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Some more July Summer Lessons

Posted on September 15, 2014 at 8:41 PM Comments comments (86)
We will start with July 17th Calendar History with activities all from Book (1). First we have the birthdays:

July 17, 1859 Luis Munoz-Rivera, Puerto Rican patriot and poet, was born.

For now it is known as Munoz-Rivera Day in Puerto Rico.

July 17, 1932 Karla Kuskin, children's author, was born.

Book (1) says in "Word lover-Author Karla Kuskin once said that her love of words was so great that she couldn't even bear to discard fortune-cookie fortunes. Have your (children) write their own fortunes or words of wisdom on 6-in-long strips of adding-machine tape. Tape the strips together and post them in the hallway for others to read. Later, introduce your (children) to the works of Karla Kuskin by reading The Philharmonic Gets Dressed."

July 17, 1935 Donald Sutherland, Canadian actor, was born.

The Events will be now:

July 17, 1850 The Fist Photograph of a Star was taken.

July 17, 1897 The steamship Portland arrived in Washington with
the First Major Gold Shipment from the Klondike.

July 17, 1938 Pilot Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan left
New York for California. He eventually landed in Dublin, Ireland.

Book (1) writes in "Wrong-way day-When Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan landed in Dublin, Ireland, he got out of his plane and asked, "Isn't this Los Angeles?" Invite your (children) to have a "wrong-way day." For example, (children) might wear their shirts backward, or you might mix up the schedule. You might also include some "wrong ways" into social studies. Have students consider how U.S. history would be different if certain events came out the "wrong way." For instance, what if the South had won the Civil War or we would have lost the Revolution War against England? What if the Pilgrims had landed in California?"

July 17, 1954 The First Newport Jazz Festival was held in Newport, R.I.

July 17, 1975 U.S. Astronauts and Soviet Cosmonauts
Joined Hands after linking their Apollo and Soyuz spacecrafts.

July 17, 1987 The Dow Jones Industrial Average Closed
over 2,500 points for the first time in history.

Book (1) says in "Stock market speculators-On the anniversary of the Dow Jones 2,500-point milestone, begin this (nearly) hands-on stock market activity. ...give each (child) $500 in play money. Explain that for the next 2 weeks, (they) will be seeking "profit" by investing their "money" in stocks. You will be the broker. For their initial investments, (they) can buy $500 worth of shares in any stock or stocks listed on the New York Stock Exchange.Each morning, (look at ) the business pages of the newspaper so the (children) can check the previous day's closing prices. Give the (children) the opportunity at this time to sell and buy stocks at the closing prices. At the end of the 2 weeks, total the value of each (child's) stocks to determine who earns the title of Wall Street wizards."



Next is July 18th starting with the birthdays:

July 18, 1918 Nelson Mandela, South African civil rights
activist and longtime leader of the African National Congress, was born.

July 18, 1921 John Glenn, U.S. astronaut
who was the first American to orbit the earth.

Book (1) has this to say about it in "Firsts in space-Have (the children) conduct research to find out about other "Firsts" in space exploration--for example, the first rendezvous in space, space station, space walk, U.S. astronaut, black astronaut, woman astronaut, space shuttle(, etc.) Armed with their data, the (children) can each make a rocket-shaped time line depicting these important events."

July 18, 1954 Felicia Bond, children's author, was born.


Now for July 18th Events:

July 18, 1792  American naval hero John Paul Jones died.

July 18, 1874 Tennis was introduced to the United States.

July 18, 1925 The American Automobile Association
Declared Women Drivers to be as Competent as Men Drivers.

July 18, 1940 Franklin Roosevelt was Nominated
for an Unprecedented Third Term.

July 18, 1947 President Henry Truman Signed the Presidential Succession Act.

July 18, 1955 Disneyland opened in California.

Book 1 tells about it in "Disneyland adventures-(Have your family visited Disneyland? If you have and your children haven't share your experiences with them. If they have with you talk about your memories.) Encourage them to (look) at park maps and souvenirs to enhance their presentations. ...obtain brochures from local travel agents. Share these with (each other), then invite (them) to write about what they'd do if they could spend a day with their favorite Disney character."

July 18, 1971 Brazillian soccer star Pele ended his
career with the Brazillian National Soccer Team.

July 18, 1974 Bob Gibson became the First National
League Pitcher to Strike Out 3,000 Batters in a career.

July 18, 1980 India became The Sixth Nation to Put a Satellite into Orbit.

July is also Read an Almanac Month; therefore, Book (1) has this to say in "Reading the almanac-
Teach (the children) how to locate information in an almanac by using the general index. Have them each identify their favorite hobby, vacation spot, or other topic, then locate it in the almanac. To test their newfound skills, have the kids list and share five facts about their topic that they gleaned from the almanac."



Next is July 19th with the birthdays first:

July 19, 1814 Samuel Colt, American inventor of the Colt revolver, was born.

July 19, 1834 Edgar Degas, French Impressionist Painter, was born.
(Learn about Impressionist Painters here also.)

July 19, 1865 Charles Mayo, American surgeon, was born.

July 19, 1916 Eve Merriam, children's poet, was born.

Book (1) has this to say about it in "Provocative poetry-Read aloud selections from Eve Merriam's It Doesn't Always Have to Rhyme, Blackberry Ink, and The Inner City Mother Goose. Have the children select their favorite poems and pick up Merriam's beat either by drawing pictures to go with the poems or by writing poems to reflect their own neighborhood experiences."

July 19, 1922 George Stanley McGovern, American politician
who ran unsuccessfully for the presidency in 1972, was born.

Book (1) has the following to say about it in "Forgotten politicians?-To mark George McGovern's birthday, have your (children) compile a list of unsuccessful presidential and vice presidential candidates from the second half of the 20th century. Ask each child to research the postelection career of one of these candidates,, then write a one-paragraph summary on an index card. Post the cards on a (poster board or wall) titled"American Politicians: Where Are They Now?""


Next are the following events for July 19th:

July 19, 1812 The United States Declared War On England
over the issue of British interference with American
trade and shipping on the high seas.

July 19, 1848 The First Women's Rights Convention met
in the home of Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

July 19, 1969 John Fairfax arrived in Fort Lauderdale, Fla.,
after Rowing Across the Atlantic.

July 19, 1984 At its convention in San Francisco, the
Democratic Party nominated Geraldine Ferraro for vice
president. It was the first time a woman had been
chosen for a major-party ticket.

July 19, 1985 NASA chose teacher Christa McAuliffe
from among 11,000 applicants to be its first civilian
crew member on a space shuttle.

July 19 is also National Ice Cream Day (third Sunday in July) therefore Book (1) says in "Ice cream poll-To celebrate National Ice Cream Day, have each of your (children) ask at least 10 people the following question: "Does ice cream taste best served in a cone or in a dish?" Encourage (them) to create a pictograph to display the results. As a culminating activity, bring in ice cream, cones, and dishes--and invite your (children) to serve themselves."


Next is July 20th with only two Birthdays:

July 20, 1919 Sir Edmund Hillary, New Zealand explorer and
mountain climber who was the first to reach the summit
of Mt. Everest, was born.

July 20, 1947 Carlos Santana, Mexican rock musician, was born.

Now for July 20th Events:

July 20, 1810 Columbia declared its independence from Spain.

July 20, 1859 Baseball Fans Were Charged Admission (50¢)
for the first time, to see Brooklyn play New York.

Book (1) has an activity for this in "Batting for dollars-Ask your (children) to find out the cost of the cheapest ticket for a major-league baseball game at the park nearest their hometown. Then ask them to calculate the percentage increase in admission price since 1859."

July 20, 1881 Sitting Bull surrendered to federal troops at
Fort Buford in the Dakota Territory.

July 20, 1944 President Franklin Roosevelt was Nominated
for an Unprecedented Fourth Term at the Democratic convention.

July 20, 1964 NASA tested the First Successful Rocket engine.

July 20, 1969 Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz
Aldrin became the First Men to Set Foot on the Moon.

Book (1) writes in "Moon memories-Have your (children) ask their parents or grandparents to recall where they were and what they were doing when astronaut Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon. Your (children) will themselves remember other historic happenings--including, perhaps, the smashing of the Berlin Wall, the liberation of Kuwait, and the Challenger accident. Have the children each make a chart that consists of historic events they recall and where they were, who they were with, and what they were doing the day each event occurred."

July 20, 1976 The U.S. space probe Viking 1 landed on Mars.

Book (1) says in "Searching for signs of life-After landing on Mars, Viking 1 sent back television pictures of the planet's surface. It also conducted experiments, one of which involved searching for life. The lander scooped up a soil sample, then added certain chemicals to trigger an organic reaction. None was observed. Perhaps Viking 1 wasn't able to recognize what Martian life looks like. or maybe the site was, indeed, devoid of life. Have your (children) discuss what it means to show signs of life. Make a list of places a spacecraft could land on Earth and what signs of life would be found there. Next, make a list of places on Earth that wouldn't show any signs of life--for example, inside a volcano. Take your (children) on an indoor field trip at (home) to search for signs of life. Be sure to include bacteria as a type of life."

July 20, 1985 A diving expedition off the coast of Florida located
the remains of the Spanish galleon Nuestra Senora de Atocha,
sunk in a hurricane in 1622. The expedition recovered $400 Million
in Gold, Silver, and Copper Treasure.

July 20, 1987 Wilma Mankiller became the First Woman
Elected Chief of the Cherokee Nation.

July 20 is also considered Moon Day.


Now we move on into July 21 with the following birthdays:

July 21, 1899 Ernest Hemingway, American novelist, was born.

July 21, 1920 Isaac Stern, Russian violinist, was born.

July 21, 1952 Robin Williams, American comedian and actor, was born.

Book (1) says in "Stand-up comedy-Have your (children) seen Robin Williams on TV or in movies? To celebrate his birthday, ask the kids to choose a favorite comedian. Why do they like him or her? Are there any potential comedians in your (family)? Let those who wish prepare a short comedy skit and perform it in front of the family. Nonperformers might like to join forces with the (family comics) and help write the skits."



Now we will add the events for July 21:

July 21, 1834 The Liberty Bell was Muffled to toll the
death of the Marquis de Lafayette.

July 21, 1861 At the Battle of Bull Run, the first
major encounter of the Civil War, Confederate General
Thomas J. Jackson gained the nickname "Stonewall."

Book (1) writes in "Stonewall and other nicknames-Tell your (children) that Confederate General Thomas J. Jackson earned the nickname "Stonewall" during the first Battle of Bull Run. Despite overwhelming odds, his brigade stood firm--"like a stone wall"--against attacks from Northern troops. Ask your (children) to name other prominent Americans and the actions that have earned them recognition--for example, Alexander Graham Bell, Martin Luther King, Jr. , Sally Ride, Carl Lewis. What nicknames might your students give these people?"

July 21, 1873 Jesse James committed the World's
First Train Robbery, near Council Bluffs, Iowa.

July 21, 1925 Tennessee biology teacher John Scopes was found
Guilty of Teaching the Theory of Evolution, which was against
state law. He was fined $100.

July 21, 1930 The U.S. Veterans Administration was established.

July 21, 1959 The United States launched the Savannah,
the First Nuclear-powered Merchant Ship.

July 21, 1961 U.S. astronaut Virgil Grissom became the
Second American in Space. His flight lasted 16 minutes.

Book (1) says in "Flying in space-To mark the anniversary of Virgil "Gus" Grissom's space flight, turn off the lights in your (home) for 16 minutes. During that time--the length of Grissom's flight--ask your (children) to imagine what they might see or do or think about if they were flying in space. When the lights come back on, have the kids quickly write all their thoughts on scrap paper. Finally, have them use their ideas to write poems about space flight. (Make articles in your family newspapers also.)"

July 21, 1969 Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin
Returned From the Moon to the command module,
manned by Michael Collins.

July 21 is also National Independence Day in Belgium.




Now we will start on July 22 with the following birthdays:

July 22, 1822 Johann Gregor Mendel, Austrian monk who
discovered the principles of heredity, was born. 

July 22, 1844 William Archibald Spooner, English clergyman
after whom the spoonerism was named, was born.

Book (1) explains in "Sunny flips of the tongue-Have your (children) look up "Spoonerism" in the dictionary. Next, (...challenge competition with your children by taking turns reading aloud a favorite poem. Afterward,...write down your poems, intentionally transpose the initial sounds of some words, Then ...read the spoonerism-filled results.)"

July 22, 1849 Emma Lazarus, American poet who wrote
the sonnet "The New Colossus," which is engraved on
the Statue of Liberty, was born.

July 22, 1881 Margery Williams Bianco, children's author
who wrote The Velveteen Rabbit, was born.

July 22, 1898 Alexander Calder, American artist
considered the originator of the mobile, was born.

Book (1) has the following to say in "Nature mobiles-Share some photographs of Alexander Calder's mobiles with your (children). Then encourage the children to make nature mobiles, " using leaves, twigs, tree bark, and other natural objects. First, take the students for an outdoor walk to gather their objects. Next, ask them to tie or glue their objects pieces of string cut to varied lengths, then tie the strings to coat hangers. Suspend the mobiles from the (home") ceiling."

July 22, 1898 Steven Vincent Benet,  American poet, was born.


Now we well cover the events for July 22:

July 22, 1587 More than 100 English colonists founded a
Second Colony on Roanoke Island off North Carolina, the
site of the first attempted English colony in America.
When supply ships returned 3 years later, the only
trace of the colony was the word Croaton carved on a tree.

July 22, 1796 Moses Cleaveland, a surveyor for the
Connecticut Land Co., founded Cleveland, Ohio.

Book (1) writes "Place names-Tell your (children) that in 1831, the spelling of Cleaveland was changed to Cleveland to better fit into a newspaper headline. What cities, buildings, businesses, schools, or streets in your (children's) area are named after people? Make a class list, and note any changed spellings."

July 22, 1881 In Seattle, Wash., Tom Clancy was Arrested
for Speeding on His Horse. He was riding more than
the legal limit of 6 mph.

July 22, 1933 American pilot Wiley Post completed the
First Solo Air Circumnavigation of the Globe. His flight
took 7 days, 18 hours, and 45 minutes.

July 22, 1975 Congress voted to Restore the American
Citizenship of Robert E. Lee, who had commanded the
Confederate forces during the Civil War.



Now we move onto July 23 starting with the two birthdays as follows:

July 23, 1926 Patricia Coombs, children's author, was born.

July 23, 1929 Robert Quackenbush, children's author, was born.

Not so many events as follows either:

July 23, 1827 America's First Swimming School opened in Boston.

July 23, 1829 William Burt received a patent for his
typographer,a Forerunner of the Typewriter.

July 23, 1903 Ford Motor Co. sold its first car.

Book (1) writes in "Classroom assembly line-Henry Ford, founder of the Ford Motor co., believed that the average person should be able to own a car. To make this possible, he developed one of the first assembly-line production systems. The assembly line allowed Ford to produce a greater number of cars at a lower price. The process proved so successful that other manufacturers began using it. Have your (children) conduct an experiment to test the effectiveness of an assembly line. Bring in a couple loaves of bread, several jars of Peanut butter and jelly, paper plates, and (a number of) knives. (Use the whole family to form an assembly line.) Tell the (family) that their goal is to make 12 peanut butter and jelly sandwiches as quickly as possible. (Divide up the work and put the jobs to work. Test yourselves with a timer. Than each of you make so many of the same sandwiches do some alone. Does it make it any faster?)"

July 23, 1958 Queen Elizabeth II named four women to the
peerage, making them the First Women members of the House of Lords.

July 23, 1962 Australia's Dawn Fraser became the First
Woman to Swim 100 Meters in Under 1 minute.

July 23, 1986 Britain's Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson.
They were titled the duke and duchess of York.

July 23 is also the time for Perseid Meteor Shower (Through mid-August). This is explained in Book (1) under "Seeking shooting stars-Tell your (children) that a meteor (also called a shooting star) is a streak of light in the sky that occurs when a meteoroid--a usually small, solid object from space--enters the earth's atmosphere and burns up. On a dark, moonless night, a careful observer might expect to see five or six meteors per hour. But at certain times of the year, when the orbit of a group of meteoroids intersects the earth's orbit, many more meteors are visible. This is called a meteor shower. Show your (children) a sky chart, pointing out the constellation Perseus and noting how to find it in the nighttime sky. Then encourage your (children) to observe the Perseid meteor shower, which begins about now but peaks around August 12. Tell them to go to a place away from bright lights, find Perseus, and note how many meteors they see in a 15- or 20-minute period."


Next is July 24 starting with the birthdays:

July 24, 1783 Simon Bolivar, South American patriot, was born.

Book (1) explains in "El Libertador-Simon Bolivar was born in Venezuela. As a child, he learned about the French and American revolutions and dreamed of the day his country would achieve independence from Spain. Bolivar became one of South America's greatest generals in the fight against Spain, managing to win independence for Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Have your (children) locate South America on a world map. Then have them find the countries that were liberated by Bolivar." (This lessons should be infiltrated in the North American revolution history but tied to studies for South America in the Spring, that is why it is good in the summer as well.)

July 24, 1802 Alexandre Dumas, French novelist, was born.

July 24, 1898 Amelia Earhart, American aviator, was born.

July 24, Bella Abzug, American politician and feminist, was born.

Book (1) tells about her in "Women's rights-Tell your (children) that when Bella Abzug was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1970, she pushed vigorously for women's rights. Ask the children to list the kinds of rights women have been fighting for since the 19th century, when women such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony were leading the charge. How has the women's movement progressed? Who are today's prominent feminists?"(A little note of Grandma's opinion here. Grandma is very partial to the dignity of women and the direction they have been led into. Grandma believes women should have all the rights a man has; however, Grandma feels this bit where feminists or business officials, educators, or group of people that feel they know it all and everyone should live a certain way or be a certain way that are controling our world may not be doing the best by us. Grandma feels women should be proud they are women and live up to standards to be as strong as we can being exactly like men or being with many womanly traits God has given us.
Grandma does not feel we have to dress in pants when a dress or skirt was designed to handle our bladder needs better than the design of a man being able to open his pants or slip them down to go in an easier position.
Many men the same as women like the feel and look of satins, ruffles, and sheers. A man is attracted to a women for his neat appearance in more of a rustic dress because they usually like to be doing things outside and rough. Not to say that women at times like to get just as close to the Earth and doing things they can. However, each person must work out a balance with the people they live with and things they like to do. However, to say the only way is to wear jeans or pants and act like a man is the only answer because men really like to be in control and if a women overpasses them they have a tendency to sit back and not want to do anything because they feel she can handle it why not let her and a lot ends up falling on the women that way. I feel fathers and mothers that do not give their girls a chance to be as lovely as the other girls try to rob them of the benefit of being a woman, not to say they want to be loved for how sexy or even sensual they are, but it can be a lot easier on them if they are allowed to have the time with their children if they want to and take care of womanly chores if they want to as well as put make-up on, fix their hair the way they want, or look a little more appealing even though many feel jeans can be sexy. They really can be too tight, or constantly have to be pulled up, or downright sloppy. Dress pants are ok, but when some older women can have so many problems that they have to change a pair of pants to fit in with the crowd, Grandma does not feel comfortable with the crowd bit nor will she ever.
Not all women are born with the strength to handle all the jobs men do as well as some women and I do not feel it should be forced on them. Some men do not want to do all the jobs women have done or like to do. Some men like to see women dressed up sensually occasionally and women like to see men dressed up themselves too. I feel there should be a fair balance made and other women nor men should put one or the other down because they look nice for each other at times. It makes a better relationship in the end. If women don't like dressing up nor men and want to look junky who is to put them down, but business people do frown on a too junky or sexy of a look someone might have, but some of those people hung around others that felt it was all ok.
Grandma got tired of looking junky in a T-shirt and old ragged pants or jeans for work. She learned where she felt comfortable. However, if I am doing something that could ruin my clothes as home or work I definitely wanted old ragged clothes on. If  it is summer and she knows she is going to be hot she wants shorts or something cool on.
Grandma just had to put her 3 cents in. Grandma does not always go to a beautician for her hair or whatever because she has only had a small budget to live on. As I said people should dress the way they feel comfortable at the time, but not have to live a certain form of dress to be considered for a man's job. I do feel they should be considerate of their spouses feelings in the way they dress and understand that if they want to sell a product to the public, the public is not going to change for their feelings, they have to dress presentable in order to be accepted by other people. That does not mean they have to show off with the most expensive or newest fad on the market at the time either. People will always look at the appearance of a stranger selling something unless they are the type that don't care any better than than the person selling. Smaller towns are worse than the bigger cities because of the variety of people to pick from. If many of you disagree maybe our world has us all mental blocked or some women are just trying to hide their own sex problems.)

Now lets do the events for July 24 as follows:

July 24, 1679 New Hampshire became a royal colony of the British crown.

July 24, 1701 Antoine De La Mothe Cadillac founded a fort at the site of Detroit.

July 24, 1847 Brigham Young and his Mormon
followers arrived at the Great Salt Lake in Utah.

July 24, 1866 Tennessee became the First Confederate
state to be readmitted to the Union.

July 24, 1959 U.S. vice president Richard Nixon and Soviet premier
Nikita Khrushchev Debated the Pros and Cons of Capitalism
and Communism on world television.


(Grandma feels this topic should be talked about because,
Soviet Unions idea of Communism was the incomes to be equal but far lower than the officials themselves therefore it left them in more power to decide who belonged there and what they should do.)

July 24, 1977 Dutch rider Henk Vink set a Motorcycle World Record
by covering a 1-kilometer course in 16.68 seconds from a standing start.

July 24 is also Pioneer Day in Utah therefore have some fun with it and it is also National Baked Bean Month in July. Book (1) says in "Best baked beans-Celebrate National Baked Bean Month by having your (friends and/or family) conduct a taste test of various (recipes and/or) brands of canned baked beans. Which brand tastes best? Which tastes worst? Afterward, challenge (the children) to create tongue twisters beginning with: "The best baked beans..."



Now we move onto July 25th beginning with the following birthdays:

July 25, 1750 Henry Knox, American military officer who served
as the first U.S. secretary of war, was born.

July 25, 1911 Ruth Krauss, children's author, was born.

July 25, 1954 Walter Payton, football star who set the NFL
career record for rushing, was born.

July 25, 1978 Louise Brown, the first socalled test-tube baby
(baby conceived through in vitro fertilization, was born.


Next are the events for July 25th:

July 25, 1814 The English inventor George Stephenson
first demonstrated a Steam Locomotive.

July 25, 1866 Ulysses S. Grant became the army's First Five-Star General.

July 25,  1909 The French engineer and aviator Louis Bleriot
made the First Airplane Flight Across the English Channel,
from Calais, France, to Dover, England.

Book (1) writes this in "Flying across the Channel-Tell your (children) that it took Louis Bleriot 37 minutes to complete his 20-mile flight. Help them appreciate Bleriot's aviation milestone by having them re-create it with paper airplanes. Have (the children) work ...to create a scale drawing of England. France, and the English Channel (somewhere else). They can use chalk or masking tape to lay out their design, (making France a good distance away from the drawing of England-maybe a foot 100-200 miles or as far as 500 miles to France.) Have the children mark the sites of Calais, France, and Dover England. Next have them each make a paper airplane. Students can then take turns flying their airplanes "across the Channel.""

July 25, 1934 Franklin Roosevelt became the First President to Visit Hawaii.

July 25, 1952 Puerto Rico's Constitution was proclaimed,
and the island became a self-governing commonwealth of the United States.

July 25, 1971 South African surgeon Dr. Christiaan Barnard Successfully
Transplanted Two Lungs and a Heart into a patient.

July 25, 1984 Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became
the First Woman to Walk in Space.


July is also Recreation and Parks Month and July 25 of Book (1) says in "Passport to the parks-
The National Park Service offers a national parks passport book. Each time a passport holder visits a national park, the book gets stamped. Make a notebook-size version of this passport book for your students. List each national park or monument your students have visited on a separate page, and ask the kids to find an appropriate illustration or magazine photo. Then have students sign their names under the locations they've visited. Encourage those who will visit national parks or monuments in the future to send postcards for inclusion in the passport book. (Grandma will have some information for this later and she want to cover some of the National Parks in November to go along with the letter N for children.)



Now we will move onto July 26th starting with the birthdays:

July 26, 1856 George Bernard Shaw, British playwright, was born.

Book (1) writes under "Perspectives on teaching-Playwright George Bernard Shaw once observed, "Those who can, do. Those who can't, teach. " Share Shaw's quote with your (children). Then share this quote from Christa McAuliffe: "I touch the future; I teach." Ask your (children) which quote they think more accurately describes today's teachers. After they've shared their views, explain quotes to survey family, friends, and community members about their perceptions of teaching."

July 26, 1892 Pearl Buck, American author, was born.

July 26, 1897 Paul Gallico, American author of The Snow Goose, was born.

July 26, 1923 Jan Berenstain, children's author, was born.

July 26, 1943 Mick Jagger, British rock star, was born.

Book (1) writes in "Classroom rock fest-In honor of Mick Jagger's birthday, have a parent-(child) rock fest in your (home). ...find favorite Rolling Stones recordings. (Children and yourself) also can ( find your own favorite artists.) After playing a sampling of the songs, ask ...what they think of the other generation's musical tastes."

Now we will move into the Events:

July 26, 1788 New York became the 11th state.

July 26, 1847 The West African nation of Liberia proclaimed its independence.

July 26, 1889 China's Hwang Ho (Yellow River) flooded, leaving the
surrounding countryside under as much as 12 feet of water.

July 26, 1908 The Federal Bureau of Investigation was created.

July 26, 1920 Oscar Swann, age 72, won a medal in rifle
shooting, thus becoming the Oldest Olympic Medalist.

July 26, 1969 U.S. scientists examined the First Moon Rock Samples.

July 26, 1986 Bicyclist Greg Lemond became the First American
to Win the Tour De France. His time for the 2,500-mile race was
110 hours, 35 minutes, 19 seconds.

(Do some math figuring with this as: How many miles an hour figuring approximately 110 hours into the 2,500 miles equals what?)

July 26 is also Hopi Niman Dance in United States as Book (1) explains it in "Native American legends-Share with your (children) the Hopi Indian legend of the kachinas--supernatural beings who leave their mountain homes for half the year to visit the tribe. The kachinas are believed to bring good health to the people and rainfall for the crops. For the Niman dance, dancers portraying kachinas sing and dance for almost the entire day. Ask your (children) to name other supernatural beings--for example, leprechauns and guardian angels--who some to earth and help people. Then have the children write stories featuring supernatural do-gooders of their own invention."



The next day is July 27th with only two birthdays as follows:

July 27, 1913 Scott Corbett, children's author, was born.

Book (1) says in"Titles of honor-Children's author Scott Corbett fulfilled a longtime wish when he joined two friends for a balloon trip. They traveled from northern Rhode Island to southern Massachusetts. Later, Corbett joked that he could sign his name "Scott Corbett, I.A. (Interstate Aerialist)." Ask your (children) what titles they could give themselves based on their accomplishments. Next, have them fold 8 1/2 x 11-inch sheets of construction paper in half to make "nameplates" for their desks. Have them each write their name and new title on their nameplate."

July 27, 1948 Peggy Fleming, American figure-skating champion, was born.

Now we have the Events for July 27th:

July 27, 1586 Sir Walter Raleigh returned to England bearing
the Virginia colony's first tobacco crop.

July 27, 1775 Benjamin Church was named Surgeon General
of the Continental Army.

July 27, 1789 Congress established the Department of Foreign Affairs,
which later became the State Department.

July 27, 1866 The Fist Underwater Telegraph Cable Between
North America and Europe was completed.

July 27, 1909 Orville Wright set a World Record by staying
aloft in an airplane for 72 minutes and 40 seconds.

Book (1) writes in "It takes teamwork-Tell your (children) that Orville Wright worked together with his brother, Wilbur, to build and fly the first power-driven airplane. Since the Wright brothers worked as a team, how did they decide who would fly the plane on this day in 1909? Ask your (children) to speculate. How do your students think Orville felt during his record-setting flight? How do they suppose Wilbur felt watching from the ground? Have each (child) write a narrative from the perspective of either Orville or Wilbur."

July 27, 1921 Insulin was isolated for the first time.

July 27, 1931 A Swam of Grasshoppers descended on the
states of Iowa, Nebraska, and South Dakota, destroying
thousands of acres of crops.

July 27, 1953 The Korean War ended.

July 27, 1974 The House Judiciary Committee passed its
First Article of Impeachment Against President Richard Nixon.

July 27 is also Take Your Houseplants for a Walk Day and Book (1) has this to say in "Walk the plant?-Today is Take Your Houseplants for a Walk Day. Ask your (children) to suggest a scientific reason why this might be a good thing to do. (Plants remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and generate oxygen.) What whimsical reasons can they suggest?"

(By the way Book (1) has a picture with this insert where the children are walking and the plants are actually walking beside them as humans-a good laugh for the day.)



Next is July 28 with only two following birthdays:

July 28, 1932 Natalie Babbitt, children's author, was born.

Book (1) says in "Character diary-Natalie Babbitt's popular book Tuck Everlasting deals with the theme of searching for oneself. Read it aloud to the (children). As (the children) listen, have them keep a diary of their reactions to Winnie, the main character. Following the story's conclusion, have (the children) make collages to illustrate their reactions. They might include pictures, drawings, words, or other creative ways to capture the essence of a character who faces difficult choices."

July 28, 1943 Bill Bradley, professional basketball player
and U.S. senator, was born.

Book (1) writes in "Looking at Legislators-Before entering politics, Senator Bill Bradley of New Jersey was a basketball star. He earned All-American honors at Princeton University, played on the 1964 U.S. Olympic team, and won two NBA championships with the New York Knicks during a 10-year pro career. Bradley said that his basketball experiences taught him lessons he could apply in his work as a legislator. In particular, he believed, he gained insights into race relations, an issue he frequently spoke on. Ask your (children) to list professions or personal experiences that they believe would prepare a person for a successful career in Congress. Do the kids feel Congress should contain members from diverse backgrounds? Why? Have your (children) write to your state's two U.S. senators, asking each about his or her previous professional experiences."

Now we will cover the events for July 28th:

July 28, 1821 General Jose de San Martin proclaimed
Peru's Independence from Spain.

July 28, 1868 The Fourteenth Amendment defining U.S. citizenship and guaranteeing due process of law, took effect.

July 28, 1914 World War I began when Austria declared war on Serbia.

July 28, 1945 The U. S. Senate ratified the United Nations Charter
by a vote of 90-2.

July 28, 1945 A B-25 Bomber Crashed into the 79th floor of the
Empire State Building.

July 28, 1959 Daniel Inouye of Hawaii became the First
Japanese-American elected to Congress.

July 28, 1973 Six hundred thousand people attended the
Biggest U.S. Rock Concert ever, at Watkins Glenn, N.Y.

Book (1) writes about it in "Concert calculations-Tell Your (children) that 4 years before the Watkins Glen concert, in the summer of 1969, 400,000 people attended another famous rock festival held in New York State. Ask your students to name this event (Woodstock). There were 200,000 more people at the Watkins Glen event than at Woodstock. Have students calculate this difference as a percentage increase."

Lastly:

July 28, 1984 The Summer Olympics Opened in Los Angeles.
Nineteen nations, including the USSR, boycotted.



Moving on into July 29th with Three birthdays:

July 29, 1869 Booth Tarkington, American novelist, was born.

July 29, 1905 Dag Hammarskjold, Swedish diplomat and
second secretary-general of the United Nations, was born.

July 29, 1938, Peter Jennings, Canadian-born TV journalist, was born.

Now we will list the Events and activities for July 29 as follows:

July 29, 1778 A French Fleet Arrived at Rhode Island to help the
American colonists in the Revolutionary War.

July 29, 1958 Congress authorized the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration (NASA).

Book (1) writes here in "What's next for NASA?-As early as 1915, the U.S. government supported organized research on aeronautics. That year, a congressional resolution established the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). By 1958, government officials agreed that NACA's work should be extended to include the region outside earth's atmosphere--and NASA was created. Ask your (children)  to predict how NASA's work will be extended 10 years from now. For example, what other regions or heavenly bodies might be explored? Have each (child) write a science fiction story describing what might happen."
(By the way while Grandma was in Mexico during August we sighted lights in the sky that were not stars or anything normal. They looked like airplane lights but they were not moving like an airplane. They were just there and then disappeared. First it showed in one place then it disappeared and shown in another space and then did the same two or three other places. They said it happens there occasionally. Grandma had never seen anything like it before. It was really strange.)

July 29, 1962 Seventy-five American historians and political scientists Rated U.S. Presidents as "great," "near great," "average," below average," or "failure."

Book (1) writes about it in "Evaluating the presidents-Have your (children) rate all the presidents who've served in their lifetimes using the same scale as the historians and political scientists used in 1962. Ask the kids to cite specific events and presidential decisions to support their ratings."

July 29, 1981 Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer were
married in St. Paul's Cathedral in London.

July 29, 1988 Javier Sotomayor of Cuba became the First
High Jumper to Clear 8 feet.


July 29th is also Chincoteague Pony Penning(last Thursday in July) and Book (1) writes about it in "Where the wold horses are-Tell your (children) that about 150 wild ponies live on Assateague Island in Virginia. These animals are descendants of colonial-era horses. Each year, the ponies are rounded up and made to swim across the inlet to Chincoteague Island, where about 40 of them are sold. Ask (your children) to locate these two islands on a map of Virginia. How far apart are they? invite the kids to speculate on why the ponies are rounded up annually. (With no predators, they would eventually become too numerous for the island's ecosystem to sustain.) (This is a good lesson in Biology for the children.)



Now we will begin July 30 starting with only two birthdays:

July 30, 1863 Henry Ford, American automobile manufacturer, was born.

Book (1) writes in "The family car-In honor of Henry Ford's birthday, ask your (children) to collect data about their families' cars, including how many cars their families own, the makes and models, the colors, and the safety features, such as air bags or antilock brakes. Have (the children) work...to compile their data and design graphs illustrating the results.

July 30, 1947 Arnold Schwarzenegger, Austrian-born
bodybuilder and actor, was born.

Next are the following events for July 30th:

July 30, 1619 The First Representative Assembly in the American Colonies
met at Jamestown, Va., and enacted laws against drunkenness,
idleness, and gambling.

July 30, 1729 Baltimore Town (later Baltimore) was founded by the
Maryland colonial government.

July 30,1909 The United States Bought its First Airplane for $31,250.

July 30, 1919 Missouri farmer Fred Hoenemann got a temporary
injunction Prohibiting Pilots From Flying Over His Farm.

July 30, 1942 President Franklin Roosevelt signed a bill creating
the navy Waves (Women accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service).

July 30, 1952 The Chesapeake Bay Bridge--third longest in the world--opened.

Book (1) writes about it in "Down by the bay-Tell your (children) that the Chesapeake Bay--which is 200 miles long and 4 to 40 miles wide--is the largest inlet on the Atlantic coast of the United States. Have the children locate the Chesapeake Bay on a U.S. Map. Various rivers flow into the bay. Challenge the kids to find as many as they can. (Among the rivers are the James, York, Potomac, Rappahannock, Patuxent, and Susquehanna.)"

July 30, 1956 Congress adopted the motto, "In God We Trust."

Book (1) writes in "National motto- Ask your (children) where the motto "In God We Trust" can be found--for example, on coins and paper currency. Then discuss the concept of mottoes and why they exist. What is your state's motto? Ask each (child) to adopt a personal motto, write it on a sheet of oaktag, and add a personalized border design. Tape the mottoes (onto something to display them.)"

July 30, 1971 Apollo 15 astronauts landed on the moon.
Their mission included deploying a jeeplike vehicle called
a Lunar Rover, which enabled them to explore much more
of the moon's surface.



This is the last day of July and the last day on this blog. Grandma will carry on tomorrow into August. This is also a very special sons birthday.) Therefore, we will start July 31 with the only two birthdays:

July 31, 1803 John Ericsson, Swedish-American engineer
who designed the Monitor, the famous Ironclad Civil War
ship, was born.

July 31, 1930 Robert Kimmel Smith, children's author, was born.

Now moving on into the Events for the day:

July 31, 1498 Christopher Columbus first sighted Trinidad.

July 31, 1790 The First American Patent was awarded to Samuel
Hopkins for his method of making potash, a substance used in
the manufactur

Beginning of July's Summer Lessons

Posted on September 11, 2014 at 1:15 AM Comments comments (30)
These activities are great if they can be utilized next summer because Grandma had so much trouble getting them to you. However, they can be infiltrated in Lessons now as part of lessons about Summer now and beginning activity to start the new year off.
July's big project for the month is all around the observation of July as Anti-Boredom Month. The children are to make lists with you for things that are in "three categories: fun for one, small-group fun, and large-group fun." Ok! So you ask how can I do that when it is only my children and me. There are things first that they know they like to do alone as some reading. There are things as a family or with a few friends you like to do. Then ways of developing friends and bigger groups is if you have lots of neighbor friends, a church that does a lot together, hospitals (especially for children), orphanages, child care homes or centers, old peoples homes or care places, libraries might be helpful, use your imagination, there used to be home school clubs that did some things together(it is an option). Form a favorite sport together. Help your children with this activity as much as possible. You are suppose to form it into a book. I know you can do it. Just try!

"The Monthlong Observances" from Book (1) besides Anti-Boredom Month for July are as follows:
"Blueberry Month
Hitchhiking Month
National Baked Bean Month
National Hot Dog Month
National Ice Cream Month
Picnic Month
Read an Almanac Month
Recreation and Parks Month

Weeklong Events" are as follows:
"Music for Life Week (first week)
Special Recreation Week (first full week)
Be Nice to New Jersey Week (second week)
Space Week (week including July 20)"

And "Special Days and Celebrations
Independence Day (July 4)
Bastille Day (July 14)
National Ice Cream Day (third Sunday)"
(Look into this one with September's)


July 1 has three birthdays as follows:

July 1, 1872 Louis Bleriot, French aviator who became the
first person to fly an airplane across the English Channel, was born.

July 1, 1961 Diana Spencer, princess of Wales, was born this day.

July 1, 1961 Carl Lewis, American track star, was also born.

Events for July 1 are as follows:

July 1, 1847 The First Official U.S. Postage Stamps were issued.

Book (1) writes in "People on postage-When the first American postage stamps were issued, Benjamin Franklin appeared on the 5-cent stamp and George Washington appeared on the 10-cent stamp.  Why do the children think these people were chosen? If postage stamps were being issued or the first time today, what people or images would your (children) want on the stamps? Have them draw and color their own "first issue" stamps."

July 1, 1862 Congress established the Bureau of Internal Revenue.

July 1, 1863 The Civil War Battle of Gettysburg began.

July 1, 1867 The Dominion of Canada was created.

July 1, 1898 Theodore Roosevelt and His Rough Riders
charged up San Juan Hill during the Spanish American War.

July 1, 1941 The First Television Commercial, sponsored by
Bulova Watch, was broadcast in New York.

Book (1) talks about it in "TV selling-Tell your (children) that the first television ad, broadcast on station WNBT in New York, lasted 10 seconds and cost $9. Ask your (children) how much the sponsor paid per minute. At the time, there were 4,000 TV sets in the New York area. If one person was watching each TV set when the commercial aired, how much did the sponsor pay per viewer? Ask the kids to find out how many people watch their favorite program and how much a minute of commercial time on the program costs. Then have them compare these figures with those from the first commercial."

July 1, 1963 The Five-Digit Zip Code was introduced.

July 1, 1971 The Twenty-Sixth Amendment was ratified,
giving 18-year-olds the right to vote.

July 1, 1990 A treaty unifying the Monetary Systems of
East and West Germany became effective.

July 1 is also Canada Day and National Hot Dog Month is given an activity in Book (1) this day
called "Good doggies-Celebrate National Hot Dog Month with a healthy twist. Have (the children) examine labels to determine the fat content and nutritional value of various brands of hot dogs. Then ask the kids to chart their resuls. Afterward, have them create truth-in-advertising poster guides to healthy hot dog eating (which Grandma does not follow too well, but Grandpa doesn't like hot dogs too often). (You can display you poster wherever you wish, for they are good information and Grandma definitely is for eating good food for yourselves, but costs seem to hold us all back on what is good sometimes.)"


July 2 has four birthdays as follows with two activities:

July 2, 1908 Thurgood Marshall, American jurist who became the
first black Supreme Court justice, was born.

Book (1) says in "Early judicial experiences-Tell your (children) that as a boy, Thurgood Marshall frequently got into trouble at school. Ironically, his punishment was to memorize parts of the U.S. Constitution. Marshall once remarked that he'd learned the entire document by heart by the time he graduated. Ask your (children) to write down the career paths they hope to follow. Then have them speculate on which school experiences might influence their future professions."

July 2, 1919 Jean Craighead George, children's author, was born.

July 2, 1951 Jack Gantos, children's author, was born.

July 2, 1964 Jose Canseco, Cuban-born baseball player who
became the first major-leaguer to hit 40 home runs and steal
40 bases in one season.

Book (1) says "40 is fabulous-Have your (children) celebrate Canseco's "40s feat." For the rest of July, have them keep a journal describing 40 things they did or that happened to them during the month. At month's end, have them each list their 40 things in order of greatest significance. Post the lists on a (poster called "Top 40" to post on the wall somewhere.)"

Events for July 2 are as follows:

July 2, 1776 The Continental Congress approved the
Declaration of Independence.

July 2, 1881 President James Garfield was Shot by
Charles Guiteau, a disgruntled office seeker. The
president died of his wounds 80 days later.

July 2, 1932 Franklin Roosevelt accepted the Democratic Party's
nomination for president, pledging a "New Deal for the American People."

July 2, 1964 President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964,
which guaranteed the enforcement of nondiscrimination in public accommodation,
government facilities, education, and employment.

July 2, 1976 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the
Death Penalty was not cruel or unusual punishment.

July was also recognized as National Ice Cream month on July 2 saying in "Flavorful ice cream-During National Ice Cream Month, have your (children) conduct a ...survey..to find out ...(others) favorite ice cream flavors. Ask them to create a pie chart, table, or bar graph to display their findings. What are the three most popular flavors? Afterward, have the kids brainstorm for all the known flavors of ice cream. Then have them suggest some new and unusual ones--For example, jalapeno pepper, mustard and relish, or anchovy pizza. Have them write descriptive sentences telling what these flavors would taste like. Bring in a gallon of vanilla ice cream and a variety of the (children's) suggested flavorings, then let the kids create. How do their new flavors taste?" 

July 3 only has two birthdays:

July 3, 1878 George M Cohan, American playwright and composer, was born.

July 3, 1962 Tom Cruise, American actor, was born.

The events are almost just as sparing:

July 3, 1608 French explorer Samuel De Champlain founded Quebec.

July 3, 1775 George Washington took command of the
Continental Army in Cambridge, Mass.

July 3, 1863 The Battle Gettysburg ended.

Book (1) explains in "Hallowed ground-The Battle of Gettysburg proved to be one of the most decisive battles of the Civil War as well as a defining moment in the history of the nation. After e days of fighting, during which both sides suffered terrible casualties, the Confederate forces were compelled to retreat, with any realistic hope of winning the war dashed. Have your (children) read about the battle, then imagine themselves as one of the participants, whether a famous commander or a common soldier, Ask the kids to write a letter from participant to family members describing the events at Gettysburg."

July 3, 1890 Idaho became the 43rd state.

July 3, 1991 Mount Rushmore was finally officially
dedicated on its 50th anniversary. Ceremonies in 1
941 had been canceled because of World War II.

July 3 is also noted as Complement Your Mirror Day as Book (1) uses "Mirror, mirror, on the wall-Place a mirror in a corner of your (learning area accessible to the children.) Put several strips of blank paper around the mirror, then encourage the kids to write general compliments on the strips--for example, "What a great smile!" or "You look marvelous! The comments are sure to bring smiles whenever the kids look in the mirror."

July 3 is also used for Stay Out of the Sun Day which Book (1) talks about it in "Harmful rays-Ask your (children) to investigate how the sun's rays affect exposed skin. Then have the kids draw posters and create advertisements ... warning others about the dangers of too much sun. Next, invite the children to design protective hats for people to wear outdoors. You could even challenge them to design hats for animals that spend a lot of time in the sun. For example, what type of hat would an elephant wear to protect those big, floppy ears?"


July 4 in Book (1) comes out with three good activities and lots of birthdays as well as events:
The birthdays are as follows with two good activities:

July 4, 1804 Nathaniel Hawthorne, American novelist, was born.

July 4, 1826 Stephen Foster, American composer, was born.

July 4, 1872 Calvin Coolidge, 30th president of the United States, was born.

July 4, 1900 Louis Armstrong, American jazz musician, was born.

Book (1) also points out and gives an activity in "Celebrating "Satchmo-To celebrate Louis Armstrong's birthday, play "It's a Wonderful World" for your (children). Then, with the music playing in the background, have (the children) tape their impressions of why the world is wonderful or how people can work to make it better."

July 4, 1918 Ann Landers and Abigail Van Buren, twin sisters who each wrote a popular newspaper advice column, were born.

Book (1) tells about them in "Advice for kids- Observe the birthdays of advice columnists Abigail Van Buren and Ann Landers by asking each (child) to write a short letter asking for advice about a typical kid problem. Collect the letters, mix them up, with letters from others or your child and you answer them by searching for the answers. ( Grandma wants to start a column as this herself, maybe you would like to start one in your family newspaper.)"

The events are as follows for July 4:

July 4, 1776 The Continental Congress adopted the
Declaration of Independence.

July 4, 1776 The Continental Congress appointed
Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson
to Design a Seal for the United States.

July 4, 1826 John Adams and Thomas Jefferson--the second and third presidents, respectively--died

July 4, 1831 James Monroe, the fifth president , died.

July 4, 1831 The Song "America" was Introduced at a service at
Boston's Park Street Church.

July 4, 1960 The First 50-Star American Flag was raised at Fort McHenry, Md.

July 4, 1980 Pitcher Nolan Ryan recorded his 3,000th Career Strikeout.

July 4, 1986 The 100th Birthday of the Statue of Liberty was celebrated with the largest fireworks display in U.S. history.

July 4 being Independence Day has an activity of its own in Book (1) as follows:
"Independence posters-Have each of your (children) create an "Independence Day Special Event" poster that features at least five local or national events. The posters' titles should incorporate the theme of independence. Ask local business or community organizations to display the finished posters."


July 5 is booming in the following birthdays:

July 5, 1709 Etienne De Silhouette, French finance minister
who created shadow portraits as a hobby, was born.

July 5 1801 David G. Farragut, first admiral of the U.S. Navy, was born.

July 5, 1810 (P.T.)Phineas Taylor Barnum, American
showman and circus promoter, was born.

Book (1) explains it in "Barnum's gullible public-P.T. Barnum once remarked of American audiences: "There's a sucker born every minute." What do your (children) think Barnum meant? As a follow-up, ask them to listen to TV advertising claims. Do these claims promise benefits they don't back up to entice the public Barnum thought was so gullible? Have the kids complile any wild claims into a class notebook as evidence of the truth of Barnum's maxim."

July 5, 1853 Cecil Rhodes, British statesman and founder of the
Rhodes scholarship, was born.

July 5, 1857 Clara Zetkin, German women's rights advocate and
founder of International Women's Day, was born.

July 5, 1958 Bill Watterson, cartoonist and creator of
"Calvin and Hobbes", was born.

Book (1) writes about it in "Classroom cartoonists-To celebrate the birth of cartoonist Bill Watterson, introduce the children to his two main characters--Calvin and Calvin's stuffed tiger, Hobbes. Read a few "Calvin and Hobbes" comic strips to the children, then ask them if they have any toys or pets they "talk to. Give them a chance to share stories about their secret friends. Then pass out blank storyboards and have the children develop their own comic strips about themselves and these friends."

Next are July 5 events:

July 5, 1811 Venezuela proclaimed its independence from Spain.

July 5, 1865 William Booth founded the East London Revival
Society (Salvation Army).

July 5, 1865 The Secret Service was created by Congress.

July 5, 1892 A. Beard patented the Rotary Engine.

July 5, 1946 The Bikini, designer Louis Read's shocking
new bathing suit, was first modeled.

Book (1) explains in "Bold bathing suits-Invite students to
follow in bikini designer Reard's pen lines by drawing and
coloring their own 21st-century bathing suits."

July 5, 1984 The Statue of Liberty's Torch was removed for repairs.

July 5ths Be Nice to New Jersey Week is also brought out in Book (1) through "State studying-During Be Nice to New Jersey Week, encourage your (children) to read up on the Garden State. Then post a sheet titled "Neat things about New Jersey." Each day, invite students to write down something interesting or unusual they learned about the state."


July 6 is just as interesting beginning with some interesting birthday's:

July 6, 1747 John Paul Jones, Revolutionary War hero often
called "the Father of the U.S. Navy", was born.

July 6, 1866 Beatrix Potter, children's author, was born.

Book (1) talks about her in "Thinking and talking animals-All of the animals in Beatrix Potter's stories have anthropomorphic qualities. Have your (children) look up the word anthropomorphic in the dictionary
Then invite them to tell about times when their pets (or other animals) have appeared to act like humans. Afterward, have the children write and illustrate stories about animals imbued with human qualities."

July 6, 1907 Dorothy Clewes, children's author, was born.

Then we are given the events for July 6:

July 6, 1776 The Declaration of Independence was announced
on the front page of the Pennsylvania Gazette.

Book (1) writes in "A dangerous document?-After reading the Declaration of Independence, some people called it a dangerous document. Ask your (children) why people might have felt this way. Next, ask them to imagine that they were living in 1776. Would they have agreed with the sentiments expressed in the Declaration of Independence or remained loyal to the king? Have them write their reactions in their journals (and possibly share them later.)"

July 6, 1885 Louis Pasteur administered the first successful
antirabies inoculation to a boy who'd been bitten by a rabid dog.

July 6, 1919 A British dirigible became the First Airship to Cross the Atlantic.

July 6, 1933 Babe Ruth hit the First Home Run in an All-Star Game.

Book (1) writes in "Making baseball history-Even before he hit the first home run in an All-Star game, Babe Ruth had made baseball history. During the 1927 season, he hit a record 60 home runs. In 1929, his salary climbed to $80,000 a year--more than the president of the United States earned. When Ruth was criticized for making more than the president, he reportedly quipped, "Why not? After all, I had a better year than he did." Have your (children) discuss what this story tells about American society. Then have them debate this question: Does America reward its sports and entertainment stars with too much money and fame? Encourage the kids to use concrete examples to bolster their arguments."

July 6, 1945 Nicaragua became the First Country to Accept
the United Nations Charter.

July 6, 1954 Elvis Presley made his first record.

July 6, 1989 A study was released that found Dangerously High Cholesterol Levels in one-third of American adults.


July 7 gets very busy with events but it only has a few birthdays as follows:

July 7, 1887 Marc Chagall, Russian-French artist noted for
his dreamlike paintings, was born.

July 7, 1906 Satchel Paige, American baseball pitcher, was born.

July 7, 1940 Ringo Starr, English musician and
member of the Beatles, was born.

Now begin the events:

July 7, 1861 The First Torpedo Attack of the Civil War took place.

July 7, 1923 Warren Harding became the First U.S. President to Visit Alaska.

July 7, 1936 Margaret Mitchell's Gone With the Wind was published.

July 7, 1958 President Dwight Eisenhower signed the Alaska Statehood Bill.

July 7, 1972 NASA announced Plans to Collect Solar Energy to be
used as a power source on earth.

Book (1) writes in "Solar Experiment-Tell your (children) that solar heaters typically consist of a black panel containing tubes through which water circulates. The sun heats the water as it moves through the tues, and the hot water provides heat for buildings or homes. Ask your (children) why the panels are black. (Black absorbs heat.) Then have them conduct this simple experiment. Take two empty, same-size tin cans and paint the outside of one can black. Fill both cans halfway with cold water, then place them outside in the sun. Take the temperature of the water in both cans every 15 minutes. Students will find that the water in the black can becomes warmer faster."

July 7, 1985 German tennis star Boris Becker, age 17, became t
he Youngest player to Win the Wimbledon Singles Championship.

July 7, 1986 Charles Stocks played 711 Holes of Golf in 24 hours.

Book (1) writes in "Par for the course-Have your (children) calculate the average number of holes Charles Stocks played per hour, then round that number to the nearest hundredth. Then ask them to figure this out: If a round of golf consists of 18 holes, how many rounds did he play per hour? How does this number compare with the average number of holes played per hour?"

July 7, 1988 Eleven-year-old Christopher Lee Marshall
began his Flight Across the Atlantic. He followed the
course of his hero, Charles Lindbergh.

July 7 is also the day of other happenings as Tanabat in Japan but Video Games Day in which Book (1) explains in "Video hits-Help your (children) practice concise writing by having them each write just one paragraph to explain their favorite video game. Invite them to share their work with (others)."
It is also Fiesta De San Fermin as Book (1) writes in "Spanish stampede-Each year in July, the city of Pamplona, Spain, honors its patron saint, San Fermin, with an 8-day festival.The highlight of the festival comes when adventurous men run through the cobbled streets to the bullring--pursued by a group of bulls. Have your (children) write a short, humorous poem about the running of the bulls."


July 8 has only three birthdays also as follows:

July 8, 1838 Count Ferdinand Von Zeppelin, German pioneer
in lighter-than-air vehicles and the first builder of dirigibles.

Book (1) writes in "Airships and ads-Tell your (children) that dirigibles are also known as airships, blimps, or zeppelins (in honor of Count von Zeppelin). These vehicles have been used for passenger travel, scientific exploration, and warfare. For example, during World War II, Germany used zeppelins in air raids against Great Britain. Do your (children) know what dirigibles are commonly used for today? (Blimps are often used for advertising.) Ask your (children) to imagine they could advertise their favorite book on a blimp. What would their slogans say? Have the kids write their slogans on construction-paper blimps, then hang the blimps from the ceiling of the (house)."

July 8, 1918 Irwin Hasen, American cartoonist who created the
Green Hornet and the Green Lantern, was born.

Book (1) writes in "Green Hornet spin-offs-To celebrate Irwin Hasen's birthday, invite your (children) to create a cartoon using a colorful insect of their choice as the main character. Students can create either comic strips or a single-box cartoon and use balloons for dialogue."

July 8, 1932 Russell Everett Erickson, children's author, was born.

July 8 has several events as follows:

July 8, 1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama set sail from
Lisbon. His journey established a Sea Route to India via the
southern tip of Africa.

July 8, 1629 King Phillip IV of Spain sent King Charles I of England a Gift of Five Camels and One Elephant.(Now Grandma would do some things with this one as write about the Elephant and other gifts kings might have given each other.)

July 8, 1776 The Liberty Bell Rang Out in Philadelphia to
announce the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.

July 8, 1776 The Declaration of Independence was Read
to the Public for the First Time at Philadelphia's Independence Square. 

July 8, 1835 The Liberty Bell Cracked while being tolled during the
funeral procession of Supreme Court Justice John Marshall.

July 8, 1911 Nan Jane Aspinwall became the First Woman to
Cross the United States on Horseback. She covered
4,500 miles in 301 days.

Book (1) writes in "A long time in the saddle-To mark the day Nan Jane Aspin wall completed her horseback crossing of the United States, give your (children) some Math problems based on this equine odyssey. If Aspinwall rode 4,500 miles in 301 days, how many miles per day did she average? At the same pace, how long would it have taken her to ride 5,000 miles? How far would she have gone if she had ridden for a full year?"

July 8, 1976 Gerald Ford, who had assumed the presidency upon
the resignation of Richard Nixon, announced his plans to seek reelection.


July 9th has only one birthday:

July 9, 1819 Elias Howe, American inventor of a
lockstitiching sewing machine, was born.

The events are as follows:

July 9, 1755 General Edward Braddock was Fatally Wounded
during an attack in the French and Indian War. His aide,
George Washington, escaped injury.

July 9, 1776 General George Washington summoned his troops
to New York for a Reading of the Declaration of Independence.

July 9, 1816 Argentina declared its independence from Spain.

Book (1) writes in "Where in the world?-Have your (children) find Argentina and Spain on a world map. Then ask: In which hemispheres--and on which continents--are these two countries located? What body of water separates them? What is the capital of each country? How far is it from capital to capital?"

July 9, 1850 President Zachary Taylor Died while in office.

July 9, 1872 The Donut Cutter was patented by J.F. Blondel.

July 9, 1877 America's First Telephone Company,
Bell Telephone Company, was founded.

July 9, 1893 Surgeon Daniel Hale Williams performed the
First Successful Surgical Closure of a Heart Wound.

July 9, 1979 Voyager 2 passed Jupiter, returning photographs and scientific data.

Book (1) writes in "Mother Earth's music-Tell your (children) that Voyager 2 is one of two U.S. space probes that were launched in 1977. (The other probe is Voyager 1.) Besides their scientific instruments, both probes were equipeed with special records called "Sounds of Earth"-- in case of discovery by another civilization. ...make a list of the kinds of sounds your (children) would include on such a record. What would these sounds tell others about the earth and its inhabitants? Are there any particular sounds your students would not want to include? Why?"

July being Picnic Month Book (1) set it up for this day to present the following activity called "Pretend picnic-One day this month, plan an imaginary picnic for the characters in a book your (children) have recently read. Encourage the kids to consider the characters' likely tastes in food, attire, and games. The children may also want to develop a "guest list" including compatible characters from other books. Assemble their ideas into a booklet."
(Grandma suggests planning at least one picnic as a family and doing as much adventuring of the outside as possible. Do as much research as you can of the area you pick.)


July 10 is another full day starting with the following birthdays:

July 10, 1834 James Abbot McNeil Whistler, American painter, was born.

July 10, 1875 Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator, was born.

July 10, 1882 Ima Hogg, American philanthropist, was born.

July 10, 1885 Mary O'hara, children's author, was born.

July 10, 1916 Martin Provensen, children's author and illustrator, was born.

July 10, 1926 Fred Gwynne, actor and children's author, was born.


Book (1) writes in "Playing with words-Besides writing and illustrating children's books, Fred Gwynne is an award-winning stage, film and television actor. (Your (children) may recall on of his TV roles--Herman in "The Munsters.") Gwynne's most popular children's books are those on wordplay. In The King Who Rained, he illustrates the humorous results of using the wrong homophone or homonym. Have students look up the meanings of homophone and homonym. Then ...collect as many homophones or homonyms as possible in a week. At week's end, have the (children) create a silly (illustrations) depicting the literal meaning of (sentences) that misuses (some of these) words. Post the illustrations on (a poster.)"

July 10, 1943 Arthur Ashe, American tennis player, was born.

Now for the events of July 10:

July 10, 1220 London Bridge was damaged by fire and fell down.

July 10, 1853 Vice President Millard Fillmore assumed the
presidency upon the death of Zachary Taylor.

July 10, 1890 Wyoming became the 44th state.

Book (1) says in "What's in Wyoming-Wyoming, the 44th state, may have been among the last states to join the Union, but it has experienced more than its share of firsts. For example, Wyoming is home to our nation's first national park, Yellowstone, and to the first national monument, Devils Tower, Have your (children) locate Wyoming on a map, then find its capital, Cheyenne. In what part of the state is this city located? Next, ask the kids to use compass directions to describe the location of Yellowstone Park and Devils Tower in relation to Cheyenne and in relation to each other."

July 10, 1913 Death Valley, Calif., reached a temperature
of 134º F in the Shade--the highest ever recorded in the United States. 

July 10, 1929 Congress made official the current Size of U.S. Paper Money.

July 10, 1962 Telstar 1, the first satellite to relay TV and
telephone signals, was launched.

July 10, 1973 The Bahamas gained its Independence from Britain.

July 10, 1991 Boris Yeltsin was Inaugurated as president of Russia.


Next is July 11

Birthdays:

July 11, 1767 John Quincy Adams, sixth president of the United States, was born.

July 11, 1838 John Wanamaker, American merchant, was born.

July 11, 1899 E.B White, American essayist and children's author, was born.

Book (1) says in "Creating characters-Tell your (children) that a dream inspired author E.B. White to create his famous mouse character, Stuart Little. Then ask each child to create an animal character to be born or adopted into the child's own family. Next, have the kids write stories involving the reaction of their new family member to home life. Feature the stories at a (family) read-aloud."

July 11, 1929 James Stevenson, children's author, was born.

Events:

July 11, 1798 The U.S. Marine Corps was created by an act of Congress.

July 11, 1804 Vice President AAron Burr Fatally Wounded
Alexander Hamilton, the former Treasury secretary, in a pistol duel.

July 11, 1892 The U.S. Patent Office decided that J.W. Swan,
not Thomas Edison, was the Inventor of The Electric-Light
Carbon for the incandescent lamp.

July 11, 1934 Franklin Roosevelt became the First
President to go through the Panama Canal.

July 11,1955 The New Air Force Academy was dedicated at
Lowry Air Force Base in Colorado.

July 11, 1975 Chinese archaeologists announced the discovery,
in Shensi Province, of a 2,000-year-old burial mound containing
6,000 Life-Size Clay Statues of Warriors.

July 11, 1977 Kitty O'Neil set a Women's Power Boat Speed Record--275 mph.

July 11, 1984 The U.S. Department of Transportation ruled
that Air Bags or Automatic Seat Belts would be mandatory
on all American-made cars by 1989.

July 11, 1985 Pitcher Nolan Ryan recorded his 4,000th Career Strikeout.

For National Cheer Up the Lonely Day, Book (1) writes under "Only the lonely-Involve your (children) in National Cheer Up the Lonely Day. First, ask them to name individuals or groups of people who may be lonely, such as senior citizens, widows, widowers, disabled people, and hospital patients. Next, have the children brainstorm for ways to cheer these people up. For example, the children might suggest giving flowers or cards to hospital patients, delivering meals to elderly shut-ins, or organizing a sing-along at a local senior citizen enter. (Form) into "Children's cheer Squad," and have each ...select a "mission" from the list of ideas. Enlist ...volunteers (if you can) to help. Your (children) will not only be involved in a worthy project, they'll also derive great pride in being part of a caring community."

Then under World Population Day Book (1) says under "Population study-On World Population Day, have your (children) look up the meaning of the word demography. Then have them conduct a brief demographic study of (children) in their grade level. How many boys and girls are there? What are their ages? What ethnic backgrounds do they represent? Graph the results."

(Grandma is going to have to stop here.She will type some more tomorrow.)









Rest of June for Summer

Posted on September 8, 2014 at 6:22 AM Comments comments (32)
Grandma is ready to finish June's Summer Calendar History as follows:

June 18th Birthdays begin as follows:

June 18, 1942 Roger Ebert, movie critic, was born.

Book (1) gives an activity here called "Picks and pans-Have your (children) discuss the kinds of things critics like Roger Ebert talk about when reviewing a movie--for example, plot development, acting, musical score, originality, humor, suspense. Then have the kids read several movie reviews in the local newspaper. Afterward, show a film and ask each (child) to critique it, either orally or in writing."

June 18, 1942 Paul McCartney, English musician, singer, and songwriter who was a member of the Beatles, was born.

June 18, 1949 Chris Van Allsburg, children's author and illustrator, was born.

The activity Book (1) has for this person is called "Author's special signature-Have your (children) look through Chris Van Allsburg's books to find Fritz, a bull terrier that appears somewhere in most of the author-illustrator's works. Ask your (children) why they think Van Allsburg includes Fritz. (The dog is his personal signature.) In what unique ways can your students personalize their projects? Invite the children to create their own "personal signatures" on 3x5-inch cards, then use these on future writing and art projects."


Now we have the events for the day as follows:

June 18, 1812 Congress Declared War on England, marking the
beginning of the War of 1812.

June 18, 1823 British Soldiers began wearing trousers rather than breeches.

June 18, 1889 William Richardson of Baltimore patented The Baby Carriage.

June 18, 1945 An estimated 1 million people turned out to give returning
World War II general Dwight Eisenhower a hero's welcome in
Washington, D.C.

June 18, 1983 Sally Ride became the First American Woman in Space.

June 18, 1989 Golfer Curtis Strange became the first man in
nearly 40 years to win Back-To-Back U.S. Open Titles.

June 18 is also Dragon Boat Festival day in China and International Picnic Day

Book (1) gives this activity "Foods from around the world-For International Picnic Day, have your (children) create a picnic menu with dishes from around the world. (Children) can work (with you) to select a country, then research its typical foods. If possible, have (them) prepare their chosen dishes and share them with (the family or friends)."


June 19th Birthday's are as follows:

June 19, 1903 Lou Gehrig, American baseball player, was born.

June 19, 1962 Paula Abdul, American singer, was born.

June 19, 1978 Garfield, comic-strip cat, was born.

an activity in Book (1) is called "Cartoon cat-To celebrate Garfield's birthday, give your (children) some background on his beginnings. Garfield's creator was cartoonist Jim Davis, who grew up on a farm with 25 cats. Davis decided to make his famous cartoon cat when he noticed there weren't any feline characters in animal comic strips. Garfield is named after Davis's grandfather. Encourage your (children) to (find) their favorite Garfield cartoons as well as newspaper, magazine, and pet-product pictures of cats. Also tell them to be on the lookout for descriptions of cats in literature, and to copy down ones that strike their fancy. Use the materials to make a "catty" bulletin board (or poster). ( Forever how you see it, Grandma sees Garfield as a grandpa so maybe Davis imitated his grandfather in Garfield also. Some research might answer that question for Grandma.)"

Now Grandma will give the events for June 19 as follows:

June 19, 1586 English Colonists set sail from Roanoke Island
(now part of North Carolina) after failing to establish the first
permanent English colony in America.

June 19, 1787 The members of the Constitutional Convention
decided not to simply amend the Articles of Confederation but
rather to conceive of an entirely New Plan for a National Government.

June 19, 1846 The First Formal Nine Inning Baseball Game was
played between the New York Knickerbockers and the
New Yorks at the Elysian Fields in Hoboken, N.J.

June 19, 1885 The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York Harbor.

June 19, 1910 The First observance of Father's Day took
place in Spokane, Wash.

An activity in Book (1) to go with Fathers Day is called "Honoring fathers-Tell your (children) that the mayor of Spokane, Wash., proclaimed the first Father's Day on the third Sunday in June, 1910. In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge asked that Father's Day be celebrated nationwide, but a presidential proclamation recognizing the day wasn't signed until 1966. A 1972 law made Father's Day a national holiday. If your (children) could name a new holiday, what would it be? Explain that when a member of Congress proposes a new holiday to the House of Representatives, he or she must get a majority of the members (218?) to cosponsor the bill before it can be considered by the appropriate committee. Representatives typically make speeches to generate support for their bills, so invite your (children) to present arguments to the family of their holidays. Take a vote to see which holidays win a majority."

June 19, 1976 The U.S. spacecraft Viking 1 went into orbit around Mars.

June 19, 1989 Federal officials announced the creation of a
30,000-Acre Refuge for the Florida Panther.

June 19 is also the celebration in Louisiana and Texas of the Thirteenth Amendment, which outlawed slavery called "Juneteenth."


Following is June 20th birthdays:

June 20, 1915 Walter Farley, children's author who wrote the
Black Stallion books, was born.

An activity in Book (1) called "Horse lover-As a child, Walter Farley wanted a horse. But his family lived in the city, and he couldn't convince his parents to let him keep a horse in the garage. His uncle--a horse trainer--encouraged him to visit stables and keep notes about his experiences. Farley used his notes years later when he wrote his first book, The Black Stallion. Ask your (children) to name an animal they'd like to own but can't for some reason. Then hae them read at least two books (fiction or nonfiction) about the animal. Whan they've completed their reading, have them write stories in which they, through a fictional character, come to own the animal of their dreams."

June 20,1924 Audie Murphy, actor and soldier who was the most
decorated American war hero in World War II, was born.

The events for June 20th are as follows:

June 20, 1782 The Bald Eagle became the official symbol of the United States.

June 20, 1782 "E Pluribus Unum" became the slogan for the
Great Seal of the United States.

June 20, 1815 Residents of Plymouth, Mass., reported sighting a Sea Serpent.

Book (1) talks about this event in "Reporting on sea serpents- Ask your (children) to discuss how various segments of today's media might cover reports of a sea serpent sighting. Then have the (children) work (together with you) to prepare stories for the different media/ For example, they could develop sensational tabloid features, serious science articles, broadcast news stories, or human interest features."

June 20, 1819 The SS Savannah became the
First American Steamship to Cross the Atlantic.

June 20, 1840 Samuel F.B. Morse received a patent for the Telegraph.

June 20, 1863 West Virginia became the 35th state.

June 20, 1963 The United States and the Soviet Union
agreed to set up a White house-Kremlin Hot Line.

June 20, 1977 The Trans-Alaskan Oil Pipeline opened.

June 20, 1984 The Motion Picture Association of America
instituted the PG-13 Rating, which stated that children
under 13 must be accompanied by an adult.

June 20 is also Midsommar for Sweden; on the summer solstice.

Book (1) has the following to say about Midsommar with the Title "Dancing around the maypole-Tell your (children) that in Sweden, people celebrate midsummer by holding a daylong festival. They decorate houses, buildings, cars, trains, and buses with flowers and birch twigs. In addition, almost all the towns decorate their own maypoles. At night, the residents gather around the maypole to dance. Invite your (children) to decorate (your home or somewhere) to celebrate midsummer. They can even create a maypole from cardboard wrapping-paper tubes. On festival day, let them dance around the maypole to music."


June 21 has only two birthdays as follows:

June 21, 1731 Martha Washington, America's first First Lady.

An activity for Martha's birthday is as follows in "A First Lady's role-Tell your (children) that Martha Washington apparently didn't like the role of First Lady. She complained that it made her feel like a prisoner. Ask your (children) to speculate on why Mrs Washington might have felt restricted as First Lady. How is the current First Lady handling her role? Encourage your (children) to research how contemporary first ladies have approached their jobs--for example, Lady Bird Johnson campaigned to beautify America, Nancy Reagan crusaded against drug abuse, and Barbara Bush promoted literacy. Then ask your (children) what they think is the proper role for a First Lady. Have them debate their ideas."

June 21, 1982 Prince William, son of Prince Charles and
Princess Diana and first in line after Charles for the British throne.

Following are the events for June 21st:

June 21, 1788 New Hampshire became the ninth state.

Book (1) has an activity for New Hampshire in "Border states- Have your (children) find New Hampshire on a U.S. map. What states are located on its eastern, southern, and western borders? What country is located on its northwestern border? What states border your (children's state)?

June 21, 1834 Cyrus H. McCormick was awarded a
patent for the Reaping Machine.

June 21, 1948 The First Long-playing Phonograph Record
was demonstrated by Peter Goldmark. 

June 21, 1961 The First Seawater Conversion Plant
was dedicated, in Freeport, Tex.

June 21, 1963 Bob Hayes ran the Fastest 100-Yard Dash Ever--9.1 seconds.

June 21 1988 The Ruby Slippers from the movie
The Wizard of Oz sold for $165,000 at a movie
memorabilla auction.

June 21, 1991 School 29 in Yonkers became New York's
First School Designated as an Urban Wildlife Sanctuary. 

June 21 is also the beginning of Vagabond Week(thiird week in June) as Book (1) points out in "Wondering ways-Ask Your (children) to share the images conjured up by the word vagabond. Then explain that a vagabond is someone who moves from place to place without a fixed home. Tell them that American poet Vachel Lindsay was known as "the Vagabond Poet" because he wandered throughout the United States, reciting his verse in exchange for food and lodging. Invite your (children) to list the pros and cons of leading a life like Lindsay's Then have them write stories about where they'd go and what they'd do if they lived as vagabonds for a week."

Next we move on to June 22 as follows with the 3 birthdays first:

June 22, 1757 George Vancouver, British explorer for
whom Vancouver, Canada, was named, was born.  

June 22, 1767 Karl Von Humboldt, German naturalist, was born.

June 22, 1906 Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American Poet and essayist, was born.

An activity is listed in Book(1) for Lindbergh's birthday in "Childhood writings-Anne Morrow Lindbergh kept a diary of her thoughts as a 10-year-old. She wrote about what she could see from her favorite spot-the window seat in her room. She continued to write throughout her life, publishing 13 books--some about her aviation adventures with her husband, Charles Lindbergh, others based on her diaries and letters. Ask your (children) to keep a diary for the rest of the month. At the end of the month, survey the (children) to see how many (of them) plan to continue writing in their diary."

Now for the events of June 22:

June 22, 1772 Slavery was Abolished in Great Britain.

June 22, 1846 Adolphe Sax patented the Saxophone.

June 22, 1868 Arkansas was Readmitted to the Union after the Civil War.

June 22, 1870 Congress established the Department of Justice.

June 22, 1910 Zeppelin Air Service began.

June 22, 1939 The First National Waterskiing tournament took place.

June 22, 1944 The G.I. Bill of Rights, providing World War II
veterans with job, housing, and education benefits, was passed.

June 22, 1970 The Voting Age in the United States changed from
21 to 18.

Book (1) has an activity called "Younger voters-In 1970, President Nixon signed a bill lowering the voting age to 18 from 21. Ask your (children) if they've ever voted in an election (for instance, for student council, club, or team leaders). What qualities did they judge the candidates on? Would they consider those same things if they were voting for local, state, or national officials? Ask the kids if they think voting is a right, a privilege, or a duty. Then have them each write a paragraph defending their opinion."


June 22, 1990 The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
declared the Northern Spotted Owl a threatened species.

Book (1) says in "Jobs vs. birds?-The decision to list the northern spotted owl as a threatened species meant that thousands of acres of public forests in the Pacific Northwest would be off limits to logging. Environmentalists hailed the move as the only way to save the owl from extinction. Loggers and the timber industry assailed it, saying that it would cost thousands of jobs in an already-depressed region. Organize a (group) debate on the issue of which should take precedence: saving wildlife species or saving jobs. Are the principles absolute, or would the decision depend on the number of jobs affected and the species in question? Is compromise always possible or even desirable?"

June 23rd has three birthdays as follows:

June 23, 1903 George Orwell(real name: Eric Blair),
English novelist, was born.

June 23, 1940 Wilma Rudolph, American track star, was born.

Book (1) says in this activity called "Special champs-Wilma Rudolph roved she was a champion long before winning three gold medals at the 1960 Summer Olympics. When she was 4 years old, polio crippled her left leg, and doctors believed she would never again walk without a brace. But with determination and help from her family, she proved the doctors wrong.
Have your (children) find out about other sports heroes who have overcome difficulties, such as baseball pitchers Jim Abbott (one hand) and Monty Stratton (one Leg), hockey player Bobby Clarke (diabetes), football placekicker Tom Dempsey (handless right arm and only half a right foot), and track star Jackie Joyner-Kersee (asthma)"

June 23, 1948 Clarence Thomas, associate justice of the
U.S. Supreme Court, was born.

Now for the following events of June 23rd:

June 23, 1683 William Penn signed a Treaty of Peace
and Friendship with the Leni-Lenape Indians.

June 23, 1836 A $28 Million Surplus in the U.S. Treasury
was divided among the 26 states.

June 23, 1860 The U.S. Government Printing Office was established.

June 23, 1868 Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent
for an improved Typewriter with a more efficiently arranged
keyboard. The same keyboard arrangement is still in use today.

June 23, 1926 The First National Lip Reading Tournament
took place in Philadelphia, Pa.

June 23, 1961 An international treaty was signed pledging
scientific cooperation on, and peaceful use of Antarctica.

Book (1) gives an activity as follows:
It is called "Water from the bottom of the world-Antarctica, earth's coldest continent, has an area of about 5 1/2 million square miles and is covered by an ice cap that averages more than 1 mile in thickness. About 75% of the fresh water in the entire world is contained in ice and snow on this continent. Some people have suggested towing icebergs from Antarctic waters to other parts of the world to alleviate freshwater shortages. Tell your (children) that in the waters that surround Antarctica, icebergs the size of Connecticut (about 5,000 square miles) often break loose from the ice shelves. Antarctic icebergs to, say, Los Angeles. What strategies could be used to minimize melting in warm waters? Would the need for speed dictate that smaller icebergs be towed rather than larger ones? Or test their ideas with ice cubes and a dishpan of water."

June 23, 1976 Toronto's Canadian National Tower,
The World's Tallest Free-Standing, Self-Supporting
Structure, opened. It's 1,821 feet high.

June 23, 1988 Temperatures in 45 U.S. cities reached 100º For Higher.

June 23 is also National Columnist Day and National Cheeseburger Month.

Book (1) gives the activity called "Cheeseburger campaign-For National Cheeseburger Month, have your (children) create an add campaign promoting this all-American food."


There are four birthdays for June 24th as follows:

June 24, 1771 E.I. Dupont, French-American Industrialist, was born.

June 24, 1916 John Ciardi, poet and children's author, was born.

June 24, 1944 Kathryn Lasky, children's author, was born.

June 24, 1949 Nadine Bernard Westcott, children's author, was born.

Now the events for June 24th are as follows:

June 24, 1497 Italian explorers John and Sebastian Cabot
landed on the Labrador peninsula in northeastern North America.

June 24, 1541 Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto sighted
the Mississippi River.

June 24, 1647 Margaret Brent appeared before the
all-male Maryland Assembly and Demanded Voting Rights.

June 24, 1930 Radar was First Used to detect airplanes.

Following is an activity to do with this called "Acronym names-After telling your (children) what an acronym is, explain that radar stands for "radio detecting and ranging." Your (children) might e familiar with other acronyms: AWOL,NASA, NATO, SWAT, VISTA. scuba. sonar. Challenge the kids to make up acronym phrases from the letters in their first names, your names, or the word June or summer."

June 24, 1947 The sighting of Flying Saucers was
first reported, near Mt. Rainier, Wash.

June 24,  1964 Commercial Picturephone service began.

June 24, 1968 Professional baseball player Jim Northrup
hit Back-to-Back Grand Slam Home Runs.

Book (1) says in "Honoring young heroes-As a 6th grader, John Kevin HIll piloted his own aircraft on a cross-country flight. Have your (children) review newspapers, magazines, and television news shows to find out about other young people who've accomplished great feats, than share their findings with the class. Next, invite the children to survey classmates and students throughout the school about their accomplishments--no matter how modest. Have them design a Hall of Fame bulletin board (or poster) to celebrate these accomplishments."

June 24, 1987 Sixth-grader and pilot John Kevin Hill left
Los Angeles on a 2,400mile, Cross Country Airplane flight.

June 24, 1990 The first Currency for the Newly Reunified Germany was issued.

An activity in Book (1) says in "Currency calculations-Introduce your (children) to the differences among currencies. Yo begin, tell them the value of the German deutsche mark relative to the U.S. dollar. Then have them calculate how many deutsche marks it would take to equal $100 U.S. dollars. ... give each group a supermarket circular. Have (them) select 20 items to buy. Then have them calculate their grocery bills in deutsche marks. For more practice, tell your (children) the relative values of other currencies, such as the British pound, the French franc, the Greek drachma, or the Israeli shekel, and have them calculate their grocery bills in those foreign currencies."


June 25 birthdays are as follows:

June 25, 1929 Eric Carle, children's author and illustrator, was born.

June 25, 1937 Jane Sarnoff, children's author, was born.

Now for the events of June 25th:

June 25, 1630 The Fork was Introduced in America by
John Winthrop, governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

An activity is used in Book (1) to explain "Table manners-Tell your (children) that when John Winthrop left England to become the Massachusetts Bay Colony's first governor, he took his fork with him. (Even in Europe, travelers packed their forks because most inns didn't provide utensils.) For a while, Governor Winthrop had the only fork in the New World. Have your (children) list advantages and disadvantages of using a fork to eat. Then have (the children) make three lists: foods that are easiest to eat with a fork, foods that are easiest to eat with a spoon, and foods that are easiest to eat with fingers. Ask your students if they've ever eaten with chopsticks. If someone has, set up a demonstration and let your (children) try it."

June 25, 1678 Elena Cornaro of Venice became the First Woman
in the World to Graduate from a University, the University of Padua.

June 25, 1788 Virginia became the 10th state.

June 25, 1876 General George Custer and 225 men from the
7th U.S. Cavalry Regiment under his direct command were
defeated and killed by a force of Sioux and Cheyenne Indians
led by Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse, and Gall at the
Battle of Little Bighorn in Montana.

June 25, 1950 The Korean War began.

June 25, 1951 CBS television presented the First Commercial Color Broadcast.

June 25, 1977 Ted St. Martin sank 2,036 Consecutive Free Throws, the most ever.

June 25, 1989 Chinese painter Wang Yani, age 14, became
the Youngest Artist ever to have a One-Person Show at the Smithsonian.

Book (1) gives an activity about Wang Yani in "Youthful painter-While scribbling over one of her father's paintings at age 2 1/2 Wang Yani said, "Daddy, I just want to paint," Her father soon recognized her potential, and by age 4, Yani had had her first show in Shanghai. A few years later, one of her paintings was reproduced on a postage stamp. Her works now number over 10,000. Yani's painting style is called xieyi (pronounced see-air-ee), which means "ideas writing." She mixes ink and pigment to paint her favorite subjects--monkeys, trees, birds, and flowers.
 She often depicts herself as a monkey in her paintings. Ask your (children) to draw the animal they would select to represent themselves, then include it in a picture of themselves doing something they like."

Next is June 26th birthdays as follows:

June 26, 1892 Pearl S. Buck, American novelist, was born.

An activity in Book (1) is called "Mothers near and far-Encourage older (children) to read Pearl S. Buck's The Good Earth. Then have them compare and contrast the character of the Chinese wife and mother with their own mother or grandmother. What values do they share? In what ways do their respective societies influence or dictate their roles?"

June 26, 1914 Mildred Ella "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias,
American athlete, was born.

Book (1) brings out the importance of women in sports throughout "Outstanding women athletes-In honor of Babe Didrikson Zaharias, one of the greatest women athletes in history, have your (children) research other famous female athletes. Then have them make a list of outstanding female athletes ... in their community. Finally, have them design and mail certificates of recognition to these talented competitors."

June 26, 1915 Charlotte Zolotow, children's author, was born.

June 26, 1937 Thomas Locker, children's author and illustrator, was born.

June 26, 1961 Greg Lemond, professional bicycle racer, was born.

Next are the following events for June 26th:

June 26, 1284 According to legend, The Pied Piper of Hamelin
lured the children of the German village to a mountain,
where they all disappeared.

An activity in Book (1) says it this way in "From sad to glad legends-Invite your (children) to write a happy ending to an originally sad legend. Tell them the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin, who rid the German village of Hamelin of its rats. After he'd completed the task, the villagers refused to pay him the sack of gold they'd offered as a reward. So he lured all their children to a mountain, whee they disappeared. Next, ...(work with the children to) brainstorm for as many happy endings as they can think of. Have them share their ideas with (others). Then ask each (child) to draw or write a happy-ending legend. Compile the students' work into a booklet entitled "The Pied Piper of Hamelin Revisited--A Happy Endings Collection." Use this booklet as a model for transforming other legends."

June 26, 1614 The First Lottery in America was held by the Virginia Company.

June 26, 1844 John Tyler became the First President to Marry While in Office.

June 26, 1870 The World's First Boardwalk was completed in Atlantic City, N.J.

June 26, 1945 The United Nations Charter was signed in
San Francisco by 50 nations.

June 26, 1959 The St. Lawrence Seaway was dedicated.

June 26, 1990 Mary Alice, the First Test-Tube Tiger to Survive, made he debut at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C.

June 26 is also International Day Against Drug Abuse and Book (1) has an activity named "Fighting drug abuse-On International Day Against Drug Abuse, invite a local substance-abuse counselor to share information with your (children). Then have the kids work (with you) to role-play ways they can say no to drugs."

It is also Madagascar Independence Day and Shrimp Festival in (Belgium).

Next the birthdays for June 27th are as follows:

June 27, 1859 Mildred Hill, composer of the song
"Happy Birthday to You", was born.

Given an activity in Book (1) with the title "Making merry melodies-In honor of Mildred Hill--composer of "Happy Birthday to You"--invite your (children) to compose songs for other festive occasions, such as anniversaries, weddings, graduations, and holidays. Younger children can set their lyrics to familiar tunes. Older (children) can try making up music as well as lyrics."

June 27, 1872 Paul Laurence Dunbar, American poet, was born.

June 27, 1880 Helen Keller, American author and lecturer, was born.

Book (1) Discusses how good she was and gives an activity in "Sense-itive insights-Tell your (children) that an illness left Helen Keller deaf and blind when she was 19 months old. Before the illness, she'd been learning how to talk. But afterward, when she could no longer hear words, she lost her ability to speak and became completely cut off from the world. To help your (children) understand the importance of hearing and sight, have (each) write skits and perform them in pantomime. Can you tell what each (child) is portraying? Next, have (each) wear blindfolds as they try to identify items through touch, smell, or (if appropriate) taste."

June 27, 1927 Captain Kangaroo (real name: Bob Keeshan),
American television personality, was born.

June 27, 1949 Lionel Richie, American singer, was born.

Now we are given the events for June 27 as follows:

June 27, 1652 The New World's First Traffic Law was passed
in New Amsterdam, (New York City).

Book (1) has an activity called "Rules of the road-The first traffic law applied to wagons, carts, sleighs, and other horse-drawn vehicles--prohibiting any galloping. Ask your (children) to speculate about why traffic laws were instituted well before the advent of automobiles and superhighways. What kinds of laws do they think might have been needed? Make a (family) list, then encourage the children to illustrate one of the ideas."

June 27, 1922 The First Newberry Medal for excellence in children's
literature was awarded to Henrik Van Leon for the Story of Mankind.

June 27, 1923 Midair Refueling was first accomplished.

June 27, 1978 The First Erasable Ballpoint Pen was patented.

June 27, 1988 Habitat for Humanity Volunteers began building
20 homes in Atlanta, Ga.

June 27 is also Eid Al-Fitr (3-day Islamic celebration of the end of Ramadan)

Next is the birthdays for June 28 as follows:

June 28, 1577 Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter, was born.

June 28, 1891 Esther Forbes, children's author, was born.

June 28, 1960 John Elway, professional football quarterback, was born.

Next are the events for the day as follows:

June 28, 1778 Mary Ludwig Hays, better known as Molly Pitcher,
took her wounded husband's place of a cannon at the
Revolutionary War battle of Monmouth, N.J.

An activity to go along with Molly Pitcher is called "Patriotic Pitcher-Mary Ludwig Hays earned the nickname Molly Pitcher by carrying pitchers of water to Continental soldiers on the battlefield. During the Revolutionary War battle of Monmouth, N.J., where her husband was fighting, she displayed rare bravery. When she realized the men were retreating--on orders from General Lee--Hays raced to the cannon where her husband had just fallen, and began firing it. General Washington arrived on the battlefield a short time later and ended the retreat. The next day, Washington gave Hays the rank of sergeant in the Continental Army. Ask your (children) to write newspaper stories chronicling Molly Pitcher's heroics."

June 28, 1859 The First Dog Show was held in New Castle, England.

June 28, 1894 Congress made Labor Day a holiday for
federal employees and the District of Columbia and
established its date as the first Monday in September.

June 28, 1904 Helen Keller graduated with honors from Radcliffe College.

June 28, 1914 Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the
throne of Austria-Hungary, was assassinated by a Serbian
nationalist in Sarajevo. The event precipitated World War I.

June 28, 1919 The Treaty of Versailles was signed, officially ending World War I.

June 28, 1938 Pennsylvania began selling Hard-boiled
Eggs from slot machines throughout the state to help
end an egg surplus.

Book (1) says in an activity saying "Fixing a food glut-Ask your (children) to imagine that their home state had a surplus of peanut butter, grape juice, and pizza. How would they eliminate the surplus? Encourage them to dream up wacky ways of selling or freely distributing the extra food statewide. Then have them illustrate their ideas."

June 28,1990 The TV show "Reading Rainbow" received an
Emmy for the best children's series..

Book (1) gives the activity with the title as "Award-winning Tv shows-Make a (family) list of the qualities found in a good TV program. Based on this list, which three programs would your class nominate for an Emmy award? Write the names of these programs on the chalkboard, (vote for the best one.)

Next is June 29th birthdays as follows:

June 29, 1858 George Washington Goethals, American army
officer and chief engineer of the Panama Canal.

June 29, 1861 William Mayo, American surgeon, was born.

June 29, 1868 George Ellery Hale, American astronomer, was born.

The events for June 29 are as follows:

June 29, 1620 Parliament Prohibited the Growing of
Tobacco in England.

June 29, 1776 The Virginia State Constitution was adopted,
and Patrick Henry was made governor.

June 25, 1880 A young Englishman completed a 1,000-mile walk in 1,000 hours.

Book (1) gives the activity through Book (1) in "Walk this way-Challenge your (children) to calculate the number of meters and kilometers covered by the Englishwoman who walked 1,000 miles in 1,000 miles. On average, how many meters per hour and kilometers per hour did she walk? Have each of your (children) walk a measured times. Have the students calculate the number of hours  it would take them--if they walked continuously--to walk the same distance as the young Englishwoman."

June 28, 1906 Congress established Mesa Verde, National Park
in Colorado. It contains prehistoric  cliff dwellings.

June 28, 1956 Charles Dumas became the First Person to Clear
7 feet in the high jump.

Book (1) gives an activity to go along with called "A 7-fot feat-To help your (children appreciate Charles Dumas's athletic feat, measure 7 feet up on a classroom wall and mark it with masking tape. Next , give each of your students a self-sticking yellow note and have them take turns jumping up and sticking yellow note on the wall. Which student was able to reach the highest: How many kids were able to reach above the 7-foot mark? Remind the children that Dumas got his entire body above 7 feet."

June 29, 1985 Bob Brown of Boston set the yo-yo
Endurance Record at 121 hours 10 minutes.

June 29, 1987 Scientists from the New England Aquarium released
three pilot whales after nursing them back to health.

June 29, 1990 The Chicago White Sox played their last game
at the old Comiskey Park.


June 29 is also Bawming the Thorn Day in England.

Book (1) has a last activity for June 29 called "Trimming the tree-Tell your (children) that in Appleton, England, Bawming the Thorn Day has been celebrated since 1125. On this day, Appleton residents decorate the large hawthorn tree located in the town center with ribbons, flags, and flowers. Afterward, the children of the town dance around the tree. Make a construction-paper hawthorn tree and post it on a (wall), bulletin board, (or poster). Then have the (children) decorate it. Play some background music as the children work. then invite them to dance around the (room) when they're finished."

Last we have the two birthdays for June 30th as follows:

June 30, 1917 Lena Horne, American singer, was born.

June 30, 1940 David McPhail, children's author and illustrator, was born

Book (1) gives the activity "Exploring books- David McPhail's first book was The Bear's Toothache, which was published in 1972. Afterward he wrote or illustrated over 40 books. Gather a collection of McPhail's books for your classroom reading corner. Invite your (children) to compare and contrast McPhail's more recent books with his earlier ones. Make a ... list of similarities and differences among story themes and characters."

Now we can move onto the events for that day in Book (1) starting with the following:

June 30, 1775 Benjamin Franklin was elected U.S. postmaster general.

Book (1) explains in the activity "Friendly postcards-In honor of Ben Franklin's appointment as postmaster general, have your (children) make a large postcard for a friend. Give each child a 4x4-inch plain white card. On one side, have the kids draw and color a picture. On the other side, have them make sections for the address and message. When they finish writing their messages and addressing their postcards, invite the kids to design their own postage stamps. Finally, have them deliver their postcards." 

June 30, 1859 The French tightrope walker Charles Emile Blondin made the First Tightrope Crossing of Niagara Falls.

Book (1) has the activity in "Tricky tightrope walker-Tell your (children) that the Frenchman Charles Emile Blondin crossed Niagara Falls on a tightrope in just 5 minutes. Later, he repeated his feat several times, but always with a twist. For instance, at various times he crossed blindfolded, on stilts, in a sack, and while carrying a man on this back. Have your (children) look up the definition of "daredevil" in the dictionary. Then have them list other people who might be considered daredevils. Their responses might include bungee jumpers, cliff divers, race car drivers, or trapeze artists."

June 30, 1888 Arturo Toscanini, age 19, conducted his first orchestra.

June 30, 1906 The U.S. Pure Food and Drug Act was passed.

June 30, 1908 The Biggest Explosion ever Recorded on earth took
place when a meteor struck a distant part of Siberia.

June 30, 1940 The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service was established.

June 30, 1948 Bell laboratories announced the development of
the Transistor as a substitute for radio tubes.

June 30, 1968 Race Car Driver Bobby Unser drove to the top of
Pikes Peak in a record-setting 11 minutes 54.9 seconds in
the 46th running of the Pikes Peak Auto Hill Climb.

June 30, 1985 A New Basketball Hall of Fame opened in Springfield, Mass.


That is all for June folks! Have fun!


More of June and the Circus

Posted on September 3, 2014 at 11:48 AM Comments comments (52)

We left off in the History Calendar of Book (1) towards the end of June 15. The rest of the day into the 16th and 17th Grandma will cover along with lessons on the Circus in Book (1) and Book (57). Before lessons I want to add a note to parents in our Home Education Program of home schooling a few pointers. That is to make sure you have a line of some kind set up to attach notes of history on beginning with the time of dinosaurs and man through the Bible and into American History along with space for any other history needed. These will take up a lot of space so be prepared. Then make sure you have a big calendar set up-a poster one is best-for birthdays, weather notations and notes necessary for lessons. Also have an area for pretend news and weather broadcasts; along with plays and puppet shows, or doll play of roles. Act out role plays of characters if wish in these areas. The same place can be used for dance and exercise. Next have a place for writing, drawing and other forms of art. You may want a separate space for sewing and one for hand sewing. Also provide a place for books and supplies. You may want these areas marked as in Day Cares. Also provide plenty of space for lists or posters and projects for words and sounds to learn. Notebooks can also do a lot.( Grandma will also make a note of this on the Home page.)
Now Grandma will give you the beginning summer lessons as follows:

June 15 1904 Mary McCann Helped Save 20 People after the
steamship General Slocum caught fire in New York's East River.

Book (1) says in "Young heroine-While recovering from the measles in a New York City hospital over-looking the East River, 14-year-old Mary McCann saw a steamboat on fire. Still feverish, she ran to the river and yelled encouragement to the people floundering in the water. Her courageous act helped save 20 people, including nine children, and she was awarded the Silver Lifesaving Medal by the U.S. Congress. Invite your (children) to design their own ...medal to commemorate heroic deeds. Then, over the next month, have students clip and share newspaper articles about people who have helped others. Encourage the kids to write letters congratulating these people and to include copies of the class-designed medal."

June 15, 1988 General Motors Corp.'s Sunracer established a Speed Record for Solar-Powered Cars. Its top speed: 48,712 mph.

June 15 is also A Friend in Need is a Friend Indeed Day as well as a Smile Power Day in which Book (1) says in "Miles of smiles-Here's a fun way to celebrate Smile Power Day. In the center of a large sheet of paper, write the words "It's Great to Smile Because..." Post the paper in the hallway or outside your (bedroom) door. Then encourage (the children) to use this "graffiti-style" message center to complete the sentence."


June 16 has only two birthday's as follows:

June 16, 1890 Stan Laurel, English comedian, was born.

June 16, 1920 John Howard Griffin, American
photographer and author of Black Like me, was born.

The Events for June 16, are as follows:

June 16, 1497 Amerigo Vespucci claimed he sighted
the mainland of America on this day.

June 16, 1836 Arkansas became the 25th state.

June 16, 1858 Abraham Lincoln made his famous
"House Divided" speech in Springfield, Ill.

June 16, 1897 The Alaska Gold Rush began.

June 16, 1922 The First Helicopter Flight took place in College Park, Md.

June 16,  1939 Hundreds of Tiny Frogs fell on Trowbridge, England.

June 16, 1963 Lieutenant Valentina Tereshkova of the
Soviet Union became the First Woman in Space.

June 16, 1980 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Scientists
Who Developed New Forms of Life in laboratories could
patent their creations.

June 16, 1987 The Dusky Seaside Sparrow became extinct.

Book (1) says in "Vanishing wildlife-Tell your (children) that on this day in 1987, the last dusky seaside sparrow died in a wildlife preserve at Walt Disney World in Florida. Then encourage the kids to take steps to protect animals for the future. Have each child research an extinct animal, draw a picture of the animal, and write a one-paragraph report about it. Next. have the (children) each write a letter to their state or federal representative telling about their animal and asking for help in saving other wildlife. Have the children include their drawings and reports with the letters. Make copies for a ... display entitled "The Extinct Zoo...What You Can Do About It." Add any responses your students receive to the display."

June 16, 1988 A China Shop Owner decided to find out
what a bull in a china shop would really do.

Book (1) says in "Risky business-Grant Burnett, a china shop owner in New Zealand, always wondered what a bull would do in a china shop. He borrowed Colonel, a 2,000-pound Hereford, and let the animal roam around the store for 3 hours. Burnett risked thousands of dollars' worth of dishes, but Colonel didn't break a thing. Ask your (children) to think of other descriptive animal phrases (for example, eyes like a hawk, quiet as a mouse, fish out of water, hold your horses, sly as a fox, clam up, dead as a dodo). Have them each select a phrase, then illustrate its literal and figurative meanings. Afterward, read aloud Eve Merriam's poem "Cliche," which deals with figurative and literal language. Then ask your students to write poems about their animal subjects."

June 16 is also South Africa's Soweto Day and Korea's Tano.

Next is June 17th with three birthdays as follows:

June 17, 1870 George Cormack, inventor of Wheaties cereal, was born.

Book (1) says in "Breakfast favorites-To celebrate the birthday of George Cormack, inventor of Wheaties cereal, poll your (family to see if any of you) have eaten Wheaties. Do (you ) eat it regularly? Why or Why not? Next , invite your (children) to each name their favorite cereal, Then use three adjectives to describe its taste. List all the adjectives on the board (or a piece of paper.) How many different ones are there?"

June 17, 1882 Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky, Russian-American composer, was born.

June 17, 1898 M.C. Escher, German mathematician, was born.

Next come the events for June 17 as follows:

June 17, 1579 Sir Francis Drake landed on the California coast.

June 17, 1682 William Penn founded the City of Philadelphia.

June 17, 1775 The Battle of Bunker Hill, one of the earliest
engagements of the Revolutionary War, was fought near Boston.

June 17, 1856 The First Republican Party National
Convention took place in Philadelphia, Pa.

June 17, 1873 Susan B Anthony was fined $100
for voting in the 1872 presidential election.

June 17, 1925 The First National Spelling Bee was held.

Book (1) says in "Cooperation bee-Hold a cooperative spelling bee in your (home0. ....--without using dictionaries--work together to correctly spell words you call out. Give each...a point for each correctly spelled word. The (one) with the most points at the end of a specified period wins."

June 17, 1972 Five burglars were arrested at the
Democratic Party headquarters in Washington, D.C.
The break-in and subsequent cover-up, which came
to be called Watergate after the building where the
burglary occurred, ultimately led to the resignation
of President Richard M. Nixon.

June 17, 1979 Richard Brown set a prone-position
Skateboard Speed Record of 71.179 mph on a
course at Mr. Baldy, Calif.

June 17, 1991 President Zachary Taylor's Remains
Were exhumed (141 years after his death) in
Louisville, Ky., to investigate the theory that
he had been poisoned. No evidence was found to
support the theory.

June 17 is also Independence Day in Iceland and it is used to mention that June is Carnival and Circus Month.

Book (1) says in "Celebrating the circus-Tell your (children) that the circus originated in ancient Rome, where it was a place for chariot races and combat between gladiators. Then have the children look up the origin of the word circus. (Its Latin meaning is "circle.") Next, have students brainstorm for the kinds of acts and performers found in modern-day circuses--for example, dancing elephants, trapeze artists, clowns, jugglers, bareback riders. Ask children who've been to a circus to describe the acts they saw. Finally, have your (children) imagine they could be a circus performer or a day, and ask them to write and illustrate stories about what they'd do."

Book (57) uses the following unit to tell about it:

  1. "The Circus Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow by Pat O'Brien

Historically, the circus has been around for a long time. Performers doing acrobatic stunts appear in Egyptian wall paintings. Marco Polo reported being entertained by jugglers and tumblers in the court of Kublai Khan.
Early people caught and trained wild animals. While most of these were used for religious ceremonies, others became part of a menagerie kept to showcase rare and unusual species. In Rome, the circus Maximus, a large animal theater for chariot racing, also presented trick riders, familiar with today. The show is made up of clowns, acrobats, animal acts, and colorful spectacles.
The purpose of this unit is to explore the circus world from the known to the unknown. You will compare the training of pets to the preparation of wild animal acts. You will proceed from climbing about on the jungle gym to learning about flying through the air. You will learn how clowns advance from being accidentally funny to working on routines and tricks to entertain an audience.

The Circus World
In the winter, the circus community prepares for the coming year. New acts are developed and perfected, while old ones are practiced and improved. Trainers work with their animals. Acrobats and aerialists stay in shape rehearsing their acts and trying new routines. Clowns create new tricks.
On the road, circus performers travel from one location to the next, thrilling audiences with circus magic.
  1. Research the history of the circus. Discover an interesting way to share your findings with the class.
  2. Write five reasons for circuses.
  3. Make a diorama showing a circus scene. ( Or design a scene in a big box or on a table.)

Presenting...
Because of his ideas, leadership, and inspiration, P.T. Barnum influenced the circus world. Read to find out about his contributions to the circus.
  1. List five or more events from his life.
  2. Make a  (separate) time line to show when these incidents happened.
  3. Using the information on the time line, make a filmstrip showing the highlights of his life.
          (Also a good thing to put in your newspaper.)

Clown Alley
A clown's job is to make others laugh by doing tricks, acting, and wearing funny clothes. In the circus, clowns entertain and fill in while the next acts are being set up or when something goes wrong. From makeup to funny shoes, each clown develops a unique look.
  1. If possible, ask a local clown to talk to the (children) about how clowns apply makeup and put together a routine.
  2. Clowns often practice the art of mime. A mime uses gestures and actions rather than words. See if you can perform a routine without speaking.(One of my most happiest time was when my sister and her friend dressed up as clowns and put on an act for myself and other children of the neighborhood. It was really a fun day.)
  3. Clown College offers courses in the history and art of clowning. There are also classes in makeup, mime, using and making props, juggling, and other talents useful to clowns. (For information, write to Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Clown College, 1401 Ringling Drive, South Venice, FL, 33595.) (This may not be possible any more because they have had to quit from what I heard on the Channel 6 News in Omaha, NE )                                                              a.      if you think you have a future as a clown, what are your qualifications?
                          b.      Write a letter to the Clown College stating your talents. Ask for an application to the school. (This will be a practice letter since you have to be at least seventeen years old to enroll.)                                                                                                                          c.       What questions do you think an application for Clown College would ask?
  1. Write a paragraph telling why you would like to be a circus clown.
  2. Write a poem about a clown with alternating line: I seem to be....But I really am.....

Presenting...
Throughout the years, there have been famous circus clowns. Find out more about one of them and write his or her biography. Focus on what he or she has accomplished as a clown. Share and compare the lives of these clowns to see if you can find some lives of these clowns to see if you can find some common traits. Put together a clown bulletin board (or a poster).

Imagine That!
As a circus performer, write your autobiography explaining what made you decide to become a clown. Tell about your act. What's hardest about being a clown? What do you like best? What you're not performing. what do you do? Be sure to include a self-portrait showing you in costume.

Art Activities
  1. Have a partner trace around you on a large sheet of paper. Use the outline to make a life-sized clown. (Butcher paper is good for this.) Use the outline to make a life-sized clown. With markers, paint, or crayons, add details of the clown's costume and face.
  2. On a piece of cardboard, draw a clown. Use paint, scraps of cloth, and yarn to complete the costume and face.
  3. Draw a clown face on a paper plate and decorate it.
  4. Construct a clown puppet.

Be a Circus Clown
  1. Learn to juggle. Begin with bean bags or inexpensive chiffon scarfs then progress to tennis balls.
  2. Plan your costume and special clown face.
  3. Create and practice a routine.

Mainly Mammals

The circus presents wild and exotic animal shows to the public. Before zoos became popular, this was the only opportunity people had to see elephants, lions, and tigers. Today there is a need to provide protection for these rare animals whose natural habitats are threatened. Circus animals are cared for, provided with food, and given medial attention.

You Make the Choice
  1. List the pros and cons of using rare and exotic animals in the circus.
  2. As an animal rights activist, what stands do you take?
  3. As an (environmentalist), what are your thoughts?

Calling All Pets
To better understand the task of a wild animal trainer, consider the care necessary to maintain a domestic animal.
  1. What care do you give your pet? What kind of food does it get and how much?
  2. If you have a pet, teach it a trick. What trick do you want the animal to perform? How will you go about teaching it? Keep a record of your instructions.
  3. Present an oral report to explain how you trained your pet, teach it a trick. What trick do you want the animal to perform? How will you go about teaching it? Keep a record of your instructions.
  4. Compare your method with one used by a classmate.

Trainers and Trainees
A bond of mutual trust is established between the trainer and the animals.
  1. List the responsibilities of a circus trainer. What jobs would he or she be expected to do?
  2. What traits should a wild animal trainer have? Are they any different than those needed to train a domestic animal?
  3. How do you think circus performers go about training wild animals?
  4. List animals that appear in the circus. Select one type of wild animal. What kind of care and attention does it get? What kind of food? How much exercise?
  5. Compare caring for and training a pet to getting a wild animal ready to perform in an act.
  6. Compare caring for and training a pet to getting a wild animal ready to perform in an act.
  7. Write an essay about wild animals in general and circus animals in particular.
  8. Write the life story of a circus animal.

Presenting
Gunther Gebel-Williams, now retired, was a world famous animal trainer with the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus.
  1. Read to find out more about his life as a trainer. How did he prepare the animals to perform?
  2. Pretend you are an interviewer on a television show. Think of some questions you would like to ask Gunther Gebel-Williams. How do you think he would respond? Write a script and practice the interview with a partner.

Imagine That!
  1. If you ran the circus, what animals would perform?
  2. Using your imagination, write a resumé stating your qualifications to be a wild animal trainer.
  3. Write about how it feels to be a lion tamer. What's the hardest part?
  4. If you were an elephant, or another animal, would you rather be in a circus or a zoo? Why?
  5. Would you rather be a veterinarian in a zoo or a circus? Why?

Problem Solving
The many animals in the circus need a great deal of food each day. At every stop along the route, fresh fruits, vegetables, and grains are purchased from local merchants.
  1. Given the following information about weekly purchases, what story problems can you create?     10 tons of hay, 150 bales of straw, 1,000 pounds of meat, 400 crates of carrots, 1 crate of apples, 1 box of bananas, 500 loaves of bread
  2. Write additional imaginative problems using circus facts and figures.

Poems
Search for poems about animals that perform in the circus.                               
      a. Choose one to illustrate.
      b. Memorize it and recite it for the (family).
      c. Present it as a choral reading.

Art Activities
  1. Make papier-mâché animals. Display them in colorful wagons.
  2. Design circus animal pins from clay.
  3. Use magnetic tape to make refrigerator magnets.
  4. Make a mobile featuring circus animals.

Circus Animals
  1. Plan a pet parade. You and your pet can march around a ring in time to recorded circus music.
  2. Does your pet know a special trick? Prepare a "wild animal" act to present to an audience.


Fabulous Flights

They fly through the air, walk on wires, or tumble in the ring. They perform feats of strength, balance, and courage. They are acrobats, aerialists, and flyers.
  1. If possible, read A Very Young Circus Flyer, by Jill Krementz. A young boy, a member of a family of flyers, tells about his life with the circus.
  2. Begin by moving to music. Feel the rhythm.
  3. Depending on the equipment available, practice moving on bars and rings. Tumble on mats.

Poetry in Motion
  1. List words (verbs) that describe the ways a performer moves as he or she flies through the air or tumbles in the ring. Arrange the words to create a motion poem that reflects the movements of the performer.
  2. Add to the words on the list and group them to compose a motion poem.
  3. Write ...about an acrobat's performance.

Presenting...
Jules Leotard invented and introduced the flying trapeze. Like many inventors, he made his discovery accidentally.
  1. Read to find out how this invention changed circus performances.
  2. If Leotard kept a journal during the time he was developing the flying trapeze, what would he have written? Write five journal entries from his point of view.
  3. Can you think of something you might invent to improve a way of doing something? Explain what you want to improve and write about your plan. Include a sketch of your idea.

Circus Flyers and Tumblers
  1. Using playground equipment (bars, rings, the jungle gym, etc.), develop an acrobatic routine set to music. Include gymnastic tumbling and balancing. Make sure the exhibition of physical fitness is safe and entertaining.
  2. Tie-dye a shirt for the performance or use fabric markers to design a T-shirt.

The Day the Circus Came to Town
Read Dr. Seuss' If I Ran the Circus and decide how you would run a circus. Write a book with the same title, but use your own circus.
  1. Study a map of your state. What cities would your circus visit?
  2. Plan a route you would follow from town to town.
  3. Write a news story about the arrival of the circus.
  4. Make posters advertising the performances.
  5. Write a review of the show. Tell about the acts that people will be viewing.

Art Activities
  1. Think about the word circus. Study each letter. What does it remind you of? Design an alphabet with a circus theme.
  2. Use thumbprints to create a circus scene. Make a print and add lines to complete the figures.

Circus Performance
After studying the different facets of the circus, it is time to put the parts together and present your own show.
  1. Display posters to announce the circus.
  2. To begin the Make-a-Circus extravaganza, organize a parade of costumed performers. March to recorded circus music. Include a marching kazoo band.
  3. Sell popcorn and balloons.

Ants as Insects

Posted on September 2, 2014 at 3:25 AM Comments comments (43)
Grandma is making this section separate because there was quite a bit on the Insect part and there is quite a bit here. The part on ants is as follows:


                            " Those Amazing Ants! by Becky Daniel and Jo Jo Cavalline

Did you know that there are more than 10,000 different kinds of ants?

I may be hard to believe, but some ants can lift more than fifty times their own weight.
How much do you weigh? Multiply your weight by fifty. Think of something that weighs about the same as fifty times your weight. Draw a picture of this object.
If you were built like an ant, you could pick up that heavy object. put it above your head, and run with it. Amazing, isn't it?
Draw a cartoon of yourself lifting the object that is fifty times your weight.

Ants have a keen sense of smell and can find food my following a scent trail.
You, too, can follow a scent trail. Using an old bottle of perfume, have (someone) make a scent trail by dripping perfume on (something above the ground level ). Blindfolded, and on your hands and knees, try to reach the end of the trail by using your sense of smell.

Ants have compound eyes. Compound eyes allow them to precisely determine the angle of the sun's rays. This awareness of the sun's angle allows ants to navigate over unknown territory and return with food to their nest.
Draw a map of the way (to your home). Be sure to show north, south, east, and west. Could someone unfamiliar with your neighborhood use your map to find your house? How do compass directions help humans find their way?
Why do you think ants don't venture out at night to search for food?

Some ants milk an insect called an aphid, much like a farmer milks a cow. The ants stroke the bug's sides gently and wait for the sweet honeydew to appear.
Draw a cartoon of an ant milking an aphid.

The nurse ants care for the ant eggs. They watch the eggs from the egg stage, through the larve stage, until the young ants emerge. Some larvae can signal the nurse ants when they need them. When new ants leave the nest to search for food they sometimes get lost. Older workers will find these lost ants and carry them back to the nest.
Make a list of babies that are dependent on their mothers at birth. Make another list of babies that do not need their mothers when they are born.

Some ants raise mushrooms inside their nests. The ants cut and carry leaves to the nest to provide fertile soil for their mushrooms. Have you ever tasted a raw mushroom?

                            Mushroom Dip
1 package cream cheese                  1 Tablespoon minced green onion
1/2 cup sour cream                           1/4 pound finely chopped mushrooms
1 teaspoon salt

Mix together and chill. Serve with corn chips or crackers.

Some ants make slaves of other ants. They attack and steal young ants from other hives, take them back to their own hives, and make them do all their work.
Write a story that tells how you would feel if you were kidnapped and made to be a slave. Tell about how you might escape your captors.

Ants have suits of "armor" on the outside of their bodies, rather than skeletons.
Draw a picture of what you might look like if your skeleton was on the outside of your skin. Or, make a list of other animals that wear their skeletons on the outside.

Soldier ants are stationed at the entrance to the nest. They guard the nest and keep enemies away. These ants are larger than the workers. Cover a bulletin board with brown butcher paper. Draw an ant colony. You may want to include:
  • interlocking tunnels
  • soldier ants at the entrance
  • nurse ants attending the eggs
  • ants working in their mushroom garden
  • ants milking aphids
  • harvest ants making bread
  • slave ants
  • the queen ant


Ant Crafts

(On one page is a drawn big ant to put a paper face, hands, and shoes on.)

The Easter ant can arrive the day before vacation and leave a treat for all your (children). Treats are made from (a) small ant pattern. A black jelly bean is attached by a thumbtack to the body of the ant. Use tape to fasten them to (children's') clothes. Have fun with your ant treats. Try balancing them on your head or shoulder as you play dead ant. If they fall off, you are out. Let this ant become your pet ant. You then assume total responsibility for your ant. It must be with you at all times. If you leave your ant to wander, it becomes public property. Any other (person) gets to claim it and add it to their pet collection. Finders keepers, loosers weepers.

Halloween is a great time for ant masks. Be a hungry ant and make a fork and spoon to carry in each hand. Several (people) together may enjoy doing an ant play with their ant masks.

Have you been a good ant or a naughty ant? Because Anta Claus is coming to town. Make a Christmas list of an ant. Make Mr. and Mrs. Anta Claus.

Many more ideas will flow as you enter antland. It can so easily be applied to many different subject areas. Save all these ideas and new ones for another time!


                               Finding the Antswers to Questiants

All species of ants belong to the formicidae family. Using the basic ant pattern, invite each child to make his or her own ant and label or identify all its parts.

Questiant:Where do ants live?
Antswer: In colonies, the thirteen original perhaps.
Ants are social insects because they live together in "colonies." Using the thirteen original colonies, start a nation of ants. Draw the shape of the colony and the citizens of Massachusants, Rhode Islants, Pennsylvaniants, and so on. Draw a crown on the antennae of the governor of each state.

Questiant: What should do you do with an ant? Squish it?
Antswer: No, collect ants and study their personality. If you should find they need some, give them some of yours.
To collect ants, use a piece of white paper, plastic bottles with lids, and a piece of cardboard. Search outdoors under rocks for ant colonies. You will see many of the little harmless black and gray ants running around under rocks. Lay a bottle on its side and use the cardboard to guide the ants in. Scoop up some soil and spread it out on white paper. If you see an ant larger than the other ants, it is probably the queen. Take some extra soil with you in another bottle. You will need it for the ants' new home.
To build an ant nest, you will need a wide-mouthed glass jar; an empty tall, thin can; a sponge; black paper; and rubber bands. Place the can inside the jar. Pour the ants" soil between the two. Wet the sponge and place it across the top of the can. Place the ants on the soil and secure the lid. Wrap the jar with black paper and secure with rubber bands.

Questiant: Why the black paper?
Antswer: Ants like the dark and will build their tunnels close to the glass if it is dark there.
Place your jar in a shallow pan of water on a piece of wood. Place it in a warm place away from direct sunlight. Feed the ants with bread crumbs, bits of meat, drops of honey, sugar, and dead insects. After a few days, remove the black paper and find the antswers to any questiants you might have.
  1. What do the ants do?
  2. How do they communicate with each other?
  3. Do they know it is feeding time? Why?
  4. Why do they build tunnels?
(the bottom of this page shows to cartoon ants talking to each other)

During your observations be sure to sing the rhyming songs: "The Ants Go Marching One by One, Hurrah, Hurrah!"

"Our Antcestor"
Trace the basic ant pattern on black paper and cut it out. You may want to enlarge the pattern. Using scraps of paper, yarn, tissue paper, and whatever materials are available, dress your ant appropriately for your particular antcestor. If you are teaching social studies, make Abraham Lincant, George Washingtant, Benjamin Franklant, Ant Betsy Ross, Florence Nightantgale, and so on.

"Our Antimals"
Draw the face of an animal or cut out a picture from a magazine. Trace and cut out the basic ant pattern. Paste the animal face to the ant body. You may discover stegosaurant or Leo the liant. Put all your animals behind bars and display on a (wall) zoo.

"Dead Ant"
Choose two (children) to be the killer ants. They are "it." The chosen killer ants try to tag the other (children). The only way the (children) can be safe from them is to "freeze" with their antennae (arms) up in the air and say "dead ant." When a killer ant tags someone who wasn't fast enough to be a dead ant, that ant is captured and taken off to the ant prison (which is a certain spot in the room).


Activities
  • Declare National Ant Day: Take your ant to lunch and buy her a "MacAnt Sandwich."
  • Michael Jacksant, famous recording ant, is in dire need of material for his songs. Help him write a song and give it a hit title. This new hit could become your "family anthem."
  • Write tongue twisters incorporating the word "ant" in regular words: Indianta Jones is awfully antsome.
  • Write a recipe for "ant soup."
  • Write a conversation between two ants.
  • Pretend you are an ant that somehow got caught in a marching parade. How will you ever get out alive?
  • Make a board game to play with an ant theme.



(This next page has five jars that lists words of parts of the sentences: Nouns, Verbs, Pronouns, Adjectives, Adverbs

Directions:
Write the bold word in the correct jar.

One pretty day in the month of May
My friends and I went out to play.
We walked so slowly to the park;
There children laugh and puppies bark.
Hot dogs were toasting on the grill,
We smelled them as we climbed the hill.
The table setting by the stream
Was sure to be any picnicker's dream.
We found some cakes, salads, chips, pies,
They looked so glorious to our hungry eyes.
I discovered the chef asleep on a stool,
The grown-ups and kids took a swim in the pool.
We climbed on the table and just took a bite,
But one led to another, then oh! What a sight!
We ate such a feast, crumbs fell to the ground.
Not one of us noticed the approaching sound
Of the chef coming swiftly, his feet doing a dance,
The look on his face when he saw us--Black Ants!
We looked like an army, so quickly retreating,
Our bellies were full after all of that eating.
We marched to our colony, burrowed inside,
Until the next picnic--we'll stay here and hide.

(There are a list for eight Nouns; eight Verbs; six Pronouns; eight Adjectives; and seven Adverbs--maybe you can make more.

                                           "Ant"onyms

Read each sentence below. In the blank write the opposite of the word you see in parentheses.

  1. The bus left (early)___________________________for the school picnic.
  2. It was the (last)_______________________time we had gone to Holly Park.
  3. The children were (sad)___________________about going.
  4. (Few)_________________________boys and girls were singing songs.
  5. This was going to be a (short)_________________bus ride.
  6. Most of the seats on the bus were (empty)________________________.
  7. (None)______________of the children were glad it was Saturday.
  8. When the bus stopped, it was time to get (on)_____________________.
  9. The children (walked)______________to the picnic tables to eat.
  10. They ate their lunches (slowly)____________________.
  11. Ants crawled on the table where the (grown-ups)_________________ate.
  12. (Girls)_____________began to throw Frisbees.
  13. One girl tried to (throw)______________________it.
  14. (Before)____________________ they ate, it was time for a visit to the zoo.
  15. Most of the animals were (inside)_____________________________.
  16. The monkeys were the (quietest)________________________of all the animals.
  17. Later the kids (sold)________________________souvenirs.
  18. Several boys got on the (right)__________________bus.
  19. It was (morning)_____________________ when the children go back to school.
  20. The sky was beginning to get (light)___________________.

Circle the word in each row that is the opposite of the first word.

  1. messy                          sloppy, neat, dirty
  2. soft                               mushy, weak, hard
  3. pretty                            ugly, beautiful, lovely
  4. old                                worn, used, new
  5. smooth                          level, rough, flat
 

Play Ball

Posted on August 29, 2014 at 11:42 PM Comments comments (35)
Grandma is writing when Nebraska will be playing their first football game for the year this weekend. However, she has decided that since much of the work she has given you has been so late at getting there she wants you to understand that much of it can be carried on into September and throughout the year. Whatever it takes to add to the learning. Various sports is one of the lessons Grandma begins with so this could be used as an introductory to that lesson. The history you will receive for the summer months can just be given as that and added to what you have and you can start out again with the beginning of time and move onto each time in history, placing a little bit of the Bible at a time on the line as you cover it.
Grandma has worked very hard to make connection today with the interference of the storms. She kept loosing her wireless router connection today as well as a problem with making InternetInternet connection again. The gal sent out some signals and the rain that had just came down as well as another push on the plug-in to the modem possibly did it finally; after my husband just had to spend $35 on new cords a guy the other day said it might be making part of the problem.
Therefore, Grandma is going to give the rest of the unit in Book (57) on the baseball games she gave some information to you last night from. It is as follows except for the Bibliography I will give you later:

"Take Me Out to the Ball Game!

Whole Group Introductory Activities

Showing a film such as Field of Dreams, The Rookie, Babe, or Rookie of the Year is an excellent way to introduce this unit.(A League of Their Own; which is a movie about women first playing softball or baseball is showing on This ,a movie channel in Omaha, NE, this weekend.) Viewing a televised game, attending a live game, or holding a (group) baseball game are other suitable introductory activities . Before beginning, establish rules for working at the centers and a routine for moving from center to center. (A center is an area of a home or school with each of subjects such as math, social studies, history, language and reading, writing, art, science, and health or physical education. Grandma has area in her home for each of these subjects some are named different things as a work area, Disney area, play House area, Play store, and even another additional area for Media as movies, comedy as jokes, riddles, comics etc. Some things still need some more organization and some things are done at the table still for art, writing, etc.It is getting better and better. Because of my knees I have actually failed to do my gardening totally outside because I cannot stand long at all now, which SSI is not allowing me to call it a disability and want me to go out to a job making phone calls. My husband knows I cannot even do that since I can hardly get about very fast he says. I know I could reach my grandson in danger fast enough a while back though. However, each area can be called simply what it is for either reading, language, social studies, history, writing, art, science, health or physical education even besides the physical games or dances you may preform. Someone stated they felt bowling and golf were not a physical activity. They are very wrong there. I have totally forgotten the teaching of music and that is really one of my favorite subjects to teach and use as a tool for learning. For by the way you can use many things as tools for learning as dolls, decorating rooms, posters, films or making videos, pretending things is even a tool, acting out things or role playing, puppets. Anything you can think to help get the concept through the same as blocks to build with or colored pencils or things drawn on paper; anything to help.) You may wish to set up all centers at the same time and have (the children) rotate through the complete cycle in their cooperative groups, or you may choose to have (the children) complete half the centers and then set up the other half. Another option is to have the (children) complete half the activities in cooperative (work with others) and then allow (the children) to select individually from the remaining activities. You might have students complete some of the activities as individual contracts. (Each unit of topic like baseball to a country to fairy tales might be handled different than even an ongoing subject as all the continents and countries to art and math or an interchange of a play store used as part of math but maybe math in another area or all the individual other areas or centers as well as by itself somewhere. History and the time line might even be handled with only a part of history in an area or an area of study rather than all of it together along with the Bible study on the line as well with many books included for them to read.)

Small Group Activities
Where It All Began

There are several conflicting theories about how baseball began. Some contend it was adapted from cricket.Others state that Abner Doubleday invented the game in Cooperstown, New York, in 1839. (Football grew out of the game we call Soccer, but in Mexico they call Soccer Futbol.) At this center, have students work in cooperative groups to brainstorm possible origins of baseball. Have them select their most original idea and write a myth or legend telling how baseball originated, and then perform a reader's theater version of their story for (others). (Now Grandma might set this up in what she calls the children's work area where they can dress-up to go to work at a desk where there is a pretend computer or real one to use and pretend they are doing it for work then come home to their house area when done and pretend they are working in a restaurant and fixing a meal or go to the store and buy food. Else she may set it up to be done at a play school desk to be done as an assignment in a separate writing area. If she thought of it as a history lesson or social study lesson she may assign it to be done close to those areas. If after a movie she might assign it to be done in another room of the house. This is how it works.)

The Playing Field
Baseball is played on an area divided into an infield of definite measurement and an outfield that varies from ballpark to ballpark. The infield is a square with 90' (27.4 m) sides. The corner farthest from the outfield fence is home plate, and the other bases run counterclockwise. The pitcher's mound is an 18' (5.5 m) circle inclining toward a small rectangular rubber slab in the center. It lies inside the square, 60' 6" (18 m) from home plate. The outfield ends at an outer fence, and its distance from home plate varies with the shape of the field. The fence is usually about 250' to 450' (76 to 137 m) from home plate.
Provide (the children) with the above information, and have them work ...to sketch a blueprint of their "ideal" ballpark (at the work desk as mine, an art table, little school desk, the health, physical education area, reading and language area, math area, history area, newspaper writing area, or the social study area if not where they watched a movie with you.) Have them create a scale model of the park. Encourage (the children) to consider dugouts, dressing rooms, concession booths, parking, washrooms, press box, handicapped accessibility, and anything else that is necessary to their plans. When (the children) have completed their models, have them "sell" their ideas to (you or others).

How Many Miles?
At this center, provide students with the formula for calculating area, perimeter, and circumference. Have them create ballpark problems involving running the bases, outlining the base path, and edging the pitcher's mound. Ask (the children) to include realistic problems in which the calculation of area, perimeter, and circumference is necessary. Have each ...write its problems so that (another person) at the center (if their could be a friend, relative, etc.) can solve them and add problems of their own. When all (children) have completed the practice area, perimeter, volume, circumference, and so on. I would use a separate math area or where the movie or maybe the work area for this unless it was near the history area.)

The Great Baseball Machine

Several machines have been invented to use in ballparks. These are machines that provide easy maintenance of the ballpark, line the field, sell tickets and record sales, provide music and other special effects in the stadium, and assist ball players with their practices. There are even machines that measure the speed of a pitch, computers that record statistics, and pitching machines. (Think of even the things they have in video games now.) At this center, have (the children) brainstorm possible technological advances which might occur in the future of baseball. Have (the children) select their best ideas and draw sketches or create models of them to "sell" to (others).

Let's Hear It for the Team!
At this center provide lists of baseball teams currently in the American and National Leagues. ... Also provide (the children) with a list of Baseball Hall of Famers (which Grandma already provided you with.) Have the (children) reach a consensus on a perfect ball team. Invite (the children) to create their own "dream teams" by selecting members  from any present or past baseball team for each of the nine positions, designated hitter, and coach. Have (the children) share their line-ups with (others as yourself or the person they are learning with), indicating the player in each position. Ask (the children) to justify their choices by using player statistics. Have them name their new teams and create uniforms for the newest additions to the league!

Shoeless Joe
W.P Kinsella is a modern North American writer who has won great acclaim for his tales of baseball in the Midwest. Perhaps the best known of these is Shoeless Joe, from which the movie "Field of Dreams" was adapted. At the center, provide book excerpts and a selection of novels about baseball. Have the (children) read selections and attempt to write their own baseball stories in which local characters are brought to life. (From what I have told you, I will let you decide where the best place for this would be-maybe use it as a homework assignment-to give them plenty of time for it.)

ERAs and RBIs
At this center, provide baseball cards and other sources that identify player statistics. Have the (children) examine the statistics of ten players and create charts or graphs comparing the players. In their presentation to (you or others), have (the children) share why they selected their ten players. Have the (children) create mathematical problems involving average (mean), median, and mode statistics using the information from player cards. Have (the children) submit these problems for later use in mathematics. ... .(This is a third thing that could be used in a math center by itself. They could be given one a day.)

Casey at Bat
At this center, provide students with a copy of "Casey at Bat" and any other appropriate baseball poetry.  Have the (children) use the ideas to create sequels telling what happened to Casey, write their own original baseball ballads, or write prose playscript selections of Casey's batting incident for presentation as plays.

Take Me Out to the Ball Game
At this center, provide a recording of "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" or any other baseball songs. Have the (children) create baseball rally songs for their favorite teams and teach them to the (you and others)!
(Now Grandma would do this in her Music area which is also in the living room with much of the reading and Social Studies.)

Baseball Trivia
At this center, provide baseball cards, trivia books (see bibliography), and Trivial Pursuit™ or another trivia game. Have (the children) work cooperatively to create their own baseball trivia cards. Have each (child) at the center read the cards that are already there and add their own original cards to the cooperative ...game. They can use friends or family members to help them with this lesson.

Baseball Bibliography
Have (the children) examine the bibliography provided at the end of this unit. Have them use baseball books, card catalogs, electronic encyclopedias,and other sources to create their own annotated bibliographies with at least twelve books, pamphlets, audio-visual resources, journals, and resource people.Show (the children) a sample style for an annotated bibliography.
(I Grandmother does not or cannot provide you with this Bibliography as she will try wait 'till she can for this or obtain what you can from the library.)

Baseball Hall of Fame Greats
At this center, provide pictures of famous ball players. Have (the children) use pen and ink, charcoal, or paint to create their own portraits of present or future Hall of Fame players. (Guess what center Grandma would use here.)

Cricket/Baseball Controversy
For decades, the controversy has raged over which is the better sport--baseball or cricket. Have the students examine material explaining how each game is played and prepare charts showing similarities and differences between the two sports. Have them consider such things as: rules, cost, equipment, playing fields, officials, number of players, and skills required. Have them prepare a statement defending one of the games as the greater sport and providing supporting reasons for their choice. (A good assignment for your newspapers.)(If you had not finished out your yearbook, it would be a good time to now also.)

I'm Conducting a Survey
At this center, have (the children) prepare questions examining preferences for games watched and games played. Encourage them to include both males and females of different age groups, levels of education, occupations, and socioeconomic levels as they conduct their surveys. Invite (the children) to include as many sports as they wish, but have everyone include baseball as one of the choices. Have (the children) conduct their survey with relatives, neighbors, school friends, and so on. Then have them compile their data individually and (together with others) and analyze the results. Have them prepare charts and graphs to share their data with (you and others).(Maybe this would be best as homework but as part of a math center and the newspaper area.)

Baseball Food(Remember fruits and vegetables are part of June's monthly project and that of food is important in lessons for September.)
For years, hot dogs, soda, and pretzels have been considered ballpark food. Have (the children) brainstorm other foods they could sell at their new ballparks. Have them select and prepare marketing campaigns to "sell" their new ballpark food to (you and others).

The Quiet Hero
Provide biographical information of famous ball players, past and present. Have each (child) select a player and use the "Bio-Poem" format (Grandma is providing below) to create a bio-poem for that player. Have (the children) create pencil sketches of these players to illustrate their poems. Display completed editions of the poems and sketches, then mount them in a book for the (family, friends, and others). (This part even though it has parts of art which could be part of the newspaper or yearbook areas, but Grandma still would probably make it part of the language area. However, language could be part of the newspaper or yearbook area vice versus.)
Bio-Poem Pattern
Line one: Poem title (Person)
Line two: Three adjectives to describe the person.
Line three: A significant accomplishment.
Line four: A detail of early family life.
Line five: An early career/school accomplishment.
Line six: Something for which you will remember this person. The reason you picked (them).
Line seven: A word, phrase, or saying synonymous with this person's name.
                   (Example: The "Say Hey" kid.)

The Great American Pastime
It has been said that baseball is woven into the fiber of American life--that within the game, all the lessons of life can be learned. Have (the children) work (you or friends) to brainstorm the lessons about life that can be learned on the ball field.

Indoor Baseball
Have (the children) consider how baseball could be played in a living room or recreation room (or as a board game or video game) with young children. Have them rewrite the rules and redesign the equipment to adapt the game to the change in setting and age group. Have them demonstrate the new game with a group of primary children in a gym, library, or classroom.

Great Moments in Baseball
Provide biographical materials about Baseball Hall of Famers. Have (the children) select members of the Baseball Hall of Fame listed and what might be added since the time of Book (57) in the 1990's. Have each (child) prepare a one-page biographical sketch of a player's great moment in the sport. The data should include: stats, position played, teams played for, family life, date of birth and death, and any other interesting facts. Have (each child) check their chosen players off the list so that the next (child) does not select the same player. Completed pages may be bound, illustrated, and placed in the (house or a special place).

What Makes a Great Coach?
Have (the children) brainstorm the characteristics of a good coach. When the (children) have made a long list, have each (child) create an extended simile. Provide the following examples: a good coach is like a parent; a good coach is like a guardian angel; a good coach is like a good sandwich. When each (child) has written a simile, have them complete their comparisons using data from their list of characteristics.(Another good project for the newspaper, yearbook, or language center or area. By the way folks the newspaper and yearbook could be a part of the language area or center. Else the language a part of the newspaper and yearbook area or center. Art could be a part of it all also.)

Baseball in a Box
Have (the children) use the rules of baseball to create a baseball board game for 8 to 10 year olds. Have them write the rules and package the game attractively.

Cartoon Capers
Have (the children) examine comic strip sequences of the Charlie Brown baseball series. Have them create their own cartoon characters with baseball as the topic for four-frame comic strips.(use your own judgement here of where to do it)

The San Diego Chicken
Many major  league teams have a mascot. The Toronto Blue Jays have the blue jay, the St. Louis Cardinals have a cardinal, the Detroit Tigers have the tiger, and the San Diego Padres have the famous chicken. Have the students create team mascots for their local or created baseball teams. Then encourage them to design costumes and routines for these mascots. (This gave Grandma a great addition to this unit of using puppets to play out games or act them out themselves.)

Field of Dreams
Artists like Ken Danby have captured the magic of a sport in their art. Invite (the children) to work cooperatively (with you or group of friends, etc.) on a mural that captures the magic of baseball. Before beginning, have (the children) discuss how to represent their ideas in a mural. It would be helpful to provide pictures relating to baseball at this center. This mural can be on paper, a poster, or a wall if wish.

Whole Group Concluding Activities
The main purpose of the concluding activities is to share the products of the various centers and to celebrate the learning that has taken place. Any or all of the following activities would constitute a fitting finale for this unit.
  • Share products of the centers through displays, presentations, newspaper coverage, an open house, an assembly, and so on.
  • Go to a live ball game.
  • Have "Baseball Day" in which each (child) wears team apparel, has baseball food for lunch, sings baseball songs, and plays a school baseball game or tournament.
  • View a film, such as The Rookie, Field of Dreams, Babe, or Rookie of the Year.


Non-Fiction Bibliography
Angel, R. Once More Around the Park, 1991.
Allen, E. Baseball: Play and Strategy, (3rd ed.), 1983.
Appeal, M. and Goldblatt, B. Baseball's Best: The Hall of Fame Gallery, (rev. ed.), 1989.
______, Baseball Encyclopedia, (6th ed.), 1985.
Child, M. How to Play Baseball, 1951.
Einstein, C. The Pitcher's Story, 1967.
Honig, D. When the Grass Was Real, 1975.
James, B. Historical Baseball Abstract, (rev.ed.), 1988.
___, The Baseball Book, 1990.
Kahn, R. Good Enough to Dream, 1985.
Laird, A. W. Ranking Baseball's Elite: An Analysis Derived from Player Statistics 1893-1987,1990.
Levine, P. Spalding and the Rise of Baseball: The Promise of the American Sport, 1985.
Mantle, M. The Quality of Courage, 1964.
Mays, W. My Secrets of Playing Baseball, 1967.
Petersen, R. Only the Ball Was White, 1985.
Reichler, J. The Baseball Encyclopedia. (6th ed.), 1985.
Ritter, L. The Glory of Their Times, 1984.
Robertson, J. OK! OK! Blue Jays, 1983.
Seymour, H. Baseball: The Early Years, 1960.
____, Baseball: The Golden Age, 1971.
____, Baseball: The People's Games, 1991.
Smith, R. World Series: The Game and the Players, 1967.


Fiction Bibliography
Archibald, J. Bonus Kid, 1959.
____, Shortstop on Wheels, 1962.
Brossman, J. Pennant Race, 1962.
Gelner, S. Baseball Bonus Kid, 1961.
Jackson, C. Hillbilly Pitcher, 1956.
Kinsella, W. P. Shoeless Joe, 1982.
____, Box Socials, 1989.
____, The Iowa Baseball Confederacy, 1979.
____, The Dixon Cornbelt League, 1992.
Porter, M. Winning Pitcher, 1960.
Russell, P. Going, Going, Gone, 1967.
Scholefield, E. Tiger Rookie, 1966.
Scholtz, J. Base Burglar, 1955.
____, Center Fielder Jinx. 1961.
Tunis, J. Highpockets, 1948.
____, Keystone Kids, 1945.
____, Rookie of the Year, 1944.
____, The Kid from Tompkinsville, 1940.
____, World Series, 1941.
____, Wells, B. Five Yard Fuller of the New York Giants, 1967.
Wallop, D. The Year of the Yankees' Pennant, 1964.
Zanger, J. Baseball Spark Plug, 1963.

Part of June's Learning for the Summer

Posted on July 27, 2014 at 11:46 PM Comments comments (30)
Hopefully, I have no interruptions because Grandma wants to give you the rest of June's learning for the summer lessons. I found out yesterday that we can leave sooner than we were planning to go see my husband's father before he passes on. He is in his ninety's and was still carrying leaves from the plants and stuff to his small herd of cattle and a few horses he had grown to and called from the field everyday. He was strong enough to walk two miles each day if not more. A very interesting person to know. He is in the villages of Mexico that my husband grew up in and was given his grandfathers ox, plow, and land at the age of seven to feed his ten brothers and sisters with. He did it for ten years. We are going there by bus because it the least expensive and safest travel around. 
However, it only leaves 3 to 4 days to type up the material Grandma wants to give you. I may be able to get a laptop to help or get my tablet working to my advantage, we will see. I will be back to start the school year again. Please take care and I wish the best for your learning.

Grandma stopped at June 7th in the Calendar History so we will pick up there for learning. I will try to get to the end of June today, July tomorrow, and August before I leave.
The birthdays for June 7 are as follows:

June 7, 1848 Paul Gauguin, French painter was born

June 7, 1917 Gwendolyn Brooks, American poet was born

The events for June 7th are as follows:

June 7, 1776 Richard Henry Lee of Virginia proposed to the Continental 
Congress a Resolution Calling for Independence of the American 
Colonies from Britain.

June 7, 1862 The United States and Britain signed A Treaty for the 
Suppression of the Slave Trade.

June 7, 1864 Abraham Lincoln was renominated for the presidency in Baltimore.

June 7, 1892 George T. Sampson invented the Clothes Dryer.

Book (1) says in "Futuristic clothes dryers-Before the clothes dryer was invented, people hung their clothes outside to dry in the air. Ask your (children) to list the benefits of this method--for example, it uses renewable solar energy and costs nothing. How do students think people of the future will dry their clothes? Have them work in groups to design a clothes dryer for the year 2020.

June 7, 1892 J.J. Doyle of the Cleveland Spiders became 
Baseball's First Pinch Hitter.

Book (1) says in "Pinch hitting for others-Discuss the term pinch hitter with your (children). Then challenge them to think of ways the term can be applied to situations outside of baseball. For example, does a substitute teacher "pinch-hit" for a classroom teacher who's ill? Ask your students to recall times when they've pinch-hit for a family member or friend. Have them write about these experiences."

June 7, 1893 George Harbo and Frank Samuelson started a Rowboat 
Trip from New York City to England, arriving on Aug.3.

June 7, 1948 Dwight Eisenhower became president of Columbia University.

June 7, 1984 A Tornado leveled the town of Barneveld, Wis.

June 7 is also Japan's day for the Rice Festival.

Book(1) says in "Rice recipes-Tell your (children) that about two-thirds of the world's population relies on rice as a staple food. A grain of rice has an outer hull, or shell, which is not eaten. Inside the hull is the kernel, which is covered by thin layers of skin called bran coats. Most of the vitamins and minerals in rice are found in the bran coats. To have your own ... rice festival, (use) some cooked brown, wild, and white rice for your (children) to taste. Which kind do they like best? Why? Invite the children to ...(think of their own favorite rice recipes to share with one another and make a booklet of them.)"


The next day is June 8th. There is only one birthday for June 8th are as follows:

June 8, 1867 Frank LLoyd Wright, American archittect

Book (1) says in Bold architecture-Frank LLoyd Wright, considered one of the world's greatest architects, designed homes and commercial buildings for more than 70 years. Among his most daring designs was "Fallingwater," a house in Pennsylvania that projects out over a waterfall. Show your students pictures of "Fallingwater" and other houses designed by Wright. Discuss how his buildings blend into the surrounding environment. Then ask the kids to describe and illustrate their dream houses, focusing in particular on the relationship of the house to surrounding natural features." ( Use Frank's Link to see his work and find out more about him. It is utterly amazing.)
(I could not get an image-I really tried)

The Events for June 8th are as follows:

June 8, 1504 Michelangelo's statue David was installed in 
front of the Palazzo della Signoria in Florence.

June 8, 1783 Laki, a volcano in southern Iceland, began erupting. 
The Eruption lasted 8 Months.

(This is a good time to review some of our common disasters that happen and what they look like.)
Book(1) says in "Climatic catastrophe-The Laki volcanic eruption of 1783 created the largest lava flow--about 220 square miles--in recorded history. (That is about half the size of Nebraska) In addition, it spedwed enormous volumes of ash and sulfurous gas into the atmosphere, producing a bluish haze that shrouded Iceland and most of northern Europe for months. Livestock deaths led to a famine that killed 10,000 Icelanders, and climatic changes were worldwide. Several years of poor harvests followed, which may or may not have resulted from the eruption. Some environmentalists believe the Laki eruption should serve as a warning to industrialized societies about the dangers of global climate change. Ask your (children) to list documented or suspected man-made changes to the world's environment (for example, ozone depletion, global warming), their causes (use of certain chemical refrigerants and aerosols; increased carbon dioxide resulting from the burning of fossil fuels), and possible remedies."

June 8, 1786 Ice Cream was first sold in the United States, in New York City.

June 8, 1789 The Bill of Rights was first proposed by James Madison.

June 8, 1835 The Largest Flower on record, a calla lily, 
bloomed at the New York Botanical Gardens. It was
 8 1/2 feet tall, 4 feet in diameter, and 12 feet in circumference.

June 8, 1869 Ives W. McGaffey received a patent for the Vacuum Cleaner.

June 8, 1939 George VI became the First British Monarch to Visit the United States.

June 8, 1963 The American Heart Association began its 
Campaign Against Cigarette Smoking.

Book (1) says in "Hazards of smoking-In recognition of the American Heart Association's fight against smoking, have your (children) make a ...list of health hazards associate with cigarettes. Post the list ...(for others)...to see.

June 8, 1982 Ronald Reagan became the First U.S. President to 
Address the British Parliament.


The next day is June 9 as follows:

June 9, 1812 Johann Galle, German astronomer, who first sighted the 
planet Neptune was born.

June 9, 1893 Cole Porter, American composer, was born.

June 9, 1961 Michael J. Fox, Canadian actor, was born.

The Events for the day are as follows:

June 9, 1790 The Philadelphia Spelling Book-became 
the First Book Registered for a U.S. Copyright.

June 9, 1877 Samuel Clemens explained the meaning of his pen name, 
Mark Twain.

June 9, 1893 Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performed the 
First Successful Open-Heart Surgery.

June 9, 1934 The Disney cartoon character Donald Duck debuted in 
The Wise Hen.

Book (1) gives this activity in "This duck's not daffy-Donald Duck was created as a foil for Mickey Mouse and made his screen debut in Walt Disney's The Wise Hen  6 years after Disney had introduced the world-famous rodent. Ask your students to imagine they're newspaper reporters interviewing Donald Duck. Then provide them with a list of interview questions, such as: How did you get parents? What happened to them? Will you and Daisy ever get married? Why do you both have the same last name? What do you do for a living? Does Daisy work? What do you think about Daffy Duck? Have the students create answers to these questions, then incorporate them into a newspaper article.

June 9, 1943 Congress authorized employers to Withhold Income 
Tax Payments from their workers' paychecks.

June 9, 1973 With a win at the Belmont Stakes, Secretariat became 
Horse Racing's First Triple Crown Winner In 25 Years.

June 9, 1983 Cabbage Patch Kids dolls made their debut.

Book (1) explains in "Dream toys-Three million Cabbage Patch Kids dolls were sold in the first year after their introduction, making them the most successful new dolls in the history of the toy industry. If possible, have a volunteer bring on of these dolls to class, and ask your (children) to speculate on why they were so popular.Then invite the children to design their own dream toys. Have each (child) write a description of the toy, the materials it would be made of, how it would operate, what kind of package it would come in, how much it would cost, and so on. Next, have the children draw and color pictures of their toys, design logos, and create names. As an extra challenge, have them create promotional slogans, jingles, or print ads."



June 10th is our next day starting with the birthdays as follows:

June 10, 1921 Prince Philip, duke of Edinburgh and husband of Queen Elizabeth II

June 10, 1928 Maurice Sendak, children's author and illustrator

The Events for the day are as Follows:

June 10, 1610 The First Dutch Settlers in America arrived on Manhattan Island.

June 10, 1682 The First Recorded Tornado struck New Haven, Conn.

June 10, 1776 The Continental Congress appointed a Drafting 
Committee for the Declaration of Independence.

Book (1) says in "Group dynamics-Tell your (children) that the drafting committee for the Declaration of Independence had several members, including Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and John Adams. However, Thomas Jefferson did the lion's share of the work. Ask your (children) to speculate why. Then have them discuss what they're like in a group. Do they let others do most of the work, or do they like to take charge? Finally, have your (children) take turns reading aloud passages from the Declaration of Independence."

June 10, 1935 Alcoholics Anonymous was founded by 
Dr. Robert Smith and William S. Wilson.

June 10, 1938 A Giant Panda named Pandora arrived at the Bronx Zoo.

Book (1) says in "Panda predicament-Giant pandas, which are native to China and Tibet, may reach 6 feet in length and weigh 220 pounds. They feed mainly on species of bamboo plants, two of which have unusual life cycles. Every 100 years, these plants produce seeds, then die. It takes several years for new plants to grow from the seeds. In the meantime, the giant pandas are without a major food source. This situation last occurred in the 1970s. And by the 1980s, about one-fourth of the giant panda population had starved to death. Have your (children) research the current status of the world panda population. How many pandas live in zoos?"

Book (57) has activities and learning to do about Pandas starting on page 173 in "Pandas at Play-Giant pandas, "hermits of the forest," once roamed over vast areas. As bamboo was cleared for farming, their range was restricted. Today they are confined to 12 reserves set aside for them by the Chinese government. These unique animals are considered a national treasure.
Read to discover: What is unique about the giant panda? Brainstorm to list everything the (children) knows about the animals. Read to separate fact from fiction and revise the list. Organize your findings and do one of the following activities.


  1. Write a short summary to tell what you think is important to know about the giant panda. Include facts, opinions, and personal reactions.
  2. Although pandas have distinct markings, the pandas can seem to disappear if they sense approaching danger. Explain how, despite their black and white fur, they can easily hide . Make a diorama to show how a giant panda's coloring serves as camouflage from enemies.
  3. A panda uses all of its senses to protect itself. Write a sense poem from the panda's point of view. I see...I hear...I smell...I taste...I feel.
  4. Where did the giant panda once live in China? Where would it be found today? Pinpoint your findings on a map.
  5. How do the following physical features:                                                                                    a. help the panda to feed on bamboo?(front paws, jaws, and teeth)                                            b. adapt to the cold climate? (fur
  6. Choose a member of the bear family to compare to the giant panda. Find out about its size, feeding habits, climbing and hunting abilities, claws, teeth, and jaws. On a Venn diagram, show how the two animals are alike and different.

The Panda Club--What dangers do the young pandas face? What are some skills a baby panda has to learn? What predators endanger the life of the young? Make a chart indicating the size and development of the young panda from birth to one year.


Bamboo--Describe the bamboo plant and the part it plays in the diet of the panda. What are the advantages and disadvantages of a diet of bamboo? Because all varieties of bamboo periodically flower and die, the giant panda, at times, is left without an adequate food supply. What is the Chinese government doing to help the panda during these times? Another problem arises when people clear the bamboo forests to farm. How will this eventually affect the panda population? What can be done to solve the problem? After thinking about the questions above, write a report about the bamboo plant and the giant panda's dependence on it. Include information, observations, and possible solutions to the problems that arise as the bamboo forests disappear.

Create and Share


  1. If a panda kept a diary of everyday occurrences, what would he or she have to say about them?
  2. How do you feel about the future of the panda? What would you do if you were a scientist studying the problem? As a zookeeper, how would you educate the public?
  3. It is a fact that pandas drink large quantities of water. Two legends have been written to explain this phenomenon. In one, the panda sees his reflection in the water. Thinking it's another panda, he drinks quickly to keep the other panda from getting its share. In the other, he is bothered by the constant running of water as melting snow feeds streams. He tries to stop the flow by drinking it.                                                                                                                             a. Use an idea from above and write the legend in your own words.                                             b. Make up your own story to explain why the panda is so thirsty."

This section on pandas is from a unit in Book (57) called Penguins, Pandas, and Zebras by Pat O'Brien. 

"Purpose:
The purpose of this unit is to study three animals--penguins, pandas, and zebras. While totally different, their common bond is their black and white coloring. To learn about their physical features, habitats, feeding habits, and care of their young, collect data from books, magazines, field trips, TV nature programs and films (listen and read). Recycle this information by organizing reports, creating displays, and sharing activities (write and speak).( I cannot get any images to save on machine for some reason right now. If you ask for a free pictures site of animals there is lots of pictures. Something is holding me back from getting them right now.)
Procedure: Sometimes reading materials will present ideas you hadn't thought of before or will make you think about something in a different way. Often it reaffirms what you already know. In order to get the most out of your reading, determine what you want to find out before you begin. List questions you want answered. They may e general (Where does it live? How big is it? What does it eat?) or more specific (Where would you expect to find an emperor penguin? Why is it necessary for the panda to eat large amounts of bamboo? What predator is most feared by the zebra?). After the materials have been read and the answers to questions located, compare the ideas and and organize the facts. Decide how you want to present your information... .

Penguins on Parade--Not all penguins think ice is nice. Eighteen species may be found from Antarctica to the equator. They swim and feed in the ocean and come to land to lay eggs and to milt.

Read to Discover: Brainstorm to find out what the class knows about penguins. After reading, separate fact from fiction. Select three or four species of penguins to study. Organize your ideas by completing the following chart.

Type of penguin




Habitat




Size




Food




Nest/eggs



  















  

  1. Use the information on the chart to write a report about one or more species of penguins.
  2. On a map, locate the areas where penguins live. Indicate which species you would find in each area.
  3. Compare the penguin with birds who are able to fly. Think how a penguin's wings, feather, bones, and body shape make it well adapted to swimming.
  4. Compile a riddle book without giving away the answers too easily. Hints about physical features, location in the southern hemisphere or peculiar nesting habits would be appropriate.
  5. Give a thumbnail sketch of one species of penguins. Tell where it lives, what it eats, and who its predators are. Draw a picture of the penguin. This may be put in a class book, displayed on the bulletin board, or used as a flashcard to review facts about the bird.
  6. Make a chart showing the average height of the various species. How do they measure up to members of the class?
  7. Classify the different species of penguin: largest to smallest; crested to not crested.
  8. Compare king and emperor (largest), or emperor and adele (both live in Antarctica).
  9. Assemble a glossary of terms. Begin with the following brooding, creche, down, krill, molt, rookery, and tobogganing. What other words could you add that are important to understand when studying penguins? Include them in your glossary.

Predators--Find answers to the following questions. Use the information to prepare a report about the penguin and its predators. What birds and animals do penguins fear the most on land and in the ocean? How does the penguin's coloring protect it from predators while it is in the water? What is the place of predators in the balance of nature?
Flightless Birds--Besides the penguin there are other flightless birds (ostrich, emu, cassowary, kiwi, and rhea). Select one to study. What is its outstanding feature? How does it adapt to its environment? How does it compare to the penguin? Write a series of cinquains to describe these birds.
The Penguin Chick--How do parents care for these young birds? What dangers do they face? How is their appearance different from adult penguins?On a time line, show the growth and development of the penguin chick from the time it hatches until it is ready to go to the sea.
Create and Share

  1. To become more familiar with the names of the various penguin groups, plan a word search you can share with your friends.
  2. Assemble a flip ook to capture a penguin walking on land or swimming in the sea.
  3. Based on what you know about penguins, write a few journal entries from the point of view of the bird, predator, or scientist.

Zebras with Zip
--While a zebra resembles a horse in many ways, it is not a horse with stripes. The domestic horse and the zebra have many things in common, but there are differences as well. In the wild, the zebra is found on the continent of Africa. There are three main species (plains, mountain, and Grevy's) with several regional types within each group.
Read to Discover: Before reading a section, determine what you already know about the three species of zebras. Organize your ideas by completing the following chart.



          
            Plains                 
          Mountain
           Grevy's
       Physical                      Features




        Habitat




   Stripe Pattern


  


  1. As you read, add to the recorded information and correct errors. Use the information on the chart to write about one species of zebra or to compare two or three types. Include an opening statement, specific information, and a personal observation.
  2. Compile a book of stripe patterns to show how the zebra differs from one type to the next. The pattern differences are best seen when viewing the animal from behind.
  3. How do the following help to protect the zebra from predators: eyes, ears, nos, feet, and legs? Using a series of verb phrases, describe how each protective feature enables the zebra to escape danger. (Eyes peer across the grassy plains searching the lengthening shadows....)
  4. How do the zebra's height, ears, mane, and hooves compare with those of a horse? Make a chart to show the differences between the domesticated horse and the zebra.
  5. The same terminaology is used to describe the horse and zebra. Define the following words: stallion, mare, colt, filly, and yearling. Use these definitions tobegin a dictionary of horse/zebra terms.

Other Zebras--Choose one or more of the following to learn about: zebra butterfly, zebra finch, zebra fish, zebrawood, or zebra plant. From your findings, compile a class book of zebras.


Create and Share



  1.  For a puzzling experiance, write a story abou a zebra using words with as many z's as possible.
  2. Write a story to explain why the zebra has stripes.
  3. Create imaginary animals by combining outstanding features of two or more animals. What would a zebra-giraffe look like? How about a leopard-zebra? Briefly describe it, tell where it lives, what it eats, and who its predators are. Give your combination animal a name. Use papier-mache to construct models of these unusual animals.

Additional Activities--

Reports

  1. Use a rubber stamp of the main character (panda, penguin, or zebra) instead of writing its name when writing a report or story. Other pictures may be added to the rebus writing.
  2. Use factual information combined with imagination to create a story about the animal of your choice.
  3. If animals could speak, what would they say? Decide on questions you would like to ask pandas, penguins, and/or zebras. How do you suppose they would respond? Write their answers for them and publish the interview.
  4. Prepare a mural. Plan what you want to include, draw appropriate pictures, and record the information you wish to share. Write a study guide that can be used to extend the understanding and appreciation of the bird or animal you chose.

Say it with Art

  1. Think of a catchy phrase to help save the animals. Use your idea to decorate a bumper sticker.
  2. Assemble calendars featuring pandas, zebras, and penguins. ... .
  3. Make a scene inside a shoe box. Cut a hole at one end to allow viewing the scene. Remove the lid and cover with tissue paper or cut a slit in the lid to admit light.
  4. Make a theme mobile. Select (at least) one of the three animals. Use pictures, drawings, interesting information, and imaginative writing.
  5. On a piece of butcher paper, design a banner. Include a drawing or photo of the animal and prose or poetry to convey the message you wish to deliver. Attach the completed work to a coat hanger to display

Travels to Another ContinentIf you could visit one of the animals in its natural habitat, where would you go? What would you want to observe?

  1. If you have a zoo nearby, take pictures of the animals in a natural setting. In the case of the zebra and penguin, include photos of other animals that would be found in the same habitat. Make a poster to display the animal groups.
  2. Pretend you are asked to prepare a recording to use at the zoo. What could you say in 45 seconds that would be informative and interesting? You would want to alert the visitor to look for certain markings and behaviors.
  3. Write a job description for each of the following members of a zoo staff; director, curator, veterinarian, keeper, other specialists.
  4. Suppose you were a member of a staff that was considering displaying penguins in your zoo. What concerns would be discussed? From what you have learned about penguins, how would you go about preparing a living space for these birds? What should be included in their diets? What substitutions might you have to make? Dramatize a meeting between the members of the staff as they consider the plan. (In place of penguins, consider the arrival of a small herd of zebra or the loan of a pair of pandas.)
  5. Write a letter to your local zoo congratulating its efforts to provide natural environments or persuading them to update their exhibits.
  6. What complaints might the birds/animals have? Write a letter on their behalf describing the problem and presenting a possible solution.

Photo Opportunities--Collect pictures of pandas, penguins, and zebras. Use them to complete the following activities.

  1. Arrange the pictures in the order needed to tell a story. Write an account of what is happening in the sequence of photos.
  2. Describe what is happening in the picture. Write a caption or factual explanation. Slip into a photo album to display.
  3. Instead of captions use speech balloons. Have the animals do the talking.
  4. Use photographs as an inspiration for poetry. Experiment with different types to find a form that best expresses your thoughts and feelings.

Something to Think.Talk About

  1. Use the following open-ended questions to formulate topics for impromptu speeches, reports, or interviews.                                                                                                                              a. How do you feel about _______________________?                                                              b. From what you know of___________________, what do you think_________________?          c. If_________________, what would happen?                                                                          d. Instead of__________________, how would you_______________________?  
  2. Today there are animals in the world who are having trouble surviving. Through your reading about the panda, zebra, or penguin, can you pinpoint the problems they are facing and begin to think about solutions? What can we do to better the situation? Make a list of problems faced by the animals. Brainstorm to arrive at ... solutions June 10, 1943 A Hungarian journalist named H. Biro patented The Ballpoint Pen.



Books


  1. Compile a book of the "Most Wanted" penguins or zebras. Include their scientific names, descriptions, (including any special features or habits), and their pictures.
  2. Put together a book of lists. List ten things:                                                                              a. to remember about a panda, penguin, or zebra.                                                                    b. to see in a bamboo forest.                                                                                                  c. to look for in the Arctic Ocean.                                                                                          d. to avoid during a safari.                                                                                                      e. to notice at the zoo.                                                                                                          f. to do with a toy panda.

Art IdeasThe following art activities may be completed using only black and white materials or by introducing another color to complement the design.

  1. Apply white crayon heavily to a sheet of black sandpaper. Transfer the design or picture to a piece of black construction paper using a warm iron.
  2. Make wrapping paper using rubber stamps and black ink on white paper.
  3. Experiment making designs with black ink, paint, crayon, marker, etc. on different sizes of white paper. Use the art as book covers, place mats, or wrapping paper.
  4. Make your own note paper using simplified designs of the panda, penguin, or zebra.
  5. A silhouette is an outline of an object, filled in with black. Make a silhouette of one of the animals studied in the unit.
  6. make refrigerator magnets using homemade craft clay. Roll out the clay, cut around a pattern, paint when dry, and fasten magnetic tape to the back.
  7. Construct a loom using a foam tray with the center removed. Use a variety of simple weaving techniques to create a design with yarn.
  8. 8. Weave with paper to come up with some unusual patterns. Cut the strips straight, wavy, zigzagged, or combine the three.
  9. Make a mosaic using rice to create a representational picture of abstract design. Dye some of the rice black.
  10. Use want ads as a background for a crayon or painted picture."


June 10, 1944 Cincinnati's Joe Nuxhall became Major League 
Baseball's Youngest Player Ever, at 15 years, 10 months, 11 days.

Book (1) says in "Youthful hurler-During World War II, major league baseball teams scrambled to replace their regular players, many of whom were overseas, with any available talent. So it was that Cincinnati pitcher Joe Nuxhall broke into the league before his 16th birthday. To mark this event, have your (children) write a fantasy story about their debut--at their current age--in a favorite professional sport or other career."

June 10, 1963 The Equal Pay Act, prohibiting wage discrimination 
because of sex, was enacted.


June 11 breaks into the month with a Hawaiian celebration and introduces things about the Ocean/
It has 6 birthdays as follows:

June 11, 1758 Kamehameha I, Polynesian king who unified the Hawaiian Islands was born.

Therefore it is considered King Kamehameha Day in (Hawaii).
Book (1) tells about the "Hawaiian celebration-Tell your (children) that King Kamehameha I united Hawaii's small quareling island kingdoms into one strong and peaceful nation. To honor him, Hawaiians hold parades and luaus. Hold a Hawaiian-style celebration in your own (home). Ask your students to wear colorful shirts or muumuu-like dresses. Make leis out of tissue paper or cutout flowers. Then, with a tablecloth spread on the floor, feast papayas), plus macadamia nuts and punch."

Book (57) has a section called ""Aloha" Party--by Tania K Cowling
 "Aloha" means love. The Hawaiian people use this word to say "hello" and "good-bye." Here are a few party ideas to turn your (home) into a festive Hawaiian luau.

Create Your Island
Decorate the (house) with real or construction-paper palm leaves, flowers, sea shells, pineapples, balloons, and tropical fish.

Hanging Fish
Cut fish of different shapes out of posterboard. Paint both sides of the fish with bright colors and patterns. Punch a hole at the top and thread with ribbon or yarn. Hang fish around the room from the ceiling and doorways.

Hawaiian Leis
(I believe you can find some ways to make the flowers on you tube, just look under tissue paper flowers for leis.)Make a flower lei for each (person)... to wear at the party. Leis represent "aloha spirit," which expresses love and friendship. Cut a simple flower shape from different colors construction paper. Punch a hole in the center of each flower. String the flowers onto yarn necklaces, using cut-up  straws as spacers. Colorful tissue paper or crepe paper can also be used for flowers.

Prepare the Food

Fruity Salad
2 melons, cut into chunks (cantaloupe and honeydew)
2 large cans chunk pineapple with juice
2 jars red maraschino cherries with syrup
Green seedless grapes
Sliced bananas
Mix all the fruit together and chill. Serve the fruit in paper cups. Include a colorful cocktail toothpick to spear the fruit.

Jaws of Jell-O® into the "jaw" shells and chill till firm. Sprinkle with shredded coconut and serve.

Plantation Punch
Mix pineapple juice with ginger ale. Freeze the orange sections saved from the orange "jaws" in water for fancy ice cubes. Add these cubes to chill the punch.

Snack Bowl
Pour goldfish crackers and gummy fish into a clear fish bowl. Use this as a colorful enterpiece for your luau table and scoop out a snack for each student.

Play Some Games

Dance
Play Hawaiian music. Make hula skirts using brown butcher paper, measure a piece to fit around each child like a skirt. Cut fringe from the bottom up to mid-hip. Tape or staple the skirt to fit around the waist. Invite students to be hula dancers and tell stories of nature using hand movements and swaying hips.
Grab a bamboo stick or even an old broom handle and do the "Limbo." Have students attempt to go under the limbo stick as it is moved closer to the floor.

Relay of the Sea
Divide the class into teams and designate a finish line. Have each student in line move across the room using "sea animal" movements. For example, the first child in line goes across like a jaw-opening shark, the second child is a wobbling jellyfish, third in line crawls sideways like a crab, and so forth. Make up enough movements for each student on the relay team. The first team to complete all the movements wins the relay.

Pin the Palm Tree on Hawaii
Tape a world map on the wall. Make small construction-paper palm trees and attach a piece of tape on the back. Blindfold students and head them in the direction of the map. Whoever tapes a palm tree closest to Hawaii wins the game.

Hawaiian Word Game(This can be played on a colorful flier paper.)
The Hawaiian alphabet consists of the following letters. See how many English words you can make out of these letters.

a        e       i      o      u      h      k    

Day 5 of Summer Learning

Posted on July 25, 2014 at 1:23 AM Comments comments (15)
Sorry, it has been very hard for me to do lessons this summer. The material being is good though
and should lead in you in good directions. I planted cantelope along with peppers and they are
doing very well. I have told my husband I really feel people could grow a crop of cantalope really
easy. It starts just with the seed from the fresh and gives a lot of sprouts in one planting.
Grandma started with a unit on Lifesaversª in book (57) the other night and could not finish. 
Grandma has two more pages to finish it and she may add a small unit on peanuts then she will
move on into a section on Oceans, Hawaii for land and talk about the air, and water animals. We
will do a little on insects, more on animals, baseball, and finish up for the summer through the
Calendar History for summer. You can work on these units clear up to the end of August and then
my lessons will start up again. Grandma has not forgotten she needs to give you the books she used
on a list and give you stuff she gathered from Patricia's book.
 
 
This next page is called
"Be a Lifesaver: Know Safety Rules-
Read the rules found below and write S for safe and NS for not safe. ...,discuss why each of these
statements are or aren't about practicing safety.
 
 
_________Never check your bike to make    ________Cross the street at the light.
                sure it works.
 
_________Have an adult check your bike.     ________Always look left and right before crossing.
 
_________It is O.K. to ride far from home.     ________Look for cars before crossing.
 
_________Use the crosswalk when crossing  ________Cross when the light shows green or
                 the street                                                  says to walk
 
_________Tell your parents when you go       ________Cross when the light is yellow.
                 bicycle riding.
 
_________Never ask permission to ride your  ________Cross when the light is red.
                 bike.
 
_________Watch out for people walking.        ________Cross when the light is red.
 
_________Do not watch out for cars.              ________Do not walk alone at night.
 
_________Look out for dogs and cats.            ________Do not walk etween parked cars.
 
_________Stop at red lights.                          ________Never wear a seat belt.
 
_________You should stary close to home      ________Always wear a seat belt.
                 when riding your bike.               
 
_________Look right and left before crossing   ________Yelling in the car is fine.
                the street.
 
_________Ride your bike across the street.     ________Pushing in the car is fine.
 
_________Walk your bike across the street.    ________Never yell in the car or bus.
 
_________Do not show off on your bike.           ________Never throw things from the car.
 
_________Two people can ride on one bike.      ________Never throw things outside of the car.
 
_________Ride with the traffic.                         ________Keep your head, hands, and feet in
                                                                                    the car or bus.
 
_________Hand signals are not important.         ________Do not lock the car.
 
_________Do not walk on the sidewalk.             ________Wait for the school bus on the sidewalk 
                                                                                     or in the grass.
 
_________Always walk alone, never with an       ________Wait until the bus has stopped to start to 
                                                                                     get on.
 
_________Do not walk in the street.                  _________Do not sit still in the car or bus.
 
_________Cross using the crosswalk.                _________Always obey the driver of a car or 
                                                                                       bus."
 
 
 
 
 
This next page shows a girl with a Lifesaver as an intertube around her, flippers on as she stands
 on the beach of the ocean. Shells are on the ground and her hair is in pigtails. It shows a rainbow
across the back shaped as half of a Lifesaver and a Lifesaver in the sky with a big leaf behind it. 
Read the instructions well.
"Below  you will find a list of water safety rules. These sentences are grammatically incorrect.
On a separate sheet of paper, rewrite the sentences, adding correct capitalization and punctuation.
 Discuss with your family why each of these rules is so important.
 
 
 
 
1. you need to learn how to swim and float
 
2. you must obey the rules at the pool
 
3. do not run at the pool
 
4. do not swim without a lifeguard or an adult
 
5. obey the lifeguard
 
6. you should always wear a life jacket
 
7. you should go boating with a friend
 
8. go boating only with a skilled person
 
9. know special things about the ocean
 
10 you should swim where there is a lifesaving station nearby
 
11. never swim alone in an ocean or lake
 
12. swim with a friend
 
13. you can help your friend
 
14. your friend can help you
 
15. you should never show off
 
16. danger is not funny
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
This is all untill tomorrow. Take care. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

Day 180b

Posted on June 6, 2014 at 10:56 AM Comments comments (23)
Sorry it has taken me so long, medical movement on my knee has interfered among other things. They are finally going to something about them and I found out I had Osteoperothis in it. They took X-rays and are trying to get an assessment done as well as some more medical help for Grandma is on the way. I will finish this tonight if I can stay awake. Keep in touch for the Summer ideas. Take care.
 
 
Feb. 28, 1901  Jupiter's South Tropical Disturbance was first observed.
 
Feb. 14, 1903 The U.S. Department of Commerce and Labor was created.
 
Feb. 7, 1904 A Fire in Baltimore destroyed 1,500
buildings in the city's business section.
 
Feb. 3, 1905 James Blackstone Bowled a 299 1/2 when half
a broken pin remained standing in the 10th frame.
 
Feb. 12, 1908 The First Round-The World Auto Race began in New York.
 
Feb. 12, 1909 The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded.
 
Feb. 16, 1909 The First Subway Car With Side Doors began operation.
 
Feb. 17, 1909 The Chirichua Apache leader Geronimo died.
 
Feb. 8, 1910 The American branch of the Boy Scouts was established.
 
Feb. 9, 1911 The Lincoln Memorial was approved by Congress.
 
Feb. 12, 1912 Arizona became the 48th state.
 
Feb. 25, 1913 The Sixteenth Amendment went into effect, giving
Congress the authority to levy income taxes.
 
Feb. 12, 1914 Ground was broken for the Lincoln Memorial.
 
"The president on the penny: As your (children) know, Abraham Lincoln is depicted on the penny. Ask the kids what a penny can buy. Make a list. Then make a list of reasons for continuing or discontinuing the minting of pennies. Use a roll of pennies to give your (children) practice categorizing, graphing, and computing. First, have the kids separate the pennies into various groupings. You might have them divide the coins by date, by wear, or by degree of shininess.... make a class graph to show the results." ... (Finally, get out the calculators and have the children add the dates of a sample of 10 pennies. What is the largest total? Switch the penny samples to check the addition.)
 
Feb. 5, 1917 Mexico adopted its current constitution.
 
Feb. 12, 1918 All Broadway Theaters in New York City closed to save coal.
 
Feb. 21, 1918 A Chinook (a worm wind that blows down the
eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains.) changed the
temperature in Granville, N.D., from -33° F to 50°F in one day.
 
Feb. 25, 1919 Oregon became the First State to Tax Gasoline.
 
Feb. 26, 1919 Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona
was established by an act of Congress.
 
Feb. 27, 1919 The American Association for the
Hard of Hearing was established.
 
Feb. 8, 1922 President Warren Harding had a
Radio Installed in the White House.
 
Feb. 27, 1922 Women Were Guaranteed the Right to
Vote by the U.S. Supreme Court.
 
Feb. 16, 1923 British archaeologists opened
King Tutankhamen's Treasure-Filled Tomb.
 
"Just like Indiana Jones: When Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon opened King Tutankhamen's tomb, they were dazzled by the treasures it contained. Tell your (children) that King Tut's tomb had remained undisturbed since the 14th century BC. Have the kids do a little mental math to figure out about how many years ago that was."
 
Feb. 5, 1924 Woodrow Wilson became the First
U.S. President Buried in Washington, D.C.
 
Feb. 22, 1924 Calvin Coolidge delivered the First Presidential
Radio Broadcast From the White House.
 
Feb. 4, 1926 John Giola became the Charleston Dance
Champ after dancing 22 1/2 hours straight.
 
Feb. 11, 1929 Vatican City, the World's Smallest Country,
was created. Its total area is 0.17 square miles.
 
"A little land: Challenge your (children) to compare the area of your (block)) with the area of Vatican City. They'll need to pace off the length and breadth of the (block) (and figure out how to calculate any irregularly shaped sections), multiply, and convert square yards to square miles."
 
Feb. 18, 1930 American astronomer Clyde Tombough
discovered Pluto(found to no longer be there; they thought there
was a planet they called Pluto but they discovered
the planet-Pluto is not there).
 
"Perfect pet names: Clyde Tombough selected the perfect name for his cat--Pluto. Have your (children) make a list of other scientists. What would be appropriate names for their pets? Why?"
 
Feb. 14, 1931 The original Dracula movie was released.
 
Feb. 4, 1932 The First Winter Olympics Held in the
United States began in Lake Placid, N.Y.
 
Feb. 27, 1932 The Neutron was discovered by
English physicist Sir James Chadwick.
 
Feb. 6, 1933 The Twentieth Amendment went into effect,
designating Jan. 20 as the date of presidential  inaugurations.
 
Feb. 10, 1933 Singing Telegrams were introduced.
 
"Tuneful telegrams: In celebration of the first singing telegram, have your (children) compose and deliver messages to different people in your (realm of friends). Start by making a list of lucky recipients. ... . .. . Then have the (children) decide on which familiar tune--"London Bridge Is Falling Down" or Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star"--they'll use. Finally, have the kids compose lyrics personalized to the recipient--and schedule their delivery."
 
Feb. 25, 1933 The U.S.S. Ranger, the First Aircraft Carrier, was commissioned.
 
Feb. 2, 1935 The First Lie Detector Tests were given.
 
Feb. 22, 1935 Flying an Airplane Over the White House became illegal.
 
Feb. 1, 1936 A huge ice floe Blocked the Flow of Niagara Falls.
 
Feb. 5, 1936 The National Wildlife Federation was founded.
 
Feb. 15, 1936 Norwegian Sonja Henie won her Third Consecutive
Olympic God Medal in figure skating.
 
Feb. 13, 1937 The comic strip "Prince Valiant" first appeared.
 
Feb. 16, 1937 Dr. Wallace Carothers received a patent for Nylon.
 
Feb. 6, 1939 H.A. Rey's book Curious George was published.
 
"Monkey business: Celebrate Curious George's birthday by sharing a variety of monkey books with your (children). While the kids are examining the pictures, have them suggest adjectives that describe monkeys. After the list is complete, ask each child to select one adjective and write it on a card. Then, on brown construction paper, the kids should draw and cut out a monkey that matches their adjective. Meanwhile, cut vine like spirals from green construction paper and mount them on a (wall).Place each monkey--along with its accompanying adjective card--at the end of a vine."
 
Feb. 23, 1939 Walt Disney's Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs
won a special award for motion picture excellence.
 
"Disney delights: Have your (children) make a list of Walt Disney movies they've seen. Ask each child to select one movie and write a plot summary with a contemporary twist. For example: In this story a girl finds some strange but hard-working miners working their claim in a remote forest. She decides to organize their camp for a share of the profits. Later she is given a dangerous drug by a jealous drug dealer and lapses into a coma. Finally, she is resuscitated by a talented young doctor and lives happily ever after." (Then try to guess what movie they are trying to describe.)
 
Feb. 10, 1942 U.s. Auto Plants Stopped Maing Civilian
Cars for duration of World War II.
 
Feb. 29, 1940 The Movie Gone With the Wind received eight
Oscars at the Academy Awards ceremony.
 
"Movie critics: The 1939 movie Gone With the Wind won eight Oscars, including best picture, best actress, and best supporting actress. What are your students' favorite movies? Make a frequency graph to tabulate selections. Have the kids describe in their journals what makes a movie a "thumbs up" or a "thumbs down." Then invite children who've seen recent releases to review them in your ... newspapers. ... videotape your (children's) "Picks and Pans" program ...to see."
 
Feb. 19, 1942 President Franklin Roosevelt ordered Japanese-Americans
living on the West Coast to report to Internment Camps in remote areas
of the western United States.
 
Feb. 3, 1943 When the SS Dorchester was torpedoed off the
coast of Greenland, Four Chaplains gave their life jackets
 to others and drowned.
 
Feb. 9, 1943 The World War II Battle of Guadalcanal ended
with a U.S. victory ever the Japanese.
 
Feb. 20, 1943 The Volcano Paricutin appeared in a cornfield in
Michoacan, Mexico. It eventually buried the village of Parangariutiro.
 
"Mother nature at work: In 1943, in a cornfield outside Parangaricutiro, Mexico, a farmer noticed a 20-inch crack in the ground. The land around it had started to bulge and rise. Throughout that night, horrified villagers watched as ashes, cinders, and fumes spewed forth from the crack. Withing 10 days, the Paricutin volcano was 500 feet high, and its explosive sounds could be heard in Mexico City, 200 miles away. Challenge your (children) to identify the locations of some of today's active volcanoes and mark them on a wall map with yarn and informational cards."
 
Feb. 15, 1945 U.S. forces in the Pacific began their Invasion of Iwo Jima.
 
Feb. 23, 1945 U.S. Marines raised the Flag on Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima.
 
Feb. 21, 1947 Inventor Edwin Land introduced 60-second
Photos with his Polaroid load camera.
 
Feb. 5, 1948 Dick Button became the First American to Win
an Olympic Gold Medal in Figure Skating.
 
Feb. 1, 1949 RCA Records issued the First 45-RPM Single.
 
Feb. 24, 1949 The First Multistage Rocket was fired.
 
Feb. 26, 1949 The First Nonstop Around-The-World
Airplane Flight took off from Fort Worth, Tex.
 
Feb. 28, 1950 The Diner's Club opened for business,
and the credit card industry was born.
 
"Prolific plastic: After Frank McNamara found himself in a restaurant without enough cash to pay his bill, he decided to set up a club so people could charge meals. He signed up 22 restaurants and one hotel to honor the first Diner's Club card. Within 10 years, there were 1.1 million cardholders. Today, 90 million Americans use 703 million credit cards. Tell your students that when a card holder doesn't pay off his entire credit-card bill in the given period, he has to pay interest on the unpaid balance. Have the dis use their calculators to figure out and compare how much interest a person would pay on a $596 credit-card balance over 2 months, 6 months, and a full year at interest rates of 12%,15%, and 18%." Next have the children figure the loan of a car at 1% interest and 3%, 4%, and 5% of a house. Then figure most credit interest today of 20% at $300/yr. and that of $2,500/yr. added 2 or3 times and they will discover the problem and difference from some years back.
 
Feb. 27, 1951 The Twenty-Second Amendment was ratified.
It Limits presidents to two terms.
 
"Presidential power: The Founding Fathers defined the office of president, but they didn't put a limit on the number of 4-year terms one person could serve. George Washington began the two-term tradition, and all presidents followed his example until 1940. Challenge your (children) to find out who broke the tradition. ... Then read the Amendment and ask each group to consider the following questions: What is a "lame duck"? Does a two-term limit lessen a president's power in his second term? What are the advantages and disadvantages of a two-term limit? What is a reasonable term length? Would one 6-year term be better than the current system? Why or why not?" 
 
Feb. 6, 1952 Elizabeth II became queen of England.
 
Feb. 5, 1954 The Wiffle Ball was first sold.
 
"Play ball!: When David N Mullany cut holes into one side of a polyethylene baseball, he'd invented the Wiffle Ball. Because of the drag created by its many holes, the ball couldn't be thrown or hit far, so it was ideal for backyard or street-corner games.
The Wiffle Ball curves easily when thrown, which makes it hard to hit. Its inventor thought the baseball slang term whiff--which means to miss a pitch--captured the essence of his plastic ball. Ask Your (children) to think of new brand names for some of their favorite toys or board games."
 
Feb. 23, 1954 Children in Pittsburgh public schools became
the first field testers for the Salk Polio Vaccine.
 
Feb. 2, 1956 Tenley Albright, who overcame polio at age 10,
became the First American Woman to Win an
Olympic Figure-Skating Title.
 
Feb. 4, 1957 The First Portable Electric Typewriter went on sale.
 
Feb. 11, 1958 One of the Most Spectacular Auroras ever
reported spread 1,250 miles across the Arctic.
 
Feb. 16, 1959 Fidel Castro became the premier of Cuba.
 
Feb. 1, 1960 The First Civil Rights Sit-In Demonstration was
held in Greensboro, N.C.
 
Feb. 15, 1960 Jerry Cobb became the First Woman to
Pass the Astronaut Test.
 
Feb. 16, 1960 The U.S.S. Triton became the First Submarine
to Circumnavigate the Earth Underwater.
 
Feb. 10, 1961 The Niagara Falls Hydroelectric
Project began producing power.
 
Feb. 20, 1962 John Glenn became the First American to Orbit the Earth.
 
Feb. 9, 1965 Martin Luther King, Jr. met with President
Lyndon Johnson to discuss Black Voting Rights.
 
Feb. 27, 1964 The city of Pisa asked the Italian government to
spend over $1 million to Straighten the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
 
Feb. 15, 1965 The New Canadian Flag was unfurled for the first time.
 
Feb. 16, 1965 Pegasus I, a satellite designed to measure potential
hazards of meteoroids to Spacecraft, was launched.
 
Feb. 21, 1965 African-American leader Malcolm X was
assassinated at a rally in New York City.
 
Feb. 10, 1967 The Twenty-Fifth Amendment was ratified.
It dealt with Vacancies in the office of president and vice president.
 
Feb. 10, 1968 Figure Skater Peggy Fleming became the only
American to win a gold medal at the Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France.
 
"Multiple medal Winner: Besides winning his Olympic gold medals. Mark Spitz set 35 world records in his career. Despite his success, teammates sometimes criticized Spitz for his aloofness and cockiness. Ask your (children) if any of their friends ever expressed disapproval of something they did. How did the kids feel? how did they get back in their friends" good graces?"
 
Feb. 15, 1968 "Mister Rogers' Neighborhood" premiered on PBS.
 
Feb. 29, 1968 Dr. Jocelyn Bell Burnell announced the first
discovery of a Pulsar, a star that emits regularly pulsating
radio waves, X rays, or visible light.
 
Feb. 9, 1969 The First Boeing 747 took off from Seattle, Wash.
 
Feb. 28, 1969 Apollo 9's lift-off was postponed because
the Astronauts Had Colds.
 
"No colds allowed: Astronauts must be in the best possible health for their missions. While in space, their bodies are subjected to various stresses and unusual conditions, so even a common cold could become a severe problem. Ask the kids to compare their performance on days they feel great and days they don't feel so well. Have them help you create a list of ways they can prevent colds and other contagious illnesses." (Knowing from Grandma's mom as a nurse and articles, Grandma wants people to know what doctors and officials do not tell you is that a little exposure to germs builds antibodies up so people are not easily sick. However, as this activity tells you, it is good to take medication and take it easy when you are sick because you can get sicker.)
 
Feb. 15, 1971 Great Britain converted to the Metric System.
 
Feb. 26, 1971 Kirt Barnes became the First Person to
Ice-Skate 100 miles in Less than 6 hours.
 
"Swift skates: Ask your (children) to figure out the average speed of a skater who covers 100 miles in 6 hours. Then challenge them to compute how far behind a second skater averaging 1.5 mph slower would be when the first skater crossed the finish line."
 
Feb. 16, 1972 Wilt Chamberlain became the first NBA player
to score 30,000 points.
 
Feb. 9, 1975 The Jaycees of Liberal, Kan., set a record for the
Largest Pancake Flipped on a Griddle. It was 12 feet in diameter.
 
"Fantastic flapjack: Have your (children) make a yarn circle with a 12-foot diameter to represent the record-setting pancake. Then have them use a small piece of yarn to show an average-size pancake. How many average-size pancakes would fit inside the record-breaker?"
 
Feb. 5, 1971 Apollo Astronauts Alan Shepard, Edgar Mitchell,
and Stuart Roose landed on the moon.
 
Feb. 7, 1971 Women in Switzerland were Given the
Right to Vote in federal elections.
 
Feb. 13, 1977 Eric Heiden became the First American to
Win a World Speed-Skating Championship.
 
Feb. 1, 1978 Harriet Tubman became the first black woman
honored on a postage stamp.
 
Feb. 18, 1978 A Cat Named Tiger returned home after walking 250 miles.
 
"Another incredible journey: Tiger the cat arrived home in Dubuque, Iowa, after a 250-mile journey from Wausau, Wis., where he was lost 8 months earlier during his owners' summer vacation. His owners were thrilled to see him again, but they wondered how their pet had crossed the Mississippi River.
...Give the (children) about 15 minutes to develop "Tiger's Tale--The Great Adventure Story," describing just how the cat did find his way home. Ask (the children) to perform ...of "Tiger's Tale." Then have the kids compile (the story) into a ... book...."
 
Feb. 1978 Basketball player Clifford Ray Saved the Life of a
Bottle-nosed Dolphin.
 
"Dolphin doctor: Dr. Spock, a bottle-nosed dolphin at Marine World USA in California, swallowed a 3-inch bolt accidentally left in its tank. A veterinarian tried to remove it from the dolphin's stomach, but his arm was 9 inches too short. Clifford Ray, a professional basketball player, volunteered his 3-foot 9-inch arm for the task. After about 2 1/2 minutes of groping inside Dr. Spock's stomach, Ray found the bolt and removed it. What mathematical comparisons can your (children) make between their arms and Ray's?"
 
Feb. 22, 1980 The U.S Hockey Team won the Olympic Gold
Medal by defeating the favored Soviet team, 4-3.
 
Feb. 23, 1980 American speed skater Eric Heiden Received
His Fifth Gold Medal in five events at the Lake Placid Olympics..
 
Feb. 2, 1982 Photos transmitted by the U.S. space probe
Voyager 2 revealed four to six previously Undiscovered
Moons orbiting Saturn.
 
Feb. 7, 1984 American astronaut Bruce McCandless took
the First Untethered Space Walk, using a jet pack to move
more than 300 feet from the space shuttle Challenger.
 
Feb. 28, 1984 Singer Michael Jackson won eight Grammy Awards.
 
Feb. 7, 1985 Bruce Morris of Marshall University made the
Longest Measured Field Goal in College Basketball History.
 It was 89 feet 10 inches.
 
"What a shot! Take your (children) to the gym and measure 89 feet 10 inches from the basketball net. What does it compare with Bruce Morris's record shot?"
 
Feb. 26, 1985 Thousands of farmers converged on Washington, D.C.,
to demand Economic Relief for Farmers.
 
Feb. 16, 1986 The World's Largest Cake was served to
300,000 people celebrating the founding of Texas.
 
Feb. 23, 1987 Supernova 1987A was discovered. It was the Closest
and Brightest Supernova to be observed in 385 years.
 
"Light-years away: A supernova is the explosion of a very large star. Scientists calculated that supernova 1987A occurred about 160,000 light-years from earth. They estimated that the star was "born" about 10 million years ago and was about 40 times as large and 100,000 times as bright as our sun. And it aged about 1,000 times as fast. Have your (children) use this information along with data found in an encyclopedia to develop a chart comparing 1987A and the sun."
 
Feb. 11, 1989 After 27 years of imprisonment, South African
black leader Nelson Mandela was released.
 
Feb. 15, 1989 Alfred Furrer, the last surviver of the
World War I Last Man's Club, died at age 97.
 
Feb. 15, 1990 Chelsea, a 2 1/2-year-old golden retriever,
Saved Her Master, who was being held at gunpoint.
 
Feb. 25, 1990 Violeta Chamorro was elected president of Nicaragua,
ending a decade of government by the Communist Sandinistas.
 
Feb. 13, 1991 A surprised librarian found Mark Twain's handwritten
 manuscript of the first half of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
 
"Precious find: Quite a surprise awaited a 62-year-old librarian rummaging through her grandfather's trunks, which had been stored in her attic for 30 years. In one of the trunks, she discovered the original handwritten manuscript of part of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn! If your (children) could see an original manuscript from a published author, whose would they choose and why? Have them trade one of their first drafts with a partner.  Can they learn anything about their (partner's) thinking by looking at that draft?"
 
Feb. 14, 1991 Carrie White, thought to be the oldest living person,
Died at the Age of 117.
 
Feb. 27, 1991 The Gulf War Ended as Kuwait City was liberated
and President George Bush ordered the cessation of all offensive
military actions against Iraq.

Day 177

Posted on May 28, 2014 at 11:32 PM Comments comments (16)
Good Morning Folks! On this blog Grandma will put October activities for the 1800's and 1900' on this blog.
 
"Confounded collectors: Tell your (children) these unusual words for collectors of different things: deltiologist (postcards), numismatist (coins), comiconomen-caricaturist (funny names of people, bibliophile (books). Have (the children) investigate the root words for these terms. Next, ask them what they collect. Is there a special term for people with those collections? If no, what words can your (children) make up? For example, how about "fluffacritterologist" for the person who collects stuffed animals? (what about rock collectors)
 
Variations on a theme park: Disney World boasts many special areas, called "lands," where all the rides, attractions, and characters follow a theme. These areas include Fantasy land, Frontier land, and Tomorrow land. What new "lands" would your students want to include? How about "Retro land," with a back -in-time theme? or "Computor land," where computers do everything? Invite the kids to draw and write about their suggested new "land."
 
Honors to Mrs. Mallard: Robert McCloskey spent months studying ducks--even sharing his apartment and bathtub with them. The result was his award-winning picture book Make Way for Ducklings. A bronze sculpture commemorating Mrs. Mallard and her eight ducklings can be seen at the Boston Public Garden. What suggestions do your students have for commemorating their favorite animal stories?
 
Savers: During the first presidential telecast from the White House, President Truman asked Americans to reduce their consumption of meat, eggs, and poultry-- to build up stockpiles of grain for war-ravaged Europe. Have your (children) think of an item or items that they could "do without" for a day to help a cause. Perhaps you could include other classrooms in a plan to designate one day each month as do-Without-for-a-Cause Day.
 
The world's greatest inventor: Thomas Edison's Kinetoscope projected a clearer, steadier image than other projectors and screen devices. During his lifetime, Edison developed an incredible number of inventions. Have your (children) graph his contributions according to the following categories: electronic light and power, 389; phonograph, 195; telegraph, 150; storage battery and related items, 141; ore separation, 62; telephone, 62; railroad, 26; motion pictures, 9; automobile, 8; mimeograph, 6; typewriter, 3.
 
Movie first: The Jazz Singer, called the first talking motion picture, was actually more silent than talking. Al Jolson, a popular singer who was the movie's star, belted out three songs and spoke the words "You ain't heard nothin' yet, folks," giving the film a total of 291 spoken words. The rest of the film was silent with captions. The first all talking movie, The Lights of New York, came out the following year, 1928.
Tell your (children) that when The Jazz Singer premiered, some people predicted that talking pictures would never succeed. Similar views have been expressed about the automobile, the computer, and the automatic teller machine. Lead a discussion on why people often turn away from new ideas and technologies. Ask your (children) to list things that they believe won't become an accepted part of our culture.
 
Rosy pick: Before the rose was selected as the national flower, 70 bills proposing other flowers were introduced. How do your (children) feel about the choice of the rose? What flowers would they have suggested, and why? Have them prepare a brief informational report, with an illustration, for their nominations. Take a vote.
 
Fire stoppers: The Great Chicago Fire destroyed 18,000 buildings and left 100,000 people homeless. Have your (children) identify potential fire hazards in their home ... . If any students don't have the local fire department's number on their home phone, have them write it on a self-adhesive label ... , and put it there.
 
Fairy tales, opera style: Tell your (children) that an opera is a story told in song. Then play some of Engelbert Humperdinck's opera Hansel and Gretel. Have the kids select a favorite fairy tale or story and divide the plot into three acts. Challenge them to select popular music that would be appropriate for the plot, rewriting the lyrics if they want. Then they could perform the fairy tale as a puppet show for younger students.
 
A Perfect day: In 1956 Don Larsen realized a baseball pitcher's ultimate dream when he pitched a perfect game. Invite your (children) to describe their perfect day. For some, this "day in the sun" might already have happened. For others, it might be a cherished dream.
 
More than Money: In 1843 Charles Dickens found himself desperate for money. He needed to produce a book that would be a quick and sure success, so he lifted a subplot from his already-published novel The Pickwick Papers and called it A Christmas Carol. But Dickens fell in love with his story. Despite his financial straits, he priced the book as cheaply as possible so more readers could buy it. Ask your (children) to write about a situation that produced a change of heart in them.
 
To fingerprint or not to fingerprint: Fingerprinting has been around  for at least 3,000 years. The ancient Chinese used fingerprints as official seals on documents. More recently, law-enforcement agencies have used fingerprinting to identify crime suspects. Your (children) may be aware of an even-newer trend: Certain local police departments, parent groups, clubs, and schools have begun fingerprinting children to help locate these children should they become missing. Some people feel this is a violation of children's civil rights, especially if the prints are controlled by an official agency. What do your (children) think? Have them list pros and cons--and alternatives.
 
Costume Party: Instead of wearing the traditional white tie and dress coat with tails, Griswold Lorillard wore a tailless jacket and a scarlet satin vest to a ball in Tuxedo Park, N.Y. This new look was dubbed the tuxedo. Ask your (children) to think of an outfit they'd like to rent for a day. It might be a suit of armor, a clown's costume, a spacesuit, scuba gear, or a fire fighter's uniform. Have each child explain the reason for his selection in this journal.
 
In the bag: Years ago, the bicycle was an important mode of travel. For this reason, the luggage carrier, designed especially for use with bikes, was quite popular. Have each student sketch the outline of a piece of luggage and inside draw four items a favorite book character might pack. Divide the class into groups, and have group members take turns showing their drawings while the others guess who would carry the luggage.
 
Famous First Lady: In This Is My Story, Eleanor Roosevelt wrote, "No one can make you feel inferior without your consent." Ask your (children) what she meant by that remark. Can your (children) remember when someone damaged their self-confidence or tried to put them down? How did they feel, and what did they do about it?
As a young girl, Eleanor Roosevelt was extremely shy. When have your (children) felt that way? What did they do to overcome their shyness? (Grandma can partially agree with Eleanor. Grandma believes she was a very famous woman and found ways to hold strong but she says these things in her books to keep children and adults from feeling bad or low, but it is awfully hard for some children to come to these conclusions when they are young and don't know these words spoken by Eleanor. They can go into life feeling they were unworthy and still are to society especially if  they are a little more enthusiastic than the down trodders about them. They let their own guard down when they didn't even know what their guards were.Some people have a harder time dealing with their emotions than others also. In all reality the people or children putting others down are those that hold there own emotions as a sword to downtrodden the world.)
 
Home of the bard: The Globe Theater, the largest open-air theater in London, held about 2,500 people. Shakespeare's plays appealed to a diverse audience, so the theater was built to accommodate members of the upper and lower classes. Ordinary people stood in the "pit" area below the stage, while the wealthy sat in tiered galleries. Do your (children) think they live in a society that has a class system? Why or why not.
 
New perspective: Have your (children) pretend they're in a balloon hovering above the (house). What would the building look like? What about the shrubs and trees? The jungle gym and swings? Students at play during recess? Challenge the kids to draw an aerial view of the school. Then have them discuss their illustrations in small groups.
 
Nicknames: Theodore Roosevelt had many nicknames, including Bull Moose, Driving Force, Dynamo of Power, Four eyes, Man on Horseback, Old Lion, T.R., Hero of San Juan Hill, and Meddler. Challenge your (children) to find out the origins of these nicknames. Then invite them to share the stories behind their nicknames.
 
Pooh party!: Celebrate the debut of Winnie the Pooh with a theme party. Invite your kids to make  Pooh-related decorations. Encourage them to bring a stuffed Pooh character or a favorite stuffed animal dressed like pooh or one of his friends from the Hundred Acre Wood. Read one of the Pooh stories while your (children) enjoy a special snack, such as Kanga Kupcakes or Piglet's Popcorn. How about Pooh's honey.
 
Up and Away: Major Charles E. Yeager became the first person to travel faster than the speed of sound (Oct. 14, 1947). His flight, at an altitude of 43,000 feet above sea level, was clocked at 700 mph. How does that speed compare with the speed of a jogger, a bicycle rider, and Indy 500 race car, and a charging rhinoceros? Tell your (children) that the first time Yeager flew, he got very sick. But he loved the feel of flight so much that he forced himself to overcome this sensitivity. Did any of your (children) keep plugging away at something until they got better at it? Invite them to share their personal stories.
 
Balloon ride: Ask your (children) to find out the difference between a hot-air balloon and a dirigible. (A dirigible has a hard internal framework and is kept aloft by lighter-than-air gases, whereas a hot-air balloon relies on heated air and does not have an infrastructure.)
 
Trillion tickler(based on a discovery of a solar system to be 293 trillion miles from earth Oct. 15, 1984): Here's how to make 293 trillion more comprehensible to your (children). Have them use calculators to determine their approximate age in days, then in hours, then in minutes. When they figure out their age in seconds, they'll be working with numbers in the hundreds of millions! challenge them to figure out how many years old they'd be at one trillion seconds. (319.7.) Can anyone figure out how many round trips to the sun would equal 293 trillion miles? (5,376 trips) For younger students, pass out 12 large zeros plus a one and have them line up to form one trillion.
 
Big birds: You'd expect to find ostriches--the world's largest living birds--in Africa, but how about in Oklahoma? (In the Okie Ostrich Ranch of Marlow, Okla. opened Oct. 15, 1986) When profits from traditional farm products such as cattle and wheat dropped, some ranchers in southern Oklahoma turned to a new industry--ostriches. Getting started isn't cheap; people have spent up to $10,000 for one breeding pair. Ostrich meat tastes like a combination of pork and turkey, and ostrich hide is used to make boots, gloves, and purses. Do your (children) believe that ostriches really stick their heads in sand? Ask them to list other animal myths.
 
Helping hands: Mother Teresa's religious order, the Missionaries of Charity, provides food, shelter, and medical care for the needy in about 30 countries. Ask the kids to comment on the saying "Charity begins at home." What are some suggestions they have for helping the less fortunate of their community?(Based on her award of the Nobel Peace Prize Oct. 17, 1979.)
 
Women's rights advocate: Even as a young girl, Lucy Stone was ware of the unequal status of women. When she married Henry Blackwell in 1858, she became the first woman to keep her maiden name. Nowadays, many women chose not to use their husband's last name. They're called "lucy stoners." Can your (children) think of other common nouns based on personal names?
 
Mr. October et al: Reggie Jackson was called Mr. October. Ask your (children) why this nickname was appropriate. Then have them think of other baseball players' nicknames--for example the Sultan of Swat (Babe Ruth), the Say Hey Kid (Willie Mays), the splendid splinter (Ted Williams), the Iron Horse (Lou Gehrig). Have the kids draw a picture that illustrates a baseball nickname literally. For example, an illustration o Dwight Gooden's nickname, Dr. K, might show the letter K adorned with a stethoscope and surgical mask.
 
Child adviser: While campaigning for the presidency, Abraham Lincoln received baskets of mail every day. And he took the advice of 11-year-old Grace Bedell, whose letter suggested that he grow a beard because "Your face is so thin" and "the ladies like whiskers." After the election, Lincoln stopped in Westfield, N.Y. to meet his young adviser. Ask your (children) why Lincoln is such a recognizable president. Which other presidents are physically distinctive? Then compare political cartoons with photos of today's leaders. How do the cartoonists make their subjects so recognizable?
 
Rocket Man: When Robert Goddard was a boy, he'd climb an oak tree at night, look at the moon, and imagine he could travel there on a rocket. His imagination was fired by two of H.G. Wells's books, First Men on the Moon and War of the Worlds, which were filled with imaginative predictions of space travel. Invite your (children) to share book titles and stories that have fired their imaginations.
 
Museum in the round: Architect Frank Lloyd Wright used right angles in most of his building designs, but he was in a "circular mood" when he planned the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. Wright's finished design looked like a giant spiral sculpture. Show your (children) a picture of the Goggenheim Museum. Tell them that some people call the building a "giant snail," whereas others think it's "the most beautiful building in New York." How do your (children) feel? What other buildings or structures do they think of as giant works of art?
 
Copy king: As a law student, Chester Carlson spent hours copying information from library books. And he worked in a patent office, where making multiple copies of patents was a laborious task. To find an easier way to get copies, he built his own laboratory and developed xerography. Years after investing in Carlson's process, the Haloid Company changed its name to Xerox Corporation. The corporation is proud of its name and history and objects when people use "xerox" as a synonym for "photocopy." How do your (children) feel about Xerox's point of view? Can they think of other trade names--such as Kleenex and Plexiglas--that are misused as common nouns?
 
First flying female: Seven years after the Wright brothers flew a heavier-than-air machine, Blanche Scott became the first woman to fly solo. She later became the first woman test pilot. Blanche Scott, entered a field that had been "for Men only" Today, women pursue a wide range of careers in aviation. Ask your (children) to list these careers. What jobs are still for men only or women only?
 
A right for all: From colonial times on, groups of women worked to gain the right to vote, often in the face of great opposition. Why, do your (children) think, were some men opposed? And why were some women opposed? Invite your (children) to pretend they've joined the "march for suffrage." Have them design a poster they could carry, compose a song they could sing, or write a slogan they could shout as they march.
 
Fall gal: Annie Edson Taylor wanted to prove how daring she could be. She placed a 100-pound blacksmith's anvil (for ballast) at the bottom of a wood barrel and squeezed herself inside. Attendants packed pillows around her, screwed the lid on tight, and pushed the barrel toward Niagara Falls. The barrel plummeted 158 feet straight down and disappeared beneath the turbulent water. It finally popped up hundreds of yards below the falls. When rescuers recovered her, Taylor said, "Nobody ought ever to do that again." Have your (children) figure out how many desks they'd need to stack to match the distance of Taylor's fall. As a special challenge, give (your children)  a paper bag and a raw egg. Have them devise a way to prevent the egg from breaking in a fall. Test their ideas by dropping their inventions from various heights. (Discuss why Annie Taylor said what she did in the end. Discuss what she may have gone through during that fall to feel that way.)
 
Bitten by the love bug: A bull moose in Vermont spent over 10 weeks following a Hereford cow named Jessica. Thousands of sightseers watched the moose woo and nuzzle its bovine sweetheart. Tell your (children) that a moose in the woods is well camouflaged: Its legs blend with the tree trunks; its brown body fades into the shadows; and its antlers look like branches. Ask your (children) to draw other animals that rely on camouflage. (Also have the children do some research to see if this kind of a phenomena can happen often and what the outcome could be.)
 
Backbreaker: The Erie Canal was completed after 8 years of construction. Using wheelbarrows, shovels, and other hand tools, the crew dug a ditch 4 feet deep, 40 feet wide at ground level, and 28 feet wide at the base. Eighty-three locks were built to enable ships to make the climb from the Hudson River to Lake Erie. Have your (children)use a map scale in their atlas to figure out the length of the canal, which runs from Albany to Buffalo, N.Y.
 
Class charity: Raise money for a Red Cross charity by holding a used-toy sale. Ask your (children) to collect old toys, and arrange them by price--25¢, 50¢, $1, and so on. ... make posters advertising the event, send invitations, produce a video about the event and its purpose, and speak about the event ....
 
Book math: After outgrowing its 88 miles of stacks, the New York Public Library began building an underground extension. Books stored there will be brought to the main library when needed. The extension, which will hold 3.2 million books, should fill up fast because the library acquires over 150,000 books each year. Ask your (children) to estimate the number of books in their library. Collect enough books to make a stack 1 meter high. Then have the kids use this information to estimate how many meters high all the books in their library stacked together would reach. Can your (children) think of other ways to solve this problem? Ask your librarian to check your class's estimate.
 
Determined record-breaker: Pole-sitter Melissa Sanders was determined to raise $100,000 for cancer research. Her sister Rebecca was a cancer patient. Tell your (children) that Melissa's pole-top "home," which was a 42-square-foot box, included a telephone, a television, and a small plastic pool for baths. Ask your (children) what they would take with them if they were attempting to break Melissa's record. Have them use grid paper to determine some possible shapes for a 42-square-foot "home." (42-square feet is still quite a bit of space.)
 
Masses welcome: The sonnet "The New Colossus," by Emma Lazarus, is inscribed on a bronze plaque inside the Statue of Liberty's pedestal. Read it to your students, then have them write their own inscriptions for the Statue of Liberty in their journals. (This would be a good time to talk about the Statue of Liberty and where it came from.)
 
Peeking at prints: Try some dactyloscopy (fingerprinting) with your class. Have your (children) rub a sharpened #2 pencil on a piece of paper until they've produced a dark, shiny patch. Next, they should lightly rub their index finger over the patch, then cover that finger with a piece of clear adhesive tape. Place the tape on an index card or on an overhead transparency. Have your (children) compare fingerprints and make observations. Tell them that a police computer can examine over 600 prints per second. How many is that per minute? Per hour?
 
Cloud capers: Throughout history, people have tried to change the weather. They've chanted, danced, and even fired rockets. Modern technology has enabled scientists to modify the weather somewhat. With cloud seeding, dry ice or silver iodide is added to very cold clouds to promote the formation of ice crystals.This method can clear fog over airports and increase precipitation by up to 30 percent in certain circumstances. Ask (the children) to illustrate other ways humans have successfully dealt with the weather (heaters, air conditioners, humidifiers, irrigation systems, landscaping techniques).
Next , follow this simple procedure to create a cloud for your (children). Pour about an inch of very hot water into a large glass jar. Then fill a metal cake pan with ice cubes and place it on top of the jar. Take the jar into a darkened room and shine a flashlight on it. Your (children) will see a small cloud and, if they're observant, drops of precipitation on the bottom of the pan.
 
Power of the pen: As a journal assignment, have your (children) compare and contrast a fountain pen and a ballpoint pen. ...Encourage the kids to write a letter--from the fountain pen's perspective--describing its feelings about being obsolete. What do your (children) own that might be obsolete by the time they're adults?
 
Black Hills stone faces: Sculptor Gutzon Borglum needed to select four presidents to memorialize on Mount Rushmore. He looked for leaders who practiced the ideal "Man has a right to be free and to be happy." His first three choices--Washington, Jefferson, and Lincoln--were obvious. For the fourth, President Calvin Coolidge suggested Theodore Roosevelt, who, he believed, had established the United States as an industrial giant with a backbone of dedicated workers. With this endorsement, Borglum's group was complete. Have your (children) nominate and vote on four present-day leaders they'd memorialize on a Rushmore-like monument.
 
Kid power: On Halloween morning in 1987, the pickup truck driven by Rocky Lyonns's mother hit a pothole. It flipped over and rolled down an embankment. Five-year-old Rocky pushed his dazed mother out of the truck. She'd sustained bad cuts on her face and two broken shoulders. With Rocky pushing his mother from behind, the two began to crawl up the embankment. Rocky's mother didn't think she could make it, but the boy kept repeating a line from The Little Engine That Could: "I think I can, I think I can." Once they reached the road, a truck driver stopped and took them to the hospital. Have the famous words "I think I can" ever gotten your (children) through a tough situation?"
 
 
 

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