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Grandma's Place A Natural Learning Center

Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center

Is The Best Place for Learning


Day 161

Posted on May 19, 2014 at 5:51 PM Comments comments (8)
The first Impressionist picture of Mary Cassatt for learning as explained in the Calendar History at the bottom of the blog.Good Morning! Grandma is going to be very busy the next few days giving you materials to finish lessons with. To begin with Grandma will give you the rest of Little House on the Prairie and move into The Gift of the Sacred Dog, Three Names, and Stone Fox from the Geography book. Then Grandma will give you some on South America and finish the Bible. She will also give you the months September, October, November, December for 1800's and 1900's. Then January and February for the 1900's. She will fit in 6 experiments for each of the days. This will all be given by the end of the week if I have no more disasters.
The first exercise sheet to be done for Little House on the Prairie from Grandma's book (185) is called Medal of Honor. It has a medal on a ribbon formed in a square holding these fill in sentences. It says "There are many heroes in this story. Tell who does each brave thing below by writing Ma, Pa, Laura, or Jack in the blank." It has pictures of them under the ribbon square. They are also suppose to write about what Mr. Edwards does that is brave.
                       1.______________________leads the ponies across the creek.
                       2. _____________________drives the wagon across the creek.
                       3. ______________________almost drowns, but finds the family.
                       4. ______________________puts out the fire in the chimney.
                       5. ______________________pulls Mary and Baby Carrie away from the fire.
                       6. ______________________saves Mr. Scott's life.
                       7. ______________________gets water for Mary when she is very sick.
The next exercise activity is called Pioneer Words. It says, "Complete each sentence by filling in the (crossword) puzzle with items that were used by the pioneers. The words in the log (Grandma has at the top of this page) might help you. (The Crossword puzzle is placed in a log house.)
                  panniken                            sills                            bedstead
          petticoat                   latch                       pegs                           windlass
2. (8 letters) Pa builds a ____where
   he and Ma sleep.
5. (5 letters starting at the third letter of
    3 down and goes through 1 down on the
    fourth letter) Pa makes a _____to keep
    the door closed.
6. (8 letters and starts down further under
    the 2nd question the 5 letter of 4 down,
    that starts 1 square space below the
    line of 2 across. 6 also goes through
    the 8th letter of 1 down. It is also
    running past 3 down 1 square space
    above it.) Pa lowers buckets into the
    well on a _______.
7. (4 letters long running through the
     seventh letter of 4 down.) Instead
     of nails, Pa uses wooden ______.
1. (Starts a square above 2 across and
     goes 6th letter of word 2. It is nine
     letters long and goes through 5 across
     on 5's 3rd letter as well as 6's 6th
     letter.) Laura wears a _____ under her
3. (Starts on the 4th letter of 2 and goes
     through the first letter of 5 across. It is
     5 letters long.) Pa starts building the
     house with two big logs called ______.
4. (Starts a square space below the 2nd
     letter of 2 across. Its 5th letter goes
     through 6 across on 6's 2nd letter.
     4 down is 8 letters long.) Ma keeps
     soap in a wooden box called a ______.
It asks, "What does Ma use to iron the girls' dresses?"_____________________________________
The next exercise page is called Animals of the Prairie. Laura and Mary love to watch the animals
that live on the prairie. Label each animal that the girls see. Choose from the names in the box."
(Grandma gives them at the top of this page. Below the words are pictures of the animals they have
seen. Maybe the children can take the words given to them and draw pictures of each one.)
                  mustang                    gophers                      wolf
     jack rabbit                    fawn                      panther
"What bird says good-bye to Laura and her family when they leave the prairie?
The Next exercise page is called Happy Times. The page has a picture of a milking cow kicking Pa.
The next picture on the other side of the page halfway down shows the family watching and Pa playing fiddle to someone dancing. The last picture back to the left side in the bottom corner is of a silver cup, tow cookies, jelly beans, and candy canes. The children are to tell about the happy things that happened to Laura and her family on the prairie.
The last exercise page in Grandma's book (185) is called a Daily Journal. The children are to pretend they are crossing the prairie, like Laura, in a covered wagon. They are to write a page in their journal, telling about what happens in a day either from the book or a made-up event of their own.
It also says to write why Laura feels sad to leave the little house, but she is also excited.
Book (185) has some Art Activities called Homemade Fun. It says, "The only toys pioneer children had to play with were toys they made themselves, like Laura's and Mary's rag dolls. In keeping with the spirit of long ago, invite students to make their own toys, too, (as a rag doll).
"Homemade Yo-Yo...
You Need: empty thread spools; medium-sized pieces of string, 2 1/2 feet long; lids from cottage-cheese or yogurt containers."
  1. For each yo-yo use a spool, a piece of string, and two lids.
  2. Show how to thread one end of the string through the spool and then to tie it to the string.
  3. Wrap the string once around the spool and tie it tightly in the same place where they made the first knot.
  4. Tie a loop for their fingers in the other end of the string. Then wrap the rest of the string around the spool.
  5. Decorate the two lids the way they want them with markers, glued pieces of paper, shapes, characters, stickers, etc. Then glue the two lids to the ends of the spools.
"Button-and-String Game. Challenge (the children) to see how long they can make their buttons spin.
You need: large two-holed buttons; string
  1. Give each (child) a string, about 30 inches long, and a button.
  2. Tell (the children) to thread one end of the string through one hole of the button, and the other end through the other button hole. Then tie the ends together.
  3. Show the (children) how to play the button-and-string game. Put your fingers through the string so that it is taut with the button in the middle. Wind up the string by swinging it toward you in a circular motion about 25 times. When you pull your hands apart, the button will spin on the twisted string. Move your hands in and out with the rhythm of the twisting string to keep the button spinning.
Button-in-the-Cup The following homemade toy will challenge (the children) hand-eye coordination.
You Need: string; wooden clothespins; buttons; tacks; egg cartons; paints and brushes
  1. Cut the egg cartons into separate cups. Give each (child) one egg-carton cup, one clothespin, one button, and one piece of string, about 12 inches long.
  2. Show students how to tie one end of the string around the top of the clothespin.
  3. Have (the children) thread the other end of the string through the button hole and tie a knot.
  4. Let (the children) paint their egg-carton cups. When the cups are dry, help each (child) tack the bottom of the cup to the top of the clothespin.
  5. Show the (children) how to play the game. Holding the clothespin, swing the button and try to catch it in the egg-carton cup."
The next page of activities in Grandma's book is for Cooperative Learning Activities working as groups. Grandma is going to give it  a little twist. One thing this page points out is how hard it was for the natives and the pioneers to communicate. Many men were as stubborn as some men are today. There was a scene in the book upon which a Native had killed a panther and he was trying to explain to Pa how he had shot it from sitting in a tree the night before. The Native and Pa had to do a lot of sign language and acting to convey the message to each other. Book (185) want the children to act out a message much in the same way. In order to be true have them write it on a card and turn it upside down on a table near them. Then they are to act out the message and see if the rest of the audience can get the message. Much like charades.
Next For the first part, Grandma wants the children to think of some ways they can trade off work with others around them, have contact with, or know. They are also to think of areas they have trouble learning and find others that can help them with that work. This will probably take some initiative from the children to talk to others the same as Pa did to trade work with Mr. Edwards and Mr. Scott. Many things like building a barn and having a barn building day were done the same way. Branding and haying are still done today much the same way. Somethings just take more than one person. The village my husband was from did much of this for the yearly festival in December, they share one tractor among them and help others in many ways. When we were there for a couple of days a woman had a heart attack and the village arranged for us to take her to the hospital. The people were all grateful and all participated to carry her to the car.
The next page is a Graph Activity/Curriculum Connections page called Have a Nice Day
(Grandma plans most of what she does in this same way or sets up schedules for herself even if they never turn out the same. It helps her regulate her goals.) Talk about the ways you and your children spend their days. Write down the amount of time spent at each task, lesson, activity, whatever, it is you do in the day. Knowing there are 24 hours in the day try to think how you spend each hour of that day doing; be sure to include sleep; cut it where is necessary and add where is necessary to make 24 hours a day. It helps organize your day in your head and where the next day will go. Next draw a large circle on the side of a box or poster and divide the circle into 24 pieces. Explain to the children how this is a what they call a Circle Graph and put the amount of time divided in the 24 pieces by the pieces as 1 hour each. Therefore, if one study is 2 hours long mark the area on the pieces(2) as that. Later you can cover it with pictures if you wish of each doings of time. Mark it "What a Day!"
Next with the Circle Chart do the same with Laura of Little House on the Prairie. Figure out what they spent their day doing and chart it on a separate Circle Graph. Talk about the differences then talk about how time might be for children in the future especially since they are integrating computer learning into classrooms and at home now.
Another section of the page talks about learning manners in the time of the pioneers. Learning may not have been as much fun as with the Ingalls. Many homes of those times and before times may have been pretty cruel that Grandma does not want to talk about and leave it in the past. However, do talk about the manners of napkins, sitting up straight, walking without slouching, using silverware (which some homes still had none of, licking the fingers, talking with the mouth full, contradicting, speaking unless you are spoken to, etiquette, speaking too loud or speaking out, etc. Talk about how they may have been taught and how they are taught today. Talk about the importance. Grandma had learned in her school work that some parents can be too strict and create some imbalances or mental blocks, but some children can have no direction and that is worse for them. That it is better to teach that there is consequences to every action, not necessarily discipline by parents but things that actually do happen; like having to pay for a window broken, which is better if it is not taught with the ill thoughts of mankind. I hope you agree. Happy homes make happy people that is for sure, just don't lack in any direction at all. Some of these learnings may be found out by talking to older people you know.
The last page in book (185) is a Summarizing/Curriculum Connections page of Extended Activities
One Day at a Time Summarize the story Little House on the Prairie in which the Ingalls family started with a wagon and before the end of the book Pa has built a house with a door, a fireplace, a wood floor, a bedstead, and a rocking chair. He built a stable and dug a well, and the family had planted a vegetable garden. Make a special time line to show this where all they have at the end is the wagon again.
"Social Studies: Where in the World? To identify the setting of Little House on the Prairie, help (the children) locate the places from the book on a map of the United States. Have students take turns finding Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma, then trace the Verdigris River through southeastern Kansas to where it flows into the Arkansas River near Muskogee in eastern Oklahoma.
Black American Pioneers The Black American West Museum in Denver, Colorado, documents the rich heritage of black men and women in the American pioneer movement, including law officers, stagecoach driver, miners, editors, farmers, and cowboys. A catalogue of books and materials is available from the Black American West Museum, 3091 California Street(if it has not changed) Denver, Colorado, 80205; telephone number (303) 292-2566(which probably has changed)."
Health: A Balanced Diet Make a chart of food the Ingalls family ate and compare it to a record of good food to eat. Book (185) says they ate Grains of cornbread(and they probably ate some oatmeal and grits as well as pancakes and musk, breads of different grains and fruits as berries found in the woods and in the prairie; Dairy-milk, cheeses as cottage cheese. butter from buttermilk; Meat-rabbit, prairie hen, beef(pretty rare, fish, chickens, and especially eggs as well as beans, maybe pork or bacon if lucky, duck more likely, lots of turkey, maybe buffalo or bear. probably some dear if lucky, and lamb if really lucky. Fresh vegetables were grown if they were lucky to get the seed. They could grow plenty of potatoes, peas, chickpeas and Garbanzo beans, beats, corn, spinach, okra, tomatoes, carrots all of which could be canned. Berries, watermelons, pumpkins, cantaloupe, and grapes could all be cooked and canned also. There was no place cold but a possible cellar, cool streams, or the winter to freeze things. Some people had smoke houses to salt and smoke meat to keep it. They had to use milk and such products fast so they did not spoil. The vitamins in things were probably better than today."
"Science: Take Your Medicine ...the real name of the sickness called "fever 'n ague" is malaria. ...the bitter medicine Laura has to take is called quinine. Invite (the children) to look up malaria in the encyclopedia to find out more about how it is caused and cured." Talk to the children about some of the medicine of those times compared to the medicines they take to day. Grandma has cleared her ear infections with peroxide, but her mother had bad earaches when young that her grandmother cured with hot oil and it worked. We used olive oil which has many cures in Grandma's ears and it cured them this year and it has not come back again. We have taken curry for the sinuses and it has helped. Turmeric is suppose to help arthritis but I have yet to try enough. Some home remedies were good and maybe some were not good enough. Who is to say. Grandma has yet to learn.
The Science experiments from Grandma's book (12) are about Evaporation and Vaporization. The first experiment is called Jet boat. Bore a hole from the inside through the screw top of an aluminum pill tube about four inches long, and pour some water into the tube.( They may not make these any more, check with the pharmacy.) Fix the tube in an empty sardine can into which you have fixed three candle stumps and place the can in water. If you light the candles the water soon boils, and the jet of steam escaping from the back drives the boat.
Steam is formed in the boat's boiler when the water boils. Because it expands sharply, it escapes at high pressure through the nozzle and causes a recoil. Do the experiment in calm weather!
The next experiment is called Hovercraft. Place a tin lid on a hot-plate and heat it well (take care!). If you then let a few drops of water fall on the lid, you will observe a small natural phenomenon. The drops are suspended in the air like hovercraft and whiz hissing to and fro for a while.
On contact with the heated metal the water drops begin to evaporate at once on the underside. Since the steam escapes with great pressure, it lifts the drops into the air. So much heat is removed from the drops by the formation of steam that they do not even boil.
The next experiment is called Rain in the room. Rain after sultry days makes the inside of the window pane suddenly sweat. You can distinguish the tiny water droplets through a magnifying glass. Where do they come from?
After it has been raining the air outside cools sharply because the water evaporates and thus uses heat. The warm air in the room, which is saturated with water vapor, especially from cooking, cools down only slowly on the window pane. But cold air cannot hold so much moisture as w
arm air, and therefore loses some of it on to the pane. It forms water droplets-exactly as when it is raining out-of-doors and moist, warm air meets cold air.
The next experiment is called Weather station. Fix a dry pine cone on to a small piece of wood with sealing wax or glue. Stick a pin into one of the central scales and place a straw over it. Put the cone out-of-doors, protected from the rain. The straw moves according to the state of the weather. Fix up a scale.
This simple hygrometer was built by nature. The pine cone closes when it is going to rain, to protect the seeds from damp. The outside of the scales absorbs the moisture in the air, swells up and bends--a process which you can also observe with a piece of paper which is wet on one side.
This next doings is called a Hygrometer. Coat a strip of writing paper two inches long with glue and roll it onto a sewing needle. Stick a strip of shiny photographic paper about 1/2 inch wide and one foot long onto its end so that its shiny surface faces the glue-covered side of the writing paper. The film strip is rolled round the needle like a clock spring. Punch a small hole through the middle of the bottom and lid of a furniture polish tin, and also air holes in the bottom. File off the metal projections formed. Push the needle through the central holes and stick the end of the film strip firmly to the side of the tin. Fix a paper pointer in front of the needle with a cork disk, and a bead behind it.
The gelatin layer of the photographic film expands-in contrast to the paper layer-with increased air humidity, causing it to wind up sharply, and move the pointer to the right. When the humidity of the air falls, the pointer returns to the left.
The next experiment is called Water from the desert. We still read in the newspapers of people dying of thirst in the desert, but many of them cold help themselves in this emergency. An experiment on a small scale in a sand box will show you how to do it. Dig a fairly deep hole and place a beaker in the middle. Spread a suitably sized piece of transparent plastic foil over the edge of the hole and lay a small stone in its center so that it dips down to the beaker in the shape of a funnel. The edges are fixed firmly into the sand. Soon, especially in sunshine, small drops of water form on the underside of the foil. They become larger and larger and finally flow into the beaker.
The effect of the sun is to heat the ground strongly under the foil. The moisture held in the sand evaporates until the enclosed air is so saturated that small drops of water are deposited on the cooler foil. Even desert sand contains some moisture. If you also place cut up cactus plants into the hole, you will obtain enough water to survive.(When Grandma was young we had a neighbor who had been a farmer show us how to take a V-shaped branch and holding it straight forward would bend down where water could be found to build a well. It was really neat.)
The next experiment is called Bath game with a coin. Stretch a strip of cellophane (not plastic foil), 1 inch wide, tightly over a soup plate and fasten the ends with adhesive tape. Lay on the middle of the strip an average-sized coin and pour water into the dish up to about 1/2 inch under the coin. The coin sinks slowly and reaches the water after several minutes.
The water vaporizes, the cellophane absorbs the water particles from the air and expands until it reaches the water. But strangely enough it soon begins to tighten again, and the coin rises again slowly to its original position.
The last experiment in this section is called Steam boat. Break off the head of a match and drop some glue on to the end. If you place the match in a dish of water it moves jerkily forward.
The glue contains a solvent which evaporates to give a vapor. It puffs out from the drop in invisible little clouds, giving the match a small push each time. Eventually so much of the solvent has escaped that the glue becomes solid. In a dried drop of glue you can still see the residual solvent vapor as small bubbles.
Many more picture of Mary Cassatt's to study and learn by at Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.Last for this day given will be the Calendar History for two days of May. May 22, 1783 William Sturgeon, English inventor who devised the electromagnet, was born. In 1813 Richard Wagner, German composer, was born. In 1844 Mary Cassatt, American painter, was born. Impressionist artist Mary Cassatt is best known for her paintings of family life. Show students reproductions of her artwork. Then ask them to design and color updates of these pictures, using today's fashions and their own family activities.
In 1859 Sir Arthur Conan Dayle, British author and creator of Sherlock Holmes, was born. Book (1) says,"Celebrate the birthday of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle by having (the children) conduct a week long search for traces of Doyle's most famous character--Sherlock Holmes--in books, newspapers, television programs, films, magazines, and so on. At the end of the week, the (children) can share their evidence of Holmes's pervasive influence in daily life.
In 1907 Sir Lawrence Olivier, English actor, was born. In 1933 Arnold Lobel, children's author and illustrator was born. Book (1) explains, "In honor of Arnold Lobel's birthday, read aloud a story about two of his well-known characters, Frog and Toad. Afterward, pass around the book so students can become familiar with these characters. Then encourage the children to generate questions about the lives of Frog and Toad. For example: What happened before the story began? What will happen after the story ends? Do Frog and Toad have brothers or sisters? Do they have other friends? After the children have developed a list, ask them each to select a question they'd like to answer. Then have them create stories that answer the questions. Encourage the students to role-play their stories or to write and illustrate them.
It is International Pickle Day on May 22.(There is nothing like experiencing a large pickle to eat.) Book (1) says, "On International Pickle Day, tell your (children) that the word pickle can be used as a noun or a verb. Together, come up with example sentences. Then challenge the kids to list other words that can be used as either nouns or verbs. It is also National Maritime Day on that day.
In 1570 The Flemish cartographer Abraham Ortelius published the First Modern Atlas. In 1819 The First Steamship crossing of the Atlantic was completed. In 1900 E.S. Votey obtained a patent for the First Pneumatic Piano Player. In 1906 Orville and Wilbur Wright received the First Airplane Patent. In 1972 President Richard Nixon became the First U.S. President to Visit Moscow. In 1980 Joe Hernandez did 135 Consecutive Chin-Ups with no breaks in Cashion, Ariz.
We will start on another Day as soon as Grandma sweeps the floor and does some dishes.

Day 160

Posted on May 19, 2014 at 2:22 AM Comments comments (14)
Good Morning! Grandma is a little oozy from a bout with fever and chills along with constant sleep yesterday afternoon and into the morning. Not sure if it was from cleaning a dusty basement or something Grandma got else wise. I do not anymore of it for sure.
Grandma is going to start with the Calendar History, then do some science experiments, and start on some more things about the pioneers with one story possible.
May 20, 1851 Emile Berliner, American inventor of the flat-disk phonograph record, was born. Book (1) says, "In honor of American inventor Emile Berliner, have a contest to tap the ingenuity of the "inventors" ... .Ask your ... Librarian to collect books on inventors and inventions. (Grandma believes the video she placed on her one blog tells a lot also. Good prospects include The World Almanac Book of Inventions by Valerie-Anne Giscard d'Estaing and Steve Caney's Invention Book. Have the kids review the books for insights into how inventors came up with their ideas and produced their products. Then challenge (the children) to design and name an invention that would solve an everyday problem. Award small prizes in several categories--for example, wackiest, most futuristic, most sensible. (etc.)
In 1935 Carol Carrick, children's author, was born. In 1940 Sadaharu Oh, Japanese baseball player who hit more than 800 career home runs, was born.
In 1781 Thomas Hutchins was appointed the First Geographer of the United States. In 1862 President Lincoln signed the Homestead Act, which offered free land in the West to any citizen who would settle it. In 1873 Levi Strauss patented pocket pants. In 1875 The International Bureau of Weights and Measures was established. Therefore, May 20th is Weights and Measures Day. Book (1) says, "On Weights and Measures Day, use a balance scale to weigh a notebook. Record the weight ... . Challenge (the children) to find a combination of classroom objects--pencils, erasers, thumbtacks, and so on--that they think will equal the weight of the notebook. ... Weigh the collections to find out."
In 1892 George Sampson patented the Clothes Dryer. In 1927 Charles Lindbergh left New York on the First Solo Transatlantic Flight. Book (1) says, "It took Charles Lindbergh 33 1/2 hours to fly from Long Island, N.Y., to Paris, France. Have your (children) mark his route on a world map, then calculate the number of miles he flew. Next, have the kids find out how long it takes a commercial airliner to make a transatlantic flight today."
Albrecht Durer sketches in Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.In 1928 Pride of San Joaquin won the First Calaveras County Frog Jumping Contest. In 1932 Amelia Earhart began a solo flight across the Atlantic. In 1985 The FBI broke up the infamous Walker Spy Ring with the arrests of retired naval officer John Walker and his son Michael. John Walker's brother Arthur also was later arrested.
An extra sketch for learning from Albrecht Durer.
On May 21st 1471 Albrecht Durer, German artist, was born. Book (1) says, "(Children) can celebrate the birthday of Albrecht Durer by doing their own animal observation sketches. To begin, show students examples of Durer's works, such as The Hare. Tell the children that Durer felt a true artist had only to observe nature carefully in order to capture it in art." Take a picture of a pet and observe it 20 minutes each day sketching pictures of it that can be displayed with the photo later.
In 1688 Alexander Pope, British poet, was born. In 1878 Glen Curtiss, American inventor of the seaplane, was born.
In 1881 Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross Society. In 1927 Charles Lindbergh landed at le Bourget Airport in Paris, thus completing the First Nonstop Solo Transatlantic Flight. In 1932 Amelia Earhart became the First Woman to complete a Solo Transatlantic Flight, from Newfoundland to Ireland. Book (1) says, "Tell your (children) that Amelia Earhart, achieved a number of aviation firsts in her lifetime. Before flying solo across the Atlantic, she had been the first female passenger on a transatlantic flight. She was also the first woman to fly from Honolulu to the U.S. mainland and the first woman to receive the Distinguished Flying Cross. Have your (children) each name another person--family member, friend, community member, celebrity, or sports star--who achieved an important first. Then have the kids design a medallion for that person.
In 1972 Jane Dorst of Atherton, Calif., released a Helium Balloon with her name and address inside. It was found 200 days later in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. In 1974 The First Nuclear-powered Lighthouse began operating. In 1980 The Empire Strikes Back, the sequel to Star Wars, opened. Lastly, it is All-American Buckle-up Week. Book (1) says, "During All-American Buckle-Up Week, have your (children) create buckle-up slogans and write these on plain mailing labels." These can be stuck on various places for display, you decide where.
Grandma is now going to give you some experiments on Electricity, The last ones on Static electricity, I may have already given you but, you can have them again. These are all from Grandma's book(12). The first one is called Potato battery. Stick finger-length pieces of copper and zinc wire one at a time into a raw potato. If you hold an earphone on the wires, you will hear a distinct crackling. The noise is caused by an electric current. The potato and wires produce an electric current in the same way as a torch battery, but only a very weak one. The sap of the potato reacts with the metals in a chemical process and also produces electrical energy. We speak of a galvanic cell because the Italian doctor Galvani first observed this process in a similar experiment in 1789. Link to Alessandra Volta who invented the Battery.
The next experiment is called Coin current. Place several copper coins and pieces of sheet zinc of the same size alternately above one another, and between each metal pair insert a piece of blotting paper soaked in salt water. Electrical energy, which you can detect, is set free. Wind thin, covered copper wire about 50 times round a compass, and hold one of the bare ends on the last coin and one on the last zinc disk. The current causes a deflection of the compass needle.
In a similar experiment the Italian physicist Volta obtained a current. The salt solution acts on the metal like the sap in the potato in the previous experiment.
Graphite conductor is the name of the next experiment. Connect a torch bulb with a battery by means of a pair of scissors and a pencil. The bulb lights up.
From the long tongue of the battery, the negative pole, the current flows through the metal of the scissors to the lamp. It makes it glow, and flows through the graphite shaft to the positive pole of the battery. Therefore graphite is a good conductor; so much electricity flows even through a pencil "lead" on paper, that you can hear crackling in earphones.
The next experiment being called Mini-Microphone is as follows: Push two pencil leads through the short sides of a matchbox, just above the base. Scrape off some of the surface, and do the same with a shorter lead, which you lay across the top. Connect the microphone with a battery and earphone in the next room (You can take the earphone from a transistor radio.) Hold the box horizontal and speak into it. Your words can be heard clearly in the earphone.
The current flows through the graphite "leads". When you speak into the box, the base vibrates, causing pressure between the "leads". When you speak into the box, the base vibrates, causing pressure between the "leads" to alter and making the current flow unevenly. The current variations cause vibrations in the earphone.
The next experiment called Mysterious circles is as follows: Punch a length of copper wire through a piece of cardboard laid horizontally and connect the ends of the wire to a battery. Scatter iron fillings on to the cardboard and tap it lightly with your finger. The iron filings form circles round the wire. If a direct current is passed through a wire or another conductor, a magnetic field is produced round it. The experiment would not work with an alternating current, in which the direction of the current changes in rapid sequence, because the magnetic field would also be changing continuously.
The next experiment is Electro-magnet. Wind one to two yards of thin insulated wire on to an iron bolt and connect the bare ends of the wire to a battery. The bolt will attract all sorts of metal objects.
The current produces a field of force in the coil. The tiny magnet particles in the iron become arranged in an orderly manner, so that the iron has a magnetic north and south pole. If the bolt is made of soft iron, it loses its magnetism when the current is switched off, but if it is made of steel it retains it.
The next experiment is called Electro-buzzer. Nail board B (a long 1" in width the length of a square piece 5" x 5"-A) and two rectangle wooden blocks around 1/2" to 3/4" on each side about 5" long each-C and D. D has a slit in it to hold another 1/4" wide both ways-E with a little room to sway both ways. C is nailed to the long thin board B on the closet to you right corner on the edge of A square board. D is given a little more than an inch on the board. D is placed at the far end of you on the left side given that area of a little more than an inch on the square board A. The smaller but longer almost 4" board is laid in the slot of D running from the further end of you then coming toward the end next to you. Attach a bolt into a bored hole of B on the opposite end of the square board a across from the board C. (a long screw screwed into the board could work as well).Wind covered copper wire G 100 times round the bolt and connect the ends to a battery with a paper clip and respectively to H a fretsaw blade Bore into a hole of board C. H should be bored in which the other end lays close to the screw or bolt F. Hammer a long nail K through the middle of the square board A and bend it so that its point rests in the middle of the saw blade H. Oil the point of the nail. Attach a piece of beading into the inside edge of Board E laying close to C. Use a drawing pin-M on the bottom of board E that can match up to another drawing pin-N on the square board A. At he other end of board E is a rubber band-P used as a spring. Join K to M and N to a battery with a paper clip and stripped wire.
If you press the key down, you connect the electric circuit, bolt F becomes magnetic and attracts H. At this moment the circuit is broken at K and the bolt loses its magnetism. H jumps back and reconnects the current. This process is repeated so quickly that the saw blade vibrates and produces a loud buzz. If you wish to do morse signaling with two pieces of apparatus, you must use three leads as in the lower circuit diagram.
The last experiment in this section is called Light fan. Hold a light-coloured rod between your thumb and forefinger and move it quickly up and down in neon light. You do not see, as you might expect, a blurred, bright surface, but a fan with light and dark ribs.
Neon tubes contain a gas, which flashes on and off 50 times a second because of short breaks in alternating current. The moving rod is thrown alternatively into light and darkness in rapid sequence, so that it seems to move by jerks in a semi-circle. Normally the eye is too slow to notice these breaks in illumination clearly. In an electric light bulb the metal filament goes on glowing during the short breaks in current.
The next 8 experiments are around Static Electricity. The first one is called Clinging balloons. Blow up some balloons, tie them up and rub them for a short time on a woolen pullover. If you put them on the ceiling, they will remain there for hours.
The balloons become electrically charged when they are rubbed, that is, they remove minute, negatively charged particles, called electrons, from the pullover. Because electrically charged bodies attract those which are uncharged, the balloons cling to the ceiling until the charges gradually become equal. This generally takes hours in a dry atmosphere because the electrons only flow slowly into the ceiling, which is a poor conductor.
The next experiment is called Pepper and salt. Scatter some coarse salt onto the table and mix it with some ground pepper. How are you going to separate them again? Rub a plastic spoon with a woolen cloth and hold it over the mixture. The pepper jumps up to the spoon and remains sticking to it.
The plastic spoon becomes electrically charged when it is rubbed and attracts the mixture. If you do not hold the spoon too low, the pepper rises first because it is lighter than the salt. To catch the salt grains, you must hold the spoon lower.
The next experiment is called Coiled adder. Cut a spiral-shaped coil from a piece of tissue paper about 4 inches square, lay it on a tin lid and bend its head up. Rub a fountain pen vigorously with a woolen cloth and hold it over the coil. It rises like a living snake and reaches upwards
In this case the fountain pen has taken electrons from the woolen cloth and attracts the uncharged paper. On contact, the paper takes part of the electricity, but gives it up immediately to the lid, which is a good conductor. Since the paper is now uncharged again, it is again attracted, until the fountain pen has lost its charge.
The next experiment is called water bow. Once more rub a plastic spoon with a woolen cloth. Turn the water tap on gently and hold the spoon near the fine jet. At this point, the jet will be pulled towards the spoon in a bow.
The electric charge attracts the uncharged water particles. However, if the water touches the spoon, the spell is broken. Water conducts electricity and draws the charge from the spoon. Tiny water particles suspended in the air also take up electricity. Therefore experiments with static electricity always work best on clear days and in centrally heated rooms.
The next experiment is called Hostile Balloons. Blow two balloons right up and join them with string. Rub both on a woolen pullover and let them hang downwards from the string. They are not attracted, as you might expect, but float away from each other.
Both balloons have become negatively charged on rubbing because they have taken electrons from the pullover, which has now gained a positive charge. Negative and positive charges attract each other, so the balloons will stick to the pullover. Similar charges, however, repel one another, so the balloons try hard to get away from each other.
The next experiment is called Shooting puffed rice. Charge a plastic spoon with a woolen cloth and hold it over a dish containing puffed rice. The grains jump up and remain hanging on the spoon and cling to it for a time. Some of the electrons pass from the spoon into the puffed rice, until the grains and the spoon have the same charge. Since, however, like charges repel one another, we have this unusual drama.
The next experiment is called Simple Electroscope. Bore a hole through the lid of a jam jar and push a piece of copper wire bent into a hook through it. Hang a folded strip of aluminum foil over the back. If you hold a fountain pen, comb, or similar object which has been electrically charged by rubbing on the top of the wire, the ends of the strip spring apart.
On contact with a charged object, electrical charges flow through the wire to the ends of the strip. Both now have the same charge and repel one another according to the strength of the charge.
The next is called Electrical ball game. Fix a piece of aluminum foil cut into the shape of a footballer on the edge of a phonograph record, rub the record vigorously with a woolen cloth and place it on a dry glass. Put a tin can about two inches in front of the figure. If you hold a small aluminum foil ball on a thread between them, it swings repeatedly from the figure to the can and back.
The electric charge on the record flows into the aluminum-foil figure and attracts the ball. It becomes charged, but is immediately repelled because the charges become equal, and goes to the can, where it loses its electricity. This process is repeated for a time.
The next experiment is called Electric fleas. Rub a long playing record with a woolen cloth and place it on a glass. If you toss some small aluminum foil-balls on to the record, they will jump away from one another in a zig-zag motion. If you then move the balls together with your fingers, they will hop fiercely away again.
The electricity produced on the record by rubbing is distributed in irregular fields. The balls take up the charge and are repelled, but are again attracted to fields with the opposite charge. They will also be repelled when they meet balls with the same charge.
The next experiment is called Puppet dance. Lay a pane of glass across two books, with a metal plate underneath. Cut out dolls an inch or so high from tissue paper. If you rub the glass with a woolen cloth, the dolls underneath begin a lively dance. They stand up, turn round in a circle, fall, and spring up again.
The glass becomes electrically charged when it is rubbed with the wool, attracts the dolls, and also charges them. Since the two like charges repel each other, the dolls fall back on the plate, give up their charge to the metal and are again attracted to the glass.
Next is called High voltage. Place a flat baking tray on a dry glass, rub a blown-up balloon vigorously on a woolen pullover and place it on the tray. If you put your finger near the edge of the tray, a spark jumps across.
A voltage equalization occurs between the metal and the finger. Although, the spark is discharged with several thousand volts, it is just as harmless as the sparks produced when you comb your hair. An American scientist discovered that a cat's fur must be stroked 9,200,000,000 times to produce a current sufficient to light a 75-watt bulb for a minute.
The next experiment is called Flash of lightning. Place a metal slice on a dry glass(it shows an old metal spatula with the handle broken off), and on it a piece of hard foam plastic which you have rubbed well on your pullover. If you hold your finger near the handle of the slice, a spark jumps across.
When the negatively charged plastic is placed on the slice, the negative electric particles in the metal are repelled to the end of the handle, and the voltage between it and the finger becomes equalized. Plastic materials can become strongly charged. In warehouses, for example, metal stands for rolls of plastic are earthed because otherwise they often spark when they are touched by the personnel.
The last experiment under Static Electricity, is called Electric light. In many homes there is a voltage tester, generally in the form of a screwdriver. In its handle there is, amongst other things, a small neon tube which you can easily remove. Hold one metal end firmly and rub the other on a piece of hard foam plastic which may be used for insulation. The lamp begins to glow as it is rubbed to and fro, and you can see this particularly clear in the dark.
Since the plastic is soft, its layers are rubbed against one another by the movement of the lamp and become strongly charged with electricity. The electrons collect on the surface, flow through the core of the tiny lamp, which begins to glow and into the body.
The ancient Greeks had already discovered that amber attracted other substances when it was rubbed. They called the petrified resin 'electron'. The power which has caused such fundamental changes in the world since then therefore gets its name-electricity.
This next part is on the Pioneers. First link to Smokey Mountain Pioneers and then to the movement of the Oregon Trails, Sturh Museum, and Ozark Territory. Then a look at the Old Sod Houses of the Pioneers.
In beginning of the story Little House on the Prairie, Grandma's book (185) wants us to understand that it "is a book based on one girl's memories of her family." Memories could be told long before Grandma's time, but most of the people living on the prairie have long died. Much of what we have is in museums, memories told to children born in the depression, and in books as this one.
The Story Summary says "One day toward the end of winter, Charles Ingalls (Pa) announces to his wife Caroline (Ma) that the big woods of Wisconsin are becoming too crowded. He has decided they will travel west to Indian country. So they sell their little log house, build a covered wagon, and move and settle out West.
All that year, Ma, Pa, Laura, May, and Baby Carrie put their hearts and their hard work into their new home. Then suddenly word comes from the government that the land where they have built their home belongs to the Osage Indians. The settlers will have to move on. Sad to leave, but looking forward to new adventures, the Ingalls family packs their wagon once again for another journey.
In Meet the Author: Laura Ingalls Wilder Laura Ingalls Wilder (1867-1957) was born in a "little house in the big woods" in Pepin, Wisconsin, on February 7 to Charles and Caroline Ingalls. In 1870 the Ingalls family journeyed west to homestead in Kansas. When the government informed them in 1871 that they had settled on land belonging to the Osage Indians, they moved on to Minnesota, where they lived on the "banks of Plum Creek." Finally in 1855, Laura married Almanzo Wilder, and 1886, their daughter Rose was born in De Smet, South Dakota. The Wilders eventually settled in a one-room log cabin in Mansfield, MIssouri, where they later built their own home-a ten-room farmhouse. Laura always considered herself a partner in her husband's business. She did not begin writing professionally until 1932 at age 65.
Information on the illustrator, Garth Williams, is as follows: Garth Williams was born in New York City on April 16, 1912, of English parents, both of whom were artists. Educated in England, Williams studied at the Westminster Art School and the Royal College of Art. Williams returned to the United States in 1941 to work as an artist for The New Yorker magazine. He was asked to illustrate E.B. White's Stuart Little in 1944, and he has been a children's book illustrator ever since. Before beginning the illustrations for the 1953 Harper edition of the "Little House" books, Williams visited Mr. and Mrs. Wilder in their home in Mansfield, Missouri, and then actually followed the route that the Ingalls family took in their covered wagon.
What Grandma had obtained from her family history has been mainly given to her by her mother. My father's last name was Karnes and their family moved from Wichita Kansas to Denver , CO after my grandfather was grown and married my Mother in Colorado Springs. He was very intelligent and became an accountant and eventually an office manager for a trucking company as I grew up. He grew up in Kansas and played the saxophone. His father wrote some and was a traveling salesman at some time. His mother had seven children.
My mother's family has some history that is very valuable. Her relations carried a woman from Iowa carrying the last name of Henry VIII last wife. We still have more research to do in that area. Her mother's father was born on a ship coming into New Orleans who settled in Waverly, Nebraska training horses. He loaded up the horses and his big family and moved to Alliance, Nebraska. My mother's father was born of my mother's grandparents who had some other children They raised my mother after her mother died when my mother was 2 years old. The each played instruments for their churches and lived on the river till they moved in town with the girls, my mother and aunt. I remember my Aunt Myrtle, a very sweet and strong woman, large built and an amazing old fashioned home. For some reason I know I loved her. My mother's father and grandmother were hard on my mother, but she said her grandfather was very sweet. She said she and my aunt took care of their grandmother before she died. They remember fixing her hair and cooking. She remembers chopping wood and starting the morning fire to dress by. She said she had family that was born as twins and they were kept warm by the back of the stove as in an incubator. They survived till an old age. Twins seems to be in both sides because a cousin had a set even though one died. My brothers son just had a set also, they are very cute. I do not know much more than that, other than that my grandmother helped my grandfather when she could. However, her family would not take the girls in. I have seen a few museums in my lifetime but have no collections of my own but one bowl. I do know it was a hard life.
I do know my aunt's ranch 12 miles out did not have telephone until later in the 50's and much of the ponds were ruined from practice by the army on the lands. They did raise quite a bit of cattle though.
This all Grandma can handle tonight. I will write more tomorrow and cover as much as possible. It is going to be a long week, so be prepared.

Day 157

Posted on May 12, 2014 at 12:45 PM Comments comments (10)
Dear Parents:
Grandma is so sorry for all the problems. She hopes there will be no more in finishing up the material I want to give to you. I had the Calendar material typed up for the Calendar history typed up last week, but I all at once had connection problems which the new Internet service had to deal with and they thought it was their equipment but it actually all came down to a new rouder even though some other things had to be cleared up in the middle and they are so busy a technician could not come till yesterday. Now we are set to go, but the Calendar History I though I had saved has somehow been lost and Grandma has tried in all ways to try to find it. I must take the time to retype it which will have to be top priority at this time and must be done first for you. I will finish all the material I have to give you even if it takes us the next few weeks which I do not feel it will. However, Grandma wants to cover the full 180 days for you. Therefore, I hope you will be patient for me to receive it. You have been great and our followers are growing. I love hearing from everyone and will give material for the summer and try to continue my work until I have no more to give you. We will do our best to keep marketing and I should be able to take some pictures soon to send you. I will keep things up the best I can. Take care.
Calendar History for the beginning of May is as follows:
Grandma will now be giving you the 1900 history also to add to the calendar or time line. As I pointed out before, The Project of the Month is Intergenerational Connections. Grandma has a great interest in this because not only in feeling the attitude of my own children, but the attitude of other young folks is that some parents do not seem to count. There is things in my own family that are so intense and bad that I have been forced to secrecy for the value of their good will. I will not go into facts in my blogs because I have been sworn to secrecy. Parents are not machines with a switch that turns on when you want them to work and when you don't. Children and some older people I sworn to secrecy about have learned to manipulate so well and get what they want that other can be hurt very badly to the point the connection between grandparents and grandchildren can be so broken that there is no chance for any survival.
I have a very strong feeling towards older peoples wishes and respect to the point Grandma has been hurt by her own mother so bad that it is irreparable. I do not feel this kind of things should happen to Grandparents or any older person as that.
The project for the month is for children to do research on older people through local nursing homes, senior citizens' centers, religious groups, or your child's own grandparents. Do interviews, reading, sharing booklets, open houses, sharing books together, and experiences keeping record of all their material. Find out all they can and do whatever they can with it. Publications as your newspapers, yearbooks, and family scrapbooks, blogs, pictures, and anything else you can think of. Put it all together and do anything you can with it.
The Monthly projects for the month are as follows:
Monthlong Observances are
American Bike Month-clean and fix bikes, learn safety rules, have a race, enter a race
Asian-American Heritage Month-results from last month may be usable
Better Sleep Month-analyze, contemplate, collect information an use
National Barbecue Month-If you have not done any of that yet, I hope you make a time to
National Egg Month-a great time to decorate some of the special ones you have learned about and eat
Older Americans Month-should be for any nationality
Weeklong Events are
International Music Week(first week)-can still be utilized in listening to different music and choosing
National Letter Writing Week(first week)- can still say it was last week but send out certain letters
National Nurses Week(first week)-can still commemorate them or a favorite as it was  last week
National Pet Week(first week)-can still do something special for your pets or a friends
Asian American Week(first full week)-still commemorate
Be Kind to Animals Week(first full week)-utilize along with the pets
National Family Week(first full week)-you should be utilizing some of this already
National Postcard Week(first full week)-send a postcard to a friend and look at various ones
Teacher Appreciation Week(first full week)-give the children an opportunity to give you appreciation-talk
Metric Week(second week)-look at metrics-compare them to our own measurements
National Be Silly Week(second or third week)-what fun to end the year with
Police Week(week including May 15)-talk about their jobs and what they think makes a good police
National Transportation Week(week including the third Friday)-do all you can do with this
National Science Week(third week)-this month has a lot of science in it
All-American Buckle-Up Week(third full week)-good with the police lessons and safety for summer
Clean Air Week(last full Week)-grandma had information posted maybe on a blog-do the research-talk
Special Days and Celebrations are
Kentucky Derby Day (first Saturday)-talk about it
Mother's Day (second Sunday)-I hope you had a good day, mine was horrible
Native American Day(second Saturday)-Grandma will try to help; get books and you tube
Memorial Day(last Monday)
Link for Native Americans can be reached here.
May 1 in 1764 Benjamin Latrobe, American architect who designed the south wing of the U.S. Capitol, was born. In 1825 George Inness, American landscape painter, was born. Then in 1925 Scott Carpenter, American astronaut, was born.
In 1704 The Boston News-letter published the First Newspaper Advertisement in America. In 1707 England and Scotland formally adopted the Name "Great Britain" when the two kingdoms were constitutionally united. In 1847 The cornerstone was laid for the Smitsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. In 1931 The Empire State Building in New York City opened. Book (1) says to, "Tell your (children) that when the 102-story, 1,250-foot-tall Empire State Building opened, its closest rival in height was New York's 77-story Chrysler Building, which was 1,046 feet tall. Have your (children)calculate, as a percentage, how much taller the Empire State Building in in feet and in number of stories.
In 1950 Gwendoly Brooks became the First Black Woman to be Awarded a Pulitzer Prize in Poetry. In 1963 James W. Whittaker became the First American to Reach the Top of Mt. Everest. In 1983 More than Two Dozen Tornadoes hit the Midwest.
It is also Law Day in which book (1) says "was established by presidential proclamation in 1958. Ask your (children) what they think a law is. Then have them list five laws, school rules, or home rules they follow every day. How do these laws and rules protect them? Tell your students that an Illinois congressman once asked the people in his district for ideas for new laws. He got some interesting responses from schoolchildren." It is also Loyalty Day so talk about different ways we are loyal to others and ourselves. It is also Save the Rhino Day which goes along with the month and Mother Goose Day which you can have a lot of fun with. Book (1) says, "...,ask your (children) to help some nursery characters solve their problems. For example, how might Bo Peep find her sheep? How could Miss Muffet get rid of her spider? What could Little Boy Blue do to keep from falling asleep? How might Jill help Jack's injured head? Where are the mittens that belong to the three kittens? Have students write their solutions on goose-shaped sheets of construction paper. It is also fun to make puppets for Mother Goose stories.
May 2 1892 Stephen Meader, children's author, was born. In 1903 Benjamin Spock, American pediatrician and author was born. Book (1) syas to "Invite (the children) to evaluate Dr. Spock's contributions to their lives. Read aloud selected excerpts from one of his books. Then ask the kids to respond to Spock's ideas on a given topic. ... have the (children) develop their own guidelines for good parenting, based on their own and their siblings' experiences. Compile these guidelines into a class booklet". Lastly in birtdays Bing Cosby, American singer and actor was born in 1904. He may be a little beyond your times; however, he definately was one of Grandma's generations favorites.
In 1853 A Chariot and Ostrich Race highlighted the opening of Franconi's Hippodrome in New York City.
On This day, May 2, in 1853, Franconi's Hippodrome opened (not to be confused with the later venue the Hippodrome Theatre or New York Hippodrome, built in 1905 in the Theater District).

"What is a Hippodrome?," you might ask.  Franconi's Hippodrome was a elliptical shaped structure 338 feet by 196.5 feet, with a seating capacity of 10,000 people.  The structure was covered with a patriotic red, white and blue canvas supported by a 70 foot center pole, and a series of 40 foot smaller polls surrounding the central pole.  It was located at Madison Square, on Fifth Avenue between 23rd and 24th Streets.

The structure was in many ways the precursor to the modern circus, especially those with a "Big Top" and multiple rings.

The Hippodrome, which was based upon a roman structure, the "Roman Circus" of similar purpose, included, and could be said to highlight a track for animal, and chariot races.  Animal acts and other circus-like acts would take place inside the track.

The Hippodrome only lasted 2 years, with its final performance on November 12, 1855, featuring General Tom Thumb (made famous by P.T. Barnum) and a menagerie.  The structure was closed 5 days later, on November 17, with the Animals and fixtures auctioned off thereafter.  Demolition of the remains of the Hippodrome began in March of 1856, with newspapers noting that the "neighbours are not sorry" to see it removed.  The papers, specifically the New York Daily Times, had noted upon its opening that the attendees, "...were blacklegs, gamblers, rowdies, and the miscellanea of polite roguery and blackgurdism."

It was apparently so bad, PT. Barnum wrote a letter to the editor of the New York Daily Times, stating:
To the Editor of the New-York Daily Times:

Notwithstanding I have some half-dozen times contradicted in the public prints the reports of my being interested in the Hippodrome, I observe that your Correspondent from New-Haven reiterates the old story, and insists that Franconi and Barnum in this country are synonymous terms.  Will you permit me once more to state that I have not the slightest interest, nor never had, in any Hippodrome in this or any other country; and that I am not interested to the amount of a farthing, nor never was, in the Crystal Palace, The Tower, or in any lot or lots, building or buildings in the vicinity of either.  Yours Truly, P.T. Barnum."
  New York Times, May 26, 1853, Page 2

It is not without irony, that Mr. Barnum, in 1871, established, "P.T. Barnum's Grand Traveling Museum, Menagerie, Caravan & Hippodrome."  
Picture are in the beginning of Grandma's blog.
In 1887 The First Kindergarten for the Blind opened. In 1917 In a baseball game between the Cincinnati Reds and the Chicago Cubs, Both pitchers hurled nine no-hit Innings. The Reds finally got two hits and a run in the 10th inning and won, 1-0. In 1927 Alaska's Flag was adopted. It had been designed by 7th grader Benny Benson. Book (1) says to "Have (the children) design a flag for their own state or for any other state they choose. When they've finished their designs, ask them to write two or three sentences explaining why they used certain colors and symbols. Next, have the kids compare their flags with the official state flags. Display the flags....
In 1936 Sergel Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf premiered in Moscow.
In 1954 Stan Musial of the St. Louis Cardinals hit a record Five Home Runs in a Double-Header. In 1972 J. Edgar Hoover, director of the FBI for 48 years, died at age 77.
It was also Backwards Day, therefore, maybe you can think of some backward things you can do together.
May 3 in 1849 Jacob Riis, photographer considered the first American photojournalist, was born. In 1898 Golda Meir, prime minister of Israel, was born. Book (1) says to "Tell your (children) that before becoming prime minister of Israel, Golda Meir werved as the first woman foreign minister. Have older students work research Meir's accomplishments in office. Afterward, ask the kids to name other women who have held--or currently hold--important leadership positions in countries around the world, then locate the countries on a map." In 1934 James Brown, American singer, was born.
In 1654 The First Toll Bridge opened over the Newbury River in Rowley, Mass. Book (1) says, "When the first toll bridge opened, people could cross for free but had to pay when their livestock crossed. Younger children cand ecide on tolls for different animals, such aa pigs, cows, horses, and chickens. They can then use their invented fees to develop toll-bridge math problems. For example: How much money would Farmer Smith owe if he took three chickens, eight cows, 10 horses, and two pigs across the bridge?"
In 1715 A Total Eclipse of the Sun was observed and documented. In 1765 The First U.S. Medical School was established at the University of Pennsylvania. In 1904 New York became the First State to Pass a Speed Law for Autos (suggested maximum speeds: city, 10 mph; small town, 15 mph; country, 20 mph). In 1921 West Virginia imposed the First State Sales Tax. In 1937 Margaret Mitchell won a Pulitzer Prize for Gone with the Wind. In 1943 Robert Frost won his fourth Pulitzer Prize in poetry. In 1971 National Public Radio began broadcasting. In 1973 Chicago's Sears Tower became the world's tallest building. Book (1) says, "The Sears Tower is 1,454 feet (110 stories high and has 4,500,000 square feet of floor space. To help older students understand area, take them to the gym, cafeteria, or playground and have them estimate, then measure, the area in square feet. Compare this with the floor space of the Sears Tower. Students studying ratio and proportion can select a familiar local landmark and draw it to scale next to the Sears Tower. May 3  is Internation Tuba Day which you can talk about a Tuba and why it is so important in a band and go into other instruments you may not have talked about yet. Book (1) in addition to what Grandma suggested for National Teacher Appreciation Week suggests have the children write stories about what their "ideal" teacher would be like.
May 4 has three birthdays; one in 1796 of which Horace Mann, American educator and author considered a pioneer in the development of public education in the United States; second, in 1959 Randy Travis, country singer, and Susan, "Sesame Street" character, were born.
In 1494 Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Jamaica. In 1626 The Dutch colonial administrator Peter Minuit landed on Manhattan Island. He later bought the island from its Indian Inhabitants for beads and trinkets worth about $24. In 1776 Rhode Island became the First American colony to declare its independence from Great Britain. In 1884 The First photograph of a Lightning Flash was taken. In 1897 J. H. Smith patented the Lawn Sprinkler. Book (1) says to "Tell your (children) that lightning is a visible flash of electrical charges between two clouds or between clouds and the ground. There are several different forms of lightning. Forked lightning branches out like the forks of a tree limb. Streak lightning is a single line. Ribbon lightning consists of two or more parallel streaks. Beaded lightning appears as a broken line. A special kind of ball lightning, called St. Elmo's fire, looks like a ball and is seen near airplanes and ships. Discuss the dangers of lightning. Then have your (children) each prepare a poster that depicts a type of lightning and includes a safety rule beneath the illustration. In 1927 The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which annually awards Oscars, was formed.
In 1975 Major League Baseball's Millionth Run was scored by Bob Watson of the Houston Astros. In 1989 Magellan, a U.S. space probe destined for Venus, was launched from the space shuttle Atlantis.
It was Children's Day in China and National Weather Observer's Day. It was also Thank your School Librarian Day which you may want to do something special for your librarian.
May 5 in 1818 Karl Marx, German political philosopher who laid the theoretical foundations of modern communism, was born. In 1867 Nellie Bly (real name: Elizabeth Cochrane), American journalist, was born. In 1910 Leo Lionni, children's book author and illustrator, was born.
In 1809 Mary Kies of Connecticut became the First Woman to Receive a Patent in the United States, for a process for weaving silk and straw. In 1847 The American Medical Association was formed in Philadelphia. In 1904 Cy Young of the Boston Americans pitched Major League Baseball's First perfect Game. In 1925 John T. Scopes, a biology teacher in Dayton, Tenn., was arrested for teaching the Theory of Evolution. In 1956 Jim Bailey became the First American Runner to Run a Mile in under 4 minutes. Book (1) says, "On the anniversary of the first sub-4-minute mile by an American runner, give your (children) this math problem to do in their heads: What is the average speed (in mph) of a runner who finishes a mile in 4 minutes?
In 1961 Alan B. Shepard became the First American in Space. It was also Children's Day in Japan and Korea. May 5 is also National Letter Writing Week (first week) and Book (1) suggests having the children write to someone describing the learning experiences they have had this year. It was also Cinco De Mayo in Mexico and many Mexican people here also celebrate it here in United States. Book (1) says to "Tell your (children) that Cinco de Mayo (the fifth of May) honors the Mexican military victory over French troops at the town of Puebla, Mexico, in 1862. The Mexicans, commanded by Ignacio Zaragoza, were outnumbered three to one. May 5 is a national holiday in Mexico, and people of Mexican descent everywhere celebrate the victory with bands, fireworks, and reenactments of the battle. Have students compare the origin of this patriotic celebration with that of Bastille Day (France) and Independence Day (United States).
May 6 1856 Robert Edwin Peary, American Arctic explorer credited with being the first person to reach the North Pole, was born, In that same year of 1856 Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and founder of psychoanalysis, was born. In 1931 Willie Mays, American baseball superstar, was born. Then in 1948 Shasta the Liger (half lion, half tiger) was born. Book (1) says, "On the anniversary of the birth of Shasta the liger, ask younger students to combine two animals and name and draw the result How about arhinoceros and a lion,  a zebra and a bear, or a giraffe and an elephant?
In 1840 "Penny Blacks"--the First Adhesive Postage Stamps--went on sale in England. In 1889 The Eiffel Tower in Paris was completed. In 1915 Babe Ruth hit his first home run. In 1933 Richard Hollingshead was issued a patent for an Outdoor Drive-in Movie Theater. In celebration of Richard Hollingshead's patent for an outdoor drive-in movie theater, let the children enact a pretend movie theater of their own with play cars, puppets, or actors themselves pretending to drive a car or do an outside theater with the TV on an enclosed porch. Use some imagination. Or plan a time to go as a family to an outdoor theater near you. In 1937 the Airship Hindenburg Exploded at Lakehurst, N.J. In 1954 Roger Bannister of England became the First Person to Run the Mile in Less than 4 minutes. His official time was 3:59:4. In 1960 President Dwight Eisenhower signed the Civil Rights Act, aimed at making voter registration fair. In 1976 An earthquake measuring up to 8.9 on the Richter Scale devastated towns in northeastern Italy. It is also Tinjaua in Romania. Book (1) says, "Tinjaua is an ancient planting festival held in villages throughout Maramures, a mountainous area in northern Romania. Village elders select one farmer to be the first to plow the fields. The farmer then sits on a plow covered with flowers and is paraded through the village. Ask your (children) to make miniature plows from toothpicks or craft sticks and to decorate them with real or paper flowers. They can then present these plows to farmers or gardeners they know.
May 7 1774 Sir Francis Beaufort, British naval officer who developed a scale to measure wind force, was born. In 1812 Robert Browning, English poet, was born. In 1833 Johannes Brahms, German composer, was born. In 1840 Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer, was born. It might be good to look for different music by these composers for the children to see and hear. In 1909 Edwin H. Land, American inventor, was born. In 1932 Noony Hogrogian, Children's author and illustrator, was born. Book (1) says "He received the Caldecott Medal in recognition of her outstanding illustrations for the picture book Always Room for One More, which was written by Sorche Nie Leodhas. Then challenge the children to find a favorite picture book and create a new illustration or cover for it. Next, tell them that they've each been awarded the Caldecott Medal for their creations, and have them write speeches accepting their awards. Finally, ask the kids to show their artwork and read their speeches to small groups."
In 1789 The First presidential inaugural Ball was held in honor of George Washington. In 1824 Beethoven's Ninth Symphony was performed for the first time. Book (1) starts with the question, "Do your (children) know what's unusual about Beethoven's Ninth Symphony? It ends with lyrics. Beethoven was the first major composer to write a symphony that included lyrics. The words he selected for the finale were taken from Johann von Schiller's poem "Ode to Joy." Beethoven had always loved the poem and had long thought of setting it to music. Tell your students that Beethoven "heard" his when he composed it. Play part of the symphony for your (children) and ask ... for their reactions."
In 1915 The British liner Lusitania was attacked and sunk by a German submarine. In 1934 Fishermen removed a 14-pound Pearl from a giant clam in the Philippines. In 1962 The Telstar Communications Satellite was launched. In 1986 Patrick Morrow became the First Person to Climb the Highest Mountain on each of the seven continents. Book (1) now says to see if the children can name the highest mountains in each of the continents and point it out on a map.
May 8th in 1753 Miguel Hidalgo, Mexican priest known as "the Father of Mexican Independence," was born. In 1884 Harry S. Truman, 33rd president of the United States, was born.
In 1541 The Spanish explorer Hernando De Soto sighted the MIssissippi River. In 1864 The Geneva Convention established the International Committee of the Red Cross. In 1877 The First Dog Show was held at the Hippodrome in New York. In 1879 George Selden filed for the First Patent for an Automobile. In 1886 Coca-Cola was sold for the first time. Book (1) says to "Explain to your (children) that the fizz in Coca-Cola and other soft drinks results when carbon dioxide is released and forms bubbles (the gas is put into the liquid ahead of time). The let the children make their own soft drinks by stirring 1 teaspoon of baking soda into a glass of lemonade or fruit juice." Talk about the effects of Coca-Cola on our bodies and why they are trying to change it for people. Do some research and find out how aspartme in the new diet pop affected some people badly and ask the children what they think Coca-Cola should do with their pop situation.
In 1915 Regret became the First filly to win a kentucky Derby. In 1945 The Alies celebrated V-E Day (Victory in Europe Day) as Germany surrendered. Talk about World War II why this was so important.I
In 1961 The First seawater Conversion Plant opened. In 1978 Reinhold Messner completed the First ascent of Mt. Everest with no Supplemental Oxygen.
This day is also No Socks Day. Grandma can relay to this because when the weather starts changing and Grandma's feet also change in wanting no socks either. It is also Stork Day in Denmark. Something to research about.
May 9th 1800 John Brown, American abolitionist, was born. In 1860 Sir J.M. Barrie, Scottish novelist and creator of Peter Pan, was born. Talk about this fabulous story and do some research about it.In 1873 Howard Carter, English Egyptologist who discovered the tomb of King Tutankhomen, was born. In 1916 William Pene Du Bois, children's author, was born.
In 1502 Christopher Columbus began his fourth and final voyage to the New World. In 1754 The First Political Cartoon published in an American Newspaper, titled "Join or Die," appeared in Benjamin Franklin's Pennsylvania Gazette. In 1899 John Burr of Agawam, Mass., patented the Lawn Mower. In 1927 Days before Charles Lindbergh's historic transatlantic flight, two French airmen, Charles Nungesser and Francois Coli, disappeared during an attempted Transatlantic Flight from France to New York. In 1988 Fire fighters in Warren, Mich., Rescued 14 Ducklings Trapped in a Sewer. Book (1) says, "To rescue the trapped ducklings, four fire fighters removed the heavy sewer grate, then one of them climbed down and got the 14 babies. Have older students each find the name of another animal's babies, such as the oyster (spat), swan (cygnet), turkey (poult), eel (elver), pigeon (squab), or kangaroo
(joey). Then let the kids try to stump (you). They tell you the name of the offspring, and you try to identify the parent. Younger children might enjoy reading Make Way for Ducklings by Rober McCloskey." Make some ducks to go along with the Duck stories. Make one of your own with all the animal babies. One story Grandma has read to the children and used the puppet ducks is Five Little Ducks but she cannot remember the author right now. 
In 1990 A group of 6th graders won an invention contest with a No-Drip Ice Cream Cone. Book (1) says to "Tell your students that the 6th graders who invented a dripless ice cream cone created their own recipe and made a traditional cone topped with a saucer-sized rim. (they used confectioners' sugar to seal the seams.) Challenge your students to think of ways to improve a commonly used item." Maybe they have ideas for a No drip Ice cream cone themselves.
May 9th is also Windmill Day in Holland. Book (1) says, "To celebrate Holland's Windmill Day, ask older students what windmills are used for (to pump water and drive machinery). Then challenge teams of students to create working miniature windmills using any or all of the following materials: milk cartons (for the base), (Grandma would say lysol wipe towel cleaner containers), pencils or drinking straws (for the shaft), string (to attach to the shaft), cardboard, paper, craft sticks, toothpicks, fabric scraps, paper clips, pushpins or thumbtacks, (Grandma's thought of clay or plaster), and glue. Tell the teams that their windmills will have to be able to lift a paper clip. Test the finished windmills outdoors if it's windy enough or indoors with your (children's) lungs providing the wind. Which designs were most effective in lifting the paper clip? Why?
May 10 1775 Robert Gray, American sea captain who was the first seaman to carry the flag of the new United States around the world, was born.In 1620 Mary Honeywood of Kent, England, died at the age of 93. She had 16 children, 114 grandchildren, 228 great-grandchildren, and 9 great-great-grandchildren. Book (1) says, "In honor of Mary Honeywood of Kent--who had so many descendants--have your (children) visit a local Senior citizens' center and offer to create family trees for the members. Or have the kids each do a family tree for an older member of their own family or for a royal, political, or fictional family."
In 1869 The First Transcontinental Railroad was completed as a golden spike connecting the Union Pacific and the Central pacific railroads was driven at Promontory, Utah. Book (1) says, "Tell your (children) that during the civil War, two construction companies were chartered to complete a transcontinental railway. One track headed east from Sacramento, California, while the other headed west from Omaha, Nebr. When the tracks met, a golden spike was hammered into place. Telegraphs clicked a short message from coast to coast: "Done." Have your (children) locate Omaha and Sacramento on a map and use the map scale to estimate the distance between them."
In 1872 Victoria Woodhull became the First Female Presidential Canidate, receiving the nomination of the National Radical Reformers. Book (1) says "Help your (children) explore the evolution of the women's rights movement. To begin, have them write down questions they'd want to ask Victoria Woodhull about the status of the women's movement in 1872. Then have the kids work in groups to research her life. Next, ask one child to portray Victoria Woodhull while other students portray contemporary women's rights leaders. Hold a forum in which these leaders react to contemporary women's issues.
In 1876 The Centennial Exposition opened in Philadelphia. Nine million visitors attended, each paying 50¢ admission. In 1924 J. Edgar Hoover was named the First Director of the FBI. In 1930 Chicaago's Adler Planetarium became the First planetarium in the United States. In 1981 Francois Mitterrand was elected.
May 11th was Mother's Day the (second Sunday in May). Book (1) says, "Mother's Day was started by a philadelphian named Anna Jarvis. After the death of her mother in 1905, Jarvis wanted to find a way to honor not only her own mother, but all mothers everywhere. Ask your (children) to think of other ways mothers could be honored. Encourage them to use the ideas to honor their mother.
It is also Festival of Cats day in Belgium (second Sonday in May). Book (1) says, "Since 1938, Belgians have celebrated the Festival of Cats by dressing up as cats and marching in a parade. Have your students name well-known cats from literature--for example, the Cheshire cat, Puss in Boots, and the three little kittens. Encourage them to read the stories or poems involving these famous felines. Then invite students to dress up as their favorite cat for a classroom parade."
May 11th 1888 Irving Berlin, American composer, was born. Book (1) says, "Irving Berlin wrote more than 1,500 songs during his distinguished career. He also wrote the scores for 16 Broadway shows. These achievements are especially astounding in light of the fact that Berline never received any formal musical training and couldn't read or write musical notation. He needed special pianos and musical secretaries to transcribe his ideas into notes on a scale. Though he was born in Russia, he became one of America's most popular songwriters with such quintessentially American songs as "God Bless America," "White Christmas," "Alexander's Ragtime Band," "Easter Parade," and "There's No Business Like Show Business." Play some of Berlin's music for your (children). Then play some songs by composer Jerome Kern, one of his contemporaries. In what ways is their music similar? In what ways does it differ?"
In 1894 Martha Graham, American Modern dancer, was born. In 1904 Salvador Dali, Spanish artist, was born. Book (1) says, "Salvador Dali was born in the town of Figueras, Spain, near Barcelona. Have (the children) locate his birthplace on a world map. Then tell them that Dali's artistic talents emerged early; Before turning 10, he'd painted two outstanding works. Dali is best remembered, though, for his contributions to the surrealist movement. In an attempt to express a different reality, surrealist painters juxtaposed and combined images that normally wouldn't go together. Share photographs of Dali's work with your (children). Point out the meticulous detail and sharp clarity of the paintings. Then challenge the kids to create a surrealistic drawing or painting of their own."
In 1858 Minnesota became the 32nd state. In 1911 Glacier National Park in northwestern Montana was created. In 1949 Israel became a member of the United Nations. In 1950 President Harry Truman dedicated the Grand Coulee Dam in Washington State. In 1986 Fred Markham set a World Speed Record for a Human-Powered Vehicle. He pedaled a streamlined, enclosed bicycle 65,484 mph.
May 12th 1812 Edward Lear, English writer of nonsense verse, was born. Book (1) says he has been called "the poet laureate of the limerick." Read aloud several limericks from his Book of Nonsense, and invite the children to illustrate them. Next, go over the meter and thyme scheme of limericks. Then have the kids work ... to write and illustrate silly limericks of their own. Compile their work into a"
In 1820 Florence Nightingale, English nurse considered the founder of modern nursing. Book (1) says, "to commemorate International NursesDay--invite a nurse to your home (Grandma does not advise this). Students can conduct background research about Nightingale's public service, then prepare interview questions about the impact of ther ideas on today's nurses.
In 1962 Emilio Estevez, American actor, was born.
In 1621 Edward Winslow and Susanna White became the First Couple to Marry in Plymouth Colony. In 1875 Chicago beat St. Louis, 1-0, in major league Baseball's First Shutout. In 1922 A 20-ton Meteorite landed near Blackstone, Va., creating a 500-square-foot crater. In 1937 The coronation of George VI of England beame the First event Broadcast Worldwide. In 1980 Maxie Anderson and his son Kris began the First nonstop Baloon Flight across North America. It is Eat What you want Day so book (1) says, to "have your (children) create fantasy recipes and menus. Younger children might also have fun transforming the classroom into a restaurant to serve their fantasy meals. Have the children work develop the restaurant's name, decor, menu design, and so on. You may want to videotape or photgraph the children enjoying their food fantasies." It is also National Hospital Day, Limerick Day
May 13 1914 Joe Louis, American boxer who held the world heavyweight title from 1937 to 1949, was born. In 1938 Norma Klein, children's author, was born. In 1950 Stevie Wonder, American singer and songwriter, was born.
In 1607 Jamestown, the First permanent English Settlement in America, was established in Virginia by Captain John Smith and 105 colonists. In 1918 The First U.S. Airmail Postage Stamps were issued. In 1942 The First Cross-country Helicopter flight began in Stratford, Conn. In 1980 Henrick Doornekamp, a Dutch farmer, Ran the New York City Marathon Wearing Wooden Shoes. Book (1) says, "Ask your (children) to gather all kinds of sport shoes (tennis, running, walking, golf, bowling, football, basketball, soccer, and so on) as they can. Then have them identify the special features each kind of shoe has to enhance an athlete's performance in the particular sport."
In 1981 Pope John Paul II was seriously wounded by a Turkish gunman in St. Peter's Square. The pontiff later recovered from his wounds. In 1989 Robert Commers set a world record when he jumped Rope 13,783 times in 1 hour. Book (1) says to challenge your children to set some records of their own. You'll need jump ropes and stopwatches.... count the number of jumps completed by a partner in 1 minute. Can the kids figure out how many jumps they'd make in an hour at the same pace? How would that stack up against Commers's record? How many jumps did Commers average per minute?"
It is also American Bike Month. Book (1) says, "Young children will enjoy rolling into American Bike Month by reading Bicycle Race, a picture book by Donald Crews. When they've finished the book, have a ...discussion about bicyles. Have your (children) ever had a bicycle--or tricycle--race? Ask the kids to write a true or fictional story about their bike."
May 14 which is Wednesday is considered "The Stars and Stripes Forever" Day. In 1686  Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit, Dutch instrument maker who developed the Fahrenheit thermometric scale, was born. In 1727 Thomas Gainsborough, English portrait and landscape painter, was born. In 1929 George Selden, Children's author, was born. In 1944 George Lucas, American movie director and producer, was born. In 1952 David Byrne, rock musician and songwriter, was born.
In 1796 The First Smallpox vaccination was administered by Dr Edward Jenner. In 1804 The Lewis and Clark expedition se out from St. Louis, Mo. In 1897 John Philip Sousa's march "The Stars and Stripes Forever" was performed for the first time. Book (1) says, Younger (children) can "perform" John Philip Sousa's "Stars and Stripes Forever" with construction paper instruments and flags. Have the children draw various marching band instruments on construction paper, then cut them out. Next, have them draw and color the American flag on one side of a piece of large, white construction paper. On the other side, have them glue their construction paper instruments. Now that they've made their "instrumental flags," play a recording of Sousa's famous march and let them parade around the" house or in the yard.
In 1904 The First Olympics held in the United States opened in St. Louis, MO. In 1930 Carlsbad Caverns in New Mexico became a national park. In 1955 The Warsaw Pact, which created a military alliance among the Soviet Union and seven Eastern European nations, was signed. Book (1) says to "Ask your (children) to consult encyclopedias or other reference books (Grandma says to check on the computer.) to find out which eight nations originally formed the Warsaw Pact. Then have the kids locate these nations on a world map. Do all of them still exist? Have their forms of government changed since 1955? How? Do your students know which organization (NATO) the Warsaw Pact was intended to counterbalance?" In 1963 The First Solar-Powered Airplane was patented. In 1973 Skylab 1, the first orbiting U.S. space station, was launched.
This is all for today. Grandma has to go help with the voting tomorrow. Will enter stuff starting Wednesday. Take care.

Day 151

Posted on April 21, 2014 at 8:43 PM Comments comments (4)
Good Morning! I hope all is well! Be sure to carry out tasks; Childrobotics; physical education of sports or dancing else health education of foods and recipes or body parts of eyes, ears, nerves, cells, chemicals, skin, sinuses, organs, bones, and muscles; Reading and Language of ABC's, words, vocabulary, spelling, sentence structure and parts; writing and Journals; Math, science projects; newspapers; yearbooks; and family scrapbooks as well as other projects.
For our Bible read Acts13 through Acts 28 then do the following from Faith Alive: "Did You Know? Acts 13:2 What are missionaries? Missionaries are people who travel to tell others about Jesus. The first missionaries of the Christian church were Barnabas and Paul(Saul). The rest of the book of Acts tells about the adventures of these missionaries.;
Life In Bible Times-Jewish Synagogues--Jews gathered each Sabbath to worship in a synagogue. At the front of the synagogue was a container, called an "ark," where Bible scrolls were kept. Leaders of the synagogue sat on chairs in the front on each side of this ark. Visitors like Paul were often invited to speak to the congregation.;
Let's Live It! Acts 14:8-18 The Wrong God--People in the ancient Greek world worshiped many gods and goddesses, like Zeus and Hermes and Artemis. Because people dreamed up these false gods, they often imagined them having human form. Read Acts 14:8-18. What did the people of Lystra do when Paul healed the crippled man? Why were Barnabas and Paul so upset?
Notice what the people of Lystra said: "The gods have come down to us in human form!" They were wrong, of course, in thinking that Paul and Barnabas were gods.
They were right about one thing, though. God has come down to us in human form. When? Look up Colossians 2:9. What are some of the things that make that so wonderful? Read and think about Hebrews 2:14-15;4:15; and Galatians 4:4-5. (Grandma says it might be a good idea if children are interested in finding out some about the Greek Mythology so they understand what some other people are talking about later in life. However, emphasis how they are really not real and how God is.)
Did You Know? Acts 5:6 What is a church council? A church council is a meeting of the leaders of the Christian church. Acts 15 tells about the first church council. The leaders met to decide whether God wanted non-Jewish Christians to live like Jewish people. They decided that they could not require non-Jewish Christians to obey all the laws of the Jews.
Life In Bible Times-Purple Cloth--Purple dye came from crushing the shells of tiny sea creatures. Hundreds of these shellfish were needed to make enough purple to dye one robe, so purple cloth was very expensive.
Let's Live It! Acts 16:16-40 A Bad Day?--It had been a truly horrible day. First, they'd seen a poor girl suffering from a demon. That made them sad. But when they set her free from the demon, a mob had them arrested. Next they were whipped. Then thrown in jail. Finally, their feet were locked in stocks. That's miserable.
Read Acts 16:16-25. What did Paul and Silas do? How could they sing after a day like that? Paul and Silas knew God was with them. They knew they had a happy (and everlasting!) day in heaven to look forward to because of Jesus. How might the Good News of Jesus help you during your next horrible day? By the way, see how Paul and Silas' day turned out in Acts 16:26-40.
Did You Know? Acts 17:22-23 What was Athens like? Athens was a famous Greek city. The people of Athens loved to talk about religion and important ideas. When Paul came to Athens he talked to people about God, who made the world, and about Jesus, who was raised from the dead. Acts 17 contains Paul's sermon to the people of Athens.
Life In Bible Times-Tentmakers--Tents were made from animal skins or from fabric woven of wool or goats' hair. The tentmaker sewed these materials together using awls and needles and thread. It was expected that every Jewish boy would learn a trade; Paul was trained to be a tentmaker.
Did You Know? Acts 19:17 What was Ephesus like? Ephesus was one of the largest cities in Asia. It had a great temple, dedicated to a pagan goddess named Artemis. When Paul came to Ephesus he taught about the true God. So many people became Christians that the silversmiths who sold medals of Artemis began to lose business. Acts 19 tells about Paul's adventures in Ephesus.
Life In Bible Times-The Temple of Artemis--The temple of Artemis at Ephesus was one of the wonders of the world. It was larger than a football field and had 127 columns, each of them as high as a five-story building! People came from all over the world to visit the temple of Artemis.
Did You Know? Acts 21:27 What happened to Paul in Jerusalem? A riot started when Paul went to the temple in Jerusalem. A Roman commander and his soldiers rescued Paul from the mob. Later the commander also rescued Paul when some Jews were plotting to kill him. The commander sent Paul with a guard of 470 soldiers to the Roman governor for trial. You can read about all that happened to Paul in Jerusalem in Acts 21-23.
Life In Bible Times-Roman Citizenship--The Romans whipped people they thought might have committed a crime in order to make them confess. But it was against the law to whip a Roman citizen.
Did You Know? Acts 25:14 Who were Felix and Festus? Felix and Festus were Roman governors. Felix kept Paul under arrest for two years. Festus, who replaced Felix, didn't know what to do with Paul. Acts 24-26 tells what happened while Paul was under arrest in Caesarea, and how he happened to be sent to Rome.
Did You Know? Acts 25:23 Who was King Agrippa? Agrippa was a grandson of Herod, who was king when Jesus was born. But Agrippa ruled only the district of Galilee. The Roman governor Festus wanted Agrippa's advice because he did not know what to do with Paul.
Life in Bible Times-Cargo Ships--Paul was traveling on one of the large cargo ships that sailed the Mediterranean Sea. These ships were large enough to carry two or three hundred people as well as their cargo.
Let's Live It! Acts 27:13-44 An Anchor of Hope--Driven by hurricane winds, with waves crashing over the deck, the sailors tried everything, but after days of struggle, they finally gave up all hope.
But throughout the crisis, Paul had hope. Why? Read Acts 27:21-26 and Hebrews 6:17-20. God has promised you his care and forgiveness and eternal life in heaven. That's like an anchor for your life. When do you especially need the anchor of God's promises to keep up hope?"
For Science Experiments we working on Plants form Grandma's Book (12)
The next experiment from this section of the book is called Rising sap.
"Make a deep hole in a carrot and fill it with water in which you have dissolved plenty of sugar. Close the opening firmly with a bored cork, and push a plastic straw through the hole. Mop up any overflowing sugar solution, and seal the joints with melted candle wax. Put the carrot into water and watch: after some time the sugar solution rises into the straw.
The water particles can enter the carrot through the cell walls, but the larger sugar particles cannot come out. The sugar solution becomes diluted and rises up the tube. This experiment on osmosis illustrates how plants absorb water from the soil and carry it upwards."
Next is Ghostly noise
"Fill a wine glass to overflowing with dried peas,  pour in water up to the brim, and place the glass on a metal lid.. The pea heap becomes slowly higher and then a clatter of falling peas begins, which goes on for hours.
This is again an osmotic process. Water penetrates into the pea cells through the skin and dissolves the nutrients in them. The pressure thus formed makes the peas swell. In the same way the water necessary for life penetrates the walls of all plant cells, stretching them. If the plant obtains no more water, its cells become flabby and it wilts
The Next experiment is called Rain in a jar.
Place a green twig in a glass of water in sunlight. Pour a layer of oil on to the surface of the water and invert a large jar over the lot. After a short time, drops of water collect on the walls of the jar. Since the oil is impermeable, the water must come from the leaves. In fact the water which the plant absorbs is given off into the air through tiny pores in the epidermis of the leaf. Air saturated with moisture and warmed by the sun deposits drops like fine rain on the cool glass.
The Next experiment is called Zig-zag growth.
Lay pre-germinated seeds on a sheet of blotting paper between two panes of glass, pull rubber bands around the panes and place in a water container in a window. Turn the glass panes with the shoots onto a different edge every two days. The roots always grow downwards and the stem grows upwards.
Plants have characteristic tendencies. Their roots strive towards the middle of the earth and the shoots go in the opposite direction. On slopes the roots of trees do not grow at right-angles to the surface into the ground, but in the direction of the middle of the earth.
The Next experiment is called Leaf skeleton.
Place a leaf on blotting paper and tap it carefully with a clothes brush, without pressing too hard or moving sideways. The leaf is perforated until only the skeleton remains, and you can see the fine network of ribs and veins.
The juicy cell tissue is driven out by the bristles and sucked up by the blotting paper. The ribs and veins consist of the firmer and slightly lignified framework and resist the brush.
The Next experiment is called Two Coloured  Flower.
Dilute red and green fountain pen inks with water and fill two glass tubes each with one colour. Split the stem of a flower with white petals, e.g. a dahlia, rose or carnation, and place one end in each tube. The fine veins of the plant soon become coloured, and after several hours the flower is half red and half blue.
The coloured liquid rises through the hair-fine channels by which the water and food are transported. The dye is stored in the petals while most of the water is again given off.
That is all the experiments Grandma is giving today.
The next coverage will be from the Calendar History book. The first birthday for today, April 22 is in 1451 for Isabella I, queen of Spain and Columbus's sponsor. Grandma has been watching a Movie on the Spanish Channel about her before she became the Queen. I am hoping it is the same Isabella. Now Grandma will be able to check the next date shown to make sure. Two other birthdays are in 1923. One is for Homas Baird, children's author. The other is for Paula Fox, another children's author.
There are a lot of events for April 22nd. In 1500 Pedro Alvares Cabral landed in Brazil, which he claimed for King Manuel I of Portugal. Then in 1715 The greatest Eclipse of the Sun seen in 500 years occurred. In 1864 Congress authorized the use of the motto "In God We Trust" on U.S. coins. In 1876 The First National League Baseball Game--between Philadelphia and Boston--took place. In 1884 Thomas Stevens began a Bicycle Trip around the World. In 1889 Oklahoma was opened to homesteaders.
It is Earth Day which we will do an activity for at a later time. It was also Look-Alike Day (third Tuesday in April). Book (1) says, "As homework for Look-alike Day, ask your (children) to stand in front of a mirror and draw a look-alike picture of themselves.
Grandma is going to cover Sarah, Plain and Tall for those reading this book. There is also a famous movie made of this story if you have not seen it already. Grandma is using two books for this story. One is book (185) and the other is book (4) which is a geography book. They are using this book to illustrate the seeing regional likenesses and differences.
Sarah, Plain & Tall by Patricia MacLachlan (Harper & Row 1985)
Book (185) has a section About the Author and a Summary as follows:
"Patricia MacLachlan  was born in Cheyenne, Wyoming. She is a graduate of the University of Connecticut and has taught English and creative writing. She did not become an author, however, until she had been a wife and mother for many years. Not surprisingly, her books emphasize family situations and are strongly connected to childhood experiences. Cassie Binegar and Arthur, for the Very First Time both have family themes. Sarah, Plain and Tall grew out of what MacLachlan's mother called "the heroics of a common life." Says the author, "Just what is the magic-the literature or the life from which it grows?" In Patricia MacLachlan's case, the answer seems to be both.
Story Summary-Caleb and Anna live with their father in a house on the prairie. Because their mother died when Caleb was born, their father feels it is time he had a wife and they had a mother. So one day Papa tells tem that he has placed an ad in the paper looking for a wife. Sarah, who lives in faraway Maine, answers the ad. She agrees to stay with them for a month to see if she'll be happy there. Anna and Caleb are full of wonder: What will Sarah be like? Will they like her? Will she like them? As the days pass, Caleb and Anna grow to love Sarah, but they are worried because they know that Sarah misses her seaside home. For one heartbreaking day, they think Sarah has left. But Sarah returns, and she tells them that she would miss them more than she misses the sea."
Book (4) gives it as this, "In response to an advertisement common about a hundred years ago, Sarah Wheaton travels from Maine to a mid-western farm to see whether she wants to settle down with the widower, Jacob and his children, Anna and Caleb. The children and their father love Sarah's feistiness, warmth, and imagination, but fear she misses the sea so much that she will leave them to return to her home. When Sarah goes to town in the wagon, Caleb especially fears that she will never come back. But Sarah does, bearing with her a parcel of colored pencils that link the colors of her sea with the colors of the children's prairie home, and signaling that she has made her decision to stay and become part of the family." (Grandma is very much touched by this story for four reasons: one because her mother lost her mom during the Depression times a rare blood disease; two because her grandfather remarried after traveling around helping others just to have a place to stay and eat because it cost him his farm as well a new baby-then he remarried a woman that helped him get a new farm; third because he had gained a third wife after his second through a newspaper ad; fourth is because he not only told my sister and I how our real grandmother had helped him a lot on the farm when she could and that our mother helped him build a house when she was pregnant with me. She tells how she carried tile up the ladder to him being eight months with me.)
Also from Book (4) In Preparation:
"On a topographical map, point out Maine, then the American prairie states. Invite students to use the map to tell about differences in land and water. Explain that the story tells about a woman who moved from Maine to the prairie more than a hundred years ago, when railroads were new, airplanes did not exist, and every move was thus a "big" move and likely to be permanent. Ask students to predict what a person from Maine might miss if she or he moved hundreds of miles inland."
Also from Book (4) there is a section called Extending Geography Skills: Comparing Map Keys and Legends. "In a central location, provide a variety of United States maps, such as topographical maps, highway maps, political maps, views from space, historical maps, and goods-and-resources maps. Review with students how. Sarah associated certain colors--gray, green, and blue--with her home in Maine." Have the children choose one of the maps and discover how it uses colors to indicate special facts about places. "(They) might start by reading the title of their map to find out its purpose, next study the legend to find out its purpose, next study the legend to find out what particular colors or symbols stand for, and then locate the Maine seacoast and trace Sarah's approximate route from there to the central part of the country.  Suggest that (the children) note differences, as indicated by the colors and symbols, as they move from one region to another. Then invite (the children) to show their maps ... and tell about major differences in regions and how the colors on their maps signal them. The (children) will soon note that the same color may be used in different ways on different maps, depending on what aspect of a region the map is intended to show."
Also in Book (4) under As You Read it says, "Encourage (the children) to discuss what Sarah misses from her old home in Maine (such as swimming in the sea, ocean colors, watching seals, sliding down sand dunes, her brother's fishing boat) and how Jacob, Anna, and Caleb try to replicate some of these experiences for her on their Midwest farm. Invite (the children) to name some of the most obvious differences, such as salt water/fresh water; sand/grass; prairie flowers/seaside flowers.
While Maine and the prairie are quite different, Sarah and Caleb are much alike. To help (the children) compare these two characters, invite them to fill in a chalkboard character chart like the one below as they read the story. Discuss how their likenesses pull Sarah and Caleb together.
    How Does the
    Character Feel
    What Does the
    Character Miss?
   What Does the
   Character Learn?
 thinks he is loud
 and pesky
 His mother's songs
 That Sarah loves him
 tall, plain, unneeded
 in her brother's home
  the sea is her
  home in Maine
  How to enjoy a prairie
   home that Jacob
   and the children
   love and need her
Book (185) says under "Homesickness Remedies-Tell (the children) that in the story they are going to read, one of the characters is homesick. She has moved from one part of the United States to another, and her new home is very different and very far away from her old one. She misses her old home and the people she knew there. Ask (the children) if they (or someone they know) have ever been homesick. Discuss where they were and how they felt. How did they recover? As (the children) volunteer their experiences, write their homesickness remedies on the chalkboard. Point out that most people, both children and adults, experience homesickness at one time or another. Ask (the children) to look for ways that the character in the book copes with this problem.
From Book (4) do this activity for Art:
"Pictures Praising Places-At the center of a (poster board), place a picture of Sarah. At the top, under the book title, make heads for two columns on either side of the figure: The Best Things About the Farm and The Best Things About the Sea. Invite (the children) to brainstorm a ... list of things or activities Sarah might put in each column. Suggest that each ... choose one item from each list and make construction-paper cut-out pictures of the items. As (the children) affix their pictures in the ... columns, invite them to tell why Sarah likes each thing. Suggest that (the children) use (this) as a reference as they retell the story to (others.)
Other Art/Oral Language projects are in Book (185) as follows: "Make a Mobile-Remind students that when Sarah comes to the prairie, she brings along mementos of the sea in the form of shells and a smooth white stone. Ask (the children) to think about a place that he or she loves, indoors or out. Have them make a list of things that are found in their favorite places. Then explain that they are going to make mobiles to show what their places are like.
You Need: white construction paper; scissors; string; colored markers; pencils; tape; paper plates
  1. Provide each (child) with a paper plate. Demonstrate how to draw a spiral on the plate by starting at the center and drawing a continuing circle to the outer edge ... .
  2. Have (the children) cut along their spiral lines.
  3. Pass out construction paper and markers. Tell (the children) to consult the lists they made about their favorite places, then draw four or five items from the list. For example, if the sea is their favorite place, they might draw a shell, fish, crab, boat, and seal. Explain that these pictures will hang from the mobile.
  4. Tell (the children) to color in their pictures and cut them out.
  5. Have (the children) tape one end of a short string to each picture, then tape the other end to the spiral.
  6. Have (the children) attach a string to the middle of their spirals. Then let them help you hang the mobiles around the room. Tell (the children) to look at the mobiles, and ask them to try and guess what place each one represents.
Three Colors-Recall with (the children) the colors of the three pencils Sarah buys in town: blue, gray, and green. Remind (the children) that these colors are important to Sarah because they are the colors of her favorite place-the sea. Tell (the children) that they will use three colors to illustrate their favorite places.
You need: pencils or charcoal sticks, colored pencils, poster paper
  1. Provide (the children) with charcoal or pencils and ask them each to draw a poster of their favorite places.
  2. Have (the children) select three colors that best represent their favorite places. Instruct (the children) to use the three colors to finish their posters.
  3. Display the completed posters. Then have (the children) match and compare each poster to the corresponding mobile of the same place."
Here are some Art/Creative Writing Activities from Book (185)
Beautiful Bookmarks-One of the first things Sarah does on the prairie is pick flowers. She tells Caleb and Anna she will hang the flowers upside down to dry them. "And we can have flowers all winter  long," she says. Tell (the children) that in this activity, they too, will preserve flowers.
You need: small flowers(wildflowers or flowers such as daisies purchased from a florist); clear Contact paper; scissors; yarn; hole punch; old telephone books and/or other heavy books
  1. Let (the children) collect their flowers. If (the children) are going to pick wildflowers, be sure they have a list of those that are endangered in your region and should not be picked.
  2. Have (the children) press the flowers they will use for their bookmarks. Demonstrate how to place the flowers carefully between the pages of an old telephone book, then stack other heavy books on top. Then wait two weeks.
  3. Pass out the clear Contact paper and help the (children) cut two pieces, each 1 1/2" x 6".
  4. Tell (the children) to arrange their pressed flowers carefully on the sticky side of one piece of the Contact paper. (The children) should have their designs in mind or sketched out before positioning the flowers.
  5. Help (the children) place the other piece of Contact paper carefully over the first so that the two sticky sides adhere to one another.
  6. Have (the children) punch a hole at the top of the bookmark and slip a piece of yarn through it as a tassel. Knot the yarn so it stays in place. (The children) can present their bookmarks as gifts or keep them for their own use.
Illustrators Wanted-Point out to the (children) that Sarah, Plain and Tall has no illustrations. Tell the class that their job will be to provide pictures to the story. Assign (the children) a chapter to work on. ... Provide time for (the children) to reread their (chapter), then tell each (child) to select a scene to illustrate. ... discuss why and how they showed the characters the way they did.
Seal's Story-Recall with the class the class that Sarah wasn't the only one who left her home by the sea. Sarah's cat, Seal, also made the journey to the prairie. Not only does he have to adjust to living in a new place, but he also has to learn to live with dogs! How does Seal feel about all this? Have your students write a short story from Seal's point of view describing his new life with Anna and Caleb. Suggest that students add illustrations to their stories."
In Creative Writing of Book (4)
Shape Letters-Invite (the children to recall the many different animals mentioned in the story, for example, Sarah's cat Seal, the dogs Lottie and Nick, the horses Old Bess and Jack, the three lambs, the chickens, and the seal that Sarah remembers petting back home in Maine. ... choose one of the animals, imagine that it can write, and work together to write a "shape letter" from the animal to another one, describing some part of the story from the animal-writer's point of view. ... decided on the basic message, ... design and cut a pattern of the animal's shape, to use for the covers and pages of the letter: ... write the letter; ... draw a picture on one of the shape-pages. ...share their letters..., put all the letters in a cardboard Sarah's Mailbox. the letters... .
This is all Grandma can do today. She will finish Sarah, Plain & Tall first thing tomorrow.

Day 150

Posted on April 19, 2014 at 5:29 PM Comments comments (8)
Good Morning Folks! I hope you had a nice Easter! Grandma would be ok if she would learn to save information early. I am retyping a lot of information for you that was typed earlier this morning for Monday's lessons. Therefore, I hope I do as well a job as it was before. Grandma is going to be giving you material in lessons from now on through the end of the year and on into the summer if possible. She hopes to cover material from Patricia's book and a list of her own books used.
Please keep up the work of your tasks; Childrobotics; physical education of (sports or dancing) or health education for the body as(eyes, teeth, ears, skin, bones, muscles, or organs, what give us the necessary nutrients, food, plants, etc.); Reading and Language through ABC's, words, vocabulary, spelling, papers, etc.; along with Writing and Journals; Newspapers; Yearbooks; Family scrapbooks and recipes.
To start today's lessons out Grandma is going to cover half of Acts, today's History coverage of at least Monday, maybe more. Then she has two books to cover. Some math and art may be covered in these lessons. Be sure to keep up with any necessary Geometry and Algebra covered in video's Grandma has given you. She will try to cover the Algebra book she has as much as she can at sometime. Please take care and keep joining me. I will probably be covering other real estate and information later as possible.
To begin lessons for Monday Grandma is covering The Introduction to Acts in the Bible through Faith Alive and the first 12 chapters. The Introduction in Faith Alive goes as follows:
"Whom...did God inspire to write this book? Luke, the physician who traveled as a missionary with Paul, and who also wrote the Gospel of Luke, wrote this book.
For Whom...was this book first written? As with his Gospel, Luke wrote this book for a man named Theophilus. He may also have used it as evidence in court to defend Paul. Nevertheless, it really is for everyone.
When...did this happen? This book tells what happened from about AD 30 to 61.
Where...did this happen? The things in this book happened in many important cities in the Roman Empire.
How...does Acts show us God/s love? Acts show that God wants the saving message of Jesus to go out to all the world. The apostles began this work. Every step of the way, the Holy Spirit was with them to guide them and give their words power so that many believed.
What...special messages does this book give us? It describes the acts, or actions, of Jesus' apostles after Jesus has ascended back to heaven. It shows how God enables his people through the Holy Spirit to share the Good News of Jesus.
        ...action happens in this book? Jesus ascends back to heaven but sends the Holy Spirit at Pentecost. The Spirit inspires Jesus' apostles to preach about him on exciting and dangerous missionary journeys.
        ...important people do we meet? Peter and Paul are among the main characters in this book.
        ...are some of the stories in this book?
                       Jesus goes to heaven.                             Acts  1:1-11
                  The Holy Spirit comes.                                 Acts  2:1-13
  Peter heals a crippled beggar.                                       Acts  3:1-10
     Peter and John are arrested.                                      Acts  4:1-31
           Stephen, the first martyr.                                     Acts  6:8-8:1
                     Saul is converted.                                     Acts  9:1-31
                     Peter has a vision.                                    Acts 10:1-48
            Peter escapes from prison.                                 Acts 12:1-19
              Paul goes on a mission.                                   Acts 13:1-14:28
             The first church council.                                    Acts 15:1-29
                      Prisoners freed.                                       Acts 16:16-40
                   A riot in Ephesus.                                       Acts 19:23-41
                   Paul goes on trial.                                       Acts 24:1-27
              Paul is shipwrecked.                                        Acts 27:1-44
                  Paul goes to Rome.                                     Acts 28:1-31"
Now begin by reading the Bible Acts 1 through 12 and doing things given to you from Faith Alive as follows:
"Let's Live It! Acts 1:8 Power to Witness--Read Acts 1:8. Jesus promised to give his followers power to witness. "Witnessing" means telling others what we know about Jesus.
Ask your mom or dad to let you have a size "D" battery to symbolize power. Print John 3:16 on a piece of paper, and tape it to the battery. Carry the battery with you. When people ask you what it is, let them read the verse. Pray when you go out with your battery that the Holy Spirit will give you power to witness, and that your friends will believe in Jesus.
Did You Know? Acts 2:1 What was Pentecost? Pentecost was a Jewish holy day. Fifty days after Easter (Pentecost means "fiftieth"), God gave the disciples the Holy Spirit. The Spirit enabled them to speak in foreign languages and set flames of fire over their heads. When many people gathered to see what was happening, Peter preached to them about Jesus. This may be called the birthday of the Christian church.
Let's Live It! Acts 2:42-47 Power to Love--The first Christians loved each other very much because they knew how much God had first loved them. Read Acts 2:42-47. Find in these verses at least five things the early Christians did to show love for each other.
Look at the list you just made. Think of ways like these that you can show God's love to others. For example, how can you give to someone in need?
Did You Know? Acts 3:6 How were Peter and John able to heal? God gave Peter and John special power. When they healed in Jesus' name, it proved that Jesus really was the Son of God. After healing, Peter preached a sermon and told the people that Jesus was their Savior.
Let's Live It? Acts 4:23-31 Prayer For God's Power--When Peter and John were threatened they asked God for power to do miracles and keep on preaching. Read Acts 4:23-31. Because they knew God had been in control already at creation and at the time of David, they were certain he was still in control and still answering prayer.
Ask your mom or dad what they know about God that makes them sure he can answer prayer. Tell them about what you discovered in this Bible story.
When you pray, it is a good idea to begin as the disciples did, thanking God for his great power and telling him you know he can answer your prayers.
Did You Know? Acts 5:3 What was the sin of Ananias and Sapphira? Ananias and Sapphira lied. The money they got from selling some land was theirs to use any way they wanted, but they agreed to lie to the church. Lying to the church is like lying to God, and God punished them.
Let's Live It! Acts 7:54-60 Facing Fear--Stephen kept on preaching Christ and became the first person to die for it, the church's first martyr. Read Acts 7:54-60. How did God give Stephen courage?
Picture a situation where people might be angry with you for saying what you believe. Now picture Jesus standing in heaven. Keep that picture in mind when you face fear. He's standing with you!
Life In Bible Times-Stoning Stephen-The Hebrew people executed criminals by throwing heavy stones at them. Stephen was the first Christian martyr. A martyr (MAR-ter) is a person who is put to death because of his or her beliefs. Stephen was stoned because he preached about Jesus.
Did You Know? Acts 8:9 What is sorcery? Sorcery is a kind of magic. It is supposed to gie a person power over others. A sorcerer named Simon saw the power Jesus" apostles had and wanted that power for himself. He offered the apostles money for that power.
Did You Know? Acts 9:1 Who was Saul? The Saul of the New Testament was a Pharisee who hated Christians. After Jesus spoke to Saul, Saul became a Christian. Later, Saul became known by his Greek name, Paul. Paul became the greatest missionary of all time and wrote thirteen books of the New Testament.
Life In Bible Times-Paul In A Basket-Grain and other crops were stored in very large woven baskets. These baskets were able to use one to let him down over the city wall of Damascus.
Let's Live It! Acts 9:1-31 A New Look--Read Acts 9:1-31. Look carefully at the kind of person Saul was before he was converted (Acts 9:20-22,27-28)?
Draw "before" and "after" pictures of Paul's face. How do you think Paul looked when he hated Christians? How do you think Paul looked when he loved Jesus and wanted others to love Jesus too?
Did you know that you once looked like your "before" picture of Saul? At least your heart did. By nature we're all evil, but when Jesus made you his child, he changed all that. Show someone your new face--with the loving smile of a believer in Jesus!
Did You Know? Acts 10:17 Why did God send Peter a vision? In New Testament times the Jewish people did not associate with non-Jews. God gave Peter a vision of animals to teach him that it was all right to go to a non-Jew's home.
Did You Know? How did Peter escape from prison? An angel let Peter out of his chains and led him outside the jail. All Peter's friends were praying for him; but when Peter came to their door, they wouldn't believe it was him!
Today is April 21 as given in the Calendar History from Book (1) there are four birthdays and five history events. The first birthday is in 1782 for Friedrich Froebel, German educator and founder of the first kindergarten; the next is in 1816 for Charlotte Bronte, English novelist; a third is in 1926 for Queen Elizabeth II, British monarch. The last is in 1838 for John Muir, American naturalist. Under Environmental pioneer in Book (1) it says, "At the age of 28, John Muir was blinded in a factory accident. He vowed to devote himself to nature if he ever recovered his sight. Weeks later his sight returned, and Muir spent the rest of his life keeping his promise. He hiked thousands of miles across the United States and kept detailed drawings and journal accounts of his observations. Believing that human greed was destroying the environment to establish national parks. Ask your students what they think Muir meant when he said, "The clearest way into the universe is through a forest wilderness.""
The first event for Monday happened in 753 BC; According to legend, Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus. Then in 1789 John Adams was sworn in as the First U.S. Vice President. In 1790 Twenty-thousand people--the largest public gathering American had seen--attended Benjamin Franklin's Funeral in Philadelphia. In 1843 Hogs were prohibited from running wild in Chicago. In 1898 The Spanish-American War began. Also in 1898 Billy Duggleby became the only major league baseball player to hit a Grand Slam Home Run his first time at bat.
It is also considered Kartini Day in (Indonesia) and Kindergarten Day for which Book (1) says, "To celebrate Kindergarten Day, have your (children) create a list of favorite toys and games, activities, foods, routines, and events they enjoyed in kindergarten. Then have the kids interview children currently attending kindergarten and make a list of their favorite activities. Finally, ask your (children) to compare the two lists.
Grandma is going to cover two stories for the day of things you can do to cover our lesson finishing Russia and to work on the American (Colonial) times:
The first book given in Grandma's book (6) is called The Quilt Story by Tony Johnston (G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1985. 28 pp.)
In warm poetic text, this book recounts the life of an heirloom quilt. It also tells of two little girls who, though separated by generations, were united in the comfort of the same quilt. It is a different "take" on a similar theme to that of The Keeping Quilt (to be read also and be given material for) and may be read before or after that story. The two stories together might be the basis for a "Quilt" unit.
Before Reading The Quilt Story
  • Ask the children if their family (or someone they know) owns something that has been passed down from generation to generation. Remind the children that such an heirloom need not be expensive, but it does need to hold special meaning to the people who keep it. Tell the children that The Quilt Story is about such an heirloom. Ask the children to listen carefully to see if they can decide why the heirloom is so special to the characters in the story.
After Reading The Quilt Story
  • Ask the children to describe the quilts they may have seen. Show the children pictures of different types of popular quilt patterns (featured today even in mail order catalogs). (If the children have already read The Keeping Quilt, this may be unnecessary.) Tell the children that quilting is now considered  an American folk art, but that the pioneer women who first sewed quilts did so to make the most of fabric scraps(note the old socks sewn into the quilt in The Quilt Story), (Grandma wants to make a notation here not thought about is the fact that money might come easier today, but in the time of pioneers money was very scarce and the utilized things a lot more than some do today. Therefore, making quilts was a way to have warmth by not only utilizing left over clothes and material it would also have cost them a big part of savings to buy those things. Many families did trade things for warm wool or in Mexico they make some very beautiful and warm blankets as well as the Native American blankets that would save people a lot on electricity for electric blankets as well as their costs. Both quilts and these blankets cannot compare to the warmth of the all American blankets known from experience. However, there were many ways people were kept warm and my mother in the time of the depression remembers as a young girl living with her grandparents of having to chop wood and start a fire in the morning to dress by.) and to bring warmth and color to their sparse, plain homes and rough lies. Ask the children to list all the ways that Abigail used the quilt. How many of the children in (your home) have a favorite blanket or soft toy from their own childhood? Would these possessions make for good heirlooms? Do children of other cultures have favorite toys or possessions? How can the children find out this information?
Follow-up Activities
American Folk Toys
Secure a copy of  The Foxfire Book of Toys and Games (E. P. Dutton, 1985), or any other book featuring a collection of American folk toys and games. Show your (children) the pictures of the toys which date back more than 200 years to colonial days (and beyond!). Have the class decide how their modern toys are similar to or different from the folk toys (which have no batteries, no electricity, few moving parts and are for the most part homemade). Have the children interview their parents and grandparents to discover what kinds of toys they played with. Did they, too, have a special blanket or toy that they played with for a long time? Were their toys (or blankets or clothes) ever homemade?
Folk Art Museum
Have children assemble a folk art museum by bringing in to (your church, from your homes, or relatives homes, or somewhere they could be) items reminiscent of colonial times. These may include quilts, toys, jewelry, pictures, tools, gadgets, knick-knacks, etc. (Because of the recent interest in using American folk art for decorating our modern homes, it should not be difficult to gather a collection together.) Label and display the pieces together in a central place....For more information of quilting, toy making, and colonial times, see Colonial America (Cooperative Learning Activities) by Sue Schneck and Mary Strohl (Scholastic, 1991).
(Another Idea Grandma has is to visit a local Museum that could have pioneer things in it. If you do not live near one or want to visit one like the ones in Nebraska it is well worth your visit.)
Schoolhouse Quilting Bee
Use quilting books such as 101 patchwork Patterns by Rudy McKim (Dover, 1962) to familiarize children with the schoolhouse quilt pattern. (Grandma says, "it is like a house with a front view with windows and a door; then a larger side view with windows.) Remind children that quilts were often completed by groups of people working together at a social gathering known as a "quilting bee." Each quilter would work on one portion of the quilt, but no individual effort appeared as great as when all the pieces were joined together. Invite each of the children (other relatives, family members, or friends) to create one block for a classroom "schoolhouse quilt.""
If you do not want to spend the time using material and doing it together, felt pieces or paper pieces can be used also but they will not be as nice as real material or from old clothing. Nor will the Pot holders, aprons, etc. Grandma is going to add to the product line.
When finished with your picture, one side can be glued or sewed onto a log or stick with string on the ends to be hung somewhere.
The other mentioned we will be given activities for today is Russian-American called The Keeping Quilt by Patricia Polacco (Simon and Schuster, 1988, 32 pp.)
This book recounts the story of an heirloom quilt, crafted from a basket of old clothes including Uncle Vladimir's shirt, Aunt Havalah's nightdress, and an apron of Aunt Natasha's. Once completed, the quilt is passed down through four generations in a family. For nearly a century, the quilt serves such purposes as a Sabbath tablecloth, a wedding canopy, and a baby receiving blanket. The quilt is also a constant reminder of--and tribute to--family loved ones back home in Russia.
Before Reading The Keeping Quilt
  • Review these terms with the class: generation, heirloom, inheritance, legacy. Then, have the children describe any items that have been passed down from generation to generation in their families, such as houses, furniture, dishes, artwork, toys, etc. Remind the children that such legacies needn't be items worth a lot of money. Items such as photographs, knickknacks, clothing and toys may also be handed down from generation to generation--and may be worth more to the receiver than any sum of money! Tell the children that The Keeping Quilt is a story of just such a legacy.
After Reading The Keeping Quilt
  • Invite students to take a close look at the artwork in the book. What do they notice about the use of color? Have the class make a list of possible reasons why the author/illustrator chose to use color so carefully? Ask: How would the book appear different if each of the illustrations was in full color? Why is the quilt so valuable to the author/illustrator? Would the quilt be as valuable to us? Why or why not?
Follow-up Activities"
Make a ...Quilt or Make a Family Quilt
If you do not want to tie this to the other story and make a quilt together or both quilts together with the story out of material or old clothing or make your own version like one Grandma wants to make out of my Granddaughter's fancy sweatshirts she grew out of; you can make one following Book (6)'s instructions. There are lots of ideas for quilts and quilts books available to use if you are interested. Quilts can be donated to hospitals, nursing homes, homeless shelters or day care centers. Grandma has made a few from squares of material in the way given below and from jeans which are very heavy and warm.
"To begin, provide each child with two plain pieces of copy paper (each trimmed to 8 1/2" square) and fabric crayons (available in craft stores). Instruct each child to use the crayons and one piece of paper to draw something they care about or value in their lives (e.g., a toy, a book, a pet, something in nature, etc.). On the other piece of paper, have children trace one of their hands and color it in. You or another adult can then use an iron to transfer the drawing onto individual squares of fabric (approximately 10" square) or onto a white or pastel solid-colored flat sheet. (Directions on the crayon box will guide your fabric and sheet selection.) The dimensions of the quilt will depend on the number of" (children working on the quilt-you may have to do several pieces each-you could form just a border with strips of the squared together and a plain piece in the middle also. Otherwise it would take 48 squares to form it 6 squares by 8 squares for each quilt.) You can stitch the square pieces together by machine or by hand following the sewing instructions on one of the books. Do not worry too much about exactness. When your top is all finished, "pin the top of the quilt to a batting baking (available in craft and fabric stores), (or as Grandma figures an old clean blanket cleaned in Pine sol disinfectant), and show the children how to stitch around their fabric designs, thus creating a quilted effect. When completed, cover the quilt top with a second sheet or fabric piece trimmed to fit the quilt top. Use effect. Turn the quilt right side out, tuck the raw ends inside, and, finally, stitch the fourth side closed.
Legacies and Inheritances
Have (the children) think about what they would like to hand down to someone they love. Have (the children) also think about the gifts they have inherited from their ancestors. Remind children that an inheritance need not be something expensive or even something you can touch. Rather, it can also be a lesson learned from someone loved, a way of being, or a special time spent together. Use (plain pieces of paper) to have children first draw what they have inherited or what they might hand down, and then write a brief description of why the legacy or inheritance is so important to them. If children are tempted to write abbreviated descriptions (e.g., "I like the book Aunt Sara gave me because it's nice."), encourage students to use sensory imagery ("it feels like, it looks like, it smells like, etc.") to tell specifically why the gift was nice and what it reminds them of.
Learning Legacy
Traditionally, many graduating classes write a "Last Will and Testament" that then appears in their yearbook or school paper. Although this tradition is usually something of a lampoon of things and people in the school, you can adapt it to help your (children) understand legacies and inheritances better. Invite (your children) to brainstorm the best experiences they had as a (family)  this year, what they learned, etc., and write them on a "scroll" to be passed on as a legacy."

Days 144, 146, 147, 148, 149

Posted on April 16, 2014 at 7:43 PM Comments comments (10)
Good Morning Folks! We will be covering the lessons for Wednesday this week and Thursday. Grandma has been covering Ukraine and Russia. She gave you lessons for last week along with Monday and Tuesday. I hope you have been keeping up with your tasks for the last two weeks; Childrobotics; extra reading; language of ABC's, words, spelling, and vocabulary; writing and Journaling; Math (counting and using eggs, Easter bunnies, Easter hats, chicks, etc.); older children going into business should learn typing, algebra, bookkeeping, and calculators as well as all that is possible about computers. Be sure to cover yearbooks, family scrapbooks, recipes, and the newspapers.
To start today's lessons off Grandma is going to first cover information on a place called Ellis Island that many of the immigrants came through to the United States. One link to this on youtube is the Story of Ellis Island; another is About Russia; Book Reading of Molly's Pilgrim; and the Movie trailer of Molly's Pilgrim.
Next we will cover the lesson from Grandma's book (4) covering Geography Focus: using a globe.
"Molly"s Pilgrim by Barbara Cohen illustrated by Michael J Deraney (William Morrow 1983)
Molly and her family are Russian Jews, recently immigrated to the United States. In the small town where they finally settle, Molly endures the taunts of classmates who are not used to newcomers. When the teacher assigns students to make clothespin dolls representing Pilgrims for a Thanksgiving display. Molly's troubles seem to increase: the doll her mother makes for her shows not the typical Pilgrim, but a Russian woman dressed much like Mother herself. Mother explains that this is appropriate, for she, too, is a pilgrim: one who travels to another land in search of religious freedom. Molly's classmates make fun of her doll, until Molly explains it and her teacher backs her up by describing the Jewish harvest holiday on which the American Pilgrims based the first Thanksgiving.
Invite (the children) to tell what they think a pilgrim is. Definitions at this stage will probably be far-ranging. Write them on the chalkboard, for revision after students have read the book.
As You Read
Help (the children) use a globe to locate Russia and the United States. Invite volunteers to use a length of string to mark a route westward from Russia to America and to name some of the countries and the ocean that Molly and her parents had to cross in their journey. Explain that in those days before airplanes, immigrants traveled by land, then by ship, In voyages that might take several months.
Use questions like the following to encourage students to respond to the conflicts that Molly faces:
  1. What problems does Molly face at school? Why does Elizabeth tease her? How does it feel to be teased?
  2. Why doesn't molly want her mother to come to school? How does Molly learn that she was mistaken to be embarrassed about her mother?
  3. What do the pictures tell about the time when the story takes place? Do problems like Molly's take place in classrooms today, too? Why?
  4. What do Molly's classmates learn about Pilgrims by the end of the story? Why does their attitude toward Molly change?
Extending Geography Skills:
Comparing a Globe and a Map
Display a world map on a wall above your globe. Explain that the globe is a map that has been printed on a hollow sphere, and that it gives a truer picture of Earth and its land and water than a map because its surface is rounded like the Earth's surface is. Then ask (the children) to identify the main way in which a world map is different from a globe (a map is flat). Invite a volunteer to locate Russia and the United States on the glove again, then find them on the map.
To help (the children) understand that flat maps are not at accurate in their portrayal of the area of land and oceans as globes are, direct attention to the North and South polar regions, especially Greenland, on the globe, and ask (the children) to find these regions on the flat map and encourage them to tell about the size-difference between them. Invite (the children) to suggest why people nevertheless make and use maps (for general reference: to show small areas up close; to show the location of towns, cities, and highways; to show national boundaries; to show mountains, hills, and flat areas). If possible, assemble a collection of different kinds of maps for (the children) to study and discuss."
(As part of this learning try to figure out on the map and/or globe a route from Russia the Pilgrims may have traveled on the Boat.)
"Making Connections
What Does It Mean? In the story, Mama uses various Yiddish words and expressions. First, ask (the children) to guess what the words might mean in the context of the sentence in which they are used.
Then provide the English translations:
   Malkeleh-Little Queen. (The name "Molly" is derived from it.)
   nu=so, well"
Invite (your children) if they speak other languages to contribute words and expressions and their meanings to a list of Wonderful Words. Post the list and keep adding to it if you are learning these languages together or they are from a past country they lived in.
Dramatic Retelling   Discuss the three basic problems Molly faces: how to cope with her treatment by her classmates; how to explain to her mother what the assignment is at school and why the doll doesn't seem to meet the description given in the assignment; how to explain the doll to her classmates and teacher." To learn cooperative learning form the following situations into a film or skit to present somewhere ( at a hospital, church, cooperate group, old folks home, child care facility, etc.):
  • note the sequence of actions the group decides on
  • assign roles in the skit
  • organize and direct a brief rehearsal
  • present their skits in the story sequence
  • Tape-record the skits to listen to, to make sure all the important incidents are there.
  • Add to the tape, if necessary, with narrative to connect the incidents.
  • Listen to the finished tape as they review the story and look at the pictures.
"Social Studies:
Modern-Day Pilgrims  Encourage (the children) to relate the story to current news about immigrants (pilgrims) from other countries, such as Vietnam, Korea, Haiti, Cuba, Cambodia, (Mexico) and Guatemala. Discuss what freedoms or opportunities the modern-day pilgrims are seeking in their new home. If possible, ask (your children) to interview a newly-arrived pilgrim to find out when the pilgrim came, where he or she came from, what he or she was looking for, and what problems had to be faced on arrival. Encourage interviewers to make notes and compile them into an oral presentation for the class. The presenter should also indicate on a globe or map the country from which the pilgrim came."
(Make sure if they are from Mexico that they are not here illegally by asking to see a green card they should have with them.)
Doll Maps  Invite (your children) to make clothespin dolls dressed in the traditional clothing of (different) ethnic group(s). Display a large map of the world in the center of a (wall), and mount the dolls around it. Use colored yarn to connect each doll to the country it represents." (Also place a the globe nearby also.) A link Grandma found is on Other Dolls; Clothespin Doll Faces Plus More; Wire Arms and More; Assembly of Clothespin Dolls and More; Clothespin Doll Clothes and More; Wigs or Hair and More; plus a Series of Clothespin Dolls.
Welcome Packages  Ask the (children) to imagine a child or person from another country or as most of originated from other countries. Discuss and list what the new person might want to know about the neighborhood, town or city, yourselves(make sure they are trustworthy first). Discuss what things might make them feel welcome in your area, neighborhood, home, church, or organization. Suggest and make a list of items to form in a welcome package such as maps, lists, descriptions, and pictures. Act out how to make newcomers feel welcome. Be careful because helpful people in some neighborhoods may not turn out to be so helpful as experience just lately has taught my husband and myself. Not all people to day can be so trusting.
To extend this learning think of other packages that could be formed for people in the neighborhood you know well that may become sick, have a loved one die, need help(figure out some things as needing money for a sick family member, or a funeral, etc.) also ways we could help family members as older people, etc. Other type of packages might be for a birthday, weddings, and new babies. Make use of the time.
"Thinking Skills:
Media Contrasts Molly's Pilgrim is retold in a video which won the 1985 Academy Award for best-live action short (24 minutes). It is available on a cassette from Phoenix Films. After showing the film, discuss how it is different from the book (set in modern times; new characters: some new scenes). Encourage students to tell what they would add or subtract from the story if they were the film director.
(Might even check with the library-they may even have a copy to watch.)
Another story for the day is Russian and American in Grandma's Book (6) called
"Here Comes the Cat! by Frank Asch and Vladimir Vagin (Scholastic, 1989.32 pp.)
This story, about a big cat who comes to a community of mice, represents the first artistic and literary collaboration between an American and a Russian. Designed by popular American author/illustrator Frank Asch, and painted by Russian artist Vladimir Vagin, Here comes the Cat! reinforces the old message that "all we have to fear is fear itself." The book, which is written in both English and Russian, helps to underscore how unfair and faulty negative prejudice can be.
Before Reading Here Comes the Cat!
  • Have the children talk about times they may have worried about something that might happen. Is this any different from worrying about an occurrence that has already taken place or is definitely in the future? How?
After Reading Here Comes the Cat!
  • What were the mice worried about? Why were they so worried? Why was the story's ending a surprise?
Follow-up Activities
Connecting Prejudice and Fear
Have the children explain how fear is spread in the story (e.g., by word of mouth). Introduce the word "prefudice" into the conversation. Help the children to understand that the word "prejudice" has to do with prejudging. Then, help (the children) make the important connection between prejudice and
fear by" filling out a chart. This chart is made easy by taking a piece of paper and folding it in half lengthwise. On one side of the sheet put the heading "Things some people don't like before they experience them." as flying in an airplane, snakes, spinach, broccoli, etc. On the other side of the paper put the heading "What they're afraid of."
"Have (the children) tell what fear is associated with each item (e.g., (the children) may fear tasting broccoli because it is a green vegetable or (the children) may fear snakes because they think they are slimy). Ask how many of the items were actually experienced by the students, and how many were prejudged.
Book Collaboratives
Explain to the (children) that the book's collaboration between a Russian and an American is an incredible achievement because for many years a "cold war" existed between the two powers, with each side regarding the other as an enemy. Help the (children) understand that a cold war is largely a war of words--with both sides fearing and mistrusting the other side. Invite students to create their own collaborative books based on the format of Here Comes the Cat! One or more students may write the text, while one or more other students may act as illustrators, interpreting the text with accompanying art work.
Billingual Dialogue Balloons"
Provide the children with sheets of paper. On the paper or papers, big round cartoon language balloons should be drawn. Inside the balloons write the following English words with their translation in certain languages also written in the balloons. Therefore, inside each balloon will be a line headed English, a second with translation, and a third Other language. Here are some words the book suggestion using. You can add more if you wish and make as many of these balloons as you wish. They can be posted somewhere in your home or elsewhere if you wish. The words given are Hello!; Goodbye!; Here comes the _____!; My name is _______?; What's your name?; Where do you live?
Next week we will cover Russian-American The Keeping Quilt, American (Colonial) The Quilt Story, and other colonial stories. Grandma will also try to cover Sarah, Plain & Tall and the Little House on the Prairie. Then we will go into Australia and South America to finish the School lessons. We will also be covering information for the rest of the calendar for 1700's, 1800's, and go into the 1900's. Grandma will try to finish the science experiments from her science book and what she can also mention of the Algebra. She will also finish the Bible before she finishes. I will be advertising to mentor year around and give lessons for the summer as well as etiquette birthday parties for the children. Please be watching for I have some corrections to make and material to add all the time. For now Grandma has some more days in the Calendar History Book(1) to give you through Easter Sunday.
Calendar History for April 15 includes two birthdays. One in 1452 for Leonardo Da Vinci, Italian artist, scientist, and inventor. Book (1) says, " Tell your (children) that Leonardo da Vinci--inventor, painter, sculptor, and scientist--is considered one of the most intelligent people in history. But do the kids think da Vinci was right when he said that a person's arm span and height are approximately equal? Have your students write down their opinions, then conduct a simple experiment to find the answer. Ask the kids to measure one another's arm span (from tip to tip of the middle fingers on outstretched arms) and height (standing against a wall). Chart the data, then tally the number of (children) whose arm span and height measurements are 1 inch or less apart. Also calculate the average arm span and average height. Was da Vinci right? (All Grandma knows that her husband who is 5'5" to her 5'1" gives him almost a six inch more reach than her at doing things. The same with her daughter and mother to her short height.)
The second birthday is in 1832 for Wilhelm Busch, German caricaturist considered the father of the modern comic strip.
The events for April 15 include that of 1621 The Mayflower sailed from Plymouth, Mass., on its first return voyage to England. The next event happened in 1817 The First American School for the Deaf was opened in Hartford, Conn., by Thomas Gallaudet. In 1870 The Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in New York City. Then in 1895 Josephine Blatt lifted 3,564 pounds, a record that still stands.
It is also Income Tax Day when all tax statements should be given into the government. It is also Festival of the Sardine (Spain) and National Griper's Day. Book (1) says under "Complaints, complaints
To mark National Griper's Day, ask your (children) to look up the definition of "gripe," then make a list of 5 to 10 things that irritate them. Challenge the kids to fix at least one of these things."
April 16th has 5 birthdays and 2 events. In 1867 Wilbur Wright, American inventor and aviator was born. In 1889 Charlie Chaplin, English silent film star and comedian was born. In 1912 Garth Williams, children's illustrator was born. Book (1) says, " Garth Williams illustrated several stories by Margaret Wise Brown. In Wait till the Moon Is Full, Brown writes about a little raccoon who asks a lot of questions about the dark. His mother makes him wait until the moon is full to find the answers. Have your (children) brainstorm for things they see at night--babies being bathed, airplane lights in the sky, families watching television, and so on. Share the poem below with your (children), then have them turn their nighttime images into verse. Of course, invite the children to illustrate their poems.
      When the moon is full
       I hear geese
       Cry ow ow
       Like a hurt child.
       I see deer eyes
       Shine like
The other birthdays are of John Christopher, children's author in 1922 and in 1947 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, basketball center who set the NBA career scoring record was born. 
The events for April 16th are in 1789 President-Elect George Washington left Mount Vernon for New York City for his inauguration. In 1862 Congress abolished slavery in the District of Columbia.
April 17th marks the birthday of Boomer Esiason, professional football quarterback, born in 1961 also the beginning of the "Sesame Street" character Sherlock Hemlock. Events for the day are in 1492 King Ferdinand of Spain agreed to finance Christopher Columbus's voyage seeking a westerly route to the Orient. In 1524 Giovanni Verrazano, a Florentine navigator, discovered New York Bay. Book (1) says, "Tell your (children) that Christopher Columbus made four voyages to the New World." Research about each of the trips and list two important facts about each of his trips.
In 1629 The First Commercial Fishery was established. For book (1) discuss if all of you in your family like fish and what kinds best if you do. Plan to try ones you have not and a big fish fry upon doing some fishing. In 1704 The First Successful Newspaper in American, The News-Letter, was published in Boston by John Campbell. 
It is Alp Aufzug of Switzerland  today. It is also Professional Secretaries Week (third or fourth week in April).
April 18th is the celebration of an 1857 birthday of Clarence Darrow, American lawyer and in 1962 Wilbur Marshall, professional football player.  In 1775 Paul Revere began his famous ride from Boston to Lexington, Mass., warning the colonists that the British were coming. In 1818 President James Monroe signed a bill creating the state of Illinois.
April 19th is commemorating three birthday's. One is in 1721 of Roger Sherman, American political leader who was the only person to sign all four of the following documents: the Continental Association of 1774, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Constitution. In 1883 Richard Von Mises, German mathematician was born. Book (1) says, " Mathematician Richard von Mises did significant work in the area of probability. Introduce even young children to probability with this simple activity. Fill a bowl with green and red grapes ... but include a fewer of one color. Ask the children to predict their chances of getting a green (or red) grape if they pick one grape while blindfolded. Record the predictions, then blindfold each child and have him pick a grapes As the kids eat their grapes, discuss the concepts of "probability" and "hypotheses" to help them understand what their predictions involved." Do more probability games with candies and foods. Do to a happening of 1985 Grandma feels is important here in which Susan Montgomery Williams of Fresno, Calif., blew the Biggest Bubble Gum Bubble on Record. It was 22 inches in diameter. Upon it being Diameter Day "Have your (children) draw a circle with a 22-inch diameter, the diameter of the biggest bubble gum bubble ever recorded. To reinforce the idea of diameter, declare this "Diameter Day." Arm the kids with measuring devices (yardsticks, metersticks, tape measures) and ask them to see how many circles they can find and measure." However, start out with other things in your imaginations to measure with and other imaginary units. Measure anything you can think of and record all the measurements. Blow up balloons. Last see who can blow the biggest bubbles of bubble gum. Peanut butter removes gum by the way. It is also easy to clean from things. The last birthday is of 1903 when Eliot Ness, American crime fighter was born.
In 1739 John Winthrop, the First Colonial Astronomer, made observations of sunspots. In 1775 The American Revolution began with battles at Lexington and Concord, Mass. In 1865 Abraham Lincoln's Funeral Service was held in the Capitol. It is also Sechselauten of (Switzerland)
April 20th of course is Easter Sunday this year. It is also called Cuckoo Day in (Europe) and Paro Tsechu of (Bhutan). In 1850 Daniel Chester French, American sculptor whose work includes the statue of Abraham Lincoln at the Lincoln Memorial, was born. Book (1) says, "Tell your students that Daniel French first fell in love with sculpting at age 13, after building a lifelike snow sculpture of a lines and her cub. French's parents encouraged his natural talent. And at age 23, French was chosen to create a statue commemorating the Revolutionary War battle at Concord, Mass. That statue, The Minuteman, brought French immediate renown. At age 72, French crafted one of his most famous works, the stately, seated Abraham Lincoln. Share photographs of the Lincoln Memorial statue with your (children), and invite kids who've visited the memorial to describe it to the class. Which design elements make Lincoln seem powerful and majestic? Does Lincoln also seem tranquil? Have students write letters to Lincoln asking him specific questions about his life. Collect the letters, then distribute them randomly among your (children). Finally, have the kids conduct research to answer one another's questions--and letters.
The other birthdays include that of Adolf Hitler, Nazi dictator of Germany, born in 1889. In 1893 Joan Miro, Spanish surrealist painter was born. (You could do research here.) In 1962 Don Mattingly, professional baseball player was born.
The events for this day include that of 1832 in which the Hot Springs National Reservation, in Hot Springs, Ark., became the first area set aside for public recreation by federal action.
In 1836 Congress established the Territory of Wisconsin.
Have a Nice Holiday and Join Grandma on Monday!

Day 137,138,139,140,141,142,143

Posted on April 15, 2014 at 8:47 PM Comments comments (2)
Sorry for loosing Grandma for awhile, she had lots of problems on her hands as two cars broken at the same time, a house full of goods to clean and put away as well as Microsoft loosing protection of Windows XP. It all seems to be under control now and Grandma is back to work. Please forgive her. She is going to drop the usual routine of introduction and begin with lessons for write now. I hope you continue with us and keep learning.
To begin the Bible lessons we will start with The Fig Tree Withers Matthew 21:18-22 through Matthew 28. Read and do in Faith Alive "Did You Know? Matthew 23:28 What are woes? Woes are sorrow, grief or trouble. Jesus uses this word to warn the teachers of the law and Pharisees. He tells them seven reasons why they are in trouble with God.; Let's Live It! Matthew 25:1-13 Be Ready When Jesus Comes--Jesus told a story about young women with lamps. The young women were waiting for the bridegroom to bring the bride to his home. Some of them ran out of oil. Read Matthew 25:1-13, Jesus told this story to remind us that he is coming back; but since we don't know exactly when, we must always be ready!
You can make a Bible-time lamp with your parents. Pour cooking oil into a shallow glass bowl. Float a bit of linen cloth or a candle wick in the oil, and light the wick. The flickering light will remind you that Jesus may come back to earth at any time.; Did You Know? Matthew 25:34 Are we saved by the good things we do? No. We are saved only by believing Jesus has taken away our sin. On Judgment Day, good things believers have done will only prove they did have faith.; Did You Know? Matthew 26:59 What was the Sanhedrin? The Sanhedrin was the governing council of the Jews. The Sanhedrin could make laws and put people in prison. The Romans, who ruled much of the world, let most of the nations they conquered govern themselves under a Roman governor.; Let's Live It! Matthew 26:69-75 Sorry After Doing Wrong--The apostle Peter loved Jesus. But the night before Jesus died, Peter was afraid. Read Matthew 26:29-74 to find out what Peter did. Read Matthew 26:75 to find out how Peter felt afterward.
Because we love Jesus, we feel badly, too, after doing wrong. But we need not continue feeling guilty and miserable! Jesus died to pay for all sins. They are gone and we can be happy because of the total and complete forgiveness that is ours in him.; Did You Know? Matthew 27:24 Who was Pilate? Pilate was the Roman governor in charge of Judea. The Sanhedrin took Jesus to Pilate because he was the only one who could condemn Jesus to death.; Life in Bible Times-Jesus' Tomb--The tombs of the wealthy were cut into rocky hillsides. A round stone rested in a stone track. The stone was rolled over the opening to seal it. Read Matthew 27:57-61. This is the kind of tomb in which Jesus was buried.; Words to Remember Matthew 28:19 Go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.; Let's Live It! Matthew 28:19-20 Commissioned For Christ-- The last words Jesus spoke to his disciples in Matthew are often called the Great Commission. A commissioning is a ceremony that officially gives someone an assignment or a mission. Read Matthew 28:19-20. What is the mission of the Great Commission? What help does Jesus promise to fulfill it?
Actually, every Christian, not just the disciples, has been commissioned to tell people about Jesus. An organization called Ongoing Ambassadors for Christ gives young people a special way to do this. Ongoing ambassadors spend weekends with young people at local churches learning how to share the Good News and then sharing it with the people of the community. When young people join OAFC, they even have a special commissioning ceremony in church. Ask your pastor about OAFC. He'll put you in touch with an OAFC group near you."
Next read Mark 11:20 through Mark 16. Read and do from Faith Alive "Words to Remember Mark 12:30-31 Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength...Love your neighbor as yourself. There is no commandment grater than these.; Words to Remember Mark 13:26 Men will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory.; Life In Bible Times-The Lord's Supper--The night before he died, Jesus gave us Holy Communion, the Lord's Supper. In the bread of Communion we receive Jesus' true body and with the wine we receive his blood for the forgiveness of our sin.; Life In Bible Times-Flogging--Before Roman prisoners were crucified, they were beaten with a whip. This whip had sharp pieces of metal or bone in its lashes. Such a whipping drew so much blood that the prisoners died more quickly on the cross.; Words to Remember Mark 16:15 Go into all the world and preach the good news to all creation.; Words to Remember Mark 16:16 Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned."
Next read Luke 20 through Luke 24. Read and do from Faith Alive "Did You Know? Luke 20:20 How did spies try to trap Jesus? The spies asked Jesus about taxes. If Jesus said, "Don't pay taxes, "they would report him to the Roman governor. If Jesus said, "Do pay taxes," it would make the people angry, because the people did not think they should pay taxes to Rome. Jesus was too wise to be trapped.; Did You Know? Luke 22:8 What was the Last Supper? The Last Supper was a Passover meal that Jesus ate with his disciples the night before he was crucified. He told them he was about to die. He also told them to celebrate the Lord's Supper until he came again See 1 Corinthians 11:23-29.; Let's Live It! Luke 22:39-44 Pray When Hurting-- Read Luke 22:29-44. When he prayed Jesus knew that he would soon be nailed to a cross. Suffering and death were the "cup" Jesus prayed about. What words tell you how Jesus felt when he thought about his suffering? What did God do to help Jesus?
If something terrible ever happens to you or to a friend, the very best thing to do is to pray. When we pray and tell God how we feel, he strengthens us just as he strengthened Jesus.; Did You Know? Luke 22:70 Did Jesus ever say he was God? Yes, He told the Jewish council he was the son of God (Luke 22:70). Two other times when he said he was God are found in John 5:16-18 and John 8:54-59.; Life in Bible Times-The Cross--The Romans executed only the worst criminals by crucifixion, which was a very painful death. The hands were nailed to the cross bar, and nails were driven through the heels into the post. It usually took a long time to die on the cross.; Words to Remember Luke 24:6 He is not here; he has risen!"
Last read John 13:37 through John 21. Read and do from Faith Alive "Life in Bible Times-Foot Washing--When visitors came into a house, they took off their sandals. A good host offered them water to wash their dusty feet. Usually the lowest servant was ordered to wash the guests' feet. By washing his disciples" feet, Jesus humbled himself and called us to be humble.; Words to Remember John 13:34 Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another.; Words to Remember John 14:6 I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.; Let's Live It! John 14:15-27 The Helper God Sends--Before ascending into heaven. Jesus promised to send another helper, the Holy Spirit. Read John 14:15-27. God sends his Spirit through Baptism, and the Spirit works through God's Word. The Spirit creates and strengthens faith and guides us. As a reminder, when you really need his help, copy down your favorite words from these or other Bible verses, and mail them to yourself. Then look further in the Bible for the Spirit's help. When your letter comes back, see if God hasn't already guided you through that tough day.; Words to Remember John 16:33 Take heart! I have overcome the world.; Did You Know? john 17:20 What did Jesus ask God to do for his followers? Jesus asked God to protect them, to sanctify them, to make them one with God, and to bring them to heaven to see Jesus" glory. This prayer was for you and for all who believe in Jesus.; Life In Bible Times-Burial--The Jews buried persons the same day they died. The body was wrapped in strips of cloth. For special people, sweet-smelling spices were wrapped with the cloth.; Life in Bible Times-Fish Symbol--Very early the fish became a symbol of Christianity. During persecution by the Romans, Christians used it as a secret symbol to discover if another person was a Christian or not. The letters of the Greek word for fish (Ichthus) are the same as the first letters of Jesus Christ, God's Son, Savior.; Let's Live It! John 21:15-17 Do You Love Me?--The night before Jesus was crucified Peter said three times that he did not even know Jesus. Peter lied because he was afraid. But later Peter was so sorry that he cried (Mark 14:72). After Jesus was raised from the dead, he went to Peter. Read John 21:15-17. How many times did he ask Peter, "Do you love me"?
Jesus forgave Peter and even told Peter to feed his lambs and sheep. "Feed my lambs" means to care for the people who believe in Jesus.
If you do something wrong and worry that God will be angry, remember this story. Tell Jesus that you love him. He will forgive you and even give you important work to do for him.; Words to Remember John 21:17 Lord, you know all things; you know that I love you."
This should cover you for Easter in the Bible up to Acts.
Now I  want to cover  the Calendar History of Book (1) and get it caught up. Therefore, we will cover eight days starting with April 8th. There are two birthdays that day. One is for Sonja Henie, Norwegian figure skater, born in 1912. The next person was born in 1939 and her name is Trina Schart Hyman, children's author and illustrator. Book (1) says, "Trina Schart Hyman has illustrated several Grimm's fairy tales, including Sleeping Beauty and Snow White. As a child, Hyman liked to pretend she was Red Riding Hood. Whish famous fairy-tale characters would your (children) like to be? Have each student select one and write a story describing what happened to the character the day after the fairy tale ended."
The events for April 8th include the first in 1730 in which The First Jewish Congregation in the United States, Shaarit Israel, consecrated its synagogue in New York City. Then in 1858 Big Ben, the bell on the famous London Clock Tower at the Houses of Parliament, was cast. In 1895 The 1894 Income Tax was declared unconstitutional. All the money collected was eventually returned.
It is Boost Your Home Team Month. Only do something with this if you have a type of team any of your children participate in. It is also Sealing the Frost Day in Guatemala. Book (1) says, "The Cuchumatan Indians of Santa Eulalia in Guatemala believe that frost dwells in cliffs. Once a year, a prayer-maker treks up a cliff and locates a crack in the rock. He then seals it with cement to trap the frost inside and keep the villagers' corn plants safe. What other places besides rocks might frost choose for a home? Encourage your students to write poems titled "Sealing the Frost."
The next day to cover is April 9. The first birthday is for W. C. Fields, American comedian and actor, born in 1879. The next is Paul Robeson, American actor and singer, born in 1898. Then Dennis Quaid, American actor, was born in 1954. Last birthday is for Seve Ballesteros, Spanish golfer, born in 1957.
The tow events are one: in 1833 America's First Free Public Library opened in Peterborough, NH. It was supported by public taxes. Then in 1859 Mark Twain obtained a license to pilot steamboats on the Mississippi River.
The next day is a very special day and I hope you were aware of it and celebrated it well. I would be excited to hear about you experiences. It is April 10th and the first birthday is 1880 in which Frances Perkins, first woman to serve in a U.S. cabinet post (secretary of Labor under Franklin D. Roosevelt). The next birthday is in 1897 of Eric Mowbray Knight, English author who wrote Lassie Come Home. Then in 1947 David Adler, children's author, was born.
The events are as follows: in 1790 The U.S. Patent System was established; in 1849 Walter Hunt invented the Safety Pin; in 1866 Henry Bergh founded the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty To Animals (ASPCA). Book (1) says, "Henry Bergh, founder of the ASPCA, devised many ways to protect animals. Challenge your students to find ways to make their community a pet haven. For example, they can:
  • Contact the local animal shelter to find out about stray cats or dogs needing a home. Students can then raise money to place an adopt-a-pet advertisement in a local newspaper.
  • Make posters describing an animal that's ready for adoption, then place the posters... in hallways. (The children) could ... write an article for (their newspaper) describing the animal and including, if possible, a photo." What a great opportunity for the children.
In addition the 10th was Humane Day.
The last event is that in 1872 Nebraska celebrated the First Arbor Day by planting more than a million trees. As part of this event Book (1) says, "If possible, commemorate the anniversary of the first Arbor Day by having your class plant trees (somewhere). Also mark the occasion by helping your students learn all about trees. First, have the kids survey (a certain area) and draw a map that shows the location of each tree. Then have them collect a leaf from each different kind of tree, check a field guide to find out the trees' common and scientific names, and mark their maps accordingly. Finally, have the kids make a neat copy of the tree map and photocopy it along with pages on which they've glued and labeled each type of leaf they collected. Bind the pages into a "tree guide" for your family and others. Update the guide on future Arbor Days if new trees are planted. If (there is a problem getting the trees or planting them, ask a local nursery or garden club for donations of bonsai trees for your family."
There are only two mentions for April 11. One is a birthday of Edward Everett, American statesman and orator, born in 1794. The other is an event of 1513 in which Spanish explorer Juan Ponce De Leon discovered Florida.
April 12th is the quite the contrary. In 1777 Henry Clay, American statesman known as "the Great Compromiser", was born. Book (1) says, "In honor of Henry Clay, have your (children) look up and discuss the term compromise. Then ask them to brainstorm for problems at home...that were solved by compromise--or that could have been solved by compromise. Each...can then role-play a particular situation. Older (children) can read about Clay's role in the Missouri Compromise of 1820 (in which Congress simultaneously admitted one slave state and one non-slave state to the Union to maintain a balance) and tell how each side gave up something to gain something."
The next birthday was for Frederick G. Melcher, founder of Children's Book Week, born in 1879. The next birthday happened in 1907 when Hardie Gramatky, children's author, was born. In 1911 Barbara Corcoran, children's author, was also born on this day. Last birthday of 1916 is for Beverly Cleary, children's author, and Book (1) has to say, "To celebrate Beverly Cleary's birthday, invite your (children) to make a class card depicting scenes from her books. Or have the kids write individual letters to her telling why certain characters and events from her books rang true and recounting similar events in the students' lives." 
Three events on this day are of mention. One: in 1859 Michael Phelan won the First U.S. Billiards Championship. Second: in 1861 The Civil War began as confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter at Charleston, SC. Third: in 1877 A Catcher's Mask was first used in a baseball game. It is also Cosmonaut Day and Space Shuttle Day. Grandma will go into those later.
April 13, Palm Sunday, has four birthdays and a couple of events. In 1743, Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States, was born. Since we know that Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence; Book (1) says he also designed his home, Monticello; and founded the University of Virginia?. It wants the children to research some of Jefferson's other accomplishments and have them use the information to design a poster titled "The Thomas Jefferson Most People Don't Know."
The other three birthdays are as follows: in 1852 Frank W. Woolworth, American merchant who originated the 5-and10cent store, was born; in 1902 Marguerite Henry, children's author, was born; then in 1938 Lee Bennett Hopkins, children's author and poetry anthologizer, was born.
The events for the day are one in 1776 when General George Washington arrived in New York to prepare the city's defenses during the American Revolution. Then in 1796 The First Elephant in America arrived in New York City for exhibition. As part of this event, Book (1) says, "Visitors to America's first elephant exhibition must have been astonished--as many of your (children) no doubt were--at their first sight of one of these gigantic and wondrous creatures. Use pachyderm stats to get your (children) working with ratios. Tell the kids that at birth, an African elephant is typically about 3 feet tall at the shoulders and weighs about 200 pounds. Have your (children) find out their measurements at birth and compare them with the elephant's. Next, have your (children) estimate how many pounds of food they eat(use the size of an average hamburger, 1/4 pound, as a point of reference) and how much they drink (a can of soda contains 12 ounces) each day. Then give them the figures for an elephant--1,000 pounds of food and 40 gallons of water--and have them work out the ratios. Finally, (ask for your child's weight,) and use a calculator to get a total. Then ask the kids to compare this figure with the weight of the heaviest elephant on record--14,641 pounds. How many more (children) the size of yours would it take to equal the weight of this animal?"
April 14th which was Monday there are 3 birthdays and 3 events. In 1527 Abraham Ortelius, Flemish geographer who published the first modern atlas, was born. In 1927 Robert Lopshire, children's author, was born. Then in 1941 Pete Rose, baseball great who set the all-time career record for hits, was born.
The first event was in 1755 when Benjamin Franklin and Philadelphia Quakers organized the First American Society for the Abolition of Slavery. Maybe this is where it began.
Then in 1828 The first edition of Noah Webster's An American Dictionary of the English Language was published. Book (1) says, " To celebrate the publication of the first Webster's dictionary, the dictionary game. (Have each child get) a dictionary,...take turns finding a word they think no one else will know and reading and spelling the word aloud. All the other kids (if any) write the word and what they think it means on a slip of paper, while the reader writes the word and what it really means. The papers are (compared to see if they were right.)" (Grandma says to end this each person gets a point if they are right and then a new word is looked up.
The third event involves the day President Abraham Lincoln was shot and fatally wounded by John Wiles Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C. in 1865. Book (1) says, "At the time of his death, everything in President Lincoln's pockets was placed in a box wrapped in brown paper and tied with string. The box remained unopened until 1976. Inside was a linen handkerchief, an ivory pocketknife, eyeglasses mended with string, and eight newspaper clippings praising Lincoln. Lincoln had been criticized frequently, but he'd appeared unaffected. Perhaps his possession of these clippings demonstrates that even self-confident people like him need encouragement. Have each of your (children) write a newspaper article praising something one of their (friends, family, etc.) said or did."
One last notation here is of it being Pan American Day Sogran in Thailand. Book (1) says, "The people of Thailand celebrate the Buddhist New Year with a Water Festival, called Sogran. During the celebration, children play water games and families feast on kanoms--desserts made with coconut, rice, and tropical fruits. Ask your (children) why spring can be considered the beginning of a new year. Then have them talk about what they do to celebrate the arrival of spring."
Grandma is going to stop here and finish the Fifteenth through the twentieth tomorrow. Please take care.
The story for the day will be Rechenka's Eggs and it is an Ukranian story by Patricia Polacco(Philomel Books, 1988. 30 pp.)  from Grandma's book (6).  "Babushka is known throughout all of Moskva for her beautifully painted eggs. She also has an eye for the wonders of nature, so it is no surprise when she befriends an injured goose she names Rechenka. But, when Rechenka turns over a basket of Babushka's specially prepared eggs, the reader is surprised by another wonder that saves the day!
Before Reading Rechenka's Eggs
  • Ask the children if any of them have ever dyed or decorated eggs. Tell the (children) that this story is about a woman who uses the Ukrainian art of egg painting to prepare beautiful eggs for an Easter festival. Locate the Ukraine on a map. If possible, show children a book which features the history and photographs of this art form."
Link to Ukraine Crisis. The Library is closing I will finish in the morning.
Grandma is posting the links this morning for I am here.
I will finish the rest of the lessons for the week with Tomorrow's lesson on another blog. Tomorrow will be no classes for the Good Friday holiday. Grandma will post lessons starting on Monday sometime the weekend.
Returning back to Grandma's book (6) of Rechenka's Eggs;
"After Reading Rechenka's Eggs
  • Ask the children to describe what kind of person Babushka is. Use a chart pad to record adjectives designed to paint a personality profile. Have the children substantiate their opinions with passages from the text.
Follow-up Activities
Observe "Onion Domes"
Have the children review the illustrations in the book to note the architecture featured. Pay particular attention to the "onion domes" of the large city buildings. Show children pictures of the Kremlin in Moscow, and the White House in Washington, D.C.. How do the two structures compare in appearance? Ask children if they think they can spot the influence of such architecture in their own community. (Often, Russian Orthodox churches will feature such influence.) Take a walk to notice what other types of architecture are most prevalent in your community. If possible, invite an architect or architectural student to accompany you, or take photos of various buildings, and prepare a list of questions (regarding the features of local architecture and the "onion domes" of Russia and the Ukraine) to pose to your guest at a later date." Also, as part of your art corner try to construct the "onion domes" with clay over paper towel or toilet paper rolls on top of cylinder containers and small boxes. Link to "Onion domes"; Crafts1; and Old "Onion Domed" Buildings.
Egg Decorating
The other activity was decorating the eggs. Grandma did some of these with flowers on them a few years back, but I picked up a few hints from the videos above also. I do have a tree of them. Book (6) does suggest getting wood branch trees from a craft store or putting heavy branches in a sand filled pot.
"Noting Nature's Wonders
In Rechenka's Eggs, part of the charm of main character, Babushka, is that she takes time to notice "miracles" or unexplainable events that someone else might easily take for granted, while part of the charm of the story line is that Babushka responds to all of these events--whether of fact or fantasy--with the same sense of wonderment. Provide each (child) with one copy of"  (a paper with one half to list
Babushka's Miracles followed by True or Not True and the other with the heading Miracles That Happen Where (your child) Lives.) ""Then, have children reread the book in order to record each "miracle" Babushka notices (e.g., the caribou visit, Rechenka's eggs for the festival, caribou mothers and calves, Rechenka's gosling). Have children discuss whether they would classify these happenings as Babushka does, as "miracles". Have the children also discuss whether each natural occurrence would be likely to happen where they live. Then, have the children think of their own surroundings and jot in some natural "miracles" that occur in their own environment.
We will move into Russia tomorrow with some books and what I can find.

Day 136

Posted on April 6, 2014 at 11:47 PM Comments comments (9)
 Good Morning! Grandma is getting done. I found out we had a little more time than I thought we had last
week. Remember your tasks; Childrobotics; language of ABC's, words, vocabulary, and spelling; Journal
writing; extra assignments; math work; science projects; any extra reading; Yearbooks; family scrapbook;
and newspaper.
In following the Book (1) Calendar history beginning with April 5th we have a birthday for Sir Joseph Lister,
English physician and planner in antiseptic surgery, born in 1827. Then in 1856 Booker T. Washington,
African-American educator, was born. W. Atlee Burpee, Canadian-American seed merchant, was born in
1858. In 1934 Ricard Peck, children's author, was born. Last Colin Powell, first African-American chairman
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, was born in 1937.
The events for April 5th include that of 1614 when Pocahontas, daughter of the Indian chieftain Powhatan,
married English colonist John Rolfe in Virginia. In 1792 George Washington issued the First Presidential
Veto, rejecting a bill affecting state representation. Then in 1793 Plans for the U.S. Capitol were accepted.
It is National Laugh Week and Book (1) says, "During National Laugh Week, read aloud each day from
Joke or riddle books. At the end of the week, invite each (child) to tell a favorite joke to them."
Book (1) says as part of the National Library Month, "For each week of National Library Month, give your
(children) book related goals. For example:
Week 1: Read as many animal books as you can, then write a paragraph on the most unusual animal
you learned about.
Week 2: Design book marks or organize story telling sessions for kindergartners.
Week 3: Read a book in a genre you've never read before.
Week 4: Read a fiction book, then draw and color a picture of your favorite scene.
April 6th has three birthdays as follows: 1483 Raphael, Italian painter; 1928 James Watson, American
biochemist who was one of the discoverers of the molecular structure of DNA; and 1958 Graeme Base,
children's author. Book (1) says, Graeme Base is the author and illustrator of Animalia and The
Eleventh Hour, two books that enchant children with their intricate designs. Share Animalia with your
(children). They'll soon discover that the illustration for each letter of the alphabet contains pictures of
objects that begin with that letter. Plus, the text for each page is an aliterative sentence. Invite your
students to work in paris to create a class "Alphabet Alliteration Anthology" patterned after Animalia.
Then bind the anthology and add it to your class library."
The events for this day include one in 1748 when the Burried City of Pompeii was discovered by an Italian
peasant digging in a vineyard. Then in 1869 Celluloid, the first plastic, was patented. In 1896 The First
Modern Olympic Games opened in Athens, Greece. There is a history notation in Book (1) sometime in the
summer coverage, Grandma hopes to give later in which Hitler started the olympics trying to say that we
were superior to the Black people physically which failed on him. Then Grandma is going to give the last
event of 1909  in which the American explorers Robert Peary and Matthew Henson reached the North Pole.
Therefore, it is North Pole Day. It is also Keep America Beautiful Month and Book (1) says, "During Keep
America Beautiful Month, have your (children) brainstorm for tasks they can do to help protect the nation's
environment. Then have them each pick one task to do after school. The next day, ask the kids to share
stories of their good work. Afterward, give each (child) a piece of posterboard on which to create an
illustrated sign detailing the task performed "to Keep America Beautiful." For example: "I picked up trash
in the (park) to Keep America Beautiful" or "I recycled glass bottles to Keep America Beautiful." At the
bottom of their signs the kids can write this challenge: "What will you do to help today?" Post the signs
around the house, park, and throughout the community to promote awareness of Keep America Beautiful
Today is April 7th and there are 5 birthdays and 1 event for the day. It is also World Health Day.
In 1541 El Greco(Kyriakos Theotokapoulos), Greek painter , was born. In 1770 William Wordsworth,
English poet, was born. In 1860 Will Keith Kellogg, American food-products manufacturer, was born. Book
(1) says, "Will Keith Kellogg founded the Toasted CornFlakes Co,, which later became Kellogg's, in
1906. By 1909, he's sold more than 1 million cases of cornflakes. Gather five different cereals, then ask your
(children) to vote for the one they'd most likely buy--based solely on their first impression of the box. Next
discuss the techniques that companies use to get people to buy their cereals--for example, colorful
packaging, enticing pictures, appealing brand names, and bold print. Then challenge the children to use t
hose techniques to design their own cereal boxes. Have the (children) vote for the most appealing design."
One of the last two birthdays was in 1929 for Donald Carrick, children's author and illustrator. Then in 1939
Francis Ford Coppola, American Movie director, was born.
The one event happened in 1864 The only Camel Race ever held in the United States took place in
Sacramento, California. Book (1) says in One hump or two? "The camel played a vital role in the desert
cultures of North Africa, Arabia, and Asia. Its unique adaptations--including its capacity to store 1 1/2
gallons of water in one of its three stomachs--made it the ideal mode of strasportation in the desert. Tell
your (children) that there are two kinds of camels: the one-humped camel, or dromedary; and the
two-humped, or Bactrian, camel. The dromedary, the swifter of the two, can cover 100 miles in a single
day and is used primarily for riding. The Bactrian camel can cover only 30 miles per day but can carry
loads of up to 1,000 pounds. Pose this story problem to your (children): You live in a desert town and
own two dromedaries and a Bactrian camel. A merchant offers you money to transport 1,000 pounds of
pots to a town that is 75 miles to the south of your town, pick up a load of cloth, and return. While you're
considering this offer, another man approaches. He'll pay you the same amount of money to deliver a letter
to his sister and one to his mother, then return with any letters they might have for him. His sister's town is
135 miles east of yours, and his mother's town is 90 miles west of yours. Which job would require less of
your time?"
Grandma is going to move on into the story of Wagon Wheels. Under Pre-reading Activities from Book
(184) of Grandma's learn about "the Author: Barbara Brenner Born in Brooklyn, New York, on June 26,
1925,  Barbara Brenner began her writing career at the age of 25. Some of the nearly 50 books she has
written include A Snake-Lover's Diary and A Year in the Life of Rosie Bernard. Her years as a writer-
consultant and instructor at Bank Street College of Education helped her focus on urban children and on
literature for minority groups. Wagon Wheels, which was selected as an American Library Association
Notable Book in 1978, is a result of these interests.
Brenner has also written extensively about the world of nature. Five of her science books for children,
including Baltimore Orioles, won awards from the National Science Teachers Association and the
Children's Book Council. She enjoys bird watching, fossil hunting, yoga, and organic gardening."
"Meet the Artist: Don Bolognese In addition to illustrating over 150 books, Don Bolognese has written
children's books and is a well-known painter, calligrapher, and graphic designer. He has taught at various
art schools, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art's medieval museum, the Cloisters. Bolognese was
born in New York City on January 6, 1934.
Story Summary Wagon Wheels is the true story of the Muldies, a black pioneer family that settled in
Nicodemus, Kansas, in 1878. The trip has been a difficult one for Ed Muldie and his three young sons,
for the children's mother has died along the way. Now the family must fact the difficulties of life on the
prairie. Their home is merely a hole in the ground-dirt floors and walls, a grass roof, and no windows. The
family's food supply is desperately low during the freezing winter, but they, like others in the community,
are saved by the Osage Indians, who leave them meat, vegetables, and fuel. In the spring, Ed Muldie
leaves his sons to search for a better place for the family to settle. The boys must be even braver and
more responsible than before as they wait for their father to send for them. They hunt, fish, cook, and
clean, and the two older boys keep a careful watch over their three-year-old brother.
When their father's letter arrives three months later, the boys leave the next day to join him. They travel
on foot over 150 miles, living among wild animals for nearly a month. Finally they reach their father and
begin a new life.
Land of the Free Provide some background by explaining to (the children) that in order for people to
own land today, they must buy it. However, when the Muldies went West, they didn't have to pay any money
at all for land. In those days, there was a law that gave land to people for free. The Homestead Act of
1862 granted 160-acre tracts of public land to any head of a family who would live on the land for five years
and improve it. Men, such as Ed Muldie, had an opportunity to own land they otherwise could not afford.
The last page of Wagon Wheels provides further information on the background of this true story."
(This page of Grandma's book shows Mr. Muldie driving his wagon with the boys inside down the trail.)
This next worksheet is called "Going West". It deals with Comprehension. Book (184) says that each
Chapter of Wagon Wheels tells a different part of the story. Write a sentence that tells something
important that happens in each chapter.
Chapter 1: The Duggout shows a picture of the boys inside the dugout which is a hole in the side of a hill
held up by logs. The boys are looking out of the hole. There is lines on the side to tell about the chapter.
The next chapter, Chapter II: Indians has lines and a Native on the horse dropping goods on the ground
for the boys.
Chapter III: Moving On has lines and shows father Muldie leaving in the wagon.
The next chapter, Chapter IV: The Letter has lines and shows a small hand being handed a letter by a
bigger hand.
At the bottom of the page it says to circle the chapter they like best.
The Next worksheep has to do with Vocabulary. It shows Mr. Muldie with his three boys on the wagon
seat and goods covered in the wagon with the following words on the side:
Firewood, Cornmeal, dugout, rattlesnake, saddlebags
It gives sentences below that in which the children are to fill out the sentence with the appropriate word to fit.
1. In Nicodemus the Muldies live in a ____________________________________.
2. For most of the winter, the only food the family has to eat is mush made from _____________________.
3. No one in Nicodemus has any_____________________________ to burn.
4. The Indians carry food and sticks in their______________________________.
5. One night the boys see a big prairie____________________________________.
  •  Add the correct word to complete this sentence.
 A _____________________________ brings a letter to the boys.
The next worksheet is called "The Way West" and deals with Story Structure Sequence. The following
sentences have pictures with them and a little box square to number them in the order that they happen. 
The first sentence shows the boys waving good-bye to their father. It reads "Ed Muldie leaves to find land
with trees and hills." The next picture shows Ed Muldie and one of his sons digging a hole. It reads "The
family builds a dugout." The third and last picture on the top row shows a man giving the boys a letter.
It reads "The boys get a letter from their father." The first picture of the other row of three pictures show
all three boys in their father's arms and it says "The boys find their father." The second picture on that 
bottom row shows the three boys walking down the path and it says "The boys leave Nicodemus to join
their father." The last picture shows Ed Muldie with his three sons in the wagon and it reads "The boys
and their father arrive in Nicodemus." The children are to number the pictures in the order they happen.
Then they can write down what they think may happen next to the Muldies?
The next sheet is called "On the Prairie" and it is about Creative Writing. It shows a picture of the boys
taking turns as a look out while the other sleeps. Figure out considering they had no TV or anything for
their time but maybe a small item to carry for their time, at what time they went to bed and the other took
over watch.  To fill out this sheet the children are to pretend they are Johnny Muldie and they keep a
diary for the days below. The children are to fill in the spaces telling what they might say in their diary.
Day 1:Getting Started; Day 8: A Scary Time; and Day 22: Almost There
The next activities are Art Activities called ""At Home on the Prairie"
Wagon-Wheels Mural Let the (children) create this mural to recall the things the pioneers took with
them when they went west.
You Need: a long sheet of mural paper,  sketch paper, a black marker, pencils, regular or oil crayons, tape.
The book said to use lighter colors if the use oil crayons. I would use regular crayons.
Sketch the wagon of the Muldie's with pencil on mural paper and then trace it with black marker and then 
let the children color it in. Put items in the wagon that the Muldie's may have with them as bags of seed,
clock, rope, hammer, cloth, plow, ax, candles, kettle, tin pitcher, coffee pot, shovels, matches, match bottle
to keep matches dry, crosscut saw, bake goods, bowls, skillet, broom, lantern, insturments, and whatever
else you can think of.
The next art project could be a Diorama of the inside of the dugout. Supplies could include scissors,
crayons, glue, construction paper, tape, woolen scraps, small twigs, cotton, green crepe paper,
toothpicks, a box or laundry buckets as grandma has been using some.
Take a piece of poster paper or a shoe box and form the inside of the Muldie's dugout by coloring,
drawing and tracing with markers as well as putting homeade pieces of furniture and things on the poster
as part of their home. What you can't make with the materials draw in. Tie sticks together for a bundle of
wood, use the piece of wool for a blanket or carpet, use grass and sticks to glue on the outside like a
dugout and a little piece of cotton as the smoke from the stove. Draw a table, the Muldies, and the things
mentioned in the book as well as cups or bowls, a lantern, and the banjo. Make the sides be able to fold
in and a top to fold for the roof. 
This next part is for Cooperative Learning/Listening/ Speaking; it is called "Dugout Party". The first part is
a discussion about the differences there was in the times of the Muldies and what they did for
entertainment. First off they memorized songs or emprovised from what happened to them. They also
spent more time learning songs because they did not have anything else to do. They also made up
stories in their play a lot and did a lot of outdoor play as well the responsibility was given early in life.
Many were chopping wood, fishing, walking long distances, handling work of crops, cooking, and cleaning
early. Boys did hard labor early, knew how to milk and handle horses early as well as help build. Girls
were taught all kinds of sewing, cleaning, mending and family carring. People did a lot with music at that
time Therefore, on this page Book (184) says to learn the tune "Oh, Susanna!" do the following dance
with about 8-10 friends. With each facing a partner,
        "Walk toward each other; bow  or curtsy                                                 (4 counts)
         Walk back to your place                                                                           (4 counts)
         Repeat.                                                                                                       (8 counts)
         Head couple hold hands and skip down the line.
                   Every one clap your hands.                                                               (8 counts)
         Head couple hold hands and skip up the line.
                   Then hold hands up like a bridge.                                                   (8 counts)
         Other couples walk under bridge, turn around,
                    march down the line, then march back up.
                    Head couple follow last couple at end of line.                               (16 counts)
This can repeat till each has a turn as the head couple or as interests hold.
Plain Cookin' Let your children know that in those times of the Muldie boys baked corn bread when they
lived alone. It was called johnny-cake and most pioneers knew how to cook it. It was cooked on a griddle.
It could be prepared for the Dugout Party.
You need:
     2 cups of cornmeal               2 eggs                     2 cups of milk
     3 teaspoons of baking soda                      2/3 cup of honey
     1 3/4 cups of flour                                     1 1/2 tablespoons of molasses
      1/2 teaspoon of salt                                   2 tablespoons of cooking oil
If you make a bread of it mix the dry goods together and add the wet goods and put it in a bread pan,
square pan, or a black skillet. Grease whatever you use.
Wojapi Explain to students that the Osage Indians, who gave food to the starving Muldies, belong to the
Sioux nation. At that time, they grew beans, squash, corn, melons, and pumpkin. They also gathered
berries. With students, prepare this Sioux recipe. Serve it warm with the corn bread.
You need:
          4 pounds of blueberries
  1 cup of flour                                 1 1/2 cups of water
          2 teaspoon of honey
  1. Place the blueberries and water in a pan and mash them.
  2. Instruct students to add the flour and honey and stir.
  3. Place the pan on a hot plate, and cook over medium heat, stirring until the wojapi thickens.
  4. Serve warm with the corn bread.
 "Extended Activities are for Summarizing/Curriculum Connections
"Social Studies: Black Heroes of the West Black men and women played important roles in the development
of the West. Interested (children) can research the lives of these heroes, and groups of students can then
dramatize the heroes' adventures for the rest of the family.
Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable: Early fur trapper. He set up a trading post which became the city of Chicago.
James Beckwourth:Famous mountain man who became a Crow Indian chief, he discovered a pass through
the Sierra Nevada Mountains, now called the Beckwourth Pass.
Benjamin "Pap" Singleton:In the 1870's, Singleton urged blacks to move to black settlements in Oklahoma
and Kansas, including Nicodemus.
Mary Fields:Escaped slavery and settled in Montana, where she became an expert stage driver to
deliver the mail.
These two books will provide additional information about the role of blacks in the development of the
West: The Black Frontiersman by J. Norman Heard and Exploring Black America by Marcella Thum.
Tale Telling Telling stories was a favorite pastime of the pioneers. As a summarizing activity, have students
sit in a circle and pretend they are in the dugout. Start a prairie adventure, and let each (child) add a
sentence to it. Some story-starters are: "The night of the terrible prairie fire, we..." "When we heard the
snake's tail rattle, we knew that..." and "It was so cold in the dugout, we..." As a followup, encourage
interested students to write their own prairie adventures to share with others."
Geography: Ed Muldie's Map Map out the road from Nicodemus to Solomon together. Measure the
distance to make sure it was 150 miles and then possible count using your intuition on time about how many
miles the boys traveled in a day. Then display your map somewhere.
"Language Arts: What Would Willie Say? In the book eleven-year-old Johnny tells the story. How would
eight-year-old Willie tell it? or three-year-old Little Brother? or old Mrs. Sadler? Invite students to describe
one of the following scenes from the point of view of one of these characters. Encourage students to
illustrate their stories.
  • The Muldies arrive in Nicodemus.
  • The Muldies spend a "mean" winter in the dugout.
  • The boys live alone.
  • The people of Nicodemus escape the prairie fire.
  • The boys see the rattlesnake.
Pioneer Post To summarize Wagon Wheels, remind students that a post rider on horseback(might
be part of the Pony Express) delivers the letter to the Muldie boys. Ask students to pretend that they, too, are
pioneers in Nicodemus and that they are going to send a letter to a friend or relative back home in Kentucky
(or maybe their father ahead in Solomon). Have (the children) write about one of the problems the
Muldies face on the prairie. Invite students to read their finished letters to the class, then display them on a
bulletin board (or the wall titled Pioneer post or a poster board.)"

Day 130

Posted on March 30, 2014 at 8:01 AM Comments comments (41)
Good Morning Folks! I hope your weekend was better than Grandma's. Don't forget to do your tasks for the day along with your assignments; Language; science experiments and study; writing; journals; yearbooks; family scrapbooks; math; newspapers; and some physical education or health studies. Just be sure to get some Childrobotics in there also before any physical activity is preformed well enough it starts the day good.
For March 30 from the Calendar History Book the first birthday is in 1746 of Francisco Jose De Goya, Spanish painter. The next birthday is for Anna Sewell, English author, born in 1820. The next is Vincent Van Gogh, Dutch painter, born in 1853. Book (1) says, "Artist Vincent van Gogh never knew wealth or fame. Although he produced about 800 paintings and hundreds of drawings, he sold only one during his lifetime. But van Gogh later came to be regarded as an artistic genius. On March 30, 1987--the 135th anniversary of his birth--his painting Sunflowers was sold at a record-breaking price of $39.9 million. Allow your students to look at a picture of Sunflowers or another van Gogh painting for 1 minute. Then see how observant the kids are by asking them questions about it--for example: How many flowers are there? What color is the vase? What's in the background? Finally, ask your students if they can name other people whose work went unappreciated during their lifetime but later was recognized as important. A birthday in 1945 is for Eric Clapton, English singer, songwriter, and guitarist.
Book (1) events include one for 1842 in which Dr. Crawford W. Long performed the First Recorded operation using a general anesthetic. Then in 1843 The Egg incubator was patented. This made Grandma realize she has not given you much science lately because she was concentrating so hard on the other necessary things for you to have. For so much has taken much of your time, for sure.  Therefore, Grandma will try to get the rest of the science to you and finish the algebra book. I hope the children are receiving some math to do even if it is playing store and counting money or learning part of the clock, or simple math in your everyday life like measuring or adding and subtracting simple stuff to be added and following the video Grandma has given you on things. We will finish the stories about Jesus and finish the New testament before the middle of May also. Grandma is going to start with those of planting because it is the time of year when many people start their planting. The first experiment is called a "Maze." These experiments are out of Grandma's book (12). Grandma is going to try to list her books for you in April considering it is Book Month.
The experiment says to "Plant a sprouting potato in moist soil in a pot. Place it in the corner of a shoe box and cut a hole in the opposite side. Inside stick two partitions, so that a small gap is left. Close the box and place it in a window. After a couple of days the shoot has found its way through the dark maze to the light. Plants have light-sensitive cells which guide the direction of growth. Even the minimum amount of light entering the box causes the shoot to bend. It looks quite white, because the important green colouring material, chlorophyll, necessary for healthy growth, cannot be formed in the dark."
The next experiment is called ""The Sun Brings Life." Fill a large glass jar with fresh water and place in it several shoots of waterweed. Place the jar in sunlight, and at once small gas bubbles will rise in the water. Invert a funnel over the pants and over it a water-filled glass tube. The gas which is given off by the plants slowly fills the tube.
Plants use sunlight. With its help, in the presence of chlorophyll, they make their building material, starch, from water and carbon dioxide, and give off oxygen. Oxygen has actually collected in the glass tube. If you remove the tube and hold a glowing splint in it, the splint will burn brightly."
The next experiment is called ""Automatic Watering." Fill a bottle with water and place it upside down and half buried in soil in a flower box. An air bubble rises up in the bottle from time to time, showing that the plants are using the water. The water reservoir is enough for several days, depending on the number of plants and the weather.
Water only flows from the bottle until the soil round it is soaked. It starts to flow again only when the plants have drawn so much water from the soil that it becomes dry, and air can enter the bottle. One notices that plants can take water more easily from loose soil than from hard."
The next one is called ""Secret Path." Dissolve a teaspoonful of salt in a glass of water and cover it tightly with parchment paper. We call such an exchange of liquids through a permeable membrane, osmosis. All living cells are surrounded by such a membrane, and absorb water and dissolved substances in this way."
That is enough for today on experiments. Grandma will try to keep going from here on. Back to the events from here. 
In 1867 Secretary of State William Seward negotiated the Purchase of Alaska from Russia. Book (1) says, "Tell your (children) that Secretary of State William Seward spent $7,200,000 in gold to buy Alaska. Many Americans believed the purchase was ill-advised, calling it "Seward's folly." Today, of course, we have a different perspective. Have your students write short stories about other purchases that seem foolish but that later turn out to be "great buys." If they're having trouble getting started, suggest they consider the bottom of the ocean, an iceberg, or a plot of territory on the moon. Why might these places become valuable in the future? For this reason Grandma believes they have made it Seward's Day. It is also called Doctors' Day. Maybe because of the First event of an operation with anesthesia.
In 1870 Texas was readmitted to the Union after the Civil War and the Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution, guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race, took effect. Then in 1886 J Ricks patented the Horseshoe.
For the last day of March, March 31st, Thomas Peterson Mundy became the First Black to vote following ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment in 1870. Next the Eiffel Tower was officially opened to the public in Paris as of 1889. Book (1) says, "The Eiffel Tower was built for the Paris Exhibition of 1889, which celebrated the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. At 300 meters high, it remained the tallest structure in the world for several years. Have your (children) convert this height to feet, then mark it on graph paper. Next, ask the kids to find and graph the heights of current tall structures, such as the Sears Tower; the Empire State building, The-New-World Trade Center, the St. Louis Arch, and the tallest building in their community." In 1893 Whitcomb Judson patented the "hookless fastener"--an early form of the zipper. Talk about other ways people have fastened clothing or made wastes.
The birthdays for the day are one in 1596 for Rene Descartes, French philosopher. Another is in 1811 for Robert Wilhelm Bunsen, German chemist and inventor of the Bunsen burner.
The Bible stories for today will begin with John 8:12-30, The Validity of Jesus' Testimony and goes on The Children of Abraham, John 8:31-41; The Children of the Devil, John 8:42-47; The Claims of Jesus About HImself, John 8:48-59. Do the following in Faith Alive: "Did You Know? John 8:57 How old was Jesus? Jesus lived about thirty-three years here on earth. But Jesus was and is also God. As God, Jesus has always existed, even, before Abraham was born thousands of years earlier.; Let's Live It! John 9:1-7 Is Sickness Punishment?--Some people think all sickness is punishment for sin. What did Jesus say about this Idea? Read John 9:1-5. Jesus is God (John 9:4). The healing, then, was a way to glorify God.
Christian health workers realize that God is really the one who heals. Talk to Christians who are doctors and nurses about this Bible story. Thank them for giving glory to God in their work.; Life in Bible Times- The Sheep Pen--At night flocks of sheep were kept in pens made of stone or branches with thorns. The shepherd slept in the only doorway. If wild animals came near the shepherd was there to protect the sheep.; Words to Remember John 10:14-15 I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me...I lay down my life for the sheep."
Then read Jesus Heals a Man Born Blind John 9:1-12; The Pharisees Investigate the Healing John:13-34; and Spiritual Blindness John 9:35-41. Then go on to read John 10:1-21 The Shepherd and His Flock and John 10:22-42, The Unbelief of the Jews.
The book to cover today out of Grandma's book (185) is called Ox-Cart Man by Donald Hall, 1979 by Barbara Cooney Porter; reprinted by permission of Penguin Books USA, Inc.
"Meet  the Author: Donald Hall...,one of America's most renowned poets and critics, was born in New Haven, Connecticut, on September 20, 1928. After graduating from Harvard College and Oxford University, he taught creative writing at Harvard, Stanford, and the University of MIchigan. Hall has won many awards for his poetry, including the Newdigate Prize from Oxford (1952). From 1953 until 1961, Hall was the poetry editor of the Paris Review. Hall's first book for children was Andrew the Lion Farmer (1959), followed by Riddle Rat (1977) and Ox-Cart Man(1979). He now lives on Eagle Pond Farm in Danbury, New Hampshire, (at the time Grandma bought her book (185); this author may no longer be alive, nor the artist given next.)
Meet the Artist: Barbara Cooney...was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1917. Her mother was an artist and encouraged Cooney to use her paints and brushes whenever she liked. After graduating from Smith College in 1938, Cooney studied lithography and etching at the Art Students league in New York City. Cooney likes her work to be as realistic as possible, with each detail directly from her own observations and research. The details in Ox-Cart Man are based on Cooney's remembrances of childhood summers in Maine and on her knowledge of the Massachusetts countryside, where she now lives or lived. Story Summary-Ox-Cart Man very simply describes the economic life of a farm family in New England almost 200 years ago. The story begins with the farmer and his family loading their cart with items they want to sell in Portsmouth. After a ten-days' journey, the farmer arrives in the bustling town of Portsmouth and proceeds to sell everything he owns-including his ox and cart. With the money from his sales, he buys tools and a special family treat: peppermint candy.
As fall turns into winter, and winter into spring, the farmer and his family start to make again the items they sold. And as spring turns to summer, they start planting the fruits and vegetables that they will sell again in the fall.
Classroom Traders-To help(the children) develop the concept of needs, excess, and trading, (ask them)  to tell about thins they may have "a lot of." For example, (they) may have five red crayons, three mittens, and several models of the same kind of dinosaur. On a large sheet of poster paper, draw an outline of a cart. Ask(the children) to draw ... small picture(s) on a sheet of paper ... the things they have in excess, then tape these pictures to the cart. Explain that through trading people try to get things they need in exchange for things they don't need. (Have them) tell about things in the cart that they need, and complete "sell-and-buy sentences" about the objects. For example: "I could sell one of my red crayons and buy a blue one," or "I could sell my extra mitten and buy a scarf." Tell (the children) that in Ox-Cart Man they will meet a family that buys the things it needs by selling what it doesn't need."
There are four worksheets following that the children can have fun doing:
The first is "Where Do They Come From", in which the items A Birch Broom, Feathers, Wool, Cabbage, and Honey with the illustrations are all placed on the left side of the page; and A tree, Sheep, Bee, Goose, and Seeds are all placed on the right side with illustrations. The children are suppose to draw a line connecting the two items that match. Have them figure out other things or draw pictures of other things from wood.
On the next sheet there is a list of things in between a girl working on a quilt and children carrying wood. Words from the list are suppose to be listed by numbers under the two pictures. Following are the words; they were placed in a box: Weave, split, embroider, carve, tap, stitch, whittle, knit, spin, saw.
Have the children think of things they could do in school that could be sold. The children were suppose to write on the back of the sheet sentences to tell about the school work they like best.
The third sheet has various things on the sheet about spring as birds from eggs, bird nest, flowers, grass,and a butterfly in the flowers with three boxes labeled March, April, and May. The children are to figure out the things the Ox-Cart man's children are so busy doing in the spring and list them under each month in the boxes. There are five lines under each month in each of the boxes. Then on the back your children are suppose to try to figure out the things the children or family are doing in the summer and list them or draw pictures of them doing it.
The last (fourth page) is about The Ox's Story. The children are to imagine what the ox might say about his journey? Portsmouth? About leaving the farmer and his family? and write his story on the page with pictures of the trees, houses, the road and the cart with him the ox, and  town buildings as the church, town hall, and warehouses.  The farmer holding the ox with a rope at the bottom of the page.
The next activity with this book is an Art Activity called Diorama Drama. It is a movable diorama of the ox-cart man. You will need: a shoe box per child; construction paper; glue; tape; scissors; markers/crayons; straws; a cardboard picture of the ox-cart man drawn. The children can draw, color,and cut out scenery to be taped on the box in which the man and his cart may pass by. Make a slit in the box for the cart to move along when the children tape a straw on the back of the cart with the ox and the man pulling it. As the children hang onto the straw on the back of the cart they can move it along the slit through the scenery.
The next activity is suppose to be a cooperative learning/art activity. However, we can adapt it to our learning in our  Home Education program through Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center without a problem. The children may only have their family to cooperate with but they can involve others you and they may want to work with. It is suppose to be a community go through the different seasons with each season drawn on a separate mural. The murals are to be taped together to make a long streamer.
However, Grandma feels you could draw each picture about the farmers family during each scene with the one he travels to town and his family at the farm starting more projects.
The materials they will need include: four long strips of mural paper, poster paints and brushes, black markers, pencils, and tape. Tell the children to sketch the pictures on the murals first with the pencils then use the markers and then paint.
Have a seasonal discussion about what was drawn and other ideas. Then talk about how these old fashioned item have been replaced by modern ones.
For the last activities which are considered Extended Activities it summarizes the story and makes curriculum connections. The first thing to do is draw a wagon wheel with wide spokes to be able to write on. There must be eight of them. In the middle where the axle fits in it should have family written on it. Then discuss with your children the four basic needs of families as you write each one on four of the spokes. The first one being Food, next Shelter, then Transportation, and last Clothing. Discuss how each of those were obtained in the beginning, at the time of settlers, and the way they are provided today. Discuss the problems people are having today in providing them and why some people are wanting to go back to a time when they furnished them from their own goods.
The next activity is to make out a Thank-you card to the Ox-cart man's family for letting you visit them and what you have learned from their farm and the marketing the farmer did in town.
The next activity is to enjoy, play, and possibly listen to some songs of that era as ""Skip to My Lou, ""The Old Gray Goose,""Frog went a-Courtin',""Jimmy Cracked Corn,""Billy Boy,""All the Pretty Little Horses." They can write new lyrics for them if they wish.
For this next activity which is part of Social Studies look at the illustrations of Portsmouth in the book. Find Portsmouth, New Hampshire, on a map of the United States. Write Portsmouth down and underline port. Discuss what a port is with the children of a place where ships come in from the sea, usually bringing goods with them. Point out the Atlantic Ocean and the other Oceans, bays, and seas of interest. Ask them what kinds of goods they think were sold in the markets during that time and if they think there are other markets still in existence today. (Grandma has seen many of them in Mexico and she is sure they are in many islands of the Carribean and other countries. Ask them what they think they look like today. Actually there can be different kinds in different towns or villages.
For the last activity Grandma wants you to go through all the states of United States and discuss what they might be like or are like if you have been in them or seen them. Find something that has the state flag and birds as well as the flowers in them and look at them. Then find the state capital's in them and see if you know of any other towns or cities in them. Discuss what they are like or might have been at one time.
An extra book to read from book(2) of Grandma's is The Bird Who Was An Elephant by Aleph Kamal. It is about the country of India. To summarize it book (2) says,"A bird, who had been an elephant in another life, revisits a small village in India and observes the lifestyles of the people. New York:J.B. Lippincott, 1989.
Activities to go along with the book include:
  1. Make a picture dictionary of the Indian words used in the story.
  2. Explain, according to Hindu beliefs, how the bird could once have been an elephant.
  3. List the Indian occupations mentioned in the book. Write a short paragraph telling about one of them.
  4. Choose one of the spices that is sold in the spice shop. Find out how it is grown, processed, and used.
  5. The palmist told the bird that he had once been an elephant that carried children across the palace gardens of the Maharajah. What is a Maharajah?
  6. On special occasions the palace elephants were decorated with jewels and tapestries to represent the wealth of the Maharajah. Draw an elephant and carefully decorate it. Pretend you are a child of the Maharajah. Write a story about your life in the palace.
  7. Elephants help the environment. List the ways they help. Which of these do you consider to be the most important? Why?
Grandma hopes it all goes well today.

Day 127

Posted on March 27, 2014 at 12:12 AM Comments comments (4)
Hello! Hello! Do you tasks, Childrobotics, Physical Education(by the way folks if do sports it might be best to hold them till the warmth of the day or until it is at a good time for your family to play. There is lots of children's games that can be played that are not the normal sports as we are used to. However, there is such competition. Grandma, her daughter, and granddaughter are all dancers therefore that is our sport. We are also swimmers in our family. However, Grandma children are also runners. We are also all house builder and maintainers. Grandma has made money on her houses. She is not really trying to brag but she is not very fond of the world living for the money of sports. Anyway that is enough of that. Grandma dipped into the Calendar History the day before and then lost a day. Therefore, she will pick-up the rest of yesterday and cover today's.
For March 26 was Grandma's grandbaby's birthday. Grandma hates the fact she does not have the time with that baby anymore either. By the way in spite of her mother's feelings about it, Grandma did raise that beauty for ten years in spite of her mother's visits till she was ten; therefore, it is good reason if we felt close and grandma hopes will be there later. Grandma is definitely trying to keep a house for her, plus another possible for her mother. Enough for that now too.
Anyway, the American poet, Robert Frost, was born on that day also in 1874. Book (1) wants you to help your children to see how Robert Frost's poems are still relevant today. Share with them such poems as "The Road Not Taken," "Mending Wall," and "Fire and Ice." Then challenge the kids to cut out newspaper stories or photos that remind them of the theme of one of these poems. For example, photos depicting local or international conflict might bring to mind "Mending Wall." Or stories of people who made fateful romantic, financial, or political decisions could aptly illustrate "The Road Not Taken," Not only will your students be reading Frost's poetry, but they'll also come to appreciate its enduring relevance.
The other birthday's include that of Sandra Day O'Connor, U.S. Supreme Court justice, in 1930; then in 1931 Leonard Nimoy, American actor, was born. Bob Woodward, American journalist, was born in 1943. Martin Short, Canadian actor and comedian, was born in 1950.
In 1827 shortly before he died, deaf composer Ludwig Van Beethoven said, "I shall hear in heaven." Then in 1872 Thomas Martin received a patent for the Fire Extinguisher.
Now we will move onto March 27 in which the first birthday in 1845 was for Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen, German physicist who discovered X rays. In 1879 Edward Steichen, American photographer, was born. Book (1) says under "Fantastic photographs" to show your (children) some of Edward Steichen's photographs. His book, A Life in Photography, is a rich source. Then choose some outstanding photographs from books or magazines to discuss as a class. Have your (children) each choose one photo to write about. They should explain what may have happened just before or after the picture was taken. (By the way, folks, Grandma has done some research about photography. Some people may not be aware that many people can make a living with it and there are lots of avenues for its value. Check into on line if interested. It was another thing Grandma was surprised was a possibility for her.) The last birthday is for Randall Cunningham, professional football quarterback, who was born in 1963.
Then in 1703 Czar Peter the Great of Russia founded the city of St. Petersburg. Now as Grandma is thinking about Russia and knowing she has some things to give you next week on Russia and Ukraine for Easter; she wants some feedback from her audiences about the attack of Russia on Ukraine this last week and how we feel America will fair with it. Many know that China is wanting some power and Russia has always felt they were big and could through their weight around at the United States. Grandma and her mother have been having some conversations over it and Grandma want some opinions. It might be good as a conversation and debate with your children and worth some research. Grandma does not want to speak too far yet, but she will tell you her opinions later. For now she is opening the floor for your families.
The next event for March 27 is that of the First long-Distance phone call took place in 1884. Book (1) says to "Ask your (children) to name the farthest place they've called on the telephone" (or that you may have)....Then chart it and other locations on a map. In 1899 Wireless Telegraph Signals were first sent across the English Channel. (See if you can find out when the first one was sent in the United States if it is not on our time line.)
This last event actually happened in 1912, Grandma felt it was best to mention it here. Washington, D.C.'s first cherry trees were planted along the Tidal Basin. Book (1) says, "Knowing that first lady Helen Taft wanted to brighten and beautify Washington, the Japanese government sent her 3,000 cherry trees as a symbol of friendship. Today, more than 3,000 cherry trees (including 60 of the original ones) grow around the Tidal Basin, on the Washington Monument Grounds, and in East Potomac Park. Washington residents and tourists look forward to their pink and white blossoms, which appear in late March or early April each year. Have your (children) keep their eyes open for signs of spring in your community. Keep a class record of spring "firsts," such as the first butterfly, the first dandelion, and the first robin.
Grandma now wants to give you activities for The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses out of another book she calls Book (184). It says the story is about "An American Indian girl who loves the horses that her people keep. She tends to them and spends as much time with them as she can. One day, she falls asleep among them. Suddenly a large thunderstorm comes up. Awakened by the storm, the girl jumps on the back of one of the terrorized horses. Instantly, she is swept away with the frightened herd as it gallops from the storm. When the herd finally stops, the girl knows that she and the horses are far away from her family. The following morning she is met by a handsome stallion, who tells her that he is the leader of the wild horses that live in the hills. He invites her to stay with them, and she happily accepts. A year goes by before some hunters from the girl's people spot her with the stallion and his herd leading a colt. The men return with other riders, and finally they capture the girl and return her to her family. But the girl is not happy, and her parents agree that she should return to the wild horses. Grateful, she returns home each year to bring her parents a colt. Then one year she doesn't come back. Some hunters report seeing a great stallion racing with a beautiful mare, and the people believe that the girl finally has become one of the wild horses.
Animal Transformations-Grandma does not believe in transformation even though the wonderment may enter her mind occasionally. However, Book (184) says to "Ask (the children) to think about their favorite animals." If it were possible, would they like to become a favorite animal? Record their answers. As you read the book ask them if they think she will become a horse in the story? Compare answers.
Book (184) also has a part on the author of the book as follows:
"Paul Goble was born on September 17, 1933, in Surrey, England. His parents made harpsichords. Then he was a child, Goble's mother read to him books by Ernest Thompson Seton and Grey Owl, two writers he calls "true naturalists." Both authors wrote about American Indians and greatly influenced Goble's work, for "The world they wrote about was so different from the crowded island where I lived." Goble began acquiring a considerable library of books about Native Americans, and after finishing his courses at the Central School of Arts and Crafts in London, He made the first of many visits to the United States. He spent time on the reservations of the Sioux and Crow Indians in South Dakota and Montana. During these visits he was present at sacred dances, took part in ceremonies, and listened as his Indian friends spoke of their folklore and beliefs His first book, Red Hawk's Account of Custer's Last Battle, was published in 1969. All his books have dealt with Indian life. The Girl who Loved Wild Horses, the 1979 Caldecott winner, is a synthesis of many native America tales. In it Goble expresses what he envisions as the Native American rapport with nature. He says, "Simply, the girl loves horses, and perhaps she becomes one. "Goble now makes his home in the Black Hills of Deadwood, South Dakota."After reading this about the author I wanted to make a link to another video I saw in Youtube last night. Let's call it Dancing in Britain.
Book (184) brings out the words Wild and Tame for the children to learn. Discuss the meaning with them of the words and how they are opposite of each other. Then write them down somewhere and categorize as many animals as possible under them. Then itemize if there are other animals than just the horse that could fall under both of the headings. Tell them to look for both in the book.
Paper activities in book (184) that cover this book are as follows:
The first is called "Helping Hands". It has different helpful things that are suppose to by laying on a horse blanket to color. Grandma will list those at the top of the page. Then there are two columns of headings to place the helpful things under with 3 blank fillins to fill out. On the back the children are suppose to tell how the stallion tries to help the girl? So here we are-
                                            leads them to water                                  carry tipis
                               give rides                                                       cares for hurt ones
                      help hunt buffalo                                                 finds them shelter in blizzards
             How the Girl Helps the Horses                                  How the Horses Help the People
1.     ____________________________                     1.     ______________________________
       _____________________________                             ______________________________
2.     _____________________________                    2.     ______________________________
        _____________________________                             ______________________________
3.     ______________________________                  3.     _______________________________
        ______________________________                           _______________________________
For this next page the children must fill out the blanks of the sentences with the right words. The words are hidden in the puzzle directly below. These letters of the hidden words are actually on the side of the cliffs with the wild horses going through the valley bellow the cliffs.
                                                                  N   E   I   G   H   H
                                                                  X   H  M   A   N   E
                                                                  M   O   V   L   C   R
                                                                  A    O   Z   L    F   D
                                                                  R    F   C   O   L   T
                                                                   E   T   G   P    Y   K
       1.   The wild horses live together in a ______________________________.
        2.   When horses make sounds, they_______________________________.
        3.   A young horse is a ____________________________.
        4.   The__________________________grows along a horse's neck.
        5.    A female horse is a _______________________________.
        6.    When horses run, they_______________________________________.
  • Find a word in the puzzle for a horse's foot._______________________________
                                                                         Head of the Herd
             The girl in the story loves the stallion. Choose the words from the top which is suppose to be a
          a box that describe the stallion. Write the words on the waterfall that runs down the page and is
          squared off with rocks and flowers or plants across the bottom and two sides.
                 free                strong                afraid                  proud                    handsome
                     sickly                    fast                   mighty                 lost                   brave
  • On the back or below of this page write a sentence to tell why you think the stallion likes the girl.
                                                                              Sensing a Storm
This page shows a storm cloud with a lightning from the cloud and rain below that on the side of the lists of statements to fill a blank part out with each. On the other side at the bottom of the statements are a couple of flowers in the grass with a cartoon butterfly flying above them. On the back of the page the children were suppose to write a poem about a storm. This could be done on a separate sheet also. The instructions say "The storm changes the girl's life. Write a complete sentence about the storm in the story or a storm you have seen using each phrase below."
    1. the scent of rain____________________________________
     2. a fresh breeze__________________________________________
        3. a flash of lightning___________________________________________
              4. distant thunder_________________________________________________
                    5. angry clouds_____________________________________________________
                        6. the crash and rumbling______________________________________________
                                                                    A Horse Is a Horse
This fill out page has a rainbow across the top below with a few clouds in between the colors. Across the bottom are bunch of soap weed cacti, a cactus and a little weed in the middle. It Says "At the end of the story, the girl's family believes she has become a horse. What do you think? Write your ideas about what has become of the girl who loved wild horses. Explain your ideas, too. It says to write something that you would ask the girl if you met her, on the back of the page or on a separate sheet.
This next activities Grandma is going to call Beautiful Blankets and Tipis
The first activity is ""A Blanket to Dye For" Remind (children) that the girl in the story has a beautiful blanket. Explain that many Native American groups are famous for their handwoven blankets. Traditionally, these weavers create their own thread from wool and dye it as well. Invite (children) to try dyeing fabric themselves to make into small blankets for dolls or stuffed animals or as place mats.  You Need:
white cotton rectangles, 9" x 12"                    pie tins                              newspaper
                   berries-raspberries, blueberries, or strawberries(or grape juice can be used)
      onion skins                        tea bags                   saffron                                water
1. Spread newspaper over four or five worktables. Provide each table with one of the following materials for making dye: onion skins, berries, tea bags, or saffron."
2. Let the children mash the berries and onions into separate tin pans. Add hot water to each pan and the tea bags and saffron to two other pans from the berries and onion skins.
3. When the water is cooled, remove the tea bags. Give the children each a cloth to dip in one of the pans to dye the cloth. Let them dye each cloth in whatever water they want. Try to get them to try each different dye.
4. Hang the cloths someplace they will not drip on anything that it will hurt if stained or outside somewhere.
5. After they are dry the children can use permanent markers or other small pieces of cloth to decorate them.
The next activity from Book (184) is that of tipi Displays or Tapestries. For this activity Book (184) suggests a large piece of colored construction paper as background or a bulletin board. Grandma suggests a colored poster board. It could be drawn on or painted like Paul Goble did, but Grandma likes Book (184)'s idea of cut pieces of small circles, squares, triangles, rectangles, and other shapes(even different animals could be used) cut from construction paper. The tipi could be precut with a slant at the top for sticks or black strips of paper or pipe cleaners. However, the tipi could be a rectangle of paper folded to shape a tipi also. Glue the tipi on the background with sticks, black strips, or pipe cleaners sticking out from the top or glued down. Then glue the shapes on the tipi. Be sure to display their work somewhere.
Grandma has more activities for this book and more on the pioneers etc., she will try to finish this unit Friday or the early part of next week. She has Molly's Pilgrim with Ellis Island to do along with Urguaine before easter along with the rest about Jesus and Then she has a little on Russia, India before she covers Australia and South America along with the 1900's before the school year is over and she will start lessons for the summer. Please be patient, for we are doing real good.