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First Part of August Summer Lessons

Posted on September 29, 2014 at 12:56 PM Comments comments (54)
Good morning folks! August 1st is a full day of Calendar History starting with the birthdays:

August 1, 1770 William Clark, American explorer and
coleader of the Lewis and Clark expedition, was born.

August 1, 1779 Francis Scott Key, author of
"The Star-Spangled Banner", was born.

August 1, 1818 Maria Mitchell, American astronomer who became
the first woman elected to the American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences, was born.

August 1, 1819 Herman Melville, American author whose works
include Moby Dick, was born.

August 1, 1944 Gail Gibbons, children's author, was born.

Book (1) writes in "At the zoo( by the way, this ties in with June's lessons on the zoo)-Tell your (children) that Gail Gibbons was 4 years old when she created her first picture book. It was four pages long. Since then, Gibbons has written and illustrated more than 50 books. Many of her nonfiction books--including Clocks and How They Go, New Road, Sunken Treasure, and Zoo--have won awards. Before reading Gibbon's book Zoo to younger (children), help them list the kinds of responsibilities they think a zookeeper might have--for example, feeding animals, cleaning their cages, sweeping walkways, and answering visitors' questions. Have the children compare the list of responsibilities they come up with and those mentioned in the book."

Now we fall into the Events of August 1st:

August 1, 1774 British scientist Joseph Priestley successfully
Isolated Oxygen from Air.

August 1, 1790 The First U.S Census was taken.
It showed a population of 3,929,214.

August 1, 1834 An Emancipation Bill outlawed slavery in the British empire.

August 1, 1873 Inventor Andrew Hallidie successfully tested the
Railroad Cable Car he'd designed for San Francisco.

August 1, 1876 Colorado became the 38th state.

August 1, 1907 The U.S Army established the Aeronautical
Division of the Army Signal Corps, forerunner of the U.S Air Force.

August 1, 1914 Germany declared war on Russia, and
the First Fighting of World War I began.

August 1, 1946 The Atomic Energy Commission was
established to promote peaceful uses of atomic energy.

August 1, 1981 MTV(Music Television) premiered.

Book (1) says in "Music videos for young children-In honor of MYV's premiere, invite your students to create "music videos" for younger children. Different groups of (children) can perform old favorites--such as "Old MacDonald Had a Farm," "Animal Fair," "If you're Happy and You Know it," and "The Hokey Pokey"--while you operate the video camera. Encourage the children to create appropriate background scenery for their performances."


Next we move onto August 2nd with the following birthdays:

August 2, 1754 Pierre L'Enfant, American soldier and architect
who created the city plan for Washington, D.C., was born.

August 2, 1900 Holling Holling, children's author, was born.

August 2, 1946 James Howe, children's author, was born.

Book (1) writes in "Childhood dreams-When he was growing up, James Howe, the author of Bunnicula and Howliday Inn, often wondered about his future--where he might live, what he might do, and who his friends might be. He dreamed of many possibilities, but he never imagined he'd become a children's book author. Ask your (children) what they dream about. Then have them write dated letters to themselves about their dreams, seal the letters in envelopes, and give them to you. At the end of the school year, return the letters and ask the students to note how their dreams have changed, if at all. Encourage the kids to hold on to these letters for periodic "dream checking" and updating as they get older."


Next are the events for August 2nd:

August 2, 1776 Fifty members of the Continental Congress
signed the Declaration of Independence.  

August 2, 1858 The First on-the-Street Mailboxes were
installed in Boston and New York.

Book (1) has comments and an activity called "Red-letter days-Tell your (children) that before on-the-street mailboxes were introduced, people had to go to the post office to mail their letters. (People at some time might have even had to go to the post office to pick up their mail. In San Luis Rio Colorado people even prefer to get someone who has a green card pick-up their mail on the United States side of that border city from their mailboxes because they do not trust everything sent directly to their homes in Mexico. Those mailboxes that are in United States are also shared with two other people. It really is very scarey. Many people use others means of protection like Western Union, etc. to help them.
Another reason on-the-street mailboxes may have been nice because many houses may have been quite a walk from the road for the mailman to deliver from therefore these boxes made it easier for him.)
Older (children) might like to investigate other postal innovations., such as postage stamps, the pony express, and airmail. Younger (children) will enjoy having a classroom mailbox, which you can make by cutting a slot in the top of a large cardboard box. The kids can "mail" letters to you or to (other people in the family). And you can send letters to your (children). Each week, appoint a "letter carrier" to empty the box and deliver the letters.(This is the beginning of responsibilities and volunteering.)

August 2, 1909 The First Lincoln Penny was issued.

August 2, 1923 President Warren G. Harding died in office.

August 2, 1943 Navy lieutenant John F. Kennedy Rescued
Members of His Crew after their boat, PT-109, was sheared
in half by a Japanese destroyer.

August 2, 1977 Congress approved a bill to establish a
Federal Department of Energy.

August 2, 1978 The Movie Star Wars Surpassed Jaws as
the all-time leader in box-office receipts.

August 2, 1983 The U.S House of Representatives voted to
designate the third Monday in January a Federal Holiday
in Honor of Martin Luther King, Jr.

August 2, 1990 Iraq invaded its neighbor to the south, Kuwait.



The next day from Book(1) is August 3rd starts with the following birthdays:

August 3, 1887 Rupert Brooke, English poet, was born.

August 3, 1905 Maggie Kuhn, founder of the Gray Panthers, was born.

August 3, 1926 Mary Calhoun, children's author, was born.


Now for the Events:

August 3, 1492 Christopher Columbus Set Sail from Palos,
Spain, on the expedition that resulted in his discovery of America.

August 3, 1610 British navigator Henry Hudson entered the
body of water now known as Hudson Bay.

Book (1) writes about it in "Hudson's discoveries-Tell your (children) that between 1607 and 1611, Henry Hudson made four voyages to the New World in search of a passage to China around North America. During these voyages, Hudson discovered not only Hudson Bay but also the Hudson River and Hudson Strait. Pass out copies of a map showing the northeastern section of North America. Have students' locate the bodies of water discovered by Hudson on their maps, then color them." (Remember to include this in the lessons on explorers in the first part of the years lessons.

August 3, 1780 Benedict Arnold was put in charge of the
fortifications at West Point, N.Y., during the Revolutionary War.

August 3, 1852 Harvard defeated Yale in the First Intercollegiate
Rowing Race, on Lake Winnepesaukee, N.H.

August 3, 1882 Congress passed a Law to Restrict Immigration
imposing a 50¢ tax on all new arrivals.

(This could be used with the lessons on Ellis Island, where immigrants had to go through to be accepted into the United States.)

August 3, 1923 Calvin Coolidge became the 30th president
of the United States after the death of Warren G. Harding.

Book (1) writes in "The way to the White House-Calvin Coolidge, like such other vice presidents as Lyndon Johnson, Harry Truman, and Theodore Roosevelt, assumed the presidency after the death of the chief executive. Challenge your (children) to name the only vice president to take over for a president who was still alive. (Gerald Ford, who became president when Richard Nixon resigned.) Then ask the class to predict who would become president if the president and the vice president were unable to serve. Have the kids check their predictions by researching the line of succession. Afterward, have them illustrate their findings with a flowchart."

August 3, 1984 Mary Lou Retton became the First American
Woman to Win the Olympic Gold Medal in the All-Around
Gymnastics Competition.

August 3 is also of National Smile Week(first Monday in August through the following Sunday)
as Book (1) writes in "When you're smiling-To celebrate National Smile Week, hold a contest to see who can get the most people to smile. All during the week, have (children) nod and smile at people they meet (everywhere, which will teach what a difference it makes and why most towns like that are tourist stations or considered very happy towns, for it reflects). Encourage them to each keep scorecards noting the number of people who return their smiles. At week's end, give each child a certificate with smiley-face stickers."



Next is August 4th starting with the birthdays:

August 4, 1861 Jesse Reno, American engineer who invented
the escalator, was born.

August 4, 1912 Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish diplomat
who is credited with saving at least 100,000 Hungarian
Jews from deportation to Nazi concentration camps, was born.

August 4, 1958 Mary Decker-Slaney, American track star, was born.

August 4, 1962 Roger Clemens, American baseball star, was born.

Now for the Events:

August 4, 1790 The U.S. Coast Guard was established.

Book (1) writes in"Coast Guard crosswords-Tell your (children) that the U.S. Coast Guard began with a fleet of just 10 ships, called cutters. Now the Coast Guard uses cutters, small boats, airplanes, helicopters, lighthouses, and radio beacons to carry out its many responsibilities, which include preventing smuggling; locating and rescuing victims of accidents at sea; inspecting equipment and enforcing safety rules on merchant ships; icebreaking; monitoring compliance with environmental regulations; conducting oceanographic research; and aiding navigation. Have (the children) do a little reading about the Coast Guard and incorporate key terms they learn in a crossword puzzle. Then have (them) match wits by exchanging their crosswords.(Grandma feels this fits in with the safety learning of the children quite well.)"

August 4, 1875 Danish writer Hans Christian Andersen died.

As an activity in honor of Hans, Book (1) says in "Finger-puppet fairy tales-In memory of Hans Christian Andersen, get your (children) to read his famous fairy tales. Then have the children work ...to create finger-puppet characters and act out the stories. After some practice, your (children) might perform their finger-puppet plays for younger children."

August 4, 1916 The United States bought the Western Virgin
Islands from Denmark.

August 4, 1922 The nation's 13 million telephones were silent for a moment
in tribute to Alexander Graham Bell on the occasion of his funeral.

August 4, 1944 The Nazis captured Anne Frank and seven others
who were hiding with her in a house in Amsterdam.

August 4 is also National Clown Week (the first full week in August) and Book (1) says in "Be a clown-During Clown Week, invite your (children) to brainstrom for words besides funny to describe clowns--for example, playful, jolly, clever, lively, amusing. Next have the kids come up with a list of words to describe how clowns make them feel. Their suggestions might include cheerful, merry, lucky, delighted, and thrilled. Write the words (down on a chart or something). Then have (the children) use the word lists to write poems about clowns. They can recite their works during "Be a Clown Day"--when (they) can ...(dress) as clowns."



Next is August 5th starting with the Birthdays:

August 5, 1850 Guy De Maupassant, French short-story writer, was born.

August 5, 1902 Robert Bright, children's author, was born.

August 5, 1930 Neil Armstrong, U.S. astronaut and the first
person to set foot on the moon, was born.

August 5, 1962 Patrick Ewing, American basketball player, was born.


Next are the Events for the day:

August 5, 1833 Chicago was incorporated as a village-with
43 houses and 200 people.

August 5, 1861 The U.S. Government Levied an Income Tax for the first time.

August 5, 1884 The cornerstone was laid for the Statue of Liberty.

Book (1) says in "Monumental tasks-Ask your (children) to explain what a monument is .Perhaps they'll suggest that a monument is a lasting symbol of a significant person, event, or ideal. Next, tell them that the Statue of Liberty, a gift to the United States from the government of Franco, symbolized friendship between the two nations as well as liberty under a democracy. Have your students name other local, national, or international monuments. What do these monuments honor or recognize?If your (children) were to have monuments symbolizing them, what would these monuments look like? Encourage each child to draw and color--or even build--a personal monument."

August 5, 1914 The First Electric Traffic Lights were installed in Cleveland.

August 5, 1924 The comic strip "Little Orphan Annie" first appeared.

August 5, 1957 "American Bandstand" Premiered on network television.

August 5, 1963 The United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union
signed a Treaty Banning Nuclear Tests in the atmosphere, in space,
and under water.

August 5, 1989 The observation deck of New York City's World
Trade Center received its 20 Millionth Visitor.

August 5 is also Halfway Point of Summer (45 or 46 days after the solstice) and National Greeting Card Day along with National Mustard Day. Book (1) has three following activities to carry out these events:

"Going halfway-Challenge your (children) to find other "halfway" points today. For instance, what's the halfway point of the school day, a story they're reading, lunchtime, or their (trip) somewhere?"

"Original greeting cards-Have your (children) brainstorm for all the occasions for which there are greeting cards. List these ideas .... Next, ...ask (the children) to think of occasions in people's lives for wihcih there aren't any greeting cards. Finally, have each (child) select one of these occasions and make an appropriate greeting card. Post the cards (somewhere)."

"Cutting the mustard-On National Mustard Day, conduct a survey to find out how many children like regular, spicy, or dijon mustard. On which foods do (each in the family) use mustard? Do any (of the family) not like mustard at all? Have the (children) graph the results."



The next day to learn about is August 6th with the following Birthdays:

August 6, 1809 Alfred, Lord Tennyson, English poet, was born.

August 6, 1881 Alexander Fleming, British bacteriologist who
discovered penicillin, was born.

August 6, 1909 Norma Faber, children's author, was born.

August 6, 1946 Frank Asch, children's author, was born.

August 6, 1965 David Robinson, basketball player, was born.

Now for the Events:

August 6, 1825 Bolivia declared its independence from Spain.

Book (1) has the following activity to follow it called "Name that country-Ask your (children) whom Bolivia was named for (Simon Bolivar, the Venezuelan general and statesman who liberated much of South America from Spain). Then challenge the kids to think of another South American country named for a person (Colombia, named for Christopher Columbus.)"

August 6, 1890 Cy Young, baseball's winningest pitcher, appeared in
his first game.

August 6, 1926 Gertrude Ederle became the First Woman to
Swim the English Channel.

August 6, 1945 The United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.

It is also considered Hiroshima Day. However, Book (1) writes it as "Contemplating Peace-On Hiroshima Day, use videotapes, films, or literature to introduce students to the cases and effects of America's use of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. After a discussion, share with (the children) copies of books containing quotations, poetry, stories, or essays about peace. Encourage the children to review the books, then select a quotation, poem, or passage that holds meaning for them. (The children) can then write these words on strips of white paper. Post the strips (up somewhere.)" August 6 is also Peace Festival for Japan.

August 6, 1962 Jamaica gained its independence after more than three
centuries as a British possession.

August 6, 1965 President Lyndon Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act,
protecting the rights of black voters.

August 6 is also National Sandwich Month in which Book (1) gives an activity in "Class sandwich book-During National Sandwich Month, help your (children) develop a class sandwich recipe book. Gather a collection of cookbooks, and allow your (children) to browse through them for sandwich recipes. ... . (They should each copy the recipe for a sandwich they like (or would like to try) and illustrate it. Have them categorize the sandwiches--for example, meatless sandwiches, Hot sandwiches, exotic sandwiches--then compile the illustrated recipes into a ... book. Invite the kids to make their sandwiches ...and...one day this month (have) a ...taste test."


Next is August 7 and following are the Birthdays:
August 7, 1742 Nathanael Greene, Revolutionary War general, was born.

August 7, 1779 Carl Ritter, German geographer considered one of
the founders of modern geographic science.

Book (1) says in "Geography in the news-Help (the children) discover how geography affects their daily lives. First, have them guess how many geographic references, maps, and charts they'll find in an edition of the daily newspaper. Then have them check their predictions by counting and clipping all the geographic references they can find from today's paper. Afterward, discuss how the news would be different without the science of geography."

August 7, 1903 Louis S. B. Leakey, English anthropologist and paleontologist,
was born.

August 7, 1928 Petsy Byars, children's author, was born.


Next comes the Events for August 7:

August 7, 1782 George Washington established the Badge of
Military Merit (Purple Heart) to honor wounded soldiers.

August 7, 1789 The War Department was created.

August 7, 1888 Theophilus van Kannel patented the Revolving Door.

August 7, 1927 The International Peace Bridge, commemorating
longlasting peace between the United States and Canada,
was dedicated. It connects Buffalo, N.Y., and Fort Erie, Ontario.

Book (1) established an activity around this called "Peaceful posters-To mark the dedication of the International Peace Bridge, ask your students to develop commemorative posters. Show the children photos or illustrations of the bridge. Next, have them brainstorm for images that symbolize peace, then work ...to create their posters. Make sure each poster includes the date the International Peace Bridge was dedicated and the signatures of the ...artists. Display the posters (somewhere)."

August 7, 1959 The United States Launched Explorer VI,
which took the first pictures of earth from space.

Book (1) has and activity called "Travel tips for extraterrestrials-Share with your (children) photographs of earth from space. Then ask the kids to imagine how earth might seem to beings from other planets. Have them prepare a 7-day travel itinerary to help the aliens get acquainted with our planet. Mode of transportation: flying saucer, of course." ( In doing this activity take into consideration this book was made in 1993 and not much evidence was out in the open then. Now may be a different story and is worth the research if you can find the stories-start with You-tube. I tried to get a picture to save on my computer, it would not do it. I do not know why yet.)

August 7, 1963 The U.N. called on the South African government
to Abandon Apartheid.

August 7, 1990 President George Bush ordered a military buildup
in the Persian Gulf following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.
The operation was called Desert Shield.

(Grandma has those few days put on tape-I may put them on DVD's)

August 7 is also National Scuba Diving Day which may be explained to the children.



The next day of interest  is August 8th with the following Birthdays:

August 8, 1763 Charles Bulfinch, American architect who designed
the state houses of Massachusetts, Maine, and Connecticut and
who succeeded Benjamin Latrobe as architect of the U.S. Capitol,
was born.

August 8, 1799 Nathaniel Brown Palmer, American sea captain believed
to be the first explorer to sight Antarctica, was born.

August 8, 1866 Matthew Henson, African-American polar explorer who
was a member of Robert Peary's North Pole expedition, was born.

August 8, 1896 Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, children's author. was born.

Book (1) says in "Authors and animals-Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings's bokk The Yearling is a poignant story of growing up. In it, a young boy learns to accept the tragic necessity of getting rid of his pet deer. Ask your students how they'd feel if they had to give up their pet. Encourage them to write a story about their pet." (Ask if a pet deer could be pinned up away from crops and kept-Grandma does not know. They do keep similar animals in zoos. Name other animals that have and could be a problem to keep.Do some research if you wish.)

August 8, 1937 Dustin Hoffman, American actor, was born.




Now Grandma will give you the Events for August 8:

August 8, 1588 Under Sir Francis Drake, The English Fleet Destroyed
the Spanish Armada off the coast of France.

August 8,  1786 The Silver Dollar and the Decimal System of Money
were adopted by an act of Congress.

August 8, 1911 Membership of the House of Representatives was fixed at 435.

August 8, 1974 President Richard Nixon Announced His Resignation, effective
the next day.

August 8 is also International Good Character Day and Middle Children's Day in which there are a couple of following activities:

"Displaying good character-For International Good Character Day, have your (children) brainstorm for positive character traits. Do these traits apply to people all over the world? Next, have the kids design character-trait license plates. Ask them each to print their first name in the center of an 8 1/2 x 5 1/2 sheet of paper, then write their character traits along the edges to create a border. The (children) can tape their plates to their (doors or the refrigerator, etc.)"

"In the middle-Are there any middle children in your (family)? Ask these (children or people) to describe the positive and negative aspects of holding this position in their families."



Next is a review of August 9th starting with the following Birthdays:

August 9, 1776 Count Amedeo Avogadro, Italian chemist and physicist who developed the table of atomic weights, was born.

August 9, 1914 Tove Jansson, illustrator, was born.

August 9, 1931 Seymour Simon, children's author, was born.

August 9, 1944 Patricia McKissack, children's author, was born.

Book (1) says "Family folktales-Patricia McKissack said her writing career began when she was in 3rd grade. She recalled the thrill of having a poem she'd written displayed on the bulletin board for others to read. Since she began writing professionally, McKissack has authored more than 40 children's books. One of her picture books--Flossie and the Fox--is based on a tale her grandfather used to tell her. (He named the characters after people in their family.) Read Flossie and the Fox to your (children). Then ask them to share tales told to them by their grandparents or other family members. Or have them make up their own folktales based on people in their families. Compile their stories into a "Family Folktales" booklet.

August 9, 1963 Whitney Houston, American singer, was born.


Now for the Events of August 9:

August 9, 1638 Jonas Bronck became the first European settler
in what is now the Bronx, N.Y., which was named after his family.

August 9, 1936 Jesse Owens Won the Last of His Four Gold
Medals at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin. 

Book (1) says in "Olympic triumphs-Tell your (children) that in the years preceding World War II, German leader Adolf Hitler and his Nazi propagandists proclaimed the superiority of the "Aryan race." Hitler believed that the 1936 Olympic Games held in Berlin would support his racial theories. He was wrong, Jesse Owens and nine other African-Americans--whom HItler had called members of an "inferior race"--led a U.S. team that dominated the sprints, hurdles, and field events. Owen's brilliant performances in particular deflated the Aryan myth. Ask your (children) to find out the events in which Owens's brilliant performances in particular deflated the Aryan myth. Ask your students to find out the events in which Owens won medals. Then challenge them to find out the other African-Americans who won medals at the Berlin Olympics. (John Woodruff, 800-meter run; Cornelius Johnson, high jump; Ralph Metcalfe, 400-meter relay and 100-meter dash.) Have the kids use their information to make posters honoring Jesse Owens and his fellow African-American Olympians."

August 9, 1945 The United States dropped its Second Atomic
Bomb on Nagasaki, Japan, during World War II.

In honor of this event and sorrow there is now a service observed in Peace Memorial Park in Nagasaki, Japan called a "Moment of Silence".

August 9, 1974 Gerald Ford became the First Nonelected
President to assume office after the resignation of Richard Nixon.

August 9, 1988 The First Night Baseball Game at Wrigley field in
Chicago was played.

August 9, 1989 General Colin Powell became the First Black Chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff.



Next is August 10th beginning with the Birthdays:

August 10, 1753 Edmund Randolfh, General George Washington's
aide-decamp during the Revolutionary War, was born.

August 10, 1874 Herbert Hoover, 31st president of the United States,
was born.

August 10, 1959 Rosanna Arquette, American actress, was born.


Following are the Events:

August 10, 1519 The First Recorded Around-The-World Voyage began
in Seville, Spain, under the command of Ferdinand Magellan.

August 10, 1821 Missouri became the 24th state.

Book (1) says in "Statehood status-Tell your (children) that Missouri gained statehood only after Congress engineered the "Missouri Compromise" of 1820. This compromise, which maintained the ratio of non-slave states and slave states--allowed Missouri, a slave state, to simultaneously enter the Union with a non-slave state. Challenge your students to find out which state entered the Union with Missouri."

August 10, 1845 The U.S. Naval Academy was established at
Annapolis, Md.

August 10, 1846 Congress Chartered the Smithsonian Institution,
founded with $500,000 bequeathed by English scientist James Smithson.

Book (1) writes in "Student-run"Smithsonian"-To celebrate the chartering of the Smithsonian Institution, invite your (children) to create a "mini-Smithsonian" exhibit at (your home). (The children) can ask (your family and friends) to temporarily loan appropriate items from their personal memorabilia and collections. (If items can't be loaned, (the children) can photograph them and display the pictures (maybe keep them in a book later.) (Give special tasks to each child) to handle various aspects of the exhibit. Duties might include maintaining an inventory of exhibit items, preparing an exhibit catalog, designing the exhibit space, selling admission tickets, publicizing the event, installing the exhibit, and ensuring that the exhibit is guarded. Hold a by-invitation-only opening for (family, and friends)."

August 10, 1949 The War Department was renamed the Department of Defense.

August 10, 1972 The Only Meteorite Known to Have Entered the Earth's
Atmosphere and Left it flew in over Utah and departed the atmosphere
over Alberta, Canada."

(This seems awfully strange to Grandma that they
even just consider it a Meteorite.)

Book (1) gives "Mysterious meteorite-Ask your (children) to speculate about the meteorite that flew in and out of the earth's atmosphere. Where did the meteorite come from? Why didn't it hit the earth? What happened to it after it left the earth's atmosphere? Encourage the kids to conduct some background research. Then have them create fact-based science fiction stories about this mysterious meteorite."

(This will be all Grandma will give you now-I am so sorry for not getting it to you sooner. The next 10 days should be right away and then the last eleven days.)

Beginning of August Summer Calendar History

Posted on September 17, 2014 at 6:27 AM Comments comments (20)
Here we are moving int the August Calendar History Lessons for Summer at the end of the Year.

The Project of the Month for August is what Book (1) called" American Artists-Celebrate American Arts Appreciation Month by having your (children) learn about American painters, poets, and authors.
  • Show your (children) prints or photographs of paintings by artists such as Andrew Wyeth, Norman Rockwell, James Whistler, Grandma Moses, and Mary Cassatt. Ask the kids to compare and contrast the artists' styles. Do the artists have favorite kinds of subjects? Post pictures your (children) create in a style of their own.
  • Share with the (family) poems by such poets as Robert Frost, Emily Dickinson, Nikki Giovanni, and Jack Prelutsky. What do your (children) like best about the poems and their imagery? Encourage the children to memorize a favorite poem, then recite it to you. (The children ) might also like to illustrate their poems.
  •  Gather copies of books by such authors as Mark Twain, Laura Ingalls Wilder, Louisa May Alcott, and Beverly Cleary. Ask your (children) to read at least one book by an American American writer this month, then prepare a create book report-perhaps a mobile, an interview with the main character, or a version of the story for younger children."
  • Extend this activity by creating an "American Artists Museum" by designing the exhibits, conducting further research about artists, and preparing reports and illustrations. The children can share and teach other children and family members with their museum.

August is the birthday of my other son, one of his sons, and my mom; making both my sons, a grandson, and my mom all Leo's, well enough my brother born in April; no wonder I am so overpowered. They just haven't figured out that Aquarious which is what I am is the water they drink or the knowledge of learning. Enough of that considering many are going to tell me it is all hogwash.

August's Monthly Observances are the following:

American Arts Appreciation Month
National Catfish Month
National Sandwich Month
Romance  Awareness Month(A lot can be done here in teaching children the difference in sexual relationship's and those in true love and what makes good romance. It is what puzzles a boy more than anything and it will teach girls how to make their lives more fullfilled, warning them not to get tied up into  fake romantic words boys or men may play on them. Teach them how to get to know each other and not fall wrong directions with fake romance. Teach them how to know who they are and if they want involved.)
Water Quality Month (Ties the month to the beginning lessons of pollution, etc. and our Earth along with the lesson in June and July.)

Weeklong Events are the following:

National Smile Week(week beginning on the first Monday)
National Clown Week(first full week and ties to the lessons in June on circuses)
Elvis International Tribute Week(week ending with Aug. 16)
National Aviation Week (week that includes Aug. 19 and it could tie Aviation to the study of Space)

Special Days and Celebrations are the following:

American Family Day (first Sunday)
Friendship Day (first Sunday)
Daughter's Day(second Sunday)

Beginning of July's Summer Lessons

Posted on September 11, 2014 at 1:15 AM Comments comments (30)
These activities are great if they can be utilized next summer because Grandma had so much trouble getting them to you. However, they can be infiltrated in Lessons now as part of lessons about Summer now and beginning activity to start the new year off.
July's big project for the month is all around the observation of July as Anti-Boredom Month. The children are to make lists with you for things that are in "three categories: fun for one, small-group fun, and large-group fun." Ok! So you ask how can I do that when it is only my children and me. There are things first that they know they like to do alone as some reading. There are things as a family or with a few friends you like to do. Then ways of developing friends and bigger groups is if you have lots of neighbor friends, a church that does a lot together, hospitals (especially for children), orphanages, child care homes or centers, old peoples homes or care places, libraries might be helpful, use your imagination, there used to be home school clubs that did some things together(it is an option). Form a favorite sport together. Help your children with this activity as much as possible. You are suppose to form it into a book. I know you can do it. Just try!

"The Monthlong Observances" from Book (1) besides Anti-Boredom Month for July are as follows:
"Blueberry Month
Hitchhiking Month
National Baked Bean Month
National Hot Dog Month
National Ice Cream Month
Picnic Month
Read an Almanac Month
Recreation and Parks Month

Weeklong Events" are as follows:
"Music for Life Week (first week)
Special Recreation Week (first full week)
Be Nice to New Jersey Week (second week)
Space Week (week including July 20)"

And "Special Days and Celebrations
Independence Day (July 4)
Bastille Day (July 14)
National Ice Cream Day (third Sunday)"
(Look into this one with September's)


July 1 has three birthdays as follows:

July 1, 1872 Louis Bleriot, French aviator who became the
first person to fly an airplane across the English Channel, was born.

July 1, 1961 Diana Spencer, princess of Wales, was born this day.

July 1, 1961 Carl Lewis, American track star, was also born.

Events for July 1 are as follows:

July 1, 1847 The First Official U.S. Postage Stamps were issued.

Book (1) writes in "People on postage-When the first American postage stamps were issued, Benjamin Franklin appeared on the 5-cent stamp and George Washington appeared on the 10-cent stamp.  Why do the children think these people were chosen? If postage stamps were being issued or the first time today, what people or images would your (children) want on the stamps? Have them draw and color their own "first issue" stamps."

July 1, 1862 Congress established the Bureau of Internal Revenue.

July 1, 1863 The Civil War Battle of Gettysburg began.

July 1, 1867 The Dominion of Canada was created.

July 1, 1898 Theodore Roosevelt and His Rough Riders
charged up San Juan Hill during the Spanish American War.

July 1, 1941 The First Television Commercial, sponsored by
Bulova Watch, was broadcast in New York.

Book (1) talks about it in "TV selling-Tell your (children) that the first television ad, broadcast on station WNBT in New York, lasted 10 seconds and cost $9. Ask your (children) how much the sponsor paid per minute. At the time, there were 4,000 TV sets in the New York area. If one person was watching each TV set when the commercial aired, how much did the sponsor pay per viewer? Ask the kids to find out how many people watch their favorite program and how much a minute of commercial time on the program costs. Then have them compare these figures with those from the first commercial."

July 1, 1963 The Five-Digit Zip Code was introduced.

July 1, 1971 The Twenty-Sixth Amendment was ratified,
giving 18-year-olds the right to vote.

July 1, 1990 A treaty unifying the Monetary Systems of
East and West Germany became effective.

July 1 is also Canada Day and National Hot Dog Month is given an activity in Book (1) this day
called "Good doggies-Celebrate National Hot Dog Month with a healthy twist. Have (the children) examine labels to determine the fat content and nutritional value of various brands of hot dogs. Then ask the kids to chart their resuls. Afterward, have them create truth-in-advertising poster guides to healthy hot dog eating (which Grandma does not follow too well, but Grandpa doesn't like hot dogs too often). (You can display you poster wherever you wish, for they are good information and Grandma definitely is for eating good food for yourselves, but costs seem to hold us all back on what is good sometimes.)"


July 2 has four birthdays as follows with two activities:

July 2, 1908 Thurgood Marshall, American jurist who became the
first black Supreme Court justice, was born.

Book (1) says in "Early judicial experiences-Tell your (children) that as a boy, Thurgood Marshall frequently got into trouble at school. Ironically, his punishment was to memorize parts of the U.S. Constitution. Marshall once remarked that he'd learned the entire document by heart by the time he graduated. Ask your (children) to write down the career paths they hope to follow. Then have them speculate on which school experiences might influence their future professions."

July 2, 1919 Jean Craighead George, children's author, was born.

July 2, 1951 Jack Gantos, children's author, was born.

July 2, 1964 Jose Canseco, Cuban-born baseball player who
became the first major-leaguer to hit 40 home runs and steal
40 bases in one season.

Book (1) says "40 is fabulous-Have your (children) celebrate Canseco's "40s feat." For the rest of July, have them keep a journal describing 40 things they did or that happened to them during the month. At month's end, have them each list their 40 things in order of greatest significance. Post the lists on a (poster called "Top 40" to post on the wall somewhere.)"

Events for July 2 are as follows:

July 2, 1776 The Continental Congress approved the
Declaration of Independence.

July 2, 1881 President James Garfield was Shot by
Charles Guiteau, a disgruntled office seeker. The
president died of his wounds 80 days later.

July 2, 1932 Franklin Roosevelt accepted the Democratic Party's
nomination for president, pledging a "New Deal for the American People."

July 2, 1964 President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964,
which guaranteed the enforcement of nondiscrimination in public accommodation,
government facilities, education, and employment.

July 2, 1976 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the
Death Penalty was not cruel or unusual punishment.

July was also recognized as National Ice Cream month on July 2 saying in "Flavorful ice cream-During National Ice Cream Month, have your (children) conduct a ...survey..to find out ...(others) favorite ice cream flavors. Ask them to create a pie chart, table, or bar graph to display their findings. What are the three most popular flavors? Afterward, have the kids brainstorm for all the known flavors of ice cream. Then have them suggest some new and unusual ones--For example, jalapeno pepper, mustard and relish, or anchovy pizza. Have them write descriptive sentences telling what these flavors would taste like. Bring in a gallon of vanilla ice cream and a variety of the (children's) suggested flavorings, then let the kids create. How do their new flavors taste?" 

July 3 only has two birthdays:

July 3, 1878 George M Cohan, American playwright and composer, was born.

July 3, 1962 Tom Cruise, American actor, was born.

The events are almost just as sparing:

July 3, 1608 French explorer Samuel De Champlain founded Quebec.

July 3, 1775 George Washington took command of the
Continental Army in Cambridge, Mass.

July 3, 1863 The Battle Gettysburg ended.

Book (1) explains in "Hallowed ground-The Battle of Gettysburg proved to be one of the most decisive battles of the Civil War as well as a defining moment in the history of the nation. After e days of fighting, during which both sides suffered terrible casualties, the Confederate forces were compelled to retreat, with any realistic hope of winning the war dashed. Have your (children) read about the battle, then imagine themselves as one of the participants, whether a famous commander or a common soldier, Ask the kids to write a letter from participant to family members describing the events at Gettysburg."

July 3, 1890 Idaho became the 43rd state.

July 3, 1991 Mount Rushmore was finally officially
dedicated on its 50th anniversary. Ceremonies in 1
941 had been canceled because of World War II.

July 3 is also noted as Complement Your Mirror Day as Book (1) uses "Mirror, mirror, on the wall-Place a mirror in a corner of your (learning area accessible to the children.) Put several strips of blank paper around the mirror, then encourage the kids to write general compliments on the strips--for example, "What a great smile!" or "You look marvelous! The comments are sure to bring smiles whenever the kids look in the mirror."

July 3 is also used for Stay Out of the Sun Day which Book (1) talks about it in "Harmful rays-Ask your (children) to investigate how the sun's rays affect exposed skin. Then have the kids draw posters and create advertisements ... warning others about the dangers of too much sun. Next, invite the children to design protective hats for people to wear outdoors. You could even challenge them to design hats for animals that spend a lot of time in the sun. For example, what type of hat would an elephant wear to protect those big, floppy ears?"


July 4 in Book (1) comes out with three good activities and lots of birthdays as well as events:
The birthdays are as follows with two good activities:

July 4, 1804 Nathaniel Hawthorne, American novelist, was born.

July 4, 1826 Stephen Foster, American composer, was born.

July 4, 1872 Calvin Coolidge, 30th president of the United States, was born.

July 4, 1900 Louis Armstrong, American jazz musician, was born.

Book (1) also points out and gives an activity in "Celebrating "Satchmo-To celebrate Louis Armstrong's birthday, play "It's a Wonderful World" for your (children). Then, with the music playing in the background, have (the children) tape their impressions of why the world is wonderful or how people can work to make it better."

July 4, 1918 Ann Landers and Abigail Van Buren, twin sisters who each wrote a popular newspaper advice column, were born.

Book (1) tells about them in "Advice for kids- Observe the birthdays of advice columnists Abigail Van Buren and Ann Landers by asking each (child) to write a short letter asking for advice about a typical kid problem. Collect the letters, mix them up, with letters from others or your child and you answer them by searching for the answers. ( Grandma wants to start a column as this herself, maybe you would like to start one in your family newspaper.)"

The events are as follows for July 4:

July 4, 1776 The Continental Congress adopted the
Declaration of Independence.

July 4, 1776 The Continental Congress appointed
Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson
to Design a Seal for the United States.

July 4, 1826 John Adams and Thomas Jefferson--the second and third presidents, respectively--died

July 4, 1831 James Monroe, the fifth president , died.

July 4, 1831 The Song "America" was Introduced at a service at
Boston's Park Street Church.

July 4, 1960 The First 50-Star American Flag was raised at Fort McHenry, Md.

July 4, 1980 Pitcher Nolan Ryan recorded his 3,000th Career Strikeout.

July 4, 1986 The 100th Birthday of the Statue of Liberty was celebrated with the largest fireworks display in U.S. history.

July 4 being Independence Day has an activity of its own in Book (1) as follows:
"Independence posters-Have each of your (children) create an "Independence Day Special Event" poster that features at least five local or national events. The posters' titles should incorporate the theme of independence. Ask local business or community organizations to display the finished posters."


July 5 is booming in the following birthdays:

July 5, 1709 Etienne De Silhouette, French finance minister
who created shadow portraits as a hobby, was born.

July 5 1801 David G. Farragut, first admiral of the U.S. Navy, was born.

July 5, 1810 (P.T.)Phineas Taylor Barnum, American
showman and circus promoter, was born.

Book (1) explains it in "Barnum's gullible public-P.T. Barnum once remarked of American audiences: "There's a sucker born every minute." What do your (children) think Barnum meant? As a follow-up, ask them to listen to TV advertising claims. Do these claims promise benefits they don't back up to entice the public Barnum thought was so gullible? Have the kids complile any wild claims into a class notebook as evidence of the truth of Barnum's maxim."

July 5, 1853 Cecil Rhodes, British statesman and founder of the
Rhodes scholarship, was born.

July 5, 1857 Clara Zetkin, German women's rights advocate and
founder of International Women's Day, was born.

July 5, 1958 Bill Watterson, cartoonist and creator of
"Calvin and Hobbes", was born.

Book (1) writes about it in "Classroom cartoonists-To celebrate the birth of cartoonist Bill Watterson, introduce the children to his two main characters--Calvin and Calvin's stuffed tiger, Hobbes. Read a few "Calvin and Hobbes" comic strips to the children, then ask them if they have any toys or pets they "talk to. Give them a chance to share stories about their secret friends. Then pass out blank storyboards and have the children develop their own comic strips about themselves and these friends."

Next are July 5 events:

July 5, 1811 Venezuela proclaimed its independence from Spain.

July 5, 1865 William Booth founded the East London Revival
Society (Salvation Army).

July 5, 1865 The Secret Service was created by Congress.

July 5, 1892 A. Beard patented the Rotary Engine.

July 5, 1946 The Bikini, designer Louis Read's shocking
new bathing suit, was first modeled.

Book (1) explains in "Bold bathing suits-Invite students to
follow in bikini designer Reard's pen lines by drawing and
coloring their own 21st-century bathing suits."

July 5, 1984 The Statue of Liberty's Torch was removed for repairs.

July 5ths Be Nice to New Jersey Week is also brought out in Book (1) through "State studying-During Be Nice to New Jersey Week, encourage your (children) to read up on the Garden State. Then post a sheet titled "Neat things about New Jersey." Each day, invite students to write down something interesting or unusual they learned about the state."


July 6 is just as interesting beginning with some interesting birthday's:

July 6, 1747 John Paul Jones, Revolutionary War hero often
called "the Father of the U.S. Navy", was born.

July 6, 1866 Beatrix Potter, children's author, was born.

Book (1) talks about her in "Thinking and talking animals-All of the animals in Beatrix Potter's stories have anthropomorphic qualities. Have your (children) look up the word anthropomorphic in the dictionary
Then invite them to tell about times when their pets (or other animals) have appeared to act like humans. Afterward, have the children write and illustrate stories about animals imbued with human qualities."

July 6, 1907 Dorothy Clewes, children's author, was born.

Then we are given the events for July 6:

July 6, 1776 The Declaration of Independence was announced
on the front page of the Pennsylvania Gazette.

Book (1) writes in "A dangerous document?-After reading the Declaration of Independence, some people called it a dangerous document. Ask your (children) why people might have felt this way. Next, ask them to imagine that they were living in 1776. Would they have agreed with the sentiments expressed in the Declaration of Independence or remained loyal to the king? Have them write their reactions in their journals (and possibly share them later.)"

July 6, 1885 Louis Pasteur administered the first successful
antirabies inoculation to a boy who'd been bitten by a rabid dog.

July 6, 1919 A British dirigible became the First Airship to Cross the Atlantic.

July 6, 1933 Babe Ruth hit the First Home Run in an All-Star Game.

Book (1) writes in "Making baseball history-Even before he hit the first home run in an All-Star game, Babe Ruth had made baseball history. During the 1927 season, he hit a record 60 home runs. In 1929, his salary climbed to $80,000 a year--more than the president of the United States earned. When Ruth was criticized for making more than the president, he reportedly quipped, "Why not? After all, I had a better year than he did." Have your (children) discuss what this story tells about American society. Then have them debate this question: Does America reward its sports and entertainment stars with too much money and fame? Encourage the kids to use concrete examples to bolster their arguments."

July 6, 1945 Nicaragua became the First Country to Accept
the United Nations Charter.

July 6, 1954 Elvis Presley made his first record.

July 6, 1989 A study was released that found Dangerously High Cholesterol Levels in one-third of American adults.


July 7 gets very busy with events but it only has a few birthdays as follows:

July 7, 1887 Marc Chagall, Russian-French artist noted for
his dreamlike paintings, was born.

July 7, 1906 Satchel Paige, American baseball pitcher, was born.

July 7, 1940 Ringo Starr, English musician and
member of the Beatles, was born.

Now begin the events:

July 7, 1861 The First Torpedo Attack of the Civil War took place.

July 7, 1923 Warren Harding became the First U.S. President to Visit Alaska.

July 7, 1936 Margaret Mitchell's Gone With the Wind was published.

July 7, 1958 President Dwight Eisenhower signed the Alaska Statehood Bill.

July 7, 1972 NASA announced Plans to Collect Solar Energy to be
used as a power source on earth.

Book (1) writes in "Solar Experiment-Tell your (children) that solar heaters typically consist of a black panel containing tubes through which water circulates. The sun heats the water as it moves through the tues, and the hot water provides heat for buildings or homes. Ask your (children) why the panels are black. (Black absorbs heat.) Then have them conduct this simple experiment. Take two empty, same-size tin cans and paint the outside of one can black. Fill both cans halfway with cold water, then place them outside in the sun. Take the temperature of the water in both cans every 15 minutes. Students will find that the water in the black can becomes warmer faster."

July 7, 1985 German tennis star Boris Becker, age 17, became t
he Youngest player to Win the Wimbledon Singles Championship.

July 7, 1986 Charles Stocks played 711 Holes of Golf in 24 hours.

Book (1) writes in "Par for the course-Have your (children) calculate the average number of holes Charles Stocks played per hour, then round that number to the nearest hundredth. Then ask them to figure this out: If a round of golf consists of 18 holes, how many rounds did he play per hour? How does this number compare with the average number of holes played per hour?"

July 7, 1988 Eleven-year-old Christopher Lee Marshall
began his Flight Across the Atlantic. He followed the
course of his hero, Charles Lindbergh.

July 7 is also the day of other happenings as Tanabat in Japan but Video Games Day in which Book (1) explains in "Video hits-Help your (children) practice concise writing by having them each write just one paragraph to explain their favorite video game. Invite them to share their work with (others)."
It is also Fiesta De San Fermin as Book (1) writes in "Spanish stampede-Each year in July, the city of Pamplona, Spain, honors its patron saint, San Fermin, with an 8-day festival.The highlight of the festival comes when adventurous men run through the cobbled streets to the bullring--pursued by a group of bulls. Have your (children) write a short, humorous poem about the running of the bulls."


July 8 has only three birthdays also as follows:

July 8, 1838 Count Ferdinand Von Zeppelin, German pioneer
in lighter-than-air vehicles and the first builder of dirigibles.

Book (1) writes in "Airships and ads-Tell your (children) that dirigibles are also known as airships, blimps, or zeppelins (in honor of Count von Zeppelin). These vehicles have been used for passenger travel, scientific exploration, and warfare. For example, during World War II, Germany used zeppelins in air raids against Great Britain. Do your (children) know what dirigibles are commonly used for today? (Blimps are often used for advertising.) Ask your (children) to imagine they could advertise their favorite book on a blimp. What would their slogans say? Have the kids write their slogans on construction-paper blimps, then hang the blimps from the ceiling of the (house)."

July 8, 1918 Irwin Hasen, American cartoonist who created the
Green Hornet and the Green Lantern, was born.

Book (1) writes in "Green Hornet spin-offs-To celebrate Irwin Hasen's birthday, invite your (children) to create a cartoon using a colorful insect of their choice as the main character. Students can create either comic strips or a single-box cartoon and use balloons for dialogue."

July 8, 1932 Russell Everett Erickson, children's author, was born.

July 8 has several events as follows:

July 8, 1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama set sail from
Lisbon. His journey established a Sea Route to India via the
southern tip of Africa.

July 8, 1629 King Phillip IV of Spain sent King Charles I of England a Gift of Five Camels and One Elephant.(Now Grandma would do some things with this one as write about the Elephant and other gifts kings might have given each other.)

July 8, 1776 The Liberty Bell Rang Out in Philadelphia to
announce the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.

July 8, 1776 The Declaration of Independence was Read
to the Public for the First Time at Philadelphia's Independence Square. 

July 8, 1835 The Liberty Bell Cracked while being tolled during the
funeral procession of Supreme Court Justice John Marshall.

July 8, 1911 Nan Jane Aspinwall became the First Woman to
Cross the United States on Horseback. She covered
4,500 miles in 301 days.

Book (1) writes in "A long time in the saddle-To mark the day Nan Jane Aspin wall completed her horseback crossing of the United States, give your (children) some Math problems based on this equine odyssey. If Aspinwall rode 4,500 miles in 301 days, how many miles per day did she average? At the same pace, how long would it have taken her to ride 5,000 miles? How far would she have gone if she had ridden for a full year?"

July 8, 1976 Gerald Ford, who had assumed the presidency upon
the resignation of Richard Nixon, announced his plans to seek reelection.


July 9th has only one birthday:

July 9, 1819 Elias Howe, American inventor of a
lockstitiching sewing machine, was born.

The events are as follows:

July 9, 1755 General Edward Braddock was Fatally Wounded
during an attack in the French and Indian War. His aide,
George Washington, escaped injury.

July 9, 1776 General George Washington summoned his troops
to New York for a Reading of the Declaration of Independence.

July 9, 1816 Argentina declared its independence from Spain.

Book (1) writes in "Where in the world?-Have your (children) find Argentina and Spain on a world map. Then ask: In which hemispheres--and on which continents--are these two countries located? What body of water separates them? What is the capital of each country? How far is it from capital to capital?"

July 9, 1850 President Zachary Taylor Died while in office.

July 9, 1872 The Donut Cutter was patented by J.F. Blondel.

July 9, 1877 America's First Telephone Company,
Bell Telephone Company, was founded.

July 9, 1893 Surgeon Daniel Hale Williams performed the
First Successful Surgical Closure of a Heart Wound.

July 9, 1979 Voyager 2 passed Jupiter, returning photographs and scientific data.

Book (1) writes in "Mother Earth's music-Tell your (children) that Voyager 2 is one of two U.S. space probes that were launched in 1977. (The other probe is Voyager 1.) Besides their scientific instruments, both probes were equipeed with special records called "Sounds of Earth"-- in case of discovery by another civilization. ...make a list of the kinds of sounds your (children) would include on such a record. What would these sounds tell others about the earth and its inhabitants? Are there any particular sounds your students would not want to include? Why?"

July being Picnic Month Book (1) set it up for this day to present the following activity called "Pretend picnic-One day this month, plan an imaginary picnic for the characters in a book your (children) have recently read. Encourage the kids to consider the characters' likely tastes in food, attire, and games. The children may also want to develop a "guest list" including compatible characters from other books. Assemble their ideas into a booklet."
(Grandma suggests planning at least one picnic as a family and doing as much adventuring of the outside as possible. Do as much research as you can of the area you pick.)


July 10 is another full day starting with the following birthdays:

July 10, 1834 James Abbot McNeil Whistler, American painter, was born.

July 10, 1875 Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator, was born.

July 10, 1882 Ima Hogg, American philanthropist, was born.

July 10, 1885 Mary O'hara, children's author, was born.

July 10, 1916 Martin Provensen, children's author and illustrator, was born.

July 10, 1926 Fred Gwynne, actor and children's author, was born.


Book (1) writes in "Playing with words-Besides writing and illustrating children's books, Fred Gwynne is an award-winning stage, film and television actor. (Your (children) may recall on of his TV roles--Herman in "The Munsters.") Gwynne's most popular children's books are those on wordplay. In The King Who Rained, he illustrates the humorous results of using the wrong homophone or homonym. Have students look up the meanings of homophone and homonym. Then ...collect as many homophones or homonyms as possible in a week. At week's end, have the (children) create a silly (illustrations) depicting the literal meaning of (sentences) that misuses (some of these) words. Post the illustrations on (a poster.)"

July 10, 1943 Arthur Ashe, American tennis player, was born.

Now for the events of July 10:

July 10, 1220 London Bridge was damaged by fire and fell down.

July 10, 1853 Vice President Millard Fillmore assumed the
presidency upon the death of Zachary Taylor.

July 10, 1890 Wyoming became the 44th state.

Book (1) says in "What's in Wyoming-Wyoming, the 44th state, may have been among the last states to join the Union, but it has experienced more than its share of firsts. For example, Wyoming is home to our nation's first national park, Yellowstone, and to the first national monument, Devils Tower, Have your (children) locate Wyoming on a map, then find its capital, Cheyenne. In what part of the state is this city located? Next, ask the kids to use compass directions to describe the location of Yellowstone Park and Devils Tower in relation to Cheyenne and in relation to each other."

July 10, 1913 Death Valley, Calif., reached a temperature
of 134º F in the Shade--the highest ever recorded in the United States. 

July 10, 1929 Congress made official the current Size of U.S. Paper Money.

July 10, 1962 Telstar 1, the first satellite to relay TV and
telephone signals, was launched.

July 10, 1973 The Bahamas gained its Independence from Britain.

July 10, 1991 Boris Yeltsin was Inaugurated as president of Russia.


Next is July 11

Birthdays:

July 11, 1767 John Quincy Adams, sixth president of the United States, was born.

July 11, 1838 John Wanamaker, American merchant, was born.

July 11, 1899 E.B White, American essayist and children's author, was born.

Book (1) says in "Creating characters-Tell your (children) that a dream inspired author E.B. White to create his famous mouse character, Stuart Little. Then ask each child to create an animal character to be born or adopted into the child's own family. Next, have the kids write stories involving the reaction of their new family member to home life. Feature the stories at a (family) read-aloud."

July 11, 1929 James Stevenson, children's author, was born.

Events:

July 11, 1798 The U.S. Marine Corps was created by an act of Congress.

July 11, 1804 Vice President AAron Burr Fatally Wounded
Alexander Hamilton, the former Treasury secretary, in a pistol duel.

July 11, 1892 The U.S. Patent Office decided that J.W. Swan,
not Thomas Edison, was the Inventor of The Electric-Light
Carbon for the incandescent lamp.

July 11, 1934 Franklin Roosevelt became the First
President to go through the Panama Canal.

July 11,1955 The New Air Force Academy was dedicated at
Lowry Air Force Base in Colorado.

July 11, 1975 Chinese archaeologists announced the discovery,
in Shensi Province, of a 2,000-year-old burial mound containing
6,000 Life-Size Clay Statues of Warriors.

July 11, 1977 Kitty O'Neil set a Women's Power Boat Speed Record--275 mph.

July 11, 1984 The U.S. Department of Transportation ruled
that Air Bags or Automatic Seat Belts would be mandatory
on all American-made cars by 1989.

July 11, 1985 Pitcher Nolan Ryan recorded his 4,000th Career Strikeout.

For National Cheer Up the Lonely Day, Book (1) writes under "Only the lonely-Involve your (children) in National Cheer Up the Lonely Day. First, ask them to name individuals or groups of people who may be lonely, such as senior citizens, widows, widowers, disabled people, and hospital patients. Next, have the children brainstorm for ways to cheer these people up. For example, the children might suggest giving flowers or cards to hospital patients, delivering meals to elderly shut-ins, or organizing a sing-along at a local senior citizen enter. (Form) into "Children's cheer Squad," and have each ...select a "mission" from the list of ideas. Enlist ...volunteers (if you can) to help. Your (children) will not only be involved in a worthy project, they'll also derive great pride in being part of a caring community."

Then under World Population Day Book (1) says under "Population study-On World Population Day, have your (children) look up the meaning of the word demography. Then have them conduct a brief demographic study of (children) in their grade level. How many boys and girls are there? What are their ages? What ethnic backgrounds do they represent? Graph the results."

(Grandma is going to have to stop here.She will type some more tomorrow.)









Rest of June for Summer

Posted on September 8, 2014 at 6:22 AM Comments comments (32)
Grandma is ready to finish June's Summer Calendar History as follows:

June 18th Birthdays begin as follows:

June 18, 1942 Roger Ebert, movie critic, was born.

Book (1) gives an activity here called "Picks and pans-Have your (children) discuss the kinds of things critics like Roger Ebert talk about when reviewing a movie--for example, plot development, acting, musical score, originality, humor, suspense. Then have the kids read several movie reviews in the local newspaper. Afterward, show a film and ask each (child) to critique it, either orally or in writing."

June 18, 1942 Paul McCartney, English musician, singer, and songwriter who was a member of the Beatles, was born.

June 18, 1949 Chris Van Allsburg, children's author and illustrator, was born.

The activity Book (1) has for this person is called "Author's special signature-Have your (children) look through Chris Van Allsburg's books to find Fritz, a bull terrier that appears somewhere in most of the author-illustrator's works. Ask your (children) why they think Van Allsburg includes Fritz. (The dog is his personal signature.) In what unique ways can your students personalize their projects? Invite the children to create their own "personal signatures" on 3x5-inch cards, then use these on future writing and art projects."


Now we have the events for the day as follows:

June 18, 1812 Congress Declared War on England, marking the
beginning of the War of 1812.

June 18, 1823 British Soldiers began wearing trousers rather than breeches.

June 18, 1889 William Richardson of Baltimore patented The Baby Carriage.

June 18, 1945 An estimated 1 million people turned out to give returning
World War II general Dwight Eisenhower a hero's welcome in
Washington, D.C.

June 18, 1983 Sally Ride became the First American Woman in Space.

June 18, 1989 Golfer Curtis Strange became the first man in
nearly 40 years to win Back-To-Back U.S. Open Titles.

June 18 is also Dragon Boat Festival day in China and International Picnic Day

Book (1) gives this activity "Foods from around the world-For International Picnic Day, have your (children) create a picnic menu with dishes from around the world. (Children) can work (with you) to select a country, then research its typical foods. If possible, have (them) prepare their chosen dishes and share them with (the family or friends)."


June 19th Birthday's are as follows:

June 19, 1903 Lou Gehrig, American baseball player, was born.

June 19, 1962 Paula Abdul, American singer, was born.

June 19, 1978 Garfield, comic-strip cat, was born.

an activity in Book (1) is called "Cartoon cat-To celebrate Garfield's birthday, give your (children) some background on his beginnings. Garfield's creator was cartoonist Jim Davis, who grew up on a farm with 25 cats. Davis decided to make his famous cartoon cat when he noticed there weren't any feline characters in animal comic strips. Garfield is named after Davis's grandfather. Encourage your (children) to (find) their favorite Garfield cartoons as well as newspaper, magazine, and pet-product pictures of cats. Also tell them to be on the lookout for descriptions of cats in literature, and to copy down ones that strike their fancy. Use the materials to make a "catty" bulletin board (or poster). ( Forever how you see it, Grandma sees Garfield as a grandpa so maybe Davis imitated his grandfather in Garfield also. Some research might answer that question for Grandma.)"

Now Grandma will give the events for June 19 as follows:

June 19, 1586 English Colonists set sail from Roanoke Island
(now part of North Carolina) after failing to establish the first
permanent English colony in America.

June 19, 1787 The members of the Constitutional Convention
decided not to simply amend the Articles of Confederation but
rather to conceive of an entirely New Plan for a National Government.

June 19, 1846 The First Formal Nine Inning Baseball Game was
played between the New York Knickerbockers and the
New Yorks at the Elysian Fields in Hoboken, N.J.

June 19, 1885 The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York Harbor.

June 19, 1910 The First observance of Father's Day took
place in Spokane, Wash.

An activity in Book (1) to go with Fathers Day is called "Honoring fathers-Tell your (children) that the mayor of Spokane, Wash., proclaimed the first Father's Day on the third Sunday in June, 1910. In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge asked that Father's Day be celebrated nationwide, but a presidential proclamation recognizing the day wasn't signed until 1966. A 1972 law made Father's Day a national holiday. If your (children) could name a new holiday, what would it be? Explain that when a member of Congress proposes a new holiday to the House of Representatives, he or she must get a majority of the members (218?) to cosponsor the bill before it can be considered by the appropriate committee. Representatives typically make speeches to generate support for their bills, so invite your (children) to present arguments to the family of their holidays. Take a vote to see which holidays win a majority."

June 19, 1976 The U.S. spacecraft Viking 1 went into orbit around Mars.

June 19, 1989 Federal officials announced the creation of a
30,000-Acre Refuge for the Florida Panther.

June 19 is also the celebration in Louisiana and Texas of the Thirteenth Amendment, which outlawed slavery called "Juneteenth."


Following is June 20th birthdays:

June 20, 1915 Walter Farley, children's author who wrote the
Black Stallion books, was born.

An activity in Book (1) called "Horse lover-As a child, Walter Farley wanted a horse. But his family lived in the city, and he couldn't convince his parents to let him keep a horse in the garage. His uncle--a horse trainer--encouraged him to visit stables and keep notes about his experiences. Farley used his notes years later when he wrote his first book, The Black Stallion. Ask your (children) to name an animal they'd like to own but can't for some reason. Then hae them read at least two books (fiction or nonfiction) about the animal. Whan they've completed their reading, have them write stories in which they, through a fictional character, come to own the animal of their dreams."

June 20,1924 Audie Murphy, actor and soldier who was the most
decorated American war hero in World War II, was born.

The events for June 20th are as follows:

June 20, 1782 The Bald Eagle became the official symbol of the United States.

June 20, 1782 "E Pluribus Unum" became the slogan for the
Great Seal of the United States.

June 20, 1815 Residents of Plymouth, Mass., reported sighting a Sea Serpent.

Book (1) talks about this event in "Reporting on sea serpents- Ask your (children) to discuss how various segments of today's media might cover reports of a sea serpent sighting. Then have the (children) work (together with you) to prepare stories for the different media/ For example, they could develop sensational tabloid features, serious science articles, broadcast news stories, or human interest features."

June 20, 1819 The SS Savannah became the
First American Steamship to Cross the Atlantic.

June 20, 1840 Samuel F.B. Morse received a patent for the Telegraph.

June 20, 1863 West Virginia became the 35th state.

June 20, 1963 The United States and the Soviet Union
agreed to set up a White house-Kremlin Hot Line.

June 20, 1977 The Trans-Alaskan Oil Pipeline opened.

June 20, 1984 The Motion Picture Association of America
instituted the PG-13 Rating, which stated that children
under 13 must be accompanied by an adult.

June 20 is also Midsommar for Sweden; on the summer solstice.

Book (1) has the following to say about Midsommar with the Title "Dancing around the maypole-Tell your (children) that in Sweden, people celebrate midsummer by holding a daylong festival. They decorate houses, buildings, cars, trains, and buses with flowers and birch twigs. In addition, almost all the towns decorate their own maypoles. At night, the residents gather around the maypole to dance. Invite your (children) to decorate (your home or somewhere) to celebrate midsummer. They can even create a maypole from cardboard wrapping-paper tubes. On festival day, let them dance around the maypole to music."


June 21 has only two birthdays as follows:

June 21, 1731 Martha Washington, America's first First Lady.

An activity for Martha's birthday is as follows in "A First Lady's role-Tell your (children) that Martha Washington apparently didn't like the role of First Lady. She complained that it made her feel like a prisoner. Ask your (children) to speculate on why Mrs Washington might have felt restricted as First Lady. How is the current First Lady handling her role? Encourage your (children) to research how contemporary first ladies have approached their jobs--for example, Lady Bird Johnson campaigned to beautify America, Nancy Reagan crusaded against drug abuse, and Barbara Bush promoted literacy. Then ask your (children) what they think is the proper role for a First Lady. Have them debate their ideas."

June 21, 1982 Prince William, son of Prince Charles and
Princess Diana and first in line after Charles for the British throne.

Following are the events for June 21st:

June 21, 1788 New Hampshire became the ninth state.

Book (1) has an activity for New Hampshire in "Border states- Have your (children) find New Hampshire on a U.S. map. What states are located on its eastern, southern, and western borders? What country is located on its northwestern border? What states border your (children's state)?

June 21, 1834 Cyrus H. McCormick was awarded a
patent for the Reaping Machine.

June 21, 1948 The First Long-playing Phonograph Record
was demonstrated by Peter Goldmark. 

June 21, 1961 The First Seawater Conversion Plant
was dedicated, in Freeport, Tex.

June 21, 1963 Bob Hayes ran the Fastest 100-Yard Dash Ever--9.1 seconds.

June 21 1988 The Ruby Slippers from the movie
The Wizard of Oz sold for $165,000 at a movie
memorabilla auction.

June 21, 1991 School 29 in Yonkers became New York's
First School Designated as an Urban Wildlife Sanctuary. 

June 21 is also the beginning of Vagabond Week(thiird week in June) as Book (1) points out in "Wondering ways-Ask Your (children) to share the images conjured up by the word vagabond. Then explain that a vagabond is someone who moves from place to place without a fixed home. Tell them that American poet Vachel Lindsay was known as "the Vagabond Poet" because he wandered throughout the United States, reciting his verse in exchange for food and lodging. Invite your (children) to list the pros and cons of leading a life like Lindsay's Then have them write stories about where they'd go and what they'd do if they lived as vagabonds for a week."

Next we move on to June 22 as follows with the 3 birthdays first:

June 22, 1757 George Vancouver, British explorer for
whom Vancouver, Canada, was named, was born.  

June 22, 1767 Karl Von Humboldt, German naturalist, was born.

June 22, 1906 Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American Poet and essayist, was born.

An activity is listed in Book(1) for Lindbergh's birthday in "Childhood writings-Anne Morrow Lindbergh kept a diary of her thoughts as a 10-year-old. She wrote about what she could see from her favorite spot-the window seat in her room. She continued to write throughout her life, publishing 13 books--some about her aviation adventures with her husband, Charles Lindbergh, others based on her diaries and letters. Ask your (children) to keep a diary for the rest of the month. At the end of the month, survey the (children) to see how many (of them) plan to continue writing in their diary."

Now for the events of June 22:

June 22, 1772 Slavery was Abolished in Great Britain.

June 22, 1846 Adolphe Sax patented the Saxophone.

June 22, 1868 Arkansas was Readmitted to the Union after the Civil War.

June 22, 1870 Congress established the Department of Justice.

June 22, 1910 Zeppelin Air Service began.

June 22, 1939 The First National Waterskiing tournament took place.

June 22, 1944 The G.I. Bill of Rights, providing World War II
veterans with job, housing, and education benefits, was passed.

June 22, 1970 The Voting Age in the United States changed from
21 to 18.

Book (1) has an activity called "Younger voters-In 1970, President Nixon signed a bill lowering the voting age to 18 from 21. Ask your (children) if they've ever voted in an election (for instance, for student council, club, or team leaders). What qualities did they judge the candidates on? Would they consider those same things if they were voting for local, state, or national officials? Ask the kids if they think voting is a right, a privilege, or a duty. Then have them each write a paragraph defending their opinion."


June 22, 1990 The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
declared the Northern Spotted Owl a threatened species.

Book (1) says in "Jobs vs. birds?-The decision to list the northern spotted owl as a threatened species meant that thousands of acres of public forests in the Pacific Northwest would be off limits to logging. Environmentalists hailed the move as the only way to save the owl from extinction. Loggers and the timber industry assailed it, saying that it would cost thousands of jobs in an already-depressed region. Organize a (group) debate on the issue of which should take precedence: saving wildlife species or saving jobs. Are the principles absolute, or would the decision depend on the number of jobs affected and the species in question? Is compromise always possible or even desirable?"

June 23rd has three birthdays as follows:

June 23, 1903 George Orwell(real name: Eric Blair),
English novelist, was born.

June 23, 1940 Wilma Rudolph, American track star, was born.

Book (1) says in this activity called "Special champs-Wilma Rudolph roved she was a champion long before winning three gold medals at the 1960 Summer Olympics. When she was 4 years old, polio crippled her left leg, and doctors believed she would never again walk without a brace. But with determination and help from her family, she proved the doctors wrong.
Have your (children) find out about other sports heroes who have overcome difficulties, such as baseball pitchers Jim Abbott (one hand) and Monty Stratton (one Leg), hockey player Bobby Clarke (diabetes), football placekicker Tom Dempsey (handless right arm and only half a right foot), and track star Jackie Joyner-Kersee (asthma)"

June 23, 1948 Clarence Thomas, associate justice of the
U.S. Supreme Court, was born.

Now for the following events of June 23rd:

June 23, 1683 William Penn signed a Treaty of Peace
and Friendship with the Leni-Lenape Indians.

June 23, 1836 A $28 Million Surplus in the U.S. Treasury
was divided among the 26 states.

June 23, 1860 The U.S. Government Printing Office was established.

June 23, 1868 Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent
for an improved Typewriter with a more efficiently arranged
keyboard. The same keyboard arrangement is still in use today.

June 23, 1926 The First National Lip Reading Tournament
took place in Philadelphia, Pa.

June 23, 1961 An international treaty was signed pledging
scientific cooperation on, and peaceful use of Antarctica.

Book (1) gives an activity as follows:
It is called "Water from the bottom of the world-Antarctica, earth's coldest continent, has an area of about 5 1/2 million square miles and is covered by an ice cap that averages more than 1 mile in thickness. About 75% of the fresh water in the entire world is contained in ice and snow on this continent. Some people have suggested towing icebergs from Antarctic waters to other parts of the world to alleviate freshwater shortages. Tell your (children) that in the waters that surround Antarctica, icebergs the size of Connecticut (about 5,000 square miles) often break loose from the ice shelves. Antarctic icebergs to, say, Los Angeles. What strategies could be used to minimize melting in warm waters? Would the need for speed dictate that smaller icebergs be towed rather than larger ones? Or test their ideas with ice cubes and a dishpan of water."

June 23, 1976 Toronto's Canadian National Tower,
The World's Tallest Free-Standing, Self-Supporting
Structure, opened. It's 1,821 feet high.

June 23, 1988 Temperatures in 45 U.S. cities reached 100º For Higher.

June 23 is also National Columnist Day and National Cheeseburger Month.

Book (1) gives the activity called "Cheeseburger campaign-For National Cheeseburger Month, have your (children) create an add campaign promoting this all-American food."


There are four birthdays for June 24th as follows:

June 24, 1771 E.I. Dupont, French-American Industrialist, was born.

June 24, 1916 John Ciardi, poet and children's author, was born.

June 24, 1944 Kathryn Lasky, children's author, was born.

June 24, 1949 Nadine Bernard Westcott, children's author, was born.

Now the events for June 24th are as follows:

June 24, 1497 Italian explorers John and Sebastian Cabot
landed on the Labrador peninsula in northeastern North America.

June 24, 1541 Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto sighted
the Mississippi River.

June 24, 1647 Margaret Brent appeared before the
all-male Maryland Assembly and Demanded Voting Rights.

June 24, 1930 Radar was First Used to detect airplanes.

Following is an activity to do with this called "Acronym names-After telling your (children) what an acronym is, explain that radar stands for "radio detecting and ranging." Your (children) might e familiar with other acronyms: AWOL,NASA, NATO, SWAT, VISTA. scuba. sonar. Challenge the kids to make up acronym phrases from the letters in their first names, your names, or the word June or summer."

June 24, 1947 The sighting of Flying Saucers was
first reported, near Mt. Rainier, Wash.

June 24,  1964 Commercial Picturephone service began.

June 24, 1968 Professional baseball player Jim Northrup
hit Back-to-Back Grand Slam Home Runs.

Book (1) says in "Honoring young heroes-As a 6th grader, John Kevin HIll piloted his own aircraft on a cross-country flight. Have your (children) review newspapers, magazines, and television news shows to find out about other young people who've accomplished great feats, than share their findings with the class. Next, invite the children to survey classmates and students throughout the school about their accomplishments--no matter how modest. Have them design a Hall of Fame bulletin board (or poster) to celebrate these accomplishments."

June 24, 1987 Sixth-grader and pilot John Kevin Hill left
Los Angeles on a 2,400mile, Cross Country Airplane flight.

June 24, 1990 The first Currency for the Newly Reunified Germany was issued.

An activity in Book (1) says in "Currency calculations-Introduce your (children) to the differences among currencies. Yo begin, tell them the value of the German deutsche mark relative to the U.S. dollar. Then have them calculate how many deutsche marks it would take to equal $100 U.S. dollars. ... give each group a supermarket circular. Have (them) select 20 items to buy. Then have them calculate their grocery bills in deutsche marks. For more practice, tell your (children) the relative values of other currencies, such as the British pound, the French franc, the Greek drachma, or the Israeli shekel, and have them calculate their grocery bills in those foreign currencies."


June 25 birthdays are as follows:

June 25, 1929 Eric Carle, children's author and illustrator, was born.

June 25, 1937 Jane Sarnoff, children's author, was born.

Now for the events of June 25th:

June 25, 1630 The Fork was Introduced in America by
John Winthrop, governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

An activity is used in Book (1) to explain "Table manners-Tell your (children) that when John Winthrop left England to become the Massachusetts Bay Colony's first governor, he took his fork with him. (Even in Europe, travelers packed their forks because most inns didn't provide utensils.) For a while, Governor Winthrop had the only fork in the New World. Have your (children) list advantages and disadvantages of using a fork to eat. Then have (the children) make three lists: foods that are easiest to eat with a fork, foods that are easiest to eat with a spoon, and foods that are easiest to eat with fingers. Ask your students if they've ever eaten with chopsticks. If someone has, set up a demonstration and let your (children) try it."

June 25, 1678 Elena Cornaro of Venice became the First Woman
in the World to Graduate from a University, the University of Padua.

June 25, 1788 Virginia became the 10th state.

June 25, 1876 General George Custer and 225 men from the
7th U.S. Cavalry Regiment under his direct command were
defeated and killed by a force of Sioux and Cheyenne Indians
led by Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse, and Gall at the
Battle of Little Bighorn in Montana.

June 25, 1950 The Korean War began.

June 25, 1951 CBS television presented the First Commercial Color Broadcast.

June 25, 1977 Ted St. Martin sank 2,036 Consecutive Free Throws, the most ever.

June 25, 1989 Chinese painter Wang Yani, age 14, became
the Youngest Artist ever to have a One-Person Show at the Smithsonian.

Book (1) gives an activity about Wang Yani in "Youthful painter-While scribbling over one of her father's paintings at age 2 1/2 Wang Yani said, "Daddy, I just want to paint," Her father soon recognized her potential, and by age 4, Yani had had her first show in Shanghai. A few years later, one of her paintings was reproduced on a postage stamp. Her works now number over 10,000. Yani's painting style is called xieyi (pronounced see-air-ee), which means "ideas writing." She mixes ink and pigment to paint her favorite subjects--monkeys, trees, birds, and flowers.
 She often depicts herself as a monkey in her paintings. Ask your (children) to draw the animal they would select to represent themselves, then include it in a picture of themselves doing something they like."

Next is June 26th birthdays as follows:

June 26, 1892 Pearl S. Buck, American novelist, was born.

An activity in Book (1) is called "Mothers near and far-Encourage older (children) to read Pearl S. Buck's The Good Earth. Then have them compare and contrast the character of the Chinese wife and mother with their own mother or grandmother. What values do they share? In what ways do their respective societies influence or dictate their roles?"

June 26, 1914 Mildred Ella "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias,
American athlete, was born.

Book (1) brings out the importance of women in sports throughout "Outstanding women athletes-In honor of Babe Didrikson Zaharias, one of the greatest women athletes in history, have your (children) research other famous female athletes. Then have them make a list of outstanding female athletes ... in their community. Finally, have them design and mail certificates of recognition to these talented competitors."

June 26, 1915 Charlotte Zolotow, children's author, was born.

June 26, 1937 Thomas Locker, children's author and illustrator, was born.

June 26, 1961 Greg Lemond, professional bicycle racer, was born.

Next are the following events for June 26th:

June 26, 1284 According to legend, The Pied Piper of Hamelin
lured the children of the German village to a mountain,
where they all disappeared.

An activity in Book (1) says it this way in "From sad to glad legends-Invite your (children) to write a happy ending to an originally sad legend. Tell them the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin, who rid the German village of Hamelin of its rats. After he'd completed the task, the villagers refused to pay him the sack of gold they'd offered as a reward. So he lured all their children to a mountain, whee they disappeared. Next, ...(work with the children to) brainstorm for as many happy endings as they can think of. Have them share their ideas with (others). Then ask each (child) to draw or write a happy-ending legend. Compile the students' work into a booklet entitled "The Pied Piper of Hamelin Revisited--A Happy Endings Collection." Use this booklet as a model for transforming other legends."

June 26, 1614 The First Lottery in America was held by the Virginia Company.

June 26, 1844 John Tyler became the First President to Marry While in Office.

June 26, 1870 The World's First Boardwalk was completed in Atlantic City, N.J.

June 26, 1945 The United Nations Charter was signed in
San Francisco by 50 nations.

June 26, 1959 The St. Lawrence Seaway was dedicated.

June 26, 1990 Mary Alice, the First Test-Tube Tiger to Survive, made he debut at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C.

June 26 is also International Day Against Drug Abuse and Book (1) has an activity named "Fighting drug abuse-On International Day Against Drug Abuse, invite a local substance-abuse counselor to share information with your (children). Then have the kids work (with you) to role-play ways they can say no to drugs."

It is also Madagascar Independence Day and Shrimp Festival in (Belgium).

Next the birthdays for June 27th are as follows:

June 27, 1859 Mildred Hill, composer of the song
"Happy Birthday to You", was born.

Given an activity in Book (1) with the title "Making merry melodies-In honor of Mildred Hill--composer of "Happy Birthday to You"--invite your (children) to compose songs for other festive occasions, such as anniversaries, weddings, graduations, and holidays. Younger children can set their lyrics to familiar tunes. Older (children) can try making up music as well as lyrics."

June 27, 1872 Paul Laurence Dunbar, American poet, was born.

June 27, 1880 Helen Keller, American author and lecturer, was born.

Book (1) Discusses how good she was and gives an activity in "Sense-itive insights-Tell your (children) that an illness left Helen Keller deaf and blind when she was 19 months old. Before the illness, she'd been learning how to talk. But afterward, when she could no longer hear words, she lost her ability to speak and became completely cut off from the world. To help your (children) understand the importance of hearing and sight, have (each) write skits and perform them in pantomime. Can you tell what each (child) is portraying? Next, have (each) wear blindfolds as they try to identify items through touch, smell, or (if appropriate) taste."

June 27, 1927 Captain Kangaroo (real name: Bob Keeshan),
American television personality, was born.

June 27, 1949 Lionel Richie, American singer, was born.

Now we are given the events for June 27 as follows:

June 27, 1652 The New World's First Traffic Law was passed
in New Amsterdam, (New York City).

Book (1) has an activity called "Rules of the road-The first traffic law applied to wagons, carts, sleighs, and other horse-drawn vehicles--prohibiting any galloping. Ask your (children) to speculate about why traffic laws were instituted well before the advent of automobiles and superhighways. What kinds of laws do they think might have been needed? Make a (family) list, then encourage the children to illustrate one of the ideas."

June 27, 1922 The First Newberry Medal for excellence in children's
literature was awarded to Henrik Van Leon for the Story of Mankind.

June 27, 1923 Midair Refueling was first accomplished.

June 27, 1978 The First Erasable Ballpoint Pen was patented.

June 27, 1988 Habitat for Humanity Volunteers began building
20 homes in Atlanta, Ga.

June 27 is also Eid Al-Fitr (3-day Islamic celebration of the end of Ramadan)

Next is the birthdays for June 28 as follows:

June 28, 1577 Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter, was born.

June 28, 1891 Esther Forbes, children's author, was born.

June 28, 1960 John Elway, professional football quarterback, was born.

Next are the events for the day as follows:

June 28, 1778 Mary Ludwig Hays, better known as Molly Pitcher,
took her wounded husband's place of a cannon at the
Revolutionary War battle of Monmouth, N.J.

An activity to go along with Molly Pitcher is called "Patriotic Pitcher-Mary Ludwig Hays earned the nickname Molly Pitcher by carrying pitchers of water to Continental soldiers on the battlefield. During the Revolutionary War battle of Monmouth, N.J., where her husband was fighting, she displayed rare bravery. When she realized the men were retreating--on orders from General Lee--Hays raced to the cannon where her husband had just fallen, and began firing it. General Washington arrived on the battlefield a short time later and ended the retreat. The next day, Washington gave Hays the rank of sergeant in the Continental Army. Ask your (children) to write newspaper stories chronicling Molly Pitcher's heroics."

June 28, 1859 The First Dog Show was held in New Castle, England.

June 28, 1894 Congress made Labor Day a holiday for
federal employees and the District of Columbia and
established its date as the first Monday in September.

June 28, 1904 Helen Keller graduated with honors from Radcliffe College.

June 28, 1914 Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the
throne of Austria-Hungary, was assassinated by a Serbian
nationalist in Sarajevo. The event precipitated World War I.

June 28, 1919 The Treaty of Versailles was signed, officially ending World War I.

June 28, 1938 Pennsylvania began selling Hard-boiled
Eggs from slot machines throughout the state to help
end an egg surplus.

Book (1) says in an activity saying "Fixing a food glut-Ask your (children) to imagine that their home state had a surplus of peanut butter, grape juice, and pizza. How would they eliminate the surplus? Encourage them to dream up wacky ways of selling or freely distributing the extra food statewide. Then have them illustrate their ideas."

June 28,1990 The TV show "Reading Rainbow" received an
Emmy for the best children's series..

Book (1) gives the activity with the title as "Award-winning Tv shows-Make a (family) list of the qualities found in a good TV program. Based on this list, which three programs would your class nominate for an Emmy award? Write the names of these programs on the chalkboard, (vote for the best one.)

Next is June 29th birthdays as follows:

June 29, 1858 George Washington Goethals, American army
officer and chief engineer of the Panama Canal.

June 29, 1861 William Mayo, American surgeon, was born.

June 29, 1868 George Ellery Hale, American astronomer, was born.

The events for June 29 are as follows:

June 29, 1620 Parliament Prohibited the Growing of
Tobacco in England.

June 29, 1776 The Virginia State Constitution was adopted,
and Patrick Henry was made governor.

June 25, 1880 A young Englishman completed a 1,000-mile walk in 1,000 hours.

Book (1) gives the activity through Book (1) in "Walk this way-Challenge your (children) to calculate the number of meters and kilometers covered by the Englishwoman who walked 1,000 miles in 1,000 miles. On average, how many meters per hour and kilometers per hour did she walk? Have each of your (children) walk a measured times. Have the students calculate the number of hours  it would take them--if they walked continuously--to walk the same distance as the young Englishwoman."

June 28, 1906 Congress established Mesa Verde, National Park
in Colorado. It contains prehistoric  cliff dwellings.

June 28, 1956 Charles Dumas became the First Person to Clear
7 feet in the high jump.

Book (1) gives an activity to go along with called "A 7-fot feat-To help your (children appreciate Charles Dumas's athletic feat, measure 7 feet up on a classroom wall and mark it with masking tape. Next , give each of your students a self-sticking yellow note and have them take turns jumping up and sticking yellow note on the wall. Which student was able to reach the highest: How many kids were able to reach above the 7-foot mark? Remind the children that Dumas got his entire body above 7 feet."

June 29, 1985 Bob Brown of Boston set the yo-yo
Endurance Record at 121 hours 10 minutes.

June 29, 1987 Scientists from the New England Aquarium released
three pilot whales after nursing them back to health.

June 29, 1990 The Chicago White Sox played their last game
at the old Comiskey Park.


June 29 is also Bawming the Thorn Day in England.

Book (1) has a last activity for June 29 called "Trimming the tree-Tell your (children) that in Appleton, England, Bawming the Thorn Day has been celebrated since 1125. On this day, Appleton residents decorate the large hawthorn tree located in the town center with ribbons, flags, and flowers. Afterward, the children of the town dance around the tree. Make a construction-paper hawthorn tree and post it on a (wall), bulletin board, (or poster). Then have the (children) decorate it. Play some background music as the children work. then invite them to dance around the (room) when they're finished."

Last we have the two birthdays for June 30th as follows:

June 30, 1917 Lena Horne, American singer, was born.

June 30, 1940 David McPhail, children's author and illustrator, was born

Book (1) gives the activity "Exploring books- David McPhail's first book was The Bear's Toothache, which was published in 1972. Afterward he wrote or illustrated over 40 books. Gather a collection of McPhail's books for your classroom reading corner. Invite your (children) to compare and contrast McPhail's more recent books with his earlier ones. Make a ... list of similarities and differences among story themes and characters."

Now we can move onto the events for that day in Book (1) starting with the following:

June 30, 1775 Benjamin Franklin was elected U.S. postmaster general.

Book (1) explains in the activity "Friendly postcards-In honor of Ben Franklin's appointment as postmaster general, have your (children) make a large postcard for a friend. Give each child a 4x4-inch plain white card. On one side, have the kids draw and color a picture. On the other side, have them make sections for the address and message. When they finish writing their messages and addressing their postcards, invite the kids to design their own postage stamps. Finally, have them deliver their postcards." 

June 30, 1859 The French tightrope walker Charles Emile Blondin made the First Tightrope Crossing of Niagara Falls.

Book (1) has the activity in "Tricky tightrope walker-Tell your (children) that the Frenchman Charles Emile Blondin crossed Niagara Falls on a tightrope in just 5 minutes. Later, he repeated his feat several times, but always with a twist. For instance, at various times he crossed blindfolded, on stilts, in a sack, and while carrying a man on this back. Have your (children) look up the definition of "daredevil" in the dictionary. Then have them list other people who might be considered daredevils. Their responses might include bungee jumpers, cliff divers, race car drivers, or trapeze artists."

June 30, 1888 Arturo Toscanini, age 19, conducted his first orchestra.

June 30, 1906 The U.S. Pure Food and Drug Act was passed.

June 30, 1908 The Biggest Explosion ever Recorded on earth took
place when a meteor struck a distant part of Siberia.

June 30, 1940 The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service was established.

June 30, 1948 Bell laboratories announced the development of
the Transistor as a substitute for radio tubes.

June 30, 1968 Race Car Driver Bobby Unser drove to the top of
Pikes Peak in a record-setting 11 minutes 54.9 seconds in
the 46th running of the Pikes Peak Auto Hill Climb.

June 30, 1985 A New Basketball Hall of Fame opened in Springfield, Mass.


That is all for June folks! Have fun!


More of June and the Circus

Posted on September 3, 2014 at 11:48 AM Comments comments (52)

We left off in the History Calendar of Book (1) towards the end of June 15. The rest of the day into the 16th and 17th Grandma will cover along with lessons on the Circus in Book (1) and Book (57). Before lessons I want to add a note to parents in our Home Education Program of home schooling a few pointers. That is to make sure you have a line of some kind set up to attach notes of history on beginning with the time of dinosaurs and man through the Bible and into American History along with space for any other history needed. These will take up a lot of space so be prepared. Then make sure you have a big calendar set up-a poster one is best-for birthdays, weather notations and notes necessary for lessons. Also have an area for pretend news and weather broadcasts; along with plays and puppet shows, or doll play of roles. Act out role plays of characters if wish in these areas. The same place can be used for dance and exercise. Next have a place for writing, drawing and other forms of art. You may want a separate space for sewing and one for hand sewing. Also provide a place for books and supplies. You may want these areas marked as in Day Cares. Also provide plenty of space for lists or posters and projects for words and sounds to learn. Notebooks can also do a lot.( Grandma will also make a note of this on the Home page.)
Now Grandma will give you the beginning summer lessons as follows:

June 15 1904 Mary McCann Helped Save 20 People after the
steamship General Slocum caught fire in New York's East River.

Book (1) says in "Young heroine-While recovering from the measles in a New York City hospital over-looking the East River, 14-year-old Mary McCann saw a steamboat on fire. Still feverish, she ran to the river and yelled encouragement to the people floundering in the water. Her courageous act helped save 20 people, including nine children, and she was awarded the Silver Lifesaving Medal by the U.S. Congress. Invite your (children) to design their own ...medal to commemorate heroic deeds. Then, over the next month, have students clip and share newspaper articles about people who have helped others. Encourage the kids to write letters congratulating these people and to include copies of the class-designed medal."

June 15, 1988 General Motors Corp.'s Sunracer established a Speed Record for Solar-Powered Cars. Its top speed: 48,712 mph.

June 15 is also A Friend in Need is a Friend Indeed Day as well as a Smile Power Day in which Book (1) says in "Miles of smiles-Here's a fun way to celebrate Smile Power Day. In the center of a large sheet of paper, write the words "It's Great to Smile Because..." Post the paper in the hallway or outside your (bedroom) door. Then encourage (the children) to use this "graffiti-style" message center to complete the sentence."


June 16 has only two birthday's as follows:

June 16, 1890 Stan Laurel, English comedian, was born.

June 16, 1920 John Howard Griffin, American
photographer and author of Black Like me, was born.

The Events for June 16, are as follows:

June 16, 1497 Amerigo Vespucci claimed he sighted
the mainland of America on this day.

June 16, 1836 Arkansas became the 25th state.

June 16, 1858 Abraham Lincoln made his famous
"House Divided" speech in Springfield, Ill.

June 16, 1897 The Alaska Gold Rush began.

June 16, 1922 The First Helicopter Flight took place in College Park, Md.

June 16,  1939 Hundreds of Tiny Frogs fell on Trowbridge, England.

June 16, 1963 Lieutenant Valentina Tereshkova of the
Soviet Union became the First Woman in Space.

June 16, 1980 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Scientists
Who Developed New Forms of Life in laboratories could
patent their creations.

June 16, 1987 The Dusky Seaside Sparrow became extinct.

Book (1) says in "Vanishing wildlife-Tell your (children) that on this day in 1987, the last dusky seaside sparrow died in a wildlife preserve at Walt Disney World in Florida. Then encourage the kids to take steps to protect animals for the future. Have each child research an extinct animal, draw a picture of the animal, and write a one-paragraph report about it. Next. have the (children) each write a letter to their state or federal representative telling about their animal and asking for help in saving other wildlife. Have the children include their drawings and reports with the letters. Make copies for a ... display entitled "The Extinct Zoo...What You Can Do About It." Add any responses your students receive to the display."

June 16, 1988 A China Shop Owner decided to find out
what a bull in a china shop would really do.

Book (1) says in "Risky business-Grant Burnett, a china shop owner in New Zealand, always wondered what a bull would do in a china shop. He borrowed Colonel, a 2,000-pound Hereford, and let the animal roam around the store for 3 hours. Burnett risked thousands of dollars' worth of dishes, but Colonel didn't break a thing. Ask your (children) to think of other descriptive animal phrases (for example, eyes like a hawk, quiet as a mouse, fish out of water, hold your horses, sly as a fox, clam up, dead as a dodo). Have them each select a phrase, then illustrate its literal and figurative meanings. Afterward, read aloud Eve Merriam's poem "Cliche," which deals with figurative and literal language. Then ask your students to write poems about their animal subjects."

June 16 is also South Africa's Soweto Day and Korea's Tano.

Next is June 17th with three birthdays as follows:

June 17, 1870 George Cormack, inventor of Wheaties cereal, was born.

Book (1) says in "Breakfast favorites-To celebrate the birthday of George Cormack, inventor of Wheaties cereal, poll your (family to see if any of you) have eaten Wheaties. Do (you ) eat it regularly? Why or Why not? Next , invite your (children) to each name their favorite cereal, Then use three adjectives to describe its taste. List all the adjectives on the board (or a piece of paper.) How many different ones are there?"

June 17, 1882 Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky, Russian-American composer, was born.

June 17, 1898 M.C. Escher, German mathematician, was born.

Next come the events for June 17 as follows:

June 17, 1579 Sir Francis Drake landed on the California coast.

June 17, 1682 William Penn founded the City of Philadelphia.

June 17, 1775 The Battle of Bunker Hill, one of the earliest
engagements of the Revolutionary War, was fought near Boston.

June 17, 1856 The First Republican Party National
Convention took place in Philadelphia, Pa.

June 17, 1873 Susan B Anthony was fined $100
for voting in the 1872 presidential election.

June 17, 1925 The First National Spelling Bee was held.

Book (1) says in "Cooperation bee-Hold a cooperative spelling bee in your (home0. ....--without using dictionaries--work together to correctly spell words you call out. Give each...a point for each correctly spelled word. The (one) with the most points at the end of a specified period wins."

June 17, 1972 Five burglars were arrested at the
Democratic Party headquarters in Washington, D.C.
The break-in and subsequent cover-up, which came
to be called Watergate after the building where the
burglary occurred, ultimately led to the resignation
of President Richard M. Nixon.

June 17, 1979 Richard Brown set a prone-position
Skateboard Speed Record of 71.179 mph on a
course at Mr. Baldy, Calif.

June 17, 1991 President Zachary Taylor's Remains
Were exhumed (141 years after his death) in
Louisville, Ky., to investigate the theory that
he had been poisoned. No evidence was found to
support the theory.

June 17 is also Independence Day in Iceland and it is used to mention that June is Carnival and Circus Month.

Book (1) says in "Celebrating the circus-Tell your (children) that the circus originated in ancient Rome, where it was a place for chariot races and combat between gladiators. Then have the children look up the origin of the word circus. (Its Latin meaning is "circle.") Next, have students brainstorm for the kinds of acts and performers found in modern-day circuses--for example, dancing elephants, trapeze artists, clowns, jugglers, bareback riders. Ask children who've been to a circus to describe the acts they saw. Finally, have your (children) imagine they could be a circus performer or a day, and ask them to write and illustrate stories about what they'd do."

Book (57) uses the following unit to tell about it:

  1. "The Circus Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow by Pat O'Brien

Historically, the circus has been around for a long time. Performers doing acrobatic stunts appear in Egyptian wall paintings. Marco Polo reported being entertained by jugglers and tumblers in the court of Kublai Khan.
Early people caught and trained wild animals. While most of these were used for religious ceremonies, others became part of a menagerie kept to showcase rare and unusual species. In Rome, the circus Maximus, a large animal theater for chariot racing, also presented trick riders, familiar with today. The show is made up of clowns, acrobats, animal acts, and colorful spectacles.
The purpose of this unit is to explore the circus world from the known to the unknown. You will compare the training of pets to the preparation of wild animal acts. You will proceed from climbing about on the jungle gym to learning about flying through the air. You will learn how clowns advance from being accidentally funny to working on routines and tricks to entertain an audience.

The Circus World
In the winter, the circus community prepares for the coming year. New acts are developed and perfected, while old ones are practiced and improved. Trainers work with their animals. Acrobats and aerialists stay in shape rehearsing their acts and trying new routines. Clowns create new tricks.
On the road, circus performers travel from one location to the next, thrilling audiences with circus magic.
  1. Research the history of the circus. Discover an interesting way to share your findings with the class.
  2. Write five reasons for circuses.
  3. Make a diorama showing a circus scene. ( Or design a scene in a big box or on a table.)

Presenting...
Because of his ideas, leadership, and inspiration, P.T. Barnum influenced the circus world. Read to find out about his contributions to the circus.
  1. List five or more events from his life.
  2. Make a  (separate) time line to show when these incidents happened.
  3. Using the information on the time line, make a filmstrip showing the highlights of his life.
          (Also a good thing to put in your newspaper.)

Clown Alley
A clown's job is to make others laugh by doing tricks, acting, and wearing funny clothes. In the circus, clowns entertain and fill in while the next acts are being set up or when something goes wrong. From makeup to funny shoes, each clown develops a unique look.
  1. If possible, ask a local clown to talk to the (children) about how clowns apply makeup and put together a routine.
  2. Clowns often practice the art of mime. A mime uses gestures and actions rather than words. See if you can perform a routine without speaking.(One of my most happiest time was when my sister and her friend dressed up as clowns and put on an act for myself and other children of the neighborhood. It was really a fun day.)
  3. Clown College offers courses in the history and art of clowning. There are also classes in makeup, mime, using and making props, juggling, and other talents useful to clowns. (For information, write to Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Clown College, 1401 Ringling Drive, South Venice, FL, 33595.) (This may not be possible any more because they have had to quit from what I heard on the Channel 6 News in Omaha, NE )                                                              a.      if you think you have a future as a clown, what are your qualifications?
                          b.      Write a letter to the Clown College stating your talents. Ask for an application to the school. (This will be a practice letter since you have to be at least seventeen years old to enroll.)                                                                                                                          c.       What questions do you think an application for Clown College would ask?
  1. Write a paragraph telling why you would like to be a circus clown.
  2. Write a poem about a clown with alternating line: I seem to be....But I really am.....

Presenting...
Throughout the years, there have been famous circus clowns. Find out more about one of them and write his or her biography. Focus on what he or she has accomplished as a clown. Share and compare the lives of these clowns to see if you can find some lives of these clowns to see if you can find some common traits. Put together a clown bulletin board (or a poster).

Imagine That!
As a circus performer, write your autobiography explaining what made you decide to become a clown. Tell about your act. What's hardest about being a clown? What do you like best? What you're not performing. what do you do? Be sure to include a self-portrait showing you in costume.

Art Activities
  1. Have a partner trace around you on a large sheet of paper. Use the outline to make a life-sized clown. (Butcher paper is good for this.) Use the outline to make a life-sized clown. With markers, paint, or crayons, add details of the clown's costume and face.
  2. On a piece of cardboard, draw a clown. Use paint, scraps of cloth, and yarn to complete the costume and face.
  3. Draw a clown face on a paper plate and decorate it.
  4. Construct a clown puppet.

Be a Circus Clown
  1. Learn to juggle. Begin with bean bags or inexpensive chiffon scarfs then progress to tennis balls.
  2. Plan your costume and special clown face.
  3. Create and practice a routine.

Mainly Mammals

The circus presents wild and exotic animal shows to the public. Before zoos became popular, this was the only opportunity people had to see elephants, lions, and tigers. Today there is a need to provide protection for these rare animals whose natural habitats are threatened. Circus animals are cared for, provided with food, and given medial attention.

You Make the Choice
  1. List the pros and cons of using rare and exotic animals in the circus.
  2. As an animal rights activist, what stands do you take?
  3. As an (environmentalist), what are your thoughts?

Calling All Pets
To better understand the task of a wild animal trainer, consider the care necessary to maintain a domestic animal.
  1. What care do you give your pet? What kind of food does it get and how much?
  2. If you have a pet, teach it a trick. What trick do you want the animal to perform? How will you go about teaching it? Keep a record of your instructions.
  3. Present an oral report to explain how you trained your pet, teach it a trick. What trick do you want the animal to perform? How will you go about teaching it? Keep a record of your instructions.
  4. Compare your method with one used by a classmate.

Trainers and Trainees
A bond of mutual trust is established between the trainer and the animals.
  1. List the responsibilities of a circus trainer. What jobs would he or she be expected to do?
  2. What traits should a wild animal trainer have? Are they any different than those needed to train a domestic animal?
  3. How do you think circus performers go about training wild animals?
  4. List animals that appear in the circus. Select one type of wild animal. What kind of care and attention does it get? What kind of food? How much exercise?
  5. Compare caring for and training a pet to getting a wild animal ready to perform in an act.
  6. Compare caring for and training a pet to getting a wild animal ready to perform in an act.
  7. Write an essay about wild animals in general and circus animals in particular.
  8. Write the life story of a circus animal.

Presenting
Gunther Gebel-Williams, now retired, was a world famous animal trainer with the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus.
  1. Read to find out more about his life as a trainer. How did he prepare the animals to perform?
  2. Pretend you are an interviewer on a television show. Think of some questions you would like to ask Gunther Gebel-Williams. How do you think he would respond? Write a script and practice the interview with a partner.

Imagine That!
  1. If you ran the circus, what animals would perform?
  2. Using your imagination, write a resumé stating your qualifications to be a wild animal trainer.
  3. Write about how it feels to be a lion tamer. What's the hardest part?
  4. If you were an elephant, or another animal, would you rather be in a circus or a zoo? Why?
  5. Would you rather be a veterinarian in a zoo or a circus? Why?

Problem Solving
The many animals in the circus need a great deal of food each day. At every stop along the route, fresh fruits, vegetables, and grains are purchased from local merchants.
  1. Given the following information about weekly purchases, what story problems can you create?     10 tons of hay, 150 bales of straw, 1,000 pounds of meat, 400 crates of carrots, 1 crate of apples, 1 box of bananas, 500 loaves of bread
  2. Write additional imaginative problems using circus facts and figures.

Poems
Search for poems about animals that perform in the circus.                               
      a. Choose one to illustrate.
      b. Memorize it and recite it for the (family).
      c. Present it as a choral reading.

Art Activities
  1. Make papier-mâché animals. Display them in colorful wagons.
  2. Design circus animal pins from clay.
  3. Use magnetic tape to make refrigerator magnets.
  4. Make a mobile featuring circus animals.

Circus Animals
  1. Plan a pet parade. You and your pet can march around a ring in time to recorded circus music.
  2. Does your pet know a special trick? Prepare a "wild animal" act to present to an audience.


Fabulous Flights

They fly through the air, walk on wires, or tumble in the ring. They perform feats of strength, balance, and courage. They are acrobats, aerialists, and flyers.
  1. If possible, read A Very Young Circus Flyer, by Jill Krementz. A young boy, a member of a family of flyers, tells about his life with the circus.
  2. Begin by moving to music. Feel the rhythm.
  3. Depending on the equipment available, practice moving on bars and rings. Tumble on mats.

Poetry in Motion
  1. List words (verbs) that describe the ways a performer moves as he or she flies through the air or tumbles in the ring. Arrange the words to create a motion poem that reflects the movements of the performer.
  2. Add to the words on the list and group them to compose a motion poem.
  3. Write ...about an acrobat's performance.

Presenting...
Jules Leotard invented and introduced the flying trapeze. Like many inventors, he made his discovery accidentally.
  1. Read to find out how this invention changed circus performances.
  2. If Leotard kept a journal during the time he was developing the flying trapeze, what would he have written? Write five journal entries from his point of view.
  3. Can you think of something you might invent to improve a way of doing something? Explain what you want to improve and write about your plan. Include a sketch of your idea.

Circus Flyers and Tumblers
  1. Using playground equipment (bars, rings, the jungle gym, etc.), develop an acrobatic routine set to music. Include gymnastic tumbling and balancing. Make sure the exhibition of physical fitness is safe and entertaining.
  2. Tie-dye a shirt for the performance or use fabric markers to design a T-shirt.

The Day the Circus Came to Town
Read Dr. Seuss' If I Ran the Circus and decide how you would run a circus. Write a book with the same title, but use your own circus.
  1. Study a map of your state. What cities would your circus visit?
  2. Plan a route you would follow from town to town.
  3. Write a news story about the arrival of the circus.
  4. Make posters advertising the performances.
  5. Write a review of the show. Tell about the acts that people will be viewing.

Art Activities
  1. Think about the word circus. Study each letter. What does it remind you of? Design an alphabet with a circus theme.
  2. Use thumbprints to create a circus scene. Make a print and add lines to complete the figures.

Circus Performance
After studying the different facets of the circus, it is time to put the parts together and present your own show.
  1. Display posters to announce the circus.
  2. To begin the Make-a-Circus extravaganza, organize a parade of costumed performers. March to recorded circus music. Include a marching kazoo band.
  3. Sell popcorn and balloons.

Ants as Insects

Posted on September 2, 2014 at 3:25 AM Comments comments (43)
Grandma is making this section separate because there was quite a bit on the Insect part and there is quite a bit here. The part on ants is as follows:


                            " Those Amazing Ants! by Becky Daniel and Jo Jo Cavalline

Did you know that there are more than 10,000 different kinds of ants?

I may be hard to believe, but some ants can lift more than fifty times their own weight.
How much do you weigh? Multiply your weight by fifty. Think of something that weighs about the same as fifty times your weight. Draw a picture of this object.
If you were built like an ant, you could pick up that heavy object. put it above your head, and run with it. Amazing, isn't it?
Draw a cartoon of yourself lifting the object that is fifty times your weight.

Ants have a keen sense of smell and can find food my following a scent trail.
You, too, can follow a scent trail. Using an old bottle of perfume, have (someone) make a scent trail by dripping perfume on (something above the ground level ). Blindfolded, and on your hands and knees, try to reach the end of the trail by using your sense of smell.

Ants have compound eyes. Compound eyes allow them to precisely determine the angle of the sun's rays. This awareness of the sun's angle allows ants to navigate over unknown territory and return with food to their nest.
Draw a map of the way (to your home). Be sure to show north, south, east, and west. Could someone unfamiliar with your neighborhood use your map to find your house? How do compass directions help humans find their way?
Why do you think ants don't venture out at night to search for food?

Some ants milk an insect called an aphid, much like a farmer milks a cow. The ants stroke the bug's sides gently and wait for the sweet honeydew to appear.
Draw a cartoon of an ant milking an aphid.

The nurse ants care for the ant eggs. They watch the eggs from the egg stage, through the larve stage, until the young ants emerge. Some larvae can signal the nurse ants when they need them. When new ants leave the nest to search for food they sometimes get lost. Older workers will find these lost ants and carry them back to the nest.
Make a list of babies that are dependent on their mothers at birth. Make another list of babies that do not need their mothers when they are born.

Some ants raise mushrooms inside their nests. The ants cut and carry leaves to the nest to provide fertile soil for their mushrooms. Have you ever tasted a raw mushroom?

                            Mushroom Dip
1 package cream cheese                  1 Tablespoon minced green onion
1/2 cup sour cream                           1/4 pound finely chopped mushrooms
1 teaspoon salt

Mix together and chill. Serve with corn chips or crackers.

Some ants make slaves of other ants. They attack and steal young ants from other hives, take them back to their own hives, and make them do all their work.
Write a story that tells how you would feel if you were kidnapped and made to be a slave. Tell about how you might escape your captors.

Ants have suits of "armor" on the outside of their bodies, rather than skeletons.
Draw a picture of what you might look like if your skeleton was on the outside of your skin. Or, make a list of other animals that wear their skeletons on the outside.

Soldier ants are stationed at the entrance to the nest. They guard the nest and keep enemies away. These ants are larger than the workers. Cover a bulletin board with brown butcher paper. Draw an ant colony. You may want to include:
  • interlocking tunnels
  • soldier ants at the entrance
  • nurse ants attending the eggs
  • ants working in their mushroom garden
  • ants milking aphids
  • harvest ants making bread
  • slave ants
  • the queen ant


Ant Crafts

(On one page is a drawn big ant to put a paper face, hands, and shoes on.)

The Easter ant can arrive the day before vacation and leave a treat for all your (children). Treats are made from (a) small ant pattern. A black jelly bean is attached by a thumbtack to the body of the ant. Use tape to fasten them to (children's') clothes. Have fun with your ant treats. Try balancing them on your head or shoulder as you play dead ant. If they fall off, you are out. Let this ant become your pet ant. You then assume total responsibility for your ant. It must be with you at all times. If you leave your ant to wander, it becomes public property. Any other (person) gets to claim it and add it to their pet collection. Finders keepers, loosers weepers.

Halloween is a great time for ant masks. Be a hungry ant and make a fork and spoon to carry in each hand. Several (people) together may enjoy doing an ant play with their ant masks.

Have you been a good ant or a naughty ant? Because Anta Claus is coming to town. Make a Christmas list of an ant. Make Mr. and Mrs. Anta Claus.

Many more ideas will flow as you enter antland. It can so easily be applied to many different subject areas. Save all these ideas and new ones for another time!


                               Finding the Antswers to Questiants

All species of ants belong to the formicidae family. Using the basic ant pattern, invite each child to make his or her own ant and label or identify all its parts.

Questiant:Where do ants live?
Antswer: In colonies, the thirteen original perhaps.
Ants are social insects because they live together in "colonies." Using the thirteen original colonies, start a nation of ants. Draw the shape of the colony and the citizens of Massachusants, Rhode Islants, Pennsylvaniants, and so on. Draw a crown on the antennae of the governor of each state.

Questiant: What should do you do with an ant? Squish it?
Antswer: No, collect ants and study their personality. If you should find they need some, give them some of yours.
To collect ants, use a piece of white paper, plastic bottles with lids, and a piece of cardboard. Search outdoors under rocks for ant colonies. You will see many of the little harmless black and gray ants running around under rocks. Lay a bottle on its side and use the cardboard to guide the ants in. Scoop up some soil and spread it out on white paper. If you see an ant larger than the other ants, it is probably the queen. Take some extra soil with you in another bottle. You will need it for the ants' new home.
To build an ant nest, you will need a wide-mouthed glass jar; an empty tall, thin can; a sponge; black paper; and rubber bands. Place the can inside the jar. Pour the ants" soil between the two. Wet the sponge and place it across the top of the can. Place the ants on the soil and secure the lid. Wrap the jar with black paper and secure with rubber bands.

Questiant: Why the black paper?
Antswer: Ants like the dark and will build their tunnels close to the glass if it is dark there.
Place your jar in a shallow pan of water on a piece of wood. Place it in a warm place away from direct sunlight. Feed the ants with bread crumbs, bits of meat, drops of honey, sugar, and dead insects. After a few days, remove the black paper and find the antswers to any questiants you might have.
  1. What do the ants do?
  2. How do they communicate with each other?
  3. Do they know it is feeding time? Why?
  4. Why do they build tunnels?
(the bottom of this page shows to cartoon ants talking to each other)

During your observations be sure to sing the rhyming songs: "The Ants Go Marching One by One, Hurrah, Hurrah!"

"Our Antcestor"
Trace the basic ant pattern on black paper and cut it out. You may want to enlarge the pattern. Using scraps of paper, yarn, tissue paper, and whatever materials are available, dress your ant appropriately for your particular antcestor. If you are teaching social studies, make Abraham Lincant, George Washingtant, Benjamin Franklant, Ant Betsy Ross, Florence Nightantgale, and so on.

"Our Antimals"
Draw the face of an animal or cut out a picture from a magazine. Trace and cut out the basic ant pattern. Paste the animal face to the ant body. You may discover stegosaurant or Leo the liant. Put all your animals behind bars and display on a (wall) zoo.

"Dead Ant"
Choose two (children) to be the killer ants. They are "it." The chosen killer ants try to tag the other (children). The only way the (children) can be safe from them is to "freeze" with their antennae (arms) up in the air and say "dead ant." When a killer ant tags someone who wasn't fast enough to be a dead ant, that ant is captured and taken off to the ant prison (which is a certain spot in the room).


Activities
  • Declare National Ant Day: Take your ant to lunch and buy her a "MacAnt Sandwich."
  • Michael Jacksant, famous recording ant, is in dire need of material for his songs. Help him write a song and give it a hit title. This new hit could become your "family anthem."
  • Write tongue twisters incorporating the word "ant" in regular words: Indianta Jones is awfully antsome.
  • Write a recipe for "ant soup."
  • Write a conversation between two ants.
  • Pretend you are an ant that somehow got caught in a marching parade. How will you ever get out alive?
  • Make a board game to play with an ant theme.



(This next page has five jars that lists words of parts of the sentences: Nouns, Verbs, Pronouns, Adjectives, Adverbs

Directions:
Write the bold word in the correct jar.

One pretty day in the month of May
My friends and I went out to play.
We walked so slowly to the park;
There children laugh and puppies bark.
Hot dogs were toasting on the grill,
We smelled them as we climbed the hill.
The table setting by the stream
Was sure to be any picnicker's dream.
We found some cakes, salads, chips, pies,
They looked so glorious to our hungry eyes.
I discovered the chef asleep on a stool,
The grown-ups and kids took a swim in the pool.
We climbed on the table and just took a bite,
But one led to another, then oh! What a sight!
We ate such a feast, crumbs fell to the ground.
Not one of us noticed the approaching sound
Of the chef coming swiftly, his feet doing a dance,
The look on his face when he saw us--Black Ants!
We looked like an army, so quickly retreating,
Our bellies were full after all of that eating.
We marched to our colony, burrowed inside,
Until the next picnic--we'll stay here and hide.

(There are a list for eight Nouns; eight Verbs; six Pronouns; eight Adjectives; and seven Adverbs--maybe you can make more.

                                           "Ant"onyms

Read each sentence below. In the blank write the opposite of the word you see in parentheses.

  1. The bus left (early)___________________________for the school picnic.
  2. It was the (last)_______________________time we had gone to Holly Park.
  3. The children were (sad)___________________about going.
  4. (Few)_________________________boys and girls were singing songs.
  5. This was going to be a (short)_________________bus ride.
  6. Most of the seats on the bus were (empty)________________________.
  7. (None)______________of the children were glad it was Saturday.
  8. When the bus stopped, it was time to get (on)_____________________.
  9. The children (walked)______________to the picnic tables to eat.
  10. They ate their lunches (slowly)____________________.
  11. Ants crawled on the table where the (grown-ups)_________________ate.
  12. (Girls)_____________began to throw Frisbees.
  13. One girl tried to (throw)______________________it.
  14. (Before)____________________ they ate, it was time for a visit to the zoo.
  15. Most of the animals were (inside)_____________________________.
  16. The monkeys were the (quietest)________________________of all the animals.
  17. Later the kids (sold)________________________souvenirs.
  18. Several boys got on the (right)__________________bus.
  19. It was (morning)_____________________ when the children go back to school.
  20. The sky was beginning to get (light)___________________.

Circle the word in each row that is the opposite of the first word.

  1. messy                          sloppy, neat, dirty
  2. soft                               mushy, weak, hard
  3. pretty                            ugly, beautiful, lovely
  4. old                                worn, used, new
  5. smooth                          level, rough, flat
 

Insects lesson

Posted on September 2, 2014 at 1:14 AM Comments comments (40)
Grandma is giving you a lesson for Insects from Book (57). There is something I want parents to understand. While you are starting your children with a new year of lessons, the public schools are having to test their children to see what level of learning they are at during this time. That gives you one advantage.

The Unit on Insects is as follows:

                                    "Bub Bonanza by Mary Ellen Switzer

Introduction
Turn your (children) into excited young entomologists with this motivating array of insect activities. (Grandma has one book that invites children to belong to what they call a bug club, there is also in another what they call a plant club. At the end of this insect unit in book (57) are awards for insect collecting and doing. Take advantage of awards any time you can because kids really love them as much as they love little stickers.) They will be "buzzing" with excitement as they plan an insect trivia game, use "Bug-a-Rama Drama" script starters to create plays, and work on the Bug Bonanza activity page. (Another important activity for children to do is collect all kinds of bugs, spiders, butterflies, flies, ants, etc.; This time of year they are abundant because they have had all summer to develop. It is a great time to do some fishing and hunt for big worms after a rain.Save insects in plastic cover with netted covers or jars for a short time and then released.)

The Bug Jar Trivia Game
Send your (children) on an insect "trivia hunt" to help make a (family) trivia game. They may use encyclopedias and other reference books to research their information.
Divide your class into small teams and ask each group to write questions (with answers) on 3" x 5" cards on their assigned subject. Suggested categories include ants, butterflies, bees, crickets, grasshoppers, flies, and beetles. Have a brainstorming session with your (family and friends) to add more to the list.
Place the completed trivia question cards in a large glass jar labeled "The Bug Jar," and play a round or two during those extra minutes of the day.
To further extend this activity, trivia teams can write mini reports on their assigned insects to be presented to the (family and friends). Suggestions include making poster reports (with pictures and facts), creating a television game show or news program that features insects facts, and an imaginary interview with an entomologist.

Fabulous Fables
It's fable time! Read students some of Aesop's delightful fables that feature insect characters. Suggestions are "The Grasshopper and the Ant," "The Ant and the Dove," and "The Fox and the Cicada." Next have the children write and illustrate their own fables using insects as main characters.
Celebrate at the end of this project by having an "Aesop's Fable Party." Have your children read their fables to the class. Serve animal cookies, since so many of Aesop's characters were animals!

Mother Goose Fun
Read the familiar "Little Miss Muffet" Mother Goose rhyme to your (children). Ask the (children) to create a comic strip about the rhyme from the spider's point of view. (This is a good introductory unit to Mother Goose but Grandma usually likes to use it in the month of May because of everything starting with the letter M for May. However, Grandma likes to use the story of the Moose eating a cookie and the Mouse eating something else Grandma can't remember because of the mice at Christmas time, cookies for Halloween, forest stories in the fall because of the harvests and changing of the trees. They all seem to fit that way for Grandma thought of learning. You have to plan things comfortably for yourselves. If you did cover the Mother Goose rhymes in the spring or for last year, this definitely fills the position as a review and with the introduction of comics as well as the restart of the newspaper.)

Invention Fun
Be an inventor! Create a new state-of-the-art and farm. Label the parts of your new ant farm. Draw your design on another sheet of paper. Tell the world about your invention. Write an advertisement about the ant farm. (Use another insect if you wish.)

Let's Write a Story
Write a story about a bug. Here are some story starter ideas:
Hello, my name is Gary Grasshopper. My life as a grasshopper is very exciting! Let me tell you about one of my days...
One warm summer day, a curious ant named Andy decided to visit a picnic. It turned into an adventure that he would never forget! here's what happened...

Bug-a-Rama Drama
Delight your (children) with these motivating script-writing activities. ...give each ...a script starter. Ask each...to create a script, practice it, and then share their skits with (you and/or others).

Amazing Insects
Setting: television newsroom
Characters: Announcer and any number of reporters
Script-Starter: Announcer: "Welcome to our program Amazing Insects. Our reporters are here today with some interesting information on insects. Here's our first reporter with some great information." (Reporters 1, 2, 3, etc., give their reports on various insects.) (Puppets can be use or dolls in place of other reporters only your child or children are do the talking. )

The Unhappy Ladybug
Setting: grassy meadow
Characters: Laura Ladybug, Buzzy Bee, Cassie Cricket, Andy Ant, Bernie Butterfly, and any number of insect characters
Plot: Laura Ladybug sits sadly under a mushroom. It's her birthday today, and all her friends have forgotten. Write a script telling how her friends come to the rescue to make it a happy birthday she'll never forget.

The Case of the Missing Caterpillar
Setting: office of Sam E. Spider, Detective
Characters: Detective Sam E Spider, his helper Florence Fly, C. H. Caterpillar, Charlie Butterfly, and any number of insect suspects
Plot: Detective Sam E. Spider needs your help. C.H. Caterpillar has been missing for two days, and everyone is worried. Write a script telling what happened to C.H.

Fred E. Firefly Saves the Day
Setting: grassy field
Characters: Fred E. Firefly, Betty Butterfly, and any number of insect characters
Plot:One rainy day a Monarch butterfly named Betty got separated from her family. They searched all day with the help of their insect friends but couldn't find Betty anywhere. It was getting dark--what could they do now? Write a script about how Fred E. Firefly comes to their aid.

Insect Book Nook
Dorros, Arthur, Ant Cities, New York: Harper & Row, 1987
Johnson, Sylvia Water Insects. Minneapolis, Lerner Publications Co., 1989
Mound, Laurence. Insect Eyewitness Books, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1990
Parker, Nancy Winslow, and Wright, Joan Richards. Bugs. New York: Greenwillow Books, 1987.
Parker, Steve. Insects Eyewitness Explorers. New York: Dorling Kindersley, Inc., 1992.
Porter, Keith. Discovering Crickets and Grasshoppers. New York: The Bookwright Press, 1986.
---. Discovering Butterflies and Moths. New York: Gloucester Press, 1987.
Petty, Kate. Bees and Wasps. New York: Gloucester Press, 1987.
Pringle, Laurence. The Golden Book of Insects and Spiders. Racine, Wisconsin: Western Publishing Co., 1990.
Still, John. Amazing Beetles Eyewitness Juniors. New York: Alfred A. Knopt, 1991.
Watts, Barrie. Keeping Minibeasts: Ladybugs. New York: Franklin Watts, 1990.





                                                           Bug Bonanza Trivia

Attention all Junior entomologists! Grab your pencils and test your knowledge of the insect world.

_________________________1.   Name the three parts of an insect.

_________________________2.   How many legs does an insect have?

_________________________3.   The legs and wings are attached to what part of the insect?

_________________________4.   Beware! This insect "attacks"  wood.

_________________________5.   True or false. Insects live long lives.

_________________________6.   What do ladybugs like to eat?

_________________________7.    Name the insect that looks like a twig.

_________________________8.    How many legs does a spider have?

_________________________9.    Are insects cold-blooded animals?

________________________10.   What is the hard outer covering of an insect called?

________________________11.   What is the larva of a butterfly called?

________________________12.   Watch out! These bugs give off a bad odor when disturbed.

________________________13.   What insects are sometimes called "armored tanks" of the bug
                                                  world?
________________________14.   Ants live in groups called ____________________________.

________________________15.   True or False. There are over a million species of insects.

________________________16.   Name the heaviest insect.

________________________17.   Are insects vertebrates or invertebrates?

________________________18.   Bees make honey from _____________________________.

________________________19.   These beetles can shoot a hot liquid from their abdomens.

________________________20. What is the longest insect?







                                           Bug Bonanza Activity Sheet

Attention kids! Get your paper, pencils, and crayons ready and let's begin! We hope you enjoy the activities below__ all about insects.

  1. What is your favorite insect? Tell why.
  2. Draw and label the parts of an insect. Remember the three body parts--head, thorax, and abdomen. Then add six legs, antennae, and wings.
  3. Make a list of all the ways insects can help us.
  4. Extra! Extra! Read all about it! Your trip to the tropical rain forest was a big success! You have discovered a new insect. Write a newspaper article to tell the world about your discovery. Remember to include the five Ws: Who? What? Where? When? and Why? Think of a catchy headline for your story.
  5. Design a bookmark for your favorite insect book character.
  6. Make a list of all the insects you can think of. Make a game, such as a word scramble list or word search. You may also use words pertaining to insects, such as body parts.
  7. Be a reporter! Create a one-page newspaper called "The Grasshopper Gazette." Write news articles and stories about grasshoppers. Include pictures with your articles or stories. Use an encyclopedia or reference book to find out more about grasshoppers.
  8. Write a riddle about any insect. You should have at least three clues written in complete sentences. Try to stump a friend!
  9. How many words can you make using the letters in "praying mantis"?
  10. Be a butterfly detective. Look up information about butterflies in a reference book. Cut out a big shape and include at least one picture in your report.

Circle (and draw) an insect on this page for every activity you complete."




                                     "Butterflies by Florence Rives

Objective: This unit proposes to enlighten us about the beauty and worth of the butterfly by developing an increased appreciation and awareness of the part that butterflies play in the world.

  1. Why are butterflies called butterflies? What are some legends and theories about this?
  2. Describe a butterfly's wings.
  3. Why do you suppose many butterflies are spoken of as "winged flowers?"
  4. Explain what caterpillars are.
  5. How can you tell butterflies from moths?
  6. What are the body parts of a butterfly or any other true insect called?
  7. Write a short paragraph explaining how the butterfly uses its antennae.
  8. 8. What are butterfly wings made of?
  9. What are the purposes of the scents which the butterfly gives off?
  10. List the four stages of life through which the butterfly and the moth go. Draw a sketch of each stage.
  11. Explain what a compound eye is.
  12. List some of the enemies of butterflies. How are butterflies and caterpillars equipped to escape their enemies?
  13. What is molting? How many times does a caterpillar molt before it becomes an adult butterfly?
  14. How long do some butterflies live?
  15. About how many kinds or groups of butterflies are known by scientists?
  16. Describe the butterfly's proboscis. How does the butterfly use it? Write two sentences about it.
  17. Find out about camouflage, or protective coloration, of the butterfly and moth.
  18. What can you find out about the "eyespots" on a butterfly's wings? Why are they there? How do the eyespots help the butterfly?
  19. What do butterflies feed upon? What do caterpillars feed upon? Why do you suppose certain butterflies and caterpillars prefer to eat certain foods?
  20. How do butterflies help people?
  21. Define metamorphosis.
  22. Find out about the migration of certain butterflies. Why do they do this?
  23. How is a "brush-footed" butterfly different from other butterflies?
  24. What United States butterfly is the largest?
  25. If you wanted to have a butterfly haven in your yard, what are some of the plants you would grow?
  26. Research in depth one or two of the following. Write a paper to share with your classmates.
          a.   Tiger Swallowtail                                     b.   Monarch
          c.   Common Sulphur                                    d.   Painted Lady
          e.   Giant Swallowtail                                    f.    Viceroy
          g.   Red Admiral                                           h.   other
    27.  Why do you think some butterflies may be on the endangered list? Discuss.


Things to Do and Think About
  1. Use a large magnifying glass to examine caterpillars when you find them. Do the same for any chrysalis you find.
  2. Go to a museum where collections of butterflies are kept to see different kinds, body and wing markings, etc.
  3. Enjoy looking at many pictures of butterflies in books, magazines, filmstrips, or wherever you find them. By studying their pictures you will be more apt to identify them when you see the real ones. You might also carefully observe the caterpillar pictures in order to match or associate them with the butterflies they will become.
  4. Sketch a butterfly to show its body parts. Label each part.
  5. Use butterflies as motifs to design wallpaper, a bedspread, a bathroom curtain, etc. Select the colors to blend with those of the butterflies.
  6. Selma, Alabama, has been declared the butterfly capital of the state. This was achieved by the efforts of a group of garden clubs, beautification and tourism councils, and Girl and Boy Scouts. It was a conservation effort. In 1985 the Alabama Senate designated April 16 as the annual "Save the Butterfly Day" in Alabama. What do you suppose you might do to have your state and/or city declared a butterfly haven?
  7. Make a set of flashcards using pictures of butterflies. Write the names of butterflies on the back of each card. Study the pictures, and then have a flashcard contest with a (friend or parent).
  8. Sketch and color a desk-size butterfly on cardboard. Cut it into ten or twelve pieces to make a puzzle. See if your (friends or family) can put the puzzle together.
  9. Make a short crossword puzzle with words you have learned during your study of butterflies.
  10. As a (family), choose a favorite butterfly and form a (group) to make a butterfly flag for your (home) or (somewhere).
  11. Select a late spring or early summer month and make a butterfly calendar for that month. Decorate the date squares with colorful butterflies. Make the calendar big enough to be seen easily from the back of the room.
  12. Compile all of your accumulated pictures, clippings, sketches, notes, writings,etc. into a (family) booklet. Add drawings, stories, lists, puzzles, and poems."

References
Bring, Ruth Butterflies Are Beautiful. Minneapolis: Lerner, 1984.
Brouillette, Jeanne S. Butterflies. Chicago: Follett, 1961.
Fischer, Heiderose and Andreas Nagel. Life of the Butterfly, Minneapolis: Carolrhoda Books, Inc., 1987.
Mitchell, Robert T. and Herbert Zim. A Golden Guide to Butterflies and Moths. New York: Golden Press, 1964.
National Wildlife Federation. National Wildlife. Vienna, VA. Aug./Sept. 1988: pp. 4-11.
Porter, Keith. Discovering Butterflies and Moths. New York: The Bookwrite Press, 1986.
Sammis, Kathy. Butterflies. New York: MacMillan Co., 1965.

Play Ball

Posted on August 29, 2014 at 11:42 PM Comments comments (35)
Grandma is writing when Nebraska will be playing their first football game for the year this weekend. However, she has decided that since much of the work she has given you has been so late at getting there she wants you to understand that much of it can be carried on into September and throughout the year. Whatever it takes to add to the learning. Various sports is one of the lessons Grandma begins with so this could be used as an introductory to that lesson. The history you will receive for the summer months can just be given as that and added to what you have and you can start out again with the beginning of time and move onto each time in history, placing a little bit of the Bible at a time on the line as you cover it.
Grandma has worked very hard to make connection today with the interference of the storms. She kept loosing her wireless router connection today as well as a problem with making InternetInternet connection again. The gal sent out some signals and the rain that had just came down as well as another push on the plug-in to the modem possibly did it finally; after my husband just had to spend $35 on new cords a guy the other day said it might be making part of the problem.
Therefore, Grandma is going to give the rest of the unit in Book (57) on the baseball games she gave some information to you last night from. It is as follows except for the Bibliography I will give you later:

"Take Me Out to the Ball Game!

Whole Group Introductory Activities

Showing a film such as Field of Dreams, The Rookie, Babe, or Rookie of the Year is an excellent way to introduce this unit.(A League of Their Own; which is a movie about women first playing softball or baseball is showing on This ,a movie channel in Omaha, NE, this weekend.) Viewing a televised game, attending a live game, or holding a (group) baseball game are other suitable introductory activities . Before beginning, establish rules for working at the centers and a routine for moving from center to center. (A center is an area of a home or school with each of subjects such as math, social studies, history, language and reading, writing, art, science, and health or physical education. Grandma has area in her home for each of these subjects some are named different things as a work area, Disney area, play House area, Play store, and even another additional area for Media as movies, comedy as jokes, riddles, comics etc. Some things still need some more organization and some things are done at the table still for art, writing, etc.It is getting better and better. Because of my knees I have actually failed to do my gardening totally outside because I cannot stand long at all now, which SSI is not allowing me to call it a disability and want me to go out to a job making phone calls. My husband knows I cannot even do that since I can hardly get about very fast he says. I know I could reach my grandson in danger fast enough a while back though. However, each area can be called simply what it is for either reading, language, social studies, history, writing, art, science, health or physical education even besides the physical games or dances you may preform. Someone stated they felt bowling and golf were not a physical activity. They are very wrong there. I have totally forgotten the teaching of music and that is really one of my favorite subjects to teach and use as a tool for learning. For by the way you can use many things as tools for learning as dolls, decorating rooms, posters, films or making videos, pretending things is even a tool, acting out things or role playing, puppets. Anything you can think to help get the concept through the same as blocks to build with or colored pencils or things drawn on paper; anything to help.) You may wish to set up all centers at the same time and have (the children) rotate through the complete cycle in their cooperative groups, or you may choose to have (the children) complete half the centers and then set up the other half. Another option is to have the (children) complete half the activities in cooperative (work with others) and then allow (the children) to select individually from the remaining activities. You might have students complete some of the activities as individual contracts. (Each unit of topic like baseball to a country to fairy tales might be handled different than even an ongoing subject as all the continents and countries to art and math or an interchange of a play store used as part of math but maybe math in another area or all the individual other areas or centers as well as by itself somewhere. History and the time line might even be handled with only a part of history in an area or an area of study rather than all of it together along with the Bible study on the line as well with many books included for them to read.)

Small Group Activities
Where It All Began

There are several conflicting theories about how baseball began. Some contend it was adapted from cricket.Others state that Abner Doubleday invented the game in Cooperstown, New York, in 1839. (Football grew out of the game we call Soccer, but in Mexico they call Soccer Futbol.) At this center, have students work in cooperative groups to brainstorm possible origins of baseball. Have them select their most original idea and write a myth or legend telling how baseball originated, and then perform a reader's theater version of their story for (others). (Now Grandma might set this up in what she calls the children's work area where they can dress-up to go to work at a desk where there is a pretend computer or real one to use and pretend they are doing it for work then come home to their house area when done and pretend they are working in a restaurant and fixing a meal or go to the store and buy food. Else she may set it up to be done at a play school desk to be done as an assignment in a separate writing area. If she thought of it as a history lesson or social study lesson she may assign it to be done close to those areas. If after a movie she might assign it to be done in another room of the house. This is how it works.)

The Playing Field
Baseball is played on an area divided into an infield of definite measurement and an outfield that varies from ballpark to ballpark. The infield is a square with 90' (27.4 m) sides. The corner farthest from the outfield fence is home plate, and the other bases run counterclockwise. The pitcher's mound is an 18' (5.5 m) circle inclining toward a small rectangular rubber slab in the center. It lies inside the square, 60' 6" (18 m) from home plate. The outfield ends at an outer fence, and its distance from home plate varies with the shape of the field. The fence is usually about 250' to 450' (76 to 137 m) from home plate.
Provide (the children) with the above information, and have them work ...to sketch a blueprint of their "ideal" ballpark (at the work desk as mine, an art table, little school desk, the health, physical education area, reading and language area, math area, history area, newspaper writing area, or the social study area if not where they watched a movie with you.) Have them create a scale model of the park. Encourage (the children) to consider dugouts, dressing rooms, concession booths, parking, washrooms, press box, handicapped accessibility, and anything else that is necessary to their plans. When (the children) have completed their models, have them "sell" their ideas to (you or others).

How Many Miles?
At this center, provide students with the formula for calculating area, perimeter, and circumference. Have them create ballpark problems involving running the bases, outlining the base path, and edging the pitcher's mound. Ask (the children) to include realistic problems in which the calculation of area, perimeter, and circumference is necessary. Have each ...write its problems so that (another person) at the center (if their could be a friend, relative, etc.) can solve them and add problems of their own. When all (children) have completed the practice area, perimeter, volume, circumference, and so on. I would use a separate math area or where the movie or maybe the work area for this unless it was near the history area.)

The Great Baseball Machine

Several machines have been invented to use in ballparks. These are machines that provide easy maintenance of the ballpark, line the field, sell tickets and record sales, provide music and other special effects in the stadium, and assist ball players with their practices. There are even machines that measure the speed of a pitch, computers that record statistics, and pitching machines. (Think of even the things they have in video games now.) At this center, have (the children) brainstorm possible technological advances which might occur in the future of baseball. Have (the children) select their best ideas and draw sketches or create models of them to "sell" to (others).

Let's Hear It for the Team!
At this center provide lists of baseball teams currently in the American and National Leagues. ... Also provide (the children) with a list of Baseball Hall of Famers (which Grandma already provided you with.) Have the (children) reach a consensus on a perfect ball team. Invite (the children) to create their own "dream teams" by selecting members  from any present or past baseball team for each of the nine positions, designated hitter, and coach. Have (the children) share their line-ups with (others as yourself or the person they are learning with), indicating the player in each position. Ask (the children) to justify their choices by using player statistics. Have them name their new teams and create uniforms for the newest additions to the league!

Shoeless Joe
W.P Kinsella is a modern North American writer who has won great acclaim for his tales of baseball in the Midwest. Perhaps the best known of these is Shoeless Joe, from which the movie "Field of Dreams" was adapted. At the center, provide book excerpts and a selection of novels about baseball. Have the (children) read selections and attempt to write their own baseball stories in which local characters are brought to life. (From what I have told you, I will let you decide where the best place for this would be-maybe use it as a homework assignment-to give them plenty of time for it.)

ERAs and RBIs
At this center, provide baseball cards and other sources that identify player statistics. Have the (children) examine the statistics of ten players and create charts or graphs comparing the players. In their presentation to (you or others), have (the children) share why they selected their ten players. Have the (children) create mathematical problems involving average (mean), median, and mode statistics using the information from player cards. Have (the children) submit these problems for later use in mathematics. ... .(This is a third thing that could be used in a math center by itself. They could be given one a day.)

Casey at Bat
At this center, provide students with a copy of "Casey at Bat" and any other appropriate baseball poetry.  Have the (children) use the ideas to create sequels telling what happened to Casey, write their own original baseball ballads, or write prose playscript selections of Casey's batting incident for presentation as plays.

Take Me Out to the Ball Game
At this center, provide a recording of "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" or any other baseball songs. Have the (children) create baseball rally songs for their favorite teams and teach them to the (you and others)!
(Now Grandma would do this in her Music area which is also in the living room with much of the reading and Social Studies.)

Baseball Trivia
At this center, provide baseball cards, trivia books (see bibliography), and Trivial Pursuit™ or another trivia game. Have (the children) work cooperatively to create their own baseball trivia cards. Have each (child) at the center read the cards that are already there and add their own original cards to the cooperative ...game. They can use friends or family members to help them with this lesson.

Baseball Bibliography
Have (the children) examine the bibliography provided at the end of this unit. Have them use baseball books, card catalogs, electronic encyclopedias,and other sources to create their own annotated bibliographies with at least twelve books, pamphlets, audio-visual resources, journals, and resource people.Show (the children) a sample style for an annotated bibliography.
(I Grandmother does not or cannot provide you with this Bibliography as she will try wait 'till she can for this or obtain what you can from the library.)

Baseball Hall of Fame Greats
At this center, provide pictures of famous ball players. Have (the children) use pen and ink, charcoal, or paint to create their own portraits of present or future Hall of Fame players. (Guess what center Grandma would use here.)

Cricket/Baseball Controversy
For decades, the controversy has raged over which is the better sport--baseball or cricket. Have the students examine material explaining how each game is played and prepare charts showing similarities and differences between the two sports. Have them consider such things as: rules, cost, equipment, playing fields, officials, number of players, and skills required. Have them prepare a statement defending one of the games as the greater sport and providing supporting reasons for their choice. (A good assignment for your newspapers.)(If you had not finished out your yearbook, it would be a good time to now also.)

I'm Conducting a Survey
At this center, have (the children) prepare questions examining preferences for games watched and games played. Encourage them to include both males and females of different age groups, levels of education, occupations, and socioeconomic levels as they conduct their surveys. Invite (the children) to include as many sports as they wish, but have everyone include baseball as one of the choices. Have (the children) conduct their survey with relatives, neighbors, school friends, and so on. Then have them compile their data individually and (together with others) and analyze the results. Have them prepare charts and graphs to share their data with (you and others).(Maybe this would be best as homework but as part of a math center and the newspaper area.)

Baseball Food(Remember fruits and vegetables are part of June's monthly project and that of food is important in lessons for September.)
For years, hot dogs, soda, and pretzels have been considered ballpark food. Have (the children) brainstorm other foods they could sell at their new ballparks. Have them select and prepare marketing campaigns to "sell" their new ballpark food to (you and others).

The Quiet Hero
Provide biographical information of famous ball players, past and present. Have each (child) select a player and use the "Bio-Poem" format (Grandma is providing below) to create a bio-poem for that player. Have (the children) create pencil sketches of these players to illustrate their poems. Display completed editions of the poems and sketches, then mount them in a book for the (family, friends, and others). (This part even though it has parts of art which could be part of the newspaper or yearbook areas, but Grandma still would probably make it part of the language area. However, language could be part of the newspaper or yearbook area vice versus.)
Bio-Poem Pattern
Line one: Poem title (Person)
Line two: Three adjectives to describe the person.
Line three: A significant accomplishment.
Line four: A detail of early family life.
Line five: An early career/school accomplishment.
Line six: Something for which you will remember this person. The reason you picked (them).
Line seven: A word, phrase, or saying synonymous with this person's name.
                   (Example: The "Say Hey" kid.)

The Great American Pastime
It has been said that baseball is woven into the fiber of American life--that within the game, all the lessons of life can be learned. Have (the children) work (you or friends) to brainstorm the lessons about life that can be learned on the ball field.

Indoor Baseball
Have (the children) consider how baseball could be played in a living room or recreation room (or as a board game or video game) with young children. Have them rewrite the rules and redesign the equipment to adapt the game to the change in setting and age group. Have them demonstrate the new game with a group of primary children in a gym, library, or classroom.

Great Moments in Baseball
Provide biographical materials about Baseball Hall of Famers. Have (the children) select members of the Baseball Hall of Fame listed and what might be added since the time of Book (57) in the 1990's. Have each (child) prepare a one-page biographical sketch of a player's great moment in the sport. The data should include: stats, position played, teams played for, family life, date of birth and death, and any other interesting facts. Have (each child) check their chosen players off the list so that the next (child) does not select the same player. Completed pages may be bound, illustrated, and placed in the (house or a special place).

What Makes a Great Coach?
Have (the children) brainstorm the characteristics of a good coach. When the (children) have made a long list, have each (child) create an extended simile. Provide the following examples: a good coach is like a parent; a good coach is like a guardian angel; a good coach is like a good sandwich. When each (child) has written a simile, have them complete their comparisons using data from their list of characteristics.(Another good project for the newspaper, yearbook, or language center or area. By the way folks the newspaper and yearbook could be a part of the language area or center. Else the language a part of the newspaper and yearbook area or center. Art could be a part of it all also.)

Baseball in a Box
Have (the children) use the rules of baseball to create a baseball board game for 8 to 10 year olds. Have them write the rules and package the game attractively.

Cartoon Capers
Have (the children) examine comic strip sequences of the Charlie Brown baseball series. Have them create their own cartoon characters with baseball as the topic for four-frame comic strips.(use your own judgement here of where to do it)

The San Diego Chicken
Many major  league teams have a mascot. The Toronto Blue Jays have the blue jay, the St. Louis Cardinals have a cardinal, the Detroit Tigers have the tiger, and the San Diego Padres have the famous chicken. Have the students create team mascots for their local or created baseball teams. Then encourage them to design costumes and routines for these mascots. (This gave Grandma a great addition to this unit of using puppets to play out games or act them out themselves.)

Field of Dreams
Artists like Ken Danby have captured the magic of a sport in their art. Invite (the children) to work cooperatively (with you or group of friends, etc.) on a mural that captures the magic of baseball. Before beginning, have (the children) discuss how to represent their ideas in a mural. It would be helpful to provide pictures relating to baseball at this center. This mural can be on paper, a poster, or a wall if wish.

Whole Group Concluding Activities
The main purpose of the concluding activities is to share the products of the various centers and to celebrate the learning that has taken place. Any or all of the following activities would constitute a fitting finale for this unit.
  • Share products of the centers through displays, presentations, newspaper coverage, an open house, an assembly, and so on.
  • Go to a live ball game.
  • Have "Baseball Day" in which each (child) wears team apparel, has baseball food for lunch, sings baseball songs, and plays a school baseball game or tournament.
  • View a film, such as The Rookie, Field of Dreams, Babe, or Rookie of the Year.


Non-Fiction Bibliography
Angel, R. Once More Around the Park, 1991.
Allen, E. Baseball: Play and Strategy, (3rd ed.), 1983.
Appeal, M. and Goldblatt, B. Baseball's Best: The Hall of Fame Gallery, (rev. ed.), 1989.
______, Baseball Encyclopedia, (6th ed.), 1985.
Child, M. How to Play Baseball, 1951.
Einstein, C. The Pitcher's Story, 1967.
Honig, D. When the Grass Was Real, 1975.
James, B. Historical Baseball Abstract, (rev.ed.), 1988.
___, The Baseball Book, 1990.
Kahn, R. Good Enough to Dream, 1985.
Laird, A. W. Ranking Baseball's Elite: An Analysis Derived from Player Statistics 1893-1987,1990.
Levine, P. Spalding and the Rise of Baseball: The Promise of the American Sport, 1985.
Mantle, M. The Quality of Courage, 1964.
Mays, W. My Secrets of Playing Baseball, 1967.
Petersen, R. Only the Ball Was White, 1985.
Reichler, J. The Baseball Encyclopedia. (6th ed.), 1985.
Ritter, L. The Glory of Their Times, 1984.
Robertson, J. OK! OK! Blue Jays, 1983.
Seymour, H. Baseball: The Early Years, 1960.
____, Baseball: The Golden Age, 1971.
____, Baseball: The People's Games, 1991.
Smith, R. World Series: The Game and the Players, 1967.


Fiction Bibliography
Archibald, J. Bonus Kid, 1959.
____, Shortstop on Wheels, 1962.
Brossman, J. Pennant Race, 1962.
Gelner, S. Baseball Bonus Kid, 1961.
Jackson, C. Hillbilly Pitcher, 1956.
Kinsella, W. P. Shoeless Joe, 1982.
____, Box Socials, 1989.
____, The Iowa Baseball Confederacy, 1979.
____, The Dixon Cornbelt League, 1992.
Porter, M. Winning Pitcher, 1960.
Russell, P. Going, Going, Gone, 1967.
Scholefield, E. Tiger Rookie, 1966.
Scholtz, J. Base Burglar, 1955.
____, Center Fielder Jinx. 1961.
Tunis, J. Highpockets, 1948.
____, Keystone Kids, 1945.
____, Rookie of the Year, 1944.
____, The Kid from Tompkinsville, 1940.
____, World Series, 1941.
____, Wells, B. Five Yard Fuller of the New York Giants, 1967.
Wallop, D. The Year of the Yankees' Pennant, 1964.
Zanger, J. Baseball Spark Plug, 1963.

Part of June's Learning for the Summer

Posted on July 27, 2014 at 11:46 PM Comments comments (30)
Hopefully, I have no interruptions because Grandma wants to give you the rest of June's learning for the summer lessons. I found out yesterday that we can leave sooner than we were planning to go see my husband's father before he passes on. He is in his ninety's and was still carrying leaves from the plants and stuff to his small herd of cattle and a few horses he had grown to and called from the field everyday. He was strong enough to walk two miles each day if not more. A very interesting person to know. He is in the villages of Mexico that my husband grew up in and was given his grandfathers ox, plow, and land at the age of seven to feed his ten brothers and sisters with. He did it for ten years. We are going there by bus because it the least expensive and safest travel around. 
However, it only leaves 3 to 4 days to type up the material Grandma wants to give you. I may be able to get a laptop to help or get my tablet working to my advantage, we will see. I will be back to start the school year again. Please take care and I wish the best for your learning.

Grandma stopped at June 7th in the Calendar History so we will pick up there for learning. I will try to get to the end of June today, July tomorrow, and August before I leave.
The birthdays for June 7 are as follows:

June 7, 1848 Paul Gauguin, French painter was born

June 7, 1917 Gwendolyn Brooks, American poet was born

The events for June 7th are as follows:

June 7, 1776 Richard Henry Lee of Virginia proposed to the Continental 
Congress a Resolution Calling for Independence of the American 
Colonies from Britain.

June 7, 1862 The United States and Britain signed A Treaty for the 
Suppression of the Slave Trade.

June 7, 1864 Abraham Lincoln was renominated for the presidency in Baltimore.

June 7, 1892 George T. Sampson invented the Clothes Dryer.

Book (1) says in "Futuristic clothes dryers-Before the clothes dryer was invented, people hung their clothes outside to dry in the air. Ask your (children) to list the benefits of this method--for example, it uses renewable solar energy and costs nothing. How do students think people of the future will dry their clothes? Have them work in groups to design a clothes dryer for the year 2020.

June 7, 1892 J.J. Doyle of the Cleveland Spiders became 
Baseball's First Pinch Hitter.

Book (1) says in "Pinch hitting for others-Discuss the term pinch hitter with your (children). Then challenge them to think of ways the term can be applied to situations outside of baseball. For example, does a substitute teacher "pinch-hit" for a classroom teacher who's ill? Ask your students to recall times when they've pinch-hit for a family member or friend. Have them write about these experiences."

June 7, 1893 George Harbo and Frank Samuelson started a Rowboat 
Trip from New York City to England, arriving on Aug.3.

June 7, 1948 Dwight Eisenhower became president of Columbia University.

June 7, 1984 A Tornado leveled the town of Barneveld, Wis.

June 7 is also Japan's day for the Rice Festival.

Book(1) says in "Rice recipes-Tell your (children) that about two-thirds of the world's population relies on rice as a staple food. A grain of rice has an outer hull, or shell, which is not eaten. Inside the hull is the kernel, which is covered by thin layers of skin called bran coats. Most of the vitamins and minerals in rice are found in the bran coats. To have your own ... rice festival, (use) some cooked brown, wild, and white rice for your (children) to taste. Which kind do they like best? Why? Invite the children to ...(think of their own favorite rice recipes to share with one another and make a booklet of them.)"


The next day is June 8th. There is only one birthday for June 8th are as follows:

June 8, 1867 Frank LLoyd Wright, American archittect

Book (1) says in Bold architecture-Frank LLoyd Wright, considered one of the world's greatest architects, designed homes and commercial buildings for more than 70 years. Among his most daring designs was "Fallingwater," a house in Pennsylvania that projects out over a waterfall. Show your students pictures of "Fallingwater" and other houses designed by Wright. Discuss how his buildings blend into the surrounding environment. Then ask the kids to describe and illustrate their dream houses, focusing in particular on the relationship of the house to surrounding natural features." ( Use Frank's Link to see his work and find out more about him. It is utterly amazing.)
(I could not get an image-I really tried)

The Events for June 8th are as follows:

June 8, 1504 Michelangelo's statue David was installed in 
front of the Palazzo della Signoria in Florence.

June 8, 1783 Laki, a volcano in southern Iceland, began erupting. 
The Eruption lasted 8 Months.

(This is a good time to review some of our common disasters that happen and what they look like.)
Book(1) says in "Climatic catastrophe-The Laki volcanic eruption of 1783 created the largest lava flow--about 220 square miles--in recorded history. (That is about half the size of Nebraska) In addition, it spedwed enormous volumes of ash and sulfurous gas into the atmosphere, producing a bluish haze that shrouded Iceland and most of northern Europe for months. Livestock deaths led to a famine that killed 10,000 Icelanders, and climatic changes were worldwide. Several years of poor harvests followed, which may or may not have resulted from the eruption. Some environmentalists believe the Laki eruption should serve as a warning to industrialized societies about the dangers of global climate change. Ask your (children) to list documented or suspected man-made changes to the world's environment (for example, ozone depletion, global warming), their causes (use of certain chemical refrigerants and aerosols; increased carbon dioxide resulting from the burning of fossil fuels), and possible remedies."

June 8, 1786 Ice Cream was first sold in the United States, in New York City.

June 8, 1789 The Bill of Rights was first proposed by James Madison.

June 8, 1835 The Largest Flower on record, a calla lily, 
bloomed at the New York Botanical Gardens. It was
 8 1/2 feet tall, 4 feet in diameter, and 12 feet in circumference.

June 8, 1869 Ives W. McGaffey received a patent for the Vacuum Cleaner.

June 8, 1939 George VI became the First British Monarch to Visit the United States.

June 8, 1963 The American Heart Association began its 
Campaign Against Cigarette Smoking.

Book (1) says in "Hazards of smoking-In recognition of the American Heart Association's fight against smoking, have your (children) make a ...list of health hazards associate with cigarettes. Post the list ...(for others)...to see.

June 8, 1982 Ronald Reagan became the First U.S. President to 
Address the British Parliament.


The next day is June 9 as follows:

June 9, 1812 Johann Galle, German astronomer, who first sighted the 
planet Neptune was born.

June 9, 1893 Cole Porter, American composer, was born.

June 9, 1961 Michael J. Fox, Canadian actor, was born.

The Events for the day are as follows:

June 9, 1790 The Philadelphia Spelling Book-became 
the First Book Registered for a U.S. Copyright.

June 9, 1877 Samuel Clemens explained the meaning of his pen name, 
Mark Twain.

June 9, 1893 Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performed the 
First Successful Open-Heart Surgery.

June 9, 1934 The Disney cartoon character Donald Duck debuted in 
The Wise Hen.

Book (1) gives this activity in "This duck's not daffy-Donald Duck was created as a foil for Mickey Mouse and made his screen debut in Walt Disney's The Wise Hen  6 years after Disney had introduced the world-famous rodent. Ask your students to imagine they're newspaper reporters interviewing Donald Duck. Then provide them with a list of interview questions, such as: How did you get parents? What happened to them? Will you and Daisy ever get married? Why do you both have the same last name? What do you do for a living? Does Daisy work? What do you think about Daffy Duck? Have the students create answers to these questions, then incorporate them into a newspaper article.

June 9, 1943 Congress authorized employers to Withhold Income 
Tax Payments from their workers' paychecks.

June 9, 1973 With a win at the Belmont Stakes, Secretariat became 
Horse Racing's First Triple Crown Winner In 25 Years.

June 9, 1983 Cabbage Patch Kids dolls made their debut.

Book (1) explains in "Dream toys-Three million Cabbage Patch Kids dolls were sold in the first year after their introduction, making them the most successful new dolls in the history of the toy industry. If possible, have a volunteer bring on of these dolls to class, and ask your (children) to speculate on why they were so popular.Then invite the children to design their own dream toys. Have each (child) write a description of the toy, the materials it would be made of, how it would operate, what kind of package it would come in, how much it would cost, and so on. Next, have the children draw and color pictures of their toys, design logos, and create names. As an extra challenge, have them create promotional slogans, jingles, or print ads."



June 10th is our next day starting with the birthdays as follows:

June 10, 1921 Prince Philip, duke of Edinburgh and husband of Queen Elizabeth II

June 10, 1928 Maurice Sendak, children's author and illustrator

The Events for the day are as Follows:

June 10, 1610 The First Dutch Settlers in America arrived on Manhattan Island.

June 10, 1682 The First Recorded Tornado struck New Haven, Conn.

June 10, 1776 The Continental Congress appointed a Drafting 
Committee for the Declaration of Independence.

Book (1) says in "Group dynamics-Tell your (children) that the drafting committee for the Declaration of Independence had several members, including Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and John Adams. However, Thomas Jefferson did the lion's share of the work. Ask your (children) to speculate why. Then have them discuss what they're like in a group. Do they let others do most of the work, or do they like to take charge? Finally, have your (children) take turns reading aloud passages from the Declaration of Independence."

June 10, 1935 Alcoholics Anonymous was founded by 
Dr. Robert Smith and William S. Wilson.

June 10, 1938 A Giant Panda named Pandora arrived at the Bronx Zoo.

Book (1) says in "Panda predicament-Giant pandas, which are native to China and Tibet, may reach 6 feet in length and weigh 220 pounds. They feed mainly on species of bamboo plants, two of which have unusual life cycles. Every 100 years, these plants produce seeds, then die. It takes several years for new plants to grow from the seeds. In the meantime, the giant pandas are without a major food source. This situation last occurred in the 1970s. And by the 1980s, about one-fourth of the giant panda population had starved to death. Have your (children) research the current status of the world panda population. How many pandas live in zoos?"

Book (57) has activities and learning to do about Pandas starting on page 173 in "Pandas at Play-Giant pandas, "hermits of the forest," once roamed over vast areas. As bamboo was cleared for farming, their range was restricted. Today they are confined to 12 reserves set aside for them by the Chinese government. These unique animals are considered a national treasure.
Read to discover: What is unique about the giant panda? Brainstorm to list everything the (children) knows about the animals. Read to separate fact from fiction and revise the list. Organize your findings and do one of the following activities.


  1. Write a short summary to tell what you think is important to know about the giant panda. Include facts, opinions, and personal reactions.
  2. Although pandas have distinct markings, the pandas can seem to disappear if they sense approaching danger. Explain how, despite their black and white fur, they can easily hide . Make a diorama to show how a giant panda's coloring serves as camouflage from enemies.
  3. A panda uses all of its senses to protect itself. Write a sense poem from the panda's point of view. I see...I hear...I smell...I taste...I feel.
  4. Where did the giant panda once live in China? Where would it be found today? Pinpoint your findings on a map.
  5. How do the following physical features:                                                                                    a. help the panda to feed on bamboo?(front paws, jaws, and teeth)                                            b. adapt to the cold climate? (fur
  6. Choose a member of the bear family to compare to the giant panda. Find out about its size, feeding habits, climbing and hunting abilities, claws, teeth, and jaws. On a Venn diagram, show how the two animals are alike and different.

The Panda Club--What dangers do the young pandas face? What are some skills a baby panda has to learn? What predators endanger the life of the young? Make a chart indicating the size and development of the young panda from birth to one year.


Bamboo--Describe the bamboo plant and the part it plays in the diet of the panda. What are the advantages and disadvantages of a diet of bamboo? Because all varieties of bamboo periodically flower and die, the giant panda, at times, is left without an adequate food supply. What is the Chinese government doing to help the panda during these times? Another problem arises when people clear the bamboo forests to farm. How will this eventually affect the panda population? What can be done to solve the problem? After thinking about the questions above, write a report about the bamboo plant and the giant panda's dependence on it. Include information, observations, and possible solutions to the problems that arise as the bamboo forests disappear.

Create and Share


  1. If a panda kept a diary of everyday occurrences, what would he or she have to say about them?
  2. How do you feel about the future of the panda? What would you do if you were a scientist studying the problem? As a zookeeper, how would you educate the public?
  3. It is a fact that pandas drink large quantities of water. Two legends have been written to explain this phenomenon. In one, the panda sees his reflection in the water. Thinking it's another panda, he drinks quickly to keep the other panda from getting its share. In the other, he is bothered by the constant running of water as melting snow feeds streams. He tries to stop the flow by drinking it.                                                                                                                             a. Use an idea from above and write the legend in your own words.                                             b. Make up your own story to explain why the panda is so thirsty."

This section on pandas is from a unit in Book (57) called Penguins, Pandas, and Zebras by Pat O'Brien. 

"Purpose:
The purpose of this unit is to study three animals--penguins, pandas, and zebras. While totally different, their common bond is their black and white coloring. To learn about their physical features, habitats, feeding habits, and care of their young, collect data from books, magazines, field trips, TV nature programs and films (listen and read). Recycle this information by organizing reports, creating displays, and sharing activities (write and speak).( I cannot get any images to save on machine for some reason right now. If you ask for a free pictures site of animals there is lots of pictures. Something is holding me back from getting them right now.)
Procedure: Sometimes reading materials will present ideas you hadn't thought of before or will make you think about something in a different way. Often it reaffirms what you already know. In order to get the most out of your reading, determine what you want to find out before you begin. List questions you want answered. They may e general (Where does it live? How big is it? What does it eat?) or more specific (Where would you expect to find an emperor penguin? Why is it necessary for the panda to eat large amounts of bamboo? What predator is most feared by the zebra?). After the materials have been read and the answers to questions located, compare the ideas and and organize the facts. Decide how you want to present your information... .

Penguins on Parade--Not all penguins think ice is nice. Eighteen species may be found from Antarctica to the equator. They swim and feed in the ocean and come to land to lay eggs and to milt.

Read to Discover: Brainstorm to find out what the class knows about penguins. After reading, separate fact from fiction. Select three or four species of penguins to study. Organize your ideas by completing the following chart.

Type of penguin




Habitat




Size




Food




Nest/eggs



  















  

  1. Use the information on the chart to write a report about one or more species of penguins.
  2. On a map, locate the areas where penguins live. Indicate which species you would find in each area.
  3. Compare the penguin with birds who are able to fly. Think how a penguin's wings, feather, bones, and body shape make it well adapted to swimming.
  4. Compile a riddle book without giving away the answers too easily. Hints about physical features, location in the southern hemisphere or peculiar nesting habits would be appropriate.
  5. Give a thumbnail sketch of one species of penguins. Tell where it lives, what it eats, and who its predators are. Draw a picture of the penguin. This may be put in a class book, displayed on the bulletin board, or used as a flashcard to review facts about the bird.
  6. Make a chart showing the average height of the various species. How do they measure up to members of the class?
  7. Classify the different species of penguin: largest to smallest; crested to not crested.
  8. Compare king and emperor (largest), or emperor and adele (both live in Antarctica).
  9. Assemble a glossary of terms. Begin with the following brooding, creche, down, krill, molt, rookery, and tobogganing. What other words could you add that are important to understand when studying penguins? Include them in your glossary.

Predators--Find answers to the following questions. Use the information to prepare a report about the penguin and its predators. What birds and animals do penguins fear the most on land and in the ocean? How does the penguin's coloring protect it from predators while it is in the water? What is the place of predators in the balance of nature?
Flightless Birds--Besides the penguin there are other flightless birds (ostrich, emu, cassowary, kiwi, and rhea). Select one to study. What is its outstanding feature? How does it adapt to its environment? How does it compare to the penguin? Write a series of cinquains to describe these birds.
The Penguin Chick--How do parents care for these young birds? What dangers do they face? How is their appearance different from adult penguins?On a time line, show the growth and development of the penguin chick from the time it hatches until it is ready to go to the sea.
Create and Share

  1. To become more familiar with the names of the various penguin groups, plan a word search you can share with your friends.
  2. Assemble a flip ook to capture a penguin walking on land or swimming in the sea.
  3. Based on what you know about penguins, write a few journal entries from the point of view of the bird, predator, or scientist.

Zebras with Zip
--While a zebra resembles a horse in many ways, it is not a horse with stripes. The domestic horse and the zebra have many things in common, but there are differences as well. In the wild, the zebra is found on the continent of Africa. There are three main species (plains, mountain, and Grevy's) with several regional types within each group.
Read to Discover: Before reading a section, determine what you already know about the three species of zebras. Organize your ideas by completing the following chart.



          
            Plains                 
          Mountain
           Grevy's
       Physical                      Features




        Habitat




   Stripe Pattern


  


  1. As you read, add to the recorded information and correct errors. Use the information on the chart to write about one species of zebra or to compare two or three types. Include an opening statement, specific information, and a personal observation.
  2. Compile a book of stripe patterns to show how the zebra differs from one type to the next. The pattern differences are best seen when viewing the animal from behind.
  3. How do the following help to protect the zebra from predators: eyes, ears, nos, feet, and legs? Using a series of verb phrases, describe how each protective feature enables the zebra to escape danger. (Eyes peer across the grassy plains searching the lengthening shadows....)
  4. How do the zebra's height, ears, mane, and hooves compare with those of a horse? Make a chart to show the differences between the domesticated horse and the zebra.
  5. The same terminaology is used to describe the horse and zebra. Define the following words: stallion, mare, colt, filly, and yearling. Use these definitions tobegin a dictionary of horse/zebra terms.

Other Zebras--Choose one or more of the following to learn about: zebra butterfly, zebra finch, zebra fish, zebrawood, or zebra plant. From your findings, compile a class book of zebras.


Create and Share



  1.  For a puzzling experiance, write a story abou a zebra using words with as many z's as possible.
  2. Write a story to explain why the zebra has stripes.
  3. Create imaginary animals by combining outstanding features of two or more animals. What would a zebra-giraffe look like? How about a leopard-zebra? Briefly describe it, tell where it lives, what it eats, and who its predators are. Give your combination animal a name. Use papier-mache to construct models of these unusual animals.

Additional Activities--

Reports

  1. Use a rubber stamp of the main character (panda, penguin, or zebra) instead of writing its name when writing a report or story. Other pictures may be added to the rebus writing.
  2. Use factual information combined with imagination to create a story about the animal of your choice.
  3. If animals could speak, what would they say? Decide on questions you would like to ask pandas, penguins, and/or zebras. How do you suppose they would respond? Write their answers for them and publish the interview.
  4. Prepare a mural. Plan what you want to include, draw appropriate pictures, and record the information you wish to share. Write a study guide that can be used to extend the understanding and appreciation of the bird or animal you chose.

Say it with Art

  1. Think of a catchy phrase to help save the animals. Use your idea to decorate a bumper sticker.
  2. Assemble calendars featuring pandas, zebras, and penguins. ... .
  3. Make a scene inside a shoe box. Cut a hole at one end to allow viewing the scene. Remove the lid and cover with tissue paper or cut a slit in the lid to admit light.
  4. Make a theme mobile. Select (at least) one of the three animals. Use pictures, drawings, interesting information, and imaginative writing.
  5. On a piece of butcher paper, design a banner. Include a drawing or photo of the animal and prose or poetry to convey the message you wish to deliver. Attach the completed work to a coat hanger to display

Travels to Another ContinentIf you could visit one of the animals in its natural habitat, where would you go? What would you want to observe?

  1. If you have a zoo nearby, take pictures of the animals in a natural setting. In the case of the zebra and penguin, include photos of other animals that would be found in the same habitat. Make a poster to display the animal groups.
  2. Pretend you are asked to prepare a recording to use at the zoo. What could you say in 45 seconds that would be informative and interesting? You would want to alert the visitor to look for certain markings and behaviors.
  3. Write a job description for each of the following members of a zoo staff; director, curator, veterinarian, keeper, other specialists.
  4. Suppose you were a member of a staff that was considering displaying penguins in your zoo. What concerns would be discussed? From what you have learned about penguins, how would you go about preparing a living space for these birds? What should be included in their diets? What substitutions might you have to make? Dramatize a meeting between the members of the staff as they consider the plan. (In place of penguins, consider the arrival of a small herd of zebra or the loan of a pair of pandas.)
  5. Write a letter to your local zoo congratulating its efforts to provide natural environments or persuading them to update their exhibits.
  6. What complaints might the birds/animals have? Write a letter on their behalf describing the problem and presenting a possible solution.

Photo Opportunities--Collect pictures of pandas, penguins, and zebras. Use them to complete the following activities.

  1. Arrange the pictures in the order needed to tell a story. Write an account of what is happening in the sequence of photos.
  2. Describe what is happening in the picture. Write a caption or factual explanation. Slip into a photo album to display.
  3. Instead of captions use speech balloons. Have the animals do the talking.
  4. Use photographs as an inspiration for poetry. Experiment with different types to find a form that best expresses your thoughts and feelings.

Something to Think.Talk About

  1. Use the following open-ended questions to formulate topics for impromptu speeches, reports, or interviews.                                                                                                                              a. How do you feel about _______________________?                                                              b. From what you know of___________________, what do you think_________________?          c. If_________________, what would happen?                                                                          d. Instead of__________________, how would you_______________________?  
  2. Today there are animals in the world who are having trouble surviving. Through your reading about the panda, zebra, or penguin, can you pinpoint the problems they are facing and begin to think about solutions? What can we do to better the situation? Make a list of problems faced by the animals. Brainstorm to arrive at ... solutions June 10, 1943 A Hungarian journalist named H. Biro patented The Ballpoint Pen.



Books


  1. Compile a book of the "Most Wanted" penguins or zebras. Include their scientific names, descriptions, (including any special features or habits), and their pictures.
  2. Put together a book of lists. List ten things:                                                                              a. to remember about a panda, penguin, or zebra.                                                                    b. to see in a bamboo forest.                                                                                                  c. to look for in the Arctic Ocean.                                                                                          d. to avoid during a safari.                                                                                                      e. to notice at the zoo.                                                                                                          f. to do with a toy panda.

Art IdeasThe following art activities may be completed using only black and white materials or by introducing another color to complement the design.

  1. Apply white crayon heavily to a sheet of black sandpaper. Transfer the design or picture to a piece of black construction paper using a warm iron.
  2. Make wrapping paper using rubber stamps and black ink on white paper.
  3. Experiment making designs with black ink, paint, crayon, marker, etc. on different sizes of white paper. Use the art as book covers, place mats, or wrapping paper.
  4. Make your own note paper using simplified designs of the panda, penguin, or zebra.
  5. A silhouette is an outline of an object, filled in with black. Make a silhouette of one of the animals studied in the unit.
  6. make refrigerator magnets using homemade craft clay. Roll out the clay, cut around a pattern, paint when dry, and fasten magnetic tape to the back.
  7. Construct a loom using a foam tray with the center removed. Use a variety of simple weaving techniques to create a design with yarn.
  8. 8. Weave with paper to come up with some unusual patterns. Cut the strips straight, wavy, zigzagged, or combine the three.
  9. Make a mosaic using rice to create a representational picture of abstract design. Dye some of the rice black.
  10. Use want ads as a background for a crayon or painted picture."


June 10, 1944 Cincinnati's Joe Nuxhall became Major League 
Baseball's Youngest Player Ever, at 15 years, 10 months, 11 days.

Book (1) says in "Youthful hurler-During World War II, major league baseball teams scrambled to replace their regular players, many of whom were overseas, with any available talent. So it was that Cincinnati pitcher Joe Nuxhall broke into the league before his 16th birthday. To mark this event, have your (children) write a fantasy story about their debut--at their current age--in a favorite professional sport or other career."

June 10, 1963 The Equal Pay Act, prohibiting wage discrimination 
because of sex, was enacted.


June 11 breaks into the month with a Hawaiian celebration and introduces things about the Ocean/
It has 6 birthdays as follows:

June 11, 1758 Kamehameha I, Polynesian king who unified the Hawaiian Islands was born.

Therefore it is considered King Kamehameha Day in (Hawaii).
Book (1) tells about the "Hawaiian celebration-Tell your (children) that King Kamehameha I united Hawaii's small quareling island kingdoms into one strong and peaceful nation. To honor him, Hawaiians hold parades and luaus. Hold a Hawaiian-style celebration in your own (home). Ask your students to wear colorful shirts or muumuu-like dresses. Make leis out of tissue paper or cutout flowers. Then, with a tablecloth spread on the floor, feast papayas), plus macadamia nuts and punch."

Book (57) has a section called ""Aloha" Party--by Tania K Cowling
 "Aloha" means love. The Hawaiian people use this word to say "hello" and "good-bye." Here are a few party ideas to turn your (home) into a festive Hawaiian luau.

Create Your Island
Decorate the (house) with real or construction-paper palm leaves, flowers, sea shells, pineapples, balloons, and tropical fish.

Hanging Fish
Cut fish of different shapes out of posterboard. Paint both sides of the fish with bright colors and patterns. Punch a hole at the top and thread with ribbon or yarn. Hang fish around the room from the ceiling and doorways.

Hawaiian Leis
(I believe you can find some ways to make the flowers on you tube, just look under tissue paper flowers for leis.)Make a flower lei for each (person)... to wear at the party. Leis represent "aloha spirit," which expresses love and friendship. Cut a simple flower shape from different colors construction paper. Punch a hole in the center of each flower. String the flowers onto yarn necklaces, using cut-up  straws as spacers. Colorful tissue paper or crepe paper can also be used for flowers.

Prepare the Food

Fruity Salad
2 melons, cut into chunks (cantaloupe and honeydew)
2 large cans chunk pineapple with juice
2 jars red maraschino cherries with syrup
Green seedless grapes
Sliced bananas
Mix all the fruit together and chill. Serve the fruit in paper cups. Include a colorful cocktail toothpick to spear the fruit.

Jaws of Jell-O® into the "jaw" shells and chill till firm. Sprinkle with shredded coconut and serve.

Plantation Punch
Mix pineapple juice with ginger ale. Freeze the orange sections saved from the orange "jaws" in water for fancy ice cubes. Add these cubes to chill the punch.

Snack Bowl
Pour goldfish crackers and gummy fish into a clear fish bowl. Use this as a colorful enterpiece for your luau table and scoop out a snack for each student.

Play Some Games

Dance
Play Hawaiian music. Make hula skirts using brown butcher paper, measure a piece to fit around each child like a skirt. Cut fringe from the bottom up to mid-hip. Tape or staple the skirt to fit around the waist. Invite students to be hula dancers and tell stories of nature using hand movements and swaying hips.
Grab a bamboo stick or even an old broom handle and do the "Limbo." Have students attempt to go under the limbo stick as it is moved closer to the floor.

Relay of the Sea
Divide the class into teams and designate a finish line. Have each student in line move across the room using "sea animal" movements. For example, the first child in line goes across like a jaw-opening shark, the second child is a wobbling jellyfish, third in line crawls sideways like a crab, and so forth. Make up enough movements for each student on the relay team. The first team to complete all the movements wins the relay.

Pin the Palm Tree on Hawaii
Tape a world map on the wall. Make small construction-paper palm trees and attach a piece of tape on the back. Blindfold students and head them in the direction of the map. Whoever tapes a palm tree closest to Hawaii wins the game.

Hawaiian Word Game(This can be played on a colorful flier paper.)
The Hawaiian alphabet consists of the following letters. See how many English words you can make out of these letters.

a        e       i      o      u      h      k    

4th day of Summer Classes

Posted on July 22, 2014 at 12:42 AM Comments comments (18)
Hello Folks:
 
June 6 is our next Calendar Date to present for learning this summer. The birthdays are given as follows:
 
1755 Nathan Hale, American patriot hanged by the British as a spy
 
1911 Verna AArdema, children's author
 
Book (1)says in "Animal ways-Celebrate Verna Aardem's birthday by reading aloud Why Mosquitoes Buzz in People's Ears. Then invite the children to create their own stories explaining why other kinds of animals behave the way they do. Have them illustrate their work.
 
This leads us into the study of insects and animals of Book (57) starting with Wildlife Wonders by Teddy Meister. Teddy says, "The study of wildlife is called zoology. It involves knowing about all living creatures from the smallest to the largest on land and in the sea.
Learning by Attributes
In order to organize information about wildlife, scientists categorize them by certain attributes or characteristics:
 
Body Forms
    vertebrate (having a spinal column
     invertebrate (no spinal column)
 
Body Temperatures
     warm-blooded or homoiothermic (temp. remains constant)
     cold-blooded or poikilothermic (temp. adapts to environment)
 
Food Sources
      herbivore (plant eater)
      carnivore (meat eater)
      omnivore (plant and meat eater)
 
Divide your paper into seven columns using the traits of the three major attributes as headings. List animals under each heading that have that characteristic.
How would you test a new species that has just been discovered? Set up a plan you might use. Draw pictures of this new creature. Explain its unusual features and habits. Label the body parts and describe which of the attributes might fit it best.
We have learned many things from the animal world. For example, we have learned about radar from bats. What are some other things we have learned? Find out about sonar and dolphins or how hibernation could affect the possibilities for people to some day take long trips into space. Prepare a talk for your class about your findings.
 
Animal Behavior
Can animals remember things? Can they think? Do they communicate with each other? Did you ever wish that an animal could talk with you? Suppose a favorite pet could actually talk! What kinds of questions would you want to ask?
 
Sorting Some More
Animals can also be categorized by phylum, or type, such as mammals, amphibians, reptiles, and marsupials. Fill in each box by listing an animal and describing why it can be categorized in this way.
 
Mammal                                                         
 
 
 
Reptile
Amphibian 
 
 
                                                      
  Marsupial
 
 
Unusual Animals from A to Z
There are unusual animals to fit every letter of the alphabet, and then some! How many can you find? Use this list as a starter. When it is finished, create an animal alphabet book for young children.
 
A___________________  B______________________C____________________D_________________
 
E___________________  F______________________ G____________________H_________________
 
I____________________  J______________________ K____________________ L_________________
 
M___________________  N______________________ O___________________ P_________________
 
Q___________________  R______________________  S___________________T_________________
 
U___________________  V______________________ W___________________ X_________________
 
Y___________________  Z______________________
 
(In drawing a picture on a page with a plate having the words Food Type:, a page holding the outline Description:; coloring:; body form:; body temperature:; height:; weight:; unusual habits: listed in it, and a heart holding As a pet this animal would need:___________________________________________on one side; the other side a house with Home or Habitat:; a global compass marked with N,E,S,W having Found in: on the side of it; then a rectangular cloud saying This animals is interesting because:____
___________________________________________________________________________________
and Man needs this animal because: ____________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________)
 
Fact Finding (is what it is called saying)
Use the outline form to research an animal you want to learn more about. (Look over your A-to-Z list and select one about which you know nothing.)
 
My animal is____________________________________________(on the top)
 
(Book (57) goes on to say,)
Endangered/Extinct
Save our wildlife! Take care of endangered species! This is something we hear all the time. What is the difference between endangered and extinct? Use encyclopedias or the dictionary to find the difference between these two terms. Sometimes an animal on the endangered list can be saved. The Florida alligator is an example of this.
 
Save Our Wildlife
Many animals could out-do humans if we were to have an Olympic contest with them! They are just like Olympic athletes in their special abilities. Can you think of any Olympic competitors to match against a list of animal entries? Use the Guinness Book of Olympic Records to do this.
 
Who Am I?
Create riddles about animals. For example: I have a huge mouth and am known as "the rider horse." I usually weigh a mere 8,000 pounds but bet I can run faster than you! (Answer: hippopotamus.)
 
Animal Pictures
Some animal names make us think of unusual pictures of how they might look. Draw pictures of what the following names make you think of. Use your imagination! Can you find out how each received its peculiar name?
            prairie dog                 bullfrog                  sea lion
            hedgehog                  tiger shark              spider monkey
 
Who's Who
In this activity you will have an opportunity to find out about some of the great people involved with furthering our knowledge about animals. Set up a card file for some mini-research. Find out what each person did by summarizing the information in short paragraphs.
           J.J. Audubon                        Charles Darwin
           Thomas Huxley                     Clinton Merriam
           Rachel Carson                      William Henry Hudson
           Jane Goodall                         Carolus Linnaeus
 
Careers, Careers, Careers
What do the following careers have in common with animals?
               anthropology                             veterinary science
               entomology                               biology
               naturalist                                   vertebrate zoology
               bacteriology
Look through the yellow pages of a telephone directory. Perhaps one of these career areas is listed with a contact person and phone number. Set up a time and date with your ()parents. Call the person listed in the phone book and invite him or her to be a guest speaker for the (family). Be sure to send a thank you note after the visit!
 
It's the Law
The United States Congress passed the endangered Species Act that protects rare plants and animals. This legislation has provided the Secretary of the Interior with the authority to identify threatened or endangered species in new locations. What new laws have been passed in your state? Use the phone book to find the addresses of wildlife and conservation agencies in your state. Write and ask about laws and the animals affected by legislation. Share the information with your (family.)
 
Going, Going, Gone
During the last 2,000 years the world has lost 106 species--two-thirds of these since the mid-19th century,and most since the beginning of the 20th century. How can we stop this alarming rate of extinction? What do children and adults need to do? Does the "Golden Rule" apply to animals as well as people? Talk to parents, neighbors, and (others) about what can be done. Keep a list of suggestions they make. Create a series of new broadcasts you could present to your (family) over a period of time. Ask (others) to help.
 
What Are We Doing?
Many programs are now underway for better wildlife conservation. These include government controls, establishing wildlife sanctuaries, controlling hunting limits and seasons, and restoring and replacing habitats. Do some research about each of these. Find out what is being done in your area. Present a "status report" to your (family). Provide good visual aids to accompany your presentations.
 
IUPN
The International Union for the Protection of Nature began in 1943 with the participation of 33 nations. It was a way to coordinate wildlife protection efforts and share information globally. How did this historic meeting lead to other similar organizations? Find out about IUPN and IUCN. Start a wildlife club at your (church, community, or neighborhood.). Identify club goals and activities. Think of a club name. You might want to design club membership cards and T-shirts.
 
Talk Topics
Gather a group of (people) interested in wildlife conservation and ask each member to thoroughly research a wildlife topic of his or her choice. Practice presenting research findings during free class time ...(Arrange yourselves as "traveling speakers" to other children, adults, groups, and places) Get the word out!
 
Animal Collage
Cut out animal pictures from magazines to create a collage. Begin from the center of the paper. Overlap each of the pictures so that the whole collage is connected to the center. Think of a name for the collage. Display it on (various walls in places.)
 
Nursery Rhymes
Many nursery rhymes you might have learned as a very young child, such as Ding, Dong, Bell; Baa, Baa, Black Sheep; and Mary Had a Little Lamb involved animals. Create a nursery rhyme of your own involving an unusual animal.
 
Animals in Literature
Many of children's favorite stories are about animals. Plan a trip to the library and see how many you can gather for a (family)  reading. Make up a bibliography for your (family). Here is a list to get you started.
Winnie the Pooh by A.A. Milne
Paddington Bear by Michael Bond
The Velveteen Rabbit by Margery Williams
The Wind in the Willows by Kenneth Grahame
Charlotte's Web by E.B. White
Sylvester and the Magic Pebble by William Steig
Where the Wild Things Are by Maurice Sendak
Moby Dick by Herman Melville
Call of the Wild by Jack London
 
                                               Trivia Task---Animal IQ
How many of the trivia tasks can you complete in 15 minutes?.....Have a race to see who has the highest "animal IQ." (Hint: Some of these you might know from earlier activities!)
 
  1. Things we wear that come from animals____________________________________________
  2. Something animals have that humans do not________________________________________
  3. Three things we eat that come from animals_________________________________________
  4. Two kinds of animal habitats______________________________________________________
  5. Animals that provide transportation_________________________________________________
  6. Animals you see every day_______________________________________________________
  7. Animals that are mascots in your area______________________________________________
  8. Animals that symbolize various athletic teams________________________________________
  9. Animal TV "stars"_______________________________________________________________
  10. Animal movie "stars"_____________________________________________________________
  11. Literature based on animals who act and think like humans______________________________
  12. Animals symbolic of certain products we buy_________________________________________
  13. Animals as the main characters in comic strips_______________________________________
  14. Animals symbolic of shoes and clothing we wear______________________________________
  15. The study of animals is called______________________________________________________
  16. Three types of animal food sources__________________________________________________
  17. The classification given to warm-blooded animals_______________________________________
  18. The classification given to cold-blooded animals________________________________________
  19. The meaning of extinction__________________________________________________________
  20. The meaning of marsupial__________________________________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
                                                 "Children" and Their Groups
 
Find out the names of animal groups and what their offspring are called. Some have been filled in to help you. When you complete your research, set up a word search puzzle for (the family and others).
 
        Animal                             Offspring                             Group Name
         cow                                  calf                                        herd
         kangaroo                           joey                                      troop
         whale                                calf                                         pod
         horse                                 foal                                     _________
         wolf                                 ___________                            pack
         beaver                                kit                                       _________
          goat                                  kid                                       _________
          goose                              ___________                          gaggle
          sheep                               lamb                                     __________
          rabbit                                bunny                                   ___________
 
Grandma will return to the Calendar History. She will give a little more each day from Book (57). There is lots about animals. She has still more from Book (57) to go with the Calendar History activities but this is it on the animals today. We were still working on June 6th birthdays as follows:
 
1927 Peter Spier, children's author and illustrator
 
1954 Cynthia Rylant, children's author
 
Events for June 6 are as follows:
 
1822 Ten Inches of Snow fell in New England on this day in late spring.
 
Book (1) says in "Spring snowstorms-Ask your (children) to imagine how New Englanders might have felt when they received 10 inches of snow on this date in 1822. Then have the kids create "what's wrong with this picture?" illustrations depicting a snowy summer day. For example, they might draw a beach scene depicting people in swimsuits along with hats, mittens, and boots."
 
1933 The First Drive-in Movie Theater opened in Camden, N.J.
 
1939 The First Little League game was played in Williamsport, Pa.
 
1944 Massive Allied landings on the beaches of Normandy, France,
 marked the D-DAY invasion of Nazi-held Western Europe.
 
1985 Scientists at the University of California confirmed the presence
of a huge black hole at the center of the Milky Way.
 
June 6 is also National Yo-Yo Day
 
Book (1) says in "Yo-yo tricks-In honor of National Yo-Yo Day, invite your students to bring in their yo-yos and demonstrate tricks they can do. For an extra challenge, have the children write and illustrate the different steps involved.
 
It is also National Safe Boating Week (first week in June)
Book (1) says in "Rules for safe sports-Tell your (children) that National Safe Boating Week is a reminder for them to follow safety precautions when they're in boats. Then ask them to follow safety precautions when they're in boats. Then ask the kids to list other summer activities they plan to enjoy--for example, swimming, tennis, baseball, baking, horseback riding. Have the students brainstorm for safety rules that are important for each of their safe-sports rules. Display the posters... .
 
Book (57) uses LifeSavers to help teach safety and colors to younger children. This Unit is called "Be a LifeSaver by Lisa Crooks.
 
Introduction
Kids love to eat LifeSavorsª and they'll love the following activities even more. This unit on LifeSaversª can also be used as a spring-board for reinforcing basic safety rules.
  1. LifeSaversª can provide a hands-on experience for teaching fractions and parts. If you have ten LifeSaversª on the table and five are eaten, how many are left? What fraction is left? Can this be reduced?
  2. Plan a trip to the LifeSaversª factory. Starting from your state, what states would you pass through to get there? What kinds of transportation could you use? What would be the cost of using various types of transportation? How much would the entire trip cost if you were to include transportation, food, and lodging? This activity could be expanded, depending on the level of students.
  3. Candy is made in an assembly line. In (your home or somewhere) set up an assembly line to prepare a no-bake cookie or candy. Each (child) could be responsible for a specific duty. Discuss what would happen if one of the links in the assembly line broke down.
  4. Have the (children) design a LifeSaversª or other type of candy factory. They would need to explain the different machines that would be used in their factory and prepare a map showing where these machines are located in the plant.
  5. Using similar brands of hard candies, invite (family members or others) to join in a taste test to determine whether Candy A or Candy B is preferred." Following are some math problems from Grandma's Book (7) called Candy Shop with Multiplication skills through 5 x 5 with addition. The children must have a paper each. "Several friends bought some candy. Listen carefully to this information so you can tell how much money each person spent. You will want to write down some of the information I am giving you. First you need to know the price of different kinds of candy. Suckers are 5 cents each. Gum is 3 cents a piece. Jelly beans are 2 cents each. (Repeat prices or write them (down)) Now figure out how much each child spent on candy. Number your paper from 1 to 10. On each line write the child's name (don't worry about spelling) and the price he paid.       !.  Tasha bought 3 pieces of gum. By number 1 write her name and the price she paid           (Repeat this part of the directions as necessary throughout the lesson.)                      
            2. Gary bought 3 jelly beans and 1 sucker.
            3. Ann bought 1 sucker, 1 piece of gum and 1 jelly bean. 
          . 4.Lee bought 5 suckers.
            5. Amy bought 4 jelly beans plus 1 sucker.                                                                                   6. Omar bought 3 pieces of gum plus 1 jelly bean.
            7. Ed bought 2 pieces of each kind of candy.
            8. Jill bought 3 suckers and 1 jelly bean.
            9. Rob bought 4 pieces of gum and 1 sucker.
           10. Circle the name of the person who spent the most.
           11. Underline the name of the person who spent the least.
           12. Write your name on the top of your page."
(Now we are going back to Book (57) on LifeSaversª)
 6. What happens after you chew a LifeSaversª candy? Students could map the process 
     of digestion and label on a blank tongues which areas pick up sweet, salty, sour,
     bitter, and no taste.
 7.  Invite (a) nurse to discuss first aid and basic safety.
 8. Invite a police officer to demonstrate safety while walking, riding bikes, being
     around animals, and riding on a bus or in a car.
 9. Invite a police officer to do a bicycle inspection. .
10. Invite (a) dietitian to discuss good eating habits and the importance of a good
      diet.
11. Have relay races by moving a LiffeSaversª candy across the floor using a straw
      in the mouth.
12. Make LifeSaversª necklaces.
13. Using paper, crayons, glue, and LifeSaversª, make designs of people and animals.
14. Have a safety poster contest. Each (child) must pick a safety rule to illustrate.
15. To reinforce safety rules, read examples of (childrens) behaviors and have students
      respond by holding up a red "not safe" card or a green "safe" card.
 
 
Lifesaver Science Estimation
Estimate--guess
Dissolve--disappear from sight: melt away
 
We are going to estimate how long it will take for a LifeSaversª candy to dissolve and disappear. We will use two different kinds of water--warm and cool.
 
  1. In which water temperature do you think the candy will dissolve first?________________
       Explain.______________________________________________________________________
        _____________________________________________________________________________
        ______________________________________________________________________________  
 2. I estimate that the candy in warm water will dissolve in ______hour(s)______minutes.
 3. I estimate that the candy in cool water will dissolve in ______hour(s)______minutes.
 4. Which candy dissolved first?_______________________________________________________
     How long did it take?______hour(s)______minute(s)
     Which candy dissolved second?____________________________________________________
     How long did it take?______hour(s)______minute(s)
     Was your estimation correct?________
 
Lifesaver Math
 
________Each LifeSaversª candy has ten calories. You ate three LifeSaversª. How many
              calories did you eat?
 
________You ate five LifeSaversª. How many calories did you eat?
 
 
_________A roll of LifeSaversª has eleven candies in it. You ate three. How many are left?
 
 
_________You are hungry and eat two more LifeSaversª. How many are left?
 
 
_________The next day you eat five more candies. How many are left?
 
 
_________A roll of LifeSaversª costs 40 cents. How much money would it cost to buy two rolls?
 
 
_________How much more would it cost for four rolls?
 
 
Lifesaver Opposites
Fill in the blanks with the opposite of the word that is in bold print.
 
LifeSaversª are hard, not_____________________________________________.
 
LifeSaversª are round, not_____________________________________.
 
LifeªSaversª are ___________________________, not sour.
 
LifeSaversª are an______________________invention, not a new one.
 
LifeSaversª are_________________________, not bad.
 
 
Lifesaver Similes
After a ...discussion on similes, fill in the blanks with a proper simile.
 
LifeSaversª are as hard as________________________________________________________.
 
LifeSaversª are as round as______________________________________________________.
 
LifeSaversª are as sweet as______________________________________________________.
 
LifeSaversª are as old as_______________________________________________________.
 
LifeSaversª are as good as_________________________________________________________.
 
 
A Rainbow of Colors!
Assorted LifeSaversª come in four bright colors--red, orange, yellow, and green. Under each color, list things that belong in that category.
 
Things That Are Red
 
 
 
 
 
Things That Are Green
 
 
 
 
 
Things That Are Yellow
 
 
 
 
 
Things That Are Orange
 
 
 
 
 
(Grandma's Book (7) has some math problems using colors as follows:)
 
Colored Products
(Use a page with 110 squares on it and the instructions say you will not use the bottom 60)
1. With a black crayon, color the square that has the answer to 2 X 7.
 2. Use a red crayon to color the square that has the answer to 4 X 6.
 3. Use a yellow crayon to color the square that has the answer to 7 X 7.
 4. Use a green crayon to circle the answer to 5 X 7.
 5. Use a blue crayon to underline the answer to 6 X 6.
 6. Put a brown X on the answer to 4 X 7.
 7. Put a red X on the answer to 4 X 4.
 8. Put a black circle around the answer to 3 X 7.
 9. Put a yellow circle around the answer to 6 X 5.
10. Use a green crayon to underline the answer to 3 X 6.
11. Use a red crayon to underline the answer to 4 X 5.
12. Put a green X on the answer to 3 X 4.
13. Put a blue circle around the answer to 6 X 7.
14. Use a brown crayon to underline the answer to 2 X 6.
15. Put your name in the upper right-hand corner.
 
(Now We Will Finish up the Unit  on LifeSaversª, read the information on the label and answer the following questions.)
 
Read the Label
What is the name of this candy?______________________________________________________
 
How many flavors are in this roll?_______________________________________________________
 
How many candies are in this roll?______________________________________________________
 
How many ounces does it weigh?________________________________________________________
 
Oz, means_____________________________________________________________
 
How many calories are in each piece?________________________________________________
 
Name four colors found in a roll of the candies:
 
   ________________________________           _____________________________________
 
  ________________________________            ______________________________________
 
Name the ingredients:
 
     S_________R, C______________, S_____________________P
 
Artificial C______________S
 
Where Are Lifesaversª Made?
 
  1. Look on your roll of LifeSaversª. Where were they made?___________________________
  2. Is the factory north, south, east, or west of your state?____________________________
  3. LifeSaversª are made in the state of ___________________________________________
  4. Which color candy is your favorite?____________________________________________
  5. On a United States map, use your favorite color to color in the state where the factory is. If you were to travel to the factory, what states would you travel through?
 
 
 
 
 
(Grandma is going to finish the unit tomorrow.)
 
 
 

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