Grandma's Place A Natural Learning Center
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|Posted on August 31, 2014 at 9:28 PM|
Grandma left off in Book (57) when she came upon an event of June 15 about Congress creating the National Zoological Park in 1889. Grandma felt it was best to introduce some Units in Book (57) as part of the lessons. She gave you some information about a couple of National Parks which she will finish in November. Then she will now cover a Unit in Book (57) on Zoos which will tie to the animal study we started which she will end with another animal Unit from Book (57) that will end the year studies. Next she will cover Insects study for the summer and on into September.
Grandma will also do some more of June's Calendar History for the time line, cover circus's, do some of the July Calendar History and go into study about space before she finishes July and gives you August. All these will tie into the studies for September. Now for the following:
"Zoos by Liz Hagner
Which Continent Does the Animal Live ON?
Zoos often display animals according to the continents on which the animals live--Africa, South America, North America, Europe, Asia, Antarctica, or Australia. They may use regions of the world too, such as the rain forest or the Arctic.
When you visit the zoo, notice which continents various animals come from. Does your zoo specialize in any one geographical area? Use reference books to study the species that live in each area of the world. Remember that continents are large areas. The animals of northern Canada are not the same ones that live in southern Florida.
Getting Started on Research
Choosing One Animal to Study
Think: Who, what when, where, why, and how. (These are the 6 basic questions all
scientists ask about everything.)Tell your reader the basics about the animal--what
it looks like, where it lives, its most interesting characteristics.
b. Physical appearance: Provide details.
c. Habitat: This is vitally important in these days of diminishing habitat. Which continent?
Which part of that continent? What specific requirements does the animal have for its
d. What does it eat?
e. Who are its enemies? How does it defend itself?
f. Reproduction: How does it raise its young?
g. Status: Endangered? Threatened?
h. What is special about the animal?
6. How will you present your information?
a. Read, take notes, and write a report in your own works.
b. Make some drawings. No one is expecting perfection. Certainly you can show stripes
versus spots! You can probably draw a bear's head so it looks like either a polar bear
or a black bear. Observe, then draw. (We have been doing a lot of tracing ourselves in
Mexico.) Collect some photographs, if possible.
c. Make a bulletin board display (or poster).
d. Dress up as your animal.
e. Give an oral report to (others).
f. Present your report to a younger (group of children or older).
Similar, But Different
Think about doing a report about animals that are similar, but different. You'd plan your research just the way you would for one animal, but you'd be presenting a report on more than one animal with the emphasis on comparing the animals. Here are some suggestions:
All in the Family
You might choose one family of animals to study: primates (a huge subject--enough for (a big class), reptiles--or break that one down into snakes, lizards, turtles, and so on.
Perhaps you'd like to pick just one group, such as bears, deer, rabbits, big cats, monkeys, sheep, or cranes. For example, list the bears that live on a specific continent. What continents do bears not live on? Can you draw pictures or find photographs of them? What kinds of displays or enclosures would be necessary in a zoo? Are they endangered or threatened? What special breeding programs exist for them in zoos?
Study an Animal That is Different
Everyone knows what an elephant, giraffe, and kangaroo look like, but what about these?
South America: coati, tapir, cavy, capybara, yapok, vicuna, guanaco, alpaca
Africa: aoudad, okapi, serval, gnu, aardvark, eland, fennec, ibis, gazelle
Australia: dugong, cuscus, Tasmanian devil, wombat, bandicoot, echidna, emu, super glider, dingo
Asia: karakul, yak, mongoose, oryx, tarsier, anoa, gaur
Choose one animal to report on. When you visit the zoo, see if the zoo has that animal in its collection. Describe what the animal looks like. Is it similar to a more familiar animal? Where does it live? What does it eat? What interesting facts can you discover about it? Can you make a poster or a bulletin board?
Special Research Projects
Creative Writing Ideas
Plan a Zoo Trip
52% public and government support
a. How much money does the zoo receive from each of these sources?
b. How would a zoo generate income?
2. The zoo pays 63% of its budget for wages. How much money is that?
3. Animal feed costs $232, 396. What percentage of the total budget is that? Round off your
answers to the nearest dollar or percentage. What percentage of its budget does your family
spend for food?
4. If the zoo contains 1,300 inhabitants, how much does it cost to feed each animal? Why would
that figure be a very rough estimate?
5. During a five-year period. the following amounts were spent for purchasing new animals:
1989--$5,928 1990--86,773 1991--25,738
a. What is the total amount spent in the five years for purchase of animals?
b. What is the average yearly amount spent for the five-year period?
c. Think of several reasons to explain why the amount varies so much from year to year.
6. If this zoo is located on 23 acres, how much room does each animal have? Why is that a VERY
7. The following list shows the size of some zoos in the United States:
Philadelphia 42 acres
Balboa Park 100 acres
Wild Animal Park 1,800 acres
Bronx 265 acres
Brookfield 204 acres
Minnesota 480 acres
a. What is the average size of these zoos?
b. A measurement that is often more meaningful than the average is the median. The median is
found by locating the middle number of the total. The median of the above figures would be
halfway between 204 and 265 acres. What would that figure be? How does that differ from
c. How many acres does the zoo nearest you have?
8. In 1990, one zoo had 870 mammals, 595 birds, and about 1,274 reptiles, amphibians, and fish.
a. What is the total number of animals?
b. What percentage of the animals are mammals?
9. The food for these animals costs $563,942.
a. What is the average cost of feeding each animal?
b. How does that figure compare with the feeding cost of the first zoo in Number 3
on the preceding page?
10. This zoo has the following number of permanent staff members:
Animal care 91
Visitor Services and Security 24
Administration and Support 72
a. What is the total number of employees?
b. What percentage of employees are involved in animal care?
11. A zoo charges $5.00 for admission.
a. If 103,241 visitors paid admission, how much revenue did that provide for the zoo?
b. Would that amount pay a feed bill of $587,000?
c. If no, where else would the zoo get money to buy the food?
d. What other expenses does a zoo have besides feed?
12. Look at the following list showing the number of animals and species at various zoos:
Vertebrate Animals Species
Toronto 2,739 481
Dallas 1,456 321
Toledo 2,000 400
Los Angeles 2,000 500
Philadelphia 1,700 550
a. Make a graph to show both numbers for each zoo.
b. Roughly, what would be the average number of species that the zoos have?
c. If you could find the average for a species, do you think the number would be meaningful?
Why or why not?