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Grandma's Place A Natural Learning Center

Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center

Is The Best Place for Learning


Day 161

Posted on May 19, 2014 at 5:51 PM Comments comments (8)
The first Impressionist picture of Mary Cassatt for learning as explained in the Calendar History at the bottom of the blog.Good Morning! Grandma is going to be very busy the next few days giving you materials to finish lessons with. To begin with Grandma will give you the rest of Little House on the Prairie and move into The Gift of the Sacred Dog, Three Names, and Stone Fox from the Geography book. Then Grandma will give you some on South America and finish the Bible. She will also give you the months September, October, November, December for 1800's and 1900's. Then January and February for the 1900's. She will fit in 6 experiments for each of the days. This will all be given by the end of the week if I have no more disasters.
The first exercise sheet to be done for Little House on the Prairie from Grandma's book (185) is called Medal of Honor. It has a medal on a ribbon formed in a square holding these fill in sentences. It says "There are many heroes in this story. Tell who does each brave thing below by writing Ma, Pa, Laura, or Jack in the blank." It has pictures of them under the ribbon square. They are also suppose to write about what Mr. Edwards does that is brave.
                       1.______________________leads the ponies across the creek.
                       2. _____________________drives the wagon across the creek.
                       3. ______________________almost drowns, but finds the family.
                       4. ______________________puts out the fire in the chimney.
                       5. ______________________pulls Mary and Baby Carrie away from the fire.
                       6. ______________________saves Mr. Scott's life.
                       7. ______________________gets water for Mary when she is very sick.
The next exercise activity is called Pioneer Words. It says, "Complete each sentence by filling in the (crossword) puzzle with items that were used by the pioneers. The words in the log (Grandma has at the top of this page) might help you. (The Crossword puzzle is placed in a log house.)
                  panniken                            sills                            bedstead
          petticoat                   latch                       pegs                           windlass
2. (8 letters) Pa builds a ____where
   he and Ma sleep.
5. (5 letters starting at the third letter of
    3 down and goes through 1 down on the
    fourth letter) Pa makes a _____to keep
    the door closed.
6. (8 letters and starts down further under
    the 2nd question the 5 letter of 4 down,
    that starts 1 square space below the
    line of 2 across. 6 also goes through
    the 8th letter of 1 down. It is also
    running past 3 down 1 square space
    above it.) Pa lowers buckets into the
    well on a _______.
7. (4 letters long running through the
     seventh letter of 4 down.) Instead
     of nails, Pa uses wooden ______.
1. (Starts a square above 2 across and
     goes 6th letter of word 2. It is nine
     letters long and goes through 5 across
     on 5's 3rd letter as well as 6's 6th
     letter.) Laura wears a _____ under her
3. (Starts on the 4th letter of 2 and goes
     through the first letter of 5 across. It is
     5 letters long.) Pa starts building the
     house with two big logs called ______.
4. (Starts a square space below the 2nd
     letter of 2 across. Its 5th letter goes
     through 6 across on 6's 2nd letter.
     4 down is 8 letters long.) Ma keeps
     soap in a wooden box called a ______.
It asks, "What does Ma use to iron the girls' dresses?"_____________________________________
The next exercise page is called Animals of the Prairie. Laura and Mary love to watch the animals
that live on the prairie. Label each animal that the girls see. Choose from the names in the box."
(Grandma gives them at the top of this page. Below the words are pictures of the animals they have
seen. Maybe the children can take the words given to them and draw pictures of each one.)
                  mustang                    gophers                      wolf
     jack rabbit                    fawn                      panther
"What bird says good-bye to Laura and her family when they leave the prairie?
The Next exercise page is called Happy Times. The page has a picture of a milking cow kicking Pa.
The next picture on the other side of the page halfway down shows the family watching and Pa playing fiddle to someone dancing. The last picture back to the left side in the bottom corner is of a silver cup, tow cookies, jelly beans, and candy canes. The children are to tell about the happy things that happened to Laura and her family on the prairie.
The last exercise page in Grandma's book (185) is called a Daily Journal. The children are to pretend they are crossing the prairie, like Laura, in a covered wagon. They are to write a page in their journal, telling about what happens in a day either from the book or a made-up event of their own.
It also says to write why Laura feels sad to leave the little house, but she is also excited.
Book (185) has some Art Activities called Homemade Fun. It says, "The only toys pioneer children had to play with were toys they made themselves, like Laura's and Mary's rag dolls. In keeping with the spirit of long ago, invite students to make their own toys, too, (as a rag doll).
"Homemade Yo-Yo...
You Need: empty thread spools; medium-sized pieces of string, 2 1/2 feet long; lids from cottage-cheese or yogurt containers."
  1. For each yo-yo use a spool, a piece of string, and two lids.
  2. Show how to thread one end of the string through the spool and then to tie it to the string.
  3. Wrap the string once around the spool and tie it tightly in the same place where they made the first knot.
  4. Tie a loop for their fingers in the other end of the string. Then wrap the rest of the string around the spool.
  5. Decorate the two lids the way they want them with markers, glued pieces of paper, shapes, characters, stickers, etc. Then glue the two lids to the ends of the spools.
"Button-and-String Game. Challenge (the children) to see how long they can make their buttons spin.
You need: large two-holed buttons; string
  1. Give each (child) a string, about 30 inches long, and a button.
  2. Tell (the children) to thread one end of the string through one hole of the button, and the other end through the other button hole. Then tie the ends together.
  3. Show the (children) how to play the button-and-string game. Put your fingers through the string so that it is taut with the button in the middle. Wind up the string by swinging it toward you in a circular motion about 25 times. When you pull your hands apart, the button will spin on the twisted string. Move your hands in and out with the rhythm of the twisting string to keep the button spinning.
Button-in-the-Cup The following homemade toy will challenge (the children) hand-eye coordination.
You Need: string; wooden clothespins; buttons; tacks; egg cartons; paints and brushes
  1. Cut the egg cartons into separate cups. Give each (child) one egg-carton cup, one clothespin, one button, and one piece of string, about 12 inches long.
  2. Show students how to tie one end of the string around the top of the clothespin.
  3. Have (the children) thread the other end of the string through the button hole and tie a knot.
  4. Let (the children) paint their egg-carton cups. When the cups are dry, help each (child) tack the bottom of the cup to the top of the clothespin.
  5. Show the (children) how to play the game. Holding the clothespin, swing the button and try to catch it in the egg-carton cup."
The next page of activities in Grandma's book is for Cooperative Learning Activities working as groups. Grandma is going to give it  a little twist. One thing this page points out is how hard it was for the natives and the pioneers to communicate. Many men were as stubborn as some men are today. There was a scene in the book upon which a Native had killed a panther and he was trying to explain to Pa how he had shot it from sitting in a tree the night before. The Native and Pa had to do a lot of sign language and acting to convey the message to each other. Book (185) want the children to act out a message much in the same way. In order to be true have them write it on a card and turn it upside down on a table near them. Then they are to act out the message and see if the rest of the audience can get the message. Much like charades.
Next For the first part, Grandma wants the children to think of some ways they can trade off work with others around them, have contact with, or know. They are also to think of areas they have trouble learning and find others that can help them with that work. This will probably take some initiative from the children to talk to others the same as Pa did to trade work with Mr. Edwards and Mr. Scott. Many things like building a barn and having a barn building day were done the same way. Branding and haying are still done today much the same way. Somethings just take more than one person. The village my husband was from did much of this for the yearly festival in December, they share one tractor among them and help others in many ways. When we were there for a couple of days a woman had a heart attack and the village arranged for us to take her to the hospital. The people were all grateful and all participated to carry her to the car.
The next page is a Graph Activity/Curriculum Connections page called Have a Nice Day
(Grandma plans most of what she does in this same way or sets up schedules for herself even if they never turn out the same. It helps her regulate her goals.) Talk about the ways you and your children spend their days. Write down the amount of time spent at each task, lesson, activity, whatever, it is you do in the day. Knowing there are 24 hours in the day try to think how you spend each hour of that day doing; be sure to include sleep; cut it where is necessary and add where is necessary to make 24 hours a day. It helps organize your day in your head and where the next day will go. Next draw a large circle on the side of a box or poster and divide the circle into 24 pieces. Explain to the children how this is a what they call a Circle Graph and put the amount of time divided in the 24 pieces by the pieces as 1 hour each. Therefore, if one study is 2 hours long mark the area on the pieces(2) as that. Later you can cover it with pictures if you wish of each doings of time. Mark it "What a Day!"
Next with the Circle Chart do the same with Laura of Little House on the Prairie. Figure out what they spent their day doing and chart it on a separate Circle Graph. Talk about the differences then talk about how time might be for children in the future especially since they are integrating computer learning into classrooms and at home now.
Another section of the page talks about learning manners in the time of the pioneers. Learning may not have been as much fun as with the Ingalls. Many homes of those times and before times may have been pretty cruel that Grandma does not want to talk about and leave it in the past. However, do talk about the manners of napkins, sitting up straight, walking without slouching, using silverware (which some homes still had none of, licking the fingers, talking with the mouth full, contradicting, speaking unless you are spoken to, etiquette, speaking too loud or speaking out, etc. Talk about how they may have been taught and how they are taught today. Talk about the importance. Grandma had learned in her school work that some parents can be too strict and create some imbalances or mental blocks, but some children can have no direction and that is worse for them. That it is better to teach that there is consequences to every action, not necessarily discipline by parents but things that actually do happen; like having to pay for a window broken, which is better if it is not taught with the ill thoughts of mankind. I hope you agree. Happy homes make happy people that is for sure, just don't lack in any direction at all. Some of these learnings may be found out by talking to older people you know.
The last page in book (185) is a Summarizing/Curriculum Connections page of Extended Activities
One Day at a Time Summarize the story Little House on the Prairie in which the Ingalls family started with a wagon and before the end of the book Pa has built a house with a door, a fireplace, a wood floor, a bedstead, and a rocking chair. He built a stable and dug a well, and the family had planted a vegetable garden. Make a special time line to show this where all they have at the end is the wagon again.
"Social Studies: Where in the World? To identify the setting of Little House on the Prairie, help (the children) locate the places from the book on a map of the United States. Have students take turns finding Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma, then trace the Verdigris River through southeastern Kansas to where it flows into the Arkansas River near Muskogee in eastern Oklahoma.
Black American Pioneers The Black American West Museum in Denver, Colorado, documents the rich heritage of black men and women in the American pioneer movement, including law officers, stagecoach driver, miners, editors, farmers, and cowboys. A catalogue of books and materials is available from the Black American West Museum, 3091 California Street(if it has not changed) Denver, Colorado, 80205; telephone number (303) 292-2566(which probably has changed)."
Health: A Balanced Diet Make a chart of food the Ingalls family ate and compare it to a record of good food to eat. Book (185) says they ate Grains of cornbread(and they probably ate some oatmeal and grits as well as pancakes and musk, breads of different grains and fruits as berries found in the woods and in the prairie; Dairy-milk, cheeses as cottage cheese. butter from buttermilk; Meat-rabbit, prairie hen, beef(pretty rare, fish, chickens, and especially eggs as well as beans, maybe pork or bacon if lucky, duck more likely, lots of turkey, maybe buffalo or bear. probably some dear if lucky, and lamb if really lucky. Fresh vegetables were grown if they were lucky to get the seed. They could grow plenty of potatoes, peas, chickpeas and Garbanzo beans, beats, corn, spinach, okra, tomatoes, carrots all of which could be canned. Berries, watermelons, pumpkins, cantaloupe, and grapes could all be cooked and canned also. There was no place cold but a possible cellar, cool streams, or the winter to freeze things. Some people had smoke houses to salt and smoke meat to keep it. They had to use milk and such products fast so they did not spoil. The vitamins in things were probably better than today."
"Science: Take Your Medicine ...the real name of the sickness called "fever 'n ague" is malaria. ...the bitter medicine Laura has to take is called quinine. Invite (the children) to look up malaria in the encyclopedia to find out more about how it is caused and cured." Talk to the children about some of the medicine of those times compared to the medicines they take to day. Grandma has cleared her ear infections with peroxide, but her mother had bad earaches when young that her grandmother cured with hot oil and it worked. We used olive oil which has many cures in Grandma's ears and it cured them this year and it has not come back again. We have taken curry for the sinuses and it has helped. Turmeric is suppose to help arthritis but I have yet to try enough. Some home remedies were good and maybe some were not good enough. Who is to say. Grandma has yet to learn.
The Science experiments from Grandma's book (12) are about Evaporation and Vaporization. The first experiment is called Jet boat. Bore a hole from the inside through the screw top of an aluminum pill tube about four inches long, and pour some water into the tube.( They may not make these any more, check with the pharmacy.) Fix the tube in an empty sardine can into which you have fixed three candle stumps and place the can in water. If you light the candles the water soon boils, and the jet of steam escaping from the back drives the boat.
Steam is formed in the boat's boiler when the water boils. Because it expands sharply, it escapes at high pressure through the nozzle and causes a recoil. Do the experiment in calm weather!
The next experiment is called Hovercraft. Place a tin lid on a hot-plate and heat it well (take care!). If you then let a few drops of water fall on the lid, you will observe a small natural phenomenon. The drops are suspended in the air like hovercraft and whiz hissing to and fro for a while.
On contact with the heated metal the water drops begin to evaporate at once on the underside. Since the steam escapes with great pressure, it lifts the drops into the air. So much heat is removed from the drops by the formation of steam that they do not even boil.
The next experiment is called Rain in the room. Rain after sultry days makes the inside of the window pane suddenly sweat. You can distinguish the tiny water droplets through a magnifying glass. Where do they come from?
After it has been raining the air outside cools sharply because the water evaporates and thus uses heat. The warm air in the room, which is saturated with water vapor, especially from cooking, cools down only slowly on the window pane. But cold air cannot hold so much moisture as w
arm air, and therefore loses some of it on to the pane. It forms water droplets-exactly as when it is raining out-of-doors and moist, warm air meets cold air.
The next experiment is called Weather station. Fix a dry pine cone on to a small piece of wood with sealing wax or glue. Stick a pin into one of the central scales and place a straw over it. Put the cone out-of-doors, protected from the rain. The straw moves according to the state of the weather. Fix up a scale.
This simple hygrometer was built by nature. The pine cone closes when it is going to rain, to protect the seeds from damp. The outside of the scales absorbs the moisture in the air, swells up and bends--a process which you can also observe with a piece of paper which is wet on one side.
This next doings is called a Hygrometer. Coat a strip of writing paper two inches long with glue and roll it onto a sewing needle. Stick a strip of shiny photographic paper about 1/2 inch wide and one foot long onto its end so that its shiny surface faces the glue-covered side of the writing paper. The film strip is rolled round the needle like a clock spring. Punch a small hole through the middle of the bottom and lid of a furniture polish tin, and also air holes in the bottom. File off the metal projections formed. Push the needle through the central holes and stick the end of the film strip firmly to the side of the tin. Fix a paper pointer in front of the needle with a cork disk, and a bead behind it.
The gelatin layer of the photographic film expands-in contrast to the paper layer-with increased air humidity, causing it to wind up sharply, and move the pointer to the right. When the humidity of the air falls, the pointer returns to the left.
The next experiment is called Water from the desert. We still read in the newspapers of people dying of thirst in the desert, but many of them cold help themselves in this emergency. An experiment on a small scale in a sand box will show you how to do it. Dig a fairly deep hole and place a beaker in the middle. Spread a suitably sized piece of transparent plastic foil over the edge of the hole and lay a small stone in its center so that it dips down to the beaker in the shape of a funnel. The edges are fixed firmly into the sand. Soon, especially in sunshine, small drops of water form on the underside of the foil. They become larger and larger and finally flow into the beaker.
The effect of the sun is to heat the ground strongly under the foil. The moisture held in the sand evaporates until the enclosed air is so saturated that small drops of water are deposited on the cooler foil. Even desert sand contains some moisture. If you also place cut up cactus plants into the hole, you will obtain enough water to survive.(When Grandma was young we had a neighbor who had been a farmer show us how to take a V-shaped branch and holding it straight forward would bend down where water could be found to build a well. It was really neat.)
The next experiment is called Bath game with a coin. Stretch a strip of cellophane (not plastic foil), 1 inch wide, tightly over a soup plate and fasten the ends with adhesive tape. Lay on the middle of the strip an average-sized coin and pour water into the dish up to about 1/2 inch under the coin. The coin sinks slowly and reaches the water after several minutes.
The water vaporizes, the cellophane absorbs the water particles from the air and expands until it reaches the water. But strangely enough it soon begins to tighten again, and the coin rises again slowly to its original position.
The last experiment in this section is called Steam boat. Break off the head of a match and drop some glue on to the end. If you place the match in a dish of water it moves jerkily forward.
The glue contains a solvent which evaporates to give a vapor. It puffs out from the drop in invisible little clouds, giving the match a small push each time. Eventually so much of the solvent has escaped that the glue becomes solid. In a dried drop of glue you can still see the residual solvent vapor as small bubbles.
Many more picture of Mary Cassatt's to study and learn by at Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.Last for this day given will be the Calendar History for two days of May. May 22, 1783 William Sturgeon, English inventor who devised the electromagnet, was born. In 1813 Richard Wagner, German composer, was born. In 1844 Mary Cassatt, American painter, was born. Impressionist artist Mary Cassatt is best known for her paintings of family life. Show students reproductions of her artwork. Then ask them to design and color updates of these pictures, using today's fashions and their own family activities.
In 1859 Sir Arthur Conan Dayle, British author and creator of Sherlock Holmes, was born. Book (1) says,"Celebrate the birthday of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle by having (the children) conduct a week long search for traces of Doyle's most famous character--Sherlock Holmes--in books, newspapers, television programs, films, magazines, and so on. At the end of the week, the (children) can share their evidence of Holmes's pervasive influence in daily life.
In 1907 Sir Lawrence Olivier, English actor, was born. In 1933 Arnold Lobel, children's author and illustrator was born. Book (1) explains, "In honor of Arnold Lobel's birthday, read aloud a story about two of his well-known characters, Frog and Toad. Afterward, pass around the book so students can become familiar with these characters. Then encourage the children to generate questions about the lives of Frog and Toad. For example: What happened before the story began? What will happen after the story ends? Do Frog and Toad have brothers or sisters? Do they have other friends? After the children have developed a list, ask them each to select a question they'd like to answer. Then have them create stories that answer the questions. Encourage the students to role-play their stories or to write and illustrate them.
It is International Pickle Day on May 22.(There is nothing like experiencing a large pickle to eat.) Book (1) says, "On International Pickle Day, tell your (children) that the word pickle can be used as a noun or a verb. Together, come up with example sentences. Then challenge the kids to list other words that can be used as either nouns or verbs. It is also National Maritime Day on that day.
In 1570 The Flemish cartographer Abraham Ortelius published the First Modern Atlas. In 1819 The First Steamship crossing of the Atlantic was completed. In 1900 E.S. Votey obtained a patent for the First Pneumatic Piano Player. In 1906 Orville and Wilbur Wright received the First Airplane Patent. In 1972 President Richard Nixon became the First U.S. President to Visit Moscow. In 1980 Joe Hernandez did 135 Consecutive Chin-Ups with no breaks in Cashion, Ariz.
We will start on another Day as soon as Grandma sweeps the floor and does some dishes.

Day 158

Posted on May 15, 2014 at 8:00 PM Comments comments (8)
Jasper John's creation for learning for our home schooling.
Dear  Folks:
Grandma has twenty to twenty-two more days of
information to enter. However, I will be entering it as 
two separate days in one day.  Be sure to finish up
reports here this next week along with your year
books; family scrapbooks, trees, and information;
recipes collected; information on animals, insects,
plants, planets and space; recycling; pollution;
older people; poems; jokes; riddles; art; math reviews;
spelling and vocabulary reviews; words, writing, alphabets; and anything else to finish up as the end
of the year on the newspaper, journals, any of your reading, mine I have given. Grandma still has a few
more books to cover for you, calendar history to catch up and give. Then she will finish the calendar
for the summer; the rest of the bible; South America; Science; and any thing else we can think of. I
will continue with lessons for the summer and then start the year over again in following what we have
and adding to it.
For today's Calendar History Lessons Grandma will cover May 15th and 16th on this day along with
the 1900's for April. Then I will cover a Book in the Bible; some science; some things on the Pioneers
and Little House on the Prairie.
May 15th 1856 L Frank Baum, children's author who wrote the Wonderful Wizard of Oz was born. In
Jasper's Map right here in Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center. 1859 Pierre Curie, French physicist and cadiscoverer of the element radium, was born. In 1930
Jasper Johns, American artist, was born. Book (1) says to "Tell your (children) that Jasper Johns
often incorporated numbers into his works. Share some photographs of John's paintings, including
Zero through Nine. How many numbers can the kids find?" Link to Jasper's Paintings in Youtube.
In 1602 English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold discovered Cape Cod. In 1862 The U.S. Department
of Agriculture was established. Also in 1862 The First Baseball Stadium opened in Brooklyn, N.Y.
In 1941 Baseball player Joe DiMaggio began his record-breaking 56-Game Hitting Streak. Book (1)
says, "For 56 consecutive games, New York Yankee star Joe DiMaggio managed to get one or more
hits, a streak many believe will never be matched. Ask your (children) to estimate what percentage
of the 154-game season DiMaggio's hitting streak covered. Then have them check their estimates
using calculators."
The first Baseball statium as discovered in our Home Education Program.   
In 1930 The First Airline Stewardesses started work.
Book  (1) says, "Ellen Church, a registered nurse,
was the world's first airline stewardess. She and
seven other nurses were hired by United Airlines
to serve food, allay passengers' fears, and help
with the upkeep of the plane. Ask your (children)
why they think nurses were hired for this job. What skills do today's flight attendants need?"
In 1942 Wartime Gasoline Rationing Began, with most people limited to 3 gallons a week.
In 1989 The apple industry Agreed to Stop Using the Chemical ALAR, a ripening and preserving
 agent, because of its suspected carcinogenic effects. Do some research if wish.
It is also Peace Officers Memorial Day and Police Memorial Day. It would be a good time to talk
about these people and do some interviews. It is also Straw Hat Day. Book (1) says, "Celebrate
Straw Hat Day by asking your (children) to wear their favorite hats .... Invite each child to share a
story about the hat, telling where it came from, how old it is, When it's usually worn, use paper
plates to create their own, then decorate them to show their favorite sports or hobbies.
May 16 1801 William Seward, U.S. secretary of state who promoted the purchase of Alaska from
Russia, was born. In 1804 Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, American educator and founder of the
first English-speaking kindergarten in America, was born. In 1928 Betty Miles, children's author,
was born. In 1955 Olga Korbut, Russian gymnast, was born. In 1964 John Salley, basketball star,
was born.
In 1866 A U.S. Five-cent Piece was authorized. Book (1) says, "Have younger (children)
calculate the number of years nickels have been in circulation. Then have the children collect
10 to 20 nickels. Arrange them in order from the oldest to the newest. How old is the oldest?
Compare  the head and tail impressions. Are they all alike? Have the children speculate
about how the terms heads and tails might have originated."
In 1875 The First Kentucky Derby took place. In 1903 George Wyman left San Francisco on the
First Transcontinental Motor-Cycle Trip. In 1929 The First Academy Awards (Oscars) were presented.
Book (1) says, "Ask your (children) to list eight Oscar categories, real or made up." For each or at
least one category create brief written nominations in it, then read them to the family or some group. 
Hold a vote to determine the winners.
In 1939 Rochester, N.Y., introduced the First Food Stamp Program. In 1973 The First Flight of a
Solar-powered Balloon took place. In 1975 Junko Tabei of Japan became the First Woman to Reach
the Top of Mt. Everest. In 1988 Ricard Stokes became the First Black to Join the Buckingham
Palace Guard. In 1990 Muppet master Jim Henson died. Book (1) suggests, "To mark Biographers
Day-- and in memory of Muppeteer Jim Henson--have the (children) each select a favorite Muppet
character, then write a short biography of that character.
It is also National Egg Month and whether Grandma covered it or not, Book (1) asks you to "Ask your
(children): Which came first, the chicken or the egg? ...encourage the kids to conduct some
background research. Afterward, have them each write a persuasive paragraph supporting their position.
This brings Grandma down to giving you the 1900 events for April as follows:
April 11, 1900 The U.S. Navy bought its First Submarine, the USS Holland.
April 24, 1913 The Woolworth building opened in New York City. At 792 feet,
it was the tallest Building in the World.
April 2, 1902 The First Motion-Picture Theater in the United States opened in Los Angeles.
April 6, 1909 America explorers Robert Peary and Matthew Henson reached the North Pole.
April 8, 1904 Longacre Square in New York City was renamed Times Square.
April 12, 1917 President Woodrow Wilson asked Congress to declare war on Germany
so that America could help "Make the World Safe for Democracy."
April 10, 1912 The luxury liner Titanic Hit an Iceberg just before midnight.
April 20, 1902 French scientists Marie and Pierre Curie discovered Radium.
April 21, 1908 according to Dr. Frederick Cook, he reached the North Pole.
According to Book (1) "Although Frederick Cook kept a journal purportedly proving he'd
discovered the North Pole, another man has been given credit for the discovery. Challenge
your (children) to find out who that man was."
April 18, 1906 A devastating Earthquake struck San Francisco destroying 3,000
acres of the city.
April 15, 1912 Albert Einstein first spoke of Time as the Fourth Dimension.
April 15, 1912 The Ocean Liner Titanic sank in the North Atlantic.
April 11, 1921 Iowa became the First state to Impose a Cigarette Tax.
April 1, 1923 The First Dance Marathon began in New York City.
April 13, 1923 The Illinois legislature Gave Women the Right to Serve on Juries.
April 18, 1923 Yankee Stadium opened in New York City.
Yankee Stadium in New York City 1928-1932 collected for our Home Education Program.
April 10, 1924 Simon and Schuster published the First Crossword Puzzle Book. 
April 16, 1926 The Book-of-the Club was founded in New York City.
April 6, 1927 The First Pilot's License was issued by the U. S. Department of Commerce.
April 7, 1927 Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover appeared on screen in the First
Public Demonstration of Television.
April 3, 1933 An airplane first flew over Mt. Everest.
April 12, 1934 The Highest-Velocity Natural Wind ever recorded--231 mph--occurred
on Mt. Washington, N.H.
April 18, 1934 The First Laundromat--called a "Wasateria"--opened.
April 8, 1939 The First Telephone Weather Forecasting Service began in New York City.
April 7, 1940's Booker T. Washington became the First African-American depicted
on a U.S. Postage Stamp.
April 16, 1940 Bob Feller of the Cleveland Indians pitched an Opening Day
No-Hitter against the White Sox in Chicago.
April 20, 1940 The Electron Microscope was demonstrated for the first time.
April 9, 1941 The Golf Hall of Fame was established in Palm Beach Gardens, Fla.
April 1, 1943 Norman Rockwell did his first April Fool's cover for The Saturday Evening Post.
This had an activity with it but Grandma decided to skip this one.
April 13, 1943 President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicated the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.
April 3, 1944 Anne Frank, age 14, described her family's eating habits in her diary.
Book (1) says, "Through her diary, Anne Frank gave the world an account of her feelings and
experiences as she and her family hid from the Nazis during World War II. After 21 months in
hiding, she wrote about "food cycles"--times when she and her family ate only one food, prepared
in various ways. For example, "We had nothing but endive for a long time, day in, day out, endive
with sand, endive without sand, stew with endive, boiled or en casserole..."  Ask your (children)
to keep a diary recording what their family eats for 1 week. Compare their diet with that of Anne
April 1, 1946 Stan and Jan Berenstain, the creators of the Berenstain Bears, were married.
An activity goes along with this in which Book (1) says, "Stan and Jan Berenstain have two sons.
When the boys were young, they asked their parents to buy them funny books. The Berenstains
eventually ran out of books to buy, so they created their own. Read several of the Berenstains'
books to the (children), discussing how humor makes the stories appealing. Then choose one
story and ask the (children) to write and illustrate another episode or a different ending for it."
April 18, 1946 The League of Nations officially went out of existence.
April 10, 1946 Japanese Women voted for the first time.
April 7, 1947 A 23-Day, Nationwide Telephone Strike in the United States began.
April 9, 1947 Sunspots were Large Enough to be visible to the naked eye.
April 11, 1947 Jackie Robinson broke major-league baseball's "color barrier" when he
joined the Brooklyn Dodgers.
April 7, 1948 The World Health Organization was founded.
April 4, 1949 The North Atlantic Treaty organization (NATO) was formed.
April 23, 1949 Governor Adlai E. Stevenson of Illinois vetoed a Bill requiring cats to be leashed.
Book (1) says "In refusing to sign the bill requiring cats to be leashed, Governor Stevenson noted,
"it is in the nature of cats to do a certain amount of unescorted roaming." Do your (children) agree?
Ask them to make a class list of things pet owners can do to ensure their pets aren't a nuisance
to other people." (Grandma had an experience of her granddaughter wanting to leash the cat
because it meowed constant to go back outside and she did not like him roaming with the wild ones.
A friend held the leash and it got loose and caught under a car. If they can be kept in but if they insist
it is better to let them do their natural roaming in my opinion. However, Grandma has had some very
bad things happen to them by others.) 
April 13, 1950 Simon, the cat mascot of HMS Amethyst, was awarded a Medal for his
Rat-catching Exploits.
April 19, 1950 Ham Kee Young, a 19-year-old from South Korea, became the Youngest
Runner to win the Boston Marathon.
April 24, 1951 The Soviet Union applied to Participate in the Olympic Games for the first
 time since 1912.
April 15, 1952 The Franklin National Bank of New York issued the First Bank Credit Card.
April 24, 1953 Winston Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
Book (1) says, "Sir Winston Churchill is noted for his outstanding military and Political leadership
during World War II. When Britain seemed on the verge of collapse, he rallied the nation with
magnificent speeches and directed the war effort with unflagging nerve. Churchill was also a fine
writer--he won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1953--the same year he was knighted by Queen
Elizabeth II. As a child, Churchill had been considered a poor student. His mother felt a
military career would suit him because he liked playing with toy soldiers. After taking the entrance
exams for the Royal Military College three times, Churchill was finally admitted. There he excelled.
His great interest in the military had sparked his hidden abilities. Ask your (children) if they think
they have hidden abilities. Can they identify the hidden abilities in others? Have partners interview
each other in an attempt to find out. Then have each child write a paragraph of praise about his
partner. Post the paragraphs."
April 10, 1953 The House of Wax, the First Feature-Length 3-D Movie in Color, Premiered
in New York City.
April 11, 1953 The Department of Health, Education and Welfare was established.
Oveta Culp Hobby became its first Secretary.
April 17, 1953 Yankee slugger Mickey Mantle hit a 565-Foot Home Run, the longest ever measured.
April 1, 1954 The U.S. Air Force Academy was established in Colorado Springs, Colo.
April 11, 1954 "Rock Around the Clock" by Bill Haley ant the Comets was recorded.
April 23, 1954 Home run King Hank-Aaron hit His Homer in the major leagues.
April 12, 1955 The Polio Vaccine, developed by Jonas Salk, was pronounced safe and effective.
April 15, 1955 The First McDonald's Restaurant opened in Des Plains, Ill.
April 14, 1956 Videotape was First demonstrated to the public.
April 24, 1956 Willard Cravens caught a 360-pound, 9-foot-long white sturgeon in Idaho's Snake
River. It was the Largest Freshwater Fish ever caught with rod and reel.
April 7, 1959 The First Atomic-Generated Electricity was produced in Los Alamos, N.M.
April 9, 1959 NASA announced the selection of America's First Seven Astronauts.
April 21, 1959 Alf Dean caught a 2,664-pound Great White Shark.
April 1, 1960 Tiras I, The First weather Satellite, was launched by the United States.
April 12, 1961 The Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the First Man in Space.
April 13, 1961 The UN General Assembly voted to condemn Apartheid, South Africa's
policy of racial segregation.
April 5, 1963 The Soviet Union and the United States established a telephone "Hot Line"
linking their leaders. The need for a direct channel of communication was demonstrated
during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
April 7, 1963 At age 23 Jack Nicklaus became the Youngest Person to win the Master
Golf Tournament.
April 9, 1963 Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was made an honorary U.S. Citizen.
April 17, 1964 Jerrie Mock of Columbus, Ohio, became the First Woman to Complete a Solo
Flight around the world.
April 16, 1965 Early Bird, the First Commercial Communications Satellite, went into orbit.
April 9, 1965 President and Mrs. Lyndon Johnson were honored guests at the opening of the
Houston Astrodome.
Book (1) says, "The Houston Astrodome, which cost $20 million to build, has a plastic dome that's
208 feet above the stadium floor at its highest point. Challenge your (children) to work create
freestanding domes using only plastic wrap and straws for support."
April 24, 1967 Soviet Cosmonaut Vladimar Komarov was killed when his parachute straps of his
spacecraft got tangled during a landing attempt.
April 4, 1968 Civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr., was assassinated in Memphis, Tenn.
April 22, 1968 Forty-four countries signed a Treaty Pledging Cooperation in Rescuing
Astronauts in trouble.
Book (1) suggests "After discussing the treaty to rescue astronauts, talk about treaties and their
significance in history. Then ask each (child) to research an important treaty and report to (you).
As each treaty is discussed, note its place in history on (the) class time line."
April 4, 1969 Doctors in Houston implanted the First Artificial Heart in Haskell Karp of Skokie, Ill.
April 13, 1969 A White Tiger Cub was born in captivity for the first time, at the National
Zoological Park in Washington, D.C.
Book (1) says, "Tell your (children) that the white tiger is one of the world's rarest tigers. So when
a white tiger cub was born at the National Zoo, there was much rejoicing. To commemorate this
event, have your (children) draw and color a "birth announcement" for the baby tiger."                                                              
April 23, 1969 Robin Knox-Johnston completed the First Nonstop, Around-the-World Solo Sailing Trip.
Book (1) says to "Tell your (children) that Robin Knox-Johnston was at sea for 312 days and covered 29,500 miles. Then ask the kids if they'd ever want to go on an adventure alone. Why or why not? Have a ...discussion about being alone. What's it like? Can being alone feel good sometimes? Can it also be frightening? Ask (the children) to imagine that they were going to duplicate Robin Knox-Johnston's journey. What kinds of skills would they need?" (Grandma says to remind them that Jesus is always with them and God.) 
April 22, 1970 The First Earth Day was observed.
We will let the activity go to this one for now unless grandma already assigned something.
April 3, 1971 Gordie Howe retired from professional hockey after 25 years.
April 20, 1971 The supreme Court upheld Busing as the Primary means to Achieve Racial Balance in the public schools.
April 16, 1972 Chinese Giant Pandas arrived at the U.S. National Zoo.
April 4, 1974 Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves tied Babe Ruth's record of 714 career home runs.
April 8, 1974 Hank Aaron hit his 715th Career Home Runs, breaking Babe Ruth's long-standing major-league record.
April 4, 1976 Kazukiki Asaba Flew 1,050 Kites at one time.
April 21, 1977 The Musical Annie opened on Broadway.
April 6, 1978 President Jimmy Carter signed into law legislation Raising the Mandatory Retirement
Age for government Age for government workers from 65 to 70.
April 20, 1979 Thirty-five riders pedaled the Longest True Tandem Bicycle ever built. It was almost 67 feet long.
April 12, 1980 The U.S. Prime Interest Rate hit a record 20%.
April 14, 1981, The First Space Shuttle the Columbia, was launched.
April 14, 1981 The Space Shuttle Columbia ended its First test Flight with a Smooth Landing in California.
April 17, 1982 Queen Elizabeth II gave Canada the Right to Amend its Constitution, thus severing its last legislative link with Britain.
April 18, 1981 Pitcher Tom Seaver struck out his 3,000th batter.
Book (1) says, "Tom Seaver went on to strike out 640 more batters after achieving his 3,000-strikeout milestone in 1981. He retired in 1986. Ask your(children) to figure out how many strikeouts Seaver averaged per year over his 20-year career. Tell the kids that through the 1992 season, Nolan Ryan, baseball's alltime strikeout leader, had fanned 5,668 batters over the course of a 26-year career. How many strikeouts had Ryan averaged per year?"
April 1, 1983, Newspaper reporter Steven Newman began a 15,000-Mile Walk-Around the World.
April 1, 1983 The Tiger Tops Tuskers won the First Championship of the World Elephant Polo Association.
April 5, 1984 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar scored his 31,421st point, becoming the Highest-Scoring Basketball Player in NBA History.
April 11, 1984 Two astronauts from the Space Shuttle Challenger performed the First IN-Space Repair of a Satellite.
April 12, 1984 The Crew of the Space Shuttle Challenger placed a satellite it had retrieved and repaired back into orbit.
April 19, 1985 Susan Montgomery Williams of Fresno, Calif., blew the Biggest Bubble Gum Bubble on Record. It was 22 inches in diameter.
April 15, 1985 The World's Largest Marching Band, 4,524 students, performed at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles.
April 6, 1985 William J. Schroeder became the First Artificial Heart Recipient to be Discharged from a hospital.
April 9, 1985 Thomas Bradley became the First Los Angeles Mayor to win a Fourth term of Office.
April 5, 1986 A British Guiana 1-cent Stamp sold for $850,000, the highest price ever paid for a stamp at an auction.
April 23, 1989 Kareem-Abdul Jabbar, professional basketball's all-time leading scorer, played his last regular-season game.
April 16, 1988 Residents of Fort Madison, Iowa, raised $12,383.06 in Pennies for a playground.
Book (1) says, "The residents of Fort Madison, Iowa, housed their 1,238,306 pennies in the high school gymnasium. To give your (children) a sense of Fort Madison's accomplishment, cover a dollar bill with 100 pennies. Then ask the kids to estimate how many dollar bills would be needed to cover a desk top. Next, trace a dollar bill on drawing paper and have your (children) cut out enough to cover one desk top (A 24X18-inch desk would require 26 dollars.) Now, ask your students to calculate how many desk tops could be covered by $12,383.06."
April 20, 1987 New Jersey became the third state to pass a Recycling Law.
In place of Book (1)'s instructions have the children make a record of people they have talked to in interviews that recycle. Graph the results. Can they think of some ways things that we throw away be used.
April 15, 1989 The Highest and Fastest Steel Roller Coaster--the "Great American Scream Machine"-- opened at Great Adventure in Jackson, N.J.
April 7, 1988 The World's Largest Quilt, measuring 1.73 acres, was completed. Its 4,200 panels commemorate Aids victims.
April 12, 1988 The U.S. Postal Office issued a Patent For a Live Mouse, a new breed genetically altered to aid in the study and treatment of cancer.
April 18, 1988 Kenya's Ibrahim Hussein became the First African to win the Boston Marathon.
April 2, 1989 In an editorial, The New York Times Declared that the Cold War was over.
April 7, 1989 A Soviet Nuclear Submarine Sank in the Norwegian Sea.
April 20, 1988 Teacher Alice Meyer performed Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation on a puppy that had been stuffed into a student's book bag.
Book (1) says to "Discuss proper care of pets with your students, then have them develop a list of dos and don't s."
April 8, 1990's Ryan White Died at age 18. A Hemophiliac who had contracted Aids through a blood transfusion 5 1/2 years earlier, White had promoted a greater understanding of the disease.
April 14, 1990 The Space Shuttle Discovery was launched with a copy of the U.S. Constitution on board.
April 22, 1990 Millions of Americans celebrated the 20th Anniversary of Earth Day.

Day 156

Posted on May 5, 2014 at 8:07 AM Comments comments (15)
Good Morning Folks! Grandma has computer service again with the protection I need along with a Tablet to use. The World is definitely getting better. Grandma could not get it all finished till I was so tired last night. Decided it was better to enter information this morning and then add tomorrows lesson with it this afternoon. Please bear with me and we will get through.                                                     
We will start with Lessons from the Bible of Faith Alive lessons starting with the Philippians.
Philippians introduction is as follows:
"Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote Philippians. This is the sixth of Paul's thirteen books in the Bible.
To Whom...was this letter first written? This book is a letter Paul sent to Christians at Philippi, a city in Macedonia (Greece). Paul had established this church on his second missionary trip (Acts 16:11-40).
When...was this letter written? This book was written about AD 63 from Rome, where Paul was in prison.
How...does Philippians show us God's love? Philippians tells how Christ Jesus was totally devoted to saving us. He is God, but he humbled himself even to die on a cross. Therefore, God the Father raised him up, just as he will raise us from death someday. That means we can live every day in joy, and when we die, we'll even be better off.
What...special messages does this book give us? Paul thanks the Philippians for their love and gifts. Then he shows them how their salvation in Christ makes it possible to rejoice even in suffering.
       ...are some important teachings in this book?
A win-win situation.                                          Philippians 1:19-24
Jesus humbled and exalted.                              Philippians 2:5-11
The Christian's goal.                                         Philippians 3:12-16
Rejoice always!                                                Philippians 4:4-7
Think about good things.                                   Philippians 4:8-9"
Read Philippians and carry out the material from Faith Alive of the following:
"Did You Know? Philippians 1:4 What makes Paul's joy in Philippians so amazing? Amazing that Paul was writing from prison! Knowing Christ gave him joy even there.
Let's Live It! Philippians 2:5-11 Exaltation From Humiliation?--They say "you can't win for losing." Oh, no? Read Philippians 2:5-11.
For a while there, Jesus looked like one big loser, like a big "nothing." He lost everything. He died a most terrible death.
But see what came of it? Because he humbled himself, God the Father exalted him, lifted him up in glory. Because he humbled himself, we win big!
Word to Remember Philippians 4:4 Rejoice in the Lord always. I will say it again: Rejoice!
Words to Remember Philippians 4:13 I can do everything through him who gives me strength.
Life in Bible Times-Running a Race--In Greek Olympic games and at other games, runners tried to be the first to reach a wooden goal. The wooden goal, instead of a tape, marked the end of the race.
Let's Live It! Philippians 4:8-9 What's on Your Mind?--Read Philippians 4:8-9. What does God want us to think about?
Often it is easy for people to think bad thoughts. Many times we have bad thoughts because we've put bad things into our minds, perhaps by watching a violent TV program, playing with friends who use rough language, or listening to hard rock music.
Instead, what sorts of things are "true," "noble," "right," "pure," "lovely," or "admirable"? See what examples you find in John 17:17; Proverbs 31:10-29; 2 Thessalonians 3:11-13; Psalm 119:9-16; 84:1-5; Ephesians 5:15-20; Colossi an 3:15-17. What are some other such things you can think of--and then think about?"
Next read Colossians and do the activities in Faith Alive. The introduction to Colossians is as follows:
"Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote Colossians. This is the seventh of thirteen books by Paul appearing in the Bible.
To Whom...was this letter first written? This book is a letter written to Christians at Colossi, located in modern-day Turkey.
When...was this letter written? Colossians was written about AD 62, when Paul was in prison in Rome.
How...does Colossians show us God's love? Colossians reminds us that when God gave his Son Jesus Christ, he gave us his all. Jesus was not just part of God living on earth. He is the fullness of God!  Therefore, Jesus is also the fulfillment of everything the Bible has promised. Jesus is all we need for eternal life!
What...special messages does this book give us? Certain people were suggesting that other requirements besides Christ were necessary for salvation. Colossians shows that Jesus is supreme and that he saves us completely.
        ...are some important teachings in this book?
Jesus is supreme.                                          Colossians 1:15-20
Jesus is the fullness of God.                            Colossians 2:9
Jesus forgives our sins                                     Colossians 2:13-15
Jesus fulfills all Sabbath laws.                           Colossians 2:16-17
Jesus enables the holy life.                               Colossians 3:12-17"
Now follow and do Faith Alive teachings as follows:
"Did You Know? Colossians 2:9 Is Jesus really God? Yes! In fact, Colossians 2:9 says that the whole fullness of God lives in Jesus. When we know him, we know God.
Words to Remember Colossians 2:13 He forgave us all our sins.
Did You Know? Colossians 3:12 What is holiness? 3:12 What is holiness? Because God declares us holy by forgiving our sin, we now are able to live a holy life in ways described in Colossians 3.
Words to Remember Colossians 3:1 Since, then, you have been raised with Christ, set your hearts on things above.
Let's Live It! Colossians 3:18-21 Family Job Descriptions--A job description is a list of things a person is supposed to do in a certain job. Your parents probably have job descriptions for any employment they have outside the home. Ask them to show you theirs.
Then, ask family members to make up job descriptions for home. First read together Colossians 3:18-21. These really are job descriptions for families, aren't they? Next give each person time to work on his or her own description. Write down in more detail the sorts of activities the verse you'd like to add and change in one another's.
Pretty tough assignments? Yes they are. For encouragement, read together Colossians 3:1-4."
Next read 1 Thessalonians and do the Faith Alive activities. The introduction for 1 Thessalonians being as follows:
"How...does 1 Thessalonians show us God's love? The book of 1 Thessalonians is an expression of God's love especially to Christians who are persecuted. When troubles and dangers come, believers more than ever need support from their God. This book assures persecuted them, in the present day and at his second coming.
Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote 1 Thessalonians. This is the eighth of Paul's thirteen Bible books.
To Whom...was this letter first written? This book is a letter Paul sent to Christians at Thessalonica, a large seaport city in Greece. Paul had founded this church during his second missionary journey (Acts 17:1-9).
When...was this letter written? This book was written about AD 51 from Corinth.
What...special messages does this book give us? Both 1 and 2 Thessalonians give special insights about Christ's return on the last day. In 1 Thessalonians, the encouragement is that Christians who have died before Jesus comes back are not lost forever. They will arise first when Jesus appears.
        ....are some important teachings in this book?
Love even in suffering.                                            1 Thessalonians 1:4-10
Living to please God.                                              1 Thessalonians 4:3-12
Jesus will come again.                                            1 Thessalonians 4:13-18"
Now for the activities of Faith Alive following: 
"Did You Know? 1 Thessalonians 1:6 What had happened during Paul's first visit to Thessalonica? Paul met with resistance and had to leave the city quickly. Still, some believed and formed an active church.
Word to Remember 1 Thessalonians 5:17 Pray continually."
The last book for today is 2 Thessalonians so read it and follow in the Faith Alive lessons. 2 Thessalonians introduction is as follows:
"Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote 2 Thessalonians. This is the ninth of thirteen books by Paul appearing in the Bible.
To Whom ...was this letter first written? This book is Paul's second letter to Christians in Thessalonica, a city in Greece.
When...was this letter written about AD 52, probably from Corinth.
How...does 2 Thessalonians show us God's love? The book of 2 Thessalonians explains that Christ's second coming will be a joy and comfort to Christians, not something to be feared. Some of the Thessalonians were afraid they had missed Christ's return and had been left behind. God reassures Christians that Jesus is till coming in the future. When he does, he will take all his faithful people to heaven.
What...special messages does this book give us? As with 1 Thessalonians, this book gives much detail about the last days of the world. Paul warns that before Jesus comes back, a "Man of Lawlessness" will try to replace God's true church. Therefore, we are to follow God's teachings carefully. Also, we should not sit idly by as we wait for Jesus' second coming, but be active in work and service.
        ...are some important teachings in this book?
Jesus will come to gather his
believers and punish the wicked.                                  2 Thessalonians 1:5-12
Before Jesus returns, a "man of
Lawlessness" will appear.                                            2 Thessalonians 2:1-12
Believers are to be active in
their faith while they wait.                                           2 Thessalonians 3:6-15"
Now for the lessons from Faith Alive as follows: 
"Did You Know? 2 Thessalonians 2:3 Who is the "man of lawlessness"? That's a difficult question. All history since the life of Jesus is "the last days," so perhaps this "man" has already come. He is someone who works evil from within the church. Finally though, he is destroyed.
Word to Remember 2 Thessalonians 2:14 He called you to this through our gospel, that you might share in the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Let's Live It! 2 Thessalonians 3:6-10 Waiting, Working--Isn't it tough to concentrate the last month of school? Summer coming, vacation plans. Who can think about school work? And then they make you take exams!
The Christians in Thessalonica had their minds on Jesus' second coming. That was good. Unfortunately, some forgot to concentrate on work in the meantime. Jesus' coming back can instead encourage us to work hard now! With an "endless summer" ahead, we can use our energy for God's earthly business now."
That is all Grandma will give of the Bible for today. I will have more lessons for you here in a few minutes. 
Grandma is back to give you two books to read about in Australia and the Calendar History for the day.
The first book to read and do activities for is called Possum Magic by Mem Fox (New York: Gulliver Books, 1990. This lesson is in Grandma's Book (2).
"Summary: Invisible Hush and Grandma Poss travel around Australia eating "people" food in hopes of making Hush visible again.
  1. Hush and grandma Poss visited seven capital cities trying to find the right food to make Hush visible. Name the area of which each city is the capital. Six of these areas are states of Australia. Which area is not? Why is it not state?
  2. On a map of Australia, mark each capital city and trace the trip the two possums took. Name at least one place of interest in each state that you would like to visit and tell why.
  3. Other than the foods mentioned in the story, what do the people of Australia like to eat?
  4. As a math lesson, make lamington (a square of sponge cake dipped in chocolate and covered in coconut). Use a rectangular pan to cut the cake so that each piece is equal in size and everyone in the (family) receives a piece."
  5. Several animals that are native to Australia are mentioned in the story. ... display the natural habitat of one of these animals by standing a large cardboard box (or Laundry soap container cut open in the front or back) and decorating the interior. (with the habitat of its species). Place a large cutout of the animal and general information about it in the (container). (This is called a diorama.) Which of the animals are marsupials?
The second book to read and do activities with is called  Where the Forest Meets the Sea by Jeannie Baker (New York:Greenwillow Books, 1987.
This section of activities are from Grandma's book (2) but she also has activities covering this book in her Book (6).
"Summary: On a boat trip with his father to a remote area of Australia, a young boy recalls the history of the Daintree Rain Forest and imagines what the forest will be like in the future.
  1. In several of the pictures in this book, there are faint images of life forms that once inhabited the forest. Choose one of the life forms and write a story describing its feelings about the changes it saw feelings about the changes it saw taking place in the forest. How did the changes effect its way of life?
  2. As the boy begins to walk through the forest, the author tells us that "now the forest is easy to walk in." As a class, brainstorm the following questions:
                    a. What does the author's statement mean?
                    b. What do you believe a walk through the forest was like in the past?
                    c. How has it changed?
 3.   The young boy stops to wonder how long it would take for a tree in the forest to become fully
       grown. Why do you think the author draws our attention to this thought? Find out how trees
       grow from seeds. Draw a diagram to illustrate the process. How can the age of a tree be
 4.   The first people to live in Australia were the Aborigines. Compare their traditional culture to
       their present way of life.
 5.   As the trip with his father ends, the boy imagines the future of the forest. What does he envision
       it to be like? Make a list of the pros and cons of his vision."
From Book (6) it says,"One read through this extraordinary book and the reader feels as though he or she has indeed visited an exotic Australian rain forest. But the sad message at the book's end is that the Australian rain forest, like other ecosystems around the world, is in grave danger of being destroyed. And young readers may be surprised to learn that the beautiful rain forest"s most dangerous enemy is us.
Before Reading Where the Forest Meets the Sea
  • Help the (children) locate Australia on a map. Ask the children to describe what they imagine a rain forest must look like. Tell them tat you are going to share a book which illustrates Australia's rain forest, located on the northeast coast of Australia.
After Reading Where the Forest meets the Sea
  • Ask the children if Australia's rain forest looks like a place they'd like to visit. Show the children where the Great Barrier Reef lies in relationship to Australia and the rain forest. Read about the reef in an encyclopedia to find out why it is so important to Australia's ecology. 
Follow-up Activities
Learning Australian Lingo
Have children scan the book to locate and list unfamiliar words (e.g., reef, cockatoo, creepers, aboriginal). Tell children that good readers often take guesses at the meanings of unfamiliar words. Encourage the children to guess at the meaning of each word they listed and to share reasonings for their guesses. Point out that readers often use context cues (other words and illustrations) to lend meaning to the unfamiliar words. Then, have the children look the words up in the dictionary to see if they guessed correctly.
Relief Collages
Share with the (children) the notes following the story which describe how the author/illustrator developed the relief collages she uses to illustrate the text. Then, take a closer look at each lush and detailed illustration. Can the children identify the materials the artist used? Can they find the midden and transparent pictures present in most of the settings? Ask children why they think the "hidden" pictures were included by the artist/illustrator. (Possibly they suggest animals and people who have inhabited the rain forest.) After examining the illustrations, provide students with pieces of cardboard or oaktag, clay, natural moss (available in plant and craft stores) and glue. Then, take a nature walk and allow children to collect additional natural materials (e.g., leaves, bark, shells, dirt, sand, grass, etc.) Back (at home), have the children glue the natural materials on the cardboard to create relief collages. Then, have the children draw full-body portraits of themselves on construction paper. Cut and glue fabric bits to the paper dolls to represent that some of the natural materials overlap the dolls, Have children describe the natural spot they have replicated to others. Display the reliefs for all to enjoy. (*Variation* In lieu of paper dolls, actual likenesses of the children may be trimmed from photographs ... and used in the collage arrangement.)
Understanding Australia's Eco-Threats
Have the (children) study the unusual illustration on the last two pages of the story. Have the children describe what they see. The author/illustrator uses these pages to hint at the problems which could threaten the rain forest. ... (Use the table below to:) Help the children list the problems foreshadowed in the book, and then help them list reasons why these problems threaten to harm or destroy the rain forest. In the third column have children list possible ways the threats can be averted.
Problems threatening            
to Change Australia's
Why Changes Will
             Hurt Environment     

Day 155

Posted on May 1, 2014 at 4:30 PM Comments comments (2)
Dear Folks:
I started this letter earlier and got interrupted by the phone earlier. The lawyer says that my SSI, giving only $750 per month will go through but I must get a doctor to fill out the papers. I have switched doctors because mine would not support me for the school loan and wants me to train for a job at $7.50 an hour when I can make $3,000 now caring for little babies in my home. I want to give others my lessons and the family does not understand this. I do not know what this doctor is but my radiologist does not even feel I  am up to the little babies. However, I will be set up totally very soon if necessary. I have our upstairs almost ready for renting, our house ready for tutoring and mentoring which I do want to do. My bedroom is set up with the dresses for dress-up birthday parties for children and for sewing things  for people as my product. I am also working on more product and hoping for some better deals on things.
We have been through a bout with the cars. The step grandson is at the auction today for car parts and my husbands part is suppose to be in because the part they gave was the wrong one after a defective one was given. He is looking at the junk yard for cheaper. However, this has held me up on getting this lessons out to you sooner. I will be entering things at least till the end of May. I hope I will have enough to keep going through the summer. 
We will be doing with $620 a month till the SSI goes through. I will be reimbursed for the months past and I can make up to $850 till they cut me off. Hope the best for me. I appreciate all of every bodies support and especially those answering to my blogs. It means a lot to me.
Google has written and said they want me to advertise for $25 a month because people  want it. Empower Network has stood beside me and I know others have tried to help. I appreciate all of every body's help. I am trying to get time for all and want to contact Empower Network as well as fill out for grants. I need any help I can get. My husband only has a little set back and said I could use the taxes if necessary but he still does not understand why it is all so important to me. Therefore, stay in there and I will keep writing all that I can. Take care and Grandma will go into lessons today as far as time will allow.
Always remember your tasks for the day and to do some Childrobotics  especially before any physical activity, for I have a friend who pulled something in her foot for not stretching before her routine. Carry out any extra math or other work to do. Do any extra reading or assignments. Do language of ABC's, words, sentence structure, vocabulary, and spelling necessary each day. Keep up the calendar as much as possible with the time line and birthday's as well as the weather and any news bulletins that are important to you. Keep up your work on writing, yearbooks, Family projects as trees, recipes, and scrapbooks. Work on your quilts if you are doing them. Also keep going with your newspapers.
To start our lessons today we will be reading Galatians and Ephesians in the Bible and covering material in Faith Alive. The introduction to Galatians is as follows:
"Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote Galaians. This is the fourth of Paul's thirteen Bible books.
To Whom...was this letter first written? This book is a letter sent to several churches in the province of Galatia, a part of present-day Turkey. Some portions of this region Paul had visited during his missionary journeys (Acts 13:14-14:20; 16:1-6; 18:23).
When...was this letter written? Galatians was probably written either about AD 49 or between AD 53 and 57.
How...does Galatians show us God's love? Galatians drives home the point that God's love alone saves people. The gospel--what Christ has done for us--is all anyone needs to be saved. Nothing anyone needs to be saved. Nothing anyone does to keep God's law is necessary for or adds anything to a person's salvation.
What...special messages does this book give us? The book of Galatians helps the Galatian believers rely on Jesus rather than on trying to keep God's law. In fact, it is foolish and dangerous to try to earn God's favor by what we do. Instead, because we have already been saved by Jesus, good works just come naturally, as "fruit of the Spirit."
       ...are some important teachings in this book?
     Jesus died for our sins.                                      Galatians 1:3-5
                   Jesus saves us.                                  Galatians 3:6-14
         We belong to Christ.                                      Galatians 3:26-29
     We are free to love others.                                  Galatians 5:13-14
                    The Spirit produces                            
                           good fruit in us.                            Galatians 5:22-25
           Do good to all people.                                   Galatians 6:7-10
Now follow Faith Alive starting with "Did You Know?  Galatians 1:7 What is the gospel? The gospel is the Good News that God has forgiven our sins because Jesus died for us. Everyone who believes this has eternal life.
Did You Know? Galatians 1:17 How was Paul different from the other apostles? The other apostles were with Jesus when he was here on earth. Paul became a Christian after Jesus died and was raised again. But the other apostles knew that God had called Paul to work as an apostle.
Let's Live It! Galatians 2:11-16 A Reminder for Everyone--Nobody gets to heaven by doing good things or by not doing bad things. The one and only way to heaven is to trust that Jesus has done everything for us already.
That's still the most important thing for us to hear every day, because everyone gets confused now and then. Read Galatians 2:11-16. Even Peter needed a reminder. Great to hear again, isn't it?
Words to Remember Galatians 2:20 Christ lives in me..
Did You Know? Galatians 3:1 How were the Galatians foolish? The Galatians thought they could become better Christians by trying harder. Paul reminded them that they had been saved by Jesus, not by being good. Christians are made good by God's love, not by trying harder.
Did You Know? 3:24 Why did God give people his law? God wanted people to know the difference between right and wrong. The law cannot make anyone good. Instead, it helps people see that they have done wrong, and that they need to trust Jesus to forgive their sins.
Life In Bible Times Guardians The boy of a well-to-do Greek family had a guardian. This guardian was a slave, who went everywhere with the boy. The child had to obey the slave, who took orders from the child's father. When the boy was old enough, he became a "son," and no longer had a guardian.
Did You Know? Galatians 5:13 What is Christian freedom? Christians are not free to do whatever they want. Because God helps us, we are free to do what is right.
Let's Live It! Galatians 5:22-25 Fruit on Your Tree--Read Galatians 5:22-25. Paul says love and joy and all those good things are like fruit. How does fruit grow? The tree itself doesn't make fruit grow, does it? When everything is just right, fruit simply happens. Paul wanted the Galatians to know good works are the same way. We don't make them happen. God's spirit causes them to grow in the Christian, just as naturally as fruit grows on a tree.
Words to Remember Galatians 6:10 Do good to all people, especially those who belong to the family of believers."
The introduction for Ephesians is as follows:
Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote Ephesians. This is the fifth of thirteen books by Paul appearing in the Bible.
To Whom...was this letter first written? Paul sent this letter to the Christians in Ephesus, a city in what is now Turkey. It was probably to be shared also with believers in other cities. Paul had spent several years as a missionary in Ephesus. (Acts 19).
When...was this letter written? Ephesians was probably written about AD 62 from Rome, where Paul was in prison.
How...does Ephesians show us God's love? Ephesians shows that by his love through Jesus Christ, God has called people to be and live as his church. From all eternity he chose us to be his children. With the coming of Christ he unveiled a great mystery: that everyone is welcome in his kingdom. And then, although we personally were all born in sin (we are as good as dead!), he saved us by his grace, as a gift.
What...special messages does this book give us? Ephesians helps us understand the glorious purposes God has for his people, the church. He has saved us and drawn us together in unity. Now he equips us to love one another and grow in faith. Paul says that the love between a husband and wife is a beautiful illustration of the way Christ loves his church.
        ...are some important teachings in this book?
What God did to save us.                              Ephesians 1:3-14
  God gives life in Christ.                               Ephesians 2:1-10
           Jesus gives peace.                            Ephesians 2:11-18
 Ways God's people live.                               Ephesians 4:20-32
Christ, the husband of the church.                  Ephesians 5:22-33
       Children and parents.                             Ephesians 6:1-4
      The armor of God.                                   Ephesians 6:10-20
Now follow in Faith Alive starting with "Did You Know? Ephesians 1:11 What has God done to bless you? Ephesians 1 tells how God the Father chose you, Christ died to forgive you, and the Holy Spirit stays with you to keep you safe. Paul wanted the Ephesian Christians, and us, to remember that we have these "spiritual blessings."
Words to Remember Ephesians 2:8 By grace you have been saved, through faith--and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God.
Words to Remember Ephesians 3:20 [God] is able to do immeasurably more than all we ask or imagine.
Let's Live it! Ephesians 4:29-32 Learning God's Language--Most of the Old testament was written in Hebrew. The New Testament was written in Greek. But God has a special language for Christians.
Read Ephesians 4:29-32. Discuss these questions with your parents: What are some things a Christian who talks God's language would never say? What are things a Christian who talks God's language might say to others?
Words to Remember Ephesians 5:1-2 Be imitators of God, therefore, as dearly loved children and live a life of love.
Did You Know? Ephesians 5:15 How are Christians to live? Christians are to live as God's people. We are to be loving, kind, and forgiving. Ephesians 4 and 5 tell the kind of lives that please God.
Words to Remember Ephesians 6:1 Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right.
Life in Bible Times-A Soldier's Armor--This description by Paul of a Roman soldier's armor shows how familiar Paul was with Roman soldiers and what they wore. Each part of the soldier's armor was an important part of his defense against the weapons of his enemy. Read Ephesians 6:10-18 to find all parts of the soldier's armor. Now compare that solder's armor with the armor you must put on as a Christian."
We will be finishing up the experiments in Grandma's book (12) on Chemistry. The seventh experiment in this section is called "Jet of Flame--Light a candle, let it burn for a while, and glow it out again. White smoke rises from the wick. If you hold a burning match in the smoke, a jet of flame shoots down to the wick, and it relights.
After the flame is blown out the stearin is still so hot that it continues to evaporate and produce a vapour. But as this is combustible, it can e relighted at once by a naked flame. The experiment shows that solid substances first become gaseous at the surface before they will burn in a supply of oxygen.
Gas pipe--Roll a thin piece of tin foil round a pencil to make a tue about four inches long, and hold it with one end of the tube, a second flame will be lit there.
Like all solid and liquid fuels, stearin produces combustible gases when heated, and these accumulate inside a flame. They burn, with the oxygen of the air, in the outer layer and tip of the flame. The unburnt stearin vapour in the middle can e drawn off, like town gas from the gas works.
Gas balance--Fix tow plastic bags to the ends of a piece of wooden beading about 18 inches long and let it swing like a balance on a drawing pin. Pour some bicarbonate of soda and some vinegar into a glass. It begins to froth, because a gas is escaping. If you tilt the glass over one of the bags, the balance falls.
The gas which is given off during the chemical reaction is carbon dioxide. It is heavier than air, so it can be poured into the bag and weighed. If you were to fill a balloon with the gas it would never rise, and for this purpose other gases are used, which are lighter than air.
Fire extinguisher--Light a candle stump in an empty glass, and mix in another glass--as in the previous experiment--a teaspoonful of bicarbonate of soda with some vinegar and let it froth. If you tilt the glass over the candle, the flame goes out.
The carbon dioxide formed in the chemical reaction in the top glass displaces the air needed for the flame, because it is heavier, and because it is noncombustible the flame is smothered. Many fire extinguishers work in the same way: the sprayed foam consists of bubbles filled with carbon dioxide. It surrounds the flame and blocks the supply of oxygen.
Burning without a flame--Press a handful of steel wool firmly into a glass tumbler and moisten it. Invert the tumbler over a dish containing water. At first the air in the tumbler prevents the water entering, but soon the level of water in the dish becomes lower while that in the glass rises.
After the steel wool is moistened, it begins to rust. The iron combines with the oxygen in the air, and we call this process combustion or oxidation. Since the air consists of about on-fifth oxygen, the water rises in the tumbler until after some hours it fills on-fifth of the space. However, an imperceptible amount of heat is set free in the process.
Burning iron--Would you have thought that een iron could be made to burn with a flame? Twist some fine steel wool round a small piece of wood and hold it in a candle flame. The metal begins to blaxe and scatter sparks like a sparkler.
The oxidation, which was slow in the previous experiment, is rapid in this case. The iron combines with the oxygen in the air to form iron oxide. The temperature thus produced is higher than the melting point of iron. Because of the falling red-hot particles of iron it is advisable to carry out the experiment in a basin.
Destroyed metal--Put a piece of aluminium foil with a copper coin on it into a glass of water, and let it stand for a day. After this the water looks cloudy and at the place where the coin was lying the aluminium foil is perforated.
This process of decomposition is known as corrosion. It often occurs at the point where two different metals are directly joined together. Wit metal mixtures (alloys) it is particularly common if the metals are not evenly distributed. In our experiment the water becomes cloudy due to dissolved aluminium. A fairly small electric current is also produced in this process."
That is all for experiments Grandma can give today. She must move on because she does not have much time. She will return tomorrow or as soon as possible.
Moving on the Calendar History in Grandma's Book (1), she will start with April 27th. The first birthday for that day is that of Samuel F.B. Morse, American artist and inventor, born in 1791. (Grandma believes he could be the inventor of the Morse Code. Therefore, link to Morse Code. Then meet the man himself Samuel F.B. Morse. 
The next birthday is in 1822 of Ulysses S. Grant, 18th president of the United States. In 1896 Rogers Hornsby, baseball great whose lifetime batting average of .358 is the highest among right-handed hitters, was born. In 1898 Ludwig Bemelmans, children's author and illustrator, was born. Coretta Scott King, American civil rights activist, was born in 1927.
The events for the day include that of 1521 in which Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan was killed by natives in the Philippines. Grandma will be giving the 1900's to you soon. However, there is one mention in their Grandma felt important to give today in which a Faberge Easter Egg was auctioned for 220,000 dollars in 1977. It was made by the jeweler Faberge in 1913. The egg was a gift from Czarina Alexandra of Russia to her husband, Czar Nicholas II. The egg's outside was covered with jewels; inside was a silver statue of the czar riding a horse.
Another last note here is that it was Sham El-Mesim  in Egypt. Book (1) says, "is also known as "Smell the Spring Day." Ask your (children) to list some things they can smell--as well as see, hear, taste, and touch--in the springtime.. It is also Tyi Wara in Mali.
April 28 has three birthdays. One is in 1758 of James Monroe, fifth president of the United States. Then Lois Duncan, children's author, was born in 1934. In 1950 Jay Leno, American comedian and talk-show host, was born.
In 1788 Maryland became the seventh state. In 1855 The First Veterinary College was incorporated in Boston. It is also Great Poetry Reading Day. Book (1) says, "Begin by reading your favorite poem aloud. Have the children draw or paint a picture reacting to the poem. It might be a representational rendition or an abstract creation, depending on the poem. Next, invite the kids to brainstorm for a list of 10 nature words (for example, rain, grass, mountain). Then have them write free-form poems on one of these topics. Have the kids take turns reading their work aloud.
Before I go on any further, Grandma want to remind parents that one of these days: either May 1 was considered May Day her in United States. I see no mention of it in my book. However, Grandma just looked on Youtube and she is right, but there is uproar in Ukraine and Turkey both to upset the day so maybe check it out. An easy may day basket is a colored paper rolled up diagonally to form a cone and staple the bottom folded up. Fill it treats and put it on a friend step. Get away without being kissed though. Look it up for much much more information.
April 29 is exciting for in 1863 William Randolph Hearst, American publisher, was born. Then in 1899 Duke Ellington, American jazz composer, musician, and bandleader, was born. Book (1) says, "In honor of Duke Ellington's birthday, play some of his most popular works, including "Mood Indigo" and "Sophisticated Lady." Challenge your (children) to use just one word to describe how Ellington's music make them feel."
In 1970 Andre Aagassi, American tennis player was born. Then in 1988 Molloko, the first condor hatched in captivity. Under Learning about endangered species, Book (1) writes, "the California condor is nearly extinct, in large part because of destruction of its habitat. Then have (the children) research another animal listed as an endangered species (for example, the gray wolf, the humpback whale, the cheetah, the ivory-billed woodpecker). ... find out some general information on their species as well as why it's endangered and what can be done to save it. Make a large poster about them.
In 1813 J. F. Hummel patented Rubber.
April 30 Karl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician and scientist, was born in 1777. In 1933 Willie Nelson, American country singer, was born. In 1961 Isaiah Thomas, basketball star, was born.
In 1789 George Washington was Inaugurated as the first president of the United States. Book one gives a famous notation in is his diary as "I bid adieu to Mount Vernon, to private life, and to domestic felicity; and with a mind oppressed with more anxious and painful sensations than I have words to express, se out for New York." Discuss this quote. ... What would Washington lose by becoming president? What would he gain? Can your students imagine what it would be like to be president today?
In 1798 Congress established the Navy Department. In 1803 The United States Purchased the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million, about 4¢ an acre. in 1812 Louisiana became the 18th state. As a special mention-In 1904 Hamburgers were introduced at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition.
It is also National Honesty Day and Book (1) says under To tell the Truth "Have an honest discussion with your (children) in honor of National Honesty Day. Ask your (children) what it means to be honest. Do they agree that "honesty is the best policy"?
I am going to leave you with this last thought for the day but I will cover the day tomorrow or later. The project for the month of May is all around Older People so instruct your children to learn all you can about older people and do interviews if possible. Make posters or books, etc. Discuss at the end of may what they think it will be like when they grow old.
Grandma must go now and I will get back to you as soon as I can.

Day 152

Posted on April 22, 2014 at 8:39 PM Comments comments (3)
Good Morning! Grandma is sending you Sarah Plain & Tall movie with a lesson also; therefore, catch that link if you want it.
Grandma will finish the lessons on Sarah Plain & Tall that she started yesterday first. In book (4) under Language:
Delightful Dialects- Talk about "the incident in which Sarah teaches the children a "Maine word" for "yes" (ayuh). Discuss how people in different parts of the country, or even in different towns or neighborhoods in the same general area, may use different words to indicate the same thing. Some examples are flapjacks, griddle cakes, pancakes; grinder sub, hero; skillet, frying pan, spider; snapbeans, green beans, stringbeans. .... Suggest that (you)...begin an ALL-American Dictionary, adding to it as they come across other regional expressions in books or outside the (house). Keep the Dictionary on a reading table for (the children) to refer to ....
Grandma's Book (185) has a section in it having to do with Cooperative Learning/Listening/Speaking; however, if you only have you and your one child you can still do this activity but you can involve others if you wish. It is called "Catalogue Consumers. (The children) may be curious about the way Papa gets a bride in this book. Explain that mail-order brides such as Sarah were common long ago because women were scarce on the frontier. To find a wife, men placed ads in eastern newspapers and received responses by mail, just as Papa did. Tell (the children) that people who lived far from towns had to purchase many of their household goods by mail, too. They spent evenings poring over big, thick catalogues, then sent away for what they needed." Here are some activities involving this action.
  1. Get ahold of some mail-order catalogues. J C Penny used to have one, Sears, and Montgomery Wards. There are others we receive in the mail. Look through them together and identify what each of them are. In other words, does it have only one kind of goods it sells or a variety of goods or items as clothing, household, food, gifts, books, office supplies? Study the catalogues further and note details as the quality of the catalog, its pictures and if they are photos or drawings, and whether the prices seem reasonable. (Grandma will be making potholders, aprons, skirts, quilts, rag rugs and can do many other items with material and items she has. She has been debating the price of items and knows many of these items are of more value than the items manufactured or sold in stores or out of catalogs. She would love to catalog them; however, she feels the internet makes a very good catalog. Her real problem is that her photo system on her phone is too old and won't work with many of the computers. Her good camera has the pull out lens stuck and cannot use it till she can get it fixed. Until she can receive disability for her arthritis in the next six months and money is short for right now, she must be patient. She is going to go and advertise for mentoring and tutoring along with the give of  Children birthday parties to teach etiquette to children. She is open to ideas.) Have the children draw conclusions from their observations. Discuss these catalogs between each other and conclude any recommendations.
  2. Talk about how an order form would be filled out as you look at one together.
  3. Then form a catalogue of your own together using your imagination from toys, dinosaurs, animals, insects, plants, games, etc. Book (185) even suggested using the alphabet. Once you have a list figured out. Draw, clip, or use coloring book pictures to put on the pages filling out a description of each item with a price. (This is kind of the way marketing on the internet is done; products are asked to market of other stores through drop shipping, or a percentage of the sale and the products are taken a picture of and placed on the website product pages and as consumers buy the product it is set up to be paid to the marketer. Call me if you want to know more. I will worn you that there are things that hold it back from sales.) Now create an order form, and then design a catalogue cover, editing the descriptions, and assemble the catalogue. Place it somewhere to be seen.
The next pages are from fill out fun pages from Book (185). The first is called "Story Voices" and it has to do with Comprehension. There is a picture of a haystack with a boy and a girl leaning on it with a cat resting beside it and a bunch of chickens around it. Inside the haystack are the names: Caleb, Anna, Papa, Sarah, and Maggie. In placing the name on the person who says the sentence following the children complete the exercise. Next the children are suppose to "Pretend that Nick and Lottie can talk. What would they say about Sarah? Write your answer on the back of (the) page.
___________________________________ 1. I've forgotten the old songs.
___________________________________ 2. Ask her if she sings.
___________________________________ 3. I am fast and I am good.
___________________________________ 4. My favorite colors are the colors of the sea.
___________________________________ 5. You must have a garden. Wherever you are.
___________________________________ 6. I miss my brother William.
___________________________________ 7. I am loud and pesky.
___________________________________ 8. We could tie her up.
The next exercise is concerning Vocabulary: Compound Words and it is called "By the Fireside". It shows three children sitting by the fireplace of a home with the cat and the words- bluefish, newspaper, housekeeper, tumbleweed, fisherman, windmill are written on the front of the mantle. Book (185) says, "In their home, Anna, Caleb, Papa, and Sarah like to sit by the side of the fire, or by the fireside. Write the compound word below that completes each sentence.
  1. The keeper of the house is the __________________________________________ .
 2.   A weed that tumbles is a ______________________________________________ .
 3.   A fish that is blue is a _________________________________________________ .
 4.   A paper with news is a ________________________________________________ .
 5.   A mill powered by the wind is a _________________________________________ .
 6. A man who fishes is a __________________________________________________ ."
Then write a sentences using the compound words teakettle, sunbonnet, and candlelight.
The next sheet teaches Story Structure: Setting to the children. It has two scene pictures; one is a water scene of a ship in the middle with SEA written on the center sail, a cloud above, a whale in the background above the water, a fish and a shell in the water.; The other scene at the bottom of the page with on the opposite side has a sign saying Prairie on it with two little woodchuck on the ground with a corner of flowers and a bird singing a tune on top of the sign. Each scene has five lines for words next to them. Book (185) says, "Sarah comes from the sea, but now she will live on the prairie. Write each word" of the following to the correct setting:
  fog                 pond               flounder         fields         whale
           scallop             seal              meadowlark       woodchuck           clover
Book (185) says, "On the back of this page write a sentence that tells about one place-the sea or the prairie."
The next fill out sheet has to do with Story Structure: Character. It is called "Simply Sarah". It has a big basket of flowers on the page. On the basket are five lines. Book (185) wants you to write the correct reasons Anna, Caleb, and Papa want Sarah to stay in the basket from the following statements:
                   She is sad                  She sings                    She is fun to be with
     She loves animals                       She is pretty                          She is kind
  She learns quickly                        She scares easily              She is helpless
Book (185) then says, "What do you like best about Sarah? Write your answer on the back of (the) page.
The last fill out page from Book (185) deals with Creative Writing called "Dear William".  It is a page for a letter that Book (185) says to, "Pretend you are Sarah. Write a letter to your brother William in Maine. Tell him what your life is like on the prairie with Anna, Caleb, and Papa. Tell how it is different from your life by the sea." It has a scene on the top of hills with a house in the middle and sea shells, a lobster, and sea star on each corner. It has Love, Sarah at the bottom in the middle. At the bottom of the page outside of the letter Book (185) says, "How does Sarah feel when she first arrives? How does she feel later on? Write your answer on the back of (the) page.
Switching back to Book (4) it has two fun pages to do. One is of a quilt with nine squares in it but on the page it has another small quilt of hearts and plain material but the children can use that for their own picture also. Book (4) wants the children to use four squares to show things that remind Sarah of Maine and the other four to show things that make her happy about the farm she lives on now. It can be displayed later.; The other fill out fun page has four dolls or puppets on it of Sarah and Caleb-two of each. Book one says the following:
  1. "On the left side, draw a face to show how the person feels at the beginning of the story.
  2. On the right side, draw a face to show how the person feels at the end of the story.
  3. Cut out the puppets.
  4. Fold the right side over so that the puppet has two sides. Paste the sides together.
  5. Use your puppets to act out a conversation between Sarah and Caleb.
(You could actually only do with one side of the puppet and attach it to a toilet paper tube, mitten, or paper sack.)
One last page of activities for Sarah Plain and Tall is in Grandma's book (185) and deals with Summarizing/Curriculum Connections. It is also Extended Activities to do. The first section is called "Chapter by Chapter" as a review of each chapter which you could do but Grandma feels is quite boring.
The next section is called "Plainly Acting" and Book (185) says to assign groups but it could be used to act out only one or a few scenes to the whole movie easily. If you do the whole story, just keep it simple. It could be acted out for a hospital, group, neighbors, old folks home, etc.
The next section is called "Writing: I Have Opinions-In her letter to Papa, Sarah asks him if he has opinions on cats because she most definitely does. Clearly, Sarah has strong opinions on most other things, too. Ask (the children) to think of something that they feel strongly about. Have (the children) write a short paragraph stating their opinions and why they feel that way. Ask them to include reasons for their opinions. Set aside time for volunteers to share their opinions." (Grandma is dealing with this quite strongly because her family can not understand why doing this for you is so important to Grandma. Their opinion is that Grandma should be putting her time into working online which I have not been able to get without a fee as well as they feel I should be working when with arthritis Grandma could not handle at all as to get ready for renters, get SSI, sew, and teach others if it will ever be there. Grandma's opinion is very strong about it and the knowledge  that it is important to you as well as other possibilities. If anyone has a suggestion here, please speak out also; for Grandma feels this is her calling.)
The next section is about "Science: Plants and Animals". Book (185) wants the children to be aware of the amount of animals and plants mentioned in this book as well as Book (4) wanting them to be aware of the different Regions. Grandma want you to take this section and begin some planting of seeds. She will try to get more materials about plants on the blogs to go along with the learning.
The last section on the Extended Activities is called "Social Studies: More About Maine". Book (185) says, "Help (the children) learn more about the place that Sarah misses. Display a map of the northeastern United States and help students locate Maine. Ask a volunteer to trace its long, jagged coastline and point out its many islands. Explain that Maine has about 2,000 islands along its coast. They are the result of a glacier that melted and sank much of the land there. The islands are the peaks of old mountains that are now submerged. Tell (the children) that Maine gets its name from the expression "the main," which was used by sailors to distinguish the mainland from all the islands. Looking at the map, ask students to find the answers to the following questions:
  • What is the capital of Maine? (Augusta)
  • What national park is in Maine? Acadia)
  • What covers most of Maine? (forest)
If possible, show (the children) reproductions of some of the sea paintings by Winslow Homer. These were painted when he lived at Prout's Neck on the coast of Maine.( Grandma had a book about Maine one time from the library that gave some very interesting information about the Natives there and other things about it. She will see what youtube has for us. (Do love youtube) Link to Pictures of Maine and How There Life Was. That is all Grandma has to go with Sarah Plain & Tall. We will move on to the Bible History for today.
Grandma will cover Romans in the New Testament of the Bible through Faith Alive beginning with the Introduction, so it will be your assignment to read it.
How...does Romans show us God's love? Romans shows God's perfect love for sinners. All of us fall short of the glory of God: no one could get to heaven by being good enough. So instead, God sent Jesus to die for us. Because of his death and rising from the grave, we are "justified." That means we are forgiven and have eternal life absolutely free! It's a gift! Jesus has already given it to us!
Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote Romans. (You can read about Paul's life in the book of Acts.) He also wrote all the books from 1 Corinthians through Philemon (counting Romans, a total of 13 books in all).
To Whom...was this letter first written? This book is a letter Paul sent to Christians in Rome, the capital city of the great Roman Empire. (All of the next books up through Jude are letters also. Another word for letters like this is "epistle.") When Paul wrote this let, he had never been to Rome, but you can read about how he did finally arrive there in Acts 28.
When...was this letter written? This letter was written about A.D. 57, probably from the city of Corinth.
What...special messages does this book give us? Paul reminds us that we are all sinners and deserve death. But when he explains how we are saved by faith in Jesus alone. Nothing else is necessary to get to heaven. Of course, because we have been saved, we will want to live our lives for God.
       ...are some important teachings in this book?
Everyone sins.                                                Romans 3:9-20
We are saved by grace
 through faith in Jesus.                                     Romans 3:21-29
Jesus died for us sinners.                                 Romans 5:1-11
Being saved is free, a gift.                                 Romans 6:23
God loves us no matter what.                            Romans 8:28-39
God calls us to live for him.                               Romans 12:1-8
Now follow Grandma through the activities of Faith Alive starting with "Life In Bible Times-Rome--In Paul's day, "all roads led to Rome," or so they said. The center and largest city of the Roman Empire, Rome controlled all the land around the Mediterranean Sea and beyond, including Italy, France, Spain, Great Britain, North Africa, Greece, Turkey, and the Holy Land. Rome was important to the spread of Christianity because people moved in and out of Rome from all over the world.
Let's Live It! Romans 1:16 Powerful Gospel! Kaboom!--From tiny beginnings in Jerusalem, the Christian faith was spreading--exploding--all over the world! How? It happened--and still happens--because of the gospel, the good news that Jesus has saved us. Paul says the gospel is the power of God. The Greek word for "power" is dynamic, like our word "dynamite"! KABOOM! The news about Jesus has the power of dynamite--and the power to give people eternal life!
Did You Know? Romans 1:18-20, 2:12-15 Does God have a right to be angry with human beings? God created Adam and Eve without sin. Since the fall into sin, all humans are born sinful and sin daily. Yes! God has a right to be angry. Since God gave everyone a conscience, all people know they sin and have no excuse.
Did You Know? Romans 2:16 What is God's judgment? The Bible teaches that someday God will punish those who continue in sin. Until judgment occurs God continues to call people to repentance and forgiveness in Christ Jesus.
Did You Know? Romans 3:20 What is the law? The law is every rule God gave people to live by as summarized in the Ten Commandments. People often think God will be pleased with them because they keep the law. Actually no one has kept it. The law shows us that we all sin.
Did You Know? Romans 3:21 What is righteousness? In the Bible righteousness menas either doing right things, or being right with God. Because everyone has sinned, no one can be right with God by what he or she does. Yet God forgives people who believe in Jesus and says we are right with him. Then God empowers Christians to do right things in gratitude to him.
Words to Remember Romans 3:24 (All) are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus.
Let's Live It! Romans 3:28 "Just Right" With God--Like computers? Try this: Type yourself a note--about anything, but at least six lines long. Notice the jagged right margin. Some lines are long, some are short. Our lives are like that, jagged, messed up by sin.
Now print the note, and tel the computer to "right justify." Nice and even on the right, eh? This is the way God sees us because of Christ, we are "Justified," made right with God.
Did You Know? Romans 4:25 What does justified mean? Justified is a special word that means we have been declared not guilty! When God forgives our sins, he says we are not guilty anymore. Because we are forgiven, we are right with God and can go to heaven.
Word to Remember Romans 5:8 God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us.
Did You Know? Romans 5:15 How do we know that God loves us? Jesus, God's Son, was sent to die for us, even though we were sinners. This shows how much God loves us.
Life In Bible Times-Slaves--There were thousands of slaves in Rome in Paul's day. They worked at many different jobs: potters, household servants, silversmiths, farmers, shepherds, builders, scribes. Most slaves, if they were obedient and did their job well, could plan on eventually being free.
Words to Remember Romans 8:26 We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us.
Words to Remember Romans 8:28 We know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him.
Let's Live It! Romans 10:11-15 A Beautiful Career--List five jobs you think it would be fun to have when you grow up. Tell your mom or dad what is on your list, and explain what you like about each job.
Then read Romans 0:11-15. Does anything in this passage make you think about being a pastor or missionary or Christian teacher? Talk with your pastor. What does he like about his calling?
Life in Bible Times-Grafting--Farmers often tried to improve their crop by grafting new branches on old trees. They cut off an old branch and carefully tied on a new branch in such a way that it could grow there.
Did You Know? Romans 12:9 How can we show that we love God? We show we love God by loving and serving others. Romans 12:9-21 lists many ways we can show love to the people around us.
Let's Live It! Romans 13:1-7 Don't Break the Law--Read Romans 13:1-7. This passage tells us that God gave governments the right to pass laws and punish people who break the law.
What is the most important reason Christians have for obeying the law? Write a one-page essay on why Christians should obey all laws. See if your church newsletter or the church page in your local newspaper will print your essay.
Did You Know? Romans 16:1,17 Why does Paul call others in the church his brothers and sisters? Christians are God's family. From the very beginning of the church, Christians called each other brother and sister to show how close they felt to each other.
Grandma is finished with Romans and will give you the Calendar History from Book (1) for April 23. In 1791 James Buchanan, 15th president of the United States, was born. In 1856 Granville Woods, African-American inventor who obtained 50 patents, was born. In 1891 Sergei Prokofiev, Russian composer, was born.
The events are as follows:
In 1635 Boston Latin School, the Oldest Public School in the United States, was established.
In 1789 President-elect and Mrs. George Washington moved into the First Presidential Mansion, the Franklin House in New York.
It is also Children's Day in Turkey. "On Children's Day in Turkey, kids take over the government. Four hundred students (elected by their classmates) travel to the national capital at Ankara, where they take seats in the national government and spend the day observing and learning how it works. And all Turkish children can get free ice cream, movies, and transportation on this day." Plan a Children's Day in which your children can be in charge of something and have some special treatment. This reminds Grandma that she was going to suggest you talking to the children about what you would like done for Mother's Day or Father's Day even if it is just something special they do for you. I noticed some nice things that could be done from yesterday's lessons.
For Science today, Grandma is going to give you some more experiments form her book (12) to do. They are around Chemistry. The first one is called Colour magic. "Cut a red cabbage leaf into small pieces and soak in a cup of boiling water. After half an hour pour the violet-coloured cabbage water into a glass. You can now use it for crazy colour magic. Place three glasses on the table, all apparently containing pure water. In fact only the first glass contains water, in the second is white vinegar and in the third water mixed with bicarbonate of soda. When you pour a little cabbage water into each glass, the first liquid remains violet, the second turns red and the third green. The violet cabbage dye has the property of turning red in acid liquids and green in alkaline. In neutral water it does not change colour. In chemistry one can find out whether a liquid is acid or alkaline by using similar detecting liquids (indicators)."
The second experiment is called Violet becomes red. If you ever come across an anthill in the woods, you can there and then do a small chemical experiment. Hold a violet flower, e.g. a bluebell, firmly over the ants. The insects feel threatened and spray a sharp-smelling liquid over the flower. The places it turn red.
The ants make a corrosive protective liquid in their hind quarters. You notice it if an ant nips you, though it is generally quite harmless. Since the flower turns red where the drops fall, you know that they are acid. The acid is called formic acid.
The third experiment is called Invisible ink. If you ever want to write a secret message on paper, simply use vinegar, lemon, or onion juice, as the invisible ink. Write with it as usual on white writing paper. After it dries the writing is invisible. The person who receives the letter must know that the paper has to be held over a candle flame: the writing turns brown and is clearly visible.
Vinegar, and lemon or onion juice, cause a chemical change in the paper to a substance similar to cellophane. Because its ignition temperature is lower than that of the paper, the parts written on singe.
The fourth experiment is called Bleached rose. A piece of sulphur is ignited in a jam jar. Since a pungent vapour is produced, you should do the experiment out-of-doors. Hold a red rose in the jar. The colour of the flower becomes visible paler until it is white.
When sulphur is burned, sulphur dioxide is formed. As well as its germicidal action in sterilization, the gas has a bleaching effect, and the dye of the flower is destroyed by it. Sulphur dioxide also destroys the chlorophyll of plants, which explains their poor growth in industrial areas, where the gas pollutes the air.
The fifth experiment is called Transfer pictures. Photos and drawings from newspapers can e copied easily. Mix two spoonfulls of water, one spoonful of turpentine and one spoonful of liquid detergent and dab this liquid with a sponge on the newspaper page. Lay a piece of writing paper on top, and after vigorous rubbing with a spoon the picture is clearly transferred to the paper.
Turpentine and liquid detergent when mixed form an emulsion which penetrates between the dye and oil particles of the dry printing ink and make it liquid again. Only newspaper printing ink can be dissolved, though. The glossy pictures in magazines contain too much lacquer, which is only dissolved with difficulty.
The sixth experiment is called Sugar fire. Place a piece of cube sugar on a tin lid and try to set it alight. You will not succeed. However, if you dab a corner of the cube with a trace of cigarette ash and hold a burning match there, the sugar begins to burn with a blue flame until it is completely gone.
Cigarette ash and sugar cannot e separately ignited, but the ash initiates the combustion of the sugar. We call a substance which brings about a chemical reaction, without itself being changed, a catalyst.
This is all the experiments for today and all the information Grandma has time for. See you tomorrow.
The second experiment

Day 150

Posted on April 19, 2014 at 5:29 PM Comments comments (8)
Good Morning Folks! I hope you had a nice Easter! Grandma would be ok if she would learn to save information early. I am retyping a lot of information for you that was typed earlier this morning for Monday's lessons. Therefore, I hope I do as well a job as it was before. Grandma is going to be giving you material in lessons from now on through the end of the year and on into the summer if possible. She hopes to cover material from Patricia's book and a list of her own books used.
Please keep up the work of your tasks; Childrobotics; physical education of (sports or dancing) or health education for the body as(eyes, teeth, ears, skin, bones, muscles, or organs, what give us the necessary nutrients, food, plants, etc.); Reading and Language through ABC's, words, vocabulary, spelling, papers, etc.; along with Writing and Journals; Newspapers; Yearbooks; Family scrapbooks and recipes.
To start today's lessons out Grandma is going to cover half of Acts, today's History coverage of at least Monday, maybe more. Then she has two books to cover. Some math and art may be covered in these lessons. Be sure to keep up with any necessary Geometry and Algebra covered in video's Grandma has given you. She will try to cover the Algebra book she has as much as she can at sometime. Please take care and keep joining me. I will probably be covering other real estate and information later as possible.
To begin lessons for Monday Grandma is covering The Introduction to Acts in the Bible through Faith Alive and the first 12 chapters. The Introduction in Faith Alive goes as follows:
"Whom...did God inspire to write this book? Luke, the physician who traveled as a missionary with Paul, and who also wrote the Gospel of Luke, wrote this book.
For Whom...was this book first written? As with his Gospel, Luke wrote this book for a man named Theophilus. He may also have used it as evidence in court to defend Paul. Nevertheless, it really is for everyone.
When...did this happen? This book tells what happened from about AD 30 to 61.
Where...did this happen? The things in this book happened in many important cities in the Roman Empire.
How...does Acts show us God/s love? Acts show that God wants the saving message of Jesus to go out to all the world. The apostles began this work. Every step of the way, the Holy Spirit was with them to guide them and give their words power so that many believed.
What...special messages does this book give us? It describes the acts, or actions, of Jesus' apostles after Jesus has ascended back to heaven. It shows how God enables his people through the Holy Spirit to share the Good News of Jesus.
        ...action happens in this book? Jesus ascends back to heaven but sends the Holy Spirit at Pentecost. The Spirit inspires Jesus' apostles to preach about him on exciting and dangerous missionary journeys.
        ...important people do we meet? Peter and Paul are among the main characters in this book.
        ...are some of the stories in this book?
                       Jesus goes to heaven.                             Acts  1:1-11
                  The Holy Spirit comes.                                 Acts  2:1-13
  Peter heals a crippled beggar.                                       Acts  3:1-10
     Peter and John are arrested.                                      Acts  4:1-31
           Stephen, the first martyr.                                     Acts  6:8-8:1
                     Saul is converted.                                     Acts  9:1-31
                     Peter has a vision.                                    Acts 10:1-48
            Peter escapes from prison.                                 Acts 12:1-19
              Paul goes on a mission.                                   Acts 13:1-14:28
             The first church council.                                    Acts 15:1-29
                      Prisoners freed.                                       Acts 16:16-40
                   A riot in Ephesus.                                       Acts 19:23-41
                   Paul goes on trial.                                       Acts 24:1-27
              Paul is shipwrecked.                                        Acts 27:1-44
                  Paul goes to Rome.                                     Acts 28:1-31"
Now begin by reading the Bible Acts 1 through 12 and doing things given to you from Faith Alive as follows:
"Let's Live It! Acts 1:8 Power to Witness--Read Acts 1:8. Jesus promised to give his followers power to witness. "Witnessing" means telling others what we know about Jesus.
Ask your mom or dad to let you have a size "D" battery to symbolize power. Print John 3:16 on a piece of paper, and tape it to the battery. Carry the battery with you. When people ask you what it is, let them read the verse. Pray when you go out with your battery that the Holy Spirit will give you power to witness, and that your friends will believe in Jesus.
Did You Know? Acts 2:1 What was Pentecost? Pentecost was a Jewish holy day. Fifty days after Easter (Pentecost means "fiftieth"), God gave the disciples the Holy Spirit. The Spirit enabled them to speak in foreign languages and set flames of fire over their heads. When many people gathered to see what was happening, Peter preached to them about Jesus. This may be called the birthday of the Christian church.
Let's Live It! Acts 2:42-47 Power to Love--The first Christians loved each other very much because they knew how much God had first loved them. Read Acts 2:42-47. Find in these verses at least five things the early Christians did to show love for each other.
Look at the list you just made. Think of ways like these that you can show God's love to others. For example, how can you give to someone in need?
Did You Know? Acts 3:6 How were Peter and John able to heal? God gave Peter and John special power. When they healed in Jesus' name, it proved that Jesus really was the Son of God. After healing, Peter preached a sermon and told the people that Jesus was their Savior.
Let's Live It? Acts 4:23-31 Prayer For God's Power--When Peter and John were threatened they asked God for power to do miracles and keep on preaching. Read Acts 4:23-31. Because they knew God had been in control already at creation and at the time of David, they were certain he was still in control and still answering prayer.
Ask your mom or dad what they know about God that makes them sure he can answer prayer. Tell them about what you discovered in this Bible story.
When you pray, it is a good idea to begin as the disciples did, thanking God for his great power and telling him you know he can answer your prayers.
Did You Know? Acts 5:3 What was the sin of Ananias and Sapphira? Ananias and Sapphira lied. The money they got from selling some land was theirs to use any way they wanted, but they agreed to lie to the church. Lying to the church is like lying to God, and God punished them.
Let's Live It! Acts 7:54-60 Facing Fear--Stephen kept on preaching Christ and became the first person to die for it, the church's first martyr. Read Acts 7:54-60. How did God give Stephen courage?
Picture a situation where people might be angry with you for saying what you believe. Now picture Jesus standing in heaven. Keep that picture in mind when you face fear. He's standing with you!
Life In Bible Times-Stoning Stephen-The Hebrew people executed criminals by throwing heavy stones at them. Stephen was the first Christian martyr. A martyr (MAR-ter) is a person who is put to death because of his or her beliefs. Stephen was stoned because he preached about Jesus.
Did You Know? Acts 8:9 What is sorcery? Sorcery is a kind of magic. It is supposed to gie a person power over others. A sorcerer named Simon saw the power Jesus" apostles had and wanted that power for himself. He offered the apostles money for that power.
Did You Know? Acts 9:1 Who was Saul? The Saul of the New Testament was a Pharisee who hated Christians. After Jesus spoke to Saul, Saul became a Christian. Later, Saul became known by his Greek name, Paul. Paul became the greatest missionary of all time and wrote thirteen books of the New Testament.
Life In Bible Times-Paul In A Basket-Grain and other crops were stored in very large woven baskets. These baskets were able to use one to let him down over the city wall of Damascus.
Let's Live It! Acts 9:1-31 A New Look--Read Acts 9:1-31. Look carefully at the kind of person Saul was before he was converted (Acts 9:20-22,27-28)?
Draw "before" and "after" pictures of Paul's face. How do you think Paul looked when he hated Christians? How do you think Paul looked when he loved Jesus and wanted others to love Jesus too?
Did you know that you once looked like your "before" picture of Saul? At least your heart did. By nature we're all evil, but when Jesus made you his child, he changed all that. Show someone your new face--with the loving smile of a believer in Jesus!
Did You Know? Acts 10:17 Why did God send Peter a vision? In New Testament times the Jewish people did not associate with non-Jews. God gave Peter a vision of animals to teach him that it was all right to go to a non-Jew's home.
Did You Know? How did Peter escape from prison? An angel let Peter out of his chains and led him outside the jail. All Peter's friends were praying for him; but when Peter came to their door, they wouldn't believe it was him!
Today is April 21 as given in the Calendar History from Book (1) there are four birthdays and five history events. The first birthday is in 1782 for Friedrich Froebel, German educator and founder of the first kindergarten; the next is in 1816 for Charlotte Bronte, English novelist; a third is in 1926 for Queen Elizabeth II, British monarch. The last is in 1838 for John Muir, American naturalist. Under Environmental pioneer in Book (1) it says, "At the age of 28, John Muir was blinded in a factory accident. He vowed to devote himself to nature if he ever recovered his sight. Weeks later his sight returned, and Muir spent the rest of his life keeping his promise. He hiked thousands of miles across the United States and kept detailed drawings and journal accounts of his observations. Believing that human greed was destroying the environment to establish national parks. Ask your students what they think Muir meant when he said, "The clearest way into the universe is through a forest wilderness.""
The first event for Monday happened in 753 BC; According to legend, Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus. Then in 1789 John Adams was sworn in as the First U.S. Vice President. In 1790 Twenty-thousand people--the largest public gathering American had seen--attended Benjamin Franklin's Funeral in Philadelphia. In 1843 Hogs were prohibited from running wild in Chicago. In 1898 The Spanish-American War began. Also in 1898 Billy Duggleby became the only major league baseball player to hit a Grand Slam Home Run his first time at bat.
It is also considered Kartini Day in (Indonesia) and Kindergarten Day for which Book (1) says, "To celebrate Kindergarten Day, have your (children) create a list of favorite toys and games, activities, foods, routines, and events they enjoyed in kindergarten. Then have the kids interview children currently attending kindergarten and make a list of their favorite activities. Finally, ask your (children) to compare the two lists.
Grandma is going to cover two stories for the day of things you can do to cover our lesson finishing Russia and to work on the American (Colonial) times:
The first book given in Grandma's book (6) is called The Quilt Story by Tony Johnston (G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1985. 28 pp.)
In warm poetic text, this book recounts the life of an heirloom quilt. It also tells of two little girls who, though separated by generations, were united in the comfort of the same quilt. It is a different "take" on a similar theme to that of The Keeping Quilt (to be read also and be given material for) and may be read before or after that story. The two stories together might be the basis for a "Quilt" unit.
Before Reading The Quilt Story
  • Ask the children if their family (or someone they know) owns something that has been passed down from generation to generation. Remind the children that such an heirloom need not be expensive, but it does need to hold special meaning to the people who keep it. Tell the children that The Quilt Story is about such an heirloom. Ask the children to listen carefully to see if they can decide why the heirloom is so special to the characters in the story.
After Reading The Quilt Story
  • Ask the children to describe the quilts they may have seen. Show the children pictures of different types of popular quilt patterns (featured today even in mail order catalogs). (If the children have already read The Keeping Quilt, this may be unnecessary.) Tell the children that quilting is now considered  an American folk art, but that the pioneer women who first sewed quilts did so to make the most of fabric scraps(note the old socks sewn into the quilt in The Quilt Story), (Grandma wants to make a notation here not thought about is the fact that money might come easier today, but in the time of pioneers money was very scarce and the utilized things a lot more than some do today. Therefore, making quilts was a way to have warmth by not only utilizing left over clothes and material it would also have cost them a big part of savings to buy those things. Many families did trade things for warm wool or in Mexico they make some very beautiful and warm blankets as well as the Native American blankets that would save people a lot on electricity for electric blankets as well as their costs. Both quilts and these blankets cannot compare to the warmth of the all American blankets known from experience. However, there were many ways people were kept warm and my mother in the time of the depression remembers as a young girl living with her grandparents of having to chop wood and start a fire in the morning to dress by.) and to bring warmth and color to their sparse, plain homes and rough lies. Ask the children to list all the ways that Abigail used the quilt. How many of the children in (your home) have a favorite blanket or soft toy from their own childhood? Would these possessions make for good heirlooms? Do children of other cultures have favorite toys or possessions? How can the children find out this information?
Follow-up Activities
American Folk Toys
Secure a copy of  The Foxfire Book of Toys and Games (E. P. Dutton, 1985), or any other book featuring a collection of American folk toys and games. Show your (children) the pictures of the toys which date back more than 200 years to colonial days (and beyond!). Have the class decide how their modern toys are similar to or different from the folk toys (which have no batteries, no electricity, few moving parts and are for the most part homemade). Have the children interview their parents and grandparents to discover what kinds of toys they played with. Did they, too, have a special blanket or toy that they played with for a long time? Were their toys (or blankets or clothes) ever homemade?
Folk Art Museum
Have children assemble a folk art museum by bringing in to (your church, from your homes, or relatives homes, or somewhere they could be) items reminiscent of colonial times. These may include quilts, toys, jewelry, pictures, tools, gadgets, knick-knacks, etc. (Because of the recent interest in using American folk art for decorating our modern homes, it should not be difficult to gather a collection together.) Label and display the pieces together in a central place....For more information of quilting, toy making, and colonial times, see Colonial America (Cooperative Learning Activities) by Sue Schneck and Mary Strohl (Scholastic, 1991).
(Another Idea Grandma has is to visit a local Museum that could have pioneer things in it. If you do not live near one or want to visit one like the ones in Nebraska it is well worth your visit.)
Schoolhouse Quilting Bee
Use quilting books such as 101 patchwork Patterns by Rudy McKim (Dover, 1962) to familiarize children with the schoolhouse quilt pattern. (Grandma says, "it is like a house with a front view with windows and a door; then a larger side view with windows.) Remind children that quilts were often completed by groups of people working together at a social gathering known as a "quilting bee." Each quilter would work on one portion of the quilt, but no individual effort appeared as great as when all the pieces were joined together. Invite each of the children (other relatives, family members, or friends) to create one block for a classroom "schoolhouse quilt.""
If you do not want to spend the time using material and doing it together, felt pieces or paper pieces can be used also but they will not be as nice as real material or from old clothing. Nor will the Pot holders, aprons, etc. Grandma is going to add to the product line.
When finished with your picture, one side can be glued or sewed onto a log or stick with string on the ends to be hung somewhere.
The other mentioned we will be given activities for today is Russian-American called The Keeping Quilt by Patricia Polacco (Simon and Schuster, 1988, 32 pp.)
This book recounts the story of an heirloom quilt, crafted from a basket of old clothes including Uncle Vladimir's shirt, Aunt Havalah's nightdress, and an apron of Aunt Natasha's. Once completed, the quilt is passed down through four generations in a family. For nearly a century, the quilt serves such purposes as a Sabbath tablecloth, a wedding canopy, and a baby receiving blanket. The quilt is also a constant reminder of--and tribute to--family loved ones back home in Russia.
Before Reading The Keeping Quilt
  • Review these terms with the class: generation, heirloom, inheritance, legacy. Then, have the children describe any items that have been passed down from generation to generation in their families, such as houses, furniture, dishes, artwork, toys, etc. Remind the children that such legacies needn't be items worth a lot of money. Items such as photographs, knickknacks, clothing and toys may also be handed down from generation to generation--and may be worth more to the receiver than any sum of money! Tell the children that The Keeping Quilt is a story of just such a legacy.
After Reading The Keeping Quilt
  • Invite students to take a close look at the artwork in the book. What do they notice about the use of color? Have the class make a list of possible reasons why the author/illustrator chose to use color so carefully? Ask: How would the book appear different if each of the illustrations was in full color? Why is the quilt so valuable to the author/illustrator? Would the quilt be as valuable to us? Why or why not?
Follow-up Activities"
Make a ...Quilt or Make a Family Quilt
If you do not want to tie this to the other story and make a quilt together or both quilts together with the story out of material or old clothing or make your own version like one Grandma wants to make out of my Granddaughter's fancy sweatshirts she grew out of; you can make one following Book (6)'s instructions. There are lots of ideas for quilts and quilts books available to use if you are interested. Quilts can be donated to hospitals, nursing homes, homeless shelters or day care centers. Grandma has made a few from squares of material in the way given below and from jeans which are very heavy and warm.
"To begin, provide each child with two plain pieces of copy paper (each trimmed to 8 1/2" square) and fabric crayons (available in craft stores). Instruct each child to use the crayons and one piece of paper to draw something they care about or value in their lives (e.g., a toy, a book, a pet, something in nature, etc.). On the other piece of paper, have children trace one of their hands and color it in. You or another adult can then use an iron to transfer the drawing onto individual squares of fabric (approximately 10" square) or onto a white or pastel solid-colored flat sheet. (Directions on the crayon box will guide your fabric and sheet selection.) The dimensions of the quilt will depend on the number of" (children working on the quilt-you may have to do several pieces each-you could form just a border with strips of the squared together and a plain piece in the middle also. Otherwise it would take 48 squares to form it 6 squares by 8 squares for each quilt.) You can stitch the square pieces together by machine or by hand following the sewing instructions on one of the books. Do not worry too much about exactness. When your top is all finished, "pin the top of the quilt to a batting baking (available in craft and fabric stores), (or as Grandma figures an old clean blanket cleaned in Pine sol disinfectant), and show the children how to stitch around their fabric designs, thus creating a quilted effect. When completed, cover the quilt top with a second sheet or fabric piece trimmed to fit the quilt top. Use effect. Turn the quilt right side out, tuck the raw ends inside, and, finally, stitch the fourth side closed.
Legacies and Inheritances
Have (the children) think about what they would like to hand down to someone they love. Have (the children) also think about the gifts they have inherited from their ancestors. Remind children that an inheritance need not be something expensive or even something you can touch. Rather, it can also be a lesson learned from someone loved, a way of being, or a special time spent together. Use (plain pieces of paper) to have children first draw what they have inherited or what they might hand down, and then write a brief description of why the legacy or inheritance is so important to them. If children are tempted to write abbreviated descriptions (e.g., "I like the book Aunt Sara gave me because it's nice."), encourage students to use sensory imagery ("it feels like, it looks like, it smells like, etc.") to tell specifically why the gift was nice and what it reminds them of.
Learning Legacy
Traditionally, many graduating classes write a "Last Will and Testament" that then appears in their yearbook or school paper. Although this tradition is usually something of a lampoon of things and people in the school, you can adapt it to help your (children) understand legacies and inheritances better. Invite (your children) to brainstorm the best experiences they had as a (family)  this year, what they learned, etc., and write them on a "scroll" to be passed on as a legacy."

Days 144, 146, 147, 148, 149

Posted on April 16, 2014 at 7:43 PM Comments comments (10)
Good Morning Folks! We will be covering the lessons for Wednesday this week and Thursday. Grandma has been covering Ukraine and Russia. She gave you lessons for last week along with Monday and Tuesday. I hope you have been keeping up with your tasks for the last two weeks; Childrobotics; extra reading; language of ABC's, words, spelling, and vocabulary; writing and Journaling; Math (counting and using eggs, Easter bunnies, Easter hats, chicks, etc.); older children going into business should learn typing, algebra, bookkeeping, and calculators as well as all that is possible about computers. Be sure to cover yearbooks, family scrapbooks, recipes, and the newspapers.
To start today's lessons off Grandma is going to first cover information on a place called Ellis Island that many of the immigrants came through to the United States. One link to this on youtube is the Story of Ellis Island; another is About Russia; Book Reading of Molly's Pilgrim; and the Movie trailer of Molly's Pilgrim.
Next we will cover the lesson from Grandma's book (4) covering Geography Focus: using a globe.
"Molly"s Pilgrim by Barbara Cohen illustrated by Michael J Deraney (William Morrow 1983)
Molly and her family are Russian Jews, recently immigrated to the United States. In the small town where they finally settle, Molly endures the taunts of classmates who are not used to newcomers. When the teacher assigns students to make clothespin dolls representing Pilgrims for a Thanksgiving display. Molly's troubles seem to increase: the doll her mother makes for her shows not the typical Pilgrim, but a Russian woman dressed much like Mother herself. Mother explains that this is appropriate, for she, too, is a pilgrim: one who travels to another land in search of religious freedom. Molly's classmates make fun of her doll, until Molly explains it and her teacher backs her up by describing the Jewish harvest holiday on which the American Pilgrims based the first Thanksgiving.
Invite (the children) to tell what they think a pilgrim is. Definitions at this stage will probably be far-ranging. Write them on the chalkboard, for revision after students have read the book.
As You Read
Help (the children) use a globe to locate Russia and the United States. Invite volunteers to use a length of string to mark a route westward from Russia to America and to name some of the countries and the ocean that Molly and her parents had to cross in their journey. Explain that in those days before airplanes, immigrants traveled by land, then by ship, In voyages that might take several months.
Use questions like the following to encourage students to respond to the conflicts that Molly faces:
  1. What problems does Molly face at school? Why does Elizabeth tease her? How does it feel to be teased?
  2. Why doesn't molly want her mother to come to school? How does Molly learn that she was mistaken to be embarrassed about her mother?
  3. What do the pictures tell about the time when the story takes place? Do problems like Molly's take place in classrooms today, too? Why?
  4. What do Molly's classmates learn about Pilgrims by the end of the story? Why does their attitude toward Molly change?
Extending Geography Skills:
Comparing a Globe and a Map
Display a world map on a wall above your globe. Explain that the globe is a map that has been printed on a hollow sphere, and that it gives a truer picture of Earth and its land and water than a map because its surface is rounded like the Earth's surface is. Then ask (the children) to identify the main way in which a world map is different from a globe (a map is flat). Invite a volunteer to locate Russia and the United States on the glove again, then find them on the map.
To help (the children) understand that flat maps are not at accurate in their portrayal of the area of land and oceans as globes are, direct attention to the North and South polar regions, especially Greenland, on the globe, and ask (the children) to find these regions on the flat map and encourage them to tell about the size-difference between them. Invite (the children) to suggest why people nevertheless make and use maps (for general reference: to show small areas up close; to show the location of towns, cities, and highways; to show national boundaries; to show mountains, hills, and flat areas). If possible, assemble a collection of different kinds of maps for (the children) to study and discuss."
(As part of this learning try to figure out on the map and/or globe a route from Russia the Pilgrims may have traveled on the Boat.)
"Making Connections
What Does It Mean? In the story, Mama uses various Yiddish words and expressions. First, ask (the children) to guess what the words might mean in the context of the sentence in which they are used.
Then provide the English translations:
   Malkeleh-Little Queen. (The name "Molly" is derived from it.)
   nu=so, well"
Invite (your children) if they speak other languages to contribute words and expressions and their meanings to a list of Wonderful Words. Post the list and keep adding to it if you are learning these languages together or they are from a past country they lived in.
Dramatic Retelling   Discuss the three basic problems Molly faces: how to cope with her treatment by her classmates; how to explain to her mother what the assignment is at school and why the doll doesn't seem to meet the description given in the assignment; how to explain the doll to her classmates and teacher." To learn cooperative learning form the following situations into a film or skit to present somewhere ( at a hospital, church, cooperate group, old folks home, child care facility, etc.):
  • note the sequence of actions the group decides on
  • assign roles in the skit
  • organize and direct a brief rehearsal
  • present their skits in the story sequence
  • Tape-record the skits to listen to, to make sure all the important incidents are there.
  • Add to the tape, if necessary, with narrative to connect the incidents.
  • Listen to the finished tape as they review the story and look at the pictures.
"Social Studies:
Modern-Day Pilgrims  Encourage (the children) to relate the story to current news about immigrants (pilgrims) from other countries, such as Vietnam, Korea, Haiti, Cuba, Cambodia, (Mexico) and Guatemala. Discuss what freedoms or opportunities the modern-day pilgrims are seeking in their new home. If possible, ask (your children) to interview a newly-arrived pilgrim to find out when the pilgrim came, where he or she came from, what he or she was looking for, and what problems had to be faced on arrival. Encourage interviewers to make notes and compile them into an oral presentation for the class. The presenter should also indicate on a globe or map the country from which the pilgrim came."
(Make sure if they are from Mexico that they are not here illegally by asking to see a green card they should have with them.)
Doll Maps  Invite (your children) to make clothespin dolls dressed in the traditional clothing of (different) ethnic group(s). Display a large map of the world in the center of a (wall), and mount the dolls around it. Use colored yarn to connect each doll to the country it represents." (Also place a the globe nearby also.) A link Grandma found is on Other Dolls; Clothespin Doll Faces Plus More; Wire Arms and More; Assembly of Clothespin Dolls and More; Clothespin Doll Clothes and More; Wigs or Hair and More; plus a Series of Clothespin Dolls.
Welcome Packages  Ask the (children) to imagine a child or person from another country or as most of originated from other countries. Discuss and list what the new person might want to know about the neighborhood, town or city, yourselves(make sure they are trustworthy first). Discuss what things might make them feel welcome in your area, neighborhood, home, church, or organization. Suggest and make a list of items to form in a welcome package such as maps, lists, descriptions, and pictures. Act out how to make newcomers feel welcome. Be careful because helpful people in some neighborhoods may not turn out to be so helpful as experience just lately has taught my husband and myself. Not all people to day can be so trusting.
To extend this learning think of other packages that could be formed for people in the neighborhood you know well that may become sick, have a loved one die, need help(figure out some things as needing money for a sick family member, or a funeral, etc.) also ways we could help family members as older people, etc. Other type of packages might be for a birthday, weddings, and new babies. Make use of the time.
"Thinking Skills:
Media Contrasts Molly's Pilgrim is retold in a video which won the 1985 Academy Award for best-live action short (24 minutes). It is available on a cassette from Phoenix Films. After showing the film, discuss how it is different from the book (set in modern times; new characters: some new scenes). Encourage students to tell what they would add or subtract from the story if they were the film director.
(Might even check with the library-they may even have a copy to watch.)
Another story for the day is Russian and American in Grandma's Book (6) called
"Here Comes the Cat! by Frank Asch and Vladimir Vagin (Scholastic, 1989.32 pp.)
This story, about a big cat who comes to a community of mice, represents the first artistic and literary collaboration between an American and a Russian. Designed by popular American author/illustrator Frank Asch, and painted by Russian artist Vladimir Vagin, Here comes the Cat! reinforces the old message that "all we have to fear is fear itself." The book, which is written in both English and Russian, helps to underscore how unfair and faulty negative prejudice can be.
Before Reading Here Comes the Cat!
  • Have the children talk about times they may have worried about something that might happen. Is this any different from worrying about an occurrence that has already taken place or is definitely in the future? How?
After Reading Here Comes the Cat!
  • What were the mice worried about? Why were they so worried? Why was the story's ending a surprise?
Follow-up Activities
Connecting Prejudice and Fear
Have the children explain how fear is spread in the story (e.g., by word of mouth). Introduce the word "prefudice" into the conversation. Help the children to understand that the word "prejudice" has to do with prejudging. Then, help (the children) make the important connection between prejudice and
fear by" filling out a chart. This chart is made easy by taking a piece of paper and folding it in half lengthwise. On one side of the sheet put the heading "Things some people don't like before they experience them." as flying in an airplane, snakes, spinach, broccoli, etc. On the other side of the paper put the heading "What they're afraid of."
"Have (the children) tell what fear is associated with each item (e.g., (the children) may fear tasting broccoli because it is a green vegetable or (the children) may fear snakes because they think they are slimy). Ask how many of the items were actually experienced by the students, and how many were prejudged.
Book Collaboratives
Explain to the (children) that the book's collaboration between a Russian and an American is an incredible achievement because for many years a "cold war" existed between the two powers, with each side regarding the other as an enemy. Help the (children) understand that a cold war is largely a war of words--with both sides fearing and mistrusting the other side. Invite students to create their own collaborative books based on the format of Here Comes the Cat! One or more students may write the text, while one or more other students may act as illustrators, interpreting the text with accompanying art work.
Billingual Dialogue Balloons"
Provide the children with sheets of paper. On the paper or papers, big round cartoon language balloons should be drawn. Inside the balloons write the following English words with their translation in certain languages also written in the balloons. Therefore, inside each balloon will be a line headed English, a second with translation, and a third Other language. Here are some words the book suggestion using. You can add more if you wish and make as many of these balloons as you wish. They can be posted somewhere in your home or elsewhere if you wish. The words given are Hello!; Goodbye!; Here comes the _____!; My name is _______?; What's your name?; Where do you live?
Next week we will cover Russian-American The Keeping Quilt, American (Colonial) The Quilt Story, and other colonial stories. Grandma will also try to cover Sarah, Plain & Tall and the Little House on the Prairie. Then we will go into Australia and South America to finish the School lessons. We will also be covering information for the rest of the calendar for 1700's, 1800's, and go into the 1900's. Grandma will try to finish the science experiments from her science book and what she can also mention of the Algebra. She will also finish the Bible before she finishes. I will be advertising to mentor year around and give lessons for the summer as well as etiquette birthday parties for the children. Please be watching for I have some corrections to make and material to add all the time. For now Grandma has some more days in the Calendar History Book(1) to give you through Easter Sunday.
Calendar History for April 15 includes two birthdays. One in 1452 for Leonardo Da Vinci, Italian artist, scientist, and inventor. Book (1) says, " Tell your (children) that Leonardo da Vinci--inventor, painter, sculptor, and scientist--is considered one of the most intelligent people in history. But do the kids think da Vinci was right when he said that a person's arm span and height are approximately equal? Have your students write down their opinions, then conduct a simple experiment to find the answer. Ask the kids to measure one another's arm span (from tip to tip of the middle fingers on outstretched arms) and height (standing against a wall). Chart the data, then tally the number of (children) whose arm span and height measurements are 1 inch or less apart. Also calculate the average arm span and average height. Was da Vinci right? (All Grandma knows that her husband who is 5'5" to her 5'1" gives him almost a six inch more reach than her at doing things. The same with her daughter and mother to her short height.)
The second birthday is in 1832 for Wilhelm Busch, German caricaturist considered the father of the modern comic strip.
The events for April 15 include that of 1621 The Mayflower sailed from Plymouth, Mass., on its first return voyage to England. The next event happened in 1817 The First American School for the Deaf was opened in Hartford, Conn., by Thomas Gallaudet. In 1870 The Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in New York City. Then in 1895 Josephine Blatt lifted 3,564 pounds, a record that still stands.
It is also Income Tax Day when all tax statements should be given into the government. It is also Festival of the Sardine (Spain) and National Griper's Day. Book (1) says under "Complaints, complaints
To mark National Griper's Day, ask your (children) to look up the definition of "gripe," then make a list of 5 to 10 things that irritate them. Challenge the kids to fix at least one of these things."
April 16th has 5 birthdays and 2 events. In 1867 Wilbur Wright, American inventor and aviator was born. In 1889 Charlie Chaplin, English silent film star and comedian was born. In 1912 Garth Williams, children's illustrator was born. Book (1) says, " Garth Williams illustrated several stories by Margaret Wise Brown. In Wait till the Moon Is Full, Brown writes about a little raccoon who asks a lot of questions about the dark. His mother makes him wait until the moon is full to find the answers. Have your (children) brainstorm for things they see at night--babies being bathed, airplane lights in the sky, families watching television, and so on. Share the poem below with your (children), then have them turn their nighttime images into verse. Of course, invite the children to illustrate their poems.
      When the moon is full
       I hear geese
       Cry ow ow
       Like a hurt child.
       I see deer eyes
       Shine like
The other birthdays are of John Christopher, children's author in 1922 and in 1947 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, basketball center who set the NBA career scoring record was born. 
The events for April 16th are in 1789 President-Elect George Washington left Mount Vernon for New York City for his inauguration. In 1862 Congress abolished slavery in the District of Columbia.
April 17th marks the birthday of Boomer Esiason, professional football quarterback, born in 1961 also the beginning of the "Sesame Street" character Sherlock Hemlock. Events for the day are in 1492 King Ferdinand of Spain agreed to finance Christopher Columbus's voyage seeking a westerly route to the Orient. In 1524 Giovanni Verrazano, a Florentine navigator, discovered New York Bay. Book (1) says, "Tell your (children) that Christopher Columbus made four voyages to the New World." Research about each of the trips and list two important facts about each of his trips.
In 1629 The First Commercial Fishery was established. For book (1) discuss if all of you in your family like fish and what kinds best if you do. Plan to try ones you have not and a big fish fry upon doing some fishing. In 1704 The First Successful Newspaper in American, The News-Letter, was published in Boston by John Campbell. 
It is Alp Aufzug of Switzerland  today. It is also Professional Secretaries Week (third or fourth week in April).
April 18th is the celebration of an 1857 birthday of Clarence Darrow, American lawyer and in 1962 Wilbur Marshall, professional football player.  In 1775 Paul Revere began his famous ride from Boston to Lexington, Mass., warning the colonists that the British were coming. In 1818 President James Monroe signed a bill creating the state of Illinois.
April 19th is commemorating three birthday's. One is in 1721 of Roger Sherman, American political leader who was the only person to sign all four of the following documents: the Continental Association of 1774, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Constitution. In 1883 Richard Von Mises, German mathematician was born. Book (1) says, " Mathematician Richard von Mises did significant work in the area of probability. Introduce even young children to probability with this simple activity. Fill a bowl with green and red grapes ... but include a fewer of one color. Ask the children to predict their chances of getting a green (or red) grape if they pick one grape while blindfolded. Record the predictions, then blindfold each child and have him pick a grapes As the kids eat their grapes, discuss the concepts of "probability" and "hypotheses" to help them understand what their predictions involved." Do more probability games with candies and foods. Do to a happening of 1985 Grandma feels is important here in which Susan Montgomery Williams of Fresno, Calif., blew the Biggest Bubble Gum Bubble on Record. It was 22 inches in diameter. Upon it being Diameter Day "Have your (children) draw a circle with a 22-inch diameter, the diameter of the biggest bubble gum bubble ever recorded. To reinforce the idea of diameter, declare this "Diameter Day." Arm the kids with measuring devices (yardsticks, metersticks, tape measures) and ask them to see how many circles they can find and measure." However, start out with other things in your imaginations to measure with and other imaginary units. Measure anything you can think of and record all the measurements. Blow up balloons. Last see who can blow the biggest bubbles of bubble gum. Peanut butter removes gum by the way. It is also easy to clean from things. The last birthday is of 1903 when Eliot Ness, American crime fighter was born.
In 1739 John Winthrop, the First Colonial Astronomer, made observations of sunspots. In 1775 The American Revolution began with battles at Lexington and Concord, Mass. In 1865 Abraham Lincoln's Funeral Service was held in the Capitol. It is also Sechselauten of (Switzerland)
April 20th of course is Easter Sunday this year. It is also called Cuckoo Day in (Europe) and Paro Tsechu of (Bhutan). In 1850 Daniel Chester French, American sculptor whose work includes the statue of Abraham Lincoln at the Lincoln Memorial, was born. Book (1) says, "Tell your students that Daniel French first fell in love with sculpting at age 13, after building a lifelike snow sculpture of a lines and her cub. French's parents encouraged his natural talent. And at age 23, French was chosen to create a statue commemorating the Revolutionary War battle at Concord, Mass. That statue, The Minuteman, brought French immediate renown. At age 72, French crafted one of his most famous works, the stately, seated Abraham Lincoln. Share photographs of the Lincoln Memorial statue with your (children), and invite kids who've visited the memorial to describe it to the class. Which design elements make Lincoln seem powerful and majestic? Does Lincoln also seem tranquil? Have students write letters to Lincoln asking him specific questions about his life. Collect the letters, then distribute them randomly among your (children). Finally, have the kids conduct research to answer one another's questions--and letters.
The other birthdays include that of Adolf Hitler, Nazi dictator of Germany, born in 1889. In 1893 Joan Miro, Spanish surrealist painter was born. (You could do research here.) In 1962 Don Mattingly, professional baseball player was born.
The events for this day include that of 1832 in which the Hot Springs National Reservation, in Hot Springs, Ark., became the first area set aside for public recreation by federal action.
In 1836 Congress established the Territory of Wisconsin.
Have a Nice Holiday and Join Grandma on Monday!

Day 136

Posted on April 6, 2014 at 11:47 PM Comments comments (9)
 Good Morning! Grandma is getting done. I found out we had a little more time than I thought we had last
week. Remember your tasks; Childrobotics; language of ABC's, words, vocabulary, and spelling; Journal
writing; extra assignments; math work; science projects; any extra reading; Yearbooks; family scrapbook;
and newspaper.
In following the Book (1) Calendar history beginning with April 5th we have a birthday for Sir Joseph Lister,
English physician and planner in antiseptic surgery, born in 1827. Then in 1856 Booker T. Washington,
African-American educator, was born. W. Atlee Burpee, Canadian-American seed merchant, was born in
1858. In 1934 Ricard Peck, children's author, was born. Last Colin Powell, first African-American chairman
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, was born in 1937.
The events for April 5th include that of 1614 when Pocahontas, daughter of the Indian chieftain Powhatan,
married English colonist John Rolfe in Virginia. In 1792 George Washington issued the First Presidential
Veto, rejecting a bill affecting state representation. Then in 1793 Plans for the U.S. Capitol were accepted.
It is National Laugh Week and Book (1) says, "During National Laugh Week, read aloud each day from
Joke or riddle books. At the end of the week, invite each (child) to tell a favorite joke to them."
Book (1) says as part of the National Library Month, "For each week of National Library Month, give your
(children) book related goals. For example:
Week 1: Read as many animal books as you can, then write a paragraph on the most unusual animal
you learned about.
Week 2: Design book marks or organize story telling sessions for kindergartners.
Week 3: Read a book in a genre you've never read before.
Week 4: Read a fiction book, then draw and color a picture of your favorite scene.
April 6th has three birthdays as follows: 1483 Raphael, Italian painter; 1928 James Watson, American
biochemist who was one of the discoverers of the molecular structure of DNA; and 1958 Graeme Base,
children's author. Book (1) says, Graeme Base is the author and illustrator of Animalia and The
Eleventh Hour, two books that enchant children with their intricate designs. Share Animalia with your
(children). They'll soon discover that the illustration for each letter of the alphabet contains pictures of
objects that begin with that letter. Plus, the text for each page is an aliterative sentence. Invite your
students to work in paris to create a class "Alphabet Alliteration Anthology" patterned after Animalia.
Then bind the anthology and add it to your class library."
The events for this day include one in 1748 when the Burried City of Pompeii was discovered by an Italian
peasant digging in a vineyard. Then in 1869 Celluloid, the first plastic, was patented. In 1896 The First
Modern Olympic Games opened in Athens, Greece. There is a history notation in Book (1) sometime in the
summer coverage, Grandma hopes to give later in which Hitler started the olympics trying to say that we
were superior to the Black people physically which failed on him. Then Grandma is going to give the last
event of 1909  in which the American explorers Robert Peary and Matthew Henson reached the North Pole.
Therefore, it is North Pole Day. It is also Keep America Beautiful Month and Book (1) says, "During Keep
America Beautiful Month, have your (children) brainstorm for tasks they can do to help protect the nation's
environment. Then have them each pick one task to do after school. The next day, ask the kids to share
stories of their good work. Afterward, give each (child) a piece of posterboard on which to create an
illustrated sign detailing the task performed "to Keep America Beautiful." For example: "I picked up trash
in the (park) to Keep America Beautiful" or "I recycled glass bottles to Keep America Beautiful." At the
bottom of their signs the kids can write this challenge: "What will you do to help today?" Post the signs
around the house, park, and throughout the community to promote awareness of Keep America Beautiful
Today is April 7th and there are 5 birthdays and 1 event for the day. It is also World Health Day.
In 1541 El Greco(Kyriakos Theotokapoulos), Greek painter , was born. In 1770 William Wordsworth,
English poet, was born. In 1860 Will Keith Kellogg, American food-products manufacturer, was born. Book
(1) says, "Will Keith Kellogg founded the Toasted CornFlakes Co,, which later became Kellogg's, in
1906. By 1909, he's sold more than 1 million cases of cornflakes. Gather five different cereals, then ask your
(children) to vote for the one they'd most likely buy--based solely on their first impression of the box. Next
discuss the techniques that companies use to get people to buy their cereals--for example, colorful
packaging, enticing pictures, appealing brand names, and bold print. Then challenge the children to use t
hose techniques to design their own cereal boxes. Have the (children) vote for the most appealing design."
One of the last two birthdays was in 1929 for Donald Carrick, children's author and illustrator. Then in 1939
Francis Ford Coppola, American Movie director, was born.
The one event happened in 1864 The only Camel Race ever held in the United States took place in
Sacramento, California. Book (1) says in One hump or two? "The camel played a vital role in the desert
cultures of North Africa, Arabia, and Asia. Its unique adaptations--including its capacity to store 1 1/2
gallons of water in one of its three stomachs--made it the ideal mode of strasportation in the desert. Tell
your (children) that there are two kinds of camels: the one-humped camel, or dromedary; and the
two-humped, or Bactrian, camel. The dromedary, the swifter of the two, can cover 100 miles in a single
day and is used primarily for riding. The Bactrian camel can cover only 30 miles per day but can carry
loads of up to 1,000 pounds. Pose this story problem to your (children): You live in a desert town and
own two dromedaries and a Bactrian camel. A merchant offers you money to transport 1,000 pounds of
pots to a town that is 75 miles to the south of your town, pick up a load of cloth, and return. While you're
considering this offer, another man approaches. He'll pay you the same amount of money to deliver a letter
to his sister and one to his mother, then return with any letters they might have for him. His sister's town is
135 miles east of yours, and his mother's town is 90 miles west of yours. Which job would require less of
your time?"
Grandma is going to move on into the story of Wagon Wheels. Under Pre-reading Activities from Book
(184) of Grandma's learn about "the Author: Barbara Brenner Born in Brooklyn, New York, on June 26,
1925,  Barbara Brenner began her writing career at the age of 25. Some of the nearly 50 books she has
written include A Snake-Lover's Diary and A Year in the Life of Rosie Bernard. Her years as a writer-
consultant and instructor at Bank Street College of Education helped her focus on urban children and on
literature for minority groups. Wagon Wheels, which was selected as an American Library Association
Notable Book in 1978, is a result of these interests.
Brenner has also written extensively about the world of nature. Five of her science books for children,
including Baltimore Orioles, won awards from the National Science Teachers Association and the
Children's Book Council. She enjoys bird watching, fossil hunting, yoga, and organic gardening."
"Meet the Artist: Don Bolognese In addition to illustrating over 150 books, Don Bolognese has written
children's books and is a well-known painter, calligrapher, and graphic designer. He has taught at various
art schools, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art's medieval museum, the Cloisters. Bolognese was
born in New York City on January 6, 1934.
Story Summary Wagon Wheels is the true story of the Muldies, a black pioneer family that settled in
Nicodemus, Kansas, in 1878. The trip has been a difficult one for Ed Muldie and his three young sons,
for the children's mother has died along the way. Now the family must fact the difficulties of life on the
prairie. Their home is merely a hole in the ground-dirt floors and walls, a grass roof, and no windows. The
family's food supply is desperately low during the freezing winter, but they, like others in the community,
are saved by the Osage Indians, who leave them meat, vegetables, and fuel. In the spring, Ed Muldie
leaves his sons to search for a better place for the family to settle. The boys must be even braver and
more responsible than before as they wait for their father to send for them. They hunt, fish, cook, and
clean, and the two older boys keep a careful watch over their three-year-old brother.
When their father's letter arrives three months later, the boys leave the next day to join him. They travel
on foot over 150 miles, living among wild animals for nearly a month. Finally they reach their father and
begin a new life.
Land of the Free Provide some background by explaining to (the children) that in order for people to
own land today, they must buy it. However, when the Muldies went West, they didn't have to pay any money
at all for land. In those days, there was a law that gave land to people for free. The Homestead Act of
1862 granted 160-acre tracts of public land to any head of a family who would live on the land for five years
and improve it. Men, such as Ed Muldie, had an opportunity to own land they otherwise could not afford.
The last page of Wagon Wheels provides further information on the background of this true story."
(This page of Grandma's book shows Mr. Muldie driving his wagon with the boys inside down the trail.)
This next worksheet is called "Going West". It deals with Comprehension. Book (184) says that each
Chapter of Wagon Wheels tells a different part of the story. Write a sentence that tells something
important that happens in each chapter.
Chapter 1: The Duggout shows a picture of the boys inside the dugout which is a hole in the side of a hill
held up by logs. The boys are looking out of the hole. There is lines on the side to tell about the chapter.
The next chapter, Chapter II: Indians has lines and a Native on the horse dropping goods on the ground
for the boys.
Chapter III: Moving On has lines and shows father Muldie leaving in the wagon.
The next chapter, Chapter IV: The Letter has lines and shows a small hand being handed a letter by a
bigger hand.
At the bottom of the page it says to circle the chapter they like best.
The Next worksheep has to do with Vocabulary. It shows Mr. Muldie with his three boys on the wagon
seat and goods covered in the wagon with the following words on the side:
Firewood, Cornmeal, dugout, rattlesnake, saddlebags
It gives sentences below that in which the children are to fill out the sentence with the appropriate word to fit.
1. In Nicodemus the Muldies live in a ____________________________________.
2. For most of the winter, the only food the family has to eat is mush made from _____________________.
3. No one in Nicodemus has any_____________________________ to burn.
4. The Indians carry food and sticks in their______________________________.
5. One night the boys see a big prairie____________________________________.
  •  Add the correct word to complete this sentence.
 A _____________________________ brings a letter to the boys.
The next worksheet is called "The Way West" and deals with Story Structure Sequence. The following
sentences have pictures with them and a little box square to number them in the order that they happen. 
The first sentence shows the boys waving good-bye to their father. It reads "Ed Muldie leaves to find land
with trees and hills." The next picture shows Ed Muldie and one of his sons digging a hole. It reads "The
family builds a dugout." The third and last picture on the top row shows a man giving the boys a letter.
It reads "The boys get a letter from their father." The first picture of the other row of three pictures show
all three boys in their father's arms and it says "The boys find their father." The second picture on that 
bottom row shows the three boys walking down the path and it says "The boys leave Nicodemus to join
their father." The last picture shows Ed Muldie with his three sons in the wagon and it reads "The boys
and their father arrive in Nicodemus." The children are to number the pictures in the order they happen.
Then they can write down what they think may happen next to the Muldies?
The next sheet is called "On the Prairie" and it is about Creative Writing. It shows a picture of the boys
taking turns as a look out while the other sleeps. Figure out considering they had no TV or anything for
their time but maybe a small item to carry for their time, at what time they went to bed and the other took
over watch.  To fill out this sheet the children are to pretend they are Johnny Muldie and they keep a
diary for the days below. The children are to fill in the spaces telling what they might say in their diary.
Day 1:Getting Started; Day 8: A Scary Time; and Day 22: Almost There
The next activities are Art Activities called ""At Home on the Prairie"
Wagon-Wheels Mural Let the (children) create this mural to recall the things the pioneers took with
them when they went west.
You Need: a long sheet of mural paper,  sketch paper, a black marker, pencils, regular or oil crayons, tape.
The book said to use lighter colors if the use oil crayons. I would use regular crayons.
Sketch the wagon of the Muldie's with pencil on mural paper and then trace it with black marker and then 
let the children color it in. Put items in the wagon that the Muldie's may have with them as bags of seed,
clock, rope, hammer, cloth, plow, ax, candles, kettle, tin pitcher, coffee pot, shovels, matches, match bottle
to keep matches dry, crosscut saw, bake goods, bowls, skillet, broom, lantern, insturments, and whatever
else you can think of.
The next art project could be a Diorama of the inside of the dugout. Supplies could include scissors,
crayons, glue, construction paper, tape, woolen scraps, small twigs, cotton, green crepe paper,
toothpicks, a box or laundry buckets as grandma has been using some.
Take a piece of poster paper or a shoe box and form the inside of the Muldie's dugout by coloring,
drawing and tracing with markers as well as putting homeade pieces of furniture and things on the poster
as part of their home. What you can't make with the materials draw in. Tie sticks together for a bundle of
wood, use the piece of wool for a blanket or carpet, use grass and sticks to glue on the outside like a
dugout and a little piece of cotton as the smoke from the stove. Draw a table, the Muldies, and the things
mentioned in the book as well as cups or bowls, a lantern, and the banjo. Make the sides be able to fold
in and a top to fold for the roof. 
This next part is for Cooperative Learning/Listening/ Speaking; it is called "Dugout Party". The first part is
a discussion about the differences there was in the times of the Muldies and what they did for
entertainment. First off they memorized songs or emprovised from what happened to them. They also
spent more time learning songs because they did not have anything else to do. They also made up
stories in their play a lot and did a lot of outdoor play as well the responsibility was given early in life.
Many were chopping wood, fishing, walking long distances, handling work of crops, cooking, and cleaning
early. Boys did hard labor early, knew how to milk and handle horses early as well as help build. Girls
were taught all kinds of sewing, cleaning, mending and family carring. People did a lot with music at that
time Therefore, on this page Book (184) says to learn the tune "Oh, Susanna!" do the following dance
with about 8-10 friends. With each facing a partner,
        "Walk toward each other; bow  or curtsy                                                 (4 counts)
         Walk back to your place                                                                           (4 counts)
         Repeat.                                                                                                       (8 counts)
         Head couple hold hands and skip down the line.
                   Every one clap your hands.                                                               (8 counts)
         Head couple hold hands and skip up the line.
                   Then hold hands up like a bridge.                                                   (8 counts)
         Other couples walk under bridge, turn around,
                    march down the line, then march back up.
                    Head couple follow last couple at end of line.                               (16 counts)
This can repeat till each has a turn as the head couple or as interests hold.
Plain Cookin' Let your children know that in those times of the Muldie boys baked corn bread when they
lived alone. It was called johnny-cake and most pioneers knew how to cook it. It was cooked on a griddle.
It could be prepared for the Dugout Party.
You need:
     2 cups of cornmeal               2 eggs                     2 cups of milk
     3 teaspoons of baking soda                      2/3 cup of honey
     1 3/4 cups of flour                                     1 1/2 tablespoons of molasses
      1/2 teaspoon of salt                                   2 tablespoons of cooking oil
If you make a bread of it mix the dry goods together and add the wet goods and put it in a bread pan,
square pan, or a black skillet. Grease whatever you use.
Wojapi Explain to students that the Osage Indians, who gave food to the starving Muldies, belong to the
Sioux nation. At that time, they grew beans, squash, corn, melons, and pumpkin. They also gathered
berries. With students, prepare this Sioux recipe. Serve it warm with the corn bread.
You need:
          4 pounds of blueberries
  1 cup of flour                                 1 1/2 cups of water
          2 teaspoon of honey
  1. Place the blueberries and water in a pan and mash them.
  2. Instruct students to add the flour and honey and stir.
  3. Place the pan on a hot plate, and cook over medium heat, stirring until the wojapi thickens.
  4. Serve warm with the corn bread.
 "Extended Activities are for Summarizing/Curriculum Connections
"Social Studies: Black Heroes of the West Black men and women played important roles in the development
of the West. Interested (children) can research the lives of these heroes, and groups of students can then
dramatize the heroes' adventures for the rest of the family.
Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable: Early fur trapper. He set up a trading post which became the city of Chicago.
James Beckwourth:Famous mountain man who became a Crow Indian chief, he discovered a pass through
the Sierra Nevada Mountains, now called the Beckwourth Pass.
Benjamin "Pap" Singleton:In the 1870's, Singleton urged blacks to move to black settlements in Oklahoma
and Kansas, including Nicodemus.
Mary Fields:Escaped slavery and settled in Montana, where she became an expert stage driver to
deliver the mail.
These two books will provide additional information about the role of blacks in the development of the
West: The Black Frontiersman by J. Norman Heard and Exploring Black America by Marcella Thum.
Tale Telling Telling stories was a favorite pastime of the pioneers. As a summarizing activity, have students
sit in a circle and pretend they are in the dugout. Start a prairie adventure, and let each (child) add a
sentence to it. Some story-starters are: "The night of the terrible prairie fire, we..." "When we heard the
snake's tail rattle, we knew that..." and "It was so cold in the dugout, we..." As a followup, encourage
interested students to write their own prairie adventures to share with others."
Geography: Ed Muldie's Map Map out the road from Nicodemus to Solomon together. Measure the
distance to make sure it was 150 miles and then possible count using your intuition on time about how many
miles the boys traveled in a day. Then display your map somewhere.
"Language Arts: What Would Willie Say? In the book eleven-year-old Johnny tells the story. How would
eight-year-old Willie tell it? or three-year-old Little Brother? or old Mrs. Sadler? Invite students to describe
one of the following scenes from the point of view of one of these characters. Encourage students to
illustrate their stories.
  • The Muldies arrive in Nicodemus.
  • The Muldies spend a "mean" winter in the dugout.
  • The boys live alone.
  • The people of Nicodemus escape the prairie fire.
  • The boys see the rattlesnake.
Pioneer Post To summarize Wagon Wheels, remind students that a post rider on horseback(might
be part of the Pony Express) delivers the letter to the Muldie boys. Ask students to pretend that they, too, are
pioneers in Nicodemus and that they are going to send a letter to a friend or relative back home in Kentucky
(or maybe their father ahead in Solomon). Have (the children) write about one of the problems the
Muldies face on the prairie. Invite students to read their finished letters to the class, then display them on a
bulletin board (or the wall titled Pioneer post or a poster board.)"

Day 130

Posted on March 30, 2014 at 8:01 AM Comments comments (41)
Good Morning Folks! I hope your weekend was better than Grandma's. Don't forget to do your tasks for the day along with your assignments; Language; science experiments and study; writing; journals; yearbooks; family scrapbooks; math; newspapers; and some physical education or health studies. Just be sure to get some Childrobotics in there also before any physical activity is preformed well enough it starts the day good.
For March 30 from the Calendar History Book the first birthday is in 1746 of Francisco Jose De Goya, Spanish painter. The next birthday is for Anna Sewell, English author, born in 1820. The next is Vincent Van Gogh, Dutch painter, born in 1853. Book (1) says, "Artist Vincent van Gogh never knew wealth or fame. Although he produced about 800 paintings and hundreds of drawings, he sold only one during his lifetime. But van Gogh later came to be regarded as an artistic genius. On March 30, 1987--the 135th anniversary of his birth--his painting Sunflowers was sold at a record-breaking price of $39.9 million. Allow your students to look at a picture of Sunflowers or another van Gogh painting for 1 minute. Then see how observant the kids are by asking them questions about it--for example: How many flowers are there? What color is the vase? What's in the background? Finally, ask your students if they can name other people whose work went unappreciated during their lifetime but later was recognized as important. A birthday in 1945 is for Eric Clapton, English singer, songwriter, and guitarist.
Book (1) events include one for 1842 in which Dr. Crawford W. Long performed the First Recorded operation using a general anesthetic. Then in 1843 The Egg incubator was patented. This made Grandma realize she has not given you much science lately because she was concentrating so hard on the other necessary things for you to have. For so much has taken much of your time, for sure.  Therefore, Grandma will try to get the rest of the science to you and finish the algebra book. I hope the children are receiving some math to do even if it is playing store and counting money or learning part of the clock, or simple math in your everyday life like measuring or adding and subtracting simple stuff to be added and following the video Grandma has given you on things. We will finish the stories about Jesus and finish the New testament before the middle of May also. Grandma is going to start with those of planting because it is the time of year when many people start their planting. The first experiment is called a "Maze." These experiments are out of Grandma's book (12). Grandma is going to try to list her books for you in April considering it is Book Month.
The experiment says to "Plant a sprouting potato in moist soil in a pot. Place it in the corner of a shoe box and cut a hole in the opposite side. Inside stick two partitions, so that a small gap is left. Close the box and place it in a window. After a couple of days the shoot has found its way through the dark maze to the light. Plants have light-sensitive cells which guide the direction of growth. Even the minimum amount of light entering the box causes the shoot to bend. It looks quite white, because the important green colouring material, chlorophyll, necessary for healthy growth, cannot be formed in the dark."
The next experiment is called ""The Sun Brings Life." Fill a large glass jar with fresh water and place in it several shoots of waterweed. Place the jar in sunlight, and at once small gas bubbles will rise in the water. Invert a funnel over the pants and over it a water-filled glass tube. The gas which is given off by the plants slowly fills the tube.
Plants use sunlight. With its help, in the presence of chlorophyll, they make their building material, starch, from water and carbon dioxide, and give off oxygen. Oxygen has actually collected in the glass tube. If you remove the tube and hold a glowing splint in it, the splint will burn brightly."
The next experiment is called ""Automatic Watering." Fill a bottle with water and place it upside down and half buried in soil in a flower box. An air bubble rises up in the bottle from time to time, showing that the plants are using the water. The water reservoir is enough for several days, depending on the number of plants and the weather.
Water only flows from the bottle until the soil round it is soaked. It starts to flow again only when the plants have drawn so much water from the soil that it becomes dry, and air can enter the bottle. One notices that plants can take water more easily from loose soil than from hard."
The next one is called ""Secret Path." Dissolve a teaspoonful of salt in a glass of water and cover it tightly with parchment paper. We call such an exchange of liquids through a permeable membrane, osmosis. All living cells are surrounded by such a membrane, and absorb water and dissolved substances in this way."
That is enough for today on experiments. Grandma will try to keep going from here on. Back to the events from here. 
In 1867 Secretary of State William Seward negotiated the Purchase of Alaska from Russia. Book (1) says, "Tell your (children) that Secretary of State William Seward spent $7,200,000 in gold to buy Alaska. Many Americans believed the purchase was ill-advised, calling it "Seward's folly." Today, of course, we have a different perspective. Have your students write short stories about other purchases that seem foolish but that later turn out to be "great buys." If they're having trouble getting started, suggest they consider the bottom of the ocean, an iceberg, or a plot of territory on the moon. Why might these places become valuable in the future? For this reason Grandma believes they have made it Seward's Day. It is also called Doctors' Day. Maybe because of the First event of an operation with anesthesia.
In 1870 Texas was readmitted to the Union after the Civil War and the Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution, guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race, took effect. Then in 1886 J Ricks patented the Horseshoe.
For the last day of March, March 31st, Thomas Peterson Mundy became the First Black to vote following ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment in 1870. Next the Eiffel Tower was officially opened to the public in Paris as of 1889. Book (1) says, "The Eiffel Tower was built for the Paris Exhibition of 1889, which celebrated the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. At 300 meters high, it remained the tallest structure in the world for several years. Have your (children) convert this height to feet, then mark it on graph paper. Next, ask the kids to find and graph the heights of current tall structures, such as the Sears Tower; the Empire State building, The-New-World Trade Center, the St. Louis Arch, and the tallest building in their community." In 1893 Whitcomb Judson patented the "hookless fastener"--an early form of the zipper. Talk about other ways people have fastened clothing or made wastes.
The birthdays for the day are one in 1596 for Rene Descartes, French philosopher. Another is in 1811 for Robert Wilhelm Bunsen, German chemist and inventor of the Bunsen burner.
The Bible stories for today will begin with John 8:12-30, The Validity of Jesus' Testimony and goes on The Children of Abraham, John 8:31-41; The Children of the Devil, John 8:42-47; The Claims of Jesus About HImself, John 8:48-59. Do the following in Faith Alive: "Did You Know? John 8:57 How old was Jesus? Jesus lived about thirty-three years here on earth. But Jesus was and is also God. As God, Jesus has always existed, even, before Abraham was born thousands of years earlier.; Let's Live It! John 9:1-7 Is Sickness Punishment?--Some people think all sickness is punishment for sin. What did Jesus say about this Idea? Read John 9:1-5. Jesus is God (John 9:4). The healing, then, was a way to glorify God.
Christian health workers realize that God is really the one who heals. Talk to Christians who are doctors and nurses about this Bible story. Thank them for giving glory to God in their work.; Life in Bible Times- The Sheep Pen--At night flocks of sheep were kept in pens made of stone or branches with thorns. The shepherd slept in the only doorway. If wild animals came near the shepherd was there to protect the sheep.; Words to Remember John 10:14-15 I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me...I lay down my life for the sheep."
Then read Jesus Heals a Man Born Blind John 9:1-12; The Pharisees Investigate the Healing John:13-34; and Spiritual Blindness John 9:35-41. Then go on to read John 10:1-21 The Shepherd and His Flock and John 10:22-42, The Unbelief of the Jews.
The book to cover today out of Grandma's book (185) is called Ox-Cart Man by Donald Hall, 1979 by Barbara Cooney Porter; reprinted by permission of Penguin Books USA, Inc.
"Meet  the Author: Donald Hall...,one of America's most renowned poets and critics, was born in New Haven, Connecticut, on September 20, 1928. After graduating from Harvard College and Oxford University, he taught creative writing at Harvard, Stanford, and the University of MIchigan. Hall has won many awards for his poetry, including the Newdigate Prize from Oxford (1952). From 1953 until 1961, Hall was the poetry editor of the Paris Review. Hall's first book for children was Andrew the Lion Farmer (1959), followed by Riddle Rat (1977) and Ox-Cart Man(1979). He now lives on Eagle Pond Farm in Danbury, New Hampshire, (at the time Grandma bought her book (185); this author may no longer be alive, nor the artist given next.)
Meet the Artist: Barbara Cooney...was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1917. Her mother was an artist and encouraged Cooney to use her paints and brushes whenever she liked. After graduating from Smith College in 1938, Cooney studied lithography and etching at the Art Students league in New York City. Cooney likes her work to be as realistic as possible, with each detail directly from her own observations and research. The details in Ox-Cart Man are based on Cooney's remembrances of childhood summers in Maine and on her knowledge of the Massachusetts countryside, where she now lives or lived. Story Summary-Ox-Cart Man very simply describes the economic life of a farm family in New England almost 200 years ago. The story begins with the farmer and his family loading their cart with items they want to sell in Portsmouth. After a ten-days' journey, the farmer arrives in the bustling town of Portsmouth and proceeds to sell everything he owns-including his ox and cart. With the money from his sales, he buys tools and a special family treat: peppermint candy.
As fall turns into winter, and winter into spring, the farmer and his family start to make again the items they sold. And as spring turns to summer, they start planting the fruits and vegetables that they will sell again in the fall.
Classroom Traders-To help(the children) develop the concept of needs, excess, and trading, (ask them)  to tell about thins they may have "a lot of." For example, (they) may have five red crayons, three mittens, and several models of the same kind of dinosaur. On a large sheet of poster paper, draw an outline of a cart. Ask(the children) to draw ... small picture(s) on a sheet of paper ... the things they have in excess, then tape these pictures to the cart. Explain that through trading people try to get things they need in exchange for things they don't need. (Have them) tell about things in the cart that they need, and complete "sell-and-buy sentences" about the objects. For example: "I could sell one of my red crayons and buy a blue one," or "I could sell my extra mitten and buy a scarf." Tell (the children) that in Ox-Cart Man they will meet a family that buys the things it needs by selling what it doesn't need."
There are four worksheets following that the children can have fun doing:
The first is "Where Do They Come From", in which the items A Birch Broom, Feathers, Wool, Cabbage, and Honey with the illustrations are all placed on the left side of the page; and A tree, Sheep, Bee, Goose, and Seeds are all placed on the right side with illustrations. The children are suppose to draw a line connecting the two items that match. Have them figure out other things or draw pictures of other things from wood.
On the next sheet there is a list of things in between a girl working on a quilt and children carrying wood. Words from the list are suppose to be listed by numbers under the two pictures. Following are the words; they were placed in a box: Weave, split, embroider, carve, tap, stitch, whittle, knit, spin, saw.
Have the children think of things they could do in school that could be sold. The children were suppose to write on the back of the sheet sentences to tell about the school work they like best.
The third sheet has various things on the sheet about spring as birds from eggs, bird nest, flowers, grass,and a butterfly in the flowers with three boxes labeled March, April, and May. The children are to figure out the things the Ox-Cart man's children are so busy doing in the spring and list them under each month in the boxes. There are five lines under each month in each of the boxes. Then on the back your children are suppose to try to figure out the things the children or family are doing in the summer and list them or draw pictures of them doing it.
The last (fourth page) is about The Ox's Story. The children are to imagine what the ox might say about his journey? Portsmouth? About leaving the farmer and his family? and write his story on the page with pictures of the trees, houses, the road and the cart with him the ox, and  town buildings as the church, town hall, and warehouses.  The farmer holding the ox with a rope at the bottom of the page.
The next activity with this book is an Art Activity called Diorama Drama. It is a movable diorama of the ox-cart man. You will need: a shoe box per child; construction paper; glue; tape; scissors; markers/crayons; straws; a cardboard picture of the ox-cart man drawn. The children can draw, color,and cut out scenery to be taped on the box in which the man and his cart may pass by. Make a slit in the box for the cart to move along when the children tape a straw on the back of the cart with the ox and the man pulling it. As the children hang onto the straw on the back of the cart they can move it along the slit through the scenery.
The next activity is suppose to be a cooperative learning/art activity. However, we can adapt it to our learning in our  Home Education program through Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center without a problem. The children may only have their family to cooperate with but they can involve others you and they may want to work with. It is suppose to be a community go through the different seasons with each season drawn on a separate mural. The murals are to be taped together to make a long streamer.
However, Grandma feels you could draw each picture about the farmers family during each scene with the one he travels to town and his family at the farm starting more projects.
The materials they will need include: four long strips of mural paper, poster paints and brushes, black markers, pencils, and tape. Tell the children to sketch the pictures on the murals first with the pencils then use the markers and then paint.
Have a seasonal discussion about what was drawn and other ideas. Then talk about how these old fashioned item have been replaced by modern ones.
For the last activities which are considered Extended Activities it summarizes the story and makes curriculum connections. The first thing to do is draw a wagon wheel with wide spokes to be able to write on. There must be eight of them. In the middle where the axle fits in it should have family written on it. Then discuss with your children the four basic needs of families as you write each one on four of the spokes. The first one being Food, next Shelter, then Transportation, and last Clothing. Discuss how each of those were obtained in the beginning, at the time of settlers, and the way they are provided today. Discuss the problems people are having today in providing them and why some people are wanting to go back to a time when they furnished them from their own goods.
The next activity is to make out a Thank-you card to the Ox-cart man's family for letting you visit them and what you have learned from their farm and the marketing the farmer did in town.
The next activity is to enjoy, play, and possibly listen to some songs of that era as ""Skip to My Lou, ""The Old Gray Goose,""Frog went a-Courtin',""Jimmy Cracked Corn,""Billy Boy,""All the Pretty Little Horses." They can write new lyrics for them if they wish.
For this next activity which is part of Social Studies look at the illustrations of Portsmouth in the book. Find Portsmouth, New Hampshire, on a map of the United States. Write Portsmouth down and underline port. Discuss what a port is with the children of a place where ships come in from the sea, usually bringing goods with them. Point out the Atlantic Ocean and the other Oceans, bays, and seas of interest. Ask them what kinds of goods they think were sold in the markets during that time and if they think there are other markets still in existence today. (Grandma has seen many of them in Mexico and she is sure they are in many islands of the Carribean and other countries. Ask them what they think they look like today. Actually there can be different kinds in different towns or villages.
For the last activity Grandma wants you to go through all the states of United States and discuss what they might be like or are like if you have been in them or seen them. Find something that has the state flag and birds as well as the flowers in them and look at them. Then find the state capital's in them and see if you know of any other towns or cities in them. Discuss what they are like or might have been at one time.
An extra book to read from book(2) of Grandma's is The Bird Who Was An Elephant by Aleph Kamal. It is about the country of India. To summarize it book (2) says,"A bird, who had been an elephant in another life, revisits a small village in India and observes the lifestyles of the people. New York:J.B. Lippincott, 1989.
Activities to go along with the book include:
  1. Make a picture dictionary of the Indian words used in the story.
  2. Explain, according to Hindu beliefs, how the bird could once have been an elephant.
  3. List the Indian occupations mentioned in the book. Write a short paragraph telling about one of them.
  4. Choose one of the spices that is sold in the spice shop. Find out how it is grown, processed, and used.
  5. The palmist told the bird that he had once been an elephant that carried children across the palace gardens of the Maharajah. What is a Maharajah?
  6. On special occasions the palace elephants were decorated with jewels and tapestries to represent the wealth of the Maharajah. Draw an elephant and carefully decorate it. Pretend you are a child of the Maharajah. Write a story about your life in the palace.
  7. Elephants help the environment. List the ways they help. Which of these do you consider to be the most important? Why?
Grandma hopes it all goes well today.

Day 127

Posted on March 27, 2014 at 12:12 AM Comments comments (4)
Hello! Hello! Do you tasks, Childrobotics, Physical Education(by the way folks if do sports it might be best to hold them till the warmth of the day or until it is at a good time for your family to play. There is lots of children's games that can be played that are not the normal sports as we are used to. However, there is such competition. Grandma, her daughter, and granddaughter are all dancers therefore that is our sport. We are also swimmers in our family. However, Grandma children are also runners. We are also all house builder and maintainers. Grandma has made money on her houses. She is not really trying to brag but she is not very fond of the world living for the money of sports. Anyway that is enough of that. Grandma dipped into the Calendar History the day before and then lost a day. Therefore, she will pick-up the rest of yesterday and cover today's.
For March 26 was Grandma's grandbaby's birthday. Grandma hates the fact she does not have the time with that baby anymore either. By the way in spite of her mother's feelings about it, Grandma did raise that beauty for ten years in spite of her mother's visits till she was ten; therefore, it is good reason if we felt close and grandma hopes will be there later. Grandma is definitely trying to keep a house for her, plus another possible for her mother. Enough for that now too.
Anyway, the American poet, Robert Frost, was born on that day also in 1874. Book (1) wants you to help your children to see how Robert Frost's poems are still relevant today. Share with them such poems as "The Road Not Taken," "Mending Wall," and "Fire and Ice." Then challenge the kids to cut out newspaper stories or photos that remind them of the theme of one of these poems. For example, photos depicting local or international conflict might bring to mind "Mending Wall." Or stories of people who made fateful romantic, financial, or political decisions could aptly illustrate "The Road Not Taken," Not only will your students be reading Frost's poetry, but they'll also come to appreciate its enduring relevance.
The other birthday's include that of Sandra Day O'Connor, U.S. Supreme Court justice, in 1930; then in 1931 Leonard Nimoy, American actor, was born. Bob Woodward, American journalist, was born in 1943. Martin Short, Canadian actor and comedian, was born in 1950.
In 1827 shortly before he died, deaf composer Ludwig Van Beethoven said, "I shall hear in heaven." Then in 1872 Thomas Martin received a patent for the Fire Extinguisher.
Now we will move onto March 27 in which the first birthday in 1845 was for Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen, German physicist who discovered X rays. In 1879 Edward Steichen, American photographer, was born. Book (1) says under "Fantastic photographs" to show your (children) some of Edward Steichen's photographs. His book, A Life in Photography, is a rich source. Then choose some outstanding photographs from books or magazines to discuss as a class. Have your (children) each choose one photo to write about. They should explain what may have happened just before or after the picture was taken. (By the way, folks, Grandma has done some research about photography. Some people may not be aware that many people can make a living with it and there are lots of avenues for its value. Check into on line if interested. It was another thing Grandma was surprised was a possibility for her.) The last birthday is for Randall Cunningham, professional football quarterback, who was born in 1963.
Then in 1703 Czar Peter the Great of Russia founded the city of St. Petersburg. Now as Grandma is thinking about Russia and knowing she has some things to give you next week on Russia and Ukraine for Easter; she wants some feedback from her audiences about the attack of Russia on Ukraine this last week and how we feel America will fair with it. Many know that China is wanting some power and Russia has always felt they were big and could through their weight around at the United States. Grandma and her mother have been having some conversations over it and Grandma want some opinions. It might be good as a conversation and debate with your children and worth some research. Grandma does not want to speak too far yet, but she will tell you her opinions later. For now she is opening the floor for your families.
The next event for March 27 is that of the First long-Distance phone call took place in 1884. Book (1) says to "Ask your (children) to name the farthest place they've called on the telephone" (or that you may have)....Then chart it and other locations on a map. In 1899 Wireless Telegraph Signals were first sent across the English Channel. (See if you can find out when the first one was sent in the United States if it is not on our time line.)
This last event actually happened in 1912, Grandma felt it was best to mention it here. Washington, D.C.'s first cherry trees were planted along the Tidal Basin. Book (1) says, "Knowing that first lady Helen Taft wanted to brighten and beautify Washington, the Japanese government sent her 3,000 cherry trees as a symbol of friendship. Today, more than 3,000 cherry trees (including 60 of the original ones) grow around the Tidal Basin, on the Washington Monument Grounds, and in East Potomac Park. Washington residents and tourists look forward to their pink and white blossoms, which appear in late March or early April each year. Have your (children) keep their eyes open for signs of spring in your community. Keep a class record of spring "firsts," such as the first butterfly, the first dandelion, and the first robin.
Grandma now wants to give you activities for The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses out of another book she calls Book (184). It says the story is about "An American Indian girl who loves the horses that her people keep. She tends to them and spends as much time with them as she can. One day, she falls asleep among them. Suddenly a large thunderstorm comes up. Awakened by the storm, the girl jumps on the back of one of the terrorized horses. Instantly, she is swept away with the frightened herd as it gallops from the storm. When the herd finally stops, the girl knows that she and the horses are far away from her family. The following morning she is met by a handsome stallion, who tells her that he is the leader of the wild horses that live in the hills. He invites her to stay with them, and she happily accepts. A year goes by before some hunters from the girl's people spot her with the stallion and his herd leading a colt. The men return with other riders, and finally they capture the girl and return her to her family. But the girl is not happy, and her parents agree that she should return to the wild horses. Grateful, she returns home each year to bring her parents a colt. Then one year she doesn't come back. Some hunters report seeing a great stallion racing with a beautiful mare, and the people believe that the girl finally has become one of the wild horses.
Animal Transformations-Grandma does not believe in transformation even though the wonderment may enter her mind occasionally. However, Book (184) says to "Ask (the children) to think about their favorite animals." If it were possible, would they like to become a favorite animal? Record their answers. As you read the book ask them if they think she will become a horse in the story? Compare answers.
Book (184) also has a part on the author of the book as follows:
"Paul Goble was born on September 17, 1933, in Surrey, England. His parents made harpsichords. Then he was a child, Goble's mother read to him books by Ernest Thompson Seton and Grey Owl, two writers he calls "true naturalists." Both authors wrote about American Indians and greatly influenced Goble's work, for "The world they wrote about was so different from the crowded island where I lived." Goble began acquiring a considerable library of books about Native Americans, and after finishing his courses at the Central School of Arts and Crafts in London, He made the first of many visits to the United States. He spent time on the reservations of the Sioux and Crow Indians in South Dakota and Montana. During these visits he was present at sacred dances, took part in ceremonies, and listened as his Indian friends spoke of their folklore and beliefs His first book, Red Hawk's Account of Custer's Last Battle, was published in 1969. All his books have dealt with Indian life. The Girl who Loved Wild Horses, the 1979 Caldecott winner, is a synthesis of many native America tales. In it Goble expresses what he envisions as the Native American rapport with nature. He says, "Simply, the girl loves horses, and perhaps she becomes one. "Goble now makes his home in the Black Hills of Deadwood, South Dakota."After reading this about the author I wanted to make a link to another video I saw in Youtube last night. Let's call it Dancing in Britain.
Book (184) brings out the words Wild and Tame for the children to learn. Discuss the meaning with them of the words and how they are opposite of each other. Then write them down somewhere and categorize as many animals as possible under them. Then itemize if there are other animals than just the horse that could fall under both of the headings. Tell them to look for both in the book.
Paper activities in book (184) that cover this book are as follows:
The first is called "Helping Hands". It has different helpful things that are suppose to by laying on a horse blanket to color. Grandma will list those at the top of the page. Then there are two columns of headings to place the helpful things under with 3 blank fillins to fill out. On the back the children are suppose to tell how the stallion tries to help the girl? So here we are-
                                            leads them to water                                  carry tipis
                               give rides                                                       cares for hurt ones
                      help hunt buffalo                                                 finds them shelter in blizzards
             How the Girl Helps the Horses                                  How the Horses Help the People
1.     ____________________________                     1.     ______________________________
       _____________________________                             ______________________________
2.     _____________________________                    2.     ______________________________
        _____________________________                             ______________________________
3.     ______________________________                  3.     _______________________________
        ______________________________                           _______________________________
For this next page the children must fill out the blanks of the sentences with the right words. The words are hidden in the puzzle directly below. These letters of the hidden words are actually on the side of the cliffs with the wild horses going through the valley bellow the cliffs.
                                                                  N   E   I   G   H   H
                                                                  X   H  M   A   N   E
                                                                  M   O   V   L   C   R
                                                                  A    O   Z   L    F   D
                                                                  R    F   C   O   L   T
                                                                   E   T   G   P    Y   K
       1.   The wild horses live together in a ______________________________.
        2.   When horses make sounds, they_______________________________.
        3.   A young horse is a ____________________________.
        4.   The__________________________grows along a horse's neck.
        5.    A female horse is a _______________________________.
        6.    When horses run, they_______________________________________.
  • Find a word in the puzzle for a horse's foot._______________________________
                                                                         Head of the Herd
             The girl in the story loves the stallion. Choose the words from the top which is suppose to be a
          a box that describe the stallion. Write the words on the waterfall that runs down the page and is
          squared off with rocks and flowers or plants across the bottom and two sides.
                 free                strong                afraid                  proud                    handsome
                     sickly                    fast                   mighty                 lost                   brave
  • On the back or below of this page write a sentence to tell why you think the stallion likes the girl.
                                                                              Sensing a Storm
This page shows a storm cloud with a lightning from the cloud and rain below that on the side of the lists of statements to fill a blank part out with each. On the other side at the bottom of the statements are a couple of flowers in the grass with a cartoon butterfly flying above them. On the back of the page the children were suppose to write a poem about a storm. This could be done on a separate sheet also. The instructions say "The storm changes the girl's life. Write a complete sentence about the storm in the story or a storm you have seen using each phrase below."
    1. the scent of rain____________________________________
     2. a fresh breeze__________________________________________
        3. a flash of lightning___________________________________________
              4. distant thunder_________________________________________________
                    5. angry clouds_____________________________________________________
                        6. the crash and rumbling______________________________________________
                                                                    A Horse Is a Horse
This fill out page has a rainbow across the top below with a few clouds in between the colors. Across the bottom are bunch of soap weed cacti, a cactus and a little weed in the middle. It Says "At the end of the story, the girl's family believes she has become a horse. What do you think? Write your ideas about what has become of the girl who loved wild horses. Explain your ideas, too. It says to write something that you would ask the girl if you met her, on the back of the page or on a separate sheet.
This next activities Grandma is going to call Beautiful Blankets and Tipis
The first activity is ""A Blanket to Dye For" Remind (children) that the girl in the story has a beautiful blanket. Explain that many Native American groups are famous for their handwoven blankets. Traditionally, these weavers create their own thread from wool and dye it as well. Invite (children) to try dyeing fabric themselves to make into small blankets for dolls or stuffed animals or as place mats.  You Need:
white cotton rectangles, 9" x 12"                    pie tins                              newspaper
                   berries-raspberries, blueberries, or strawberries(or grape juice can be used)
      onion skins                        tea bags                   saffron                                water
1. Spread newspaper over four or five worktables. Provide each table with one of the following materials for making dye: onion skins, berries, tea bags, or saffron."
2. Let the children mash the berries and onions into separate tin pans. Add hot water to each pan and the tea bags and saffron to two other pans from the berries and onion skins.
3. When the water is cooled, remove the tea bags. Give the children each a cloth to dip in one of the pans to dye the cloth. Let them dye each cloth in whatever water they want. Try to get them to try each different dye.
4. Hang the cloths someplace they will not drip on anything that it will hurt if stained or outside somewhere.
5. After they are dry the children can use permanent markers or other small pieces of cloth to decorate them.
The next activity from Book (184) is that of tipi Displays or Tapestries. For this activity Book (184) suggests a large piece of colored construction paper as background or a bulletin board. Grandma suggests a colored poster board. It could be drawn on or painted like Paul Goble did, but Grandma likes Book (184)'s idea of cut pieces of small circles, squares, triangles, rectangles, and other shapes(even different animals could be used) cut from construction paper. The tipi could be precut with a slant at the top for sticks or black strips of paper or pipe cleaners. However, the tipi could be a rectangle of paper folded to shape a tipi also. Glue the tipi on the background with sticks, black strips, or pipe cleaners sticking out from the top or glued down. Then glue the shapes on the tipi. Be sure to display their work somewhere.
Grandma has more activities for this book and more on the pioneers etc., she will try to finish this unit Friday or the early part of next week. She has Molly's Pilgrim with Ellis Island to do along with Urguaine before easter along with the rest about Jesus and Then she has a little on Russia, India before she covers Australia and South America along with the 1900's before the school year is over and she will start lessons for the summer. Please be patient, for we are doing real good.