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Grandma's Place A Natural Learning Center

www.m.granmaplcpknesa.com

Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center

Is The Best Place for Learning

Blog

Day 167

Posted on May 22, 2014 at 1:05 AM
Hello Folks! Grandma has two last books on South America to cover with you. The second one has Arpilleras to make and I obtained a film about them. So link to Arpilleras Information and make one yourself if you wish.
 
The first book to read is called LLama and the Great Flood: A Folktale From Peru by Ellen Alexander,New York: Thomas Y Crowell, 1989 about the country Peru.
"Summary:
The llama warns his master of a forthcoming flood and saves the family by taking them to a high peak in the Andes Mountains.
 
Activities
  1. Find out more about the llama. List at least five ways this animal is useful to the Indians who live in the Andes Mountains.
  2. The Inca Indians, as pictured in the book, produced beautiful crafts. Most of these crafts were used in their day-to-day life. Make an example of an Inca craft and tell how the Incas would have used it.(Cardboard looms can be used for weaving.)
  3. The Andes Mountains are the longest chain of mountains above sea level in the world. They include many land forms, natural resources, and animals. Travel through the mountains is often difficult. Research one of the following topics as it relates to the Andes and write a short paragraph. Make a ... booklet about the Andes Mountains.
                               a. glaciers
                               b. lakes
                               c. rivers
                               d. natural resources
                               e. types of transportation
                               f. alpaca
                               g. chinchilla
                               h. condor
                               i. huemul
                               j. llama
 4.   The Incas tied colorful yarn containing special herbs to the ears of the llama. They believed that
       this would keep the animal healthy and protect its owner. Although there is no written record of
       this, perhaps the ties were also used for identification. List animals on which we place markings of
       identification. Describe the methods used to mark the animals.
  5.   Read more Indians of Peru. Compare them to their ancestors.
 
 
The next story is about Arpilleras which I have given you a link up above, but Book (6) that this story came out of showed a simple Arpillera with a quilted felt tree and stump with leaves and a puffed flower are made for it. You can do this simple Arpilleras if you wish or you can do any of the ones the film shows.The book is called Tonight is Carnaval by Arthur Dorros (Dutton Children's Books, 1991, 24 pp.)
 
This upbeat book, about a Peruvian child anxiously awaiting Carnaval, is warmly illustrated with a series of folk-art quilts known as arpilleras. The story line introduces young readers to a slice of life in the Andes Mountains. An overview of a typically difficult work day is softened by the optimism of the colorful arpilleras--and by the promise of the Carnaval celebration to come!
 
Before Reading Tonight is Carnaval
  • Locate Peru on a topographical map. Help the children notice that much of Peru is located in the Andes Mountains. Use an encyclopedia to share pictures of Peru and the Andes with the class. Tell the (children) that they are going to hear a story that tells of a typical day for the Peruvians who live in the mountains-and of a special celebration that the people are looking forward to.
 
After Reading Tonight is Carnaval
  • Ask the children to describe, in their own words, what life in the Andes must be like. Explain that Carnaval is one of the few celebrations that these hard-working people take part in. Ask the children if any of them would trade their lives for the way of life described in the story. Do the (children)believe that the people of Peru would want to change places with them? Why or why not? (Remind (the children) that, despite the amount of work he is expected to do, the young narrator of the book does not sound unhappy about his life.)
 
Follow-up Activities
Appreciate Arpilleras
The quilts known as arpilleras, which are used to illustrate Carnaval, help readers understand the Peruvian way of life by offering a look at a popular regional folk-art form. Have children look at the photographs of the arpillera-makers quilting the wall-hangings together. Have them notice the modest workroom where the quilters are working, as well as the photograph of the woman working with her baby slung on her back. Read the photo captions to the class. Then, take a second look at each of the arpilleras used to illustrate the book. List all of the elements in each of the illustrations that tell us a bit about life in Peru (e.g., type of animals, work, instruments, terrain, vehicles, plants, etc.). Remind the children that any art form draws from the experience of the artists. Since arpilleras are popular decorating items, it may be possible to locate a real arpillera to share with the (children). (Try borrowing one from a parent, a colleague, or a local shop).
 
Explore Folk Instruments
The narrator of the book looks forward to playing his quena (a reed flute) in the Carnaval band. ...(See if you can obtain a visit somewhere to see such instruments as a reed instrument, a wind instrument and a percussion instrument). Why do the children believe the folk instruments of Peru are made of different materials than the instruments we are most familiar with? Your local record store may be able to help you select recordings of traditional Peruvian music you can (listen to).
 
Till tomorrow-Grandma is going to bed.

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