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Rest of Summer August Calendar History

Posted on October 7, 2014 at 1:27 AM Comments comments (35)
Sorry it takes so much for me to get back to the lessons. Grandma is dealing with problems of her own. The rest of August Calendar History begins with Day August 21.

August 21 Birthdays follow:

August 21 1904 William "Count" Basie,  American jazz bandleader, was born.

August 21, 1936 Wilt Chamberlain, professional basketball player, was born.


Events are as follows for August 21:

August 21, 1560 A Total Eclipse of the Sun was observed in Spain 
and Portugal. Witnesses believed it was the end of the world.

Book (1) reports in "Explaining an eclipse-Have your (children) investigate what happens during a solar eclipse, then make diagrams showing the position of the sun, moon, and earth. Afterward, ask the kids to imagine that they were living tin Spain or Portugal during the total eclipse of the sun in 1560. Have them write down their thoughts as if they were composing a diary entry for that day."

August 21, 1621 "One Widow and Eleven Maides" departed London
 for Jamestown, Va. They were to be sold to wife-seeking 
bachelors for 120 pounds of tobacco apiece.

August 21, 1831 Nat Turner led a slave insurrection in 
Southampton County, Va.

August 21, 1878 Dan Casey of the New York Giants 
struck out in the ninth inning, providing Ernest Thayer 
with the inspiration for his famous poem, "Casey at the Bat."

August 1888 William S. Burroughs received a patent for an 
Adding Machine.

August 21, 1959 Hawaii became the 50th state.

Book (1) writes "Hawaiian volcanoes-Have your students locate Hawaii on a map, then ask them to locate and find out about its significant volcanoes. Haleakala, on the island of Maui, is the largest dormant volcano in the world. Its crater is 7 miles long and 2 miles wide. Diamond Head, an extinct volcano, is located on the island of Oahu. Mauna Loa and Kilauea, on the island of Hawaii, are still active. Have students research the differences between active, dormant, and extinct volcanoes. Then use their information to make a class chart."

August 21, 1991 Two days after seizing Soviet president 
Mikail Gorbachev and declaring a 6-month state of emergency, 
the Leaders of the Soviet Coup Surrendered.

Book (1) says in "Beginning of th end of the USSR-The leaders of the Soviet coup surrendered in the face of widespread public resistance and the refusal of key army units to obey their orders. They'd failed to take into account the changes that several years of democratic reforms had brought to Soviet society. And they hadn't arrested the Russian president, Boris Yeltsin, who rallied the people of Moscow and convinced army units oppose the conspirators. Although Mikhail Gorbachev returned to office after the coup, his power had eroded. Within 6 months the Soviet Union no longer existed as a political entity, having been replaced by the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Challenge your (children) to research the republics in the CIS. What are their boundaries? What are their capitals? Who are their leaders? What ethnic groups do they embrace, and what are their populations?"



Next day is August 22 starting with the Birthdays:

August 22, 1862 Claude Debussy, French musician and composer, was born.

Book (1) points out in "Classroom concert-goers-Celebrate the music of Claude Debussy by inviting your (children) to become classroom concert-goers. Select 20 to 40 minutes' worth of Debussy recordings, then have the children relax and listen. If they wish, students can draw pictures, write poems or stories, or simply jot down thoughts inspired by this master's music."

August 22, 1920 Ray Bradbury, American science fiction writer, was born.

Book (1) has this to say here in "Fact and (science) fiction-In honor of Ray Bradbury's birthday, share with your (children) his classic short story "The Veldt." Then ask the kids to note how many of the inventions, technologies, and appliances described in this story written in the 1950s exist today. Discuss how Bradbury and other science fiction writers are able to correctly predict the invention and use of new technologies. Then have (the children) review recent newspapers to find current technological breakthroughs. Invite them to write their own science fiction stories incorporating these new technologies."

August 22, 1920 Denton Cooley, American surgeon who was a 
pioneer in the area of heart transplant operations, was born.

August 22, 1934 H. Norman Schwarzkopf, American general 
and commander of Operation Desert Storm, was born.

August 22, 1949 Diana Nyad, American marathon swimmer, was born.


Next are the Events of August 22:

August 22 1762 Ann Franklin, Benjamin Franklin's sister-in-law, 
became the First Female Editor of an American Newspaper, 
The Mercury of Newport, R.I.

August 22, 1851 The yacht America won the First America's Cup Race.

August 22, 1865 William Sheppard patented Liquid Soap.

Book (1) writes "Sampling soaps-To mark the anniversary of William Sheppard's patent for liquid soap, collect--...a variety of brands of liquid soap. ...have them compare and contrast the various soaps for quality of suds, texture, cleaning power, scent, color, and price. Review (their) ratings, then design a ..."Soap seal of Approval," (The children) can extend their study of liquid soap into the realm of video or audio advertising. Have the kids develop a commercial for their selected super soap. Record or videotape their presentations. (These could possibly be sent into a soap company but don't be surprised if they might steal your ideas from you.)"

August 22, 1881 Clara Barton established the First Chapter 
of the American Association of the Red Cross.

August 22, 1902 Theodore Roosevelt became the First President 
to Ride a Car.

August  22, 1991 In Moscow, a 14-Ton Statue of Felix
Dzerzhinsky, the founder of the Soviet KGB, was 
dismantled while a crowd of 10,000 cheered.



Now we move onto August 23 with the Birthdays:

August 23, 1905 Ernie Bushmiller, American cartoonist 
and creator of the comic strip "Nancy", was born.

Book (1( says in "Personalized comics- In honor of Ernie Bushmiller's birthday, share with your (children) several installments of the "Nancy" comic strip. Then give each child a 3-inch-wide strip of plain paper to fold into fourths. Invite the kids to create comic strips with themselves as the title character."

August 23, 1912 Gene Kelly, American actor and dancer, was born.


Next are the following Events for August 23rd:

August 23, 1775 King George III of England declared that
 the American Colonies were in Rebellion.

August 23, 1784 Settlers west of the Alleghenies established 
the Independent State of Franklin and attempted to win 
admission to the United States.

August 23, 1923 Billy Jones and Ernie Hare, the First Radio 
Comedians, went on the air for the first time.

Book (1) says in "Radio comedy-To mark the anniversary of the first time comedians were heard on the radio, have your (children) produce their own "radio" comedy shows. Working (together the) can gather joke and riddle books or create their own humorous stories and dialogue. Have the (children) take turns tape-recording their funny material in another room. Then play back their "shows" for a "radio audience" of (the family)."

August 23, 1955 John Hackett and Peter Moneypenny made the First London-New York Round-trip in the Same Day. They flew 6,920 miles in 14 hours and 22 minutes.

The story is mentioned in Book (1) under "Rapid round-trip-Challenge your (children) to use their calculators to figure out Hackett and Moneypenny's average speed on their record-setting round-trip flight."

August 23, 1956 The First Nonstop Transcontinental Helicopter 
Flight took place.

August 23, 1977 The First Human-powered Flight took place in
 Schafter, Calif., when Bryan Allen flew the 70-pound,
 pedal-powered  Gossamer Condor for 1 mile.



Next day is August 24 with the Birthdays as follows:

August 24, 1960 Cal Ripken, Jr., professional baseball player, was born.

August 24, 1965 Marlee Matlin, American actress, was born.


Next are the Events for August 24 as follows:

August 24, 79 (This is not a typing error.)Mt. Vesuvius Erupted, 
destroying the Toman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.

August 24, 1814 British Soldiers invaded Washington and burned
 the Capitol and the White House.

August 24, 1869 Cornelius Swartout patented the Waffle Iron.

Book (1) says in "Wonders of waffles-How many of your (children) enjoy eating waffles for breakfast? Ask the children if the waffles they typically eat are freshly made--with a waffle iron--or frozen. What other breakfast foods do they enjoy? Make a chart of class breakfast favorites. Then challenge students to rate the nutritional values of these foods against the nutritional value of waffles. Have them use their information to create posters, which can be displayed in the (kitchen or somewhere)."

August 24, 1875 Matthew Webb began the First Successful Swim 
of the English Channel from Dover England. He reached Calais, 
France, 21 hours and 45 minutes later.

Book (1) makes an activity of it through "A swimmer's challenge-Since Matthew Webb first swam the English Channel in 1875, many others have repeated his feat. Have (the children) locate the English Channel on a map of Europe. Where is its narrowest point? (Between Dover, England, and Calais, France, the Channel is only about 20 miles wide.) Next, have (the children) do research to find out how many hours it has taken swimmers since Webb to cross the Channel. Plot the results on a graph."

August 24, 1887 The United States established a Scientific 
Observation Post in Greenland.

August 24, 1932 Amelia Earhart became the First Woman 
to make a Nonstop Flight Across the United States, from 
Los Angeles to Newark, N.J. The trip took 19 hours and 5 minutes.

Book (1) writes in "Coast-to-coast questions-Have your (children) use their math and geography skills to determine the mileage from Los Angeles to Newark, N.J. At approximately what speed was Amelia Earhart traveling? Recently, it took about 5 hours and 45 minutes to make a transcontinental flight. Can your (children) calculate the approximate speed at which modern jets travel?"

August 24, 1959 Hiran Fong was sworn in as the First
 Chinese-American in the Senate.

August 24, 1959 Daniel Inouye was sworn in as the
 First Japanese-American Member of the House
 of Representatives.

August 24, 1987 West Germany opened its First 
Wind-Energy Park. Its 30 windmills generate up to 
2 million kilowatt hours of electricity a year.

August 24, 1992 Hurricane Andrew tore through 
densely populated areas of southern Florida, 
becoming the costliest natural disaster in U.S. history.

(As some of the stories given in these August days are about some of the disasters of our world Grandma wants you to know there is also a section in Book (57) Grandma has not given you yet and she hopes to here soon.)(Grandma also want to note here that in Book (1) are given a picture or two with the activities but you can draw your own or paste pictures from magazines, newspapers, etc.--They are what the children in Mexico from our family enjoyed tracing from.)



Now we will cover August 25 through the Birthdays first:

August 25, 1836 Bret Harte, American author, was born.

August 25, 1918 Leonard Bernstein, American composer 
and conductor, was born.

August 25, 1927 Althea Gibson, tennis star who became 
the first African-American to win a major U.S. title, was born.


Next we will cover the Events for August 25:

August 25, 1718 The City of New Orleans was founded 
by Jean Baptiste la Moyne.

August 25, 1825 Uruguay declared its independence from Brazil.

August 25, 1829 The government of Mexico rejected President 
Andrew Jackson's Bid to Buy the Mexican State of Texas.

August 25, 1916 The National Park Service was established 
within the Department of the Interior.

Book (1) writes in "Future parks-Have your (children) brainstorm for ways parks of the future may be different from today's parks. List the kids" ideas .... Have (them) develop a plan for a futuristic park. (They) might create maps, three-dimensional models, dioramas, murals, or advertisements for their park. Display their work... ."

August 25, 1921 The United States Signed a Peace Treaty 
With Germany, officially ending World War I hostilities 
between the two nations.

Then Book (1) challenges your talents in "The changing face of Europe-Have your(children) compare and contrast maps of pre- and post-World War I Europe.  What differences do they notice?
Next,show the kids post-World War II and contemporary maps of Europe. Can anyone give an overview of the political conditions that gave rise to all the changes?"

August 25, 1944 Allied Forces Liberated Paris, ending the 
Nazis' 4-year occupation of the French capital during World War II.

August 25, 1989 U.S. government officials announced a $65 million 
aid package to help the government of Colombia fight the drug trade.

August 25 is also called Kiss-And-Make-Up Day and UFO Day

Book (1) writes this activity called "Flying saucer fun-On UFO Day, get your (childrens') imaginations soaring. Welcome them in the morning with some "outer space" music--perhaps the theme from 2001:A Space Odyssey. Next, have them each write a letter inviting an alien to visit your (home). How might they "mail" these letters? Afterward, read aloud a science fiction story. Finally, ...give each ...a paper bag filled with ordinary objects and discarded items--screws, twist ties, paper cups, bottle tops, plastic sandwich bags, old keys, erasers, aluminum foil, and so on. Then challenge each ... to create a UFO from the materials. Let the kids suspend their UFOs from (your home) ceiling."



The Next day is August 26 with 5 birthdays as follows:

August 26, 1740 Joseph Michel Montgolfier, French balloonist, was born.

August 26, 1838 John Wilkes Booth, American actor who 
assassinated Abraham Lincoln, was born.

August 26, 1873 Lee De Forest, American inventor who 
made important contributions to the development of radio 
and television, was born.

August 26, 1906 Albert Sabin, Russian-American microbiologist 
who developed an oral polio vaccine, was born.

August 26, 1935 Geraldine Ferraro, American politician who, 
as the Democratic candidate for vice president in 1984, 
became the first woman to run on a major party's national ticket, 
was born. 


Now we will move into The Events of August 26 along with the activities:

August 26, 1498 Michelangelo was commissioned to create the Pieta.

August 26, 1873 The First U. S. Public School Kindergarten was established.

Book (1) has an activity to go along with this event called "Kindergarten then and now-Celebate the opening of the first U.S. kindergarten by having older students visit (a family with kindergarten children in their homes or even a kindergarten class. Before the visit, have each (child) write a story about a favorite kindergarten memory. Then have the kids buddy up with kindergartners and share their stories. Afterward, they can help their "little buddies" write and illustrate stories about their favorite kindergarten activities. Post all the stories in the hallway under a banner titled "The Best of Kindergarten."

August 26, 1920 The Nineteenth Amendment went into effect, giving 
women the right to vote.

Book (1) brings out "Voting rights-Ask your (children) to speculate on what the word suffragist means.
Then have them check a dictionary. Can they name famous American suffragists, such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Lucy Stone?"

Therefore, August 26th is also called Women's Equality Day.

August 26, 1939 The Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn 
Dodgers played in the First Televised Major League Baseball Game.

Book (1) says in "Out of their league?-Have your (children) name sports besides baseball that are regularly broadcast on television. List these sports on the chalkboard. Are women's sports equally represented? Why or why not? Invite your (children) to write letters to network and cable television officials stating their opinions about the media's coverage of women's sports."

August 26, 1974 Russian cosmonaut Lev Demin became the 
First Grandfather in Space, aboard Soyuz 15.



Now for August 27 with the following Birthdays:

August 27, 1908 Lyndon Baines Johnson, 36th president 
of the United States, was born.

August 27, 1910 Mother Teresa, Albanian-born humanitarian, 
missionary, and Nobel Peace Prize winner, was born.

August 27, 1919 Graham Oakley, children's author, was born.


Now we will cover the Events of August 27:

August 27, 1665 The First Theatrical Performance in the 
American Colonies took place at Accomac, Va. A piece 
called Ye Bear and Ye Cubb was performed.

Book (1) brings out an activity for this performance called "Classroom performances-To celebrate the first theatrical performance in the colonies, have (them) perform a dramatic reading, skit, play, or puppet show."

August 27, 1789 The French National Assembly adopted 
the Declaration of the Rights of Man.

August 27, 1859 The First Successful Oil Well in the 
United States was drilled near Titusville, Pa.

Book (1) has this to say in "Oil drilling and spilling-Since the first U.S. oil well was drilled, Americans have experienced the benefits--and hazards--of using oil. One major hazard is an oil spill, which can occur when oil is being transported. In 1989, for example, the tanker Exxon Valdez spilled 240,000 barrels of oil in Alaska's Prince William Sound. To help students understand the difficulties of cleaning up an oil spill, have them conduct this simple experiment. Give (the children) a shallow pan filled with water and some eyedroppers, straws, paper towels, cotton balls, and spoons. Add about 14 cup of vegetable oil to the pans. Ask the (children) to clean up the "spill" with the materials they were given, and discuss the results. Then have the (children) research the kinds of techniques used to clean up real-life oil spills."

August 27, 1883 Krakatoa, a volcanic island in the Indonesian 
Sunda Strait, exploded, creating a 120-Foot-High Tidal Wave.

Book (1) explains in "Killer wave-The Krakatoa explosion produced what may have been the loudest noise in earth's history and left a 600-foot-deep hole under Sunda Strait where the island had once been. It also created a 120-foot-high tidal wave that killed 36,000 people. Use an almanac and a map of the United States to determine which cities might be covered with water if a 120-foot tidal wave struck the eastern or western coasts. How many people live in those cities? Then have your (children) examine topography maps to get a rough estimate of how much land would be lost if the water level rose 120 feet. Using this information, have the kids create a new U.S. map showing the post-tidal-wave coastline."

August 27, 1904 The First Automobile Driver Jailed for Speeding 
was given a 5-day sentence in Newport County, R.I.

August 27, 1984 President Ronald Reagan announced that a 
schoolteacher would be the First Citizen Astronaut.

August 27, 1989 Pictures received from the U.S. space probe 
Voyager 2 showed signs of Volcanoes on Triton, a moon of Neptune.



Next is August 28 beginning with the three Birthdays:

August 28, 1904 Roger Duvoisin, children's illustrator, was born.

Book (1) gives an explanation in the following activity called "Wise-guy stories-Caldecott medalist Roger Duvoisin introduced children to Petunia the silly goose in 1950. Many of his Petunia stories tackle important philosophical questions. Ask your (children) to discuss how they can tell if someone is smart, then read aloud Petunia. Petunia thought that carrying a book would make her wise. Invite your (children) to create stories in which the main character finds or wears something that makes others think he or she is wise."

August 28, 1926 Phyllis Krasilovsky, children's author, was born.

August 28, 1958 Scott Hamilton, American figure skater, was born.


Next are the Events for August 28 as follows:

August 28, 1609 English navigator Henry Hudson discovered the Delaware Bay.

August 28, 1830 The First American-Built Locomotive, the Tom Thumb
lost a race with a horse-drawn stagecoach.

August 28, 1922 The First Radio Commercial was aired.

August 28, 1957 Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina 
set a Filibuster Record by talking for 24 hours and 18 minutes.

Book (1) has an activity to go with this event called "Delaying tactic-Have your (children) look up the meaning of the word filibuster. Why is this technique used? Do your (children) think filibusters should be permitted in the Senate? Why or why not?"

August 28, 1963 Martin Luther King, Jr., spoke to 200,000 
people at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.

Book (1) gives this activity called "Dreams day-Tell your (children) that Martin Luther King, Jr., helped organize the 1963 March on Washington--the largest civil rights demonstration in U.S. history. During this demonstration, King gave his famous "I Have a Dream" speech. Share a film of King giving this speech, or have (the children) take turns reading the text of it aloud. Discuss which of King's dreams have come true. What dreams do the children have for America, their (community), their families, or themselves? Have them each write their dreams on strips of paper, then post the strips under these categories on a (poster)."

This why August 28 is given the title of "I Have a Dream" Day.

August 28, 1968 British scientists using sonar detected several 
Huge Objects moving through the Water of Loch Ness in Scotland.

August 28, 1989 Disney Productions purchased the Muppets for $100 million.



There is only three more days left of August 29 to carry out beginning with the following Birthdays:

August 29, 1632 John Locke, English philospher, was born.

Book (1) gives this activity called "Natural rights-tell your (children) that John Locke had a profound influence on Thomas Jefferson's writing of the Declaration of Independence. Locke identified three rights of man similar to those Jefferson included in the Declaration: life, liberty, and property. Ask your (children) to track how these rights are being maintained today. For 1 week, have them review newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasts for actions by local, state, and federal governments that affect these rights. Do the kids feel government is doing its job? What government actions might be taken to further protect these rights?"

August 29, 1811 Henry Bergh, founder of the American Society 
for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), was born.

Book (1) covers this in the activity called "Animal rights-Celebrate ASPCA founder Henry Bergh's birthday by having a class discussion about humane treatment of animals. Children who own pets can provide dos and don'ts of pet care. For example, don't keep a large dog confined in a small area (bathroom, laundry room) for long periods; do take the dog for frequent walks. With older children, you can broaden the discussion to include farm and wild animals also."

August 29, 1915 Ingrid Bergman, Swedish actress, was born.

August 29, 1920 Charlie Parker, American jazz saxophonist 
considered a founder of the bebop style, was born.

August 29, 1958 Michael Jackson, American singer, was born.

Book (1) says in "Sensational singer-On singer Michael Jackson's birthday, play some of his hits or screen a couple of his music videos. Explain that in addition to music, Jackson's interests include promoting worldwide peace and intergroup harmony. Then invite your (children) to design birthday cards reflecting the pop star's personality or areas of special concern."



Next are the Events for August 29:

August 29, 1835 The city of Melbourne, Australia, was founded.

August 29, 1884 H. J. Webb completed a 898-Mile Tricycle Ride 
across Scotland.

August 29, 1929 The Airship Graf Zeppelin completed a 
circumnavigation of the globe in record time: 21 days,
 7 hours, 26 minutes.

August 29, 1966 The Beatles Gave Their Last Live 
Performance, at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

August 29, 1971 Hank Aaron became the First National 
League Baseball Player to Drive in 100 runs in each of 11 Seasons.

August 29, 1982 British explorers Sir Ranulph Fiennes and 
Charles Burton successfully completed the First Aerial 
Circumnavigation of the Globe by way of the North and South Poles. 



Now for August 30th with the following Birthdays:

August 30, 1797 Mary Shelley, English author whose 
best-known work is Frankenstein, was born.

August 30, 1901 Roy Wilkins, American civil rights leader, was born.

August 30, 1909 Virginia Lee Burton, children's author, was born.

August 30, 1918 Ted Williams, American baseball player, was born.

Book (1) says in "Ted Williams math-Boston Red Sox star Ted Williams was one of the greatest hitters in baseball history, Among his many other batting feats, Williams was the last man to hit over .400 in a season, posting a .406 batting average in 1941. Explain to your (children) that batting averages are computed by dividing a player's total number of hits by his total number of at bats, and carrying the division to three decimal places. Thus Williams's .406 batting average means that he got hits 40.6% of the times he was up. Projected over the course of 1,000 at bats, he'd have gotten 406 hits. Now pase this math problem for your (children) to do as quickly as possible in their heads: With his batting average of .406, how many hits would Williams have gotten if he'd have gotten if he'd had 600 at bats? ... Then discuss the kids' strategies. Did (they solve the problem by taking half of 406 (203, or the number of hits Williams would have gotten in 500 at bats), and adding 40.6 (the number he'd have gotten in 100 at bats?"

August 30, 1938 Donald Crews, children's author and illustrator, was born.

Book (1) has an activity in "Inspirations for writing-Donald Crews drew on childhood experiences as inspiration for his book Freight Train. During summer vacations, Crews used to take the train from his home in New Jersey to his grandparents' farm in Florida. His grandparents" porch was only 150 yards from the railroad tracks. Crews liked to sit on the porch and watch the freight trains roll by, counting their cars to pass the time. Share the book Freight Train with your students. Then invite the class to make a freight train to record the books they read for 1 month. Post a construction-paper train engine on a poster board. Then give each child several construction-paper freight cars. Have your students write the titles of books they finish reading on the freight cars, then attach the cars to the train engine."          


Now for the Events of August 30 as follows:

August 30, 1682 William Penn sailed from England to America to take over a tract of land--Pennsylvania--granted to him by the king.

August 30, 1780 General Benedict Arnold secretly promised 
to surrender the American fort at West point, N.Y., to the British. 

August 30, 1830 The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad abandoned
 the horse-powered locomotive for trains powered by steam. 

August 30, 1970 Abraham Zapruder, who filmed the assassination of 
President John F. Kennedy, died.

August 30, 1983 Lt. Col. Guion S. Bluford, Jr., became the 
First African-American Astronaut in Space.

August 30, 1984 The space shuttle Discovery blasted 
off on its maiden voyage. 




Last is August 31 with its Birthdays:

August 31, 1786 Michel Eugene Chevreul, French 
chemist who invented margarine, was born. 

August 31, 1870 Maria Montessori, Italian educator, was born.

Book (1) has an activity for this in "Nontraditional schools-Teacher Maria Montessori was unhappy with the way young children were educated, so she started her own school. Ask your (children) to research the backgrounds of Montessori and others who had to create their own schools or programs to meet specific needs--for example, Booker T. Washington, Howard Gardner, Lucy Calkins, Nancie Atwell, Sylvia Townsend-Warner, and Christopher Whittle. (The children) also can scan newspapers and magazines for information about contemporary school experiments, including for-profit schools, business-run schools, and magnet schools. Encourage the kids to clip pertinent articles and share their information with the (family).

August 31, 1945 Itzhak Perlman, Israeli violinist, was born.

August 31, 1945 Van Morrison, Irish singer and songwriter, was born.

August 31, 1955 Edwin Moses, American track star, was born.



Now the Events for August 31 are as follows:

August 31, 1881 The First Men's Tennis Singles
 Championships were held in Newport, R.I. 

August 31, 1886 The First Recorded Major Earthquake in 
U.S. history rocked Charleston, S.C. 

August 31, 1954 Hurricane Carol hit New England, 
New York, and New Jersey, causing $500 million in damage.

August 31, 1964 The Bureau of the Census announced that 
California had surpassed New York as the most populous 
U.S. state.

Book (1) makes these comments and activity "California, her they come-Renowned for its pleasant weather, miles of beaches, job opportunities, and laid-back life-style, California became a magnet for Americans from other parts of the country. Have your (children) compare the population of their state with that of California, the nation's largest. Also challenge the kids to find countries that have fewer citizens than California. (Do lots of study about California and the inhabitants there. For my argument with one of my brother-in-laws is that some people in Washington D.C. do not understand how the lack of illegal immigrants will affect the fruit industry and how many young citizen Americans will not be willing to do the work they do for us. Right now there are some real strong problems in California because of the economy and the step down on illegal immigrants. Have the children make a report about the problems California is facing.) (Also find out how that may all be affecting the Census now.)                                                                                                                                                           August 31, 1980 Poland's Solidarity trade union was founded
at the port city of Gdansk.

August 31, 1982 The First Giant Squid Captured Alive was 
taken near Bergen, Norway.

  Book (1) brings the story out in "Searching for squid-Ask your (children) to speculate about the size of a typical giant squid. Write their guesses (down), then challenge them to research the correct answer. If possible, buy some squid at a local fish market and let the children examine it. Have them note the squid's sucking discs. What are these used for? (They help the squid trap and hold prey.)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  This the last activity for the summer lessons and for August Calendar History to placed on the time line. Grandma has a few additions she may be adding occasionally. She wishes you the best of luck on your journey through the Home Education Program of Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center. Have a good year home schooling and take care.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

First Part of August Summer Lessons

Posted on September 29, 2014 at 12:56 PM Comments comments (54)
Good morning folks! August 1st is a full day of Calendar History starting with the birthdays:

August 1, 1770 William Clark, American explorer and
coleader of the Lewis and Clark expedition, was born.

August 1, 1779 Francis Scott Key, author of
"The Star-Spangled Banner", was born.

August 1, 1818 Maria Mitchell, American astronomer who became
the first woman elected to the American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences, was born.

August 1, 1819 Herman Melville, American author whose works
include Moby Dick, was born.

August 1, 1944 Gail Gibbons, children's author, was born.

Book (1) writes in "At the zoo( by the way, this ties in with June's lessons on the zoo)-Tell your (children) that Gail Gibbons was 4 years old when she created her first picture book. It was four pages long. Since then, Gibbons has written and illustrated more than 50 books. Many of her nonfiction books--including Clocks and How They Go, New Road, Sunken Treasure, and Zoo--have won awards. Before reading Gibbon's book Zoo to younger (children), help them list the kinds of responsibilities they think a zookeeper might have--for example, feeding animals, cleaning their cages, sweeping walkways, and answering visitors' questions. Have the children compare the list of responsibilities they come up with and those mentioned in the book."

Now we fall into the Events of August 1st:

August 1, 1774 British scientist Joseph Priestley successfully
Isolated Oxygen from Air.

August 1, 1790 The First U.S Census was taken.
It showed a population of 3,929,214.

August 1, 1834 An Emancipation Bill outlawed slavery in the British empire.

August 1, 1873 Inventor Andrew Hallidie successfully tested the
Railroad Cable Car he'd designed for San Francisco.

August 1, 1876 Colorado became the 38th state.

August 1, 1907 The U.S Army established the Aeronautical
Division of the Army Signal Corps, forerunner of the U.S Air Force.

August 1, 1914 Germany declared war on Russia, and
the First Fighting of World War I began.

August 1, 1946 The Atomic Energy Commission was
established to promote peaceful uses of atomic energy.

August 1, 1981 MTV(Music Television) premiered.

Book (1) says in "Music videos for young children-In honor of MYV's premiere, invite your students to create "music videos" for younger children. Different groups of (children) can perform old favorites--such as "Old MacDonald Had a Farm," "Animal Fair," "If you're Happy and You Know it," and "The Hokey Pokey"--while you operate the video camera. Encourage the children to create appropriate background scenery for their performances."


Next we move onto August 2nd with the following birthdays:

August 2, 1754 Pierre L'Enfant, American soldier and architect
who created the city plan for Washington, D.C., was born.

August 2, 1900 Holling Holling, children's author, was born.

August 2, 1946 James Howe, children's author, was born.

Book (1) writes in "Childhood dreams-When he was growing up, James Howe, the author of Bunnicula and Howliday Inn, often wondered about his future--where he might live, what he might do, and who his friends might be. He dreamed of many possibilities, but he never imagined he'd become a children's book author. Ask your (children) what they dream about. Then have them write dated letters to themselves about their dreams, seal the letters in envelopes, and give them to you. At the end of the school year, return the letters and ask the students to note how their dreams have changed, if at all. Encourage the kids to hold on to these letters for periodic "dream checking" and updating as they get older."


Next are the events for August 2nd:

August 2, 1776 Fifty members of the Continental Congress
signed the Declaration of Independence.  

August 2, 1858 The First on-the-Street Mailboxes were
installed in Boston and New York.

Book (1) has comments and an activity called "Red-letter days-Tell your (children) that before on-the-street mailboxes were introduced, people had to go to the post office to mail their letters. (People at some time might have even had to go to the post office to pick up their mail. In San Luis Rio Colorado people even prefer to get someone who has a green card pick-up their mail on the United States side of that border city from their mailboxes because they do not trust everything sent directly to their homes in Mexico. Those mailboxes that are in United States are also shared with two other people. It really is very scarey. Many people use others means of protection like Western Union, etc. to help them.
Another reason on-the-street mailboxes may have been nice because many houses may have been quite a walk from the road for the mailman to deliver from therefore these boxes made it easier for him.)
Older (children) might like to investigate other postal innovations., such as postage stamps, the pony express, and airmail. Younger (children) will enjoy having a classroom mailbox, which you can make by cutting a slot in the top of a large cardboard box. The kids can "mail" letters to you or to (other people in the family). And you can send letters to your (children). Each week, appoint a "letter carrier" to empty the box and deliver the letters.(This is the beginning of responsibilities and volunteering.)

August 2, 1909 The First Lincoln Penny was issued.

August 2, 1923 President Warren G. Harding died in office.

August 2, 1943 Navy lieutenant John F. Kennedy Rescued
Members of His Crew after their boat, PT-109, was sheared
in half by a Japanese destroyer.

August 2, 1977 Congress approved a bill to establish a
Federal Department of Energy.

August 2, 1978 The Movie Star Wars Surpassed Jaws as
the all-time leader in box-office receipts.

August 2, 1983 The U.S House of Representatives voted to
designate the third Monday in January a Federal Holiday
in Honor of Martin Luther King, Jr.

August 2, 1990 Iraq invaded its neighbor to the south, Kuwait.



The next day from Book(1) is August 3rd starts with the following birthdays:

August 3, 1887 Rupert Brooke, English poet, was born.

August 3, 1905 Maggie Kuhn, founder of the Gray Panthers, was born.

August 3, 1926 Mary Calhoun, children's author, was born.


Now for the Events:

August 3, 1492 Christopher Columbus Set Sail from Palos,
Spain, on the expedition that resulted in his discovery of America.

August 3, 1610 British navigator Henry Hudson entered the
body of water now known as Hudson Bay.

Book (1) writes about it in "Hudson's discoveries-Tell your (children) that between 1607 and 1611, Henry Hudson made four voyages to the New World in search of a passage to China around North America. During these voyages, Hudson discovered not only Hudson Bay but also the Hudson River and Hudson Strait. Pass out copies of a map showing the northeastern section of North America. Have students' locate the bodies of water discovered by Hudson on their maps, then color them." (Remember to include this in the lessons on explorers in the first part of the years lessons.

August 3, 1780 Benedict Arnold was put in charge of the
fortifications at West Point, N.Y., during the Revolutionary War.

August 3, 1852 Harvard defeated Yale in the First Intercollegiate
Rowing Race, on Lake Winnepesaukee, N.H.

August 3, 1882 Congress passed a Law to Restrict Immigration
imposing a 50¢ tax on all new arrivals.

(This could be used with the lessons on Ellis Island, where immigrants had to go through to be accepted into the United States.)

August 3, 1923 Calvin Coolidge became the 30th president
of the United States after the death of Warren G. Harding.

Book (1) writes in "The way to the White House-Calvin Coolidge, like such other vice presidents as Lyndon Johnson, Harry Truman, and Theodore Roosevelt, assumed the presidency after the death of the chief executive. Challenge your (children) to name the only vice president to take over for a president who was still alive. (Gerald Ford, who became president when Richard Nixon resigned.) Then ask the class to predict who would become president if the president and the vice president were unable to serve. Have the kids check their predictions by researching the line of succession. Afterward, have them illustrate their findings with a flowchart."

August 3, 1984 Mary Lou Retton became the First American
Woman to Win the Olympic Gold Medal in the All-Around
Gymnastics Competition.

August 3 is also of National Smile Week(first Monday in August through the following Sunday)
as Book (1) writes in "When you're smiling-To celebrate National Smile Week, hold a contest to see who can get the most people to smile. All during the week, have (children) nod and smile at people they meet (everywhere, which will teach what a difference it makes and why most towns like that are tourist stations or considered very happy towns, for it reflects). Encourage them to each keep scorecards noting the number of people who return their smiles. At week's end, give each child a certificate with smiley-face stickers."



Next is August 4th starting with the birthdays:

August 4, 1861 Jesse Reno, American engineer who invented
the escalator, was born.

August 4, 1912 Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish diplomat
who is credited with saving at least 100,000 Hungarian
Jews from deportation to Nazi concentration camps, was born.

August 4, 1958 Mary Decker-Slaney, American track star, was born.

August 4, 1962 Roger Clemens, American baseball star, was born.

Now for the Events:

August 4, 1790 The U.S. Coast Guard was established.

Book (1) writes in"Coast Guard crosswords-Tell your (children) that the U.S. Coast Guard began with a fleet of just 10 ships, called cutters. Now the Coast Guard uses cutters, small boats, airplanes, helicopters, lighthouses, and radio beacons to carry out its many responsibilities, which include preventing smuggling; locating and rescuing victims of accidents at sea; inspecting equipment and enforcing safety rules on merchant ships; icebreaking; monitoring compliance with environmental regulations; conducting oceanographic research; and aiding navigation. Have (the children) do a little reading about the Coast Guard and incorporate key terms they learn in a crossword puzzle. Then have (them) match wits by exchanging their crosswords.(Grandma feels this fits in with the safety learning of the children quite well.)"

August 4, 1875 Danish writer Hans Christian Andersen died.

As an activity in honor of Hans, Book (1) says in "Finger-puppet fairy tales-In memory of Hans Christian Andersen, get your (children) to read his famous fairy tales. Then have the children work ...to create finger-puppet characters and act out the stories. After some practice, your (children) might perform their finger-puppet plays for younger children."

August 4, 1916 The United States bought the Western Virgin
Islands from Denmark.

August 4, 1922 The nation's 13 million telephones were silent for a moment
in tribute to Alexander Graham Bell on the occasion of his funeral.

August 4, 1944 The Nazis captured Anne Frank and seven others
who were hiding with her in a house in Amsterdam.

August 4 is also National Clown Week (the first full week in August) and Book (1) says in "Be a clown-During Clown Week, invite your (children) to brainstrom for words besides funny to describe clowns--for example, playful, jolly, clever, lively, amusing. Next have the kids come up with a list of words to describe how clowns make them feel. Their suggestions might include cheerful, merry, lucky, delighted, and thrilled. Write the words (down on a chart or something). Then have (the children) use the word lists to write poems about clowns. They can recite their works during "Be a Clown Day"--when (they) can ...(dress) as clowns."



Next is August 5th starting with the Birthdays:

August 5, 1850 Guy De Maupassant, French short-story writer, was born.

August 5, 1902 Robert Bright, children's author, was born.

August 5, 1930 Neil Armstrong, U.S. astronaut and the first
person to set foot on the moon, was born.

August 5, 1962 Patrick Ewing, American basketball player, was born.


Next are the Events for the day:

August 5, 1833 Chicago was incorporated as a village-with
43 houses and 200 people.

August 5, 1861 The U.S. Government Levied an Income Tax for the first time.

August 5, 1884 The cornerstone was laid for the Statue of Liberty.

Book (1) says in "Monumental tasks-Ask your (children) to explain what a monument is .Perhaps they'll suggest that a monument is a lasting symbol of a significant person, event, or ideal. Next, tell them that the Statue of Liberty, a gift to the United States from the government of Franco, symbolized friendship between the two nations as well as liberty under a democracy. Have your students name other local, national, or international monuments. What do these monuments honor or recognize?If your (children) were to have monuments symbolizing them, what would these monuments look like? Encourage each child to draw and color--or even build--a personal monument."

August 5, 1914 The First Electric Traffic Lights were installed in Cleveland.

August 5, 1924 The comic strip "Little Orphan Annie" first appeared.

August 5, 1957 "American Bandstand" Premiered on network television.

August 5, 1963 The United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union
signed a Treaty Banning Nuclear Tests in the atmosphere, in space,
and under water.

August 5, 1989 The observation deck of New York City's World
Trade Center received its 20 Millionth Visitor.

August 5 is also Halfway Point of Summer (45 or 46 days after the solstice) and National Greeting Card Day along with National Mustard Day. Book (1) has three following activities to carry out these events:

"Going halfway-Challenge your (children) to find other "halfway" points today. For instance, what's the halfway point of the school day, a story they're reading, lunchtime, or their (trip) somewhere?"

"Original greeting cards-Have your (children) brainstorm for all the occasions for which there are greeting cards. List these ideas .... Next, ...ask (the children) to think of occasions in people's lives for wihcih there aren't any greeting cards. Finally, have each (child) select one of these occasions and make an appropriate greeting card. Post the cards (somewhere)."

"Cutting the mustard-On National Mustard Day, conduct a survey to find out how many children like regular, spicy, or dijon mustard. On which foods do (each in the family) use mustard? Do any (of the family) not like mustard at all? Have the (children) graph the results."



The next day to learn about is August 6th with the following Birthdays:

August 6, 1809 Alfred, Lord Tennyson, English poet, was born.

August 6, 1881 Alexander Fleming, British bacteriologist who
discovered penicillin, was born.

August 6, 1909 Norma Faber, children's author, was born.

August 6, 1946 Frank Asch, children's author, was born.

August 6, 1965 David Robinson, basketball player, was born.

Now for the Events:

August 6, 1825 Bolivia declared its independence from Spain.

Book (1) has the following activity to follow it called "Name that country-Ask your (children) whom Bolivia was named for (Simon Bolivar, the Venezuelan general and statesman who liberated much of South America from Spain). Then challenge the kids to think of another South American country named for a person (Colombia, named for Christopher Columbus.)"

August 6, 1890 Cy Young, baseball's winningest pitcher, appeared in
his first game.

August 6, 1926 Gertrude Ederle became the First Woman to
Swim the English Channel.

August 6, 1945 The United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.

It is also considered Hiroshima Day. However, Book (1) writes it as "Contemplating Peace-On Hiroshima Day, use videotapes, films, or literature to introduce students to the cases and effects of America's use of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. After a discussion, share with (the children) copies of books containing quotations, poetry, stories, or essays about peace. Encourage the children to review the books, then select a quotation, poem, or passage that holds meaning for them. (The children) can then write these words on strips of white paper. Post the strips (up somewhere.)" August 6 is also Peace Festival for Japan.

August 6, 1962 Jamaica gained its independence after more than three
centuries as a British possession.

August 6, 1965 President Lyndon Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act,
protecting the rights of black voters.

August 6 is also National Sandwich Month in which Book (1) gives an activity in "Class sandwich book-During National Sandwich Month, help your (children) develop a class sandwich recipe book. Gather a collection of cookbooks, and allow your (children) to browse through them for sandwich recipes. ... . (They should each copy the recipe for a sandwich they like (or would like to try) and illustrate it. Have them categorize the sandwiches--for example, meatless sandwiches, Hot sandwiches, exotic sandwiches--then compile the illustrated recipes into a ... book. Invite the kids to make their sandwiches ...and...one day this month (have) a ...taste test."


Next is August 7 and following are the Birthdays:
August 7, 1742 Nathanael Greene, Revolutionary War general, was born.

August 7, 1779 Carl Ritter, German geographer considered one of
the founders of modern geographic science.

Book (1) says in "Geography in the news-Help (the children) discover how geography affects their daily lives. First, have them guess how many geographic references, maps, and charts they'll find in an edition of the daily newspaper. Then have them check their predictions by counting and clipping all the geographic references they can find from today's paper. Afterward, discuss how the news would be different without the science of geography."

August 7, 1903 Louis S. B. Leakey, English anthropologist and paleontologist,
was born.

August 7, 1928 Petsy Byars, children's author, was born.


Next comes the Events for August 7:

August 7, 1782 George Washington established the Badge of
Military Merit (Purple Heart) to honor wounded soldiers.

August 7, 1789 The War Department was created.

August 7, 1888 Theophilus van Kannel patented the Revolving Door.

August 7, 1927 The International Peace Bridge, commemorating
longlasting peace between the United States and Canada,
was dedicated. It connects Buffalo, N.Y., and Fort Erie, Ontario.

Book (1) established an activity around this called "Peaceful posters-To mark the dedication of the International Peace Bridge, ask your students to develop commemorative posters. Show the children photos or illustrations of the bridge. Next, have them brainstorm for images that symbolize peace, then work ...to create their posters. Make sure each poster includes the date the International Peace Bridge was dedicated and the signatures of the ...artists. Display the posters (somewhere)."

August 7, 1959 The United States Launched Explorer VI,
which took the first pictures of earth from space.

Book (1) has and activity called "Travel tips for extraterrestrials-Share with your (children) photographs of earth from space. Then ask the kids to imagine how earth might seem to beings from other planets. Have them prepare a 7-day travel itinerary to help the aliens get acquainted with our planet. Mode of transportation: flying saucer, of course." ( In doing this activity take into consideration this book was made in 1993 and not much evidence was out in the open then. Now may be a different story and is worth the research if you can find the stories-start with You-tube. I tried to get a picture to save on my computer, it would not do it. I do not know why yet.)

August 7, 1963 The U.N. called on the South African government
to Abandon Apartheid.

August 7, 1990 President George Bush ordered a military buildup
in the Persian Gulf following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.
The operation was called Desert Shield.

(Grandma has those few days put on tape-I may put them on DVD's)

August 7 is also National Scuba Diving Day which may be explained to the children.



The next day of interest  is August 8th with the following Birthdays:

August 8, 1763 Charles Bulfinch, American architect who designed
the state houses of Massachusetts, Maine, and Connecticut and
who succeeded Benjamin Latrobe as architect of the U.S. Capitol,
was born.

August 8, 1799 Nathaniel Brown Palmer, American sea captain believed
to be the first explorer to sight Antarctica, was born.

August 8, 1866 Matthew Henson, African-American polar explorer who
was a member of Robert Peary's North Pole expedition, was born.

August 8, 1896 Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, children's author. was born.

Book (1) says in "Authors and animals-Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings's bokk The Yearling is a poignant story of growing up. In it, a young boy learns to accept the tragic necessity of getting rid of his pet deer. Ask your students how they'd feel if they had to give up their pet. Encourage them to write a story about their pet." (Ask if a pet deer could be pinned up away from crops and kept-Grandma does not know. They do keep similar animals in zoos. Name other animals that have and could be a problem to keep.Do some research if you wish.)

August 8, 1937 Dustin Hoffman, American actor, was born.




Now Grandma will give you the Events for August 8:

August 8, 1588 Under Sir Francis Drake, The English Fleet Destroyed
the Spanish Armada off the coast of France.

August 8,  1786 The Silver Dollar and the Decimal System of Money
were adopted by an act of Congress.

August 8, 1911 Membership of the House of Representatives was fixed at 435.

August 8, 1974 President Richard Nixon Announced His Resignation, effective
the next day.

August 8 is also International Good Character Day and Middle Children's Day in which there are a couple of following activities:

"Displaying good character-For International Good Character Day, have your (children) brainstorm for positive character traits. Do these traits apply to people all over the world? Next, have the kids design character-trait license plates. Ask them each to print their first name in the center of an 8 1/2 x 5 1/2 sheet of paper, then write their character traits along the edges to create a border. The (children) can tape their plates to their (doors or the refrigerator, etc.)"

"In the middle-Are there any middle children in your (family)? Ask these (children or people) to describe the positive and negative aspects of holding this position in their families."



Next is a review of August 9th starting with the following Birthdays:

August 9, 1776 Count Amedeo Avogadro, Italian chemist and physicist who developed the table of atomic weights, was born.

August 9, 1914 Tove Jansson, illustrator, was born.

August 9, 1931 Seymour Simon, children's author, was born.

August 9, 1944 Patricia McKissack, children's author, was born.

Book (1) says "Family folktales-Patricia McKissack said her writing career began when she was in 3rd grade. She recalled the thrill of having a poem she'd written displayed on the bulletin board for others to read. Since she began writing professionally, McKissack has authored more than 40 children's books. One of her picture books--Flossie and the Fox--is based on a tale her grandfather used to tell her. (He named the characters after people in their family.) Read Flossie and the Fox to your (children). Then ask them to share tales told to them by their grandparents or other family members. Or have them make up their own folktales based on people in their families. Compile their stories into a "Family Folktales" booklet.

August 9, 1963 Whitney Houston, American singer, was born.


Now for the Events of August 9:

August 9, 1638 Jonas Bronck became the first European settler
in what is now the Bronx, N.Y., which was named after his family.

August 9, 1936 Jesse Owens Won the Last of His Four Gold
Medals at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin. 

Book (1) says in "Olympic triumphs-Tell your (children) that in the years preceding World War II, German leader Adolf Hitler and his Nazi propagandists proclaimed the superiority of the "Aryan race." Hitler believed that the 1936 Olympic Games held in Berlin would support his racial theories. He was wrong, Jesse Owens and nine other African-Americans--whom HItler had called members of an "inferior race"--led a U.S. team that dominated the sprints, hurdles, and field events. Owen's brilliant performances in particular deflated the Aryan myth. Ask your (children) to find out the events in which Owens's brilliant performances in particular deflated the Aryan myth. Ask your students to find out the events in which Owens won medals. Then challenge them to find out the other African-Americans who won medals at the Berlin Olympics. (John Woodruff, 800-meter run; Cornelius Johnson, high jump; Ralph Metcalfe, 400-meter relay and 100-meter dash.) Have the kids use their information to make posters honoring Jesse Owens and his fellow African-American Olympians."

August 9, 1945 The United States dropped its Second Atomic
Bomb on Nagasaki, Japan, during World War II.

In honor of this event and sorrow there is now a service observed in Peace Memorial Park in Nagasaki, Japan called a "Moment of Silence".

August 9, 1974 Gerald Ford became the First Nonelected
President to assume office after the resignation of Richard Nixon.

August 9, 1988 The First Night Baseball Game at Wrigley field in
Chicago was played.

August 9, 1989 General Colin Powell became the First Black Chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff.



Next is August 10th beginning with the Birthdays:

August 10, 1753 Edmund Randolfh, General George Washington's
aide-decamp during the Revolutionary War, was born.

August 10, 1874 Herbert Hoover, 31st president of the United States,
was born.

August 10, 1959 Rosanna Arquette, American actress, was born.


Following are the Events:

August 10, 1519 The First Recorded Around-The-World Voyage began
in Seville, Spain, under the command of Ferdinand Magellan.

August 10, 1821 Missouri became the 24th state.

Book (1) says in "Statehood status-Tell your (children) that Missouri gained statehood only after Congress engineered the "Missouri Compromise" of 1820. This compromise, which maintained the ratio of non-slave states and slave states--allowed Missouri, a slave state, to simultaneously enter the Union with a non-slave state. Challenge your students to find out which state entered the Union with Missouri."

August 10, 1845 The U.S. Naval Academy was established at
Annapolis, Md.

August 10, 1846 Congress Chartered the Smithsonian Institution,
founded with $500,000 bequeathed by English scientist James Smithson.

Book (1) writes in "Student-run"Smithsonian"-To celebrate the chartering of the Smithsonian Institution, invite your (children) to create a "mini-Smithsonian" exhibit at (your home). (The children) can ask (your family and friends) to temporarily loan appropriate items from their personal memorabilia and collections. (If items can't be loaned, (the children) can photograph them and display the pictures (maybe keep them in a book later.) (Give special tasks to each child) to handle various aspects of the exhibit. Duties might include maintaining an inventory of exhibit items, preparing an exhibit catalog, designing the exhibit space, selling admission tickets, publicizing the event, installing the exhibit, and ensuring that the exhibit is guarded. Hold a by-invitation-only opening for (family, and friends)."

August 10, 1949 The War Department was renamed the Department of Defense.

August 10, 1972 The Only Meteorite Known to Have Entered the Earth's
Atmosphere and Left it flew in over Utah and departed the atmosphere
over Alberta, Canada."

(This seems awfully strange to Grandma that they
even just consider it a Meteorite.)

Book (1) gives "Mysterious meteorite-Ask your (children) to speculate about the meteorite that flew in and out of the earth's atmosphere. Where did the meteorite come from? Why didn't it hit the earth? What happened to it after it left the earth's atmosphere? Encourage the kids to conduct some background research. Then have them create fact-based science fiction stories about this mysterious meteorite."

(This will be all Grandma will give you now-I am so sorry for not getting it to you sooner. The next 10 days should be right away and then the last eleven days.)

Beginning of August Summer Calendar History

Posted on September 17, 2014 at 6:27 AM Comments comments (20)
Here we are moving int the August Calendar History Lessons for Summer at the end of the Year.

The Project of the Month for August is what Book (1) called" American Artists-Celebrate American Arts Appreciation Month by having your (children) learn about American painters, poets, and authors.
  • Show your (children) prints or photographs of paintings by artists such as Andrew Wyeth, Norman Rockwell, James Whistler, Grandma Moses, and Mary Cassatt. Ask the kids to compare and contrast the artists' styles. Do the artists have favorite kinds of subjects? Post pictures your (children) create in a style of their own.
  • Share with the (family) poems by such poets as Robert Frost, Emily Dickinson, Nikki Giovanni, and Jack Prelutsky. What do your (children) like best about the poems and their imagery? Encourage the children to memorize a favorite poem, then recite it to you. (The children ) might also like to illustrate their poems.
  •  Gather copies of books by such authors as Mark Twain, Laura Ingalls Wilder, Louisa May Alcott, and Beverly Cleary. Ask your (children) to read at least one book by an American American writer this month, then prepare a create book report-perhaps a mobile, an interview with the main character, or a version of the story for younger children."
  • Extend this activity by creating an "American Artists Museum" by designing the exhibits, conducting further research about artists, and preparing reports and illustrations. The children can share and teach other children and family members with their museum.

August is the birthday of my other son, one of his sons, and my mom; making both my sons, a grandson, and my mom all Leo's, well enough my brother born in April; no wonder I am so overpowered. They just haven't figured out that Aquarious which is what I am is the water they drink or the knowledge of learning. Enough of that considering many are going to tell me it is all hogwash.

August's Monthly Observances are the following:

American Arts Appreciation Month
National Catfish Month
National Sandwich Month
Romance  Awareness Month(A lot can be done here in teaching children the difference in sexual relationship's and those in true love and what makes good romance. It is what puzzles a boy more than anything and it will teach girls how to make their lives more fullfilled, warning them not to get tied up into  fake romantic words boys or men may play on them. Teach them how to get to know each other and not fall wrong directions with fake romance. Teach them how to know who they are and if they want involved.)
Water Quality Month (Ties the month to the beginning lessons of pollution, etc. and our Earth along with the lesson in June and July.)

Weeklong Events are the following:

National Smile Week(week beginning on the first Monday)
National Clown Week(first full week and ties to the lessons in June on circuses)
Elvis International Tribute Week(week ending with Aug. 16)
National Aviation Week (week that includes Aug. 19 and it could tie Aviation to the study of Space)

Special Days and Celebrations are the following:

American Family Day (first Sunday)
Friendship Day (first Sunday)
Daughter's Day(second Sunday)

Some more July Summer Lessons

Posted on September 15, 2014 at 8:41 PM Comments comments (86)
We will start with July 17th Calendar History with activities all from Book (1). First we have the birthdays:

July 17, 1859 Luis Munoz-Rivera, Puerto Rican patriot and poet, was born.

For now it is known as Munoz-Rivera Day in Puerto Rico.

July 17, 1932 Karla Kuskin, children's author, was born.

Book (1) says in "Word lover-Author Karla Kuskin once said that her love of words was so great that she couldn't even bear to discard fortune-cookie fortunes. Have your (children) write their own fortunes or words of wisdom on 6-in-long strips of adding-machine tape. Tape the strips together and post them in the hallway for others to read. Later, introduce your (children) to the works of Karla Kuskin by reading The Philharmonic Gets Dressed."

July 17, 1935 Donald Sutherland, Canadian actor, was born.

The Events will be now:

July 17, 1850 The Fist Photograph of a Star was taken.

July 17, 1897 The steamship Portland arrived in Washington with
the First Major Gold Shipment from the Klondike.

July 17, 1938 Pilot Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan left
New York for California. He eventually landed in Dublin, Ireland.

Book (1) writes in "Wrong-way day-When Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan landed in Dublin, Ireland, he got out of his plane and asked, "Isn't this Los Angeles?" Invite your (children) to have a "wrong-way day." For example, (children) might wear their shirts backward, or you might mix up the schedule. You might also include some "wrong ways" into social studies. Have students consider how U.S. history would be different if certain events came out the "wrong way." For instance, what if the South had won the Civil War or we would have lost the Revolution War against England? What if the Pilgrims had landed in California?"

July 17, 1954 The First Newport Jazz Festival was held in Newport, R.I.

July 17, 1975 U.S. Astronauts and Soviet Cosmonauts
Joined Hands after linking their Apollo and Soyuz spacecrafts.

July 17, 1987 The Dow Jones Industrial Average Closed
over 2,500 points for the first time in history.

Book (1) says in "Stock market speculators-On the anniversary of the Dow Jones 2,500-point milestone, begin this (nearly) hands-on stock market activity. ...give each (child) $500 in play money. Explain that for the next 2 weeks, (they) will be seeking "profit" by investing their "money" in stocks. You will be the broker. For their initial investments, (they) can buy $500 worth of shares in any stock or stocks listed on the New York Stock Exchange.Each morning, (look at ) the business pages of the newspaper so the (children) can check the previous day's closing prices. Give the (children) the opportunity at this time to sell and buy stocks at the closing prices. At the end of the 2 weeks, total the value of each (child's) stocks to determine who earns the title of Wall Street wizards."



Next is July 18th starting with the birthdays:

July 18, 1918 Nelson Mandela, South African civil rights
activist and longtime leader of the African National Congress, was born.

July 18, 1921 John Glenn, U.S. astronaut
who was the first American to orbit the earth.

Book (1) has this to say about it in "Firsts in space-Have (the children) conduct research to find out about other "Firsts" in space exploration--for example, the first rendezvous in space, space station, space walk, U.S. astronaut, black astronaut, woman astronaut, space shuttle(, etc.) Armed with their data, the (children) can each make a rocket-shaped time line depicting these important events."

July 18, 1954 Felicia Bond, children's author, was born.


Now for July 18th Events:

July 18, 1792  American naval hero John Paul Jones died.

July 18, 1874 Tennis was introduced to the United States.

July 18, 1925 The American Automobile Association
Declared Women Drivers to be as Competent as Men Drivers.

July 18, 1940 Franklin Roosevelt was Nominated
for an Unprecedented Third Term.

July 18, 1947 President Henry Truman Signed the Presidential Succession Act.

July 18, 1955 Disneyland opened in California.

Book 1 tells about it in "Disneyland adventures-(Have your family visited Disneyland? If you have and your children haven't share your experiences with them. If they have with you talk about your memories.) Encourage them to (look) at park maps and souvenirs to enhance their presentations. ...obtain brochures from local travel agents. Share these with (each other), then invite (them) to write about what they'd do if they could spend a day with their favorite Disney character."

July 18, 1971 Brazillian soccer star Pele ended his
career with the Brazillian National Soccer Team.

July 18, 1974 Bob Gibson became the First National
League Pitcher to Strike Out 3,000 Batters in a career.

July 18, 1980 India became The Sixth Nation to Put a Satellite into Orbit.

July is also Read an Almanac Month; therefore, Book (1) has this to say in "Reading the almanac-
Teach (the children) how to locate information in an almanac by using the general index. Have them each identify their favorite hobby, vacation spot, or other topic, then locate it in the almanac. To test their newfound skills, have the kids list and share five facts about their topic that they gleaned from the almanac."



Next is July 19th with the birthdays first:

July 19, 1814 Samuel Colt, American inventor of the Colt revolver, was born.

July 19, 1834 Edgar Degas, French Impressionist Painter, was born.
(Learn about Impressionist Painters here also.)

July 19, 1865 Charles Mayo, American surgeon, was born.

July 19, 1916 Eve Merriam, children's poet, was born.

Book (1) has this to say about it in "Provocative poetry-Read aloud selections from Eve Merriam's It Doesn't Always Have to Rhyme, Blackberry Ink, and The Inner City Mother Goose. Have the children select their favorite poems and pick up Merriam's beat either by drawing pictures to go with the poems or by writing poems to reflect their own neighborhood experiences."

July 19, 1922 George Stanley McGovern, American politician
who ran unsuccessfully for the presidency in 1972, was born.

Book (1) has the following to say about it in "Forgotten politicians?-To mark George McGovern's birthday, have your (children) compile a list of unsuccessful presidential and vice presidential candidates from the second half of the 20th century. Ask each child to research the postelection career of one of these candidates,, then write a one-paragraph summary on an index card. Post the cards on a (poster board or wall) titled"American Politicians: Where Are They Now?""


Next are the following events for July 19th:

July 19, 1812 The United States Declared War On England
over the issue of British interference with American
trade and shipping on the high seas.

July 19, 1848 The First Women's Rights Convention met
in the home of Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

July 19, 1969 John Fairfax arrived in Fort Lauderdale, Fla.,
after Rowing Across the Atlantic.

July 19, 1984 At its convention in San Francisco, the
Democratic Party nominated Geraldine Ferraro for vice
president. It was the first time a woman had been
chosen for a major-party ticket.

July 19, 1985 NASA chose teacher Christa McAuliffe
from among 11,000 applicants to be its first civilian
crew member on a space shuttle.

July 19 is also National Ice Cream Day (third Sunday in July) therefore Book (1) says in "Ice cream poll-To celebrate National Ice Cream Day, have each of your (children) ask at least 10 people the following question: "Does ice cream taste best served in a cone or in a dish?" Encourage (them) to create a pictograph to display the results. As a culminating activity, bring in ice cream, cones, and dishes--and invite your (children) to serve themselves."


Next is July 20th with only two Birthdays:

July 20, 1919 Sir Edmund Hillary, New Zealand explorer and
mountain climber who was the first to reach the summit
of Mt. Everest, was born.

July 20, 1947 Carlos Santana, Mexican rock musician, was born.

Now for July 20th Events:

July 20, 1810 Columbia declared its independence from Spain.

July 20, 1859 Baseball Fans Were Charged Admission (50¢)
for the first time, to see Brooklyn play New York.

Book (1) has an activity for this in "Batting for dollars-Ask your (children) to find out the cost of the cheapest ticket for a major-league baseball game at the park nearest their hometown. Then ask them to calculate the percentage increase in admission price since 1859."

July 20, 1881 Sitting Bull surrendered to federal troops at
Fort Buford in the Dakota Territory.

July 20, 1944 President Franklin Roosevelt was Nominated
for an Unprecedented Fourth Term at the Democratic convention.

July 20, 1964 NASA tested the First Successful Rocket engine.

July 20, 1969 Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz
Aldrin became the First Men to Set Foot on the Moon.

Book (1) writes in "Moon memories-Have your (children) ask their parents or grandparents to recall where they were and what they were doing when astronaut Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon. Your (children) will themselves remember other historic happenings--including, perhaps, the smashing of the Berlin Wall, the liberation of Kuwait, and the Challenger accident. Have the children each make a chart that consists of historic events they recall and where they were, who they were with, and what they were doing the day each event occurred."

July 20, 1976 The U.S. space probe Viking 1 landed on Mars.

Book (1) says in "Searching for signs of life-After landing on Mars, Viking 1 sent back television pictures of the planet's surface. It also conducted experiments, one of which involved searching for life. The lander scooped up a soil sample, then added certain chemicals to trigger an organic reaction. None was observed. Perhaps Viking 1 wasn't able to recognize what Martian life looks like. or maybe the site was, indeed, devoid of life. Have your (children) discuss what it means to show signs of life. Make a list of places a spacecraft could land on Earth and what signs of life would be found there. Next, make a list of places on Earth that wouldn't show any signs of life--for example, inside a volcano. Take your (children) on an indoor field trip at (home) to search for signs of life. Be sure to include bacteria as a type of life."

July 20, 1985 A diving expedition off the coast of Florida located
the remains of the Spanish galleon Nuestra Senora de Atocha,
sunk in a hurricane in 1622. The expedition recovered $400 Million
in Gold, Silver, and Copper Treasure.

July 20, 1987 Wilma Mankiller became the First Woman
Elected Chief of the Cherokee Nation.

July 20 is also considered Moon Day.


Now we move on into July 21 with the following birthdays:

July 21, 1899 Ernest Hemingway, American novelist, was born.

July 21, 1920 Isaac Stern, Russian violinist, was born.

July 21, 1952 Robin Williams, American comedian and actor, was born.

Book (1) says in "Stand-up comedy-Have your (children) seen Robin Williams on TV or in movies? To celebrate his birthday, ask the kids to choose a favorite comedian. Why do they like him or her? Are there any potential comedians in your (family)? Let those who wish prepare a short comedy skit and perform it in front of the family. Nonperformers might like to join forces with the (family comics) and help write the skits."



Now we will add the events for July 21:

July 21, 1834 The Liberty Bell was Muffled to toll the
death of the Marquis de Lafayette.

July 21, 1861 At the Battle of Bull Run, the first
major encounter of the Civil War, Confederate General
Thomas J. Jackson gained the nickname "Stonewall."

Book (1) writes in "Stonewall and other nicknames-Tell your (children) that Confederate General Thomas J. Jackson earned the nickname "Stonewall" during the first Battle of Bull Run. Despite overwhelming odds, his brigade stood firm--"like a stone wall"--against attacks from Northern troops. Ask your (children) to name other prominent Americans and the actions that have earned them recognition--for example, Alexander Graham Bell, Martin Luther King, Jr. , Sally Ride, Carl Lewis. What nicknames might your students give these people?"

July 21, 1873 Jesse James committed the World's
First Train Robbery, near Council Bluffs, Iowa.

July 21, 1925 Tennessee biology teacher John Scopes was found
Guilty of Teaching the Theory of Evolution, which was against
state law. He was fined $100.

July 21, 1930 The U.S. Veterans Administration was established.

July 21, 1959 The United States launched the Savannah,
the First Nuclear-powered Merchant Ship.

July 21, 1961 U.S. astronaut Virgil Grissom became the
Second American in Space. His flight lasted 16 minutes.

Book (1) says in "Flying in space-To mark the anniversary of Virgil "Gus" Grissom's space flight, turn off the lights in your (home) for 16 minutes. During that time--the length of Grissom's flight--ask your (children) to imagine what they might see or do or think about if they were flying in space. When the lights come back on, have the kids quickly write all their thoughts on scrap paper. Finally, have them use their ideas to write poems about space flight. (Make articles in your family newspapers also.)"

July 21, 1969 Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin
Returned From the Moon to the command module,
manned by Michael Collins.

July 21 is also National Independence Day in Belgium.




Now we will start on July 22 with the following birthdays:

July 22, 1822 Johann Gregor Mendel, Austrian monk who
discovered the principles of heredity, was born. 

July 22, 1844 William Archibald Spooner, English clergyman
after whom the spoonerism was named, was born.

Book (1) explains in "Sunny flips of the tongue-Have your (children) look up "Spoonerism" in the dictionary. Next, (...challenge competition with your children by taking turns reading aloud a favorite poem. Afterward,...write down your poems, intentionally transpose the initial sounds of some words, Then ...read the spoonerism-filled results.)"

July 22, 1849 Emma Lazarus, American poet who wrote
the sonnet "The New Colossus," which is engraved on
the Statue of Liberty, was born.

July 22, 1881 Margery Williams Bianco, children's author
who wrote The Velveteen Rabbit, was born.

July 22, 1898 Alexander Calder, American artist
considered the originator of the mobile, was born.

Book (1) has the following to say in "Nature mobiles-Share some photographs of Alexander Calder's mobiles with your (children). Then encourage the children to make nature mobiles, " using leaves, twigs, tree bark, and other natural objects. First, take the students for an outdoor walk to gather their objects. Next, ask them to tie or glue their objects pieces of string cut to varied lengths, then tie the strings to coat hangers. Suspend the mobiles from the (home") ceiling."

July 22, 1898 Steven Vincent Benet,  American poet, was born.


Now we well cover the events for July 22:

July 22, 1587 More than 100 English colonists founded a
Second Colony on Roanoke Island off North Carolina, the
site of the first attempted English colony in America.
When supply ships returned 3 years later, the only
trace of the colony was the word Croaton carved on a tree.

July 22, 1796 Moses Cleaveland, a surveyor for the
Connecticut Land Co., founded Cleveland, Ohio.

Book (1) writes "Place names-Tell your (children) that in 1831, the spelling of Cleaveland was changed to Cleveland to better fit into a newspaper headline. What cities, buildings, businesses, schools, or streets in your (children's) area are named after people? Make a class list, and note any changed spellings."

July 22, 1881 In Seattle, Wash., Tom Clancy was Arrested
for Speeding on His Horse. He was riding more than
the legal limit of 6 mph.

July 22, 1933 American pilot Wiley Post completed the
First Solo Air Circumnavigation of the Globe. His flight
took 7 days, 18 hours, and 45 minutes.

July 22, 1975 Congress voted to Restore the American
Citizenship of Robert E. Lee, who had commanded the
Confederate forces during the Civil War.



Now we move onto July 23 starting with the two birthdays as follows:

July 23, 1926 Patricia Coombs, children's author, was born.

July 23, 1929 Robert Quackenbush, children's author, was born.

Not so many events as follows either:

July 23, 1827 America's First Swimming School opened in Boston.

July 23, 1829 William Burt received a patent for his
typographer,a Forerunner of the Typewriter.

July 23, 1903 Ford Motor Co. sold its first car.

Book (1) writes in "Classroom assembly line-Henry Ford, founder of the Ford Motor co., believed that the average person should be able to own a car. To make this possible, he developed one of the first assembly-line production systems. The assembly line allowed Ford to produce a greater number of cars at a lower price. The process proved so successful that other manufacturers began using it. Have your (children) conduct an experiment to test the effectiveness of an assembly line. Bring in a couple loaves of bread, several jars of Peanut butter and jelly, paper plates, and (a number of) knives. (Use the whole family to form an assembly line.) Tell the (family) that their goal is to make 12 peanut butter and jelly sandwiches as quickly as possible. (Divide up the work and put the jobs to work. Test yourselves with a timer. Than each of you make so many of the same sandwiches do some alone. Does it make it any faster?)"

July 23, 1958 Queen Elizabeth II named four women to the
peerage, making them the First Women members of the House of Lords.

July 23, 1962 Australia's Dawn Fraser became the First
Woman to Swim 100 Meters in Under 1 minute.

July 23, 1986 Britain's Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson.
They were titled the duke and duchess of York.

July 23 is also the time for Perseid Meteor Shower (Through mid-August). This is explained in Book (1) under "Seeking shooting stars-Tell your (children) that a meteor (also called a shooting star) is a streak of light in the sky that occurs when a meteoroid--a usually small, solid object from space--enters the earth's atmosphere and burns up. On a dark, moonless night, a careful observer might expect to see five or six meteors per hour. But at certain times of the year, when the orbit of a group of meteoroids intersects the earth's orbit, many more meteors are visible. This is called a meteor shower. Show your (children) a sky chart, pointing out the constellation Perseus and noting how to find it in the nighttime sky. Then encourage your (children) to observe the Perseid meteor shower, which begins about now but peaks around August 12. Tell them to go to a place away from bright lights, find Perseus, and note how many meteors they see in a 15- or 20-minute period."


Next is July 24 starting with the birthdays:

July 24, 1783 Simon Bolivar, South American patriot, was born.

Book (1) explains in "El Libertador-Simon Bolivar was born in Venezuela. As a child, he learned about the French and American revolutions and dreamed of the day his country would achieve independence from Spain. Bolivar became one of South America's greatest generals in the fight against Spain, managing to win independence for Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Have your (children) locate South America on a world map. Then have them find the countries that were liberated by Bolivar." (This lessons should be infiltrated in the North American revolution history but tied to studies for South America in the Spring, that is why it is good in the summer as well.)

July 24, 1802 Alexandre Dumas, French novelist, was born.

July 24, 1898 Amelia Earhart, American aviator, was born.

July 24, Bella Abzug, American politician and feminist, was born.

Book (1) tells about her in "Women's rights-Tell your (children) that when Bella Abzug was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1970, she pushed vigorously for women's rights. Ask the children to list the kinds of rights women have been fighting for since the 19th century, when women such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony were leading the charge. How has the women's movement progressed? Who are today's prominent feminists?"(A little note of Grandma's opinion here. Grandma is very partial to the dignity of women and the direction they have been led into. Grandma believes women should have all the rights a man has; however, Grandma feels this bit where feminists or business officials, educators, or group of people that feel they know it all and everyone should live a certain way or be a certain way that are controling our world may not be doing the best by us. Grandma feels women should be proud they are women and live up to standards to be as strong as we can being exactly like men or being with many womanly traits God has given us.
Grandma does not feel we have to dress in pants when a dress or skirt was designed to handle our bladder needs better than the design of a man being able to open his pants or slip them down to go in an easier position.
Many men the same as women like the feel and look of satins, ruffles, and sheers. A man is attracted to a women for his neat appearance in more of a rustic dress because they usually like to be doing things outside and rough. Not to say that women at times like to get just as close to the Earth and doing things they can. However, each person must work out a balance with the people they live with and things they like to do. However, to say the only way is to wear jeans or pants and act like a man is the only answer because men really like to be in control and if a women overpasses them they have a tendency to sit back and not want to do anything because they feel she can handle it why not let her and a lot ends up falling on the women that way. I feel fathers and mothers that do not give their girls a chance to be as lovely as the other girls try to rob them of the benefit of being a woman, not to say they want to be loved for how sexy or even sensual they are, but it can be a lot easier on them if they are allowed to have the time with their children if they want to and take care of womanly chores if they want to as well as put make-up on, fix their hair the way they want, or look a little more appealing even though many feel jeans can be sexy. They really can be too tight, or constantly have to be pulled up, or downright sloppy. Dress pants are ok, but when some older women can have so many problems that they have to change a pair of pants to fit in with the crowd, Grandma does not feel comfortable with the crowd bit nor will she ever.
Not all women are born with the strength to handle all the jobs men do as well as some women and I do not feel it should be forced on them. Some men do not want to do all the jobs women have done or like to do. Some men like to see women dressed up sensually occasionally and women like to see men dressed up themselves too. I feel there should be a fair balance made and other women nor men should put one or the other down because they look nice for each other at times. It makes a better relationship in the end. If women don't like dressing up nor men and want to look junky who is to put them down, but business people do frown on a too junky or sexy of a look someone might have, but some of those people hung around others that felt it was all ok.
Grandma got tired of looking junky in a T-shirt and old ragged pants or jeans for work. She learned where she felt comfortable. However, if I am doing something that could ruin my clothes as home or work I definitely wanted old ragged clothes on. If  it is summer and she knows she is going to be hot she wants shorts or something cool on.
Grandma just had to put her 3 cents in. Grandma does not always go to a beautician for her hair or whatever because she has only had a small budget to live on. As I said people should dress the way they feel comfortable at the time, but not have to live a certain form of dress to be considered for a man's job. I do feel they should be considerate of their spouses feelings in the way they dress and understand that if they want to sell a product to the public, the public is not going to change for their feelings, they have to dress presentable in order to be accepted by other people. That does not mean they have to show off with the most expensive or newest fad on the market at the time either. People will always look at the appearance of a stranger selling something unless they are the type that don't care any better than than the person selling. Smaller towns are worse than the bigger cities because of the variety of people to pick from. If many of you disagree maybe our world has us all mental blocked or some women are just trying to hide their own sex problems.)

Now lets do the events for July 24 as follows:

July 24, 1679 New Hampshire became a royal colony of the British crown.

July 24, 1701 Antoine De La Mothe Cadillac founded a fort at the site of Detroit.

July 24, 1847 Brigham Young and his Mormon
followers arrived at the Great Salt Lake in Utah.

July 24, 1866 Tennessee became the First Confederate
state to be readmitted to the Union.

July 24, 1959 U.S. vice president Richard Nixon and Soviet premier
Nikita Khrushchev Debated the Pros and Cons of Capitalism
and Communism on world television.


(Grandma feels this topic should be talked about because,
Soviet Unions idea of Communism was the incomes to be equal but far lower than the officials themselves therefore it left them in more power to decide who belonged there and what they should do.)

July 24, 1977 Dutch rider Henk Vink set a Motorcycle World Record
by covering a 1-kilometer course in 16.68 seconds from a standing start.

July 24 is also Pioneer Day in Utah therefore have some fun with it and it is also National Baked Bean Month in July. Book (1) says in "Best baked beans-Celebrate National Baked Bean Month by having your (friends and/or family) conduct a taste test of various (recipes and/or) brands of canned baked beans. Which brand tastes best? Which tastes worst? Afterward, challenge (the children) to create tongue twisters beginning with: "The best baked beans..."



Now we move onto July 25th beginning with the following birthdays:

July 25, 1750 Henry Knox, American military officer who served
as the first U.S. secretary of war, was born.

July 25, 1911 Ruth Krauss, children's author, was born.

July 25, 1954 Walter Payton, football star who set the NFL
career record for rushing, was born.

July 25, 1978 Louise Brown, the first socalled test-tube baby
(baby conceived through in vitro fertilization, was born.


Next are the events for July 25th:

July 25, 1814 The English inventor George Stephenson
first demonstrated a Steam Locomotive.

July 25, 1866 Ulysses S. Grant became the army's First Five-Star General.

July 25,  1909 The French engineer and aviator Louis Bleriot
made the First Airplane Flight Across the English Channel,
from Calais, France, to Dover, England.

Book (1) writes this in "Flying across the Channel-Tell your (children) that it took Louis Bleriot 37 minutes to complete his 20-mile flight. Help them appreciate Bleriot's aviation milestone by having them re-create it with paper airplanes. Have (the children) work ...to create a scale drawing of England. France, and the English Channel (somewhere else). They can use chalk or masking tape to lay out their design, (making France a good distance away from the drawing of England-maybe a foot 100-200 miles or as far as 500 miles to France.) Have the children mark the sites of Calais, France, and Dover England. Next have them each make a paper airplane. Students can then take turns flying their airplanes "across the Channel.""

July 25, 1934 Franklin Roosevelt became the First President to Visit Hawaii.

July 25, 1952 Puerto Rico's Constitution was proclaimed,
and the island became a self-governing commonwealth of the United States.

July 25, 1971 South African surgeon Dr. Christiaan Barnard Successfully
Transplanted Two Lungs and a Heart into a patient.

July 25, 1984 Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became
the First Woman to Walk in Space.


July is also Recreation and Parks Month and July 25 of Book (1) says in "Passport to the parks-
The National Park Service offers a national parks passport book. Each time a passport holder visits a national park, the book gets stamped. Make a notebook-size version of this passport book for your students. List each national park or monument your students have visited on a separate page, and ask the kids to find an appropriate illustration or magazine photo. Then have students sign their names under the locations they've visited. Encourage those who will visit national parks or monuments in the future to send postcards for inclusion in the passport book. (Grandma will have some information for this later and she want to cover some of the National Parks in November to go along with the letter N for children.)



Now we will move onto July 26th starting with the birthdays:

July 26, 1856 George Bernard Shaw, British playwright, was born.

Book (1) writes under "Perspectives on teaching-Playwright George Bernard Shaw once observed, "Those who can, do. Those who can't, teach. " Share Shaw's quote with your (children). Then share this quote from Christa McAuliffe: "I touch the future; I teach." Ask your (children) which quote they think more accurately describes today's teachers. After they've shared their views, explain quotes to survey family, friends, and community members about their perceptions of teaching."

July 26, 1892 Pearl Buck, American author, was born.

July 26, 1897 Paul Gallico, American author of The Snow Goose, was born.

July 26, 1923 Jan Berenstain, children's author, was born.

July 26, 1943 Mick Jagger, British rock star, was born.

Book (1) writes in "Classroom rock fest-In honor of Mick Jagger's birthday, have a parent-(child) rock fest in your (home). ...find favorite Rolling Stones recordings. (Children and yourself) also can ( find your own favorite artists.) After playing a sampling of the songs, ask ...what they think of the other generation's musical tastes."

Now we will move into the Events:

July 26, 1788 New York became the 11th state.

July 26, 1847 The West African nation of Liberia proclaimed its independence.

July 26, 1889 China's Hwang Ho (Yellow River) flooded, leaving the
surrounding countryside under as much as 12 feet of water.

July 26, 1908 The Federal Bureau of Investigation was created.

July 26, 1920 Oscar Swann, age 72, won a medal in rifle
shooting, thus becoming the Oldest Olympic Medalist.

July 26, 1969 U.S. scientists examined the First Moon Rock Samples.

July 26, 1986 Bicyclist Greg Lemond became the First American
to Win the Tour De France. His time for the 2,500-mile race was
110 hours, 35 minutes, 19 seconds.

(Do some math figuring with this as: How many miles an hour figuring approximately 110 hours into the 2,500 miles equals what?)

July 26 is also Hopi Niman Dance in United States as Book (1) explains it in "Native American legends-Share with your (children) the Hopi Indian legend of the kachinas--supernatural beings who leave their mountain homes for half the year to visit the tribe. The kachinas are believed to bring good health to the people and rainfall for the crops. For the Niman dance, dancers portraying kachinas sing and dance for almost the entire day. Ask your (children) to name other supernatural beings--for example, leprechauns and guardian angels--who some to earth and help people. Then have the children write stories featuring supernatural do-gooders of their own invention."



The next day is July 27th with only two birthdays as follows:

July 27, 1913 Scott Corbett, children's author, was born.

Book (1) says in"Titles of honor-Children's author Scott Corbett fulfilled a longtime wish when he joined two friends for a balloon trip. They traveled from northern Rhode Island to southern Massachusetts. Later, Corbett joked that he could sign his name "Scott Corbett, I.A. (Interstate Aerialist)." Ask your (children) what titles they could give themselves based on their accomplishments. Next, have them fold 8 1/2 x 11-inch sheets of construction paper in half to make "nameplates" for their desks. Have them each write their name and new title on their nameplate."

July 27, 1948 Peggy Fleming, American figure-skating champion, was born.

Now we have the Events for July 27th:

July 27, 1586 Sir Walter Raleigh returned to England bearing
the Virginia colony's first tobacco crop.

July 27, 1775 Benjamin Church was named Surgeon General
of the Continental Army.

July 27, 1789 Congress established the Department of Foreign Affairs,
which later became the State Department.

July 27, 1866 The Fist Underwater Telegraph Cable Between
North America and Europe was completed.

July 27, 1909 Orville Wright set a World Record by staying
aloft in an airplane for 72 minutes and 40 seconds.

Book (1) writes in "It takes teamwork-Tell your (children) that Orville Wright worked together with his brother, Wilbur, to build and fly the first power-driven airplane. Since the Wright brothers worked as a team, how did they decide who would fly the plane on this day in 1909? Ask your (children) to speculate. How do your students think Orville felt during his record-setting flight? How do they suppose Wilbur felt watching from the ground? Have each (child) write a narrative from the perspective of either Orville or Wilbur."

July 27, 1921 Insulin was isolated for the first time.

July 27, 1931 A Swam of Grasshoppers descended on the
states of Iowa, Nebraska, and South Dakota, destroying
thousands of acres of crops.

July 27, 1953 The Korean War ended.

July 27, 1974 The House Judiciary Committee passed its
First Article of Impeachment Against President Richard Nixon.

July 27 is also Take Your Houseplants for a Walk Day and Book (1) has this to say in "Walk the plant?-Today is Take Your Houseplants for a Walk Day. Ask your (children) to suggest a scientific reason why this might be a good thing to do. (Plants remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and generate oxygen.) What whimsical reasons can they suggest?"

(By the way Book (1) has a picture with this insert where the children are walking and the plants are actually walking beside them as humans-a good laugh for the day.)



Next is July 28 with only two following birthdays:

July 28, 1932 Natalie Babbitt, children's author, was born.

Book (1) says in "Character diary-Natalie Babbitt's popular book Tuck Everlasting deals with the theme of searching for oneself. Read it aloud to the (children). As (the children) listen, have them keep a diary of their reactions to Winnie, the main character. Following the story's conclusion, have (the children) make collages to illustrate their reactions. They might include pictures, drawings, words, or other creative ways to capture the essence of a character who faces difficult choices."

July 28, 1943 Bill Bradley, professional basketball player
and U.S. senator, was born.

Book (1) writes in "Looking at Legislators-Before entering politics, Senator Bill Bradley of New Jersey was a basketball star. He earned All-American honors at Princeton University, played on the 1964 U.S. Olympic team, and won two NBA championships with the New York Knicks during a 10-year pro career. Bradley said that his basketball experiences taught him lessons he could apply in his work as a legislator. In particular, he believed, he gained insights into race relations, an issue he frequently spoke on. Ask your (children) to list professions or personal experiences that they believe would prepare a person for a successful career in Congress. Do the kids feel Congress should contain members from diverse backgrounds? Why? Have your (children) write to your state's two U.S. senators, asking each about his or her previous professional experiences."

Now we will cover the events for July 28th:

July 28, 1821 General Jose de San Martin proclaimed
Peru's Independence from Spain.

July 28, 1868 The Fourteenth Amendment defining U.S. citizenship and guaranteeing due process of law, took effect.

July 28, 1914 World War I began when Austria declared war on Serbia.

July 28, 1945 The U. S. Senate ratified the United Nations Charter
by a vote of 90-2.

July 28, 1945 A B-25 Bomber Crashed into the 79th floor of the
Empire State Building.

July 28, 1959 Daniel Inouye of Hawaii became the First
Japanese-American elected to Congress.

July 28, 1973 Six hundred thousand people attended the
Biggest U.S. Rock Concert ever, at Watkins Glenn, N.Y.

Book (1) writes about it in "Concert calculations-Tell Your (children) that 4 years before the Watkins Glen concert, in the summer of 1969, 400,000 people attended another famous rock festival held in New York State. Ask your students to name this event (Woodstock). There were 200,000 more people at the Watkins Glen event than at Woodstock. Have students calculate this difference as a percentage increase."

Lastly:

July 28, 1984 The Summer Olympics Opened in Los Angeles.
Nineteen nations, including the USSR, boycotted.



Moving on into July 29th with Three birthdays:

July 29, 1869 Booth Tarkington, American novelist, was born.

July 29, 1905 Dag Hammarskjold, Swedish diplomat and
second secretary-general of the United Nations, was born.

July 29, 1938, Peter Jennings, Canadian-born TV journalist, was born.

Now we will list the Events and activities for July 29 as follows:

July 29, 1778 A French Fleet Arrived at Rhode Island to help the
American colonists in the Revolutionary War.

July 29, 1958 Congress authorized the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration (NASA).

Book (1) writes here in "What's next for NASA?-As early as 1915, the U.S. government supported organized research on aeronautics. That year, a congressional resolution established the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). By 1958, government officials agreed that NACA's work should be extended to include the region outside earth's atmosphere--and NASA was created. Ask your (children)  to predict how NASA's work will be extended 10 years from now. For example, what other regions or heavenly bodies might be explored? Have each (child) write a science fiction story describing what might happen."
(By the way while Grandma was in Mexico during August we sighted lights in the sky that were not stars or anything normal. They looked like airplane lights but they were not moving like an airplane. They were just there and then disappeared. First it showed in one place then it disappeared and shown in another space and then did the same two or three other places. They said it happens there occasionally. Grandma had never seen anything like it before. It was really strange.)

July 29, 1962 Seventy-five American historians and political scientists Rated U.S. Presidents as "great," "near great," "average," below average," or "failure."

Book (1) writes about it in "Evaluating the presidents-Have your (children) rate all the presidents who've served in their lifetimes using the same scale as the historians and political scientists used in 1962. Ask the kids to cite specific events and presidential decisions to support their ratings."

July 29, 1981 Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer were
married in St. Paul's Cathedral in London.

July 29, 1988 Javier Sotomayor of Cuba became the First
High Jumper to Clear 8 feet.


July 29th is also Chincoteague Pony Penning(last Thursday in July) and Book (1) writes about it in "Where the wold horses are-Tell your (children) that about 150 wild ponies live on Assateague Island in Virginia. These animals are descendants of colonial-era horses. Each year, the ponies are rounded up and made to swim across the inlet to Chincoteague Island, where about 40 of them are sold. Ask (your children) to locate these two islands on a map of Virginia. How far apart are they? invite the kids to speculate on why the ponies are rounded up annually. (With no predators, they would eventually become too numerous for the island's ecosystem to sustain.) (This is a good lesson in Biology for the children.)



Now we will begin July 30 starting with only two birthdays:

July 30, 1863 Henry Ford, American automobile manufacturer, was born.

Book (1) writes in "The family car-In honor of Henry Ford's birthday, ask your (children) to collect data about their families' cars, including how many cars their families own, the makes and models, the colors, and the safety features, such as air bags or antilock brakes. Have (the children) work...to compile their data and design graphs illustrating the results.

July 30, 1947 Arnold Schwarzenegger, Austrian-born
bodybuilder and actor, was born.

Next are the following events for July 30th:

July 30, 1619 The First Representative Assembly in the American Colonies
met at Jamestown, Va., and enacted laws against drunkenness,
idleness, and gambling.

July 30, 1729 Baltimore Town (later Baltimore) was founded by the
Maryland colonial government.

July 30,1909 The United States Bought its First Airplane for $31,250.

July 30, 1919 Missouri farmer Fred Hoenemann got a temporary
injunction Prohibiting Pilots From Flying Over His Farm.

July 30, 1942 President Franklin Roosevelt signed a bill creating
the navy Waves (Women accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service).

July 30, 1952 The Chesapeake Bay Bridge--third longest in the world--opened.

Book (1) writes about it in "Down by the bay-Tell your (children) that the Chesapeake Bay--which is 200 miles long and 4 to 40 miles wide--is the largest inlet on the Atlantic coast of the United States. Have the children locate the Chesapeake Bay on a U.S. Map. Various rivers flow into the bay. Challenge the kids to find as many as they can. (Among the rivers are the James, York, Potomac, Rappahannock, Patuxent, and Susquehanna.)"

July 30, 1956 Congress adopted the motto, "In God We Trust."

Book (1) writes in "National motto- Ask your (children) where the motto "In God We Trust" can be found--for example, on coins and paper currency. Then discuss the concept of mottoes and why they exist. What is your state's motto? Ask each (child) to adopt a personal motto, write it on a sheet of oaktag, and add a personalized border design. Tape the mottoes (onto something to display them.)"

July 30, 1971 Apollo 15 astronauts landed on the moon.
Their mission included deploying a jeeplike vehicle called
a Lunar Rover, which enabled them to explore much more
of the moon's surface.



This is the last day of July and the last day on this blog. Grandma will carry on tomorrow into August. This is also a very special sons birthday.) Therefore, we will start July 31 with the only two birthdays:

July 31, 1803 John Ericsson, Swedish-American engineer
who designed the Monitor, the famous Ironclad Civil War
ship, was born.

July 31, 1930 Robert Kimmel Smith, children's author, was born.

Now moving on into the Events for the day:

July 31, 1498 Christopher Columbus first sighted Trinidad.

July 31, 1790 The First American Patent was awarded to Samuel
Hopkins for his method of making potash, a substance used in
the manufactur

The Universe for Space Week in July for Summer

Posted on September 13, 2014 at 10:28 PM Comments comments (30)
This Unit is out of Book (57) and it is also can be infiltrated into the beginning lessons of the year by starting out with lesson about our Earth and its elements of Air, Land, and Water.


                                   "Exploring The Universe by Teddy Meister

The vastness of space and the secrets it holds unfold a little more each time a shuttle is launched or a probe sent into deep space. Our fascination for "what's out there" has existed throughout the ages. As we become more technologically sophisticated, our visions of space stations and interplanetary explorations and travel become more realistic. A study of our own "space environment," planet Earth, and its relationship to other objects in the "space community" (solar system) can provide us with a kindred linking to the cosmos.

Cosmos (from the Greek Kosmos)
Order, harmony, hence the world as an orderly system. "The universe as an embodiment of order and harmony; the system of order and harmony combined in the universe." Webster's New Twentieth Century Dictionary of the English Language, Second Edition.


                       The Cosmic Focus--Galaxies

Our sun is in a vast group of stars called a galaxy. Our galaxy, the great Milky Way, contains tens of billions of stars, some that are two million light-years away. A light-year is the distance light travels in one year, or about 5,880,000,000,000 miles per year! It travels at the rate of 186,000 miles per second. This means that light reaching our eyes from stars in this galaxy left those distant stars about two million years ago. An incredible thought to consider. We are one tiny part of the Milky Way, where 100 billion other stars also exist. If each star had a name, it would probably take 4000 years to say their names if we could say one every second without stopping! Other galaxies are so tremendously far away it is almost impossible to imagine. Some travel as fast as 70,000 miles a second and collectively contain about as many stars as there are gains of sand on all the world's seashores.

Cosmic People--Sir William Herschel (1738-1822)
This English astronomer and his son conducted studies at the end of the 18th century to count stars and observe the shape of the Milky Way. They tried to estimate the approximate size of the system and the relationship of earth withing the system.

Comprehending the Cosmos
  1. Read more about the experiments of Sir William Herschel and his son. What were their conclusions? Were their theories accepted? Explain their findings. Start a card file of "Cosmic People." Add a biography card for each of the people you find in this unit.
  2. In the 1920s, American astronomer Harlow Shapely realized earth was not in the center of the galaxy. He observed a sphere-like halo around a point many thousands of light-years away. Make a sketch of the Milky Way. Can you see the special shape it has? Can you estimate where our solar system is?
  3. The Pleiades, or Seven Sisters, is an example of a galactic cluster of stars within the Milky Way. It has six stars visible to the naked eye. Create a "follow the dots" picture of the Pleiades.
  4. If the sun were closer to the edge of the Milky Way, how might the galaxy appear to us? Explain your opinion and why you think this.
  5. Galaxies are among the most distant objects in space we can study. Quasars are even further away. Find out about these distant "space cousins." How are galaxies and quasars alike? How are they different?
  6. Galaxies are among the most distant objects in space we can study. Quasars are even further away. Find out about these distant "space cousins." How are galaxies and quasars alike? How are they different?
  7. If some type of life form did exist elsewhere in space, what might this life form look like? Draw several sketches of animal life and several of plant life.
  8. Read some science fiction stories. Here is a starter list to select from:
          Bradbury, Ray. The Martian Chronicles
          Burnford, Sheila. The Incredible Journey
          Heinlein, Robert. Have Space Suit, Will Travel
          L'Engle, Madeleine, A Wrinkle in Time
          Lewis, C.S. The Chronicles of Narnia
          Strasser, Todd. The Mall from Outer Space
          Wells, H. G. The War of the Worlds

                                         The Cosmic Focus--The Moon

Our satellite, or moon, is about 2160 miles in diameter. With its lack of air and water, the moon cannot support human life. There is no gravity, but the moon still affects our lives every day through the movement of ocean tides. It exerts a pull on the water on the part of the earth nearest to it. On the opposite side, where the pull is least the water bulges away from the moon. These tides occur at different times of the day and depend on the position of the moon as it travels around earth. High tides are about twelve hours apart; low tides are between each high tide. One of the highest daily tides can be seen between Nova Scotia and New Brunswick in the Bay of Fundy. Many times this tide will rise as much as seventy feet above low tide levels.

Cosmic People--Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)

This Italian astronomer was the first to sight the mountains of the moon, the four largest satelites of Jupiter, the phases of Venus, and the spots on the sun. His theories and principles of the pendulum were applied to regulate clocks and standardize timekeeping.

Comprehending the Cosmos

  1. The moon has different "looks" as it travels around the earth each month. These are called moon phases. Describe the phases of the moon and draw an illustration of each.
  2. A person's weight on the moon is one-sixth what it would be on earth. If you weighed 90 pounds here, you would weigh just fifteen pounds there--a great way to lose weight. Compute your weight and the weight of ten classmates. Display your findings on a graph entitled "Earth Weight, Moon Weight."
  3. An eclipse of the moon, or lunar eclipse, can only occur during a full moon and can be seen everywhere on the side of the earth facing the moon. It lasts about two hours, and the earth's shadow causes it to look reddish. Explain how this differs from an eclipse of the sun, or solar eclipse. Draw and label a diagram to represent your explanation.
  4. NASA's early landings on the moon in the 1960s provided us with tremendous first-hand knowledge. Rilles (canals) and craters were explored and studied in greater detail than ever before. "Seas" were examined and many rock samples brought back to earth. Create a news article that might have appeared in your (family newspaper) about these events. Think up a catchy story headline.
  5. From Earth to the Moon, by Jules Verne, and 2001: A Space Odyssey, by Arthur C. Clarke, are two excellent stories about the moon and space exploration and are quite different in style. Select one to read. When finished, design a new book jacket for it. (Can't get the titles of these books to Italized nor be underlined I am sorry.).
  6. Space technologists and scientists have concluded that if there were "hospital" facilities built on the moon, someday people could go there for medical treatment. You would heal ten times faster from surgery, cuts, and wounds than you do on earth! Lunar explorations of the 1960s also brought about the development of freeze-dried foods. Many benefits for all people have been outgrowths of the space program. Write a speech you could present to a group of legislators who wanted to cut back funding for space programs. What would some of your arguments be to convince them not to do this?
  7. Gather books, articles, and some of the completed activities from this section and organize a "Moon Resource Box" for other classes to use in a study of this kind.
  8. Begin to gather all materials, activities, filmstrips(movies and videos from youtube and of your own), and pictures to organize a "Cosmically Speaking" learning center. Add the work of (the children) and think of how this can be a culminating activity. You might invite (others) to visit.

                                         The Cosmic Focus--Objects in Space

Meteors are small solid masses entering earth's atmosphere at such tremendous speeds that friction is generated when the objects "rub" against earth's air. We see the meteor as a "falling star." Most are as tiny as pins. About one million reach our atmosphere every hour! Larger meteorites can weigh many tons. One of the largest, found in 1920 in southwest Africa, was 9 feet by 8 feet and weighed 66 tons. Among other objects in space are comets, from the Latin word coma, meaning hair, for the great tail of dust and gas streaming from it. When comets are within 100 million miles or so from the sun they are the most distinguishable.

Nebulas appear as great clouds of gas far out in space. Appearing as rings, they glow like distant stars as they are lighted from stars nearby. Another unusual star form in space is a nova, which is a star that has exploded and is thousands of times brighter than before. Black holes have their origins in novas.
In the great mass of the universe, many objects are left to be discovered. Among the millions and billions of galaxies and the space between them, the cosmos gives us a lot to think about (as follows:0
  • The earth travels around the sun at a speed of about 18 miles per second. How fast does it travel per minute? per hour?
  • A telescope called the Hale reflector has a 200-inch mirror and can detect the light of a candle 15,000 miles away. Construct a simple telescope of your own.
  • The largest known asteroid is Ceres, which measures about 620 miles in diameter.
  • Some believe the end of the dinosaurs was due to a meteor crashing to the earth. Find out more about this theory.
  • Besides the sun, planets, and moons, the solar system includes millions of asteroids and trillions of comets and meteoroids.


Cosmic People--Edmund Halley (1656-1742)

Halley's Comet is named for this English astronomer who first observed it in 1682. He was able to calculate the orbit of this comet and predict a return sighting for 1758 and every 75 years after that. He used Newton's theories and was the first to accurately apply the laws of motion to movement of the comet. The most recent sighting was in 1982.(There may have been one closer in time to us than that Grandma is not sure.)

Comprehending the Cosmos

  1. In recent times, the Van Allen belts are using the diagram to communicate your ideas.
  2. Black holes are fascinating objects fro study. Find out about their relationship to novas and prepare a five-minute talk. Use note cards to summarize what you have learned.
  3. The Crab Nebula, a great cloud of gas stretching over 17 billion miles, has been spreading about 684 miles  per second. Get an eyedropper of water and some blotter paper. Squeeze a drop of water onto the blotter and time the spreading speed. Do this several times, recording the speed each time. When it dries, measure the diameter of each drop. This will give you some idea of what the Crab Nebula is doing.
  4. How did Edmund Halley discover the comet named for him? What gave him the idea? Write a brief report about Halley's life and discoveries. Compute the next visit of the comet.
  5. Make an "Object in Space" scrapbook. Illustrate and explain each of the objects shown in bold print on the previous page. Add others as you read and study.
  6. A long time ago people created stories about space objects they observed but didn't understand. Create a story based on one of these objects. Add it to your scrapbook.

                            The Cosmic Focus--Planets

Among all the planets in the solar system, our home on planet earth provides a "friendly" environment for human survival. Curiosity about the rest of the "space neighborhood" has persisted since early times. We have learned much but still have a long way to travel on the road to knowledge.

Cosmic People--Johannes Kepler (1571-1630)

A German astronomer, Kepler's laws describe the motion of planets in their orbits. He stated that planet orbits are ellipses with the sun as a common focus, planets form orbits of equal areas, and planetary revolutions are mathematically proportional. His laws are true today and are still applied by scientists studying the nature of space.

Comprehending the Cosmos

  1. Construct a mobile of the solar system. Use a wire hanger. Think about a scale first so that the sun is the largest and (go to)  the smallest.
  2. On May 4, 1989, the deep-space probe Magellan was launched from space shuttle Atlantis. A special radar system in the probe can figure out the shape and height of a planet's surface features. Recently, more detailed views of Venus were transmitted and released to the public. If you were a NASA scientist, what questions would you want answered about Venus? List four or five questions.
  3. Why is Magellan a good name for this probe? Who was the real Magellan? What did he do? Write and explain what you think.
  4. How are Magellan, Columbus, and the Vikings like our astronauts today? What common traits do they all have? Do all explorers need these same traits? What do you think?
  5. Look at a planetary comparison chart as you research and extend your own space knowledge. Which is the largest in size? Make an ordered list of the planets from largest to smallest. What other comparisons can be made from the chart? Most moons? Coldest? Longest year?

  Planet         

 Distance
from Sun

  Diameter
  in Miles
  Number
 of Moons
    Axis
 Rotation
Sun Rev
 Features

  Mercury






 
     Venus







     Earth
      93
millions miles
   7,900
      1
  24 hours
  365 1/4
     days
3/4 water
  life support

       Mars







   Jupiter







    Saturn







   Uranus







  Neptune













  
          6.  What if interplanetary travel were possible? Create a travel poster to lure tourists to one of
               the planets. Think of special clothing, equipment, and supplies they would need to pack
               for the trip. How long will it take to get there?
          7.  A planet (instead of) Pluto has been discovered! ...write a description for what it might be
               like.(Grandma is not sure on this yet.)

                                      The Cosmic Focus--The Sun

The internet temperature of this ever-burning star is estimated at about 27,000,000° F. This gigantic energy machine uses four million tons of matter per second to produce energy. It is so huge that a million planets the size of earth could fit inside! Ninety-three million miles from us, it takes the sun's light about eight minutes to journey here traveling at 186,000 miles per second. With a diameter of 1,392,00 km, it is "fixed" in position, as are all stars. Great shooting flames (solar prominence) are hundreds of thousands of miles high. As the center of our solar system, it is truly an awesome sight to behold. It is important to every living organism on planet earth.

Cosmic People-- Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543)

Copernicus was a Polish monk who discovered that the sun, not the earth, is the body around which the planets revolve. His research and experiments during the period in which he lived were not popular and were not accepted until much later. (People then believed the earth was the center of the solar system and everything revolved around it.)

Comprehending the Cosmos

  1. Corona and sunspots are related to the sun. What are they? Find an explanation of each and record the definitions.
  2. Sunlight, or white light, is divided into seven colors known as the spectrum. Take a prism and a sheet of paper outside. Squat down so that the sunshine is over your shoulder and behind you. Move the prism in front of you so that the sunlight passes through the prism. Set the sheet of paper on the ground so that when the sunlight is angled just right through the prism, it will pass through the opposite side in a rainbow of colors you can see on the paper.
  3. The same principle of light passing through a prism also applies to a rainbow. When moisture is in the air, it acts as a prism and causes the spectrum, or rainbow, to become visible to the naked eye. The colors will always be in the same order: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet. Create a poem about rainbows. Investigate refraction and diffraction of light.
  4. Earth receives less than 1/2,000,000,000 of the total amount of energy the sun sends out. If this small amount of solar energy performs all the life-sustaining functions for humans, animals, and plants, imagine what could be done by using it more as an alternative source of energy! What new ways could it e used? Can you think of a new solar-powered bicycle? Solar-powered skateboard? Draw a new solar-powered invention.
  5. An eclipse of the sun is called a solar eclipse and can occur only during the new moon. Find out about this special type of eclipse. What special precautions are needed for viewing one? When was the last eclipse of this kind in your area? When will the next one occur?
  6. The distance between the earth and sun is 93,000,000 miles. This number can also be written as 93 x 1,000,000 or 93 x 10 to the 6th. (Can you see the pattern between exponents and number of zeros used?) Wit this method of scientific notation, 10 is the base and 6 is called an exponent. Think of it as 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 or 1,000,000. Scientists prefer this method (notation) because it is much quicker! Solve the following:
          a. 8 X 10 to the 3rd                b. 10 to the 4            c. (3 X 10 to the 3rd) + (8 X 10 to the 2nd)
       7. Create a set of number problems using scientific notation. Explain and share this method
           with (others).
       8. Select other large numbers you have come across in this study of space and convert them to
           scientific notation. Make a poster showing the new way of writing larger numbers.

(This is all Grandma has on Space for now. She will cover the rest of July tomorrow and do August's Calendar History. There will not be anymore activity units from Book (57) for August.)

          

Beginning of July's Summer Lessons

Posted on September 11, 2014 at 1:15 AM Comments comments (30)
These activities are great if they can be utilized next summer because Grandma had so much trouble getting them to you. However, they can be infiltrated in Lessons now as part of lessons about Summer now and beginning activity to start the new year off.
July's big project for the month is all around the observation of July as Anti-Boredom Month. The children are to make lists with you for things that are in "three categories: fun for one, small-group fun, and large-group fun." Ok! So you ask how can I do that when it is only my children and me. There are things first that they know they like to do alone as some reading. There are things as a family or with a few friends you like to do. Then ways of developing friends and bigger groups is if you have lots of neighbor friends, a church that does a lot together, hospitals (especially for children), orphanages, child care homes or centers, old peoples homes or care places, libraries might be helpful, use your imagination, there used to be home school clubs that did some things together(it is an option). Form a favorite sport together. Help your children with this activity as much as possible. You are suppose to form it into a book. I know you can do it. Just try!

"The Monthlong Observances" from Book (1) besides Anti-Boredom Month for July are as follows:
"Blueberry Month
Hitchhiking Month
National Baked Bean Month
National Hot Dog Month
National Ice Cream Month
Picnic Month
Read an Almanac Month
Recreation and Parks Month

Weeklong Events" are as follows:
"Music for Life Week (first week)
Special Recreation Week (first full week)
Be Nice to New Jersey Week (second week)
Space Week (week including July 20)"

And "Special Days and Celebrations
Independence Day (July 4)
Bastille Day (July 14)
National Ice Cream Day (third Sunday)"
(Look into this one with September's)


July 1 has three birthdays as follows:

July 1, 1872 Louis Bleriot, French aviator who became the
first person to fly an airplane across the English Channel, was born.

July 1, 1961 Diana Spencer, princess of Wales, was born this day.

July 1, 1961 Carl Lewis, American track star, was also born.

Events for July 1 are as follows:

July 1, 1847 The First Official U.S. Postage Stamps were issued.

Book (1) writes in "People on postage-When the first American postage stamps were issued, Benjamin Franklin appeared on the 5-cent stamp and George Washington appeared on the 10-cent stamp.  Why do the children think these people were chosen? If postage stamps were being issued or the first time today, what people or images would your (children) want on the stamps? Have them draw and color their own "first issue" stamps."

July 1, 1862 Congress established the Bureau of Internal Revenue.

July 1, 1863 The Civil War Battle of Gettysburg began.

July 1, 1867 The Dominion of Canada was created.

July 1, 1898 Theodore Roosevelt and His Rough Riders
charged up San Juan Hill during the Spanish American War.

July 1, 1941 The First Television Commercial, sponsored by
Bulova Watch, was broadcast in New York.

Book (1) talks about it in "TV selling-Tell your (children) that the first television ad, broadcast on station WNBT in New York, lasted 10 seconds and cost $9. Ask your (children) how much the sponsor paid per minute. At the time, there were 4,000 TV sets in the New York area. If one person was watching each TV set when the commercial aired, how much did the sponsor pay per viewer? Ask the kids to find out how many people watch their favorite program and how much a minute of commercial time on the program costs. Then have them compare these figures with those from the first commercial."

July 1, 1963 The Five-Digit Zip Code was introduced.

July 1, 1971 The Twenty-Sixth Amendment was ratified,
giving 18-year-olds the right to vote.

July 1, 1990 A treaty unifying the Monetary Systems of
East and West Germany became effective.

July 1 is also Canada Day and National Hot Dog Month is given an activity in Book (1) this day
called "Good doggies-Celebrate National Hot Dog Month with a healthy twist. Have (the children) examine labels to determine the fat content and nutritional value of various brands of hot dogs. Then ask the kids to chart their resuls. Afterward, have them create truth-in-advertising poster guides to healthy hot dog eating (which Grandma does not follow too well, but Grandpa doesn't like hot dogs too often). (You can display you poster wherever you wish, for they are good information and Grandma definitely is for eating good food for yourselves, but costs seem to hold us all back on what is good sometimes.)"


July 2 has four birthdays as follows with two activities:

July 2, 1908 Thurgood Marshall, American jurist who became the
first black Supreme Court justice, was born.

Book (1) says in "Early judicial experiences-Tell your (children) that as a boy, Thurgood Marshall frequently got into trouble at school. Ironically, his punishment was to memorize parts of the U.S. Constitution. Marshall once remarked that he'd learned the entire document by heart by the time he graduated. Ask your (children) to write down the career paths they hope to follow. Then have them speculate on which school experiences might influence their future professions."

July 2, 1919 Jean Craighead George, children's author, was born.

July 2, 1951 Jack Gantos, children's author, was born.

July 2, 1964 Jose Canseco, Cuban-born baseball player who
became the first major-leaguer to hit 40 home runs and steal
40 bases in one season.

Book (1) says "40 is fabulous-Have your (children) celebrate Canseco's "40s feat." For the rest of July, have them keep a journal describing 40 things they did or that happened to them during the month. At month's end, have them each list their 40 things in order of greatest significance. Post the lists on a (poster called "Top 40" to post on the wall somewhere.)"

Events for July 2 are as follows:

July 2, 1776 The Continental Congress approved the
Declaration of Independence.

July 2, 1881 President James Garfield was Shot by
Charles Guiteau, a disgruntled office seeker. The
president died of his wounds 80 days later.

July 2, 1932 Franklin Roosevelt accepted the Democratic Party's
nomination for president, pledging a "New Deal for the American People."

July 2, 1964 President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964,
which guaranteed the enforcement of nondiscrimination in public accommodation,
government facilities, education, and employment.

July 2, 1976 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the
Death Penalty was not cruel or unusual punishment.

July was also recognized as National Ice Cream month on July 2 saying in "Flavorful ice cream-During National Ice Cream Month, have your (children) conduct a ...survey..to find out ...(others) favorite ice cream flavors. Ask them to create a pie chart, table, or bar graph to display their findings. What are the three most popular flavors? Afterward, have the kids brainstorm for all the known flavors of ice cream. Then have them suggest some new and unusual ones--For example, jalapeno pepper, mustard and relish, or anchovy pizza. Have them write descriptive sentences telling what these flavors would taste like. Bring in a gallon of vanilla ice cream and a variety of the (children's) suggested flavorings, then let the kids create. How do their new flavors taste?" 

July 3 only has two birthdays:

July 3, 1878 George M Cohan, American playwright and composer, was born.

July 3, 1962 Tom Cruise, American actor, was born.

The events are almost just as sparing:

July 3, 1608 French explorer Samuel De Champlain founded Quebec.

July 3, 1775 George Washington took command of the
Continental Army in Cambridge, Mass.

July 3, 1863 The Battle Gettysburg ended.

Book (1) explains in "Hallowed ground-The Battle of Gettysburg proved to be one of the most decisive battles of the Civil War as well as a defining moment in the history of the nation. After e days of fighting, during which both sides suffered terrible casualties, the Confederate forces were compelled to retreat, with any realistic hope of winning the war dashed. Have your (children) read about the battle, then imagine themselves as one of the participants, whether a famous commander or a common soldier, Ask the kids to write a letter from participant to family members describing the events at Gettysburg."

July 3, 1890 Idaho became the 43rd state.

July 3, 1991 Mount Rushmore was finally officially
dedicated on its 50th anniversary. Ceremonies in 1
941 had been canceled because of World War II.

July 3 is also noted as Complement Your Mirror Day as Book (1) uses "Mirror, mirror, on the wall-Place a mirror in a corner of your (learning area accessible to the children.) Put several strips of blank paper around the mirror, then encourage the kids to write general compliments on the strips--for example, "What a great smile!" or "You look marvelous! The comments are sure to bring smiles whenever the kids look in the mirror."

July 3 is also used for Stay Out of the Sun Day which Book (1) talks about it in "Harmful rays-Ask your (children) to investigate how the sun's rays affect exposed skin. Then have the kids draw posters and create advertisements ... warning others about the dangers of too much sun. Next, invite the children to design protective hats for people to wear outdoors. You could even challenge them to design hats for animals that spend a lot of time in the sun. For example, what type of hat would an elephant wear to protect those big, floppy ears?"


July 4 in Book (1) comes out with three good activities and lots of birthdays as well as events:
The birthdays are as follows with two good activities:

July 4, 1804 Nathaniel Hawthorne, American novelist, was born.

July 4, 1826 Stephen Foster, American composer, was born.

July 4, 1872 Calvin Coolidge, 30th president of the United States, was born.

July 4, 1900 Louis Armstrong, American jazz musician, was born.

Book (1) also points out and gives an activity in "Celebrating "Satchmo-To celebrate Louis Armstrong's birthday, play "It's a Wonderful World" for your (children). Then, with the music playing in the background, have (the children) tape their impressions of why the world is wonderful or how people can work to make it better."

July 4, 1918 Ann Landers and Abigail Van Buren, twin sisters who each wrote a popular newspaper advice column, were born.

Book (1) tells about them in "Advice for kids- Observe the birthdays of advice columnists Abigail Van Buren and Ann Landers by asking each (child) to write a short letter asking for advice about a typical kid problem. Collect the letters, mix them up, with letters from others or your child and you answer them by searching for the answers. ( Grandma wants to start a column as this herself, maybe you would like to start one in your family newspaper.)"

The events are as follows for July 4:

July 4, 1776 The Continental Congress adopted the
Declaration of Independence.

July 4, 1776 The Continental Congress appointed
Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson
to Design a Seal for the United States.

July 4, 1826 John Adams and Thomas Jefferson--the second and third presidents, respectively--died

July 4, 1831 James Monroe, the fifth president , died.

July 4, 1831 The Song "America" was Introduced at a service at
Boston's Park Street Church.

July 4, 1960 The First 50-Star American Flag was raised at Fort McHenry, Md.

July 4, 1980 Pitcher Nolan Ryan recorded his 3,000th Career Strikeout.

July 4, 1986 The 100th Birthday of the Statue of Liberty was celebrated with the largest fireworks display in U.S. history.

July 4 being Independence Day has an activity of its own in Book (1) as follows:
"Independence posters-Have each of your (children) create an "Independence Day Special Event" poster that features at least five local or national events. The posters' titles should incorporate the theme of independence. Ask local business or community organizations to display the finished posters."


July 5 is booming in the following birthdays:

July 5, 1709 Etienne De Silhouette, French finance minister
who created shadow portraits as a hobby, was born.

July 5 1801 David G. Farragut, first admiral of the U.S. Navy, was born.

July 5, 1810 (P.T.)Phineas Taylor Barnum, American
showman and circus promoter, was born.

Book (1) explains it in "Barnum's gullible public-P.T. Barnum once remarked of American audiences: "There's a sucker born every minute." What do your (children) think Barnum meant? As a follow-up, ask them to listen to TV advertising claims. Do these claims promise benefits they don't back up to entice the public Barnum thought was so gullible? Have the kids complile any wild claims into a class notebook as evidence of the truth of Barnum's maxim."

July 5, 1853 Cecil Rhodes, British statesman and founder of the
Rhodes scholarship, was born.

July 5, 1857 Clara Zetkin, German women's rights advocate and
founder of International Women's Day, was born.

July 5, 1958 Bill Watterson, cartoonist and creator of
"Calvin and Hobbes", was born.

Book (1) writes about it in "Classroom cartoonists-To celebrate the birth of cartoonist Bill Watterson, introduce the children to his two main characters--Calvin and Calvin's stuffed tiger, Hobbes. Read a few "Calvin and Hobbes" comic strips to the children, then ask them if they have any toys or pets they "talk to. Give them a chance to share stories about their secret friends. Then pass out blank storyboards and have the children develop their own comic strips about themselves and these friends."

Next are July 5 events:

July 5, 1811 Venezuela proclaimed its independence from Spain.

July 5, 1865 William Booth founded the East London Revival
Society (Salvation Army).

July 5, 1865 The Secret Service was created by Congress.

July 5, 1892 A. Beard patented the Rotary Engine.

July 5, 1946 The Bikini, designer Louis Read's shocking
new bathing suit, was first modeled.

Book (1) explains in "Bold bathing suits-Invite students to
follow in bikini designer Reard's pen lines by drawing and
coloring their own 21st-century bathing suits."

July 5, 1984 The Statue of Liberty's Torch was removed for repairs.

July 5ths Be Nice to New Jersey Week is also brought out in Book (1) through "State studying-During Be Nice to New Jersey Week, encourage your (children) to read up on the Garden State. Then post a sheet titled "Neat things about New Jersey." Each day, invite students to write down something interesting or unusual they learned about the state."


July 6 is just as interesting beginning with some interesting birthday's:

July 6, 1747 John Paul Jones, Revolutionary War hero often
called "the Father of the U.S. Navy", was born.

July 6, 1866 Beatrix Potter, children's author, was born.

Book (1) talks about her in "Thinking and talking animals-All of the animals in Beatrix Potter's stories have anthropomorphic qualities. Have your (children) look up the word anthropomorphic in the dictionary
Then invite them to tell about times when their pets (or other animals) have appeared to act like humans. Afterward, have the children write and illustrate stories about animals imbued with human qualities."

July 6, 1907 Dorothy Clewes, children's author, was born.

Then we are given the events for July 6:

July 6, 1776 The Declaration of Independence was announced
on the front page of the Pennsylvania Gazette.

Book (1) writes in "A dangerous document?-After reading the Declaration of Independence, some people called it a dangerous document. Ask your (children) why people might have felt this way. Next, ask them to imagine that they were living in 1776. Would they have agreed with the sentiments expressed in the Declaration of Independence or remained loyal to the king? Have them write their reactions in their journals (and possibly share them later.)"

July 6, 1885 Louis Pasteur administered the first successful
antirabies inoculation to a boy who'd been bitten by a rabid dog.

July 6, 1919 A British dirigible became the First Airship to Cross the Atlantic.

July 6, 1933 Babe Ruth hit the First Home Run in an All-Star Game.

Book (1) writes in "Making baseball history-Even before he hit the first home run in an All-Star game, Babe Ruth had made baseball history. During the 1927 season, he hit a record 60 home runs. In 1929, his salary climbed to $80,000 a year--more than the president of the United States earned. When Ruth was criticized for making more than the president, he reportedly quipped, "Why not? After all, I had a better year than he did." Have your (children) discuss what this story tells about American society. Then have them debate this question: Does America reward its sports and entertainment stars with too much money and fame? Encourage the kids to use concrete examples to bolster their arguments."

July 6, 1945 Nicaragua became the First Country to Accept
the United Nations Charter.

July 6, 1954 Elvis Presley made his first record.

July 6, 1989 A study was released that found Dangerously High Cholesterol Levels in one-third of American adults.


July 7 gets very busy with events but it only has a few birthdays as follows:

July 7, 1887 Marc Chagall, Russian-French artist noted for
his dreamlike paintings, was born.

July 7, 1906 Satchel Paige, American baseball pitcher, was born.

July 7, 1940 Ringo Starr, English musician and
member of the Beatles, was born.

Now begin the events:

July 7, 1861 The First Torpedo Attack of the Civil War took place.

July 7, 1923 Warren Harding became the First U.S. President to Visit Alaska.

July 7, 1936 Margaret Mitchell's Gone With the Wind was published.

July 7, 1958 President Dwight Eisenhower signed the Alaska Statehood Bill.

July 7, 1972 NASA announced Plans to Collect Solar Energy to be
used as a power source on earth.

Book (1) writes in "Solar Experiment-Tell your (children) that solar heaters typically consist of a black panel containing tubes through which water circulates. The sun heats the water as it moves through the tues, and the hot water provides heat for buildings or homes. Ask your (children) why the panels are black. (Black absorbs heat.) Then have them conduct this simple experiment. Take two empty, same-size tin cans and paint the outside of one can black. Fill both cans halfway with cold water, then place them outside in the sun. Take the temperature of the water in both cans every 15 minutes. Students will find that the water in the black can becomes warmer faster."

July 7, 1985 German tennis star Boris Becker, age 17, became t
he Youngest player to Win the Wimbledon Singles Championship.

July 7, 1986 Charles Stocks played 711 Holes of Golf in 24 hours.

Book (1) writes in "Par for the course-Have your (children) calculate the average number of holes Charles Stocks played per hour, then round that number to the nearest hundredth. Then ask them to figure this out: If a round of golf consists of 18 holes, how many rounds did he play per hour? How does this number compare with the average number of holes played per hour?"

July 7, 1988 Eleven-year-old Christopher Lee Marshall
began his Flight Across the Atlantic. He followed the
course of his hero, Charles Lindbergh.

July 7 is also the day of other happenings as Tanabat in Japan but Video Games Day in which Book (1) explains in "Video hits-Help your (children) practice concise writing by having them each write just one paragraph to explain their favorite video game. Invite them to share their work with (others)."
It is also Fiesta De San Fermin as Book (1) writes in "Spanish stampede-Each year in July, the city of Pamplona, Spain, honors its patron saint, San Fermin, with an 8-day festival.The highlight of the festival comes when adventurous men run through the cobbled streets to the bullring--pursued by a group of bulls. Have your (children) write a short, humorous poem about the running of the bulls."


July 8 has only three birthdays also as follows:

July 8, 1838 Count Ferdinand Von Zeppelin, German pioneer
in lighter-than-air vehicles and the first builder of dirigibles.

Book (1) writes in "Airships and ads-Tell your (children) that dirigibles are also known as airships, blimps, or zeppelins (in honor of Count von Zeppelin). These vehicles have been used for passenger travel, scientific exploration, and warfare. For example, during World War II, Germany used zeppelins in air raids against Great Britain. Do your (children) know what dirigibles are commonly used for today? (Blimps are often used for advertising.) Ask your (children) to imagine they could advertise their favorite book on a blimp. What would their slogans say? Have the kids write their slogans on construction-paper blimps, then hang the blimps from the ceiling of the (house)."

July 8, 1918 Irwin Hasen, American cartoonist who created the
Green Hornet and the Green Lantern, was born.

Book (1) writes in "Green Hornet spin-offs-To celebrate Irwin Hasen's birthday, invite your (children) to create a cartoon using a colorful insect of their choice as the main character. Students can create either comic strips or a single-box cartoon and use balloons for dialogue."

July 8, 1932 Russell Everett Erickson, children's author, was born.

July 8 has several events as follows:

July 8, 1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama set sail from
Lisbon. His journey established a Sea Route to India via the
southern tip of Africa.

July 8, 1629 King Phillip IV of Spain sent King Charles I of England a Gift of Five Camels and One Elephant.(Now Grandma would do some things with this one as write about the Elephant and other gifts kings might have given each other.)

July 8, 1776 The Liberty Bell Rang Out in Philadelphia to
announce the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.

July 8, 1776 The Declaration of Independence was Read
to the Public for the First Time at Philadelphia's Independence Square. 

July 8, 1835 The Liberty Bell Cracked while being tolled during the
funeral procession of Supreme Court Justice John Marshall.

July 8, 1911 Nan Jane Aspinwall became the First Woman to
Cross the United States on Horseback. She covered
4,500 miles in 301 days.

Book (1) writes in "A long time in the saddle-To mark the day Nan Jane Aspin wall completed her horseback crossing of the United States, give your (children) some Math problems based on this equine odyssey. If Aspinwall rode 4,500 miles in 301 days, how many miles per day did she average? At the same pace, how long would it have taken her to ride 5,000 miles? How far would she have gone if she had ridden for a full year?"

July 8, 1976 Gerald Ford, who had assumed the presidency upon
the resignation of Richard Nixon, announced his plans to seek reelection.


July 9th has only one birthday:

July 9, 1819 Elias Howe, American inventor of a
lockstitiching sewing machine, was born.

The events are as follows:

July 9, 1755 General Edward Braddock was Fatally Wounded
during an attack in the French and Indian War. His aide,
George Washington, escaped injury.

July 9, 1776 General George Washington summoned his troops
to New York for a Reading of the Declaration of Independence.

July 9, 1816 Argentina declared its independence from Spain.

Book (1) writes in "Where in the world?-Have your (children) find Argentina and Spain on a world map. Then ask: In which hemispheres--and on which continents--are these two countries located? What body of water separates them? What is the capital of each country? How far is it from capital to capital?"

July 9, 1850 President Zachary Taylor Died while in office.

July 9, 1872 The Donut Cutter was patented by J.F. Blondel.

July 9, 1877 America's First Telephone Company,
Bell Telephone Company, was founded.

July 9, 1893 Surgeon Daniel Hale Williams performed the
First Successful Surgical Closure of a Heart Wound.

July 9, 1979 Voyager 2 passed Jupiter, returning photographs and scientific data.

Book (1) writes in "Mother Earth's music-Tell your (children) that Voyager 2 is one of two U.S. space probes that were launched in 1977. (The other probe is Voyager 1.) Besides their scientific instruments, both probes were equipeed with special records called "Sounds of Earth"-- in case of discovery by another civilization. ...make a list of the kinds of sounds your (children) would include on such a record. What would these sounds tell others about the earth and its inhabitants? Are there any particular sounds your students would not want to include? Why?"

July being Picnic Month Book (1) set it up for this day to present the following activity called "Pretend picnic-One day this month, plan an imaginary picnic for the characters in a book your (children) have recently read. Encourage the kids to consider the characters' likely tastes in food, attire, and games. The children may also want to develop a "guest list" including compatible characters from other books. Assemble their ideas into a booklet."
(Grandma suggests planning at least one picnic as a family and doing as much adventuring of the outside as possible. Do as much research as you can of the area you pick.)


July 10 is another full day starting with the following birthdays:

July 10, 1834 James Abbot McNeil Whistler, American painter, was born.

July 10, 1875 Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator, was born.

July 10, 1882 Ima Hogg, American philanthropist, was born.

July 10, 1885 Mary O'hara, children's author, was born.

July 10, 1916 Martin Provensen, children's author and illustrator, was born.

July 10, 1926 Fred Gwynne, actor and children's author, was born.


Book (1) writes in "Playing with words-Besides writing and illustrating children's books, Fred Gwynne is an award-winning stage, film and television actor. (Your (children) may recall on of his TV roles--Herman in "The Munsters.") Gwynne's most popular children's books are those on wordplay. In The King Who Rained, he illustrates the humorous results of using the wrong homophone or homonym. Have students look up the meanings of homophone and homonym. Then ...collect as many homophones or homonyms as possible in a week. At week's end, have the (children) create a silly (illustrations) depicting the literal meaning of (sentences) that misuses (some of these) words. Post the illustrations on (a poster.)"

July 10, 1943 Arthur Ashe, American tennis player, was born.

Now for the events of July 10:

July 10, 1220 London Bridge was damaged by fire and fell down.

July 10, 1853 Vice President Millard Fillmore assumed the
presidency upon the death of Zachary Taylor.

July 10, 1890 Wyoming became the 44th state.

Book (1) says in "What's in Wyoming-Wyoming, the 44th state, may have been among the last states to join the Union, but it has experienced more than its share of firsts. For example, Wyoming is home to our nation's first national park, Yellowstone, and to the first national monument, Devils Tower, Have your (children) locate Wyoming on a map, then find its capital, Cheyenne. In what part of the state is this city located? Next, ask the kids to use compass directions to describe the location of Yellowstone Park and Devils Tower in relation to Cheyenne and in relation to each other."

July 10, 1913 Death Valley, Calif., reached a temperature
of 134º F in the Shade--the highest ever recorded in the United States. 

July 10, 1929 Congress made official the current Size of U.S. Paper Money.

July 10, 1962 Telstar 1, the first satellite to relay TV and
telephone signals, was launched.

July 10, 1973 The Bahamas gained its Independence from Britain.

July 10, 1991 Boris Yeltsin was Inaugurated as president of Russia.


Next is July 11

Birthdays:

July 11, 1767 John Quincy Adams, sixth president of the United States, was born.

July 11, 1838 John Wanamaker, American merchant, was born.

July 11, 1899 E.B White, American essayist and children's author, was born.

Book (1) says in "Creating characters-Tell your (children) that a dream inspired author E.B. White to create his famous mouse character, Stuart Little. Then ask each child to create an animal character to be born or adopted into the child's own family. Next, have the kids write stories involving the reaction of their new family member to home life. Feature the stories at a (family) read-aloud."

July 11, 1929 James Stevenson, children's author, was born.

Events:

July 11, 1798 The U.S. Marine Corps was created by an act of Congress.

July 11, 1804 Vice President AAron Burr Fatally Wounded
Alexander Hamilton, the former Treasury secretary, in a pistol duel.

July 11, 1892 The U.S. Patent Office decided that J.W. Swan,
not Thomas Edison, was the Inventor of The Electric-Light
Carbon for the incandescent lamp.

July 11, 1934 Franklin Roosevelt became the First
President to go through the Panama Canal.

July 11,1955 The New Air Force Academy was dedicated at
Lowry Air Force Base in Colorado.

July 11, 1975 Chinese archaeologists announced the discovery,
in Shensi Province, of a 2,000-year-old burial mound containing
6,000 Life-Size Clay Statues of Warriors.

July 11, 1977 Kitty O'Neil set a Women's Power Boat Speed Record--275 mph.

July 11, 1984 The U.S. Department of Transportation ruled
that Air Bags or Automatic Seat Belts would be mandatory
on all American-made cars by 1989.

July 11, 1985 Pitcher Nolan Ryan recorded his 4,000th Career Strikeout.

For National Cheer Up the Lonely Day, Book (1) writes under "Only the lonely-Involve your (children) in National Cheer Up the Lonely Day. First, ask them to name individuals or groups of people who may be lonely, such as senior citizens, widows, widowers, disabled people, and hospital patients. Next, have the children brainstorm for ways to cheer these people up. For example, the children might suggest giving flowers or cards to hospital patients, delivering meals to elderly shut-ins, or organizing a sing-along at a local senior citizen enter. (Form) into "Children's cheer Squad," and have each ...select a "mission" from the list of ideas. Enlist ...volunteers (if you can) to help. Your (children) will not only be involved in a worthy project, they'll also derive great pride in being part of a caring community."

Then under World Population Day Book (1) says under "Population study-On World Population Day, have your (children) look up the meaning of the word demography. Then have them conduct a brief demographic study of (children) in their grade level. How many boys and girls are there? What are their ages? What ethnic backgrounds do they represent? Graph the results."

(Grandma is going to have to stop here.She will type some more tomorrow.)









Rest of June for Summer

Posted on September 8, 2014 at 6:22 AM Comments comments (32)
Grandma is ready to finish June's Summer Calendar History as follows:

June 18th Birthdays begin as follows:

June 18, 1942 Roger Ebert, movie critic, was born.

Book (1) gives an activity here called "Picks and pans-Have your (children) discuss the kinds of things critics like Roger Ebert talk about when reviewing a movie--for example, plot development, acting, musical score, originality, humor, suspense. Then have the kids read several movie reviews in the local newspaper. Afterward, show a film and ask each (child) to critique it, either orally or in writing."

June 18, 1942 Paul McCartney, English musician, singer, and songwriter who was a member of the Beatles, was born.

June 18, 1949 Chris Van Allsburg, children's author and illustrator, was born.

The activity Book (1) has for this person is called "Author's special signature-Have your (children) look through Chris Van Allsburg's books to find Fritz, a bull terrier that appears somewhere in most of the author-illustrator's works. Ask your (children) why they think Van Allsburg includes Fritz. (The dog is his personal signature.) In what unique ways can your students personalize their projects? Invite the children to create their own "personal signatures" on 3x5-inch cards, then use these on future writing and art projects."


Now we have the events for the day as follows:

June 18, 1812 Congress Declared War on England, marking the
beginning of the War of 1812.

June 18, 1823 British Soldiers began wearing trousers rather than breeches.

June 18, 1889 William Richardson of Baltimore patented The Baby Carriage.

June 18, 1945 An estimated 1 million people turned out to give returning
World War II general Dwight Eisenhower a hero's welcome in
Washington, D.C.

June 18, 1983 Sally Ride became the First American Woman in Space.

June 18, 1989 Golfer Curtis Strange became the first man in
nearly 40 years to win Back-To-Back U.S. Open Titles.

June 18 is also Dragon Boat Festival day in China and International Picnic Day

Book (1) gives this activity "Foods from around the world-For International Picnic Day, have your (children) create a picnic menu with dishes from around the world. (Children) can work (with you) to select a country, then research its typical foods. If possible, have (them) prepare their chosen dishes and share them with (the family or friends)."


June 19th Birthday's are as follows:

June 19, 1903 Lou Gehrig, American baseball player, was born.

June 19, 1962 Paula Abdul, American singer, was born.

June 19, 1978 Garfield, comic-strip cat, was born.

an activity in Book (1) is called "Cartoon cat-To celebrate Garfield's birthday, give your (children) some background on his beginnings. Garfield's creator was cartoonist Jim Davis, who grew up on a farm with 25 cats. Davis decided to make his famous cartoon cat when he noticed there weren't any feline characters in animal comic strips. Garfield is named after Davis's grandfather. Encourage your (children) to (find) their favorite Garfield cartoons as well as newspaper, magazine, and pet-product pictures of cats. Also tell them to be on the lookout for descriptions of cats in literature, and to copy down ones that strike their fancy. Use the materials to make a "catty" bulletin board (or poster). ( Forever how you see it, Grandma sees Garfield as a grandpa so maybe Davis imitated his grandfather in Garfield also. Some research might answer that question for Grandma.)"

Now Grandma will give the events for June 19 as follows:

June 19, 1586 English Colonists set sail from Roanoke Island
(now part of North Carolina) after failing to establish the first
permanent English colony in America.

June 19, 1787 The members of the Constitutional Convention
decided not to simply amend the Articles of Confederation but
rather to conceive of an entirely New Plan for a National Government.

June 19, 1846 The First Formal Nine Inning Baseball Game was
played between the New York Knickerbockers and the
New Yorks at the Elysian Fields in Hoboken, N.J.

June 19, 1885 The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York Harbor.

June 19, 1910 The First observance of Father's Day took
place in Spokane, Wash.

An activity in Book (1) to go with Fathers Day is called "Honoring fathers-Tell your (children) that the mayor of Spokane, Wash., proclaimed the first Father's Day on the third Sunday in June, 1910. In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge asked that Father's Day be celebrated nationwide, but a presidential proclamation recognizing the day wasn't signed until 1966. A 1972 law made Father's Day a national holiday. If your (children) could name a new holiday, what would it be? Explain that when a member of Congress proposes a new holiday to the House of Representatives, he or she must get a majority of the members (218?) to cosponsor the bill before it can be considered by the appropriate committee. Representatives typically make speeches to generate support for their bills, so invite your (children) to present arguments to the family of their holidays. Take a vote to see which holidays win a majority."

June 19, 1976 The U.S. spacecraft Viking 1 went into orbit around Mars.

June 19, 1989 Federal officials announced the creation of a
30,000-Acre Refuge for the Florida Panther.

June 19 is also the celebration in Louisiana and Texas of the Thirteenth Amendment, which outlawed slavery called "Juneteenth."


Following is June 20th birthdays:

June 20, 1915 Walter Farley, children's author who wrote the
Black Stallion books, was born.

An activity in Book (1) called "Horse lover-As a child, Walter Farley wanted a horse. But his family lived in the city, and he couldn't convince his parents to let him keep a horse in the garage. His uncle--a horse trainer--encouraged him to visit stables and keep notes about his experiences. Farley used his notes years later when he wrote his first book, The Black Stallion. Ask your (children) to name an animal they'd like to own but can't for some reason. Then hae them read at least two books (fiction or nonfiction) about the animal. Whan they've completed their reading, have them write stories in which they, through a fictional character, come to own the animal of their dreams."

June 20,1924 Audie Murphy, actor and soldier who was the most
decorated American war hero in World War II, was born.

The events for June 20th are as follows:

June 20, 1782 The Bald Eagle became the official symbol of the United States.

June 20, 1782 "E Pluribus Unum" became the slogan for the
Great Seal of the United States.

June 20, 1815 Residents of Plymouth, Mass., reported sighting a Sea Serpent.

Book (1) talks about this event in "Reporting on sea serpents- Ask your (children) to discuss how various segments of today's media might cover reports of a sea serpent sighting. Then have the (children) work (together with you) to prepare stories for the different media/ For example, they could develop sensational tabloid features, serious science articles, broadcast news stories, or human interest features."

June 20, 1819 The SS Savannah became the
First American Steamship to Cross the Atlantic.

June 20, 1840 Samuel F.B. Morse received a patent for the Telegraph.

June 20, 1863 West Virginia became the 35th state.

June 20, 1963 The United States and the Soviet Union
agreed to set up a White house-Kremlin Hot Line.

June 20, 1977 The Trans-Alaskan Oil Pipeline opened.

June 20, 1984 The Motion Picture Association of America
instituted the PG-13 Rating, which stated that children
under 13 must be accompanied by an adult.

June 20 is also Midsommar for Sweden; on the summer solstice.

Book (1) has the following to say about Midsommar with the Title "Dancing around the maypole-Tell your (children) that in Sweden, people celebrate midsummer by holding a daylong festival. They decorate houses, buildings, cars, trains, and buses with flowers and birch twigs. In addition, almost all the towns decorate their own maypoles. At night, the residents gather around the maypole to dance. Invite your (children) to decorate (your home or somewhere) to celebrate midsummer. They can even create a maypole from cardboard wrapping-paper tubes. On festival day, let them dance around the maypole to music."


June 21 has only two birthdays as follows:

June 21, 1731 Martha Washington, America's first First Lady.

An activity for Martha's birthday is as follows in "A First Lady's role-Tell your (children) that Martha Washington apparently didn't like the role of First Lady. She complained that it made her feel like a prisoner. Ask your (children) to speculate on why Mrs Washington might have felt restricted as First Lady. How is the current First Lady handling her role? Encourage your (children) to research how contemporary first ladies have approached their jobs--for example, Lady Bird Johnson campaigned to beautify America, Nancy Reagan crusaded against drug abuse, and Barbara Bush promoted literacy. Then ask your (children) what they think is the proper role for a First Lady. Have them debate their ideas."

June 21, 1982 Prince William, son of Prince Charles and
Princess Diana and first in line after Charles for the British throne.

Following are the events for June 21st:

June 21, 1788 New Hampshire became the ninth state.

Book (1) has an activity for New Hampshire in "Border states- Have your (children) find New Hampshire on a U.S. map. What states are located on its eastern, southern, and western borders? What country is located on its northwestern border? What states border your (children's state)?

June 21, 1834 Cyrus H. McCormick was awarded a
patent for the Reaping Machine.

June 21, 1948 The First Long-playing Phonograph Record
was demonstrated by Peter Goldmark. 

June 21, 1961 The First Seawater Conversion Plant
was dedicated, in Freeport, Tex.

June 21, 1963 Bob Hayes ran the Fastest 100-Yard Dash Ever--9.1 seconds.

June 21 1988 The Ruby Slippers from the movie
The Wizard of Oz sold for $165,000 at a movie
memorabilla auction.

June 21, 1991 School 29 in Yonkers became New York's
First School Designated as an Urban Wildlife Sanctuary. 

June 21 is also the beginning of Vagabond Week(thiird week in June) as Book (1) points out in "Wondering ways-Ask Your (children) to share the images conjured up by the word vagabond. Then explain that a vagabond is someone who moves from place to place without a fixed home. Tell them that American poet Vachel Lindsay was known as "the Vagabond Poet" because he wandered throughout the United States, reciting his verse in exchange for food and lodging. Invite your (children) to list the pros and cons of leading a life like Lindsay's Then have them write stories about where they'd go and what they'd do if they lived as vagabonds for a week."

Next we move on to June 22 as follows with the 3 birthdays first:

June 22, 1757 George Vancouver, British explorer for
whom Vancouver, Canada, was named, was born.  

June 22, 1767 Karl Von Humboldt, German naturalist, was born.

June 22, 1906 Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American Poet and essayist, was born.

An activity is listed in Book(1) for Lindbergh's birthday in "Childhood writings-Anne Morrow Lindbergh kept a diary of her thoughts as a 10-year-old. She wrote about what she could see from her favorite spot-the window seat in her room. She continued to write throughout her life, publishing 13 books--some about her aviation adventures with her husband, Charles Lindbergh, others based on her diaries and letters. Ask your (children) to keep a diary for the rest of the month. At the end of the month, survey the (children) to see how many (of them) plan to continue writing in their diary."

Now for the events of June 22:

June 22, 1772 Slavery was Abolished in Great Britain.

June 22, 1846 Adolphe Sax patented the Saxophone.

June 22, 1868 Arkansas was Readmitted to the Union after the Civil War.

June 22, 1870 Congress established the Department of Justice.

June 22, 1910 Zeppelin Air Service began.

June 22, 1939 The First National Waterskiing tournament took place.

June 22, 1944 The G.I. Bill of Rights, providing World War II
veterans with job, housing, and education benefits, was passed.

June 22, 1970 The Voting Age in the United States changed from
21 to 18.

Book (1) has an activity called "Younger voters-In 1970, President Nixon signed a bill lowering the voting age to 18 from 21. Ask your (children) if they've ever voted in an election (for instance, for student council, club, or team leaders). What qualities did they judge the candidates on? Would they consider those same things if they were voting for local, state, or national officials? Ask the kids if they think voting is a right, a privilege, or a duty. Then have them each write a paragraph defending their opinion."


June 22, 1990 The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
declared the Northern Spotted Owl a threatened species.

Book (1) says in "Jobs vs. birds?-The decision to list the northern spotted owl as a threatened species meant that thousands of acres of public forests in the Pacific Northwest would be off limits to logging. Environmentalists hailed the move as the only way to save the owl from extinction. Loggers and the timber industry assailed it, saying that it would cost thousands of jobs in an already-depressed region. Organize a (group) debate on the issue of which should take precedence: saving wildlife species or saving jobs. Are the principles absolute, or would the decision depend on the number of jobs affected and the species in question? Is compromise always possible or even desirable?"

June 23rd has three birthdays as follows:

June 23, 1903 George Orwell(real name: Eric Blair),
English novelist, was born.

June 23, 1940 Wilma Rudolph, American track star, was born.

Book (1) says in this activity called "Special champs-Wilma Rudolph roved she was a champion long before winning three gold medals at the 1960 Summer Olympics. When she was 4 years old, polio crippled her left leg, and doctors believed she would never again walk without a brace. But with determination and help from her family, she proved the doctors wrong.
Have your (children) find out about other sports heroes who have overcome difficulties, such as baseball pitchers Jim Abbott (one hand) and Monty Stratton (one Leg), hockey player Bobby Clarke (diabetes), football placekicker Tom Dempsey (handless right arm and only half a right foot), and track star Jackie Joyner-Kersee (asthma)"

June 23, 1948 Clarence Thomas, associate justice of the
U.S. Supreme Court, was born.

Now for the following events of June 23rd:

June 23, 1683 William Penn signed a Treaty of Peace
and Friendship with the Leni-Lenape Indians.

June 23, 1836 A $28 Million Surplus in the U.S. Treasury
was divided among the 26 states.

June 23, 1860 The U.S. Government Printing Office was established.

June 23, 1868 Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent
for an improved Typewriter with a more efficiently arranged
keyboard. The same keyboard arrangement is still in use today.

June 23, 1926 The First National Lip Reading Tournament
took place in Philadelphia, Pa.

June 23, 1961 An international treaty was signed pledging
scientific cooperation on, and peaceful use of Antarctica.

Book (1) gives an activity as follows:
It is called "Water from the bottom of the world-Antarctica, earth's coldest continent, has an area of about 5 1/2 million square miles and is covered by an ice cap that averages more than 1 mile in thickness. About 75% of the fresh water in the entire world is contained in ice and snow on this continent. Some people have suggested towing icebergs from Antarctic waters to other parts of the world to alleviate freshwater shortages. Tell your (children) that in the waters that surround Antarctica, icebergs the size of Connecticut (about 5,000 square miles) often break loose from the ice shelves. Antarctic icebergs to, say, Los Angeles. What strategies could be used to minimize melting in warm waters? Would the need for speed dictate that smaller icebergs be towed rather than larger ones? Or test their ideas with ice cubes and a dishpan of water."

June 23, 1976 Toronto's Canadian National Tower,
The World's Tallest Free-Standing, Self-Supporting
Structure, opened. It's 1,821 feet high.

June 23, 1988 Temperatures in 45 U.S. cities reached 100º For Higher.

June 23 is also National Columnist Day and National Cheeseburger Month.

Book (1) gives the activity called "Cheeseburger campaign-For National Cheeseburger Month, have your (children) create an add campaign promoting this all-American food."


There are four birthdays for June 24th as follows:

June 24, 1771 E.I. Dupont, French-American Industrialist, was born.

June 24, 1916 John Ciardi, poet and children's author, was born.

June 24, 1944 Kathryn Lasky, children's author, was born.

June 24, 1949 Nadine Bernard Westcott, children's author, was born.

Now the events for June 24th are as follows:

June 24, 1497 Italian explorers John and Sebastian Cabot
landed on the Labrador peninsula in northeastern North America.

June 24, 1541 Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto sighted
the Mississippi River.

June 24, 1647 Margaret Brent appeared before the
all-male Maryland Assembly and Demanded Voting Rights.

June 24, 1930 Radar was First Used to detect airplanes.

Following is an activity to do with this called "Acronym names-After telling your (children) what an acronym is, explain that radar stands for "radio detecting and ranging." Your (children) might e familiar with other acronyms: AWOL,NASA, NATO, SWAT, VISTA. scuba. sonar. Challenge the kids to make up acronym phrases from the letters in their first names, your names, or the word June or summer."

June 24, 1947 The sighting of Flying Saucers was
first reported, near Mt. Rainier, Wash.

June 24,  1964 Commercial Picturephone service began.

June 24, 1968 Professional baseball player Jim Northrup
hit Back-to-Back Grand Slam Home Runs.

Book (1) says in "Honoring young heroes-As a 6th grader, John Kevin HIll piloted his own aircraft on a cross-country flight. Have your (children) review newspapers, magazines, and television news shows to find out about other young people who've accomplished great feats, than share their findings with the class. Next, invite the children to survey classmates and students throughout the school about their accomplishments--no matter how modest. Have them design a Hall of Fame bulletin board (or poster) to celebrate these accomplishments."

June 24, 1987 Sixth-grader and pilot John Kevin Hill left
Los Angeles on a 2,400mile, Cross Country Airplane flight.

June 24, 1990 The first Currency for the Newly Reunified Germany was issued.

An activity in Book (1) says in "Currency calculations-Introduce your (children) to the differences among currencies. Yo begin, tell them the value of the German deutsche mark relative to the U.S. dollar. Then have them calculate how many deutsche marks it would take to equal $100 U.S. dollars. ... give each group a supermarket circular. Have (them) select 20 items to buy. Then have them calculate their grocery bills in deutsche marks. For more practice, tell your (children) the relative values of other currencies, such as the British pound, the French franc, the Greek drachma, or the Israeli shekel, and have them calculate their grocery bills in those foreign currencies."


June 25 birthdays are as follows:

June 25, 1929 Eric Carle, children's author and illustrator, was born.

June 25, 1937 Jane Sarnoff, children's author, was born.

Now for the events of June 25th:

June 25, 1630 The Fork was Introduced in America by
John Winthrop, governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

An activity is used in Book (1) to explain "Table manners-Tell your (children) that when John Winthrop left England to become the Massachusetts Bay Colony's first governor, he took his fork with him. (Even in Europe, travelers packed their forks because most inns didn't provide utensils.) For a while, Governor Winthrop had the only fork in the New World. Have your (children) list advantages and disadvantages of using a fork to eat. Then have (the children) make three lists: foods that are easiest to eat with a fork, foods that are easiest to eat with a spoon, and foods that are easiest to eat with fingers. Ask your students if they've ever eaten with chopsticks. If someone has, set up a demonstration and let your (children) try it."

June 25, 1678 Elena Cornaro of Venice became the First Woman
in the World to Graduate from a University, the University of Padua.

June 25, 1788 Virginia became the 10th state.

June 25, 1876 General George Custer and 225 men from the
7th U.S. Cavalry Regiment under his direct command were
defeated and killed by a force of Sioux and Cheyenne Indians
led by Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse, and Gall at the
Battle of Little Bighorn in Montana.

June 25, 1950 The Korean War began.

June 25, 1951 CBS television presented the First Commercial Color Broadcast.

June 25, 1977 Ted St. Martin sank 2,036 Consecutive Free Throws, the most ever.

June 25, 1989 Chinese painter Wang Yani, age 14, became
the Youngest Artist ever to have a One-Person Show at the Smithsonian.

Book (1) gives an activity about Wang Yani in "Youthful painter-While scribbling over one of her father's paintings at age 2 1/2 Wang Yani said, "Daddy, I just want to paint," Her father soon recognized her potential, and by age 4, Yani had had her first show in Shanghai. A few years later, one of her paintings was reproduced on a postage stamp. Her works now number over 10,000. Yani's painting style is called xieyi (pronounced see-air-ee), which means "ideas writing." She mixes ink and pigment to paint her favorite subjects--monkeys, trees, birds, and flowers.
 She often depicts herself as a monkey in her paintings. Ask your (children) to draw the animal they would select to represent themselves, then include it in a picture of themselves doing something they like."

Next is June 26th birthdays as follows:

June 26, 1892 Pearl S. Buck, American novelist, was born.

An activity in Book (1) is called "Mothers near and far-Encourage older (children) to read Pearl S. Buck's The Good Earth. Then have them compare and contrast the character of the Chinese wife and mother with their own mother or grandmother. What values do they share? In what ways do their respective societies influence or dictate their roles?"

June 26, 1914 Mildred Ella "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias,
American athlete, was born.

Book (1) brings out the importance of women in sports throughout "Outstanding women athletes-In honor of Babe Didrikson Zaharias, one of the greatest women athletes in history, have your (children) research other famous female athletes. Then have them make a list of outstanding female athletes ... in their community. Finally, have them design and mail certificates of recognition to these talented competitors."

June 26, 1915 Charlotte Zolotow, children's author, was born.

June 26, 1937 Thomas Locker, children's author and illustrator, was born.

June 26, 1961 Greg Lemond, professional bicycle racer, was born.

Next are the following events for June 26th:

June 26, 1284 According to legend, The Pied Piper of Hamelin
lured the children of the German village to a mountain,
where they all disappeared.

An activity in Book (1) says it this way in "From sad to glad legends-Invite your (children) to write a happy ending to an originally sad legend. Tell them the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin, who rid the German village of Hamelin of its rats. After he'd completed the task, the villagers refused to pay him the sack of gold they'd offered as a reward. So he lured all their children to a mountain, whee they disappeared. Next, ...(work with the children to) brainstorm for as many happy endings as they can think of. Have them share their ideas with (others). Then ask each (child) to draw or write a happy-ending legend. Compile the students' work into a booklet entitled "The Pied Piper of Hamelin Revisited--A Happy Endings Collection." Use this booklet as a model for transforming other legends."

June 26, 1614 The First Lottery in America was held by the Virginia Company.

June 26, 1844 John Tyler became the First President to Marry While in Office.

June 26, 1870 The World's First Boardwalk was completed in Atlantic City, N.J.

June 26, 1945 The United Nations Charter was signed in
San Francisco by 50 nations.

June 26, 1959 The St. Lawrence Seaway was dedicated.

June 26, 1990 Mary Alice, the First Test-Tube Tiger to Survive, made he debut at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C.

June 26 is also International Day Against Drug Abuse and Book (1) has an activity named "Fighting drug abuse-On International Day Against Drug Abuse, invite a local substance-abuse counselor to share information with your (children). Then have the kids work (with you) to role-play ways they can say no to drugs."

It is also Madagascar Independence Day and Shrimp Festival in (Belgium).

Next the birthdays for June 27th are as follows:

June 27, 1859 Mildred Hill, composer of the song
"Happy Birthday to You", was born.

Given an activity in Book (1) with the title "Making merry melodies-In honor of Mildred Hill--composer of "Happy Birthday to You"--invite your (children) to compose songs for other festive occasions, such as anniversaries, weddings, graduations, and holidays. Younger children can set their lyrics to familiar tunes. Older (children) can try making up music as well as lyrics."

June 27, 1872 Paul Laurence Dunbar, American poet, was born.

June 27, 1880 Helen Keller, American author and lecturer, was born.

Book (1) Discusses how good she was and gives an activity in "Sense-itive insights-Tell your (children) that an illness left Helen Keller deaf and blind when she was 19 months old. Before the illness, she'd been learning how to talk. But afterward, when she could no longer hear words, she lost her ability to speak and became completely cut off from the world. To help your (children) understand the importance of hearing and sight, have (each) write skits and perform them in pantomime. Can you tell what each (child) is portraying? Next, have (each) wear blindfolds as they try to identify items through touch, smell, or (if appropriate) taste."

June 27, 1927 Captain Kangaroo (real name: Bob Keeshan),
American television personality, was born.

June 27, 1949 Lionel Richie, American singer, was born.

Now we are given the events for June 27 as follows:

June 27, 1652 The New World's First Traffic Law was passed
in New Amsterdam, (New York City).

Book (1) has an activity called "Rules of the road-The first traffic law applied to wagons, carts, sleighs, and other horse-drawn vehicles--prohibiting any galloping. Ask your (children) to speculate about why traffic laws were instituted well before the advent of automobiles and superhighways. What kinds of laws do they think might have been needed? Make a (family) list, then encourage the children to illustrate one of the ideas."

June 27, 1922 The First Newberry Medal for excellence in children's
literature was awarded to Henrik Van Leon for the Story of Mankind.

June 27, 1923 Midair Refueling was first accomplished.

June 27, 1978 The First Erasable Ballpoint Pen was patented.

June 27, 1988 Habitat for Humanity Volunteers began building
20 homes in Atlanta, Ga.

June 27 is also Eid Al-Fitr (3-day Islamic celebration of the end of Ramadan)

Next is the birthdays for June 28 as follows:

June 28, 1577 Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter, was born.

June 28, 1891 Esther Forbes, children's author, was born.

June 28, 1960 John Elway, professional football quarterback, was born.

Next are the events for the day as follows:

June 28, 1778 Mary Ludwig Hays, better known as Molly Pitcher,
took her wounded husband's place of a cannon at the
Revolutionary War battle of Monmouth, N.J.

An activity to go along with Molly Pitcher is called "Patriotic Pitcher-Mary Ludwig Hays earned the nickname Molly Pitcher by carrying pitchers of water to Continental soldiers on the battlefield. During the Revolutionary War battle of Monmouth, N.J., where her husband was fighting, she displayed rare bravery. When she realized the men were retreating--on orders from General Lee--Hays raced to the cannon where her husband had just fallen, and began firing it. General Washington arrived on the battlefield a short time later and ended the retreat. The next day, Washington gave Hays the rank of sergeant in the Continental Army. Ask your (children) to write newspaper stories chronicling Molly Pitcher's heroics."

June 28, 1859 The First Dog Show was held in New Castle, England.

June 28, 1894 Congress made Labor Day a holiday for
federal employees and the District of Columbia and
established its date as the first Monday in September.

June 28, 1904 Helen Keller graduated with honors from Radcliffe College.

June 28, 1914 Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the
throne of Austria-Hungary, was assassinated by a Serbian
nationalist in Sarajevo. The event precipitated World War I.

June 28, 1919 The Treaty of Versailles was signed, officially ending World War I.

June 28, 1938 Pennsylvania began selling Hard-boiled
Eggs from slot machines throughout the state to help
end an egg surplus.

Book (1) says in an activity saying "Fixing a food glut-Ask your (children) to imagine that their home state had a surplus of peanut butter, grape juice, and pizza. How would they eliminate the surplus? Encourage them to dream up wacky ways of selling or freely distributing the extra food statewide. Then have them illustrate their ideas."

June 28,1990 The TV show "Reading Rainbow" received an
Emmy for the best children's series..

Book (1) gives the activity with the title as "Award-winning Tv shows-Make a (family) list of the qualities found in a good TV program. Based on this list, which three programs would your class nominate for an Emmy award? Write the names of these programs on the chalkboard, (vote for the best one.)

Next is June 29th birthdays as follows:

June 29, 1858 George Washington Goethals, American army
officer and chief engineer of the Panama Canal.

June 29, 1861 William Mayo, American surgeon, was born.

June 29, 1868 George Ellery Hale, American astronomer, was born.

The events for June 29 are as follows:

June 29, 1620 Parliament Prohibited the Growing of
Tobacco in England.

June 29, 1776 The Virginia State Constitution was adopted,
and Patrick Henry was made governor.

June 25, 1880 A young Englishman completed a 1,000-mile walk in 1,000 hours.

Book (1) gives the activity through Book (1) in "Walk this way-Challenge your (children) to calculate the number of meters and kilometers covered by the Englishwoman who walked 1,000 miles in 1,000 miles. On average, how many meters per hour and kilometers per hour did she walk? Have each of your (children) walk a measured times. Have the students calculate the number of hours  it would take them--if they walked continuously--to walk the same distance as the young Englishwoman."

June 28, 1906 Congress established Mesa Verde, National Park
in Colorado. It contains prehistoric  cliff dwellings.

June 28, 1956 Charles Dumas became the First Person to Clear
7 feet in the high jump.

Book (1) gives an activity to go along with called "A 7-fot feat-To help your (children appreciate Charles Dumas's athletic feat, measure 7 feet up on a classroom wall and mark it with masking tape. Next , give each of your students a self-sticking yellow note and have them take turns jumping up and sticking yellow note on the wall. Which student was able to reach the highest: How many kids were able to reach above the 7-foot mark? Remind the children that Dumas got his entire body above 7 feet."

June 29, 1985 Bob Brown of Boston set the yo-yo
Endurance Record at 121 hours 10 minutes.

June 29, 1987 Scientists from the New England Aquarium released
three pilot whales after nursing them back to health.

June 29, 1990 The Chicago White Sox played their last game
at the old Comiskey Park.


June 29 is also Bawming the Thorn Day in England.

Book (1) has a last activity for June 29 called "Trimming the tree-Tell your (children) that in Appleton, England, Bawming the Thorn Day has been celebrated since 1125. On this day, Appleton residents decorate the large hawthorn tree located in the town center with ribbons, flags, and flowers. Afterward, the children of the town dance around the tree. Make a construction-paper hawthorn tree and post it on a (wall), bulletin board, (or poster). Then have the (children) decorate it. Play some background music as the children work. then invite them to dance around the (room) when they're finished."

Last we have the two birthdays for June 30th as follows:

June 30, 1917 Lena Horne, American singer, was born.

June 30, 1940 David McPhail, children's author and illustrator, was born

Book (1) gives the activity "Exploring books- David McPhail's first book was The Bear's Toothache, which was published in 1972. Afterward he wrote or illustrated over 40 books. Gather a collection of McPhail's books for your classroom reading corner. Invite your (children) to compare and contrast McPhail's more recent books with his earlier ones. Make a ... list of similarities and differences among story themes and characters."

Now we can move onto the events for that day in Book (1) starting with the following:

June 30, 1775 Benjamin Franklin was elected U.S. postmaster general.

Book (1) explains in the activity "Friendly postcards-In honor of Ben Franklin's appointment as postmaster general, have your (children) make a large postcard for a friend. Give each child a 4x4-inch plain white card. On one side, have the kids draw and color a picture. On the other side, have them make sections for the address and message. When they finish writing their messages and addressing their postcards, invite the kids to design their own postage stamps. Finally, have them deliver their postcards." 

June 30, 1859 The French tightrope walker Charles Emile Blondin made the First Tightrope Crossing of Niagara Falls.

Book (1) has the activity in "Tricky tightrope walker-Tell your (children) that the Frenchman Charles Emile Blondin crossed Niagara Falls on a tightrope in just 5 minutes. Later, he repeated his feat several times, but always with a twist. For instance, at various times he crossed blindfolded, on stilts, in a sack, and while carrying a man on this back. Have your (children) look up the definition of "daredevil" in the dictionary. Then have them list other people who might be considered daredevils. Their responses might include bungee jumpers, cliff divers, race car drivers, or trapeze artists."

June 30, 1888 Arturo Toscanini, age 19, conducted his first orchestra.

June 30, 1906 The U.S. Pure Food and Drug Act was passed.

June 30, 1908 The Biggest Explosion ever Recorded on earth took
place when a meteor struck a distant part of Siberia.

June 30, 1940 The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service was established.

June 30, 1948 Bell laboratories announced the development of
the Transistor as a substitute for radio tubes.

June 30, 1968 Race Car Driver Bobby Unser drove to the top of
Pikes Peak in a record-setting 11 minutes 54.9 seconds in
the 46th running of the Pikes Peak Auto Hill Climb.

June 30, 1985 A New Basketball Hall of Fame opened in Springfield, Mass.


That is all for June folks! Have fun!


More of June and the Circus

Posted on September 3, 2014 at 11:48 AM Comments comments (52)

We left off in the History Calendar of Book (1) towards the end of June 15. The rest of the day into the 16th and 17th Grandma will cover along with lessons on the Circus in Book (1) and Book (57). Before lessons I want to add a note to parents in our Home Education Program of home schooling a few pointers. That is to make sure you have a line of some kind set up to attach notes of history on beginning with the time of dinosaurs and man through the Bible and into American History along with space for any other history needed. These will take up a lot of space so be prepared. Then make sure you have a big calendar set up-a poster one is best-for birthdays, weather notations and notes necessary for lessons. Also have an area for pretend news and weather broadcasts; along with plays and puppet shows, or doll play of roles. Act out role plays of characters if wish in these areas. The same place can be used for dance and exercise. Next have a place for writing, drawing and other forms of art. You may want a separate space for sewing and one for hand sewing. Also provide a place for books and supplies. You may want these areas marked as in Day Cares. Also provide plenty of space for lists or posters and projects for words and sounds to learn. Notebooks can also do a lot.( Grandma will also make a note of this on the Home page.)
Now Grandma will give you the beginning summer lessons as follows:

June 15 1904 Mary McCann Helped Save 20 People after the
steamship General Slocum caught fire in New York's East River.

Book (1) says in "Young heroine-While recovering from the measles in a New York City hospital over-looking the East River, 14-year-old Mary McCann saw a steamboat on fire. Still feverish, she ran to the river and yelled encouragement to the people floundering in the water. Her courageous act helped save 20 people, including nine children, and she was awarded the Silver Lifesaving Medal by the U.S. Congress. Invite your (children) to design their own ...medal to commemorate heroic deeds. Then, over the next month, have students clip and share newspaper articles about people who have helped others. Encourage the kids to write letters congratulating these people and to include copies of the class-designed medal."

June 15, 1988 General Motors Corp.'s Sunracer established a Speed Record for Solar-Powered Cars. Its top speed: 48,712 mph.

June 15 is also A Friend in Need is a Friend Indeed Day as well as a Smile Power Day in which Book (1) says in "Miles of smiles-Here's a fun way to celebrate Smile Power Day. In the center of a large sheet of paper, write the words "It's Great to Smile Because..." Post the paper in the hallway or outside your (bedroom) door. Then encourage (the children) to use this "graffiti-style" message center to complete the sentence."


June 16 has only two birthday's as follows:

June 16, 1890 Stan Laurel, English comedian, was born.

June 16, 1920 John Howard Griffin, American
photographer and author of Black Like me, was born.

The Events for June 16, are as follows:

June 16, 1497 Amerigo Vespucci claimed he sighted
the mainland of America on this day.

June 16, 1836 Arkansas became the 25th state.

June 16, 1858 Abraham Lincoln made his famous
"House Divided" speech in Springfield, Ill.

June 16, 1897 The Alaska Gold Rush began.

June 16, 1922 The First Helicopter Flight took place in College Park, Md.

June 16,  1939 Hundreds of Tiny Frogs fell on Trowbridge, England.

June 16, 1963 Lieutenant Valentina Tereshkova of the
Soviet Union became the First Woman in Space.

June 16, 1980 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Scientists
Who Developed New Forms of Life in laboratories could
patent their creations.

June 16, 1987 The Dusky Seaside Sparrow became extinct.

Book (1) says in "Vanishing wildlife-Tell your (children) that on this day in 1987, the last dusky seaside sparrow died in a wildlife preserve at Walt Disney World in Florida. Then encourage the kids to take steps to protect animals for the future. Have each child research an extinct animal, draw a picture of the animal, and write a one-paragraph report about it. Next. have the (children) each write a letter to their state or federal representative telling about their animal and asking for help in saving other wildlife. Have the children include their drawings and reports with the letters. Make copies for a ... display entitled "The Extinct Zoo...What You Can Do About It." Add any responses your students receive to the display."

June 16, 1988 A China Shop Owner decided to find out
what a bull in a china shop would really do.

Book (1) says in "Risky business-Grant Burnett, a china shop owner in New Zealand, always wondered what a bull would do in a china shop. He borrowed Colonel, a 2,000-pound Hereford, and let the animal roam around the store for 3 hours. Burnett risked thousands of dollars' worth of dishes, but Colonel didn't break a thing. Ask your (children) to think of other descriptive animal phrases (for example, eyes like a hawk, quiet as a mouse, fish out of water, hold your horses, sly as a fox, clam up, dead as a dodo). Have them each select a phrase, then illustrate its literal and figurative meanings. Afterward, read aloud Eve Merriam's poem "Cliche," which deals with figurative and literal language. Then ask your students to write poems about their animal subjects."

June 16 is also South Africa's Soweto Day and Korea's Tano.

Next is June 17th with three birthdays as follows:

June 17, 1870 George Cormack, inventor of Wheaties cereal, was born.

Book (1) says in "Breakfast favorites-To celebrate the birthday of George Cormack, inventor of Wheaties cereal, poll your (family to see if any of you) have eaten Wheaties. Do (you ) eat it regularly? Why or Why not? Next , invite your (children) to each name their favorite cereal, Then use three adjectives to describe its taste. List all the adjectives on the board (or a piece of paper.) How many different ones are there?"

June 17, 1882 Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky, Russian-American composer, was born.

June 17, 1898 M.C. Escher, German mathematician, was born.

Next come the events for June 17 as follows:

June 17, 1579 Sir Francis Drake landed on the California coast.

June 17, 1682 William Penn founded the City of Philadelphia.

June 17, 1775 The Battle of Bunker Hill, one of the earliest
engagements of the Revolutionary War, was fought near Boston.

June 17, 1856 The First Republican Party National
Convention took place in Philadelphia, Pa.

June 17, 1873 Susan B Anthony was fined $100
for voting in the 1872 presidential election.

June 17, 1925 The First National Spelling Bee was held.

Book (1) says in "Cooperation bee-Hold a cooperative spelling bee in your (home0. ....--without using dictionaries--work together to correctly spell words you call out. Give each...a point for each correctly spelled word. The (one) with the most points at the end of a specified period wins."

June 17, 1972 Five burglars were arrested at the
Democratic Party headquarters in Washington, D.C.
The break-in and subsequent cover-up, which came
to be called Watergate after the building where the
burglary occurred, ultimately led to the resignation
of President Richard M. Nixon.

June 17, 1979 Richard Brown set a prone-position
Skateboard Speed Record of 71.179 mph on a
course at Mr. Baldy, Calif.

June 17, 1991 President Zachary Taylor's Remains
Were exhumed (141 years after his death) in
Louisville, Ky., to investigate the theory that
he had been poisoned. No evidence was found to
support the theory.

June 17 is also Independence Day in Iceland and it is used to mention that June is Carnival and Circus Month.

Book (1) says in "Celebrating the circus-Tell your (children) that the circus originated in ancient Rome, where it was a place for chariot races and combat between gladiators. Then have the children look up the origin of the word circus. (Its Latin meaning is "circle.") Next, have students brainstorm for the kinds of acts and performers found in modern-day circuses--for example, dancing elephants, trapeze artists, clowns, jugglers, bareback riders. Ask children who've been to a circus to describe the acts they saw. Finally, have your (children) imagine they could be a circus performer or a day, and ask them to write and illustrate stories about what they'd do."

Book (57) uses the following unit to tell about it:

  1. "The Circus Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow by Pat O'Brien

Historically, the circus has been around for a long time. Performers doing acrobatic stunts appear in Egyptian wall paintings. Marco Polo reported being entertained by jugglers and tumblers in the court of Kublai Khan.
Early people caught and trained wild animals. While most of these were used for religious ceremonies, others became part of a menagerie kept to showcase rare and unusual species. In Rome, the circus Maximus, a large animal theater for chariot racing, also presented trick riders, familiar with today. The show is made up of clowns, acrobats, animal acts, and colorful spectacles.
The purpose of this unit is to explore the circus world from the known to the unknown. You will compare the training of pets to the preparation of wild animal acts. You will proceed from climbing about on the jungle gym to learning about flying through the air. You will learn how clowns advance from being accidentally funny to working on routines and tricks to entertain an audience.

The Circus World
In the winter, the circus community prepares for the coming year. New acts are developed and perfected, while old ones are practiced and improved. Trainers work with their animals. Acrobats and aerialists stay in shape rehearsing their acts and trying new routines. Clowns create new tricks.
On the road, circus performers travel from one location to the next, thrilling audiences with circus magic.
  1. Research the history of the circus. Discover an interesting way to share your findings with the class.
  2. Write five reasons for circuses.
  3. Make a diorama showing a circus scene. ( Or design a scene in a big box or on a table.)

Presenting...
Because of his ideas, leadership, and inspiration, P.T. Barnum influenced the circus world. Read to find out about his contributions to the circus.
  1. List five or more events from his life.
  2. Make a  (separate) time line to show when these incidents happened.
  3. Using the information on the time line, make a filmstrip showing the highlights of his life.
          (Also a good thing to put in your newspaper.)

Clown Alley
A clown's job is to make others laugh by doing tricks, acting, and wearing funny clothes. In the circus, clowns entertain and fill in while the next acts are being set up or when something goes wrong. From makeup to funny shoes, each clown develops a unique look.
  1. If possible, ask a local clown to talk to the (children) about how clowns apply makeup and put together a routine.
  2. Clowns often practice the art of mime. A mime uses gestures and actions rather than words. See if you can perform a routine without speaking.(One of my most happiest time was when my sister and her friend dressed up as clowns and put on an act for myself and other children of the neighborhood. It was really a fun day.)
  3. Clown College offers courses in the history and art of clowning. There are also classes in makeup, mime, using and making props, juggling, and other talents useful to clowns. (For information, write to Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Clown College, 1401 Ringling Drive, South Venice, FL, 33595.) (This may not be possible any more because they have had to quit from what I heard on the Channel 6 News in Omaha, NE )                                                              a.      if you think you have a future as a clown, what are your qualifications?
                          b.      Write a letter to the Clown College stating your talents. Ask for an application to the school. (This will be a practice letter since you have to be at least seventeen years old to enroll.)                                                                                                                          c.       What questions do you think an application for Clown College would ask?
  1. Write a paragraph telling why you would like to be a circus clown.
  2. Write a poem about a clown with alternating line: I seem to be....But I really am.....

Presenting...
Throughout the years, there have been famous circus clowns. Find out more about one of them and write his or her biography. Focus on what he or she has accomplished as a clown. Share and compare the lives of these clowns to see if you can find some lives of these clowns to see if you can find some common traits. Put together a clown bulletin board (or a poster).

Imagine That!
As a circus performer, write your autobiography explaining what made you decide to become a clown. Tell about your act. What's hardest about being a clown? What do you like best? What you're not performing. what do you do? Be sure to include a self-portrait showing you in costume.

Art Activities
  1. Have a partner trace around you on a large sheet of paper. Use the outline to make a life-sized clown. (Butcher paper is good for this.) Use the outline to make a life-sized clown. With markers, paint, or crayons, add details of the clown's costume and face.
  2. On a piece of cardboard, draw a clown. Use paint, scraps of cloth, and yarn to complete the costume and face.
  3. Draw a clown face on a paper plate and decorate it.
  4. Construct a clown puppet.

Be a Circus Clown
  1. Learn to juggle. Begin with bean bags or inexpensive chiffon scarfs then progress to tennis balls.
  2. Plan your costume and special clown face.
  3. Create and practice a routine.

Mainly Mammals

The circus presents wild and exotic animal shows to the public. Before zoos became popular, this was the only opportunity people had to see elephants, lions, and tigers. Today there is a need to provide protection for these rare animals whose natural habitats are threatened. Circus animals are cared for, provided with food, and given medial attention.

You Make the Choice
  1. List the pros and cons of using rare and exotic animals in the circus.
  2. As an animal rights activist, what stands do you take?
  3. As an (environmentalist), what are your thoughts?

Calling All Pets
To better understand the task of a wild animal trainer, consider the care necessary to maintain a domestic animal.
  1. What care do you give your pet? What kind of food does it get and how much?
  2. If you have a pet, teach it a trick. What trick do you want the animal to perform? How will you go about teaching it? Keep a record of your instructions.
  3. Present an oral report to explain how you trained your pet, teach it a trick. What trick do you want the animal to perform? How will you go about teaching it? Keep a record of your instructions.
  4. Compare your method with one used by a classmate.

Trainers and Trainees
A bond of mutual trust is established between the trainer and the animals.
  1. List the responsibilities of a circus trainer. What jobs would he or she be expected to do?
  2. What traits should a wild animal trainer have? Are they any different than those needed to train a domestic animal?
  3. How do you think circus performers go about training wild animals?
  4. List animals that appear in the circus. Select one type of wild animal. What kind of care and attention does it get? What kind of food? How much exercise?
  5. Compare caring for and training a pet to getting a wild animal ready to perform in an act.
  6. Compare caring for and training a pet to getting a wild animal ready to perform in an act.
  7. Write an essay about wild animals in general and circus animals in particular.
  8. Write the life story of a circus animal.

Presenting
Gunther Gebel-Williams, now retired, was a world famous animal trainer with the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus.
  1. Read to find out more about his life as a trainer. How did he prepare the animals to perform?
  2. Pretend you are an interviewer on a television show. Think of some questions you would like to ask Gunther Gebel-Williams. How do you think he would respond? Write a script and practice the interview with a partner.

Imagine That!
  1. If you ran the circus, what animals would perform?
  2. Using your imagination, write a resumé stating your qualifications to be a wild animal trainer.
  3. Write about how it feels to be a lion tamer. What's the hardest part?
  4. If you were an elephant, or another animal, would you rather be in a circus or a zoo? Why?
  5. Would you rather be a veterinarian in a zoo or a circus? Why?

Problem Solving
The many animals in the circus need a great deal of food each day. At every stop along the route, fresh fruits, vegetables, and grains are purchased from local merchants.
  1. Given the following information about weekly purchases, what story problems can you create?     10 tons of hay, 150 bales of straw, 1,000 pounds of meat, 400 crates of carrots, 1 crate of apples, 1 box of bananas, 500 loaves of bread
  2. Write additional imaginative problems using circus facts and figures.

Poems
Search for poems about animals that perform in the circus.                               
      a. Choose one to illustrate.
      b. Memorize it and recite it for the (family).
      c. Present it as a choral reading.

Art Activities
  1. Make papier-mâché animals. Display them in colorful wagons.
  2. Design circus animal pins from clay.
  3. Use magnetic tape to make refrigerator magnets.
  4. Make a mobile featuring circus animals.

Circus Animals
  1. Plan a pet parade. You and your pet can march around a ring in time to recorded circus music.
  2. Does your pet know a special trick? Prepare a "wild animal" act to present to an audience.


Fabulous Flights

They fly through the air, walk on wires, or tumble in the ring. They perform feats of strength, balance, and courage. They are acrobats, aerialists, and flyers.
  1. If possible, read A Very Young Circus Flyer, by Jill Krementz. A young boy, a member of a family of flyers, tells about his life with the circus.
  2. Begin by moving to music. Feel the rhythm.
  3. Depending on the equipment available, practice moving on bars and rings. Tumble on mats.

Poetry in Motion
  1. List words (verbs) that describe the ways a performer moves as he or she flies through the air or tumbles in the ring. Arrange the words to create a motion poem that reflects the movements of the performer.
  2. Add to the words on the list and group them to compose a motion poem.
  3. Write ...about an acrobat's performance.

Presenting...
Jules Leotard invented and introduced the flying trapeze. Like many inventors, he made his discovery accidentally.
  1. Read to find out how this invention changed circus performances.
  2. If Leotard kept a journal during the time he was developing the flying trapeze, what would he have written? Write five journal entries from his point of view.
  3. Can you think of something you might invent to improve a way of doing something? Explain what you want to improve and write about your plan. Include a sketch of your idea.

Circus Flyers and Tumblers
  1. Using playground equipment (bars, rings, the jungle gym, etc.), develop an acrobatic routine set to music. Include gymnastic tumbling and balancing. Make sure the exhibition of physical fitness is safe and entertaining.
  2. Tie-dye a shirt for the performance or use fabric markers to design a T-shirt.

The Day the Circus Came to Town
Read Dr. Seuss' If I Ran the Circus and decide how you would run a circus. Write a book with the same title, but use your own circus.
  1. Study a map of your state. What cities would your circus visit?
  2. Plan a route you would follow from town to town.
  3. Write a news story about the arrival of the circus.
  4. Make posters advertising the performances.
  5. Write a review of the show. Tell about the acts that people will be viewing.

Art Activities
  1. Think about the word circus. Study each letter. What does it remind you of? Design an alphabet with a circus theme.
  2. Use thumbprints to create a circus scene. Make a print and add lines to complete the figures.

Circus Performance
After studying the different facets of the circus, it is time to put the parts together and present your own show.
  1. Display posters to announce the circus.
  2. To begin the Make-a-Circus extravaganza, organize a parade of costumed performers. March to recorded circus music. Include a marching kazoo band.
  3. Sell popcorn and balloons.

Ants as Insects

Posted on September 2, 2014 at 3:25 AM Comments comments (43)
Grandma is making this section separate because there was quite a bit on the Insect part and there is quite a bit here. The part on ants is as follows:


                            " Those Amazing Ants! by Becky Daniel and Jo Jo Cavalline

Did you know that there are more than 10,000 different kinds of ants?

I may be hard to believe, but some ants can lift more than fifty times their own weight.
How much do you weigh? Multiply your weight by fifty. Think of something that weighs about the same as fifty times your weight. Draw a picture of this object.
If you were built like an ant, you could pick up that heavy object. put it above your head, and run with it. Amazing, isn't it?
Draw a cartoon of yourself lifting the object that is fifty times your weight.

Ants have a keen sense of smell and can find food my following a scent trail.
You, too, can follow a scent trail. Using an old bottle of perfume, have (someone) make a scent trail by dripping perfume on (something above the ground level ). Blindfolded, and on your hands and knees, try to reach the end of the trail by using your sense of smell.

Ants have compound eyes. Compound eyes allow them to precisely determine the angle of the sun's rays. This awareness of the sun's angle allows ants to navigate over unknown territory and return with food to their nest.
Draw a map of the way (to your home). Be sure to show north, south, east, and west. Could someone unfamiliar with your neighborhood use your map to find your house? How do compass directions help humans find their way?
Why do you think ants don't venture out at night to search for food?

Some ants milk an insect called an aphid, much like a farmer milks a cow. The ants stroke the bug's sides gently and wait for the sweet honeydew to appear.
Draw a cartoon of an ant milking an aphid.

The nurse ants care for the ant eggs. They watch the eggs from the egg stage, through the larve stage, until the young ants emerge. Some larvae can signal the nurse ants when they need them. When new ants leave the nest to search for food they sometimes get lost. Older workers will find these lost ants and carry them back to the nest.
Make a list of babies that are dependent on their mothers at birth. Make another list of babies that do not need their mothers when they are born.

Some ants raise mushrooms inside their nests. The ants cut and carry leaves to the nest to provide fertile soil for their mushrooms. Have you ever tasted a raw mushroom?

                            Mushroom Dip
1 package cream cheese                  1 Tablespoon minced green onion
1/2 cup sour cream                           1/4 pound finely chopped mushrooms
1 teaspoon salt

Mix together and chill. Serve with corn chips or crackers.

Some ants make slaves of other ants. They attack and steal young ants from other hives, take them back to their own hives, and make them do all their work.
Write a story that tells how you would feel if you were kidnapped and made to be a slave. Tell about how you might escape your captors.

Ants have suits of "armor" on the outside of their bodies, rather than skeletons.
Draw a picture of what you might look like if your skeleton was on the outside of your skin. Or, make a list of other animals that wear their skeletons on the outside.

Soldier ants are stationed at the entrance to the nest. They guard the nest and keep enemies away. These ants are larger than the workers. Cover a bulletin board with brown butcher paper. Draw an ant colony. You may want to include:
  • interlocking tunnels
  • soldier ants at the entrance
  • nurse ants attending the eggs
  • ants working in their mushroom garden
  • ants milking aphids
  • harvest ants making bread
  • slave ants
  • the queen ant


Ant Crafts

(On one page is a drawn big ant to put a paper face, hands, and shoes on.)

The Easter ant can arrive the day before vacation and leave a treat for all your (children). Treats are made from (a) small ant pattern. A black jelly bean is attached by a thumbtack to the body of the ant. Use tape to fasten them to (children's') clothes. Have fun with your ant treats. Try balancing them on your head or shoulder as you play dead ant. If they fall off, you are out. Let this ant become your pet ant. You then assume total responsibility for your ant. It must be with you at all times. If you leave your ant to wander, it becomes public property. Any other (person) gets to claim it and add it to their pet collection. Finders keepers, loosers weepers.

Halloween is a great time for ant masks. Be a hungry ant and make a fork and spoon to carry in each hand. Several (people) together may enjoy doing an ant play with their ant masks.

Have you been a good ant or a naughty ant? Because Anta Claus is coming to town. Make a Christmas list of an ant. Make Mr. and Mrs. Anta Claus.

Many more ideas will flow as you enter antland. It can so easily be applied to many different subject areas. Save all these ideas and new ones for another time!


                               Finding the Antswers to Questiants

All species of ants belong to the formicidae family. Using the basic ant pattern, invite each child to make his or her own ant and label or identify all its parts.

Questiant:Where do ants live?
Antswer: In colonies, the thirteen original perhaps.
Ants are social insects because they live together in "colonies." Using the thirteen original colonies, start a nation of ants. Draw the shape of the colony and the citizens of Massachusants, Rhode Islants, Pennsylvaniants, and so on. Draw a crown on the antennae of the governor of each state.

Questiant: What should do you do with an ant? Squish it?
Antswer: No, collect ants and study their personality. If you should find they need some, give them some of yours.
To collect ants, use a piece of white paper, plastic bottles with lids, and a piece of cardboard. Search outdoors under rocks for ant colonies. You will see many of the little harmless black and gray ants running around under rocks. Lay a bottle on its side and use the cardboard to guide the ants in. Scoop up some soil and spread it out on white paper. If you see an ant larger than the other ants, it is probably the queen. Take some extra soil with you in another bottle. You will need it for the ants' new home.
To build an ant nest, you will need a wide-mouthed glass jar; an empty tall, thin can; a sponge; black paper; and rubber bands. Place the can inside the jar. Pour the ants" soil between the two. Wet the sponge and place it across the top of the can. Place the ants on the soil and secure the lid. Wrap the jar with black paper and secure with rubber bands.

Questiant: Why the black paper?
Antswer: Ants like the dark and will build their tunnels close to the glass if it is dark there.
Place your jar in a shallow pan of water on a piece of wood. Place it in a warm place away from direct sunlight. Feed the ants with bread crumbs, bits of meat, drops of honey, sugar, and dead insects. After a few days, remove the black paper and find the antswers to any questiants you might have.
  1. What do the ants do?
  2. How do they communicate with each other?
  3. Do they know it is feeding time? Why?
  4. Why do they build tunnels?
(the bottom of this page shows to cartoon ants talking to each other)

During your observations be sure to sing the rhyming songs: "The Ants Go Marching One by One, Hurrah, Hurrah!"

"Our Antcestor"
Trace the basic ant pattern on black paper and cut it out. You may want to enlarge the pattern. Using scraps of paper, yarn, tissue paper, and whatever materials are available, dress your ant appropriately for your particular antcestor. If you are teaching social studies, make Abraham Lincant, George Washingtant, Benjamin Franklant, Ant Betsy Ross, Florence Nightantgale, and so on.

"Our Antimals"
Draw the face of an animal or cut out a picture from a magazine. Trace and cut out the basic ant pattern. Paste the animal face to the ant body. You may discover stegosaurant or Leo the liant. Put all your animals behind bars and display on a (wall) zoo.

"Dead Ant"
Choose two (children) to be the killer ants. They are "it." The chosen killer ants try to tag the other (children). The only way the (children) can be safe from them is to "freeze" with their antennae (arms) up in the air and say "dead ant." When a killer ant tags someone who wasn't fast enough to be a dead ant, that ant is captured and taken off to the ant prison (which is a certain spot in the room).


Activities
  • Declare National Ant Day: Take your ant to lunch and buy her a "MacAnt Sandwich."
  • Michael Jacksant, famous recording ant, is in dire need of material for his songs. Help him write a song and give it a hit title. This new hit could become your "family anthem."
  • Write tongue twisters incorporating the word "ant" in regular words: Indianta Jones is awfully antsome.
  • Write a recipe for "ant soup."
  • Write a conversation between two ants.
  • Pretend you are an ant that somehow got caught in a marching parade. How will you ever get out alive?
  • Make a board game to play with an ant theme.



(This next page has five jars that lists words of parts of the sentences: Nouns, Verbs, Pronouns, Adjectives, Adverbs

Directions:
Write the bold word in the correct jar.

One pretty day in the month of May
My friends and I went out to play.
We walked so slowly to the park;
There children laugh and puppies bark.
Hot dogs were toasting on the grill,
We smelled them as we climbed the hill.
The table setting by the stream
Was sure to be any picnicker's dream.
We found some cakes, salads, chips, pies,
They looked so glorious to our hungry eyes.
I discovered the chef asleep on a stool,
The grown-ups and kids took a swim in the pool.
We climbed on the table and just took a bite,
But one led to another, then oh! What a sight!
We ate such a feast, crumbs fell to the ground.
Not one of us noticed the approaching sound
Of the chef coming swiftly, his feet doing a dance,
The look on his face when he saw us--Black Ants!
We looked like an army, so quickly retreating,
Our bellies were full after all of that eating.
We marched to our colony, burrowed inside,
Until the next picnic--we'll stay here and hide.

(There are a list for eight Nouns; eight Verbs; six Pronouns; eight Adjectives; and seven Adverbs--maybe you can make more.

                                           "Ant"onyms

Read each sentence below. In the blank write the opposite of the word you see in parentheses.

  1. The bus left (early)___________________________for the school picnic.
  2. It was the (last)_______________________time we had gone to Holly Park.
  3. The children were (sad)___________________about going.
  4. (Few)_________________________boys and girls were singing songs.
  5. This was going to be a (short)_________________bus ride.
  6. Most of the seats on the bus were (empty)________________________.
  7. (None)______________of the children were glad it was Saturday.
  8. When the bus stopped, it was time to get (on)_____________________.
  9. The children (walked)______________to the picnic tables to eat.
  10. They ate their lunches (slowly)____________________.
  11. Ants crawled on the table where the (grown-ups)_________________ate.
  12. (Girls)_____________began to throw Frisbees.
  13. One girl tried to (throw)______________________it.
  14. (Before)____________________ they ate, it was time for a visit to the zoo.
  15. Most of the animals were (inside)_____________________________.
  16. The monkeys were the (quietest)________________________of all the animals.
  17. Later the kids (sold)________________________souvenirs.
  18. Several boys got on the (right)__________________bus.
  19. It was (morning)_____________________ when the children go back to school.
  20. The sky was beginning to get (light)___________________.

Circle the word in each row that is the opposite of the first word.

  1. messy                          sloppy, neat, dirty
  2. soft                               mushy, weak, hard
  3. pretty                            ugly, beautiful, lovely
  4. old                                worn, used, new
  5. smooth                          level, rough, flat
 

Insects lesson

Posted on September 2, 2014 at 1:14 AM Comments comments (40)
Grandma is giving you a lesson for Insects from Book (57). There is something I want parents to understand. While you are starting your children with a new year of lessons, the public schools are having to test their children to see what level of learning they are at during this time. That gives you one advantage.

The Unit on Insects is as follows:

                                    "Bub Bonanza by Mary Ellen Switzer

Introduction
Turn your (children) into excited young entomologists with this motivating array of insect activities. (Grandma has one book that invites children to belong to what they call a bug club, there is also in another what they call a plant club. At the end of this insect unit in book (57) are awards for insect collecting and doing. Take advantage of awards any time you can because kids really love them as much as they love little stickers.) They will be "buzzing" with excitement as they plan an insect trivia game, use "Bug-a-Rama Drama" script starters to create plays, and work on the Bug Bonanza activity page. (Another important activity for children to do is collect all kinds of bugs, spiders, butterflies, flies, ants, etc.; This time of year they are abundant because they have had all summer to develop. It is a great time to do some fishing and hunt for big worms after a rain.Save insects in plastic cover with netted covers or jars for a short time and then released.)

The Bug Jar Trivia Game
Send your (children) on an insect "trivia hunt" to help make a (family) trivia game. They may use encyclopedias and other reference books to research their information.
Divide your class into small teams and ask each group to write questions (with answers) on 3" x 5" cards on their assigned subject. Suggested categories include ants, butterflies, bees, crickets, grasshoppers, flies, and beetles. Have a brainstorming session with your (family and friends) to add more to the list.
Place the completed trivia question cards in a large glass jar labeled "The Bug Jar," and play a round or two during those extra minutes of the day.
To further extend this activity, trivia teams can write mini reports on their assigned insects to be presented to the (family and friends). Suggestions include making poster reports (with pictures and facts), creating a television game show or news program that features insects facts, and an imaginary interview with an entomologist.

Fabulous Fables
It's fable time! Read students some of Aesop's delightful fables that feature insect characters. Suggestions are "The Grasshopper and the Ant," "The Ant and the Dove," and "The Fox and the Cicada." Next have the children write and illustrate their own fables using insects as main characters.
Celebrate at the end of this project by having an "Aesop's Fable Party." Have your children read their fables to the class. Serve animal cookies, since so many of Aesop's characters were animals!

Mother Goose Fun
Read the familiar "Little Miss Muffet" Mother Goose rhyme to your (children). Ask the (children) to create a comic strip about the rhyme from the spider's point of view. (This is a good introductory unit to Mother Goose but Grandma usually likes to use it in the month of May because of everything starting with the letter M for May. However, Grandma likes to use the story of the Moose eating a cookie and the Mouse eating something else Grandma can't remember because of the mice at Christmas time, cookies for Halloween, forest stories in the fall because of the harvests and changing of the trees. They all seem to fit that way for Grandma thought of learning. You have to plan things comfortably for yourselves. If you did cover the Mother Goose rhymes in the spring or for last year, this definitely fills the position as a review and with the introduction of comics as well as the restart of the newspaper.)

Invention Fun
Be an inventor! Create a new state-of-the-art and farm. Label the parts of your new ant farm. Draw your design on another sheet of paper. Tell the world about your invention. Write an advertisement about the ant farm. (Use another insect if you wish.)

Let's Write a Story
Write a story about a bug. Here are some story starter ideas:
Hello, my name is Gary Grasshopper. My life as a grasshopper is very exciting! Let me tell you about one of my days...
One warm summer day, a curious ant named Andy decided to visit a picnic. It turned into an adventure that he would never forget! here's what happened...

Bug-a-Rama Drama
Delight your (children) with these motivating script-writing activities. ...give each ...a script starter. Ask each...to create a script, practice it, and then share their skits with (you and/or others).

Amazing Insects
Setting: television newsroom
Characters: Announcer and any number of reporters
Script-Starter: Announcer: "Welcome to our program Amazing Insects. Our reporters are here today with some interesting information on insects. Here's our first reporter with some great information." (Reporters 1, 2, 3, etc., give their reports on various insects.) (Puppets can be use or dolls in place of other reporters only your child or children are do the talking. )

The Unhappy Ladybug
Setting: grassy meadow
Characters: Laura Ladybug, Buzzy Bee, Cassie Cricket, Andy Ant, Bernie Butterfly, and any number of insect characters
Plot: Laura Ladybug sits sadly under a mushroom. It's her birthday today, and all her friends have forgotten. Write a script telling how her friends come to the rescue to make it a happy birthday she'll never forget.

The Case of the Missing Caterpillar
Setting: office of Sam E. Spider, Detective
Characters: Detective Sam E Spider, his helper Florence Fly, C. H. Caterpillar, Charlie Butterfly, and any number of insect suspects
Plot: Detective Sam E. Spider needs your help. C.H. Caterpillar has been missing for two days, and everyone is worried. Write a script telling what happened to C.H.

Fred E. Firefly Saves the Day
Setting: grassy field
Characters: Fred E. Firefly, Betty Butterfly, and any number of insect characters
Plot:One rainy day a Monarch butterfly named Betty got separated from her family. They searched all day with the help of their insect friends but couldn't find Betty anywhere. It was getting dark--what could they do now? Write a script about how Fred E. Firefly comes to their aid.

Insect Book Nook
Dorros, Arthur, Ant Cities, New York: Harper & Row, 1987
Johnson, Sylvia Water Insects. Minneapolis, Lerner Publications Co., 1989
Mound, Laurence. Insect Eyewitness Books, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1990
Parker, Nancy Winslow, and Wright, Joan Richards. Bugs. New York: Greenwillow Books, 1987.
Parker, Steve. Insects Eyewitness Explorers. New York: Dorling Kindersley, Inc., 1992.
Porter, Keith. Discovering Crickets and Grasshoppers. New York: The Bookwright Press, 1986.
---. Discovering Butterflies and Moths. New York: Gloucester Press, 1987.
Petty, Kate. Bees and Wasps. New York: Gloucester Press, 1987.
Pringle, Laurence. The Golden Book of Insects and Spiders. Racine, Wisconsin: Western Publishing Co., 1990.
Still, John. Amazing Beetles Eyewitness Juniors. New York: Alfred A. Knopt, 1991.
Watts, Barrie. Keeping Minibeasts: Ladybugs. New York: Franklin Watts, 1990.





                                                           Bug Bonanza Trivia

Attention all Junior entomologists! Grab your pencils and test your knowledge of the insect world.

_________________________1.   Name the three parts of an insect.

_________________________2.   How many legs does an insect have?

_________________________3.   The legs and wings are attached to what part of the insect?

_________________________4.   Beware! This insect "attacks"  wood.

_________________________5.   True or false. Insects live long lives.

_________________________6.   What do ladybugs like to eat?

_________________________7.    Name the insect that looks like a twig.

_________________________8.    How many legs does a spider have?

_________________________9.    Are insects cold-blooded animals?

________________________10.   What is the hard outer covering of an insect called?

________________________11.   What is the larva of a butterfly called?

________________________12.   Watch out! These bugs give off a bad odor when disturbed.

________________________13.   What insects are sometimes called "armored tanks" of the bug
                                                  world?
________________________14.   Ants live in groups called ____________________________.

________________________15.   True or False. There are over a million species of insects.

________________________16.   Name the heaviest insect.

________________________17.   Are insects vertebrates or invertebrates?

________________________18.   Bees make honey from _____________________________.

________________________19.   These beetles can shoot a hot liquid from their abdomens.

________________________20. What is the longest insect?







                                           Bug Bonanza Activity Sheet

Attention kids! Get your paper, pencils, and crayons ready and let's begin! We hope you enjoy the activities below__ all about insects.

  1. What is your favorite insect? Tell why.
  2. Draw and label the parts of an insect. Remember the three body parts--head, thorax, and abdomen. Then add six legs, antennae, and wings.
  3. Make a list of all the ways insects can help us.
  4. Extra! Extra! Read all about it! Your trip to the tropical rain forest was a big success! You have discovered a new insect. Write a newspaper article to tell the world about your discovery. Remember to include the five Ws: Who? What? Where? When? and Why? Think of a catchy headline for your story.
  5. Design a bookmark for your favorite insect book character.
  6. Make a list of all the insects you can think of. Make a game, such as a word scramble list or word search. You may also use words pertaining to insects, such as body parts.
  7. Be a reporter! Create a one-page newspaper called "The Grasshopper Gazette." Write news articles and stories about grasshoppers. Include pictures with your articles or stories. Use an encyclopedia or reference book to find out more about grasshoppers.
  8. Write a riddle about any insect. You should have at least three clues written in complete sentences. Try to stump a friend!
  9. How many words can you make using the letters in "praying mantis"?
  10. Be a butterfly detective. Look up information about butterflies in a reference book. Cut out a big shape and include at least one picture in your report.

Circle (and draw) an insect on this page for every activity you complete."




                                     "Butterflies by Florence Rives

Objective: This unit proposes to enlighten us about the beauty and worth of the butterfly by developing an increased appreciation and awareness of the part that butterflies play in the world.

  1. Why are butterflies called butterflies? What are some legends and theories about this?
  2. Describe a butterfly's wings.
  3. Why do you suppose many butterflies are spoken of as "winged flowers?"
  4. Explain what caterpillars are.
  5. How can you tell butterflies from moths?
  6. What are the body parts of a butterfly or any other true insect called?
  7. Write a short paragraph explaining how the butterfly uses its antennae.
  8. 8. What are butterfly wings made of?
  9. What are the purposes of the scents which the butterfly gives off?
  10. List the four stages of life through which the butterfly and the moth go. Draw a sketch of each stage.
  11. Explain what a compound eye is.
  12. List some of the enemies of butterflies. How are butterflies and caterpillars equipped to escape their enemies?
  13. What is molting? How many times does a caterpillar molt before it becomes an adult butterfly?
  14. How long do some butterflies live?
  15. About how many kinds or groups of butterflies are known by scientists?
  16. Describe the butterfly's proboscis. How does the butterfly use it? Write two sentences about it.
  17. Find out about camouflage, or protective coloration, of the butterfly and moth.
  18. What can you find out about the "eyespots" on a butterfly's wings? Why are they there? How do the eyespots help the butterfly?
  19. What do butterflies feed upon? What do caterpillars feed upon? Why do you suppose certain butterflies and caterpillars prefer to eat certain foods?
  20. How do butterflies help people?
  21. Define metamorphosis.
  22. Find out about the migration of certain butterflies. Why do they do this?
  23. How is a "brush-footed" butterfly different from other butterflies?
  24. What United States butterfly is the largest?
  25. If you wanted to have a butterfly haven in your yard, what are some of the plants you would grow?
  26. Research in depth one or two of the following. Write a paper to share with your classmates.
          a.   Tiger Swallowtail                                     b.   Monarch
          c.   Common Sulphur                                    d.   Painted Lady
          e.   Giant Swallowtail                                    f.    Viceroy
          g.   Red Admiral                                           h.   other
    27.  Why do you think some butterflies may be on the endangered list? Discuss.


Things to Do and Think About
  1. Use a large magnifying glass to examine caterpillars when you find them. Do the same for any chrysalis you find.
  2. Go to a museum where collections of butterflies are kept to see different kinds, body and wing markings, etc.
  3. Enjoy looking at many pictures of butterflies in books, magazines, filmstrips, or wherever you find them. By studying their pictures you will be more apt to identify them when you see the real ones. You might also carefully observe the caterpillar pictures in order to match or associate them with the butterflies they will become.
  4. Sketch a butterfly to show its body parts. Label each part.
  5. Use butterflies as motifs to design wallpaper, a bedspread, a bathroom curtain, etc. Select the colors to blend with those of the butterflies.
  6. Selma, Alabama, has been declared the butterfly capital of the state. This was achieved by the efforts of a group of garden clubs, beautification and tourism councils, and Girl and Boy Scouts. It was a conservation effort. In 1985 the Alabama Senate designated April 16 as the annual "Save the Butterfly Day" in Alabama. What do you suppose you might do to have your state and/or city declared a butterfly haven?
  7. Make a set of flashcards using pictures of butterflies. Write the names of butterflies on the back of each card. Study the pictures, and then have a flashcard contest with a (friend or parent).
  8. Sketch and color a desk-size butterfly on cardboard. Cut it into ten or twelve pieces to make a puzzle. See if your (friends or family) can put the puzzle together.
  9. Make a short crossword puzzle with words you have learned during your study of butterflies.
  10. As a (family), choose a favorite butterfly and form a (group) to make a butterfly flag for your (home) or (somewhere).
  11. Select a late spring or early summer month and make a butterfly calendar for that month. Decorate the date squares with colorful butterflies. Make the calendar big enough to be seen easily from the back of the room.
  12. Compile all of your accumulated pictures, clippings, sketches, notes, writings,etc. into a (family) booklet. Add drawings, stories, lists, puzzles, and poems."

References
Bring, Ruth Butterflies Are Beautiful. Minneapolis: Lerner, 1984.
Brouillette, Jeanne S. Butterflies. Chicago: Follett, 1961.
Fischer, Heiderose and Andreas Nagel. Life of the Butterfly, Minneapolis: Carolrhoda Books, Inc., 1987.
Mitchell, Robert T. and Herbert Zim. A Golden Guide to Butterflies and Moths. New York: Golden Press, 1964.
National Wildlife Federation. National Wildlife. Vienna, VA. Aug./Sept. 1988: pp. 4-11.
Porter, Keith. Discovering Butterflies and Moths. New York: The Bookwrite Press, 1986.
Sammis, Kathy. Butterflies. New York: MacMillan Co., 1965.

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