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Grandma's Place A Natural Learning Center

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Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center

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Day 152

Posted on April 22, 2014 at 8:39 PM Comments comments (3)
Good Morning! Grandma is sending you Sarah Plain & Tall movie with a lesson also; therefore, catch that link if you want it.
Grandma will finish the lessons on Sarah Plain & Tall that she started yesterday first. In book (4) under Language:
Delightful Dialects- Talk about "the incident in which Sarah teaches the children a "Maine word" for "yes" (ayuh). Discuss how people in different parts of the country, or even in different towns or neighborhoods in the same general area, may use different words to indicate the same thing. Some examples are flapjacks, griddle cakes, pancakes; grinder sub, hero; skillet, frying pan, spider; snapbeans, green beans, stringbeans. .... Suggest that (you)...begin an ALL-American Dictionary, adding to it as they come across other regional expressions in books or outside the (house). Keep the Dictionary on a reading table for (the children) to refer to ....
 
Grandma's Book (185) has a section in it having to do with Cooperative Learning/Listening/Speaking; however, if you only have you and your one child you can still do this activity but you can involve others if you wish. It is called "Catalogue Consumers. (The children) may be curious about the way Papa gets a bride in this book. Explain that mail-order brides such as Sarah were common long ago because women were scarce on the frontier. To find a wife, men placed ads in eastern newspapers and received responses by mail, just as Papa did. Tell (the children) that people who lived far from towns had to purchase many of their household goods by mail, too. They spent evenings poring over big, thick catalogues, then sent away for what they needed." Here are some activities involving this action.
 
  1. Get ahold of some mail-order catalogues. J C Penny used to have one, Sears, and Montgomery Wards. There are others we receive in the mail. Look through them together and identify what each of them are. In other words, does it have only one kind of goods it sells or a variety of goods or items as clothing, household, food, gifts, books, office supplies? Study the catalogues further and note details as the quality of the catalog, its pictures and if they are photos or drawings, and whether the prices seem reasonable. (Grandma will be making potholders, aprons, skirts, quilts, rag rugs and can do many other items with material and items she has. She has been debating the price of items and knows many of these items are of more value than the items manufactured or sold in stores or out of catalogs. She would love to catalog them; however, she feels the internet makes a very good catalog. Her real problem is that her photo system on her phone is too old and won't work with many of the computers. Her good camera has the pull out lens stuck and cannot use it till she can get it fixed. Until she can receive disability for her arthritis in the next six months and money is short for right now, she must be patient. She is going to go and advertise for mentoring and tutoring along with the give of  Children birthday parties to teach etiquette to children. She is open to ideas.) Have the children draw conclusions from their observations. Discuss these catalogs between each other and conclude any recommendations.
  2. Talk about how an order form would be filled out as you look at one together.
  3. Then form a catalogue of your own together using your imagination from toys, dinosaurs, animals, insects, plants, games, etc. Book (185) even suggested using the alphabet. Once you have a list figured out. Draw, clip, or use coloring book pictures to put on the pages filling out a description of each item with a price. (This is kind of the way marketing on the internet is done; products are asked to market of other stores through drop shipping, or a percentage of the sale and the products are taken a picture of and placed on the website product pages and as consumers buy the product it is set up to be paid to the marketer. Call me if you want to know more. I will worn you that there are things that hold it back from sales.) Now create an order form, and then design a catalogue cover, editing the descriptions, and assemble the catalogue. Place it somewhere to be seen.
 
 
The next pages are from fill out fun pages from Book (185). The first is called "Story Voices" and it has to do with Comprehension. There is a picture of a haystack with a boy and a girl leaning on it with a cat resting beside it and a bunch of chickens around it. Inside the haystack are the names: Caleb, Anna, Papa, Sarah, and Maggie. In placing the name on the person who says the sentence following the children complete the exercise. Next the children are suppose to "Pretend that Nick and Lottie can talk. What would they say about Sarah? Write your answer on the back of (the) page.
 
 
___________________________________ 1. I've forgotten the old songs.
 
 
___________________________________ 2. Ask her if she sings.
 
 
___________________________________ 3. I am fast and I am good.
 
 
___________________________________ 4. My favorite colors are the colors of the sea.
 
 
___________________________________ 5. You must have a garden. Wherever you are.
 
 
___________________________________ 6. I miss my brother William.
 
 
___________________________________ 7. I am loud and pesky.
 
 
___________________________________ 8. We could tie her up.
 
 
 
The next exercise is concerning Vocabulary: Compound Words and it is called "By the Fireside". It shows three children sitting by the fireplace of a home with the cat and the words- bluefish, newspaper, housekeeper, tumbleweed, fisherman, windmill are written on the front of the mantle. Book (185) says, "In their home, Anna, Caleb, Papa, and Sarah like to sit by the side of the fire, or by the fireside. Write the compound word below that completes each sentence.
 
 
  1. The keeper of the house is the __________________________________________ .
 
 2.   A weed that tumbles is a ______________________________________________ .
 
 3.   A fish that is blue is a _________________________________________________ .
 
 4.   A paper with news is a ________________________________________________ .
 
 5.   A mill powered by the wind is a _________________________________________ .
 
 6. A man who fishes is a __________________________________________________ ."
 
 
Then write a sentences using the compound words teakettle, sunbonnet, and candlelight.
 
The next sheet teaches Story Structure: Setting to the children. It has two scene pictures; one is a water scene of a ship in the middle with SEA written on the center sail, a cloud above, a whale in the background above the water, a fish and a shell in the water.; The other scene at the bottom of the page with on the opposite side has a sign saying Prairie on it with two little woodchuck on the ground with a corner of flowers and a bird singing a tune on top of the sign. Each scene has five lines for words next to them. Book (185) says, "Sarah comes from the sea, but now she will live on the prairie. Write each word" of the following to the correct setting:
  fog                 pond               flounder         fields         whale
           scallop             seal              meadowlark       woodchuck           clover
 
 
Book (185) says, "On the back of this page write a sentence that tells about one place-the sea or the prairie."
 
The next fill out sheet has to do with Story Structure: Character. It is called "Simply Sarah". It has a big basket of flowers on the page. On the basket are five lines. Book (185) wants you to write the correct reasons Anna, Caleb, and Papa want Sarah to stay in the basket from the following statements:
 
                   She is sad                  She sings                    She is fun to be with
     She loves animals                       She is pretty                          She is kind
  She learns quickly                        She scares easily              She is helpless
 
Book (185) then says, "What do you like best about Sarah? Write your answer on the back of (the) page.
 
The last fill out page from Book (185) deals with Creative Writing called "Dear William".  It is a page for a letter that Book (185) says to, "Pretend you are Sarah. Write a letter to your brother William in Maine. Tell him what your life is like on the prairie with Anna, Caleb, and Papa. Tell how it is different from your life by the sea." It has a scene on the top of hills with a house in the middle and sea shells, a lobster, and sea star on each corner. It has Love, Sarah at the bottom in the middle. At the bottom of the page outside of the letter Book (185) says, "How does Sarah feel when she first arrives? How does she feel later on? Write your answer on the back of (the) page.
 
Switching back to Book (4) it has two fun pages to do. One is of a quilt with nine squares in it but on the page it has another small quilt of hearts and plain material but the children can use that for their own picture also. Book (4) wants the children to use four squares to show things that remind Sarah of Maine and the other four to show things that make her happy about the farm she lives on now. It can be displayed later.; The other fill out fun page has four dolls or puppets on it of Sarah and Caleb-two of each. Book one says the following:
  1. "On the left side, draw a face to show how the person feels at the beginning of the story.
  2. On the right side, draw a face to show how the person feels at the end of the story.
  3. Cut out the puppets.
  4. Fold the right side over so that the puppet has two sides. Paste the sides together.
  5. Use your puppets to act out a conversation between Sarah and Caleb.
(You could actually only do with one side of the puppet and attach it to a toilet paper tube, mitten, or paper sack.)
 
One last page of activities for Sarah Plain and Tall is in Grandma's book (185) and deals with Summarizing/Curriculum Connections. It is also Extended Activities to do. The first section is called "Chapter by Chapter" as a review of each chapter which you could do but Grandma feels is quite boring.
The next section is called "Plainly Acting" and Book (185) says to assign groups but it could be used to act out only one or a few scenes to the whole movie easily. If you do the whole story, just keep it simple. It could be acted out for a hospital, group, neighbors, old folks home, etc.
The next section is called "Writing: I Have Opinions-In her letter to Papa, Sarah asks him if he has opinions on cats because she most definitely does. Clearly, Sarah has strong opinions on most other things, too. Ask (the children) to think of something that they feel strongly about. Have (the children) write a short paragraph stating their opinions and why they feel that way. Ask them to include reasons for their opinions. Set aside time for volunteers to share their opinions." (Grandma is dealing with this quite strongly because her family can not understand why doing this for you is so important to Grandma. Their opinion is that Grandma should be putting her time into working online which I have not been able to get without a fee as well as they feel I should be working when with arthritis Grandma could not handle at all as to get ready for renters, get SSI, sew, and teach others if it will ever be there. Grandma's opinion is very strong about it and the knowledge  that it is important to you as well as other possibilities. If anyone has a suggestion here, please speak out also; for Grandma feels this is her calling.)
The next section is about "Science: Plants and Animals". Book (185) wants the children to be aware of the amount of animals and plants mentioned in this book as well as Book (4) wanting them to be aware of the different Regions. Grandma want you to take this section and begin some planting of seeds. She will try to get more materials about plants on the blogs to go along with the learning.
The last section on the Extended Activities is called "Social Studies: More About Maine". Book (185) says, "Help (the children) learn more about the place that Sarah misses. Display a map of the northeastern United States and help students locate Maine. Ask a volunteer to trace its long, jagged coastline and point out its many islands. Explain that Maine has about 2,000 islands along its coast. They are the result of a glacier that melted and sank much of the land there. The islands are the peaks of old mountains that are now submerged. Tell (the children) that Maine gets its name from the expression "the main," which was used by sailors to distinguish the mainland from all the islands. Looking at the map, ask students to find the answers to the following questions:
  • What is the capital of Maine? (Augusta)
  • What national park is in Maine? Acadia)
  • What covers most of Maine? (forest)
If possible, show (the children) reproductions of some of the sea paintings by Winslow Homer. These were painted when he lived at Prout's Neck on the coast of Maine.( Grandma had a book about Maine one time from the library that gave some very interesting information about the Natives there and other things about it. She will see what youtube has for us. (Do love youtube) Link to Pictures of Maine and How There Life Was. That is all Grandma has to go with Sarah Plain & Tall. We will move on to the Bible History for today.
 
Grandma will cover Romans in the New Testament of the Bible through Faith Alive beginning with the Introduction, so it will be your assignment to read it.
How...does Romans show us God's love? Romans shows God's perfect love for sinners. All of us fall short of the glory of God: no one could get to heaven by being good enough. So instead, God sent Jesus to die for us. Because of his death and rising from the grave, we are "justified." That means we are forgiven and have eternal life absolutely free! It's a gift! Jesus has already given it to us!
 
Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote Romans. (You can read about Paul's life in the book of Acts.) He also wrote all the books from 1 Corinthians through Philemon (counting Romans, a total of 13 books in all).
 
To Whom...was this letter first written? This book is a letter Paul sent to Christians in Rome, the capital city of the great Roman Empire. (All of the next books up through Jude are letters also. Another word for letters like this is "epistle.") When Paul wrote this let, he had never been to Rome, but you can read about how he did finally arrive there in Acts 28.
 
When...was this letter written? This letter was written about A.D. 57, probably from the city of Corinth.
 
What...special messages does this book give us? Paul reminds us that we are all sinners and deserve death. But when he explains how we are saved by faith in Jesus alone. Nothing else is necessary to get to heaven. Of course, because we have been saved, we will want to live our lives for God.
       ...are some important teachings in this book?
Everyone sins.                                                Romans 3:9-20
We are saved by grace
 through faith in Jesus.                                     Romans 3:21-29
Jesus died for us sinners.                                 Romans 5:1-11
Being saved is free, a gift.                                 Romans 6:23
God loves us no matter what.                            Romans 8:28-39
God calls us to live for him.                               Romans 12:1-8
 
Now follow Grandma through the activities of Faith Alive starting with "Life In Bible Times-Rome--In Paul's day, "all roads led to Rome," or so they said. The center and largest city of the Roman Empire, Rome controlled all the land around the Mediterranean Sea and beyond, including Italy, France, Spain, Great Britain, North Africa, Greece, Turkey, and the Holy Land. Rome was important to the spread of Christianity because people moved in and out of Rome from all over the world.
 
Let's Live It! Romans 1:16 Powerful Gospel! Kaboom!--From tiny beginnings in Jerusalem, the Christian faith was spreading--exploding--all over the world! How? It happened--and still happens--because of the gospel, the good news that Jesus has saved us. Paul says the gospel is the power of God. The Greek word for "power" is dynamic, like our word "dynamite"! KABOOM! The news about Jesus has the power of dynamite--and the power to give people eternal life!
 
Did You Know? Romans 1:18-20, 2:12-15 Does God have a right to be angry with human beings? God created Adam and Eve without sin. Since the fall into sin, all humans are born sinful and sin daily. Yes! God has a right to be angry. Since God gave everyone a conscience, all people know they sin and have no excuse.
 
Did You Know? Romans 2:16 What is God's judgment? The Bible teaches that someday God will punish those who continue in sin. Until judgment occurs God continues to call people to repentance and forgiveness in Christ Jesus.
 
Did You Know? Romans 3:20 What is the law? The law is every rule God gave people to live by as summarized in the Ten Commandments. People often think God will be pleased with them because they keep the law. Actually no one has kept it. The law shows us that we all sin.
 
Did You Know? Romans 3:21 What is righteousness? In the Bible righteousness menas either doing right things, or being right with God. Because everyone has sinned, no one can be right with God by what he or she does. Yet God forgives people who believe in Jesus and says we are right with him. Then God empowers Christians to do right things in gratitude to him.
 
Words to Remember Romans 3:24 (All) are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus.
 
Let's Live It! Romans 3:28 "Just Right" With God--Like computers? Try this: Type yourself a note--about anything, but at least six lines long. Notice the jagged right margin. Some lines are long, some are short. Our lives are like that, jagged, messed up by sin.
Now print the note, and tel the computer to "right justify." Nice and even on the right, eh? This is the way God sees us because of Christ, we are "Justified," made right with God.
 
Did You Know? Romans 4:25 What does justified mean? Justified is a special word that means we have been declared not guilty! When God forgives our sins, he says we are not guilty anymore. Because we are forgiven, we are right with God and can go to heaven.
 
Word to Remember Romans 5:8 God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us.
 
Did You Know? Romans 5:15 How do we know that God loves us? Jesus, God's Son, was sent to die for us, even though we were sinners. This shows how much God loves us.
 
Life In Bible Times-Slaves--There were thousands of slaves in Rome in Paul's day. They worked at many different jobs: potters, household servants, silversmiths, farmers, shepherds, builders, scribes. Most slaves, if they were obedient and did their job well, could plan on eventually being free.
 
Words to Remember Romans 8:26 We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us.
 
Words to Remember Romans 8:28 We know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him.
 
Let's Live It! Romans 10:11-15 A Beautiful Career--List five jobs you think it would be fun to have when you grow up. Tell your mom or dad what is on your list, and explain what you like about each job.
Then read Romans 0:11-15. Does anything in this passage make you think about being a pastor or missionary or Christian teacher? Talk with your pastor. What does he like about his calling?
 
Life in Bible Times-Grafting--Farmers often tried to improve their crop by grafting new branches on old trees. They cut off an old branch and carefully tied on a new branch in such a way that it could grow there.
 
Did You Know? Romans 12:9 How can we show that we love God? We show we love God by loving and serving others. Romans 12:9-21 lists many ways we can show love to the people around us.
 
Let's Live It! Romans 13:1-7 Don't Break the Law--Read Romans 13:1-7. This passage tells us that God gave governments the right to pass laws and punish people who break the law.
What is the most important reason Christians have for obeying the law? Write a one-page essay on why Christians should obey all laws. See if your church newsletter or the church page in your local newspaper will print your essay.
 
Did You Know? Romans 16:1,17 Why does Paul call others in the church his brothers and sisters? Christians are God's family. From the very beginning of the church, Christians called each other brother and sister to show how close they felt to each other.
 
Grandma is finished with Romans and will give you the Calendar History from Book (1) for April 23. In 1791 James Buchanan, 15th president of the United States, was born. In 1856 Granville Woods, African-American inventor who obtained 50 patents, was born. In 1891 Sergei Prokofiev, Russian composer, was born.
The events are as follows:
In 1635 Boston Latin School, the Oldest Public School in the United States, was established.
In 1789 President-elect and Mrs. George Washington moved into the First Presidential Mansion, the Franklin House in New York.
It is also Children's Day in Turkey. "On Children's Day in Turkey, kids take over the government. Four hundred students (elected by their classmates) travel to the national capital at Ankara, where they take seats in the national government and spend the day observing and learning how it works. And all Turkish children can get free ice cream, movies, and transportation on this day." Plan a Children's Day in which your children can be in charge of something and have some special treatment. This reminds Grandma that she was going to suggest you talking to the children about what you would like done for Mother's Day or Father's Day even if it is just something special they do for you. I noticed some nice things that could be done from yesterday's lessons.
 
For Science today, Grandma is going to give you some more experiments form her book (12) to do. They are around Chemistry. The first one is called Colour magic. "Cut a red cabbage leaf into small pieces and soak in a cup of boiling water. After half an hour pour the violet-coloured cabbage water into a glass. You can now use it for crazy colour magic. Place three glasses on the table, all apparently containing pure water. In fact only the first glass contains water, in the second is white vinegar and in the third water mixed with bicarbonate of soda. When you pour a little cabbage water into each glass, the first liquid remains violet, the second turns red and the third green. The violet cabbage dye has the property of turning red in acid liquids and green in alkaline. In neutral water it does not change colour. In chemistry one can find out whether a liquid is acid or alkaline by using similar detecting liquids (indicators)."
 
The second experiment is called Violet becomes red. If you ever come across an anthill in the woods, you can there and then do a small chemical experiment. Hold a violet flower, e.g. a bluebell, firmly over the ants. The insects feel threatened and spray a sharp-smelling liquid over the flower. The places it turn red.
The ants make a corrosive protective liquid in their hind quarters. You notice it if an ant nips you, though it is generally quite harmless. Since the flower turns red where the drops fall, you know that they are acid. The acid is called formic acid.
 
The third experiment is called Invisible ink. If you ever want to write a secret message on paper, simply use vinegar, lemon, or onion juice, as the invisible ink. Write with it as usual on white writing paper. After it dries the writing is invisible. The person who receives the letter must know that the paper has to be held over a candle flame: the writing turns brown and is clearly visible.
Vinegar, and lemon or onion juice, cause a chemical change in the paper to a substance similar to cellophane. Because its ignition temperature is lower than that of the paper, the parts written on singe.
 
The fourth experiment is called Bleached rose. A piece of sulphur is ignited in a jam jar. Since a pungent vapour is produced, you should do the experiment out-of-doors. Hold a red rose in the jar. The colour of the flower becomes visible paler until it is white.
When sulphur is burned, sulphur dioxide is formed. As well as its germicidal action in sterilization, the gas has a bleaching effect, and the dye of the flower is destroyed by it. Sulphur dioxide also destroys the chlorophyll of plants, which explains their poor growth in industrial areas, where the gas pollutes the air.
 
The fifth experiment is called Transfer pictures. Photos and drawings from newspapers can e copied easily. Mix two spoonfulls of water, one spoonful of turpentine and one spoonful of liquid detergent and dab this liquid with a sponge on the newspaper page. Lay a piece of writing paper on top, and after vigorous rubbing with a spoon the picture is clearly transferred to the paper.
Turpentine and liquid detergent when mixed form an emulsion which penetrates between the dye and oil particles of the dry printing ink and make it liquid again. Only newspaper printing ink can be dissolved, though. The glossy pictures in magazines contain too much lacquer, which is only dissolved with difficulty.
 
The sixth experiment is called Sugar fire. Place a piece of cube sugar on a tin lid and try to set it alight. You will not succeed. However, if you dab a corner of the cube with a trace of cigarette ash and hold a burning match there, the sugar begins to burn with a blue flame until it is completely gone.
Cigarette ash and sugar cannot e separately ignited, but the ash initiates the combustion of the sugar. We call a substance which brings about a chemical reaction, without itself being changed, a catalyst.
 
This is all the experiments for today and all the information Grandma has time for. See you tomorrow.
The second experiment

Day 151

Posted on April 21, 2014 at 8:43 PM Comments comments (4)
Good Morning! I hope all is well! Be sure to carry out tasks; Childrobotics; physical education of sports or dancing else health education of foods and recipes or body parts of eyes, ears, nerves, cells, chemicals, skin, sinuses, organs, bones, and muscles; Reading and Language of ABC's, words, vocabulary, spelling, sentence structure and parts; writing and Journals; Math, science projects; newspapers; yearbooks; and family scrapbooks as well as other projects.
 
For our Bible read Acts13 through Acts 28 then do the following from Faith Alive: "Did You Know? Acts 13:2 What are missionaries? Missionaries are people who travel to tell others about Jesus. The first missionaries of the Christian church were Barnabas and Paul(Saul). The rest of the book of Acts tells about the adventures of these missionaries.;
 
Life In Bible Times-Jewish Synagogues--Jews gathered each Sabbath to worship in a synagogue. At the front of the synagogue was a container, called an "ark," where Bible scrolls were kept. Leaders of the synagogue sat on chairs in the front on each side of this ark. Visitors like Paul were often invited to speak to the congregation.;
 
Let's Live It! Acts 14:8-18 The Wrong God--People in the ancient Greek world worshiped many gods and goddesses, like Zeus and Hermes and Artemis. Because people dreamed up these false gods, they often imagined them having human form. Read Acts 14:8-18. What did the people of Lystra do when Paul healed the crippled man? Why were Barnabas and Paul so upset?
Notice what the people of Lystra said: "The gods have come down to us in human form!" They were wrong, of course, in thinking that Paul and Barnabas were gods.
They were right about one thing, though. God has come down to us in human form. When? Look up Colossians 2:9. What are some of the things that make that so wonderful? Read and think about Hebrews 2:14-15;4:15; and Galatians 4:4-5. (Grandma says it might be a good idea if children are interested in finding out some about the Greek Mythology so they understand what some other people are talking about later in life. However, emphasis how they are really not real and how God is.)
 
Did You Know? Acts 5:6 What is a church council? A church council is a meeting of the leaders of the Christian church. Acts 15 tells about the first church council. The leaders met to decide whether God wanted non-Jewish Christians to live like Jewish people. They decided that they could not require non-Jewish Christians to obey all the laws of the Jews.
 
Life In Bible Times-Purple Cloth--Purple dye came from crushing the shells of tiny sea creatures. Hundreds of these shellfish were needed to make enough purple to dye one robe, so purple cloth was very expensive.
 
Let's Live It! Acts 16:16-40 A Bad Day?--It had been a truly horrible day. First, they'd seen a poor girl suffering from a demon. That made them sad. But when they set her free from the demon, a mob had them arrested. Next they were whipped. Then thrown in jail. Finally, their feet were locked in stocks. That's miserable.
Read Acts 16:16-25. What did Paul and Silas do? How could they sing after a day like that? Paul and Silas knew God was with them. They knew they had a happy (and everlasting!) day in heaven to look forward to because of Jesus. How might the Good News of Jesus help you during your next horrible day? By the way, see how Paul and Silas' day turned out in Acts 16:26-40.
 
Did You Know? Acts 17:22-23 What was Athens like? Athens was a famous Greek city. The people of Athens loved to talk about religion and important ideas. When Paul came to Athens he talked to people about God, who made the world, and about Jesus, who was raised from the dead. Acts 17 contains Paul's sermon to the people of Athens.
 
Life In Bible Times-Tentmakers--Tents were made from animal skins or from fabric woven of wool or goats' hair. The tentmaker sewed these materials together using awls and needles and thread. It was expected that every Jewish boy would learn a trade; Paul was trained to be a tentmaker.
 
Did You Know? Acts 19:17 What was Ephesus like? Ephesus was one of the largest cities in Asia. It had a great temple, dedicated to a pagan goddess named Artemis. When Paul came to Ephesus he taught about the true God. So many people became Christians that the silversmiths who sold medals of Artemis began to lose business. Acts 19 tells about Paul's adventures in Ephesus.
 
Life In Bible Times-The Temple of Artemis--The temple of Artemis at Ephesus was one of the wonders of the world. It was larger than a football field and had 127 columns, each of them as high as a five-story building! People came from all over the world to visit the temple of Artemis.
 
Did You Know? Acts 21:27 What happened to Paul in Jerusalem? A riot started when Paul went to the temple in Jerusalem. A Roman commander and his soldiers rescued Paul from the mob. Later the commander also rescued Paul when some Jews were plotting to kill him. The commander sent Paul with a guard of 470 soldiers to the Roman governor for trial. You can read about all that happened to Paul in Jerusalem in Acts 21-23.
 
Life In Bible Times-Roman Citizenship--The Romans whipped people they thought might have committed a crime in order to make them confess. But it was against the law to whip a Roman citizen.
 
Did You Know? Acts 25:14 Who were Felix and Festus? Felix and Festus were Roman governors. Felix kept Paul under arrest for two years. Festus, who replaced Felix, didn't know what to do with Paul. Acts 24-26 tells what happened while Paul was under arrest in Caesarea, and how he happened to be sent to Rome.
 
Did You Know? Acts 25:23 Who was King Agrippa? Agrippa was a grandson of Herod, who was king when Jesus was born. But Agrippa ruled only the district of Galilee. The Roman governor Festus wanted Agrippa's advice because he did not know what to do with Paul.
 
Life in Bible Times-Cargo Ships--Paul was traveling on one of the large cargo ships that sailed the Mediterranean Sea. These ships were large enough to carry two or three hundred people as well as their cargo.
 
Let's Live It! Acts 27:13-44 An Anchor of Hope--Driven by hurricane winds, with waves crashing over the deck, the sailors tried everything, but after days of struggle, they finally gave up all hope.
But throughout the crisis, Paul had hope. Why? Read Acts 27:21-26 and Hebrews 6:17-20. God has promised you his care and forgiveness and eternal life in heaven. That's like an anchor for your life. When do you especially need the anchor of God's promises to keep up hope?"
 
For Science Experiments we working on Plants form Grandma's Book (12)
The next experiment from this section of the book is called Rising sap.
"Make a deep hole in a carrot and fill it with water in which you have dissolved plenty of sugar. Close the opening firmly with a bored cork, and push a plastic straw through the hole. Mop up any overflowing sugar solution, and seal the joints with melted candle wax. Put the carrot into water and watch: after some time the sugar solution rises into the straw.
The water particles can enter the carrot through the cell walls, but the larger sugar particles cannot come out. The sugar solution becomes diluted and rises up the tube. This experiment on osmosis illustrates how plants absorb water from the soil and carry it upwards."
 
Next is Ghostly noise
"Fill a wine glass to overflowing with dried peas,  pour in water up to the brim, and place the glass on a metal lid.. The pea heap becomes slowly higher and then a clatter of falling peas begins, which goes on for hours.
This is again an osmotic process. Water penetrates into the pea cells through the skin and dissolves the nutrients in them. The pressure thus formed makes the peas swell. In the same way the water necessary for life penetrates the walls of all plant cells, stretching them. If the plant obtains no more water, its cells become flabby and it wilts
 
The Next experiment is called Rain in a jar.
Place a green twig in a glass of water in sunlight. Pour a layer of oil on to the surface of the water and invert a large jar over the lot. After a short time, drops of water collect on the walls of the jar. Since the oil is impermeable, the water must come from the leaves. In fact the water which the plant absorbs is given off into the air through tiny pores in the epidermis of the leaf. Air saturated with moisture and warmed by the sun deposits drops like fine rain on the cool glass.
 
The Next experiment is called Zig-zag growth.
Lay pre-germinated seeds on a sheet of blotting paper between two panes of glass, pull rubber bands around the panes and place in a water container in a window. Turn the glass panes with the shoots onto a different edge every two days. The roots always grow downwards and the stem grows upwards.
Plants have characteristic tendencies. Their roots strive towards the middle of the earth and the shoots go in the opposite direction. On slopes the roots of trees do not grow at right-angles to the surface into the ground, but in the direction of the middle of the earth.
 
The Next experiment is called Leaf skeleton.
Place a leaf on blotting paper and tap it carefully with a clothes brush, without pressing too hard or moving sideways. The leaf is perforated until only the skeleton remains, and you can see the fine network of ribs and veins.
The juicy cell tissue is driven out by the bristles and sucked up by the blotting paper. The ribs and veins consist of the firmer and slightly lignified framework and resist the brush.
 
The Next experiment is called Two Coloured  Flower.
Dilute red and green fountain pen inks with water and fill two glass tubes each with one colour. Split the stem of a flower with white petals, e.g. a dahlia, rose or carnation, and place one end in each tube. The fine veins of the plant soon become coloured, and after several hours the flower is half red and half blue.
The coloured liquid rises through the hair-fine channels by which the water and food are transported. The dye is stored in the petals while most of the water is again given off.
 
That is all the experiments Grandma is giving today.
 
The next coverage will be from the Calendar History book. The first birthday for today, April 22 is in 1451 for Isabella I, queen of Spain and Columbus's sponsor. Grandma has been watching a Movie on the Spanish Channel about her before she became the Queen. I am hoping it is the same Isabella. Now Grandma will be able to check the next date shown to make sure. Two other birthdays are in 1923. One is for Homas Baird, children's author. The other is for Paula Fox, another children's author.
There are a lot of events for April 22nd. In 1500 Pedro Alvares Cabral landed in Brazil, which he claimed for King Manuel I of Portugal. Then in 1715 The greatest Eclipse of the Sun seen in 500 years occurred. In 1864 Congress authorized the use of the motto "In God We Trust" on U.S. coins. In 1876 The First National League Baseball Game--between Philadelphia and Boston--took place. In 1884 Thomas Stevens began a Bicycle Trip around the World. In 1889 Oklahoma was opened to homesteaders.
It is Earth Day which we will do an activity for at a later time. It was also Look-Alike Day (third Tuesday in April). Book (1) says, "As homework for Look-alike Day, ask your (children) to stand in front of a mirror and draw a look-alike picture of themselves.
 
Grandma is going to cover Sarah, Plain and Tall for those reading this book. There is also a famous movie made of this story if you have not seen it already. Grandma is using two books for this story. One is book (185) and the other is book (4) which is a geography book. They are using this book to illustrate the seeing regional likenesses and differences.
 
Sarah, Plain & Tall by Patricia MacLachlan (Harper & Row 1985)
Book (185) has a section About the Author and a Summary as follows:
"Patricia MacLachlan  was born in Cheyenne, Wyoming. She is a graduate of the University of Connecticut and has taught English and creative writing. She did not become an author, however, until she had been a wife and mother for many years. Not surprisingly, her books emphasize family situations and are strongly connected to childhood experiences. Cassie Binegar and Arthur, for the Very First Time both have family themes. Sarah, Plain and Tall grew out of what MacLachlan's mother called "the heroics of a common life." Says the author, "Just what is the magic-the literature or the life from which it grows?" In Patricia MacLachlan's case, the answer seems to be both.
 
Story Summary-Caleb and Anna live with their father in a house on the prairie. Because their mother died when Caleb was born, their father feels it is time he had a wife and they had a mother. So one day Papa tells tem that he has placed an ad in the paper looking for a wife. Sarah, who lives in faraway Maine, answers the ad. She agrees to stay with them for a month to see if she'll be happy there. Anna and Caleb are full of wonder: What will Sarah be like? Will they like her? Will she like them? As the days pass, Caleb and Anna grow to love Sarah, but they are worried because they know that Sarah misses her seaside home. For one heartbreaking day, they think Sarah has left. But Sarah returns, and she tells them that she would miss them more than she misses the sea."
Book (4) gives it as this, "In response to an advertisement common about a hundred years ago, Sarah Wheaton travels from Maine to a mid-western farm to see whether she wants to settle down with the widower, Jacob and his children, Anna and Caleb. The children and their father love Sarah's feistiness, warmth, and imagination, but fear she misses the sea so much that she will leave them to return to her home. When Sarah goes to town in the wagon, Caleb especially fears that she will never come back. But Sarah does, bearing with her a parcel of colored pencils that link the colors of her sea with the colors of the children's prairie home, and signaling that she has made her decision to stay and become part of the family." (Grandma is very much touched by this story for four reasons: one because her mother lost her mom during the Depression times a rare blood disease; two because her grandfather remarried after traveling around helping others just to have a place to stay and eat because it cost him his farm as well a new baby-then he remarried a woman that helped him get a new farm; third because he had gained a third wife after his second through a newspaper ad; fourth is because he not only told my sister and I how our real grandmother had helped him a lot on the farm when she could and that our mother helped him build a house when she was pregnant with me. She tells how she carried tile up the ladder to him being eight months with me.)
Also from Book (4) In Preparation:
"On a topographical map, point out Maine, then the American prairie states. Invite students to use the map to tell about differences in land and water. Explain that the story tells about a woman who moved from Maine to the prairie more than a hundred years ago, when railroads were new, airplanes did not exist, and every move was thus a "big" move and likely to be permanent. Ask students to predict what a person from Maine might miss if she or he moved hundreds of miles inland."
 
Also from Book (4) there is a section called Extending Geography Skills: Comparing Map Keys and Legends. "In a central location, provide a variety of United States maps, such as topographical maps, highway maps, political maps, views from space, historical maps, and goods-and-resources maps. Review with students how. Sarah associated certain colors--gray, green, and blue--with her home in Maine." Have the children choose one of the maps and discover how it uses colors to indicate special facts about places. "(They) might start by reading the title of their map to find out its purpose, next study the legend to find out its purpose, next study the legend to find out what particular colors or symbols stand for, and then locate the Maine seacoast and trace Sarah's approximate route from there to the central part of the country.  Suggest that (the children) note differences, as indicated by the colors and symbols, as they move from one region to another. Then invite (the children) to show their maps ... and tell about major differences in regions and how the colors on their maps signal them. The (children) will soon note that the same color may be used in different ways on different maps, depending on what aspect of a region the map is intended to show."
Also in Book (4) under As You Read it says, "Encourage (the children) to discuss what Sarah misses from her old home in Maine (such as swimming in the sea, ocean colors, watching seals, sliding down sand dunes, her brother's fishing boat) and how Jacob, Anna, and Caleb try to replicate some of these experiences for her on their Midwest farm. Invite (the children) to name some of the most obvious differences, such as salt water/fresh water; sand/grass; prairie flowers/seaside flowers.
While Maine and the prairie are quite different, Sarah and Caleb are much alike. To help (the children) compare these two characters, invite them to fill in a chalkboard character chart like the one below as they read the story. Discuss how their likenesses pull Sarah and Caleb together.
 
 
 
       Character
 
 
    How Does the
    Character Feel
    "Different"?
    What Does the
    Character Miss?
   What Does the
   Character Learn?
   Caleb
 
 
                     
 thinks he is loud
 and pesky
 His mother's songs
 That Sarah loves him
  Sarah
 
 
 
 tall, plain, unneeded
 in her brother's home
  the sea is her
  home in Maine
  How to enjoy a prairie
   home that Jacob
   and the children
   love and need her
 
Book (185) says under "Homesickness Remedies-Tell (the children) that in the story they are going to read, one of the characters is homesick. She has moved from one part of the United States to another, and her new home is very different and very far away from her old one. She misses her old home and the people she knew there. Ask (the children) if they (or someone they know) have ever been homesick. Discuss where they were and how they felt. How did they recover? As (the children) volunteer their experiences, write their homesickness remedies on the chalkboard. Point out that most people, both children and adults, experience homesickness at one time or another. Ask (the children) to look for ways that the character in the book copes with this problem.
 
From Book (4) do this activity for Art:
"Pictures Praising Places-At the center of a (poster board), place a picture of Sarah. At the top, under the book title, make heads for two columns on either side of the figure: The Best Things About the Farm and The Best Things About the Sea. Invite (the children) to brainstorm a ... list of things or activities Sarah might put in each column. Suggest that each ... choose one item from each list and make construction-paper cut-out pictures of the items. As (the children) affix their pictures in the ... columns, invite them to tell why Sarah likes each thing. Suggest that (the children) use (this) as a reference as they retell the story to (others.)
Other Art/Oral Language projects are in Book (185) as follows: "Make a Mobile-Remind students that when Sarah comes to the prairie, she brings along mementos of the sea in the form of shells and a smooth white stone. Ask (the children) to think about a place that he or she loves, indoors or out. Have them make a list of things that are found in their favorite places. Then explain that they are going to make mobiles to show what their places are like.
You Need: white construction paper; scissors; string; colored markers; pencils; tape; paper plates
Steps:
  1. Provide each (child) with a paper plate. Demonstrate how to draw a spiral on the plate by starting at the center and drawing a continuing circle to the outer edge ... .
  2. Have (the children) cut along their spiral lines.
  3. Pass out construction paper and markers. Tell (the children) to consult the lists they made about their favorite places, then draw four or five items from the list. For example, if the sea is their favorite place, they might draw a shell, fish, crab, boat, and seal. Explain that these pictures will hang from the mobile.
  4. Tell (the children) to color in their pictures and cut them out.
  5. Have (the children) tape one end of a short string to each picture, then tape the other end to the spiral.
  6. Have (the children) attach a string to the middle of their spirals. Then let them help you hang the mobiles around the room. Tell (the children) to look at the mobiles, and ask them to try and guess what place each one represents.
 
Three Colors-Recall with (the children) the colors of the three pencils Sarah buys in town: blue, gray, and green. Remind (the children) that these colors are important to Sarah because they are the colors of her favorite place-the sea. Tell (the children) that they will use three colors to illustrate their favorite places.
You need: pencils or charcoal sticks, colored pencils, poster paper
Steps;
  1. Provide (the children) with charcoal or pencils and ask them each to draw a poster of their favorite places.
  2. Have (the children) select three colors that best represent their favorite places. Instruct (the children) to use the three colors to finish their posters.
  3. Display the completed posters. Then have (the children) match and compare each poster to the corresponding mobile of the same place."
 
Here are some Art/Creative Writing Activities from Book (185)
Beautiful Bookmarks-One of the first things Sarah does on the prairie is pick flowers. She tells Caleb and Anna she will hang the flowers upside down to dry them. "And we can have flowers all winter  long," she says. Tell (the children) that in this activity, they too, will preserve flowers.
You need: small flowers(wildflowers or flowers such as daisies purchased from a florist); clear Contact paper; scissors; yarn; hole punch; old telephone books and/or other heavy books
Steps:
  1. Let (the children) collect their flowers. If (the children) are going to pick wildflowers, be sure they have a list of those that are endangered in your region and should not be picked.
  2. Have (the children) press the flowers they will use for their bookmarks. Demonstrate how to place the flowers carefully between the pages of an old telephone book, then stack other heavy books on top. Then wait two weeks.
  3. Pass out the clear Contact paper and help the (children) cut two pieces, each 1 1/2" x 6".
  4. Tell (the children) to arrange their pressed flowers carefully on the sticky side of one piece of the Contact paper. (The children) should have their designs in mind or sketched out before positioning the flowers.
  5. Help (the children) place the other piece of Contact paper carefully over the first so that the two sticky sides adhere to one another.
  6. Have (the children) punch a hole at the top of the bookmark and slip a piece of yarn through it as a tassel. Knot the yarn so it stays in place. (The children) can present their bookmarks as gifts or keep them for their own use.
Illustrators Wanted-Point out to the (children) that Sarah, Plain and Tall has no illustrations. Tell the class that their job will be to provide pictures to the story. Assign (the children) a chapter to work on. ... Provide time for (the children) to reread their (chapter), then tell each (child) to select a scene to illustrate. ... discuss why and how they showed the characters the way they did.
 
Seal's Story-Recall with the class the class that Sarah wasn't the only one who left her home by the sea. Sarah's cat, Seal, also made the journey to the prairie. Not only does he have to adjust to living in a new place, but he also has to learn to live with dogs! How does Seal feel about all this? Have your students write a short story from Seal's point of view describing his new life with Anna and Caleb. Suggest that students add illustrations to their stories."
In Creative Writing of Book (4)
Shape Letters-Invite (the children to recall the many different animals mentioned in the story, for example, Sarah's cat Seal, the dogs Lottie and Nick, the horses Old Bess and Jack, the three lambs, the chickens, and the seal that Sarah remembers petting back home in Maine. ... choose one of the animals, imagine that it can write, and work together to write a "shape letter" from the animal to another one, describing some part of the story from the animal-writer's point of view. ... decided on the basic message, ... design and cut a pattern of the animal's shape, to use for the covers and pages of the letter: ... write the letter; ... draw a picture on one of the shape-pages. ...share their letters..., put all the letters in a cardboard Sarah's Mailbox. ...read the letters... .
 
This is all Grandma can do today. She will finish Sarah, Plain & Tall first thing tomorrow.
 

Day 150

Posted on April 19, 2014 at 5:29 PM Comments comments (8)
Good Morning Folks! I hope you had a nice Easter! Grandma would be ok if she would learn to save information early. I am retyping a lot of information for you that was typed earlier this morning for Monday's lessons. Therefore, I hope I do as well a job as it was before. Grandma is going to be giving you material in lessons from now on through the end of the year and on into the summer if possible. She hopes to cover material from Patricia's book and a list of her own books used.
Please keep up the work of your tasks; Childrobotics; physical education of (sports or dancing) or health education for the body as(eyes, teeth, ears, skin, bones, muscles, or organs, what give us the necessary nutrients, food, plants, etc.); Reading and Language through ABC's, words, vocabulary, spelling, papers, etc.; along with Writing and Journals; Newspapers; Yearbooks; Family scrapbooks and recipes.
To start today's lessons out Grandma is going to cover half of Acts, today's History coverage of at least Monday, maybe more. Then she has two books to cover. Some math and art may be covered in these lessons. Be sure to keep up with any necessary Geometry and Algebra covered in video's Grandma has given you. She will try to cover the Algebra book she has as much as she can at sometime. Please take care and keep joining me. I will probably be covering other real estate and information later as possible.
 
To begin lessons for Monday Grandma is covering The Introduction to Acts in the Bible through Faith Alive and the first 12 chapters. The Introduction in Faith Alive goes as follows:
"Whom...did God inspire to write this book? Luke, the physician who traveled as a missionary with Paul, and who also wrote the Gospel of Luke, wrote this book.
For Whom...was this book first written? As with his Gospel, Luke wrote this book for a man named Theophilus. He may also have used it as evidence in court to defend Paul. Nevertheless, it really is for everyone.
When...did this happen? This book tells what happened from about AD 30 to 61.
Where...did this happen? The things in this book happened in many important cities in the Roman Empire.
How...does Acts show us God/s love? Acts show that God wants the saving message of Jesus to go out to all the world. The apostles began this work. Every step of the way, the Holy Spirit was with them to guide them and give their words power so that many believed.
What...special messages does this book give us? It describes the acts, or actions, of Jesus' apostles after Jesus has ascended back to heaven. It shows how God enables his people through the Holy Spirit to share the Good News of Jesus.
        ...action happens in this book? Jesus ascends back to heaven but sends the Holy Spirit at Pentecost. The Spirit inspires Jesus' apostles to preach about him on exciting and dangerous missionary journeys.
        ...important people do we meet? Peter and Paul are among the main characters in this book.
        ...are some of the stories in this book?
 
                       Jesus goes to heaven.                             Acts  1:1-11
                  The Holy Spirit comes.                                 Acts  2:1-13
  Peter heals a crippled beggar.                                       Acts  3:1-10
     Peter and John are arrested.                                      Acts  4:1-31
           Stephen, the first martyr.                                     Acts  6:8-8:1
                     Saul is converted.                                     Acts  9:1-31
                     Peter has a vision.                                    Acts 10:1-48
            Peter escapes from prison.                                 Acts 12:1-19
              Paul goes on a mission.                                   Acts 13:1-14:28
             The first church council.                                    Acts 15:1-29
                      Prisoners freed.                                       Acts 16:16-40
                   A riot in Ephesus.                                       Acts 19:23-41
                   Paul goes on trial.                                       Acts 24:1-27
              Paul is shipwrecked.                                        Acts 27:1-44
                  Paul goes to Rome.                                     Acts 28:1-31"
 
Now begin by reading the Bible Acts 1 through 12 and doing things given to you from Faith Alive as follows:
"Let's Live It! Acts 1:8 Power to Witness--Read Acts 1:8. Jesus promised to give his followers power to witness. "Witnessing" means telling others what we know about Jesus.
Ask your mom or dad to let you have a size "D" battery to symbolize power. Print John 3:16 on a piece of paper, and tape it to the battery. Carry the battery with you. When people ask you what it is, let them read the verse. Pray when you go out with your battery that the Holy Spirit will give you power to witness, and that your friends will believe in Jesus.
Did You Know? Acts 2:1 What was Pentecost? Pentecost was a Jewish holy day. Fifty days after Easter (Pentecost means "fiftieth"), God gave the disciples the Holy Spirit. The Spirit enabled them to speak in foreign languages and set flames of fire over their heads. When many people gathered to see what was happening, Peter preached to them about Jesus. This may be called the birthday of the Christian church.
Let's Live It! Acts 2:42-47 Power to Love--The first Christians loved each other very much because they knew how much God had first loved them. Read Acts 2:42-47. Find in these verses at least five things the early Christians did to show love for each other.
Look at the list you just made. Think of ways like these that you can show God's love to others. For example, how can you give to someone in need?
Did You Know? Acts 3:6 How were Peter and John able to heal? God gave Peter and John special power. When they healed in Jesus' name, it proved that Jesus really was the Son of God. After healing, Peter preached a sermon and told the people that Jesus was their Savior.
Let's Live It? Acts 4:23-31 Prayer For God's Power--When Peter and John were threatened they asked God for power to do miracles and keep on preaching. Read Acts 4:23-31. Because they knew God had been in control already at creation and at the time of David, they were certain he was still in control and still answering prayer.
Ask your mom or dad what they know about God that makes them sure he can answer prayer. Tell them about what you discovered in this Bible story.
When you pray, it is a good idea to begin as the disciples did, thanking God for his great power and telling him you know he can answer your prayers.
Did You Know? Acts 5:3 What was the sin of Ananias and Sapphira? Ananias and Sapphira lied. The money they got from selling some land was theirs to use any way they wanted, but they agreed to lie to the church. Lying to the church is like lying to God, and God punished them.
Let's Live It! Acts 7:54-60 Facing Fear--Stephen kept on preaching Christ and became the first person to die for it, the church's first martyr. Read Acts 7:54-60. How did God give Stephen courage?
Picture a situation where people might be angry with you for saying what you believe. Now picture Jesus standing in heaven. Keep that picture in mind when you face fear. He's standing with you!
Life In Bible Times-Stoning Stephen-The Hebrew people executed criminals by throwing heavy stones at them. Stephen was the first Christian martyr. A martyr (MAR-ter) is a person who is put to death because of his or her beliefs. Stephen was stoned because he preached about Jesus.
Did You Know? Acts 8:9 What is sorcery? Sorcery is a kind of magic. It is supposed to gie a person power over others. A sorcerer named Simon saw the power Jesus" apostles had and wanted that power for himself. He offered the apostles money for that power.
Did You Know? Acts 9:1 Who was Saul? The Saul of the New Testament was a Pharisee who hated Christians. After Jesus spoke to Saul, Saul became a Christian. Later, Saul became known by his Greek name, Paul. Paul became the greatest missionary of all time and wrote thirteen books of the New Testament.
Life In Bible Times-Paul In A Basket-Grain and other crops were stored in very large woven baskets. These baskets were able to use one to let him down over the city wall of Damascus.
Let's Live It! Acts 9:1-31 A New Look--Read Acts 9:1-31. Look carefully at the kind of person Saul was before he was converted (Acts 9:20-22,27-28)?
Draw "before" and "after" pictures of Paul's face. How do you think Paul looked when he hated Christians? How do you think Paul looked when he loved Jesus and wanted others to love Jesus too?
Did you know that you once looked like your "before" picture of Saul? At least your heart did. By nature we're all evil, but when Jesus made you his child, he changed all that. Show someone your new face--with the loving smile of a believer in Jesus!
Did You Know? Acts 10:17 Why did God send Peter a vision? In New Testament times the Jewish people did not associate with non-Jews. God gave Peter a vision of animals to teach him that it was all right to go to a non-Jew's home.
Did You Know? How did Peter escape from prison? An angel let Peter out of his chains and led him outside the jail. All Peter's friends were praying for him; but when Peter came to their door, they wouldn't believe it was him!
 
Today is April 21 as given in the Calendar History from Book (1) there are four birthdays and five history events. The first birthday is in 1782 for Friedrich Froebel, German educator and founder of the first kindergarten; the next is in 1816 for Charlotte Bronte, English novelist; a third is in 1926 for Queen Elizabeth II, British monarch. The last is in 1838 for John Muir, American naturalist. Under Environmental pioneer in Book (1) it says, "At the age of 28, John Muir was blinded in a factory accident. He vowed to devote himself to nature if he ever recovered his sight. Weeks later his sight returned, and Muir spent the rest of his life keeping his promise. He hiked thousands of miles across the United States and kept detailed drawings and journal accounts of his observations. Believing that human greed was destroying the environment to establish national parks. Ask your students what they think Muir meant when he said, "The clearest way into the universe is through a forest wilderness.""
The first event for Monday happened in 753 BC; According to legend, Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus. Then in 1789 John Adams was sworn in as the First U.S. Vice President. In 1790 Twenty-thousand people--the largest public gathering American had seen--attended Benjamin Franklin's Funeral in Philadelphia. In 1843 Hogs were prohibited from running wild in Chicago. In 1898 The Spanish-American War began. Also in 1898 Billy Duggleby became the only major league baseball player to hit a Grand Slam Home Run his first time at bat.
It is also considered Kartini Day in (Indonesia) and Kindergarten Day for which Book (1) says, "To celebrate Kindergarten Day, have your (children) create a list of favorite toys and games, activities, foods, routines, and events they enjoyed in kindergarten. Then have the kids interview children currently attending kindergarten and make a list of their favorite activities. Finally, ask your (children) to compare the two lists.
 
Grandma is going to cover two stories for the day of things you can do to cover our lesson finishing Russia and to work on the American (Colonial) times:
 
The first book given in Grandma's book (6) is called The Quilt Story by Tony Johnston (G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1985. 28 pp.)
In warm poetic text, this book recounts the life of an heirloom quilt. It also tells of two little girls who, though separated by generations, were united in the comfort of the same quilt. It is a different "take" on a similar theme to that of The Keeping Quilt (to be read also and be given material for) and may be read before or after that story. The two stories together might be the basis for a "Quilt" unit.
 
Before Reading The Quilt Story
  • Ask the children if their family (or someone they know) owns something that has been passed down from generation to generation. Remind the children that such an heirloom need not be expensive, but it does need to hold special meaning to the people who keep it. Tell the children that The Quilt Story is about such an heirloom. Ask the children to listen carefully to see if they can decide why the heirloom is so special to the characters in the story.
 
After Reading The Quilt Story
  • Ask the children to describe the quilts they may have seen. Show the children pictures of different types of popular quilt patterns (featured today even in mail order catalogs). (If the children have already read The Keeping Quilt, this may be unnecessary.) Tell the children that quilting is now considered  an American folk art, but that the pioneer women who first sewed quilts did so to make the most of fabric scraps(note the old socks sewn into the quilt in The Quilt Story), (Grandma wants to make a notation here not thought about is the fact that money might come easier today, but in the time of pioneers money was very scarce and the utilized things a lot more than some do today. Therefore, making quilts was a way to have warmth by not only utilizing left over clothes and material it would also have cost them a big part of savings to buy those things. Many families did trade things for warm wool or in Mexico they make some very beautiful and warm blankets as well as the Native American blankets that would save people a lot on electricity for electric blankets as well as their costs. Both quilts and these blankets cannot compare to the warmth of the all American blankets known from experience. However, there were many ways people were kept warm and my mother in the time of the depression remembers as a young girl living with her grandparents of having to chop wood and start a fire in the morning to dress by.) and to bring warmth and color to their sparse, plain homes and rough lies. Ask the children to list all the ways that Abigail used the quilt. How many of the children in (your home) have a favorite blanket or soft toy from their own childhood? Would these possessions make for good heirlooms? Do children of other cultures have favorite toys or possessions? How can the children find out this information?
 
Follow-up Activities
 
American Folk Toys
Secure a copy of  The Foxfire Book of Toys and Games (E. P. Dutton, 1985), or any other book featuring a collection of American folk toys and games. Show your (children) the pictures of the toys which date back more than 200 years to colonial days (and beyond!). Have the class decide how their modern toys are similar to or different from the folk toys (which have no batteries, no electricity, few moving parts and are for the most part homemade). Have the children interview their parents and grandparents to discover what kinds of toys they played with. Did they, too, have a special blanket or toy that they played with for a long time? Were their toys (or blankets or clothes) ever homemade?
 
Folk Art Museum
Have children assemble a folk art museum by bringing in to (your church, from your homes, or relatives homes, or somewhere they could be) items reminiscent of colonial times. These may include quilts, toys, jewelry, pictures, tools, gadgets, knick-knacks, etc. (Because of the recent interest in using American folk art for decorating our modern homes, it should not be difficult to gather a collection together.) Label and display the pieces together in a central place....For more information of quilting, toy making, and colonial times, see Colonial America (Cooperative Learning Activities) by Sue Schneck and Mary Strohl (Scholastic, 1991).
(Another Idea Grandma has is to visit a local Museum that could have pioneer things in it. If you do not live near one or want to visit one like the ones in Nebraska it is well worth your visit.)
 
Schoolhouse Quilting Bee
Use quilting books such as 101 patchwork Patterns by Rudy McKim (Dover, 1962) to familiarize children with the schoolhouse quilt pattern. (Grandma says, "it is like a house with a front view with windows and a door; then a larger side view with windows.) Remind children that quilts were often completed by groups of people working together at a social gathering known as a "quilting bee." Each quilter would work on one portion of the quilt, but no individual effort appeared as great as when all the pieces were joined together. Invite each of the children (other relatives, family members, or friends) to create one block for a classroom "schoolhouse quilt.""
If you do not want to spend the time using material and doing it together, felt pieces or paper pieces can be used also but they will not be as nice as real material or from old clothing. Nor will the Pot holders, aprons, etc. Grandma is going to add to the product line.
When finished with your picture, one side can be glued or sewed onto a log or stick with string on the ends to be hung somewhere.
 
 
The other mentioned we will be given activities for today is Russian-American called The Keeping Quilt by Patricia Polacco (Simon and Schuster, 1988, 32 pp.)
This book recounts the story of an heirloom quilt, crafted from a basket of old clothes including Uncle Vladimir's shirt, Aunt Havalah's nightdress, and an apron of Aunt Natasha's. Once completed, the quilt is passed down through four generations in a family. For nearly a century, the quilt serves such purposes as a Sabbath tablecloth, a wedding canopy, and a baby receiving blanket. The quilt is also a constant reminder of--and tribute to--family loved ones back home in Russia.
 
Before Reading The Keeping Quilt
  • Review these terms with the class: generation, heirloom, inheritance, legacy. Then, have the children describe any items that have been passed down from generation to generation in their families, such as houses, furniture, dishes, artwork, toys, etc. Remind the children that such legacies needn't be items worth a lot of money. Items such as photographs, knickknacks, clothing and toys may also be handed down from generation to generation--and may be worth more to the receiver than any sum of money! Tell the children that The Keeping Quilt is a story of just such a legacy.
 
After Reading The Keeping Quilt
  • Invite students to take a close look at the artwork in the book. What do they notice about the use of color? Have the class make a list of possible reasons why the author/illustrator chose to use color so carefully? Ask: How would the book appear different if each of the illustrations was in full color? Why is the quilt so valuable to the author/illustrator? Would the quilt be as valuable to us? Why or why not?
 
Follow-up Activities"
 
Make a ...Quilt or Make a Family Quilt
If you do not want to tie this to the other story and make a quilt together or both quilts together with the story out of material or old clothing or make your own version like one Grandma wants to make out of my Granddaughter's fancy sweatshirts she grew out of; you can make one following Book (6)'s instructions. There are lots of ideas for quilts and quilts books available to use if you are interested. Quilts can be donated to hospitals, nursing homes, homeless shelters or day care centers. Grandma has made a few from squares of material in the way given below and from jeans which are very heavy and warm.
"To begin, provide each child with two plain pieces of copy paper (each trimmed to 8 1/2" square) and fabric crayons (available in craft stores). Instruct each child to use the crayons and one piece of paper to draw something they care about or value in their lives (e.g., a toy, a book, a pet, something in nature, etc.). On the other piece of paper, have children trace one of their hands and color it in. You or another adult can then use an iron to transfer the drawing onto individual squares of fabric (approximately 10" square) or onto a white or pastel solid-colored flat sheet. (Directions on the crayon box will guide your fabric and sheet selection.) The dimensions of the quilt will depend on the number of" (children working on the quilt-you may have to do several pieces each-you could form just a border with strips of the squared together and a plain piece in the middle also. Otherwise it would take 48 squares to form it 6 squares by 8 squares for each quilt.) You can stitch the square pieces together by machine or by hand following the sewing instructions on one of the books. Do not worry too much about exactness. When your top is all finished, "pin the top of the quilt to a batting baking (available in craft and fabric stores), (or as Grandma figures an old clean blanket cleaned in Pine sol disinfectant), and show the children how to stitch around their fabric designs, thus creating a quilted effect. When completed, cover the quilt top with a second sheet or fabric piece trimmed to fit the quilt top. Use effect. Turn the quilt right side out, tuck the raw ends inside, and, finally, stitch the fourth side closed.
 
Legacies and Inheritances
Have (the children) think about what they would like to hand down to someone they love. Have (the children) also think about the gifts they have inherited from their ancestors. Remind children that an inheritance need not be something expensive or even something you can touch. Rather, it can also be a lesson learned from someone loved, a way of being, or a special time spent together. Use (plain pieces of paper) to have children first draw what they have inherited or what they might hand down, and then write a brief description of why the legacy or inheritance is so important to them. If children are tempted to write abbreviated descriptions (e.g., "I like the book Aunt Sara gave me because it's nice."), encourage students to use sensory imagery ("it feels like, it looks like, it smells like, etc.") to tell specifically why the gift was nice and what it reminds them of.
 
Learning Legacy
Traditionally, many graduating classes write a "Last Will and Testament" that then appears in their yearbook or school paper. Although this tradition is usually something of a lampoon of things and people in the school, you can adapt it to help your (children) understand legacies and inheritances better. Invite (your children) to brainstorm the best experiences they had as a (family)  this year, what they learned, etc., and write them on a "scroll" to be passed on as a legacy."

Days 144, 146, 147, 148, 149

Posted on April 16, 2014 at 7:43 PM Comments comments (10)
Good Morning Folks! We will be covering the lessons for Wednesday this week and Thursday. Grandma has been covering Ukraine and Russia. She gave you lessons for last week along with Monday and Tuesday. I hope you have been keeping up with your tasks for the last two weeks; Childrobotics; extra reading; language of ABC's, words, spelling, and vocabulary; writing and Journaling; Math (counting and using eggs, Easter bunnies, Easter hats, chicks, etc.); older children going into business should learn typing, algebra, bookkeeping, and calculators as well as all that is possible about computers. Be sure to cover yearbooks, family scrapbooks, recipes, and the newspapers.
 
To start today's lessons off Grandma is going to first cover information on a place called Ellis Island that many of the immigrants came through to the United States. One link to this on youtube is the Story of Ellis Island; another is About Russia; Book Reading of Molly's Pilgrim; and the Movie trailer of Molly's Pilgrim.
Next we will cover the lesson from Grandma's book (4) covering Geography Focus: using a globe.
 
"Molly"s Pilgrim by Barbara Cohen illustrated by Michael J Deraney (William Morrow 1983)
 
Summary:
Molly and her family are Russian Jews, recently immigrated to the United States. In the small town where they finally settle, Molly endures the taunts of classmates who are not used to newcomers. When the teacher assigns students to make clothespin dolls representing Pilgrims for a Thanksgiving display. Molly's troubles seem to increase: the doll her mother makes for her shows not the typical Pilgrim, but a Russian woman dressed much like Mother herself. Mother explains that this is appropriate, for she, too, is a pilgrim: one who travels to another land in search of religious freedom. Molly's classmates make fun of her doll, until Molly explains it and her teacher backs her up by describing the Jewish harvest holiday on which the American Pilgrims based the first Thanksgiving.
 
Preparation:
Invite (the children) to tell what they think a pilgrim is. Definitions at this stage will probably be far-ranging. Write them on the chalkboard, for revision after students have read the book.
 
As You Read
Help (the children) use a globe to locate Russia and the United States. Invite volunteers to use a length of string to mark a route westward from Russia to America and to name some of the countries and the ocean that Molly and her parents had to cross in their journey. Explain that in those days before airplanes, immigrants traveled by land, then by ship, In voyages that might take several months.
Use questions like the following to encourage students to respond to the conflicts that Molly faces:
  1. What problems does Molly face at school? Why does Elizabeth tease her? How does it feel to be teased?
  2. Why doesn't molly want her mother to come to school? How does Molly learn that she was mistaken to be embarrassed about her mother?
  3. What do the pictures tell about the time when the story takes place? Do problems like Molly's take place in classrooms today, too? Why?
  4. What do Molly's classmates learn about Pilgrims by the end of the story? Why does their attitude toward Molly change?
 
Extending Geography Skills:
Comparing a Globe and a Map
Display a world map on a wall above your globe. Explain that the globe is a map that has been printed on a hollow sphere, and that it gives a truer picture of Earth and its land and water than a map because its surface is rounded like the Earth's surface is. Then ask (the children) to identify the main way in which a world map is different from a globe (a map is flat). Invite a volunteer to locate Russia and the United States on the glove again, then find them on the map.
To help (the children) understand that flat maps are not at accurate in their portrayal of the area of land and oceans as globes are, direct attention to the North and South polar regions, especially Greenland, on the globe, and ask (the children) to find these regions on the flat map and encourage them to tell about the size-difference between them. Invite (the children) to suggest why people nevertheless make and use maps (for general reference: to show small areas up close; to show the location of towns, cities, and highways; to show national boundaries; to show mountains, hills, and flat areas). If possible, assemble a collection of different kinds of maps for (the children) to study and discuss."
(As part of this learning try to figure out on the map and/or globe a route from Russia the Pilgrims may have traveled on the Boat.)
"Making Connections
Language:
What Does It Mean? In the story, Mama uses various Yiddish words and expressions. First, ask (the children) to guess what the words might mean in the context of the sentence in which they are used.
Then provide the English translations:
   shaynkeit=beautiful
   Malkeleh-Little Queen. (The name "Molly" is derived from it.)
   paskudnyaks=rascals
   nu=so, well"
Invite (your children) if they speak other languages to contribute words and expressions and their meanings to a list of Wonderful Words. Post the list and keep adding to it if you are learning these languages together or they are from a past country they lived in.
 
"Literature:
Dramatic Retelling   Discuss the three basic problems Molly faces: how to cope with her treatment by her classmates; how to explain to her mother what the assignment is at school and why the doll doesn't seem to meet the description given in the assignment; how to explain the doll to her classmates and teacher." To learn cooperative learning form the following situations into a film or skit to present somewhere ( at a hospital, church, cooperate group, old folks home, child care facility, etc.):
  • note the sequence of actions the group decides on
  • assign roles in the skit
  • organize and direct a brief rehearsal
  • present their skits in the story sequence
  • Tape-record the skits to listen to, to make sure all the important incidents are there.
  • Add to the tape, if necessary, with narrative to connect the incidents.
  • Listen to the finished tape as they review the story and look at the pictures.
 
"Social Studies:
Modern-Day Pilgrims  Encourage (the children) to relate the story to current news about immigrants (pilgrims) from other countries, such as Vietnam, Korea, Haiti, Cuba, Cambodia, (Mexico) and Guatemala. Discuss what freedoms or opportunities the modern-day pilgrims are seeking in their new home. If possible, ask (your children) to interview a newly-arrived pilgrim to find out when the pilgrim came, where he or she came from, what he or she was looking for, and what problems had to be faced on arrival. Encourage interviewers to make notes and compile them into an oral presentation for the class. The presenter should also indicate on a globe or map the country from which the pilgrim came."
(Make sure if they are from Mexico that they are not here illegally by asking to see a green card they should have with them.)
 
"Art:
Doll Maps  Invite (your children) to make clothespin dolls dressed in the traditional clothing of (different) ethnic group(s). Display a large map of the world in the center of a (wall), and mount the dolls around it. Use colored yarn to connect each doll to the country it represents." (Also place a the globe nearby also.) A link Grandma found is on Other Dolls; Clothespin Doll Faces Plus More; Wire Arms and More; Assembly of Clothespin Dolls and More; Clothespin Doll Clothes and More; Wigs or Hair and More; plus a Series of Clothespin Dolls.
 
Civics:
Welcome Packages  Ask the (children) to imagine a child or person from another country or as most of originated from other countries. Discuss and list what the new person might want to know about the neighborhood, town or city, yourselves(make sure they are trustworthy first). Discuss what things might make them feel welcome in your area, neighborhood, home, church, or organization. Suggest and make a list of items to form in a welcome package such as maps, lists, descriptions, and pictures. Act out how to make newcomers feel welcome. Be careful because helpful people in some neighborhoods may not turn out to be so helpful as experience just lately has taught my husband and myself. Not all people to day can be so trusting.
To extend this learning think of other packages that could be formed for people in the neighborhood you know well that may become sick, have a loved one die, need help(figure out some things as needing money for a sick family member, or a funeral, etc.) also ways we could help family members as older people, etc. Other type of packages might be for a birthday, weddings, and new babies. Make use of the time.
 
"Thinking Skills:
Media Contrasts Molly's Pilgrim is retold in a video which won the 1985 Academy Award for best-live action short (24 minutes). It is available on a cassette from Phoenix Films. After showing the film, discuss how it is different from the book (set in modern times; new characters: some new scenes). Encourage students to tell what they would add or subtract from the story if they were the film director.
(Might even check with the library-they may even have a copy to watch.)
 
 
 
Another story for the day is Russian and American in Grandma's Book (6) called
"Here Comes the Cat! by Frank Asch and Vladimir Vagin (Scholastic, 1989.32 pp.)
This story, about a big cat who comes to a community of mice, represents the first artistic and literary collaboration between an American and a Russian. Designed by popular American author/illustrator Frank Asch, and painted by Russian artist Vladimir Vagin, Here comes the Cat! reinforces the old message that "all we have to fear is fear itself." The book, which is written in both English and Russian, helps to underscore how unfair and faulty negative prejudice can be.
 
Before Reading Here Comes the Cat!
  • Have the children talk about times they may have worried about something that might happen. Is this any different from worrying about an occurrence that has already taken place or is definitely in the future? How?
 
After Reading Here Comes the Cat!
  • What were the mice worried about? Why were they so worried? Why was the story's ending a surprise?
 
Follow-up Activities
 
Connecting Prejudice and Fear
Have the children explain how fear is spread in the story (e.g., by word of mouth). Introduce the word "prefudice" into the conversation. Help the children to understand that the word "prejudice" has to do with prejudging. Then, help (the children) make the important connection between prejudice and
fear by" filling out a chart. This chart is made easy by taking a piece of paper and folding it in half lengthwise. On one side of the sheet put the heading "Things some people don't like before they experience them." as flying in an airplane, snakes, spinach, broccoli, etc. On the other side of the paper put the heading "What they're afraid of."
"Have (the children) tell what fear is associated with each item (e.g., (the children) may fear tasting broccoli because it is a green vegetable or (the children) may fear snakes because they think they are slimy). Ask how many of the items were actually experienced by the students, and how many were prejudged.
 
Book Collaboratives
Explain to the (children) that the book's collaboration between a Russian and an American is an incredible achievement because for many years a "cold war" existed between the two powers, with each side regarding the other as an enemy. Help the (children) understand that a cold war is largely a war of words--with both sides fearing and mistrusting the other side. Invite students to create their own collaborative books based on the format of Here Comes the Cat! One or more students may write the text, while one or more other students may act as illustrators, interpreting the text with accompanying art work.
 
Billingual Dialogue Balloons"
Provide the children with sheets of paper. On the paper or papers, big round cartoon language balloons should be drawn. Inside the balloons write the following English words with their translation in certain languages also written in the balloons. Therefore, inside each balloon will be a line headed English, a second with translation, and a third Other language. Here are some words the book suggestion using. You can add more if you wish and make as many of these balloons as you wish. They can be posted somewhere in your home or elsewhere if you wish. The words given are Hello!; Goodbye!; Here comes the _____!; My name is _______?; What's your name?; Where do you live?
 
Next week we will cover Russian-American The Keeping Quilt, American (Colonial) The Quilt Story, and other colonial stories. Grandma will also try to cover Sarah, Plain & Tall and the Little House on the Prairie. Then we will go into Australia and South America to finish the School lessons. We will also be covering information for the rest of the calendar for 1700's, 1800's, and go into the 1900's. Grandma will try to finish the science experiments from her science book and what she can also mention of the Algebra. She will also finish the Bible before she finishes. I will be advertising to mentor year around and give lessons for the summer as well as etiquette birthday parties for the children. Please be watching for I have some corrections to make and material to add all the time. For now Grandma has some more days in the Calendar History Book(1) to give you through Easter Sunday.
 
Calendar History for April 15 includes two birthdays. One in 1452 for Leonardo Da Vinci, Italian artist, scientist, and inventor. Book (1) says, " Tell your (children) that Leonardo da Vinci--inventor, painter, sculptor, and scientist--is considered one of the most intelligent people in history. But do the kids think da Vinci was right when he said that a person's arm span and height are approximately equal? Have your students write down their opinions, then conduct a simple experiment to find the answer. Ask the kids to measure one another's arm span (from tip to tip of the middle fingers on outstretched arms) and height (standing against a wall). Chart the data, then tally the number of (children) whose arm span and height measurements are 1 inch or less apart. Also calculate the average arm span and average height. Was da Vinci right? (All Grandma knows that her husband who is 5'5" to her 5'1" gives him almost a six inch more reach than her at doing things. The same with her daughter and mother to her short height.)
The second birthday is in 1832 for Wilhelm Busch, German caricaturist considered the father of the modern comic strip.
The events for April 15 include that of 1621 The Mayflower sailed from Plymouth, Mass., on its first return voyage to England. The next event happened in 1817 The First American School for the Deaf was opened in Hartford, Conn., by Thomas Gallaudet. In 1870 The Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in New York City. Then in 1895 Josephine Blatt lifted 3,564 pounds, a record that still stands.
It is also Income Tax Day when all tax statements should be given into the government. It is also Festival of the Sardine (Spain) and National Griper's Day. Book (1) says under "Complaints, complaints
To mark National Griper's Day, ask your (children) to look up the definition of "gripe," then make a list of 5 to 10 things that irritate them. Challenge the kids to fix at least one of these things."
 
April 16th has 5 birthdays and 2 events. In 1867 Wilbur Wright, American inventor and aviator was born. In 1889 Charlie Chaplin, English silent film star and comedian was born. In 1912 Garth Williams, children's illustrator was born. Book (1) says, " Garth Williams illustrated several stories by Margaret Wise Brown. In Wait till the Moon Is Full, Brown writes about a little raccoon who asks a lot of questions about the dark. His mother makes him wait until the moon is full to find the answers. Have your (children) brainstorm for things they see at night--babies being bathed, airplane lights in the sky, families watching television, and so on. Share the poem below with your (children), then have them turn their nighttime images into verse. Of course, invite the children to illustrate their poems.
      When the moon is full
       I hear geese
       Cry ow ow
       Like a hurt child.
       I see deer eyes
       Shine like
       Candles.
The other birthdays are of John Christopher, children's author in 1922 and in 1947 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, basketball center who set the NBA career scoring record was born. 
The events for April 16th are in 1789 President-Elect George Washington left Mount Vernon for New York City for his inauguration. In 1862 Congress abolished slavery in the District of Columbia.
 
April 17th marks the birthday of Boomer Esiason, professional football quarterback, born in 1961 also the beginning of the "Sesame Street" character Sherlock Hemlock. Events for the day are in 1492 King Ferdinand of Spain agreed to finance Christopher Columbus's voyage seeking a westerly route to the Orient. In 1524 Giovanni Verrazano, a Florentine navigator, discovered New York Bay. Book (1) says, "Tell your (children) that Christopher Columbus made four voyages to the New World." Research about each of the trips and list two important facts about each of his trips.
In 1629 The First Commercial Fishery was established. For book (1) discuss if all of you in your family like fish and what kinds best if you do. Plan to try ones you have not and a big fish fry upon doing some fishing. In 1704 The First Successful Newspaper in American, The News-Letter, was published in Boston by John Campbell. 
It is Alp Aufzug of Switzerland  today. It is also Professional Secretaries Week (third or fourth week in April).
 
April 18th is the celebration of an 1857 birthday of Clarence Darrow, American lawyer and in 1962 Wilbur Marshall, professional football player.  In 1775 Paul Revere began his famous ride from Boston to Lexington, Mass., warning the colonists that the British were coming. In 1818 President James Monroe signed a bill creating the state of Illinois.
 
April 19th is commemorating three birthday's. One is in 1721 of Roger Sherman, American political leader who was the only person to sign all four of the following documents: the Continental Association of 1774, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Constitution. In 1883 Richard Von Mises, German mathematician was born. Book (1) says, " Mathematician Richard von Mises did significant work in the area of probability. Introduce even young children to probability with this simple activity. Fill a bowl with green and red grapes ... but include a fewer of one color. Ask the children to predict their chances of getting a green (or red) grape if they pick one grape while blindfolded. Record the predictions, then blindfold each child and have him pick a grapes As the kids eat their grapes, discuss the concepts of "probability" and "hypotheses" to help them understand what their predictions involved." Do more probability games with candies and foods. Do to a happening of 1985 Grandma feels is important here in which Susan Montgomery Williams of Fresno, Calif., blew the Biggest Bubble Gum Bubble on Record. It was 22 inches in diameter. Upon it being Diameter Day "Have your (children) draw a circle with a 22-inch diameter, the diameter of the biggest bubble gum bubble ever recorded. To reinforce the idea of diameter, declare this "Diameter Day." Arm the kids with measuring devices (yardsticks, metersticks, tape measures) and ask them to see how many circles they can find and measure." However, start out with other things in your imaginations to measure with and other imaginary units. Measure anything you can think of and record all the measurements. Blow up balloons. Last see who can blow the biggest bubbles of bubble gum. Peanut butter removes gum by the way. It is also easy to clean from things. The last birthday is of 1903 when Eliot Ness, American crime fighter was born.
In 1739 John Winthrop, the First Colonial Astronomer, made observations of sunspots. In 1775 The American Revolution began with battles at Lexington and Concord, Mass. In 1865 Abraham Lincoln's Funeral Service was held in the Capitol. It is also Sechselauten of (Switzerland)
 
April 20th of course is Easter Sunday this year. It is also called Cuckoo Day in (Europe) and Paro Tsechu of (Bhutan). In 1850 Daniel Chester French, American sculptor whose work includes the statue of Abraham Lincoln at the Lincoln Memorial, was born. Book (1) says, "Tell your students that Daniel French first fell in love with sculpting at age 13, after building a lifelike snow sculpture of a lines and her cub. French's parents encouraged his natural talent. And at age 23, French was chosen to create a statue commemorating the Revolutionary War battle at Concord, Mass. That statue, The Minuteman, brought French immediate renown. At age 72, French crafted one of his most famous works, the stately, seated Abraham Lincoln. Share photographs of the Lincoln Memorial statue with your (children), and invite kids who've visited the memorial to describe it to the class. Which design elements make Lincoln seem powerful and majestic? Does Lincoln also seem tranquil? Have students write letters to Lincoln asking him specific questions about his life. Collect the letters, then distribute them randomly among your (children). Finally, have the kids conduct research to answer one another's questions--and letters.
The other birthdays include that of Adolf Hitler, Nazi dictator of Germany, born in 1889. In 1893 Joan Miro, Spanish surrealist painter was born. (You could do research here.) In 1962 Don Mattingly, professional baseball player was born.
The events for this day include that of 1832 in which the Hot Springs National Reservation, in Hot Springs, Ark., became the first area set aside for public recreation by federal action.
In 1836 Congress established the Territory of Wisconsin.
 
Have a Nice Holiday and Join Grandma on Monday!
 

Day 137,138,139,140,141,142,143

Posted on April 15, 2014 at 8:47 PM Comments comments (2)
Sorry for loosing Grandma for awhile, she had lots of problems on her hands as two cars broken at the same time, a house full of goods to clean and put away as well as Microsoft loosing protection of Windows XP. It all seems to be under control now and Grandma is back to work. Please forgive her. She is going to drop the usual routine of introduction and begin with lessons for write now. I hope you continue with us and keep learning.
 
To begin the Bible lessons we will start with The Fig Tree Withers Matthew 21:18-22 through Matthew 28. Read and do in Faith Alive "Did You Know? Matthew 23:28 What are woes? Woes are sorrow, grief or trouble. Jesus uses this word to warn the teachers of the law and Pharisees. He tells them seven reasons why they are in trouble with God.; Let's Live It! Matthew 25:1-13 Be Ready When Jesus Comes--Jesus told a story about young women with lamps. The young women were waiting for the bridegroom to bring the bride to his home. Some of them ran out of oil. Read Matthew 25:1-13, Jesus told this story to remind us that he is coming back; but since we don't know exactly when, we must always be ready!
You can make a Bible-time lamp with your parents. Pour cooking oil into a shallow glass bowl. Float a bit of linen cloth or a candle wick in the oil, and light the wick. The flickering light will remind you that Jesus may come back to earth at any time.; Did You Know? Matthew 25:34 Are we saved by the good things we do? No. We are saved only by believing Jesus has taken away our sin. On Judgment Day, good things believers have done will only prove they did have faith.; Did You Know? Matthew 26:59 What was the Sanhedrin? The Sanhedrin was the governing council of the Jews. The Sanhedrin could make laws and put people in prison. The Romans, who ruled much of the world, let most of the nations they conquered govern themselves under a Roman governor.; Let's Live It! Matthew 26:69-75 Sorry After Doing Wrong--The apostle Peter loved Jesus. But the night before Jesus died, Peter was afraid. Read Matthew 26:29-74 to find out what Peter did. Read Matthew 26:75 to find out how Peter felt afterward.
Because we love Jesus, we feel badly, too, after doing wrong. But we need not continue feeling guilty and miserable! Jesus died to pay for all sins. They are gone and we can be happy because of the total and complete forgiveness that is ours in him.; Did You Know? Matthew 27:24 Who was Pilate? Pilate was the Roman governor in charge of Judea. The Sanhedrin took Jesus to Pilate because he was the only one who could condemn Jesus to death.; Life in Bible Times-Jesus' Tomb--The tombs of the wealthy were cut into rocky hillsides. A round stone rested in a stone track. The stone was rolled over the opening to seal it. Read Matthew 27:57-61. This is the kind of tomb in which Jesus was buried.; Words to Remember Matthew 28:19 Go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.; Let's Live It! Matthew 28:19-20 Commissioned For Christ-- The last words Jesus spoke to his disciples in Matthew are often called the Great Commission. A commissioning is a ceremony that officially gives someone an assignment or a mission. Read Matthew 28:19-20. What is the mission of the Great Commission? What help does Jesus promise to fulfill it?
Actually, every Christian, not just the disciples, has been commissioned to tell people about Jesus. An organization called Ongoing Ambassadors for Christ gives young people a special way to do this. Ongoing ambassadors spend weekends with young people at local churches learning how to share the Good News and then sharing it with the people of the community. When young people join OAFC, they even have a special commissioning ceremony in church. Ask your pastor about OAFC. He'll put you in touch with an OAFC group near you."
Next read Mark 11:20 through Mark 16. Read and do from Faith Alive "Words to Remember Mark 12:30-31 Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength...Love your neighbor as yourself. There is no commandment grater than these.; Words to Remember Mark 13:26 Men will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory.; Life In Bible Times-The Lord's Supper--The night before he died, Jesus gave us Holy Communion, the Lord's Supper. In the bread of Communion we receive Jesus' true body and with the wine we receive his blood for the forgiveness of our sin.; Life In Bible Times-Flogging--Before Roman prisoners were crucified, they were beaten with a whip. This whip had sharp pieces of metal or bone in its lashes. Such a whipping drew so much blood that the prisoners died more quickly on the cross.; Words to Remember Mark 16:15 Go into all the world and preach the good news to all creation.; Words to Remember Mark 16:16 Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned."
Next read Luke 20 through Luke 24. Read and do from Faith Alive "Did You Know? Luke 20:20 How did spies try to trap Jesus? The spies asked Jesus about taxes. If Jesus said, "Don't pay taxes, "they would report him to the Roman governor. If Jesus said, "Do pay taxes," it would make the people angry, because the people did not think they should pay taxes to Rome. Jesus was too wise to be trapped.; Did You Know? Luke 22:8 What was the Last Supper? The Last Supper was a Passover meal that Jesus ate with his disciples the night before he was crucified. He told them he was about to die. He also told them to celebrate the Lord's Supper until he came again See 1 Corinthians 11:23-29.; Let's Live It! Luke 22:39-44 Pray When Hurting-- Read Luke 22:29-44. When he prayed Jesus knew that he would soon be nailed to a cross. Suffering and death were the "cup" Jesus prayed about. What words tell you how Jesus felt when he thought about his suffering? What did God do to help Jesus?
If something terrible ever happens to you or to a friend, the very best thing to do is to pray. When we pray and tell God how we feel, he strengthens us just as he strengthened Jesus.; Did You Know? Luke 22:70 Did Jesus ever say he was God? Yes, He told the Jewish council he was the son of God (Luke 22:70). Two other times when he said he was God are found in John 5:16-18 and John 8:54-59.; Life in Bible Times-The Cross--The Romans executed only the worst criminals by crucifixion, which was a very painful death. The hands were nailed to the cross bar, and nails were driven through the heels into the post. It usually took a long time to die on the cross.; Words to Remember Luke 24:6 He is not here; he has risen!"
Last read John 13:37 through John 21. Read and do from Faith Alive "Life in Bible Times-Foot Washing--When visitors came into a house, they took off their sandals. A good host offered them water to wash their dusty feet. Usually the lowest servant was ordered to wash the guests' feet. By washing his disciples" feet, Jesus humbled himself and called us to be humble.; Words to Remember John 13:34 Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another.; Words to Remember John 14:6 I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.; Let's Live It! John 14:15-27 The Helper God Sends--Before ascending into heaven. Jesus promised to send another helper, the Holy Spirit. Read John 14:15-27. God sends his Spirit through Baptism, and the Spirit works through God's Word. The Spirit creates and strengthens faith and guides us. As a reminder, when you really need his help, copy down your favorite words from these or other Bible verses, and mail them to yourself. Then look further in the Bible for the Spirit's help. When your letter comes back, see if God hasn't already guided you through that tough day.; Words to Remember John 16:33 Take heart! I have overcome the world.; Did You Know? john 17:20 What did Jesus ask God to do for his followers? Jesus asked God to protect them, to sanctify them, to make them one with God, and to bring them to heaven to see Jesus" glory. This prayer was for you and for all who believe in Jesus.; Life In Bible Times-Burial--The Jews buried persons the same day they died. The body was wrapped in strips of cloth. For special people, sweet-smelling spices were wrapped with the cloth.; Life in Bible Times-Fish Symbol--Very early the fish became a symbol of Christianity. During persecution by the Romans, Christians used it as a secret symbol to discover if another person was a Christian or not. The letters of the Greek word for fish (Ichthus) are the same as the first letters of Jesus Christ, God's Son, Savior.; Let's Live It! John 21:15-17 Do You Love Me?--The night before Jesus was crucified Peter said three times that he did not even know Jesus. Peter lied because he was afraid. But later Peter was so sorry that he cried (Mark 14:72). After Jesus was raised from the dead, he went to Peter. Read John 21:15-17. How many times did he ask Peter, "Do you love me"?
Jesus forgave Peter and even told Peter to feed his lambs and sheep. "Feed my lambs" means to care for the people who believe in Jesus.
If you do something wrong and worry that God will be angry, remember this story. Tell Jesus that you love him. He will forgive you and even give you important work to do for him.; Words to Remember John 21:17 Lord, you know all things; you know that I love you."
This should cover you for Easter in the Bible up to Acts.
 
 
 
Now I  want to cover  the Calendar History of Book (1) and get it caught up. Therefore, we will cover eight days starting with April 8th. There are two birthdays that day. One is for Sonja Henie, Norwegian figure skater, born in 1912. The next person was born in 1939 and her name is Trina Schart Hyman, children's author and illustrator. Book (1) says, "Trina Schart Hyman has illustrated several Grimm's fairy tales, including Sleeping Beauty and Snow White. As a child, Hyman liked to pretend she was Red Riding Hood. Whish famous fairy-tale characters would your (children) like to be? Have each student select one and write a story describing what happened to the character the day after the fairy tale ended."
The events for April 8th include the first in 1730 in which The First Jewish Congregation in the United States, Shaarit Israel, consecrated its synagogue in New York City. Then in 1858 Big Ben, the bell on the famous London Clock Tower at the Houses of Parliament, was cast. In 1895 The 1894 Income Tax was declared unconstitutional. All the money collected was eventually returned.
It is Boost Your Home Team Month. Only do something with this if you have a type of team any of your children participate in. It is also Sealing the Frost Day in Guatemala. Book (1) says, "The Cuchumatan Indians of Santa Eulalia in Guatemala believe that frost dwells in cliffs. Once a year, a prayer-maker treks up a cliff and locates a crack in the rock. He then seals it with cement to trap the frost inside and keep the villagers' corn plants safe. What other places besides rocks might frost choose for a home? Encourage your students to write poems titled "Sealing the Frost."
 
The next day to cover is April 9. The first birthday is for W. C. Fields, American comedian and actor, born in 1879. The next is Paul Robeson, American actor and singer, born in 1898. Then Dennis Quaid, American actor, was born in 1954. Last birthday is for Seve Ballesteros, Spanish golfer, born in 1957.
The tow events are one: in 1833 America's First Free Public Library opened in Peterborough, NH. It was supported by public taxes. Then in 1859 Mark Twain obtained a license to pilot steamboats on the Mississippi River.
 
The next day is a very special day and I hope you were aware of it and celebrated it well. I would be excited to hear about you experiences. It is April 10th and the first birthday is 1880 in which Frances Perkins, first woman to serve in a U.S. cabinet post (secretary of Labor under Franklin D. Roosevelt). The next birthday is in 1897 of Eric Mowbray Knight, English author who wrote Lassie Come Home. Then in 1947 David Adler, children's author, was born.
The events are as follows: in 1790 The U.S. Patent System was established; in 1849 Walter Hunt invented the Safety Pin; in 1866 Henry Bergh founded the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty To Animals (ASPCA). Book (1) says, "Henry Bergh, founder of the ASPCA, devised many ways to protect animals. Challenge your students to find ways to make their community a pet haven. For example, they can:
  • Contact the local animal shelter to find out about stray cats or dogs needing a home. Students can then raise money to place an adopt-a-pet advertisement in a local newspaper.
  • Make posters describing an animal that's ready for adoption, then place the posters... in hallways. (The children) could ... write an article for (their newspaper) describing the animal and including, if possible, a photo." What a great opportunity for the children.
In addition the 10th was Humane Day.
The last event is that in 1872 Nebraska celebrated the First Arbor Day by planting more than a million trees. As part of this event Book (1) says, "If possible, commemorate the anniversary of the first Arbor Day by having your class plant trees (somewhere). Also mark the occasion by helping your students learn all about trees. First, have the kids survey (a certain area) and draw a map that shows the location of each tree. Then have them collect a leaf from each different kind of tree, check a field guide to find out the trees' common and scientific names, and mark their maps accordingly. Finally, have the kids make a neat copy of the tree map and photocopy it along with pages on which they've glued and labeled each type of leaf they collected. Bind the pages into a "tree guide" for your family and others. Update the guide on future Arbor Days if new trees are planted. If (there is a problem getting the trees or planting them, ask a local nursery or garden club for donations of bonsai trees for your family."
 
There are only two mentions for April 11. One is a birthday of Edward Everett, American statesman and orator, born in 1794. The other is an event of 1513 in which Spanish explorer Juan Ponce De Leon discovered Florida.
 
April 12th is the quite the contrary. In 1777 Henry Clay, American statesman known as "the Great Compromiser", was born. Book (1) says, "In honor of Henry Clay, have your (children) look up and discuss the term compromise. Then ask them to work...to brainstorm for problems at home...that were solved by compromise--or that could have been solved by compromise. Each...can then role-play a particular situation. Older (children) can read about Clay's role in the Missouri Compromise of 1820 (in which Congress simultaneously admitted one slave state and one non-slave state to the Union to maintain a balance) and tell how each side gave up something to gain something."
The next birthday was for Frederick G. Melcher, founder of Children's Book Week, born in 1879. The next birthday happened in 1907 when Hardie Gramatky, children's author, was born. In 1911 Barbara Corcoran, children's author, was also born on this day. Last birthday of 1916 is for Beverly Cleary, children's author, and Book (1) has to say, "To celebrate Beverly Cleary's birthday, invite your (children) to make a class card depicting scenes from her books. Or have the kids write individual letters to her telling why certain characters and events from her books rang true and recounting similar events in the students' lives." 
Three events on this day are of mention. One: in 1859 Michael Phelan won the First U.S. Billiards Championship. Second: in 1861 The Civil War began as confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter at Charleston, SC. Third: in 1877 A Catcher's Mask was first used in a baseball game. It is also Cosmonaut Day and Space Shuttle Day. Grandma will go into those later.
 
April 13, Palm Sunday, has four birthdays and a couple of events. In 1743, Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States, was born. Since we know that Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence; Book (1) says he also designed his home, Monticello; and founded the University of Virginia?. It wants the children to research some of Jefferson's other accomplishments and have them use the information to design a poster titled "The Thomas Jefferson Most People Don't Know."
The other three birthdays are as follows: in 1852 Frank W. Woolworth, American merchant who originated the 5-and10cent store, was born; in 1902 Marguerite Henry, children's author, was born; then in 1938 Lee Bennett Hopkins, children's author and poetry anthologizer, was born.
The events for the day are one in 1776 when General George Washington arrived in New York to prepare the city's defenses during the American Revolution. Then in 1796 The First Elephant in America arrived in New York City for exhibition. As part of this event, Book (1) says, "Visitors to America's first elephant exhibition must have been astonished--as many of your (children) no doubt were--at their first sight of one of these gigantic and wondrous creatures. Use pachyderm stats to get your (children) working with ratios. Tell the kids that at birth, an African elephant is typically about 3 feet tall at the shoulders and weighs about 200 pounds. Have your (children) find out their measurements at birth and compare them with the elephant's. Next, have your (children) estimate how many pounds of food they eat(use the size of an average hamburger, 1/4 pound, as a point of reference) and how much they drink (a can of soda contains 12 ounces) each day. Then give them the figures for an elephant--1,000 pounds of food and 40 gallons of water--and have them work out the ratios. Finally, (ask for your child's weight,) and use a calculator to get a total. Then ask the kids to compare this figure with the weight of the heaviest elephant on record--14,641 pounds. How many more (children) the size of yours would it take to equal the weight of this animal?"
 
April 14th which was Monday there are 3 birthdays and 3 events. In 1527 Abraham Ortelius, Flemish geographer who published the first modern atlas, was born. In 1927 Robert Lopshire, children's author, was born. Then in 1941 Pete Rose, baseball great who set the all-time career record for hits, was born.
The first event was in 1755 when Benjamin Franklin and Philadelphia Quakers organized the First American Society for the Abolition of Slavery. Maybe this is where it began.
Then in 1828 The first edition of Noah Webster's An American Dictionary of the English Language was published. Book (1) says, " To celebrate the publication of the first Webster's dictionary,...play the dictionary game. (Have each child get) a dictionary,...take turns finding a word they think no one else will know and reading and spelling the word aloud. All the other kids (if any) write the word and what they think it means on a slip of paper, while the reader writes the word and what it really means. The papers are (compared to see if they were right.)" (Grandma says to end this each person gets a point if they are right and then a new word is looked up.
The third event involves the day President Abraham Lincoln was shot and fatally wounded by John Wiles Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C. in 1865. Book (1) says, "At the time of his death, everything in President Lincoln's pockets was placed in a box wrapped in brown paper and tied with string. The box remained unopened until 1976. Inside was a linen handkerchief, an ivory pocketknife, eyeglasses mended with string, and eight newspaper clippings praising Lincoln. Lincoln had been criticized frequently, but he'd appeared unaffected. Perhaps his possession of these clippings demonstrates that even self-confident people like him need encouragement. Have each of your (children) write a newspaper article praising something one of their (friends, family, etc.) said or did."
One last notation here is of it being Pan American Day Sogran in Thailand. Book (1) says, "The people of Thailand celebrate the Buddhist New Year with a Water Festival, called Sogran. During the celebration, children play water games and families feast on kanoms--desserts made with coconut, rice, and tropical fruits. Ask your (children) why spring can be considered the beginning of a new year. Then have them talk about what they do to celebrate the arrival of spring."
 
Grandma is going to stop here and finish the Fifteenth through the twentieth tomorrow. Please take care.
 
The story for the day will be Rechenka's Eggs and it is an Ukranian story by Patricia Polacco(Philomel Books, 1988. 30 pp.)  from Grandma's book (6).  "Babushka is known throughout all of Moskva for her beautifully painted eggs. She also has an eye for the wonders of nature, so it is no surprise when she befriends an injured goose she names Rechenka. But, when Rechenka turns over a basket of Babushka's specially prepared eggs, the reader is surprised by another wonder that saves the day!
 
Before Reading Rechenka's Eggs
  • Ask the children if any of them have ever dyed or decorated eggs. Tell the (children) that this story is about a woman who uses the Ukrainian art of egg painting to prepare beautiful eggs for an Easter festival. Locate the Ukraine on a map. If possible, show children a book which features the history and photographs of this art form."
Link to Ukraine Crisis. The Library is closing I will finish in the morning.
Grandma is posting the links this morning for I am here.
I will finish the rest of the lessons for the week with Tomorrow's lesson on another blog. Tomorrow will be no classes for the Good Friday holiday. Grandma will post lessons starting on Monday sometime the weekend.
Returning back to Grandma's book (6) of Rechenka's Eggs;
 
"After Reading Rechenka's Eggs
  • Ask the children to describe what kind of person Babushka is. Use a chart pad to record adjectives designed to paint a personality profile. Have the children substantiate their opinions with passages from the text.
 
Follow-up Activities
 
Observe "Onion Domes"
Have the children review the illustrations in the book to note the architecture featured. Pay particular attention to the "onion domes" of the large city buildings. Show children pictures of the Kremlin in Moscow, and the White House in Washington, D.C.. How do the two structures compare in appearance? Ask children if they think they can spot the influence of such architecture in their own community. (Often, Russian Orthodox churches will feature such influence.) Take a walk to notice what other types of architecture are most prevalent in your community. If possible, invite an architect or architectural student to accompany you, or take photos of various buildings, and prepare a list of questions (regarding the features of local architecture and the "onion domes" of Russia and the Ukraine) to pose to your guest at a later date." Also, as part of your art corner try to construct the "onion domes" with clay over paper towel or toilet paper rolls on top of cylinder containers and small boxes. Link to "Onion domes"; Crafts1; and Old "Onion Domed" Buildings.
 
Egg Decorating
The other activity was decorating the eggs. Grandma did some of these with flowers on them a few years back, but I picked up a few hints from the videos above also. I do have a tree of them. Book (6) does suggest getting wood branch trees from a craft store or putting heavy branches in a sand filled pot.
 
"Noting Nature's Wonders
In Rechenka's Eggs, part of the charm of main character, Babushka, is that she takes time to notice "miracles" or unexplainable events that someone else might easily take for granted, while part of the charm of the story line is that Babushka responds to all of these events--whether of fact or fantasy--with the same sense of wonderment. Provide each (child) with one copy of"  (a paper with one half to list
Babushka's Miracles followed by True or Not True and the other with the heading Miracles That Happen Where (your child) Lives.) ""Then, have children reread the book in order to record each "miracle" Babushka notices (e.g., the caribou visit, Rechenka's eggs for the festival, caribou mothers and calves, Rechenka's gosling). Have children discuss whether they would classify these happenings as Babushka does, as "miracles". Have the children also discuss whether each natural occurrence would be likely to happen where they live. Then, have the children think of their own surroundings and jot in some natural "miracles" that occur in their own environment.
 
We will move into Russia tomorrow with some books and what I can find.
 

Day 136

Posted on April 6, 2014 at 11:47 PM Comments comments (9)
 
 Good Morning! Grandma is getting done. I found out we had a little more time than I thought we had last
 
week. Remember your tasks; Childrobotics; language of ABC's, words, vocabulary, and spelling; Journal
writing; extra assignments; math work; science projects; any extra reading; Yearbooks; family scrapbook;
and newspaper.
 
In following the Book (1) Calendar history beginning with April 5th we have a birthday for Sir Joseph Lister,
English physician and planner in antiseptic surgery, born in 1827. Then in 1856 Booker T. Washington,
African-American educator, was born. W. Atlee Burpee, Canadian-American seed merchant, was born in
1858. In 1934 Ricard Peck, children's author, was born. Last Colin Powell, first African-American chairman
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, was born in 1937.
The events for April 5th include that of 1614 when Pocahontas, daughter of the Indian chieftain Powhatan,
married English colonist John Rolfe in Virginia. In 1792 George Washington issued the First Presidential
Veto, rejecting a bill affecting state representation. Then in 1793 Plans for the U.S. Capitol were accepted.
It is National Laugh Week and Book (1) says, "During National Laugh Week, read aloud each day from
Joke or riddle books. At the end of the week, invite each (child) to tell a favorite joke to them."
Book (1) says as part of the National Library Month, "For each week of National Library Month, give your
(children) book related goals. For example:
Week 1: Read as many animal books as you can, then write a paragraph on the most unusual animal
you learned about.
Week 2: Design book marks or organize story telling sessions for kindergartners.
Week 3: Read a book in a genre you've never read before.
Week 4: Read a fiction book, then draw and color a picture of your favorite scene.
 
April 6th has three birthdays as follows: 1483 Raphael, Italian painter; 1928 James Watson, American
biochemist who was one of the discoverers of the molecular structure of DNA; and 1958 Graeme Base,
children's author. Book (1) says, Graeme Base is the author and illustrator of Animalia and The
Eleventh Hour, two books that enchant children with their intricate designs. Share Animalia with your
(children). They'll soon discover that the illustration for each letter of the alphabet contains pictures of
objects that begin with that letter. Plus, the text for each page is an aliterative sentence. Invite your
students to work in paris to create a class "Alphabet Alliteration Anthology" patterned after Animalia.
Then bind the anthology and add it to your class library."
The events for this day include one in 1748 when the Burried City of Pompeii was discovered by an Italian
peasant digging in a vineyard. Then in 1869 Celluloid, the first plastic, was patented. In 1896 The First
Modern Olympic Games opened in Athens, Greece. There is a history notation in Book (1) sometime in the
summer coverage, Grandma hopes to give later in which Hitler started the olympics trying to say that we
were superior to the Black people physically which failed on him. Then Grandma is going to give the last
event of 1909  in which the American explorers Robert Peary and Matthew Henson reached the North Pole.
Therefore, it is North Pole Day. It is also Keep America Beautiful Month and Book (1) says, "During Keep
America Beautiful Month, have your (children) brainstorm for tasks they can do to help protect the nation's
environment. Then have them each pick one task to do after school. The next day, ask the kids to share
stories of their good work. Afterward, give each (child) a piece of posterboard on which to create an
illustrated sign detailing the task performed "to Keep America Beautiful." For example: "I picked up trash
in the (park) to Keep America Beautiful" or "I recycled glass bottles to Keep America Beautiful." At the
bottom of their signs the kids can write this challenge: "What will you do to help today?" Post the signs
around the house, park, and throughout the community to promote awareness of Keep America Beautiful
Month.
 
Today is April 7th and there are 5 birthdays and 1 event for the day. It is also World Health Day.
In 1541 El Greco(Kyriakos Theotokapoulos), Greek painter , was born. In 1770 William Wordsworth,
English poet, was born. In 1860 Will Keith Kellogg, American food-products manufacturer, was born. Book
(1) says, "Will Keith Kellogg founded the Toasted CornFlakes Co,, which later became Kellogg's, in
1906. By 1909, he's sold more than 1 million cases of cornflakes. Gather five different cereals, then ask your
(children) to vote for the one they'd most likely buy--based solely on their first impression of the box. Next
discuss the techniques that companies use to get people to buy their cereals--for example, colorful
packaging, enticing pictures, appealing brand names, and bold print. Then challenge the children to use t
hose techniques to design their own cereal boxes. Have the (children) vote for the most appealing design."
One of the last two birthdays was in 1929 for Donald Carrick, children's author and illustrator. Then in 1939
Francis Ford Coppola, American Movie director, was born.
The one event happened in 1864 The only Camel Race ever held in the United States took place in
Sacramento, California. Book (1) says in One hump or two? "The camel played a vital role in the desert
cultures of North Africa, Arabia, and Asia. Its unique adaptations--including its capacity to store 1 1/2
gallons of water in one of its three stomachs--made it the ideal mode of strasportation in the desert. Tell
your (children) that there are two kinds of camels: the one-humped camel, or dromedary; and the
two-humped, or Bactrian, camel. The dromedary, the swifter of the two, can cover 100 miles in a single
day and is used primarily for riding. The Bactrian camel can cover only 30 miles per day but can carry
loads of up to 1,000 pounds. Pose this story problem to your (children): You live in a desert town and
own two dromedaries and a Bactrian camel. A merchant offers you money to transport 1,000 pounds of
pots to a town that is 75 miles to the south of your town, pick up a load of cloth, and return. While you're
considering this offer, another man approaches. He'll pay you the same amount of money to deliver a letter
to his sister and one to his mother, then return with any letters they might have for him. His sister's town is
135 miles east of yours, and his mother's town is 90 miles west of yours. Which job would require less of
your time?"
 
Grandma is going to move on into the story of Wagon Wheels. Under Pre-reading Activities from Book
(184) of Grandma's learn about "the Author: Barbara Brenner Born in Brooklyn, New York, on June 26,
1925,  Barbara Brenner began her writing career at the age of 25. Some of the nearly 50 books she has
written include A Snake-Lover's Diary and A Year in the Life of Rosie Bernard. Her years as a writer-
consultant and instructor at Bank Street College of Education helped her focus on urban children and on
literature for minority groups. Wagon Wheels, which was selected as an American Library Association
Notable Book in 1978, is a result of these interests.
Brenner has also written extensively about the world of nature. Five of her science books for children,
including Baltimore Orioles, won awards from the National Science Teachers Association and the
Children's Book Council. She enjoys bird watching, fossil hunting, yoga, and organic gardening."
 
"Meet the Artist: Don Bolognese In addition to illustrating over 150 books, Don Bolognese has written
children's books and is a well-known painter, calligrapher, and graphic designer. He has taught at various
art schools, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art's medieval museum, the Cloisters. Bolognese was
born in New York City on January 6, 1934.
 
Story Summary Wagon Wheels is the true story of the Muldies, a black pioneer family that settled in
Nicodemus, Kansas, in 1878. The trip has been a difficult one for Ed Muldie and his three young sons,
for the children's mother has died along the way. Now the family must fact the difficulties of life on the
prairie. Their home is merely a hole in the ground-dirt floors and walls, a grass roof, and no windows. The
family's food supply is desperately low during the freezing winter, but they, like others in the community,
are saved by the Osage Indians, who leave them meat, vegetables, and fuel. In the spring, Ed Muldie
leaves his sons to search for a better place for the family to settle. The boys must be even braver and
more responsible than before as they wait for their father to send for them. They hunt, fish, cook, and
clean, and the two older boys keep a careful watch over their three-year-old brother.
When their father's letter arrives three months later, the boys leave the next day to join him. They travel
on foot over 150 miles, living among wild animals for nearly a month. Finally they reach their father and
begin a new life.
 
Land of the Free Provide some background by explaining to (the children) that in order for people to
own land today, they must buy it. However, when the Muldies went West, they didn't have to pay any money
at all for land. In those days, there was a law that gave land to people for free. The Homestead Act of
1862 granted 160-acre tracts of public land to any head of a family who would live on the land for five years
and improve it. Men, such as Ed Muldie, had an opportunity to own land they otherwise could not afford.
The last page of Wagon Wheels provides further information on the background of this true story."
(This page of Grandma's book shows Mr. Muldie driving his wagon with the boys inside down the trail.)
 
This next worksheet is called "Going West". It deals with Comprehension. Book (184) says that each
Chapter of Wagon Wheels tells a different part of the story. Write a sentence that tells something
important that happens in each chapter.
Chapter 1: The Duggout shows a picture of the boys inside the dugout which is a hole in the side of a hill
held up by logs. The boys are looking out of the hole. There is lines on the side to tell about the chapter.
The next chapter, Chapter II: Indians has lines and a Native on the horse dropping goods on the ground
for the boys.
Chapter III: Moving On has lines and shows father Muldie leaving in the wagon.
The next chapter, Chapter IV: The Letter has lines and shows a small hand being handed a letter by a
bigger hand.
At the bottom of the page it says to circle the chapter they like best.
 
 
The Next worksheep has to do with Vocabulary. It shows Mr. Muldie with his three boys on the wagon
seat and goods covered in the wagon with the following words on the side:
Firewood, Cornmeal, dugout, rattlesnake, saddlebags
It gives sentences below that in which the children are to fill out the sentence with the appropriate word to fit.
 
1. In Nicodemus the Muldies live in a ____________________________________.
 
2. For most of the winter, the only food the family has to eat is mush made from _____________________.
 
3. No one in Nicodemus has any_____________________________ to burn.
 
4. The Indians carry food and sticks in their______________________________.
 
5. One night the boys see a big prairie____________________________________.
 
 
  •  Add the correct word to complete this sentence.
 A _____________________________ brings a letter to the boys.
 
 
The next worksheet is called "The Way West" and deals with Story Structure Sequence. The following
sentences have pictures with them and a little box square to number them in the order that they happen. 
 
The first sentence shows the boys waving good-bye to their father. It reads "Ed Muldie leaves to find land
with trees and hills." The next picture shows Ed Muldie and one of his sons digging a hole. It reads "The
family builds a dugout." The third and last picture on the top row shows a man giving the boys a letter.
It reads "The boys get a letter from their father." The first picture of the other row of three pictures show
all three boys in their father's arms and it says "The boys find their father." The second picture on that 
bottom row shows the three boys walking down the path and it says "The boys leave Nicodemus to join
their father." The last picture shows Ed Muldie with his three sons in the wagon and it reads "The boys
and their father arrive in Nicodemus." The children are to number the pictures in the order they happen.
Then they can write down what they think may happen next to the Muldies?
 
The next sheet is called "On the Prairie" and it is about Creative Writing. It shows a picture of the boys
taking turns as a look out while the other sleeps. Figure out considering they had no TV or anything for
their time but maybe a small item to carry for their time, at what time they went to bed and the other took
over watch.  To fill out this sheet the children are to pretend they are Johnny Muldie and they keep a
diary for the days below. The children are to fill in the spaces telling what they might say in their diary.
Day 1:Getting Started; Day 8: A Scary Time; and Day 22: Almost There
 
 
The next activities are Art Activities called ""At Home on the Prairie"
Wagon-Wheels Mural Let the (children) create this mural to recall the things the pioneers took with
them when they went west.
You Need: a long sheet of mural paper,  sketch paper, a black marker, pencils, regular or oil crayons, tape.
The book said to use lighter colors if the use oil crayons. I would use regular crayons.
Sketch the wagon of the Muldie's with pencil on mural paper and then trace it with black marker and then 
let the children color it in. Put items in the wagon that the Muldie's may have with them as bags of seed,
clock, rope, hammer, cloth, plow, ax, candles, kettle, tin pitcher, coffee pot, shovels, matches, match bottle
to keep matches dry, crosscut saw, bake goods, bowls, skillet, broom, lantern, insturments, and whatever
else you can think of.
 
The next art project could be a Diorama of the inside of the dugout. Supplies could include scissors,
crayons, glue, construction paper, tape, woolen scraps, small twigs, cotton, green crepe paper,
toothpicks, a box or laundry buckets as grandma has been using some.
Take a piece of poster paper or a shoe box and form the inside of the Muldie's dugout by coloring,
drawing and tracing with markers as well as putting homeade pieces of furniture and things on the poster
as part of their home. What you can't make with the materials draw in. Tie sticks together for a bundle of
wood, use the piece of wool for a blanket or carpet, use grass and sticks to glue on the outside like a
dugout and a little piece of cotton as the smoke from the stove. Draw a table, the Muldies, and the things
mentioned in the book as well as cups or bowls, a lantern, and the banjo. Make the sides be able to fold
in and a top to fold for the roof. 
This next part is for Cooperative Learning/Listening/ Speaking; it is called "Dugout Party". The first part is
a discussion about the differences there was in the times of the Muldies and what they did for
entertainment. First off they memorized songs or emprovised from what happened to them. They also
spent more time learning songs because they did not have anything else to do. They also made up
stories in their play a lot and did a lot of outdoor play as well the responsibility was given early in life.
Many were chopping wood, fishing, walking long distances, handling work of crops, cooking, and cleaning
early. Boys did hard labor early, knew how to milk and handle horses early as well as help build. Girls
were taught all kinds of sewing, cleaning, mending and family carring. People did a lot with music at that
time Therefore, on this page Book (184) says to learn the tune "Oh, Susanna!" do the following dance
with about 8-10 friends. With each facing a partner,
 
        "Walk toward each other; bow  or curtsy                                                 (4 counts)
         Walk back to your place                                                                           (4 counts)
         Repeat.                                                                                                       (8 counts)
         Head couple hold hands and skip down the line.
                   Every one clap your hands.                                                               (8 counts)
         Head couple hold hands and skip up the line.
                   Then hold hands up like a bridge.                                                   (8 counts)
         Other couples walk under bridge, turn around,
                    march down the line, then march back up.
                    Head couple follow last couple at end of line.                               (16 counts)
This can repeat till each has a turn as the head couple or as interests hold.
 
Plain Cookin' Let your children know that in those times of the Muldie boys baked corn bread when they
lived alone. It was called johnny-cake and most pioneers knew how to cook it. It was cooked on a griddle.
It could be prepared for the Dugout Party.
You need:
     2 cups of cornmeal               2 eggs                     2 cups of milk
     3 teaspoons of baking soda                      2/3 cup of honey
     1 3/4 cups of flour                                     1 1/2 tablespoons of molasses
      1/2 teaspoon of salt                                   2 tablespoons of cooking oil
 
If you make a bread of it mix the dry goods together and add the wet goods and put it in a bread pan,
square pan, or a black skillet. Grease whatever you use.
 
Wojapi Explain to students that the Osage Indians, who gave food to the starving Muldies, belong to the
Sioux nation. At that time, they grew beans, squash, corn, melons, and pumpkin. They also gathered
berries. With students, prepare this Sioux recipe. Serve it warm with the corn bread.
You need:
          4 pounds of blueberries
  1 cup of flour                                 1 1/2 cups of water
          2 teaspoon of honey
 
Steps:
  1. Place the blueberries and water in a pan and mash them.
  2. Instruct students to add the flour and honey and stir.
  3. Place the pan on a hot plate, and cook over medium heat, stirring until the wojapi thickens.
  4. Serve warm with the corn bread.
 
 
 "Extended Activities are for Summarizing/Curriculum Connections
"Social Studies: Black Heroes of the West Black men and women played important roles in the development
of the West. Interested (children) can research the lives of these heroes, and groups of students can then
dramatize the heroes' adventures for the rest of the family.
Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable: Early fur trapper. He set up a trading post which became the city of Chicago.
 
James Beckwourth:Famous mountain man who became a Crow Indian chief, he discovered a pass through
the Sierra Nevada Mountains, now called the Beckwourth Pass.
 
Benjamin "Pap" Singleton:In the 1870's, Singleton urged blacks to move to black settlements in Oklahoma
and Kansas, including Nicodemus.
 
Mary Fields:Escaped slavery and settled in Montana, where she became an expert stage driver to
deliver the mail.
 
These two books will provide additional information about the role of blacks in the development of the
West: The Black Frontiersman by J. Norman Heard and Exploring Black America by Marcella Thum.
 
Tale Telling Telling stories was a favorite pastime of the pioneers. As a summarizing activity, have students
sit in a circle and pretend they are in the dugout. Start a prairie adventure, and let each (child) add a
sentence to it. Some story-starters are: "The night of the terrible prairie fire, we..." "When we heard the
snake's tail rattle, we knew that..." and "It was so cold in the dugout, we..." As a followup, encourage
interested students to write their own prairie adventures to share with others."
 
Geography: Ed Muldie's Map Map out the road from Nicodemus to Solomon together. Measure the
distance to make sure it was 150 miles and then possible count using your intuition on time about how many
miles the boys traveled in a day. Then display your map somewhere.
 
"Language Arts: What Would Willie Say? In the book eleven-year-old Johnny tells the story. How would
eight-year-old Willie tell it? or three-year-old Little Brother? or old Mrs. Sadler? Invite students to describe
one of the following scenes from the point of view of one of these characters. Encourage students to
illustrate their stories.
  • The Muldies arrive in Nicodemus.
  • The Muldies spend a "mean" winter in the dugout.
  • The boys live alone.
  • The people of Nicodemus escape the prairie fire.
  • The boys see the rattlesnake.
 
Pioneer Post To summarize Wagon Wheels, remind students that a post rider on horseback(might
be part of the Pony Express) delivers the letter to the Muldie boys. Ask students to pretend that they, too, are
pioneers in Nicodemus and that they are going to send a letter to a friend or relative back home in Kentucky
(or maybe their father ahead in Solomon). Have (the children) write about one of the problems the
Muldies face on the prairie. Invite students to read their finished letters to the class, then display them on a
bulletin board (or the wall titled Pioneer post or a poster board.)"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

Day 130

Posted on March 30, 2014 at 8:01 AM Comments comments (41)
Good Morning Folks! I hope your weekend was better than Grandma's. Don't forget to do your tasks for the day along with your assignments; Language; science experiments and study; writing; journals; yearbooks; family scrapbooks; math; newspapers; and some physical education or health studies. Just be sure to get some Childrobotics in there also before any physical activity is preformed well enough it starts the day good.
 
For March 30 from the Calendar History Book the first birthday is in 1746 of Francisco Jose De Goya, Spanish painter. The next birthday is for Anna Sewell, English author, born in 1820. The next is Vincent Van Gogh, Dutch painter, born in 1853. Book (1) says, "Artist Vincent van Gogh never knew wealth or fame. Although he produced about 800 paintings and hundreds of drawings, he sold only one during his lifetime. But van Gogh later came to be regarded as an artistic genius. On March 30, 1987--the 135th anniversary of his birth--his painting Sunflowers was sold at a record-breaking price of $39.9 million. Allow your students to look at a picture of Sunflowers or another van Gogh painting for 1 minute. Then see how observant the kids are by asking them questions about it--for example: How many flowers are there? What color is the vase? What's in the background? Finally, ask your students if they can name other people whose work went unappreciated during their lifetime but later was recognized as important. A birthday in 1945 is for Eric Clapton, English singer, songwriter, and guitarist.
Book (1) events include one for 1842 in which Dr. Crawford W. Long performed the First Recorded operation using a general anesthetic. Then in 1843 The Egg incubator was patented. This made Grandma realize she has not given you much science lately because she was concentrating so hard on the other necessary things for you to have. For so much has taken much of your time, for sure.  Therefore, Grandma will try to get the rest of the science to you and finish the algebra book. I hope the children are receiving some math to do even if it is playing store and counting money or learning part of the clock, or simple math in your everyday life like measuring or adding and subtracting simple stuff to be added and following the video Grandma has given you on things. We will finish the stories about Jesus and finish the New testament before the middle of May also. Grandma is going to start with those of planting because it is the time of year when many people start their planting. The first experiment is called a "Maze." These experiments are out of Grandma's book (12). Grandma is going to try to list her books for you in April considering it is Book Month.
The experiment says to "Plant a sprouting potato in moist soil in a pot. Place it in the corner of a shoe box and cut a hole in the opposite side. Inside stick two partitions, so that a small gap is left. Close the box and place it in a window. After a couple of days the shoot has found its way through the dark maze to the light. Plants have light-sensitive cells which guide the direction of growth. Even the minimum amount of light entering the box causes the shoot to bend. It looks quite white, because the important green colouring material, chlorophyll, necessary for healthy growth, cannot be formed in the dark."
The next experiment is called ""The Sun Brings Life." Fill a large glass jar with fresh water and place in it several shoots of waterweed. Place the jar in sunlight, and at once small gas bubbles will rise in the water. Invert a funnel over the pants and over it a water-filled glass tube. The gas which is given off by the plants slowly fills the tube.
Plants use sunlight. With its help, in the presence of chlorophyll, they make their building material, starch, from water and carbon dioxide, and give off oxygen. Oxygen has actually collected in the glass tube. If you remove the tube and hold a glowing splint in it, the splint will burn brightly."
The next experiment is called ""Automatic Watering." Fill a bottle with water and place it upside down and half buried in soil in a flower box. An air bubble rises up in the bottle from time to time, showing that the plants are using the water. The water reservoir is enough for several days, depending on the number of plants and the weather.
Water only flows from the bottle until the soil round it is soaked. It starts to flow again only when the plants have drawn so much water from the soil that it becomes dry, and air can enter the bottle. One notices that plants can take water more easily from loose soil than from hard."
The next one is called ""Secret Path." Dissolve a teaspoonful of salt in a glass of water and cover it tightly with parchment paper. We call such an exchange of liquids through a permeable membrane, osmosis. All living cells are surrounded by such a membrane, and absorb water and dissolved substances in this way."
That is enough for today on experiments. Grandma will try to keep going from here on. Back to the events from here. 
In 1867 Secretary of State William Seward negotiated the Purchase of Alaska from Russia. Book (1) says, "Tell your (children) that Secretary of State William Seward spent $7,200,000 in gold to buy Alaska. Many Americans believed the purchase was ill-advised, calling it "Seward's folly." Today, of course, we have a different perspective. Have your students write short stories about other purchases that seem foolish but that later turn out to be "great buys." If they're having trouble getting started, suggest they consider the bottom of the ocean, an iceberg, or a plot of territory on the moon. Why might these places become valuable in the future? For this reason Grandma believes they have made it Seward's Day. It is also called Doctors' Day. Maybe because of the First event of an operation with anesthesia.
In 1870 Texas was readmitted to the Union after the Civil War and the Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution, guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race, took effect. Then in 1886 J Ricks patented the Horseshoe.
 
For the last day of March, March 31st, Thomas Peterson Mundy became the First Black to vote following ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment in 1870. Next the Eiffel Tower was officially opened to the public in Paris as of 1889. Book (1) says, "The Eiffel Tower was built for the Paris Exhibition of 1889, which celebrated the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. At 300 meters high, it remained the tallest structure in the world for several years. Have your (children) convert this height to feet, then mark it on graph paper. Next, ask the kids to find and graph the heights of current tall structures, such as the Sears Tower; the Empire State building, The-New-World Trade Center, the St. Louis Arch, and the tallest building in their community." In 1893 Whitcomb Judson patented the "hookless fastener"--an early form of the zipper. Talk about other ways people have fastened clothing or made wastes.
The birthdays for the day are one in 1596 for Rene Descartes, French philosopher. Another is in 1811 for Robert Wilhelm Bunsen, German chemist and inventor of the Bunsen burner.
 
The Bible stories for today will begin with John 8:12-30, The Validity of Jesus' Testimony and goes on The Children of Abraham, John 8:31-41; The Children of the Devil, John 8:42-47; The Claims of Jesus About HImself, John 8:48-59. Do the following in Faith Alive: "Did You Know? John 8:57 How old was Jesus? Jesus lived about thirty-three years here on earth. But Jesus was and is also God. As God, Jesus has always existed, even, before Abraham was born thousands of years earlier.; Let's Live It! John 9:1-7 Is Sickness Punishment?--Some people think all sickness is punishment for sin. What did Jesus say about this Idea? Read John 9:1-5. Jesus is God (John 9:4). The healing, then, was a way to glorify God.
Christian health workers realize that God is really the one who heals. Talk to Christians who are doctors and nurses about this Bible story. Thank them for giving glory to God in their work.; Life in Bible Times- The Sheep Pen--At night flocks of sheep were kept in pens made of stone or branches with thorns. The shepherd slept in the only doorway. If wild animals came near the shepherd was there to protect the sheep.; Words to Remember John 10:14-15 I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me...I lay down my life for the sheep."
Then read Jesus Heals a Man Born Blind John 9:1-12; The Pharisees Investigate the Healing John:13-34; and Spiritual Blindness John 9:35-41. Then go on to read John 10:1-21 The Shepherd and His Flock and John 10:22-42, The Unbelief of the Jews.
 
The book to cover today out of Grandma's book (185) is called Ox-Cart Man by Donald Hall, 1979 by Barbara Cooney Porter; reprinted by permission of Penguin Books USA, Inc.
"Meet  the Author: Donald Hall...,one of America's most renowned poets and critics, was born in New Haven, Connecticut, on September 20, 1928. After graduating from Harvard College and Oxford University, he taught creative writing at Harvard, Stanford, and the University of MIchigan. Hall has won many awards for his poetry, including the Newdigate Prize from Oxford (1952). From 1953 until 1961, Hall was the poetry editor of the Paris Review. Hall's first book for children was Andrew the Lion Farmer (1959), followed by Riddle Rat (1977) and Ox-Cart Man(1979). He now lives on Eagle Pond Farm in Danbury, New Hampshire, (at the time Grandma bought her book (185); this author may no longer be alive, nor the artist given next.)
 
Meet the Artist: Barbara Cooney...was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1917. Her mother was an artist and encouraged Cooney to use her paints and brushes whenever she liked. After graduating from Smith College in 1938, Cooney studied lithography and etching at the Art Students league in New York City. Cooney likes her work to be as realistic as possible, with each detail directly from her own observations and research. The details in Ox-Cart Man are based on Cooney's remembrances of childhood summers in Maine and on her knowledge of the Massachusetts countryside, where she now lives or lived. Story Summary-Ox-Cart Man very simply describes the economic life of a farm family in New England almost 200 years ago. The story begins with the farmer and his family loading their cart with items they want to sell in Portsmouth. After a ten-days' journey, the farmer arrives in the bustling town of Portsmouth and proceeds to sell everything he owns-including his ox and cart. With the money from his sales, he buys tools and a special family treat: peppermint candy.
As fall turns into winter, and winter into spring, the farmer and his family start to make again the items they sold. And as spring turns to summer, they start planting the fruits and vegetables that they will sell again in the fall.
 
Classroom Traders-To help(the children) develop the concept of needs, excess, and trading, (ask them)  to tell about thins they may have "a lot of." For example, (they) may have five red crayons, three mittens, and several models of the same kind of dinosaur. On a large sheet of poster paper, draw an outline of a cart. Ask(the children) to draw ... small picture(s) on a sheet of paper ... the things they have in excess, then tape these pictures to the cart. Explain that through trading people try to get things they need in exchange for things they don't need. (Have them) tell about things in the cart that they need, and complete "sell-and-buy sentences" about the objects. For example: "I could sell one of my red crayons and buy a blue one," or "I could sell my extra mitten and buy a scarf." Tell (the children) that in Ox-Cart Man they will meet a family that buys the things it needs by selling what it doesn't need."
 
There are four worksheets following that the children can have fun doing:
The first is "Where Do They Come From", in which the items A Birch Broom, Feathers, Wool, Cabbage, and Honey with the illustrations are all placed on the left side of the page; and A tree, Sheep, Bee, Goose, and Seeds are all placed on the right side with illustrations. The children are suppose to draw a line connecting the two items that match. Have them figure out other things or draw pictures of other things from wood.
 
On the next sheet there is a list of things in between a girl working on a quilt and children carrying wood. Words from the list are suppose to be listed by numbers under the two pictures. Following are the words; they were placed in a box: Weave, split, embroider, carve, tap, stitch, whittle, knit, spin, saw.
Have the children think of things they could do in school that could be sold. The children were suppose to write on the back of the sheet sentences to tell about the school work they like best.
 
The third sheet has various things on the sheet about spring as birds from eggs, bird nest, flowers, grass,and a butterfly in the flowers with three boxes labeled March, April, and May. The children are to figure out the things the Ox-Cart man's children are so busy doing in the spring and list them under each month in the boxes. There are five lines under each month in each of the boxes. Then on the back your children are suppose to try to figure out the things the children or family are doing in the summer and list them or draw pictures of them doing it.
 
The last (fourth page) is about The Ox's Story. The children are to imagine what the ox might say about his journey? Portsmouth? About leaving the farmer and his family? and write his story on the page with pictures of the trees, houses, the road and the cart with him the ox, and  town buildings as the church, town hall, and warehouses.  The farmer holding the ox with a rope at the bottom of the page.
 
The next activity with this book is an Art Activity called Diorama Drama. It is a movable diorama of the ox-cart man. You will need: a shoe box per child; construction paper; glue; tape; scissors; markers/crayons; straws; a cardboard picture of the ox-cart man drawn. The children can draw, color,and cut out scenery to be taped on the box in which the man and his cart may pass by. Make a slit in the box for the cart to move along when the children tape a straw on the back of the cart with the ox and the man pulling it. As the children hang onto the straw on the back of the cart they can move it along the slit through the scenery.
 
The next activity is suppose to be a cooperative learning/art activity. However, we can adapt it to our learning in our  Home Education program through Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center without a problem. The children may only have their family to cooperate with but they can involve others you and they may want to work with. It is suppose to be a community go through the different seasons with each season drawn on a separate mural. The murals are to be taped together to make a long streamer.
However, Grandma feels you could draw each picture about the farmers family during each scene with the one he travels to town and his family at the farm starting more projects.
The materials they will need include: four long strips of mural paper, poster paints and brushes, black markers, pencils, and tape. Tell the children to sketch the pictures on the murals first with the pencils then use the markers and then paint.
Have a seasonal discussion about what was drawn and other ideas. Then talk about how these old fashioned item have been replaced by modern ones.
 
For the last activities which are considered Extended Activities it summarizes the story and makes curriculum connections. The first thing to do is draw a wagon wheel with wide spokes to be able to write on. There must be eight of them. In the middle where the axle fits in it should have family written on it. Then discuss with your children the four basic needs of families as you write each one on four of the spokes. The first one being Food, next Shelter, then Transportation, and last Clothing. Discuss how each of those were obtained in the beginning, at the time of settlers, and the way they are provided today. Discuss the problems people are having today in providing them and why some people are wanting to go back to a time when they furnished them from their own goods.
 
The next activity is to make out a Thank-you card to the Ox-cart man's family for letting you visit them and what you have learned from their farm and the marketing the farmer did in town.
 
The next activity is to enjoy, play, and possibly listen to some songs of that era as ""Skip to My Lou, ""The Old Gray Goose,""Frog went a-Courtin',""Jimmy Cracked Corn,""Billy Boy,""All the Pretty Little Horses." They can write new lyrics for them if they wish.
 
For this next activity which is part of Social Studies look at the illustrations of Portsmouth in the book. Find Portsmouth, New Hampshire, on a map of the United States. Write Portsmouth down and underline port. Discuss what a port is with the children of a place where ships come in from the sea, usually bringing goods with them. Point out the Atlantic Ocean and the other Oceans, bays, and seas of interest. Ask them what kinds of goods they think were sold in the markets during that time and if they think there are other markets still in existence today. (Grandma has seen many of them in Mexico and she is sure they are in many islands of the Carribean and other countries. Ask them what they think they look like today. Actually there can be different kinds in different towns or villages.
 
For the last activity Grandma wants you to go through all the states of United States and discuss what they might be like or are like if you have been in them or seen them. Find something that has the state flag and birds as well as the flowers in them and look at them. Then find the state capital's in them and see if you know of any other towns or cities in them. Discuss what they are like or might have been at one time.
 
An extra book to read from book(2) of Grandma's is The Bird Who Was An Elephant by Aleph Kamal. It is about the country of India. To summarize it book (2) says,"A bird, who had been an elephant in another life, revisits a small village in India and observes the lifestyles of the people. New York:J.B. Lippincott, 1989.
Activities to go along with the book include:
 
  1. Make a picture dictionary of the Indian words used in the story.
  2. Explain, according to Hindu beliefs, how the bird could once have been an elephant.
  3. List the Indian occupations mentioned in the book. Write a short paragraph telling about one of them.
  4. Choose one of the spices that is sold in the spice shop. Find out how it is grown, processed, and used.
  5. The palmist told the bird that he had once been an elephant that carried children across the palace gardens of the Maharajah. What is a Maharajah?
  6. On special occasions the palace elephants were decorated with jewels and tapestries to represent the wealth of the Maharajah. Draw an elephant and carefully decorate it. Pretend you are a child of the Maharajah. Write a story about your life in the palace.
  7. Elephants help the environment. List the ways they help. Which of these do you consider to be the most important? Why?
 
Grandma hopes it all goes well today.

Day 127

Posted on March 27, 2014 at 12:12 AM Comments comments (4)
Hello! Hello! Do you tasks, Childrobotics, Physical Education(by the way folks if do sports it might be best to hold them till the warmth of the day or until it is at a good time for your family to play. There is lots of children's games that can be played that are not the normal sports as we are used to. However, there is such competition. Grandma, her daughter, and granddaughter are all dancers therefore that is our sport. We are also swimmers in our family. However, Grandma children are also runners. We are also all house builder and maintainers. Grandma has made money on her houses. She is not really trying to brag but she is not very fond of the world living for the money of sports. Anyway that is enough of that. Grandma dipped into the Calendar History the day before and then lost a day. Therefore, she will pick-up the rest of yesterday and cover today's.
 
For March 26 was Grandma's grandbaby's birthday. Grandma hates the fact she does not have the time with that baby anymore either. By the way in spite of her mother's feelings about it, Grandma did raise that beauty for ten years in spite of her mother's visits till she was ten; therefore, it is good reason if we felt close and grandma hopes will be there later. Grandma is definitely trying to keep a house for her, plus another possible for her mother. Enough for that now too.
Anyway, the American poet, Robert Frost, was born on that day also in 1874. Book (1) wants you to help your children to see how Robert Frost's poems are still relevant today. Share with them such poems as "The Road Not Taken," "Mending Wall," and "Fire and Ice." Then challenge the kids to cut out newspaper stories or photos that remind them of the theme of one of these poems. For example, photos depicting local or international conflict might bring to mind "Mending Wall." Or stories of people who made fateful romantic, financial, or political decisions could aptly illustrate "The Road Not Taken," Not only will your students be reading Frost's poetry, but they'll also come to appreciate its enduring relevance.
The other birthday's include that of Sandra Day O'Connor, U.S. Supreme Court justice, in 1930; then in 1931 Leonard Nimoy, American actor, was born. Bob Woodward, American journalist, was born in 1943. Martin Short, Canadian actor and comedian, was born in 1950.
In 1827 shortly before he died, deaf composer Ludwig Van Beethoven said, "I shall hear in heaven." Then in 1872 Thomas Martin received a patent for the Fire Extinguisher.
Now we will move onto March 27 in which the first birthday in 1845 was for Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen, German physicist who discovered X rays. In 1879 Edward Steichen, American photographer, was born. Book (1) says under "Fantastic photographs" to show your (children) some of Edward Steichen's photographs. His book, A Life in Photography, is a rich source. Then choose some outstanding photographs from books or magazines to discuss as a class. Have your (children) each choose one photo to write about. They should explain what may have happened just before or after the picture was taken. (By the way, folks, Grandma has done some research about photography. Some people may not be aware that many people can make a living with it and there are lots of avenues for its value. Check into on line if interested. It was another thing Grandma was surprised was a possibility for her.) The last birthday is for Randall Cunningham, professional football quarterback, who was born in 1963.
Then in 1703 Czar Peter the Great of Russia founded the city of St. Petersburg. Now as Grandma is thinking about Russia and knowing she has some things to give you next week on Russia and Ukraine for Easter; she wants some feedback from her audiences about the attack of Russia on Ukraine this last week and how we feel America will fair with it. Many know that China is wanting some power and Russia has always felt they were big and could through their weight around at the United States. Grandma and her mother have been having some conversations over it and Grandma want some opinions. It might be good as a conversation and debate with your children and worth some research. Grandma does not want to speak too far yet, but she will tell you her opinions later. For now she is opening the floor for your families.
The next event for March 27 is that of the First long-Distance phone call took place in 1884. Book (1) says to "Ask your (children) to name the farthest place they've called on the telephone" (or that you may have)....Then chart it and other locations on a map. In 1899 Wireless Telegraph Signals were first sent across the English Channel. (See if you can find out when the first one was sent in the United States if it is not on our time line.)
This last event actually happened in 1912, Grandma felt it was best to mention it here. Washington, D.C.'s first cherry trees were planted along the Tidal Basin. Book (1) says, "Knowing that first lady Helen Taft wanted to brighten and beautify Washington, the Japanese government sent her 3,000 cherry trees as a symbol of friendship. Today, more than 3,000 cherry trees (including 60 of the original ones) grow around the Tidal Basin, on the Washington Monument Grounds, and in East Potomac Park. Washington residents and tourists look forward to their pink and white blossoms, which appear in late March or early April each year. Have your (children) keep their eyes open for signs of spring in your community. Keep a class record of spring "firsts," such as the first butterfly, the first dandelion, and the first robin.
 
Grandma now wants to give you activities for The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses out of another book she calls Book (184). It says the story is about "An American Indian girl who loves the horses that her people keep. She tends to them and spends as much time with them as she can. One day, she falls asleep among them. Suddenly a large thunderstorm comes up. Awakened by the storm, the girl jumps on the back of one of the terrorized horses. Instantly, she is swept away with the frightened herd as it gallops from the storm. When the herd finally stops, the girl knows that she and the horses are far away from her family. The following morning she is met by a handsome stallion, who tells her that he is the leader of the wild horses that live in the hills. He invites her to stay with them, and she happily accepts. A year goes by before some hunters from the girl's people spot her with the stallion and his herd leading a colt. The men return with other riders, and finally they capture the girl and return her to her family. But the girl is not happy, and her parents agree that she should return to the wild horses. Grateful, she returns home each year to bring her parents a colt. Then one year she doesn't come back. Some hunters report seeing a great stallion racing with a beautiful mare, and the people believe that the girl finally has become one of the wild horses.
Animal Transformations-Grandma does not believe in transformation even though the wonderment may enter her mind occasionally. However, Book (184) says to "Ask (the children) to think about their favorite animals." If it were possible, would they like to become a favorite animal? Record their answers. As you read the book ask them if they think she will become a horse in the story? Compare answers.
Book (184) also has a part on the author of the book as follows:
"Paul Goble was born on September 17, 1933, in Surrey, England. His parents made harpsichords. Then he was a child, Goble's mother read to him books by Ernest Thompson Seton and Grey Owl, two writers he calls "true naturalists." Both authors wrote about American Indians and greatly influenced Goble's work, for "The world they wrote about was so different from the crowded island where I lived." Goble began acquiring a considerable library of books about Native Americans, and after finishing his courses at the Central School of Arts and Crafts in London, He made the first of many visits to the United States. He spent time on the reservations of the Sioux and Crow Indians in South Dakota and Montana. During these visits he was present at sacred dances, took part in ceremonies, and listened as his Indian friends spoke of their folklore and beliefs His first book, Red Hawk's Account of Custer's Last Battle, was published in 1969. All his books have dealt with Indian life. The Girl who Loved Wild Horses, the 1979 Caldecott winner, is a synthesis of many native America tales. In it Goble expresses what he envisions as the Native American rapport with nature. He says, "Simply, the girl loves horses, and perhaps she becomes one. "Goble now makes his home in the Black Hills of Deadwood, South Dakota."After reading this about the author I wanted to make a link to another video I saw in Youtube last night. Let's call it Dancing in Britain.
Book (184) brings out the words Wild and Tame for the children to learn. Discuss the meaning with them of the words and how they are opposite of each other. Then write them down somewhere and categorize as many animals as possible under them. Then itemize if there are other animals than just the horse that could fall under both of the headings. Tell them to look for both in the book.
Paper activities in book (184) that cover this book are as follows:
The first is called "Helping Hands". It has different helpful things that are suppose to by laying on a horse blanket to color. Grandma will list those at the top of the page. Then there are two columns of headings to place the helpful things under with 3 blank fillins to fill out. On the back the children are suppose to tell how the stallion tries to help the girl? So here we are-
 
 
 
 
 
 
                                            leads them to water                                  carry tipis
 
                               give rides                                                       cares for hurt ones
 
                      help hunt buffalo                                                 finds them shelter in blizzards
 
 
 
 
 
             How the Girl Helps the Horses                                  How the Horses Help the People
 
1.     ____________________________                     1.     ______________________________
 
       _____________________________                             ______________________________
 
2.     _____________________________                    2.     ______________________________
 
        _____________________________                             ______________________________
 
3.     ______________________________                  3.     _______________________________
 
        ______________________________                           _______________________________
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For this next page the children must fill out the blanks of the sentences with the right words. The words are hidden in the puzzle directly below. These letters of the hidden words are actually on the side of the cliffs with the wild horses going through the valley bellow the cliffs.
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                  N   E   I   G   H   H
 
                                                                  X   H  M   A   N   E
 
                                                                  M   O   V   L   C   R
 
                                                                  A    O   Z   L    F   D
 
                                                                  R    F   C   O   L   T
  
                                                                   E   T   G   P    Y   K
 
 
 
 
 
 
       1.   The wild horses live together in a ______________________________.
 
        2.   When horses make sounds, they_______________________________.
 
        3.   A young horse is a ____________________________.
 
        4.   The__________________________grows along a horse's neck.
 
        5.    A female horse is a _______________________________.
 
        6.    When horses run, they_______________________________________.
 
  • Find a word in the puzzle for a horse's foot._______________________________
 
 
 
 
          
 
 
                                                                         Head of the Herd
 
             The girl in the story loves the stallion. Choose the words from the top which is suppose to be a
          a box that describe the stallion. Write the words on the waterfall that runs down the page and is
          squared off with rocks and flowers or plants across the bottom and two sides.
 
 
                 free                strong                afraid                  proud                    handsome
 
                     sickly                    fast                   mighty                 lost                   brave
 
 
 
 
 
 
                                                          ________________________________
 
                                                          _________________________________
 
                                                          _________________________________
 
                                                          __________________________________
 
                                                          __________________________________
 
                                                          __________________________________
 
                                                           __________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
  • On the back or below of this page write a sentence to tell why you think the stallion likes the girl.
 
 
 
 
       
 
                                                                              Sensing a Storm
 
This page shows a storm cloud with a lightning from the cloud and rain below that on the side of the lists of statements to fill a blank part out with each. On the other side at the bottom of the statements are a couple of flowers in the grass with a cartoon butterfly flying above them. On the back of the page the children were suppose to write a poem about a storm. This could be done on a separate sheet also. The instructions say "The storm changes the girl's life. Write a complete sentence about the storm in the story or a storm you have seen using each phrase below."
 
    1. the scent of rain____________________________________
 
     __________________________________________________
 
     2. a fresh breeze__________________________________________
 
    ________________________________________________________
 
        3. a flash of lightning___________________________________________
 
         ____________________________________________________________
 
              4. distant thunder_________________________________________________
 
               _______________________________________________________________
 
                    5. angry clouds_____________________________________________________
 
                     _________________________________________________________________
 
                        6. the crash and rumbling______________________________________________
 
                        ___________________________________________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                    A Horse Is a Horse
 
This fill out page has a rainbow across the top below with a few clouds in between the colors. Across the bottom are bunch of soap weed cacti, a cactus and a little weed in the middle. It Says "At the end of the story, the girl's family believes she has become a horse. What do you think? Write your ideas about what has become of the girl who loved wild horses. Explain your ideas, too. It says to write something that you would ask the girl if you met her, on the back of the page or on a separate sheet.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
                                                     ______________________________
 
                                  _________________________________________________
 
  __________________________________________________________________________
 
   __________________________________________________________________________
 
  ___________________________________________________________________________
 
  ___________________________________________________________________________
 
        ___________________________________________________________________
 
           ________________________________________________________________
 
                 _________________________________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
This next activities Grandma is going to call Beautiful Blankets and Tipis
 
The first activity is ""A Blanket to Dye For" Remind (children) that the girl in the story has a beautiful blanket. Explain that many Native American groups are famous for their handwoven blankets. Traditionally, these weavers create their own thread from wool and dye it as well. Invite (children) to try dyeing fabric themselves to make into small blankets for dolls or stuffed animals or as place mats.  You Need:
 
white cotton rectangles, 9" x 12"                    pie tins                              newspaper
                   berries-raspberries, blueberries, or strawberries(or grape juice can be used)
      onion skins                        tea bags                   saffron                                water
 
Steps:
1. Spread newspaper over four or five worktables. Provide each table with one of the following materials for making dye: onion skins, berries, tea bags, or saffron."
 
2. Let the children mash the berries and onions into separate tin pans. Add hot water to each pan and the tea bags and saffron to two other pans from the berries and onion skins.
 
3. When the water is cooled, remove the tea bags. Give the children each a cloth to dip in one of the pans to dye the cloth. Let them dye each cloth in whatever water they want. Try to get them to try each different dye.
 
4. Hang the cloths someplace they will not drip on anything that it will hurt if stained or outside somewhere.
 
5. After they are dry the children can use permanent markers or other small pieces of cloth to decorate them.
 
 
The next activity from Book (184) is that of tipi Displays or Tapestries. For this activity Book (184) suggests a large piece of colored construction paper as background or a bulletin board. Grandma suggests a colored poster board. It could be drawn on or painted like Paul Goble did, but Grandma likes Book (184)'s idea of cut pieces of small circles, squares, triangles, rectangles, and other shapes(even different animals could be used) cut from construction paper. The tipi could be precut with a slant at the top for sticks or black strips of paper or pipe cleaners. However, the tipi could be a rectangle of paper folded to shape a tipi also. Glue the tipi on the background with sticks, black strips, or pipe cleaners sticking out from the top or glued down. Then glue the shapes on the tipi. Be sure to display their work somewhere.
 
Grandma has more activities for this book and more on the pioneers etc., she will try to finish this unit Friday or the early part of next week. She has Molly's Pilgrim with Ellis Island to do along with Urguaine before easter along with the rest about Jesus and Then she has a little on Russia, India before she covers Australia and South America along with the 1900's before the school year is over and she will start lessons for the summer. Please be patient, for we are doing real good.                 

Day 126

Posted on March 25, 2014 at 10:59 PM Comments comments (4)
 Good Morning folks! I hope life is treating you ok. Do your tasks; Childrobotics; Physical Education or health with dancing, or a type of sport activity; Do some music; language with ABC's, spelling, words, vocabulary, etc.; collect things on the animals; do writing and journals; weather; recipes; yearbooks; newspapers; any other necessary science you may have collections of.
Grandma has things on the native Americans for you and a book to read. Grandma hopes she get some things for you from Faith Alive tonight and cover the Calendar History. First link to Natives1; then to Natives 2; Link Native 3; Link Native 4; Link  Native 5; Link Native 6; Link Native 7; Link Native 8; and Link Native 9. Maybe you can find more to watch and learn by.
 
One Book to read is called The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses by Paul Gobel (Bradbury Press, 1978, 32 pp.)
As Grandma's Book (6) says, "A Native American girl who loves horses is lost among them during a terrible storm. The leader of the horses then invites the girl to live with them. When, in the end, the girl is one with the horses, it is clear that this lovely story is meant to underscore the Native American people's affinity with and awe of nature.
 
Before Reading The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses
  • Remind the children that Native Americans value having a very close relationship with nature. From the title of the book, can the children guess what aspect of nature this Native American story is about? Ask the class to tell how many of them have ever had the chance to ride a horse or to get close to a horse. What were their reactions to their experiences?
 
After Reading The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses
  • Have the (children) leaf through the book's illustrations to find symbols that they readily associate with Native Americans (e.g., arrows, feathers as hair ornaments, tipis, men with long, braided hair, etc.) What new information did the class learn about Native Americans from reading this book?
 
Follow-Up Activities
 
A Natural Mood
Have children raise their hands to indicate how many of them knew (before reading the book) that Native Americans feel close to nature? Ask the children ...to explain how they learned this information. Invite the children to comb through the book's illustrations to discover how many pictorial references to nature appear in the pages of the book (i.e., look for plants, animals and other natural elements pictured in the book.) List these on a chart pad. Have the children discuss why the author/illustrator would include elements in his pictures that he doesn't directly discuss in the book.
 
Labeling People
It is possible that you and your children will hear or see the term "Indian" used at times and other times "Native American". Research and find out why this is and where they originated from. These are considered labels and it is good to talk about them and see how the children feel about it and if anything can be different.
 Grandma will have more information tomorrow, for it did not work tonight for Grandma to cover all she wanted to.          

Day 121

Posted on March 18, 2014 at 11:09 PM Comments comments (18)
Good Morning, since I still can't seem to find more to say yet. Grandma will give you an art project to go along with the lesson on Lon Po Po book today. Do your tasks, Childrobotics, Physical Education of sports, dancing or health lessons, language, writing and assignments, yearbook, journal writing, family scrapbook, and the newspaper.


 
From our Calendar History Book-Book (1), the first birthday of March 19 is that of William Bradford, Pilgrim Father and governor of Plymouth Colony in 1590. Book (1) asks How old he would be today? and suggests making a giant card in the shape of a Pilgrim hat to celebrate his birthday. It also suggests a time line, but we already have one in our Home Education Program.



 Then on March 19 in 1860 William Jennings Bryan, American politician and three-time candidate for president, was born.



In 1891 on March 19 Earl Warren, 14th chief justice of the United States, was born.



In 1955 Bruce Willis, American actor, was born.




One event for the day of March 19 includes that of 721 BC in which the Babylonians became the First Civilization to Record a Lunar Eclipse.



Then in 1831 on March 19 The First Bank Robbery in the United States took place in New York. The thief stole $250,000.



March 19 is also Swallows Day. Book (1) talks about "Tracking migration patterns- Since 1776, thousands of swallows have returned to the San Juan Capistrano Mission in California each year on this date. Ornithologists believe that the amount of daylight, not the temperature, triggers the swallows to return from their winter homes in Central and South America. The humpback whale is another species that has a predictable migration. Ask your (children) to find and compare the distances of these two species' annual migrations." 
 
 
Reading and doing activities for Lon Po Po: A Red Riding Hood Tale from China Translated by Ed Young (Philomel Books, 1989, 32pp.) given in Grandma's book (6).
"The tale of Lon Po Po, the wolf, parallels the European tale of "Little Red Riding Hood." This Chinese version is believed to be more than a thousand years old. As translator and illustrator, Ed Young relied on a combination of ancient Chinese panel art and contemporary pastels and watercolors to create dramatic illustrations that successfully complement a powerful text.
 
Before Reading Lon Po Po
  • Ask how many of the children have ever heard the story of "Little Red Riding Hood." Ask the children briefly to recount the familiar tale, then tell the class that they are about to hear a Chinese version of the same tale. Ask the class to imagine how the story might be the same or different from the (European) version that they are probably familiar with.
 
After Reading Lon Po Po
  • Hold a brief discussion about how the two versions of "Red Riding Hood" were, in fact, the same, and how they differed. Invite students familiar with both versions to tell which version they liked better, and why.
 
Appreciating Vocabulary"
Reread the book and see if any of the words in the book confuse the children. Book (6) said "some of the words might be hemp, ginkgo, and "Hei yo." Challenge the children to guess at the words' meanings from context cues. Ask the children in class to discuss what words they would substitute for the culturally-inspired words in questions if they were retelling the story, in order to make themselves understood in their own culture. Ask the class to tell why they believe learning such vocabulary may help us to understand and appreciate other people and foreign cultures.
 
Story Comparison
To acquaint the entire class with the European version of "Little Red Riding Hood," share a book such as Little Red Riding Hood by Trina Schart Hyman (Holiday, 1983)." Then fill out the page given below.
"Translator/Illustrator Ed Young was born in Tientsin, China and grew up in Shanghai."
 
 
 
              
                   Lon Po Po                                                                   
       Little Red Riding Hood
  Where we meet
   the wolf
 
 
 
   What the characters
   call the Grandmother
 
 
 
 
   Where the mother is
    during the wolf's visit
    with the children
 
 
 
 
   Who saves the
           children
 
 
 
 
   What happens
    to the wolf
 
 
 
 
   How the story ends
 
 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                           
 
 
 
 
 
"Our Home is the Sea by Riki Levinson (E. P. Dutton, 1988, 32pp.)
 
As they follow a boy on his way from school to the houseboat where he lives, young readers are treated to a trip through the busy city streets of Hong Kong. But the boy is not as interested in the city hustle as he is in the sea which surrounds his Hong Kong home. His mother says he will grow up to be a teacher, but in his heart the boy knows that, like his father and grandfather before him, he will grow up to be a fisherman and his home will always be the sea.
 
Before Reading Our Home Is the Sea
  • Locate Hong Kong on a map. Point out that Hong Kong is comprised of a tiny island plus some coast land area located on mainland China. Tell the children that people who live so close to the sea have a close relationship with the water (i.e., the sea is an important part of their lives). Tell the children that this is the story of a boy who lives in Hong Kong. Write the new Chinese vocabulary words the children will encounter(appearing on the copyright page, located in the front of the book) on a chalkboard or chart pad. Tell the children to listen for the words, but do not yet disclose their meanings.
 
After Reading Our Home Is the Sea
  • Review the text to locate the new vocabulary presented in the book. Print the sentences on a chart pad. Cover each new word with an index card. Have children attempt to fill in the blank cards with an English synonym for the concealed Chinese word. This exercise encourages students to guess the words' meanings from context clues alone. Compare their guesses with the definitions presented in the book.
 
 
Follow-up Activities
 
Tali Chi Demonstration
Have (the children) look carefully at the illustration which depicts the old man "standing straight and still under a ginkgo tree." Inform the children that the man pictured is performing tali chi, an ancient Chinese form of exercise." To further acquaint the children with tali chi, link to this video on tali chi from Youtube.
 
"Sample Congee and Tea
In the story, the boy and his family dine on congee and tea. Make congee and tea for your (children). According to the glossary (appearing in the front of the book), congee is a thin rice soup.
 
   Congee Soup
1/2 cup rice
4 quarts water
1/4 pound dried shrimp or scallops (optional)
dash salt
Place ingredients together in a large pot. Bring to boil and simmer for three hours. Serves 8-10. Serve with Chinese tea, if desired."
 
"Hong Kong or My Home" Card Game
Provide each (child) with a copy of the table below-print extra if necessary. "Record these things found in the story: the sea, a tram, market, streets, amahs(nurses or maids), bird men, peacocks, a wharf, a sampan(a very small boat). Add to these items some items found only in the students' neighborhood (e.g., specific shops and businesses, landmarks, etc.), and other items found in both places (e.g., report cards, streets, street lights, apartment buildings, school buses, parks, etc.) After printing all the items in the boxes, glue the pages onto construction paper. Let dry and cut the boxes apart, thus creating playing cards. Place these cards face down on a table. Allow children to take turns choosing a card and placing that card under the column labeled "Found in Hong Kong" or the column labeled "Found in _______(the children's home place)." Items found in both places should be placed in the column labeled "Found in Hong Kong and in______(the Children's home place)." Each (child) should attempt to be the first to fill his or her entire activity sheet with cards.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
                     Found in
                    
 
                  Hong Kong
 
 
                 Found in
 
__________________________
       Student's home place
        Found in Hong Kong
                     and in
 
____________________________
          Student's home place