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Grandma's Place A Natural Learning Center

Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center

Is The Best Place for Learning


More of Calendar History for Summer August

Posted on October 2, 2014 at 3:37 PM Comments comments (64)
I read more of the blogs posted in, thanks for the added information. I found out many comments were placed in spam because they were articles to sell. Grandma is going to check them out she may be able to use some things if people want to cooperate with her. I am sorry! Grandma cannot wait until she gets to tell you more on real estate and decorating. Some very simple messages. I really did like the one on the sofa fitting. Grandma has a hard time deciding to move her sofa forward closer to the fireplace, giving space behind where a table is usually put. My decorating is not fancy and many times I make due. I have learned many little tricks on a small budget and some very nice things to do. However, I must save everything till I can finish this goal first. Keep blogging, it makes my heart very strong.

Our next calendar day from Book (1) is August 11 with the following Birthdays:

August 11, 1778 Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, German teacher
who invented gymnastics, was born.

Book (1) has an activity for this it is called "Early phys ed-Tell your (children) that Friedrich Ludwig Jahn wrote books about the importance of physical education and developed rudimentary versions of today's gymnastics equipment. Are there any gymnasts in your (home)? Ask your (children) to list the kinds of physical activities they do. (My doctors say swimming is one of the best-especially for me, Grandma,  with Osteoarthritis in the knees and bending as well as walking has become a real problem.)"

August 11, 1865 Gifford Pinchot, American politician,
author, and conservationist, was born.

August 11, 1908 Don Freeman, children's author and creator of Corduroy,
was born.

Book (1) says in "Corduroy corner-To celebrate Don Freeman's birthday, gather copies of his works for a special book corner. Titles might include Corduroy, A Pocket for Corduroy, and Dandelion. You might also invite the children to bring (out their favorite stuffed bear-or other animal-- and tell why it means so much to them. (Grandma used to believe it would be fun to have the children make a little zoo or corner for all the different animals in our world.)"

August 11, 1921 Alex Haley, American author who wrote
Roots and coauthored The Autobiography of Malcolm X, was born.

August 11, 1941 Steven Kroll, children's author, was born.

August 11, 1944 Joanna Cole, children's author, was born.

August 11, 1953 Hulk Hogan, American wrestler, was born.

Now we will cover the Events for August 11:

August 11, 1841 Former slave Frederick Douglass spoke at his
first antislavery conference.

Book (1) tells us in "Civil War dialogue-During the Civil War, Frederick Douglass tried to rally blacks to fight against the South and helped organize two black regiments for this purpose. Douglass also met with President Lincoln several times to discuss the problems of slavery. Ask your (children) to work conduct some background research about the life of Frederick Douglass, President Lincoln's stance on slavery, and conditions in the United States during the Civil War. Have the (children) speculate about some of the things Douglass and Lincoln might have spoken about. Then have (them use (their) research to create a dialogue that might have occurred between the two. (Have the children role play out the conversation between the two men.)"

August 11, 1877 The First Satellite of the Planet Mars was
discovered by Asaph Hall, director of the U.S. Naval Observatory.

August 11, 1972 The Last U.S. Combat Troops left Vietnam.

August 11, 1984 Carl Lewis Won His Forth Gold Medal at the
Olympic Games in Los Angeles.

The Perseids Meteor Shower also Peaks on August 11.

Our Next day is August 12 with the Birthdays as follows:

August 12, 1774 Robert Southey, English poet who popularized
the fairy tale The Three Bears, was born.

Book (1) has an activity for Southey's birthday called "Telling different tales-In honor of Robert Southey's birthday, collect several different editions of The Three Bears. Read one edition aloud, then ...(have the children) read the other editions of this fairy tale, noting the similarities and differences among them. (The children) can then vote for the edition they think has the best illustrations, the best vocabulary, the best character delineation, or any other categories they decide on." (Considering we are falling into a lot about Bears with Theodore's Bear included, Grandma has decided when you get to the Fall lessons of the Settlers it would be a good time to gather all the different bears together out there and make  lessons including this one with that of Kings and Queens, Renaissance, forests, fairy tales, other animals and animals of the forest, Halloween, Day of the Dead, or Harvest stories (one such being is The Wizard of OZ), along the line of the Fall time, etc. Then tying it into Canada, Antarctica, Alaska and the winter season along with the explorers, the United States Revolution, etc. It almost becomes a year round study with everything and ends in February, March, or April when we move into the later 1900's. 
As you recall if you do Grandma blogged sometime back which you can find on her block search about Theodore Roosevelt not wanting to shoot a baby bear. Grandma looked it up tonight on the computer and one web said he was hunting with the Governor of Missouri in Missouri and the people in the party had tied up a bear for Theodore to shoot since he was known so well for his hunting skills and he thought it was inhumane and would not shoot the bear, which seems good to me. The papers wrote it up and someone developed the first "Teddy Bear"  naming it after Theodore Roosevelt.
A last little note here, is that this kind of teaching is called web learning where a teacher starts with a subject as Bears in an oval on a piece of paper and forms other bubbles or ovals around that it connects to and then those bubbles are connected together. It all goes into a unit. Grandma has a Bear Unit in Book (57) she just remembers that she will give to you later in another blog. This is just the way Grandma's mind Naturally works. Grandma would so much like to have a school here to share her materials as the books with. Grandma saves all kinds of recycled  items to do things with. She just has not figured out a way to get people here.Her family does not understand at all.) 

August 12, 1781 Robert Mills, American architect and 
designer of the Washington Monument, was born.

August 12, 1859 Katherine Lee Bates, American author 
who wrote the words to "America the Beautiful", was born.

August 12, 1880 Christy Mathewson, baseball star who
 became one of the first five players inducted into the 
Hall of Fame, was born.

August 12, 1955 Ann Martin, children's author and 
creator of the Baby-sitters Club series, was born.

Book (1) says in "Book ideas-Tell your (children) that Ann Martin, author of the Baby-sitters Club books, draws on her own childhood experiences in many of her books. Martin says she remembers what it felt like being a kid, and she tries to put those feelings into her books. Ask your (children) to recall a happy, sad, frightening, confusing, or thought-provoking experience they've had during the previous year, and to write a paragraph about it. Send these paragraphs to the author as suggestions for future Baby-sitters Club books."
(Grandma noticed one day how her mother wrote little notepad book she keeps all the time. When she fills one up she gets another. It is a good way to keep record of phone calls made, things that happened that day, bills to pay, and remember things. It keeps it all in one little record. A lot of people do it on a calendar. Grandma's days sometimes have just been so busy having to handle things, run in the car, and various other items in which I may not have recorded as well as reaching the true feelings about them. I did find one notebook I had business cards and other things I kept record of. I am getting ready to do a story or autobiography with my pictures-the sons have stated they have no interest in such things but maybe some of the grandchildren, or great-grandchildren will appreciate it. Grandma is learning to reach into her feeling bag of expression a little better. Maybe it will all come together soon enough. The use of your Family books, Yearbooks, and Newspapers keeps some record for you also.)

Grandma is moving on into the Events of August 12:

August 12, 1658 The First Police Force in America was 
established in New Amsterdam, now New York City.

Book (1) talks about it in "Community protectors-To mark the establishment of the first American police force, have a (family) discussion about how police, firefighters, and paramedics help protect us. Then write a ...thank-you letter to local units of each of these groups." (This is a good lesson to tie to the beginnings of the year on our safety learning and also the happening of 9-11, which is absolutely a puzzle.)

August 12, 1676 Metacomet (Philip), chief of the Wampanoag 
Indians, was killed, effectively ending King Philip's War, a bitter 
conflict between New England settlers and the Wampanoag tribe.

August 12, 1851 Isaac Singer began production of his Sewing Machine.

August 12, 1877 Thomas Edison invented the Phonograph.

August 12, 1936 Marjorie Gestring, age 13, became the 
Youngest Person to Win an Olympic Gold Medal in 
springboard diving.

Next is August 13th with the following birthdays:

August 13, 1818 Lucy Stone, American women's rights leader, was born.

August 13, 1860 Annie Oakley, American markswoman, was born.

Book (1) writes "Sharpest shooter-As a young girl, Annie Oakley showed a tremendous talent for marksmanship, beating a national rifle champion in a shooting match. She could hit a coin thrown into the air or the thin edge of a playing card at 30 paces. Her skill earned her the nickname "Little Sure Shot." Have your (children) think about their special talents. What nicknames might they give themselves? Have them use these nicknames as the basis of a self-portrait."

August 13, 1895 Bert Lanr, American actor who played the
 Cowardly Lion in The Wizard of OZ, was born.

Book (1) writes "Of cowards and courage-Your (children) are probably familiar with Bert Lahr's portrayal of the Cowardly Lion from The Wizard of Oz.Ask the children to discuss what it means to be a coward. Why is it strange to see a lion act cowardly? Can they think of ways to help someone feel less afraid?Have the kids each write a paragraph telling what they do to feel less afraid in difficult situations."

August 13, 1899 Alfred Hitchcock, English filmmaker, was born.

August 13, 1927 Fidel Castro, premier of Cuba, was born.

Now we move onto the Events:

August 13, 1521 Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortez 
captured the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan, the site of 
present-day Mexico City.

August 13, 1870 Before starting down the Colorado River
 into the Grand Canyon, explorer John Wesley Powell wrote,
 "We are now ready to start on our way down the Great Unknown...."

August 13, 1889 William Gray patented the Pay Telephone.

August 13, 1961 East Germany Closed the Border Between
 East and West Berlin.

August 13, 1969 President Richard Nixon bestowed the
 Medal of Freedom on Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong, 
Edwin Aldrin, and Michael Collins after their historic landing on the moon.

August 13 is also International Left-Handers Day in which Book (1) writes "Looking at lefties-On International Left-Handers Day, survey your (children) to see how many of them are southpaws. Have these (children) share the benefits and drawbacks of being left-handed with (you). Then encourage (those children) who are right-handed to use their left hands to perform some everyday tasks--sharpening their pencils, writing, turning a light switch off and on, opening a jar, and so on. Have lefties try these tasks with their right hands." 

August 14th begins with the following birthdays:

August 14, 1777 Hans Christian Oersted, danish chemist 
and physicist who discovered the principle of electromagnetism, was born.

Book(1) writes "Magnetic attraction-Danish physicist and chemist Hans Christian Oersted discovered that an electrical current produces a magnetic field. On his birthday, demonstrate this principle to your (children). You'll need the following materials: a 2-foot-long piece of insulated wire with the ends stripped; a 2-inch nail; a D cell battery; and some metal paper clips. Spread the paper clips on a table. Ask your (children) to test whether the battery, the nail, or the wire by themselves will attract the paper clips. (They won't.) Next, coil the wire tightly around the nail, leaving 2 inches of wire free at each end. Then press the stripped ends of the wire against the top and bottom of the battery. Now have your (children) test whether the paper clips will be attracted. (They will.) Tell your students that they've just created an electromagnet."

August 14, 1918 Alice Provensen, children's author, was born.

August 14, 1959 Earvin "Magic" Johnson, American basketball
 player, was born.

Next will be given the Events for August 14:

August 14, 1511 Michelangelo's Paintings On the Sistine 
Chapel Ceiling were first exhibited.

August 14, 1784 The First Russian Colony in Alaska was 
founded at Three Saints Bay on Kodiak Island.

August 14, 1894 Angry at being fired, Jerry Murphy, the 
city jailer at Leavenworth, Kan., unlocked the prison 
doors and Released all the Prisoners.

August 14, 1919 A U.S Aeromarine flying boat dropped a 
bag of mail on the deck of the liner Adriatic. 
This was the First Airmail Delivery at Sea.

August 14, 1935 President Franklin Roosevelt signed the 
Social Security Act, creating the nation's first system of 
retirement income.

August 14, 1945 Japan Surrendered, ending World War II.

August 14, 1976 To raise money for the Monticello, N.Y., 
Community General Hospital, two teams began a 
Marathon Softball Game.

An activity given in Book (1) is called "Can you spell "fund-raiser"?-The softball marathon played in Monticello, N.Y., in 1976 lasted from 10:00 a.m. on Aug. 14 to 4 p.m. the following day. The 365-inning game, which ended in a score of 492-467, raised $4,000 for a local hospital. Why not organize a fund-raiser for your (church or something in your community.) Your (children) can solicit pledges for a marathon spelling test. Sponsors can donate a penny per word. Have the children decide how to use the money--.... Include words from all of your (children's) textbooks on the test. Start in the morning and continue until lunch (if feasible). ... . The (children) could earn one penny for each correctly spelled word."

August 14, 1985 Japan launched Spacecraft-Planet A on a 
Mission to Halley's Comet.

Our next day to dip into is August 15 starting with the Birthdays:

August 15, 1769 Napoleon Bonaparte, emperor of the French, was born.

August 15, 1915 Turkle Brinton, children's author, was born.

August 15, 1922 Leonard Baskin, children's illustrator, was born.

The Events for this day are as follows:

August 15, 1057 Macbeth, the king of Scotland, was murdered 
by Malcolm III, the son of King Duncan.

August 15, 1914 The SS Ancon became the First Ship to Travel 
Through the Panama Canal.

August 15, 1943 Sergeant Edward Dzuba received the Legion of 
Merit for his Recipes for Using Leftovers.

Book (1) says in "Lots of leftovers-Challenge your (children) to come up with zany uses for common leftovers. For instance, leftover mashed potatoes could be used to patch roads, Leftover pudding might make great finger paint. Compile (the children's) suggestions in a titled "Fresh Uses for Leftovers."

August 15, 1947 Great Britain granted independence to India.

August 15, 1948 The Republic of Korea was proclaimed.

August 15, 1963 A total of 2,600 books were selected as 
the nucleus for an official White House Library.

Book (1) says in "Personal library plans-If your (children) could select 10 books for their own libraries, which titles would they pick? Have them each make a list, then group the books into genres. What's the most popular genre among your (children)? Combine (their) lists and post as a reading reference for the kids. Have (them) design bookplates for books that are added to the (your) library."

August 15, 1969 The Woodstock Music and Arts Fair opened in 
upstate New York.

August 15, 1970 Pat Palinkas of the Orlando Panthers became the 
First Woman to Play in a Professional Football Game.

August 15, 1985 South African President P.W. Botha publicly 
rejected Western pleas to abolish apartheid.

August 15 is also National Relaxation Day so Book (1) says in "Just relax-Ask your (children) to describe what they like to do for relaxation. Their responses might include sedentary activities, such as reading or watching television, as well as more active pursuits, such as playing a sport or taking a walk. Afterward, discuss why it isn't always necessary to "take it easy" in order to relax."

The next day is August 16 with the following Birthdays:

August 16, 1845 Gabriel Lippman, French physicist and 
inventor of color photography, was born.

August 16, 1917 Matt Christopher, children's author, was born

Book (1) writes "Favorite games-Most of Matt Christopher's books for children are on sports topics. When Christopher was growing up, his favorite sport was baseball. Despite a lack of equipment, he and his friends played the game in his backyard, which was cement. The boys used broken broom handles and tennis balls instead of bats and baseballs. They used flat rocks to mark the bases. Ask your (children) if they've ever improvised in order to play a favorite game. Then have them interview their parents about favorite games they played as children. Have the kids share their information with the class."

Next are the Events for August 16:

August 16, 1858 Queen Victoria of England and President 
James Buchanan of the United States exchanged greetings 
by means of the New Transatlantic Cable.

August 16, 1861 The federal government Prohibited Trade 
between the States of the Union and the Confederacy.

August 16, 1916 The United States and Canada signed 
a Treaty to Protect Migratory Birds.

Book (1) says in "Birds of a feather-Tell Your (children) that the Arctic tern is the champion migratory bird. This bird travels from one pole to the other, making a round-trip flight of over 20,000 miles. Divide the class into teams, and have each team learn about the migratory pattern of a different bird, such as ducks, geese, and swallows. Compare the number of miles traveled by each species on a class chart."

August 16, 1920 Baseball player Roy Chapman was hit 
in the Head by a Pitched Ball and died the following day.
 He was the only professional ballplayer to die in that manner.

Book (1) points out for Safety Lessens "Sports safety-Do your (children) think sports are safer today than in 1920, when Roy Chapman was fatally injured in a baseball game? List several sports--baseball, football, hockey, soccer--on... . For each sport, have (the children) identify the equipment and rules that help protect players from injury. (There has been some specials on TV concerning the injuries children are getting from playing ball games and if they helmets should be redone.) Have any of your (children) ever been injured playing sports? Ask them to share their experiences. Then ask (them) to suggest a type of equipment, rule change, or other strategy that might have prevented the injury. Afterward, invite a team coach or physical education instructor to discuss sports safety with your (children)."

August 16, 1977 Rock-and roll idol Elvis Presley Died.

The next day of study is August 17 with the following Birthdays:

August 17, 1786 Davy Crockett, American frontiersman, 
soldier, and politician, was born.

Book (1) writes about it in "American folk hero-Frontiersman, scout, soldier, and politician, Davy Crockett was among the more colorful figures of his day. Have your (children) conduct background research about Crockett's life, then prepare a time line showing his varied adventures. What important events in U.S history occurred during Crockett's lifetime? Have students list these events on the time line. (You could either make a raccoon hat or a log cabin or both on a poster or cut them out to paste little papers on. Else list them on a study paper or note cards if space is limited. You can even add them in with your other line papers to hang up.)"

August 17, 1926 Myra Cohn Livingston, children's poet, was born.

Book (1) writes about it in "Enlightening poetry-Read aloud to your (children) from Myra Cohn Livingston's Light and Shadow. Ask the kids to list the places Livingston finds light--a toll bridge, the waves, a sign in a store window. Where does she discover shadows? (In the forest, leaning against a door, across stone walls.) Have (the children) list other places or where they'd find light and shadow. Have them write their own poems about light and shadow on sheets of white construction paper, then mount the sheets on black construction paper. Display their work... ." (Grandma has always felt there should be lessons about shadows, and it can also be tied to studies and experiments about the sun and the moon. Grandma has a game the children can play in which they hide behind a sheet curtain with a light shone on it in a dark room and do different things with their hands and selves for others to guess what or who they are. Another thing they do with children is to shine a light on a dark wall with the shape of their faces showing on a piece of paper taped on it to show their profiles to be drawn out and placed on background paper. You may see if you can do anything in this direction."

August 17,  1943 Robert DeNiro, American actor, was born.

Now for the Events of that day, August 17:

August 17, 1788 The town of Cincinnati (originally named 
Losantville) was founded.

Book (1) gives this activity of "City mapping-Have your (children) find Cincinnati on a map of Ohio. In what part of the state is it located? Which geographic features might have influenced the city's location?"

August 17, 1807 Robert Fulton's steamboat, the Clermont
made its first run up the Hudson River from New York to Albany.

August 17, 1877 American astronomer Asaph Hall sighted 
the second satellite of the planet Mars, naming it Phobos.

August 17, 1896 George Carmack Discovered Gold in 
Klondike Creek in the Yukon Territory of Canada. 

August 17, 1933 New York Yankee Lou Gehrig Broke the
 Record for Most Consecutive Baseball Games Played
 when he appeared in his 1,308th straight game. Gehrig
 eventually stretched his record to 2,130 games.

Book (1) presents "Record setters-How many times in a row can your (children) do something? Have the kids each keep track of the number of consecutive days they complete their homework. Who's the record setter in your (home)?

August 17, 1978 Three American balloonists completed the First Successful Transatlantic Balloon Flight, landing their craft, the Double Eagle, near Paris. They also set an endurance record of 138 hours, 6 minutes in the air.

The next day to use from Book (1) is August 18 with the following Birthdays:

August 18, 1587 Virginia Dare, the first English child born 
in America, was born.

August 18, 1774 Meriwether Lewis, American explorer and 
coleader of the Lewis and Clark expedition, was born.

August 18, 1934 Roberto Clemente, Puerto Rican baseball player, was born.

Book (1) says in "One of baseball's best-In honor of Roberto Clemente's birthday, invite your (children) to bring in their baseball cards. Does anyone have a Roberto Clemente card? If so, have that child share Clemente's statistics with (you). If not, encourage (the children) to use a sports almanac to find out about Clemente's career accomplishments. Then let the kids make a postersized Roberto Clemente baseball card."

August 18, 1937 Robert Redford, American actor, was born. 

August 18, 1944 Paula Danziger, children's author, was born.

August 18, 1954 Patrick Swayze, American actor, was born.

That is it for the birthdays now we will look at the Events for August 18:

August 18, 1856 Gail Borden patented the First Successful 
Milk-Condensing Process.

August 18, 1873 John Lucas, Charles Begole, and A.H.
 Johnson became the First Climbers to Reach the Top of 
Mt. Whitney, the highest peak in the contiguous United States.

Book (1) writes in "Mountains of information-To commemorate the first successful climb of California's highest peak, divide the rest of the states among your (children). Have the kids find out the highest points in their states, their elevations, and if applicaable, when they were first scaled and by whom, then write this information on slips of paper. Make sure the children sign their names on the slips they do. Collect the slips and hold a ..."mountain bee" by reading aloud the information and having the kids guess which sate the high point is in. Afterward, have your (children) record their facts on mountain-shaped sheets of construction paper scaled according to height. Arrange their work on (a wall or poster board) to resemble a mountain range, then label the display "Mountains of Information." (If you do not have a big enough basement or somekind of a wall or have a bulletin board because a poster board I do not feel will be big enough; Grandma feels you could collect them together to form a book or put in a folder (for a book would be the nicest))."

August 18, 1902 Major League Baseball's First Unassisted 
Triple Play was made by Henry O'Hagen.

August 18, 1914 President Woodrow Wilson issued his 
"Proclamation of Neutrality," aimed at keeping the 
United States out of World War I.

August 18, 1919 The Anti-Cigarette League of America was organized.

Book (1) writes "Thumbs down for cigarettes-To mark the anniversary of the founding of the Anti-Cigarette League,have each (child) choose one of the many good reasons not to smoke, think of an appropriate slogan, and create a poster."

August 18, Gerald Ford was Nominated for President on 
the first ballot at the Republican National Convention in 
Kansas City, Mo.

Next day is August 19 with the following Birthdays in the beginning:

August 19, 1646 John Flamsteed, English astronomer, was born.

Book (1) writes about him in "Star man-John Flamsteed, who served as England's first Astronomer Royal, cataloged about 3,000 stars. Challenge (your children) to list as many stars as they can think of --along with the constellations the stars are in, if the (children) know--in 5 minutes. Award one point for each correct star and one point for each correct constellation. ...(Award them with their hard work.)"

August 19, 1871 Orville Wright, American aviation pioneer
 and (coinventer) of the airplane, was born.

August 19, 1902 Ogden Nash, American poet known for
 his humorous verse, was born.

Book (1) writes in "Animal poetry-Celebrate Ogden Nash's birthday by reading aloud his portraits of animals--for example, "The Sea Gull" or "the Turtle." Then have your (children) develop comic-strip versions of the poems or follow Nash's rhyme schemes to develop their own humorous animal poems."

August 19, 1931 Willie Shoemaker, American jockey, was born.

August 19, 1938 Vicki Cobb, children's author, was born.

August 19, Bill Clinton, 42nd president of the United States, was born.

Now for August 19th Events:

August 19, 1692 Six residents of Salem, Mass., were executed 
after being Accused of Practicing Witchcraft.

August 19, 1775 A Horde of Earwigs infested houses and 
gardens in Stroud, England. Residents fled to the surrounding 

Book (1) writies "Insect invasion-Show your (children) illustrations or photographs of earwigs. These insects have short, borny forewings, a pair of forceps at the end of the abdomen, and biting mouthparts. Then ask the kids to work develop a horror play titled "Invasion of the Earwigs" or a mock front page for a Stroud newspaper story on the insect invasion."

August 19, 1812 The U.S. frigate Constitution won the nickname 
"Old Ironsides" by defeating the British frigate Guerriere in a War 
of 1812 battle.

August 19, 1971 The Nature Conservancy and the U.S. Forest 
Service announced plans to save the 50 to 60 California 
Condors left in the wild.

August 19, 1991 A group of Communist hardliners led by the 
vice president, defense minister, interior minister, and head 
of the KGB attempted a Coup in the Soviet Union, detaining 
President Mikhail Gorbachev in his dacha in the Crimea and 
dispatching tanks to secure the streets of Moscow.

August 19 is also known as National Aviation Day.

Now for the beginning of August 20th with the Birthdays:

August 20, 1785 Oliver Hazard Perry, U.S. naval officer 
and hero of the War of 1812, was born.

August 20, 1946 Connie Chung, American TV reporter 
and anchor, was born.

Now for the Events of August 20th:

August 20, 1741 Alaska was Discovered by the Danish 
explorer Vitus Bering.

Book (1) writes "Close continents-Vitus Bering was commissioned by Russia to find out whether Asia and North America were connected. When he sailed through the Bering Straight on his first voyage, dense fog obscured his view, and Bering didn't realize how close he was to the North American continent. On his second voyage, in 1741, he spotted Alaska. Have your students locate the Bering Strait on a map and use the map scale to determine the distance separating Asia and North America at the closest point."

August 20, 1857 After being harpooned by the crew of the 
whaling ship Ann Alexander, a Whale Attacked and 
destroyed the vessel.

Book (1) writes about these "Whaling woes-Tell your (children) that during the period the Ann Alexander sailed, whales were hunted primarily for their blubber (a thick layer of fat beneath the skin), which was used to make oil. The oil was used as lamp fuel before the invention of kerosene. List several whale species ... .--for example, blue, finback, right, humpback, and sperm. Have (the children) each investigate the status of one of these species. (All the whales listed above are endangered.) Ask (the children) to draw and color a picture of (different) whales, then attach a paragraph describing (their) size, ... feeding habits, and where (they) can be found."

August 20, 1912 The Plant Quarantine Act went into effect, 
placing restrictions on the entry of plants into the United States.

August 20, 1934 The Comic Strip"Li'l Abner" first appeared.

August 20, 1940 Winston Churchill paid Tribute to the 
Royal Air Force by saying, "Never in the field of Human 
conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."

August 20, 1968 James McAdam, Jr., snagged the 
Largest Sea Bass on Record--563 pounds.

Book (1) says in "A large mass of bass-Can your (children) imagine how huge a 563-pound fish is? To help them visualize this big bass, ask each child how much he or she weighs. Add the weights together until the total reaches (around) 563 pounds. How many children is that?"

August 20, 1977 The unmanned spacecraft Voyager 2 
was launched. Its destinations were Jupiter, Saturn, 
Uranus, and Neptune.

August 20, 1985 The original Xerox Copy Machine was donated to the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History.

Book (1) writes "Museum-quality pieces?-Ask your (children) whether they think the first Xerox copy machine deserves a place in the Smithsonian. Why or why not? What kinds of items do they think will be in the Smithsonian 100 years from now? Make a ... list."

(Grandma will finish the rest of August Calendar History very soon.)

Summer Introduction

Posted on July 13, 2014 at 1:17 AM Comments comments (42)
Dear Folks:
     Here are the beginning of the summer lessons I promised you. I am sorry it has taken me so long to get them started. I am having my share of problems this summer. Grandma is at the point she felt you better be told straight that she feels the public schools would have been better to have left the classes running later into June and start after Labor Day. She feels these kinds of things are easier on the children. That it does not make sense and makes things stressful. She also feels it is easier on the parents. Therefore, she is going to be giving her lessons in that pattern. We will run these summer classes till the 1st of September and she will make sure her winter or fall classes start that way or do.
She will also still be giving you her books and finish Patricia Gallagher's helpful hints. I will also have an additional topic of etiquette to cover this summer also. I want to give more ideas on real estate and decorating also. I will also give the rest of the calendar history and famous people (7 to 8 days at a time). I hope you have started to review or started before July the American History, at least the revolution by starting the time line again, for the 4th of July. Else you may want to start it now.
I will be on vacation in August so you may not be able to reach Grandma during that time. I am sorry.
Grandma is also trying to get into more products. As I mentioned before I am always open for suggestions. I hope to get some more things going.
Learning for the summer should evolve around the Earth elements of Water, Air, and Land. Be sure to involve words, letters(for younger children), math with objects, crosswords, mazes, etc.Involve reading and researching, writing, art, and physical activity. Explain the elements of the Earth to the children and what can be in each. Then learn about each as the Air: What it is made of and what is effecting it right now as pollutants or bad chemicals. Learn how it effects our land and ourselves. Cover the same with the Land. Learn how it all effects the Land. Work into the plants and animals of the land including the insects and plants. Talk about what is in it. Talk about what is happening to our insects. Research about Monsanto, GMO;s pollutants, and organic planting. Flowers and other plants, forests, etc. Then learn about the water, animals and plants in it also. Learn about safety in the water, in our homes, and out and about.
Review the history through the time line and collect the rest Grandma will be providing. Decorate a room and learn measurements. Cooking teaches a lot.
Learn how to start sewing by first learning the tools used, materials, and parts of the machine. Practice by sewing two strips of material together.
Learn how to do rag rugs, sew pot holders together, aprons, curtains, pillow cases, quilts, doll clothes, covers for tables, and bibs.
Plant plants if you do not have a garden already. Plant seeds in pots. Beans and cantaloupe grow fast and work well for starters.
Have fun and enjoy what there is for summer. Grandma will try to give all she can. Must go for tonight. I will give more tomorrow night.

Day 161

Posted on May 19, 2014 at 5:51 PM Comments comments (8)
The first Impressionist picture of Mary Cassatt for learning as explained in the Calendar History at the bottom of the blog.Good Morning! Grandma is going to be very busy the next few days giving you materials to finish lessons with. To begin with Grandma will give you the rest of Little House on the Prairie and move into The Gift of the Sacred Dog, Three Names, and Stone Fox from the Geography book. Then Grandma will give you some on South America and finish the Bible. She will also give you the months September, October, November, December for 1800's and 1900's. Then January and February for the 1900's. She will fit in 6 experiments for each of the days. This will all be given by the end of the week if I have no more disasters.
The first exercise sheet to be done for Little House on the Prairie from Grandma's book (185) is called Medal of Honor. It has a medal on a ribbon formed in a square holding these fill in sentences. It says "There are many heroes in this story. Tell who does each brave thing below by writing Ma, Pa, Laura, or Jack in the blank." It has pictures of them under the ribbon square. They are also suppose to write about what Mr. Edwards does that is brave.
                       1.______________________leads the ponies across the creek.
                       2. _____________________drives the wagon across the creek.
                       3. ______________________almost drowns, but finds the family.
                       4. ______________________puts out the fire in the chimney.
                       5. ______________________pulls Mary and Baby Carrie away from the fire.
                       6. ______________________saves Mr. Scott's life.
                       7. ______________________gets water for Mary when she is very sick.
The next exercise activity is called Pioneer Words. It says, "Complete each sentence by filling in the (crossword) puzzle with items that were used by the pioneers. The words in the log (Grandma has at the top of this page) might help you. (The Crossword puzzle is placed in a log house.)
                  panniken                            sills                            bedstead
          petticoat                   latch                       pegs                           windlass
2. (8 letters) Pa builds a ____where
   he and Ma sleep.
5. (5 letters starting at the third letter of
    3 down and goes through 1 down on the
    fourth letter) Pa makes a _____to keep
    the door closed.
6. (8 letters and starts down further under
    the 2nd question the 5 letter of 4 down,
    that starts 1 square space below the
    line of 2 across. 6 also goes through
    the 8th letter of 1 down. It is also
    running past 3 down 1 square space
    above it.) Pa lowers buckets into the
    well on a _______.
7. (4 letters long running through the
     seventh letter of 4 down.) Instead
     of nails, Pa uses wooden ______.
1. (Starts a square above 2 across and
     goes 6th letter of word 2. It is nine
     letters long and goes through 5 across
     on 5's 3rd letter as well as 6's 6th
     letter.) Laura wears a _____ under her
3. (Starts on the 4th letter of 2 and goes
     through the first letter of 5 across. It is
     5 letters long.) Pa starts building the
     house with two big logs called ______.
4. (Starts a square space below the 2nd
     letter of 2 across. Its 5th letter goes
     through 6 across on 6's 2nd letter.
     4 down is 8 letters long.) Ma keeps
     soap in a wooden box called a ______.
It asks, "What does Ma use to iron the girls' dresses?"_____________________________________
The next exercise page is called Animals of the Prairie. Laura and Mary love to watch the animals
that live on the prairie. Label each animal that the girls see. Choose from the names in the box."
(Grandma gives them at the top of this page. Below the words are pictures of the animals they have
seen. Maybe the children can take the words given to them and draw pictures of each one.)
                  mustang                    gophers                      wolf
     jack rabbit                    fawn                      panther
"What bird says good-bye to Laura and her family when they leave the prairie?
The Next exercise page is called Happy Times. The page has a picture of a milking cow kicking Pa.
The next picture on the other side of the page halfway down shows the family watching and Pa playing fiddle to someone dancing. The last picture back to the left side in the bottom corner is of a silver cup, tow cookies, jelly beans, and candy canes. The children are to tell about the happy things that happened to Laura and her family on the prairie.
The last exercise page in Grandma's book (185) is called a Daily Journal. The children are to pretend they are crossing the prairie, like Laura, in a covered wagon. They are to write a page in their journal, telling about what happens in a day either from the book or a made-up event of their own.
It also says to write why Laura feels sad to leave the little house, but she is also excited.
Book (185) has some Art Activities called Homemade Fun. It says, "The only toys pioneer children had to play with were toys they made themselves, like Laura's and Mary's rag dolls. In keeping with the spirit of long ago, invite students to make their own toys, too, (as a rag doll).
"Homemade Yo-Yo...
You Need: empty thread spools; medium-sized pieces of string, 2 1/2 feet long; lids from cottage-cheese or yogurt containers."
  1. For each yo-yo use a spool, a piece of string, and two lids.
  2. Show how to thread one end of the string through the spool and then to tie it to the string.
  3. Wrap the string once around the spool and tie it tightly in the same place where they made the first knot.
  4. Tie a loop for their fingers in the other end of the string. Then wrap the rest of the string around the spool.
  5. Decorate the two lids the way they want them with markers, glued pieces of paper, shapes, characters, stickers, etc. Then glue the two lids to the ends of the spools.
"Button-and-String Game. Challenge (the children) to see how long they can make their buttons spin.
You need: large two-holed buttons; string
  1. Give each (child) a string, about 30 inches long, and a button.
  2. Tell (the children) to thread one end of the string through one hole of the button, and the other end through the other button hole. Then tie the ends together.
  3. Show the (children) how to play the button-and-string game. Put your fingers through the string so that it is taut with the button in the middle. Wind up the string by swinging it toward you in a circular motion about 25 times. When you pull your hands apart, the button will spin on the twisted string. Move your hands in and out with the rhythm of the twisting string to keep the button spinning.
Button-in-the-Cup The following homemade toy will challenge (the children) hand-eye coordination.
You Need: string; wooden clothespins; buttons; tacks; egg cartons; paints and brushes
  1. Cut the egg cartons into separate cups. Give each (child) one egg-carton cup, one clothespin, one button, and one piece of string, about 12 inches long.
  2. Show students how to tie one end of the string around the top of the clothespin.
  3. Have (the children) thread the other end of the string through the button hole and tie a knot.
  4. Let (the children) paint their egg-carton cups. When the cups are dry, help each (child) tack the bottom of the cup to the top of the clothespin.
  5. Show the (children) how to play the game. Holding the clothespin, swing the button and try to catch it in the egg-carton cup."
The next page of activities in Grandma's book is for Cooperative Learning Activities working as groups. Grandma is going to give it  a little twist. One thing this page points out is how hard it was for the natives and the pioneers to communicate. Many men were as stubborn as some men are today. There was a scene in the book upon which a Native had killed a panther and he was trying to explain to Pa how he had shot it from sitting in a tree the night before. The Native and Pa had to do a lot of sign language and acting to convey the message to each other. Book (185) want the children to act out a message much in the same way. In order to be true have them write it on a card and turn it upside down on a table near them. Then they are to act out the message and see if the rest of the audience can get the message. Much like charades.
Next For the first part, Grandma wants the children to think of some ways they can trade off work with others around them, have contact with, or know. They are also to think of areas they have trouble learning and find others that can help them with that work. This will probably take some initiative from the children to talk to others the same as Pa did to trade work with Mr. Edwards and Mr. Scott. Many things like building a barn and having a barn building day were done the same way. Branding and haying are still done today much the same way. Somethings just take more than one person. The village my husband was from did much of this for the yearly festival in December, they share one tractor among them and help others in many ways. When we were there for a couple of days a woman had a heart attack and the village arranged for us to take her to the hospital. The people were all grateful and all participated to carry her to the car.
The next page is a Graph Activity/Curriculum Connections page called Have a Nice Day
(Grandma plans most of what she does in this same way or sets up schedules for herself even if they never turn out the same. It helps her regulate her goals.) Talk about the ways you and your children spend their days. Write down the amount of time spent at each task, lesson, activity, whatever, it is you do in the day. Knowing there are 24 hours in the day try to think how you spend each hour of that day doing; be sure to include sleep; cut it where is necessary and add where is necessary to make 24 hours a day. It helps organize your day in your head and where the next day will go. Next draw a large circle on the side of a box or poster and divide the circle into 24 pieces. Explain to the children how this is a what they call a Circle Graph and put the amount of time divided in the 24 pieces by the pieces as 1 hour each. Therefore, if one study is 2 hours long mark the area on the pieces(2) as that. Later you can cover it with pictures if you wish of each doings of time. Mark it "What a Day!"
Next with the Circle Chart do the same with Laura of Little House on the Prairie. Figure out what they spent their day doing and chart it on a separate Circle Graph. Talk about the differences then talk about how time might be for children in the future especially since they are integrating computer learning into classrooms and at home now.
Another section of the page talks about learning manners in the time of the pioneers. Learning may not have been as much fun as with the Ingalls. Many homes of those times and before times may have been pretty cruel that Grandma does not want to talk about and leave it in the past. However, do talk about the manners of napkins, sitting up straight, walking without slouching, using silverware (which some homes still had none of, licking the fingers, talking with the mouth full, contradicting, speaking unless you are spoken to, etiquette, speaking too loud or speaking out, etc. Talk about how they may have been taught and how they are taught today. Talk about the importance. Grandma had learned in her school work that some parents can be too strict and create some imbalances or mental blocks, but some children can have no direction and that is worse for them. That it is better to teach that there is consequences to every action, not necessarily discipline by parents but things that actually do happen; like having to pay for a window broken, which is better if it is not taught with the ill thoughts of mankind. I hope you agree. Happy homes make happy people that is for sure, just don't lack in any direction at all. Some of these learnings may be found out by talking to older people you know.
The last page in book (185) is a Summarizing/Curriculum Connections page of Extended Activities
One Day at a Time Summarize the story Little House on the Prairie in which the Ingalls family started with a wagon and before the end of the book Pa has built a house with a door, a fireplace, a wood floor, a bedstead, and a rocking chair. He built a stable and dug a well, and the family had planted a vegetable garden. Make a special time line to show this where all they have at the end is the wagon again.
"Social Studies: Where in the World? To identify the setting of Little House on the Prairie, help (the children) locate the places from the book on a map of the United States. Have students take turns finding Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma, then trace the Verdigris River through southeastern Kansas to where it flows into the Arkansas River near Muskogee in eastern Oklahoma.
Black American Pioneers The Black American West Museum in Denver, Colorado, documents the rich heritage of black men and women in the American pioneer movement, including law officers, stagecoach driver, miners, editors, farmers, and cowboys. A catalogue of books and materials is available from the Black American West Museum, 3091 California Street(if it has not changed) Denver, Colorado, 80205; telephone number (303) 292-2566(which probably has changed)."
Health: A Balanced Diet Make a chart of food the Ingalls family ate and compare it to a record of good food to eat. Book (185) says they ate Grains of cornbread(and they probably ate some oatmeal and grits as well as pancakes and musk, breads of different grains and fruits as berries found in the woods and in the prairie; Dairy-milk, cheeses as cottage cheese. butter from buttermilk; Meat-rabbit, prairie hen, beef(pretty rare, fish, chickens, and especially eggs as well as beans, maybe pork or bacon if lucky, duck more likely, lots of turkey, maybe buffalo or bear. probably some dear if lucky, and lamb if really lucky. Fresh vegetables were grown if they were lucky to get the seed. They could grow plenty of potatoes, peas, chickpeas and Garbanzo beans, beats, corn, spinach, okra, tomatoes, carrots all of which could be canned. Berries, watermelons, pumpkins, cantaloupe, and grapes could all be cooked and canned also. There was no place cold but a possible cellar, cool streams, or the winter to freeze things. Some people had smoke houses to salt and smoke meat to keep it. They had to use milk and such products fast so they did not spoil. The vitamins in things were probably better than today."
"Science: Take Your Medicine ...the real name of the sickness called "fever 'n ague" is malaria. ...the bitter medicine Laura has to take is called quinine. Invite (the children) to look up malaria in the encyclopedia to find out more about how it is caused and cured." Talk to the children about some of the medicine of those times compared to the medicines they take to day. Grandma has cleared her ear infections with peroxide, but her mother had bad earaches when young that her grandmother cured with hot oil and it worked. We used olive oil which has many cures in Grandma's ears and it cured them this year and it has not come back again. We have taken curry for the sinuses and it has helped. Turmeric is suppose to help arthritis but I have yet to try enough. Some home remedies were good and maybe some were not good enough. Who is to say. Grandma has yet to learn.
The Science experiments from Grandma's book (12) are about Evaporation and Vaporization. The first experiment is called Jet boat. Bore a hole from the inside through the screw top of an aluminum pill tube about four inches long, and pour some water into the tube.( They may not make these any more, check with the pharmacy.) Fix the tube in an empty sardine can into which you have fixed three candle stumps and place the can in water. If you light the candles the water soon boils, and the jet of steam escaping from the back drives the boat.
Steam is formed in the boat's boiler when the water boils. Because it expands sharply, it escapes at high pressure through the nozzle and causes a recoil. Do the experiment in calm weather!
The next experiment is called Hovercraft. Place a tin lid on a hot-plate and heat it well (take care!). If you then let a few drops of water fall on the lid, you will observe a small natural phenomenon. The drops are suspended in the air like hovercraft and whiz hissing to and fro for a while.
On contact with the heated metal the water drops begin to evaporate at once on the underside. Since the steam escapes with great pressure, it lifts the drops into the air. So much heat is removed from the drops by the formation of steam that they do not even boil.
The next experiment is called Rain in the room. Rain after sultry days makes the inside of the window pane suddenly sweat. You can distinguish the tiny water droplets through a magnifying glass. Where do they come from?
After it has been raining the air outside cools sharply because the water evaporates and thus uses heat. The warm air in the room, which is saturated with water vapor, especially from cooking, cools down only slowly on the window pane. But cold air cannot hold so much moisture as w
arm air, and therefore loses some of it on to the pane. It forms water droplets-exactly as when it is raining out-of-doors and moist, warm air meets cold air.
The next experiment is called Weather station. Fix a dry pine cone on to a small piece of wood with sealing wax or glue. Stick a pin into one of the central scales and place a straw over it. Put the cone out-of-doors, protected from the rain. The straw moves according to the state of the weather. Fix up a scale.
This simple hygrometer was built by nature. The pine cone closes when it is going to rain, to protect the seeds from damp. The outside of the scales absorbs the moisture in the air, swells up and bends--a process which you can also observe with a piece of paper which is wet on one side.
This next doings is called a Hygrometer. Coat a strip of writing paper two inches long with glue and roll it onto a sewing needle. Stick a strip of shiny photographic paper about 1/2 inch wide and one foot long onto its end so that its shiny surface faces the glue-covered side of the writing paper. The film strip is rolled round the needle like a clock spring. Punch a small hole through the middle of the bottom and lid of a furniture polish tin, and also air holes in the bottom. File off the metal projections formed. Push the needle through the central holes and stick the end of the film strip firmly to the side of the tin. Fix a paper pointer in front of the needle with a cork disk, and a bead behind it.
The gelatin layer of the photographic film expands-in contrast to the paper layer-with increased air humidity, causing it to wind up sharply, and move the pointer to the right. When the humidity of the air falls, the pointer returns to the left.
The next experiment is called Water from the desert. We still read in the newspapers of people dying of thirst in the desert, but many of them cold help themselves in this emergency. An experiment on a small scale in a sand box will show you how to do it. Dig a fairly deep hole and place a beaker in the middle. Spread a suitably sized piece of transparent plastic foil over the edge of the hole and lay a small stone in its center so that it dips down to the beaker in the shape of a funnel. The edges are fixed firmly into the sand. Soon, especially in sunshine, small drops of water form on the underside of the foil. They become larger and larger and finally flow into the beaker.
The effect of the sun is to heat the ground strongly under the foil. The moisture held in the sand evaporates until the enclosed air is so saturated that small drops of water are deposited on the cooler foil. Even desert sand contains some moisture. If you also place cut up cactus plants into the hole, you will obtain enough water to survive.(When Grandma was young we had a neighbor who had been a farmer show us how to take a V-shaped branch and holding it straight forward would bend down where water could be found to build a well. It was really neat.)
The next experiment is called Bath game with a coin. Stretch a strip of cellophane (not plastic foil), 1 inch wide, tightly over a soup plate and fasten the ends with adhesive tape. Lay on the middle of the strip an average-sized coin and pour water into the dish up to about 1/2 inch under the coin. The coin sinks slowly and reaches the water after several minutes.
The water vaporizes, the cellophane absorbs the water particles from the air and expands until it reaches the water. But strangely enough it soon begins to tighten again, and the coin rises again slowly to its original position.
The last experiment in this section is called Steam boat. Break off the head of a match and drop some glue on to the end. If you place the match in a dish of water it moves jerkily forward.
The glue contains a solvent which evaporates to give a vapor. It puffs out from the drop in invisible little clouds, giving the match a small push each time. Eventually so much of the solvent has escaped that the glue becomes solid. In a dried drop of glue you can still see the residual solvent vapor as small bubbles.
Many more picture of Mary Cassatt's to study and learn by at Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.Last for this day given will be the Calendar History for two days of May. May 22, 1783 William Sturgeon, English inventor who devised the electromagnet, was born. In 1813 Richard Wagner, German composer, was born. In 1844 Mary Cassatt, American painter, was born. Impressionist artist Mary Cassatt is best known for her paintings of family life. Show students reproductions of her artwork. Then ask them to design and color updates of these pictures, using today's fashions and their own family activities.
In 1859 Sir Arthur Conan Dayle, British author and creator of Sherlock Holmes, was born. Book (1) says,"Celebrate the birthday of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle by having (the children) conduct a week long search for traces of Doyle's most famous character--Sherlock Holmes--in books, newspapers, television programs, films, magazines, and so on. At the end of the week, the (children) can share their evidence of Holmes's pervasive influence in daily life.
In 1907 Sir Lawrence Olivier, English actor, was born. In 1933 Arnold Lobel, children's author and illustrator was born. Book (1) explains, "In honor of Arnold Lobel's birthday, read aloud a story about two of his well-known characters, Frog and Toad. Afterward, pass around the book so students can become familiar with these characters. Then encourage the children to generate questions about the lives of Frog and Toad. For example: What happened before the story began? What will happen after the story ends? Do Frog and Toad have brothers or sisters? Do they have other friends? After the children have developed a list, ask them each to select a question they'd like to answer. Then have them create stories that answer the questions. Encourage the students to role-play their stories or to write and illustrate them.
It is International Pickle Day on May 22.(There is nothing like experiencing a large pickle to eat.) Book (1) says, "On International Pickle Day, tell your (children) that the word pickle can be used as a noun or a verb. Together, come up with example sentences. Then challenge the kids to list other words that can be used as either nouns or verbs. It is also National Maritime Day on that day.
In 1570 The Flemish cartographer Abraham Ortelius published the First Modern Atlas. In 1819 The First Steamship crossing of the Atlantic was completed. In 1900 E.S. Votey obtained a patent for the First Pneumatic Piano Player. In 1906 Orville and Wilbur Wright received the First Airplane Patent. In 1972 President Richard Nixon became the First U.S. President to Visit Moscow. In 1980 Joe Hernandez did 135 Consecutive Chin-Ups with no breaks in Cashion, Ariz.
We will start on another Day as soon as Grandma sweeps the floor and does some dishes.

Day 156

Posted on May 5, 2014 at 8:07 AM Comments comments (15)
Good Morning Folks! Grandma has computer service again with the protection I need along with a Tablet to use. The World is definitely getting better. Grandma could not get it all finished till I was so tired last night. Decided it was better to enter information this morning and then add tomorrows lesson with it this afternoon. Please bear with me and we will get through.                                                     
We will start with Lessons from the Bible of Faith Alive lessons starting with the Philippians.
Philippians introduction is as follows:
"Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote Philippians. This is the sixth of Paul's thirteen books in the Bible.
To Whom...was this letter first written? This book is a letter Paul sent to Christians at Philippi, a city in Macedonia (Greece). Paul had established this church on his second missionary trip (Acts 16:11-40).
When...was this letter written? This book was written about AD 63 from Rome, where Paul was in prison.
How...does Philippians show us God's love? Philippians tells how Christ Jesus was totally devoted to saving us. He is God, but he humbled himself even to die on a cross. Therefore, God the Father raised him up, just as he will raise us from death someday. That means we can live every day in joy, and when we die, we'll even be better off.
What...special messages does this book give us? Paul thanks the Philippians for their love and gifts. Then he shows them how their salvation in Christ makes it possible to rejoice even in suffering.
       ...are some important teachings in this book?
A win-win situation.                                          Philippians 1:19-24
Jesus humbled and exalted.                              Philippians 2:5-11
The Christian's goal.                                         Philippians 3:12-16
Rejoice always!                                                Philippians 4:4-7
Think about good things.                                   Philippians 4:8-9"
Read Philippians and carry out the material from Faith Alive of the following:
"Did You Know? Philippians 1:4 What makes Paul's joy in Philippians so amazing? Amazing that Paul was writing from prison! Knowing Christ gave him joy even there.
Let's Live It! Philippians 2:5-11 Exaltation From Humiliation?--They say "you can't win for losing." Oh, no? Read Philippians 2:5-11.
For a while there, Jesus looked like one big loser, like a big "nothing." He lost everything. He died a most terrible death.
But see what came of it? Because he humbled himself, God the Father exalted him, lifted him up in glory. Because he humbled himself, we win big!
Word to Remember Philippians 4:4 Rejoice in the Lord always. I will say it again: Rejoice!
Words to Remember Philippians 4:13 I can do everything through him who gives me strength.
Life in Bible Times-Running a Race--In Greek Olympic games and at other games, runners tried to be the first to reach a wooden goal. The wooden goal, instead of a tape, marked the end of the race.
Let's Live It! Philippians 4:8-9 What's on Your Mind?--Read Philippians 4:8-9. What does God want us to think about?
Often it is easy for people to think bad thoughts. Many times we have bad thoughts because we've put bad things into our minds, perhaps by watching a violent TV program, playing with friends who use rough language, or listening to hard rock music.
Instead, what sorts of things are "true," "noble," "right," "pure," "lovely," or "admirable"? See what examples you find in John 17:17; Proverbs 31:10-29; 2 Thessalonians 3:11-13; Psalm 119:9-16; 84:1-5; Ephesians 5:15-20; Colossi an 3:15-17. What are some other such things you can think of--and then think about?"
Next read Colossians and do the activities in Faith Alive. The introduction to Colossians is as follows:
"Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote Colossians. This is the seventh of thirteen books by Paul appearing in the Bible.
To Whom...was this letter first written? This book is a letter written to Christians at Colossi, located in modern-day Turkey.
When...was this letter written? Colossians was written about AD 62, when Paul was in prison in Rome.
How...does Colossians show us God's love? Colossians reminds us that when God gave his Son Jesus Christ, he gave us his all. Jesus was not just part of God living on earth. He is the fullness of God!  Therefore, Jesus is also the fulfillment of everything the Bible has promised. Jesus is all we need for eternal life!
What...special messages does this book give us? Certain people were suggesting that other requirements besides Christ were necessary for salvation. Colossians shows that Jesus is supreme and that he saves us completely.
        ...are some important teachings in this book?
Jesus is supreme.                                          Colossians 1:15-20
Jesus is the fullness of God.                            Colossians 2:9
Jesus forgives our sins                                     Colossians 2:13-15
Jesus fulfills all Sabbath laws.                           Colossians 2:16-17
Jesus enables the holy life.                               Colossians 3:12-17"
Now follow and do Faith Alive teachings as follows:
"Did You Know? Colossians 2:9 Is Jesus really God? Yes! In fact, Colossians 2:9 says that the whole fullness of God lives in Jesus. When we know him, we know God.
Words to Remember Colossians 2:13 He forgave us all our sins.
Did You Know? Colossians 3:12 What is holiness? 3:12 What is holiness? Because God declares us holy by forgiving our sin, we now are able to live a holy life in ways described in Colossians 3.
Words to Remember Colossians 3:1 Since, then, you have been raised with Christ, set your hearts on things above.
Let's Live It! Colossians 3:18-21 Family Job Descriptions--A job description is a list of things a person is supposed to do in a certain job. Your parents probably have job descriptions for any employment they have outside the home. Ask them to show you theirs.
Then, ask family members to make up job descriptions for home. First read together Colossians 3:18-21. These really are job descriptions for families, aren't they? Next give each person time to work on his or her own description. Write down in more detail the sorts of activities the verse you'd like to add and change in one another's.
Pretty tough assignments? Yes they are. For encouragement, read together Colossians 3:1-4."
Next read 1 Thessalonians and do the Faith Alive activities. The introduction for 1 Thessalonians being as follows:
"How...does 1 Thessalonians show us God's love? The book of 1 Thessalonians is an expression of God's love especially to Christians who are persecuted. When troubles and dangers come, believers more than ever need support from their God. This book assures persecuted them, in the present day and at his second coming.
Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote 1 Thessalonians. This is the eighth of Paul's thirteen Bible books.
To Whom...was this letter first written? This book is a letter Paul sent to Christians at Thessalonica, a large seaport city in Greece. Paul had founded this church during his second missionary journey (Acts 17:1-9).
When...was this letter written? This book was written about AD 51 from Corinth.
What...special messages does this book give us? Both 1 and 2 Thessalonians give special insights about Christ's return on the last day. In 1 Thessalonians, the encouragement is that Christians who have died before Jesus comes back are not lost forever. They will arise first when Jesus appears.
        ....are some important teachings in this book?
Love even in suffering.                                            1 Thessalonians 1:4-10
Living to please God.                                              1 Thessalonians 4:3-12
Jesus will come again.                                            1 Thessalonians 4:13-18"
Now for the activities of Faith Alive following: 
"Did You Know? 1 Thessalonians 1:6 What had happened during Paul's first visit to Thessalonica? Paul met with resistance and had to leave the city quickly. Still, some believed and formed an active church.
Word to Remember 1 Thessalonians 5:17 Pray continually."
The last book for today is 2 Thessalonians so read it and follow in the Faith Alive lessons. 2 Thessalonians introduction is as follows:
"Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote 2 Thessalonians. This is the ninth of thirteen books by Paul appearing in the Bible.
To Whom ...was this letter first written? This book is Paul's second letter to Christians in Thessalonica, a city in Greece.
When...was this letter written about AD 52, probably from Corinth.
How...does 2 Thessalonians show us God's love? The book of 2 Thessalonians explains that Christ's second coming will be a joy and comfort to Christians, not something to be feared. Some of the Thessalonians were afraid they had missed Christ's return and had been left behind. God reassures Christians that Jesus is till coming in the future. When he does, he will take all his faithful people to heaven.
What...special messages does this book give us? As with 1 Thessalonians, this book gives much detail about the last days of the world. Paul warns that before Jesus comes back, a "Man of Lawlessness" will try to replace God's true church. Therefore, we are to follow God's teachings carefully. Also, we should not sit idly by as we wait for Jesus' second coming, but be active in work and service.
        ...are some important teachings in this book?
Jesus will come to gather his
believers and punish the wicked.                                  2 Thessalonians 1:5-12
Before Jesus returns, a "man of
Lawlessness" will appear.                                            2 Thessalonians 2:1-12
Believers are to be active in
their faith while they wait.                                           2 Thessalonians 3:6-15"
Now for the lessons from Faith Alive as follows: 
"Did You Know? 2 Thessalonians 2:3 Who is the "man of lawlessness"? That's a difficult question. All history since the life of Jesus is "the last days," so perhaps this "man" has already come. He is someone who works evil from within the church. Finally though, he is destroyed.
Word to Remember 2 Thessalonians 2:14 He called you to this through our gospel, that you might share in the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Let's Live It! 2 Thessalonians 3:6-10 Waiting, Working--Isn't it tough to concentrate the last month of school? Summer coming, vacation plans. Who can think about school work? And then they make you take exams!
The Christians in Thessalonica had their minds on Jesus' second coming. That was good. Unfortunately, some forgot to concentrate on work in the meantime. Jesus' coming back can instead encourage us to work hard now! With an "endless summer" ahead, we can use our energy for God's earthly business now."
That is all Grandma will give of the Bible for today. I will have more lessons for you here in a few minutes. 
Grandma is back to give you two books to read about in Australia and the Calendar History for the day.
The first book to read and do activities for is called Possum Magic by Mem Fox (New York: Gulliver Books, 1990. This lesson is in Grandma's Book (2).
"Summary: Invisible Hush and Grandma Poss travel around Australia eating "people" food in hopes of making Hush visible again.
  1. Hush and grandma Poss visited seven capital cities trying to find the right food to make Hush visible. Name the area of which each city is the capital. Six of these areas are states of Australia. Which area is not? Why is it not state?
  2. On a map of Australia, mark each capital city and trace the trip the two possums took. Name at least one place of interest in each state that you would like to visit and tell why.
  3. Other than the foods mentioned in the story, what do the people of Australia like to eat?
  4. As a math lesson, make lamington (a square of sponge cake dipped in chocolate and covered in coconut). Use a rectangular pan to cut the cake so that each piece is equal in size and everyone in the (family) receives a piece."
  5. Several animals that are native to Australia are mentioned in the story. ... display the natural habitat of one of these animals by standing a large cardboard box (or Laundry soap container cut open in the front or back) and decorating the interior. (with the habitat of its species). Place a large cutout of the animal and general information about it in the (container). (This is called a diorama.) Which of the animals are marsupials?
The second book to read and do activities with is called  Where the Forest Meets the Sea by Jeannie Baker (New York:Greenwillow Books, 1987.
This section of activities are from Grandma's book (2) but she also has activities covering this book in her Book (6).
"Summary: On a boat trip with his father to a remote area of Australia, a young boy recalls the history of the Daintree Rain Forest and imagines what the forest will be like in the future.
  1. In several of the pictures in this book, there are faint images of life forms that once inhabited the forest. Choose one of the life forms and write a story describing its feelings about the changes it saw feelings about the changes it saw taking place in the forest. How did the changes effect its way of life?
  2. As the boy begins to walk through the forest, the author tells us that "now the forest is easy to walk in." As a class, brainstorm the following questions:
                    a. What does the author's statement mean?
                    b. What do you believe a walk through the forest was like in the past?
                    c. How has it changed?
 3.   The young boy stops to wonder how long it would take for a tree in the forest to become fully
       grown. Why do you think the author draws our attention to this thought? Find out how trees
       grow from seeds. Draw a diagram to illustrate the process. How can the age of a tree be
 4.   The first people to live in Australia were the Aborigines. Compare their traditional culture to
       their present way of life.
 5.   As the trip with his father ends, the boy imagines the future of the forest. What does he envision
       it to be like? Make a list of the pros and cons of his vision."
From Book (6) it says,"One read through this extraordinary book and the reader feels as though he or she has indeed visited an exotic Australian rain forest. But the sad message at the book's end is that the Australian rain forest, like other ecosystems around the world, is in grave danger of being destroyed. And young readers may be surprised to learn that the beautiful rain forest"s most dangerous enemy is us.
Before Reading Where the Forest Meets the Sea
  • Help the (children) locate Australia on a map. Ask the children to describe what they imagine a rain forest must look like. Tell them tat you are going to share a book which illustrates Australia's rain forest, located on the northeast coast of Australia.
After Reading Where the Forest meets the Sea
  • Ask the children if Australia's rain forest looks like a place they'd like to visit. Show the children where the Great Barrier Reef lies in relationship to Australia and the rain forest. Read about the reef in an encyclopedia to find out why it is so important to Australia's ecology. 
Follow-up Activities
Learning Australian Lingo
Have children scan the book to locate and list unfamiliar words (e.g., reef, cockatoo, creepers, aboriginal). Tell children that good readers often take guesses at the meanings of unfamiliar words. Encourage the children to guess at the meaning of each word they listed and to share reasonings for their guesses. Point out that readers often use context cues (other words and illustrations) to lend meaning to the unfamiliar words. Then, have the children look the words up in the dictionary to see if they guessed correctly.
Relief Collages
Share with the (children) the notes following the story which describe how the author/illustrator developed the relief collages she uses to illustrate the text. Then, take a closer look at each lush and detailed illustration. Can the children identify the materials the artist used? Can they find the midden and transparent pictures present in most of the settings? Ask children why they think the "hidden" pictures were included by the artist/illustrator. (Possibly they suggest animals and people who have inhabited the rain forest.) After examining the illustrations, provide students with pieces of cardboard or oaktag, clay, natural moss (available in plant and craft stores) and glue. Then, take a nature walk and allow children to collect additional natural materials (e.g., leaves, bark, shells, dirt, sand, grass, etc.) Back (at home), have the children glue the natural materials on the cardboard to create relief collages. Then, have the children draw full-body portraits of themselves on construction paper. Cut and glue fabric bits to the paper dolls to represent that some of the natural materials overlap the dolls, Have children describe the natural spot they have replicated to others. Display the reliefs for all to enjoy. (*Variation* In lieu of paper dolls, actual likenesses of the children may be trimmed from photographs ... and used in the collage arrangement.)
Understanding Australia's Eco-Threats
Have the (children) study the unusual illustration on the last two pages of the story. Have the children describe what they see. The author/illustrator uses these pages to hint at the problems which could threaten the rain forest. ... (Use the table below to:) Help the children list the problems foreshadowed in the book, and then help them list reasons why these problems threaten to harm or destroy the rain forest. In the third column have children list possible ways the threats can be averted.
Problems threatening            
to Change Australia's
Why Changes Will
             Hurt Environment     

Day 150

Posted on April 19, 2014 at 5:29 PM Comments comments (8)
Good Morning Folks! I hope you had a nice Easter! Grandma would be ok if she would learn to save information early. I am retyping a lot of information for you that was typed earlier this morning for Monday's lessons. Therefore, I hope I do as well a job as it was before. Grandma is going to be giving you material in lessons from now on through the end of the year and on into the summer if possible. She hopes to cover material from Patricia's book and a list of her own books used.
Please keep up the work of your tasks; Childrobotics; physical education of (sports or dancing) or health education for the body as(eyes, teeth, ears, skin, bones, muscles, or organs, what give us the necessary nutrients, food, plants, etc.); Reading and Language through ABC's, words, vocabulary, spelling, papers, etc.; along with Writing and Journals; Newspapers; Yearbooks; Family scrapbooks and recipes.
To start today's lessons out Grandma is going to cover half of Acts, today's History coverage of at least Monday, maybe more. Then she has two books to cover. Some math and art may be covered in these lessons. Be sure to keep up with any necessary Geometry and Algebra covered in video's Grandma has given you. She will try to cover the Algebra book she has as much as she can at sometime. Please take care and keep joining me. I will probably be covering other real estate and information later as possible.
To begin lessons for Monday Grandma is covering The Introduction to Acts in the Bible through Faith Alive and the first 12 chapters. The Introduction in Faith Alive goes as follows:
"Whom...did God inspire to write this book? Luke, the physician who traveled as a missionary with Paul, and who also wrote the Gospel of Luke, wrote this book.
For Whom...was this book first written? As with his Gospel, Luke wrote this book for a man named Theophilus. He may also have used it as evidence in court to defend Paul. Nevertheless, it really is for everyone.
When...did this happen? This book tells what happened from about AD 30 to 61.
Where...did this happen? The things in this book happened in many important cities in the Roman Empire.
How...does Acts show us God/s love? Acts show that God wants the saving message of Jesus to go out to all the world. The apostles began this work. Every step of the way, the Holy Spirit was with them to guide them and give their words power so that many believed.
What...special messages does this book give us? It describes the acts, or actions, of Jesus' apostles after Jesus has ascended back to heaven. It shows how God enables his people through the Holy Spirit to share the Good News of Jesus.
        ...action happens in this book? Jesus ascends back to heaven but sends the Holy Spirit at Pentecost. The Spirit inspires Jesus' apostles to preach about him on exciting and dangerous missionary journeys.
        ...important people do we meet? Peter and Paul are among the main characters in this book.
        ...are some of the stories in this book?
                       Jesus goes to heaven.                             Acts  1:1-11
                  The Holy Spirit comes.                                 Acts  2:1-13
  Peter heals a crippled beggar.                                       Acts  3:1-10
     Peter and John are arrested.                                      Acts  4:1-31
           Stephen, the first martyr.                                     Acts  6:8-8:1
                     Saul is converted.                                     Acts  9:1-31
                     Peter has a vision.                                    Acts 10:1-48
            Peter escapes from prison.                                 Acts 12:1-19
              Paul goes on a mission.                                   Acts 13:1-14:28
             The first church council.                                    Acts 15:1-29
                      Prisoners freed.                                       Acts 16:16-40
                   A riot in Ephesus.                                       Acts 19:23-41
                   Paul goes on trial.                                       Acts 24:1-27
              Paul is shipwrecked.                                        Acts 27:1-44
                  Paul goes to Rome.                                     Acts 28:1-31"
Now begin by reading the Bible Acts 1 through 12 and doing things given to you from Faith Alive as follows:
"Let's Live It! Acts 1:8 Power to Witness--Read Acts 1:8. Jesus promised to give his followers power to witness. "Witnessing" means telling others what we know about Jesus.
Ask your mom or dad to let you have a size "D" battery to symbolize power. Print John 3:16 on a piece of paper, and tape it to the battery. Carry the battery with you. When people ask you what it is, let them read the verse. Pray when you go out with your battery that the Holy Spirit will give you power to witness, and that your friends will believe in Jesus.
Did You Know? Acts 2:1 What was Pentecost? Pentecost was a Jewish holy day. Fifty days after Easter (Pentecost means "fiftieth"), God gave the disciples the Holy Spirit. The Spirit enabled them to speak in foreign languages and set flames of fire over their heads. When many people gathered to see what was happening, Peter preached to them about Jesus. This may be called the birthday of the Christian church.
Let's Live It! Acts 2:42-47 Power to Love--The first Christians loved each other very much because they knew how much God had first loved them. Read Acts 2:42-47. Find in these verses at least five things the early Christians did to show love for each other.
Look at the list you just made. Think of ways like these that you can show God's love to others. For example, how can you give to someone in need?
Did You Know? Acts 3:6 How were Peter and John able to heal? God gave Peter and John special power. When they healed in Jesus' name, it proved that Jesus really was the Son of God. After healing, Peter preached a sermon and told the people that Jesus was their Savior.
Let's Live It? Acts 4:23-31 Prayer For God's Power--When Peter and John were threatened they asked God for power to do miracles and keep on preaching. Read Acts 4:23-31. Because they knew God had been in control already at creation and at the time of David, they were certain he was still in control and still answering prayer.
Ask your mom or dad what they know about God that makes them sure he can answer prayer. Tell them about what you discovered in this Bible story.
When you pray, it is a good idea to begin as the disciples did, thanking God for his great power and telling him you know he can answer your prayers.
Did You Know? Acts 5:3 What was the sin of Ananias and Sapphira? Ananias and Sapphira lied. The money they got from selling some land was theirs to use any way they wanted, but they agreed to lie to the church. Lying to the church is like lying to God, and God punished them.
Let's Live It! Acts 7:54-60 Facing Fear--Stephen kept on preaching Christ and became the first person to die for it, the church's first martyr. Read Acts 7:54-60. How did God give Stephen courage?
Picture a situation where people might be angry with you for saying what you believe. Now picture Jesus standing in heaven. Keep that picture in mind when you face fear. He's standing with you!
Life In Bible Times-Stoning Stephen-The Hebrew people executed criminals by throwing heavy stones at them. Stephen was the first Christian martyr. A martyr (MAR-ter) is a person who is put to death because of his or her beliefs. Stephen was stoned because he preached about Jesus.
Did You Know? Acts 8:9 What is sorcery? Sorcery is a kind of magic. It is supposed to gie a person power over others. A sorcerer named Simon saw the power Jesus" apostles had and wanted that power for himself. He offered the apostles money for that power.
Did You Know? Acts 9:1 Who was Saul? The Saul of the New Testament was a Pharisee who hated Christians. After Jesus spoke to Saul, Saul became a Christian. Later, Saul became known by his Greek name, Paul. Paul became the greatest missionary of all time and wrote thirteen books of the New Testament.
Life In Bible Times-Paul In A Basket-Grain and other crops were stored in very large woven baskets. These baskets were able to use one to let him down over the city wall of Damascus.
Let's Live It! Acts 9:1-31 A New Look--Read Acts 9:1-31. Look carefully at the kind of person Saul was before he was converted (Acts 9:20-22,27-28)?
Draw "before" and "after" pictures of Paul's face. How do you think Paul looked when he hated Christians? How do you think Paul looked when he loved Jesus and wanted others to love Jesus too?
Did you know that you once looked like your "before" picture of Saul? At least your heart did. By nature we're all evil, but when Jesus made you his child, he changed all that. Show someone your new face--with the loving smile of a believer in Jesus!
Did You Know? Acts 10:17 Why did God send Peter a vision? In New Testament times the Jewish people did not associate with non-Jews. God gave Peter a vision of animals to teach him that it was all right to go to a non-Jew's home.
Did You Know? How did Peter escape from prison? An angel let Peter out of his chains and led him outside the jail. All Peter's friends were praying for him; but when Peter came to their door, they wouldn't believe it was him!
Today is April 21 as given in the Calendar History from Book (1) there are four birthdays and five history events. The first birthday is in 1782 for Friedrich Froebel, German educator and founder of the first kindergarten; the next is in 1816 for Charlotte Bronte, English novelist; a third is in 1926 for Queen Elizabeth II, British monarch. The last is in 1838 for John Muir, American naturalist. Under Environmental pioneer in Book (1) it says, "At the age of 28, John Muir was blinded in a factory accident. He vowed to devote himself to nature if he ever recovered his sight. Weeks later his sight returned, and Muir spent the rest of his life keeping his promise. He hiked thousands of miles across the United States and kept detailed drawings and journal accounts of his observations. Believing that human greed was destroying the environment to establish national parks. Ask your students what they think Muir meant when he said, "The clearest way into the universe is through a forest wilderness.""
The first event for Monday happened in 753 BC; According to legend, Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus. Then in 1789 John Adams was sworn in as the First U.S. Vice President. In 1790 Twenty-thousand people--the largest public gathering American had seen--attended Benjamin Franklin's Funeral in Philadelphia. In 1843 Hogs were prohibited from running wild in Chicago. In 1898 The Spanish-American War began. Also in 1898 Billy Duggleby became the only major league baseball player to hit a Grand Slam Home Run his first time at bat.
It is also considered Kartini Day in (Indonesia) and Kindergarten Day for which Book (1) says, "To celebrate Kindergarten Day, have your (children) create a list of favorite toys and games, activities, foods, routines, and events they enjoyed in kindergarten. Then have the kids interview children currently attending kindergarten and make a list of their favorite activities. Finally, ask your (children) to compare the two lists.
Grandma is going to cover two stories for the day of things you can do to cover our lesson finishing Russia and to work on the American (Colonial) times:
The first book given in Grandma's book (6) is called The Quilt Story by Tony Johnston (G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1985. 28 pp.)
In warm poetic text, this book recounts the life of an heirloom quilt. It also tells of two little girls who, though separated by generations, were united in the comfort of the same quilt. It is a different "take" on a similar theme to that of The Keeping Quilt (to be read also and be given material for) and may be read before or after that story. The two stories together might be the basis for a "Quilt" unit.
Before Reading The Quilt Story
  • Ask the children if their family (or someone they know) owns something that has been passed down from generation to generation. Remind the children that such an heirloom need not be expensive, but it does need to hold special meaning to the people who keep it. Tell the children that The Quilt Story is about such an heirloom. Ask the children to listen carefully to see if they can decide why the heirloom is so special to the characters in the story.
After Reading The Quilt Story
  • Ask the children to describe the quilts they may have seen. Show the children pictures of different types of popular quilt patterns (featured today even in mail order catalogs). (If the children have already read The Keeping Quilt, this may be unnecessary.) Tell the children that quilting is now considered  an American folk art, but that the pioneer women who first sewed quilts did so to make the most of fabric scraps(note the old socks sewn into the quilt in The Quilt Story), (Grandma wants to make a notation here not thought about is the fact that money might come easier today, but in the time of pioneers money was very scarce and the utilized things a lot more than some do today. Therefore, making quilts was a way to have warmth by not only utilizing left over clothes and material it would also have cost them a big part of savings to buy those things. Many families did trade things for warm wool or in Mexico they make some very beautiful and warm blankets as well as the Native American blankets that would save people a lot on electricity for electric blankets as well as their costs. Both quilts and these blankets cannot compare to the warmth of the all American blankets known from experience. However, there were many ways people were kept warm and my mother in the time of the depression remembers as a young girl living with her grandparents of having to chop wood and start a fire in the morning to dress by.) and to bring warmth and color to their sparse, plain homes and rough lies. Ask the children to list all the ways that Abigail used the quilt. How many of the children in (your home) have a favorite blanket or soft toy from their own childhood? Would these possessions make for good heirlooms? Do children of other cultures have favorite toys or possessions? How can the children find out this information?
Follow-up Activities
American Folk Toys
Secure a copy of  The Foxfire Book of Toys and Games (E. P. Dutton, 1985), or any other book featuring a collection of American folk toys and games. Show your (children) the pictures of the toys which date back more than 200 years to colonial days (and beyond!). Have the class decide how their modern toys are similar to or different from the folk toys (which have no batteries, no electricity, few moving parts and are for the most part homemade). Have the children interview their parents and grandparents to discover what kinds of toys they played with. Did they, too, have a special blanket or toy that they played with for a long time? Were their toys (or blankets or clothes) ever homemade?
Folk Art Museum
Have children assemble a folk art museum by bringing in to (your church, from your homes, or relatives homes, or somewhere they could be) items reminiscent of colonial times. These may include quilts, toys, jewelry, pictures, tools, gadgets, knick-knacks, etc. (Because of the recent interest in using American folk art for decorating our modern homes, it should not be difficult to gather a collection together.) Label and display the pieces together in a central place....For more information of quilting, toy making, and colonial times, see Colonial America (Cooperative Learning Activities) by Sue Schneck and Mary Strohl (Scholastic, 1991).
(Another Idea Grandma has is to visit a local Museum that could have pioneer things in it. If you do not live near one or want to visit one like the ones in Nebraska it is well worth your visit.)
Schoolhouse Quilting Bee
Use quilting books such as 101 patchwork Patterns by Rudy McKim (Dover, 1962) to familiarize children with the schoolhouse quilt pattern. (Grandma says, "it is like a house with a front view with windows and a door; then a larger side view with windows.) Remind children that quilts were often completed by groups of people working together at a social gathering known as a "quilting bee." Each quilter would work on one portion of the quilt, but no individual effort appeared as great as when all the pieces were joined together. Invite each of the children (other relatives, family members, or friends) to create one block for a classroom "schoolhouse quilt.""
If you do not want to spend the time using material and doing it together, felt pieces or paper pieces can be used also but they will not be as nice as real material or from old clothing. Nor will the Pot holders, aprons, etc. Grandma is going to add to the product line.
When finished with your picture, one side can be glued or sewed onto a log or stick with string on the ends to be hung somewhere.
The other mentioned we will be given activities for today is Russian-American called The Keeping Quilt by Patricia Polacco (Simon and Schuster, 1988, 32 pp.)
This book recounts the story of an heirloom quilt, crafted from a basket of old clothes including Uncle Vladimir's shirt, Aunt Havalah's nightdress, and an apron of Aunt Natasha's. Once completed, the quilt is passed down through four generations in a family. For nearly a century, the quilt serves such purposes as a Sabbath tablecloth, a wedding canopy, and a baby receiving blanket. The quilt is also a constant reminder of--and tribute to--family loved ones back home in Russia.
Before Reading The Keeping Quilt
  • Review these terms with the class: generation, heirloom, inheritance, legacy. Then, have the children describe any items that have been passed down from generation to generation in their families, such as houses, furniture, dishes, artwork, toys, etc. Remind the children that such legacies needn't be items worth a lot of money. Items such as photographs, knickknacks, clothing and toys may also be handed down from generation to generation--and may be worth more to the receiver than any sum of money! Tell the children that The Keeping Quilt is a story of just such a legacy.
After Reading The Keeping Quilt
  • Invite students to take a close look at the artwork in the book. What do they notice about the use of color? Have the class make a list of possible reasons why the author/illustrator chose to use color so carefully? Ask: How would the book appear different if each of the illustrations was in full color? Why is the quilt so valuable to the author/illustrator? Would the quilt be as valuable to us? Why or why not?
Follow-up Activities"
Make a ...Quilt or Make a Family Quilt
If you do not want to tie this to the other story and make a quilt together or both quilts together with the story out of material or old clothing or make your own version like one Grandma wants to make out of my Granddaughter's fancy sweatshirts she grew out of; you can make one following Book (6)'s instructions. There are lots of ideas for quilts and quilts books available to use if you are interested. Quilts can be donated to hospitals, nursing homes, homeless shelters or day care centers. Grandma has made a few from squares of material in the way given below and from jeans which are very heavy and warm.
"To begin, provide each child with two plain pieces of copy paper (each trimmed to 8 1/2" square) and fabric crayons (available in craft stores). Instruct each child to use the crayons and one piece of paper to draw something they care about or value in their lives (e.g., a toy, a book, a pet, something in nature, etc.). On the other piece of paper, have children trace one of their hands and color it in. You or another adult can then use an iron to transfer the drawing onto individual squares of fabric (approximately 10" square) or onto a white or pastel solid-colored flat sheet. (Directions on the crayon box will guide your fabric and sheet selection.) The dimensions of the quilt will depend on the number of" (children working on the quilt-you may have to do several pieces each-you could form just a border with strips of the squared together and a plain piece in the middle also. Otherwise it would take 48 squares to form it 6 squares by 8 squares for each quilt.) You can stitch the square pieces together by machine or by hand following the sewing instructions on one of the books. Do not worry too much about exactness. When your top is all finished, "pin the top of the quilt to a batting baking (available in craft and fabric stores), (or as Grandma figures an old clean blanket cleaned in Pine sol disinfectant), and show the children how to stitch around their fabric designs, thus creating a quilted effect. When completed, cover the quilt top with a second sheet or fabric piece trimmed to fit the quilt top. Use effect. Turn the quilt right side out, tuck the raw ends inside, and, finally, stitch the fourth side closed.
Legacies and Inheritances
Have (the children) think about what they would like to hand down to someone they love. Have (the children) also think about the gifts they have inherited from their ancestors. Remind children that an inheritance need not be something expensive or even something you can touch. Rather, it can also be a lesson learned from someone loved, a way of being, or a special time spent together. Use (plain pieces of paper) to have children first draw what they have inherited or what they might hand down, and then write a brief description of why the legacy or inheritance is so important to them. If children are tempted to write abbreviated descriptions (e.g., "I like the book Aunt Sara gave me because it's nice."), encourage students to use sensory imagery ("it feels like, it looks like, it smells like, etc.") to tell specifically why the gift was nice and what it reminds them of.
Learning Legacy
Traditionally, many graduating classes write a "Last Will and Testament" that then appears in their yearbook or school paper. Although this tradition is usually something of a lampoon of things and people in the school, you can adapt it to help your (children) understand legacies and inheritances better. Invite (your children) to brainstorm the best experiences they had as a (family)  this year, what they learned, etc., and write them on a "scroll" to be passed on as a legacy."

Day 127

Posted on March 27, 2014 at 12:12 AM Comments comments (4)
Hello! Hello! Do you tasks, Childrobotics, Physical Education(by the way folks if do sports it might be best to hold them till the warmth of the day or until it is at a good time for your family to play. There is lots of children's games that can be played that are not the normal sports as we are used to. However, there is such competition. Grandma, her daughter, and granddaughter are all dancers therefore that is our sport. We are also swimmers in our family. However, Grandma children are also runners. We are also all house builder and maintainers. Grandma has made money on her houses. She is not really trying to brag but she is not very fond of the world living for the money of sports. Anyway that is enough of that. Grandma dipped into the Calendar History the day before and then lost a day. Therefore, she will pick-up the rest of yesterday and cover today's.
For March 26 was Grandma's grandbaby's birthday. Grandma hates the fact she does not have the time with that baby anymore either. By the way in spite of her mother's feelings about it, Grandma did raise that beauty for ten years in spite of her mother's visits till she was ten; therefore, it is good reason if we felt close and grandma hopes will be there later. Grandma is definitely trying to keep a house for her, plus another possible for her mother. Enough for that now too.
Anyway, the American poet, Robert Frost, was born on that day also in 1874. Book (1) wants you to help your children to see how Robert Frost's poems are still relevant today. Share with them such poems as "The Road Not Taken," "Mending Wall," and "Fire and Ice." Then challenge the kids to cut out newspaper stories or photos that remind them of the theme of one of these poems. For example, photos depicting local or international conflict might bring to mind "Mending Wall." Or stories of people who made fateful romantic, financial, or political decisions could aptly illustrate "The Road Not Taken," Not only will your students be reading Frost's poetry, but they'll also come to appreciate its enduring relevance.
The other birthday's include that of Sandra Day O'Connor, U.S. Supreme Court justice, in 1930; then in 1931 Leonard Nimoy, American actor, was born. Bob Woodward, American journalist, was born in 1943. Martin Short, Canadian actor and comedian, was born in 1950.
In 1827 shortly before he died, deaf composer Ludwig Van Beethoven said, "I shall hear in heaven." Then in 1872 Thomas Martin received a patent for the Fire Extinguisher.
Now we will move onto March 27 in which the first birthday in 1845 was for Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen, German physicist who discovered X rays. In 1879 Edward Steichen, American photographer, was born. Book (1) says under "Fantastic photographs" to show your (children) some of Edward Steichen's photographs. His book, A Life in Photography, is a rich source. Then choose some outstanding photographs from books or magazines to discuss as a class. Have your (children) each choose one photo to write about. They should explain what may have happened just before or after the picture was taken. (By the way, folks, Grandma has done some research about photography. Some people may not be aware that many people can make a living with it and there are lots of avenues for its value. Check into on line if interested. It was another thing Grandma was surprised was a possibility for her.) The last birthday is for Randall Cunningham, professional football quarterback, who was born in 1963.
Then in 1703 Czar Peter the Great of Russia founded the city of St. Petersburg. Now as Grandma is thinking about Russia and knowing she has some things to give you next week on Russia and Ukraine for Easter; she wants some feedback from her audiences about the attack of Russia on Ukraine this last week and how we feel America will fair with it. Many know that China is wanting some power and Russia has always felt they were big and could through their weight around at the United States. Grandma and her mother have been having some conversations over it and Grandma want some opinions. It might be good as a conversation and debate with your children and worth some research. Grandma does not want to speak too far yet, but she will tell you her opinions later. For now she is opening the floor for your families.
The next event for March 27 is that of the First long-Distance phone call took place in 1884. Book (1) says to "Ask your (children) to name the farthest place they've called on the telephone" (or that you may have)....Then chart it and other locations on a map. In 1899 Wireless Telegraph Signals were first sent across the English Channel. (See if you can find out when the first one was sent in the United States if it is not on our time line.)
This last event actually happened in 1912, Grandma felt it was best to mention it here. Washington, D.C.'s first cherry trees were planted along the Tidal Basin. Book (1) says, "Knowing that first lady Helen Taft wanted to brighten and beautify Washington, the Japanese government sent her 3,000 cherry trees as a symbol of friendship. Today, more than 3,000 cherry trees (including 60 of the original ones) grow around the Tidal Basin, on the Washington Monument Grounds, and in East Potomac Park. Washington residents and tourists look forward to their pink and white blossoms, which appear in late March or early April each year. Have your (children) keep their eyes open for signs of spring in your community. Keep a class record of spring "firsts," such as the first butterfly, the first dandelion, and the first robin.
Grandma now wants to give you activities for The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses out of another book she calls Book (184). It says the story is about "An American Indian girl who loves the horses that her people keep. She tends to them and spends as much time with them as she can. One day, she falls asleep among them. Suddenly a large thunderstorm comes up. Awakened by the storm, the girl jumps on the back of one of the terrorized horses. Instantly, she is swept away with the frightened herd as it gallops from the storm. When the herd finally stops, the girl knows that she and the horses are far away from her family. The following morning she is met by a handsome stallion, who tells her that he is the leader of the wild horses that live in the hills. He invites her to stay with them, and she happily accepts. A year goes by before some hunters from the girl's people spot her with the stallion and his herd leading a colt. The men return with other riders, and finally they capture the girl and return her to her family. But the girl is not happy, and her parents agree that she should return to the wild horses. Grateful, she returns home each year to bring her parents a colt. Then one year she doesn't come back. Some hunters report seeing a great stallion racing with a beautiful mare, and the people believe that the girl finally has become one of the wild horses.
Animal Transformations-Grandma does not believe in transformation even though the wonderment may enter her mind occasionally. However, Book (184) says to "Ask (the children) to think about their favorite animals." If it were possible, would they like to become a favorite animal? Record their answers. As you read the book ask them if they think she will become a horse in the story? Compare answers.
Book (184) also has a part on the author of the book as follows:
"Paul Goble was born on September 17, 1933, in Surrey, England. His parents made harpsichords. Then he was a child, Goble's mother read to him books by Ernest Thompson Seton and Grey Owl, two writers he calls "true naturalists." Both authors wrote about American Indians and greatly influenced Goble's work, for "The world they wrote about was so different from the crowded island where I lived." Goble began acquiring a considerable library of books about Native Americans, and after finishing his courses at the Central School of Arts and Crafts in London, He made the first of many visits to the United States. He spent time on the reservations of the Sioux and Crow Indians in South Dakota and Montana. During these visits he was present at sacred dances, took part in ceremonies, and listened as his Indian friends spoke of their folklore and beliefs His first book, Red Hawk's Account of Custer's Last Battle, was published in 1969. All his books have dealt with Indian life. The Girl who Loved Wild Horses, the 1979 Caldecott winner, is a synthesis of many native America tales. In it Goble expresses what he envisions as the Native American rapport with nature. He says, "Simply, the girl loves horses, and perhaps she becomes one. "Goble now makes his home in the Black Hills of Deadwood, South Dakota."After reading this about the author I wanted to make a link to another video I saw in Youtube last night. Let's call it Dancing in Britain.
Book (184) brings out the words Wild and Tame for the children to learn. Discuss the meaning with them of the words and how they are opposite of each other. Then write them down somewhere and categorize as many animals as possible under them. Then itemize if there are other animals than just the horse that could fall under both of the headings. Tell them to look for both in the book.
Paper activities in book (184) that cover this book are as follows:
The first is called "Helping Hands". It has different helpful things that are suppose to by laying on a horse blanket to color. Grandma will list those at the top of the page. Then there are two columns of headings to place the helpful things under with 3 blank fillins to fill out. On the back the children are suppose to tell how the stallion tries to help the girl? So here we are-
                                            leads them to water                                  carry tipis
                               give rides                                                       cares for hurt ones
                      help hunt buffalo                                                 finds them shelter in blizzards
             How the Girl Helps the Horses                                  How the Horses Help the People
1.     ____________________________                     1.     ______________________________
       _____________________________                             ______________________________
2.     _____________________________                    2.     ______________________________
        _____________________________                             ______________________________
3.     ______________________________                  3.     _______________________________
        ______________________________                           _______________________________
For this next page the children must fill out the blanks of the sentences with the right words. The words are hidden in the puzzle directly below. These letters of the hidden words are actually on the side of the cliffs with the wild horses going through the valley bellow the cliffs.
                                                                  N   E   I   G   H   H
                                                                  X   H  M   A   N   E
                                                                  M   O   V   L   C   R
                                                                  A    O   Z   L    F   D
                                                                  R    F   C   O   L   T
                                                                   E   T   G   P    Y   K
       1.   The wild horses live together in a ______________________________.
        2.   When horses make sounds, they_______________________________.
        3.   A young horse is a ____________________________.
        4.   The__________________________grows along a horse's neck.
        5.    A female horse is a _______________________________.
        6.    When horses run, they_______________________________________.
  • Find a word in the puzzle for a horse's foot._______________________________
                                                                         Head of the Herd
             The girl in the story loves the stallion. Choose the words from the top which is suppose to be a
          a box that describe the stallion. Write the words on the waterfall that runs down the page and is
          squared off with rocks and flowers or plants across the bottom and two sides.
                 free                strong                afraid                  proud                    handsome
                     sickly                    fast                   mighty                 lost                   brave
  • On the back or below of this page write a sentence to tell why you think the stallion likes the girl.
                                                                              Sensing a Storm
This page shows a storm cloud with a lightning from the cloud and rain below that on the side of the lists of statements to fill a blank part out with each. On the other side at the bottom of the statements are a couple of flowers in the grass with a cartoon butterfly flying above them. On the back of the page the children were suppose to write a poem about a storm. This could be done on a separate sheet also. The instructions say "The storm changes the girl's life. Write a complete sentence about the storm in the story or a storm you have seen using each phrase below."
    1. the scent of rain____________________________________
     2. a fresh breeze__________________________________________
        3. a flash of lightning___________________________________________
              4. distant thunder_________________________________________________
                    5. angry clouds_____________________________________________________
                        6. the crash and rumbling______________________________________________
                                                                    A Horse Is a Horse
This fill out page has a rainbow across the top below with a few clouds in between the colors. Across the bottom are bunch of soap weed cacti, a cactus and a little weed in the middle. It Says "At the end of the story, the girl's family believes she has become a horse. What do you think? Write your ideas about what has become of the girl who loved wild horses. Explain your ideas, too. It says to write something that you would ask the girl if you met her, on the back of the page or on a separate sheet.
This next activities Grandma is going to call Beautiful Blankets and Tipis
The first activity is ""A Blanket to Dye For" Remind (children) that the girl in the story has a beautiful blanket. Explain that many Native American groups are famous for their handwoven blankets. Traditionally, these weavers create their own thread from wool and dye it as well. Invite (children) to try dyeing fabric themselves to make into small blankets for dolls or stuffed animals or as place mats.  You Need:
white cotton rectangles, 9" x 12"                    pie tins                              newspaper
                   berries-raspberries, blueberries, or strawberries(or grape juice can be used)
      onion skins                        tea bags                   saffron                                water
1. Spread newspaper over four or five worktables. Provide each table with one of the following materials for making dye: onion skins, berries, tea bags, or saffron."
2. Let the children mash the berries and onions into separate tin pans. Add hot water to each pan and the tea bags and saffron to two other pans from the berries and onion skins.
3. When the water is cooled, remove the tea bags. Give the children each a cloth to dip in one of the pans to dye the cloth. Let them dye each cloth in whatever water they want. Try to get them to try each different dye.
4. Hang the cloths someplace they will not drip on anything that it will hurt if stained or outside somewhere.
5. After they are dry the children can use permanent markers or other small pieces of cloth to decorate them.
The next activity from Book (184) is that of tipi Displays or Tapestries. For this activity Book (184) suggests a large piece of colored construction paper as background or a bulletin board. Grandma suggests a colored poster board. It could be drawn on or painted like Paul Goble did, but Grandma likes Book (184)'s idea of cut pieces of small circles, squares, triangles, rectangles, and other shapes(even different animals could be used) cut from construction paper. The tipi could be precut with a slant at the top for sticks or black strips of paper or pipe cleaners. However, the tipi could be a rectangle of paper folded to shape a tipi also. Glue the tipi on the background with sticks, black strips, or pipe cleaners sticking out from the top or glued down. Then glue the shapes on the tipi. Be sure to display their work somewhere.
Grandma has more activities for this book and more on the pioneers etc., she will try to finish this unit Friday or the early part of next week. She has Molly's Pilgrim with Ellis Island to do along with Urguaine before easter along with the rest about Jesus and Then she has a little on Russia, India before she covers Australia and South America along with the 1900's before the school year is over and she will start lessons for the summer. Please be patient, for we are doing real good.                 

Day 119

Posted on March 16, 2014 at 11:49 PM Comments comments (18)
Hi folks! Get your tasks and Childrobotics out of the way. Plan your music, dancing or physical education (including health issues), language study, writing assignments, journal writing, family scrapbooks, yearbook items, and newspaper writing for the day. All Grandma has to give you today are some folklore, and as many paper items and activity on any reading she may have suggested. First she will cover the Calendar History for Sunday and Monday, March 16th and 17th with a couple of links to American frontier folklore for her is one, another will be under one of the birthdays, both are under March 16th. Here is some music by Bear's Den to go along with it. Grandma will let you know she had a Great Grandfather who played fiddle for the churches and then the Great Grandmother played piano for another.

Book (1): 

Under March 16th the first birthday was in 1750 form Caroline Lucretia Herschel, English astronomer.

The next is for James Madison, fourth president of the United States, born on March 16 in 1751.

Then Sid Fleischman, children's author, born on March 16 in 1751 is the one Book (1) writes about, ""Telling tall tales" Children's author Sid Fleischman's first love was magic. He spent his first few years after high school traveling the country in vaudeville shows and creating sleight-of-hand tricks for magicians. Fleischman published a book of original magic tricks when he was just 17. Later, he wrote mystery and suspense stories and tall tales. Explain to your (children) that tall tales are a special branch of folklore linked to the American frontier. (Including a tale with the Sioux Natives in South Dakota.) Share with the (children) some examples of Fleischman's tall tales, such as Chancy and the Grand Rascal (which Grandma could not get anything on, maybe in the library or you may have it) and The Whipping Boy (which she got a lot about as Movie series 2, One Trailer, a Discussion, and another Version). Then have (the children) select an event from American history and fashion a tall tale about it.

The last birthday on March 16 is that of Mary Chalmers, children's author, born in 1927.

Events for the day are the following:

First one on March 16 in 1521 of which The Philippine Islands were sighted by Ferdinand Magellan.

An event on March 16 of 1621 happened in which Chief Samoset first visited the Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony. He taught them how to plant corn and other native crops.

In 1802 on March 16 The U.S. Military Academy at West Point was established.

In 1827 on March 16 Freedom's Journal, The First Newspaper edited for and by African-Americans, was published in New York City. Which gives us a good time to tell you that it is Black Press Day.

In 1830 on March 16 the record for the fewest Stocks Traded on the New York Stock Exchange in a single day was established. Just 31 stocks changed hands.

Then in 1890 Eugene Schieffelin released 60 Starlings in New York City's Central Park. Book (1) says, "Eugene Schieffelin was active in the Acclimatization Society--an organization dedicated to establishing nonnative plants and animals in the United States. Because he was an avid reader of William Shakespeare, Schieffelin's personal goal was to import any bird species mentioned in the Bard's works but not found in North America. This included the starling. With few natural predators, the starling quickly multiplied and spread throughout the continent. Today, many communities regard starlings as pests. Have your (children) research starling behavior and adaptability. Why would some ornithologists say starlings have their own kind of "Yankee ingenuity"?"

March 17 as you probably know is St. Patrick's Day (people are suppose to wear something green or they could get pinched). St. Patrick was a special missionary in Ireland, who was very faithful, which in 1762 New York City held its First St. Patrick's Day Parade. Book (1) says under ""Percussion party" Legend has it that St. Patrick chased the snakes from Ireland by banging furiously on a drum. So why not celebrate this St. Patrick's Day with some rat-tat-tatting of your own? Share the verse below with your (children). Then have them create their own drums using tabletops, oatmeal boxes, plastic milk jugs, and so on. Fingers and knuckles can serve as drumsticks, but have your (children) find creative alternatives--wooden spoons, paintbrushes, whisk brooms, or coat hangers, for example.
                  Won't you join
                   Our St. Patrick's Day band?
                   We play real loud
                   And sound so grand.

The other event happened in 1898on March 17 when the First Practical Submarine was submerged for 1 hour and 45 minutes off Staten Island.

One birthday was on March 17 in 1846 when Kate Greenway, English illustrator of children's books, published a collection of poems and drawings called Marigold Garden in 1879. Read aloud Greenway's poem "Susan Blue," which centers on a few rhyming questions. Then have your (children) create their own poems that incorporate questions. Start the children thinking by asking,  "What is something you wonder about?""(Grandmother is not sure if the video from this link read any of the poem because she could not hear it since she needs something for her speakers. Then Grandma made a connection to an Internet library for the book to read right on the computer. WOW!)

 The last birthday on March 17 was that of Rudolf Nureyev, Russian dancer in 1938. Which I will get what I can about Russia, starting with a link to Ukraine, the split of a Great-granddaughter and two countries, Russia is testing out Missiles near Ukraine, and Crimea Joining Russia through votes.(Since the time Grandma first wrote this Russia has taken over Crimea and killed a lot of people in Ukraine. They would not follow instructions in going after the ISIS but killed a lot of other innocent people. Then they stepped in the election of Trump and Carter which has led to a lot of problems for Trump. US keeps trying to be nice but some people just have a problem.)

Book (6) has some direction and activities to give you on another Chinese book or two, when we finish the Chinese books there will be a book or two on Vietnam and Korea. Along with things on the Pioneer days. Be sure to read and find as many books as you wish on Pioneers and living as a pioneer as well as what you can find on the Native Americans.
Chinese story How the Ox Star Fell from Heaven retold by Lily Toy Hong (Albert Whitman, 1991,28 pp.)
"This is a retelling of the ancient folktale about how the oxen came to be on Earth. According to this Chinese story, oxen once lived in luxury in the heavens only to become Earth-bound beasts of burden. What is an unfortunate situation for the oxen becomes a blessing to mankind.
Before Reading How the Ox Star Fell from Heaven
  • Tell the (children) that they are about to hear a story about how an animal came to live on earth. Help the class to understand the distinction between myths (traditional stories usually involving superhuman beings), legends (non historical or unverifiable stories handed down by tradition of earlier times) and fables(short tales to teach a moral or lesson, usually involving animals or inanimate objects as characters). Help them to classify How the Ox Star Fell from Heaven as a fable.
After Reading How the Ox Star Fell from Heaven
  • Ask the children to comment on whether or not the fable had a happy ending. Guide the class to understanding that whether or not story events or endings are pleasing depends on the point of view represented by various characters. For example, while the oxen were not pleased to be banished to Earth, the farmers were happy to have such strong beasts of burden to help them with their work.
Follow-up Activities
Plan a Chinese Meal
Help children scan the story to find the part that describes what the characters in the book like to eat (rice, vegetables and Chinese sweet cakes). (Grandma just went out to a Chinese Buffet the other day and she prefers noodles instead of rice, she also likes eating suchi very much. However, everyone's tastes are different from others.) Then, read to the class the notes on Lily Toy Hong, author of How the Ox Star Fell from Heaven, that appear on the book's end papers. (Here it is noted that the author "enjoys learning more about Chinese culture and eating rice every day.") Tell the children that writers often include influences from their own lives in their books, which is why the author may have chosen to show people enjoying a rice meal. Look up the words "stable" and "diet" in the dictionary. Tell the children also that rice is a stable in the Chinese diet; have them guess which foods are staples in their own diets. Then, plan a meal of vegetables and rice for the class to enjoy. If possible, use a Chinese wok and bamboo rice steamer to cook your meal, and then consume it using chopsticks, (as shown in the link Use of Chopsticks.)
Compare Stories
Declare one week "Fable Week." In addition to sharing How the Ox Star Fell from Heaven, read aloud some of the stories in Just So Stories by Rudyard Kipling (Weather vane Books, 1978). Included in this collection are fables such as, "How the Leopard Got His Spots."
Tell the class that Kipling's stories were collected from around the world (though they tend to sound alike when told because they are all presented in Kipling's voice). If the children have difficulty understanding Kipling's use of language, feel free to read his words and then translate or clarify what he meant. Encourage the children to illustrate and label or write a brief description of one favorite scene from one of Kipling's tales, or from How the Ox Star Fell from Heaven. Also, have them share their illustrations and give examples of how any two stories they listened to are alike or different.
Conduct TV Interviews"
Using the chart provided, for it "provides questions designed to help students discover and appreciate the various points of view the characters held regarding the story's circumstances and outcome. After the children have had a chance to review the questions, encourage them to jot response notes in the space provided. (Younger children may just wish to copy a feeling face to depict how they believe the character felt.) Then, invite (the children) to play the parts of story characters who are guesting on a TV talk show. Play the part of the TV talk show host and introduce your guests, who are seated facing the classroom audience. To interview the characters, use a "microphone" made from an empty paper tissue roll or a cylindrical block. Ask the characters the questions on the sheet, and have the characters respond by referring to their notes and answering. Help your audience note when characters disagree on their point of view. Create new interview questions and repeat the exercise with other stories. (With practice, participants will not need to be familiar with questions ahead of time.)
                                                             Interview Questions to Oxen
  1. What was it like to live with the emperor of All the Heavens in his Imperial Palace?
 2.     How do you feel about the fact that you got to rest in luxury while people were always tired and hungry?
 3.     How did you feel when Ox Star confused the Emperor's message? Do you think the punishment was
          fair? Why or why not? What should have been done instead?
                                                            Interview Questions to Peasants
  1.    How did you feel when Ox Star told his message to you?
  2.     Describe what life was like without animals to help.
  3.     Do you think the Emperor's punishment to Ox Star and the other oxen was fair? Why or why not?
                                                             Interview Questions to Emperor
  1.     Why did you allow the oxen to live so easily while people had such a hard life?
  2.      Do you think your punishment to Ox Star and the other oxen was fair? Why or why not?
  3.      Do you ever make mistakes?
This is all Grandma can handle tonight. We will bring more tomorrow.

Day 89 and 90

Posted on February 1, 2014 at 5:52 PM Comments comments (2)
Grandma has activities on eight stories to give you. These are out of her book (6). She has give you video's from Youtube of four and an extra bonus video. The first book to be covered is Anancy and Mr. Dry-Bone by Fiona French (Little Brown and Co.,1991, 28 pp.). It is an African, Jamaican book. "Rich Mr. Dry-Bone and poor Anancy both want to marry the very clever and very beautiful Miss Louise. Miss Louise decides that she will marry the man who is able to make her laugh. Mr. Dry-Bone tries hard with conjuring tricks, but it is poor Anancy (who must borrow courting clothes from his animal friends) who finally makes Miss Louise burst out laughing.                                                                                                                                
Before Reading Anancy and Mr. Dry-Bone
Show the children the strikingly beautiful illustrations in the book. Ask the children to describe what it is about the art work (bold, black silhouettes against dazzlingly brilliant Carribean-inspired backgrounds), that makes us want to read the book. If possible, compare these illustrations with the art deco-inspired illustrations found in Ben's Trumpet by Rachael Isadora (Greenwillow Books, 1979).
After Reading Anancy and Mr. Dry-Bone
Locate Africa and Jamaica on a map. Note that Jamaica is an island in the Caribbean. Inform the children that Anancy and Mr. Dry-Bone is only one of many Anancy stories that can be found in both places. Explain that sometimes similar stories develop in cultures that could not possibly have communicated with each other to share stories. In this case, however, natives taken from Africa and enslaved in the Caribbean took their stories with them, so people in both places now tell Anancy stories.
Follow-up Activities
Similar Stories
As does Tower to Heaven, this story demonstrates how different cultures often tell stories with the same concept, conflict or storyline. Tell the children the story of the "Golden Goose" from The Complete Grimm's Fairy Tales (Random House, 1972). In this story, which originates in Germany, a princess who never laughs has a father who decides she will marry the man who can make her laugh. How is this story the same or different from Anancy and Mr. Dry-Bone? Ask the children to speculate on why similar stories might spring up in very distant cultures.
Act It Out
Place clothing in the drama trunk so children may act out Anancy and Mr. Dry-Bone. Ask ... for donations which can be returned  to the owners, if desired. ... You may also rewrite Anancy and Mr. Dry-Bone as a play. Use a large chart pad to help record simple dialogue and setting descriptions. Divide the play into three acts. Act one can use soliloquies to introduce the characters, act two can center on Mr. Dry-Bone's visit to Miss Louise, and act three can depict Anancy borrowing his courting clothes and making Miss Louise laugh.  
Sweetheart Stories
Anancy and Mr. Dry-Bone is really the story of how two people fall in love. Have (the children) interview their parents or other relatives or adult friends to discover how the two interviewers met and fell in love. (The children) should rely on the five W's (Who, What, When, Where, and Why?) to get as much specific information as they can. (The children) may discover that parents from different cultures may have had "arranged" matches, or they may have had to obtain their own parents' approval before the marriage could take place. If so, class discussion can focus on the pros and cons of such customes in comparison with the relative freedom Americans expect in choosing a marriage partner. Place a favorite story on a pretty trimmed paper. They can place a portrait in the middle even if made up or drawn."
The next story to be used with Book (6) is Amoko and Efua Bear by Sonia Appiah(Macmillan, 1988, 28 pp.) 
"Amoko Efua Mould lives in Ghana, West Africa. Her middle name, Efua, means that she was born on a Friday. Amoko is sure that her favorite toy, a little stuffed bear, was born on a Friday, too, so she named her Efua Bear. Usually Efua Bear is first in Amoko's heart, but when Amoko receives a gift of a toy drum from her aunt she is so excited about the new toy that she accidently leaves her beloved bear in the yard overnight. The story allows young readers to feel close to Amoko and her predicament, even though she lives in far-away Ghana.
Before Reading Amoko and Efua Bear  
Ask the (children) to tell if any of them have favorite dolls, puppets, or stuffed animals that are special to them. (Older children who may not still feel an attachment to such a toy [or who might be reluctant to admit such an attachment in class] can tell about toys they used to care about when they were little.) Locate Ghana on a map or globe. Tell the class that this is a story about a girl from Ghana and the little stuffed animal that she cared about--even though the girl did forget about her stuffed bear for one whole night.
After Reading Amoko and Efua Bear
Ask the children to tell about times they may have forgotten a favorite toy. Ask them how they felt, and then have them look at the picture of Amoko that shows how she felt when she discovered Efua was missing. Have them describe what she might be feeling. Ask the children to explain how their feelings could be so similar to those of a child who lives so far away.
Follow-up Activities
Same Different Card Game 
To help children understand how much they have in common with Amoko and her life in Ghana, use a pack of index cards to create a set of same/different game cards" for each child. For each set write the following statements on each card for each child. (The statements  presented are based on the book's illustrations.)
-Amoko takes a bath outside using buckets of water.
-Amoko carries her bear tied to her back.
-Amoko sees a lizard sunning on a wall.
-Amoko drinks milk from a coconut.
-Amoko helps her parents make dinner.
-Amoko likes to play hide-and-seek.
-Amoko likes getting new toys.
-Amoko feels sad when her bear is hurt.
Have the children sort their cards into two piles representing ways they are the same as Amoko and ways they are different from Amoko. After all the children have had a chance to sort and count their two piles of cards, have them discuss whether they were surprised to discover they have a lot in common with a girl from such a faraway place.
Their Toys
Grandma has changed their activity to one of her own because theirs just wouldn't work well for our children. The objective of this activity is to relate themselves to their own feelings and develop imagination of creative communication with sympathy and passion. It is very similar to the books only with a little flair. 
They are to gather all their favorite toys and characterize them by their most favorite to their least and the largest to the smallest. Ask them what each of the toys names are. Then they or you are to ask their toys how they feel about their owners or what feelings they may have.
"Write "Otherwise" Books
Remind children what happened when Amoko forgot her responsibility for Efua Bear. Then, have students brainstorm a list of responsibilities they have at school. Record these on a chart pad. Then, have children create a corresponding "otherwise" list of consequences for not fulfilling these responsibilities. (For example, we hang up our coats in the closet, otherwise, the coats fall on the floor and become tangled and dirty.) Have children refer to the list to create their own "otherwise" books. Provide paper for the children to record and illustrate their ideas as illustrated below. Staple completed pages between sheets of construction paper and share finished books." 
The next book from Book (6) given with a video from youtube is an African-American tale called Ben's Trumpet by Rachel Isadora (Greenwillow Books, 1979,32 pp.)
"With limited text and striking black and white art deco-inspired art, the author tells the story of a young boy in the 1920's who sits on his fire escape longing to play jazz music like he hears coming from the nearby "Zig Zag Jazz Club." Aside from introducting young readers to the instruments used to create jazz sounds, the book shows how one boy's artistic bent can feed a dream only another artist can truly understand.
Before Reading Ben's Trumpet
Ask the children to talk about their favorite types of music. Invite children who understand about different types of music to share what they know with the group. Show the group the book. Ben's Trumpet. Ask the children to tell how the book looks different from other picture books they know (Possible responses: the pictures are in black and white, the illustrations are comprised of outlines, silhouettes and abstract designs).
After Reading Ben's Trumpet
Ask the children what problems Ben has in seeing his dream of playing jazz come true(e.g., He doesn't own an instrument; his friends make fun of him). Do they believe Ben will ever learn to play the trumpet? Why? Why doesn't Ben's family buy him a trumpet? (Remind children that in the 1920s many families didn't have much money to buy expensive things for their children.)
Follow-up Activities
Jazz Intro
Help students to understand that, especially at the beginning of the jazz movement, most of the jazz musicians were African-American men. Tell the children that many of these musicians were not allowed to play in the muical clubs with white owners (or, even in those white-owned clubs where they were allowed, other black people were not allowed into the audience). So, they created their own jazz clubs, much like the "Zig Zag Jazz Club."" Study about the jazz music and the jazz clubs. Find out about the roots of jazz music, or "share portions of the book Jazz by Langston Hughes (Franklin Watts, 1982). Jazz offers a brief history of jazz as well as mini-biographies of jazz greats. Also included is a glossary of jazz terms. 
Jazzy Paintings
Point out to the children that the writer has chosen an art deco style of art (popular in the 1920s) to illustrate the book. Show the children art books featuring other examples of art deco works. Ask the children to describe how the artist used this style of art to make the book's illustrations "look like" the sounds of jazz music. Offer the children black tempera paint and white paper. Play selections of jazz music and have the children paint what they hear. Have children share their paintings and their reactions to the music. How does it differ from other music they know?"
Multicultural Music Festival
(Grandma is changing this because what they have will not fit for us.) Make out invitations to friends and neighbors as well as family to get together and bring any friends to form a music festival of different kinds of music to play. Therefore, to share musical or other talents together, explaining the history, origin and mechanics of their talents to each other. Hopefully there will be plenty of variety. Else play various types on CD's, Dvd's, Youtube, videos, tapes, or records. Whatever you can do to introduce the children to various types of music.
The next video and book to share together from Book (6) is Cornrows by Camille Yarborough(Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, Inc. 1979, 44 pp.) It is also African-American.
"In a "story-within-a-story," this author tells of the significance that braiding hair into cornrows holds for African-Americans. The book underscores the power that symbolism holds for a culture, and offers a perfect starting point for exploring the symbolism present in other cultures.
Before Reading Cornrows
Show the (children) the illustrations and ask them what they notice. (The illustrations--soft, muted black and white sketches without edges--are meant to blend past and present into one dream, one reality for the people who share a heritage.) Point out how illustrations of the present overlap illustrations of ancient peoples and ask the children why the illustrator chose to present the artwork this way.
After Reading Cornrows 
Celebrate ...unity by having the (children) make and eat Braided Bread, following the recipe below. You may want to start the yeast mixture and put the bread aside to rise before the (children) come, or have the children help you with it early in the day, as it needs 1 1/2 to 2 hours to rise before the class arrives, or have the children help you with it early in the day, as it needs 1 1/2 to 2 hours to rise before it is ready to work. This is a wonderful group activity: children can help with measuring, mixing, kneading and shaping the loaves--and of course, all can share in the eating!
Braided Bread
   3 packages active dry yeast
   1 1/3 cups warm water (100 degrees to 115 degrees, approximately)
   1 tablespoon granulated sugar
   1 tablespoon course salt
   3 tablespoons softened butter
   3 eggs
   5 to 5 1/2 cups all-purpose flour
   1 egg yolk mixed with one teaspoon cold water
   poppy seeds (optional)
Dissolve the yeast and sugar in 1/2 cup of warm water in a large bowl. Stir well and set aside for a few minutes. The fermentation should become evident as the mixture swells and bubbles appear--if this does not happen, the yeast is not active: it must be discarded and the process begun again, with a new packet of yeast and the same quantities of water and sugar. If the yeast is active, add the salt, sugar, butter and eggs and the 5 cups of flour (one cup at a time). Beat thoroughly with a wooden spoon (children can help). The dough should be very stiff. Add up to 1/2 cup more flour, a little at a time, if it is not stiff enough. Turn the dough out onto a floured surface. Knead approximately 10 minutes. Children can take turns kneading (after they wash their hands) until the dough is smooth and elastic. Place the dough in a very large, well-oiled bowl, and turn it once to coat all the surfaces with oil. Cover and let rise 1 1/2 to 2 hours in a warm, draft-free place until doubled in bulk. When doubled, punch down and divide into six equal parts. Roll each portion into a rope about 1 inch in diameter on a lightly floured surface. Braid 3 ropes together to make 2 loaves. Place about 6 inches apart on a well-oiled baking sheet. Cover and let rise again until almost doubled in bulk. Then brush the tops of the loaves with the egg yolk and water mixture and sprinkle with poppy seeds if desired. Bake in a preheated oven at 400 degrees for 35 to 45 minutes. Cool completely before sharing....
Follow-up Activities 
Cornrow Demonstration
Look on a map to find the places Mama mentions where people wore cornrows (I.e., Egypt, Swaziland, Senegal, and Somali). Invite someone (you know to your home or visit someone who can) demonstrate how hair is braided into cornrows. Have children braid lengths of yarn together into bracelets to present to each other as a similar symbol of tightly woven friendships.
Learning About VIP's
In the book, Mama lists people for whom the cornrows may be named (e.g. Robeson, Malcolm, Dr. King, DuBois, etc.). Have students research these names to discover why they are significant to the African and African-American culture. (The children) may then report ...on why these would be good people to honor with the symbolic hairstyle.
Symbols and Traditions
Reread the page in the book that tells how it was possible to tell which clan or class people belonged to by the way their hair was braided. Ask the children to (demonstrate)  examples of similar "wearable" symbols they're familiar with (e.g., sports' papaphernalia, scouting uniforms, school uniforms, buttons, native costumes,  logo-laden tee shirts, caps, etc.)." Make two seperate lists of symbols and their significance. One labeled Symbols of Unity and the other Significance of Symbols. "Ask: Why are such symbols important? (possible answers: They unite people in a visible way; they make people feel as though they belong together, etc.)"
The next African-American book to be read and activities carried out with from Book (6) is Everett Anderson's Goodbye by Lucille Clifton (Holt, Renehart and Wnston, 1983, 21 pp.) 
"In simple, but elegant rhyme, the author shows a small boy's pain as he progresses through five predictable stages of grief in an effort to cope with his father's death. The story line is complemented by rich and tender black and white pensil sketches of Everett Anderson as he experiences emotions ranging from denial to acceptance. Together, the storyline and illustrations effectively evoke some of the feelings we all experience when we grieve.
Before Reading Everett Anderson's Goodbye
Show the (children) the illustrations in the book. Ask: What do you think the book is about? How do you think we will feel after reading the book?
After Reading Everett Anderson's Goodbye
Ask the children for their reactions to the book. Ask the children to explain in their own words what Everett must be feeling inside. Even though the book doesn't tell us how Everett's mom is feeling, have the children speculate about her feelings. Have children volunteer to tell about times they've felt the same as Everett Anderson. Ask the children if they think it's ever wrong to feel sad or to cry as he did. 
Follow-up Activities
Exploring Ethnicity and Feelings
Use a chart pad or chalkboard to list the five stages of grief (located in the front of the book). Then, reread the book to discover how Everett behaves during each stage. (The states are numbered in the text.) Ask the children if during each stage. (The stages are numbered in the text.) Ask the children if during each stage. (The stages are numbered in the text.) Ask the children if they think the story would be different if the character looked different from Everett (e.g., if the character was a girl or was not black). Help the children to notice that the setting isn't specified. Have the children speculate as to why the author and illustrator created a book that could take place almost anywhere. They may conclude that the main character's feelings are universal, too. Help the children to understand that doctors who study the science of how people think and feel (psychology) have learned that nearly everyone who is saddened by a death goes through the same five stages: They are universal, too.
Collaborative Big Book
Reread the book (paying special attention to the illustrations) to discover what Everett's mother does to help him feel better. Ask each child to think of one way they help others when they are feeling sad. (Help children understand that it is not always necessary to "cheer up" a sad friend in an effort to help him or her. While sad feelings are uncomfortable, they sometimes help us accept things we cannot change and they are an inevitable, transitory part of life, not something wrong or bad.) List these helpful ideas on a chart pad, beginning each contribution with the sentence starter, "One good way to help someone who is feeling sad is..." Help children transfer each contribution to a large piece of construction paper or oaktag. Have children illustrate their own contributions. Bind pages together into a collaborative "Big Book of Helpful Hints for Helping Someone Who Feels Sad."
Feelings in Common
To help children understand that, despite our differences, we all share feelings in common," provide a chart like the one that is in Grandma's book (6). Turning a page sideways make a chart with different emotional faces across the top after leaving space of about two inches for questions and the statement beginning the questions of "How do you feel When..." then the faces happy, sad angry embarrassed woried, frightened, shy, and surprised. Then the questions under "How do you feel When..." are as follows:
1. a classmate gives you a hug?
2. it's the last day of school?
3. you have to do a lot of homework?
4. an adult says you're "so cute."
5. someone else gets blamed for something you did.
The child must mark a check under each face or feeling for the question asked.
Then on another piece of paper list the feelings and if possible the faces; for each have the children write an experience they had with this emotion. They can compare with others. They are as follows:
1. shy-
2. angry-
3. worried-
4. happy-
5. embarrassed- 
The next book is an African-American book from Book (6) called Me and Neesie by Elouise Greenfield (Thomas Y. Crowell Co. 1975, 33 pp.) 
"Before Neesie came along, Janell was a lonely little girl who had no one to play with her. Neesi likes all of the same things as Janell. Of course, grown-ups can't see Neesie, but she behaves just like Janell, even getting into the same trouble as Janell. But, when it's time for Neesie to go to school, Janell doesn't want to come along... and young readers will probably understand why.
Before Reading Me and Neesie
Tell the class that, in the book they are about to read, the main character named Janell has a make-believe friend named Neesie. Ask the children if any of them have ever had an imaginary or make-believe friend. Talk about the pros and cons of such a friendship. As they listen to the story, ask the children to be aware of the problems Neesie causes for Janell. 
After Reading Me and Nessie
Ask the children to offer possible explanations for why Mama asks Janell not to tell Aunt Bea about Neesie. After getting to know Aunt Bea, do the children believe she would have been upset if she knew about Neesie? Why do the children believe Neesie didn't want to go to school?"  
Follow-up Activities
Real Research on Imaginary Friends
Ask the children to hypothesize about imaginary friends. Talk about it if they have an imaginary friend or had one. Research to see if children all over the world create imaginary playmates? Have the children talk about their thoughts. See what the therapists say about it in their research. Make a record of their findings. Record it in the Newspaper you work on in the family.
Friendly Comparisons
Remind children that Neesie and Janell looked and behaved almost identically. Book (6) has a chart given that could be used for each of your children that can interview someone they know well that will not feel defensive if asked some questions about their favorite things for the children to compare themselves with. The chart is just like the below information only it has lines dividing the sections you can draw in when it is printed out. It is as follows:
             Criteria                               ______________________                        _______________________
                                                                         Name                                                      Classmate's Name
   Favorite food
   Favorite color
   Favorite game
   Favorite school
   activity or
   Favorite pet or
   Favorite music
   Favorite book
The next African-American book to come out of Book (6) is called Peter's Chair by Ezra Jack Keats (Harper & Row, 1967, 32 pp.) One of the video's covers it also.
"Peter's new baby sister, Suzie, seems to be taking over the whole house. Peter's mother tells him to play quietly because Suzie is napping. Father is painting Peter's old crib and highchair pink because they belong to Suzie now. When Peter spots his old chair, he decides to take the chair and run away so they won't give that to the baby, too! How Peter finally comes to volunteer to paint the little chair pink himself makes for a delightfully universal story about growing up.
Before Reading Peter's Chair
Find out how many of the children have younger brothers or sisters at home. Do they remember when their younger siblings were babies? Have the children take turns describing in as much detail as possible what it feels like to be jealous of the baby. What did they do when they felt jealous? Tell the group that they are going to learn a story about a boy who is jealous of his little sister.
After Reading Peter's Chair
Have the children imagine all the reasons why Peter was jealous of Suzie (e.g., she got to use his crib and high chair, Mother and Father were paying lots of attention to Suzie, etc.). What made Peter change his mind about giving his chair to Suzie?" 
Follow-up Activities
Bring 'n Brag Baby Pictures
We are going to do this activity different than the way Book (6) does it. They put a classroom of baby pictures on half of a bulletin board and let the children try to match it with pictures of the children now on the other half by string. What we are going to do is dig out all the baby pictures you have and see if your children can find their own. Then take all the pictures and make a family scrap book of them. Have lots of fun and be sure to add little messages and explanations on them. Let them help decide what to put on each page and what it is about.
"Collage a Room Design
The author-illustrator uses collage materials to create the illustrations for Peter's Chair. Have the class examine the book page by page to see if they can identify the common materials Keats incorporated into the illustrations (e.g. wallpapers, lace dollies, and newspaper). Provide the children with similar materials along with catalogs featuring housewares and furniture. Also, provide each student with a piece of lightweight cardboard or oaktag (approx 9" x 12" or larger). Have the (children) cover the cardboard with glued-on pieces of wallpaper scraps (gluing a strip of contrasting paper along the bottom of the cardboard to create a ground line. Encourage the children to add a construction paper window or a door to the collage. Then, have children cut items from the catalog and glue these onto the wallpaper to design a room of their dreams. Have children share their results. How many of them incorporated similar elements into their rooms? Do any of the rooms look exactly alike? Why or why not?"
(Grandma is going to add a few notes here. Rooms are usually based on 3 different colors. The black and white are considered neutral and are not counted in the colors but can go in as 1 of the three. Paint color cards are great for putting colors together. Teach the children about different styles of homes and decorating as contempory, colonial, victorian. Teach them that some people have collections and what they might be. Also teach them that not everything has to be modern on small budgets but some places and people will help with grants and showing their work. Also teach them that if a home is free of trees on the fences, weeds, trash and junk stuff as well as fireplaces, natural wood, some places nice carpeting, etc. all add value to a home. Sometimes it is just a new flooring on the kitchen or bathroom. Getting things clean and sturdy add to value also. Sheets hung on a rod are better than anything else, but learn to hang rods and shades because it tells what kind of person someone is otherwize. Metal rods are only $1.50. Many things for homes can be found at the used stores or garage stores. Just don't get carried away and spend for something that will do you no good at all. Budget yourself with only so much to spend on certain things as decor, clothing, etc. Many fabric stores will give you a swatch of something to try if necessary and carpet companies usually have a swatch of carpet they can give.)
Character Comparison
A chart is provided that we will have to improvise on again in which it compares the child with Peter and how much they are like them. Just draw the lines in between the statements of the following:
   All about Peter:                                                      I am the                                     I am
                                                                               same as Peter                    different from Peter
   1. Peter owns a pet.
   2. Peter sometimes has
       trouble sharing.
   3. When Peter was mad, he felt
       like running away.
   4. Peter liked helping.
   5. Peter felt jealous when he
       thought someone else (his sister)
       was getting all the attention.
   6. Peter liked looking at his baby
   7. Peter liked fooling his mother.
The last African-American book to cover from Book (6) is called Tar Beach by Faith Ringgold (Crown Publishers, 1991, 28 pp.). There is a video at the beginning of this blog with Tar Beach on it.
"In 1939, Cassie Louise Lightfoot is an eight-year-old girl who wants to fly wherever she pleases. From her New York City apartment building's rooftop--dubbed "tar beach"--she lets her imagination soar until the stars lift her up and she can fly over the city. Tar Beach is the story of endless possibilities and the universal longing for freedom.
Before Reading Tar Beach
Have children look carefully at the unusual and exquisite illustrations in Tar Beach. From looking at the illustrations, ask the children to tell where they believe the story takes place. Have the children suggest whether the story is fact or fiction;  have (them) offer statements to support their reasoning.
After Reading Tar Beach
Ask the children if they believe Cassie really could fly over the city. Tell the children that when Cassie says she can "fly," the author is making use of figurative language. Have children look on a map to locate New York City, Harlem and the George Washington Bridge. If possible, show the class photographs of these places. Inform the class that the author is writing about the rooftop of a neighboring apartment building she sees from the roof of her Harlem apartment. (When the author was a child, her family often spent hot summer nights up on the roof--the adults played cards and the children stayed up late, lying on mattresses.)
Follow-Up Activities
Creative Imagery
Have the (children) lie on the floor or on mats, and close their eyes. Reread Tar Beach and have each of the (children) imagine that he or she is Cassie flying over the George Washington Bridge. When you are finished, ask the children how it felt to fly. Then, have the children lie down again. Reread page one of Tar Beach and then call on the children to imagine what they see as they fly. Tape record this session. Provide paper for the children to illustrate what they looked like while flying, and what they noticed during their flight. Help children traanscribe their narrations from the recorder to their illustrations. Bind pages into a book with observations in the order that they occurred in your recording session. Accompany the book's classroom debut with the taped narration.
Weaving Fact and Fantasy
According to the summary on the Tar Beach book jacket, Tar Beach's story line "is a seamless weaving of fact, autobiography and African-American history and literature. "Help the children to understand the meaning of "autobiography." Then, have the children create picture books depicting a part of their own lives. If they want, the children can mix fiction into their autobiogrpahies by claiming to possess magical abilities as Cassie did. But, if their stories are to resemble the structure of Tar Beach, at least part of each autobiography must be true.
Understanding Discrimination
In Tar Beach, Cassie wants to be free and she wants to free her family from their problems, so she daydreams that she is free to fly." On paper "list the problems Cassie mentions in the book. Help children understand the discrimination African-Americans went through at the time the book takes place. Help them also to understand that just looking or behaving differently is often the basis for such unfair treatment (of African-Americans and others) even today. Following your discussion," look at the following scenario and record solutions to each of the situations. "After all of the students' ideas have been recorded, have students notice which solutions suggest changing (rather than accepting) the situation. Faith Ringgold was born in the Sugar Hill section of Harlem, NY, the setting of Tar Beach. She continues to live there today.'
Kids you know make fun of the color of your skin. They call you mean names. It feels like no one will be your friend.
Kids you know make fun of another kid's skin color. You want to be friends with the one they are picking on, but don't want to lose your friends.
Someone you meet or work with doesn't speak English.
You receive a birthday invitation to a party for a classmate. The birthday child is from a different ethnic background from yours. You have never been to her house before.
In class, you are celebrating a classmate's birthday. Another student refuses to eat a cupcake because his religion doesn't believe in celebrating birthdays. Other kids begin to tease him.

Day 36

Posted on October 29, 2013 at 6:08 AM Comments comments (5)
Good Morning! Two more days until the end of October. I want to cover Cental America so the children can learn about the Panama Canal before I go into Mexico because I have a lot of material to cover for Mexico before we can finish the American History and go into other contries. I also want to give you a lesson from Book (57) on Pizza since October is also Pizza month and we might as well have the one about spaghetti with it.
Before we go into Lessons, Grandma's routine is to get your chores, responsibilities, and tasks done before we start. Then if you say prayers here it is a good time to say them. ( a Little notes to parents, Grandma is sorry if there is typing errors in my work. I have wanted and had the idea of giving lessons to home schooling parents ever since I went to school 15-20 years ago. I have had many things stand in my way and I will do all I can to get these out to you I just wish you had all the material with it. I have practically lost the whole use of my legs these last few months and I have lots of responsibilities in my home because it is large, I have three animals of my Granddaughters I take care of and clean-up of her mother and her since they left to a friends house because of a misunderstanding and my church takes a lot of my time. I am trying to keep up with the facebook people because I am trying to post the network empower network to help our site run. Therefore, I must play and stay friends with people I brought in. Sometimes those take a little longer than expected. Than I am trying to help two boys from overseas. I am trying to keep and get connection with my family. Then it takes about 4-8 hours to type. I have some trouble with my machine because it is old and the spelling does not always work. Therefore, I want to apologize if I do not always catch my mistakes. Sometimes, I am very tired and have to start late, so please bear with me and if you see a problem, I do have voicemail on my phone. Please take care. For I do appreciate all of you to be following me. I will try to make connections with those interested in the real estate because I do have some connections to some exceptions that make a profit in the budget.)
For our bible lesson today we were to read up to Chapter 49. Chapter 49 is our only reading for today. Faith Alive will explain it in Did You Know? It asks and says, "How is Jacob's blessing of his sons special? Jacob's blessing is a prophecy as well as a prayer. It tells what will happen to each family and what will be special about each family many years later. The prophecy about Judah is most important. King David and Jesus came from this family group. Jesus is the one who will rule all nations.(Parents, another little not here:Grandma has covered Abraham pretty strong. However, the next Book will be about Moses and I will not go clear through it. I feel it is not necessary for the children. It is difficult to follow and should be up to parents to read. I will cover all the important parts in it and whatever could be necessary. If you want me to cover something extra in it , let me know.) Tomorrow we will read chapter 50 and possibly to the end of Genesis.
We now have Childrobotics and our dance lesson for the day. Today Grandma is giving you Lesson 17
The element is: tight and loose;   The helper is: spaghetti monsters
This is what the author says, " (Show the children a small package wriapped tightly with string, and then some loose string-- or any other examples of tight and loose.)  Tell me the difference between the string on the package and the other piece of string.Yes, one is tight and one is loose. One is straight, the other is curved. Can you make your body tight like the string that is tight on the package? Show me. What happens to your muscles? Can you move like that? Can you move your arms as if they were wrapping a package very tightly? It's a big package, and your arms wrap it very, very tightly. Can you keep those arms tight and stretch out away from your package? Can you make yourlegs move tightly like that? Your muscles are hard, and the movement is bound like the package. Can you change your level with tight muscles? Can you move your back like that? Skip? Jump?
Now this other piece of string: look how it flops, how loose it is. Can you make your body loose and floppy like that? Show me. Can you skip loosely and floppily? Jump? Hop? Can you change level? Can you move your back like that?
Who likes spaghetti? What is spaghetti like before it is cooked? Show me. Straight and hard. And then what happens when it is cooked? I gets loose and very floppy.
Once upon a time there were some pieces of spaghetti, and I thought to myself: "I think I'll have some spaghetti for supper. " So I put the long, straight pieces into the boiling water and watched. What happened? Look at those stiff bodies gradually become limp and loose!
Then, to my surprise, the spaghetti started to dance to the music of the boiling water--a loose, floppy dance, with jumps, and turns, and levels, and all parts of its body moving.
Just then a huge monster who loved spaghetti came in, with big, tight movements. He could twist, bend, stretch, but only in a tight, bound way--only with very tight muscles. He could move his back and his legs and change level and crawl, but only tight, tight, tight. Suddenly he saw the dancing spaghetti. What happened? (Let the children finish the story!)
Today in your good-bye dance I want to see two things. What do you suppose those two elements are? Yes, tight and loose: tight, bound movements and loose, floppy movements. (Play music. Percussion music is good because it suits both tight and loose movements.)
Goals for evaluation: See whether the children can dance such a silly story and still use their energy clearly. Energy must be used in the extreme to be clear."
Calendars for the day should include information on their for your own plans and organizing marterials. Mine is just there for an extra advantage. On October 29, 1740 James Boswell, Scottish writer whose Life of Samuel Johnson is considered a masterpiece of biography was born. Then in 1884 Bela Lugosi, actor noted for his roles in horror films was born. Book (1) says, "In honor of Bela Lugosi's birthday, have the children create masks depicting themselves in a rotten mood. On the back, they should write how they feel when this "monster mood" comes out. Maybe they're embarrassed and lonely, not just grumpy! Discuss the different feelings that might bring on a "monster mood."
Well I thought it over and decided it was going to have to be Spagetti and Pizza night because we did the spagetti dance. Grandma will wait on Panama and Central America till Thursday since I reviewed
the day for tomorrow and found out there is something there that will bring us into another revolution lesson before the other. Expect November to be exciting because it will be and so will December. I probably have some more word lessons to give also and we will go into some other things pretty strong so be prepared.
Book (57) calls this Spaghetti Box Learning and it is by Nancy Silva. They say," There's plenty of good eating to be done when you open a box of spaghetti, but don't overlook the feast of learning that will take place when you and your class begin reading the utside of the spaghetti box. Your children will welcome the challenge and excitement of the activities that are served up on the following pages."
Therefore, the first part is called Good Eating and Good Reading-Reading a box of Spaghetti
Do you always read labels on boxes and cans? Grandma does, ever since they came out with a lot of things, well enough grandma was suppose to watch salt ever since she was told when she was young that she swells up with it. Therefore, Wait! as the book says. Before you enjoy eating spaghetti, there's a lot of good reading to be done. Use a box of spaghetti to answer the following questions. Many times Grandma buys the wheat spaghetti which is a little more nutricious than the other ones.
1. What is the brand name on your box of spaghetti?
2. What are the cooking directions?
3. Where is the spaghetti made?
4. How many different ingredients are listed? What are they?
5. How nutricious is this spaghetti?
6. What are some serving suggestions?
Next section is: Spaghetti Box Number Hunt
"Are you ready to go on a challenging number hunt? Then grab you spaghetti box and begin! Race against a friend, or the clock, as you search for numbers used in a variety of different ways. Happy number hunting! Can you find...
1. A zip code?
2. The wight of the package in ounces?
3. The wight of the package in grams?
4. The number of minutes it will take the spaghetti to cook?
5. The number of servings in the package?
6. The weight of one serving of dry spaghetti?
7. The number of grams of protein in one serving?
9. The percent of U.S. RDA of thiamine in one serving?
10.The percent of U.S. RDA of iron in one serving?
11. The UPC code?
12.The price of the box?
13. A measurement in cups?
14. A meaaasurement in tablespoons?
15. A fraction?
16. A measurement in teaspoons?"
The next section: Spaghetti Fun has activities with both uncooked and cooked spaghetti.
Following will be  a page to fill out with the process of measuring with uncooked spaghetti.
Shorter, Longer, or the Same? Measureing with Uncooked Spaghetti
Take one strand of uncooked spaghetti. Make sure that it is not broken.
"1. Measure your strand of spaghetti using an inch ruler. How long is it? ____________inches
2. Measure your strand of spaghetti using a centimeter ruler. How long is it? _________centimeters"
3. Find two things in your home that are shorter than your strand of spaghetti:
______________________________________         _______________________________________
4. Find two things in your home that are longer than your strand of spaghetti
______________________________________         _______________________________________
5. Find two things in your home that are about the same size as your strand of spaghetti.
______________________________________          ______________________________________
6. Try to find something in your classroom that is the same length as:
1/2 of a strand:_______________________________
2 strands:___________________________________
3 strands:___________________________________
4 strands:___________________________________
You can draw pictures of things you found on and on the back of this page.
 (Always be sure to lay newspapers down to work on or plastic or both before you use anything that could ruin something as paint, dye, glue, cutting, even some markers. Aprons or old shirts worn backwards might save some clothes.
Next: Have the children play a game of "Pickup Sticks" using strands of uncooked spaghetti. This is an excellent activity to reinforce patience, good sportsmanship, and concentration.
Last:The children can create a design using strands of spaghetti. You may wish to dye the strands of spaghetti first using food coloring mixed with rubbing alcohol. The design may be glued to construction paper.
Now for the Cooked Activities:
Make a Pasta Mobile (a mobile is a set of articles hung together on one strand somewhere or something like a hanger or wire from somewhere.)using a variety of uncooked pasta. The pasta shapes are tied together with strands of cooked spaghetti. After the children have enjoyed looking at their creations, they can enjoy eating them. Just drop the mobiles into a pot of boiling water and cook. Serve with sauce.
Don't ever throw away leftover spaghetti. Use it to create. What you create is up to you. Try some of the suggestions listed below. Then use your imagination to create some designs and pictures of your very own. Cut the spaghetti if needed. List all the things that you did with your spagetti. Use your pencil to copy your favorite design or picture. Provide each child with a dark sheet of construction paper to use as a work space.
1. Curl it                      2. Twist it           3. Shape it            4. Write your name with it.
5. Make a number        6. Make a picture of yourself, someone else, an animal etc. 
Next is Critical Thinking: Planning an Unusual Feast
"Read Ann Turner's entertaining poem "Spaghetti for One Thousand" from the book Tickle a Pickle. Imagine that Ann has asked you to help out with the cooking for this unusual feast."(If you can not find this book maybe you will have to make up your own story and recipe. Think what it would take to feed that many and cut it to the size of your family. Use your heads as you answer the questions below. Ann and her guests will be grateful.
1. What ingredients will you need of each ingredient so you know what to shop for at the supermarket?
2. What type of container will you put all of the ingredients in?
3. What will you use to mix up all of the ingredients?
4. How will you form your giant meatball?
5. Where will you cook your meatball? How long will it take to cook?
Next is Serving up a Tasty Lesson
Poem by Jack Prelutsky
"Read "The Spaghetti Nut" by Jack Prelutsky. Your class will be nutty over this poem! After reading the poem orally to your children and allowing them time to read the poem silently, try some of the activities suggested below. The poem can be found in the book Sing a Song of Popcorn published by Scholastic, Inc.
activity-Let's Read the Poem Together
Divide the lines of the poem up into 1,2,1, 2, etc. If it is just you and one child: you can be one and them 2. If you have more than 1 child to home school then divide to two lines among each other. Read it with the 1 people reading the lines with 1 and the other people reading the number 2 lines.
Vocabulary dealing with the poem
court-to try to win the favor or love of a person
wed-to take a husband or wife; marry
cottage-a small house
vat-a large tank or container used for holding liquids
What do you think it means to be a spaghetti nut?(Someone who loves to eat spaghetti all the time.)
Do you think Eddie had good manners? (No, he "slurped spaghetti from a cup."
What two words were used to create spaghettiquette?(spaghetti, etiquette)
Look for.....
proper nouns-Eddie, Netti Cutt, Connecticut, Spaghettipet
nouns-nut, spaghetti, cottage, pot, cup, cat,vat
rhyming words-nut/Cutt, hot/pot, get/wet, up/cup, cat/vat...
contraction-I've(I have
Silverstein, Shel-Where the Sidewalk Ends, New York: Harper and Row, 1974
"Once your family has stopped laughing about Shel Silverstein's disastrous party, they'll enjoy pretending that they are on a popular game show." The family will be given the answers to some
questions. It will be each persons job to give the questions that correspond to the questions givein out. If they get the answer right they will score two points. Go till all the questions  have been found. See who has the highest score.
1. The title of the poem.
2. A contraction
3. The opposite of down.
4. The author of "Spaghetti"
5. Another word for couch.
6. Another word for gifts.
7. Part of the arm.
8. The opposite of nothing.
9. An adjective that ends with the letter y.
10. A compound word
11. A word that rhymes with place
12. A swinging bed that is hung between two trees or poles.
13. People who are at another's house for a meal or visit.
14. A word that rhymes with chairs.
15. People gathering to have a good time.
16. The opposite of right.
17. A word that rhymes with worried.
18. Shaped like a ball or globe.
19. A piece of furniture used for reading or writing.
20. An abbreviation for because.
21. A dirty or disorderly state; untidy group of things.
Another game is called "Amazing Spaghetti Trivia!"
You can use these like flash cards and test yourself or play with someone or a bunch. There is two questions on the cards with the name Amazing Spaghetti Trivia! on each card. The answers are put on the bottom or on the other side(Grandma feels). Here they are:
Q: According to the 1989 Guinness Book of World Records, who holds the world record for spaghetti eating?
A: Peter Dowdeswell
Q: According to the 1989 Guinness Book of World Records, how much spaghetti was eaten in 12:02 seconds?
A: 100 yards
Q: What early explorer has mistakenly been credited with bringing the idea of spaghetti back home to Italy?
A: Marco Polo
Q: What ancient people are known to have eaten a form of pasta?
A: The Ancient Greeks
Q: What is the Italian meaning of the word pasta?
A: Paste
Q: What country eats the greatest amount of pasta per person, per year?
A: Italy
Q: On the average, how much pasta is eaten, per year, by an Italian living in Italy?
A: About 50 pounds
Q: What country eats the second greatest amount of pasta per person, per year?
A: The United States
Q: How much pasta is the average American said to eat in one year?
A: About 5 pounds
Q: What type of flour is generally used to make spaghetti?
A: Durum wheat flour
Q: To be called spaghetti, what must the diameter of the strand be?
A: More than 1/16 inch and less than 1/9 inch
Q: What major pasta company lists its address as Spaghetti-ville?
A. The Prince Company, Inc.
                            "Hunting for Words"
Here is a challenge? Use a spaghetti box for this excersize. How many points do you think you can score?
Find a word that bigins with: (2 points each)
R_________________________   M__________________________  T_______________________
B_________________________   L__________________________   P_________________________
Find a word that begins with: (5 points each)
W________________________  V___________________________  Z__________________________
Find a word that has:(2 points each)
one syllables:_____________________________     two syllables:____________________________
Find a word that has:(10 points each)
three syllables:____________________________     four syllables____________________________
Find a word with these double letters:(5 points each)
OO_______________________ PP___________________________ LL_________________________
Find a :(10 points each)
noun:____________________  verb:_______________________ adjective:______________________
Total Score:__________________
                                    PIZZA, PLEASE!               by Teddy Meister in Book (57) of grandma's
It is introducing pizza with the fact it is packed with nutrition and vitamins no matter what shape or size it is. October is Pizza Month but I guess there is a National Pizza Week in January also. Anytime it is loads of good taste and fun. You may want to start this project and finish it when we study about Europe.
"Information, Please
Do some reading and research to find out the origins of pizza. Is it an American innovation? Did it start in Italy? Where was the first pizza made? How did it become popular? Use the resources at the library if necessary.
Tell it Like it is
Use the information you have gathered about pizza to prepare an outline. Start with the earliest pizza developments and end with its current popularity today. (You might need to look up outlining in a textbook so your work is correct according to form.) Think of dividing your research topic into three main sections with two or three subsections under it. Your outline should give a clear presentation of ideas. Ask for someone to read it if necessary. Does it make sense? Can the ideas be followed in a logical manner? Add some illustrations to make your outline look more creative.
Interview, Please
Interview a pizza chef. Find out how dough is measured, how much cooking time is required, oven temperature, etc. What other mathematical measurements are used in the preparation? How long has this person been making pizzas? How did he or she learn? What is the best part of the job?
Putting It Together
Prepare an article about pizza that might appear in an encyclopedia about food. Use the information you have learned from research and the interview. Make the article interesting so that other students will be able to learn about pizza.
All About Italy
Italy is a peninsula shaped like a large boot. It is about 116,800 square miles in size. Do some research and report on the major rivers, mountains, cities, products, and customs of Italy.
What Does Guinness Say?
The world's largest pizza, baked on3-31-84, was 86 feet 7 inches in diameter! check the current Guinness Book of World Records. Where was this done? Who baked it? How many portions could be served? Are there any new pizza records?
What is Round?
Brainstrorma list of round objects: wheels, planets, cookies, lenses, clock faces, doughnuts, etc. Can you name 25 objects? 30 objects? When the list is completed, set up columns to classify the braainstormed ideas.
Topping Off
Two main pizza toppings are cheese and tomato sauce or paste. Find out about one of these and show your information in a series of flash cards. You might want to explore the process it takes for one of these foods to get to a pizza from its origin. Create a new combination of toppings. Think of others that would blend together and write a slogan about your new pizza.
It Pays to Advertise
Use the slogan about the new pizza you have just created in a commercial advertisement that might be used on radio. Prepare a brief script about the merits of the pizza. You might even want to write a song parody.
Future Orders
At some future time we might ask for a "diameter" of pizza instead of ordering a whole pizza What portion of the pie would you receive? How would you determine the size of the portion you order? Investigate other parts of a circle that might be used for future ordering such as an "arc" of pizza, a "radius," or "tangent." Define each segment and draw what a piece of it would look like.
Pizza Roll
Survey friends or family to find out their favorite kinds of pizza. Show the survey results on a bar graph and present ti to the people in charge of your home. Can they prepare the favorite of lunch? What costs are involved?
Pizza Poetry
Review alliteration in poetry. Write a poem about pizza using alliteration. You might also like to try writing a pizza limerick. "There once was a pizza from Palermo..."
Story time
Create an original story about pizzas that might be interesting for younger students at your home. When the story is finished, add some illustrations and get permission from your parent to read it to a younger group. Some titles to consider are: The Pizza that Rolled Away; Pizza Parlor Party; The Pizza That Lost its Cheese; The Pizza Spacecraft.
Commemorative Stamp
The postmaster General of the United States has asked you to design a new stamp honoring Pizza Month and National Pizza Week. Consider some of the information you have researched in forming a design. Think of symbols you could use to represent the pizza and its development. What colors would you use? How many should be issured? Will it be a collector's item?
Field Trip
Take a field trip to the local supermarket frozen food case. How many different types of frozen pizza are available? How do their prices compare for weight given? Which have the most ingredients for the price? Which packaging is designed to catch the attention of the shopper? Gather the information and write a "Pizza Review" for the home school newspaper.
Pizza Search
Create a word search using graph paper. List all the words that have to do with pizza, then write the on the paper forwards, backwards, diagonally, bottom to top and top to bottom. Place a clear plastic sheet over your pizza and ask someone to find all the words. (Be sure to fill up empty spaces on the grid with letters of the alphabet. This will "hide" the pizza words you are using!)!)
Mathematics Slices
Draw a large pizza on art paper. Divide it into eight or ten slices. On each section place a math problem with the answer on the back of the slice. Cut the pizza, and you have a set of math flash cards. Use the same idea to make glash cards for social studies or geography facts.
A  Pizza a Day
A pizza a day keeps the doctor away! Can you think of other proverbs in which to substitute pizza? Try writing some of your own. Compile them into a pizza proverb booklet to share with each other.
The Pizza Monster
"One day as I was eating a pizza, the cheese suddenly started to get thicker and thicker, until it was about five inches off the crust! Then to my amazement..." Can you complete the story? of think of one? What is the cheese turning into? Is it from another planet? Does domething emerge from it?
Imagine a continent shaped like a pizza. Pepperoni slices could represent island, cheese might be waterways, peppers could be mountains. Use your imagination. Draw a pizza with your favorite toppings that could be different types of geological land forms. Name the islands, waters, and so on. What would be a good name for this imaginary continent?
Design a game about pizza. Create it on a round "board" for playing. The game could include facts and information you have learned about pizza, Italy, and so on. Questions can be placed on round playing crds, with a bonus number of moves  if answered correctly. Include all directions for playing and scoring. Plan "traps" such as: There is no more dough, go back three spaces; Round pans are now all dirty--what will you do? A large order of artichokes has come in rather than tomatoes!
Perfectly Powerful Pizza
Using each letter in the word pizza, write at least five adjectives into a magazine or newspaper advertisement. "P" might stand for perfect pasty, powerful.
Pizza Pie
We have apple pie, pie a la mode, pizza pie--what other types of "pie" can you think of? Can you combine some of the "pie" ideas into an unusual new kind of pizza pie? Perhaps one that has a  crusty top? Or that would fit into a bowl? Or you could eat with a spoon?
Business as Usual
You have just been given the ownership of a new pizza restaurant! Create business cards, stationery, napkins, etc. for the restaurant!  What would be a good name for it? What kind of pizza will be your specialty? Consult with the art teacher for some ideas. You might want to take the finished product to a local pizza restaurant to share with the owner.
That does that! Have a good day.

Day 33

Posted on October 24, 2013 at 10:20 AM Comments comments (1)
Good Morning! Grandma hopes all is well.Once everyone gets their chores, duties, jobs, and responsibilities done. Don't forget your prayers today. We are reading about Joseph in the Bible, Let's Live it! in Faith Alive has a special activity and message for everybody. It's talking about When Life Isn't Fair. It wants the children to draw a cartoon strip telling about a time life wasn't fair, but it wants them to leave two blank frames at the end. It says,"Life sure wasn't fair to Josephin Egypt(read Genesis 39:1-23.) But see how the Lord turned things around in Genesis 41:1-39. Somehow God is always making things work out. We just have to wait and see what he has in mind. And finally, in heaven, everything will be better than fair. It will be perfect!" now it want the children to finish the cartoon with a happy turn of events. and the end it with what good will happen to us in the end of the world.
In reading Genesis 39 thru 41 today keep all this in mind. Then Faith Alive says in Did You Know? "Are dreams messages from God?( as said in Genesis 40:8) Most dreams are not messages from God; but God has spoken to people in dreams. God gave dreams to three people in Genesis 40-41, so Joseph could explain what the dreams meant. When Joseph's interpretation turned out to be right, the Egyptians knew God had given Joseph great wisdom."
Time for Childrobotics and a dance lesson. I will be skipping about some from here. Tday's lesson the
Element: accent
The author starts out, "I'm going to hum "Pop goes the weasel." When I say pop, make your biggest shape.(Hum.) Let's do that again. Dance any way you wish while I hum, then make sure the "pop" shows. (hum.)
Now come to me, making a move each time I say pop. Pop goes the weasel, pop goes the weasel(etc.).
Listen to this sentence: Give me the bag. Someone say it accenting a different word. Give me the bag. Give me the bag. Give me the bag.What does accent mean? Louder, stronger, longer, sharper.
How many movements are you doing in all? Four. Let's say it and clap it. (Do it without any accent.) Give me the bag. Now dance it with your feet. Accent the word "bag," Go. Instead of all walks, this time put in a jump. Now put in a hop. Can you add a turn? Can you change your level? Give me the bag, give me the bag. Can you dance it not with your feet but with your body?This time let's accent the word "give.". Give me the bag, give me the bag. How many movements are you doing in all? Four. Which one is accented? The first. Let's do it with our bodies and our feet, over and over again. Give me the bag, give me the bag (etc.).
When we dance, just as when we speak, we use accents to add interest and force to what we dance. We don't speak in a monotone--all words even, all the same-nor do we dance that way. Remember when we worked with heartbeat? That was an even beat. Listen. (Beat the drum or clap evely.) Let's walk to this beat. Now accent the first of every four beats. One, two three, four, one, two three, four (etc.). Show me the accent by moving your head, but keep the beat going in your feet. One, two, three, four
Now accent the first of every three beats. One, two, three, one, two three. This time accent the beat or make it stronger by adding a movement with your shoulders. go. Now accent one of every five. Accent with your back. That's harder, isn't it? A five beat is not so easy. One, two three, four, five(etc.). Accent one of every two. One, two, one, two. Accent with your elbows.
In movement, what makes an accent? Using a different part of your body, changing direction. This time, on the first of every four beats, your directionl. This time on the first of every four beats,change your level. This time on the first of every four beats accent any way you wish. What can your body do to make the accent show? Focus--can you accent with focus? A hop? A stamp? A clap? Level? Direction? What else can you think of?
Come sit in a circle. My name is Mary9use your name). How many sounds is that? How many syllables? Which one do you hear the strongest? Clap my name. What's your name? (Go around the circle, all clapping names and deciding on accents.)
Now everyone stand up and dance your own name with your feet only. Next add a body movement on the accent only. Practice. We'll go around the room, and you introduce yourself by saying your name as you dance it.
Let's all say happy new year(or some other appropriate phrase). Let's decide which syllable is accented. Everyone find a way to dance it that covers space and uses a variety of steps. Let's dance it over and over.
Now we'll do these phrases one at a time as our good-bye dances. Everybody say it while the dancer dances it. I'll beat it on my drum. Let's see how much variety in shapes and steps we can manage.
Goals for evaluation: Look for clarity in small moves.
Are you looking at your calendars yet. Look at the weather. The children could pretend they are pirates this weekend and see how many longitude, latitudes they can name and hunt for them on the maps or globe. On October 24 Anton Van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch naturalist who developed the microscope, was born in 1632. With a microscope you can see many things you cannot see without. If you have one take it out and look at a few things  Else they have an experiment here in Book 1 to try that gives the concept. Book 1 says to give the children an index card, cellophane tape, a 2-inch square of trasparency film, and scissors, Have them cut a small hole- about 1-inch square-in the card, and tape the transparency film over the opening Have them place the card on a piece of newspaper. Using an eye dropper or soda straw, put drops of water on the transparency film. Then read the letters underneath. What happens when they move the card  from the newspaper or add more drops of water?
The other birthday's include that of William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania in 1644 and Sarah Hale, author of "Mary Had a Little, Lamb" in 1788. A good time to read about the settlers in Pennsylvania and what Rev. William Penn did.. If the age fits you will have fun singing "Mary Had a Little Lamb."
Now since we were learning about climates yesterday I felt these two stories may be good for today. Katy and the Big Snow is learning how to read maps. There is only one part in Grandma's book (4) that we can use with this story. Its Focus is reading picture maps. It is written by Virginia Lee Burton, Houghton Mifflin 1971.
The summary says," After a heavy snow, Katy--a crawler tractor--plows out the streets of the city of Geoppolis so that basic services can get back into operation.
For Preparation: parents make copies of the map in the book on pages 6-7 for the children they home school through Grandma's Home Education Program. As you go to read the title and show the book, point out the initials(K.T.), on the bulldozer/snowplow, and explain that they stand for crawler tractor(with the initial k standing for the ?k? sound in crawler.) Have the children say the /k/ and /t/ together to figure out how Katy got her name.
As You Read is the only part we are going to cover. Encourage the children "to get information from small pictures by discussing and reading the picture-frames on pages 1-5. For example, ask the children to (1) figure out how the pictures of 55 horses on page 1 help them to understand how strong Katy is; (2) decide which signs and machines on pages 4-5 they have seen in their communitiy and how these signs and machines help traffic flow.
To direct reading, distribute the copies before you discuss pages 6-7 and use the map for informal games as the reading progresses. Here are some sample map-reading games:
1. Pages 6-7: play a brief warm-up  game in which (1) students say"Katy goes  to 17, the freight yard. Find 17, the freight yard, on the map."
2. Pages 18-32:Ask students to refer to their copies of the picture map to find the placesnamed:Police Department(3); Post Office (10); Railway Station(19); Telephone Company (21); Electric Company (20); Water Department (24); Hospital (26); Fire Department (27). You might also ask the children to decide which numeral (31, after 30, the Piggery) should indicate the airport, which is shown at the top of the map but has no numeral there. Have students write 31 in the appropriate place on their copies of the picture map.
3. Pages 34-35: Encourage the children to collate their maps with the pictures so that they can name some of the places shown in the illustration.
To guide reading, use "what-how" questions throughout to get at cause-and-effect. Make a circle diagram of the major points, with the children filling in the circles as they listen to the story."
  What Happens?                                      How does It
                                                               change things?
These things filled in the circles: A heavy snow falls.; All the roads are blocked.; Katy plows the roads.;Traffic can move.; The doctor can get to a sick person; The sick person gets well.
The next two steps have to do with pretend compasses and I feel the children should have an activity with a real compass.
the next activity is in Literature
1. Cause and Effect-In rerading page 15 of the story and discussing why things came to a standstill in Geoppolis. Chart If and Then to help the children think about what might have happened if Katy had not been there to save the day.
       If                                                                Then
The mail can't go through                                   people don't get their letters
Fire engines can't move                                     buildings burn down
Electric wires fall down                                      houses have no lights
2. Picture-map Settings-suggests using this map method with other stories that may fit as Winnie the Pooh. Ones that could have a map setting.
As part of Creative Writing:
The children could pretend they lived in Katy's town of Geoppolis and write her a thank-you note. Or someone special in your own town that makes sure your roads are taken care of.
There is to activity pages but they involve a lot of drawing, I can not do on the computer.
A second book for today is called The Little House. It has things in book (4) and in book (185) for this story for the children to do. Book (185) tell something about the author: Virginia Lee Burton (1909-1968) She was born in Newton Centre Massachusetts on August 30. In 1931, she married George Demetrios, a sculptor and teacher. They had two sons Aristides and Michael. Her first book "Jonnifer Lint," was turned down by 13 publishers. Her son, Aris, 3 then fell asleep as she read it. From then on she worked with her two sons to adjust her stories to capture their interest. With their help she was able to write and illustrate the classics Mike Mulligan and His Steam Shovel(1939), Calico, the Wonder Horse (1941), and Katy and the Big Snow(1943). The Little House received the Caldecott Medal for the best-illustrated book for children in 1943 and the Lewis Carroll Shelf Award in 1959.
Story Summary- Tells how the little house is in the country on a happy hill. She can see the sun, moon, and stars. It can see the seasons change. She goes through many changes and then cars start driving by, then more houses appear, then more cars, street lamps, apartment houses, trolley cars, and subway trains! She had dreamed of going to the city but the city has come to her. Everybody and everything moves too fast. The little house huddles between two giant skyscrapers, Her pink paint peeling, her shutters crooked, and her windows broken.
Then the great-great-granddaughter of the man who built the little House passes by with her husband and recognizes her. She loads her on a truck and takes her back to the country again where she can see the sun, moon, and stars and watch the seasons come and go. She is happy again.
(a little note here to real estate investors or a family wanting to make money on a house. This is just the kind of houses you should look for. Especially if they are in a neighborhood that has a richer or better appearance than some. Sometimes a small towns has houses like these mixed in with newer ones which they can have a lot of potental for fixing them up and gaining in money. Grandma also has some connections if they are still there to find houses that people can purchase and fix-up. I will be looking again soon.)
Because we already started our own cities  last month, we will not do the Social study activity book (4) has listed. We will think about all the changes you had made on yours since you started and think about one of those houses having all kinds of changes around it and how it might begin to tear down and need repairs. We will do the activity in book 185 of Something Old, Something New only Grandma feels you can just make a list of various things we have not only the new modern version of but the old versions, some antiques. Talk to someone who has seen things change through the years.
As part of Literature and Writing:
Comprehension- Using their own words the children could finish the following  sentences. Maybe they can find a pretty picture of a country house on a hill to cut out and paste on the page. On the back they could make a comic strip about the Little House. On another sheet for one in book(185) to draw a big house and pictures of the changing scenes and seasons through the windows.:
                                            If Houses Could Talk
1. _________________________________________________________used to grow here.
2. ___________________________________________________________used to play here.
3. At night, I could see________________________________________________________________.
4. In the spring, I watched______________________________________________________________
5. In the Summer, I watched____________________________________________________________
6. In the fal, I watched_________________________________________________________________
7. In the winter, I watched______________________________________________________________
(write something the little house might say to a big apartment building.
Vocabulary: Adjectives(this is done on a drawn big house with the hills behind it and flowers in front)
                                              Say it with Feeling
The Little House seems like a person because she has feelings. Complete each sentece with the word from the roof that describes how she feels.
                                        surprised                       afraid                 glad
                                happy                      curious                  lonely
               1. The Little House is very___________________________on the hill.
               2. The Little House is __________________________about the city.
               3. One day the Little House is________________________to see a
                  horseless carriage.
               4. The Little House feels___________________________in the city.
               5. At first, the Little House is__________________________ of being moved.
               6. The little House is_____________________to be in the country again.
Think of tree other feeling words the house may have had.Try to put them in a sentence.
Here is one involving Story Structure: Sequence
                                     Coming Down the Road
As time goes by, the Little house sees different things coming down the road. Write what she sees on the road in the order in which they appear in the story.
trolley cars        trucks         trains           steam shovel             horses             cars
When you go outside, what do you see coming down the road?______________________________
Creative Writing:
                                                       Curious PlacesThe Little House is curious about the city and wonders what it would be like to live there. In what place, real or imaginar, would you like to live?
                                               I would like to live......
Explain why you would like to live there.._____________________________________________
On the back draw a picture of this place.
Extended activities in both grandma's books include things we have already explored of different clocks, but book (4) recording changes that occur because of the seasons changing. Book (185) also suggests recording things they had in the beginning of times to what we have now in the new days.
For math it might be a good idea to work on the time telling some more.
As part of HIstory and Social Studies (185) suggested a time line which we already have started.
Be sure to do some Journal writing, work on your yearbook and newspaper.
Grandma is going to type lessons for Friday right now so they are done.