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Grandma's Place A Natural Learning Center

Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center

Is The Best Place for Learning


More of June and the Circus

Posted on September 3, 2014 at 11:48 AM Comments comments (52)

We left off in the History Calendar of Book (1) towards the end of June 15. The rest of the day into the 16th and 17th Grandma will cover along with lessons on the Circus in Book (1) and Book (57). Before lessons I want to add a note to parents in our Home Education Program of home schooling a few pointers. That is to make sure you have a line of some kind set up to attach notes of history on beginning with the time of dinosaurs and man through the Bible and into American History along with space for any other history needed. These will take up a lot of space so be prepared. Then make sure you have a big calendar set up-a poster one is best-for birthdays, weather notations and notes necessary for lessons. Also have an area for pretend news and weather broadcasts; along with plays and puppet shows, or doll play of roles. Act out role plays of characters if wish in these areas. The same place can be used for dance and exercise. Next have a place for writing, drawing and other forms of art. You may want a separate space for sewing and one for hand sewing. Also provide a place for books and supplies. You may want these areas marked as in Day Cares. Also provide plenty of space for lists or posters and projects for words and sounds to learn. Notebooks can also do a lot.( Grandma will also make a note of this on the Home page.)
Now Grandma will give you the beginning summer lessons as follows:

June 15 1904 Mary McCann Helped Save 20 People after the
steamship General Slocum caught fire in New York's East River.

Book (1) says in "Young heroine-While recovering from the measles in a New York City hospital over-looking the East River, 14-year-old Mary McCann saw a steamboat on fire. Still feverish, she ran to the river and yelled encouragement to the people floundering in the water. Her courageous act helped save 20 people, including nine children, and she was awarded the Silver Lifesaving Medal by the U.S. Congress. Invite your (children) to design their own ...medal to commemorate heroic deeds. Then, over the next month, have students clip and share newspaper articles about people who have helped others. Encourage the kids to write letters congratulating these people and to include copies of the class-designed medal."

June 15, 1988 General Motors Corp.'s Sunracer established a Speed Record for Solar-Powered Cars. Its top speed: 48,712 mph.

June 15 is also A Friend in Need is a Friend Indeed Day as well as a Smile Power Day in which Book (1) says in "Miles of smiles-Here's a fun way to celebrate Smile Power Day. In the center of a large sheet of paper, write the words "It's Great to Smile Because..." Post the paper in the hallway or outside your (bedroom) door. Then encourage (the children) to use this "graffiti-style" message center to complete the sentence."

June 16 has only two birthday's as follows:

June 16, 1890 Stan Laurel, English comedian, was born.

June 16, 1920 John Howard Griffin, American
photographer and author of Black Like me, was born.

The Events for June 16, are as follows:

June 16, 1497 Amerigo Vespucci claimed he sighted
the mainland of America on this day.

June 16, 1836 Arkansas became the 25th state.

June 16, 1858 Abraham Lincoln made his famous
"House Divided" speech in Springfield, Ill.

June 16, 1897 The Alaska Gold Rush began.

June 16, 1922 The First Helicopter Flight took place in College Park, Md.

June 16,  1939 Hundreds of Tiny Frogs fell on Trowbridge, England.

June 16, 1963 Lieutenant Valentina Tereshkova of the
Soviet Union became the First Woman in Space.

June 16, 1980 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Scientists
Who Developed New Forms of Life in laboratories could
patent their creations.

June 16, 1987 The Dusky Seaside Sparrow became extinct.

Book (1) says in "Vanishing wildlife-Tell your (children) that on this day in 1987, the last dusky seaside sparrow died in a wildlife preserve at Walt Disney World in Florida. Then encourage the kids to take steps to protect animals for the future. Have each child research an extinct animal, draw a picture of the animal, and write a one-paragraph report about it. Next. have the (children) each write a letter to their state or federal representative telling about their animal and asking for help in saving other wildlife. Have the children include their drawings and reports with the letters. Make copies for a ... display entitled "The Extinct Zoo...What You Can Do About It." Add any responses your students receive to the display."

June 16, 1988 A China Shop Owner decided to find out
what a bull in a china shop would really do.

Book (1) says in "Risky business-Grant Burnett, a china shop owner in New Zealand, always wondered what a bull would do in a china shop. He borrowed Colonel, a 2,000-pound Hereford, and let the animal roam around the store for 3 hours. Burnett risked thousands of dollars' worth of dishes, but Colonel didn't break a thing. Ask your (children) to think of other descriptive animal phrases (for example, eyes like a hawk, quiet as a mouse, fish out of water, hold your horses, sly as a fox, clam up, dead as a dodo). Have them each select a phrase, then illustrate its literal and figurative meanings. Afterward, read aloud Eve Merriam's poem "Cliche," which deals with figurative and literal language. Then ask your students to write poems about their animal subjects."

June 16 is also South Africa's Soweto Day and Korea's Tano.

Next is June 17th with three birthdays as follows:

June 17, 1870 George Cormack, inventor of Wheaties cereal, was born.

Book (1) says in "Breakfast favorites-To celebrate the birthday of George Cormack, inventor of Wheaties cereal, poll your (family to see if any of you) have eaten Wheaties. Do (you ) eat it regularly? Why or Why not? Next , invite your (children) to each name their favorite cereal, Then use three adjectives to describe its taste. List all the adjectives on the board (or a piece of paper.) How many different ones are there?"

June 17, 1882 Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky, Russian-American composer, was born.

June 17, 1898 M.C. Escher, German mathematician, was born.

Next come the events for June 17 as follows:

June 17, 1579 Sir Francis Drake landed on the California coast.

June 17, 1682 William Penn founded the City of Philadelphia.

June 17, 1775 The Battle of Bunker Hill, one of the earliest
engagements of the Revolutionary War, was fought near Boston.

June 17, 1856 The First Republican Party National
Convention took place in Philadelphia, Pa.

June 17, 1873 Susan B Anthony was fined $100
for voting in the 1872 presidential election.

June 17, 1925 The First National Spelling Bee was held.

Book (1) says in "Cooperation bee-Hold a cooperative spelling bee in your (home0. ....--without using dictionaries--work together to correctly spell words you call out. Give each...a point for each correctly spelled word. The (one) with the most points at the end of a specified period wins."

June 17, 1972 Five burglars were arrested at the
Democratic Party headquarters in Washington, D.C.
The break-in and subsequent cover-up, which came
to be called Watergate after the building where the
burglary occurred, ultimately led to the resignation
of President Richard M. Nixon.

June 17, 1979 Richard Brown set a prone-position
Skateboard Speed Record of 71.179 mph on a
course at Mr. Baldy, Calif.

June 17, 1991 President Zachary Taylor's Remains
Were exhumed (141 years after his death) in
Louisville, Ky., to investigate the theory that
he had been poisoned. No evidence was found to
support the theory.

June 17 is also Independence Day in Iceland and it is used to mention that June is Carnival and Circus Month.

Book (1) says in "Celebrating the circus-Tell your (children) that the circus originated in ancient Rome, where it was a place for chariot races and combat between gladiators. Then have the children look up the origin of the word circus. (Its Latin meaning is "circle.") Next, have students brainstorm for the kinds of acts and performers found in modern-day circuses--for example, dancing elephants, trapeze artists, clowns, jugglers, bareback riders. Ask children who've been to a circus to describe the acts they saw. Finally, have your (children) imagine they could be a circus performer or a day, and ask them to write and illustrate stories about what they'd do."

Book (57) uses the following unit to tell about it:

  1. "The Circus Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow by Pat O'Brien

Historically, the circus has been around for a long time. Performers doing acrobatic stunts appear in Egyptian wall paintings. Marco Polo reported being entertained by jugglers and tumblers in the court of Kublai Khan.
Early people caught and trained wild animals. While most of these were used for religious ceremonies, others became part of a menagerie kept to showcase rare and unusual species. In Rome, the circus Maximus, a large animal theater for chariot racing, also presented trick riders, familiar with today. The show is made up of clowns, acrobats, animal acts, and colorful spectacles.
The purpose of this unit is to explore the circus world from the known to the unknown. You will compare the training of pets to the preparation of wild animal acts. You will proceed from climbing about on the jungle gym to learning about flying through the air. You will learn how clowns advance from being accidentally funny to working on routines and tricks to entertain an audience.

The Circus World
In the winter, the circus community prepares for the coming year. New acts are developed and perfected, while old ones are practiced and improved. Trainers work with their animals. Acrobats and aerialists stay in shape rehearsing their acts and trying new routines. Clowns create new tricks.
On the road, circus performers travel from one location to the next, thrilling audiences with circus magic.
  1. Research the history of the circus. Discover an interesting way to share your findings with the class.
  2. Write five reasons for circuses.
  3. Make a diorama showing a circus scene. ( Or design a scene in a big box or on a table.)

Because of his ideas, leadership, and inspiration, P.T. Barnum influenced the circus world. Read to find out about his contributions to the circus.
  1. List five or more events from his life.
  2. Make a  (separate) time line to show when these incidents happened.
  3. Using the information on the time line, make a filmstrip showing the highlights of his life.
          (Also a good thing to put in your newspaper.)

Clown Alley
A clown's job is to make others laugh by doing tricks, acting, and wearing funny clothes. In the circus, clowns entertain and fill in while the next acts are being set up or when something goes wrong. From makeup to funny shoes, each clown develops a unique look.
  1. If possible, ask a local clown to talk to the (children) about how clowns apply makeup and put together a routine.
  2. Clowns often practice the art of mime. A mime uses gestures and actions rather than words. See if you can perform a routine without speaking.(One of my most happiest time was when my sister and her friend dressed up as clowns and put on an act for myself and other children of the neighborhood. It was really a fun day.)
  3. Clown College offers courses in the history and art of clowning. There are also classes in makeup, mime, using and making props, juggling, and other talents useful to clowns. (For information, write to Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Clown College, 1401 Ringling Drive, South Venice, FL, 33595.) (This may not be possible any more because they have had to quit from what I heard on the Channel 6 News in Omaha, NE )                                                              a.      if you think you have a future as a clown, what are your qualifications?
                          b.      Write a letter to the Clown College stating your talents. Ask for an application to the school. (This will be a practice letter since you have to be at least seventeen years old to enroll.)                                                                                                                          c.       What questions do you think an application for Clown College would ask?
  1. Write a paragraph telling why you would like to be a circus clown.
  2. Write a poem about a clown with alternating line: I seem to be....But I really am.....

Throughout the years, there have been famous circus clowns. Find out more about one of them and write his or her biography. Focus on what he or she has accomplished as a clown. Share and compare the lives of these clowns to see if you can find some lives of these clowns to see if you can find some common traits. Put together a clown bulletin board (or a poster).

Imagine That!
As a circus performer, write your autobiography explaining what made you decide to become a clown. Tell about your act. What's hardest about being a clown? What do you like best? What you're not performing. what do you do? Be sure to include a self-portrait showing you in costume.

Art Activities
  1. Have a partner trace around you on a large sheet of paper. Use the outline to make a life-sized clown. (Butcher paper is good for this.) Use the outline to make a life-sized clown. With markers, paint, or crayons, add details of the clown's costume and face.
  2. On a piece of cardboard, draw a clown. Use paint, scraps of cloth, and yarn to complete the costume and face.
  3. Draw a clown face on a paper plate and decorate it.
  4. Construct a clown puppet.

Be a Circus Clown
  1. Learn to juggle. Begin with bean bags or inexpensive chiffon scarfs then progress to tennis balls.
  2. Plan your costume and special clown face.
  3. Create and practice a routine.

Mainly Mammals

The circus presents wild and exotic animal shows to the public. Before zoos became popular, this was the only opportunity people had to see elephants, lions, and tigers. Today there is a need to provide protection for these rare animals whose natural habitats are threatened. Circus animals are cared for, provided with food, and given medial attention.

You Make the Choice
  1. List the pros and cons of using rare and exotic animals in the circus.
  2. As an animal rights activist, what stands do you take?
  3. As an (environmentalist), what are your thoughts?

Calling All Pets
To better understand the task of a wild animal trainer, consider the care necessary to maintain a domestic animal.
  1. What care do you give your pet? What kind of food does it get and how much?
  2. If you have a pet, teach it a trick. What trick do you want the animal to perform? How will you go about teaching it? Keep a record of your instructions.
  3. Present an oral report to explain how you trained your pet, teach it a trick. What trick do you want the animal to perform? How will you go about teaching it? Keep a record of your instructions.
  4. Compare your method with one used by a classmate.

Trainers and Trainees
A bond of mutual trust is established between the trainer and the animals.
  1. List the responsibilities of a circus trainer. What jobs would he or she be expected to do?
  2. What traits should a wild animal trainer have? Are they any different than those needed to train a domestic animal?
  3. How do you think circus performers go about training wild animals?
  4. List animals that appear in the circus. Select one type of wild animal. What kind of care and attention does it get? What kind of food? How much exercise?
  5. Compare caring for and training a pet to getting a wild animal ready to perform in an act.
  6. Compare caring for and training a pet to getting a wild animal ready to perform in an act.
  7. Write an essay about wild animals in general and circus animals in particular.
  8. Write the life story of a circus animal.

Gunther Gebel-Williams, now retired, was a world famous animal trainer with the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus.
  1. Read to find out more about his life as a trainer. How did he prepare the animals to perform?
  2. Pretend you are an interviewer on a television show. Think of some questions you would like to ask Gunther Gebel-Williams. How do you think he would respond? Write a script and practice the interview with a partner.

Imagine That!
  1. If you ran the circus, what animals would perform?
  2. Using your imagination, write a resumé stating your qualifications to be a wild animal trainer.
  3. Write about how it feels to be a lion tamer. What's the hardest part?
  4. If you were an elephant, or another animal, would you rather be in a circus or a zoo? Why?
  5. Would you rather be a veterinarian in a zoo or a circus? Why?

Problem Solving
The many animals in the circus need a great deal of food each day. At every stop along the route, fresh fruits, vegetables, and grains are purchased from local merchants.
  1. Given the following information about weekly purchases, what story problems can you create?     10 tons of hay, 150 bales of straw, 1,000 pounds of meat, 400 crates of carrots, 1 crate of apples, 1 box of bananas, 500 loaves of bread
  2. Write additional imaginative problems using circus facts and figures.

Search for poems about animals that perform in the circus.                               
      a. Choose one to illustrate.
      b. Memorize it and recite it for the (family).
      c. Present it as a choral reading.

Art Activities
  1. Make papier-mâché animals. Display them in colorful wagons.
  2. Design circus animal pins from clay.
  3. Use magnetic tape to make refrigerator magnets.
  4. Make a mobile featuring circus animals.

Circus Animals
  1. Plan a pet parade. You and your pet can march around a ring in time to recorded circus music.
  2. Does your pet know a special trick? Prepare a "wild animal" act to present to an audience.

Fabulous Flights

They fly through the air, walk on wires, or tumble in the ring. They perform feats of strength, balance, and courage. They are acrobats, aerialists, and flyers.
  1. If possible, read A Very Young Circus Flyer, by Jill Krementz. A young boy, a member of a family of flyers, tells about his life with the circus.
  2. Begin by moving to music. Feel the rhythm.
  3. Depending on the equipment available, practice moving on bars and rings. Tumble on mats.

Poetry in Motion
  1. List words (verbs) that describe the ways a performer moves as he or she flies through the air or tumbles in the ring. Arrange the words to create a motion poem that reflects the movements of the performer.
  2. Add to the words on the list and group them to compose a motion poem.
  3. Write ...about an acrobat's performance.

Jules Leotard invented and introduced the flying trapeze. Like many inventors, he made his discovery accidentally.
  1. Read to find out how this invention changed circus performances.
  2. If Leotard kept a journal during the time he was developing the flying trapeze, what would he have written? Write five journal entries from his point of view.
  3. Can you think of something you might invent to improve a way of doing something? Explain what you want to improve and write about your plan. Include a sketch of your idea.

Circus Flyers and Tumblers
  1. Using playground equipment (bars, rings, the jungle gym, etc.), develop an acrobatic routine set to music. Include gymnastic tumbling and balancing. Make sure the exhibition of physical fitness is safe and entertaining.
  2. Tie-dye a shirt for the performance or use fabric markers to design a T-shirt.

The Day the Circus Came to Town
Read Dr. Seuss' If I Ran the Circus and decide how you would run a circus. Write a book with the same title, but use your own circus.
  1. Study a map of your state. What cities would your circus visit?
  2. Plan a route you would follow from town to town.
  3. Write a news story about the arrival of the circus.
  4. Make posters advertising the performances.
  5. Write a review of the show. Tell about the acts that people will be viewing.

Art Activities
  1. Think about the word circus. Study each letter. What does it remind you of? Design an alphabet with a circus theme.
  2. Use thumbprints to create a circus scene. Make a print and add lines to complete the figures.

Circus Performance
After studying the different facets of the circus, it is time to put the parts together and present your own show.
  1. Display posters to announce the circus.
  2. To begin the Make-a-Circus extravaganza, organize a parade of costumed performers. March to recorded circus music. Include a marching kazoo band.
  3. Sell popcorn and balloons.

4th day of Summer Classes

Posted on July 22, 2014 at 12:42 AM Comments comments (18)
Hello Folks:
June 6 is our next Calendar Date to present for learning this summer. The birthdays are given as follows:
1755 Nathan Hale, American patriot hanged by the British as a spy
1911 Verna AArdema, children's author
Book (1)says in "Animal ways-Celebrate Verna Aardem's birthday by reading aloud Why Mosquitoes Buzz in People's Ears. Then invite the children to create their own stories explaining why other kinds of animals behave the way they do. Have them illustrate their work.
This leads us into the study of insects and animals of Book (57) starting with Wildlife Wonders by Teddy Meister. Teddy says, "The study of wildlife is called zoology. It involves knowing about all living creatures from the smallest to the largest on land and in the sea.
Learning by Attributes
In order to organize information about wildlife, scientists categorize them by certain attributes or characteristics:
Body Forms
    vertebrate (having a spinal column
     invertebrate (no spinal column)
Body Temperatures
     warm-blooded or homoiothermic (temp. remains constant)
     cold-blooded or poikilothermic (temp. adapts to environment)
Food Sources
      herbivore (plant eater)
      carnivore (meat eater)
      omnivore (plant and meat eater)
Divide your paper into seven columns using the traits of the three major attributes as headings. List animals under each heading that have that characteristic.
How would you test a new species that has just been discovered? Set up a plan you might use. Draw pictures of this new creature. Explain its unusual features and habits. Label the body parts and describe which of the attributes might fit it best.
We have learned many things from the animal world. For example, we have learned about radar from bats. What are some other things we have learned? Find out about sonar and dolphins or how hibernation could affect the possibilities for people to some day take long trips into space. Prepare a talk for your class about your findings.
Animal Behavior
Can animals remember things? Can they think? Do they communicate with each other? Did you ever wish that an animal could talk with you? Suppose a favorite pet could actually talk! What kinds of questions would you want to ask?
Sorting Some More
Animals can also be categorized by phylum, or type, such as mammals, amphibians, reptiles, and marsupials. Fill in each box by listing an animal and describing why it can be categorized in this way.
Unusual Animals from A to Z
There are unusual animals to fit every letter of the alphabet, and then some! How many can you find? Use this list as a starter. When it is finished, create an animal alphabet book for young children.
A___________________  B______________________C____________________D_________________
E___________________  F______________________ G____________________H_________________
I____________________  J______________________ K____________________ L_________________
M___________________  N______________________ O___________________ P_________________
Q___________________  R______________________  S___________________T_________________
U___________________  V______________________ W___________________ X_________________
Y___________________  Z______________________
(In drawing a picture on a page with a plate having the words Food Type:, a page holding the outline Description:; coloring:; body form:; body temperature:; height:; weight:; unusual habits: listed in it, and a heart holding As a pet this animal would need:___________________________________________on one side; the other side a house with Home or Habitat:; a global compass marked with N,E,S,W having Found in: on the side of it; then a rectangular cloud saying This animals is interesting because:____
and Man needs this animal because: ____________________________________________________
Fact Finding (is what it is called saying)
Use the outline form to research an animal you want to learn more about. (Look over your A-to-Z list and select one about which you know nothing.)
My animal is____________________________________________(on the top)
(Book (57) goes on to say,)
Save our wildlife! Take care of endangered species! This is something we hear all the time. What is the difference between endangered and extinct? Use encyclopedias or the dictionary to find the difference between these two terms. Sometimes an animal on the endangered list can be saved. The Florida alligator is an example of this.
Save Our Wildlife
Many animals could out-do humans if we were to have an Olympic contest with them! They are just like Olympic athletes in their special abilities. Can you think of any Olympic competitors to match against a list of animal entries? Use the Guinness Book of Olympic Records to do this.
Who Am I?
Create riddles about animals. For example: I have a huge mouth and am known as "the rider horse." I usually weigh a mere 8,000 pounds but bet I can run faster than you! (Answer: hippopotamus.)
Animal Pictures
Some animal names make us think of unusual pictures of how they might look. Draw pictures of what the following names make you think of. Use your imagination! Can you find out how each received its peculiar name?
            prairie dog                 bullfrog                  sea lion
            hedgehog                  tiger shark              spider monkey
Who's Who
In this activity you will have an opportunity to find out about some of the great people involved with furthering our knowledge about animals. Set up a card file for some mini-research. Find out what each person did by summarizing the information in short paragraphs.
           J.J. Audubon                        Charles Darwin
           Thomas Huxley                     Clinton Merriam
           Rachel Carson                      William Henry Hudson
           Jane Goodall                         Carolus Linnaeus
Careers, Careers, Careers
What do the following careers have in common with animals?
               anthropology                             veterinary science
               entomology                               biology
               naturalist                                   vertebrate zoology
Look through the yellow pages of a telephone directory. Perhaps one of these career areas is listed with a contact person and phone number. Set up a time and date with your ()parents. Call the person listed in the phone book and invite him or her to be a guest speaker for the (family). Be sure to send a thank you note after the visit!
It's the Law
The United States Congress passed the endangered Species Act that protects rare plants and animals. This legislation has provided the Secretary of the Interior with the authority to identify threatened or endangered species in new locations. What new laws have been passed in your state? Use the phone book to find the addresses of wildlife and conservation agencies in your state. Write and ask about laws and the animals affected by legislation. Share the information with your (family.)
Going, Going, Gone
During the last 2,000 years the world has lost 106 species--two-thirds of these since the mid-19th century,and most since the beginning of the 20th century. How can we stop this alarming rate of extinction? What do children and adults need to do? Does the "Golden Rule" apply to animals as well as people? Talk to parents, neighbors, and (others) about what can be done. Keep a list of suggestions they make. Create a series of new broadcasts you could present to your (family) over a period of time. Ask (others) to help.
What Are We Doing?
Many programs are now underway for better wildlife conservation. These include government controls, establishing wildlife sanctuaries, controlling hunting limits and seasons, and restoring and replacing habitats. Do some research about each of these. Find out what is being done in your area. Present a "status report" to your (family). Provide good visual aids to accompany your presentations.
The International Union for the Protection of Nature began in 1943 with the participation of 33 nations. It was a way to coordinate wildlife protection efforts and share information globally. How did this historic meeting lead to other similar organizations? Find out about IUPN and IUCN. Start a wildlife club at your (church, community, or neighborhood.). Identify club goals and activities. Think of a club name. You might want to design club membership cards and T-shirts.
Talk Topics
Gather a group of (people) interested in wildlife conservation and ask each member to thoroughly research a wildlife topic of his or her choice. Practice presenting research findings during free class time ...(Arrange yourselves as "traveling speakers" to other children, adults, groups, and places) Get the word out!
Animal Collage
Cut out animal pictures from magazines to create a collage. Begin from the center of the paper. Overlap each of the pictures so that the whole collage is connected to the center. Think of a name for the collage. Display it on (various walls in places.)
Nursery Rhymes
Many nursery rhymes you might have learned as a very young child, such as Ding, Dong, Bell; Baa, Baa, Black Sheep; and Mary Had a Little Lamb involved animals. Create a nursery rhyme of your own involving an unusual animal.
Animals in Literature
Many of children's favorite stories are about animals. Plan a trip to the library and see how many you can gather for a (family)  reading. Make up a bibliography for your (family). Here is a list to get you started.
Winnie the Pooh by A.A. Milne
Paddington Bear by Michael Bond
The Velveteen Rabbit by Margery Williams
The Wind in the Willows by Kenneth Grahame
Charlotte's Web by E.B. White
Sylvester and the Magic Pebble by William Steig
Where the Wild Things Are by Maurice Sendak
Moby Dick by Herman Melville
Call of the Wild by Jack London
                                               Trivia Task---Animal IQ
How many of the trivia tasks can you complete in 15 minutes?.....Have a race to see who has the highest "animal IQ." (Hint: Some of these you might know from earlier activities!)
  1. Things we wear that come from animals____________________________________________
  2. Something animals have that humans do not________________________________________
  3. Three things we eat that come from animals_________________________________________
  4. Two kinds of animal habitats______________________________________________________
  5. Animals that provide transportation_________________________________________________
  6. Animals you see every day_______________________________________________________
  7. Animals that are mascots in your area______________________________________________
  8. Animals that symbolize various athletic teams________________________________________
  9. Animal TV "stars"_______________________________________________________________
  10. Animal movie "stars"_____________________________________________________________
  11. Literature based on animals who act and think like humans______________________________
  12. Animals symbolic of certain products we buy_________________________________________
  13. Animals as the main characters in comic strips_______________________________________
  14. Animals symbolic of shoes and clothing we wear______________________________________
  15. The study of animals is called______________________________________________________
  16. Three types of animal food sources__________________________________________________
  17. The classification given to warm-blooded animals_______________________________________
  18. The classification given to cold-blooded animals________________________________________
  19. The meaning of extinction__________________________________________________________
  20. The meaning of marsupial__________________________________________________________
                                                 "Children" and Their Groups
Find out the names of animal groups and what their offspring are called. Some have been filled in to help you. When you complete your research, set up a word search puzzle for (the family and others).
        Animal                             Offspring                             Group Name
         cow                                  calf                                        herd
         kangaroo                           joey                                      troop
         whale                                calf                                         pod
         horse                                 foal                                     _________
         wolf                                 ___________                            pack
         beaver                                kit                                       _________
          goat                                  kid                                       _________
          goose                              ___________                          gaggle
          sheep                               lamb                                     __________
          rabbit                                bunny                                   ___________
Grandma will return to the Calendar History. She will give a little more each day from Book (57). There is lots about animals. She has still more from Book (57) to go with the Calendar History activities but this is it on the animals today. We were still working on June 6th birthdays as follows:
1927 Peter Spier, children's author and illustrator
1954 Cynthia Rylant, children's author
Events for June 6 are as follows:
1822 Ten Inches of Snow fell in New England on this day in late spring.
Book (1) says in "Spring snowstorms-Ask your (children) to imagine how New Englanders might have felt when they received 10 inches of snow on this date in 1822. Then have the kids create "what's wrong with this picture?" illustrations depicting a snowy summer day. For example, they might draw a beach scene depicting people in swimsuits along with hats, mittens, and boots."
1933 The First Drive-in Movie Theater opened in Camden, N.J.
1939 The First Little League game was played in Williamsport, Pa.
1944 Massive Allied landings on the beaches of Normandy, France,
 marked the D-DAY invasion of Nazi-held Western Europe.
1985 Scientists at the University of California confirmed the presence
of a huge black hole at the center of the Milky Way.
June 6 is also National Yo-Yo Day
Book (1) says in "Yo-yo tricks-In honor of National Yo-Yo Day, invite your students to bring in their yo-yos and demonstrate tricks they can do. For an extra challenge, have the children write and illustrate the different steps involved.
It is also National Safe Boating Week (first week in June)
Book (1) says in "Rules for safe sports-Tell your (children) that National Safe Boating Week is a reminder for them to follow safety precautions when they're in boats. Then ask them to follow safety precautions when they're in boats. Then ask the kids to list other summer activities they plan to enjoy--for example, swimming, tennis, baseball, baking, horseback riding. Have the students brainstorm for safety rules that are important for each of their safe-sports rules. Display the posters... .
Book (57) uses LifeSavers to help teach safety and colors to younger children. This Unit is called "Be a LifeSaver by Lisa Crooks.
Kids love to eat LifeSavorsª and they'll love the following activities even more. This unit on LifeSaversª can also be used as a spring-board for reinforcing basic safety rules.
  1. LifeSaversª can provide a hands-on experience for teaching fractions and parts. If you have ten LifeSaversª on the table and five are eaten, how many are left? What fraction is left? Can this be reduced?
  2. Plan a trip to the LifeSaversª factory. Starting from your state, what states would you pass through to get there? What kinds of transportation could you use? What would be the cost of using various types of transportation? How much would the entire trip cost if you were to include transportation, food, and lodging? This activity could be expanded, depending on the level of students.
  3. Candy is made in an assembly line. In (your home or somewhere) set up an assembly line to prepare a no-bake cookie or candy. Each (child) could be responsible for a specific duty. Discuss what would happen if one of the links in the assembly line broke down.
  4. Have the (children) design a LifeSaversª or other type of candy factory. They would need to explain the different machines that would be used in their factory and prepare a map showing where these machines are located in the plant.
  5. Using similar brands of hard candies, invite (family members or others) to join in a taste test to determine whether Candy A or Candy B is preferred." Following are some math problems from Grandma's Book (7) called Candy Shop with Multiplication skills through 5 x 5 with addition. The children must have a paper each. "Several friends bought some candy. Listen carefully to this information so you can tell how much money each person spent. You will want to write down some of the information I am giving you. First you need to know the price of different kinds of candy. Suckers are 5 cents each. Gum is 3 cents a piece. Jelly beans are 2 cents each. (Repeat prices or write them (down)) Now figure out how much each child spent on candy. Number your paper from 1 to 10. On each line write the child's name (don't worry about spelling) and the price he paid.       !.  Tasha bought 3 pieces of gum. By number 1 write her name and the price she paid           (Repeat this part of the directions as necessary throughout the lesson.)                      
            2. Gary bought 3 jelly beans and 1 sucker.
            3. Ann bought 1 sucker, 1 piece of gum and 1 jelly bean. 
          . 4.Lee bought 5 suckers.
            5. Amy bought 4 jelly beans plus 1 sucker.                                                                                   6. Omar bought 3 pieces of gum plus 1 jelly bean.
            7. Ed bought 2 pieces of each kind of candy.
            8. Jill bought 3 suckers and 1 jelly bean.
            9. Rob bought 4 pieces of gum and 1 sucker.
           10. Circle the name of the person who spent the most.
           11. Underline the name of the person who spent the least.
           12. Write your name on the top of your page."
(Now we are going back to Book (57) on LifeSaversª)
 6. What happens after you chew a LifeSaversª candy? Students could map the process 
     of digestion and label on a blank tongues which areas pick up sweet, salty, sour,
     bitter, and no taste.
 7.  Invite (a) nurse to discuss first aid and basic safety.
 8. Invite a police officer to demonstrate safety while walking, riding bikes, being
     around animals, and riding on a bus or in a car.
 9. Invite a police officer to do a bicycle inspection. .
10. Invite (a) dietitian to discuss good eating habits and the importance of a good
11. Have relay races by moving a LiffeSaversª candy across the floor using a straw
      in the mouth.
12. Make LifeSaversª necklaces.
13. Using paper, crayons, glue, and LifeSaversª, make designs of people and animals.
14. Have a safety poster contest. Each (child) must pick a safety rule to illustrate.
15. To reinforce safety rules, read examples of (childrens) behaviors and have students
      respond by holding up a red "not safe" card or a green "safe" card.
Lifesaver Science Estimation
Dissolve--disappear from sight: melt away
We are going to estimate how long it will take for a LifeSaversª candy to dissolve and disappear. We will use two different kinds of water--warm and cool.
  1. In which water temperature do you think the candy will dissolve first?________________
 2. I estimate that the candy in warm water will dissolve in ______hour(s)______minutes.
 3. I estimate that the candy in cool water will dissolve in ______hour(s)______minutes.
 4. Which candy dissolved first?_______________________________________________________
     How long did it take?______hour(s)______minute(s)
     Which candy dissolved second?____________________________________________________
     How long did it take?______hour(s)______minute(s)
     Was your estimation correct?________
Lifesaver Math
________Each LifeSaversª candy has ten calories. You ate three LifeSaversª. How many
              calories did you eat?
________You ate five LifeSaversª. How many calories did you eat?
_________A roll of LifeSaversª has eleven candies in it. You ate three. How many are left?
_________You are hungry and eat two more LifeSaversª. How many are left?
_________The next day you eat five more candies. How many are left?
_________A roll of LifeSaversª costs 40 cents. How much money would it cost to buy two rolls?
_________How much more would it cost for four rolls?
Lifesaver Opposites
Fill in the blanks with the opposite of the word that is in bold print.
LifeSaversª are hard, not_____________________________________________.
LifeSaversª are round, not_____________________________________.
LifeªSaversª are ___________________________, not sour.
LifeSaversª are an______________________invention, not a new one.
LifeSaversª are_________________________, not bad.
Lifesaver Similes
After a ...discussion on similes, fill in the blanks with a proper simile.
LifeSaversª are as hard as________________________________________________________.
LifeSaversª are as round as______________________________________________________.
LifeSaversª are as sweet as______________________________________________________.
LifeSaversª are as old as_______________________________________________________.
LifeSaversª are as good as_________________________________________________________.
A Rainbow of Colors!
Assorted LifeSaversª come in four bright colors--red, orange, yellow, and green. Under each color, list things that belong in that category.
Things That Are Red
Things That Are Green
Things That Are Yellow
Things That Are Orange
(Grandma's Book (7) has some math problems using colors as follows:)
Colored Products
(Use a page with 110 squares on it and the instructions say you will not use the bottom 60)
1. With a black crayon, color the square that has the answer to 2 X 7.
 2. Use a red crayon to color the square that has the answer to 4 X 6.
 3. Use a yellow crayon to color the square that has the answer to 7 X 7.
 4. Use a green crayon to circle the answer to 5 X 7.
 5. Use a blue crayon to underline the answer to 6 X 6.
 6. Put a brown X on the answer to 4 X 7.
 7. Put a red X on the answer to 4 X 4.
 8. Put a black circle around the answer to 3 X 7.
 9. Put a yellow circle around the answer to 6 X 5.
10. Use a green crayon to underline the answer to 3 X 6.
11. Use a red crayon to underline the answer to 4 X 5.
12. Put a green X on the answer to 3 X 4.
13. Put a blue circle around the answer to 6 X 7.
14. Use a brown crayon to underline the answer to 2 X 6.
15. Put your name in the upper right-hand corner.
(Now We Will Finish up the Unit  on LifeSaversª, read the information on the label and answer the following questions.)
Read the Label
What is the name of this candy?______________________________________________________
How many flavors are in this roll?_______________________________________________________
How many candies are in this roll?______________________________________________________
How many ounces does it weigh?________________________________________________________
Oz, means_____________________________________________________________
How many calories are in each piece?________________________________________________
Name four colors found in a roll of the candies:
   ________________________________           _____________________________________
  ________________________________            ______________________________________
Name the ingredients:
     S_________R, C______________, S_____________________P
Artificial C______________S
Where Are Lifesaversª Made?
  1. Look on your roll of LifeSaversª. Where were they made?___________________________
  2. Is the factory north, south, east, or west of your state?____________________________
  3. LifeSaversª are made in the state of ___________________________________________
  4. Which color candy is your favorite?____________________________________________
  5. On a United States map, use your favorite color to color in the state where the factory is. If you were to travel to the factory, what states would you travel through?
(Grandma is going to finish the unit tomorrow.)

Day 3 of Summer Lessons

Posted on July 21, 2014 at 4:19 AM Comments comments (25)
Dear Folks:
June's Project of the Month is Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Chart. Grandma is going to ask you to
 do it a little different than what Book (1) has asked for it.
Grandma wants the children to think of all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables to list on a chart. Then
I want them to record which ones are the favorites of each person in your family. Then I want them
to record the ones each of you dislike the most. Then I want to find out about each one that is:
what they do for the body, the calories, the nutrients it has, and anything else important about them.
I want them to research about cancer and how fruits and vegetables help them from getting cancer.
Then I want them to research about Monsanto and GMO's and how they are bad for the insects and
could be for you. Then I want them to research about Organic growing and how it works and why 
people are doing it and the many ways how.
June's Month long Observances are as follows:
Accordion Awareness Month
American Rivers Month
Arts and Crafts Month
Carnival and Circus Month
Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Month
National Adopt-a-Cat Month
National Cheeseburger Month
National Dairy Month
National Recycling Month
National Rose Month
National Theater Month
Papaya Month
Tennis Month
Zoo and Aquarium Month
Week long Events
International Volunteers Week (first week)
National Safe Boating Week (first week)
Teacher Thank You Week (first week)
National Little League Baseball Week (week beginning with the second Monday)
National Flag Week (week including June 14)
National Physical Therapy Week (third week)
Amateur Radio Week (week ending with the fourth weekend)
Special Days and Celebrations
Flag Day (June 14)
Father's Day (third Sunday)
First day of summer (on or about June 22)
June 1 has 3 birthdays as follows:
1637 Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary and explorer
1849 Francis Edgar Stanley, inventor of the first successful
steam-driven automobile
Oscar the Grouch, "Sesame Street character
Book (1) has an activity for this called "Have a grouchy birthday-Young children will enjoy
celebrating Oscar the Grouch's birthday by brainstorming for yucky things--for example, muddy
shoes, liver and onion sandwiches, or hair tangled with bubble gum. List your childrens' ideas on
the chalkboard, then have the children use the list their poems on construction-paper trash cans.
Next are the Events for June 1 as follows:
1792 Kentucky became the 15th state.
1796 Tennessee became the 16th state.
1802 The first Book Fair took place in New York City.
1813 Mortally wounded in a War of 1812 naval engagement,
 Captain James Lawrence told his crew,"Don't Give Up the Ship,"
which became the motto of the U.S. Navy.
1925 New York Yankees star Lou Gehrig began his record string of
Playing in 2,130 Consecutive Baseball Games.
1938 The first issue of the "Superman" Action Comics appeared.
Book (1) has the following activity to go with it called "Signs of a superhero-In honor of
Superman's comic-book debut, ask your (children) to write a paragraph about where they first
discovered this superhero (for example, on TV, in motion pictures, or on videos) and to briefly
describe him. Then have the kids interview parents and grandparents about their memories of
Superman. How do these views compare with those of your (children)? Finally, make a ...list of
a superhero's positive qualities. Can your (children) name real people who also display these
1990 Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev and U.S. president George Bush
Signed More than a Dozen Agreements at the White House.
June 1 is also
Children's Day in (Germany)
International Mother's Peace Day
International Volumteers Week (first week in June)
Book (1) says in "Student volunteers-During International Volunteers Week, challenge your
(children) to name volunteer jobs they could do at home, ... and in the community. Encourage
them to each do at least one volunteer activity this week, then report back to the family.
June 2 has three birthdays as follows:
1914 Paul Galdone, children's author
Book (1) says in "Adaptable tales-Tell your (children) that Paul Galdone drew great satisfaction
from adapting favorite old tales to a picture-book format. Invite the kids to name familiar fairy
tales, fables, and tall tales they enjoy. Then have them work ... to adapt and illustrate one of
these stories. Arrange for (them) to share their work with (others)"
1929 Norton Juster, children's author who wrote The Phantom Tollbooth
1934 Anita Lobel, children's author and illustrator
June 2 Events are as follows:
1883 The first Night Baseball Game took place in Forth Wayne, Ind.
1886 Grover Cleveland became the First President to Get Married
in the White House.
1896 The Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi received a patent for
Electromagnetic Wave Broadcasting, the basis of radio and television. 
Book(1) says in "Forms of Government- On the anniversary of Italy's governmental referendum,
have your (children) compare and contrast a republican form of government with a monarchy.
What are the strengths and weaknesses of each system? Would any of your (children) prefer a
monarchy under any circumstances? Why or why not?"
1924 Congress granted Citizenship to All American Indians.
1946 In a referendum, Italy Chose a Republican Form of Government
over a return to the monarchy.
1949 Five different players on the Philadelphia Phillies baseball team
hit 8th-Inning Home Runs.
1966 The U. S. spacecraft Surveyor 1 landed on the moon and began
to relay the First Close-Up Pictures of the Lunar Surface.
June 2 is also Teacher Tank You Week (first week in June)
Book (1) also states in "Time for thank-yous-During Teacher Thank You Week, invite your
students to write short notes to their former teachers, thanking them for some special kindness
or memorable contribution. Arrange to deliver the notes throughout the week as a special way
to celebrate the important role teachers play in children's lives." (Considering you may have
only been their only teacher, have them carry this out for you--You definitely deserve it. It takes
a lot for you to give up your time and carry out the task of teaching your own children.)
June 3 only has two birthdays as follows:
1808 Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederate states
1904 Charles Drew, American surgeon who developed techniques
for processing and storing blood plasm for use in transfusions.
Events for June 3 are as follows:
1851 The New York Knickerbockers wore The First Baseball Uniforms.
1888 The poem "Casey at the Bat" first appeared in print.
1932 Lou Gehrig became the First Major Leaguer to
Hit Four Consecutive Homers in one game.
1937 After renouncing the British throne, the Duke of Windsor
married Mrs. Wallis Simpson.
1948 The World's Largest Telescope--a 200-inch reflector--was
dedicated at Mount Palomar Observatory in California.
1949 Wesley A. Brown became the First African-American to
Graduate from the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis.
1965 Major Edward H. White took the First Space Walk by an American.
1965 Silver was Eliminated from U.S. dimes and quarters.
June 3 is also Broken Dolls Day in (Japan). Book (1) says in "A day for dolls-On Broken
Dolls Day in Japan, young girls and their mothers bring broken dolls to Buddhist priests to
be enshrined. Ask your (children) to bring in their broken dolls or action figures. Then set
up a station where (the children) can apply a little glue and a lot of ingenuity to fix
the dolls. Also invite the children to use extra parts to create new dolls. Afterward, have them
write stories or poems about the dolls. ...
June 3 is also used by Book (1) to extend the monthly lesson on fruits and vegetables in
asking the children "to celebrate Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Month, (challenging them) to
create a still-life arrangement out of fruits and vegetables. Then have the kids use watercolors,
charcoal, pen and ink, or colored pencils to depict their arrangements. Ask the (children) to
make up fact sheets that list the artwork's title as well as the foods represented and their
nutritional benefits. ..."
Only one birthday for June 4th as follows:
1738 George III, English king who reigned during the American Revolution
The Events for June 4th are as follows:
1070 Roquefort Cheese was first discovered in a cave in France.
Book(1) writes about it in "Moldy Meal-According to legend, in 1070 a shepherd boy
accidentally left his lunch--bread and sheep's milk cheese-in a cool limestone cave near
Roquefort, France. He returned to the cave weeks later and found the lost food covered
with black mod. He ate it anyway. The bread had a bad taste. The cheese looked peculiar
but tasted good. To this day, cheese made of sheep's milk ages in those same limestone
caverns. Bring in some Roquefort cheese and invite your (children) to sample it. Can they
name other foods in which bacteria is an essential ingredient? (Such foods include yogurt,
sour cream, and other kinds of cheeses.)"
1787 Delegates to the Constitutional Convention approved the
idea of a Single Chief Executive to Govern the Nation.
1896 Henry Ford successfully test drove the First Ford Car.
1929 Illinois selected the Cardinal to be its state bird.
Book (1) says in "State symbols-Many states have state birds. Challenge your (children to
find out if their state has one and if so, what it is. What other things--flowers, insects, trees,
songs--are recognized by their state? Invite the kids to select another symbol they think
merits recognition, then write a proposal to their state representative."
1937 Sylvan N. Goldman began supplying Grocery Carts to his
Oklahoma City supermarket customers.
Book (1) writes in "Checkout challenge-If there were no grocery carts, how would people get
their groceries to the checkout counter? Challenge your (children) to work invent a new
way to transport groceries. Have the (children) illustrate their inventions, Then explain how
their devices would work."
1957 The First National Wheelchair Games were held on Long Island in New York.
1984 University of California scientists announced that they had
successfully cloned cells from the skin of a guagga, a zebra like
African mammal extinct for more than 100 years.
1989 Chinese soldiers broke up an extended, student-led pro democracy
demonstration in Beijing's Tiananmen Square. The deaths were believed
to number in the thousands.
June 5th has three birthdays as follows:
1718 Thomas Chippendale, English cabinetmaker
1723 Adam Smith, Scottish political philosopher who helped
lay the intellectual foundations of capitalism.
1919 Richard Scarry, children's author and illustrator
The Events for June 5 are as follows:
1783 Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier first demonstrated their
Hot-Air Balloon in a 10-minute, unmanned flight over Annoney, France.
Book (1) says in "Awe-inspiring flight--The balloon created by Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier
measured over 35 feet in diameter. It was made from paper-lined sections of linen, which were
joined together with buttons. Hot air for the balloon came from wood burned in a hole in the
ground. The balloon was held over the hole by eight men. When it was released, it rose 6,000
feet and traveled 1 1/2 miles before coming down. Remind your (children) that this flight took
place over 200 years ago. Then ask them to imagine what people viewing this spectacle might
have been thinking. Were they afraid? Excited? have your (children) write stories about the
balloon flight from the perspective of a long-ago spectator."
1876 Bananas were sold for 10¢ each at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition
Before then, the fruit had rarely been seen in the United States.
Book (1) states in "Banana Bonanza-Tell your (children) that bananas contain important
nutrients, such as potassium, carbohydrates, and vitamins A,B, and C. Ask the children
to describe the ways they like to eat bananas. Then have them create posters encouraging
people to eat more of this healthful fruit.
Book (57) of Grandma's has a section called "Going Bananas by Gail K Lennon" in which 
it states the following: "The activities outlined in this unit can be set up as centers in an
integrated, activity-based theme on bananas. The study begins with a whole-group orientation
activity. This allows (the children) to share what they already know about the theme. It also
builds interest and motivation for the study.
The learning objectives for the theme on bananas are as follows:
  • to practice listening, reading, writing, speaking, viewing, and presenting skills
  • to discover more about everyday things and how these relate to our life
  • to increase cooperative skills through working together
  • to improve writing and research skills
  • to nurture students' talents in the various areas of the arts
Before (the children) begin their work ..., (they should) overview the topic and to provide motivation
for the unit ahead. You might want to share a short film on banana growing (Growing Bananas),
 taste a banana dish, and find out what (the children) already know about bananas.
Some of the facts they may already know include:
  • Bananas are good for you
  • Bananas are grown in tropical climates.
  • Bananas grow in large bunches, and they grow up, not down.
  • Bananas grow on palm trees.
  • Bananas form the basis for some tropical diets.
  • Bananas can sometimes be used as a substitute for other foods which are difficult to
     digest such as dairy products."
The children may have to move from different centers or areas of the home to carry out the
work of this unit. Be willing to observe, clarify material, give encouragement and direction to
lead the children on on with their learning and help all you can.
Center 1:How do they Grow? Upon watch the video answer the following questions
Appendix A: Study Outline
Banana Growing Locations:
Climate Conditions Necessary for Growing:
Banana Markets:
New Banana Types:
Plantation Jobs:
Problems involved in Banana Growing:
Then have them discuss and reach a consensus on the best way to show what
they have learned about growing bananas. You may want to provide a list of methods for
them to use....At the center children could select from...murals,accordion books, big books,
poetry,plays, comic strips, charts, and diagrams.
Center 2: Banana Extravaganza
Provide cookbooks and other materials for 9the children) to use to create a collection of
banana recipes. They can create a big book in which they each write a recipe and illustrate
their dish....the recipes created at this center can be sent to the Banana Growers'
Association,...taste during the finale!
Center 3:A Banana a Day Keeps the Doctor Away
(The children) can use health books, medical journals,and other sources(as computers) to
discover the health benefits of bananas. They design pamphlets or posters about the
nutritional advantages of bananas. Display completed pamphlets and posters ... and
send them to the Banana Growers' Association.
Center 4: Banana Bulletin
(The children) use research materials at this center to locate banana trivia facts. When they
have collected at least ten each...create a game using these facts. Provide examples of paper
and pencil games, card games, and board games to give students ideams....Product
alternatives include: board games, paper and pencil games, riddle collections, card games,
word games such as Boggle™ or Scrabble™, charades, and combinations of other formats.
Center 5: Banana Cabana
Give (the children) examples of word games such as Boggle™ ,Hink Pink™ , Change a Word,
Transform a Word, and Rhyme Time™ . They can create their own word games using the
word banana. Completed copies of these games can be duplicated  for a newspaper r or
traded...(Children) have great fun solving these word puzzles.
Center 6: Famous Banana Gourmets
(The children) can investigate literature on Curious George, King Kong,Chita, and other banana
gourmands. They can work create a banana-loving protagonist and write a story, picture
book, or comic about their banana fanatic.
Center 7: Where Do They Grow?
(The children can use atlases, films, and geographic materials to discover where bananas grow.
They can then create maps and charts to show the climate, soil, temperature, and growing
conditions necessary for bananas. At the conclusion of the unit, conduct a whole-group
discussion to explore these conditions. Follow-up questions can be directed to horticultural
specialists at a local university or extension service.
Center 8: Life on a Banana plantation
(The children) examine film, book, and pamphlet materials to discover the various jobs
on a plantation. Through diagrams and dramatic presentations they can share ...
Center 9:I'm Chiquita™ banana TV ad. They They can work ... to create a banana-selling
personality and advertisizing jingle. Completed versions can be videotaped ... . (The
children) can examine advertising techniques and discuss which ones have been used 
to make each ad. ...
Appendix B: Advertising Techniques
  1. Bandwagon Approach: Everybody else is doing it.
  2. Famous Name Sponsorship: Wayne Gretzky says bananas are good for you.
  3. Snob  Appeal: They're more expensive but you are worth it!
  4. Old Boy's Approach: The fruit Uncle Charlie was raised on!
  5. Logic: Bananas are so good for you. Why would you ever consider missing out on
      all this healthy food?
 6.   Bargain: Great Sale! Hurry before the sale ends.
 7.   Keeping up with the Jones': Be the first on your block to taste this new product!
Center 10: My appealing life as a Banana
(The children) can work complete the following story. When their first drafts are written,
they can work edit and complete published editions of their stories. Best efforts can be
published in the ...(family) newspaper.
Story Starter: "Hi, my name is _____Banana. You're probably thinking how boring my life as
a banana must be. Well, stop feeling sorry for me. I've had more adventures than you will ever
see in your lifetime. Let me tell you about one particularly exciting one..."
Center 11: Banana By-Products
What else are all those bananas used for? Are they all eaten raw? Students can use
newspaper clippings, other written accounts, and films to find out about banana by-products. 
(They) can create a chart or poster to show their information.
Finally, (they) can work create a list of other possible future banana by-products.
Some ideas might include automobile fuel, cosmetics, and money substitutes.
The Finale: Banana Bonanza!
During the finale of this unit, (the children) can share the results of their work at the various
centers. This can take the form of displays, presentations, and rotating sharing discussions.
Have (the children) learn "The Banana Boat Song" and discuss the difficulties of bringing
bananas to our stores. Through discussion, (the children) will gain an appreciation for the
interdependence of our countries and our existence as part of a global village. As a final
shared activity, students can work create poems based on the pattern of the color poem
"Red is..." but using the little "Yellow is a Ripe Banana."  
Going back to our Calendar History of June 5 as follows:
1910 The First Hot-Air Balloon Race was held in Indianapolis, Ind.
1917 More than 9 Million American Men began registering for the
draft during World War I.
1968 Moments after addressing supporters celebrating his victory
in the California Democratic presidential primary, Senator Robert F.
Kennedy was Shot in a Los Angeles hotel. He died the next day. 
1988 The Sixth Grade Center in University City, Mo., was
renamed the Ronald E. McNair School in honor of one of the
astronauts killed in the Challenger explosion.
Book (1) brings in "Honoring a hero-Students, staff, and parents in University City, Mo., decided to
rename their school after Dr. Ronald E. McNair because they though his adventuresome
spirit and diversified interests--including scuba diving, karate, gourmet cooking, and
jazz--would inspire students to take risks and explore untapped talents. What people
would your (children) consider honoring if their ( Church) needed a new name? What special
qualities would they look for in an honoree? Have (the children) work discuss these
questions, then present their ideas to (you).
1989 In Poland's first free elections since World War II, the
Solidarity Party was a decisive majority.
June 5 is also World Environment Day 

Day 1 of the Summer Session

Posted on July 15, 2014 at 3:00 AM Comments comments (13)
Dear Folks:
Apparently Grandma was trying to get up to May 24 of the Calendar History, Book (1 ). However I guess I did not catch May 23 which is just as well. Therefore, I will cover it now.
The First birthday on May 23 is in 1707 when Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish botanist and founder of taxonomy, was born.
 Next in 1734, Dr. Franz Mesmer, German physician who developed a treatment called Mesmerism, which is the basis of the word mesmerize, was born.
 In 1824 Ambrose Everett Burnside, American Civil War general whose whiskers on the side of his face were called Burnsides and later sideburns, was born.
In 1910 Margaret Wise Brown, children's author, was born.
The events that happened on that day began in 1785 when In a letter, Benjamin Franklin wrote about his new invention, Bifocal Eyeglasses.
In 1788 South Caroline became the eight state.
In 1873Canada established the Northwest Mounted Police.
In 1903 Eleven-year-old William Frederick Price became the Youngest Soldier to enlist in the British Army in this century.
In 1984 C. Everett Koop, the US surgeon general, said there was solid evidence that Nonsmokers can suffer Lung Damage from Inhaling Other People's Cigarette Smoke.
In 1989 An Italian Interior Designer named Stefania Follini climbed Out of the Cave in Carlsbad, N.M., in which she had spent the previous 130 days.  
Activities included on this day in Book (1) are as follows:
"Plant classifications
Have your (children) look up the word taxonomy in the dictionary. Then encourage them to walk through their neighborhood to observe flowering plants, writing careful notes and making detailed drawings of the specimens they find. Have them use these observational records and their research skills to find the scientific names of their plants.
A state by any other name
South Carolina is nicknamed the Palmetto State. Have your (children) investigate their state's nickname. How did the nickname originate? Invite the dis to create a nickname for their hometown, then write a silly story explaining how the name came to be.
(Along with this activity Grandma would like the children to find anything they can about any of the states and do as planning a trip to travel through each state on a very long vacation.) 
Selecting pseudonyms
Margaret Wise Brown wrote stories about feeling lonesome, getting lost, and acting naughty or silly. She wrote more than 100 books in her career, some published under the pen names Golden MacDonald, Timothy Hay, and Juniper Sage. Have your (children) each write a story using one of the topics Brown often wrote about. Then have them choose their own pen names. Why did they select a particular name?"
These should go along with the ideas Grandma gave you in the summer introduction. This is it for today.

Summer Introduction

Posted on July 13, 2014 at 1:17 AM Comments comments (42)
Dear Folks:
     Here are the beginning of the summer lessons I promised you. I am sorry it has taken me so long to get them started. I am having my share of problems this summer. Grandma is at the point she felt you better be told straight that she feels the public schools would have been better to have left the classes running later into June and start after Labor Day. She feels these kinds of things are easier on the children. That it does not make sense and makes things stressful. She also feels it is easier on the parents. Therefore, she is going to be giving her lessons in that pattern. We will run these summer classes till the 1st of September and she will make sure her winter or fall classes start that way or do.
She will also still be giving you her books and finish Patricia Gallagher's helpful hints. I will also have an additional topic of etiquette to cover this summer also. I want to give more ideas on real estate and decorating also. I will also give the rest of the calendar history and famous people (7 to 8 days at a time). I hope you have started to review or started before July the American History, at least the revolution by starting the time line again, for the 4th of July. Else you may want to start it now.
I will be on vacation in August so you may not be able to reach Grandma during that time. I am sorry.
Grandma is also trying to get into more products. As I mentioned before I am always open for suggestions. I hope to get some more things going.
Learning for the summer should evolve around the Earth elements of Water, Air, and Land. Be sure to involve words, letters(for younger children), math with objects, crosswords, mazes, etc.Involve reading and researching, writing, art, and physical activity. Explain the elements of the Earth to the children and what can be in each. Then learn about each as the Air: What it is made of and what is effecting it right now as pollutants or bad chemicals. Learn how it effects our land and ourselves. Cover the same with the Land. Learn how it all effects the Land. Work into the plants and animals of the land including the insects and plants. Talk about what is in it. Talk about what is happening to our insects. Research about Monsanto, GMO;s pollutants, and organic planting. Flowers and other plants, forests, etc. Then learn about the water, animals and plants in it also. Learn about safety in the water, in our homes, and out and about.
Review the history through the time line and collect the rest Grandma will be providing. Decorate a room and learn measurements. Cooking teaches a lot.
Learn how to start sewing by first learning the tools used, materials, and parts of the machine. Practice by sewing two strips of material together.
Learn how to do rag rugs, sew pot holders together, aprons, curtains, pillow cases, quilts, doll clothes, covers for tables, and bibs.
Plant plants if you do not have a garden already. Plant seeds in pots. Beans and cantaloupe grow fast and work well for starters.
Have fun and enjoy what there is for summer. Grandma will try to give all she can. Must go for tonight. I will give more tomorrow night.

Day 177

Posted on May 28, 2014 at 11:32 PM Comments comments (16)
Good Morning Folks! On this blog Grandma will put October activities for the 1800's and 1900' on this blog.
"Confounded collectors: Tell your (children) these unusual words for collectors of different things: deltiologist (postcards), numismatist (coins), comiconomen-caricaturist (funny names of people, bibliophile (books). Have (the children) investigate the root words for these terms. Next, ask them what they collect. Is there a special term for people with those collections? If no, what words can your (children) make up? For example, how about "fluffacritterologist" for the person who collects stuffed animals? (what about rock collectors)
Variations on a theme park: Disney World boasts many special areas, called "lands," where all the rides, attractions, and characters follow a theme. These areas include Fantasy land, Frontier land, and Tomorrow land. What new "lands" would your students want to include? How about "Retro land," with a back -in-time theme? or "Computor land," where computers do everything? Invite the kids to draw and write about their suggested new "land."
Honors to Mrs. Mallard: Robert McCloskey spent months studying ducks--even sharing his apartment and bathtub with them. The result was his award-winning picture book Make Way for Ducklings. A bronze sculpture commemorating Mrs. Mallard and her eight ducklings can be seen at the Boston Public Garden. What suggestions do your students have for commemorating their favorite animal stories?
Savers: During the first presidential telecast from the White House, President Truman asked Americans to reduce their consumption of meat, eggs, and poultry-- to build up stockpiles of grain for war-ravaged Europe. Have your (children) think of an item or items that they could "do without" for a day to help a cause. Perhaps you could include other classrooms in a plan to designate one day each month as do-Without-for-a-Cause Day.
The world's greatest inventor: Thomas Edison's Kinetoscope projected a clearer, steadier image than other projectors and screen devices. During his lifetime, Edison developed an incredible number of inventions. Have your (children) graph his contributions according to the following categories: electronic light and power, 389; phonograph, 195; telegraph, 150; storage battery and related items, 141; ore separation, 62; telephone, 62; railroad, 26; motion pictures, 9; automobile, 8; mimeograph, 6; typewriter, 3.
Movie first: The Jazz Singer, called the first talking motion picture, was actually more silent than talking. Al Jolson, a popular singer who was the movie's star, belted out three songs and spoke the words "You ain't heard nothin' yet, folks," giving the film a total of 291 spoken words. The rest of the film was silent with captions. The first all talking movie, The Lights of New York, came out the following year, 1928.
Tell your (children) that when The Jazz Singer premiered, some people predicted that talking pictures would never succeed. Similar views have been expressed about the automobile, the computer, and the automatic teller machine. Lead a discussion on why people often turn away from new ideas and technologies. Ask your (children) to list things that they believe won't become an accepted part of our culture.
Rosy pick: Before the rose was selected as the national flower, 70 bills proposing other flowers were introduced. How do your (children) feel about the choice of the rose? What flowers would they have suggested, and why? Have them prepare a brief informational report, with an illustration, for their nominations. Take a vote.
Fire stoppers: The Great Chicago Fire destroyed 18,000 buildings and left 100,000 people homeless. Have your (children) identify potential fire hazards in their home ... . If any students don't have the local fire department's number on their home phone, have them write it on a self-adhesive label ... , and put it there.
Fairy tales, opera style: Tell your (children) that an opera is a story told in song. Then play some of Engelbert Humperdinck's opera Hansel and Gretel. Have the kids select a favorite fairy tale or story and divide the plot into three acts. Challenge them to select popular music that would be appropriate for the plot, rewriting the lyrics if they want. Then they could perform the fairy tale as a puppet show for younger students.
A Perfect day: In 1956 Don Larsen realized a baseball pitcher's ultimate dream when he pitched a perfect game. Invite your (children) to describe their perfect day. For some, this "day in the sun" might already have happened. For others, it might be a cherished dream.
More than Money: In 1843 Charles Dickens found himself desperate for money. He needed to produce a book that would be a quick and sure success, so he lifted a subplot from his already-published novel The Pickwick Papers and called it A Christmas Carol. But Dickens fell in love with his story. Despite his financial straits, he priced the book as cheaply as possible so more readers could buy it. Ask your (children) to write about a situation that produced a change of heart in them.
To fingerprint or not to fingerprint: Fingerprinting has been around  for at least 3,000 years. The ancient Chinese used fingerprints as official seals on documents. More recently, law-enforcement agencies have used fingerprinting to identify crime suspects. Your (children) may be aware of an even-newer trend: Certain local police departments, parent groups, clubs, and schools have begun fingerprinting children to help locate these children should they become missing. Some people feel this is a violation of children's civil rights, especially if the prints are controlled by an official agency. What do your (children) think? Have them list pros and cons--and alternatives.
Costume Party: Instead of wearing the traditional white tie and dress coat with tails, Griswold Lorillard wore a tailless jacket and a scarlet satin vest to a ball in Tuxedo Park, N.Y. This new look was dubbed the tuxedo. Ask your (children) to think of an outfit they'd like to rent for a day. It might be a suit of armor, a clown's costume, a spacesuit, scuba gear, or a fire fighter's uniform. Have each child explain the reason for his selection in this journal.
In the bag: Years ago, the bicycle was an important mode of travel. For this reason, the luggage carrier, designed especially for use with bikes, was quite popular. Have each student sketch the outline of a piece of luggage and inside draw four items a favorite book character might pack. Divide the class into groups, and have group members take turns showing their drawings while the others guess who would carry the luggage.
Famous First Lady: In This Is My Story, Eleanor Roosevelt wrote, "No one can make you feel inferior without your consent." Ask your (children) what she meant by that remark. Can your (children) remember when someone damaged their self-confidence or tried to put them down? How did they feel, and what did they do about it?
As a young girl, Eleanor Roosevelt was extremely shy. When have your (children) felt that way? What did they do to overcome their shyness? (Grandma can partially agree with Eleanor. Grandma believes she was a very famous woman and found ways to hold strong but she says these things in her books to keep children and adults from feeling bad or low, but it is awfully hard for some children to come to these conclusions when they are young and don't know these words spoken by Eleanor. They can go into life feeling they were unworthy and still are to society especially if  they are a little more enthusiastic than the down trodders about them. They let their own guard down when they didn't even know what their guards were.Some people have a harder time dealing with their emotions than others also. In all reality the people or children putting others down are those that hold there own emotions as a sword to downtrodden the world.)
Home of the bard: The Globe Theater, the largest open-air theater in London, held about 2,500 people. Shakespeare's plays appealed to a diverse audience, so the theater was built to accommodate members of the upper and lower classes. Ordinary people stood in the "pit" area below the stage, while the wealthy sat in tiered galleries. Do your (children) think they live in a society that has a class system? Why or why not.
New perspective: Have your (children) pretend they're in a balloon hovering above the (house). What would the building look like? What about the shrubs and trees? The jungle gym and swings? Students at play during recess? Challenge the kids to draw an aerial view of the school. Then have them discuss their illustrations in small groups.
Nicknames: Theodore Roosevelt had many nicknames, including Bull Moose, Driving Force, Dynamo of Power, Four eyes, Man on Horseback, Old Lion, T.R., Hero of San Juan Hill, and Meddler. Challenge your (children) to find out the origins of these nicknames. Then invite them to share the stories behind their nicknames.
Pooh party!: Celebrate the debut of Winnie the Pooh with a theme party. Invite your kids to make  Pooh-related decorations. Encourage them to bring a stuffed Pooh character or a favorite stuffed animal dressed like pooh or one of his friends from the Hundred Acre Wood. Read one of the Pooh stories while your (children) enjoy a special snack, such as Kanga Kupcakes or Piglet's Popcorn. How about Pooh's honey.
Up and Away: Major Charles E. Yeager became the first person to travel faster than the speed of sound (Oct. 14, 1947). His flight, at an altitude of 43,000 feet above sea level, was clocked at 700 mph. How does that speed compare with the speed of a jogger, a bicycle rider, and Indy 500 race car, and a charging rhinoceros? Tell your (children) that the first time Yeager flew, he got very sick. But he loved the feel of flight so much that he forced himself to overcome this sensitivity. Did any of your (children) keep plugging away at something until they got better at it? Invite them to share their personal stories.
Balloon ride: Ask your (children) to find out the difference between a hot-air balloon and a dirigible. (A dirigible has a hard internal framework and is kept aloft by lighter-than-air gases, whereas a hot-air balloon relies on heated air and does not have an infrastructure.)
Trillion tickler(based on a discovery of a solar system to be 293 trillion miles from earth Oct. 15, 1984): Here's how to make 293 trillion more comprehensible to your (children). Have them use calculators to determine their approximate age in days, then in hours, then in minutes. When they figure out their age in seconds, they'll be working with numbers in the hundreds of millions! challenge them to figure out how many years old they'd be at one trillion seconds. (319.7.) Can anyone figure out how many round trips to the sun would equal 293 trillion miles? (5,376 trips) For younger students, pass out 12 large zeros plus a one and have them line up to form one trillion.
Big birds: You'd expect to find ostriches--the world's largest living birds--in Africa, but how about in Oklahoma? (In the Okie Ostrich Ranch of Marlow, Okla. opened Oct. 15, 1986) When profits from traditional farm products such as cattle and wheat dropped, some ranchers in southern Oklahoma turned to a new industry--ostriches. Getting started isn't cheap; people have spent up to $10,000 for one breeding pair. Ostrich meat tastes like a combination of pork and turkey, and ostrich hide is used to make boots, gloves, and purses. Do your (children) believe that ostriches really stick their heads in sand? Ask them to list other animal myths.
Helping hands: Mother Teresa's religious order, the Missionaries of Charity, provides food, shelter, and medical care for the needy in about 30 countries. Ask the kids to comment on the saying "Charity begins at home." What are some suggestions they have for helping the less fortunate of their community?(Based on her award of the Nobel Peace Prize Oct. 17, 1979.)
Women's rights advocate: Even as a young girl, Lucy Stone was ware of the unequal status of women. When she married Henry Blackwell in 1858, she became the first woman to keep her maiden name. Nowadays, many women chose not to use their husband's last name. They're called "lucy stoners." Can your (children) think of other common nouns based on personal names?
Mr. October et al: Reggie Jackson was called Mr. October. Ask your (children) why this nickname was appropriate. Then have them think of other baseball players' nicknames--for example the Sultan of Swat (Babe Ruth), the Say Hey Kid (Willie Mays), the splendid splinter (Ted Williams), the Iron Horse (Lou Gehrig). Have the kids draw a picture that illustrates a baseball nickname literally. For example, an illustration o Dwight Gooden's nickname, Dr. K, might show the letter K adorned with a stethoscope and surgical mask.
Child adviser: While campaigning for the presidency, Abraham Lincoln received baskets of mail every day. And he took the advice of 11-year-old Grace Bedell, whose letter suggested that he grow a beard because "Your face is so thin" and "the ladies like whiskers." After the election, Lincoln stopped in Westfield, N.Y. to meet his young adviser. Ask your (children) why Lincoln is such a recognizable president. Which other presidents are physically distinctive? Then compare political cartoons with photos of today's leaders. How do the cartoonists make their subjects so recognizable?
Rocket Man: When Robert Goddard was a boy, he'd climb an oak tree at night, look at the moon, and imagine he could travel there on a rocket. His imagination was fired by two of H.G. Wells's books, First Men on the Moon and War of the Worlds, which were filled with imaginative predictions of space travel. Invite your (children) to share book titles and stories that have fired their imaginations.
Museum in the round: Architect Frank Lloyd Wright used right angles in most of his building designs, but he was in a "circular mood" when he planned the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. Wright's finished design looked like a giant spiral sculpture. Show your (children) a picture of the Goggenheim Museum. Tell them that some people call the building a "giant snail," whereas others think it's "the most beautiful building in New York." How do your (children) feel? What other buildings or structures do they think of as giant works of art?
Copy king: As a law student, Chester Carlson spent hours copying information from library books. And he worked in a patent office, where making multiple copies of patents was a laborious task. To find an easier way to get copies, he built his own laboratory and developed xerography. Years after investing in Carlson's process, the Haloid Company changed its name to Xerox Corporation. The corporation is proud of its name and history and objects when people use "xerox" as a synonym for "photocopy." How do your (children) feel about Xerox's point of view? Can they think of other trade names--such as Kleenex and Plexiglas--that are misused as common nouns?
First flying female: Seven years after the Wright brothers flew a heavier-than-air machine, Blanche Scott became the first woman to fly solo. She later became the first woman test pilot. Blanche Scott, entered a field that had been "for Men only" Today, women pursue a wide range of careers in aviation. Ask your (children) to list these careers. What jobs are still for men only or women only?
A right for all: From colonial times on, groups of women worked to gain the right to vote, often in the face of great opposition. Why, do your (children) think, were some men opposed? And why were some women opposed? Invite your (children) to pretend they've joined the "march for suffrage." Have them design a poster they could carry, compose a song they could sing, or write a slogan they could shout as they march.
Fall gal: Annie Edson Taylor wanted to prove how daring she could be. She placed a 100-pound blacksmith's anvil (for ballast) at the bottom of a wood barrel and squeezed herself inside. Attendants packed pillows around her, screwed the lid on tight, and pushed the barrel toward Niagara Falls. The barrel plummeted 158 feet straight down and disappeared beneath the turbulent water. It finally popped up hundreds of yards below the falls. When rescuers recovered her, Taylor said, "Nobody ought ever to do that again." Have your (children) figure out how many desks they'd need to stack to match the distance of Taylor's fall. As a special challenge, give (your children)  a paper bag and a raw egg. Have them devise a way to prevent the egg from breaking in a fall. Test their ideas by dropping their inventions from various heights. (Discuss why Annie Taylor said what she did in the end. Discuss what she may have gone through during that fall to feel that way.)
Bitten by the love bug: A bull moose in Vermont spent over 10 weeks following a Hereford cow named Jessica. Thousands of sightseers watched the moose woo and nuzzle its bovine sweetheart. Tell your (children) that a moose in the woods is well camouflaged: Its legs blend with the tree trunks; its brown body fades into the shadows; and its antlers look like branches. Ask your (children) to draw other animals that rely on camouflage. (Also have the children do some research to see if this kind of a phenomena can happen often and what the outcome could be.)
Backbreaker: The Erie Canal was completed after 8 years of construction. Using wheelbarrows, shovels, and other hand tools, the crew dug a ditch 4 feet deep, 40 feet wide at ground level, and 28 feet wide at the base. Eighty-three locks were built to enable ships to make the climb from the Hudson River to Lake Erie. Have your (children)use a map scale in their atlas to figure out the length of the canal, which runs from Albany to Buffalo, N.Y.
Class charity: Raise money for a Red Cross charity by holding a used-toy sale. Ask your (children) to collect old toys, and arrange them by price--25¢, 50¢, $1, and so on. ... make posters advertising the event, send invitations, produce a video about the event and its purpose, and speak about the event ....
Book math: After outgrowing its 88 miles of stacks, the New York Public Library began building an underground extension. Books stored there will be brought to the main library when needed. The extension, which will hold 3.2 million books, should fill up fast because the library acquires over 150,000 books each year. Ask your (children) to estimate the number of books in their library. Collect enough books to make a stack 1 meter high. Then have the kids use this information to estimate how many meters high all the books in their library stacked together would reach. Can your (children) think of other ways to solve this problem? Ask your librarian to check your class's estimate.
Determined record-breaker: Pole-sitter Melissa Sanders was determined to raise $100,000 for cancer research. Her sister Rebecca was a cancer patient. Tell your (children) that Melissa's pole-top "home," which was a 42-square-foot box, included a telephone, a television, and a small plastic pool for baths. Ask your (children) what they would take with them if they were attempting to break Melissa's record. Have them use grid paper to determine some possible shapes for a 42-square-foot "home." (42-square feet is still quite a bit of space.)
Masses welcome: The sonnet "The New Colossus," by Emma Lazarus, is inscribed on a bronze plaque inside the Statue of Liberty's pedestal. Read it to your students, then have them write their own inscriptions for the Statue of Liberty in their journals. (This would be a good time to talk about the Statue of Liberty and where it came from.)
Peeking at prints: Try some dactyloscopy (fingerprinting) with your class. Have your (children) rub a sharpened #2 pencil on a piece of paper until they've produced a dark, shiny patch. Next, they should lightly rub their index finger over the patch, then cover that finger with a piece of clear adhesive tape. Place the tape on an index card or on an overhead transparency. Have your (children) compare fingerprints and make observations. Tell them that a police computer can examine over 600 prints per second. How many is that per minute? Per hour?
Cloud capers: Throughout history, people have tried to change the weather. They've chanted, danced, and even fired rockets. Modern technology has enabled scientists to modify the weather somewhat. With cloud seeding, dry ice or silver iodide is added to very cold clouds to promote the formation of ice crystals.This method can clear fog over airports and increase precipitation by up to 30 percent in certain circumstances. Ask (the children) to illustrate other ways humans have successfully dealt with the weather (heaters, air conditioners, humidifiers, irrigation systems, landscaping techniques).
Next , follow this simple procedure to create a cloud for your (children). Pour about an inch of very hot water into a large glass jar. Then fill a metal cake pan with ice cubes and place it on top of the jar. Take the jar into a darkened room and shine a flashlight on it. Your (children) will see a small cloud and, if they're observant, drops of precipitation on the bottom of the pan.
Power of the pen: As a journal assignment, have your (children) compare and contrast a fountain pen and a ballpoint pen. ...Encourage the kids to write a letter--from the fountain pen's perspective--describing its feelings about being obsolete. What do your (children) own that might be obsolete by the time they're adults?
Black Hills stone faces: Sculptor Gutzon Borglum needed to select four presidents to memorialize on Mount Rushmore. He looked for leaders who practiced the ideal "Man has a right to be free and to be happy." His first three choices--Washington, Jefferson, and Lincoln--were obvious. For the fourth, President Calvin Coolidge suggested Theodore Roosevelt, who, he believed, had established the United States as an industrial giant with a backbone of dedicated workers. With this endorsement, Borglum's group was complete. Have your (children) nominate and vote on four present-day leaders they'd memorialize on a Rushmore-like monument.
Kid power: On Halloween morning in 1987, the pickup truck driven by Rocky Lyonns's mother hit a pothole. It flipped over and rolled down an embankment. Five-year-old Rocky pushed his dazed mother out of the truck. She'd sustained bad cuts on her face and two broken shoulders. With Rocky pushing his mother from behind, the two began to crawl up the embankment. Rocky's mother didn't think she could make it, but the boy kept repeating a line from The Little Engine That Could: "I think I can, I think I can." Once they reached the road, a truck driver stopped and took them to the hospital. Have the famous words "I think I can" ever gotten your (children) through a tough situation?"

Day 176

Posted on May 28, 2014 at 1:00 AM Comments comments (10)
Today Grandma will keep coving the time line until the last day of homeschooling time. However she realized there were some activities that were left behind in September and October that need to be given to you this week. Therefore, she will give them to you first. Next she will cover the rest of the Calendar history for the time line and calendars for May. Next she will go into the summer months in the Calendar history, give some more fun things to do for summer as we go along; cover her books used and Patricia's material; as well as some more on real estate investing.; and anything else she can think of to give you.
For the 178th day hopefully given tomorrow Grandma will give you the events for the time line covering the 1800's and 1900's. of November and the 179th day December. Today (the 176th day) she will give you the activities for September and the 177th day (tomorrow for sure) October for that time period first.
Activities from Book (1) for September 1800 and 1900
"Fabulous Flocks:Very few bird species were as numerous as the passenger pigeon. For hours on end, flocks numbering 1 billion to 2 billion would darken the sky. One breeding colony in Michigan covered a 2 X1/2-mile area. Have (the children) look at a road map of their hometown and pick a location about 28 miles away. About how long would it take to drive to that location? Next, have them pick a place that's about 3 1/2 miles away. How long would it take to ride a bicycle to that place? Invite your (children) to read more about the passenger pigeon and the mystery of its disappearance.
The "unsinkable": The Titanic measured 882 feet in length. Have your (children) develop their own scale to compare the length of the Titanic ... . As a special homework challenge, ask them to take an 882-foot walk. Have the walkers compare how they kept track of the distance they covered.
If placed upright, the Titanic would have been taller than any building of her day. Have your (children) compare her in an upright position to the Washington Monument, the Empire State Building, the Sears Tower, the Pyramid of Cheops, the Eiffel Tower, a local monument.
First Jobs: (following up on the fact that Barney Flaherty became the First Newsboy in the U.S.September 4,1833) Ten-year-old Barney Flaherty got his job delivering papers by answering the following classified ad in the New York Sun: "To the Unemployed--a number of steady men can find employment by vending this paper." What are some ways your (children) earn extra money? What do they do with the money they earn? 
Dear Beatrix Potter (in a 1893 event):Beatrix Potter had many pets when she was growing up. She called one of her rabbits Peter Piper, a name she later used for the hero of a picture letter she went to Noel Moore, her best friend's son. This get-well letter began, "I shall tell you a story about four little rabbits whose names were Flopsy, Mopsy, Cottontail, and Peter...." Ask your students to create their own "get-well picture letters" to send to the children's ward at a local hospital.
Calculated lengths: The Graf Zeppelin was 776 feet long. Take your students to the gym, hallway, or parking lot and mark off the airship's length. Today's airships--seen on TV panoramas of major sports events--measure about 192 feet long. Have your students use their calculators to compare the lengths.
Tunnel trip(based on a Sept. 5 event of 1980):Help your (children) get a sense for the distance of Switzerland's St. Gotthard Tunnel by having them use road maps or atlases to find locations that are 10 miles from their homes. Get out the calculators and find out how long it would take to travel through the tunnel at various speeds--15 mph, 35 mph, 55 mph. Encourage the (children) to graph their findings.
"Uncle Sam" and other nicknames(upon an event Sept. 7, 1813 of "uncle Sam in the Troy, NY, newspaper): The real "Uncle Sam was Samuel Wilson, inspector of provisions for the United States Army in New York and New Jersey during the War of 1812. An employee at Wilson's meat-packing plant jokingly told visitors that the "US" stamped on each barrel of meat stood for "Uncle Sam" Wilson. (These initials actually stood for "United States.") By the end of the War of 1812, "Uncle Sam" was widely used as a nickname for the U.S. government. Invite your (children) to share the stories behind their nicknames, or those of family or friends. If they could select nicknames for themselves, what would they choose and why?
Dam dimensions(to celebrate the opening of Boulder Dam Sept. 7, 1936:Hoover Dam, located in the Black Canyon of the Colorado River, is 726 feet high and 1,244 feet long. Have your (children) compare its height with that of the school flagpole, and its length with that of a school bus. Tell your (children that Hoover Dam's concrete base is 660 feet deep and contains 3 1/4 million cubic yards of concrete--enough to pave a two-lane highway from New York to San Francisco. Ask the kids to use a map scale to figure out that distance.
Honors to the flag(Sept. 8, 1892 was National Pledge of Allegiance Day):The first flag salute read:"I give my heart and my hand to my country--one country, one language, one flag." Some people thought this salute was "too juvenile and lacking in dignity." Ask your (children) to compare and contrast the first flag salute and today's pledge. How do they feel about the original?
Pocketbook shock(Sept. 9, 1851 proposed average working-class budget):Ask your (children) to ...(consider) how much it takes per week to feed, clothe, and house the family. (The children) can then compare and contrast these present-day budgets with the 1851 amount of $10.37. (They'll have to adjust the figures to fit the size of their own family.) They also might want to conduct an oral history survey by asking seniors in their families or communities to recall the cost of a a movie ticket, a visit to the doctor, oil or gas, a candy bar, a bus or train ride, a car, and so on. What surprised them the most?(1851 was still in the times of the pioneers and no one from that age is still alive. Most people homesteaded. Before that they came from people who had money or worked for others and built their land taken from the natives. In the time of the depression: a home might only cost $2000 to $15,000; but people only made $9.00/ day I believe on the railroad if they were lucky to be able to work for them. Grandma will check on it. People rarely had meat to eat in the depression like many people from Mexico today. We have come a long way from that. Some had factory jobs in the cities like now. My mother scrubbed floors to put my father through accounting school which is different now also. However, he worked in a factory also, he may have done books for someone at that time. Grandma is not sure on that. A lot of people did not have work in places during the 1800's. They ate off the land, had their own cows, pigs, deer, shot other game and built houses on land taken from the natives. How money was spent was a lot different. Even at the time Grandma started out a computer job only made $2.35/hour. Most houses were only 20,000 or less.)
White House kids (Sept. 9,1893 the first baby, a girl, was born in the White house.)In honor of the anniversary of the birth of President Grover Cleveland's daughter, challenge your (children) to name other presidential children and do some research to discover more. What would be some of the advantages and disadvantages of being a "presidential progeny"?
Taking flight:In 1908 Orville Wright made 57 complete circles over Fort Myer, Va., at an altitude of 120 feet. The flight lasted 1 hour and 2 minutes and set several records. Ask your (children) to guess where a flight of 1 hour and 2 minutes could take today's passengers. Then have them check their atlases.
Sewing celebration:Elias Howe's first sewing machine--which imitated the human arm sewing--was a failure. But he didn't give up. With his father's financial support, he developed a second machine that could sew 250 stitches a minute. Ask Your (children) how many stitches they think a human can sew in a minute. Set a timer and ask a few volunteers to sew. Ask calculators to figure out the average, then compare it with the machine's rate. Finally, have your (children) write about someone they know who, like Elias Howe, wouldn't give up.
Coast to coast: When the Lincoln Highway was officially dedicated, groups of Boy Scouts across the country simultaneously put up the road signs. Have your (children) use their atlases to find other geographic locations named in honor of President Lincoln. Ask...(the children) to write the grid coordinates or latitude-longitude readings for the various locations so others can find them. Challenge (the children) to find locations named after other U.S. presidents.
Doggie graph(Sept. 10 1927 the hot dog appeared in butcher shops): Ask your (children) to list what they like to put on a hot dog--onions, relish, ketchup, mustard, chili, cheese, and so on. Then have (them) predict what the (families) most popular hot dog fixin' will be. Tally the results in a bar graph form.
Personalized parks: After New York City bought an 843-acre tract of land for development into a public park, it announced a competition for the park design. The winner was "Greensward," a landscape plan that included groves, rock outcroppings, foot and bridle paths, carriage drives, and bridges. Have your (children) create maps--complete with paths, recreation trails, bodies o water, playgrounds, entrances, and exits--of an imaginary park. After the designs are finished, ask your students what they think landscape architects must keep in mind as they work to plan--or improve--a park.
Comic relief (Sept. 11, 1875 the first newspaper cartoon strips"Professor Tigwissel's Burglar Alarm" was published.): Ask your (children) to list their favorite comic strips. Why do they like them? Are all comic strips funny? Do any of your (children) identify with a particular comic strip character? Look at several comic strips to see how cartoonists use frames to tell a story. Then have your (children) create their own version of one of these favorites or devise a new comic strip in which characters from one strip interact with characters from another.
Baseball bonanza: Commemorate Pete Rose's record-breaking 4,192nd base hit by having teams of students select another baseball milestone and illustrate it--commemorative plate style--on a paper plate.
Olympic flashback(I am not sure if it was mentioned with Jesse Owens birthday on Sept. 12, 1913 but Grandma always has this one one her mind.): Jesse Owens deflated Adolf Hitler's "Aryan race" theory by winning gold medals in the 100 meters, 200 meters, 400-meter relay, and long jump at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany. Have a group of students research Hitler's "Aryan race" theory and report its basic premise to the class. Then discuss the flaws in Hitler's argument. Can your students think of current examples of racial or ethnic prejudice?
Artists then and now(An event that actually happened in 1940 but Grandma may have used it for the beginnings in her lessons.):The Lascaux Cave paintings depict a variety of animals important to people who lived 10,000 to 35,000 years ago. Show your (children) pictures of the paintings. Then divide the class into groups and ask each to create its own cave painting on a piece of large, brown butcher paper. Tell the groups to include pictures of animals that are important in their lives. To create a stone like effect, crumple the paper. Display the "cave paintings" ... .
Wonderful rhinoceros(displayed Sept 13, 1826): The rhinoceros dates back 20 million years. Today there are five species left, and they're all on the endangered list. Your (children) might be surprised to hear that a 5,500-pound adult rhino can gallop 24 mph. Ask them to use record books to compare the rhino's speed with that of other animals--including man.
Niagara Falls math(upon its illumination Sept. 14, 1860)-Create a three-dimensional Niagara Falls bulletin board with construction paper and ribbon. Post extra-credit math problems around the paper falls. For example, Your (children) could use almanacs and reference books to find out how many gallons of water flow over the falls in 1 minute, 1 hour, 1 day, their lifetime. They could compare the falls' height with ...(another building).
Thank you, Mr. Roosevelt (upon taking office Sept. 14, 1901):In 1902 President Teddy Roosevelt took a 5-day bear-hunting trip. Newspapers made fun of Roosevelt when he refused to shoot a small cub. But a candy-store owner in Brooklyn, N.Y., admired the president's decision. In Roosevelt's honor he sewed a plush toy bear, which he called a "Teddy Bear," and placed it in his window display. Read The First Teddy Bear by Helen Kay. Then have a teddy bear picnic--with your students'  favorite furry friends as guests of honor. Some (children) may want to dress a bear as their favorite storybook character.
A piece of pi (when the first calculation of it was made Sept. 15, 1949): The first computer-generated calculation of pi produced 2,037 decimal places in 70 hours. Today's supercomputers have reached 1,011,196,691 digits. If printed on a line, this calculation would stretch nearly halfway across the United States. Have your students figure out how many miles that would be.
"All the news that's fit to print" (upon the publication of The First New York Times Sept. 18,1851): Ask your (children) to list the many jobs associated with newspaper publishing. Did they remember the reporters, editors, copy editors, photographers, advertising sales representatives, graphic artists, and distributors? How about the cartoonists and columnists?
Tell your students that more than 500,000 trees are harvested to make the newspapers Americans read each Sunday. Ask (your children) to find out how their local newspaper is reducing, reusing, and recycling newsprint. Challenge them to find out about the process of recycling newsprint.
Mission to Mars: The United States and the Soviet Union had many cooperative space projects, including Apollo-Soyuz. When a cosmonaut and an astronaut met in Mars, Pa. --a town near Pittsburgh--they told school groups about their experiences in space and the U.S.-Soviet space efforts. Have your (children) use atlases to find other towns named for planets and other celestial bodies (Venus and Jupiter, Fla.: Earth and Mercury, Tex.; Neptune, N.J.)
Movie buffs (upon an event Sept. 19, 1990): The Library of Congress selected 25 outstanding movies for its National Film Registry. A committee considered over 1,000 movies before selecting such favorites as The Wizard of Oz, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, and Star Wars. The Library of Congress will add a high quality print of each selected movie to its collection of over 75,000 films and TV shows. What movies would your (children) nominate--and why?
Safety first: Elisha Graves Otis invented a safety elevator that would operate automatically in case the lifting rope or chain broke. Discuss other safety devices, such as seat belts, air bags, and smoke and burglar alarms. Then have (the children) prepare safety rules for various places and situations: on the playground, in the classroom, at home, while bike riding, (in water, driving, etc). Have the (children) make posters to show their safety rules. (Save the one for water because that one will go along with the summer lessons.)
Breaking gender barriers: Belva Lockwood, an early leader in the struggle for equal rights for women and an 1884 U.S. presidential nominee, believed that women should be able to pursue careers. She acted on this belief by becoming a lawyer. One of her accomplishments was to gain equal pay for women government workers. Have (the children) interview working women who are in careers once considered "men's work."
Ecosystems under glass: Biosphere II is a 2 1/2-acre, glass-enclosed structure in Oracle, Ariz., that simulates five ecosystems: desert, marsh, ocean, savanna, and rain forest. The eight participants in the 2-year study were supposed to raise their own food and recycle everything they used. ...(have the children) organize a suitcase of essentials for the 2-year stay. Give (the children) the opportunity to present its "must-haves" ... . Then discuss what would be some of the positive and negative aspects of being a part of this experiment.
Peacemakers: Mark the anniversary of the establishment of the Peace Corps by asking (the children) to interview someone who has served as a volunteer. Invite the volunteers to speak about their experiences. Perhaps you students could develop activities for a neighborhood peace corps and undertake such projects as organizing a cleanup drive, tutoring, and working at senior centers. (Grandma suggests that if you do not know anyone who has worked for Peace Corps to look it up on Youtube to see if anyone has a video of their work or an article, etc.; maybe the library can help.)
Decisions, decisions: The time capsule buried on the grounds of the 1938 New York World's Fair included a Bible, a mail-order catalog, and films of President Roosevelt and of a football game. Ask teams of students to agree on four items they believe are representative of today's times, and have them explain their rationale. After all the teams have presented their selections to the class, vote for the top four choices.
Puzzler: As a homework assignment, have your students find out how many pieces are in the largest jigsaw puzzle they own. Have them calculate the class mean, median, and mode, then figure out the ratio between the number of pieces in their puzzle and the number of pieces in the world's largest puzzle.
Up and away: The first dirigible flew over Paris at a speed of 6 mph. Ask your (children) whether they think that is faster or slower than most birds fly. Then check an almanac. Next, have them figure out how many minutes it would take for the dirigible to fly 1 mile, 2 miles, and 4 miles.
Farsighted thinking: President Theodore Roosevelt was a champion of preserving beautiful areas of our country. Survey ... (your friends, neighbors, etc.) to determine how many (children) have visited  national park. Name the states where these parks are located, then find them on a map.
Not welcome: In Arkansas in 1957, school integration was the law--yet black students were far from welcome in white schools. When angry whites prevented nine black students from entering high school, President Eisenhower ordered troops to escort the students and guarantee their safety. Ask your students to imagine themselves as one of the nine and write a letter describing how they felt as they entered a place whee they knew they wouldn't find many, if any, friends.
Budget blast: Celebrate the opening of the First Children's Bank with a math game for teams of three to five students. Give each team a catalog and see which one can select the greatest number of items without exceeding $100. Next, instruct the teams to pick the fewest number of items totaling $100.
Record-setters:Marc Batard climbed Mt. Everest alone and without oxygen. Ask your (children) to use record books to find facts and other records about Mt. Everest. Then have them list other time-based records that caught their eye. What do they think motivates people to break records like these? Use the discussion as a way to help kids set personal goals for the year. Make a chart with Mt. Everest as the back-drop on which (the children) can list their school goals. Encourage them to refer to it as they progress.
Keep on tracking: To commemorate the first use of a locomotive to pull a passenger train, ask children to bring in toy trains, books about trains, or pictures of trains. Have the kids describe similarities and differences between trains of different eras. Then read aloud a railroad folktale about John Henry.
Channel challenge: Ask your students to find the English Channel in their atlases. Where do they think most swimmers cross? Why? (The narrowest point--21 miles--is between Dover and Cape Gris-Nez.) Have the kids use their calculators to figure out how many times they'd need to walk up and down the hall or around the ...parking lot or gym to equal 21 miles.
Wordplay addresses: Tell your students that the cable address of Scotland Yard--the headquarters of London's metropolitan police--is "Handcuffs, London." What other cable addresses can they invent for other famous places? (How about "U.S. Boss" for the White House?)
Commemorative coins:Children from the Young Astronauts Council designed coins to commemorate the space shuttle Discovery, the first shuttle launched after the Challenger tragedy. The gold coin shows a space shuttle in flight, the silver coin depicts an astronaut on the moon, and the bronze coin shows a shuttle combined with a section of the American flag. Ask your (children) to name some recent events that might merit the minting of special coins. Have the kids draw up some plans.
Tooth truth: ... Give each (child) a large construction pater tooth on which to draw pictures that illustrate good dental care.
Frisbee free-for-all: Take a break from your routine--and celebrate the Frisbee--with some outdoor activities. Set up a variety of events, such as a long distance Frisbee throw and a toss-the-Frisbee-through-the-Hula-Hoop game. You could also blindfold a student, have another child toss the Frisbee, and ask others in the group to direct the blindfolded child to the fallen disk. When your students get back inside, ask them to describe or draw a toy of the future. In what ways is it similar to and different from today's toys?"

Day 170

Posted on May 23, 2014 at 6:35 AM Comments comments (7)
Revelation is Grandma's favorite part of the Bible because it really gives us hope in the future that God loves us enough that he gives us eternity in a beautiful city and could make the world whatever he wanted it to be. He really has the power for anything we just have to trust him.
Therefore, here is the Introduction to the Revelation:
"How ...does Revelation show us God's love? Revelation shows that all of God's glorious plans will come to perfect and complete conclusion. Enemies of God will resist him and cause troubles for God's  people, but they will finally be defeated. Then God will usher all believers in Christ into a beautiful New kingdom, heaven, where there will be no sin or tears or sadness.
Whom...did God inspire to write this book? John, a disciple of Jesus, wrote this book, along with the Gospel of John and the epistles 1, 2, and 3 John.
For Whom...was this book first written? This book was written for all Christians everywhere.
When...was this book written? John wrote this book about AD 90.
What...special messages does this book give us? This book is a very special message from Jesus. John wrote it to tell people about a vision he had of Christ and about "what must soon take place" (Revelation 1:1). Suffering is ahead, but Christ will finally bring his faithful people to the perfect joy of heaven.
        ...are some important teachings in this book?
Jesus will return in glory.                                        Revelation 1:7-8
Jesus is God.                                                        Revelation 1:9-18
Letters to seven churches.                                      Revelation 2-3(this is not Grandma's mistake)
God is on his throne.                                              Revelation 4:1-7:17
Various enemies of God's
        people will be conquered.                                Revelation 8:1-19;5
God will judge Satan.                                              Revelation 20:7-10
God will judge the dead.                                          Revelation 20:11-15
A new world.                                                          Revelation 21:1-22:6"
Now Grandma will give you the exercises in Revelation of Faith Alive:
"Words to RememberRevelation 1:7 Look, he is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him.
Let's Live It!Revelation 1:9-18 Jesus is Almighty God--John was a close friend of Jesus. But what happened when he saw Jesus as he truly is in heaven? Read Revelation 1:9-18.
Find or draw a picture of how Jesus might have looked as a baby. Find or draw a picture of how Jesus might have looked as a grown-up teaching and healing. Find or draw a picture of Jesus in heaven, as he is in Revelation 1. Put the three pictures together on your wall to remind you that Jesus is God as well as your loving friend.
Did You Know? Revelation 3:1 Who were the angels of the churches mentioned in Revelation 2-3? Angel means "messenger." John was writing to leaders of these churches. They were God's messengers. Each of the cities mentioned was in Asia Minor, not far from the Island where John was a prisoner when he wrote Revelation.
Words to RememberRevelation 3:20 Here I am! I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in and eat with him, and he with me.
Did You Know?Revelation 4:2 What did John see in heaven? John saw God on his throne, being worshiped there. Then John saw Jesus, the Lamb of God. In John's vision of the future, Jesus is about to begin punishing the people of earth for their sins.
Life in Bible Times-A Sealed Scroll--Important papers were fastened with seals. Wax or clay held the papers together. A mark was made in the wax or clay when it was soft. No one could open the papers without breaking the seal.
Did You Know?Revelation 6:12 What are the seals in Revelation 6? The seals represent punishments that come on those who oppose God.
Did You Know?Revelation 9:18 Should we fear some great disaster to come? The plagues here are not literal disasters to take place. Rather, they are picture language of punishments on God's enemies at many times. Christians will suffer in life, too, but the message is that in the end all God's enemies will be destroyed and all his people will be delivered.
Did You Know?Revelation 10:11 What if all this seems too hard to understand? The book of Revelation is difficult for everyone because John is describing a series of visions. He uses many words that are symbols. No one can be sure what everything means. Yet Revelation is a comforting book. It clearly teaches that all people who believe in Christ will triumph.
Did You Know?Revelation 13:1 Who is the "beast coming out of the sea"/ No one can be sure, but he will be an ally of Satan and try to take God's place. And he will be defeated.
Did You Know?Revelation 17:5 What is Babylon? Babylon in the book of Revelation does not mean the historical city but is a symbol. It may mean the church when it falls away from pure teachings of God and follows false doctrines.
Life in Bible Times-Horses--When rulers rode on horses it meant they were going to war When rulers came in peace they rode donkeys. Jesus is pictured here in Revelation as a warrior coming on a horse to conquer Satan finally and forever.
Did You Know?Revelation 19:11 How will Jesus come? When it is time to judge the world. Jesus will come back as a warrior, with all the armies of heaven. He will punish God's enemies then and defeat Satan.
Did You Know?Revelation 20:10 What will happen to Satan? Satan will be thrown into hell, to be punished there forever. People who do not believe in Jesus will be forever in hell also.
Did You Know?Revelation 21:4 What will heaven be like? Revelation 21-22 are about heaven. Heaven will be a beautiful place. There will be no sorrow of tears there. Everything will be new, best of all, we will be with God  forever.
Words to RememberRevelation 22:12 Behold! I am coming soon!
Let's Live It!Revelation 21:1-22:6 What is Heaven Like?--Read Revelation 21:1-22:6. These verses tell us a lot about what heaven will look like. Name three jewels that will be found in heaven. What will the streets be made of? Why will there be no sun or moon (Revelation 21:23)? What four things will not be in heaven (Revelation 21:4)? This information provides only a glimpse of the brilliance of heaven and the glory of God who fills heaven with his light.
Today tell at least one friend why you are glad Jesus died so you can live with him someday in heaven.
Words to RememberRevelation 22:20 He who testifies to these things says, "Yes, I am coming soon" Amen. Come, Lord Jesus."

Day 167

Posted on May 22, 2014 at 1:05 AM Comments comments (11)
Hello Folks! Grandma has two last books on South America to cover with you. The second one has Arpilleras to make and I obtained a film about them. So link to Arpilleras Information and make one yourself if you wish.
The first book to read is called LLama and the Great Flood: A Folktale From Peru by Ellen Alexander,New York: Thomas Y Crowell, 1989 about the country Peru.
The llama warns his master of a forthcoming flood and saves the family by taking them to a high peak in the Andes Mountains.
  1. Find out more about the llama. List at least five ways this animal is useful to the Indians who live in the Andes Mountains.
  2. The Inca Indians, as pictured in the book, produced beautiful crafts. Most of these crafts were used in their day-to-day life. Make an example of an Inca craft and tell how the Incas would have used it.(Cardboard looms can be used for weaving.)
  3. The Andes Mountains are the longest chain of mountains above sea level in the world. They include many land forms, natural resources, and animals. Travel through the mountains is often difficult. Research one of the following topics as it relates to the Andes and write a short paragraph. Make a ... booklet about the Andes Mountains.
                               a. glaciers
                               b. lakes
                               c. rivers
                               d. natural resources
                               e. types of transportation
                               f. alpaca
                               g. chinchilla
                               h. condor
                               i. huemul
                               j. llama
 4.   The Incas tied colorful yarn containing special herbs to the ears of the llama. They believed that
       this would keep the animal healthy and protect its owner. Although there is no written record of
       this, perhaps the ties were also used for identification. List animals on which we place markings of
       identification. Describe the methods used to mark the animals.
  5.   Read more Indians of Peru. Compare them to their ancestors.
The next story is about Arpilleras which I have given you a link up above, but Book (6) that this story came out of showed a simple Arpillera with a quilted felt tree and stump with leaves and a puffed flower are made for it. You can do this simple Arpilleras if you wish or you can do any of the ones the film shows.The book is called Tonight is Carnaval by Arthur Dorros (Dutton Children's Books, 1991, 24 pp.)
This upbeat book, about a Peruvian child anxiously awaiting Carnaval, is warmly illustrated with a series of folk-art quilts known as arpilleras. The story line introduces young readers to a slice of life in the Andes Mountains. An overview of a typically difficult work day is softened by the optimism of the colorful arpilleras--and by the promise of the Carnaval celebration to come!
Before Reading Tonight is Carnaval
  • Locate Peru on a topographical map. Help the children notice that much of Peru is located in the Andes Mountains. Use an encyclopedia to share pictures of Peru and the Andes with the class. Tell the (children) that they are going to hear a story that tells of a typical day for the Peruvians who live in the mountains-and of a special celebration that the people are looking forward to.
After Reading Tonight is Carnaval
  • Ask the children to describe, in their own words, what life in the Andes must be like. Explain that Carnaval is one of the few celebrations that these hard-working people take part in. Ask the children if any of them would trade their lives for the way of life described in the story. Do the (children)believe that the people of Peru would want to change places with them? Why or why not? (Remind (the children) that, despite the amount of work he is expected to do, the young narrator of the book does not sound unhappy about his life.)
Follow-up Activities
Appreciate Arpilleras
The quilts known as arpilleras, which are used to illustrate Carnaval, help readers understand the Peruvian way of life by offering a look at a popular regional folk-art form. Have children look at the photographs of the arpillera-makers quilting the wall-hangings together. Have them notice the modest workroom where the quilters are working, as well as the photograph of the woman working with her baby slung on her back. Read the photo captions to the class. Then, take a second look at each of the arpilleras used to illustrate the book. List all of the elements in each of the illustrations that tell us a bit about life in Peru (e.g., type of animals, work, instruments, terrain, vehicles, plants, etc.). Remind the children that any art form draws from the experience of the artists. Since arpilleras are popular decorating items, it may be possible to locate a real arpillera to share with the (children). (Try borrowing one from a parent, a colleague, or a local shop).
Explore Folk Instruments
The narrator of the book looks forward to playing his quena (a reed flute) in the Carnaval band. ...(See if you can obtain a visit somewhere to see such instruments as a reed instrument, a wind instrument and a percussion instrument). Why do the children believe the folk instruments of Peru are made of different materials than the instruments we are most familiar with? Your local record store may be able to help you select recordings of traditional Peruvian music you can (listen to).
Till tomorrow-Grandma is going to bed.

Day 162

Posted on May 19, 2014 at 11:56 PM Comments comments (32)
Another Day! Grandma is going to give you lessons out of Grandma's book(4) for a Book called The Gift of the Sacred Day by Paul Gable (Macmillan 1980).
"Summary: This is a legendary telling of how the nomadic buffalo-hunters of the Great Plains acquired horses. According to the legend, the people were suffering because they couldn't travel fast enough to hunt down the buffalo herds, on which they depended for food. They had only dogs to pull their travoises, and in times of drought and famine even the dogs gave out. A young boy, determined to help his people, travels to a lonely place, prays to the Great Spirit, and has a visionary dream in which "sacred dogs" (actually horses) of great speed and strength come to his people's aid. The dream comes true. The people give thanks and promise to take good care of the horses forever.
  1. Point out the Great plains region on a United States map. Explain that millions of buffalo used to live in the region and that Native Americans depended on them as a source of food.
  2. As (the children) discuss the cover, explain that "sacred" means "holy," or "something to be respected." Suggest that (the children) listen to find out why a horse is called a sacred dog.
As you Read
Guide comprehension by discussing why the people in the story at first think that horses are a kind of larger, swifter dog. Invite (the children) to complete a Venn diagram that shows the differences and likenesses."( A Venn Diagram is two circle connecting the Likenesses or connections between two things or ideas with each of the differences on the other two sides of the middle inside each of the circles.) Below shows the results of the answers.without the circles around connected around them.
                    Dogs                                                                       Horses
               Eat meat                                                                    Eat plants
               Cannot pull                                                                 Can pull
                 heavy loads                                                                 heavy loads
               Don't run                       Likenesses                            
                 as fast                                                                      Run swiftly
                 as horses                     Four legs
                                                   Are mammals
               smaller than                   Can be tamed                         very big
                 horses and                    by people                              whinny,
                 eat less                         and directed                           neighs
                Has more                       Dedicated                              Takes time to
                litter to eat                                                                   train more.
"To help students respond to the young hero's adventure, invite volunteers to tell about times they have tried to help their friends or family What special things did they decide to do? What was difficult and what was rewarding about their undertaking? In the story, what difficult things does the boy experience? (he goes off on his own; he has a scary dream) What is his reward? (knowing that his people can now hunt the buffalo).
As you read the last pages of the story, suggest that students listen and look at the illustrations to find clues about how the people in the story feel about Earth's resources and how they act as a result."
Extending Geography Skills:
Animal Resources
Invite the children to research ways in which other animals besides the dogs and horses contribute to our world. "Malamutes in the North still do pull loads for people." A cat saved a boy from a dog shown on the news the other day. Some ideas are reptiles, spiders, snakes in the garden,oxen,monkeys, rats and mice, cats, cattle, sheep, deer, rabbits, birds, praying mantis, Bees, wasps, and butterflies,bats, elephants,  etc.You can keep recording this information in the collection of animals you have now as you think of things.
"Making Connections
Being a Story Character  Invite students to imagine that they are one of the following story characters and to tell about the hero from that character's point of view: a dog who must pull a travois; a buffalo-dancer; the magic rider in the boy's dream; a "sacred dog," a buffalo. Students can write and illustrate their responses, or work with a small group to make a tape recording in which the different characters speak. After the finished products have been shared with (you or some people) discuss how the boy's actions affect different characters in different ways. What might have happened if the boy had not taken on the responsibility of helping his people? Invite volunteers to tell how carrying out a chore or another responsibility of their own affects the total environment.
Caring for Animals  Review how the boy's people felt responsible for the animals and plants around them. Discuss the idea of stewardship with the (children); the concept that because human beings are powerful enough to change the environment in radical ways, they are also responsible for taking care of the plants and animals in that environment. If possible, organize a field trip to a nature center local wildlife and how young people can help fill these needs. Examples are building bird nesting boxes; designing, making, and maintaining bird feeders, working with a local environmental group to green-up an area with wildlife plantings to provide food and shelter for small animals. Invite interested students to form groups to plan and carry out one of these or another stewardship project. Encourage groups to give up-date reports to (you) and then to describe their progress and what they are learning."
Creative Writing:
Poems of Praise (Grandma is changing this a little--for she want you to write about some special animals in your heart and what makes them so special. These can be displayed when they are finished.)
There is two activity sheets that can be done. One is a picture of a herd of horses you and write at least three things to be thankful for. It can be cut out and placed on cardboard to hang somewhere.
The other sheet has tickets with various animals on it and you can put how each of these animals are helpful to mankind and they can be traded with friends or family members.
It is 10:30 at night and Grandma can't keep going I will have to finish early before I go to the doctors and get back to enter more information to you. It was just so demanding today for Grandma.