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Grandma's Place A Natural Learning Center

www.m.granmaplcpknesa.com

Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center

Is The Best Place for Learning

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last part of Fishes

Posted on August 28, 2014 at 1:37 AM
Grandma had this started last week upon returning from Mexico and her computer system did not want to cooperate. I was set up for a repairman from Hughes Net on September 8th. They called me Monday and said they were coming this Wednesday. What a relief, I was setting up for the library again. The repairman worked in the afternoon and then I called the Hughes Net technicians again and they decided it may also mean it was a bad connection wire which after some signals from him and a switch on wires it began to pick up Internet. I can finally finish the summer work for you. I looked back and classes for my homeschooling did not start till September 8 and the Unit in Book (57) on Oceans would be good to start the lessons again this fall. I will be checking my lessons this year, adding material, and making corrections. I will also add any product I can and work with more people that might help us carry further.
Grandma will finish the unit in Book (57) right now and move back into Book (1) for more Calendar History Line material and activities for June covering Clowns in Book (57). Then Grandma will move into Book (1) with July Calendar History for the Line covering a unit of the Universe in Book (57) and the Calendar History of August. I will work very hard with some long days. The Unit on Oceans in Book (57) should tie us right into the next learning year of Home Schooling.
I will also be giving that book list soon and the material I want to give you from Patricia Gallagher. There are four more activity pages in the Unit on Fishes in Book (57) as follows:
 
"Something Fishy
 
Some fish have interesting names. Choose one of the fish below. On a separate piece of paper, draw a picture of an imaginary fish that fits the name. Below the picture, draw a fictional account describing the creature's features and habits. Then do some research on the fish you've chosen. On a second piece of paper, draw a picture of what the fish really looks like. Below the picture, write factual information about it. Display the papers side by side, or make a booklet by putting your contributions together with those of your (family). Have a contest to design a cover for this unusual "Picture Fishionary." (Some of these fish may have a seperation in the name from the part of the word "fish" to find them.)
 
clown fish                 oarfish                   filefish                  crocodile fish                  hatchet fish
flashlight fish             needle fish             trumpet fish          turkey fish                      batfish
cookie cutter shark    balloonfish            lantern fish            boxfish                           sailfish
hammerhead shark    goosefish              dogfish                 catfish                            sea horse
porcupine fish            sawfish                 jewel fish              stonefish                         lionfish
squirrel fish                butterfly fish          angelfish               tiger shark                      striped drum
parrot fish                  nurse shark           pipefish                 guitarfish                        carpet shark
 
Coral Challenge
 
                                                                                                              Yes              No
Coral formations are made up of many tiny       brain                                     G                P
animals called Coral polyps. Most of a coral     beadlet                                  U                R
formation is made up of the skeletons of          star                                       E                O
these creatures, but the outside of the             staghorn                                A                S
formation is covered with living coral polyps.     goosefoot                               N                T
The polyps have tentacles that are used to
poison small creatures and then push them     whelk                                     C                B
through the mouth into the stomach. Since      elkhorn                                   A                L
each coral formation can be made up of           organ-pipe                               R               A
millions of polyps, it is staggering to think of    Venus's flower basket              M               R
the number of creatures it would take to form   snakelocks                             O                I
a reef more than 1200 miles long. Such a        abalone                                  A                E
reef does exist. To find out the name of this     lettuce                                    R                S
reef, look at the creatures listed. If the
creature is a kind of coral, circle the letter        flower                                      R                H
under the "yes" column. If it is not a kind         crown-of-thorns                        O                E
of coral, circle the letter under the "no"            mushroom                               E                L
column. You will have to use reference            crumb-of-bread                         L                F
materials and maybe even guess at some
of the answers, but keep working on this         What is the mystery place? ___________________
activity until you get an answer that makes
sense.
 
 
 
 
(second page)
 
 
 
Fishy Crafts
 
Balloonfish: Blow up a balloon of any size and shape desired. Tape on paper fins, eyes, etc. Add details with markers. Try changing another balloon into a sea creature other than a fish.
 
Stonefish: Paint a smooth, clean stone to look like the body of any fish desired. Glue on additional
paper parts if desired.
 
Cookie cutter shark: Use cookie cutters shaped like sharks of other sea creatures to make animals from modeling clay or dough.
 
Jewel fish: Mix 1/2 cup flour, 1/4 cup salt, and 1/6 cup water together in a bowl. Knead the dough with your hands. Add a little flour if the mixture is too sticky or a little water if the mixture is too dry. Then
use the dough to mold a shark medallion, sea horse necklace, clown fish charm, etc. Be sure to poke holes in jewelry to which you will add string or cord when dry. (Grandma suggests adding jewels to it if you wish. The picture shows it looking like a shaped piece of diamond or cut jewel. I suggest trying some food coloring if you wish.)
 
Boxfish: Cut a fish shape out of a piece of paper. Place a dab of tempera paint on the inside corners of a box lid. Put your fish shape in the center of the box lid. Place a marble in the box lid and tilt the box lid back and forth so the marble moves around and paints a design on your fish.
 
(pictures on these two pages are as follows: The first page has a scene of coral a fish, star fish, sponge, and a sea anemone on the bottom of the sea; the second page shows pictures of the jewel fish, balloon fish, a needle fish, a guitar fish, and a saw fish. The rest of the second page follows:)
 
Underwater Scene
 
The sea is filled with colorful sponges, sea anemones, corals, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, and sea lilies. In places where they are found, the sea bottom looks like a beautiful underwater garden. The flower-like appearance of these individuals, however, is deceiving. Though many have names like Venus's flower basket and rose coral, they are not plants. They are animals.
Make a diorama of an underwater scene, or better yet, transform your (learning area or home) into an undersea world. Use crepe-paper streamers for seaweed, inverted paper cups with thin strips of tissue paper for sea anemones, and painted paper sea creatures hanging from the ceiling. Add some seashells, clay snails, and starfish to the floor in areas where they won't be stepped on. Be sure to display some of the activity sheets and projects from this unit.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Following is page 3 of the rest of the end of the unit:)
 
 
 
 
Vocabulary of the Sea
 
Use any reference materials available to help you complete this activity. Color the spaces according to the color code.
 
        fish-yellow                  mammals-green        mollusks-blue         all others-red
 
walrus             
humpback
whale
sea otter
flounder
lobster
sea
urchin
bottlenose
dolphin
halibut
clown
fish
swallower
coral
angler
dugong
manatee
narwhal
grunion
shrimp
sea
anemone
sole
hammerhead
shark
sea lion
whale
shark
barnacle
sturgeon
death
 puffer
sea
horse
clam
barracuda
snail
 
killer
whale
seal
harbor
porpoise
stonefish
Portuguese
man-of-war
 
turtle
starfish
tuna
mussel
moray
eel
conch
sponge
 
snapper
oyster
cockle
limpet
 
sailfish
bass
abalone
stingray
squid
 
 
jellyfish
manta
ray
sea slug
octopus
scallop
  
 
 
  1. Make up as many words as you can from the letters in stonefish. Then choose any of the animals above and make up as many words as you can from its name. Have a contest to see whose choice yields the most words.
  2. Make rebus puzzles out of five of the creatures above. Give them to other (friends) to solve. Your puzzles can use clues that look like parts of the answer or they can yield the exact spelling. Some examples are given. (It shows rebus puzzles as different small pictures of things with plus or  minus signs in between giving the names of the pictures together to form a name. For instance they used a bottle, plus a nose, plus a doll, plus an arrow showing the fin of a fish to make the word bottlenose dolphin; then they used a corn on the cob, plus a chain minus rain to make the word conch.)
  3. List the mammals in alphabetical order. As a super challenge, list all the creatures in alphabetical order.
  4. Scramble the letters in ten of the words. Exchange your ten words with those of a classmate. Without looking at the words given in the chart, unscramble as many of the exchanged words as you can in ten minutes. Score one point for each correctly-spelled word. The winner is the one with the most points.
  5. Cut out the squares in the chart and place them in a fish bowl or other container. Play this game with one other player. Without looking, choose a square. Read the creature's name to the other player. If he or she can spell it correctly, the player may keep the square. If he or she cannot spell it correctly, the player may look at the correct spelling, then put the square back into the bowl. Take turns choosing words for one another to spell. The winner is the one with the most word squares at the end of ten minutes or when the container is empty.
  6. Choose five of the creatures in the chart. Write sentences with words beginning with the letter in the creature's name. These can serve as a mnemonic device for helping you to remember how to spell the words.
 
 
 
 
 
(Following is the fourth and last activity page of the fish unit:)
 
 
 
 
 
Math and More Creature Feature
 
Solve the problems to fill in some of the blanks. Use the following words to fill in the other blanks: sea wasp, coelacanth, giant squid, megamouth, narwhal, sunstar, and sea otter.
 
  1. The ___________________wraps itself in kelp to keep from floating away while it naps. It likes to eat mollusks and cracks them open by banging them against a stone which it rests on its chest. Hunted for its fur, it became extremely rare at one time. An international agreement  in ___________________(784 + 849 + 278), however, helped to save this creature from extinction. (Extra: Make a list of water creatures that are endangered. Write a report about one of them.)
  2. The __________________is a jellyfish with ________________(225 + 15) tentacles, each of which may be more than __________(2 x 3 x 5) feet in length. Its sting is almost always  lethal to humans. (Extra: This creature's name is misleading. The horseshoe crab, the sea spider, the cuttlefish, and the crab-eater seal also have misleading names. Find out why their names do not correctly describe them. Then make a list of other misleading sea creatures' names.)
  3. Oceanographers first learned of the existence of the shark called _______________________in _______________________(892 + 196 + 888) when it was caught by accident and hauled aboard a US Navy vessel. The inside of its mouth glows in the dark, possibly to attract the small animals it feeds upon. (Extra: Pretend you are a newscaster. Give a one-minute account of the discovery.)
  4. Scientists thought the __________________had been extinct for more than___________________(12 x 5) million years until one was caught off the coast of South Africa in ____________________(2020 - 82). (Extra: Write a headline and newspaper article about this catch.)
  5. With a diameter of ________(104 + 63 + 203) cm, the eye of the _______________is the largest of any animal. In comparison, a human eye is only about _____(24 ÷ 8) cm in diameter. The creature can be _________(10 x 5)feet in total length and can weigh _________(36 ÷ 18) tons. (Extra: Find out interesting facts about the eyes of the following: octopus, flounder, and horseshoe crab.)
  6. Of all the whales, the _______________can be found the farthest north. This whale has only _________________(301 - 299) teeth. In the male, one of the teeth pierces the upper lip and grows outward to form a tusk that reaches a length of about ______________(72 ÷ 8) feet. (... brainstorm a list of possible uses for the tusk.)
  7. Many people think starfish, or sea stars, always have __________________(60 ÷ 12) arms, but the number of arms varies among different species and sometimes even among individuals in a species. A ______________________ for example, may have _____________________(2 x 2 x 2) to ___________________________(600 - 587) arms. When a starfish loses an arm, it can grow a new one as long as its central disk is still intact. (Extra: Show friends and relatives a picture of a basket start and ask them what it is. Share some of the funniest guesses ... .)
 
 
 
(that's it till tomorrow folks--thanks for your patience)

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