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Grandma's Place A Natural Learning Center

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Beginning of August Summer Calendar History

Posted on September 17, 2014 at 6:27 AM Comments comments (20)
Here we are moving int the August Calendar History Lessons for Summer at the end of the Year.

The Project of the Month for August is what Book (1) called" American Artists-Celebrate American Arts Appreciation Month by having your (children) learn about American painters, poets, and authors.
  • Show your (children) prints or photographs of paintings by artists such as Andrew Wyeth, Norman Rockwell, James Whistler, Grandma Moses, and Mary Cassatt. Ask the kids to compare and contrast the artists' styles. Do the artists have favorite kinds of subjects? Post pictures your (children) create in a style of their own.
  • Share with the (family) poems by such poets as Robert Frost, Emily Dickinson, Nikki Giovanni, and Jack Prelutsky. What do your (children) like best about the poems and their imagery? Encourage the children to memorize a favorite poem, then recite it to you. (The children ) might also like to illustrate their poems.
  •  Gather copies of books by such authors as Mark Twain, Laura Ingalls Wilder, Louisa May Alcott, and Beverly Cleary. Ask your (children) to read at least one book by an American American writer this month, then prepare a create book report-perhaps a mobile, an interview with the main character, or a version of the story for younger children."
  • Extend this activity by creating an "American Artists Museum" by designing the exhibits, conducting further research about artists, and preparing reports and illustrations. The children can share and teach other children and family members with their museum.

August is the birthday of my other son, one of his sons, and my mom; making both my sons, a grandson, and my mom all Leo's, well enough my brother born in April; no wonder I am so overpowered. They just haven't figured out that Aquarious which is what I am is the water they drink or the knowledge of learning. Enough of that considering many are going to tell me it is all hogwash.

August's Monthly Observances are the following:

American Arts Appreciation Month
National Catfish Month
National Sandwich Month
Romance  Awareness Month(A lot can be done here in teaching children the difference in sexual relationship's and those in true love and what makes good romance. It is what puzzles a boy more than anything and it will teach girls how to make their lives more fullfilled, warning them not to get tied up into  fake romantic words boys or men may play on them. Teach them how to get to know each other and not fall wrong directions with fake romance. Teach them how to know who they are and if they want involved.)
Water Quality Month (Ties the month to the beginning lessons of pollution, etc. and our Earth along with the lesson in June and July.)

Weeklong Events are the following:

National Smile Week(week beginning on the first Monday)
National Clown Week(first full week and ties to the lessons in June on circuses)
Elvis International Tribute Week(week ending with Aug. 16)
National Aviation Week (week that includes Aug. 19 and it could tie Aviation to the study of Space)

Special Days and Celebrations are the following:

American Family Day (first Sunday)
Friendship Day (first Sunday)
Daughter's Day(second Sunday)

Another Section of July for Summer Lessons

Posted on September 12, 2014 at 2:41 AM Comments comments (42)
As I said in the first part of July's Calendar History and Summer activities, these lessons can be infiltrated into the summer lessons of the regular lessons or used for next summer. They all connect together. The problem will be to put the lessons in a safe place that you can refer to them later.
The Time Line for the Calendar History can be started anytime, just catch up with the months behind and add the summer Calendar History in. Explorer history after the Bible History and history before the explorations is a good place to start things as the beginning of man, cave men, etc. Dinosaurs can fit in even before man or at the same time, for as I may have mentioned before, footprints of man were found in Texas as the time of Dinosaurs. There was a documentary at a book store they let me use. However, Grandma cannot remember the reference name or anything only that they let me show it to a Sunday school class. Maybe check with the librarians. Grandma will also do some computer research.
For those that missed by blog stating that the Calendar notes can just be cut into little strips and hung on a yarn or string line across something with paper clips or pinned on a board. They could also be glued or pinned on a calendar. However, they should go by the year not the month because then it gives the children more concept of when things happened in history.
Grandma is starting this blog of the Calendar History from Book (1) with July 12 with the birthdays as follows:

July 12,100B.C. Julius Caesar, Roman general and statesman, was born.

July 12, 1730 Josiah Wedgwood, English pottery maker, was born.

July 12, 1817 Henry David Thoreau, American essayist and naturalist, was born.

Book (1) has the following activity under "Thoughts from Thoreau-Henry David Thoreau is most famous for the book Walden, which detailed his experiences living alone in a log cabin on Walden Pond.
But he is also remembered for his essay "Civil Disobedience," which outlined the principles of nonviolent resistance later developed and used so effectively by Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. In the essay, Thoreau discussed his objections to the war with Mexico and to slavery in the United States. He concluded that he could not in good conscience support a government engaged in such policies, so he refused to pay his poll tax and was arrested. Organize a (family) debate on the issue of how far a citizen's obligation to obey governmental authority extends. Does the fact that the government was elected democratically mean that it is due obedience? Or is a citizen who strongly disagrees with the government's policies justified in a form of protest such as refusing to pay taxes? Should the protester be prepared to accept the legal penalties for civil disobedience? Why or why not?(Grandma feels it takes stronger means and lots of prayer to get what we really want in this world. Prayer actually does miraculous things but God must be in approval and want something that direction for anything to happen. Sometimes it takes his strength and the powers he also gives us inside before we come up with the answers. However, what United States has actually proved again and again is that if people work together many things can happen. Sometimes even the devil can be in control, but good people know the difference and have been able to stop the bad also.These are also good things to think about.)

July 12, 1854 George Eastman, American industrialist
and inventor of the Kodak camera, was born.

July 12, 1895 Buckminster Fuller, American engineer known
for developing the geodesic dome, was born.

Book (1) gives an activity for this birthday in "Photo opportunities-Invite your(children to look at) favorite photographs  that they or their family members have taken. Discuss the elements to consider when taking a photograph--for example, subject, lighting, camera angle, composition. (The computer can give you some of this information to read up on. Grandma can't tell you where because she would have to relook it up herself. Be sure to check in Youtube first.) If possible, (practice with whatever means you have for pictures yourself) and let the (children) take pictures of (you and) one another. The children can then make construction-paper frames for the finished prints." (Now we have so many easy means of picture taking when there was a time that Kodak pictures were pretty good pictures to have in our times.)

July 12, 1917 Andrew Wyeth,  American artist, was born.

July 12, 1937 Bill Cosby, American actor and comedian, was born.

Now for the events of July 12th:

July 12, 1808 The Missouri Gazette, the First Newspaper West of the
Mississippi River, began publication.

July 12, 1862 Congress authorized the army Medal of Honor for
gallantry "above and beyond the call of duty."

July 12, 1870 John W. Hyatt was granted a patent for Celluloid.

July 12, 1909 Congress passed the Sixteenth Amendment, which
gave the federal government the power to tax incomes.

July 12, 1933 The U.S Minimum Wage was set at 40¢ an hour.

Book (1) says in "Minimum-wage math-Ask your (children): How much would a worker receiving the minimum wage in 1933 be paid for a 40-hour workweek? How much would the same worker be paid annually? Have the kids find out the current minimum wage in the United States, then perform the same calculations for today's minimum-wage worker."
(At the time of this wage in History, my grandfather lost his farm, wife, baby, and I think his truck. My mom lived with her grandparents for some years while my grandfather worked for others to have a place to stay and be fed. As she was a teenager she babysat, worked at a jewelers, walked to school and did dishes from her step mother feeding 20 hungry men, working on the railroad and do their shirts for them during the day. However, her step mother made enough to buy another farm for my grandfather that we have to this day. My grandfather owned two other houses before he died and built one with my mother the year I was born. My mothers grandfather carved leather saddles for a living as my grandfather had learned from me. He also played fiddle at the church dances and her grandmother the piano. My mother said he only made $9 with the railroad. I keep forgetting to ask her if that was for a week or each day. For it was nearly in the late 40's when she was a teen. However, she said meat was pretty scarce to come by in the homes as I believe they had lots of vegetables, eggs, cheese, and did some hunting yet.)

July 12, 1957 Dwight D. Eisenhower became the First
President to Fly in a Helicopter.

July 12, 1984 New York instituted the nation's First
Mandatory Seat-Belt Law.



Now we fall into July 13 starting with the following Birthdays:

July 13, 1886 Father Edward Flanagan, American priest and
founder of Boy's Town, was born.

July 13, 1918 Marcia Brown, children's author, was born.

July 13, 1923 Ashley Bryan, children's poet, was born.

July 13, 1940 Patrick Stewart, British actor who played Captain Picard
in the TV series "Star Trek: The Next Generation", was born.

July 13, Harrison Ford, American Actor, was born.

July 13, Spud Webb, 5' 5" professional basketball player, was born.

Book (1) says in "Against the odds-Using a sports almanac or other sources, have your (children) compile a list of the heights of 20 professional basketball players, including Spud Webb. Then have them make a graph. Discuss the results.

Next for the Events:

July 13, 1832 Henry Schoolcraft discovered the Source of
the Mississippi River: Minnesota's Lake Itasca.

July 13, 1837 Buckingham Palace in London became the
official residence of the British royal family.

July 13, 1863 Riots Against the Civil War Military Draft erupted in New York.

July 13, 1865 In an editorial, Horace Greeley gave the famous advice,
"Go West, Young Man, and Grow Up with the Country."

Book (1) says in "Starting over-Ask your (children) to speculate on why Americans might have been particularly receptive to Horace Greeley's advice in 1865. (The Civil War had just ended, and many people wanted to make a new start in life.) What advice would your (children) give someone who wanted to start a new life today? Have them write appropriate slogans on strips of colored construction paper. Post the slogans on a bulletin board titled "New Beginnings."

July 13, 1977 A Power Blackout paralyzed New York City.

Book (1) writes "Blackout blues- Tell your (children) that during World War II, European countries routinely imposed nighttime blackouts in order to conceal their cities from enemy bombers. But the 1977 blackout in New York City was anything but routine. Make a ... list of the kinds of problems New Yorkers might have faced. Then have your (children) suggest safety precautions they might take at home to protect themselves and their families in case of a blackout." (This is a good lesson to go along with the beginning lessons Grandma has given you on safety-Learn about all kinds of safety features you and your children can take in your homes, in water, with people you thought you could trust, and those you know you can't, bicycling, walking, etc.)

July 13, 1985 A host of recording stars performed in the Live Aid
concerts held in Philadelphia and London, which raised
$70 million for famine relief in Africa.

July 13 is also known as Night Watch Day in the (eve of Bastille Day). It is also Obon in Japan.



July 14 is next with the following Birthdays:

July 14, 1912 Woody Guthrie, American folk singer, was born.

Book (1) writes "This land is your land-Woody Guthrie wrote more than 1,000 folk songs, including "This Land Is Your Land." Play a recording of this song for your (children). (and many more folk songs like it even by other stars.) Then ask them to cut out magazine pictures to illustrate the lyrics, pasting the pictures on sheets of construction paper containing the appropriate lines from the song. You might also have your (children) examine Guthrie's lyrics from an environmental perspective. For instance, they could use individual lines from the song to introduce reports on the ways our redwood forests and waters have been harmed."(This leads into our discussions and activities about, pollution etc. and recycling.)

July 14, 1927 Peggy Parrish, children's author who
created Amelia Bedelia, was born.

Book (1) has an activity here also called "Amelia Bedelia in a pickle-Mark the birthday of author Peggy Parrish by having your (children) read selections from some of her Amelia Bedelia stories. Then ...have (them) brainstorm for school situations in which Amelia Bedelia's literal-mindedness might get her into trouble. For instance, what would Amelia do in the computer room when whe had to "boot up" or "run" a program? Have (the children) write down their silly scenarios. Then encourage them to act out Amelia's misunderstandings."



Next are the events for July 14:

July 14, 1789 The Citizens of Paris Stormed the Bastille and
released its prisoners at the start of the French Revolution.

July 14, 1865 Edward Whymper became The First Person to Climb
the Matterhorn, a mountain on the Italian-Swiss border.

July 14, 1892 Civil War Veterans wounded in service
were granted a $50 monthly pension.

July 14, 1968 slugger Hank Aaron hit his 500th Home Run.

July 14, 1972 For the first time in a major league baseball game,
One Team's Catcher was the Brother of the Home Plate Umpire.
The catcher was the Detroit Tigers' Tom Haller; the umpire, Bill Haller..

July 14 is also Bastille Day and Blueberry Month

Book (1) says in "Delightful desserts-One day during Blueberry Month, invite your (children) to sample some fresh blueberries with sugar and cream. Then challenge the kids to write a mouth-watering description of this treat. Have them read their descriptions aloud, then hold a family vote for the best."



July 15th has only three birthdays but they have quite the activities with them:

July 15, 1606 Rembrandt, Dutch painter, was born.

Book (1) writes "Penetrating portraits-Rembrandt was one of the most influential European painters of the 17th century. While many of his contemporaries chose to paint royalty, his favorite subjects were everyday citizens of his homeland. Rembrandt aimed to portray his subjects' true personalities and tried to capture realistic facial expressions. During his career, he painted about 60 self-portraits. Show your (children) examples of Rembrandt's self-portraits, drawing their attention to his characteristic contrasting of light and dark. What do the children think the expressions on Rembrandt's face tell about the particular point in his life when the self-portrait was done? Ask your (children) to create their own self-portraits using paints, markers, colored pencils, or ink. What do their facial expressions say about them at this point in their lives?"

July 15, 1779 Clement Clarke Moore, American poet who wrote
"A Visit from St. Nicholas", was born.

Book (1) writes "Memorable poem-Tell your (children) that Clement Clarke Moore wrote "A Visit from St. Nicholas" for his six children. The poem, originally published in 1848, is still a seasonal favorite. How many of the verses can your (children) recall from memory? Write down your (children's) responses. Perhaps one child's line will trigger another's memory. Compare your (children's) version with the original. The kids might be surprised at how much of the poem has become a part of their literary heritage!"


Next we have the Events of July 15th:

July 15, 1870 Georgia became the Last Confederate
State Readmitted to the Union.

July 15, 1876 George Washington Bradley pitched the
First No-Hit Game in Major League History.

July 15, 1912 Jim Thorpe won his 15th event at the 1912 Olympics.

July 15, 1952 The First Transatlantic Helicopter Flight took place.

July 15, 1965 American scientists displayed Close-up Pictures
of the Planet Mars taken by the Mariner 4 spacecraft.

July 15, 1975 Apollo and Soyuz rockets blasted off for a planned
Rendezvous in Space.

July 15 is also Respect Canada Day and St. Swithin's Day (England).




July 16 will the last day on this blog because Grandma has a Unit from Book (57) for you on Space study to go with Space Week (week including July 20).

The birthdays are as follows:

July 16, 1723 Sir Joshua Reynolds, English portrait painter, was born.

July 16, 1872 Roald Amundsen, Norwegian explorer who
discovered the South Pole, was born.

Book (1) writes in "Heading south-Tell your (children) that Roald Amundsen and the members of his South Pole expedition took enough food and fuel to last 2 years. After traveling by ship to Antarctica, they lived on the continent for a year. They used dogsleds to finally reach the South Pole. Have your (children) use a world map to locate the South Pole. Then explain that nearly 99% of Antarctica is covered by ice. In some areas, the ice is 16,000 feet deep-- and the temperature drops to  -100 degrees F. No plants or animals live in the continent's interior. Have students brainstorm for words to describe Antarctica--for example, barren, snowy, frigid, icy, desolate. Then ask them to write a poem about this cold continent. Afterward, discuss why they think anyone would want to explore Antarctica." (This is a great lesson to go along with learning about 7 Continents.)

July 16, 1896 Trygve Lie, Norwegian diplomat and first
secretary-general of the United Nations, was born.

Book (1) writes "Preparing for peace-As the first secretary-general of the United Nations, Trygve Lie worked tirelessly for world peace. But his efforts could not prevent a variety of conflicts, including the Korean War. Ask your (children) if they think complete world peace is possible. Why or why not? What actions might countries take to move closer to peace? Have the (children) write a letter to the editor outlining some suggestions.

Next are the Events as follows:

July 16, 622 Followers of Mohammed fled Mecca for
Medina. This migration, which is termed The Hegira,
marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar.

July 16, 1439 An Act Prohibiting Kissing was passed in England
in an attempt to prevent the spread of disease.

July 16, 1548 La Paz, the capital of Bolivia, was founded.

July 16, 1790 The District of Columbia was established.

July 16, 1862 David Farragut became the First Rear Admiral In the U.S. Navy.

July 16, 1877 A Carrier Pigeon Beat a Train in a 70-mile
race from Dover to London, England.

July 16, 1935 The First Parking Meter was installed in Oklahoma City, Okla.

July 16, 1941 Joe Dimaggio's Record-Breaking Hitting
Streak Ended after 56 consecutive games. 

July 16, 1945 The First Atomic Bomb was tested in the desert near
Alamogordo, N.M. It produced a blast equivalent to the explosion
of 20,000 tons of TNT.

July 16, 1969 Apollo 11 lifted off from Cape Kennedy, Fla. Its
mission: the first manned moon landing.

Book (1) writes "Space-y news-To celebrate Space Week, ...ask each (child) to research what occurred during one day of Apollo 11's historic mission. Have (the children) begin with lift-off on July 16(day 1) and continue to the famous moon walk on July 20 (day 5). Then, each day during Space Week, have the appropriate (child) present a news report on the day's space adventures. (The Children) can choose to simulate a television or radio broadcast or write a newspaper article."

Beginning of July's Summer Lessons

Posted on September 11, 2014 at 1:15 AM Comments comments (30)
These activities are great if they can be utilized next summer because Grandma had so much trouble getting them to you. However, they can be infiltrated in Lessons now as part of lessons about Summer now and beginning activity to start the new year off.
July's big project for the month is all around the observation of July as Anti-Boredom Month. The children are to make lists with you for things that are in "three categories: fun for one, small-group fun, and large-group fun." Ok! So you ask how can I do that when it is only my children and me. There are things first that they know they like to do alone as some reading. There are things as a family or with a few friends you like to do. Then ways of developing friends and bigger groups is if you have lots of neighbor friends, a church that does a lot together, hospitals (especially for children), orphanages, child care homes or centers, old peoples homes or care places, libraries might be helpful, use your imagination, there used to be home school clubs that did some things together(it is an option). Form a favorite sport together. Help your children with this activity as much as possible. You are suppose to form it into a book. I know you can do it. Just try!

"The Monthlong Observances" from Book (1) besides Anti-Boredom Month for July are as follows:
"Blueberry Month
Hitchhiking Month
National Baked Bean Month
National Hot Dog Month
National Ice Cream Month
Picnic Month
Read an Almanac Month
Recreation and Parks Month

Weeklong Events" are as follows:
"Music for Life Week (first week)
Special Recreation Week (first full week)
Be Nice to New Jersey Week (second week)
Space Week (week including July 20)"

And "Special Days and Celebrations
Independence Day (July 4)
Bastille Day (July 14)
National Ice Cream Day (third Sunday)"
(Look into this one with September's)


July 1 has three birthdays as follows:

July 1, 1872 Louis Bleriot, French aviator who became the
first person to fly an airplane across the English Channel, was born.

July 1, 1961 Diana Spencer, princess of Wales, was born this day.

July 1, 1961 Carl Lewis, American track star, was also born.

Events for July 1 are as follows:

July 1, 1847 The First Official U.S. Postage Stamps were issued.

Book (1) writes in "People on postage-When the first American postage stamps were issued, Benjamin Franklin appeared on the 5-cent stamp and George Washington appeared on the 10-cent stamp.  Why do the children think these people were chosen? If postage stamps were being issued or the first time today, what people or images would your (children) want on the stamps? Have them draw and color their own "first issue" stamps."

July 1, 1862 Congress established the Bureau of Internal Revenue.

July 1, 1863 The Civil War Battle of Gettysburg began.

July 1, 1867 The Dominion of Canada was created.

July 1, 1898 Theodore Roosevelt and His Rough Riders
charged up San Juan Hill during the Spanish American War.

July 1, 1941 The First Television Commercial, sponsored by
Bulova Watch, was broadcast in New York.

Book (1) talks about it in "TV selling-Tell your (children) that the first television ad, broadcast on station WNBT in New York, lasted 10 seconds and cost $9. Ask your (children) how much the sponsor paid per minute. At the time, there were 4,000 TV sets in the New York area. If one person was watching each TV set when the commercial aired, how much did the sponsor pay per viewer? Ask the kids to find out how many people watch their favorite program and how much a minute of commercial time on the program costs. Then have them compare these figures with those from the first commercial."

July 1, 1963 The Five-Digit Zip Code was introduced.

July 1, 1971 The Twenty-Sixth Amendment was ratified,
giving 18-year-olds the right to vote.

July 1, 1990 A treaty unifying the Monetary Systems of
East and West Germany became effective.

July 1 is also Canada Day and National Hot Dog Month is given an activity in Book (1) this day
called "Good doggies-Celebrate National Hot Dog Month with a healthy twist. Have (the children) examine labels to determine the fat content and nutritional value of various brands of hot dogs. Then ask the kids to chart their resuls. Afterward, have them create truth-in-advertising poster guides to healthy hot dog eating (which Grandma does not follow too well, but Grandpa doesn't like hot dogs too often). (You can display you poster wherever you wish, for they are good information and Grandma definitely is for eating good food for yourselves, but costs seem to hold us all back on what is good sometimes.)"


July 2 has four birthdays as follows with two activities:

July 2, 1908 Thurgood Marshall, American jurist who became the
first black Supreme Court justice, was born.

Book (1) says in "Early judicial experiences-Tell your (children) that as a boy, Thurgood Marshall frequently got into trouble at school. Ironically, his punishment was to memorize parts of the U.S. Constitution. Marshall once remarked that he'd learned the entire document by heart by the time he graduated. Ask your (children) to write down the career paths they hope to follow. Then have them speculate on which school experiences might influence their future professions."

July 2, 1919 Jean Craighead George, children's author, was born.

July 2, 1951 Jack Gantos, children's author, was born.

July 2, 1964 Jose Canseco, Cuban-born baseball player who
became the first major-leaguer to hit 40 home runs and steal
40 bases in one season.

Book (1) says "40 is fabulous-Have your (children) celebrate Canseco's "40s feat." For the rest of July, have them keep a journal describing 40 things they did or that happened to them during the month. At month's end, have them each list their 40 things in order of greatest significance. Post the lists on a (poster called "Top 40" to post on the wall somewhere.)"

Events for July 2 are as follows:

July 2, 1776 The Continental Congress approved the
Declaration of Independence.

July 2, 1881 President James Garfield was Shot by
Charles Guiteau, a disgruntled office seeker. The
president died of his wounds 80 days later.

July 2, 1932 Franklin Roosevelt accepted the Democratic Party's
nomination for president, pledging a "New Deal for the American People."

July 2, 1964 President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964,
which guaranteed the enforcement of nondiscrimination in public accommodation,
government facilities, education, and employment.

July 2, 1976 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the
Death Penalty was not cruel or unusual punishment.

July was also recognized as National Ice Cream month on July 2 saying in "Flavorful ice cream-During National Ice Cream Month, have your (children) conduct a ...survey..to find out ...(others) favorite ice cream flavors. Ask them to create a pie chart, table, or bar graph to display their findings. What are the three most popular flavors? Afterward, have the kids brainstorm for all the known flavors of ice cream. Then have them suggest some new and unusual ones--For example, jalapeno pepper, mustard and relish, or anchovy pizza. Have them write descriptive sentences telling what these flavors would taste like. Bring in a gallon of vanilla ice cream and a variety of the (children's) suggested flavorings, then let the kids create. How do their new flavors taste?" 

July 3 only has two birthdays:

July 3, 1878 George M Cohan, American playwright and composer, was born.

July 3, 1962 Tom Cruise, American actor, was born.

The events are almost just as sparing:

July 3, 1608 French explorer Samuel De Champlain founded Quebec.

July 3, 1775 George Washington took command of the
Continental Army in Cambridge, Mass.

July 3, 1863 The Battle Gettysburg ended.

Book (1) explains in "Hallowed ground-The Battle of Gettysburg proved to be one of the most decisive battles of the Civil War as well as a defining moment in the history of the nation. After e days of fighting, during which both sides suffered terrible casualties, the Confederate forces were compelled to retreat, with any realistic hope of winning the war dashed. Have your (children) read about the battle, then imagine themselves as one of the participants, whether a famous commander or a common soldier, Ask the kids to write a letter from participant to family members describing the events at Gettysburg."

July 3, 1890 Idaho became the 43rd state.

July 3, 1991 Mount Rushmore was finally officially
dedicated on its 50th anniversary. Ceremonies in 1
941 had been canceled because of World War II.

July 3 is also noted as Complement Your Mirror Day as Book (1) uses "Mirror, mirror, on the wall-Place a mirror in a corner of your (learning area accessible to the children.) Put several strips of blank paper around the mirror, then encourage the kids to write general compliments on the strips--for example, "What a great smile!" or "You look marvelous! The comments are sure to bring smiles whenever the kids look in the mirror."

July 3 is also used for Stay Out of the Sun Day which Book (1) talks about it in "Harmful rays-Ask your (children) to investigate how the sun's rays affect exposed skin. Then have the kids draw posters and create advertisements ... warning others about the dangers of too much sun. Next, invite the children to design protective hats for people to wear outdoors. You could even challenge them to design hats for animals that spend a lot of time in the sun. For example, what type of hat would an elephant wear to protect those big, floppy ears?"


July 4 in Book (1) comes out with three good activities and lots of birthdays as well as events:
The birthdays are as follows with two good activities:

July 4, 1804 Nathaniel Hawthorne, American novelist, was born.

July 4, 1826 Stephen Foster, American composer, was born.

July 4, 1872 Calvin Coolidge, 30th president of the United States, was born.

July 4, 1900 Louis Armstrong, American jazz musician, was born.

Book (1) also points out and gives an activity in "Celebrating "Satchmo-To celebrate Louis Armstrong's birthday, play "It's a Wonderful World" for your (children). Then, with the music playing in the background, have (the children) tape their impressions of why the world is wonderful or how people can work to make it better."

July 4, 1918 Ann Landers and Abigail Van Buren, twin sisters who each wrote a popular newspaper advice column, were born.

Book (1) tells about them in "Advice for kids- Observe the birthdays of advice columnists Abigail Van Buren and Ann Landers by asking each (child) to write a short letter asking for advice about a typical kid problem. Collect the letters, mix them up, with letters from others or your child and you answer them by searching for the answers. ( Grandma wants to start a column as this herself, maybe you would like to start one in your family newspaper.)"

The events are as follows for July 4:

July 4, 1776 The Continental Congress adopted the
Declaration of Independence.

July 4, 1776 The Continental Congress appointed
Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson
to Design a Seal for the United States.

July 4, 1826 John Adams and Thomas Jefferson--the second and third presidents, respectively--died

July 4, 1831 James Monroe, the fifth president , died.

July 4, 1831 The Song "America" was Introduced at a service at
Boston's Park Street Church.

July 4, 1960 The First 50-Star American Flag was raised at Fort McHenry, Md.

July 4, 1980 Pitcher Nolan Ryan recorded his 3,000th Career Strikeout.

July 4, 1986 The 100th Birthday of the Statue of Liberty was celebrated with the largest fireworks display in U.S. history.

July 4 being Independence Day has an activity of its own in Book (1) as follows:
"Independence posters-Have each of your (children) create an "Independence Day Special Event" poster that features at least five local or national events. The posters' titles should incorporate the theme of independence. Ask local business or community organizations to display the finished posters."


July 5 is booming in the following birthdays:

July 5, 1709 Etienne De Silhouette, French finance minister
who created shadow portraits as a hobby, was born.

July 5 1801 David G. Farragut, first admiral of the U.S. Navy, was born.

July 5, 1810 (P.T.)Phineas Taylor Barnum, American
showman and circus promoter, was born.

Book (1) explains it in "Barnum's gullible public-P.T. Barnum once remarked of American audiences: "There's a sucker born every minute." What do your (children) think Barnum meant? As a follow-up, ask them to listen to TV advertising claims. Do these claims promise benefits they don't back up to entice the public Barnum thought was so gullible? Have the kids complile any wild claims into a class notebook as evidence of the truth of Barnum's maxim."

July 5, 1853 Cecil Rhodes, British statesman and founder of the
Rhodes scholarship, was born.

July 5, 1857 Clara Zetkin, German women's rights advocate and
founder of International Women's Day, was born.

July 5, 1958 Bill Watterson, cartoonist and creator of
"Calvin and Hobbes", was born.

Book (1) writes about it in "Classroom cartoonists-To celebrate the birth of cartoonist Bill Watterson, introduce the children to his two main characters--Calvin and Calvin's stuffed tiger, Hobbes. Read a few "Calvin and Hobbes" comic strips to the children, then ask them if they have any toys or pets they "talk to. Give them a chance to share stories about their secret friends. Then pass out blank storyboards and have the children develop their own comic strips about themselves and these friends."

Next are July 5 events:

July 5, 1811 Venezuela proclaimed its independence from Spain.

July 5, 1865 William Booth founded the East London Revival
Society (Salvation Army).

July 5, 1865 The Secret Service was created by Congress.

July 5, 1892 A. Beard patented the Rotary Engine.

July 5, 1946 The Bikini, designer Louis Read's shocking
new bathing suit, was first modeled.

Book (1) explains in "Bold bathing suits-Invite students to
follow in bikini designer Reard's pen lines by drawing and
coloring their own 21st-century bathing suits."

July 5, 1984 The Statue of Liberty's Torch was removed for repairs.

July 5ths Be Nice to New Jersey Week is also brought out in Book (1) through "State studying-During Be Nice to New Jersey Week, encourage your (children) to read up on the Garden State. Then post a sheet titled "Neat things about New Jersey." Each day, invite students to write down something interesting or unusual they learned about the state."


July 6 is just as interesting beginning with some interesting birthday's:

July 6, 1747 John Paul Jones, Revolutionary War hero often
called "the Father of the U.S. Navy", was born.

July 6, 1866 Beatrix Potter, children's author, was born.

Book (1) talks about her in "Thinking and talking animals-All of the animals in Beatrix Potter's stories have anthropomorphic qualities. Have your (children) look up the word anthropomorphic in the dictionary
Then invite them to tell about times when their pets (or other animals) have appeared to act like humans. Afterward, have the children write and illustrate stories about animals imbued with human qualities."

July 6, 1907 Dorothy Clewes, children's author, was born.

Then we are given the events for July 6:

July 6, 1776 The Declaration of Independence was announced
on the front page of the Pennsylvania Gazette.

Book (1) writes in "A dangerous document?-After reading the Declaration of Independence, some people called it a dangerous document. Ask your (children) why people might have felt this way. Next, ask them to imagine that they were living in 1776. Would they have agreed with the sentiments expressed in the Declaration of Independence or remained loyal to the king? Have them write their reactions in their journals (and possibly share them later.)"

July 6, 1885 Louis Pasteur administered the first successful
antirabies inoculation to a boy who'd been bitten by a rabid dog.

July 6, 1919 A British dirigible became the First Airship to Cross the Atlantic.

July 6, 1933 Babe Ruth hit the First Home Run in an All-Star Game.

Book (1) writes in "Making baseball history-Even before he hit the first home run in an All-Star game, Babe Ruth had made baseball history. During the 1927 season, he hit a record 60 home runs. In 1929, his salary climbed to $80,000 a year--more than the president of the United States earned. When Ruth was criticized for making more than the president, he reportedly quipped, "Why not? After all, I had a better year than he did." Have your (children) discuss what this story tells about American society. Then have them debate this question: Does America reward its sports and entertainment stars with too much money and fame? Encourage the kids to use concrete examples to bolster their arguments."

July 6, 1945 Nicaragua became the First Country to Accept
the United Nations Charter.

July 6, 1954 Elvis Presley made his first record.

July 6, 1989 A study was released that found Dangerously High Cholesterol Levels in one-third of American adults.


July 7 gets very busy with events but it only has a few birthdays as follows:

July 7, 1887 Marc Chagall, Russian-French artist noted for
his dreamlike paintings, was born.

July 7, 1906 Satchel Paige, American baseball pitcher, was born.

July 7, 1940 Ringo Starr, English musician and
member of the Beatles, was born.

Now begin the events:

July 7, 1861 The First Torpedo Attack of the Civil War took place.

July 7, 1923 Warren Harding became the First U.S. President to Visit Alaska.

July 7, 1936 Margaret Mitchell's Gone With the Wind was published.

July 7, 1958 President Dwight Eisenhower signed the Alaska Statehood Bill.

July 7, 1972 NASA announced Plans to Collect Solar Energy to be
used as a power source on earth.

Book (1) writes in "Solar Experiment-Tell your (children) that solar heaters typically consist of a black panel containing tubes through which water circulates. The sun heats the water as it moves through the tues, and the hot water provides heat for buildings or homes. Ask your (children) why the panels are black. (Black absorbs heat.) Then have them conduct this simple experiment. Take two empty, same-size tin cans and paint the outside of one can black. Fill both cans halfway with cold water, then place them outside in the sun. Take the temperature of the water in both cans every 15 minutes. Students will find that the water in the black can becomes warmer faster."

July 7, 1985 German tennis star Boris Becker, age 17, became t
he Youngest player to Win the Wimbledon Singles Championship.

July 7, 1986 Charles Stocks played 711 Holes of Golf in 24 hours.

Book (1) writes in "Par for the course-Have your (children) calculate the average number of holes Charles Stocks played per hour, then round that number to the nearest hundredth. Then ask them to figure this out: If a round of golf consists of 18 holes, how many rounds did he play per hour? How does this number compare with the average number of holes played per hour?"

July 7, 1988 Eleven-year-old Christopher Lee Marshall
began his Flight Across the Atlantic. He followed the
course of his hero, Charles Lindbergh.

July 7 is also the day of other happenings as Tanabat in Japan but Video Games Day in which Book (1) explains in "Video hits-Help your (children) practice concise writing by having them each write just one paragraph to explain their favorite video game. Invite them to share their work with (others)."
It is also Fiesta De San Fermin as Book (1) writes in "Spanish stampede-Each year in July, the city of Pamplona, Spain, honors its patron saint, San Fermin, with an 8-day festival.The highlight of the festival comes when adventurous men run through the cobbled streets to the bullring--pursued by a group of bulls. Have your (children) write a short, humorous poem about the running of the bulls."


July 8 has only three birthdays also as follows:

July 8, 1838 Count Ferdinand Von Zeppelin, German pioneer
in lighter-than-air vehicles and the first builder of dirigibles.

Book (1) writes in "Airships and ads-Tell your (children) that dirigibles are also known as airships, blimps, or zeppelins (in honor of Count von Zeppelin). These vehicles have been used for passenger travel, scientific exploration, and warfare. For example, during World War II, Germany used zeppelins in air raids against Great Britain. Do your (children) know what dirigibles are commonly used for today? (Blimps are often used for advertising.) Ask your (children) to imagine they could advertise their favorite book on a blimp. What would their slogans say? Have the kids write their slogans on construction-paper blimps, then hang the blimps from the ceiling of the (house)."

July 8, 1918 Irwin Hasen, American cartoonist who created the
Green Hornet and the Green Lantern, was born.

Book (1) writes in "Green Hornet spin-offs-To celebrate Irwin Hasen's birthday, invite your (children) to create a cartoon using a colorful insect of their choice as the main character. Students can create either comic strips or a single-box cartoon and use balloons for dialogue."

July 8, 1932 Russell Everett Erickson, children's author, was born.

July 8 has several events as follows:

July 8, 1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama set sail from
Lisbon. His journey established a Sea Route to India via the
southern tip of Africa.

July 8, 1629 King Phillip IV of Spain sent King Charles I of England a Gift of Five Camels and One Elephant.(Now Grandma would do some things with this one as write about the Elephant and other gifts kings might have given each other.)

July 8, 1776 The Liberty Bell Rang Out in Philadelphia to
announce the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.

July 8, 1776 The Declaration of Independence was Read
to the Public for the First Time at Philadelphia's Independence Square. 

July 8, 1835 The Liberty Bell Cracked while being tolled during the
funeral procession of Supreme Court Justice John Marshall.

July 8, 1911 Nan Jane Aspinwall became the First Woman to
Cross the United States on Horseback. She covered
4,500 miles in 301 days.

Book (1) writes in "A long time in the saddle-To mark the day Nan Jane Aspin wall completed her horseback crossing of the United States, give your (children) some Math problems based on this equine odyssey. If Aspinwall rode 4,500 miles in 301 days, how many miles per day did she average? At the same pace, how long would it have taken her to ride 5,000 miles? How far would she have gone if she had ridden for a full year?"

July 8, 1976 Gerald Ford, who had assumed the presidency upon
the resignation of Richard Nixon, announced his plans to seek reelection.


July 9th has only one birthday:

July 9, 1819 Elias Howe, American inventor of a
lockstitiching sewing machine, was born.

The events are as follows:

July 9, 1755 General Edward Braddock was Fatally Wounded
during an attack in the French and Indian War. His aide,
George Washington, escaped injury.

July 9, 1776 General George Washington summoned his troops
to New York for a Reading of the Declaration of Independence.

July 9, 1816 Argentina declared its independence from Spain.

Book (1) writes in "Where in the world?-Have your (children) find Argentina and Spain on a world map. Then ask: In which hemispheres--and on which continents--are these two countries located? What body of water separates them? What is the capital of each country? How far is it from capital to capital?"

July 9, 1850 President Zachary Taylor Died while in office.

July 9, 1872 The Donut Cutter was patented by J.F. Blondel.

July 9, 1877 America's First Telephone Company,
Bell Telephone Company, was founded.

July 9, 1893 Surgeon Daniel Hale Williams performed the
First Successful Surgical Closure of a Heart Wound.

July 9, 1979 Voyager 2 passed Jupiter, returning photographs and scientific data.

Book (1) writes in "Mother Earth's music-Tell your (children) that Voyager 2 is one of two U.S. space probes that were launched in 1977. (The other probe is Voyager 1.) Besides their scientific instruments, both probes were equipeed with special records called "Sounds of Earth"-- in case of discovery by another civilization. ...make a list of the kinds of sounds your (children) would include on such a record. What would these sounds tell others about the earth and its inhabitants? Are there any particular sounds your students would not want to include? Why?"

July being Picnic Month Book (1) set it up for this day to present the following activity called "Pretend picnic-One day this month, plan an imaginary picnic for the characters in a book your (children) have recently read. Encourage the kids to consider the characters' likely tastes in food, attire, and games. The children may also want to develop a "guest list" including compatible characters from other books. Assemble their ideas into a booklet."
(Grandma suggests planning at least one picnic as a family and doing as much adventuring of the outside as possible. Do as much research as you can of the area you pick.)


July 10 is another full day starting with the following birthdays:

July 10, 1834 James Abbot McNeil Whistler, American painter, was born.

July 10, 1875 Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator, was born.

July 10, 1882 Ima Hogg, American philanthropist, was born.

July 10, 1885 Mary O'hara, children's author, was born.

July 10, 1916 Martin Provensen, children's author and illustrator, was born.

July 10, 1926 Fred Gwynne, actor and children's author, was born.


Book (1) writes in "Playing with words-Besides writing and illustrating children's books, Fred Gwynne is an award-winning stage, film and television actor. (Your (children) may recall on of his TV roles--Herman in "The Munsters.") Gwynne's most popular children's books are those on wordplay. In The King Who Rained, he illustrates the humorous results of using the wrong homophone or homonym. Have students look up the meanings of homophone and homonym. Then ...collect as many homophones or homonyms as possible in a week. At week's end, have the (children) create a silly (illustrations) depicting the literal meaning of (sentences) that misuses (some of these) words. Post the illustrations on (a poster.)"

July 10, 1943 Arthur Ashe, American tennis player, was born.

Now for the events of July 10:

July 10, 1220 London Bridge was damaged by fire and fell down.

July 10, 1853 Vice President Millard Fillmore assumed the
presidency upon the death of Zachary Taylor.

July 10, 1890 Wyoming became the 44th state.

Book (1) says in "What's in Wyoming-Wyoming, the 44th state, may have been among the last states to join the Union, but it has experienced more than its share of firsts. For example, Wyoming is home to our nation's first national park, Yellowstone, and to the first national monument, Devils Tower, Have your (children) locate Wyoming on a map, then find its capital, Cheyenne. In what part of the state is this city located? Next, ask the kids to use compass directions to describe the location of Yellowstone Park and Devils Tower in relation to Cheyenne and in relation to each other."

July 10, 1913 Death Valley, Calif., reached a temperature
of 134º F in the Shade--the highest ever recorded in the United States. 

July 10, 1929 Congress made official the current Size of U.S. Paper Money.

July 10, 1962 Telstar 1, the first satellite to relay TV and
telephone signals, was launched.

July 10, 1973 The Bahamas gained its Independence from Britain.

July 10, 1991 Boris Yeltsin was Inaugurated as president of Russia.


Next is July 11

Birthdays:

July 11, 1767 John Quincy Adams, sixth president of the United States, was born.

July 11, 1838 John Wanamaker, American merchant, was born.

July 11, 1899 E.B White, American essayist and children's author, was born.

Book (1) says in "Creating characters-Tell your (children) that a dream inspired author E.B. White to create his famous mouse character, Stuart Little. Then ask each child to create an animal character to be born or adopted into the child's own family. Next, have the kids write stories involving the reaction of their new family member to home life. Feature the stories at a (family) read-aloud."

July 11, 1929 James Stevenson, children's author, was born.

Events:

July 11, 1798 The U.S. Marine Corps was created by an act of Congress.

July 11, 1804 Vice President AAron Burr Fatally Wounded
Alexander Hamilton, the former Treasury secretary, in a pistol duel.

July 11, 1892 The U.S. Patent Office decided that J.W. Swan,
not Thomas Edison, was the Inventor of The Electric-Light
Carbon for the incandescent lamp.

July 11, 1934 Franklin Roosevelt became the First
President to go through the Panama Canal.

July 11,1955 The New Air Force Academy was dedicated at
Lowry Air Force Base in Colorado.

July 11, 1975 Chinese archaeologists announced the discovery,
in Shensi Province, of a 2,000-year-old burial mound containing
6,000 Life-Size Clay Statues of Warriors.

July 11, 1977 Kitty O'Neil set a Women's Power Boat Speed Record--275 mph.

July 11, 1984 The U.S. Department of Transportation ruled
that Air Bags or Automatic Seat Belts would be mandatory
on all American-made cars by 1989.

July 11, 1985 Pitcher Nolan Ryan recorded his 4,000th Career Strikeout.

For National Cheer Up the Lonely Day, Book (1) writes under "Only the lonely-Involve your (children) in National Cheer Up the Lonely Day. First, ask them to name individuals or groups of people who may be lonely, such as senior citizens, widows, widowers, disabled people, and hospital patients. Next, have the children brainstorm for ways to cheer these people up. For example, the children might suggest giving flowers or cards to hospital patients, delivering meals to elderly shut-ins, or organizing a sing-along at a local senior citizen enter. (Form) into "Children's cheer Squad," and have each ...select a "mission" from the list of ideas. Enlist ...volunteers (if you can) to help. Your (children) will not only be involved in a worthy project, they'll also derive great pride in being part of a caring community."

Then under World Population Day Book (1) says under "Population study-On World Population Day, have your (children) look up the meaning of the word demography. Then have them conduct a brief demographic study of (children) in their grade level. How many boys and girls are there? What are their ages? What ethnic backgrounds do they represent? Graph the results."

(Grandma is going to have to stop here.She will type some more tomorrow.)









More of June Calendar for Summer Lessons

Posted on August 31, 2014 at 10:56 AM Comments comments (48)
I am so pleased with all the answers I am receiving about the blogs and some of the material. It is very flustering when one is trying to get material to people and the machines just don't get the message that it is important. I do appreciate people being so patient with me.
There are a few more events to me added to June 12 history line from Book (1) as follows:

June 12, 1956 The Official Flag of the U.S. Army was adopted.

June 12,  1974 Little League was opened to girls.

June 12, 1979 Bryan Allen became the First Person to Fly a
Human Powered Aircraft across the English Channel.
He supplied the power of pedaling.


June 13 has two birthdays as follows:

June 13, 1786 Winfield Scott, American army general, was born.

June 13, 1865 William Butler Yeats, Irish poet, was born.

The events are as follows:

June 13, 1789 Mrs. Alexander Hamilton served ice cream for
dessert at a Dinner Party for George Washington.

June 13, 1893 Thomas Stewart patented the MOP.

June 13, 1927 New York City honored Charles Lindbergh
with a ticker-tape parade.

June 13, 1956 British Troops Withdrew from the Suez Canal,
turning over the waterway's operation to Egypt.

Book (1) has got this to say: "Canal mapping-Have your (children) locate the Suez Canal on a world map and name the two major bodies of water it connects. Then ask them to name the major canal in the Americas and locate it on the world map. Which  two bodies of water does it link? Why are canals important?

June 13, 1966 The Supreme Court handed down the Miranda Ruling,
which required that crime suspects in police custody be informed of their rights.

Book (1) says in "Supreme powers-Tell your (children) that President Lyndon Johnson nominated Thurgood Marshall for the U.S. Supreme Court. Then have them use an almanac to find out the nine current Supreme Court Justices and the presidents who nominated each of them. Some people believe a president's greatest power is the ability to nominate Supreme Court justices. Ask your students why this might be true."

June 13, 1983 Pioneer 10 became the First Man-Made
Object to Leave the Solar System.

Book (1) says in "Spectacular space missions-When Pioneer 10 left the solar system in 1983, it was a landmark event in aerospace history. Ask you (children) to imagine the kinds of space missions that might occur over the next 50 years. Have them make a list of their ideas. Then have them draw a futuristic space vehicle and describe its first-of-a-kind mission."


June 14 is full of history starting with the birthdays as follows:

June 14, 1811 Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author who wrote
Uncle Tom's Cabin, was born.

June 14, 1945 Bruce Degan, children's illustrator, was born.

June 14, 1948 Laurence Yep, children's author, was born.

June 14, 1958 Eric Heiden, American speed skater who won
five gold medals at the 1980 Winter Olympics
at Lake Placid, N.Y., was born.

June 14, 1969 Steffi Graf, German Tennis star, was born.

Then there is also all the events for that day as follows:

June 14, 1777 The Continental Congress adopted the
Stars and Stripes as The Official American Flag.

Book (1) gives an activity for the children for this event under "National symbol-On June 14, 1777, the Continental Congress adopted this brief resolution: "That the Flag of the United States be 13 stripes alternate red and white, and that the Union be 13 stars white in a blue field representing a new constellation." But Congress didn't make a sketch of the new flag, so people weren't sure how big the field of blue should be, how to arrange the stars, how many points the stars should have, or how wide the stripes should be. Ask your (children) to design their own flags based on the original resolution. Your (family) will be surprised by all the possible variations. Today, the size, color, and placement of each star and stripe is stipulated by executive order."

June 14, 1834 The First Practical Diving Suit was patented.

June 14, 1834 Sandpaper was patented.

June 14, 1846 Settlers in Sonoma, Calif., proclaimed California a republic.

June 14, 1900 The Hawaiian Islands became U.S. territory.

June 14, 1919 The First Nonstop Transatlantic Flight was
completed after 16 hours.

Book (1) gives the following activity with the title "Flying heroes-Tell your (children) that pilot John Alcock and navigator Arthur Brown flew nonstop from Newfoundland to Clifden, Ireland, despite numerous in-flight problems. For instance, an overheated exhaust pipe turned to liquid and blew away. A snowstorm caused ice to form on the airplane's instruments, and Brown had to climb out onto the wings to chip it away. And a dense fog so disoriented the men that they nearly crashed into the Atlantic Ocean. (The fog lifted suddenly, allowing Alcock to pull up after seeing he was just 100 feet above the ocean.) Challenge your (children) to uncover more details about this historic flight. Then encourage them to create front-page stories or television news reports about these men. (The children)  might also like to role-play Alcock and Brown and answer (others') questions about their adventure."

June 14, 1922 Warren G. Harding became the First U.S. President
to Make a Presidential Radio Broadcast.

June 14, 1938 The Caldecott Medal, for the Most distinguished
American picture book for children, was awarded for the first time.

June 14, 1951 Univac I, The First Commercially Built Computer,
went into operation at the Census Bureau in Philadelphia.

June 14, 1991 The National Video Game and Coin-op
Museum opened in St. Louis, Mo.

June 14 is also Flag Day and Hug Pledge Day


June 15 is just as eventful but has only the following two birthdays:

June 15, 1954 Jim Belushi, American actor, was born.

June 15, 1958 Wade Boggs, baseball star, was born.

Following are the events for June 15:

June 15, 1752 Ben Franklin Flew a Kite during a lightning storm
and proved that lightning is an electrical charge.

Book (1) makes an activity of this most famous event in "High-flying adventures-To mark the day that Ben Franklin used a kite to prove that lightning is an electrical charge, bring in a kite and suspend it from the ...ceiling. Then share Tom Moran's Kite Flying Is for Me with your (children). Next, ask the kids to write and illustrate poems about Franklin's electrifying experiment."

June 15, 1775 George Washington was appointed
Commander in Chief of the Continental Army.

June 15, 1836 Arkansas became the 25th state.

June 15, 1844 Charles Goodyear patented a process for vulcanizing rubber.

June 15, 1854 The First Ice Cream Factory opened.

June 15, 1864 Arlington National Cemetery was established.

June 15, 1877 Henry O. Flipper became the First Black Graduate of West Point.

June 15, 1889 Congress created the National Zoological Park.

Grandma thought there might me a more appropriate spot for the Following Units in Book (57), but as she looks at things this has to be the best spot to start lessons on these following topics:

The first mention here is of National Parks and considering summer is a great time to visit or go to National Parks. A couple of these Grandma will write about and give activities for. She will finish them in November. Consider there is mention of Mountains in these parks Grandma wants you to know also that she has plans to cover that in November if she hasn't already.
The next mention in this event is that of the Zoos. Book (57) has a Unit also to tie with the study of the animals which I feel is best to start here and move these on into September then begin them again in May.
Then it opens the door for the study of insects throughout the summer and into September then picks up again in the spring when butterflies, Ants, and Bees begin to be seen again. Book (57) not only has a section on Butterflies, but a big one on Ants. Grandma feels there should be as much study on bees as well because as one book Grandma has points out there is becoming a problem of many bees dying unexpectedly lately as well as the production of butterflies. Many people believe it is due to the production of Monsanto and other types of pesticides we are developing in our plants for protection. They are contaminating our own water and the cattle's. How can we expect the birds and bees to survive it, as well as the butterflies. Do some research on that in the next few weeks and see what you discover.

"The National Parks" by Pat O'Brien from Book (57) and Grandma will finish it up in November starts out with the following information:

"Four parks, a monument, and a seashore have been selected for study here. They represent areas in the United States national park system that have been set aside for the protection off natural wonders and the enjoyment of the people. Hopefully the information, questions, and wonders that are a part of the nation's heritage.

Grand Canyon National Park
For many years nature has been at work carving a masterpiece. Mountains formed and eroded. Seas covered the area and dried up, leaving layers of sediment. Running water, heat, frost, wind, gravity, uplifting, and faulting have combined to determine the formations of the Grand Canyon. (It is famously visited by many people.)

Vocabulary
Define the following terms: bluff, batte, plateau, mountain, canyon, and gorge.

History
For centuries, Native Americans had made the canyon their home. Most early explorers were looking for land to settle and riches to mine. From their point of view the canyon was awe=inspiring, but not practical.
The first white men to view the Grand Canyon in 1540 were conquistadors in search of gold. John Wesley Powell explored the canyon by boat in 1869. He and his party risked their lives running the white water rapids. As dangerous as it was, he believed it was worth a  great deal to see it. Theodore Roosevelt became aware of the need to preserve the beauty for generations to come. As President in 1908, he declared the Grand Canyon a national monument. It was to become a national park in 1919.
Imagine what these explorers might have said when they first saw the canyon. Make a list of quotes.

Special Study: Rocks (This is where Grandma's families greatest interests are.)
The Grand Canyon is composed of many elaborate rock formations. There are three main classes of rock, igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. They are classified by how they are formed.
  1. Collect and identify rocks. Where in nature would you find each type? 
  2. Read to find out how each type is formed, Compile the information into a booklet entitled All About Rocks.
  3. Make rock rubbings. Use them to create a collage.
  4. Compile a glossary to describe the rocks .... .

What to See
Because of the varied elevations throughout the park, There are different climates. Deep in the canyon it is hot and dry. There, desert plants and animals may be seen.
The North Rim features a cool mountain climate. The North Rim is the only place in the world where the Kaibab squirrel may be found.
High desert and mountain climates combine along the lower South Rim. Chipmunks and deer live among the piñon and juniper forests there.

What to Do
There are hiking trails for viewing the various formations and wildlife in the park. In the summer, hiking into canyon is difficult because of the hot, dry climate. Mules also take riders into the canyon. Another view is from the river looking up.
Would you want to see the Grand Canyon by walking along the rim, hiking or riding a mule down into the canyon, flying overhead, or rafting on the Colorado? Survey members of your class to find out which they would prefer. Graph the results.


Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
Within Hawaii Volcanoes National Park there are two active volcanoes: Mauna Loa and Kilauea. These volcanoes are seldom explosive. The magma is fluid and low in gas, producing shield volcanoes, gently sloping volcanic mountains resembling a warrior's shield.
  1. Draw a map of the island of Hawaii. Show the two volcanoes.
     2.  Plan a tour of the area. What other places of interest could you visit?

Birth of an Island
A hot spot, an immense reservoir of molten rock below the surface of the Pacific. Plate, is responsible for building the Hawaiian Islands. Magma is forced up between the cracks of the plate. After contless eruptions of lava, a new volcano grows for thousands of years until it rises above the surface of the sea to form an Island.
  1. If the island of Hawaii "grew" out of the ocean, where did the plants and animals come from?
  2. Use a series of illustrations to show how an island is formed. Write a label for each picture.

Special Study: Volcanoes
The three main types of volcanoes are shield, cinder cone, and composite. Compare the three kinds of discover how they are alike and different.

Something to Do
  1. Organize the information you have collected into a book titled, All About Volcanoes.(Tie this to the unit learned about Disasters I will be finishing this year from Book (57) also.)
  2. Make a diagram showing the inside of a volcano. Include the conduit, vent, crater, magma, steam, and lava flow.

In the Beginning
The early Hawaiians made up stories to explain volcanic eruptions. They believed that Pele, the goddess of fire, showed her displeasure with them by causing eruptions that sent flaming lava down to destroy their homes. Create your own myth to explain how volcanoes are formed. Write and illustrate the story.
Today scientists better understand how volcanoes erupt. They use delicate instruments to predict volcanic activity. They usually know where the eruption will occur but not how powerful it will be."
(That is all Grandma will give about National  Parks for now. Next will be about Zoos and then Grandma will move into Units on Insects.)


Day 3 of Summer Lessons

Posted on July 21, 2014 at 4:19 AM Comments comments (25)
Dear Folks:
 
June's Project of the Month is Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Chart. Grandma is going to ask you to
 do it a little different than what Book (1) has asked for it.
Grandma wants the children to think of all kinds of Fruits and Vegetables to list on a chart. Then
I want them to record which ones are the favorites of each person in your family. Then I want them
to record the ones each of you dislike the most. Then I want to find out about each one that is:
what they do for the body, the calories, the nutrients it has, and anything else important about them.
I want them to research about cancer and how fruits and vegetables help them from getting cancer.
Then I want them to research about Monsanto and GMO's and how they are bad for the insects and
could be for you. Then I want them to research about Organic growing and how it works and why 
people are doing it and the many ways how.
 
June's Month long Observances are as follows:
Accordion Awareness Month
American Rivers Month
Arts and Crafts Month
Carnival and Circus Month
Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Month
National Adopt-a-Cat Month
National Cheeseburger Month
National Dairy Month
National Recycling Month
National Rose Month
National Theater Month
Papaya Month
Tennis Month
Zoo and Aquarium Month
 
Week long Events
International Volunteers Week (first week)
National Safe Boating Week (first week)
Teacher Thank You Week (first week)
National Little League Baseball Week (week beginning with the second Monday)
National Flag Week (week including June 14)
National Physical Therapy Week (third week)
Amateur Radio Week (week ending with the fourth weekend)
 
Special Days and Celebrations
Flag Day (June 14)
Father's Day (third Sunday)
First day of summer (on or about June 22)
 
June 1 has 3 birthdays as follows:
 
1637 Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary and explorer
 
1849 Francis Edgar Stanley, inventor of the first successful
steam-driven automobile
 
Oscar the Grouch, "Sesame Street character
 
Book (1) has an activity for this called "Have a grouchy birthday-Young children will enjoy
celebrating Oscar the Grouch's birthday by brainstorming for yucky things--for example, muddy
shoes, liver and onion sandwiches, or hair tangled with bubble gum. List your childrens' ideas on
the chalkboard, then have the children use the list their poems on construction-paper trash cans.
 
Next are the Events for June 1 as follows:
 
1792 Kentucky became the 15th state.
 
1796 Tennessee became the 16th state.
 
1802 The first Book Fair took place in New York City.
 
1813 Mortally wounded in a War of 1812 naval engagement,
 Captain James Lawrence told his crew,"Don't Give Up the Ship,"
which became the motto of the U.S. Navy.
 
1925 New York Yankees star Lou Gehrig began his record string of
Playing in 2,130 Consecutive Baseball Games.
 
1938 The first issue of the "Superman" Action Comics appeared.
 
Book (1) has the following activity to go with it called "Signs of a superhero-In honor of
Superman's comic-book debut, ask your (children) to write a paragraph about where they first
discovered this superhero (for example, on TV, in motion pictures, or on videos) and to briefly
describe him. Then have the kids interview parents and grandparents about their memories of
Superman. How do these views compare with those of your (children)? Finally, make a ...list of
a superhero's positive qualities. Can your (children) name real people who also display these
qualities?"
 
1990 Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev and U.S. president George Bush
Signed More than a Dozen Agreements at the White House.
 
June 1 is also
Children's Day in (Germany)
International Mother's Peace Day
International Volumteers Week (first week in June)
Book (1) says in "Student volunteers-During International Volunteers Week, challenge your
(children) to name volunteer jobs they could do at home, ... and in the community. Encourage
them to each do at least one volunteer activity this week, then report back to the family.
 
June 2 has three birthdays as follows:
 
1914 Paul Galdone, children's author
 
Book (1) says in "Adaptable tales-Tell your (children) that Paul Galdone drew great satisfaction
from adapting favorite old tales to a picture-book format. Invite the kids to name familiar fairy
tales, fables, and tall tales they enjoy. Then have them work ... to adapt and illustrate one of
these stories. Arrange for (them) to share their work with (others)"
 
1929 Norton Juster, children's author who wrote The Phantom Tollbooth
 
1934 Anita Lobel, children's author and illustrator
 
June 2 Events are as follows:
 
1883 The first Night Baseball Game took place in Forth Wayne, Ind.
 
1886 Grover Cleveland became the First President to Get Married
in the White House.
 
1896 The Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi received a patent for
Electromagnetic Wave Broadcasting, the basis of radio and television. 
 
Book(1) says in "Forms of Government- On the anniversary of Italy's governmental referendum,
have your (children) compare and contrast a republican form of government with a monarchy.
What are the strengths and weaknesses of each system? Would any of your (children) prefer a
monarchy under any circumstances? Why or why not?"
 
1924 Congress granted Citizenship to All American Indians.
 
1946 In a referendum, Italy Chose a Republican Form of Government
over a return to the monarchy.
 
1949 Five different players on the Philadelphia Phillies baseball team
hit 8th-Inning Home Runs.
 
1966 The U. S. spacecraft Surveyor 1 landed on the moon and began
to relay the First Close-Up Pictures of the Lunar Surface.
 
June 2 is also Teacher Tank You Week (first week in June)
Book (1) also states in "Time for thank-yous-During Teacher Thank You Week, invite your
students to write short notes to their former teachers, thanking them for some special kindness
or memorable contribution. Arrange to deliver the notes throughout the week as a special way
to celebrate the important role teachers play in children's lives." (Considering you may have
only been their only teacher, have them carry this out for you--You definitely deserve it. It takes
a lot for you to give up your time and carry out the task of teaching your own children.)
 
 
June 3 only has two birthdays as follows:
 
1808 Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederate states
 
1904 Charles Drew, American surgeon who developed techniques
for processing and storing blood plasm for use in transfusions.
 
 
Events for June 3 are as follows:
 
1851 The New York Knickerbockers wore The First Baseball Uniforms.
 
1888 The poem "Casey at the Bat" first appeared in print.
 
1932 Lou Gehrig became the First Major Leaguer to
Hit Four Consecutive Homers in one game.
 
1937 After renouncing the British throne, the Duke of Windsor
married Mrs. Wallis Simpson.
 
1948 The World's Largest Telescope--a 200-inch reflector--was
dedicated at Mount Palomar Observatory in California.
 
1949 Wesley A. Brown became the First African-American to
Graduate from the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis.
 
1965 Major Edward H. White took the First Space Walk by an American.
 
1965 Silver was Eliminated from U.S. dimes and quarters.
 
 
June 3 is also Broken Dolls Day in (Japan). Book (1) says in "A day for dolls-On Broken
Dolls Day in Japan, young girls and their mothers bring broken dolls to Buddhist priests to
be enshrined. Ask your (children) to bring in their broken dolls or action figures. Then set
up a ...repair station where (the children) can apply a little glue and a lot of ingenuity to fix
the dolls. Also invite the children to use extra parts to create new dolls. Afterward, have them
write stories or poems about the dolls. ...
June 3 is also used by Book (1) to extend the monthly lesson on fruits and vegetables in
asking the children "to celebrate Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Month, (challenging them) to
create a still-life arrangement out of fruits and vegetables. Then have the kids use watercolors,
charcoal, pen and ink, or colored pencils to depict their arrangements. Ask the (children) to
make up fact sheets that list the artwork's title as well as the foods represented and their
nutritional benefits. ..."
 
Only one birthday for June 4th as follows:
 
1738 George III, English king who reigned during the American Revolution
 
The Events for June 4th are as follows:
 
1070 Roquefort Cheese was first discovered in a cave in France.
 
Book(1) writes about it in "Moldy Meal-According to legend, in 1070 a shepherd boy
accidentally left his lunch--bread and sheep's milk cheese-in a cool limestone cave near
Roquefort, France. He returned to the cave weeks later and found the lost food covered
with black mod. He ate it anyway. The bread had a bad taste. The cheese looked peculiar
but tasted good. To this day, cheese made of sheep's milk ages in those same limestone
caverns. Bring in some Roquefort cheese and invite your (children) to sample it. Can they
name other foods in which bacteria is an essential ingredient? (Such foods include yogurt,
sour cream, and other kinds of cheeses.)"
 
1787 Delegates to the Constitutional Convention approved the
idea of a Single Chief Executive to Govern the Nation.
 
1896 Henry Ford successfully test drove the First Ford Car.
 
1929 Illinois selected the Cardinal to be its state bird.
 
Book (1) says in "State symbols-Many states have state birds. Challenge your (children to
find out if their state has one and if so, what it is. What other things--flowers, insects, trees,
songs--are recognized by their state? Invite the kids to select another symbol they think
merits recognition, then write a proposal to their state representative."
 
1937 Sylvan N. Goldman began supplying Grocery Carts to his
Oklahoma City supermarket customers.
 
Book (1) writes in "Checkout challenge-If there were no grocery carts, how would people get
their groceries to the checkout counter? Challenge your (children) to work ...to invent a new
way to transport groceries. Have the (children) illustrate their inventions, Then explain how
their devices would work."
 
1957 The First National Wheelchair Games were held on Long Island in New York.
 
1984 University of California scientists announced that they had
successfully cloned cells from the skin of a guagga, a zebra like
African mammal extinct for more than 100 years.
 
1989 Chinese soldiers broke up an extended, student-led pro democracy
demonstration in Beijing's Tiananmen Square. The deaths were believed
to number in the thousands.
 
 
June 5th has three birthdays as follows:
 
1718 Thomas Chippendale, English cabinetmaker
 
1723 Adam Smith, Scottish political philosopher who helped
lay the intellectual foundations of capitalism.
 
1919 Richard Scarry, children's author and illustrator
 
The Events for June 5 are as follows:
 
1783 Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier first demonstrated their
Hot-Air Balloon in a 10-minute, unmanned flight over Annoney, France.
 
Book (1) says in "Awe-inspiring flight--The balloon created by Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier
measured over 35 feet in diameter. It was made from paper-lined sections of linen, which were
joined together with buttons. Hot air for the balloon came from wood burned in a hole in the
ground. The balloon was held over the hole by eight men. When it was released, it rose 6,000
feet and traveled 1 1/2 miles before coming down. Remind your (children) that this flight took
place over 200 years ago. Then ask them to imagine what people viewing this spectacle might
have been thinking. Were they afraid? Excited? have your (children) write stories about the
balloon flight from the perspective of a long-ago spectator."
 
1876 Bananas were sold for 10¢ each at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition
Before then, the fruit had rarely been seen in the United States.
 
Book (1) states in "Banana Bonanza-Tell your (children) that bananas contain important
nutrients, such as potassium, carbohydrates, and vitamins A,B, and C. Ask the children
to describe the ways they like to eat bananas. Then have them create posters encouraging
people to eat more of this healthful fruit.
 
Book (57) of Grandma's has a section called "Going Bananas by Gail K Lennon" in which 
it states the following: "The activities outlined in this unit can be set up as centers in an
integrated, activity-based theme on bananas. The study begins with a whole-group orientation
activity. This allows (the children) to share what they already know about the theme. It also
builds interest and motivation for the study.
The learning objectives for the theme on bananas are as follows:
  • to practice listening, reading, writing, speaking, viewing, and presenting skills
  • to discover more about everyday things and how these relate to our life
  • to increase cooperative skills through working together
  • to improve writing and research skills
  • to nurture students' talents in the various areas of the arts
 
Before (the children) begin their work ..., (they should) overview the topic and to provide motivation
for the unit ahead. You might want to share a short film on banana growing (Growing Bananas),
 taste a banana dish, and find out what (the children) already know about bananas.
Some of the facts they may already know include:
  • Bananas are good for you
  • Bananas are grown in tropical climates.
  • Bananas grow in large bunches, and they grow up, not down.
  • Bananas grow on palm trees.
  • Bananas form the basis for some tropical diets.
  • Bananas can sometimes be used as a substitute for other foods which are difficult to
     digest such as dairy products."
The children may have to move from different centers or areas of the home to carry out the
work of this unit. Be willing to observe, clarify material, give encouragement and direction to
lead the children on on with their learning and help all you can.
 
Center 1:How do they Grow? Upon watch the video answer the following questions
Appendix A: Study Outline
Banana Growing Locations:
1.
2.
3.
Climate Conditions Necessary for Growing:
1.
2.
3
4.
5.
Banana Markets:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
New Banana Types:
1.
2.
Plantation Jobs:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Problems involved in Banana Growing:
1.
2.
3.
 
 
Then have them work...to discuss and reach a consensus on the best way to show what
they have learned about growing bananas. You may want to provide a list of methods for
them to use....At the center children could select from...murals,accordion books, big books,
poetry,plays, comic strips, charts, and diagrams.
 
Center 2: Banana Extravaganza
Provide cookbooks and other materials for 9the children) to use to create a collection of
banana recipes. They can create a big book in which they each write a recipe and illustrate
their dish....the recipes created at this center can be sent to the Banana Growers'
Association,...taste during the finale!
 
Center 3:A Banana a Day Keeps the Doctor Away
(The children) can use health books, medical journals,and other sources(as computers) to
discover the health benefits of bananas. They design pamphlets or posters about the
nutritional advantages of bananas. Display completed pamphlets and posters ... and
send them to the Banana Growers' Association.
 
Center 4: Banana Bulletin
(The children) use research materials at this center to locate banana trivia facts. When they
have collected at least ten each...create a game using these facts. Provide examples of paper
and pencil games, card games, and board games to give students ideams....Product
alternatives include: board games, paper and pencil games, riddle collections, card games,
word games such as Boggle™ or Scrabble™, charades, and combinations of other formats.
 
Center 5: Banana Cabana
Give (the children) examples of word games such as Boggle™ ,Hink Pink™ , Change a Word,
Transform a Word, and Rhyme Time™ . They can create their own word games using the
word banana. Completed copies of these games can be duplicated  for a newspaper r or
traded...(Children) have great fun solving these word puzzles.
 
Center 6: Famous Banana Gourmets
(The children) can investigate literature on Curious George, King Kong,Chita, and other banana
gourmands. They can work ...to create a banana-loving protagonist and write a story, picture
book, or comic about their banana fanatic.
 
Center 7: Where Do They Grow?
(The children can use atlases, films, and geographic materials to discover where bananas grow.
They can then create maps and charts to show the climate, soil, temperature, and growing
conditions necessary for bananas. At the conclusion of the unit, conduct a whole-group
discussion to explore these conditions. Follow-up questions can be directed to horticultural
specialists at a local university or extension service.
 
Center 8: Life on a Banana plantation
(The children) examine film, book, and pamphlet materials to discover the various jobs
on a plantation. Through diagrams and dramatic presentations they can share ...
 
Center 9:I'm Chiquita™ banana TV ad. They They can work ... to create a banana-selling
personality and advertisizing jingle. Completed versions can be videotaped ... . (The
children) can examine advertising techniques and discuss which ones have been used 
to make each ad. ...
Appendix B: Advertising Techniques
  1. Bandwagon Approach: Everybody else is doing it.
  2. Famous Name Sponsorship: Wayne Gretzky says bananas are good for you.
  3. Snob  Appeal: They're more expensive but you are worth it!
  4. Old Boy's Approach: The fruit Uncle Charlie was raised on!
  5. Logic: Bananas are so good for you. Why would you ever consider missing out on
      all this healthy food?
 6.   Bargain: Great Sale! Hurry before the sale ends.
 7.   Keeping up with the Jones': Be the first on your block to taste this new product!
 
Center 10: My appealing life as a Banana
(The children) can work ...to complete the following story. When their first drafts are written,
they can work ...to edit and complete published editions of their stories. Best efforts can be
published in the ...(family) newspaper.
Story Starter: "Hi, my name is _____Banana. You're probably thinking how boring my life as
a banana must be. Well, stop feeling sorry for me. I've had more adventures than you will ever
see in your lifetime. Let me tell you about one particularly exciting one..."
 
Center 11: Banana By-Products
What else are all those bananas used for? Are they all eaten raw? Students can use
newspaper clippings, other written accounts, and films to find out about banana by-products. 
(They) can create a chart or poster to show their information.
Finally, (they) can work ...to create a list of other possible future banana by-products.
Some ideas might include automobile fuel, cosmetics, and money substitutes.
 
The Finale: Banana Bonanza!
During the finale of this unit, (the children) can share the results of their work at the various
centers. This can take the form of displays, presentations, and rotating sharing discussions.
Have (the children) learn "The Banana Boat Song" and discuss the difficulties of bringing
bananas to our stores. Through discussion, (the children) will gain an appreciation for the
interdependence of our countries and our existence as part of a global village. As a final
shared activity, students can work ...to create poems based on the pattern of the color poem
"Red is..." but using the little "Yellow is a Ripe Banana."  
 
 
Going back to our Calendar History of June 5 as follows:
 
1910 The First Hot-Air Balloon Race was held in Indianapolis, Ind.
 
1917 More than 9 Million American Men began registering for the
draft during World War I.
 
1968 Moments after addressing supporters celebrating his victory
in the California Democratic presidential primary, Senator Robert F.
Kennedy was Shot in a Los Angeles hotel. He died the next day. 
 
1988 The Sixth Grade Center in University City, Mo., was
renamed the Ronald E. McNair School in honor of one of the
astronauts killed in the Challenger explosion.
 
Book (1) brings in "Honoring a hero-Students, staff, and parents in University City, Mo., decided to
rename their school after Dr. Ronald E. McNair because they though his adventuresome
spirit and diversified interests--including scuba diving, karate, gourmet cooking, and
jazz--would inspire students to take risks and explore untapped talents. What people
would your (children) consider honoring if their ( Church) needed a new name? What special
qualities would they look for in an honoree? Have (the children) work ...to discuss these
questions, then present their ideas to (you).
 
1989 In Poland's first free elections since World War II, the
Solidarity Party was a decisive majority.
 
June 5 is also World Environment Day 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ...

Day 1 of the Summer Session

Posted on July 15, 2014 at 3:00 AM Comments comments (13)
Dear Folks:
Apparently Grandma was trying to get up to May 24 of the Calendar History, Book (1 ). However I guess I did not catch May 23 which is just as well. Therefore, I will cover it now.
 
The First birthday on May 23 is in 1707 when Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish botanist and founder of taxonomy, was born.
 Next in 1734, Dr. Franz Mesmer, German physician who developed a treatment called Mesmerism, which is the basis of the word mesmerize, was born.
 In 1824 Ambrose Everett Burnside, American Civil War general whose whiskers on the side of his face were called Burnsides and later sideburns, was born.
In 1910 Margaret Wise Brown, children's author, was born.
 
The events that happened on that day began in 1785 when In a letter, Benjamin Franklin wrote about his new invention, Bifocal Eyeglasses.
In 1788 South Caroline became the eight state.
In 1873Canada established the Northwest Mounted Police.
In 1903 Eleven-year-old William Frederick Price became the Youngest Soldier to enlist in the British Army in this century.
In 1984 C. Everett Koop, the US surgeon general, said there was solid evidence that Nonsmokers can suffer Lung Damage from Inhaling Other People's Cigarette Smoke.
In 1989 An Italian Interior Designer named Stefania Follini climbed Out of the Cave in Carlsbad, N.M., in which she had spent the previous 130 days.  
 
Activities included on this day in Book (1) are as follows:
"Plant classifications
Have your (children) look up the word taxonomy in the dictionary. Then encourage them to walk through their neighborhood to observe flowering plants, writing careful notes and making detailed drawings of the specimens they find. Have them use these observational records and their research skills to find the scientific names of their plants.
 
A state by any other name
South Carolina is nicknamed the Palmetto State. Have your (children) investigate their state's nickname. How did the nickname originate? Invite the dis to create a nickname for their hometown, then write a silly story explaining how the name came to be.
(Along with this activity Grandma would like the children to find anything they can about any of the states and do as planning a trip to travel through each state on a very long vacation.) 
 
Selecting pseudonyms
Margaret Wise Brown wrote stories about feeling lonesome, getting lost, and acting naughty or silly. She wrote more than 100 books in her career, some published under the pen names Golden MacDonald, Timothy Hay, and Juniper Sage. Have your (children) each write a story using one of the topics Brown often wrote about. Then have them choose their own pen names. Why did they select a particular name?"
 
These should go along with the ideas Grandma gave you in the summer introduction. This is it for today.

Summer Introduction

Posted on July 13, 2014 at 1:17 AM Comments comments (42)
Dear Folks:
     Here are the beginning of the summer lessons I promised you. I am sorry it has taken me so long to get them started. I am having my share of problems this summer. Grandma is at the point she felt you better be told straight that she feels the public schools would have been better to have left the classes running later into June and start after Labor Day. She feels these kinds of things are easier on the children. That it does not make sense and makes things stressful. She also feels it is easier on the parents. Therefore, she is going to be giving her lessons in that pattern. We will run these summer classes till the 1st of September and she will make sure her winter or fall classes start that way or do.
She will also still be giving you her books and finish Patricia Gallagher's helpful hints. I will also have an additional topic of etiquette to cover this summer also. I want to give more ideas on real estate and decorating also. I will also give the rest of the calendar history and famous people (7 to 8 days at a time). I hope you have started to review or started before July the American History, at least the revolution by starting the time line again, for the 4th of July. Else you may want to start it now.
I will be on vacation in August so you may not be able to reach Grandma during that time. I am sorry.
Grandma is also trying to get into more products. As I mentioned before I am always open for suggestions. I hope to get some more things going.
Learning for the summer should evolve around the Earth elements of Water, Air, and Land. Be sure to involve words, letters(for younger children), math with objects, crosswords, mazes, etc.Involve reading and researching, writing, art, and physical activity. Explain the elements of the Earth to the children and what can be in each. Then learn about each as the Air: What it is made of and what is effecting it right now as pollutants or bad chemicals. Learn how it effects our land and ourselves. Cover the same with the Land. Learn how it all effects the Land. Work into the plants and animals of the land including the insects and plants. Talk about what is in it. Talk about what is happening to our insects. Research about Monsanto, GMO;s pollutants, and organic planting. Flowers and other plants, forests, etc. Then learn about the water, animals and plants in it also. Learn about safety in the water, in our homes, and out and about.
Review the history through the time line and collect the rest Grandma will be providing. Decorate a room and learn measurements. Cooking teaches a lot.
Learn how to start sewing by first learning the tools used, materials, and parts of the machine. Practice by sewing two strips of material together.
Learn how to do rag rugs, sew pot holders together, aprons, curtains, pillow cases, quilts, doll clothes, covers for tables, and bibs.
Plant plants if you do not have a garden already. Plant seeds in pots. Beans and cantaloupe grow fast and work well for starters.
Have fun and enjoy what there is for summer. Grandma will try to give all she can. Must go for tonight. I will give more tomorrow night.

Day 150

Posted on April 19, 2014 at 5:29 PM Comments comments (8)
Good Morning Folks! I hope you had a nice Easter! Grandma would be ok if she would learn to save information early. I am retyping a lot of information for you that was typed earlier this morning for Monday's lessons. Therefore, I hope I do as well a job as it was before. Grandma is going to be giving you material in lessons from now on through the end of the year and on into the summer if possible. She hopes to cover material from Patricia's book and a list of her own books used.
Please keep up the work of your tasks; Childrobotics; physical education of (sports or dancing) or health education for the body as(eyes, teeth, ears, skin, bones, muscles, or organs, what give us the necessary nutrients, food, plants, etc.); Reading and Language through ABC's, words, vocabulary, spelling, papers, etc.; along with Writing and Journals; Newspapers; Yearbooks; Family scrapbooks and recipes.
To start today's lessons out Grandma is going to cover half of Acts, today's History coverage of at least Monday, maybe more. Then she has two books to cover. Some math and art may be covered in these lessons. Be sure to keep up with any necessary Geometry and Algebra covered in video's Grandma has given you. She will try to cover the Algebra book she has as much as she can at sometime. Please take care and keep joining me. I will probably be covering other real estate and information later as possible.
 
To begin lessons for Monday Grandma is covering The Introduction to Acts in the Bible through Faith Alive and the first 12 chapters. The Introduction in Faith Alive goes as follows:
"Whom...did God inspire to write this book? Luke, the physician who traveled as a missionary with Paul, and who also wrote the Gospel of Luke, wrote this book.
For Whom...was this book first written? As with his Gospel, Luke wrote this book for a man named Theophilus. He may also have used it as evidence in court to defend Paul. Nevertheless, it really is for everyone.
When...did this happen? This book tells what happened from about AD 30 to 61.
Where...did this happen? The things in this book happened in many important cities in the Roman Empire.
How...does Acts show us God/s love? Acts show that God wants the saving message of Jesus to go out to all the world. The apostles began this work. Every step of the way, the Holy Spirit was with them to guide them and give their words power so that many believed.
What...special messages does this book give us? It describes the acts, or actions, of Jesus' apostles after Jesus has ascended back to heaven. It shows how God enables his people through the Holy Spirit to share the Good News of Jesus.
        ...action happens in this book? Jesus ascends back to heaven but sends the Holy Spirit at Pentecost. The Spirit inspires Jesus' apostles to preach about him on exciting and dangerous missionary journeys.
        ...important people do we meet? Peter and Paul are among the main characters in this book.
        ...are some of the stories in this book?
 
                       Jesus goes to heaven.                             Acts  1:1-11
                  The Holy Spirit comes.                                 Acts  2:1-13
  Peter heals a crippled beggar.                                       Acts  3:1-10
     Peter and John are arrested.                                      Acts  4:1-31
           Stephen, the first martyr.                                     Acts  6:8-8:1
                     Saul is converted.                                     Acts  9:1-31
                     Peter has a vision.                                    Acts 10:1-48
            Peter escapes from prison.                                 Acts 12:1-19
              Paul goes on a mission.                                   Acts 13:1-14:28
             The first church council.                                    Acts 15:1-29
                      Prisoners freed.                                       Acts 16:16-40
                   A riot in Ephesus.                                       Acts 19:23-41
                   Paul goes on trial.                                       Acts 24:1-27
              Paul is shipwrecked.                                        Acts 27:1-44
                  Paul goes to Rome.                                     Acts 28:1-31"
 
Now begin by reading the Bible Acts 1 through 12 and doing things given to you from Faith Alive as follows:
"Let's Live It! Acts 1:8 Power to Witness--Read Acts 1:8. Jesus promised to give his followers power to witness. "Witnessing" means telling others what we know about Jesus.
Ask your mom or dad to let you have a size "D" battery to symbolize power. Print John 3:16 on a piece of paper, and tape it to the battery. Carry the battery with you. When people ask you what it is, let them read the verse. Pray when you go out with your battery that the Holy Spirit will give you power to witness, and that your friends will believe in Jesus.
Did You Know? Acts 2:1 What was Pentecost? Pentecost was a Jewish holy day. Fifty days after Easter (Pentecost means "fiftieth"), God gave the disciples the Holy Spirit. The Spirit enabled them to speak in foreign languages and set flames of fire over their heads. When many people gathered to see what was happening, Peter preached to them about Jesus. This may be called the birthday of the Christian church.
Let's Live It! Acts 2:42-47 Power to Love--The first Christians loved each other very much because they knew how much God had first loved them. Read Acts 2:42-47. Find in these verses at least five things the early Christians did to show love for each other.
Look at the list you just made. Think of ways like these that you can show God's love to others. For example, how can you give to someone in need?
Did You Know? Acts 3:6 How were Peter and John able to heal? God gave Peter and John special power. When they healed in Jesus' name, it proved that Jesus really was the Son of God. After healing, Peter preached a sermon and told the people that Jesus was their Savior.
Let's Live It? Acts 4:23-31 Prayer For God's Power--When Peter and John were threatened they asked God for power to do miracles and keep on preaching. Read Acts 4:23-31. Because they knew God had been in control already at creation and at the time of David, they were certain he was still in control and still answering prayer.
Ask your mom or dad what they know about God that makes them sure he can answer prayer. Tell them about what you discovered in this Bible story.
When you pray, it is a good idea to begin as the disciples did, thanking God for his great power and telling him you know he can answer your prayers.
Did You Know? Acts 5:3 What was the sin of Ananias and Sapphira? Ananias and Sapphira lied. The money they got from selling some land was theirs to use any way they wanted, but they agreed to lie to the church. Lying to the church is like lying to God, and God punished them.
Let's Live It! Acts 7:54-60 Facing Fear--Stephen kept on preaching Christ and became the first person to die for it, the church's first martyr. Read Acts 7:54-60. How did God give Stephen courage?
Picture a situation where people might be angry with you for saying what you believe. Now picture Jesus standing in heaven. Keep that picture in mind when you face fear. He's standing with you!
Life In Bible Times-Stoning Stephen-The Hebrew people executed criminals by throwing heavy stones at them. Stephen was the first Christian martyr. A martyr (MAR-ter) is a person who is put to death because of his or her beliefs. Stephen was stoned because he preached about Jesus.
Did You Know? Acts 8:9 What is sorcery? Sorcery is a kind of magic. It is supposed to gie a person power over others. A sorcerer named Simon saw the power Jesus" apostles had and wanted that power for himself. He offered the apostles money for that power.
Did You Know? Acts 9:1 Who was Saul? The Saul of the New Testament was a Pharisee who hated Christians. After Jesus spoke to Saul, Saul became a Christian. Later, Saul became known by his Greek name, Paul. Paul became the greatest missionary of all time and wrote thirteen books of the New Testament.
Life In Bible Times-Paul In A Basket-Grain and other crops were stored in very large woven baskets. These baskets were able to use one to let him down over the city wall of Damascus.
Let's Live It! Acts 9:1-31 A New Look--Read Acts 9:1-31. Look carefully at the kind of person Saul was before he was converted (Acts 9:20-22,27-28)?
Draw "before" and "after" pictures of Paul's face. How do you think Paul looked when he hated Christians? How do you think Paul looked when he loved Jesus and wanted others to love Jesus too?
Did you know that you once looked like your "before" picture of Saul? At least your heart did. By nature we're all evil, but when Jesus made you his child, he changed all that. Show someone your new face--with the loving smile of a believer in Jesus!
Did You Know? Acts 10:17 Why did God send Peter a vision? In New Testament times the Jewish people did not associate with non-Jews. God gave Peter a vision of animals to teach him that it was all right to go to a non-Jew's home.
Did You Know? How did Peter escape from prison? An angel let Peter out of his chains and led him outside the jail. All Peter's friends were praying for him; but when Peter came to their door, they wouldn't believe it was him!
 
Today is April 21 as given in the Calendar History from Book (1) there are four birthdays and five history events. The first birthday is in 1782 for Friedrich Froebel, German educator and founder of the first kindergarten; the next is in 1816 for Charlotte Bronte, English novelist; a third is in 1926 for Queen Elizabeth II, British monarch. The last is in 1838 for John Muir, American naturalist. Under Environmental pioneer in Book (1) it says, "At the age of 28, John Muir was blinded in a factory accident. He vowed to devote himself to nature if he ever recovered his sight. Weeks later his sight returned, and Muir spent the rest of his life keeping his promise. He hiked thousands of miles across the United States and kept detailed drawings and journal accounts of his observations. Believing that human greed was destroying the environment to establish national parks. Ask your students what they think Muir meant when he said, "The clearest way into the universe is through a forest wilderness.""
The first event for Monday happened in 753 BC; According to legend, Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus. Then in 1789 John Adams was sworn in as the First U.S. Vice President. In 1790 Twenty-thousand people--the largest public gathering American had seen--attended Benjamin Franklin's Funeral in Philadelphia. In 1843 Hogs were prohibited from running wild in Chicago. In 1898 The Spanish-American War began. Also in 1898 Billy Duggleby became the only major league baseball player to hit a Grand Slam Home Run his first time at bat.
It is also considered Kartini Day in (Indonesia) and Kindergarten Day for which Book (1) says, "To celebrate Kindergarten Day, have your (children) create a list of favorite toys and games, activities, foods, routines, and events they enjoyed in kindergarten. Then have the kids interview children currently attending kindergarten and make a list of their favorite activities. Finally, ask your (children) to compare the two lists.
 
Grandma is going to cover two stories for the day of things you can do to cover our lesson finishing Russia and to work on the American (Colonial) times:
 
The first book given in Grandma's book (6) is called The Quilt Story by Tony Johnston (G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1985. 28 pp.)
In warm poetic text, this book recounts the life of an heirloom quilt. It also tells of two little girls who, though separated by generations, were united in the comfort of the same quilt. It is a different "take" on a similar theme to that of The Keeping Quilt (to be read also and be given material for) and may be read before or after that story. The two stories together might be the basis for a "Quilt" unit.
 
Before Reading The Quilt Story
  • Ask the children if their family (or someone they know) owns something that has been passed down from generation to generation. Remind the children that such an heirloom need not be expensive, but it does need to hold special meaning to the people who keep it. Tell the children that The Quilt Story is about such an heirloom. Ask the children to listen carefully to see if they can decide why the heirloom is so special to the characters in the story.
 
After Reading The Quilt Story
  • Ask the children to describe the quilts they may have seen. Show the children pictures of different types of popular quilt patterns (featured today even in mail order catalogs). (If the children have already read The Keeping Quilt, this may be unnecessary.) Tell the children that quilting is now considered  an American folk art, but that the pioneer women who first sewed quilts did so to make the most of fabric scraps(note the old socks sewn into the quilt in The Quilt Story), (Grandma wants to make a notation here not thought about is the fact that money might come easier today, but in the time of pioneers money was very scarce and the utilized things a lot more than some do today. Therefore, making quilts was a way to have warmth by not only utilizing left over clothes and material it would also have cost them a big part of savings to buy those things. Many families did trade things for warm wool or in Mexico they make some very beautiful and warm blankets as well as the Native American blankets that would save people a lot on electricity for electric blankets as well as their costs. Both quilts and these blankets cannot compare to the warmth of the all American blankets known from experience. However, there were many ways people were kept warm and my mother in the time of the depression remembers as a young girl living with her grandparents of having to chop wood and start a fire in the morning to dress by.) and to bring warmth and color to their sparse, plain homes and rough lies. Ask the children to list all the ways that Abigail used the quilt. How many of the children in (your home) have a favorite blanket or soft toy from their own childhood? Would these possessions make for good heirlooms? Do children of other cultures have favorite toys or possessions? How can the children find out this information?
 
Follow-up Activities
 
American Folk Toys
Secure a copy of  The Foxfire Book of Toys and Games (E. P. Dutton, 1985), or any other book featuring a collection of American folk toys and games. Show your (children) the pictures of the toys which date back more than 200 years to colonial days (and beyond!). Have the class decide how their modern toys are similar to or different from the folk toys (which have no batteries, no electricity, few moving parts and are for the most part homemade). Have the children interview their parents and grandparents to discover what kinds of toys they played with. Did they, too, have a special blanket or toy that they played with for a long time? Were their toys (or blankets or clothes) ever homemade?
 
Folk Art Museum
Have children assemble a folk art museum by bringing in to (your church, from your homes, or relatives homes, or somewhere they could be) items reminiscent of colonial times. These may include quilts, toys, jewelry, pictures, tools, gadgets, knick-knacks, etc. (Because of the recent interest in using American folk art for decorating our modern homes, it should not be difficult to gather a collection together.) Label and display the pieces together in a central place....For more information of quilting, toy making, and colonial times, see Colonial America (Cooperative Learning Activities) by Sue Schneck and Mary Strohl (Scholastic, 1991).
(Another Idea Grandma has is to visit a local Museum that could have pioneer things in it. If you do not live near one or want to visit one like the ones in Nebraska it is well worth your visit.)
 
Schoolhouse Quilting Bee
Use quilting books such as 101 patchwork Patterns by Rudy McKim (Dover, 1962) to familiarize children with the schoolhouse quilt pattern. (Grandma says, "it is like a house with a front view with windows and a door; then a larger side view with windows.) Remind children that quilts were often completed by groups of people working together at a social gathering known as a "quilting bee." Each quilter would work on one portion of the quilt, but no individual effort appeared as great as when all the pieces were joined together. Invite each of the children (other relatives, family members, or friends) to create one block for a classroom "schoolhouse quilt.""
If you do not want to spend the time using material and doing it together, felt pieces or paper pieces can be used also but they will not be as nice as real material or from old clothing. Nor will the Pot holders, aprons, etc. Grandma is going to add to the product line.
When finished with your picture, one side can be glued or sewed onto a log or stick with string on the ends to be hung somewhere.
 
 
The other mentioned we will be given activities for today is Russian-American called The Keeping Quilt by Patricia Polacco (Simon and Schuster, 1988, 32 pp.)
This book recounts the story of an heirloom quilt, crafted from a basket of old clothes including Uncle Vladimir's shirt, Aunt Havalah's nightdress, and an apron of Aunt Natasha's. Once completed, the quilt is passed down through four generations in a family. For nearly a century, the quilt serves such purposes as a Sabbath tablecloth, a wedding canopy, and a baby receiving blanket. The quilt is also a constant reminder of--and tribute to--family loved ones back home in Russia.
 
Before Reading The Keeping Quilt
  • Review these terms with the class: generation, heirloom, inheritance, legacy. Then, have the children describe any items that have been passed down from generation to generation in their families, such as houses, furniture, dishes, artwork, toys, etc. Remind the children that such legacies needn't be items worth a lot of money. Items such as photographs, knickknacks, clothing and toys may also be handed down from generation to generation--and may be worth more to the receiver than any sum of money! Tell the children that The Keeping Quilt is a story of just such a legacy.
 
After Reading The Keeping Quilt
  • Invite students to take a close look at the artwork in the book. What do they notice about the use of color? Have the class make a list of possible reasons why the author/illustrator chose to use color so carefully? Ask: How would the book appear different if each of the illustrations was in full color? Why is the quilt so valuable to the author/illustrator? Would the quilt be as valuable to us? Why or why not?
 
Follow-up Activities"
 
Make a ...Quilt or Make a Family Quilt
If you do not want to tie this to the other story and make a quilt together or both quilts together with the story out of material or old clothing or make your own version like one Grandma wants to make out of my Granddaughter's fancy sweatshirts she grew out of; you can make one following Book (6)'s instructions. There are lots of ideas for quilts and quilts books available to use if you are interested. Quilts can be donated to hospitals, nursing homes, homeless shelters or day care centers. Grandma has made a few from squares of material in the way given below and from jeans which are very heavy and warm.
"To begin, provide each child with two plain pieces of copy paper (each trimmed to 8 1/2" square) and fabric crayons (available in craft stores). Instruct each child to use the crayons and one piece of paper to draw something they care about or value in their lives (e.g., a toy, a book, a pet, something in nature, etc.). On the other piece of paper, have children trace one of their hands and color it in. You or another adult can then use an iron to transfer the drawing onto individual squares of fabric (approximately 10" square) or onto a white or pastel solid-colored flat sheet. (Directions on the crayon box will guide your fabric and sheet selection.) The dimensions of the quilt will depend on the number of" (children working on the quilt-you may have to do several pieces each-you could form just a border with strips of the squared together and a plain piece in the middle also. Otherwise it would take 48 squares to form it 6 squares by 8 squares for each quilt.) You can stitch the square pieces together by machine or by hand following the sewing instructions on one of the books. Do not worry too much about exactness. When your top is all finished, "pin the top of the quilt to a batting baking (available in craft and fabric stores), (or as Grandma figures an old clean blanket cleaned in Pine sol disinfectant), and show the children how to stitch around their fabric designs, thus creating a quilted effect. When completed, cover the quilt top with a second sheet or fabric piece trimmed to fit the quilt top. Use effect. Turn the quilt right side out, tuck the raw ends inside, and, finally, stitch the fourth side closed.
 
Legacies and Inheritances
Have (the children) think about what they would like to hand down to someone they love. Have (the children) also think about the gifts they have inherited from their ancestors. Remind children that an inheritance need not be something expensive or even something you can touch. Rather, it can also be a lesson learned from someone loved, a way of being, or a special time spent together. Use (plain pieces of paper) to have children first draw what they have inherited or what they might hand down, and then write a brief description of why the legacy or inheritance is so important to them. If children are tempted to write abbreviated descriptions (e.g., "I like the book Aunt Sara gave me because it's nice."), encourage students to use sensory imagery ("it feels like, it looks like, it smells like, etc.") to tell specifically why the gift was nice and what it reminds them of.
 
Learning Legacy
Traditionally, many graduating classes write a "Last Will and Testament" that then appears in their yearbook or school paper. Although this tradition is usually something of a lampoon of things and people in the school, you can adapt it to help your (children) understand legacies and inheritances better. Invite (your children) to brainstorm the best experiences they had as a (family)  this year, what they learned, etc., and write them on a "scroll" to be passed on as a legacy."

Day 130

Posted on March 30, 2014 at 8:01 AM Comments comments (41)
Good Morning Folks! I hope your weekend was better than Grandma's. Don't forget to do your tasks for the day along with your assignments; Language; science experiments and study; writing; journals; yearbooks; family scrapbooks; math; newspapers; and some physical education or health studies. Just be sure to get some Childrobotics in there also before any physical activity is preformed well enough it starts the day good.
 
For March 30 from the Calendar History Book the first birthday is in 1746 of Francisco Jose De Goya, Spanish painter. The next birthday is for Anna Sewell, English author, born in 1820. The next is Vincent Van Gogh, Dutch painter, born in 1853. Book (1) says, "Artist Vincent van Gogh never knew wealth or fame. Although he produced about 800 paintings and hundreds of drawings, he sold only one during his lifetime. But van Gogh later came to be regarded as an artistic genius. On March 30, 1987--the 135th anniversary of his birth--his painting Sunflowers was sold at a record-breaking price of $39.9 million. Allow your students to look at a picture of Sunflowers or another van Gogh painting for 1 minute. Then see how observant the kids are by asking them questions about it--for example: How many flowers are there? What color is the vase? What's in the background? Finally, ask your students if they can name other people whose work went unappreciated during their lifetime but later was recognized as important. A birthday in 1945 is for Eric Clapton, English singer, songwriter, and guitarist.
Book (1) events include one for 1842 in which Dr. Crawford W. Long performed the First Recorded operation using a general anesthetic. Then in 1843 The Egg incubator was patented. This made Grandma realize she has not given you much science lately because she was concentrating so hard on the other necessary things for you to have. For so much has taken much of your time, for sure.  Therefore, Grandma will try to get the rest of the science to you and finish the algebra book. I hope the children are receiving some math to do even if it is playing store and counting money or learning part of the clock, or simple math in your everyday life like measuring or adding and subtracting simple stuff to be added and following the video Grandma has given you on things. We will finish the stories about Jesus and finish the New testament before the middle of May also. Grandma is going to start with those of planting because it is the time of year when many people start their planting. The first experiment is called a "Maze." These experiments are out of Grandma's book (12). Grandma is going to try to list her books for you in April considering it is Book Month.
The experiment says to "Plant a sprouting potato in moist soil in a pot. Place it in the corner of a shoe box and cut a hole in the opposite side. Inside stick two partitions, so that a small gap is left. Close the box and place it in a window. After a couple of days the shoot has found its way through the dark maze to the light. Plants have light-sensitive cells which guide the direction of growth. Even the minimum amount of light entering the box causes the shoot to bend. It looks quite white, because the important green colouring material, chlorophyll, necessary for healthy growth, cannot be formed in the dark."
The next experiment is called ""The Sun Brings Life." Fill a large glass jar with fresh water and place in it several shoots of waterweed. Place the jar in sunlight, and at once small gas bubbles will rise in the water. Invert a funnel over the pants and over it a water-filled glass tube. The gas which is given off by the plants slowly fills the tube.
Plants use sunlight. With its help, in the presence of chlorophyll, they make their building material, starch, from water and carbon dioxide, and give off oxygen. Oxygen has actually collected in the glass tube. If you remove the tube and hold a glowing splint in it, the splint will burn brightly."
The next experiment is called ""Automatic Watering." Fill a bottle with water and place it upside down and half buried in soil in a flower box. An air bubble rises up in the bottle from time to time, showing that the plants are using the water. The water reservoir is enough for several days, depending on the number of plants and the weather.
Water only flows from the bottle until the soil round it is soaked. It starts to flow again only when the plants have drawn so much water from the soil that it becomes dry, and air can enter the bottle. One notices that plants can take water more easily from loose soil than from hard."
The next one is called ""Secret Path." Dissolve a teaspoonful of salt in a glass of water and cover it tightly with parchment paper. We call such an exchange of liquids through a permeable membrane, osmosis. All living cells are surrounded by such a membrane, and absorb water and dissolved substances in this way."
That is enough for today on experiments. Grandma will try to keep going from here on. Back to the events from here. 
In 1867 Secretary of State William Seward negotiated the Purchase of Alaska from Russia. Book (1) says, "Tell your (children) that Secretary of State William Seward spent $7,200,000 in gold to buy Alaska. Many Americans believed the purchase was ill-advised, calling it "Seward's folly." Today, of course, we have a different perspective. Have your students write short stories about other purchases that seem foolish but that later turn out to be "great buys." If they're having trouble getting started, suggest they consider the bottom of the ocean, an iceberg, or a plot of territory on the moon. Why might these places become valuable in the future? For this reason Grandma believes they have made it Seward's Day. It is also called Doctors' Day. Maybe because of the First event of an operation with anesthesia.
In 1870 Texas was readmitted to the Union after the Civil War and the Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution, guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race, took effect. Then in 1886 J Ricks patented the Horseshoe.
 
For the last day of March, March 31st, Thomas Peterson Mundy became the First Black to vote following ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment in 1870. Next the Eiffel Tower was officially opened to the public in Paris as of 1889. Book (1) says, "The Eiffel Tower was built for the Paris Exhibition of 1889, which celebrated the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. At 300 meters high, it remained the tallest structure in the world for several years. Have your (children) convert this height to feet, then mark it on graph paper. Next, ask the kids to find and graph the heights of current tall structures, such as the Sears Tower; the Empire State building, The-New-World Trade Center, the St. Louis Arch, and the tallest building in their community." In 1893 Whitcomb Judson patented the "hookless fastener"--an early form of the zipper. Talk about other ways people have fastened clothing or made wastes.
The birthdays for the day are one in 1596 for Rene Descartes, French philosopher. Another is in 1811 for Robert Wilhelm Bunsen, German chemist and inventor of the Bunsen burner.
 
The Bible stories for today will begin with John 8:12-30, The Validity of Jesus' Testimony and goes on The Children of Abraham, John 8:31-41; The Children of the Devil, John 8:42-47; The Claims of Jesus About HImself, John 8:48-59. Do the following in Faith Alive: "Did You Know? John 8:57 How old was Jesus? Jesus lived about thirty-three years here on earth. But Jesus was and is also God. As God, Jesus has always existed, even, before Abraham was born thousands of years earlier.; Let's Live It! John 9:1-7 Is Sickness Punishment?--Some people think all sickness is punishment for sin. What did Jesus say about this Idea? Read John 9:1-5. Jesus is God (John 9:4). The healing, then, was a way to glorify God.
Christian health workers realize that God is really the one who heals. Talk to Christians who are doctors and nurses about this Bible story. Thank them for giving glory to God in their work.; Life in Bible Times- The Sheep Pen--At night flocks of sheep were kept in pens made of stone or branches with thorns. The shepherd slept in the only doorway. If wild animals came near the shepherd was there to protect the sheep.; Words to Remember John 10:14-15 I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me...I lay down my life for the sheep."
Then read Jesus Heals a Man Born Blind John 9:1-12; The Pharisees Investigate the Healing John:13-34; and Spiritual Blindness John 9:35-41. Then go on to read John 10:1-21 The Shepherd and His Flock and John 10:22-42, The Unbelief of the Jews.
 
The book to cover today out of Grandma's book (185) is called Ox-Cart Man by Donald Hall, 1979 by Barbara Cooney Porter; reprinted by permission of Penguin Books USA, Inc.
"Meet  the Author: Donald Hall...,one of America's most renowned poets and critics, was born in New Haven, Connecticut, on September 20, 1928. After graduating from Harvard College and Oxford University, he taught creative writing at Harvard, Stanford, and the University of MIchigan. Hall has won many awards for his poetry, including the Newdigate Prize from Oxford (1952). From 1953 until 1961, Hall was the poetry editor of the Paris Review. Hall's first book for children was Andrew the Lion Farmer (1959), followed by Riddle Rat (1977) and Ox-Cart Man(1979). He now lives on Eagle Pond Farm in Danbury, New Hampshire, (at the time Grandma bought her book (185); this author may no longer be alive, nor the artist given next.)
 
Meet the Artist: Barbara Cooney...was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1917. Her mother was an artist and encouraged Cooney to use her paints and brushes whenever she liked. After graduating from Smith College in 1938, Cooney studied lithography and etching at the Art Students league in New York City. Cooney likes her work to be as realistic as possible, with each detail directly from her own observations and research. The details in Ox-Cart Man are based on Cooney's remembrances of childhood summers in Maine and on her knowledge of the Massachusetts countryside, where she now lives or lived. Story Summary-Ox-Cart Man very simply describes the economic life of a farm family in New England almost 200 years ago. The story begins with the farmer and his family loading their cart with items they want to sell in Portsmouth. After a ten-days' journey, the farmer arrives in the bustling town of Portsmouth and proceeds to sell everything he owns-including his ox and cart. With the money from his sales, he buys tools and a special family treat: peppermint candy.
As fall turns into winter, and winter into spring, the farmer and his family start to make again the items they sold. And as spring turns to summer, they start planting the fruits and vegetables that they will sell again in the fall.
 
Classroom Traders-To help(the children) develop the concept of needs, excess, and trading, (ask them)  to tell about thins they may have "a lot of." For example, (they) may have five red crayons, three mittens, and several models of the same kind of dinosaur. On a large sheet of poster paper, draw an outline of a cart. Ask(the children) to draw ... small picture(s) on a sheet of paper ... the things they have in excess, then tape these pictures to the cart. Explain that through trading people try to get things they need in exchange for things they don't need. (Have them) tell about things in the cart that they need, and complete "sell-and-buy sentences" about the objects. For example: "I could sell one of my red crayons and buy a blue one," or "I could sell my extra mitten and buy a scarf." Tell (the children) that in Ox-Cart Man they will meet a family that buys the things it needs by selling what it doesn't need."
 
There are four worksheets following that the children can have fun doing:
The first is "Where Do They Come From", in which the items A Birch Broom, Feathers, Wool, Cabbage, and Honey with the illustrations are all placed on the left side of the page; and A tree, Sheep, Bee, Goose, and Seeds are all placed on the right side with illustrations. The children are suppose to draw a line connecting the two items that match. Have them figure out other things or draw pictures of other things from wood.
 
On the next sheet there is a list of things in between a girl working on a quilt and children carrying wood. Words from the list are suppose to be listed by numbers under the two pictures. Following are the words; they were placed in a box: Weave, split, embroider, carve, tap, stitch, whittle, knit, spin, saw.
Have the children think of things they could do in school that could be sold. The children were suppose to write on the back of the sheet sentences to tell about the school work they like best.
 
The third sheet has various things on the sheet about spring as birds from eggs, bird nest, flowers, grass,and a butterfly in the flowers with three boxes labeled March, April, and May. The children are to figure out the things the Ox-Cart man's children are so busy doing in the spring and list them under each month in the boxes. There are five lines under each month in each of the boxes. Then on the back your children are suppose to try to figure out the things the children or family are doing in the summer and list them or draw pictures of them doing it.
 
The last (fourth page) is about The Ox's Story. The children are to imagine what the ox might say about his journey? Portsmouth? About leaving the farmer and his family? and write his story on the page with pictures of the trees, houses, the road and the cart with him the ox, and  town buildings as the church, town hall, and warehouses.  The farmer holding the ox with a rope at the bottom of the page.
 
The next activity with this book is an Art Activity called Diorama Drama. It is a movable diorama of the ox-cart man. You will need: a shoe box per child; construction paper; glue; tape; scissors; markers/crayons; straws; a cardboard picture of the ox-cart man drawn. The children can draw, color,and cut out scenery to be taped on the box in which the man and his cart may pass by. Make a slit in the box for the cart to move along when the children tape a straw on the back of the cart with the ox and the man pulling it. As the children hang onto the straw on the back of the cart they can move it along the slit through the scenery.
 
The next activity is suppose to be a cooperative learning/art activity. However, we can adapt it to our learning in our  Home Education program through Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center without a problem. The children may only have their family to cooperate with but they can involve others you and they may want to work with. It is suppose to be a community go through the different seasons with each season drawn on a separate mural. The murals are to be taped together to make a long streamer.
However, Grandma feels you could draw each picture about the farmers family during each scene with the one he travels to town and his family at the farm starting more projects.
The materials they will need include: four long strips of mural paper, poster paints and brushes, black markers, pencils, and tape. Tell the children to sketch the pictures on the murals first with the pencils then use the markers and then paint.
Have a seasonal discussion about what was drawn and other ideas. Then talk about how these old fashioned item have been replaced by modern ones.
 
For the last activities which are considered Extended Activities it summarizes the story and makes curriculum connections. The first thing to do is draw a wagon wheel with wide spokes to be able to write on. There must be eight of them. In the middle where the axle fits in it should have family written on it. Then discuss with your children the four basic needs of families as you write each one on four of the spokes. The first one being Food, next Shelter, then Transportation, and last Clothing. Discuss how each of those were obtained in the beginning, at the time of settlers, and the way they are provided today. Discuss the problems people are having today in providing them and why some people are wanting to go back to a time when they furnished them from their own goods.
 
The next activity is to make out a Thank-you card to the Ox-cart man's family for letting you visit them and what you have learned from their farm and the marketing the farmer did in town.
 
The next activity is to enjoy, play, and possibly listen to some songs of that era as ""Skip to My Lou, ""The Old Gray Goose,""Frog went a-Courtin',""Jimmy Cracked Corn,""Billy Boy,""All the Pretty Little Horses." They can write new lyrics for them if they wish.
 
For this next activity which is part of Social Studies look at the illustrations of Portsmouth in the book. Find Portsmouth, New Hampshire, on a map of the United States. Write Portsmouth down and underline port. Discuss what a port is with the children of a place where ships come in from the sea, usually bringing goods with them. Point out the Atlantic Ocean and the other Oceans, bays, and seas of interest. Ask them what kinds of goods they think were sold in the markets during that time and if they think there are other markets still in existence today. (Grandma has seen many of them in Mexico and she is sure they are in many islands of the Carribean and other countries. Ask them what they think they look like today. Actually there can be different kinds in different towns or villages.
 
For the last activity Grandma wants you to go through all the states of United States and discuss what they might be like or are like if you have been in them or seen them. Find something that has the state flag and birds as well as the flowers in them and look at them. Then find the state capital's in them and see if you know of any other towns or cities in them. Discuss what they are like or might have been at one time.
 
An extra book to read from book(2) of Grandma's is The Bird Who Was An Elephant by Aleph Kamal. It is about the country of India. To summarize it book (2) says,"A bird, who had been an elephant in another life, revisits a small village in India and observes the lifestyles of the people. New York:J.B. Lippincott, 1989.
Activities to go along with the book include:
 
  1. Make a picture dictionary of the Indian words used in the story.
  2. Explain, according to Hindu beliefs, how the bird could once have been an elephant.
  3. List the Indian occupations mentioned in the book. Write a short paragraph telling about one of them.
  4. Choose one of the spices that is sold in the spice shop. Find out how it is grown, processed, and used.
  5. The palmist told the bird that he had once been an elephant that carried children across the palace gardens of the Maharajah. What is a Maharajah?
  6. On special occasions the palace elephants were decorated with jewels and tapestries to represent the wealth of the Maharajah. Draw an elephant and carefully decorate it. Pretend you are a child of the Maharajah. Write a story about your life in the palace.
  7. Elephants help the environment. List the ways they help. Which of these do you consider to be the most important? Why?
 
Grandma hopes it all goes well today.

Day 128

Posted on March 27, 2014 at 8:21 PM Comments comments (10)
Good Morning Folks! I hope life is well. Remember tasks, Childrobotics, Physical Education, Language, writing and Journal, Yearbooks, Family scrapbooks,  and Newspapers. Today Grandma will cover March 28th and 29th in the Calendar along with the rest of the activities for The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses. Then she will give whatever else she can stay up to give you. 
 
March 28th of the Calendar History:
This is kind of a funny day. It is Teacher's Day in Czechoslovakia. In 1592 Jan Amos Komensky, Czech educational reformer was born. Book (1) says, "In 1658, Jan Amos Komenshy's Visble World of Pictures--the first book just for children--was published. This pocket-sized book, filled with woodcut illustrations, helped young readers remember words by looking at pictures. Czech children honor Komenshky's birthday by giving their teachers flowers and gifts. What U.S.-born author would your students select for a class Teacher's Day?"
Then in 1924 Byrd Baylor, children author, was born. Book (1) says under Rock-y writing, "Author Byrd Baylor explains how to choose a rock in her book Everybody Needs a Rock. After reading her story aloud, ask each of your (children) to bring in a stone small enough to fit in their hands. Have the children close their eyes as they hold their rocks, then complete the sentence; "My stone feels like__________." Children can also wrote poems about the creation of their rocks. For example:
     Maybe my rock
     Rolled down the road for me
     Or tumbled in a stream
     To the sea.
 
Events for this day include one in 1787 in which Pennsylvania elected Ben Franklin as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia; Then in 1797 Nathanial Briggs was granted a patent for a washing machine; In 1895 Construction of America's First Subway System began in Boston, Mass.
 
Moving onto March 29 it appears as an odd day to Grandma also, yet they are both very special. In 1790 John Tyler, 10th president of the United States, was born. Book (1) says, "Tell Your (children) that John Tyler was the first vice president to assume the presidency because of the death of the president. He took over the office from Benjamin Harrison, who died just 1 month after being inaugurated. Under what circumstances have other vice presidents assumed the duties of the highest office in the land?" Then in 1956 Kurt Thomas, American gymnast, was born.
 
The first event happened in 1848 when Ice jams on Lake Erie stopped Niagara Falls for 30 hours. In 1858 Hyman W. Lipman patented the Pencil with an Attached Eraser. Book (1) says, "How important is an eraser? Have your (children) keep track of how many times in a day they use one. They can also write silly poems honoring this handy invention." Then in 1867 The Dominion of Canada was created. In 1886 Coca-Cola was invented by druggist John S. Pemberton. Book (1) says, "When John S. Pemberton concocted a syrup of coca leaves and kola nut extract, he thought he was inventing a medicine. He added other ingredients--sugar, caramel, lime juice, nutmeg, cinnamon, and vanilla--to cover up the bitter taste. A teaspoon of this "Nerve and Tonic Stimulant," was supposed to cure headaches and stomachaches. Can your students think of other products or inventions whose primary uses were unintended?"(Coca-Cola has come through a lot of things, Sugar being pops greatest ingredient and it holding 16 teaspoons of sugar Coca-Cola definitely has had their hands full trying to make it better. I do hope they accomplish it. However, the word is that aspartame was not the answer. I guess they had to take some off the shelf and some people have gotten very sick with it.) It is also Vietnam Veterans Day. These veterans deserve whatever is offered. Vietnam's war was not easy and things have not always been fair for veterans so people should be conscious of their needs. (Grandma is going to note here that one assignment in High School for Grandma was to study articles in the newspaper and pick a topic of interest. One of those happen to be something about the Native Americans that Grandma learned a lot about. This could be a very good assignment for one of your older children, one well worth it.)Grandma is going to move onto the activities again for the book The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses and some games the Native American children played.
 
For yesterday Book (184) had sheets to do and some Art work. It carries on the art work along with Oral Language activities. This part is called ""Let's Hear it for Horses" To develop (children's) appreciation of horses, have them create these artistic ones.
Horse Puppets. After students make these puppet heads, invite them to retell Paul Goble's story from the point of view of one of the horses.
                                                           You need:
            plastic foam cups                                    colored construction paper
  scissors                      colored markers                                          glue               yarn
 
Steps:
  1. Provide each (child) with a plastic foam cup. Help students make a hole in the side of the cup large enough to stick a finger through.
  2. Next have (the children) cut out ears from construction paper and show them where to glue the ears to the cup (the finger hole should be at the bottom).
  3. Let (the children) draw eyes, nostrils, and a mouth on the cup... .
  4. Finally, show (the children) how to make a mane. Loop a piece of yarn around your fingers" weaving in and out and then looping back in and out of the opposite direction that is having the yarn come on the front of the first finger(index finger), then in behind the middle finger, in front on the ring finger, behind the little finger and then looped back across the front of the little finger, in behind the ring finger, in front of the middle finger and behind the index finger. Bring the end of the yarn under the yarn behind the middle finger then through the loop around the little finger. "Cut the ends. Glue the yarn onto the cup with the fringe between the horse's ears.
  5. To use their puppets, tell (the children) to stick their index fingers in the hole and then let the horses speak for themselves. Set aside time for the puppets to perform.
 
 
 
Stallion Statues- These simple stand-up horses are easy to make and can be used as toys, for table decorations, or as puppets to act out the story.
 
                                                               You need:
  plastic foam trays                scissors                  colored markers                       pencils
 
Steps:"
  1. Collect two clean plastic foam meat or vegetable trays per child.
  2. "Show (the children) how to sketch the body of a horse on one tray with a pencil. On the second tray show students how to draw two sets of" attached legs from the front view like letter M's.
  3. Let them color spots on them with markers.
  4. "Have (the children) cut out the body and legs. Then demonstrate how to set the body into the slits at the top of the legs to make the horse stand. As an alternative, (the children) can also use wooden spring clothespins for their horses' legs or oak tag or cardboard for their bodies.
 
More Horses Set up a reading corner in your classroom devoted to horses, enhanced by posters or pictures cut from magazines. In addition to The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses you might display the following titles:
  • Fritz and the Beautiful Horses by Jan Brett
  • Flip and the Morning by Wesley Dennis
  • Wild Horses of the Red Desert by Glen Rounds
  • Song of the Horse by Marcia Sewall
Invite horse fans to contribute other materials to the display. Encourage (the children) to tell the class about other books they have read on the subject."
 
 
These next activities have to do with Cooperative Learning/Listening/Speaking
"These lively games will help work off excess energy. Play them on a playground or in (a large space.)
Capture the Horse Remind students that the hunters were not able to capture the mighty stallion with their ropes. Then challenge the class to see who can rope a "horse." Make several lassos from clothesline and set up some chairs or trash baskets as horses. Let (the children) practice tossing the lassos. Then if they have others to practice with they can have fun taking turns and seeing who can lasso the most horses. They can back further away once they conquer the lasso.
 
Horsing Around-This is a version of the "Red Light, Green Light" for a group of neighborhood children or something. Before starting, have students work out a specific horse step for each of these terms: walk, trot, gallop, canter, buck. Then choose one player to be "It."" "It" stands with their back to the other children and the children at the other end of the play area. As "it" names one child to do a step toward "It's" end of the play area, the other horses try to make steps forward also until "It" turns around. Whoever, It catches moving except the person she called must go back to the side. (Grandma thinks it could be better if all the horses move when "It" calls a step and any horse that is still moving must go back when "It" turns around) This continues till one horse reaches the side of "It" then they become "It" and it is repeated. Next is
 
Body Language-"Remind (the children) that the stallion was mighty and proud. Then ask (the children) to express these attributes using only body language. Ask guiding questions, such as: How does someone who is mighty and proud stand? Walk? Run? Then invite everyone to pantomime these actions of the various characters in the story:
  • The stallion is being hunted. How does he fight?
  • The girl is captured. How does she feel?
  • The storm is fierce. How do the horses act?
  • The parents are happy to see their daughter again. How do they show it?"
 
Next there are some Extended Activities to Summarize and make Curriculum Connections
 
"The Story Line As a summarizing activity, write the following events (down) out of order or on strips of paper, and ask volunteers to number the sentences so they are in the correct sequence.
  1. The girl falls asleep on a hot day.
  2. A storm comes up.
  3. The horses gallop away in fear.
  4. The girl and the horses are far away.
  5. The girl meets the stallion.
  6. The hunters capture the girl.
  7. The girl's parents let her return to the stallion.
  8. The girl gives a colt to her parents.
  9. The girl is never seen again.
  10. The hunters see a mare with the wild stallion."
 
Reading More by Goble-Other stories include Buffalo Woman, Star Boy, The Great Race, Iktomi and the Boulder, and The Gift of the Sacred Dog which we will cover next week.
 
"Social Studies: Real Wild Horses-Figures may have changed since Grandma's book was published therefore she cannot give you an exact amount of recorded wild horses today, particularly in Nevada. However, a 1971 Congressional act protects these animals as "living symbols of the historic and pioneer spirit of the West." However, in recent years this protection has been so successful that the land on which the horses roam can no longer sustain such large herds. As a result, the fate of the wild horses is in jeopardy. The federal Bureau of Land Management (BLM) runs an adoption program for the horses. Students interested in learning more about the program might write to the bureau at 1849 C street NW, Room 5600, Washington, D.C. 20240.
 
Social Studies: Comparing Cultures-This is just to learn about the various Natives and we have been doing that all along and there were plenty of videos blogged for you to learn from.
 
"Social Studies: What About the Buffalo? Remind (the children) that the girl's people hunt buffalo. Explain that these animals were very important to Indians of the plains. Ask interested volunteers to find out more about the buffalo, including answers to these questions:
  • Why were the buffalo important to the Indians? (the Indians used every part of the buffalo. They used the meat for food, the skins for tipis and clothing, and the bones for tools.)
  • Why did the Indians move from place to place? (They followed the buffalo herds across the plains.)
  • What happened to the buffalo? (White hunters killed too many of them, and the herds began to shrink.)"
Check into how prosperous the Buffalo have become today and read Carl Sandburg's poem, "Buffalo Dusk."
 
Now Grandma is going to give you game information that Native American children played out of her Book (15a). "Many games of Native Americans are simple in that they do not require elaborate game boards and only require a few rules. The materials needed to play the games are always things readily available in nature. Some games require the use of dice, but Native American dice are different from the dice we use. Native American dice are disks rather than cubes. They could be made of wood, pottery, bone, horn, shells, halved nutshells, fruit pits, etc. To toss the dice, tribes people might use a shallow basket, cup, or bowl. Some placed the dice in a container, tossed them up, and caught them again with the container. Others shook them with their hands or in the containers and tossed them on the ground. (Grandma saw a game they used to play in which a corn cob with feathers in the end were tossed through a hoop like a spear.)
Many Native American games are simple games of chance, meaning only luck is needed to win. Tribes people sometimes bet possessions such as blankets, pipes, beads, and horses on the flipping of a die. Native Americans also played games that required more skill. The women in the Kiowa and Wichita tribes played a game similar to Parcheesi brand, and the Aztec tribes played a game called Patolli, which is very similar to Backgammon. On the following pages are the descriptions of several games of chance. Some require a little bit of skill, but most rely heavily on luck. While reading through them, consider the chances of winning. With only luck will a player most often win or lose?
 
                                                                       Stick Games
 
Materials Needed:
50 small sticks(possible popcycle sticks)
 
  1. The Haida and Tlinglit Indians of eastern Canada played a game with eighteen sticks. Each stick had a different design carved into it. (they can also be marked with markers numbered) One player divided the set of sticks into bundles of nine each. The other player had to guess which bundle contained a stick holding a specific design.
  2. The Cree Indians, also of eastern Canada, played a similar game with twenty-five sticks. One player put the sticks into two bundles. The opponent had to guess which bundle contained an even number of sticks.
  3. Prairie tribesmen played a game with fifty sticks that required a little bit of skill. The play involved a player dropping the bundle of fifty sticks on the ground. Then the same player went back with a longer stick and tried to separate the sticks into two piles of twenty-five each by laying the longer stick among the smaller sticks without moving them. If he was successful, another player got the chance to try. The winner was the first player to earn fifty points.
 
 
                                                                  Stick-Dice Games
 
Stick-dice, game-playing pieces used like dice, are two-sided pieces of wood, bone, or horn. Sometimes the stick-dice were painted or had a design carved on one or both sides. The Wyandot and Ottawa tribes carved their sticks into bird shapes or other animal shapes.
To make stick-dice, you will need sticks threat are approximately the size of wooden craft sticks. You may have to cut pieces this size out of a larger stick. Round off the ends of each stick. Paint designs on either side or paint each side a different solid color. This will vary depending on the game for which you will be using them.
  1. The simplest game using stick-dice involved tossing a stick-dice and hoping they would land with the marked side up. Each time a toss resulted in the marked side up, the tosser earned a point. Earning twenty points classified a player as the winner.
  2. Pugasaing, another stick-dice game, is played with three stick-dice. Each of the stick-dice is painted red on one side and white on the other. The game is played by four people, two people on each team. Each team takes turns throwing the stick-dice. One team shakes the sticks in a basket and tosses them to the ground. The throwing team receives points depending on how their toss lands. A team earns three points if three white sides are showing, two points if three red sides are showing. Play continues until one team earns more than twenty points. That team is declared the winner. This game was probably the most popular stick-dice game among Native American tribes.
  3. The Pueblo, Pima, and other tribes of the Southwest played a game with many stones. First, they collected forty stones. They used these stones to create a large circle. After every ten stones, they left an opening. Each player also collected a small twig. A turn consisted of a player tossing the stick-dice and moving his or her twig around the circle according to how the stick-dice landed. If the twig landed on a space occupied by an opponent's twig, the opponent's twig was moved back to the beginning. The winner was the first person who made it around the circle and back to the starting point.
That all Grandma can do for now.

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