental Divide: rivers flow from the western slopes to the Pacific Ocean, and from the eastern slopes to the Atlantic.) Write the following list ...and invite (the children as volunteers) to identify the ranges on a topographical map as you read the list:
       1.  Southern Rockies: from the Sangre de Cristo range in New Mexico to central Colorado.
       2.  Middle Rockies: from northwestern Colorado and northern Utah to the upper Yellowstone River
            in Montana.
       3.  Northern Rockies: from southern Idaho to the border between the U.S. and Canada.
       4. Canadian Rockies: from the Canadian border north through British Columbia and Alberta.
       5. Selwyn Mountains: northward beyond the Liard River in northern Canada.
       6. Brooks Range: across northern Alaska to north of the Arctic Circle.
 2.   ...(Work for the assignment)  can include the following:
       (1) using topographical maps to find the highest peaks in the chain;
       (2) using political maps to find major cities in the chain;
       (3) researching to find national parks and sites of historical interest in the chain;
       (4) drawing pictures to illustrate the data from 1, 2, and 3;
       (5) writing brief captions to go with the pictures."
 3.   (This part is for making a Bulletin Board to collect travel maps, the writings, pictures, etc on--unless you want this in your home , basement or place of learning--one must think of another way to collect material, plan a vacation etc. if that is what you want any of it for.)
 
"Making Connections
 
Literature/Writing:
What If...Stories -Invite (the children) to write paragraphs telling what might have happened if various events had taken a different turn, or if characters had made other choices. Introduce the activity by writing some examples ...(down), then invite (the children) to make up "what if's..." of their own. Add their suggestions to the ...list. Examples are: What if the banker had not let Willy withdraw his saving from the bank? What if Stone Fox had not let Willy win? What if Searchlight had not died? What if Grandfather decided to sell the farm? Suggest that students choose one of these "if's" or another one to develop in their paragraphs and to illustrate with a drawing. After students have shared their work with the class, put the paragraphs and pictures in a folder on a reading table for students to read and discuss with a partner.
 
Math:
Book Quiz-Invite interested (children) to make up word problems loosely based on the story materials, for example: the number of potatoes Willy and Searchlight can plow in certain periods of time; the amount of money Willy and Grandfather can save or earn: the distance a Malamute and Searchlight can pull a sled in a certain number of minutes. You might also give (the children) access to a road map of Wyoming and adjoining states and invite them to make up problems that involve using the distance scale on the map or the labels that indicate the altitudes of landforms. Ask students to present their word problems to the class, and encourage the problem-solvers to explain how they arrived at their answers. Then put the word problems in a folder in the math center for students to solve on their own.
 
(For those people who have never been to these areas Grandma has traveled through the Rockies and visited many places with and without her family. One time she took her boys through the Rockies and up to Yellowstone in Wyoming; then through the northern part of Wyoming which is beautiful; for she had traveled through the middle with her parents and it was very long and desolate. She would love to live in the Rockies, but she has a family she has felt was important to stay close to even though her daughter despises her existence most the time and her boys do not understand her because her mother is always in between finding fault because Grandma believes she is her scapegoat as her father was even though she has learned how much Grandma is like her. It is all very sad. Grandma has also traveled to middle and southern California which really can have some advantages even though I was never even to Hollywood. You already know she has traveled through Mexico which I would love to
make a book about. I have heard the Eastern part of United States is very beautiful. I have yet to travel through the southeast to Florida maybe someday. Grandma also planned a trip through Canada with a travel book and learned a lot about it that way. I hope you all get to travel in your days also however, I will worn you to be careful of costs. Even mileage costs a lot today.)
 
One last sheet Grandma wants to give you for the children to be able to do is called Actions and Feelings. Listed on the left side of a paper will be some feelings given and the children and yourself can fill out events from Stone Fox that made you have each separate feeling that can be cut apart from the others see if they match with each others. Following are the feelings:                                                                                                         
 
Feelings                                                       Events
Worried
Sad
Excited
Angry
 Happy 
 
 
 
Next Grandma will give you some Sound exercises from Book(12) as follows:
 
The first experiment is called Humming flute. A square piece of paper has one corner snipped off, and two notches made in the opposite corner. Roll the paper in the direction of the arrow in the figure to make a tube about as thick as a pencil and push the notched corner back into the opening. Draw a deep breath through the tube. This causes a loud humming note.
The paper corner is sucked up by the air which is drawn in, but since it is slightly springy, it begins to vibrate. The vibration is quite slow, so the note is deep.
 
The next experiment is called Water organ. Half fill a thin walled glass with water, dip in your forefinger and run it slowly round the rim of the glass. A lovely, continuous ringing note is produced.
The experiment only works if your finger has just been washed. It rubs over the glass, giving it tiny jolts. The glass begins to vibrate, which produces the note. If your finger is greasy, it slides smoothly over the glass without the necessary friction. The pitch of the note depends on the amount of water, and the vibration can be seen clearly on the water surface.
 
The next experiment is called Note transfer. You can extend the previous experiment. Place two similar thin walled glasses an inch apart and pass your freshly washed finger slowly round the rim of one of them. A loud humming note is produced. In a strange way the second glass vibrates with the first, and you can observe this vibration if you place a thin wire on it.
The vibration of the first glass is transmitted to the second by the sound waves in the air. This 'resonance' only occurs if the glasses produce notes of the same pitch when struck. If this is not the case with your two glasses, you must pour some water into one until the pitches are the same.
 
The next experiment is called Peal of bells. Tie a fork in the middle of a piece of string about a yard long. Wind the ends several times round your forefingers and hold the tips of your fingers in your ears. Let the fork strike a hard object. If the string is then stretched, you will hear a loud, bell-like peal.
The metal vibrates like a tuning fork, when it strikes the hard object. The vibration is not carried through the air in this case, but through the string, and the finger conducts it directly to the eardrum.
 
The next experiment is called Paper diaphragm. Halve a match, make a point on it and split it at the other end. Fix it on to a smooth piece of paper and hold it vertical on an old turning phonograph record. The music souds over the paper almost as clearly as from a loudspeaker.
The match travels in the grooves of the record and transfers the lateral vibrations to the paper like a phonograph needle to the diaphragm of a loudspeaker. The vibrations of the paper are carried to your ear drum as sound waves through the air.
 
The next experiment is called Footsteps in a bag. Put a house fly in a smooth paper bag, close it, and hold it horizontally above your ear. If you are in a quiet room you can hear the patter of the six legs and other rather curious noises quite clearly.
The paper behaves like the skin of a drum. Although only the tiny legs of the insect beat on it, it begins to vibrate and transmits such a loud noise that you would imagine that a larger organism or a rattling clockwork motor was in the bag.
 
The last experiment having to do with sound that Grandma has is called Box Horn. Obtain a battery about 2 to 3 inch square. Take a wire about 10 to 12 inches long and attach a striped end attached to one side of the battery and another 5 to 6 inches long with the ends stripped to the battery and to the end of a clothespin with a drawing pin it calls N. Next take a  1 by 3 or 4 inch board A either 12 inches long and cut off 2 inches of it off B. Else use one 1 by 3 or 4 inch board A at 10 inches long and another B one by 3 or 4 inches 2 inches long. Screw B into the side of board A. Bore a hole at the top to put a bolt C through at the top of the board B. Around the bolt C wind a thin piece of paper E and then enough wire to cover it F and have one end about 8 inches past the end of the bolt and the other about 12 inches longer the other direction and  with the ends stripped attach one end  to the other end of the Clothes pen with a drawing pin M.
Attach one side of a regular tin can G almost touching the bolt C to the board A. Then take a small inch wide board H that can fit in the can shaped so there is a little space on the bottom to fit on the attached side to A and lay flat at the other side outside of the can next to the board A with two small wood screws yet have and inch upward on the top end of the part in the can that another wood screw K can go through and touch the bottom of the can. Attach the other end of the wire F to a hole through the top edge of the can G. Then attach the other wire from the battery attach to the screw K around its head. Put a little oil at the end of that screw K next to the bottom of the can.
The Clothes Pin with the wires connected at M and N act like as a Car horn. The apparatus works on the same priciple as a car horn. If you close the circuit by pressing the horn buttn, the screw C becomes magnetic and attracts the base of the tin. So the circuit is broken in front of the screw K. Screw C loses its magnetism, and the base of the tin springs back to the screw K. The process is repeated so quickly that the tin plate produces the horn note by its vibration.
 
That will be it for now I will type some more later today. Must go for now.

Day 164

Posted on May 21, 2014 at 12:21 AM Comments comments (7)
I am finally back to finish giving some more experiments on water called Buoyancy.I am skipping Interplay of forces and Inertia because I think I already gave them to you. I will add them at the end of the week when I check it out and make sure just in case. For now I will be giving you experiments on sound, light, and then some on illusions when I check it out also. By my notes I can't tell well enough.
 
 
Buoyancy
The first experiment is called Loss of weight.Tie a stone by means of a thread to a spring balance and note its weight.Does it in fact alter if you hang the stone in a jar of water?
If you lift up a large stone under the water when you are bathing you will be surprised at first by its apparently low weight. But if you lift it out of the water, you will see how heavy it actually is. In fact an object immersed in a liquid (or in a gas) loses weight. This is particularly obvious with a floating object. Look at the next experiment.
 
The next experiment is called Archimedes' principle. Fill a container up to the brim with water and weigh it. Then place a block of wood on the water, and some of the liquid will spill out. Weigh again, to find out if the weight has altered.
The weight remains the same. The water spilled out of the container weighs exactly the same as the whole block of wood. The famous mathematician Archimedes discovered in about 250 BC that a body immersed in a liquid loses as much weight as the weight of liquid displaced by it. This apparent loss of weight is called buoyancy.
 
The third experiment is called Water puzzle. Lay a small tray or a wooden ruler over a six sided pencil and place n it two jars filled with water balanced as on a pair of scales. What happens if you immerse a cork into the water in one jar. While placing a cork of the same size on the water in the other jar? Does one side of the balance become heavier, and if so, which side?
The balance leans to the side where you immerse the cork in the jar. That is, this side increases in weight by exactly as much as the weight of water displaced by the cork. The other jar only becomes as much heavier as the weight of the cork itself.
 
The fourth experiment is called Mysterious water level. Place a half-dollar, ten new pence, or a penny in a match box and float it in a glass of water. Mark the level of the water on the side of the glass. Will it rise or fall if you take the coin from the box and lower it into the water? Just think about it first!
The water level falls. Since the coin is almost ten times heavier than water, the box containing the coin also displaces, because of its larger volume, ten times more water than the coin alone. This takes up, in spite of its greater weight, only a small volume and so displaces only a small amount of water.
 
The fifth experiment is called Volcano under water. Fill a small bottle full of hot water and color it with ink. Lower the bottle by means of a string into a preserving jar containing cold water. A coloured cloud, which spreads to the surface of the water, rises upwards out of the small bottle like a volcano.
Hot water occupies a greater volume than cold because the space between the water particles is increased on heating. It is, therefore, lighter and experiences buoyancy. After some time the warm and cold water mix and the ink is evenly distributed.
 
The sixth experiment is called Suspending an egg. Half fill a jar with water and dissolve plenty of salt in it. Now add as much water again, pouring carefully over a spoon so that the two liquids do not mix. An egg placed in the jar remains suspended as though bewitched in the middle.
Since the egg is heavier than tap water, but lighter than salt water, it sinks only to the middle of the jar and floats on the salt water. You can use a raw potato instead of the egg. Cut a roundish 'magic fish' from it, and make fins and eyes from coloured cellophane.
 
The seventh experiment is called Dance of the moth balls. Add some vinegar and bicarbonate of soda to some water in a jar. Toss several moth balls, which you can colour beforehand with a crayon to make the experiment more fun, into the bubbling bath. After a time the balls dance merrily up and down. Since the moth balls are a little heavier than water, they sink to the bottom of the jar. The carbon dioxide freed by the chemical reaction between vinegar and surface of the water. There the bubbles escape, the balls sink again, and the performance is repeated.
 
The eighth experiment is called Pearl diver. Stick a match about one-tenth of an inch deep into a coloured plastic bead and shorten it so that its end floats exactly on the surface of the water when the bead is placed in a milk bottle full of water. Close this with a plastic cap. By changing the pressure on the cap, the bead can be made to rise and fall as though bewitched. Plastic is only a little heavier than water. The match and the air in the hole of the bead give it just enough buoyancy for it to float. The pressure of the finger is conducted through the water and compresses the air in the bead. Thus it no longer has sufficient buoyancy and sinks.
 
The ninth experiment is called The yellow submarine. Cut a small boat out of fresh orange peel and make portholes on it with a ballpoint pen. Place the boat in a bottle filled with water and close it with a plastic cap. If you press on the cap, the boat rises and falls according to the strength of the pressure. Minute air bubbles in the porous fruit peel make it float. By the pressure of the finger, which is transmitted through the water, the bubbles are slightly compressed, so their buoyancy is less, and the boat goes to diving stations. Since the yellow of the peel is heavier than the white, the submarine floats horizontally.
You can accompany the submarine by several 'frogmen'. Simply toss broken-off match heads with it into the bottle. They float, because air is also contained in water pressure, the match heads dive deeper too.
 
 
 
The next item for Grandma to give you with this day is a book called Three Names identifying changes in Geography by Patricia MacLachlan and Illustrated by Alexander Pertzoff (HarperCollins 1991). This book was found out about by Grandma in her Book (4).
 
"Summary:
From his great-grandfather, the narrator learns what it was like to live and go to school on the prairie many years ago. Three Names, great-grandfather's dog, goes to the one-room schoolhouse each day with the children. Like them, he notes the changing seasons, enjoys the camaraderie of the small classroom (where pupils teach as well as learn), and spends the summer waiting eagerly for school to begin again.
 
Preparation:
  1. Explain that the story is set long ago on a prairie, and that a prairie is flat or hilly land covered chiefly by tall grass. point out on a map the North American prairie: from central Texas northward through the southern part of the Canadian province of Saskatchewan.
  2. As you show the covers and preview the illustrations, invite (your children) to predict whether the story takes place long ago or today. Encourage students to give reasons for their predictions.
 
As You Read
Use a chalkboard chart like the one below to guide comprehension of likenesses and differences between the great-grandfather's schooldays and those of your (children).
  
 
             Then
 
               Now
   The playgrounds
                    
 
            
 
             
   The teachers
 
 
 
   The Learning
 
 
 
 
   Going to school 
                    
by wagon, walking, or horses
Ride a bus, walking, riding in a car
   School Lunch 
                       
brought in a pail or whatever was on hand to carry
buy, or put in a lunchbox or bag
    Games
 
 
 
    Heat and water
 
 
  
Encourage (the children) to respond to the story by telling (1) what they would like or dislike about attending a school like the one described, and (2) what activities from great-grandfather's school days are similar to one in their own school, for example, playing with friends, having special snacks, giving holiday parties, and helping one another learn."
 
Extending Geography Skills:
Comparing Visuals
Link to YouTube Topographical Maps for this part. After learning "what the map tells about the altitude, land forms, water bodies, and so forth of this region, explain to (the children) that a topographical map shows a "bird's eye view" of a region," if the videos do not."Invite (the children) to review with you the story and the illustrations to get an up-close view, or Three Name's "dog's-eye view," of the same region. As (the children) discuss the pictures and note descriptive phrases, write their observations on the chalkboard (for example, "flat land," "ponds (sloughs)," "cold winters"). Distribute strips of paper and suggest that (the children) choose and illustrate some of the chalkboard phrases.
Place the strips to the right of the map under the heading The Prairie Up Close. Extend the activity by inviting (the children) to suggest how the prairie has changed since great-grandfather's day (growth of cities, building of highways, more people, etc.).
Some (children) may enjoy writing a description or drawing and captioning a picture that tells what a modern-day Three Names might see if he were on his way to school on the prairie today. Place the descriptions and drawings in a folder near the" schooling area for the children to read and remember.
 
"Making Connections
Creative Writing
  1. Geography Poems-Reread the poem which a child in great-grandfather's school wrote about the prairie. After discussing what the poem tells about a sky-scene on the prairie, invite students to write their own poems about a sky or land scene in their own region." These can be displayed somewhere.
  2. "Canine Characters-Invite (the children) to make picture panels with dialogue balloons that (1) tell the book story from Three Names's point of view, or (2) recount the adventures of one of their own household pets, should it come to school with them. After (the children) have shown and read their picture panels...discuss what is the same and what is different about the pets' adventures and observations at a long-ago school and at a modern one." (Being home schooled ask the children to explain what it would be like if they had a pet join them at your learning area or if you have pets what some of their reactions might be. You might have some real great stories to tell.) 
 
"Science:
Tornado Time-Review page 26 of the story, which tells about a tornado and its effects. Invite interested (children) to research tornadoes to find out how they are formed and where they usually occur. After (the children) have presented their findings ...discuss "threatening" weather that typically occurs in your region... and how people today try to protect themselves--as the students in the story do--in these situations.
 
Social Studies:
Each One Teach One-Discuss why a one-room schoolhouse was sufficient for many communities in great-grandfather's time." Discuss how older students may have helped younger students learn in those times or did they really do any of it. Discuss how some school students today help others. Then discuss how older siblings in your home may be helping the younger ones. If not how you as parents help. Then discuss how schools and homes are now do a lot of their learning by programs we have set up to learn by in their homes or a classroom now and how they feel about this type of learning and if it will be effective in your opinions. Explain why or why not.

Day 161

Posted on May 19, 2014 at 5:51 PM Comments comments (8)
The first Impressionist picture of Mary Cassatt for learning as explained in the Calendar History at the bottom of the blog.Good Morning! Grandma is going to be very busy the next few days giving you materials to finish lessons with. To begin with Grandma will give you the rest of Little House on the Prairie and move into The Gift of the Sacred Dog, Three Names, and Stone Fox from the Geography book. Then Grandma will give you some on South America and finish the Bible. She will also give you the months September, October, November, December for 1800's and 1900's. Then January and February for the 1900's. She will fit in 6 experiments for each of the days. This will all be given by the end of the week if I have no more disasters.
 
The first exercise sheet to be done for Little House on the Prairie from Grandma's book (185) is called Medal of Honor. It has a medal on a ribbon formed in a square holding these fill in sentences. It says "There are many heroes in this story. Tell who does each brave thing below by writing Ma, Pa, Laura, or Jack in the blank." It has pictures of them under the ribbon square. They are also suppose to write about what Mr. Edwards does that is brave.
 
 
 
                
 
                       1.______________________leads the ponies across the creek.
 
                       2. _____________________drives the wagon across the creek.
 
                       3. ______________________almost drowns, but finds the family.
 
                       4. ______________________puts out the fire in the chimney.
 
                       5. ______________________pulls Mary and Baby Carrie away from the fire.
 
                       6. ______________________saves Mr. Scott's life.
 
                       7. ______________________gets water for Mary when she is very sick.
 
 
 
The next exercise activity is called Pioneer Words. It says, "Complete each sentence by filling in the (crossword) puzzle with items that were used by the pioneers. The words in the log (Grandma has at the top of this page) might help you. (The Crossword puzzle is placed in a log house.)
 
 
                  panniken                            sills                            bedstead
 
          petticoat                   latch                       pegs                           windlass
 
 
 
 
 
 
Across
2. (8 letters) Pa builds a ____where
   he and Ma sleep.
5. (5 letters starting at the third letter of
    3 down and goes through 1 down on the
    fourth letter) Pa makes a _____to keep
    the door closed.
6. (8 letters and starts down further under
    the 2nd question the 5 letter of 4 down,
    that starts 1 square space below the
    line of 2 across. 6 also goes through
    the 8th letter of 1 down. It is also
    running past 3 down 1 square space
    above it.) Pa lowers buckets into the
    well on a _______.
7. (4 letters long running through the
     seventh letter of 4 down.) Instead
     of nails, Pa uses wooden ______.
 
Down
1. (Starts a square above 2 across and
     goes 6th letter of word 2. It is nine
     letters long and goes through 5 across
     on 5's 3rd letter as well as 6's 6th
     letter.) Laura wears a _____ under her
     dress.
3. (Starts on the 4th letter of 2 and goes
     through the first letter of 5 across. It is
     5 letters long.) Pa starts building the
     house with two big logs called ______.
4. (Starts a square space below the 2nd
     letter of 2 across. Its 5th letter goes
     through 6 across on 6's 2nd letter.
     4 down is 8 letters long.) Ma keeps
     soap in a wooden box called a ______.
 
It asks, "What does Ma use to iron the girls' dresses?"_____________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
The next exercise page is called Animals of the Prairie. Laura and Mary love to watch the animals
that live on the prairie. Label each animal that the girls see. Choose from the names in the box."
(Grandma gives them at the top of this page. Below the words are pictures of the animals they have
seen. Maybe the children can take the words given to them and draw pictures of each one.)
 
                  mustang                    gophers                      wolf
 
     jack rabbit                    fawn                      panther
 
"What bird says good-bye to Laura and her family when they leave the prairie?
 
The Next exercise page is called Happy Times. The page has a picture of a milking cow kicking Pa.
The next picture on the other side of the page halfway down shows the family watching and Pa playing fiddle to someone dancing. The last picture back to the left side in the bottom corner is of a silver cup, tow cookies, jelly beans, and candy canes. The children are to tell about the happy things that happened to Laura and her family on the prairie.
 
 
 
The last exercise page in Grandma's book (185) is called a Daily Journal. The children are to pretend they are crossing the prairie, like Laura, in a covered wagon. They are to write a page in their journal, telling about what happens in a day either from the book or a made-up event of their own.
 
It also says to write why Laura feels sad to leave the little house, but she is also excited.
 
Book (185) has some Art Activities called Homemade Fun. It says, "The only toys pioneer children had to play with were toys they made themselves, like Laura's and Mary's rag dolls. In keeping with the spirit of long ago, invite students to make their own toys, too, (as a rag doll).
 
"Homemade Yo-Yo...
You Need: empty thread spools; medium-sized pieces of string, 2 1/2 feet long; lids from cottage-cheese or yogurt containers."
 
  1. For each yo-yo use a spool, a piece of string, and two lids.
  2. Show how to thread one end of the string through the spool and then to tie it to the string.
  3. Wrap the string once around the spool and tie it tightly in the same place where they made the first knot.
  4. Tie a loop for their fingers in the other end of the string. Then wrap the rest of the string around the spool.
  5. Decorate the two lids the way they want them with markers, glued pieces of paper, shapes, characters, stickers, etc. Then glue the two lids to the ends of the spools.
 
"Button-and-String Game. Challenge (the children) to see how long they can make their buttons spin.
You need: large two-holed buttons; string
 
  1. Give each (child) a string, about 30 inches long, and a button.
  2. Tell (the children) to thread one end of the string through one hole of the button, and the other end through the other button hole. Then tie the ends together.
  3. Show the (children) how to play the button-and-string game. Put your fingers through the string so that it is taut with the button in the middle. Wind up the string by swinging it toward you in a circular motion about 25 times. When you pull your hands apart, the button will spin on the twisted string. Move your hands in and out with the rhythm of the twisting string to keep the button spinning.
 
 
Button-in-the-Cup The following homemade toy will challenge (the children) hand-eye coordination.
You Need: string; wooden clothespins; buttons; tacks; egg cartons; paints and brushes
  1. Cut the egg cartons into separate cups. Give each (child) one egg-carton cup, one clothespin, one button, and one piece of string, about 12 inches long.
  2. Show students how to tie one end of the string around the top of the clothespin.
  3. Have (the children) thread the other end of the string through the button hole and tie a knot.
  4. Let (the children) paint their egg-carton cups. When the cups are dry, help each (child) tack the bottom of the cup to the top of the clothespin.
  5. Show the (children) how to play the game. Holding the clothespin, swing the button and try to catch it in the egg-carton cup."
 
 
The next page of activities in Grandma's book is for Cooperative Learning Activities working as groups. Grandma is going to give it  a little twist. One thing this page points out is how hard it was for the natives and the pioneers to communicate. Many men were as stubborn as some men are today. There was a scene in the book upon which a Native had killed a panther and he was trying to explain to Pa how he had shot it from sitting in a tree the night before. The Native and Pa had to do a lot of sign language and acting to convey the message to each other. Book (185) want the children to act out a message much in the same way. In order to be true have them write it on a card and turn it upside down on a table near them. Then they are to act out the message and see if the rest of the audience can get the message. Much like charades.
Next For the first part, Grandma wants the children to think of some ways they can trade off work with others around them, have contact with, or know. They are also to think of areas they have trouble learning and find others that can help them with that work. This will probably take some initiative from the children to talk to others the same as Pa did to trade work with Mr. Edwards and Mr. Scott. Many things like building a barn and having a barn building day were done the same way. Branding and haying are still done today much the same way. Somethings just take more than one person. The village my husband was from did much of this for the yearly festival in December, they share one tractor among them and help others in many ways. When we were there for a couple of days a woman had a heart attack and the village arranged for us to take her to the hospital. The people were all grateful and all participated to carry her to the car.
 
The next page is a Graph Activity/Curriculum Connections page called Have a Nice Day
(Grandma plans most of what she does in this same way or sets up schedules for herself even if they never turn out the same. It helps her regulate her goals.) Talk about the ways you and your children spend their days. Write down the amount of time spent at each task, lesson, activity, whatever, it is you do in the day. Knowing there are 24 hours in the day try to think how you spend each hour of that day doing; be sure to include sleep; cut it where is necessary and add where is necessary to make 24 hours a day. It helps organize your day in your head and where the next day will go. Next draw a large circle on the side of a box or poster and divide the circle into 24 pieces. Explain to the children how this is a what they call a Circle Graph and put the amount of time divided in the 24 pieces by the pieces as 1 hour each. Therefore, if one study is 2 hours long mark the area on the pieces(2) as that. Later you can cover it with pictures if you wish of each doings of time. Mark it "What a Day!"
Next with the Circle Chart do the same with Laura of Little House on the Prairie. Figure out what they spent their day doing and chart it on a separate Circle Graph. Talk about the differences then talk about how time might be for children in the future especially since they are integrating computer learning into classrooms and at home now.
 
Another section of the page talks about learning manners in the time of the pioneers. Learning may not have been as much fun as with the Ingalls. Many homes of those times and before times may have been pretty cruel that Grandma does not want to talk about and leave it in the past. However, do talk about the manners of napkins, sitting up straight, walking without slouching, using silverware (which some homes still had none of, licking the fingers, talking with the mouth full, contradicting, speaking unless you are spoken to, etiquette, speaking too loud or speaking out, etc. Talk about how they may have been taught and how they are taught today. Talk about the importance. Grandma had learned in her school work that some parents can be too strict and create some imbalances or mental blocks, but some children can have no direction and that is worse for them. That it is better to teach that there is consequences to every action, not necessarily discipline by parents but things that actually do happen; like having to pay for a window broken, which is better if it is not taught with the ill thoughts of mankind. I hope you agree. Happy homes make happy people that is for sure, just don't lack in any direction at all. Some of these learnings may be found out by talking to older people you know.
 
The last page in book (185) is a Summarizing/Curriculum Connections page of Extended Activities
 
One Day at a Time Summarize the story Little House on the Prairie in which the Ingalls family started with a wagon and before the end of the book Pa has built a house with a door, a fireplace, a wood floor, a bedstead, and a rocking chair. He built a stable and dug a well, and the family had planted a vegetable garden. Make a special time line to show this where all they have at the end is the wagon again.
 
"Social Studies: Where in the World? To identify the setting of Little House on the Prairie, help (the children) locate the places from the book on a map of the United States. Have students take turns finding Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma, then trace the Verdigris River through southeastern Kansas to where it flows into the Arkansas River near Muskogee in eastern Oklahoma.
 
Black American Pioneers The Black American West Museum in Denver, Colorado, documents the rich heritage of black men and women in the American pioneer movement, including law officers, stagecoach driver, miners, editors, farmers, and cowboys. A catalogue of books and materials is available from the Black American West Museum, 3091 California Street(if it has not changed) Denver, Colorado, 80205; telephone number (303) 292-2566(which probably has changed)."
 
Health: A Balanced Diet Make a chart of food the Ingalls family ate and compare it to a record of good food to eat. Book (185) says they ate Grains of cornbread(and they probably ate some oatmeal and grits as well as pancakes and musk, breads of different grains and fruits as berries found in the woods and in the prairie; Dairy-milk, cheeses as cottage cheese. butter from buttermilk; Meat-rabbit, prairie hen, beef(pretty rare, fish, chickens, and especially eggs as well as beans, maybe pork or bacon if lucky, duck more likely, lots of turkey, maybe buffalo or bear. probably some dear if lucky, and lamb if really lucky. Fresh vegetables were grown if they were lucky to get the seed. They could grow plenty of potatoes, peas, chickpeas and Garbanzo beans, beats, corn, spinach, okra, tomatoes, carrots all of which could be canned. Berries, watermelons, pumpkins, cantaloupe, and grapes could all be cooked and canned also. There was no place cold but a possible cellar, cool streams, or the winter to freeze things. Some people had smoke houses to salt and smoke meat to keep it. They had to use milk and such products fast so they did not spoil. The vitamins in things were probably better than today."
 
"Science: Take Your Medicine ...the real name of the sickness called "fever 'n ague" is malaria. ...the bitter medicine Laura has to take is called quinine. Invite (the children) to look up malaria in the encyclopedia to find out more about how it is caused and cured." Talk to the children about some of the medicine of those times compared to the medicines they take to day. Grandma has cleared her ear infections with peroxide, but her mother had bad earaches when young that her grandmother cured with hot oil and it worked. We used olive oil which has many cures in Grandma's ears and it cured them this year and it has not come back again. We have taken curry for the sinuses and it has helped. Turmeric is suppose to help arthritis but I have yet to try enough. Some home remedies were good and maybe some were not good enough. Who is to say. Grandma has yet to learn.
 
The Science experiments from Grandma's book (12) are about Evaporation and Vaporization. The first experiment is called Jet boat. Bore a hole from the inside through the screw top of an aluminum pill tube about four inches long, and pour some water into the tube.( They may not make these any more, check with the pharmacy.) Fix the tube in an empty sardine can into which you have fixed three candle stumps and place the can in water. If you light the candles the water soon boils, and the jet of steam escaping from the back drives the boat.
Steam is formed in the boat's boiler when the water boils. Because it expands sharply, it escapes at high pressure through the nozzle and causes a recoil. Do the experiment in calm weather!
 
The next experiment is called Hovercraft. Place a tin lid on a hot-plate and heat it well (take care!). If you then let a few drops of water fall on the lid, you will observe a small natural phenomenon. The drops are suspended in the air like hovercraft and whiz hissing to and fro for a while.
On contact with the heated metal the water drops begin to evaporate at once on the underside. Since the steam escapes with great pressure, it lifts the drops into the air. So much heat is removed from the drops by the formation of steam that they do not even boil.
 
The next experiment is called Rain in the room. Rain after sultry days makes the inside of the window pane suddenly sweat. You can distinguish the tiny water droplets through a magnifying glass. Where do they come from?
After it has been raining the air outside cools sharply because the water evaporates and thus uses heat. The warm air in the room, which is saturated with water vapor, especially from cooking, cools down only slowly on the window pane. But cold air cannot hold so much moisture as w
arm air, and therefore loses some of it on to the pane. It forms water droplets-exactly as when it is raining out-of-doors and moist, warm air meets cold air.
 
The next experiment is called Weather station. Fix a dry pine cone on to a small piece of wood with sealing wax or glue. Stick a pin into one of the central scales and place a straw over it. Put the cone out-of-doors, protected from the rain. The straw moves according to the state of the weather. Fix up a scale.
This simple hygrometer was built by nature. The pine cone closes when it is going to rain, to protect the seeds from damp. The outside of the scales absorbs the moisture in the air, swells up and bends--a process which you can also observe with a piece of paper which is wet on one side.
 
This next doings is called a Hygrometer. Coat a strip of writing paper two inches long with glue and roll it onto a sewing needle. Stick a strip of shiny photographic paper about 1/2 inch wide and one foot long onto its end so that its shiny surface faces the glue-covered side of the writing paper. The film strip is rolled round the needle like a clock spring. Punch a small hole through the middle of the bottom and lid of a furniture polish tin, and also air holes in the bottom. File off the metal projections formed. Push the needle through the central holes and stick the end of the film strip firmly to the side of the tin. Fix a paper pointer in front of the needle with a cork disk, and a bead behind it.
The gelatin layer of the photographic film expands-in contrast to the paper layer-with increased air humidity, causing it to wind up sharply, and move the pointer to the right. When the humidity of the air falls, the pointer returns to the left.
 
The next experiment is called Water from the desert. We still read in the newspapers of people dying of thirst in the desert, but many of them cold help themselves in this emergency. An experiment on a small scale in a sand box will show you how to do it. Dig a fairly deep hole and place a beaker in the middle. Spread a suitably sized piece of transparent plastic foil over the edge of the hole and lay a small stone in its center so that it dips down to the beaker in the shape of a funnel. The edges are fixed firmly into the sand. Soon, especially in sunshine, small drops of water form on the underside of the foil. They become larger and larger and finally flow into the beaker.
The effect of the sun is to heat the ground strongly under the foil. The moisture held in the sand evaporates until the enclosed air is so saturated that small drops of water are deposited on the cooler foil. Even desert sand contains some moisture. If you also place cut up cactus plants into the hole, you will obtain enough water to survive.(When Grandma was young we had a neighbor who had been a farmer show us how to take a V-shaped branch and holding it straight forward would bend down where water could be found to build a well. It was really neat.)
 
The next experiment is called Bath game with a coin. Stretch a strip of cellophane (not plastic foil), 1 inch wide, tightly over a soup plate and fasten the ends with adhesive tape. Lay on the middle of the strip an average-sized coin and pour water into the dish up to about 1/2 inch under the coin. The coin sinks slowly and reaches the water after several minutes.
The water vaporizes, the cellophane absorbs the water particles from the air and expands until it reaches the water. But strangely enough it soon begins to tighten again, and the coin rises again slowly to its original position.
The last experiment in this section is called Steam boat. Break off the head of a match and drop some glue on to the end. If you place the match in a dish of water it moves jerkily forward.
The glue contains a solvent which evaporates to give a vapor. It puffs out from the drop in invisible little clouds, giving the match a small push each time. Eventually so much of the solvent has escaped that the glue becomes solid. In a dried drop of glue you can still see the residual solvent vapor as small bubbles.
 
Many more picture of Mary Cassatt's to study and learn by at Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.Last for this day given will be the Calendar History for two days of May. May 22, 1783 William Sturgeon, English inventor who devised the electromagnet, was born. In 1813 Richard Wagner, German composer, was born. In 1844 Mary Cassatt, American painter, was born. Impressionist artist Mary Cassatt is best known for her paintings of family life. Show students reproductions of her artwork. Then ask them to design and color updates of these pictures, using today's fashions and their own family activities.
In 1859 Sir Arthur Conan Dayle, British author and creator of Sherlock Holmes, was born. Book (1) says,"Celebrate the birthday of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle by having (the children) conduct a week long search for traces of Doyle's most famous character--Sherlock Holmes--in books, newspapers, television programs, films, magazines, and so on. At the end of the week, the (children) can share their evidence of Holmes's pervasive influence in daily life.
In 1907 Sir Lawrence Olivier, English actor, was born. In 1933 Arnold Lobel, children's author and illustrator was born. Book (1) explains, "In honor of Arnold Lobel's birthday, read aloud a story about two of his well-known characters, Frog and Toad. Afterward, pass around the book so students can become familiar with these characters. Then encourage the children to generate questions about the lives of Frog and Toad. For example: What happened before the story began? What will happen after the story ends? Do Frog and Toad have brothers or sisters? Do they have other friends? After the children have developed a list, ask them each to select a question they'd like to answer. Then have them create stories that answer the questions. Encourage the students to role-play their stories or to write and illustrate them.
It is International Pickle Day on May 22.(There is nothing like experiencing a large pickle to eat.) Book (1) says, "On International Pickle Day, tell your (children) that the word pickle can be used as a noun or a verb. Together, come up with example sentences. Then challenge the kids to list other words that can be used as either nouns or verbs. It is also National Maritime Day on that day.
In 1570 The Flemish cartographer Abraham Ortelius published the First Modern Atlas. In 1819 The First Steamship crossing of the Atlantic was completed. In 1900 E.S. Votey obtained a patent for the First Pneumatic Piano Player. In 1906 Orville and Wilbur Wright received the First Airplane Patent. In 1972 President Richard Nixon became the First U.S. President to Visit Moscow. In 1980 Joe Hernandez did 135 Consecutive Chin-Ups with no breaks in Cashion, Ariz.
We will start on another Day as soon as Grandma sweeps the floor and does some dishes.

Day 160

Posted on May 19, 2014 at 2:22 AM Comments comments (14)
Good Morning! Grandma is a little oozy from a bout with fever and chills along with constant sleep yesterday afternoon and into the morning. Not sure if it was from cleaning a dusty basement or something Grandma got else wise. I do not anymore of it for sure.
 
Grandma is going to start with the Calendar History, then do some science experiments, and start on some more things about the pioneers with one story possible.
 
May 20, 1851 Emile Berliner, American inventor of the flat-disk phonograph record, was born. Book (1) says, "In honor of American inventor Emile Berliner, have a contest to tap the ingenuity of the "inventors" ... .Ask your ... Librarian to collect books on inventors and inventions. (Grandma believes the video she placed on her one blog tells a lot also. Good prospects include The World Almanac Book of Inventions by Valerie-Anne Giscard d'Estaing and Steve Caney's Invention Book. Have the kids review the books for insights into how inventors came up with their ideas and produced their products. Then challenge (the children) to design and name an invention that would solve an everyday problem. Award small prizes in several categories--for example, wackiest, most futuristic, most sensible. (etc.)
In 1935 Carol Carrick, children's author, was born. In 1940 Sadaharu Oh, Japanese baseball player who hit more than 800 career home runs, was born.
In 1781 Thomas Hutchins was appointed the First Geographer of the United States. In 1862 President Lincoln signed the Homestead Act, which offered free land in the West to any citizen who would settle it. In 1873 Levi Strauss patented pocket pants. In 1875 The International Bureau of Weights and Measures was established. Therefore, May 20th is Weights and Measures Day. Book (1) says, "On Weights and Measures Day, use a balance scale to weigh a notebook. Record the weight ... . Challenge (the children) to find a combination of classroom objects--pencils, erasers, thumbtacks, and so on--that they think will equal the weight of the notebook. ... Weigh the collections to find out."
In 1892 George Sampson patented the Clothes Dryer. In 1927 Charles Lindbergh left New York on the First Solo Transatlantic Flight. Book (1) says, "It took Charles Lindbergh 33 1/2 hours to fly from Long Island, N.Y., to Paris, France. Have your (children) mark his route on a world map, then calculate the number of miles he flew. Next, have the kids find out how long it takes a commercial airliner to make a transatlantic flight today."
Albrecht Durer sketches in Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.In 1928 Pride of San Joaquin won the First Calaveras County Frog Jumping Contest. In 1932 Amelia Earhart began a solo flight across the Atlantic. In 1985 The FBI broke up the infamous Walker Spy Ring with the arrests of retired naval officer John Walker and his son Michael. John Walker's brother Arthur also was later arrested.
An extra sketch for learning from Albrecht Durer.
On May 21st 1471 Albrecht Durer, German artist, was born. Book (1) says, "(Children) can celebrate the birthday of Albrecht Durer by doing their own animal observation sketches. To begin, show students examples of Durer's works, such as The Hare. Tell the children that Durer felt a true artist had only to observe nature carefully in order to capture it in art." Take a picture of a pet and observe it 20 minutes each day sketching pictures of it that can be displayed with the photo later.
In 1688 Alexander Pope, British poet, was born. In 1878 Glen Curtiss, American inventor of the seaplane, was born.
In 1881 Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross Society. In 1927 Charles Lindbergh landed at le Bourget Airport in Paris, thus completing the First Nonstop Solo Transatlantic Flight. In 1932 Amelia Earhart became the First Woman to complete a Solo Transatlantic Flight, from Newfoundland to Ireland. Book (1) says, "Tell your (children) that Amelia Earhart, achieved a number of aviation firsts in her lifetime. Before flying solo across the Atlantic, she had been the first female passenger on a transatlantic flight. She was also the first woman to fly from Honolulu to the U.S. mainland and the first woman to receive the Distinguished Flying Cross. Have your (children) each name another person--family member, friend, community member, celebrity, or sports star--who achieved an important first. Then have the kids design a medallion for that person.
In 1972 Jane Dorst of Atherton, Calif., released a Helium Balloon with her name and address inside. It was found 200 days later in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. In 1974 The First Nuclear-powered Lighthouse began operating. In 1980 The Empire Strikes Back, the sequel to Star Wars, opened. Lastly, it is All-American Buckle-up Week. Book (1) says, "During All-American Buckle-Up Week, have your (children) create buckle-up slogans and write these on plain mailing labels." These can be stuck on various places for display, you decide where.
 
 
Grandma is now going to give you some experiments on Electricity, The last ones on Static electricity, I may have already given you but, you can have them again. These are all from Grandma's book(12). The first one is called Potato battery. Stick finger-length pieces of copper and zinc wire one at a time into a raw potato. If you hold an earphone on the wires, you will hear a distinct crackling. The noise is caused by an electric current. The potato and wires produce an electric current in the same way as a torch battery, but only a very weak one. The sap of the potato reacts with the metals in a chemical process and also produces electrical energy. We speak of a galvanic cell because the Italian doctor Galvani first observed this process in a similar experiment in 1789. Link to Alessandra Volta who invented the Battery.
 
The next experiment is called Coin current. Place several copper coins and pieces of sheet zinc of the same size alternately above one another, and between each metal pair insert a piece of blotting paper soaked in salt water. Electrical energy, which you can detect, is set free. Wind thin, covered copper wire about 50 times round a compass, and hold one of the bare ends on the last coin and one on the last zinc disk. The current causes a deflection of the compass needle.
In a similar experiment the Italian physicist Volta obtained a current. The salt solution acts on the metal like the sap in the potato in the previous experiment.
 
Graphite conductor is the name of the next experiment. Connect a torch bulb with a battery by means of a pair of scissors and a pencil. The bulb lights up.
From the long tongue of the battery, the negative pole, the current flows through the metal of the scissors to the lamp. It makes it glow, and flows through the graphite shaft to the positive pole of the battery. Therefore graphite is a good conductor; so much electricity flows even through a pencil "lead" on paper, that you can hear crackling in earphones.
 
The next experiment being called Mini-Microphone is as follows: Push two pencil leads through the short sides of a matchbox, just above the base. Scrape off some of the surface, and do the same with a shorter lead, which you lay across the top. Connect the microphone with a battery and earphone in the next room (You can take the earphone from a transistor radio.) Hold the box horizontal and speak into it. Your words can be heard clearly in the earphone.
The current flows through the graphite "leads". When you speak into the box, the base vibrates, causing pressure between the "leads". When you speak into the box, the base vibrates, causing pressure between the "leads" to alter and making the current flow unevenly. The current variations cause vibrations in the earphone.
 
The next experiment called Mysterious circles is as follows: Punch a length of copper wire through a piece of cardboard laid horizontally and connect the ends of the wire to a battery. Scatter iron fillings on to the cardboard and tap it lightly with your finger. The iron filings form circles round the wire. If a direct current is passed through a wire or another conductor, a magnetic field is produced round it. The experiment would not work with an alternating current, in which the direction of the current changes in rapid sequence, because the magnetic field would also be changing continuously.
 
The next experiment is Electro-magnet. Wind one to two yards of thin insulated wire on to an iron bolt and connect the bare ends of the wire to a battery. The bolt will attract all sorts of metal objects.
The current produces a field of force in the coil. The tiny magnet particles in the iron become arranged in an orderly manner, so that the iron has a magnetic north and south pole. If the bolt is made of soft iron, it loses its magnetism when the current is switched off, but if it is made of steel it retains it.
The next experiment is called Electro-buzzer. Nail board B (a long 1" in width the length of a square piece 5" x 5"-A) and two rectangle wooden blocks around 1/2" to 3/4" on each side about 5" long each-C and D. D has a slit in it to hold another 1/4" wide both ways-E with a little room to sway both ways. C is nailed to the long thin board B on the closet to you right corner on the edge of A square board. D is given a little more than an inch on the board. D is placed at the far end of you on the left side given that area of a little more than an inch on the square board A. The smaller but longer almost 4" board is laid in the slot of D running from the further end of you then coming toward the end next to you. Attach a bolt into a bored hole of B on the opposite end of the square board a across from the board C. (a long screw screwed into the board could work as well).Wind covered copper wire G 100 times round the bolt and connect the ends to a battery with a paper clip and respectively to H a fretsaw blade Bore into a hole of board C. H should be bored in which the other end lays close to the screw or bolt F. Hammer a long nail K through the middle of the square board A and bend it so that its point rests in the middle of the saw blade H. Oil the point of the nail. Attach a piece of beading into the inside edge of Board E laying close to C. Use a drawing pin-M on the bottom of board E that can match up to another drawing pin-N on the square board A. At he other end of board E is a rubber band-P used as a spring. Join K to M and N to a battery with a paper clip and stripped wire.
If you press the key down, you connect the electric circuit, bolt F becomes magnetic and attracts H. At this moment the circuit is broken at K and the bolt loses its magnetism. H jumps back and reconnects the current. This process is repeated so quickly that the saw blade vibrates and produces a loud buzz. If you wish to do morse signaling with two pieces of apparatus, you must use three leads as in the lower circuit diagram.
 
The last experiment in this section is called Light fan. Hold a light-coloured rod between your thumb and forefinger and move it quickly up and down in neon light. You do not see, as you might expect, a blurred, bright surface, but a fan with light and dark ribs.
Neon tubes contain a gas, which flashes on and off 50 times a second because of short breaks in alternating current. The moving rod is thrown alternatively into light and darkness in rapid sequence, so that it seems to move by jerks in a semi-circle. Normally the eye is too slow to notice these breaks in illumination clearly. In an electric light bulb the metal filament goes on glowing during the short breaks in current.
 
The next 8 experiments are around Static Electricity. The first one is called Clinging balloons. Blow up some balloons, tie them up and rub them for a short time on a woolen pullover. If you put them on the ceiling, they will remain there for hours.
The balloons become electrically charged when they are rubbed, that is, they remove minute, negatively charged particles, called electrons, from the pullover. Because electrically charged bodies attract those which are uncharged, the balloons cling to the ceiling until the charges gradually become equal. This generally takes hours in a dry atmosphere because the electrons only flow slowly into the ceiling, which is a poor conductor.
 
The next experiment is called Pepper and salt. Scatter some coarse salt onto the table and mix it with some ground pepper. How are you going to separate them again? Rub a plastic spoon with a woolen cloth and hold it over the mixture. The pepper jumps up to the spoon and remains sticking to it.
The plastic spoon becomes electrically charged when it is rubbed and attracts the mixture. If you do not hold the spoon too low, the pepper rises first because it is lighter than the salt. To catch the salt grains, you must hold the spoon lower.
 
The next experiment is called Coiled adder. Cut a spiral-shaped coil from a piece of tissue paper about 4 inches square, lay it on a tin lid and bend its head up. Rub a fountain pen vigorously with a woolen cloth and hold it over the coil. It rises like a living snake and reaches upwards
In this case the fountain pen has taken electrons from the woolen cloth and attracts the uncharged paper. On contact, the paper takes part of the electricity, but gives it up immediately to the lid, which is a good conductor. Since the paper is now uncharged again, it is again attracted, until the fountain pen has lost its charge.
 
The next experiment is called water bow. Once more rub a plastic spoon with a woolen cloth. Turn the water tap on gently and hold the spoon near the fine jet. At this point, the jet will be pulled towards the spoon in a bow.
The electric charge attracts the uncharged water particles. However, if the water touches the spoon, the spell is broken. Water conducts electricity and draws the charge from the spoon. Tiny water particles suspended in the air also take up electricity. Therefore experiments with static electricity always work best on clear days and in centrally heated rooms.
 
The next experiment is called Hostile Balloons. Blow two balloons right up and join them with string. Rub both on a woolen pullover and let them hang downwards from the string. They are not attracted, as you might expect, but float away from each other.
Both balloons have become negatively charged on rubbing because they have taken electrons from the pullover, which has now gained a positive charge. Negative and positive charges attract each other, so the balloons will stick to the pullover. Similar charges, however, repel one another, so the balloons try hard to get away from each other.
 
The next experiment is called Shooting puffed rice. Charge a plastic spoon with a woolen cloth and hold it over a dish containing puffed rice. The grains jump up and remain hanging on the spoon and cling to it for a time. Some of the electrons pass from the spoon into the puffed rice, until the grains and the spoon have the same charge. Since, however, like charges repel one another, we have this unusual drama.
 
The next experiment is called Simple Electroscope. Bore a hole through the lid of a jam jar and push a piece of copper wire bent into a hook through it. Hang a folded strip of aluminum foil over the back. If you hold a fountain pen, comb, or similar object which has been electrically charged by rubbing on the top of the wire, the ends of the strip spring apart.
On contact with a charged object, electrical charges flow through the wire to the ends of the strip. Both now have the same charge and repel one another according to the strength of the charge.
 
The next is called Electrical ball game. Fix a piece of aluminum foil cut into the shape of a footballer on the edge of a phonograph record, rub the record vigorously with a woolen cloth and place it on a dry glass. Put a tin can about two inches in front of the figure. If you hold a small aluminum foil ball on a thread between them, it swings repeatedly from the figure to the can and back.
The electric charge on the record flows into the aluminum-foil figure and attracts the ball. It becomes charged, but is immediately repelled because the charges become equal, and goes to the can, where it loses its electricity. This process is repeated for a time.
 
The next experiment is called Electric fleas. Rub a long playing record with a woolen cloth and place it on a glass. If you toss some small aluminum foil-balls on to the record, they will jump away from one another in a zig-zag motion. If you then move the balls together with your fingers, they will hop fiercely away again.
The electricity produced on the record by rubbing is distributed in irregular fields. The balls take up the charge and are repelled, but are again attracted to fields with the opposite charge. They will also be repelled when they meet balls with the same charge.
 
The next experiment is called Puppet dance. Lay a pane of glass across two books, with a metal plate underneath. Cut out dolls an inch or so high from tissue paper. If you rub the glass with a woolen cloth, the dolls underneath begin a lively dance. They stand up, turn round in a circle, fall, and spring up again.
The glass becomes electrically charged when it is rubbed with the wool, attracts the dolls, and also charges them. Since the two like charges repel each other, the dolls fall back on the plate, give up their charge to the metal and are again attracted to the glass.
 
Next is called High voltage. Place a flat baking tray on a dry glass, rub a blown-up balloon vigorously on a woolen pullover and place it on the tray. If you put your finger near the edge of the tray, a spark jumps across.
A voltage equalization occurs between the metal and the finger. Although, the spark is discharged with several thousand volts, it is just as harmless as the sparks produced when you comb your hair. An American scientist discovered that a cat's fur must be stroked 9,200,000,000 times to produce a current sufficient to light a 75-watt bulb for a minute.
 
The next experiment is called Flash of lightning. Place a metal slice on a dry glass(it shows an old metal spatula with the handle broken off), and on it a piece of hard foam plastic which you have rubbed well on your pullover. If you hold your finger near the handle of the slice, a spark jumps across.
When the negatively charged plastic is placed on the slice, the negative electric particles in the metal are repelled to the end of the handle, and the voltage between it and the finger becomes equalized. Plastic materials can become strongly charged. In warehouses, for example, metal stands for rolls of plastic are earthed because otherwise they often spark when they are touched by the personnel.
 
The last experiment under Static Electricity, is called Electric light. In many homes there is a voltage tester, generally in the form of a screwdriver. In its handle there is, amongst other things, a small neon tube which you can easily remove. Hold one metal end firmly and rub the other on a piece of hard foam plastic which may be used for insulation. The lamp begins to glow as it is rubbed to and fro, and you can see this particularly clear in the dark.
Since the plastic is soft, its layers are rubbed against one another by the movement of the lamp and become strongly charged with electricity. The electrons collect on the surface, flow through the core of the tiny lamp, which begins to glow and into the body.
The ancient Greeks had already discovered that amber attracted other substances when it was rubbed. They called the petrified resin 'electron'. The power which has caused such fundamental changes in the world since then therefore gets its name-electricity.
 
 
 
This next part is on the Pioneers. First link to Smokey Mountain Pioneers and then to the movement of the Oregon Trails, Sturh Museum, and Ozark Territory. Then a look at the Old Sod Houses of the Pioneers.
In beginning of the story Little House on the Prairie, Grandma's book (185) wants us to understand that it "is a book based on one girl's memories of her family." Memories could be told long before Grandma's time, but most of the people living on the prairie have long died. Much of what we have is in museums, memories told to children born in the depression, and in books as this one.
 
The Story Summary says "One day toward the end of winter, Charles Ingalls (Pa) announces to his wife Caroline (Ma) that the big woods of Wisconsin are becoming too crowded. He has decided they will travel west to Indian country. So they sell their little log house, build a covered wagon, and move and settle out West.
All that year, Ma, Pa, Laura, May, and Baby Carrie put their hearts and their hard work into their new home. Then suddenly word comes from the government that the land where they have built their home belongs to the Osage Indians. The settlers will have to move on. Sad to leave, but looking forward to new adventures, the Ingalls family packs their wagon once again for another journey.
 
In Meet the Author: Laura Ingalls Wilder Laura Ingalls Wilder (1867-1957) was born in a "little house in the big woods" in Pepin, Wisconsin, on February 7 to Charles and Caroline Ingalls. In 1870 the Ingalls family journeyed west to homestead in Kansas. When the government informed them in 1871 that they had settled on land belonging to the Osage Indians, they moved on to Minnesota, where they lived on the "banks of Plum Creek." Finally in 1855, Laura married Almanzo Wilder, and 1886, their daughter Rose was born in De Smet, South Dakota. The Wilders eventually settled in a one-room log cabin in Mansfield, MIssouri, where they later built their own home-a ten-room farmhouse. Laura always considered herself a partner in her husband's business. She did not begin writing professionally until 1932 at age 65.
 
Information on the illustrator, Garth Williams, is as follows: Garth Williams was born in New York City on April 16, 1912, of English parents, both of whom were artists. Educated in England, Williams studied at the Westminster Art School and the Royal College of Art. Williams returned to the United States in 1941 to work as an artist for The New Yorker magazine. He was asked to illustrate E.B. White's Stuart Little in 1944, and he has been a children's book illustrator ever since. Before beginning the illustrations for the 1953 Harper edition of the "Little House" books, Williams visited Mr. and Mrs. Wilder in their home in Mansfield, Missouri, and then actually followed the route that the Ingalls family took in their covered wagon.
 
What Grandma had obtained from her family history has been mainly given to her by her mother. My father's last name was Karnes and their family moved from Wichita Kansas to Denver , CO after my grandfather was grown and married my Mother in Colorado Springs. He was very intelligent and became an accountant and eventually an office manager for a trucking company as I grew up. He grew up in Kansas and played the saxophone. His father wrote some and was a traveling salesman at some time. His mother had seven children.
My mother's family has some history that is very valuable. Her relations carried a woman from Iowa carrying the last name of Henry VIII last wife. We still have more research to do in that area. Her mother's father was born on a ship coming into New Orleans who settled in Waverly, Nebraska training horses. He loaded up the horses and his big family and moved to Alliance, Nebraska. My mother's father was born of my mother's grandparents who had some other children They raised my mother after her mother died when my mother was 2 years old. The each played instruments for their churches and lived on the river till they moved in town with the girls, my mother and aunt. I remember my Aunt Myrtle, a very sweet and strong woman, large built and an amazing old fashioned home. For some reason I know I loved her. My mother's father and grandmother were hard on my mother, but she said her grandfather was very sweet. She said she and my aunt took care of their grandmother before she died. They remember fixing her hair and cooking. She remembers chopping wood and starting the morning fire to dress by. She said she had family that was born as twins and they were kept warm by the back of the stove as in an incubator. They survived till an old age. Twins seems to be in both sides because a cousin had a set even though one died. My brothers son just had a set also, they are very cute. I do not know much more than that, other than that my grandmother helped my grandfather when she could. However, her family would not take the girls in. I have seen a few museums in my lifetime but have no collections of my own but one bowl. I do know it was a hard life.
I do know my aunt's ranch 12 miles out did not have telephone until later in the 50's and much of the ponds were ruined from practice by the army on the lands. They did raise quite a bit of cattle though.
 
This all Grandma can handle tonight. I will write more tomorrow and cover as much as possible. It is going to be a long week, so be prepared.

Day 156

Posted on May 5, 2014 at 8:07 AM Comments comments (15)
Good Morning Folks! Grandma has computer service again with the protection I need along with a Tablet to use. The World is definitely getting better. Grandma could not get it all finished till I was so tired last night. Decided it was better to enter information this morning and then add tomorrows lesson with it this afternoon. Please bear with me and we will get through.                                                     
 
                                                                                                                                                    
We will start with Lessons from the Bible of Faith Alive lessons starting with the Philippians.
Philippians introduction is as follows:
"Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote Philippians. This is the sixth of Paul's thirteen books in the Bible.
 
To Whom...was this letter first written? This book is a letter Paul sent to Christians at Philippi, a city in Macedonia (Greece). Paul had established this church on his second missionary trip (Acts 16:11-40).
 
When...was this letter written? This book was written about AD 63 from Rome, where Paul was in prison.
 
How...does Philippians show us God's love? Philippians tells how Christ Jesus was totally devoted to saving us. He is God, but he humbled himself even to die on a cross. Therefore, God the Father raised him up, just as he will raise us from death someday. That means we can live every day in joy, and when we die, we'll even be better off.
 
What...special messages does this book give us? Paul thanks the Philippians for their love and gifts. Then he shows them how their salvation in Christ makes it possible to rejoice even in suffering.
       ...are some important teachings in this book?
 
A win-win situation.                                          Philippians 1:19-24
Jesus humbled and exalted.                              Philippians 2:5-11
The Christian's goal.                                         Philippians 3:12-16
Rejoice always!                                                Philippians 4:4-7
Think about good things.                                   Philippians 4:8-9"
 
Read Philippians and carry out the material from Faith Alive of the following:
 
"Did You Know? Philippians 1:4 What makes Paul's joy in Philippians so amazing? Amazing that Paul was writing from prison! Knowing Christ gave him joy even there.
 
Let's Live It! Philippians 2:5-11 Exaltation From Humiliation?--They say "you can't win for losing." Oh, no? Read Philippians 2:5-11.
For a while there, Jesus looked like one big loser, like a big "nothing." He lost everything. He died a most terrible death.
But see what came of it? Because he humbled himself, God the Father exalted him, lifted him up in glory. Because he humbled himself, we win big!
 
Word to Remember Philippians 4:4 Rejoice in the Lord always. I will say it again: Rejoice!
 
Words to Remember Philippians 4:13 I can do everything through him who gives me strength.
 
Life in Bible Times-Running a Race--In Greek Olympic games and at other games, runners tried to be the first to reach a wooden goal. The wooden goal, instead of a tape, marked the end of the race.
 
Let's Live It! Philippians 4:8-9 What's on Your Mind?--Read Philippians 4:8-9. What does God want us to think about?
Often it is easy for people to think bad thoughts. Many times we have bad thoughts because we've put bad things into our minds, perhaps by watching a violent TV program, playing with friends who use rough language, or listening to hard rock music.
Instead, what sorts of things are "true," "noble," "right," "pure," "lovely," or "admirable"? See what examples you find in John 17:17; Proverbs 31:10-29; 2 Thessalonians 3:11-13; Psalm 119:9-16; 84:1-5; Ephesians 5:15-20; Colossi an 3:15-17. What are some other such things you can think of--and then think about?"
 
Next read Colossians and do the activities in Faith Alive. The introduction to Colossians is as follows:
 
"Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote Colossians. This is the seventh of thirteen books by Paul appearing in the Bible.
 
To Whom...was this letter first written? This book is a letter written to Christians at Colossi, located in modern-day Turkey.
 
When...was this letter written? Colossians was written about AD 62, when Paul was in prison in Rome.
 
How...does Colossians show us God's love? Colossians reminds us that when God gave his Son Jesus Christ, he gave us his all. Jesus was not just part of God living on earth. He is the fullness of God!  Therefore, Jesus is also the fulfillment of everything the Bible has promised. Jesus is all we need for eternal life!
 
What...special messages does this book give us? Certain people were suggesting that other requirements besides Christ were necessary for salvation. Colossians shows that Jesus is supreme and that he saves us completely.
        ...are some important teachings in this book?
 
Jesus is supreme.                                          Colossians 1:15-20
Jesus is the fullness of God.                            Colossians 2:9
Jesus forgives our sins                                     Colossians 2:13-15
Jesus fulfills all Sabbath laws.                           Colossians 2:16-17
Jesus enables the holy life.                               Colossians 3:12-17"
 
Now follow and do Faith Alive teachings as follows:
 
"Did You Know? Colossians 2:9 Is Jesus really God? Yes! In fact, Colossians 2:9 says that the whole fullness of God lives in Jesus. When we know him, we know God.
 
Words to Remember Colossians 2:13 He forgave us all our sins.
 
Did You Know? Colossians 3:12 What is holiness? 3:12 What is holiness? Because God declares us holy by forgiving our sin, we now are able to live a holy life in ways described in Colossians 3.
 
Words to Remember Colossians 3:1 Since, then, you have been raised with Christ, set your hearts on things above.
 
Let's Live It! Colossians 3:18-21 Family Job Descriptions--A job description is a list of things a person is supposed to do in a certain job. Your parents probably have job descriptions for any employment they have outside the home. Ask them to show you theirs.
Then, ask family members to make up job descriptions for home. First read together Colossians 3:18-21. These really are job descriptions for families, aren't they? Next give each person time to work on his or her own description. Write down in more detail the sorts of activities the verse you'd like to add and change in one another's.
Pretty tough assignments? Yes they are. For encouragement, read together Colossians 3:1-4."
 
Next read 1 Thessalonians and do the Faith Alive activities. The introduction for 1 Thessalonians being as follows:
 
"How...does 1 Thessalonians show us God's love? The book of 1 Thessalonians is an expression of God's love especially to Christians who are persecuted. When troubles and dangers come, believers more than ever need support from their God. This book assures persecuted them, in the present day and at his second coming.
 
Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote 1 Thessalonians. This is the eighth of Paul's thirteen Bible books.
 
To Whom...was this letter first written? This book is a letter Paul sent to Christians at Thessalonica, a large seaport city in Greece. Paul had founded this church during his second missionary journey (Acts 17:1-9).
 
When...was this letter written? This book was written about AD 51 from Corinth.
 
What...special messages does this book give us? Both 1 and 2 Thessalonians give special insights about Christ's return on the last day. In 1 Thessalonians, the encouragement is that Christians who have died before Jesus comes back are not lost forever. They will arise first when Jesus appears.
 
        ....are some important teachings in this book?
 
Love even in suffering.                                            1 Thessalonians 1:4-10
Living to please God.                                              1 Thessalonians 4:3-12
Jesus will come again.                                            1 Thessalonians 4:13-18"
 
Now for the activities of Faith Alive following: 
 
"Did You Know? 1 Thessalonians 1:6 What had happened during Paul's first visit to Thessalonica? Paul met with resistance and had to leave the city quickly. Still, some believed and formed an active church.
 
Word to Remember 1 Thessalonians 5:17 Pray continually."
 
The last book for today is 2 Thessalonians so read it and follow in the Faith Alive lessons. 2 Thessalonians introduction is as follows:
 
"Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote 2 Thessalonians. This is the ninth of thirteen books by Paul appearing in the Bible.
 
To Whom ...was this letter first written? This book is Paul's second letter to Christians in Thessalonica, a city in Greece.
 
When...was this letter written about AD 52, probably from Corinth.
 
How...does 2 Thessalonians show us God's love? The book of 2 Thessalonians explains that Christ's second coming will be a joy and comfort to Christians, not something to be feared. Some of the Thessalonians were afraid they had missed Christ's return and had been left behind. God reassures Christians that Jesus is till coming in the future. When he does, he will take all his faithful people to heaven.
 
What...special messages does this book give us? As with 1 Thessalonians, this book gives much detail about the last days of the world. Paul warns that before Jesus comes back, a "Man of Lawlessness" will try to replace God's true church. Therefore, we are to follow God's teachings carefully. Also, we should not sit idly by as we wait for Jesus' second coming, but be active in work and service.
        ...are some important teachings in this book?
 
Jesus will come to gather his
believers and punish the wicked.                                  2 Thessalonians 1:5-12
 
Before Jesus returns, a "man of
Lawlessness" will appear.                                            2 Thessalonians 2:1-12
 
Believers are to be active in
their faith while they wait.                                           2 Thessalonians 3:6-15"
 
Now for the lessons from Faith Alive as follows: 
 
"Did You Know? 2 Thessalonians 2:3 Who is the "man of lawlessness"? That's a difficult question. All history since the life of Jesus is "the last days," so perhaps this "man" has already come. He is someone who works evil from within the church. Finally though, he is destroyed.
 
Word to Remember 2 Thessalonians 2:14 He called you to this through our gospel, that you might share in the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
 
Let's Live It! 2 Thessalonians 3:6-10 Waiting, Working--Isn't it tough to concentrate the last month of school? Summer coming, vacation plans. Who can think about school work? And then they make you take exams!
The Christians in Thessalonica had their minds on Jesus' second coming. That was good. Unfortunately, some forgot to concentrate on work in the meantime. Jesus' coming back can instead encourage us to work hard now! With an "endless summer" ahead, we can use our energy for God's earthly business now."
 
That is all Grandma will give of the Bible for today. I will have more lessons for you here in a few minutes. 
 
Grandma is back to give you two books to read about in Australia and the Calendar History for the day.
 
The first book to read and do activities for is called Possum Magic by Mem Fox (New York: Gulliver Books, 1990. This lesson is in Grandma's Book (2).
"Summary: Invisible Hush and Grandma Poss travel around Australia eating "people" food in hopes of making Hush visible again.
 
Activities
 
  1. Hush and grandma Poss visited seven capital cities trying to find the right food to make Hush visible. Name the area of which each city is the capital. Six of these areas are states of Australia. Which area is not? Why is it not state?
  2. On a map of Australia, mark each capital city and trace the trip the two possums took. Name at least one place of interest in each state that you would like to visit and tell why.
  3. Other than the foods mentioned in the story, what do the people of Australia like to eat?
  4. As a math lesson, make lamington (a square of sponge cake dipped in chocolate and covered in coconut). Use a rectangular pan to cut the cake so that each piece is equal in size and everyone in the (family) receives a piece."
  5. Several animals that are native to Australia are mentioned in the story. ... display the natural habitat of one of these animals by standing a large cardboard box (or Laundry soap container cut open in the front or back) and decorating the interior. (with the habitat of its species). Place a large cutout of the animal and general information about it in the (container). (This is called a diorama.) Which of the animals are marsupials?
 
 
The second book to read and do activities with is called  Where the Forest Meets the Sea by Jeannie Baker (New York:Greenwillow Books, 1987.
This section of activities are from Grandma's book (2) but she also has activities covering this book in her Book (6).
 
"Summary: On a boat trip with his father to a remote area of Australia, a young boy recalls the history of the Daintree Rain Forest and imagines what the forest will be like in the future.
 
Activities
  1. In several of the pictures in this book, there are faint images of life forms that once inhabited the forest. Choose one of the life forms and write a story describing its feelings about the changes it saw feelings about the changes it saw taking place in the forest. How did the changes effect its way of life?
  2. As the boy begins to walk through the forest, the author tells us that "now the forest is easy to walk in." As a class, brainstorm the following questions:
                    a. What does the author's statement mean?
                    b. What do you believe a walk through the forest was like in the past?
                    c. How has it changed?
 3.   The young boy stops to wonder how long it would take for a tree in the forest to become fully
       grown. Why do you think the author draws our attention to this thought? Find out how trees
       grow from seeds. Draw a diagram to illustrate the process. How can the age of a tree be
       determined?
 4.   The first people to live in Australia were the Aborigines. Compare their traditional culture to
       their present way of life.
 5.   As the trip with his father ends, the boy imagines the future of the forest. What does he envision
       it to be like? Make a list of the pros and cons of his vision."
 
From Book (6) it says,"One read through this extraordinary book and the reader feels as though he or she has indeed visited an exotic Australian rain forest. But the sad message at the book's end is that the Australian rain forest, like other ecosystems around the world, is in grave danger of being destroyed. And young readers may be surprised to learn that the beautiful rain forest"s most dangerous enemy is us.
 
Before Reading Where the Forest Meets the Sea
  • Help the (children) locate Australia on a map. Ask the children to describe what they imagine a rain forest must look like. Tell them tat you are going to share a book which illustrates Australia's rain forest, located on the northeast coast of Australia.
 
After Reading Where the Forest meets the Sea
  • Ask the children if Australia's rain forest looks like a place they'd like to visit. Show the children where the Great Barrier Reef lies in relationship to Australia and the rain forest. Read about the reef in an encyclopedia to find out why it is so important to Australia's ecology. 
 
Follow-up Activities
 
Learning Australian Lingo
Have children scan the book to locate and list unfamiliar words (e.g., reef, cockatoo, creepers, aboriginal). Tell children that good readers often take guesses at the meanings of unfamiliar words. Encourage the children to guess at the meaning of each word they listed and to share reasonings for their guesses. Point out that readers often use context cues (other words and illustrations) to lend meaning to the unfamiliar words. Then, have the children look the words up in the dictionary to see if they guessed correctly.
 
Relief Collages
Share with the (children) the notes following the story which describe how the author/illustrator developed the relief collages she uses to illustrate the text. Then, take a closer look at each lush and detailed illustration. Can the children identify the materials the artist used? Can they find the midden and transparent pictures present in most of the settings? Ask children why they think the "hidden" pictures were included by the artist/illustrator. (Possibly they suggest animals and people who have inhabited the rain forest.) After examining the illustrations, provide students with pieces of cardboard or oaktag, clay, natural moss (available in plant and craft stores) and glue. Then, take a nature walk and allow children to collect additional natural materials (e.g., leaves, bark, shells, dirt, sand, grass, etc.) Back (at home), have the children glue the natural materials on the cardboard to create relief collages. Then, have the children draw full-body portraits of themselves on construction paper. Cut and glue fabric bits to the paper dolls to represent that some of the natural materials overlap the dolls, Have children describe the natural spot they have replicated to others. Display the reliefs for all to enjoy. (*Variation* In lieu of paper dolls, actual likenesses of the children may be trimmed from photographs ... and used in the collage arrangement.)
 
Understanding Australia's Eco-Threats
Have the (children) study the unusual illustration on the last two pages of the story. Have the children describe what they see. The author/illustrator uses these pages to hint at the problems which could threaten the rain forest. ... (Use the table below to:) Help the children list the problems foreshadowed in the book, and then help them list reasons why these problems threaten to harm or destroy the rain forest. In the third column have children list possible ways the threats can be averted.
 
 
 
Problems threatening            
to Change Australia's
Environment
 
Why Changes Will
             Hurt Environment     
                  ?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  
            

Day 153 and 154

Posted on April 24, 2014 at 11:57 AM Comments comments (21)
Well The car still had a problem. It was a little thin washer on the axel. We had bought two differential parts, and a part on the back of the transmission. This little washer may have been the problem causing everything else. I am not sure, but it made it where Grandma could not go to the library and work yesterday well enough two little step great grandchildren to entertain. What fun! I am sorry! Hopefully, this will be the end of our problems. However, Grandma will put the two days together again.
Grandma also realized she wanted to cover the Continents of Australia and South American before the school season is over. Australia starts with A, therefore, this time of year it seems to fit into the lessons and I like to have it within the month of April so it will be covered today.
I hope you all remembered the other day and Grandma will review it as part of the posting to do your tasks; Childrobotics; physical education of sports or dancing else the health learning of our bodies in
the study of our eyes, teeth, ears, minds, skin, organs, muscles, and bones as well as healthy food or things not so good for us; some math of some kind; science of experiments, inventions, space, plants, animals, and insects; language of ABC's, words, vocabulary, sentence structure, and spelling; writing and styles of writing; newspapers; journals; yearbooks; and family scrapbooks and recipes as well as any history included.
 
Read History from the Bible in 1 Corinthians and 2 Corinthians then follow the Introductions and the exercises included from Faith Alive. The Introduction for 1 Corinthians is as follows:
 
Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote 1 Corinthians. This is the secon of Paul's thirteen books in the Bible.
 
To Whom...was this letter first written? This book is the first of two letters Paul sent to Christians in Corinth, a port city in Greece very much like our big cities today. Paul knew Corinth well from his missionary visits (Acts 18:1-8; 20:1-3).
 
When...was this letter written? This book was written about A.D. 57, probably from the city of Ephesus.
 
How...does 1 Corinthians show us God's love? The book of 1 Corinthians shows that God loves his people even when they fall into all kinds of sins. The Corinthians were guilty of sins even their unbelieving neighbors would not commit. But God offered them the one and only remedy, and a simple one at that: the cross of Jesus. Jesus' death on the cross is the answer for all of our problems.
 
What...special messages does this book give us? Paul wrote this book to help the Corinthians solve problems in their church. The Corinthians were struggling with quarrels, sexual sins, lawsuits against each other, selfishness, and misunderstandings about Holy Communion and Jesus' resurrection. Paul wrote especially to help the Corinthians love one another.
        ...are some important teachings in this book?
     Christians united, not divided.                                         1 Cor. 1:10-17
 God's power and wisdom in Christ.                                      1 Cor. 1:18-31
                           Avoiding sin.                                            1 Cor. 6:9-11
             Temples of the Holy Spirit.                                      1 Cor. 6:18-20
Married or single, both God pleasing.                                    1 Cor. 7:1-40
  Holy Communion, the true body
               and blood of Jesus.                                               1 Cor. 10:16-17; 11:17-34
 Different roles from men and women.                                     1 Cor. 11:3-16; 14:33-35
            Each person important.                                             1 Cor. 12:12-31
                        Real love.                                                     1 Cor. 13:1-13
                      Jesus is alive.                                                 1 Cor. 15:3-8
            We will be resurrected too.                                         1 Cor. 15:35-58
                                                                                                                             
Now follow and do the exercises in Faith Alive for 1 Corinthians starting with "Let's Live It! 1 Corinthians 1:18-31 Thank you, Mr. Know-It-All--Do you know a Mr. Know-It-All? A know-it-all is somebody who thinks he or she knows everything. Well, nobody does, right? But lots of people think they do.
Read 1 Corinthians 1:18-31. Here's something not even Mr. Know-It-All could have figured out: how we could be saved from our sins. We were saved by Jesus dying! Seemed pretty foolish. Jesus looked pretty helpless. Turns out, by dying, he took away our sins and gave us eternal life. Pretty clever! And we don't have to be a know-it-all to get it.
 
Life In Bible Times-Temple Meat Markets--The meat of animals sacrificed to pagan gods was sold in markets that were part of pagan temples. Most city people in New Testament times bought their meat at these markets. 
 
Let' Live It! 1 Corinthians 10:16-17 Really Present--The night before he died on the cross, Jesus took bread and wine and gave it to his disciples. Christians have been eating and drinking this special meal ever since.
What did Jesus mean when he said, "This is my body" and "my blood" (Matthew 26:26,28)? When Jesus said, "This is my body," he meant this is his body. When he said, "This is my blood," he meant this is his blood. Jesus meant what he said.
In Holy Communion, we actually receive the very body of Jesus, who died on the cross. We actually receive His true blood, shed for the forgiveness of our sins. Christ gives his body and blood in, with, and under the consecrated (blessed) bread and wine. We call this the "real presence."(how true this is meant, Grandma believes also if not the sharing of Jesus spirit with us meaning his power to become him as much as we can do. Meaning it gives us the power to do as he did and believed as well as the spiritual power to stay true to God and not falter to other beliefs.)
 
Words to Remember 1 Corinthians 10;16 Is not the cup...a participation in the blood of Christ?
 
Let's Live It! 1 Corinthians 11:23-29 Why the Lord's Supper?--Read 1 Corinthians 11:23-29 Why the Lord's Supper?--Read 1 Corinthians 11:23-29 Why the big deal?
The big deal is that Holy Communion gives us everything Jesus came to give! It all starts with Jesus' words: "This is my body,... This is my blood.. for the forgiveness of sins" (Matthew 26:26,28). On the cross, Jesus' body was killed, his blood was shed, for the sins of the world. When we receive his body and blood in Communion, we also receive that forgiveness! But there's more. It's our sin that makes us die. But because Jesus has forgiven our sins, death can't hurt us anymore; nothing can keep us out of heaven. Holy Communion strengthens our assurance about the eternal life that is ours right now by faith in Christ Jesus.
 
Did You Know? 1 Corinthians 12:1 What are spiritual gifts? Spiritual gifts are special abilities the Holy Spirit gives to Christians. Spiritual gifts let us help other people become stronger Christians. There are many different kinds of spiritual gifts.
 
Let's Live It! 1 Corinthians 13:4-7 Love Is--God's perfect love empowers us to love him and others. Read 1 Corinthians 13:4-7. This passage explains something of how, by the power of God, a loving person will treat others.
Write on a different 3 x5 card each thing these verses say Christian love is. At mealtime, when your whole family is together, draw one of the cards. Have each person tell about a time when someone showed this kind of love to him or her.
 
Did You Know? 1 Corinthians 4:23 What is speaking in tongues? Speaking in tongues is a spiritual gift that let early Christians speak in unknown languages. Paul had this gift. But Paul said that it is better for people with this spiritual gift to use ordinary talk in church, so everyone can understand what they are saying.
 
Words to Remember 1 Corinthians 15:57 Thanks be to God! He gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.
 
Life in Bible Times- A House Church--The homes wealthy Christians like Aquila and Priscilla (see 1 Corinthians 16:19) were large, with a garden-like area in the middle. Christians went to homes like these to worship instead of to church buildings." Here is a version of House Churches Today and Talk of the Two Houses of Israel. Grandma wanted a picture of a stone with stucco square house with an entrance to an open garden in the middle much like a fort with rooms in the corners and an open covered area of another corner with a shed on the outside. Some homes in the village my husband came from in Mexico are formed this way. I could not find a picture of them. However, I hope the two video's I pulled up are knowledgeable.
 
Next Grandma will cover 2 Corinthians of the Bible starting with the Introduction from Faith Alive and then the exercises. Following is the Introduction:
 
How...does 2 Corinthians show us God's love? The book of 2 Corinthians shows the power of God's love to accomplish its wonderful purposes. In 1 Corinthians, Paul was force to condemn the church for many sins and one man especially for terrible sexual sin (1 Corinthians 5:1-13). By the time Paul wrote 2 Corinthians, though, God's warning had brought the people to repentance. Now God's Word speaks gentle comfort and forgiveness.
 
Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote 2 Corinthians. This is the third of thirteen books by Paul appearing in the Bible.
 
To Whom...was this letter first written? This book is the second letter that Paul sent to Christians in the city of Corinth, in Greece.
 
When...was this letter written? This book was written about A.D. 58 from Macedonia.
 
What...special messages does this book give us? The book of 2 Corinthians lets the Corinthians know that God is continuing to love and care for them despite their sins and sufferings. This is one of the Bible's most comforting books for anyone who is hurting.
       ...are some important teachings in this book?
Our prayers help leaders.                                2 Corinthians 1:8-11
Forgive those who repent.                                2 Corinthians 2:5-11
We are reconciled to God.                               2 Corinthians 5:11-21
God loves a cheerful giver.                               2 Corinthians 9:6-15
Help for the weak.                                           2 Corinthians 12:7-10
 
Now follow the exercises starting with "Life In Bible Times-Corinth--Corinth was an important port city lying on a narrow strip of land between two seas. Cargoes were landed at Corinth and carried overland to the other sea.
 
Let's Live It! 2 Corinthians 1:8-11 He Has Delivered Us, Too--Read 2 Corinthians 1:8-11. To find out about the "deadly peril" Paul was in, read 2 Corinthians 11:23-29.
Most people have hardships and even feel despair at times. Ask your mom or dad or your grandparents if God has delivered them from any really hard times. Ask them to tell you about what happened.
It is good to know that God, who delivered your mom and dad, will deliver you too.
 
Words to Remember 2 Corinthians 3:18 We ... are being transformed into his likeness.
 
Let's Live It! 2 Corinthians 3:1-3 Reading God's Mail--How does God send letters to people today? Read 2 Corinthians 3:1-3 to find out. Christians can be a letter from Christ by doing what is right, by loving others, and by telling others about Jesus.
Think about it...what kind of letter are you? What do your friends and relatives see and think bout Jesus when they look at you?
 
Life In Bible Times-Treasure!--Archaeologists have found treasures of silver in cheap clay pots. Clay pots were common, and thousands were made. But they were sometimes used to store the valuable and the precious.
 
Did You Know? 2 Corinthians 5:20 What is reconciliation? To reconcile means to get together again as friends. Jesus died for our sins so we could get together with God and be his friends. God wants us to tell our friends about Jesus, so they can become God's friends too.
 
Life in Bible Times-Sending a Letter--Many New Testament books were letters that were sent to churches. There was no post office. People wrapped up the letters carefully, tied the, and asked travelers to take them to friends.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Did You Know? 2 Corinthians 8:14 Why do Christians give? Paul urged Christians to give to help other Christians who were hungry. Christians are not to give offerings because they have to, but because God has given so generously to them.
 
Let's Live It! 2 Corinthians 9:6-11 Why Give?--God wants us to give some of our money to help others. And he wants us to do it cheerfully. He promises, then, to make sure we always have enough. Read 2 Corinthians 9:6-11.
Giving is something everyone can do. Do you have an allowance or a job for which you get paid? After reading these verses, how much of your allowance can you give cheerfully?
 
Let's Live It! 2 Corinthians 12:7-10 What Makes Us Strong--"I can't," ten-year-old Jimmy wailed. "I just can't do it." Jimmy could be talking about one of these things: Telling the neighbors he broke their window. Taking a hard test at school. Memorizing the multiplication tables. Going back to school after everyone had laughed at him. Standing up in front of everyone at church to recite a poem he memorized. If you were to say, "I can't do it," what would you probably be talking about?
Read 2 Corinthians 12:7-10. Perhaps feeling weak might make you more likely to ask God for help. What will happen if Jimmy asks God to help him with the situations listed above?"
 
Now Grandma will move on to the Calendar History in Book (1). In starting off with April 24 Book (1) says it is Children's Day in Iceland. It says it also World Day for Laboratory Animals.
In 1822 James Pierpont, American composer noted for "Jingle Bells", was born. In 1911 Evaline Ness, children's author, was born.
In 1800 The Library of Congress was established with a fund of $5,000. Book (1) says, "In 1800, when
President John Adams signed the bill moving the nation's capital from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C., he also approved funding for a reference library for Congress. Today, the Library of Congress has more than 81 million items. One of its most precious items is a copy of the Gutenberg Bible. How many items does your school library have? Challenge students to find the most unusual or valuable item in the collection.
Then in 1833 The Soda Fountain was patented. Next Grandma must cover April 25th and 26th.
 
April 25th is Friday and in 1874 Guglielmo Marconi, Italian Inventor of wireless telegraphy, was born. In 1927 Alvin Schwartz, children's author, was born.
In 1507 The German geographer Martin Waldseemuller published the First Map of the New World, which he name "America" in the mistaken belief that it had been discovered by Amerigo Vespucci. In 1719 The first edition of Robinson Crusoe was published. In 1805 Lewis and Clark reached the junction of the Missouri and Yellowstone rivers. In 1859 Construction began on the Suez Canal.
 
April 26th which is Saturday is also part of this weeks lessons. It has more activities in it. In 1785 John James Audubon, American ornithologist and artist, was born. Book (1) says, " John James Audubon used watercolors to paint wild birds of 19th-century America. His Birds of America contained 435 colored engravings. Challenge your students to look through a copy of this volume and find a bird that no longer exists. Then have the kids investigate why the species disappeared."
In 1900 Charles Richter, American seismologist who developed a 10-point scale for measuring earthquake intensity, was born. Then in 1935 Patricia Reilly Giff, children's author, was born. Book (1) says, " Author Patricia Reilly Giff taught school for nearly 20 years before writing her first story. One of her motivations for becoming a writer was to make children laugh. Why is it important to laugh? Have your (children) make a ... list of authors and books that make them laugh."
In 1607 Captain John Smith and 150 colonists aboard three vessels arrived at Cape Henry, Va., from Portsmouth, England. Then in 1777 Sybil Ludington, 16, rode horseback 40 miles to inform patriot militias of the British attack on Danbury, Conn. Book (1) says, "After the British raided nearby Danbury, Conn., Sybil Ludington rode her horse through the night to muster volunteers to meet the Redcoat threat. Have your (children) write a story detailing a similar act of heroism with a modern-day setting."
Last in 1865 Lincoln assassin John Wilkes Booth was cornered in a barn near Bowling Green, Va., and shot.
 
 
Now Grandma will begin some lessons on Australia and possibly cover at least one book from there.
Grandma is obtaining her information about Australia from her book (2) and Youtube. "Australia is the smallest continent and the only continent that is also a country. Australia lies entirely in the Southern Hemisphere and is located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, and southeast of Asia. Because of its location under the equator, the continent is sometimes referred to as being "down under." Australia is divided into six states and two territories.
Australia is the world's driest continent. It is covered mainly by deserts and dry grasslands. Artesian wells are an important source of water. Most of the people live along the eastern coastline and are of British ancestry.
Australia has three main land areas. The Eastern Highlands area, sometimes called the Great Dividing Range, is located along the Eastern coastline. It extends into Tasmania and is the most populated area of the continent. This region is covered by rich farmland. The Australian Alps, a mountain range formed by volcanic eruptions, also extend through this region.
The Central Lowlands area is generally a flat region. Wheat is grown in the southern part of this region. The rest of the region is too hot and dry to grow crops. The dry, grassy area is good for grazing. Desert land also exists in this region.
The Western Plateau covers two thirds of Australia. Deserts cover the central area, while grassy, grazing areas are found in the northeastern part. One third of Australia is covered by deserts. One of the most spectacular land formations, the Ayers Rock, is located in this region. Paintings by the Aborigines, the first known inhabitants of Australia, cover the walls of caves in this formation.
The Great Barrier Reef, the world's largest coral reef, is located off the northeast coastline. Over 400 species of coral and hundreds of rare forms of sea life inhabit this reef, which stretches over 1200 miles.
Many unique animals live on this continent. They include the echidna and platypus, which are egg-laying mammals. Kangaroos, koalas, wombats, and wallabies are marsupials that live in Australia.
Australia is the world's leading exporter of wool. There are nine sheep to every person on this continent. Other major farm products include cattle, wheat, sugar cane, and fruit. The continent also is a leading producer of bauxite. Most of the world's high-quality opals come from Australian mines.
 
Australia Regions
States
New South Wales
Queensland
South  Australia
Tasmania
Victoria
Western Australia
 
Mainland Territories
Australian Capital Territory
Northern Territory
 
Other Territories
Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Australian Antarctic Territory
Christmas Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Coral Sea Islands
Heard and McDonald Islands
Norfolk Island
 
More Topics to Research
Aborigines                          Emu                                 Colombo Plan
Boomerang                         Ayers Rock                       Australian Terrier
Sheep raising                      Mt. Kosciusko                   Bottle tree
Coral Sea                            Seasons                           Polyp
Marsupials                          Australian Cattle Dog          Indian Ocean
Great Victoria Desert           Platypus                            Natural Pearls
Tasman Sea                        Snowy Mountain Scheme   Education (in remote areas)
ANZUS                               Royal Flying Doctor Service
Australian Flag                    The language"
 
Now Link to Australia1 for some information.
 
Some activities to do Concerning Australia are as follows from book (2):
 
As Different As Night and Day
List 10 ways these continents are different.
 
                     ANTARCTICA
 
  1. ____________________________________________________
 
 2.   ____________________________________________________
 
 3.   ____________________________________________________
 
 4.   ____________________________________________________
 
 5.   ____________________________________________________
 
 6.   ____________________________________________________
 
 7.   ____________________________________________________
 
 8.   ____________________________________________________
 
 9.   ____________________________________________________
 
10.   ____________________________________________________
 
 
                    AUSTRALIA
 
  1.  _____________________________________________________
 
 2.    _____________________________________________________
 
 3.    ______________________________________________________
 
 4.    ______________________________________________________
 
 5.    _______________________________________________________
 
 6.    _______________________________________________________
 
 7.    _______________________________________________________
 
 8.    ________________________________________________________
 
 9.    ________________________________________________________
 
10.    ________________________________________________________
 
 
It's How You Play the Game
 
The climate of Australia is very mild in most areas. This makes it possible for the
people to enjoy many types of sports. Australians are highly competitive and believe strongly in good sportsmanship. Since most of the people live near the coast, Australians enjoy a variety of water sports. Some of the most popular activities, however, are the team sports of cricket, soccer, and rugby. These games were brought to Australia by settlers from Great Britain.
Select a team sport played in Australia. Write a paragraph describing the game. Include the number of players required and the rules of the game. Share your description with a friend.
 
8th Wonder of the World
 
The Great Barrier Reef, sometimes called the "eight wonder of the world, " is the largest chain of coral reefs on earth. Some scientists believe that the reef is millions of years old. It is located off the northeast coast of Australia. A large variety of sea life inhabits the reef. It is illegal to take any of the coral.
Read about this special place. Choose one life form that makes the reef its home. Make a cutout of the species and glue it to a piece of paper on which you have written a short descriptive paragraph. Attach your paper to a wall or a poster board.
 
S.O.S.
 
All oceans have currents. These are the general movements of the water. To find out more about currents and the directions they travel, scientists throw drift bottles into the oceans and trace their routes. Bottles have also been used to signal for help. The notes in the bottles are called S.O.S (Save Our Ship) messages.
Pretend you have been shipwrecked along the coast of Australia in the town of _________________.
Write an S.O.S. message on the "bottle." Include your location (town, latitude, and longitude), the crops that are grown in the region, and two native animals that you have seen.
 
Say Cheese
 
You have been selected to "photograph" a fiction book for a major magazine. After reading the book, complete two "photos" of events from the story that would definitely not happen in real life Complete two "photos" of events that could happen in real life. If you read a realistic fiction book, complete four "photos" of events that could happen in real life. Write a caption for each picture. Draw a pretend picture on plain paper of each type of events. Label it with the Name of the book, author of the book, main characters, and the setting
 
Aboriginal Art
 
Study some of the Natives art and design some of your own; for Grandma will have to stop here and give you activities for two books on Monday. Take care.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
              

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