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Beginning of July's Summer Lessons

Posted on September 11, 2014 at 1:15 AM Comments comments (30)
These activities are great if they can be utilized next summer because Grandma had so much trouble getting them to you. However, they can be infiltrated in Lessons now as part of lessons about Summer now and beginning activity to start the new year off.
July's big project for the month is all around the observation of July as Anti-Boredom Month. The children are to make lists with you for things that are in "three categories: fun for one, small-group fun, and large-group fun." Ok! So you ask how can I do that when it is only my children and me. There are things first that they know they like to do alone as some reading. There are things as a family or with a few friends you like to do. Then ways of developing friends and bigger groups is if you have lots of neighbor friends, a church that does a lot together, hospitals (especially for children), orphanages, child care homes or centers, old peoples homes or care places, libraries might be helpful, use your imagination, there used to be home school clubs that did some things together(it is an option). Form a favorite sport together. Help your children with this activity as much as possible. You are suppose to form it into a book. I know you can do it. Just try!

"The Monthlong Observances" from Book (1) besides Anti-Boredom Month for July are as follows:
"Blueberry Month
Hitchhiking Month
National Baked Bean Month
National Hot Dog Month
National Ice Cream Month
Picnic Month
Read an Almanac Month
Recreation and Parks Month

Weeklong Events" are as follows:
"Music for Life Week (first week)
Special Recreation Week (first full week)
Be Nice to New Jersey Week (second week)
Space Week (week including July 20)"

And "Special Days and Celebrations
Independence Day (July 4)
Bastille Day (July 14)
National Ice Cream Day (third Sunday)"
(Look into this one with September's)


July 1 has three birthdays as follows:

July 1, 1872 Louis Bleriot, French aviator who became the
first person to fly an airplane across the English Channel, was born.

July 1, 1961 Diana Spencer, princess of Wales, was born this day.

July 1, 1961 Carl Lewis, American track star, was also born.

Events for July 1 are as follows:

July 1, 1847 The First Official U.S. Postage Stamps were issued.

Book (1) writes in "People on postage-When the first American postage stamps were issued, Benjamin Franklin appeared on the 5-cent stamp and George Washington appeared on the 10-cent stamp.  Why do the children think these people were chosen? If postage stamps were being issued or the first time today, what people or images would your (children) want on the stamps? Have them draw and color their own "first issue" stamps."

July 1, 1862 Congress established the Bureau of Internal Revenue.

July 1, 1863 The Civil War Battle of Gettysburg began.

July 1, 1867 The Dominion of Canada was created.

July 1, 1898 Theodore Roosevelt and His Rough Riders
charged up San Juan Hill during the Spanish American War.

July 1, 1941 The First Television Commercial, sponsored by
Bulova Watch, was broadcast in New York.

Book (1) talks about it in "TV selling-Tell your (children) that the first television ad, broadcast on station WNBT in New York, lasted 10 seconds and cost $9. Ask your (children) how much the sponsor paid per minute. At the time, there were 4,000 TV sets in the New York area. If one person was watching each TV set when the commercial aired, how much did the sponsor pay per viewer? Ask the kids to find out how many people watch their favorite program and how much a minute of commercial time on the program costs. Then have them compare these figures with those from the first commercial."

July 1, 1963 The Five-Digit Zip Code was introduced.

July 1, 1971 The Twenty-Sixth Amendment was ratified,
giving 18-year-olds the right to vote.

July 1, 1990 A treaty unifying the Monetary Systems of
East and West Germany became effective.

July 1 is also Canada Day and National Hot Dog Month is given an activity in Book (1) this day
called "Good doggies-Celebrate National Hot Dog Month with a healthy twist. Have (the children) examine labels to determine the fat content and nutritional value of various brands of hot dogs. Then ask the kids to chart their resuls. Afterward, have them create truth-in-advertising poster guides to healthy hot dog eating (which Grandma does not follow too well, but Grandpa doesn't like hot dogs too often). (You can display you poster wherever you wish, for they are good information and Grandma definitely is for eating good food for yourselves, but costs seem to hold us all back on what is good sometimes.)"


July 2 has four birthdays as follows with two activities:

July 2, 1908 Thurgood Marshall, American jurist who became the
first black Supreme Court justice, was born.

Book (1) says in "Early judicial experiences-Tell your (children) that as a boy, Thurgood Marshall frequently got into trouble at school. Ironically, his punishment was to memorize parts of the U.S. Constitution. Marshall once remarked that he'd learned the entire document by heart by the time he graduated. Ask your (children) to write down the career paths they hope to follow. Then have them speculate on which school experiences might influence their future professions."

July 2, 1919 Jean Craighead George, children's author, was born.

July 2, 1951 Jack Gantos, children's author, was born.

July 2, 1964 Jose Canseco, Cuban-born baseball player who
became the first major-leaguer to hit 40 home runs and steal
40 bases in one season.

Book (1) says "40 is fabulous-Have your (children) celebrate Canseco's "40s feat." For the rest of July, have them keep a journal describing 40 things they did or that happened to them during the month. At month's end, have them each list their 40 things in order of greatest significance. Post the lists on a (poster called "Top 40" to post on the wall somewhere.)"

Events for July 2 are as follows:

July 2, 1776 The Continental Congress approved the
Declaration of Independence.

July 2, 1881 President James Garfield was Shot by
Charles Guiteau, a disgruntled office seeker. The
president died of his wounds 80 days later.

July 2, 1932 Franklin Roosevelt accepted the Democratic Party's
nomination for president, pledging a "New Deal for the American People."

July 2, 1964 President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964,
which guaranteed the enforcement of nondiscrimination in public accommodation,
government facilities, education, and employment.

July 2, 1976 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the
Death Penalty was not cruel or unusual punishment.

July was also recognized as National Ice Cream month on July 2 saying in "Flavorful ice cream-During National Ice Cream Month, have your (children) conduct a ...survey..to find out ...(others) favorite ice cream flavors. Ask them to create a pie chart, table, or bar graph to display their findings. What are the three most popular flavors? Afterward, have the kids brainstorm for all the known flavors of ice cream. Then have them suggest some new and unusual ones--For example, jalapeno pepper, mustard and relish, or anchovy pizza. Have them write descriptive sentences telling what these flavors would taste like. Bring in a gallon of vanilla ice cream and a variety of the (children's) suggested flavorings, then let the kids create. How do their new flavors taste?" 

July 3 only has two birthdays:

July 3, 1878 George M Cohan, American playwright and composer, was born.

July 3, 1962 Tom Cruise, American actor, was born.

The events are almost just as sparing:

July 3, 1608 French explorer Samuel De Champlain founded Quebec.

July 3, 1775 George Washington took command of the
Continental Army in Cambridge, Mass.

July 3, 1863 The Battle Gettysburg ended.

Book (1) explains in "Hallowed ground-The Battle of Gettysburg proved to be one of the most decisive battles of the Civil War as well as a defining moment in the history of the nation. After e days of fighting, during which both sides suffered terrible casualties, the Confederate forces were compelled to retreat, with any realistic hope of winning the war dashed. Have your (children) read about the battle, then imagine themselves as one of the participants, whether a famous commander or a common soldier, Ask the kids to write a letter from participant to family members describing the events at Gettysburg."

July 3, 1890 Idaho became the 43rd state.

July 3, 1991 Mount Rushmore was finally officially
dedicated on its 50th anniversary. Ceremonies in 1
941 had been canceled because of World War II.

July 3 is also noted as Complement Your Mirror Day as Book (1) uses "Mirror, mirror, on the wall-Place a mirror in a corner of your (learning area accessible to the children.) Put several strips of blank paper around the mirror, then encourage the kids to write general compliments on the strips--for example, "What a great smile!" or "You look marvelous! The comments are sure to bring smiles whenever the kids look in the mirror."

July 3 is also used for Stay Out of the Sun Day which Book (1) talks about it in "Harmful rays-Ask your (children) to investigate how the sun's rays affect exposed skin. Then have the kids draw posters and create advertisements ... warning others about the dangers of too much sun. Next, invite the children to design protective hats for people to wear outdoors. You could even challenge them to design hats for animals that spend a lot of time in the sun. For example, what type of hat would an elephant wear to protect those big, floppy ears?"


July 4 in Book (1) comes out with three good activities and lots of birthdays as well as events:
The birthdays are as follows with two good activities:

July 4, 1804 Nathaniel Hawthorne, American novelist, was born.

July 4, 1826 Stephen Foster, American composer, was born.

July 4, 1872 Calvin Coolidge, 30th president of the United States, was born.

July 4, 1900 Louis Armstrong, American jazz musician, was born.

Book (1) also points out and gives an activity in "Celebrating "Satchmo-To celebrate Louis Armstrong's birthday, play "It's a Wonderful World" for your (children). Then, with the music playing in the background, have (the children) tape their impressions of why the world is wonderful or how people can work to make it better."

July 4, 1918 Ann Landers and Abigail Van Buren, twin sisters who each wrote a popular newspaper advice column, were born.

Book (1) tells about them in "Advice for kids- Observe the birthdays of advice columnists Abigail Van Buren and Ann Landers by asking each (child) to write a short letter asking for advice about a typical kid problem. Collect the letters, mix them up, with letters from others or your child and you answer them by searching for the answers. ( Grandma wants to start a column as this herself, maybe you would like to start one in your family newspaper.)"

The events are as follows for July 4:

July 4, 1776 The Continental Congress adopted the
Declaration of Independence.

July 4, 1776 The Continental Congress appointed
Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson
to Design a Seal for the United States.

July 4, 1826 John Adams and Thomas Jefferson--the second and third presidents, respectively--died

July 4, 1831 James Monroe, the fifth president , died.

July 4, 1831 The Song "America" was Introduced at a service at
Boston's Park Street Church.

July 4, 1960 The First 50-Star American Flag was raised at Fort McHenry, Md.

July 4, 1980 Pitcher Nolan Ryan recorded his 3,000th Career Strikeout.

July 4, 1986 The 100th Birthday of the Statue of Liberty was celebrated with the largest fireworks display in U.S. history.

July 4 being Independence Day has an activity of its own in Book (1) as follows:
"Independence posters-Have each of your (children) create an "Independence Day Special Event" poster that features at least five local or national events. The posters' titles should incorporate the theme of independence. Ask local business or community organizations to display the finished posters."


July 5 is booming in the following birthdays:

July 5, 1709 Etienne De Silhouette, French finance minister
who created shadow portraits as a hobby, was born.

July 5 1801 David G. Farragut, first admiral of the U.S. Navy, was born.

July 5, 1810 (P.T.)Phineas Taylor Barnum, American
showman and circus promoter, was born.

Book (1) explains it in "Barnum's gullible public-P.T. Barnum once remarked of American audiences: "There's a sucker born every minute." What do your (children) think Barnum meant? As a follow-up, ask them to listen to TV advertising claims. Do these claims promise benefits they don't back up to entice the public Barnum thought was so gullible? Have the kids complile any wild claims into a class notebook as evidence of the truth of Barnum's maxim."

July 5, 1853 Cecil Rhodes, British statesman and founder of the
Rhodes scholarship, was born.

July 5, 1857 Clara Zetkin, German women's rights advocate and
founder of International Women's Day, was born.

July 5, 1958 Bill Watterson, cartoonist and creator of
"Calvin and Hobbes", was born.

Book (1) writes about it in "Classroom cartoonists-To celebrate the birth of cartoonist Bill Watterson, introduce the children to his two main characters--Calvin and Calvin's stuffed tiger, Hobbes. Read a few "Calvin and Hobbes" comic strips to the children, then ask them if they have any toys or pets they "talk to. Give them a chance to share stories about their secret friends. Then pass out blank storyboards and have the children develop their own comic strips about themselves and these friends."

Next are July 5 events:

July 5, 1811 Venezuela proclaimed its independence from Spain.

July 5, 1865 William Booth founded the East London Revival
Society (Salvation Army).

July 5, 1865 The Secret Service was created by Congress.

July 5, 1892 A. Beard patented the Rotary Engine.

July 5, 1946 The Bikini, designer Louis Read's shocking
new bathing suit, was first modeled.

Book (1) explains in "Bold bathing suits-Invite students to
follow in bikini designer Reard's pen lines by drawing and
coloring their own 21st-century bathing suits."

July 5, 1984 The Statue of Liberty's Torch was removed for repairs.

July 5ths Be Nice to New Jersey Week is also brought out in Book (1) through "State studying-During Be Nice to New Jersey Week, encourage your (children) to read up on the Garden State. Then post a sheet titled "Neat things about New Jersey." Each day, invite students to write down something interesting or unusual they learned about the state."


July 6 is just as interesting beginning with some interesting birthday's:

July 6, 1747 John Paul Jones, Revolutionary War hero often
called "the Father of the U.S. Navy", was born.

July 6, 1866 Beatrix Potter, children's author, was born.

Book (1) talks about her in "Thinking and talking animals-All of the animals in Beatrix Potter's stories have anthropomorphic qualities. Have your (children) look up the word anthropomorphic in the dictionary
Then invite them to tell about times when their pets (or other animals) have appeared to act like humans. Afterward, have the children write and illustrate stories about animals imbued with human qualities."

July 6, 1907 Dorothy Clewes, children's author, was born.

Then we are given the events for July 6:

July 6, 1776 The Declaration of Independence was announced
on the front page of the Pennsylvania Gazette.

Book (1) writes in "A dangerous document?-After reading the Declaration of Independence, some people called it a dangerous document. Ask your (children) why people might have felt this way. Next, ask them to imagine that they were living in 1776. Would they have agreed with the sentiments expressed in the Declaration of Independence or remained loyal to the king? Have them write their reactions in their journals (and possibly share them later.)"

July 6, 1885 Louis Pasteur administered the first successful
antirabies inoculation to a boy who'd been bitten by a rabid dog.

July 6, 1919 A British dirigible became the First Airship to Cross the Atlantic.

July 6, 1933 Babe Ruth hit the First Home Run in an All-Star Game.

Book (1) writes in "Making baseball history-Even before he hit the first home run in an All-Star game, Babe Ruth had made baseball history. During the 1927 season, he hit a record 60 home runs. In 1929, his salary climbed to $80,000 a year--more than the president of the United States earned. When Ruth was criticized for making more than the president, he reportedly quipped, "Why not? After all, I had a better year than he did." Have your (children) discuss what this story tells about American society. Then have them debate this question: Does America reward its sports and entertainment stars with too much money and fame? Encourage the kids to use concrete examples to bolster their arguments."

July 6, 1945 Nicaragua became the First Country to Accept
the United Nations Charter.

July 6, 1954 Elvis Presley made his first record.

July 6, 1989 A study was released that found Dangerously High Cholesterol Levels in one-third of American adults.


July 7 gets very busy with events but it only has a few birthdays as follows:

July 7, 1887 Marc Chagall, Russian-French artist noted for
his dreamlike paintings, was born.

July 7, 1906 Satchel Paige, American baseball pitcher, was born.

July 7, 1940 Ringo Starr, English musician and
member of the Beatles, was born.

Now begin the events:

July 7, 1861 The First Torpedo Attack of the Civil War took place.

July 7, 1923 Warren Harding became the First U.S. President to Visit Alaska.

July 7, 1936 Margaret Mitchell's Gone With the Wind was published.

July 7, 1958 President Dwight Eisenhower signed the Alaska Statehood Bill.

July 7, 1972 NASA announced Plans to Collect Solar Energy to be
used as a power source on earth.

Book (1) writes in "Solar Experiment-Tell your (children) that solar heaters typically consist of a black panel containing tubes through which water circulates. The sun heats the water as it moves through the tues, and the hot water provides heat for buildings or homes. Ask your (children) why the panels are black. (Black absorbs heat.) Then have them conduct this simple experiment. Take two empty, same-size tin cans and paint the outside of one can black. Fill both cans halfway with cold water, then place them outside in the sun. Take the temperature of the water in both cans every 15 minutes. Students will find that the water in the black can becomes warmer faster."

July 7, 1985 German tennis star Boris Becker, age 17, became t
he Youngest player to Win the Wimbledon Singles Championship.

July 7, 1986 Charles Stocks played 711 Holes of Golf in 24 hours.

Book (1) writes in "Par for the course-Have your (children) calculate the average number of holes Charles Stocks played per hour, then round that number to the nearest hundredth. Then ask them to figure this out: If a round of golf consists of 18 holes, how many rounds did he play per hour? How does this number compare with the average number of holes played per hour?"

July 7, 1988 Eleven-year-old Christopher Lee Marshall
began his Flight Across the Atlantic. He followed the
course of his hero, Charles Lindbergh.

July 7 is also the day of other happenings as Tanabat in Japan but Video Games Day in which Book (1) explains in "Video hits-Help your (children) practice concise writing by having them each write just one paragraph to explain their favorite video game. Invite them to share their work with (others)."
It is also Fiesta De San Fermin as Book (1) writes in "Spanish stampede-Each year in July, the city of Pamplona, Spain, honors its patron saint, San Fermin, with an 8-day festival.The highlight of the festival comes when adventurous men run through the cobbled streets to the bullring--pursued by a group of bulls. Have your (children) write a short, humorous poem about the running of the bulls."


July 8 has only three birthdays also as follows:

July 8, 1838 Count Ferdinand Von Zeppelin, German pioneer
in lighter-than-air vehicles and the first builder of dirigibles.

Book (1) writes in "Airships and ads-Tell your (children) that dirigibles are also known as airships, blimps, or zeppelins (in honor of Count von Zeppelin). These vehicles have been used for passenger travel, scientific exploration, and warfare. For example, during World War II, Germany used zeppelins in air raids against Great Britain. Do your (children) know what dirigibles are commonly used for today? (Blimps are often used for advertising.) Ask your (children) to imagine they could advertise their favorite book on a blimp. What would their slogans say? Have the kids write their slogans on construction-paper blimps, then hang the blimps from the ceiling of the (house)."

July 8, 1918 Irwin Hasen, American cartoonist who created the
Green Hornet and the Green Lantern, was born.

Book (1) writes in "Green Hornet spin-offs-To celebrate Irwin Hasen's birthday, invite your (children) to create a cartoon using a colorful insect of their choice as the main character. Students can create either comic strips or a single-box cartoon and use balloons for dialogue."

July 8, 1932 Russell Everett Erickson, children's author, was born.

July 8 has several events as follows:

July 8, 1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama set sail from
Lisbon. His journey established a Sea Route to India via the
southern tip of Africa.

July 8, 1629 King Phillip IV of Spain sent King Charles I of England a Gift of Five Camels and One Elephant.(Now Grandma would do some things with this one as write about the Elephant and other gifts kings might have given each other.)

July 8, 1776 The Liberty Bell Rang Out in Philadelphia to
announce the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.

July 8, 1776 The Declaration of Independence was Read
to the Public for the First Time at Philadelphia's Independence Square. 

July 8, 1835 The Liberty Bell Cracked while being tolled during the
funeral procession of Supreme Court Justice John Marshall.

July 8, 1911 Nan Jane Aspinwall became the First Woman to
Cross the United States on Horseback. She covered
4,500 miles in 301 days.

Book (1) writes in "A long time in the saddle-To mark the day Nan Jane Aspin wall completed her horseback crossing of the United States, give your (children) some Math problems based on this equine odyssey. If Aspinwall rode 4,500 miles in 301 days, how many miles per day did she average? At the same pace, how long would it have taken her to ride 5,000 miles? How far would she have gone if she had ridden for a full year?"

July 8, 1976 Gerald Ford, who had assumed the presidency upon
the resignation of Richard Nixon, announced his plans to seek reelection.


July 9th has only one birthday:

July 9, 1819 Elias Howe, American inventor of a
lockstitiching sewing machine, was born.

The events are as follows:

July 9, 1755 General Edward Braddock was Fatally Wounded
during an attack in the French and Indian War. His aide,
George Washington, escaped injury.

July 9, 1776 General George Washington summoned his troops
to New York for a Reading of the Declaration of Independence.

July 9, 1816 Argentina declared its independence from Spain.

Book (1) writes in "Where in the world?-Have your (children) find Argentina and Spain on a world map. Then ask: In which hemispheres--and on which continents--are these two countries located? What body of water separates them? What is the capital of each country? How far is it from capital to capital?"

July 9, 1850 President Zachary Taylor Died while in office.

July 9, 1872 The Donut Cutter was patented by J.F. Blondel.

July 9, 1877 America's First Telephone Company,
Bell Telephone Company, was founded.

July 9, 1893 Surgeon Daniel Hale Williams performed the
First Successful Surgical Closure of a Heart Wound.

July 9, 1979 Voyager 2 passed Jupiter, returning photographs and scientific data.

Book (1) writes in "Mother Earth's music-Tell your (children) that Voyager 2 is one of two U.S. space probes that were launched in 1977. (The other probe is Voyager 1.) Besides their scientific instruments, both probes were equipeed with special records called "Sounds of Earth"-- in case of discovery by another civilization. ...make a list of the kinds of sounds your (children) would include on such a record. What would these sounds tell others about the earth and its inhabitants? Are there any particular sounds your students would not want to include? Why?"

July being Picnic Month Book (1) set it up for this day to present the following activity called "Pretend picnic-One day this month, plan an imaginary picnic for the characters in a book your (children) have recently read. Encourage the kids to consider the characters' likely tastes in food, attire, and games. The children may also want to develop a "guest list" including compatible characters from other books. Assemble their ideas into a booklet."
(Grandma suggests planning at least one picnic as a family and doing as much adventuring of the outside as possible. Do as much research as you can of the area you pick.)


July 10 is another full day starting with the following birthdays:

July 10, 1834 James Abbot McNeil Whistler, American painter, was born.

July 10, 1875 Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator, was born.

July 10, 1882 Ima Hogg, American philanthropist, was born.

July 10, 1885 Mary O'hara, children's author, was born.

July 10, 1916 Martin Provensen, children's author and illustrator, was born.

July 10, 1926 Fred Gwynne, actor and children's author, was born.


Book (1) writes in "Playing with words-Besides writing and illustrating children's books, Fred Gwynne is an award-winning stage, film and television actor. (Your (children) may recall on of his TV roles--Herman in "The Munsters.") Gwynne's most popular children's books are those on wordplay. In The King Who Rained, he illustrates the humorous results of using the wrong homophone or homonym. Have students look up the meanings of homophone and homonym. Then ...collect as many homophones or homonyms as possible in a week. At week's end, have the (children) create a silly (illustrations) depicting the literal meaning of (sentences) that misuses (some of these) words. Post the illustrations on (a poster.)"

July 10, 1943 Arthur Ashe, American tennis player, was born.

Now for the events of July 10:

July 10, 1220 London Bridge was damaged by fire and fell down.

July 10, 1853 Vice President Millard Fillmore assumed the
presidency upon the death of Zachary Taylor.

July 10, 1890 Wyoming became the 44th state.

Book (1) says in "What's in Wyoming-Wyoming, the 44th state, may have been among the last states to join the Union, but it has experienced more than its share of firsts. For example, Wyoming is home to our nation's first national park, Yellowstone, and to the first national monument, Devils Tower, Have your (children) locate Wyoming on a map, then find its capital, Cheyenne. In what part of the state is this city located? Next, ask the kids to use compass directions to describe the location of Yellowstone Park and Devils Tower in relation to Cheyenne and in relation to each other."

July 10, 1913 Death Valley, Calif., reached a temperature
of 134º F in the Shade--the highest ever recorded in the United States. 

July 10, 1929 Congress made official the current Size of U.S. Paper Money.

July 10, 1962 Telstar 1, the first satellite to relay TV and
telephone signals, was launched.

July 10, 1973 The Bahamas gained its Independence from Britain.

July 10, 1991 Boris Yeltsin was Inaugurated as president of Russia.


Next is July 11

Birthdays:

July 11, 1767 John Quincy Adams, sixth president of the United States, was born.

July 11, 1838 John Wanamaker, American merchant, was born.

July 11, 1899 E.B White, American essayist and children's author, was born.

Book (1) says in "Creating characters-Tell your (children) that a dream inspired author E.B. White to create his famous mouse character, Stuart Little. Then ask each child to create an animal character to be born or adopted into the child's own family. Next, have the kids write stories involving the reaction of their new family member to home life. Feature the stories at a (family) read-aloud."

July 11, 1929 James Stevenson, children's author, was born.

Events:

July 11, 1798 The U.S. Marine Corps was created by an act of Congress.

July 11, 1804 Vice President AAron Burr Fatally Wounded
Alexander Hamilton, the former Treasury secretary, in a pistol duel.

July 11, 1892 The U.S. Patent Office decided that J.W. Swan,
not Thomas Edison, was the Inventor of The Electric-Light
Carbon for the incandescent lamp.

July 11, 1934 Franklin Roosevelt became the First
President to go through the Panama Canal.

July 11,1955 The New Air Force Academy was dedicated at
Lowry Air Force Base in Colorado.

July 11, 1975 Chinese archaeologists announced the discovery,
in Shensi Province, of a 2,000-year-old burial mound containing
6,000 Life-Size Clay Statues of Warriors.

July 11, 1977 Kitty O'Neil set a Women's Power Boat Speed Record--275 mph.

July 11, 1984 The U.S. Department of Transportation ruled
that Air Bags or Automatic Seat Belts would be mandatory
on all American-made cars by 1989.

July 11, 1985 Pitcher Nolan Ryan recorded his 4,000th Career Strikeout.

For National Cheer Up the Lonely Day, Book (1) writes under "Only the lonely-Involve your (children) in National Cheer Up the Lonely Day. First, ask them to name individuals or groups of people who may be lonely, such as senior citizens, widows, widowers, disabled people, and hospital patients. Next, have the children brainstorm for ways to cheer these people up. For example, the children might suggest giving flowers or cards to hospital patients, delivering meals to elderly shut-ins, or organizing a sing-along at a local senior citizen enter. (Form) into "Children's cheer Squad," and have each ...select a "mission" from the list of ideas. Enlist ...volunteers (if you can) to help. Your (children) will not only be involved in a worthy project, they'll also derive great pride in being part of a caring community."

Then under World Population Day Book (1) says under "Population study-On World Population Day, have your (children) look up the meaning of the word demography. Then have them conduct a brief demographic study of (children) in their grade level. How many boys and girls are there? What are their ages? What ethnic backgrounds do they represent? Graph the results."

(Grandma is going to have to stop here.She will type some more tomorrow.)









Rest of June for Summer

Posted on September 8, 2014 at 6:22 AM Comments comments (32)
Grandma is ready to finish June's Summer Calendar History as follows:

June 18th Birthdays begin as follows:

June 18, 1942 Roger Ebert, movie critic, was born.

Book (1) gives an activity here called "Picks and pans-Have your (children) discuss the kinds of things critics like Roger Ebert talk about when reviewing a movie--for example, plot development, acting, musical score, originality, humor, suspense. Then have the kids read several movie reviews in the local newspaper. Afterward, show a film and ask each (child) to critique it, either orally or in writing."

June 18, 1942 Paul McCartney, English musician, singer, and songwriter who was a member of the Beatles, was born.

June 18, 1949 Chris Van Allsburg, children's author and illustrator, was born.

The activity Book (1) has for this person is called "Author's special signature-Have your (children) look through Chris Van Allsburg's books to find Fritz, a bull terrier that appears somewhere in most of the author-illustrator's works. Ask your (children) why they think Van Allsburg includes Fritz. (The dog is his personal signature.) In what unique ways can your students personalize their projects? Invite the children to create their own "personal signatures" on 3x5-inch cards, then use these on future writing and art projects."


Now we have the events for the day as follows:

June 18, 1812 Congress Declared War on England, marking the
beginning of the War of 1812.

June 18, 1823 British Soldiers began wearing trousers rather than breeches.

June 18, 1889 William Richardson of Baltimore patented The Baby Carriage.

June 18, 1945 An estimated 1 million people turned out to give returning
World War II general Dwight Eisenhower a hero's welcome in
Washington, D.C.

June 18, 1983 Sally Ride became the First American Woman in Space.

June 18, 1989 Golfer Curtis Strange became the first man in
nearly 40 years to win Back-To-Back U.S. Open Titles.

June 18 is also Dragon Boat Festival day in China and International Picnic Day

Book (1) gives this activity "Foods from around the world-For International Picnic Day, have your (children) create a picnic menu with dishes from around the world. (Children) can work (with you) to select a country, then research its typical foods. If possible, have (them) prepare their chosen dishes and share them with (the family or friends)."


June 19th Birthday's are as follows:

June 19, 1903 Lou Gehrig, American baseball player, was born.

June 19, 1962 Paula Abdul, American singer, was born.

June 19, 1978 Garfield, comic-strip cat, was born.

an activity in Book (1) is called "Cartoon cat-To celebrate Garfield's birthday, give your (children) some background on his beginnings. Garfield's creator was cartoonist Jim Davis, who grew up on a farm with 25 cats. Davis decided to make his famous cartoon cat when he noticed there weren't any feline characters in animal comic strips. Garfield is named after Davis's grandfather. Encourage your (children) to (find) their favorite Garfield cartoons as well as newspaper, magazine, and pet-product pictures of cats. Also tell them to be on the lookout for descriptions of cats in literature, and to copy down ones that strike their fancy. Use the materials to make a "catty" bulletin board (or poster). ( Forever how you see it, Grandma sees Garfield as a grandpa so maybe Davis imitated his grandfather in Garfield also. Some research might answer that question for Grandma.)"

Now Grandma will give the events for June 19 as follows:

June 19, 1586 English Colonists set sail from Roanoke Island
(now part of North Carolina) after failing to establish the first
permanent English colony in America.

June 19, 1787 The members of the Constitutional Convention
decided not to simply amend the Articles of Confederation but
rather to conceive of an entirely New Plan for a National Government.

June 19, 1846 The First Formal Nine Inning Baseball Game was
played between the New York Knickerbockers and the
New Yorks at the Elysian Fields in Hoboken, N.J.

June 19, 1885 The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York Harbor.

June 19, 1910 The First observance of Father's Day took
place in Spokane, Wash.

An activity in Book (1) to go with Fathers Day is called "Honoring fathers-Tell your (children) that the mayor of Spokane, Wash., proclaimed the first Father's Day on the third Sunday in June, 1910. In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge asked that Father's Day be celebrated nationwide, but a presidential proclamation recognizing the day wasn't signed until 1966. A 1972 law made Father's Day a national holiday. If your (children) could name a new holiday, what would it be? Explain that when a member of Congress proposes a new holiday to the House of Representatives, he or she must get a majority of the members (218?) to cosponsor the bill before it can be considered by the appropriate committee. Representatives typically make speeches to generate support for their bills, so invite your (children) to present arguments to the family of their holidays. Take a vote to see which holidays win a majority."

June 19, 1976 The U.S. spacecraft Viking 1 went into orbit around Mars.

June 19, 1989 Federal officials announced the creation of a
30,000-Acre Refuge for the Florida Panther.

June 19 is also the celebration in Louisiana and Texas of the Thirteenth Amendment, which outlawed slavery called "Juneteenth."


Following is June 20th birthdays:

June 20, 1915 Walter Farley, children's author who wrote the
Black Stallion books, was born.

An activity in Book (1) called "Horse lover-As a child, Walter Farley wanted a horse. But his family lived in the city, and he couldn't convince his parents to let him keep a horse in the garage. His uncle--a horse trainer--encouraged him to visit stables and keep notes about his experiences. Farley used his notes years later when he wrote his first book, The Black Stallion. Ask your (children) to name an animal they'd like to own but can't for some reason. Then hae them read at least two books (fiction or nonfiction) about the animal. Whan they've completed their reading, have them write stories in which they, through a fictional character, come to own the animal of their dreams."

June 20,1924 Audie Murphy, actor and soldier who was the most
decorated American war hero in World War II, was born.

The events for June 20th are as follows:

June 20, 1782 The Bald Eagle became the official symbol of the United States.

June 20, 1782 "E Pluribus Unum" became the slogan for the
Great Seal of the United States.

June 20, 1815 Residents of Plymouth, Mass., reported sighting a Sea Serpent.

Book (1) talks about this event in "Reporting on sea serpents- Ask your (children) to discuss how various segments of today's media might cover reports of a sea serpent sighting. Then have the (children) work (together with you) to prepare stories for the different media/ For example, they could develop sensational tabloid features, serious science articles, broadcast news stories, or human interest features."

June 20, 1819 The SS Savannah became the
First American Steamship to Cross the Atlantic.

June 20, 1840 Samuel F.B. Morse received a patent for the Telegraph.

June 20, 1863 West Virginia became the 35th state.

June 20, 1963 The United States and the Soviet Union
agreed to set up a White house-Kremlin Hot Line.

June 20, 1977 The Trans-Alaskan Oil Pipeline opened.

June 20, 1984 The Motion Picture Association of America
instituted the PG-13 Rating, which stated that children
under 13 must be accompanied by an adult.

June 20 is also Midsommar for Sweden; on the summer solstice.

Book (1) has the following to say about Midsommar with the Title "Dancing around the maypole-Tell your (children) that in Sweden, people celebrate midsummer by holding a daylong festival. They decorate houses, buildings, cars, trains, and buses with flowers and birch twigs. In addition, almost all the towns decorate their own maypoles. At night, the residents gather around the maypole to dance. Invite your (children) to decorate (your home or somewhere) to celebrate midsummer. They can even create a maypole from cardboard wrapping-paper tubes. On festival day, let them dance around the maypole to music."


June 21 has only two birthdays as follows:

June 21, 1731 Martha Washington, America's first First Lady.

An activity for Martha's birthday is as follows in "A First Lady's role-Tell your (children) that Martha Washington apparently didn't like the role of First Lady. She complained that it made her feel like a prisoner. Ask your (children) to speculate on why Mrs Washington might have felt restricted as First Lady. How is the current First Lady handling her role? Encourage your (children) to research how contemporary first ladies have approached their jobs--for example, Lady Bird Johnson campaigned to beautify America, Nancy Reagan crusaded against drug abuse, and Barbara Bush promoted literacy. Then ask your (children) what they think is the proper role for a First Lady. Have them debate their ideas."

June 21, 1982 Prince William, son of Prince Charles and
Princess Diana and first in line after Charles for the British throne.

Following are the events for June 21st:

June 21, 1788 New Hampshire became the ninth state.

Book (1) has an activity for New Hampshire in "Border states- Have your (children) find New Hampshire on a U.S. map. What states are located on its eastern, southern, and western borders? What country is located on its northwestern border? What states border your (children's state)?

June 21, 1834 Cyrus H. McCormick was awarded a
patent for the Reaping Machine.

June 21, 1948 The First Long-playing Phonograph Record
was demonstrated by Peter Goldmark. 

June 21, 1961 The First Seawater Conversion Plant
was dedicated, in Freeport, Tex.

June 21, 1963 Bob Hayes ran the Fastest 100-Yard Dash Ever--9.1 seconds.

June 21 1988 The Ruby Slippers from the movie
The Wizard of Oz sold for $165,000 at a movie
memorabilla auction.

June 21, 1991 School 29 in Yonkers became New York's
First School Designated as an Urban Wildlife Sanctuary. 

June 21 is also the beginning of Vagabond Week(thiird week in June) as Book (1) points out in "Wondering ways-Ask Your (children) to share the images conjured up by the word vagabond. Then explain that a vagabond is someone who moves from place to place without a fixed home. Tell them that American poet Vachel Lindsay was known as "the Vagabond Poet" because he wandered throughout the United States, reciting his verse in exchange for food and lodging. Invite your (children) to list the pros and cons of leading a life like Lindsay's Then have them write stories about where they'd go and what they'd do if they lived as vagabonds for a week."

Next we move on to June 22 as follows with the 3 birthdays first:

June 22, 1757 George Vancouver, British explorer for
whom Vancouver, Canada, was named, was born.  

June 22, 1767 Karl Von Humboldt, German naturalist, was born.

June 22, 1906 Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American Poet and essayist, was born.

An activity is listed in Book(1) for Lindbergh's birthday in "Childhood writings-Anne Morrow Lindbergh kept a diary of her thoughts as a 10-year-old. She wrote about what she could see from her favorite spot-the window seat in her room. She continued to write throughout her life, publishing 13 books--some about her aviation adventures with her husband, Charles Lindbergh, others based on her diaries and letters. Ask your (children) to keep a diary for the rest of the month. At the end of the month, survey the (children) to see how many (of them) plan to continue writing in their diary."

Now for the events of June 22:

June 22, 1772 Slavery was Abolished in Great Britain.

June 22, 1846 Adolphe Sax patented the Saxophone.

June 22, 1868 Arkansas was Readmitted to the Union after the Civil War.

June 22, 1870 Congress established the Department of Justice.

June 22, 1910 Zeppelin Air Service began.

June 22, 1939 The First National Waterskiing tournament took place.

June 22, 1944 The G.I. Bill of Rights, providing World War II
veterans with job, housing, and education benefits, was passed.

June 22, 1970 The Voting Age in the United States changed from
21 to 18.

Book (1) has an activity called "Younger voters-In 1970, President Nixon signed a bill lowering the voting age to 18 from 21. Ask your (children) if they've ever voted in an election (for instance, for student council, club, or team leaders). What qualities did they judge the candidates on? Would they consider those same things if they were voting for local, state, or national officials? Ask the kids if they think voting is a right, a privilege, or a duty. Then have them each write a paragraph defending their opinion."


June 22, 1990 The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
declared the Northern Spotted Owl a threatened species.

Book (1) says in "Jobs vs. birds?-The decision to list the northern spotted owl as a threatened species meant that thousands of acres of public forests in the Pacific Northwest would be off limits to logging. Environmentalists hailed the move as the only way to save the owl from extinction. Loggers and the timber industry assailed it, saying that it would cost thousands of jobs in an already-depressed region. Organize a (group) debate on the issue of which should take precedence: saving wildlife species or saving jobs. Are the principles absolute, or would the decision depend on the number of jobs affected and the species in question? Is compromise always possible or even desirable?"

June 23rd has three birthdays as follows:

June 23, 1903 George Orwell(real name: Eric Blair),
English novelist, was born.

June 23, 1940 Wilma Rudolph, American track star, was born.

Book (1) says in this activity called "Special champs-Wilma Rudolph roved she was a champion long before winning three gold medals at the 1960 Summer Olympics. When she was 4 years old, polio crippled her left leg, and doctors believed she would never again walk without a brace. But with determination and help from her family, she proved the doctors wrong.
Have your (children) find out about other sports heroes who have overcome difficulties, such as baseball pitchers Jim Abbott (one hand) and Monty Stratton (one Leg), hockey player Bobby Clarke (diabetes), football placekicker Tom Dempsey (handless right arm and only half a right foot), and track star Jackie Joyner-Kersee (asthma)"

June 23, 1948 Clarence Thomas, associate justice of the
U.S. Supreme Court, was born.

Now for the following events of June 23rd:

June 23, 1683 William Penn signed a Treaty of Peace
and Friendship with the Leni-Lenape Indians.

June 23, 1836 A $28 Million Surplus in the U.S. Treasury
was divided among the 26 states.

June 23, 1860 The U.S. Government Printing Office was established.

June 23, 1868 Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent
for an improved Typewriter with a more efficiently arranged
keyboard. The same keyboard arrangement is still in use today.

June 23, 1926 The First National Lip Reading Tournament
took place in Philadelphia, Pa.

June 23, 1961 An international treaty was signed pledging
scientific cooperation on, and peaceful use of Antarctica.

Book (1) gives an activity as follows:
It is called "Water from the bottom of the world-Antarctica, earth's coldest continent, has an area of about 5 1/2 million square miles and is covered by an ice cap that averages more than 1 mile in thickness. About 75% of the fresh water in the entire world is contained in ice and snow on this continent. Some people have suggested towing icebergs from Antarctic waters to other parts of the world to alleviate freshwater shortages. Tell your (children) that in the waters that surround Antarctica, icebergs the size of Connecticut (about 5,000 square miles) often break loose from the ice shelves. Antarctic icebergs to, say, Los Angeles. What strategies could be used to minimize melting in warm waters? Would the need for speed dictate that smaller icebergs be towed rather than larger ones? Or test their ideas with ice cubes and a dishpan of water."

June 23, 1976 Toronto's Canadian National Tower,
The World's Tallest Free-Standing, Self-Supporting
Structure, opened. It's 1,821 feet high.

June 23, 1988 Temperatures in 45 U.S. cities reached 100º For Higher.

June 23 is also National Columnist Day and National Cheeseburger Month.

Book (1) gives the activity called "Cheeseburger campaign-For National Cheeseburger Month, have your (children) create an add campaign promoting this all-American food."


There are four birthdays for June 24th as follows:

June 24, 1771 E.I. Dupont, French-American Industrialist, was born.

June 24, 1916 John Ciardi, poet and children's author, was born.

June 24, 1944 Kathryn Lasky, children's author, was born.

June 24, 1949 Nadine Bernard Westcott, children's author, was born.

Now the events for June 24th are as follows:

June 24, 1497 Italian explorers John and Sebastian Cabot
landed on the Labrador peninsula in northeastern North America.

June 24, 1541 Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto sighted
the Mississippi River.

June 24, 1647 Margaret Brent appeared before the
all-male Maryland Assembly and Demanded Voting Rights.

June 24, 1930 Radar was First Used to detect airplanes.

Following is an activity to do with this called "Acronym names-After telling your (children) what an acronym is, explain that radar stands for "radio detecting and ranging." Your (children) might e familiar with other acronyms: AWOL,NASA, NATO, SWAT, VISTA. scuba. sonar. Challenge the kids to make up acronym phrases from the letters in their first names, your names, or the word June or summer."

June 24, 1947 The sighting of Flying Saucers was
first reported, near Mt. Rainier, Wash.

June 24,  1964 Commercial Picturephone service began.

June 24, 1968 Professional baseball player Jim Northrup
hit Back-to-Back Grand Slam Home Runs.

Book (1) says in "Honoring young heroes-As a 6th grader, John Kevin HIll piloted his own aircraft on a cross-country flight. Have your (children) review newspapers, magazines, and television news shows to find out about other young people who've accomplished great feats, than share their findings with the class. Next, invite the children to survey classmates and students throughout the school about their accomplishments--no matter how modest. Have them design a Hall of Fame bulletin board (or poster) to celebrate these accomplishments."

June 24, 1987 Sixth-grader and pilot John Kevin Hill left
Los Angeles on a 2,400mile, Cross Country Airplane flight.

June 24, 1990 The first Currency for the Newly Reunified Germany was issued.

An activity in Book (1) says in "Currency calculations-Introduce your (children) to the differences among currencies. Yo begin, tell them the value of the German deutsche mark relative to the U.S. dollar. Then have them calculate how many deutsche marks it would take to equal $100 U.S. dollars. ... give each group a supermarket circular. Have (them) select 20 items to buy. Then have them calculate their grocery bills in deutsche marks. For more practice, tell your (children) the relative values of other currencies, such as the British pound, the French franc, the Greek drachma, or the Israeli shekel, and have them calculate their grocery bills in those foreign currencies."


June 25 birthdays are as follows:

June 25, 1929 Eric Carle, children's author and illustrator, was born.

June 25, 1937 Jane Sarnoff, children's author, was born.

Now for the events of June 25th:

June 25, 1630 The Fork was Introduced in America by
John Winthrop, governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

An activity is used in Book (1) to explain "Table manners-Tell your (children) that when John Winthrop left England to become the Massachusetts Bay Colony's first governor, he took his fork with him. (Even in Europe, travelers packed their forks because most inns didn't provide utensils.) For a while, Governor Winthrop had the only fork in the New World. Have your (children) list advantages and disadvantages of using a fork to eat. Then have (the children) make three lists: foods that are easiest to eat with a fork, foods that are easiest to eat with a spoon, and foods that are easiest to eat with fingers. Ask your students if they've ever eaten with chopsticks. If someone has, set up a demonstration and let your (children) try it."

June 25, 1678 Elena Cornaro of Venice became the First Woman
in the World to Graduate from a University, the University of Padua.

June 25, 1788 Virginia became the 10th state.

June 25, 1876 General George Custer and 225 men from the
7th U.S. Cavalry Regiment under his direct command were
defeated and killed by a force of Sioux and Cheyenne Indians
led by Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse, and Gall at the
Battle of Little Bighorn in Montana.

June 25, 1950 The Korean War began.

June 25, 1951 CBS television presented the First Commercial Color Broadcast.

June 25, 1977 Ted St. Martin sank 2,036 Consecutive Free Throws, the most ever.

June 25, 1989 Chinese painter Wang Yani, age 14, became
the Youngest Artist ever to have a One-Person Show at the Smithsonian.

Book (1) gives an activity about Wang Yani in "Youthful painter-While scribbling over one of her father's paintings at age 2 1/2 Wang Yani said, "Daddy, I just want to paint," Her father soon recognized her potential, and by age 4, Yani had had her first show in Shanghai. A few years later, one of her paintings was reproduced on a postage stamp. Her works now number over 10,000. Yani's painting style is called xieyi (pronounced see-air-ee), which means "ideas writing." She mixes ink and pigment to paint her favorite subjects--monkeys, trees, birds, and flowers.
 She often depicts herself as a monkey in her paintings. Ask your (children) to draw the animal they would select to represent themselves, then include it in a picture of themselves doing something they like."

Next is June 26th birthdays as follows:

June 26, 1892 Pearl S. Buck, American novelist, was born.

An activity in Book (1) is called "Mothers near and far-Encourage older (children) to read Pearl S. Buck's The Good Earth. Then have them compare and contrast the character of the Chinese wife and mother with their own mother or grandmother. What values do they share? In what ways do their respective societies influence or dictate their roles?"

June 26, 1914 Mildred Ella "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias,
American athlete, was born.

Book (1) brings out the importance of women in sports throughout "Outstanding women athletes-In honor of Babe Didrikson Zaharias, one of the greatest women athletes in history, have your (children) research other famous female athletes. Then have them make a list of outstanding female athletes ... in their community. Finally, have them design and mail certificates of recognition to these talented competitors."

June 26, 1915 Charlotte Zolotow, children's author, was born.

June 26, 1937 Thomas Locker, children's author and illustrator, was born.

June 26, 1961 Greg Lemond, professional bicycle racer, was born.

Next are the following events for June 26th:

June 26, 1284 According to legend, The Pied Piper of Hamelin
lured the children of the German village to a mountain,
where they all disappeared.

An activity in Book (1) says it this way in "From sad to glad legends-Invite your (children) to write a happy ending to an originally sad legend. Tell them the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin, who rid the German village of Hamelin of its rats. After he'd completed the task, the villagers refused to pay him the sack of gold they'd offered as a reward. So he lured all their children to a mountain, whee they disappeared. Next, ...(work with the children to) brainstorm for as many happy endings as they can think of. Have them share their ideas with (others). Then ask each (child) to draw or write a happy-ending legend. Compile the students' work into a booklet entitled "The Pied Piper of Hamelin Revisited--A Happy Endings Collection." Use this booklet as a model for transforming other legends."

June 26, 1614 The First Lottery in America was held by the Virginia Company.

June 26, 1844 John Tyler became the First President to Marry While in Office.

June 26, 1870 The World's First Boardwalk was completed in Atlantic City, N.J.

June 26, 1945 The United Nations Charter was signed in
San Francisco by 50 nations.

June 26, 1959 The St. Lawrence Seaway was dedicated.

June 26, 1990 Mary Alice, the First Test-Tube Tiger to Survive, made he debut at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C.

June 26 is also International Day Against Drug Abuse and Book (1) has an activity named "Fighting drug abuse-On International Day Against Drug Abuse, invite a local substance-abuse counselor to share information with your (children). Then have the kids work (with you) to role-play ways they can say no to drugs."

It is also Madagascar Independence Day and Shrimp Festival in (Belgium).

Next the birthdays for June 27th are as follows:

June 27, 1859 Mildred Hill, composer of the song
"Happy Birthday to You", was born.

Given an activity in Book (1) with the title "Making merry melodies-In honor of Mildred Hill--composer of "Happy Birthday to You"--invite your (children) to compose songs for other festive occasions, such as anniversaries, weddings, graduations, and holidays. Younger children can set their lyrics to familiar tunes. Older (children) can try making up music as well as lyrics."

June 27, 1872 Paul Laurence Dunbar, American poet, was born.

June 27, 1880 Helen Keller, American author and lecturer, was born.

Book (1) Discusses how good she was and gives an activity in "Sense-itive insights-Tell your (children) that an illness left Helen Keller deaf and blind when she was 19 months old. Before the illness, she'd been learning how to talk. But afterward, when she could no longer hear words, she lost her ability to speak and became completely cut off from the world. To help your (children) understand the importance of hearing and sight, have (each) write skits and perform them in pantomime. Can you tell what each (child) is portraying? Next, have (each) wear blindfolds as they try to identify items through touch, smell, or (if appropriate) taste."

June 27, 1927 Captain Kangaroo (real name: Bob Keeshan),
American television personality, was born.

June 27, 1949 Lionel Richie, American singer, was born.

Now we are given the events for June 27 as follows:

June 27, 1652 The New World's First Traffic Law was passed
in New Amsterdam, (New York City).

Book (1) has an activity called "Rules of the road-The first traffic law applied to wagons, carts, sleighs, and other horse-drawn vehicles--prohibiting any galloping. Ask your (children) to speculate about why traffic laws were instituted well before the advent of automobiles and superhighways. What kinds of laws do they think might have been needed? Make a (family) list, then encourage the children to illustrate one of the ideas."

June 27, 1922 The First Newberry Medal for excellence in children's
literature was awarded to Henrik Van Leon for the Story of Mankind.

June 27, 1923 Midair Refueling was first accomplished.

June 27, 1978 The First Erasable Ballpoint Pen was patented.

June 27, 1988 Habitat for Humanity Volunteers began building
20 homes in Atlanta, Ga.

June 27 is also Eid Al-Fitr (3-day Islamic celebration of the end of Ramadan)

Next is the birthdays for June 28 as follows:

June 28, 1577 Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter, was born.

June 28, 1891 Esther Forbes, children's author, was born.

June 28, 1960 John Elway, professional football quarterback, was born.

Next are the events for the day as follows:

June 28, 1778 Mary Ludwig Hays, better known as Molly Pitcher,
took her wounded husband's place of a cannon at the
Revolutionary War battle of Monmouth, N.J.

An activity to go along with Molly Pitcher is called "Patriotic Pitcher-Mary Ludwig Hays earned the nickname Molly Pitcher by carrying pitchers of water to Continental soldiers on the battlefield. During the Revolutionary War battle of Monmouth, N.J., where her husband was fighting, she displayed rare bravery. When she realized the men were retreating--on orders from General Lee--Hays raced to the cannon where her husband had just fallen, and began firing it. General Washington arrived on the battlefield a short time later and ended the retreat. The next day, Washington gave Hays the rank of sergeant in the Continental Army. Ask your (children) to write newspaper stories chronicling Molly Pitcher's heroics."

June 28, 1859 The First Dog Show was held in New Castle, England.

June 28, 1894 Congress made Labor Day a holiday for
federal employees and the District of Columbia and
established its date as the first Monday in September.

June 28, 1904 Helen Keller graduated with honors from Radcliffe College.

June 28, 1914 Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the
throne of Austria-Hungary, was assassinated by a Serbian
nationalist in Sarajevo. The event precipitated World War I.

June 28, 1919 The Treaty of Versailles was signed, officially ending World War I.

June 28, 1938 Pennsylvania began selling Hard-boiled
Eggs from slot machines throughout the state to help
end an egg surplus.

Book (1) says in an activity saying "Fixing a food glut-Ask your (children) to imagine that their home state had a surplus of peanut butter, grape juice, and pizza. How would they eliminate the surplus? Encourage them to dream up wacky ways of selling or freely distributing the extra food statewide. Then have them illustrate their ideas."

June 28,1990 The TV show "Reading Rainbow" received an
Emmy for the best children's series..

Book (1) gives the activity with the title as "Award-winning Tv shows-Make a (family) list of the qualities found in a good TV program. Based on this list, which three programs would your class nominate for an Emmy award? Write the names of these programs on the chalkboard, (vote for the best one.)

Next is June 29th birthdays as follows:

June 29, 1858 George Washington Goethals, American army
officer and chief engineer of the Panama Canal.

June 29, 1861 William Mayo, American surgeon, was born.

June 29, 1868 George Ellery Hale, American astronomer, was born.

The events for June 29 are as follows:

June 29, 1620 Parliament Prohibited the Growing of
Tobacco in England.

June 29, 1776 The Virginia State Constitution was adopted,
and Patrick Henry was made governor.

June 25, 1880 A young Englishman completed a 1,000-mile walk in 1,000 hours.

Book (1) gives the activity through Book (1) in "Walk this way-Challenge your (children) to calculate the number of meters and kilometers covered by the Englishwoman who walked 1,000 miles in 1,000 miles. On average, how many meters per hour and kilometers per hour did she walk? Have each of your (children) walk a measured times. Have the students calculate the number of hours  it would take them--if they walked continuously--to walk the same distance as the young Englishwoman."

June 28, 1906 Congress established Mesa Verde, National Park
in Colorado. It contains prehistoric  cliff dwellings.

June 28, 1956 Charles Dumas became the First Person to Clear
7 feet in the high jump.

Book (1) gives an activity to go along with called "A 7-fot feat-To help your (children appreciate Charles Dumas's athletic feat, measure 7 feet up on a classroom wall and mark it with masking tape. Next , give each of your students a self-sticking yellow note and have them take turns jumping up and sticking yellow note on the wall. Which student was able to reach the highest: How many kids were able to reach above the 7-foot mark? Remind the children that Dumas got his entire body above 7 feet."

June 29, 1985 Bob Brown of Boston set the yo-yo
Endurance Record at 121 hours 10 minutes.

June 29, 1987 Scientists from the New England Aquarium released
three pilot whales after nursing them back to health.

June 29, 1990 The Chicago White Sox played their last game
at the old Comiskey Park.


June 29 is also Bawming the Thorn Day in England.

Book (1) has a last activity for June 29 called "Trimming the tree-Tell your (children) that in Appleton, England, Bawming the Thorn Day has been celebrated since 1125. On this day, Appleton residents decorate the large hawthorn tree located in the town center with ribbons, flags, and flowers. Afterward, the children of the town dance around the tree. Make a construction-paper hawthorn tree and post it on a (wall), bulletin board, (or poster). Then have the (children) decorate it. Play some background music as the children work. then invite them to dance around the (room) when they're finished."

Last we have the two birthdays for June 30th as follows:

June 30, 1917 Lena Horne, American singer, was born.

June 30, 1940 David McPhail, children's author and illustrator, was born

Book (1) gives the activity "Exploring books- David McPhail's first book was The Bear's Toothache, which was published in 1972. Afterward he wrote or illustrated over 40 books. Gather a collection of McPhail's books for your classroom reading corner. Invite your (children) to compare and contrast McPhail's more recent books with his earlier ones. Make a ... list of similarities and differences among story themes and characters."

Now we can move onto the events for that day in Book (1) starting with the following:

June 30, 1775 Benjamin Franklin was elected U.S. postmaster general.

Book (1) explains in the activity "Friendly postcards-In honor of Ben Franklin's appointment as postmaster general, have your (children) make a large postcard for a friend. Give each child a 4x4-inch plain white card. On one side, have the kids draw and color a picture. On the other side, have them make sections for the address and message. When they finish writing their messages and addressing their postcards, invite the kids to design their own postage stamps. Finally, have them deliver their postcards." 

June 30, 1859 The French tightrope walker Charles Emile Blondin made the First Tightrope Crossing of Niagara Falls.

Book (1) has the activity in "Tricky tightrope walker-Tell your (children) that the Frenchman Charles Emile Blondin crossed Niagara Falls on a tightrope in just 5 minutes. Later, he repeated his feat several times, but always with a twist. For instance, at various times he crossed blindfolded, on stilts, in a sack, and while carrying a man on this back. Have your (children) look up the definition of "daredevil" in the dictionary. Then have them list other people who might be considered daredevils. Their responses might include bungee jumpers, cliff divers, race car drivers, or trapeze artists."

June 30, 1888 Arturo Toscanini, age 19, conducted his first orchestra.

June 30, 1906 The U.S. Pure Food and Drug Act was passed.

June 30, 1908 The Biggest Explosion ever Recorded on earth took
place when a meteor struck a distant part of Siberia.

June 30, 1940 The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service was established.

June 30, 1948 Bell laboratories announced the development of
the Transistor as a substitute for radio tubes.

June 30, 1968 Race Car Driver Bobby Unser drove to the top of
Pikes Peak in a record-setting 11 minutes 54.9 seconds in
the 46th running of the Pikes Peak Auto Hill Climb.

June 30, 1985 A New Basketball Hall of Fame opened in Springfield, Mass.


That is all for June folks! Have fun!


More of June and the Circus

Posted on September 3, 2014 at 11:48 AM Comments comments (52)

We left off in the History Calendar of Book (1) towards the end of June 15. The rest of the day into the 16th and 17th Grandma will cover along with lessons on the Circus in Book (1) and Book (57). Before lessons I want to add a note to parents in our Home Education Program of home schooling a few pointers. That is to make sure you have a line of some kind set up to attach notes of history on beginning with the time of dinosaurs and man through the Bible and into American History along with space for any other history needed. These will take up a lot of space so be prepared. Then make sure you have a big calendar set up-a poster one is best-for birthdays, weather notations and notes necessary for lessons. Also have an area for pretend news and weather broadcasts; along with plays and puppet shows, or doll play of roles. Act out role plays of characters if wish in these areas. The same place can be used for dance and exercise. Next have a place for writing, drawing and other forms of art. You may want a separate space for sewing and one for hand sewing. Also provide a place for books and supplies. You may want these areas marked as in Day Cares. Also provide plenty of space for lists or posters and projects for words and sounds to learn. Notebooks can also do a lot.( Grandma will also make a note of this on the Home page.)
Now Grandma will give you the beginning summer lessons as follows:

June 15 1904 Mary McCann Helped Save 20 People after the
steamship General Slocum caught fire in New York's East River.

Book (1) says in "Young heroine-While recovering from the measles in a New York City hospital over-looking the East River, 14-year-old Mary McCann saw a steamboat on fire. Still feverish, she ran to the river and yelled encouragement to the people floundering in the water. Her courageous act helped save 20 people, including nine children, and she was awarded the Silver Lifesaving Medal by the U.S. Congress. Invite your (children) to design their own ...medal to commemorate heroic deeds. Then, over the next month, have students clip and share newspaper articles about people who have helped others. Encourage the kids to write letters congratulating these people and to include copies of the class-designed medal."

June 15, 1988 General Motors Corp.'s Sunracer established a Speed Record for Solar-Powered Cars. Its top speed: 48,712 mph.

June 15 is also A Friend in Need is a Friend Indeed Day as well as a Smile Power Day in which Book (1) says in "Miles of smiles-Here's a fun way to celebrate Smile Power Day. In the center of a large sheet of paper, write the words "It's Great to Smile Because..." Post the paper in the hallway or outside your (bedroom) door. Then encourage (the children) to use this "graffiti-style" message center to complete the sentence."


June 16 has only two birthday's as follows:

June 16, 1890 Stan Laurel, English comedian, was born.

June 16, 1920 John Howard Griffin, American
photographer and author of Black Like me, was born.

The Events for June 16, are as follows:

June 16, 1497 Amerigo Vespucci claimed he sighted
the mainland of America on this day.

June 16, 1836 Arkansas became the 25th state.

June 16, 1858 Abraham Lincoln made his famous
"House Divided" speech in Springfield, Ill.

June 16, 1897 The Alaska Gold Rush began.

June 16, 1922 The First Helicopter Flight took place in College Park, Md.

June 16,  1939 Hundreds of Tiny Frogs fell on Trowbridge, England.

June 16, 1963 Lieutenant Valentina Tereshkova of the
Soviet Union became the First Woman in Space.

June 16, 1980 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Scientists
Who Developed New Forms of Life in laboratories could
patent their creations.

June 16, 1987 The Dusky Seaside Sparrow became extinct.

Book (1) says in "Vanishing wildlife-Tell your (children) that on this day in 1987, the last dusky seaside sparrow died in a wildlife preserve at Walt Disney World in Florida. Then encourage the kids to take steps to protect animals for the future. Have each child research an extinct animal, draw a picture of the animal, and write a one-paragraph report about it. Next. have the (children) each write a letter to their state or federal representative telling about their animal and asking for help in saving other wildlife. Have the children include their drawings and reports with the letters. Make copies for a ... display entitled "The Extinct Zoo...What You Can Do About It." Add any responses your students receive to the display."

June 16, 1988 A China Shop Owner decided to find out
what a bull in a china shop would really do.

Book (1) says in "Risky business-Grant Burnett, a china shop owner in New Zealand, always wondered what a bull would do in a china shop. He borrowed Colonel, a 2,000-pound Hereford, and let the animal roam around the store for 3 hours. Burnett risked thousands of dollars' worth of dishes, but Colonel didn't break a thing. Ask your (children) to think of other descriptive animal phrases (for example, eyes like a hawk, quiet as a mouse, fish out of water, hold your horses, sly as a fox, clam up, dead as a dodo). Have them each select a phrase, then illustrate its literal and figurative meanings. Afterward, read aloud Eve Merriam's poem "Cliche," which deals with figurative and literal language. Then ask your students to write poems about their animal subjects."

June 16 is also South Africa's Soweto Day and Korea's Tano.

Next is June 17th with three birthdays as follows:

June 17, 1870 George Cormack, inventor of Wheaties cereal, was born.

Book (1) says in "Breakfast favorites-To celebrate the birthday of George Cormack, inventor of Wheaties cereal, poll your (family to see if any of you) have eaten Wheaties. Do (you ) eat it regularly? Why or Why not? Next , invite your (children) to each name their favorite cereal, Then use three adjectives to describe its taste. List all the adjectives on the board (or a piece of paper.) How many different ones are there?"

June 17, 1882 Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky, Russian-American composer, was born.

June 17, 1898 M.C. Escher, German mathematician, was born.

Next come the events for June 17 as follows:

June 17, 1579 Sir Francis Drake landed on the California coast.

June 17, 1682 William Penn founded the City of Philadelphia.

June 17, 1775 The Battle of Bunker Hill, one of the earliest
engagements of the Revolutionary War, was fought near Boston.

June 17, 1856 The First Republican Party National
Convention took place in Philadelphia, Pa.

June 17, 1873 Susan B Anthony was fined $100
for voting in the 1872 presidential election.

June 17, 1925 The First National Spelling Bee was held.

Book (1) says in "Cooperation bee-Hold a cooperative spelling bee in your (home0. ....--without using dictionaries--work together to correctly spell words you call out. Give each...a point for each correctly spelled word. The (one) with the most points at the end of a specified period wins."

June 17, 1972 Five burglars were arrested at the
Democratic Party headquarters in Washington, D.C.
The break-in and subsequent cover-up, which came
to be called Watergate after the building where the
burglary occurred, ultimately led to the resignation
of President Richard M. Nixon.

June 17, 1979 Richard Brown set a prone-position
Skateboard Speed Record of 71.179 mph on a
course at Mr. Baldy, Calif.

June 17, 1991 President Zachary Taylor's Remains
Were exhumed (141 years after his death) in
Louisville, Ky., to investigate the theory that
he had been poisoned. No evidence was found to
support the theory.

June 17 is also Independence Day in Iceland and it is used to mention that June is Carnival and Circus Month.

Book (1) says in "Celebrating the circus-Tell your (children) that the circus originated in ancient Rome, where it was a place for chariot races and combat between gladiators. Then have the children look up the origin of the word circus. (Its Latin meaning is "circle.") Next, have students brainstorm for the kinds of acts and performers found in modern-day circuses--for example, dancing elephants, trapeze artists, clowns, jugglers, bareback riders. Ask children who've been to a circus to describe the acts they saw. Finally, have your (children) imagine they could be a circus performer or a day, and ask them to write and illustrate stories about what they'd do."

Book (57) uses the following unit to tell about it:

  1. "The Circus Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow by Pat O'Brien

Historically, the circus has been around for a long time. Performers doing acrobatic stunts appear in Egyptian wall paintings. Marco Polo reported being entertained by jugglers and tumblers in the court of Kublai Khan.
Early people caught and trained wild animals. While most of these were used for religious ceremonies, others became part of a menagerie kept to showcase rare and unusual species. In Rome, the circus Maximus, a large animal theater for chariot racing, also presented trick riders, familiar with today. The show is made up of clowns, acrobats, animal acts, and colorful spectacles.
The purpose of this unit is to explore the circus world from the known to the unknown. You will compare the training of pets to the preparation of wild animal acts. You will proceed from climbing about on the jungle gym to learning about flying through the air. You will learn how clowns advance from being accidentally funny to working on routines and tricks to entertain an audience.

The Circus World
In the winter, the circus community prepares for the coming year. New acts are developed and perfected, while old ones are practiced and improved. Trainers work with their animals. Acrobats and aerialists stay in shape rehearsing their acts and trying new routines. Clowns create new tricks.
On the road, circus performers travel from one location to the next, thrilling audiences with circus magic.
  1. Research the history of the circus. Discover an interesting way to share your findings with the class.
  2. Write five reasons for circuses.
  3. Make a diorama showing a circus scene. ( Or design a scene in a big box or on a table.)

Presenting...
Because of his ideas, leadership, and inspiration, P.T. Barnum influenced the circus world. Read to find out about his contributions to the circus.
  1. List five or more events from his life.
  2. Make a  (separate) time line to show when these incidents happened.
  3. Using the information on the time line, make a filmstrip showing the highlights of his life.
          (Also a good thing to put in your newspaper.)

Clown Alley
A clown's job is to make others laugh by doing tricks, acting, and wearing funny clothes. In the circus, clowns entertain and fill in while the next acts are being set up or when something goes wrong. From makeup to funny shoes, each clown develops a unique look.
  1. If possible, ask a local clown to talk to the (children) about how clowns apply makeup and put together a routine.
  2. Clowns often practice the art of mime. A mime uses gestures and actions rather than words. See if you can perform a routine without speaking.(One of my most happiest time was when my sister and her friend dressed up as clowns and put on an act for myself and other children of the neighborhood. It was really a fun day.)
  3. Clown College offers courses in the history and art of clowning. There are also classes in makeup, mime, using and making props, juggling, and other talents useful to clowns. (For information, write to Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Clown College, 1401 Ringling Drive, South Venice, FL, 33595.) (This may not be possible any more because they have had to quit from what I heard on the Channel 6 News in Omaha, NE )                                                              a.      if you think you have a future as a clown, what are your qualifications?
                          b.      Write a letter to the Clown College stating your talents. Ask for an application to the school. (This will be a practice letter since you have to be at least seventeen years old to enroll.)                                                                                                                          c.       What questions do you think an application for Clown College would ask?
  1. Write a paragraph telling why you would like to be a circus clown.
  2. Write a poem about a clown with alternating line: I seem to be....But I really am.....

Presenting...
Throughout the years, there have been famous circus clowns. Find out more about one of them and write his or her biography. Focus on what he or she has accomplished as a clown. Share and compare the lives of these clowns to see if you can find some lives of these clowns to see if you can find some common traits. Put together a clown bulletin board (or a poster).

Imagine That!
As a circus performer, write your autobiography explaining what made you decide to become a clown. Tell about your act. What's hardest about being a clown? What do you like best? What you're not performing. what do you do? Be sure to include a self-portrait showing you in costume.

Art Activities
  1. Have a partner trace around you on a large sheet of paper. Use the outline to make a life-sized clown. (Butcher paper is good for this.) Use the outline to make a life-sized clown. With markers, paint, or crayons, add details of the clown's costume and face.
  2. On a piece of cardboard, draw a clown. Use paint, scraps of cloth, and yarn to complete the costume and face.
  3. Draw a clown face on a paper plate and decorate it.
  4. Construct a clown puppet.

Be a Circus Clown
  1. Learn to juggle. Begin with bean bags or inexpensive chiffon scarfs then progress to tennis balls.
  2. Plan your costume and special clown face.
  3. Create and practice a routine.

Mainly Mammals

The circus presents wild and exotic animal shows to the public. Before zoos became popular, this was the only opportunity people had to see elephants, lions, and tigers. Today there is a need to provide protection for these rare animals whose natural habitats are threatened. Circus animals are cared for, provided with food, and given medial attention.

You Make the Choice
  1. List the pros and cons of using rare and exotic animals in the circus.
  2. As an animal rights activist, what stands do you take?
  3. As an (environmentalist), what are your thoughts?

Calling All Pets
To better understand the task of a wild animal trainer, consider the care necessary to maintain a domestic animal.
  1. What care do you give your pet? What kind of food does it get and how much?
  2. If you have a pet, teach it a trick. What trick do you want the animal to perform? How will you go about teaching it? Keep a record of your instructions.
  3. Present an oral report to explain how you trained your pet, teach it a trick. What trick do you want the animal to perform? How will you go about teaching it? Keep a record of your instructions.
  4. Compare your method with one used by a classmate.

Trainers and Trainees
A bond of mutual trust is established between the trainer and the animals.
  1. List the responsibilities of a circus trainer. What jobs would he or she be expected to do?
  2. What traits should a wild animal trainer have? Are they any different than those needed to train a domestic animal?
  3. How do you think circus performers go about training wild animals?
  4. List animals that appear in the circus. Select one type of wild animal. What kind of care and attention does it get? What kind of food? How much exercise?
  5. Compare caring for and training a pet to getting a wild animal ready to perform in an act.
  6. Compare caring for and training a pet to getting a wild animal ready to perform in an act.
  7. Write an essay about wild animals in general and circus animals in particular.
  8. Write the life story of a circus animal.

Presenting
Gunther Gebel-Williams, now retired, was a world famous animal trainer with the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus.
  1. Read to find out more about his life as a trainer. How did he prepare the animals to perform?
  2. Pretend you are an interviewer on a television show. Think of some questions you would like to ask Gunther Gebel-Williams. How do you think he would respond? Write a script and practice the interview with a partner.

Imagine That!
  1. If you ran the circus, what animals would perform?
  2. Using your imagination, write a resumé stating your qualifications to be a wild animal trainer.
  3. Write about how it feels to be a lion tamer. What's the hardest part?
  4. If you were an elephant, or another animal, would you rather be in a circus or a zoo? Why?
  5. Would you rather be a veterinarian in a zoo or a circus? Why?

Problem Solving
The many animals in the circus need a great deal of food each day. At every stop along the route, fresh fruits, vegetables, and grains are purchased from local merchants.
  1. Given the following information about weekly purchases, what story problems can you create?     10 tons of hay, 150 bales of straw, 1,000 pounds of meat, 400 crates of carrots, 1 crate of apples, 1 box of bananas, 500 loaves of bread
  2. Write additional imaginative problems using circus facts and figures.

Poems
Search for poems about animals that perform in the circus.                               
      a. Choose one to illustrate.
      b. Memorize it and recite it for the (family).
      c. Present it as a choral reading.

Art Activities
  1. Make papier-mâché animals. Display them in colorful wagons.
  2. Design circus animal pins from clay.
  3. Use magnetic tape to make refrigerator magnets.
  4. Make a mobile featuring circus animals.

Circus Animals
  1. Plan a pet parade. You and your pet can march around a ring in time to recorded circus music.
  2. Does your pet know a special trick? Prepare a "wild animal" act to present to an audience.


Fabulous Flights

They fly through the air, walk on wires, or tumble in the ring. They perform feats of strength, balance, and courage. They are acrobats, aerialists, and flyers.
  1. If possible, read A Very Young Circus Flyer, by Jill Krementz. A young boy, a member of a family of flyers, tells about his life with the circus.
  2. Begin by moving to music. Feel the rhythm.
  3. Depending on the equipment available, practice moving on bars and rings. Tumble on mats.

Poetry in Motion
  1. List words (verbs) that describe the ways a performer moves as he or she flies through the air or tumbles in the ring. Arrange the words to create a motion poem that reflects the movements of the performer.
  2. Add to the words on the list and group them to compose a motion poem.
  3. Write ...about an acrobat's performance.

Presenting...
Jules Leotard invented and introduced the flying trapeze. Like many inventors, he made his discovery accidentally.
  1. Read to find out how this invention changed circus performances.
  2. If Leotard kept a journal during the time he was developing the flying trapeze, what would he have written? Write five journal entries from his point of view.
  3. Can you think of something you might invent to improve a way of doing something? Explain what you want to improve and write about your plan. Include a sketch of your idea.

Circus Flyers and Tumblers
  1. Using playground equipment (bars, rings, the jungle gym, etc.), develop an acrobatic routine set to music. Include gymnastic tumbling and balancing. Make sure the exhibition of physical fitness is safe and entertaining.
  2. Tie-dye a shirt for the performance or use fabric markers to design a T-shirt.

The Day the Circus Came to Town
Read Dr. Seuss' If I Ran the Circus and decide how you would run a circus. Write a book with the same title, but use your own circus.
  1. Study a map of your state. What cities would your circus visit?
  2. Plan a route you would follow from town to town.
  3. Write a news story about the arrival of the circus.
  4. Make posters advertising the performances.
  5. Write a review of the show. Tell about the acts that people will be viewing.

Art Activities
  1. Think about the word circus. Study each letter. What does it remind you of? Design an alphabet with a circus theme.
  2. Use thumbprints to create a circus scene. Make a print and add lines to complete the figures.

Circus Performance
After studying the different facets of the circus, it is time to put the parts together and present your own show.
  1. Display posters to announce the circus.
  2. To begin the Make-a-Circus extravaganza, organize a parade of costumed performers. March to recorded circus music. Include a marching kazoo band.
  3. Sell popcorn and balloons.

Day 119

Posted on March 16, 2014 at 11:49 PM Comments comments (18)
                                                                                                                                                                                         
Hi folks! Get your tasks and Childrobotics out of the way. Plan your music, dancing or physical education (including health issues), language study, writing assignments, journal writing, family scrapbooks, yearbook items, and newspaper writing for the day. All Grandma has to give you today are some folklore, and as many paper items and activity on any reading she may have suggested. First she will cover the Calendar History for Sunday and Monday, March 16th and 17th with a couple of links to American frontier folklore for her is one, another will be under one of the birthdays, both are under March 16th. Here is some music by Bear's Den to go along with it. Grandma will let you know she had a Great Grandfather who played fiddle for the churches and then the Great Grandmother played piano for another.



Book (1): 
 


Under March 16th the first birthday was in 1750 form Caroline Lucretia Herschel, English astronomer.



The next is for James Madison, fourth president of the United States, born on March 16 in 1751.



Then Sid Fleischman, children's author, born on March 16 in 1751 is the one Book (1) writes about, ""Telling tall tales" Children's author Sid Fleischman's first love was magic. He spent his first few years after high school traveling the country in vaudeville shows and creating sleight-of-hand tricks for magicians. Fleischman published a book of original magic tricks when he was just 17. Later, he wrote mystery and suspense stories and tall tales. Explain to your (children) that tall tales are a special branch of folklore linked to the American frontier. (Including a tale with the Sioux Natives in South Dakota.) Share with the (children) some examples of Fleischman's tall tales, such as Chancy and the Grand Rascal (which Grandma could not get anything on, maybe in the library or you may have it) and The Whipping Boy (which she got a lot about as Movie series 2, One Trailer, a Discussion, and another Version). Then have (the children) select an event from American history and fashion a tall tale about it.




The last birthday on March 16 is that of Mary Chalmers, children's author, born in 1927.




Events for the day are the following:



First one on March 16 in 1521 of which The Philippine Islands were sighted by Ferdinand Magellan.



An event on March 16 of 1621 happened in which Chief Samoset first visited the Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony. He taught them how to plant corn and other native crops.



In 1802 on March 16 The U.S. Military Academy at West Point was established.



In 1827 on March 16 Freedom's Journal, The First Newspaper edited for and by African-Americans, was published in New York City. Which gives us a good time to tell you that it is Black Press Day.



In 1830 on March 16 the record for the fewest Stocks Traded on the New York Stock Exchange in a single day was established. Just 31 stocks changed hands.



Then in 1890 Eugene Schieffelin released 60 Starlings in New York City's Central Park. Book (1) says, "Eugene Schieffelin was active in the Acclimatization Society--an organization dedicated to establishing nonnative plants and animals in the United States. Because he was an avid reader of William Shakespeare, Schieffelin's personal goal was to import any bird species mentioned in the Bard's works but not found in North America. This included the starling. With few natural predators, the starling quickly multiplied and spread throughout the continent. Today, many communities regard starlings as pests. Have your (children) research starling behavior and adaptability. Why would some ornithologists say starlings have their own kind of "Yankee ingenuity"?"



 
March 17 as you probably know is St. Patrick's Day (people are suppose to wear something green or they could get pinched). St. Patrick was a special missionary in Ireland, who was very faithful, which in 1762 New York City held its First St. Patrick's Day Parade. Book (1) says under ""Percussion party" Legend has it that St. Patrick chased the snakes from Ireland by banging furiously on a drum. So why not celebrate this St. Patrick's Day with some rat-tat-tatting of your own? Share the verse below with your (children). Then have them create their own drums using tabletops, oatmeal boxes, plastic milk jugs, and so on. Fingers and knuckles can serve as drumsticks, but have your (children) find creative alternatives--wooden spoons, paintbrushes, whisk brooms, or coat hangers, for example.
                  Won't you join
                   Our St. Patrick's Day band?
                   We play real loud
                   And sound so grand.




The other event happened in 1898on March 17 when the First Practical Submarine was submerged for 1 hour and 45 minutes off Staten Island.



One birthday was on March 17 in 1846 when Kate Greenway, English illustrator of children's books, published a collection of poems and drawings called Marigold Garden in 1879. Read aloud Greenway's poem "Susan Blue," which centers on a few rhyming questions. Then have your (children) create their own poems that incorporate questions. Start the children thinking by asking,  "What is something you wonder about?""(Grandmother is not sure if the video from this link read any of the poem because she could not hear it since she needs something for her speakers. Then Grandma made a connection to an Internet library for the book to read right on the computer. WOW!)



 The last birthday on March 17 was that of Rudolf Nureyev, Russian dancer in 1938. Which I will get what I can about Russia, starting with a link to Ukraine, the split of a Great-granddaughter and two countries, Russia is testing out Missiles near Ukraine, and Crimea Joining Russia through votes.(Since the time Grandma first wrote this Russia has taken over Crimea and killed a lot of people in Ukraine. They would not follow instructions in going after the ISIS but killed a lot of other innocent people. Then they stepped in the election of Trump and Carter which has led to a lot of problems for Trump. US keeps trying to be nice but some people just have a problem.)




Book (6) has some direction and activities to give you on another Chinese book or two, when we finish the Chinese books there will be a book or two on Vietnam and Korea. Along with things on the Pioneer days. Be sure to read and find as many books as you wish on Pioneers and living as a pioneer as well as what you can find on the Native Americans.
Chinese story How the Ox Star Fell from Heaven retold by Lily Toy Hong (Albert Whitman, 1991,28 pp.)
 
"This is a retelling of the ancient folktale about how the oxen came to be on Earth. According to this Chinese story, oxen once lived in luxury in the heavens only to become Earth-bound beasts of burden. What is an unfortunate situation for the oxen becomes a blessing to mankind.
 
Before Reading How the Ox Star Fell from Heaven
  • Tell the (children) that they are about to hear a story about how an animal came to live on earth. Help the class to understand the distinction between myths (traditional stories usually involving superhuman beings), legends (non historical or unverifiable stories handed down by tradition of earlier times) and fables(short tales to teach a moral or lesson, usually involving animals or inanimate objects as characters). Help them to classify How the Ox Star Fell from Heaven as a fable.
 
After Reading How the Ox Star Fell from Heaven
  • Ask the children to comment on whether or not the fable had a happy ending. Guide the class to understanding that whether or not story events or endings are pleasing depends on the point of view represented by various characters. For example, while the oxen were not pleased to be banished to Earth, the farmers were happy to have such strong beasts of burden to help them with their work.
 
Follow-up Activities
 
Plan a Chinese Meal
Help children scan the story to find the part that describes what the characters in the book like to eat (rice, vegetables and Chinese sweet cakes). (Grandma just went out to a Chinese Buffet the other day and she prefers noodles instead of rice, she also likes eating suchi very much. However, everyone's tastes are different from others.) Then, read to the class the notes on Lily Toy Hong, author of How the Ox Star Fell from Heaven, that appear on the book's end papers. (Here it is noted that the author "enjoys learning more about Chinese culture and eating rice every day.") Tell the children that writers often include influences from their own lives in their books, which is why the author may have chosen to show people enjoying a rice meal. Look up the words "stable" and "diet" in the dictionary. Tell the children also that rice is a stable in the Chinese diet; have them guess which foods are staples in their own diets. Then, plan a meal of vegetables and rice for the class to enjoy. If possible, use a Chinese wok and bamboo rice steamer to cook your meal, and then consume it using chopsticks, (as shown in the link Use of Chopsticks.)
 
Compare Stories
Declare one week "Fable Week." In addition to sharing How the Ox Star Fell from Heaven, read aloud some of the stories in Just So Stories by Rudyard Kipling (Weather vane Books, 1978). Included in this collection are fables such as, "How the Leopard Got His Spots."
Tell the class that Kipling's stories were collected from around the world (though they tend to sound alike when told because they are all presented in Kipling's voice). If the children have difficulty understanding Kipling's use of language, feel free to read his words and then translate or clarify what he meant. Encourage the children to illustrate and label or write a brief description of one favorite scene from one of Kipling's tales, or from How the Ox Star Fell from Heaven. Also, have them share their illustrations and give examples of how any two stories they listened to are alike or different.
 
Conduct TV Interviews"
Using the chart provided, for it "provides questions designed to help students discover and appreciate the various points of view the characters held regarding the story's circumstances and outcome. After the children have had a chance to review the questions, encourage them to jot response notes in the space provided. (Younger children may just wish to copy a feeling face to depict how they believe the character felt.) Then, invite (the children) to play the parts of story characters who are guesting on a TV talk show. Play the part of the TV talk show host and introduce your guests, who are seated facing the classroom audience. To interview the characters, use a "microphone" made from an empty paper tissue roll or a cylindrical block. Ask the characters the questions on the sheet, and have the characters respond by referring to their notes and answering. Help your audience note when characters disagree on their point of view. Create new interview questions and repeat the exercise with other stories. (With practice, participants will not need to be familiar with questions ahead of time.)
 
 
 
 
 
                                                             Interview Questions to Oxen
 
  1. What was it like to live with the emperor of All the Heavens in his Imperial Palace?
 
 
 2.     How do you feel about the fact that you got to rest in luxury while people were always tired and hungry?
 
 
 3.     How did you feel when Ox Star confused the Emperor's message? Do you think the punishment was
          fair? Why or why not? What should have been done instead?
 
 
                                                            Interview Questions to Peasants
 
  1.    How did you feel when Ox Star told his message to you?
 
 
  2.     Describe what life was like without animals to help.
 
 
  3.     Do you think the Emperor's punishment to Ox Star and the other oxen was fair? Why or why not?
 
 
                                                             Interview Questions to Emperor
 
  1.     Why did you allow the oxen to live so easily while people had such a hard life?
 
 
  2.      Do you think your punishment to Ox Star and the other oxen was fair? Why or why not?
 
 
  3.      Do you ever make mistakes?
 
 
 
This is all Grandma can handle tonight. We will bring more tomorrow.
 

Day 108

Posted on February 28, 2014 at 12:38 AM Comments comments (4)
Well Grandma got through the problems and she is going to be here! Upon carrying out our responsibilities of assignments, tasks, and work; children can carry out some Childrobotics, challenge them with their talents;
 whether it be some sport, singing or music, hair, make-up, fashion, care for children, cleaning, tinkering,
art or crafts; develop them as much as possible. Maybe it is socializing or talking with people, sales,
computer, typing, programming, science, working with animals. Let them have room to grow and do.
Don't forget to work on language of words, alphabets and sounds(maybe even another language),
 vocabulary, spelling, math, writing, crafts and sewing, baking or cooking, decorating, fashion designing,
singing or playing an instrument, journals, yearbooks, family stories and scrapbooks, and our newspapers.
Grandma was able to capture some information today February 28, 2017 about Mardi Gras celebration from MSN, Bing page of her computer you may have already captured also and may surprise you as follows:


It is also celebrated in Germany (as Karneval), Italy (as Martedi Grasso),Trinidad (as J'Ouvert), and Mexico (as Martes de Carnaval);
Travels back to Medival Europe,, Rome and Venice to the 17th and 18th Century to France;
It is celebrated all along the Gulf Coast with parties, balls, and parades; however, it was first celebrated in the United States at Mobile, Alabama in 1703 on February 28; Today it is second largest to New Orleans, Louisiana ;which New Orleans was only a few thousand people celebrating but today it is at 1.4 million people; legalized as a legal holiday in  Louisiana in 1875;
It is also known as Fat Tuesday;
It is thought to be the last Day of Carnival Season (I think they are forgetting Easter- unless that is considered the beginning besides St. Patrick's Day, then there is others from Mexico besides Mother's and Fathers Days as Well as Fourth of July, then there is Labor Day any many more in the rest of the year.);
Mardi Gras is on or after Three Kings Day and culminates the day prior to Ash Wednesday to mark the beginning of Lent, a 40 day fasting before Easter;
It is action packed with parades, colorful floats, fasting before action-packed parades, colorful floats, and parties and other traditions;
In countries as Ireland, England, Australia, New Zealand, and Canada the day proceeding Ash Wednesday is known as Shroveday or "Pancake Day," as people celebrate eating pancakes and taking part in pancake-themed activities.;
Mardi Gras is not complete without Masks because the beginning people wanted to mingle with each other without class constraints and social demands, flambeaux were used to help revelers enjoy festivities at night. Usually slaves and African Americans carried the torches as crowds toss coins at them for lighting the way for the floats--today they dance and spin it with Kerosene lamps.;
Every year in New Orleans features a King they name as Rex--the first King crowned in 1872, was actually Grand Duke Alexis of Russia--who started the throwing of beads, originally made of glass but today they are plastic and have grown to Frisbees, plastic cups, and even doubloons-the beads etc. come in purple for justice, gold for power, green for faith-they are thrown at people optimized as the color's meaning.;
Every Year more than 500,000 King cakes are sold in New Orleans between Jan 6 and Fat Tuesday that have a hidden plastic baby doll inside, representing Baby Jesus. The person that finds it is announced the King and is expected to purchase the next cake or throw the next party.
So now you've heard it all. 

 
We are going to start lessons with the Bible and Faith Alive. We will start by reading "The Calling of
Mathew" Mathew 9:9-17 and "Jesus Questioned About Fasting" Luke 5:18-32, 33-39; read from
Faith Alive "Life In Bible Times-Tax Collectors--In Bible times some tax collectors had outdoor offices
by highways. People who traveled had to stop and pay taxes on the goods they carried. The Jews resented the men who collected taxes for the Romans." (When Grandma thinks about this she thinks of little cartoon character as in the Roadrunner; speeding around after the Roadrunner and having to stop to pay the taxes.
Then she thinks of the toll collectors on the new highways collecting for the building of them.) Now read 
"The Workers Are Few" Mathew 9:35-38; and again read "Jesus Sends Out the Twelve" and from  
Faith Alive Did You Know? 10:1 What did Jesus' disciples do? Disciple means student as learner. Jesus
 trained his disciples to preach and teach. The disciples were ordinary men. Many had jobs catching fish, but now they would be "fishers of men." Also read from Faith Alive "Let's Live It! Mathew 10:24-25a

A Family Fun Night--Plan a family fun night, when everyone dresses up to look the way he or she thinks
Jesus looked. Find pictures of Bible times clothing. Wear old bathrobes, make towel headdresses
. You might even serve a Bible times meal of fish, fruit, and pita bread.
Then read Matthew 10:24-25a together, and talk about ways you can be like Jesus in your daily life."
 
 
Grandma is going to cover the Book (1) calendar for the 28th and the 29th. The 29th because our earth
 takes 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and a little over 45 seconds to revolve around the sun. Therefore,
 every fourth year we have 366 days. Even though we do not celebrate it this year you can think of a way it would be fun to celebrate it a year it does come. Maybe you feel we could skip it or "leap over" it. Make a list of the next seven leap years. Maybe you can figure out a rule for figuring out whether any given year as or will be a leap year?


 
The birthdays on February 28 begin with that of Charles Bondin, French tightrope walker who crossed
 Niagara Falls many times on a wire.



(Grandma lost the year somewhere, maybe you can find it as she will look too)


Then in 1901 Linus Pauling, American chemist and two-time Nobel Prize winner, was born.


Next Tommy Tue, singer, dancer, and musical theater director, was born.


Last Mario Andretti, race car driver, was born.



(Supposedly these were born 1901 also. Maybe they all were.  We will all try to find out and see who finds them first.)



 The only two events before the 1900's are as follows:


In 1849 on February 28 The First of California Gold-Seekers arrived in San Francisco. Book (1) has this to say, "The first group of California gold-seekers, known as the 49ers, arrived on the steamboat California. Within 10 years, San Francisco had grown from a small town to a city of 379,994. Most nearby towns prospered as local businesses and industries grew. Ask the (children) if they know why people first settled their community. If not, challenge them to find out."


The other event on February 28 happened in 1854 in which the Republican Party was created at Ripon, Wis.



 
February 29th is not only Leap Year Day but it is Bachelors Day and Save the Rhino Day. Book (1) says,
 "Your (children) might be surprised to find out that the rhinoceros is the second largest land mammal
alive today. Can they name the Largest?(The elephant.) White rhinos weigh 5,000 to 8,000 pounds." How many people (at 150lbs each or children as you) would it take to weight that much? White rhinos stay in groups--called crashes--of six or eight. How many names for other groups of animals can you think of?"



The birthdays in Gioacchine Antonio Rossini, Italian composer whose works include William Tell and
The Barber of Seville, born in 1792 on February 29.


The second is of John Philip Holland, Irish-born American pioneer
 in the development of the modern submarine, born in 1840 on February 29.



The only event for February 29th is that of
1288 in which the Scottish law made it Legal for Women to Propose to men.




 
In Grandma's Books (6) and (13) there is a book called Crow Boy by Taro Yashima (Viking Press,
1955, 37pp). The main character, Chibi, is a little different than the other children and learns a little
different yet he was still very much like the other children. Make a list of ways the children themselves
 are like other children and then another list of ways they are different and talk about it. When he is
 honored for a perfect attendance record it makes Chibi feel better about himself. Talk about ways
others can be rude to us when we are very good people and ways we can act and do to make things
 better.
 
Book (13) talks about different food to try to eat with chopsticks. Maybe you can make one of your favorite recipes and eat Japanese style for one night. The activities for this include the Origami making, some Asian Games as Jacks; Hopscotch; Stone, Scissors, and Paper. One activity is making a Fish print.
Start by painting the fish across the top of it with paint. Press a paper across the top of it, making a
 print to reused if necessary.

 
Grandma must go to bed, she will give you more stuff later for Monday. Thanks
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

Day 65

Posted on December 12, 2013 at 12:02 PM Comments comments (1)
Grandma thought this was a lovely combination to add to our learning About North America in our Home Education Program.Dear Parents:
 
Grandma is so tired. I tried working with little sleep yesterday because I had to go to the doctors and then to appease Great-Grandma last night because Grandma has been so under the weather. I had that virus trying  to overcome me again yesterday which made me tired. I thought I would just get a little snooze and be able to roll. It wasn't the case. I didn't wake till 10 this morning. No fear though we got it made. It can be a fun day of Thursday.
 
Grandma has all kinds of games to give you. You could start out with a maze by drawing a picture and putting a maze in the middle like a big bell. Then form Maya waving designs on graph paper. You can make a paper bag pinata with stapling the top shut with candy iand small toys. make a turkey or chicken head at the top, tissue paper slit on one side and glued on in layers down the side with paper made wings from traced hands cut out on the sides. Put strips of paper on the back for a tail. If it is a turkey one could take hands and staple the on the top side fanned out. Make a mayan Mask of plastic, hard cardboard, or plaster, clay, play dough.. Make a Mexico flag by tracing the emblam on tarcing paper and put in the middle big strip of white paper, Put the other two colors on the sides of it. If this is not enough do some math on some Christmas tree bulbs. Here is another game Mexican people play. It is also traditional of Spain and France. You also know that soccer(fotbol in Spanish) is the most loved sport there. Many children here love to play basketball. My husband also besides soccer loves baseball very much.This is all gramdma will give for today's lessons. She will start tomorrow's lesson now. Does Grandma love Youtube or what?
As we at Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center begin learning about Mexico we are looking at the flag to see their colors.

Day 63

Posted on December 10, 2013 at 9:13 AM Comments comments (10)
Grandma rested too much getting over this bug that had me down and now I am doing the lesson I am trying to set up in the daytime. I guess somethings a person just has to do what they can do.
I hope you are getting your chores done and anything that is necessary to do before lessons. Always remember cooking is learning also, especially for math. For those who sew or want to learn, easy pot holders, aprons, curtains, pillow cases, emboidering pillow cases or flour sack tea towels are fun for Christams. Soft flannel blankets or pillow cases are easy. Pillows for grandma, knitted mittens, or slippers, or a family knitted quilt for someone special or easy square quilts for someone. Robes are another idea, or covers for tables, chairs, ect. .Homeaide doll clothes are always nice. These are considered math also and art. Another idea is rag rugs, towels and wash clothes.
 
Looking through books, Grandma realized she had missed Ellis Island for Thanksgiving. It  was about various nationalities traveling to America in the late 1800's and early 1900's by way of this Island called Ellis Island. The children were making Thanksgiving dolls and another's family from Russia came by this Ellis Island and the little girl made a doll of her mother. It could be used as an extension of Thanksgiving. I will also add it to next years lessons..
 
For today along we will talk about Mexico. As many know Mexico was inhabited by many different natives before Spain moved in on them. However some native cultures are still there and still speak their native languages. My husband was mainly from the Aztec natives and they act out a traditional play for this time of year. They are very religious in nature when it comes to Jesus Christ and Mother Mary. I could not find the 15 day celebration that is carried on throughout the villages to celebrate The day of Mother Mary. Ranching began in the Jalisco area and even further southeast of that in the hills where much of the farming is done. During these 15 days of the celebration of Mother Mary each village meets together in the main town caring Mother Mary. There is also a movie in which Mother Mary meets a villager on his way between the Natives and the Spaniards. Mother Mary stops him each time and when she finds out they do not believe him she imprints her picture on his robe. One church I attended with my husband showed me a rock they believe an imprint of Mother Mary is on that was placed in the altar. During these 15 days there is a lot of tents set up for eating and selling things, carnivals go on and singing as well as a big dance for the young people is set up. Each day a different village has a rodeo. They all go to church to celebrate Mother Mary. There is so much to tell you, I can't get it in all in one day. My husband was given land by his grandfather, a plow and the ox to work the 20 acres as his brother followed him with the corn. He fed his mother, and the other ten children on this land for ten years his father had gone away to Mexicali near California. When we have visited his family he had not seen after his fathers return for 30 years his father was raising cattle on the greens left over from the plants they had grown in the yard. We helped his with this one day. His father at 93 years old was in the field calling those cattle and horses to come eat. It was an experience one will never forget.
Grandma's Book (1024) Mexico Activity Book, written by Mary Jo Keller, Edited by Kathy Rogers, design by Linda Milliken, illustrated by Barb Lorseyedi, Consultant Francisco Tapia; 1996 Edupress
It says, "The Indians of Middle America were the first farmers of the New World. As early as 7000 BC farmers began cultivating corn, beans, avocados, tomatoes, peppers, and squash. They raised turkeys for food. Without the need to constantly hunt for food, the people had time for arts, crafts, trade and building. The Maya and Aztec became two of the most advanced civilizations in the Americas.
The OLmec--1200 to 200 BC
The first major civilization was the Olmec which developed along the southern edge of the Gulf of Mexico. The Olmec people built cities, established trade with other native groups, developed a calendar and a counting system. Sculptors carved massive stone heads as large as 9 feet (2.7 meters) tall and weighing as much as 40 tons (36 metric tons)! They may have worshiped a god that was part human and part jaguar. Jade figures and examples of beautiful pottery have been found in the ruins of an Olmec pyramid and cremonial center at la Venta.
The Zapotecs--650 BC to 800 AD
The Zapotecs of southern Mexico were fierce warriors and builders of great pyramids. To build their religious center at Monte Alban, Zapotec engineers and builders flattened an entire mountain top and pulled all the materials for the pyramids and temples up the sheer mountain wall! This advanced culture studied the stars and developed the first writing system in the Americas, using hieroglyphics(word-pictures) to record their history on stone tablets."
"The Maya--350 BC to 900 AD" and "The Aztec--1250 to 1520 AD" were already read about and blogged.
"The Huichol Indians of present-day Mexico have kept many of their old traditions. Their dress, daily life and religious ceremonies reflect a culture rich in folk art with a deep respect for nature.
The Ojo de Dios, or God's Eye, is a wel-known religious symbol of the Huichol. They believe that the design of the eye has power to heal and protect. The Ojo de Dios, or Tsikuri, is hung on the wall to be used in ceremonies and during prayer. Many children enjoy making these and they are easy to make.
Ojo de Dios is made by wrapping colorful yarn around crossed sticks. The materials needed include:
Yarn in several bright colors
Two sticks--these can be twigs, craft sticks, dowels or chopsticks
Scissors
Cardboard
The directions are as follows:
1. Make a cross with the two sticks by tying them together at the point where they cross with a strand of yarn.
2. Form a diamond shape by weaving the yarn from stick to stick, making a complete loop around each stick.
3. Add different color yarns as you go to create a bright pattern. When you have reached the ends of the sticks, glue the end of the yarn to the end of the last stick.
4. Make tassels to hang from each point by wrapping yarn around a piece of cardboard. On one side, thread another piece of yarn underneath and tie the ends. Use scissors to cut the yarn on the opposite side."
 
Another item I have not seen directions on are moraccas--made of dried ghords, covered with plaster or something to paint them unless they have paint to go straight on them. The natives have not only taken the ghords and used them put they have made pots of the dried pumpkin skins also.. Grandma is going to stop here for now. She has so much more to tell you, but it will have to wait.
 The homes and schools are different in Mexico and California because the weather is warmer. The schools are done with the halls like our porches and only different rooms off of that. The village homes are kind of like that. Each room is directly from the outside. Some of the more modern homes built are more like ours only usually of brick. My husband built one that was in a time of cement. Big walls and gates are built around the newer ones. My husbands village was made of many stone walls and his sister had a store there in the middle of the village. They buy water to drink in Mexico but have outside plumbing for the plants, showers, or bath's. There is a part in this book  that a village home is made of a small orange juice or cream carton; used to be milk cartons we drank out of before they went to plastic bottles. The project shows macaroni used for a roof. Grandma seen her husband's family redo one of the rooms in his father's house redone with this roof. My husband said his father made the slate roofing as we call it and it was layered just a certain way to hold onto the top. The supports and everything had to be just right. Yes the macaroni lookes just like it. It had been there many years.
 
This is all that Grandma is giving for today. We will have to move into the Calendar and the Bible.
Be sure to check out the weather and record it. Grandma will have to start on the 7th because she has missed it for a couple of days. The 7th was Sunday and Monday was the 8th, Today is the 9th. The 7th was It's Okay not to be Perfect Day. Even though we are not into the 1900's yet and I do not want to cover Japan yet; I do feel it is important to mention that this was the day Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii the year of 1941. Then we declared war on Japan the 8th which led into the second World War. Book (1) states, "Just 3 hours before the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, the u. s. army's chief of staff received an intercepted message that an attack would occur somewhere in the pacific. He notified Manila, the Panama Canal Zone, and San Francisco, but stmospheric conditions prevented him from getting the message to Hawaii. " Have the children illustrate how today's messages are sent and received.  Demonstrate how they were done years ago. The 7th was also the day the First colony became a state of Delaware when it ratified the U.S. Constitution in 1787. The birthdays that day include that of Marie Tussaud, creator of Madame Tussaud's Wax Museum in London. She was born in 1761. In 1873 Willa Cather, American writer was born then in 1956 Larry Bird, basketball star was born. 
Birthday's the 8th include 1542 Mary, Queen of Scots. Eli Whitney, American inventor of the cotton gin born in 1765. James thurber, American humorist and cartoonist born in 1894. Book (1) says, "James Thurber told stories with simple drawings. Give a copy of the same scribble to each of your students. Ask the kids to turn the page until an idea for a drawing occurs to them. Post the completed drawings and see all the variations that came from a single scribble."
The last birthday for December 8 is that of Sammy Davis, Jr., American singer and dancer, born in 1925.
On December 9 1848 Joel Chandler Harris, American writer and creator of the Uncle Remus stories Book (1) says, "Oral traditions; Joel Chandler Harris learned about the customs, language, and folktales of African-Americans while working on a plantation in Georgia."  See if the children can retell a story they've heard from their parents or grandparents.
In 1886 Clarence Birdseye,American inventor of the process for deep-freezing food. For an activity write the letters A to Z on a sheet of paper. Have the children write foods that can be frozen next to the appropriate letter..
Then in 1898 Emmett Kelly, American circus clown was born. Book (1) says, "Emmett Kelly became famous for his act as a sad-faced hobo clown. Many clowns design their own faces, which they sometimes copyright so no other clowns can use them. Have each student design a clown face without showing anyone." An activity is to listen to someone give directions without looking at the paper to draw a clown.
Then Jean De Brunhoff, French author and illustrator who created Babar, was born in 1899. In 1902 Margaret Hamilton was born. She was an American actress who portrayed the Wicked Witch of the West in the Wizard of Oz.
 
Now for the Bible lessons. It starts out with 1 Chronicles. As Faith Alive asks:
"Whom...did God inspire to write this book? We are not certain who wrote 1 Chronicles. It may have been Ezra, a priest and a main figure in the book of Ezra.
When...did this happen? The events in this book happened between 1010 and 970 BC
Where...did this happen? These events took place in the land of Israel, united by David into a powerful nation.
How...does 1 Chronicles show us God's love? God loves and cares for his people through King David. David foreshadows Jesus, the perfect king who come later as one of David's descendants to  defeat sin, death, and the devil in order to bring us into his kingdom.
What...special messages does this book give us? Many lists of names show that God has been moving all history toward his goals. He chooses some people to be priests, others to be ruler. Everyone is priests, others to be rulers. Everyone is part of his grand plan: saying the world.
       ...action happens in this book? David becomes king of Israel. He defeats Israel's enemies and works to make Israel a mighty nation. Then he plans the temple to be built by his son.
       ...important people do we meet? The most important people in this book include David, the priests, and the Levites.
       ...are some of the stories in this book?
The ark comes to Jerusalem.                                                 1 Chronicles 15
             God promises David.                                                1 Chronicles 17
          David counts his army..                                               1 Chronicles 21
David presents temple plans.                                                 1 Chronicles 28"
 
Chapter 1 and 2 are a list of all the family from Adam down. Chapter 3 is the list of David's line and then the Kings of Israel. The Royal Line After the Exile. Faith Alive says in  "Let's Live It! 1 Chronicles 3:1-6- Your Branch of the Family Tree--The Hebrew people were very proud of their ancestors. They kept careful "genealogies" showing their grandparents and great-grandparents and so on. They knew the Savior would be born through one of their families.
Today we call genealogical records "family trees." Draw your family tree on a long strip of paper tablecloth. Ask mom or dad to help you get pictures of each person. Tape the pictures to your family tree. Beside each person write one interesting thing about him or her.
Now turn to Matthew 1:1-17. Make another family tree, listing all the names mentioned there. Which names do you recognize? Think about their stories.. Who is the most important person in this family? Why? What has he done for your family tree."
Chapter 4 are the other clans of Judah, Simeon's line. Chapter 5 is that of Reuben and the Half-Tribe of Manasseh. Faith Alive says "Life In Bible Times; The Captivity-Babylonian records show captives being led away from Jerusalem. Hundreds of years earlier MOses urged the Israelites to obey God and warned that if they would not obey, "You will be uprooted from the land you are entering to possess" (Deuteronomy 28:63). God's people did not obey him. Captivity in Babylon was the result."
Chapter 6 is a bout Levi and the Temple Musicians.
Faith Alive says "Life in Bible Times, Temple Musicians-In King David's time the temple musicians used Instruments like the lyre, the flute, cymbols, tambourines, and trumpets. All of these were played with shouts of joy to worship the Lord (Psalm 333.1-3). Chapter 7 has Issachar, Benjamin, Naphtali
Manasseh, Ephraim, and Asher. Faith Alive writes about 7:40 in "Did You Know? Why are there so many lists of names in this book? It was important to the Hebrews to know who their ancestors were. God had promised the Messiah would come through them. They kept careful family records called "genealogies
Chapter9 are people in Jerusalem and the Genealogy of Saul, Chapter 10 Saul takes his Life and in Chapter 11 David becomes King Over Israel and Conquers Jerusalem. Then it talks about David's Mighty Men. Faith Alive talks about David's Mighty Men in "Let's Live it ! 1 Chronicles 11:10-25 --King David was brave and strong. As a youth, he killed a lion and a bear that tried to kill his sheep and he killed the giant Goliath. As king, an army of great warriers helped David.
David's batttle against Goliath taught that the men themselves weren't really very mighty. It also taught that with God, anyone is mighty!
Think about your greatest  "exploits." What have you accompoliched? Made the winning shot? Aced the toughest test of your life? Saved your baby brother or sister  from a fall? Did you do it alone? God was with you, wasn't he. Thank God that he was!!!
Now think of the biggest challenge you have ahead. A speech to give? A drill team tryout? A tough exam? God doesn't guarantee success, but he does guarantee that he will be there. That means you can take on the world!"
Chapter 12 tells about David's worriors. Chapter 13 is about bringing back the Ark. Faith Alive says in "Did You Know? 13:10 Why did God kill Uzzah? Uzzah was only trying to keep the ark from falling off a cart. But the ark was holy, and no one was allowed to touch it. God had commanded that the ark be carried on poles, not on a cart. Uzzah's death reminded everyone that God is holy and must be obeyed. Of course, if Uzzah believed in the Savior, we'll still see him someday in heaven."
Chapter 14 is about David himself. Chapter 15 is about the Ark Brought to Jerusalem-that goes into chapter 16 with a Psalm of Thanks by David. Faith Alive says in "Let's Live It! 1 Chronicles 15:16-22 Sing Joyful Songs--Read 1 Chronicles 15:16-22. What did David do to improve warship in Jerusalem?
Here's something your family can do to make worship better and more fun. Find a hymnal. Pick out songs you sing at church or Sunday school. Pick some that are new to you, as well as those that are your favorites. Then at suppertime or bedtime, sing one or two of the songs together. Soon you will know the songs better and be able to worship God more joyfully.
Faith Alive says in "Words to Remember 16:29 Ascribe to the Lord the glory due his name. Bring an offering and come before him."
Chapter 17 is about God's promise to him and David's Prayer. Faith Alive says in "Did You Know? 17:11 What did God promise David?
God promised that one of David's descendants would always sit on the throne. God kept this promise. Today Jesus, who is David's descendant, rules all things. One day jesus will come again, and we eill see him sitting on his glorious throne. Then Faith Alive says in "Words to Remember 17:14 I will set him over my house and my kingdom forever."
Chapter 18 is about David's Victories and Officials. Chapter 19 is the Battle against the Ammonites, 20 The Capture of Rabbah and the War with the Philistines. Faith Alive writes "Did You KNow? How successful were David's wars? 20:1 David had so much military success that his kingdom ha ten times as much land when he died as it had before he became ruler!"
Chapter 21 is about David numbering the Men. Chapter 22 is preparations for the Temple. Faith Alive says in "Life in Bible Times-Stonecutters-Giant blocks of stone for God's temple were cut and shaped miles away from Jerusalem. Stone masons had only hammers and chisels, with marking and measuring tools. Yet they cut the stones so carefully that they fit perfectly when the temple was put togther!" Faith Alive also writes in "Words to Remember 22:19 Now devote your heart and soul to seeking the Lord your God."
Chapter 23 is about the Levites, Gershonites, Kohathites, and Merarites. Faith Alive asks in "Did You Know? Who were the Levites? The levites were a tribe, or family group, of Israelites. They were set apart to serve the Lord. David organized the Levites to serve God at the temple Solomon would build."
Chapter 24 is about the The Divisions of Priests and the rest of the Levites. Chapter 25 is the list of singers.Chapter 26 is the list of the Gatekeepers and talks about the Treasurers and Other Officials. Capter 27 is about the army division and the Officers of the Tribes and the King's Overseers.
Faith Alive says in "Let's Live It! 1 Chronicles 27:25-34 "Let's Live It!- God's Job Corps--1 Chronicles 27:25-34 lists the jobs David gave the men who helped him rule Israel. Which job would you have wanted? How about Hushai's job (1 Chronicles 27:33)?
Sometimes we may think certain jobs are more exciting or more important than others. But God has given us all jobs to do. Because they're from God. They're all important. Make your own ist of jobs. . Begin with jobs around the house or at school. Then add careers--jobs people do for a living. Make a long list. Next to each, write some way a person doing the job can serve God's kingdom. (Hint: When a Christian just helps another person, that glorifies God.)"
Chapter 28 is David's Plans for the Temple and 29 are Gifts for building the Temple and David's Prayer, Then Solomon made king and David's death. Faith Alive says in "Let's Live It! 1 Chronicles 29:2-13 We give him but his Own--What made the people so generous in giving to build a temple for God? Look at this hymn:
We  give you but your own
In any gifts we bring;
All that we have is yours alone,
A trust from you, our King.
That's what David meant in 29:10-13. Everything we have really belongs to God already. What's the greatest gift he has given us? See Romans 6:23. Isn't God generous? He has given us everything we need for this life--and eternal life through Jesus!"

Day 46

Posted on November 12, 2013 at 5:49 AM Comments comments (3)
Dear folks, Grandma is feeling really good about the fact that people are gaining something from what I am giving. I hope I can keep pleasing your needs. I looked at the news today and became a little scared, yet people are opening up everywhere trying to make a better world for us. It all seems good to me. I can see people's upset with the churches. However, I am a little fearful of what might lead them. If they work together and monitor the good they are trying to build they will be ok. Churches have built their empires and want the people to pay for them. Yet they can get the Bible so turned around and hidden in their own belief that they forget that there are people seeing another pathway. It's like in the times of the revolution when people did not want to pay to something that was not a benefit to them but a pay to the rich. Maybe that is what is happening to everything. The American people are seeing so much of their world as non-truth that they are taking matters in their hands. Yet Grandma almost made a bad mistake on her sons jobs this weekend in trying to talk to friends on facebook about her situation. Our world is so terrifying today. Well things might become a little different but I think it all might surprise us. However there could be some strong controversy spur up. Grandma is just watching, if you have comments she is open.
For now we are going to focus on our home schooling with the Home education program we have set up with Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.
I know you will not forget your tasks for the day, Grandma saying it just helps us know where we are at and what is coming next. Just to reasure you of where we are going I want to let you know that I have some recipe's to give you and then we will finish up with the 1700's , move into the 1800 with the civil war, oregan trail days and prairie life, then we will move on into the 1900's and up to today. As Grandma is doing this we will also be learning more and more about other countries. Grandma is also moving with the bible. She want to get to the story of Jesus's birth by Christmas time and move into the New Testament afterwards. Therefore we will be moving pretty fast through the rest of the Old Testament Grandma has so much to give to people and so much more to add in. It is hard when there are picture's she has of things and she cannot just fax them to you. I may try something in the next few days of scanning them and storing them that you can copy and save, blow them up if necessary and use them. There is still connections people are wanting with the real estate connections I can give them. I also have so much more to give you in using mathe for sewing, dolls, decorating. There is so much more for us to learn about in planting, recycling, etc.
 
Now for the Bible lessons for today. The Israelites in which God is leading and preserving for the birth of his son. For God wants the right kind of people to be his sons background. I is like in our world today. People know what is right and wrong and when they get controlled and pulled into providing for a world that is not of good direction they are going to fall away from it. He has the chosen people, the asendants of Abraham in the desert and must get them to the land of Canaan. He know this land is full of battle and much problems but for some reason he wants his people where he wants them.  Of course God has told Moses what to do. The Amalekites want to fight and therefore, Moses must send Jethro out into battle with many of the people and then Moses is to hold his staff up while standing on this hill during the battle. As long as her holds his staff up Moses's people are winning. If he puts it down tha Amalekites are winning. It is very hard for Moses to keep holding the staff up all this time. Aaron and Hur had to stand with Moses and take turns holding up Moses's arms with the staff for them to win and the Amalekites were defeated. Moses was to keep a record of it because God was going to erase from everyone's minds once it was over, that way a record of it would always be there. "Did You Know? from Faith Alive about Exodus 17:11 asking, "Why did Moses hold up his staff when the Israelites were at war?
When Moses held up his staff, the Israelites won. When Moses did not hold up his staff, the Israelites were defeated. This showed the Israelites that God gave them victory. They could not win in their own strength."
Then Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, brought his sons and wife to him and they talked. Then Jethro left, but he advised Moses to get some help in talking with the people because he said the work was too much for just one man. The people assigned could settle the little problems and the bigger problems were brought to Moses.
Tomorrow we will hear about the Ten Commandments.
 
Upon you finishing some Childrobotics, we will do some Creative dancing. Lesson 26 is the last lesson of this chart. There is another chart to learn from and then we will have to decide from there what to do.This lessons element: review, helper: scarves.
This is what Mary, the author, says, " As I come around to you, tell me which color scarf you want. I'll put on some music, and you can dance with the scarf any way you want to. Ready, go.(Folk tunes are good.)
(Lower the volume to talk, but keep the music playing.)Now try holding the scarf in your other hand. Try changing hands. Try holding the scarf with your foot. Your elbow. Your head.Your back. Now let the scarf float by itself. Can you get under it? let it fall, and go over it. How slowly can you go over it? Take a low level; how can you move the scarf now? And hold a shape.
Now that you know what you can do with the scarf, let me see you move with all the strength of your muscles, strongly and slowly. Can you make the scarf move with you in that way? Can you roll it? Twist it? Throw it? What can you do with the scarf to give the feeling of strength?(Brass or percussion music at a slower tempo is good for this.)
Now show me the feeling of riding on breath--both you and your scarf. Ready. go. (Play soaring or lilting music.) You can go anywhere in the space.
The next piece of music I''ll play will be something you haven't heard before. Try a combination of breath and muscles. See how many different qualities you can get with that scarf. Don't forget to change, level, direction, size, force, and flow. This time I shall play the record all the way through. It lasts about 2 1/2 minutes. What can you do if you get tired? Think how you can keep dancing and still rest. Perhaps take a low level and move your fingers on the scarf. Perhaps let the scarf rest over your face as you sway. Try not to stop dancing. Try to keep the feeling going until the music ends. Want to try? Who thinks he or she can last the whole record? Here we go. And end.
What is it like to dance with a scarf? Now look at the color of your scarf. Show me how that color makes you feel. First without the scarf. Begin. Trade scarves with a friend. How would you dance that color? Trade again. You can imagine your scarf to be anything. What is it? Does it make you want to use lots of space or very small space? Does it lead to free-flowing movements or stillness?
Let's watch. First all the red scarves> (Etc.)
Our good-bye dance will be all the freedom and variety in movement that you can do. Move with your mind, your body, and your spirit, using all the elements of dance! When you make your final shape, fold your scarf and put it into the scarf box using dance movements.(This lesson can be simplified for use with the younger children.)
 
Goals for evaluation: Look for ability to concentrate, challenge to the body, variety and freedom of movement.
 
It is time to look at our calendars, The weather is jumping down low fast. Record the happenings in your area. There is four birthday's  falling under November 12 in Book 1. I hope you are still thinking of different dolls and things to do with dolls as well as puppets. The stories I got about Halloween all came out of a books that have all kinds of puppets and scenery to use for puppet shows. Be sure to use them as much as you can for you story telling and do lots of role playing for history, it helps the children remember it more. In 1815 Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American suffrage leader, was born. Considering I feel she may have had something to do with the slaves it might be a good idea to do some research about her. For we will be talking more and more about the slavery and the Civil war soon. Then in 1840 Auguste Rodin, French sculptor was born. You might talk to the children about what sculpturing is and how hard it is to do. Talk about how some people are making sculptures out of wood stumps and other methods or things people have come up with to sculpture, such as the metal steel objects being designed. This all will make a good art Lessons for the day. The next birthday is of Marjorie Sharmat, children's author, born in1928. She wrote more than 60 books like Nate the Great, Book 1 says most her characters were family members and they want you to make a record of what character she used for what person in her family. Grandma wants to give you the last birthday and an event for the day before she gives you a book to read and some recipes. The last Birthday is for A.ma Heflin, first female American test pilot in 1941. There is an activity in Book 1 for her but I want to wait a little while till Grandma get it things about travel and more inventions of our times. Then I will try to get the activity in there.
An event in 1799 in which a Dazzling Meteor Shower was observed in South Africa by the German naturalist Alexander von Humboldt. This might be a good time to talk some more about various things in space and wonders we have seen. Make a mobile of the various planets is one thing that can be done or a big Muriel of the planets. Be sure to do some research on internet about various things. You may want to heck out things on the moon because Grandma came upon something being hidden from us about the Moon that was interesting. Aliens may be as close as the moon to us that they don't want us to know about. 
I hope you have been trying to get records of the children's heritage, One book called Family Time by Linda Ward Beech, Della Cohen, Tara McCarthy with illustrations by Claude Martinot and Jane Conteh-Morgan 1990 Newbridge Communications, Inc. book number (188). It is close to Thanksgiving and a time when there is travel and being with family. Family ties are important to people, especially children. It gives them identitiy beyond just their parents and makes them grow and develop even more. Some people now days seem to think they are the only ones that had disappointments in their families. Some have fears of loosing jobs and close friends if they know about their past or things people feel. They have a tendency to stay their distances because they are afraid of what the person might say or do. Families are important though. This book is about a family arriving to a family on the other side of the mountain and how it all came down to how much they missed each other in the end.
The Author: Cynthia Rylant, was born on Jue 4, 1954, the same year as Grandma. She was raised partly by her grandparents the same as my granddaughter, Eva, has been by me. They lived in Cool Ridge, West Virginia. Later she moved in with her mother in a town close by called Beaver. For her books she is the 1987 Newbery Honor winner.
The Illustrator Stephen Gammell also grew up on his grandfather's farm. He was born in Des Moines, Iowa on February 10, 1943. A self-taught artist, he draws upon memories of childhood summers  on that farm. On some grapes the children are suppose to tell about the happy moments of vacations and being with family members. On another page under the Three Headings of Things You Can Feel, Things You Can Hear, Things You Can Taste the children can put the list of these things there: hugging, music, melons, squeezing, sandwiches, breathing, pulling, laughs, strawberries.
It says many times there is memories of smells in a car. The children are to write about those things.
Another pages they are to list things they do in the house with lines inside a house to write on.
Then they are suppose to write things they do outside of the house on a fence. Another page has a collection of bumper stickers.
Other activities as part of the activity is a family tree made. They can also write about one of their favorite family members and why.
Another part gives different car games: one is naming everything from a -z that they see on the trip. In Road Rhymes, one player says a phrase that car travelers use often, and the players think of a funy rhyming phrase to go with it. Here are some examples:
full load-big toad                       flat tire-high wire                        back seat-more heat
big bump-head lump                 deer crossing-me bossing           time to eat-have a beet
in the trunk-find a skunk            license plate-wish I ate               don't walk-just talk
falling rock-lost sock
 
My granddaughter used to love to play "I see with my little Eye" and guess things of different colors.
Children can help plan trips out as what to take and where to go. Talk about things to say and ways to act. Proper etiquette and things to be carefull of with family members. Give a background check on family members so everyone understands certain things.
 
Here is a sentence to fill in things just for fun play:
 
The    (person)     went to     (place)      and saw        (thing)       .Following are a list of things to use to fill in.
 
People                                                   Places                                                     Things
the teacher                                            the circus                                            balloons
a dentist                                                Mars                                                   trucks
a baby                                                   the office                                             gumdrops
 
They can think about what things family might say and then make a list at looking at different pictures different activities that may have happened in many different times of the ages. The could list those in an outline or something. Make a list of various ways different family members do to feel important or help out. Make sure the children understand each persons title and what that position is to them and to others. Talk about different places people are from.
Do some learning about maps, and plan on maps.
 
Parents even though these hints and recipes may only become fun, I do want you to know that cooking and baking are the one things that will teach children math faster than anything else and having to do cooking will teach them confidence, courage, coordination, and satisfaction easier than anything else either.
Now I will give you some extra hints from our heritage book on Colonial living. There are many recipes from the Cookbook and bread is one thing Grandma struggles to make correctly. Many people just buy bread frozen or from the store. However, it is found that it does not have the vitamins in it as our homemade whole wheat or whole grain breads. It says in the this cookbook that homemade bread combines the powers of the animal and vegetable kingdom in one product. She says in the colonies that they had as many kinds of breads as fish in the sea. It was important in those times to be able to bake bread. Grandma keeps trying to learn, sometimes they are good though and then they are really good. They used what they call a brick oven, making it round, low roofed, and a little mouth: then it will take less fire, and keep in the heat better than a long oven and high roofed and will bake the bread better. The idea was to have a fire in first to heat the walls to get hot enough to do the baking. She said the door had to left partly open to give air to the fire and allow smoke to escape so the cook could watch it. She said it was good to toss the ashes about a little and spread the heat. Then she said they were raked out into a coal bucket I am sure because one must be very careful with coals or ashes from wood. I have a fireplace and my coals sit for many days before I take them out. Someone had some ashes the bagged up and took outside catch the corner of their house on fire. Before you put them in anything flamable make sure they are well cooled. In those times I believe they had a coal bucket.
She said she tested the heat of her oven by holding her arm in it for 30 seconds. If she could do that it was ready. If it was not hot enough they had to make another fire to get it hotter. She said with an oven peel they put things in when the oven was right. She said the door was closed and things were put in there till they were done. She said Many housewives having no brick oven will do all their baking on the hearth..They would sweep a clean spot on the hearth and put a piece of dough directly on the hot bricks. They would cover it with an upsidedown pot of iron or earthenware, and then cover the pot with embers and pile hot coals around it. Experience just taught them how much time. She said the best wood out of opinion was hickory and the white and black oaks are next in goodness.
She says in these words, "The cook must take great care for the hazards surrounding the fireplace. The constant maintenance of a fire, the necessary raking apart of the embers and coals to provide a slow or gentle cooking temperature, the need to build up brisk flames to produce quick heat for other dishes, mean that even careful cooks risk daily injury." Sparks and pieces of wood can slip out. I am careful of mine when it starts sparking. I have a screen that goes across and the door keeps any from rollin forward out of the fireplace. I also keep wood or anything towards the back part and not forward to roll upward or out. They had to make sure the lug -pole I think that held pots did not get old or brittle and break otherwize the pot of stews could drop and scald someone. She said those that had an iron crane would swing the kettle out from the fire and give the cook an advantage of not having to reach in..
She said for white bread: "Take 3 quarters of a peck of fine flower & strow salt in as much as will season it, then heat as much milke as will season it luke warme, hould it high when you pore it on to make it light, & mingle with your milke 4 or 5 spoonfulls of good yeast, worke your paste well, & then let it ly a rising by the fire, your oven will be heated in an houre & halfe then shut it up a quarter of an houre, in which space make up your loaves & then set them in the oven; an houre & halfe will bake them.
To Make a Buttered Loafe--
Take 4 quarts of milke put runnit(whatever that is) to it & whey it & hang the curd up in a cloth to dreyne for an houre or 2, then take 10 eggs & leave out 3 of the whites then take a little ginger, a pinte of ale yeast, as much fine flowre as will make it up to a loafe. When it is well baked cut  it up, & butter it with sweete butter & sugar your butter must be melted & beat up with the sugar before your put it into your loafe.
The matter of keeping on hand a supply of good yeast requires good management. The preferred kind is barm, the froth that forms on the top of fermenting ale or beer.
Now I know you are going to want to go to the bakery or make some bread our modern way
She goes on to say to Take a lump of dough, about two poinds of your last making, which has been raised by barm, keep it by you in a wooden vessel, and cover it well with flour. This is your leaven; then the night before you intend to bake, put the said leaven to a peck of flour, and work them well together with warm water. Let it lye in a dry wooden vessel, well covered with a linen cloth and a blanket, and keep it in a warm place. This dough kept warm will rise again next morning, and will be sufficient to mix with two or three bushels of flour, being worked up with warm water and a little salt.
Beaten Biscuit-Take one Quart of Flour, Lard the size of a Hen's Egg, one teaspoonful of salt. Make into a moderately stiff Dough with sweet milk. Beat for half an Hour. Make out with the Hand or cut with the Biscuit Cutter. Stick with a Fork and bake in a hot oven, Yet not sufficiently hot to blister the biscuit.
Sweet Potato Buns-Boil and mash a potato, rub into it as much flour as well make it bread-- add spice and sugar to your taste, with a spoonful of yeast; when it has risen well, work in a piece of butter, bake it in small rolls, to be eaten hot with butter, either for breadfast or tea
To Make a Nice Biscuit-Rub a large spoonful of butter into a quart of risen dough, knead it well and make it into biscuit, either thick or thin:bake them quickly.
Ryaninjun-is the name of the steamed brown bread that wlways accompanies beans to New England tables. For the amusement of the cook, I have found this recipe in thyme.
Three cups of corn meal
One of rye flour;
Three cups of sweet milk,
One cup of sour:(a teaspoon of vinegar to a cup of milk will sour it)
A cup of molasses to render it sweet,
To render it sweet,
Two teaspoons of soda
Will make it complete.
 
Grandma is skipping their recipe for pancakes for she wants to give you hers:
I have always remembered it by thinking 2,2,2.
2 cups of floor with 2 teaspoons of baking powder and 1/2 teaspoon of salt mixed together
Then add 2 eggs first before the milk because sometimes don't want to break in milk
Then add two tablespoons of sugar and seasons you like of either cinimmon, with this honey might be a good substitute for sugar or pancakes are even good and better for you with honey on them after they are cooked with cinimmon springled on it. I is a proven fact that the two together are really good for you.
Then add 2 cups of milk and about 1/4 to 1/2 cup of oil. Fry in butter or oil or lard it does not matter. However, the art of tossing a pancake can be quite a trick. Little bubbles forming on the pancake and breaking is how you know they are ready to toss over. When at least half of those bubbles are broke and holes are left they are ready. Then just brown the other side. Molasses is a good substitute for sugar also. It was my discovery that even though pancakes are not quite as thick and formed extra milk in the batter gives them really even a better taste. We have prized the pancake making in our family.
Grandma is tired and we will have more tomorrow. Take care.    

Day 34

Posted on October 25, 2013 at 4:01 AM Comments comments (134)
Hi! It is Friday and Grandma is finally getting ahead. As soon as you have all your jobs and tasks  done for the day you can engage in a prayer and study this section of the bible. Genesis 41:41-57, Genesis42, 43, 44, and 45.There was a great famine about to happen and Joseph becomes part of it. Faith Alive ask Questions and gives some answers as follows:
Did You know? 42:8 Why did Joseph pretend to bea stranger to his brothers? Joseph wanted to find out if his brothers realized what they did to him was wrong. Joseph kept on testing them, until at last they showed they really cared for their father and each other too. Discuss this information among your selves. Faith Alive also talks about the Nile rivier in those times. It says, "The Nile is one of the longest rivers in the world. The people of Egypt lived along the top or northern, art of the river on the map. Every year the river overflowed, leaving rich new soil where crops could grow. When lands that depended on rainfall had famines, there was often still food in Egypt.
 
 After Childrobotics, Grandma will have the lessons  for Creative dance. Grandma is using a few lessons that have halloween helpers. Todays will be lesson 14. The element: big and little; the helper: land of the giants
 
Made the biggest high level shape you can. Make the biggest low level shape you can. I'm going to count to ten, and I want you to move through the biggest amount of space you can by the time I say ten. Ready, one(count through), ten.
Is it possible to make a big movement with a small part of your body? Now how about trying a small movement with your back. Your leg. Now cup your hands together and make a small packet of space. Put your thumb into that space and make the smallest one you can in the smallest amount of space. Go. Can you make a movement that small with your shoulders? Your hand? Your head? Your foot?
As I beat the drum, show me big movements. When I beat the rim, show me small movements. Go anywhere you want to travel in space. Ready, go.
What can you do to make me notice your small movements? The shape you are holding helps. Your focus helps. This time, when you make a small movement, make it show. Look at it; make your whole body shape focus on it. Go.
Now let's think about steps. Show me big walks. Tiny walks. Do you all have to walk forward? Show me sideward or backward or circling walks. What about a small body shape to go with a small walk? Skip big. Skip small. Gallop big. Gallop small. Can you gallop with your fingers? Arms? Big and small? Now start with a small movement and make it bigger and bigger. Go. Do the opposite: start with a big movement and get smaller and smaller. Try it.
Get into small groups (or "partners"). Make a dance that shows contrast in size. Show me "Land of the Giants." I must see huge giants,and I must see tiny little people and insects. How many moves will the giants think of? What will the tiny people do? Maybe they'll surprise us grow bigger! decide what you'll do. We'll go over it once together: Then I'll let you practice two minutes, and then we'll watch.
Ready, everyone in a starting shape. Go. I must know right away if you're big or little. Show me contrast in levels, perhaps. Make it your ending shapes. Remember: starting shape, movemments, ending shape. (Watch and comment.)
 
Goals for evaluation: Check whether the children have ideas when they get together. Look for enthusiasm and challenge.
 
Now are we all looking at the calendars, marking the weather adding anything to the time lines necessary. Are we doing any journal work or poems, yearbook work or the newspaper. Are we getting ready to print out the newspaper and read it. Pass it out to whomever we want to. Todays calendar lessons has to do with Abstract art for Pablo Picasso, Spanish artist  was born October 25, 1881 He excelled in making collages, the process of gluing various materials to a surface to express a mood, feeling, or theme. THe children can make them on their own.
-Collect flat materials of different colors and textures--foil, plastic wrap, labels, corrugated cardboard, tissue, food trays, packing material, burlap, buttons, scraps of cloth.
-Select items that look interesting together and cut or tear them into a variety of sizes.
-On a piece of cardboard, arrange the shapes to create a feeling, mood, or message. Overlap some of the materials to help crate balance.
-Use empty spaces as part of the design. Decide what to emphasize, determine a center of interest, then glue everything in place.
-Create a title to reflect the idea or message of the collage.
 
The other birthdays include that of Johann Strauss, Jr. Austrian composer known as "the Waltz King" born in 1825. THe other is Richard Byrd, American polar explorer born in 1888. There are no events before 1800 on October 25. Birthdays for Saturday October 26 include that of Charle William Post, break-fast food producer. born in 1854. Stephen Kellogg, children's author and illustrator was born in 1941.
The events for October 26 include  on in 1760 in which George III was crowned king of England. Then in 1785 The First Mules in the United States arrived from Spain. They were gifts for George Washington from Charles III. Grandma has a book about him for Monday.
 
OK! today Grandma is going to go in deeper to the whole North American continent as a general place. . We have been studing the water routes and exploration in our continent the last week or so. Explorers were actually looking for an easy route to Asia. Columbus and the explorers never expected our continent to be there. They were having to travel clear south around South America to get to Asia and back to Europe. Then they thought they could find a route going through Canada by way of the Hudson and that did not work.Eventually we made a route going through Panama in Central America. I hope you all find that area on the map now. They made a canal called the Panama Canal to take the ships through to save them from traveling clear South. Now there is a big argument in Central America, I believe over who owns it or should own it. It is a really bad scene in that direction. We would have to do some research on it. Now in Grandma's Book (2), Pineapples, Penquins, and Pagodas It talks about each Continent as a general.
It explains North America as inbetween the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Grandma hopes you know where all the oceans are by now. If not, it would be a good idea to. The book describes it as "intersecting with major trade routes of the world and extends from the Artic Ocean in the north to the country of Panama in the south. It is the third largest continent in size and lies entirely above the equator. North America consists of 23 independent nations. Most of the people speak Spanish, English, or French.
The most northern region of North America is Grrenland, the world's largest island. I lies in th North Atlantic Ocean, mainly north of the Artic Circle. Greenland's small population lives mostly in its warmest region along the southwestern coast. Most of Greenland is covered by a large icecap that always remains frozen. (This may be changing and would take some research to find out.) Fishing is a major industry. Weather sssstations on the island are also important for forecasting storms.
Canada, the second largest country in land area, is located north of the United States. French and English are both official languages in Canada. Most Canadians live in the souther region because of the severe climate in the north. There are large forests and fertile farming areas. The country has rich deposits of copper, silver, gold, uranium, and largest nickel mines in the world. (We will learn more about Canada soon if not today.)
The continental United States is located south of Canada and north of Mexico. The state of Alaska is located northwest of Canada. Most United States citizens have ancestors from Europe. English is the chief language. A climate of long summers and warm temperatures predominates, allowing for extensive farming and raising of livestock. Most of the farmland is located in the midwest. The grasslands of the west are used primarily for ranching. There are also deserts in the west. Forests in the norteast and northwest are rich sources of lumber. Deposits of iron and coal are located in the east. Most factories using these materials are also located there.
Central America is the land to the south of the United States where Spanish is the main language. Most of the people are very poor. Mountains, plateaaus, deserts, grasslands, and tropical forests are found in this section of North America. Mexico is the largest country. Its capital, Mexico City, is the largest city in the world. The economy of Mexico is based on agriculture, manufacturing, mining, and tourism. Mexico is famous for its skilled silver craftsmen who frequently display their works in open markets. The people of the other seven Central Middle American countries earn their incomes primarily by working on plantations, in forestry, and by mining. (Some of this may have changed lately also.)Coffee and bananas are the chief products.
The West Indies or "Sugar Islands," are a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea formed by volcanic eruptions, limestone, and coral. Most of the people are descendants of black Africans and speak several languages including Spanish and English. Farming is the main occupation. Sugar cane is the main crop. Because of the tropical climate, tourism is the second largest industry."
Independent Countries  in North America Include:
Antigua & Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, St. Christopher & Nevis, St Lucia, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Trinidad & Tobago, United States.
 
Those still dependent on some other country is Anguilla, Aruba, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Greenland, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St. Perre and Miquelon, Turks and Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands(U. S.), Virgin Islands (British).
 
Our Heritage-Ancestors of most Americans came from other countries. I have big Gingerbread type dolls with lines in them that the children can make a list of their heritages in. Locate the country or countries from which they came. Select one of the countries, and dress the paper charater in the traditional costume of the country. List five interesting facts about the country on the back of the character. You can use heavy cardboard, poster board, or cereal boxes to make them stiff and then you can dress them in cloth clothes if you wish.
 
Skipping into a Book Grandma calls (5) KIds, Customs, and Cultures by Alison Fuller Johns; illustrated  by Carol tiermon; 1993 Instructional Fair, Inc. It goes into greater detail about Canada. I did a trip planned out of a Canada Travel book and that would take a long time, but it was interesting. They kept emphsising how people can swim in the summer there. It has a lot of traditional sightseeing and watching of the whales on the east coast. It works in the native and Scotch Irish heritage as you travel west and then much of the prairie land, cattle area in the middle. Then it goes into the mountain travel which is a little more rugged before it reaches Alaska and the west coast. Book (5) uses what we call in teaching K-W-L method of organizing learning. K stands for what children and yourself already know about something, the W stands for the things you and the children want to learn about, and the L stands for what you actually do learn about by the end of your study.
For one activity Book (5) suggests taking an outline of Canada and using it to design a poem on. Do the poem on scratch papers until you are satisfied with it and then copy it on the map. People came to Canada for various reasons also and only certain people were allowed from some of the various countries. Some were looking for a route across, other came to find gold, others heard there was wealth, others came for the fishing, and products, others peace of mind, and others out of curiosity. There is quite a difficult and intense coverage of history in Canada.
"Canada is located on the continent of North America north of the United States. Slightly longer than the United States, It is the second largest country in the world. Canada is made op of ten provinces: Quebec, Ontario, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Manitoba, British Columbia, Prince Edward Island, Saskatchewan, Alberta and Newfoundland. It also contains two territories: the Yukon and Northwest. The French and British fought to control Canada, but the British won. However, French traditions are still carried out in lower Canada, especially in Quebec, which is French-speaking. The capital of Canada is Ottawa, located in Ontario. Their flag is very simple. It consists of two outer red strips on each side of a Maple Leaf that is red on a white background.. You could draw one easily for the children to color or do one in colored paper." Book (2) says that Canada is full of different birds and mammals. It suggests you pick one and write about it. However, Even though Grandma's granddaughters favorite is that of the wolf and we have books about them here in our home. However, Grandma wants to get this published for you and I may add them later for your learning. You can research about them on the internet also. The animal Book (5) talks about is the Beaver, in which they made special hats of  when they could not find the gold they thought there was. They made a ton of money off of them. This is what Book (5) says, in"Hats off to the Beaver!, One could say that Canada was explored and settled because of fashion in Europe. In the 1600's, beaver hats became popular in Europe, and even 200 years later remained just as popular. In order to meet the demands for beaver in Europe, a new hunting ground was needed since they were almost extinct in Europe. When Jacques Cartier came to North American in 1534, he and his crew immediately traded with the Native North Americans for all of their furs. In the years that followed, there was a rush to find new waterways and establish new trading posts. A new hunting ground had been found.
The two main competitors in the fur trade were the French and the British, In 1670, the Hudson's Bay Company(H.B.C.)was granted all of the land around the Hudson Bay by King Charles II of England. The French did not agree with this, and often would attack trading posts in this region and take them over. They also built their own inland posts closer to the Indian's hunting grounds, so that they could get at the furs before the English. It wasn't until 1763, when New France became a British colony, that the French threat to the English trade ended.
Although the French were no longer a threat to the H.B.C., the forts left abandoned by the French were soon taken over by small groups of traders. These traders saw the value in the fur trade and weree eager to take over where the French had left off. The only problem was that the small groups were all competing with each other for the same furs, thereby paying high prices for their furs. They decided to join together and form a company to improve trade with the natives. The North West Company was formed in 1783. The Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company now raced with each other to start new forts in a westward direction. At times, there was open warfare between the two. But in 1821, the two companies finally combined to form one company, the Hudson's Bay Company.
 
Book (5) gives a couple of activities to do with what you have learned. Grandma wants to drop one of them about the hat because feeling about fur is so controversial anymore. She want to replace it with finding out all you can as a family about the problems of the Global Warming and see if there is any solutions possible as well as the problem of the wolves and any other animal losses in Canada.
The other activity involves what it would take to transport the furs for Book (5) says, " Voyageurs were men who transported furs from various forts to Montreal by canoe. They would often spend a full year on the Canadian waterways in order to do their job. Design a list of goods that you would need if you were to be gone for three months. Be sure to take as little as possible, since you would not want your canoe to sink! Another thing to keep in mind is that some things they might eat on this trip might be strange to us and some things eaten in Canada are a little strange to us. Have someone with enough knowledge to check your list over check it out.
Montreal, the Heart of French Canada, is unique. "This is the largest province in the country, is largely French-speaking. The people there have long been referred to as the French-Canaddians. They are quite proud of their French heritage, often referring to themselves as "pure wool"-100 percent Quebecois. Montreal is Quebec's most famous city and is often referred to as the "Heart of French Canada." By day or night, it is an exciting city with fine universities, the National HOckey league, Montreal Canadiens, incrdible museums and the one-of-a-kind Cirque du Soleil. Cirque du Soleil means Circus of the Sun. What makes this circus so unique is that it is all human! It is said that they mix the blacktop with the big top with acrobatics, cycling and old-fashioned clowning around. Quebec funds a school called the Ecole Nationale de Cirque. With an enrollment of 20 youngsters among the 200 adults, the school provides an academic education while they learn the arts of the big top on the trapeze, stilts, trampoline and tightrope.
An activity could be imagining what kind of day you would have and writing about that day.
 
Here is another activity of Social Studies and Language in which you would label the provinces of Canada. and the two territories.
 
1. The Yukon Territory is connected to Alaska and the Northwest Territory is the large area on the east. Label them.
2. British Columbia is south of Yudon. Label the province and color it yellow.
3. East of British Columbia is alberta. Label it and color it red.
4. The province between alberta and Manitoba is called Saskatchewan. This is where Big Foot lives. Draw him there and label the provinces.
5. Winnepeg is a city in Manitoba. Label the city and color the province brown.
6. The province north of the Great Lakes is Ontario. Color it orange.
7. The largest province is Quebec. Label the province and color it green.
8. New Brunswick borders Quebec on the southeast, and Nova Scotia is attached to it. Label them and color them purple.
9. Nestled above the two provinces is Prince Edward Island. Color this province black.
10. The last province is Newfoundland. This province borders Quebec and includes the large island near it. Label both parts.
 
Book (57) has some Questions and Activities concerning Canada for you as follows
 
-In your opinion, what character traits should an individual possess or what sort of person should be leader of a country? Choose the three Canadian leaders that you feel best show these strengths.
-You have a picture frame that is 8 1/2" x 11". Illustrate the Canadian scene that you will put in your frame.
-Select five spots in Canada that you think best show the different features that make Canada so special. Using an unusual format, describe and entertain.
-Your neighborhood is planning a Canada Day. Help provide the activities, logo, theme song, contests, flags, motto, and so on.
-prepare and present a series of dynamic radio commercials advertising Canada. Your only limit is your imagination and a 30-second time limit.
-Some Canadian/U.S. border cities have an annual international celebration or freedom festival. Find out all you can about this concept.
-List many famous Canaddians. Research to name many more. Using a time line, formulate a concise view of Canadian history.
-Estimate how long it would take to go from Canada's easternmost town to the furthest west if traveling at an average speed of 80 kmph. Check for accuracy.
-Anne of Green Gables is a very special Canadian girl. Who was she? What made her special? Where did she live? When was she first known? Why is she still well-known? Find out more about Anne and her "kindred spirits."
-Your most recent book is to go to the publisher soon. Summarize the format by listing chapter titles. Oh, by the way, the book title may be:
Famous Canadian Women,
Famous Canadian Authors, Famous Canadian Writers, Famous Canadian Sports Stars
-Make a very long list of what you think of when you hear Canada. Now look at your list and see how your ideas could be grouped. Rearrange to form collections of "Canadianisms." Keep your list handy over the next few weeks to add categories or details,
-The newest game on the market is Contest Canada. As its creator, you can set it up any way you want: color, size, rules, competition, players, win/lose. Have fun!
-English and French are Canada's official languages?
-These items are thought to be Canadian. Find out how or why. Expand the list.
maple leaf   moose    beaver    RCMP     trillium     dogsleds     lacrosse
-Find out some first-rate informaiton on Canada's first Prime minister, Olympic medal winners, successful TV series.
-Where in Canada would you find the best salmon steak, sunset, fir trees, beach, soapstone, skiing, fresh-ater fffffishing, live theater, national park?9Some answers may be fact, some opinion.)
-Some people think Canada is always cold and has snow even in summer. Suggest reasons why they might think this is true.
-As a travel agent, you are often asked to recommend interesting places to visit in Canada. To make your job easier, develop a brochure to give some intriguing answers.
-Plan a vacation to travel coast-to-coast across Canada and hit highlights of Canadian life on the way. Since this is a dream vacation, don't worry about time or cost.
-Make a match game of Canadian go-togethers. For example: Provinces, symbols, capitals, flowers, produce, industry.
-Choose one Canadian province and learn all you can to become an expert. Make a presentation to your class.
-Endangered species in Canada are a problem of great concern to many. What can you find out?
-Canada was the end of the Underground Railroad during the U.S. Civil War . Examine the history of the people involved.
-We have Swiss cheese. Belgian waffles, French pastry. What else might we have for an international meal? What treat from Canada?
-Select gifts that are truly representative of Canada. You might have to be resourceful!
-You are in charge of the Canadian yearbook, which is to be an informative, illustrated guide to life in Canada. You get to choose the year (or decade, if you're ready for a big challenge).
This might be a great activity to do with friends. You could work in pairs and choose different time periods. When you finish, you would have a series of yearbooks to share.
-You have been selected to design a limited-edition Canadian coin. With great plannng and originality, you have the coin ready for approval. What does it look like?
-Design brag buttons for Canadians(must be more creative than"I love Canada" of course.)
-Sometimes Caanada is referred to as a mosaic. Suggest reasons for this.
-If you could interview any Canadian, who would you choose and what would you ask?
Why is it that Alaska is a state and not a province?
-Why is it that Alaska is a state and not a province?
-If you were to publish an all-Canadian magazine called Canadian Leisure, what regular features would you have?
-Create a Canada collage.
-Investigate the phenomenon of Canada's Aurora Borealis.
-If you were able to select items for an all-Canaddian time capsule, what would you include?
-Many things in Canada are "North American." What can you suggest that is typically "Canadian?'
-Write to a member of Canada's Parliament with a few well-thought-out questions.
-Compare the government of Canada with the United States and how people are taken care of there.
-Canadian history is strongly linked to Great Britain. What influences can still be seen today?
-Investigate the involvement of Canadians in NASA.
-Collect Canadian coins.
-In what ways might free trade affect Canada? List the positive and negative aspects.
 
You may not want to do all these activities and certainly do not try to do them all at one time. Just start out by crossing out the ones of no interest or that you already know about. Work step by step from there.I do not believe all countries will be this intense unless you want them to be. At least you see ther is a lot there about one country.

Day 22

Posted on October 8, 2013 at 4:26 AM Comments comments (0)
Hi folks! Grandma hopes you are all doing well today. She got worried today wondering if she needed to send lessons into the states. They said no, that as long as she is not the one doing the teaching. They said parents could mention they are getting materials from her but it is not necessary. This is just to reafirm that you are ok in following Grandma in lessons. If anyone in that that other land out there can tell Grandma if there is any way to get pictures from "Pinterest" to here she would like to know so we can have some more materials to enhance the enjoyment of what we are doing. There is things I ran into as planets and writing I would like to get here for your usage. I have a couple of songs and two fun activities for very young to older children from Patricia Gallagher's book 1000. The first is
                                           "Five Little Ducks" 

Five little ducks                  (Hold up four fingers and the thumb)
Swimming in the lake.         (Make a swimming motion)
The first one said:"watch the waves I make." (Make motions of waves)
The second duck said: "Swimming is such fun."
The third duck said: "I'd rather sit in the sun."
The fourth duck said: "Oh, let's stay."
Then along came a motorboat
With a POP<POP<POP (Clap hands three times)
And five little ducks
Swam away from the spot.

I am trying to remember another version of this: Therefore , I thought it would be fun to make up your own versions of the things each duck says in the song. I have little card puppets you can easily make with colored paper if necessary putting them on sticks or toilet paper tubes.
One activity she gave was for the children to make little bracelets from an envelope. First take an envelope and seal it shut. Then color the envelope in patterns and cut 1/2" strips running horizontal(which you can talk about which is up and down). Open them up and you have bracelets.
The other song is "Ten Little Fingers"
I have 10 little fingers 
they all belong to me. I can make them do things Would you like to see?
I can shut them up tight. I can open them wide. I can put them together
and make them all hide.
I can put them up high. I can put hem down low. I can fold them together and keep them just so.  

The other activity she suggests that children like to do is scouring the bottom of pans. It helps them build muscles and is fun for them to do. Make sure they have aprons on and a table or place low for them to work.
Therefore, start out by doing your tasks and responsibilities to make your facility work for you. Then say a prayer. As soon as you finish Grandma wants you to join her in a vision of Noah's Ark. Now my daughters Faith Alive Student bible shows pictures of just how big that ship was that God had Noah build. When she figured out it was 1 /.2 block long and at least the 60' length of my house width wide with 5 stories up, she realized just how big that ship was. Now God just left that ship out on the water with no one to stir it and who knows where it was going. When you think about the fact that the Oceanliner the "Titanic" and many cruise ships now days are almost as big and an icecycle put a hole in the "Titanic" and lopsided a cruiser from Italy. Amazing trip and all in God's hands. Then the bible says he will bring the animals to Noah seven sets of each kind in pairs. That folks is a lot of animals.If you take each set of lion's, tigers, and bears; elephants, giraffes, zebra's all kinds of monkeys,apes, gorilla's, orangatangs, water buffallo, hyinas, hypppo's, wolves, fox, beavers, muskrats, turtles, weesles, and other ground animals, not to mention birds ect. Then put them all under one roof. That was a lot of responsibility. Grandma can not imagine that God is definately a true "Wizard of OZ.." Be sure to use any puppet set up or play set you may have for the younger to play with and use it. Do any papers of coloring form of it, stickers, poster to glue, draw, or read about it because it really is a very facinating and amazing thing that happened. Watch movies of it anything that enhances their imagination upon the happening.

As an additional lesson of fun and enjoyment watch "Wizard of OZ" before halloween  this year.One of the players on my line showed a picture of the movie. The minute Grandma seen it, she thought what a perfect picture for this time of year, this year. If you do not like to celebrate what is part of history then have a great celebration of harvesting our land because it is a blessing that we have what is being left of it after Monsanto is destroying much of what we have along with the coal industry. If any of you can decide to try at organic planting inside this year and plant gardens outside do so. Many plants can be started inside. Plant plenty of flowers in the yard to help the bees and the butterflies reproduce since half of them are being destroyed by cruel people.Decorate and have plenty of pumpkins and harvesting foods as apples. Plan an apple dunking where they have to catch apples out of a bucket of water or big roaster. Make treats and carmel apples, hang apples, anything that is fun. The children love it and will enjoy it that they are having so much fun. Do it outside if necessry. Fun in hay is good make funny bodies with big refrigerator boxes or a wooden board. Anthing festive to enhance a change in lives. Experts say we need celebrations.

Now for our Childrobotics and Creative Dance Lessons. The author only has one last chapter with a few messages for you before she starts giving you one lesson from another. She calls this 3rd chapter "The Priorities", Grandma would call it Management because it is giving you pointers to help you in keeping the attention of the children and managing what you need to do. Many times the behavior problems of children are harder than knowing what to teach the children and knowing how to present it. With stretches and a small excercize plan lessons as we have been conducting them can be around 30 to 45 minutes. The author says the most important part is to keep the children interested, either with a prop, toy, activity, music, instruments, new things, pictures, books, anything that enhances their desire to be there. Have an uplifting personality yourself that makes things fun. Either saying something funny, changing into something gymnastic or dance style yourself, treats, special clothing for them, special shoes. Anything to make things interesting, a dance movie or teen show with dancing. A video with dancing, cartoons dancing, dolls, puppets, or paper dolls, posters, coloring books, anything that says this is fun. The author says to
                 "1. Lay the groundwork-Show them through movement activities exactly how you will run the                        class and what you expect from them.
                   2. Share the goal-Tell them what the class is about and what the goal is. We so often                              forget to let the children in on the plan!
                   3. Deal with problems when they occur" not only in letting a child know you will not                                  tolerate certain things, but if one of your children are puzzled or upset about something                        deal with it then and there asking for help from the others which they usually want to 
                       help. Don't make too much a scene if they are just not feeling good or tired, let some
                       things slide.
                  " 4.teach with variety-Sometimes teach loudly and rapidly, be full of surprises, be quicker 
                       than the fastest child. Sometimes teach slowly and sofly, with depth. Always use
                       drama! Be ready to watch, to listen, and to challenge. Be ready to change, combine,
                       and supplement lessons.
                     5.Evaluate-Measure the child(ren)'s progress in relation to the goal. As you make them
                        aware of their achievement, you will be aware of yours.
In all of these, limit your talk, minimize your verbal explanations. Keep the children moving!"
A drum is a good way to carry on an activity, even a tap on a coffee can might work. Children can clap with the beats. The author gives some basic patterns to use:

                     slow, slow, slow, slow:                1________, 2_______, 3_______, 4_________

                     slow, slow,quick, quick, slow        1_______, 2________,3____&__, 4_________

                     slow, slow, very slow                     1______, 2________, 3______________

                      slower, quick, slow, slow               1_________2 &___,3________, 4__________

another activity she points out:
Is for you to play a beat and the children answer you with one back. 

Your clothes, your hair, your attitude and what you bring to the activity all affect how the children will act and do.
The author also brought up what we call "a teachable moment." It is something that comes up in the learning that was not planned but fits for the time and the moment. Fit it in. 
She also points out and Grandma firmly believes that having the child or children's attention and participation are the most important avenues you can have in teaching.
For the rest of this chapter the author goes into some pointers and then she goes into depth on some things we have already pointed out as dealing with problems, variety and evaluation. Unless you tell me you want these specific topics deaper I am going to leave it with what we have said. 
safety features
activity: parade
Have the children follow you around and you go under, around touch things, over things, ect. then when you are finished sit down with them and have them point out what things could be a danger to them and why. Explain that is why there must be rules and where you expect them to be.

stopping
activity: have the children line up in the middle or the other side of the room you are dancing in; have them run as fast as they can towards a door or wall and stop just before they come to it without having to touch it. Then sit down after a minute or so and ask them if there was no way they could not stop before they hit that door or wall. Ask them if there is anyway they cannot stop themselves from running into something or someone. Let them know again that we all have our own space areas. Explain they are dancers and have control of their bodies of where it goes and where it stops.

Testing the eyes and the ears
activity:Have the child or children move out and make a shape. Point out there is an open space somewhere. Ask if they can fill it up. Once they fill it up then search for another. Talk to them about their eyes and how they can see those spaces and can fill them up. Keep filling up spaces till they can make things unified.
activity: ears
Have the children aware of the drum or noise maker. Let them know as long as that noises is going on they should be moving, but when it stops they are to stop and make a shape. Test it out some.
activity: near and far
Have the child/children come near you when the music stops and move far away when you play it.

The author calls this next point changing formations:
Let the children learn signals for forming in to a line or a certain formation agreed upon and then let them know ways they can know when to spread out.Again talk about every ones space and not toughing others or coming into their space
Activity: Come to me
as you are playing the drum the children must form a tactic of coming to you without touching anyone and form a circle around you
Next have them pick a far area to go to and face the wall area it is at. Then come back and do 
this whenever it is necessary.

Science, reading, history, health, lanuage, writing, art and Math
We are going to go through the birthdays very fast today because they are not relevant to any of the lessons yet. First check all your own and any schedules you need to consider. Mark you weather calendar and discuss if you are seeing any changes in your weather and what it is doing. Talk about what the weather might be doing in other people's places.
On October 8 1870 J. Frank Duryea, coinventor of the gasoline-powered automobile was born.
In 1890 Eddie Rickenbacker, American aviator and World War I flying ace. was born.
In 1936 Suzanne Newton, children's author was born.
In 1941 Jesse Jackson, American civil rights leader and politician was born.
That is all that is there for today.

Stamp Collecting
As part of yesterday's event about the stamp act, which weren't even postal stamps, I promised to talk to you about collecting Stamps. For one thing October is National Stamp month.Now as far as I have been told it is best to save a set of stamps you want to keep in a set of 4 or 6 but I believe a lot of older ones are even kept singally. The post office keeps a book of all the stamps they keep and when they will be coming out so watch for them. Sometimes they have booklets or pages to go along with the stamps running at certain times. stamps can be kept in boxes or saved in a storage notebook with plastic picture holders. Check with you post often to see if there have been any changes in the stamps or any new ones out. This can be a very fun activity to get involved in. It is also part of a last section in book 17a.

Now I want to move on to our next activity for the day and that has to do with a couple of things. Number 1 it is Popcorn Poppin' month which is fun in itself and then it is dessert month and those are very good topics to have this time of year. The recipe Book 1 gives in yesterday's lesson not only has the popcorn in it but then it has marshmallow's. Which a lot of recipes have marshmallows in it. Book 57 has things to do relating to all these things that we will do also. For now we will cover this recipe and you can try it if you wish. It is called a Popcorn Cake.
You need these ingredients:
1 stick of butter; 1/2/cup of cooking oil; 1 cup of miniature marshmallows(maybe you could measure enough of the bigger ones cut up small if you do not have the miniature ones); 1 cup of gumdrops;1/2 cup of shelled peanuts; 8 quarts of popped popcorn. In a medium bowl, melt the butter, add the oil, and stir in the marshmallows. In another bowl mix the peanuts, gumdrops, and popcorn. Combine the ingredients of both bowls together  now. Next put the contents into a 9 X13 cake pan. It might be smart to spray it with a non-stick spray/ or grease it. Bake at 350 degree temperature. To go with it Book 1
suggests reading Tomie dePaola's The Popcorn Book.

From book 57
It says the National Popcorn Week is actually the last week in October because that is the time popcorn is usually harvested. We may not do all of this unit in one day. I first must give you some history and there are some recipes at the end of the unit also done with popcorn. First, 
             The History of Popcorn:
Scientists believe that popcorn probably originated in Mexico over 8,000 years ago. Archaeologists investigating prehistoric Mexican ruins have found numerous popcorn ears and paintings of popcorn. The oldest ear of popcorn found by archaeologists to date was found  in New Mexico's Bat Cave. Radio-carbon tests identified the ear of popcorn as being 5,600 years old! Archaeologists also found popcorn kernels in Incan tombs in Peru dating back to 1000 BC. They even found some kernels that were so well-preserved that they still popped after 1000 years!
Popcorn apparently played an important role in the culture of early Native Americans. When Columbus landed in the Americas in 1492, he was met by natives trading jewelry made of popcorn. Later, when Cortez invaded Mexico, he discovered the Aztecs using popcorn ornaments as important elements in their religious ceremonies. The Aztecs decorated statues of  Tialoc with strands of popcorn It was 
their way of honoring their fertility god  and insuring that he would give them good crops. Scientists have also found pictures of popcorn carved or painted on funeral urns in Zapotec tombs in Mexico. In some Mexican villages today, people still decorate statues of the Mexican villages today, people still decorate statues of the Blessed Virgin with popcorn as a way of honoring her.
Popcorn also played an important part in the Pilgrims' first Thanksgiving dinner. According to legend, Quadequina(the brother of Chief Massasoit) brought a deerskin full of several bushels of the popped popcorn. Popcorn became a staple food for the early colonists. They ate it for breakfast with cream and sugar, put it in their soup, and made it the main food of many meals.
Native Americans had interesting ways of popping popcorn. Some tribes heated sand until it was red-hot  and then stirred popcorn into the hot sand until it popped. Some tribes, such as the Winnebago Indians of the Great Lakes, poked a stick into the ear and held i over fire until the kernels popped-right on the cob!(How's that for a neat idea:popcorn-on-the-cob?) The earliest "popcorn popper" discovered was the 1,500-year-old clay and metal popper used in Peru. The colonists were the first people in the United States to use popcorn poppers. They punched holes in a flattened piece of metal and rolled it into a cylinder. later, people made mesh baskets and held these over an open fire to pop the corn. These were common until 1885 when Charlie Cretors of Chicago invented the first steam-powered popcorn popper. Theaters made use of Cretors' invention and installed popcorn poppers in their lobbies. Since then popcorn has become so popular that the average American eats close to 33 quarts a year!
Science behind it:
What makes popcorn pop?
There are five types of corn grown in the United States: flint corn(commonly called Indian corn), sweet corn, pod corn, popcorn, and dent corn(known as field corn). Bring in some sweet corn, Indian corn, and popcorn and let the children note the differences. The children should notice that popcorn has small, hard kernels with a tough outer coat. Indian corn is somewhat hard, especially if dried, and sweet corn is soft and moist. Point out that popcorn is the only type of corn that pops. Pop some corn and have the children carefully observe the popping process. Ask students to list everything they noticed. Students may notice that the popcorn didn't pop right away, it popped when it got very hot, and steam was coming out the top of the popper. Have students speculate on what causes popcorn to pop. 
Why does popcorn pop? Water is stored inside a small globule of starch inside the popcorn kernel. Like all forms of matter, water is made up of molecules. These molecules are fairly close together but can still move around. When popcorn kernels are heated, this water turns to steam. The molecules move farther apart and take up more space as the water changes to steam. This builds up pressure within the kernel. When the temperature reaches 400 degree F, this pressure becomes so great that the hard kernel can no longer hold in the steam. The kernel explodes, the steam is released, and the soft starch pops out.
Have the kids compare the popped kernel to the unpopped kernel and note the difference in size. The popped kernel has expanded to about 30 times its original size. Point out that all this was inside the tiny kernel to start with but got larger as the molecules moved apart.

Popcorn Math
Little ones can count popcorn Kernels
school age can have popcorn drawn on paper to do problems with then the can help the older ones with this next activity:
1. Give each child 7 or 8 popcorn kernels. Pose this problem:If you stacked popcorn kernels(unpopped) end to end how many popcorn kernels tall would you be? Children would first need to measure a few inches of kernels and then multiply. (There are about three or four kernels per inch depending on the size of the kernels.)
2. If there are 126 kernels in a yard, how far is it in popcorn kernels from the door of the kitchen to the other side?
Art
- get a bag of colored popcorn and pop some up to make a colage picture
-strig popcorn with cranberries for X mas
-Make a popcorn wreath by glueing popcorn to a heavy cardboard circle or styrofoam wreath
Make some jewelry
Mix with Syrup.and make sculptures

Think of some poetry to do with popcorn and we will talk about it some more tomorrow.Be sure to work on some of the yearbook, your journals, and the newspapers. Work on any of your research papers.                                                                      
 

 


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